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PRESIDENT WILSON WINS OUT IN OVERSEAS MEETING LABOR WRECKS BOLSHEVIK PLOT Extremists Are Barred From the Mooney Defense Conference at Chicago. REDS ARE PUT OUT OF HALL Delegates Suppress Radicals Who At tempt to Stampede Convention— Carefully Planned Plot Is De feated by the Chairman. Chicago, Jan. 15. —Organized labor defeated a carefully planned plot to promulgate a national bolsheviki movement, with anarchists, straight bolsheviki, “St. Louis platform So cialists,” and L W. W. as its sponsors. By a close vote in a near-riotous session, the “ultra-reds” were barred from the national Mooney defense conference in session here. The defeat of the reds was the first oig crisis met by union labor since the signing of the armistice. The “Crimsons,” the “Cerises,” and vari ous radicals were closeted in secret meetings until the early morning uours. If they are prevented further from participating, their program may evolve into a rump congress whose actions they will attempt to attribute to organized labor. From the fall of the gavel, the reds attempted to force through their prob gram of organizing a national bolshe vik movement. All forms of “isms" killed by the war, including I. W. W., anarchists, and anti-war Socialists, at tempted to revive themselves by pin ning themselves onto the Mooney case. The Bolshevik Plan. It was admitted by the bolsheviks that their purpose was to organize a soviet here aud then make a demand on congress—in the name of organized labor —that amnesty he granted all “political prisoners.” Under this head are included those in prison for the crimes of sedition, disloyalty, and ob structing the nation’s war program, as well as interned Germans. Among those whom it was planned to free ard “Big Bill” Haywood, I. W. W. chief, and his 92 comrades, Eugene V. Debs, Victor L. Berger and his four co-de fendants, and Rose Pastor Stokes. While the labor congress, called “to formulate plans to secure justice” for Thomas H. Mooney, under life impriSr onment sentence in connection with a San Francisco bomb explosion, was at tempting to cull out the 350 delegates to which credentials had been issued from the 1,500 who packed the hall. W. Bourke Cochran, New York law yer, made a bitter attack on the courts and a dissertation on bolshevism. Cochran's Speech. “Bolshevism can’t be stayed by food, as the president has said, or by force,” he declared from the platform., while the radicals howled approval. “I don’t know quite what bolshevism is, but if it is what the word implies, ‘a movement of the majority,’ I am not afraid of it. it is always from the masses that improvement comes.” He asserted that “any man with $5,000,000 can commit any crime and go free; there isn’t enough machinery to convict him,” and that no matter what the executive or legislative de partments may do, the courts can change it. He declared that hundreds of work ers—members of the I. W. W. —had been deported from Bisbee, “but take one rich man away from his home over night and the scareheads would say a revolution had broken out.” Praises Wilson Policies. He took pains to laud President Wil son and his policies and declared that “the same elements who are sneer ing at Wilson are holding Mooney in jail.” He declared “we are not here merely for the sake of Mooney, but to improve the laws of California” and that “we don’t ask that Mooney be liberated, but that he be given a fair trial.” It was decided to com municate the statements In Cochran’s speech to President Wilson at the Paris peace conference. RIOTERS KILLED IN PORTUGAL Government Troops Quell Disturb ances at Oporto. Madrid, Jan. 15.—Serious disturb ances have occurred in Portugal, espe cially at Oporto, which was - • -upled by “democrats” and guerilh ;,ands. Many were killed and wounded when troops were sent to restore order. The situation Is considered grave. U. S. GENERAL IN PERIL Bullet Narrowly Misses Gen. Harries in Berlin Hotel. Amsterdam, Jan. 15. —A bullet nar rowly missed General Harries, head of the American mission, as he sat in a room of the Hotel Adlon during Satur day's street fighting in Berlin, accord* jng to a dispatch received here. THE WATERTOWN NEWS NEW TERMS TO FOE Germany Must Give Up Subma rines Hidden Away. Foch and American Envoys Leave Paris for Treves—Obscure Ships Are Found. Paris, Jan. 15.—The four American armistice representatives left for Treves, where Marshal Foch is pre senting the new terms laid down by the supreme council of the peace con gress to the German commission. The party cons’sted of Admiral Wil liam Shephard Benson, chief of opera tions of the United States navy; .Nor man H. Davis, representing the United States treasury; Edward N. Hurley, chairman of the American shipping hoard, and Louis P. Sheldon, who will represent Herbert C. Hoover, the American food administrator. A report presented to the council having charge of carrying out the naval terms of the armistice stated, according to the morning newspapers, that the interallied commission which visited Kiel and Wilhelmshaven dis covered submarines under construction in slips, which the enemy thought would be overlooked. The report adds that the Germans contended that they were entitled to retain possession c f the underwater craft. According to the report the discov ery at Kiel aud Wilhelmshaven led to the finding of other vessels and conse quently the new terms of the armis tice will require the surrender of all submarines already built and the de struction of those on the ways. NAVY SEEKS MORE RECRUITS Wants Sailors to Man German Ships to Carry Troops. Washington. Jan 15. —Naval demob ilization plans are in abeyance, and recruiting for the permanent service is being pressed now. so that the navy may he prepared to man big German merchant ships which the allied war council is considering alloting to aid In the task of bringing the American army home from France. Secretary Daniels said he had been in communication on the subject with Admiral Benson at Paris, and was confident that necessary personnel could be supplied for the enemy craft. In looking over the list of ships in German harbors it has been found that the larger German liners furnish a transport capacity for 70.000 men a month. 800 SLAIN IN BUENOS AIRES Labor Riots Led by Radical Socialists in South America. Washington, Jan. 15. —Labor rioters, led by radical socialist agents, caused the death of 800 and the injury of 5,- 000 persons in Buenos Aires in the four days of strife of the past week end, according to official estimates re ceived by the state department. It is reported in official circles here that the uprisings in Argentine were planned by the international “Reds,” who have adopted throughout the world the standard of the Russian “Reds” awl who are seeking to over throw all forms of government, in the belief that an international system of soviet government cap be established. The present administration of Argen tine is considered to be liberal. EACH NATION GIVEN ENVOYS “Big Five” Get Five Representative® to Peace Congress. Paris, Jan. 15. —The number of rep resentatives allowed each nation in the peace congress, as given out un officially and subject to revision, al though practically determined, is as follows: United States. 5; Great Britain, 5; France, 5; Italy, 5; Japan, 5; Brazil, ; Belgium, 2; Serbia, 2; Greece, 2; Poland, 2; Czecbo-Slovaks. 2; Rou mania, 2; China, 2: Canada. 2; Aus tralia, 2; South Africa. 2; India, 2; New Zealand. 1; Portugal. 1. REDS RULE IN KIEV, REPORT Wireless Message Says Ukrainian Di rectorate Has Fallen. London, Jan. 15. —An unconfirmed wireless message from Kiev says that the Ukrainian directorate has fallen. The power in the city now is in the h:.*>ds of the bolsheviki. PENSION FOR MRS. ROOSEVELT $5,000 a Year Voted Widow of Former U. S. President. Washington. Jan. 15. —The senate adopted a resolution authorizing pay ment u f $5,000 a year and extension of mail franking privileges to Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt. The resolution now goes to the house. -• Lake Lumber Carriers Meet. Detroit, Mich.. Jan. 15. —The Lum ber Carriers’ Association of the Great Lakes opened its annual meeting here with representatives of all the lake lumber carrying fleets in attendance. WALKER D. HINES ... lISF ■ y- Walker D. Hines, who nun been as sistant to Director General of Rail roads McAdoe, has been appointed to succeed Mr. McAdoo. WORD HAS VARIED MEANING Term “Garden,” as Used Today, Capa ble of Some of the Most Elastic Definitions. We speak so freely and often of a “garden,” assuming that there is some well-defined common use of that word even among the authorities on garden ing subjects. But the fact is that it has reached mighty elastic limits in their writings aud speech and can be taken to mean anything from the enor mous private parks and estates to the tin can glories of a back yard. The word garden is from the old Anglo-Saxon root, “gyrden,” meaning an inclosure. At that time, due to the uncertain character of community life, it was either inclosed within fortifica tions or left unprotected and exposed without. This private inclosed land was the garden of that time. That is the meaning of garden in the ooiig of Solomon. Gradually the Sense of the word has changed to cover those parts of the land devoted to the cultivation of plants either for pleasure or for use; thus, we have the vegetable or fruit garden, and on the other hand, the wall, water or rose garden, etc. Liberty Hyde Bailey defines a gar den as “the personal part of an estate, that area which is most intimately as sociated with the private life of the home.” Whatever the sense in which It is used, the word “garden” always suc ceeds in carrying with it an atmos phere of romance and beauty, which countless ages of use cannot dim. — Philadelphia Record. SLAY 2,000 AT PR2EMYSL Reported Ukrainians Have Bombard ed City Several Days. Geneva, Jan. 15. —Two thousand per sons have been killed at Przeraysl, Ga licia, by the Ukrainians, according to a dispatch to the Neue Freie Presse of Vienna. The Ukrainians have been bombard ing Przemysl for several days past by land and by air, and conditions in the town are described as terrible. The gas and electric plants have been destroyed and there is no light in the town. Water and food also are lacking. MAY PUT REDS ON ISLAND Argentine General Makes Very Sug gestive Remark. Buenos Aires. Jan. 15.—An indica tion of what may be done with the bol shevists under arrest was gained from General Dellepaine’s headquarters. He was overheard to say that “the bol shevlsts cun organize their soviet at Eshuala.” which is a prison on a bar ren Island at the extreme southern end of (be continent. It is shut off com pleteiy from the rest of the world. FOURTEEN DIE IN HOTEL FIRE Ruins at Kalamazoo, Mich., Searched for Bodies. Kalamazoo, Mich., Jan. 15. —landing of the register of the Hotel Witwer, an annex of which was destroyed by fire, revealed that 14 of 70 men as signed to rooms have not been account ed for. Two men are definitely known to have perished. A thorough search of the ruins was begun. Only One Road to (Vlorr! Victory. Psychologists tell ns that one of the great dangers of hipwrcck of our mental and moral forces is the repres sion through which m -st of u • try to make our peace with the \v< -q. \v> cannot gain peace while <•/>>’ uantly warring within ourselves. The way to gain conquest over ourselves is to ex press that which is good and let it take the place of that which is marring our lives. A great ethical teacher has said that he has known personally of many cases where vicious children have been made over into good citizens by direct ing the child’s thoughts into new chan nels by supplanting the impure with the pure. WATERTOWN, WISCONSIN, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 15, 1919. WILSON PLANS TOUR OF 0. S. President Ss ks Pub’ic View on World League Says Paris Dis.atch. MAY MAKE TRIP IN MARCH Plans to Return to Peace Conference After Learning Country's Opinion —Gives Dinner to Members of American Commission. Paris, Jan. 15. —President Wilson is considering a speaking tour of the United States when be returns home. It is said thai this trip will take him nto many of the principal cities and t is possible that he may touch the ’acific coast. llis plans tire not as •et matured, but it is believed that he !:as discussed the plan with his ad visers. With congress out of the way early in March Mr. Wilson would have an opportunity for such a tour before re turning to Europe should be follow bis original plan and if his leturn should be necessary. He would also have time for his proposed trip before the convening of an extraordinary session of congress should he decide to call one. So far ns known. Mr. Wilson has no plans for an extra session, but he still holds to his idea <>f returning to the peace congress, if it is felt his presence is necessary to the success of the league of nations. To Sound Public Sentiment. The object of bis proposed speaking tour would be to inform the country by personal contact of the proceedings at Paris and at the same time sound out and encourage public sentiment in support of the peace principles he has enunciated and which he feels have been acclaimed by the masses in Eu rope. There are as yet no official announce ments of (ho president’s purpose, but some of those close to him suggest such a trip is feasible in view of the fact that it is now certain that the peace congress will still be working on its problems during the summer. Mr. Wilson’s frieinU believe that pop ular expressions in the United States might support those of England. France and Italy and have great in fluence on European statesmen. The president has told his friends that he considers the receptions given him by the people of Europe, not as a personal indorsement but an approval °f bis peace principles. He is being urged, therefore, to make a speaking tour to give opportunity for popular manifestations of public opinion In his own country. President Gives Dinner. President Wilson gave a dinner to members of the American pence com mission and its technical advisers. In cluding E. N. Hurley, B. N. Baruch. Herbert C. Hoover and Vance McCor mick. PL M, House was the only ab sentee, being still too ill to leave his home. Mr. Wilson will be the guest of hon or at a banquet to be given by the French senate January 20. HOME BUILT AROUND ICEBOX Nature Kindly Furnished Cold Storage Facilities for Landowner in Western Montana. The owner of a plot of ground in western Montana discovered on his property a well which emitted a con stant current of cold air, which in hot test summer was about 35 degrees Fah renheit, the temperature of scienti fically regulated refrigerators. With a business eye to economizing in ice he’ decided to build a house in such a posi tion that the well woultkbe at the side of the kitchen in a built-in addition. In this addition he afterward placed shelves and receptacles for storing perishable goods. His next step was to build a store nearby, with an underground pipe con necting the well with a room in the basement of the store. Here he planned to keep perishable merchandise. The pipe led up into the store, also. It was provided with a damper so that it could be opened or shut in order to regulate the temperature of the room. In this way electric current for operating fans in hot weather was saved. At the opening in the pipe the force of air current is sufficient to sweep a man’s hat from his head. No satisfac tory explanation of the current has been found. In winter the air Is warm er than the outside atmosphere and prevents the stored articles from freezing.—Popular Science Monthly. PERU ARSENAL IS ATTACKED Mob of Strikers Routed by Troops in Lima Disorders. Lima, Peru, Jan. 15. —A mob of strik ers attacked the arsenal here, but was driven off by the troops. There were also many small encounters between strikers and troops throughout the city. The strikers made an unsuccess ful attempt to burn the Callao railway station. Crossed Wires Cause Big Fire. Chicago, Jan. 15. —Crossed electric wires started a fire in a warehouse at 3622 South Morgan street and caused daaiages estimated at SIOO,OOO IRVIN S. COBB V r /®ftx x 1 Irvin S. Cobb, author ami Humorist, has been made a chevalier of the French Legion of Honor. UEBMCHT IN FLIGHT Spartacan Chief Seeks Refuge In Leipzig, Is Report. Eichhorn Goes to Denmark—New Po lice Chief, Herr Richter, Takes Charge of Berlin, Copenhagen, Jan. 15.—Berlin is in total darkness. The “Reds” have cut tlie electric cables. They have been plundering shops and capturing wom en. and are using “dumdum” bullets. Berlin is in desperate need of food and coal. Copenhagen, Jan. 15. —Dr. Karl the Spartacan leader, is reported to have tied from Berlin to Leipzig, according to advices received here. Chief of Police Eichhorn, ac cording to Vonvaerts of Berlin, has tied to Denmark, using a passport ob tained from the Spanish legation some days ago. A large mass of documents’ has been seized at Eichhorn’s resi lience. The government at Berlin has issued warrants for the arrest of Doctor Lieb knecht, Rosa Luxembourg and Eich horn. The war minister is quoted as saying that loyal troops have begun a search for arms, with a view of dis arming the population of Berlin. Berlin, Jan. 15. —Police Chief Rich ter, immediately on assuming office in succession to the deposed head of the department, Herr Eichhorn, for whose retention the Spartacans laid fought, issued a decree declaring invalid all tiie decrees of the Eichhorn regime. He also announced to the policemen that their weapons, which had been taken away from them during the first days of the revolution, would be igevn back. The policemen greeted Richter’s decree by taking off the red bands which they had been wearing on their sleeves. Order has been completely restored in cities outside of Berlin, where the Spartacans had established them selves, according to reports here. CAUCASUS REDS ARE BEATEN Sharp Defeat Inflicted on Bolsheviki by Gen. Denekine. Odessa, Jan. 15. —General Denekine, the anti-holshevik leader in southern Russia, has inflicted a sharp defeat on the bolsheviki on the River Kuma in the Caucasus. One thousand prisoners Were captured by his forces. After two days of fighting General Denekine captured Alexandria Grushevska. the bolsheviki losing a number of light field guns and machine guns. SIBERIAN RAILROAD TO ALLIES Agreement for Control of Line by a Committee. Washington. Jan. 15. —An agreement for control of the Trans-Siberian and Chinese Eastern railroads by an inter allied committee virtually has been concluded, and Ambassador Morris at Tokyo has been instructed by the American government to proceed to Vladivostok to participate in the working out of details. ASKS CEMETERY IN FRANCE Baker Seeks “American Field of Hon or” Overseas. Washington. Jan. 15. —Secretary Ba ker submitted to Chairman Dent of the house military committee a bill to authorize purchase of land in France for a military cemetery, to be desig nated “The American Field of Honor. ’ Soldiers, sailors and marines would he buried there unless their relatives otherwise request. HUN PROVINCE CONSERVATIVE Majority Socialists Ahead in Wuert temburg Diet Elections. Stuttgart, Jan. 15. —In the .ections to the Wuerttemhurg diet the majority Socialists won 52 seats, to 38 for the German Democratic party. 31 for tiie Clericals, 25 for the Conservative Bloc and 4 for the Independent Socialists. Tiie Independent Socialists polled less than one-tenth as many votes us the majority Socialists. RADICALS NEAR CONTROL IN A MOONEY MEETING 31 STATES VOTE DRY Illinois, Indiana and Arkansas for Federal Amendment. Nebraska Senate Passes Resolution— -38 States Necessary for Ratification. Springfield, 111., Jan. 15.—8 y a vote of 84 to 00 the Illinois house of repre sentatives ratified the federal prohibi tion amendment. The senate passed' the resolution last week. Little Rock, Ark,, Jan. 15. —By a vote of 32 to 0 the senate of the Arkansas legislature adopted the resolution rati fying the federal prohibition amend ment. The resolution passed the house Monday. Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 15. —Indiana has ratified the prohibition amendment to the federal constitution. Follow ing the action of the state senate Mon day the house took similar action by a vote of 87 to 11. Lincoln, Neb., Jan. 15. —A joint res olution providing for ratification of the national prohibition amendment was passed by the Nebraska senate, with only one vote against it. The house is expected to take final action within a few days. t The following states have ratified the national prohibition amendment: Kentucky, Ohio, Virginia, Oklahoma, Mississippi, Tennessee, South Carolina, Idaho, North Dakota, Maine, Maryland, West Virginia, Montana, Washington, Arizona, California, Delaware, Illinois, Texas. Indiana, Soutli Dakota, Arkan sas, Massachusetts, Kansas, Georgia, North Carolina, Louisiana, Alabama, Florida, Colorado, Michigan. Total, 31. Necessary for ratifica tion, 36. WILL SUPPRESS SINN FEINERS Government Expected to Use Force With Irish Organization. London, Jan. 15. —The intention to suppress forcibly the Sinn T ’ein organ ization is attributed to the British gov ernment in certain quarters in Ire land, according to a Dublin dispatch to the Mail. Moderates there, the cor respondent says, are speculating anx iously as to what developments may be expected from a meeting of the council which the governor general called Monday night at Dublin castle. The correspondent adds: “Sober-minded, responsible men take a very gloomy view of the situation. It is feared that the government is about to embark on anew campaign of repression, which may include the forcible suppression of the Sinn Fein, with such results as a. e to be expected when the government takes up armed conflict with 75 per cent of the popu lation.” HARD TIiVIE FOR REDS HERE Bolshevism Makes Little Headway in United States. Washington, Jan. 15. —Bolsheviki ag itation in the United States shows no promise of reaching a stage of open disorder, according to department of justice officials who have been observ ing the movement. So far the move ment, evidently mainly in New York, is economic, rather than political, in na ture, they declare, and organizers have kept well within the law. Department of justice officials have adopted the at titude that the bolshevist movement is not a subject for government action unless federal laws are broken, and there is no disposition on the part of the department to combat the move ment. GET 80.000 HUN HELMETS Trophies to Be Used as Prizes for Loan Workers. Washington, Jan. 15. —Eighty thou sand German helmets captured by Gen eral Pershing’s troops —some new, tak en from storehouses behind the enemy lines and some battered relics of the battlefield —have been ordered by Frank R. Wilson, director of Liberty loan publicity, for distribution in the fifth Liberty loan campaign. The hel mets will be allotted to federal reserve district headquarters on the basis of their respective subscription quotas and will be used as prizes for cam paign achievements under rules to be formulated by the district managers. U. S. MEN RUSSIA 0. K. Commander at Archangel Says Health and Morale Good. Washington. Jan. 15. —Col. George B. Stewart, commanding the American troops in the Archangel sector of Rus sia, in a message received at the war department under date of January 11, reported that he had made a personal tour of the wide front over which the Americans are scattered and found the general health, discipline and morale of the men excellent and their cloth ing a id equipment ample. Total deaths from all causes among the force, which numbers about 8,000, were given as six officers and 121 enlisted men. NATIONS LEAGUE PLAN UP FIRST Wilson Wins Out for His Peace Program at Great Con gress. RUSSIA MAY BE REPRESENTED Question to Be Decided at a Prelim inary Meeting—President Poin care to Open Plenary Session Saturday With Address. Paris, Jan. 15.—Russia may be rep resented with all the other nations that were engaged in the war against Germany at the first formal meeting of the peace conference. Whether Russia will have present at that time a dele gation of prominent Russians, irre spective of party, or other spokesmen, if any, probably will be decided at the meeting preliminary to the congress. All the delegates with the exception of the French, who will be occupied with parliamentary affairs, will employ their time in preparation fir the meeting. President Wilson planned to engage in a series of informal confer ences with British and French repre sentatives. League of Nations Coming Up. The first question to come up be fore the actual peace conference next Saturday will be that of the proposed league of nations, and it was made known today that it had been planned for the conferences to devote 12 hours dally to this work if necessary, until it is on the way to completion. There is some reason for believing that the first plans for the structure of a league of nations, to be laid before the con ference, probably will be somewhat composite, representative of a consen sus of opinion on the part of the American, British and French states men who have been discussing the subject. It will not purport to be a finished product, hut is intended to serve as a starting point for develop ment. President Poincare will open the plenary session of the peace congress on Saturday with an address, after which officers will be elected. Marshal Foch. the allies’ commander in chief, is on the way to his head quarters at Treves to meet the Ger man delegates and lay down terms for the extension of the armistice. There was some disposition during the con ferences to make the terms of the ex tension more drastic than had at first been proposed, hut this was not car ried out. The extension, however, provides for turning over the German commercial fleet to transport troops, in exchange for food; for the restitution of mate rial taken from France and Belgium, and for full compliance with the terms of the original armistice. Official Communique on Sessions. A start has been made on the ma chinery through which the American public will learn of the doings of the peace conference. Hitherto the French and the British press had ac cess to much more information than the press representatives from the United States. The British and French had also been issuing their own official communiques regarding the meetings. It now has been decided to issue a joint communique, prepared by a com mittee representing all the nations, this to be the sole official outgiving. President Wilson has also decided to communicate with the representatives of the American newspapers, of which there are more than 100 in Paris, through the medium of a publicity agent. Ray Stannard Baker, a former magazine writer, has been selected as the agent. The plan as announced is for Pres ident Wilson or some member of the American mission to communicate to Mr. Baker such details of the proceed ings as were not embraced in the com muniques and which the president de sires to make public, Mr. Baker con veying the Information to the corre spondents. The correspondents will not have-the original contact with the source of information. ARREST Y. M. C. A. WORKERS Embezzlement Is Charged—Three to Face Court-Martial. Paris. Jan. 15.—Three Y. M. C. A. workers are under military arrest and will he arraigned before a court-mar tial on charges of misappropriating funds. Nearly 200,000 francs, or $40,- 000, are involved in the alleged loot ing. Official announcement of the affair was made by General Secretary E. C. Carter. He said the three men con fessed. The prisoners are: Schoeffel. Rochester, N. Y,; Reverend Atkins of Eagle Pass, Tex., and Harry Mansfield of New Y"ork city, formerly secretary of the Seamen’s union. Chief Secretary Carter said : “The Y. M. C. A. has asked the army administration to prosecute the three cases to the limit of the fullest pen alty.” All the money has been recovered. Secretary Carter said. No. 101.