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STRONG LEADERS '
IN MEXICAN ARMY Long Era of Warfare Has Pro duced Several Highly Effi cient Generals. OBREGON AND ANGELES BEST Angeles Said to Have Contributed Largely to Villa's Successes Obregon Is a Highminded, Humane, Capable Leader. San Antonio, Tex. —Were the Mexi can army throughout as capable as fiOine of its generals the United States would have no easy task in subduing Its unruly neighbor. It must be remembered that Mexico xias had almost uninterrupted war of one kind or another for a period long er than the American Civil war. While conscientious American army officers have been puzzling over maps mih] working out problems in military Strategy and tactics, the Mexican gen erals have been actually leading large forces in the field and giving and re ceiving blows in the same territory where they now clash with Uncle Sam's Napoleons. This is an enor mous advantage. In addition, the Mexican military Academy at Chapultepec, near Mexico City, which is similar to our West I’oint, has a high rating among insti tutions of this character. In the Mexi can war of 184 G-47 the Chapultepec cadets put up a desperate resistance to the American invaders on the? grounds of their school. They were only overcome after nearly all had been killed or wounded. So, while the Mexican forces are badly equipped and lack ammunition and food supplies, they will in many ~-ises be as well led us the Americans. Mexico’s two leading masters of war —leaving out the undoubted genius Francisco Villa —are Alvaro Obregon, “Pancho’s” conqueror and present min ister of war, and Felipe Angeles, form e* superintendent of Chapultepec. Obregon bus the best record. Of him more anon. Angeles is the greatest artillery ex pert Mexico ever produced. Indeed, his ability is recognized by European military men. At last reports Angeles was in the United States, but it is believed he will L General Obregon. return to Mexico, uuless apprehended by American troops, and otter his sword to Carranza. Supplied the Brains. Angeles remained with Villa when the latter broke with Carranza. He contributed largely to many of Villa’s victories. Some critics say most of Villa’s glory should go to Angeles— that he was the man behind the scenes and supplied the brains, while Villa Inspired the enthusiasm. He was Villa’s minister of war when Villa had an organized government and was proposed several times as provisional president of Mexico. In this position he could have counted on the confidence and support of the United States. But Villa feared An geles’ strength and kept him in a sub ordinate position. Then' Angeles quarreled with Villa over the bloodthirsty and unprincipled methods of the northern bandit gener al and left him. He did not go over to the constitutionalists, however, but sought refuge in the United Srntes. i On March 28 last he expressed the opinion at El Paso that there would bo war between the United States and Mexico within 30 days if American troops remained for that period on Mexican soil. “Mexico is a powder magazine.” said the vet* ran general. “A spark w ill ex plode it.” If Obregon remains at Mexico City to direct operations from there, actual charge in the field will probably be In the hands of Francisco Serrono, his chief of staff. He is another military man whose worth has been proved In the series of revolutions and is re garded by American officers as a *ajm ble leader. He has not figured promi nently up t<> the present time. On the northern border the three principal leaders are General Ricaut, LATEST PHOTO OF GENERAL PERSHING New and hitherto unpublished photograph of General Pershing, com mander of the American forces now in Mexico. in the east: General Jacinto Trevino, commanding in Chihuahua; and Gen. P. Elias Guiles, military governor of Sonora. These are all war-seasoned veter ans. General Calles has been friend ly to Americans and has gained a rather high opinion along the border. He gave bis word be would personally see that American refugees' were not molested in their flight out of Mexico. He will probably try to lead his force through the mountains to attack the American expeditionary forces from the west. It was General Calles who over threw Moytorena, the Villa governor of Sonora. Calles is believed to have 15,000 men under his command. Carranza himself may take the field, with the object of inspiring the Mexi cans and showing he is with them heart and soul. lie lias no military ability, but has shown sense enough in previous campaigns not to interfere with the plans of Obregon and other experts. , / Obregon is undoubtedly the man of the hour in Mexico. If he were not unswervingly loyal to Carranza he could seize the reins of government and become himself dictator. But he is as true to the bearded first chief as a good dog is to its master. He is unlike most Mexicans, a big. breezy, youthful fellow —he is only thirty-nine —who reminds one more of an American westerner than of the sordid, dissolute, brutal type so often found in high places in the southern republic. Like Villa, he is a man brought to the command of an army without reg ular military training and rising by the simple genius he possessed. He has been called the Cineinnatus of Mexico. He comes of an old Sonora family and is wealthy. Mexico’s troubles found him a peace ful farmer, known to but a few peo ple in Sonora. He aided the revolu tion of Francisco Madero against Por firio Diaz in many ways, but did not take the field. Obregon’s Fame Spreads. When in the early months of Ma dero’s term of office Pascual Orozco and his “reds” became a terror in the state of Chihuahua, Obregon collected a band of 4(H) Maya Indians and under the command of Victoriano Huerta, then a Madero general, went out to quell the rebellion. In the buttle of Ojito. Obregon’s men gained for them selves the title of “Invincibles.” His fame spread, and so many came to join him that he rode home at the head of an army of 4,000. He was made colonel in the Sonora state militia, and when Felix Diaz started the military uprising which re sulted in the death of President Ma dero and the seating of Huerta, Obre gon organized 500 Indians and routed the garrison at Nogales, which had gone over to Huerta. Soon after this Goveruor Carranza of Coahuila was declared first chief of the Constitutionalist army and he made Obregon general of the army of the West, while Villa became general of the central army. It was the activities of Obregon in the Vicinity of Mexico City which forced Huerta to flee for his life. Ob regon then occupied the capital with ids troops. Then came Villa’s break with Car ranza. Obregon was made Carranza's chief general, and organized the larg est army Mexico had yet seen. His great triumph came at the battle of Delays, Villa was crushed and forced to flee. In this battle Obregon was desper ately wounded. His right arm was amputated a few days later. His ro bust constitution resulted in quick re- NORTHERN WISCONSIN ADVERTISER, WABENO, WIS. covery, and he was soon again direct ing the operations which reduced Villa to a flying bandit leader, at the head of only a handful of cutthroats. Six feet tall, immaculately dressed, smiling and clean-cut, Obregon is a man well liked by all who come In contact with him. Mexico’s troubles are due to having too few men like him. Is Unhurt in Long Fall. San Francisco. —Bryant J. O’Con nor, a metal worker, fell seven stories to the pavement recently from a scaf fold on a San Francisco office build ing, and surprised horrified spectators by rising and attempting to walk away. He was restrained and taken to an emergency hospital, where an examination showed that no bones were broken and that O’Connor’s in juries were confined to minor bruises and scratches. OFFICIAL FLY CATCHER “Catch the fly” is the slogan of SL Louis. The pesky things that carry millions of germs at the end of their fine fuzzylike toes, or whatever you sail ’em, are banned by the St. Louis authorities, and a price has been placed on the heads of the flies just as a price is placed on the heads of stray dogs. While practically every city, town and hamlet boasts of its dog pound, St. Louis has taken the initiative and established a fly pound. The fly traps that are located in various parts of the city proved the center of attrac tion to the Democratic delegates who were in the Mound City to attend the national Democratic convention, and it is dollars to doughnuts, that when they get back home they are going to follow the example set by St. Louis and set fly traps in their own home towns. The trap is a huge imitation of the ordinary fly traps one often sees in butcher shops. At the bottom there is a conical opening, and under this opening one places a piece of suet or a piece of meat. The flies swarm by the thousands around the bait and fly up through the opening in the cone, into the trap from which there is no escape. The St. Louis traps are three-story affairs with plenty of light and air for the flies that like the free apartments into which they are invited. THE This is “Tremedden,” the house at Bridgehampton, L. 1., where Charles E. Hughes and his family will live throughout the summer. This is the St. Paul Municipal auditorium iu which the Prohibition national convention will be Held, begin ning July 18. The building, which was erected by popular subscription at a cost of $450,000, lias seating capacity for almost ten thousand persons, and its stage is the largest in tlie United States. NOT AT VERDUN, BUT IN NEW HAVEN At the Vale commencement exercises the class ot o<j, Sheffield, paraded as a “preparedness” corps, in costumes similar to those of the I' rench troops. The helmets were made of papier mache. OPENING LABOR’S NEW HEADQUARTERS K sSSjSf® 3 |-ty. SjKi 5 5 BjaggMmap/ Awl K#, y&sjsm ' representatives of almost every trade allied with the American Federation of Labor participated in the parade celebrating the opening of the federation s new home in Washington. Reviewing the parade were, from left to right President Wilson. Samuel Gompers, president of the Ameiican Federation of Labor, and William B. Wilson, secretary of labor. WHERE THE PROHIBITIONISTS WILL CONVENE SECRETARY BAKER’S BABY Margaret Baker, aged four, the baby in the family of Secretary of War and Mrs. Newton D. Baker. POLING AND UNIQUE GAVEL Of peculiar significance will be thfc gavel to be wielded by Daniel A. Poling of Boston ns temporary chairman of the Prohibition national convention in St. Paul. The gate! is of wood ob tained from an ancient elm tree In the yard of the home of Gen. Neal Dow, “father” of prohibition, In Portland. Me. Boys of a manual training clasr In St Paul fashioned the cuveL*