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m ITNCIX SAMS POLICE
111 u or Tnr sea - , r~ pf| >, o widen Ita sphere of beneficial ac f-.[ fivlty is the aim of every well-managed ;?■'< branch of our national government, but It is doubtful If any of these have been H, Ty niore successful in the effort than the ‘" United States revenue cutter service. This organization under the treasury MB JBL department, was long ago nicknamed "Uncle Sam’s police or the sea,” and the designation has stuck because it Is man ifestly bo appropriate. The title was obviously fitting In the old days when the chief duties of the officers and men of the revenue cutter wßtSf\ 11 ii& %, J (*■ m I J utS xml * I SLifL fe. an* ~?Mf- ' • mi cßtnv jzzAiiv m service were to apprehend smugglers and pirates, but It ia not the less suitable In this age when in addition to the quest for such enemies of the law the revenue cutter organization is obligated to lend aid to every form of life saving at sea —for it is recognized that the ideal policeman Is charged not only with the duty of protecting life but also v.Hh responsibility for aid ing humanity In distress under any circumstances. The I'nitcd States revenue cutter service has had a most Interesting history. After the freedom of the American colonies had been won through the Revolutionary war, the country returned to a peace basis and the continental navy was dis banded. From that time forward there was no sea force available for the protection of the coasts and the maritime Interests of the new republic until there came as a response to a long-felt want the organization of the revenue cutter service. *This was one of the acts of our first congress, president George Washington signed the act in August, 1790, and within little more than a year ten vessels were ready for duty. Thereafter for a period of nearly seven years the little fleet formed the only armed force afloat flying the tilars and stripes, and the ships were constantly engaged in patroling the coastline of the country and enforcing its maritime laws. The first op poiutmenta of officers in the revenue cutter serv ice were made from among those who had served In the continental navy, and since that time many men who prepared themselves for our naval serv ice have amended their life plans to the extent of taking commissions in the maritime police force. The work of the revenue cutter service, as de fined by the various laws w r hich have been en acted on the subject, consists in the enforcement of almost every statute bearing upon the maritime Interests of the nation. At the head of the cate gory comes, of course, the protection of the cus toms revenue and If smuggling in any form is suspected the revenue cutter officers have the right of search of all merchant vessels arriving within or near the United States or bound for an American port. The suppression of piracy is not a heavy responsibility any more, but the search for wrecked and missing vessels is a responsi bility which has expanded as the other has con tracted. The enforcement of the neutrality laws la always something of a chore, thanks to the South and Central American revolutions that are hatched in the United States. Another Important task is found in the enforcement of law and the protection of property in Alaska, Including the protection of the seal and other fisheries in Alas kan water —a form of oceanic patroling which has been productive of many exciting episodes In re cent years. The suppression of mutiny is another duty dele gated to Uncle Sam’s police of the sea, but mu tineers alike to pirates have become rather scarce In the neighborhood of Uncle Sam’s domains in late years. On the other hand there has been a tremendous Increase in the volume of work re quired In connection with the destruction of de relicts and other menaces to navigation and in the rendering of assistance to vessels In distress. Don’t Weigh the Baby There is a curious superstition lin gering among the mothers of Stepney, says the London Chronicle. They do not approve of the weighing of their babies by the medical officer. The baby that is put on the scales will die within a year. The mothers want to chance it, and resent the statistical weighing and figuring and averaging up of the weights and races and win ning* of babies. It is the alleged cer J , CUT 22& C crews, but in addition it has virtually developed a life-saving service of its own, and every revenue cutter might be designated as a floating life-sav ing station. The police of the sea have to afford protection for the sponge fisheries In the Gulf of Mexico and the Straits of Florida; they play an important part in enforcing quarantine regula tions when Uncle Sam is “putting up the bars” against some plague-infested country abroad, and they guard the safety of the public at all great yacht races and regattas. Persons who bear in mind the principal events of the Spanlsh-American war will recall that the revenue cutters with their officers and men played an important part In the defense of the country during that conflict. But this was no in novation. In the preceding wars In which this nation engaged the revenue cutter service al ways had a hand, and, indeed, there is a standing arrangement whereby, in the event of war, the police of the sea co-operate w r ith the navy. It is a question, after all, however, whether the great est victories of the revenue cutter service have not been won in times of peace. Take, for ex ample, the great yellow' fever epidemic that In the Escaping the Drudgery Woman Tells How Household Work May Ec Made Less Unpleasant. The old-time household duties also disappeared to a great extent. Scrubbing was no longer a necessity. 1 found a w ? axed floor with simple but effective rugs, just as practical as in other parts of the house, says a writer in Success. The next step was to eliminate that second frightful bug bear of housekeeping—washing the pots and pans No dish or kettle used in cooking was allowed to become cold before being w r ashed with a com bination wire and bristle brush. The hand tfuis came in contact only with the handle of the ves sel, doing away with the most unpleasant part of dishwashing, while the immediate cleansing min imized labor by preventing particles of food from drying and sticking to the sides of the utensil. Table tops of glass and marble also helped to reduce labor\in the kitchen. These were constant ly kept spotless by the free use of paper napkins as “wipe-up rags.” The employment of paper is one of the most valuable means of saving work. Pape) - rapkins when bought in quantities are cheap, they are absorbent, easily handled and may be quickly disposed of. Another of our schemes was to have all garbage Instantly dropped down a tube from the sink to an incinerator In the cellar, doing away with that most unpleasant chemical combination of a mixture of nondescript scraps, so unpleasant to the senses of sight, smell and touch. We hay* not as yet reached Mrs. Rorer’s Ideal of minimum tainty she resents. Her own baby will be the exception to the, ridiculous average. The Stepney mother is right enough in her hatred of statistics. She is one with those who objected to the census of the children of Israel, and those who object to the census of today. She is one with the man who refrains from looking at his bank passbook (a model of statistics). Statistics are al The revenue cutter service is charged by law with the construction and inspection of life-saving stations and the drilling of the life-saving ways annoying—and that is the ex planation of the Stepney mother. Asking Too Much. Young Mother —I’m so glad you’ve come, Theron! Wen t you please mind Bobby while I run over to the store and get some cross barred muslin? Bachelor Brother —Mind him, Gris elda? No. I won’t promise to do that, but I’ll protect the premises from his vandal hands, if I have to spank the little rascal black and blue. Run | along. summer of 1905 ravaged the gulf coast of o-.r coun try. Revenue cutters and a fleet of chartered vessels commanded by revenue cutter officers patrolled tha waters of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alaban;* and Florida and for the first time in the history i-f such epidemics there was not a single instance of the spread of the disease through communication fcy sea. The ships were constantly within the infected dis tricts. and although one of them had to fight the fever among its own crew never once did the vigi lance against the scourge relax. As has been said, one of the most Important duties of the service is the relief of vessels in distress,, and within late years this has developed a regular ’ win ter patrol” of far-reaching scope and immense value. lion the service has a ship specially constructed as a “derelict destroyer”—the only vessel of the kind In the world. Commissioned officers of the United State reve nue cutter service have rank with the officers of the army and navy and receive the same henefi's of retirement as are accorded these officer*, dhe officers are trained for the service at the revenue cutter cadet school, located at New London, Conn, Young men enter at any age between eighteen and twenty-four, and in addition to exactions in book learning must undergo a military and nautical training that in some respects is even more ardu ous than that given at Uncle Sam’s big academies at Annapolis and West Point. Of course the classes at the cadet school are comparatively small —sometimes there are not more than two dozen embryo officers enrolled at the Institution, bet this is to be expected, for the revenue cutter service does not need the great numbers of officers re quired for our rapidly growing navy. Indeed, there are less than three hundred commissioned Officers on the revenue cutter roster, where as the warrant officers and enlisted men will probably not total more than fifteen hundred, although Uncle Sam is constantly adding to his fleet of revenue cutters, and this expansion is reflected in the active list. The navigating responsibilities of tbe officers of the nation’s sea police boats probably exceed those of any other men In tbe naval or maritime service. Unlike many of the men who go down to the sea in ships, they do not confine themselves <.O * given ocean path. On the contrary, the young revenue cutter officer may be called upon at short notice to navigate his own ship in any waters from south ern Florida to northern Alaska, and he must enter many bays and arms of the sea where n<> naval or merchant vessel would ever be required to go. For these versatile demands the revenue cutter officers are especially trained during their cadet course. Each year during the three-year course the cadets spend several months on a cruising “practice ship,” which jogs back and forth across the Atlantic, partly under steam and partly by sail power. The hoys attend to all the operations connected with the navigation of the vessel — gaining that grounding of practical experience that will be so valuable in later years—and incldently they continue that small arms and ordnance prac tice which is a feature of their schooling on shore The motto of the United States revenue cutter ttw ice is “Semper Paratus,” which may be translated as “Always Ready,” and certainly the Yankee police force of the high schools has eloquently proven in recent years that the words of this slogan convey no idle boast. waste, but we are striving to approach it. for therein lies another real source of economy. A great,,deal of dirt and the labor of removing it was prevented by having all vegetables washed before they were brought into the Ijousd. To this end I devised a little drop table near the pump on the back porch, only a ,tep from the garden. We live in the country apd grow seme of our own vegetables, but the principle of leaving a?l possible dirt outside is one that could be applied almost everywhere. All market dclivaries were left in a basket just outside the £otr, obviating the running in and out of delivery boys. A Lucky Irr.peJtmefit. “L-l-look here,” said the j.tuttere? at the horse fair, “that's & n-a-nlce horse, my m-m-man. Hoa- much m-money do you want for It f” “Yes. a beauty that is, s;r,” said the owner. “But you muct taake the offer.” “Well,” said the stutterer, * i’ll give you f-f-f-f—” “Forty pounds? Done!** ,aid the dealer. “Good!” mM the atuttcMJ'. “I X-going te axj t44Ut j The president designates certain cutters each year during the stormy winter months from November tt> April to patrol our far-fl ]ng coast line in search of ves sels in distress and to re spond for any calls for as sistance that may be re ceived via wireless. In the performance of this' duty thousands of persons have been rescued from the par ils of the sea and property to an value of many millions of dollars has been saved. The “beats” covered by the po lice of the sea on this win ter “watch” are not con fined to the Atlantic, Pacific and Gulf of Mexico, but in clude also the great lakes and the Bering sea and Arctic ocean. A kindred work of almost equal im portance is the -destruction of derelicts which menace all ships on the ocean path ways. Every revenue cut ter carries high explosives and the paraphernalia for blowing up or otherwise de stroying a derelict S/S soon as discovered, but in addl- Newly Engaged .Mrs Teddy left her assembled guests to answer a call outside. As sSie walked into the hall two telegrams were handed to her. Blank amazement spread over her face as she read them “Dick and I have quarreled. Have > o withdraw f ora your house party. Sorry it is in our honor. Keep it hid den Lie if necessary. He’s sure to apologize Trixy.” Hastily sbe tore open the second en velope. ‘Trixy and 1 have scrapped. Unable to be with you. Trump up something to tell your friends. Don’t let the truth out. Expect to make up soon. She’s sure to be sorry. Dick.” “Well, now what am I going to do?’’ In her distress Mrs. Teddy flung open the screen door with a bang and went out on the veranda to calm her nerves and to concoct a story to tel! her guests. “Just the thing!” Her eyes danced as she ran down the steps to meet the young man plodding up the walk under the burden of two suit cases. "Kurry up, Bob! You must come to my sitting room right away.” And she added, as she fairly hauled him up there. “You simply must help me out of a perfectly awful hole. Just wait a moment!” She dashed from the room, and as quickly came back, bringing with her a girl, fresh and dainty in a white lingerie dress. Her dark hair fell in loose soils about her neck as Mrs. Teddy unceremoniously pushed her into a chair. The young-people ex changed nods of recognition, too amazed to speak, Bob concentrating his gaze on the girl’s hair, apparently fascinated. “Emily, Bob,” Mrs. Teddy was thinking rapidly, “you’re both good friends of Trixy and Dick, aren’t you?” Two heads bobbed simultaneously. “Then I’ll tell you. They’ve squab bled! Oh, no, nothing serious,” as she saw' the expression on their faces, Just a little tiff. It will blow over in a day or two. Nevertheless, that “Trixy and I Have Scrapped.” doesn’t help my cause along, as I’ve invited these people to meet them right away. Trix and Dick don’t want it known, as people will immediately begin to gossip. Now Emily, no one has met you yet, and Bob, you’ve just come, so I want you to make believe you’re Trixy and Dick!” “What!” Emily’s face was rosy red. “I’ll do it!” Bob cast an admiring glance at Emily. That young woman tilted up her nose, but grew redder still. Mrs. Teddy took in the situation with a gasp. Her motives became double. “Do it —for Trixy’s sake, dear,” she coaxed, and without waiting for Em ily’s consent, she jumped up and dis appeared. “Why, Bob. I didn’t say ‘yes!’” Em ily pouted. “You’re in for it now, Emily. Buck up and face the guns!” Bob’s eyes twinkled mischievously. “Oh, Bob, isn’t it awful! Can’t we back out?” There was panic in her voice. “I’m afraid not —” “W T hy are you staring at me?” she demanded as distinctly as she could, with several hair pins between her teeth. “Don’t fix your hair so high, Emily. 1 like it better low.” “H’m! We’re only engaged. I don’t have to obey—yet!” she re torted. “That’s so!” he laughed, then added. “But before we go down. I’d better The Old Lady and the Sport Ralph A. Graves, one of the dra matic critics of Washington, is a sport through and through. When he does anything, he puts it over with all the frills on it, despising expense, and de siring only the best there is—and not neglecting to get it in the best shape possible. He struck Baltimore one evening, and decided to send some flowers to a young lady. After scouting around, he located a florist’s shop, into which he jumped with an order for about twenty dollars worth of the finest. He let loose of that tw'enty dollar note with great monchalance, flipping it across the counter to the old woman who was the only clerk in the place ?t the time. She shoved the money in the cash drawer, and extended the flowers toward Graves. “I wish,” said the critic, ‘‘you’d send them to this address as scon as pos sible.” “Aw. what’s the trouble, sonnyT” eplied the old lady. ‘‘Why don’t you aa out with them yourself? By Florence Wolff warn you that engaged couples gener ally show a little affection toward each other once in awhile, so —1 may have to kiss you!” "You don’t look too u.ifiappy over Lie prospect!” she answered cvni cally. “I’m not,” said the shamriess youth. He looked at her hair. It was coiled low. Self-consciously she raised her hands to it and ran out of the room. Avery flustered young lady and a very gay young man received the con gratulations of the guests congre gated on the porch five minutes later. "1 wouldn’t mind being in his boots,” Emily heard one of the young men mutter. She laid her hand on Bob’s arm. “Come away," she whispered ap pealingly. The newly engaged pair sat down bn the sofa, but after a moment Em ily jumped up and ran to a seat at the other end of the room. “What’s the matter?” asked Bob “I’m afraid!” gasped Emily, blush ing. “Afraid—of what?" ‘That you’ll have to —to kiss me 11 we sit at such close quarters!” Emily blurted out. “I may, if somebody should peek through tho window. Yon see. it would be my dut£; otherwise, they’d think we were fighting, and rightly, too, es pecially if you sit in cue corner of the room and I in another.” Suddenly his voice became imperious. “Emily! Come here —quickly! Somebody is looking now!” Emily mechanically obeyed, drop ping limply on the sofa. “There’s someone coming into the room! ” “Oh!” groaned Emily, and buried her face on his shoulder; but only be cause she was nervous. “Let us go out among them; then they won’t expect us to do so much of this.” She rose a little stiffly, and he fol lowed her. In the doorway they col lided with Mrs. Teddy, who was frown ing over a telegram. “Now we’re in a pickle for sure!" She handed them the bit of yellow paper. “Dear Dal —Everything O. K. Peace restored. Will arrive by next train. Trixy and Dick. The three stood and looked at each other. Then someone called from down stairs; “Oh, Mrs. Teddy, where are you? Do come here!” “Do something! Hide, evaporate—or elope!” she gasped over her shoulder as she rushed away. The two deserted ones stood motion less in the middle of the hall. “Bob,” said Emily at last, with a start, “Bob, do you know you have still got your arm around me, and we’re not engaged any longer?” The screen door swung open and they heard Mrs. Teddy’s voire, “Why, of course, you misunderstood the names—these are Trixy and Dick. The other two were Emily Waldron and Bob Warick. Yes, they just be came engaged yesterday,” she plunged on recklessly. “They are very demon strative, but I guess they knew we wouldn’t mind.” “Shall we beat it?” whispered Bob. Emily nodded. He threw a scarf over her shoulders, jammed some body’s hat on her head, grabbed a cap for himself and, seizing her arm, fled. “Why, see where we’ve landed!” gasped Emily as she sank on one of the benches of the railroad station. “I knew we would get here if we went far enough.” Bob wiped his fore head vigorously. “By Jove, Em! You don’t look a bit the worse for wear after that sprint! How do you man age it?” “The girl looked straight ahead, frowning ominously. “Bob Warick, what do you mean by bringing me here?” “I just thought—we’d belter follow —Mrs. Teddy’s advice!” stammered Bob sheepishly. “Bob Warick, she told them we were engaged!” “And she said we were so demon strative and —” An angry sob reached Bob’s ears. Suddenly he moved close to her. “Mrs. Teddy told us to elope. We’d have to get married to do that,” he argued. “Would you mind so much, dear?” i “No —I don’t know—that Is —I think so—l mean —” “That you will!” shouted Bob. tri umphantly oblivious to his sui round ings. Quickly she took refuge in mock resignation. “I suppose I’ll have to j now,” she sighed. “Think what those awful people will say if I don’t!” And for the second time that day she bur- > ied her face on his shoulder. You ain’t too old for that.” —Twice-a- Month Popular. Conveying Light by Glass Rods. There is a simple and ingenious plan for conveying lightning to grad uated circles at the joint where they are to be read with the aid of an at tached microscope. It is desirable not to bring the source of light near the circles, on account of the heat, and so the light is sent through a solid glass rod. letting it shine in at one end and emerge at the other. The light cannot escape from the side*, of the rod owing to internal reflection and accordingly it is carried and de livered very like water in a tube Even when bent the glass rod doe. 4 not lose its charge. Mated, First Bridesmaid—They are well matched, don’t you think? Second Bridesmaid —Rather; she’s a grass widow and he’s a vegetarian.— London Opinion. BABY’S FUTURE V t ''i now much baby hollers and kicks about? Mr. Just wed —Yes; I think he’ll bo a baseball player when he grows up HANDS WOULD CRACK OPEN “About two months ago my hands started to crack open and bleed, the skin would scale off, and the good flesh would burn and itch dreadfully. | When my bands first started to get j sore, there were small blisters like wa | ter blisters which formed. They itched dreadfully, it just, seemed as though I could tear the skin all off. I would scratch them and the skin would peel off, and the flesh would be all I re d and crack open and bleed. It wor ried mo very much, as I had never I had anything the matter with my skin, j I was so afraid I would have to give | up my employment. “My doctor said he didn’t think it would amount to anything. But it kept getting worse. One day I saw a piece in one of the papers about a lady who had the same trouble with her hands. She had used Cuticura Soap and Oint ment and was cured. I decided to try them, and ray hands were all heated before I had used one cake of Cuti cura Ointment. I am truly thankful for the good results from the Cuticura Saap s/)d Ointment, for thanks to them I was cured, and did not have to lose a day from work. I have had no re turn of the skin trouble.’’ (Signed) Mrs. Mary E. Breig, 2522 Brown Street, Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 12, 1811. Although Cuticura Soap and Oint ment are ftxtfd everywhere, a sample of each, with 32-page book, will be mailed free on application to “Cuti cura,” Dept. 6 K, Boston, Pat Was More Than Willing. Avery pretty girl who recently re turned from Ireland tells of an en counter with an Irish cabby in Dub lin. She had started out from tho hotel to do some shopping, but de cided instead to make a tour of tho city on a jaunting car. Arriving at the first car stand, and having se lected the smartest looking vehicle, she told the driver mat she “wanted to engage him for the day.” Pat, never backward in paying homage to beauty, earnestly replied; “Begorra, ma’am, you are welcome. I only wish It was for Jifel” A Sandwich Filling. A delicious filling for sandwiches or crackers is made by mixing equal parts of cream cheese and snappy cheese with French dressing to a smooth paste, then stirring In it chopped red peppers or chopped olives. This paste should be very creamy and put on thickly, at least a quarter of an inch. It is nice between salted wafers or on thin rounds of brown or rye bread. Considering the Details. Alphonse—Gwendolyn, why are you so cruel as to keep me waiting for my answer? It is now ten minutes since I asked you to be my wife. Gwendolyn—O, pardon me, f forgot! was simply choosing my bridesmaids! —Stray Stories. Had the Same Trouble. Howell —They say that the new queen likes to have her own way. Powell —My wife is a queen, all right. Nothing can be so inspiring to a human being as the idea fhat he is of value, that bis help is really wanted. —Oliver Dodge. We live by admiration, hope, and love. —Wordsworth. FOUND RIGHT PATH After a False Start. “In IS9O I began to drink coffee. ‘‘At that time I was healthy and en joyed life. At first I noticed ho bad effects from the indulgence but in course of time found that various troubles were coming upon me. “Palpitation of the heart took unto itself sick and nervous headaches, kid ney troubles followed and eventually my stomach became so deranged that even a light meal caused me serious distress. “Our physician’s prescriptions failed to help me and then I dosed myself with patent medicines till I was thor oughly disgusted and hopeless. “Finally I began to suspect that cof fee was the cause of my troubles. I ex perimented by leaving it off, except for one small cup at breakfast. This helped some but did not altogether re lieve my distress. It satisfied me, however, that I was on the right track. “So I gave up coffee altogether and began to use Postum. In ten days I found myself greatly improved, my nerves'steady, my head clear, my kid neys working better and better, my heart’s action rapidly Improving, my appetite improved and the ability to eat a hearty meal without subsequent suffering restored to me. And this con dition remains. “Leaving off coffee and using Postum did this, with no help from drugs, as 1 abandoned the use of medicines when I began to use the food drink.” Name given by Postum Cos., Battle Creek, Mich. “There’s a reason,” and it Is ex plained in the little book, “The Road to Wcllville,” in pkgs. f’ver rend (be above letter? Anew cue a’)|)p)ii-n from time to time. They ore ffoamine, true, and full of human lut crest.