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fONG familiarity induces
the average farmer to be stow’ nary a second thought upon many a fac tor in farm life that he J would discover, when he % f * was suddenly deprived of JA it, plays a most important * \ part in the routine of "f \ rural existence. Among these things animate and inanimate of whose influ ence we are so dimly conscious a prominent place should be accorded to “the farm dog.”—or probably It would be better to say the farm dogs, for It is rather unusual for a farmer to have only one canine helper and he may possess half a dozen, without giving any more thought to the subject than the aver age city man would have to bestow upon one small four-footed servitor. For all that the busy and preoccu pied farmer accepts the presence of \ , *Sna \ ' .'h ' ss —' j^r^zzerr^ his favorite dog so much as a matter of course it Is noticeable that the favored animal seems to have some mission as “man’s best friend” that requires his presence on all occasions. Certainly a trip to town would be in complete without Rover romping along, barking teaslngly and snapping playfully at ‘the patient Dobbin or leaning out of the tonneau to bay at passing vehicles If his master has arrived at the luxury of an automobile. And in nine cases out of ten the farmer and his family could not drop contentedly off tc slumber at night without the assurance that one or more dogs are on watch to give quick warning of anything out of the or dinary. The dog on the farm helps in a variety of ways, but it is a question after all whether his great est value does not lie in the companionship he affords. The farmer and the farmer’s wife, par ticularly if they live in an isolated locality, would bo mighty lonely at times save for the faithful dog and a lone child on a farm, with no play mates within several miles, might be hard put to It for amusement were It not for the self-same animal—proverbially patient under childish ty ranny and ever ready to join in any diverting project. And, since most people consider big dogs the best companions, the farmer is fortu nate In his ability to choose with reference to such preference. The city man living in a house In a row or, worse yet, cooped up in a flat, finds the term “house dog” synoraous with small size, but in the country, where the average home has a large lawn and the dwelling has wide porches, there need be no line of discrimination drawn be tween the house dog and the “out doors dog.” Closely linked to the sentimental value of the farm dog as a companion is the worth of the serv ice he renders as a guardian of life and property on the farm. It is not merely, for Instance, that such a dog can serve as companion for the farm er’s wife when she Is left alone, but better yet, c he is able to offer very tangible protection from' annoyance by tramps or other unwelcome vis itors. Similarly the intelligent canine can exer cise an almost human watchfulness over the chil dren when they are out of sight and out of hear ing of their elders, and In proof of the dog’s ca pabilities in this role it Is only necessary to point to the very frequent rescues from drownlngs in which dogs play the part of heroes. At night when the farmer and his family are asleep this vigilance on the part of alert canines Is an almost invaluable safeguard and under ideal conditions It affords the farmer as good or better protection than can be claimed for bis city cousin residing on a street patrolled by policemen. It is because of the diverse responsibilities of this night sentry work that many a shrewd farmer thinks It wise to keep not merely one good dog, but three or four. With one dog inside the house and another outside the building and with other dogs inside and outside the barn the farmer need have little fear that he will lack for warnings should anything out of the ordinary transpire. These dogs can be depended upon, moreover, not only to give warning of the approach of trespass ers. but they are equally serviceable as alarmists should fire break out or should any of the stock get loose In the night or invade the feed bins. Such canine services, tangible as is their value, are by no means all the responsibilities that grateful dogs assume in return tor their modest The Man in the Engine Room A proposition having been made that the Oregon should lead the pro cession of vessels that shall open the Panama canal, someone writes to a New York paper that the commander of the Oregon on her famous circum navigation of the western hemisphere should not be forgotten. This is w-ell as far ae it goes, but if honor is to be given where honor is due it does not go far enough. The achievement * *&& keep. Volumes have been written regarding the remarkable intelligence and judgment displayed by the shepherd dogs of this and other countries in minding Hocks of sheep and thousands of dogs are today doing men’s work in this field. Similar ly efficient service is performed very frequently by dogs in assisting to drive cattle to market or to the railroad yards and even in the more deli cate work of “rounding up” poultry. Finally there are a hundred minor services as, for example, that performed by the numerous farm dogs that have been taught by their masters to meet the rural free delivery carrier each day and to bring to the farm house the mail and the daily paper. This is a big time-saver for the farmer when, as is so often the case, the R. F. D. box is located a con siderable distance from the dwelling. Some persons have even predicted that the time will come in America when some of our farmers will employ dogs as they do in Holland and other foreign countries to draw the carts of milk to the creameries and do other work that we now entrust to horses, but this prediction is not generally accepted because of the great distances involved in this country. However, ther Is no reason why the usefulness of intelligent canines should not be still further developed and certain ly as the “automobile habit” spreads in the rural communities the farmers are going to find dogs in dispensable in one more and irection, for it has been proven that there is no de'errent like a dog that looks as though he meant business for warning off the joy riders who are wont to appropriate auto mobiles that they find standing unguarded in the streets or in a market space or at a picnic. All the above has reference, of course, to the value as helpers on the farm, but this by no means exhausts the possibilities of the subject. On an increasing number of farms it has been found that dogs can be made a source of actual revenue. This is accomplished by breeding blooded dogs for the market. It is of necessity a “side line” to be sure, but it can be made a most profitable one. for fine dogs bring big prices and the farmer has the facilities for breeding dogs under the best conditions without a fraction of the investment that would be required of a man who established a kennel on a tract of land used for no other pur pose. Moreover the farmer’s wife and children can do most of the work of caring for the dogs, just as they do in so many Instances in the case of the poultry. There is not much danger that it will prove irksome either, for there is nothing more amusing than the average puppy, and he dees not as a rule require that extreme solicitous care that must be bestowed upon some other classes of pet stock. The species of dogs which may most advan tageously be selected as farm helpers Is, of course, a matter of individual opinion and there are al most as many different opinions on the subject as with the regard to the age at which people should many. Naturally, personal preferences on the part of the farmer and the members of his family ofttimes have much to do with a choice and then again the sort of assistance that is desired from of the Oregon was mainly a matter oi steam engineering, and if the captain shall be honored, shall the chief en gineer be forgotten? We regret to say that we do not remember bis name, and we fear no one else does," but it was the chief engineer who kept those machines working in such perfect order that, after making an astonishing voyage, the Oregon was able to join the fleet off Santiago, and take a leading part in the battle with out an overhauling. In those days, too, the engineers were specially edu cated for their work and for no other work; they were not line officers de tailed for duty in the engine room. Rubenstein the Show. When Rubenstein was traveling through the United States upon a •concert tour, it chanced that Barnum’s circus followed exactly the same route chosen by the great Russian On one occasion when the train was filled a dog on the farm has a bearing on the case. Asa sheep dog or indeed for any duty in connection with “minding the stock” there is no dog to compare with the faithful collie. And the collie is a mighty fine all around dog, too. Proverbially good tempered and gentle and possessing the highest order of intelligence, ha justifies by the possession of good qualities his handsome appearance And finally, be it said in his favor that if a farmer desires to establish a canine colony for profit ther% is no class of dogs that will sell more readily or bring better prices than the collies. The old-fashioned Newfoundland dogs that were once the favorite playfellows of the tots on the farms seems to have disappeared for the most part. In their place we now have the Great Danes and the rough and smooth-coated St. Bernards. The latter, slow and ponderous in move ment, will put up with any amount of pulling and pummeling by child ish hands and they are usually a very saleable dog If pure blooded. Hounds of one kind or another aie to be found on many American farms and so likewise are hunting dogs, such as pointers, particularly in districts where the farmers have the time and the Inclination to go out after small game In season. On most farms the dogs make their headquarters In the barn or sta ble or In someone of the outbuildings, but an in creasing number of country gentlemen have tak en to providing dog houses of greater or less pre tentions and eo the estates of somo wealthy Amer icans, such as i. Plerpont Morgan, there are ken nels that cost 8 good deal more than the barn of the average prosperous farmer. The bulldog Is famous as a watch dog on the farm and there are many farms all up and down the tand where one of these pugnacious beasts Is considered indispensable. However, the seem ing Inability of many a bulldog to distinguish be tween friend and foe has put the clan in bad favor on many a farm where there are numerous unex pected callers or where summer boarders from the city are included in the household In vaca tion season. The smaller dogs such as the Boston and fox terriers, the black and tans, etc., are well represented on the farms. Such dogs fcr more dependable than some of the heavier species for duty as watch dogs inside dwellings or farm build ings and if the canine family become* too nu merous It Is usually easy to fldn a market In the city for the surplus, the city folks being partial to these small dogs. One thing that the farm dogs have had to learn of late years is c respect for the automobiles that whiz past at scandalous speed. Not a few valuable dogs were killed on the rural roads ere the meaning of the new men ace was learned. BIRDS FIGHT THEIR IMAGES. But So Do Fish, for That Matter, According to Darwin. A correspondent for the Scotsman recently re ported what he described as the “curious freak” of a blackbird flying against a parlor window many times at the same spot continuously. Such an In cident is not uncommon. Birds have been known to fight for hours at a time, day after day, with their own image reflected in a pane of glass, peck ing and fluttering against the pane and quite ex hausting themselves in their fury to demolish the supposed rival. It is another instance of how the arts of our civilization corrupt and confuse the birds. It is the same with Ashes. Darwin telle a story of a pike in an aquarium separated by plate glass from fish which were its proper food. In trying to get at the fish the pike would often dash with such violence against the glass as to be com pletely stunned. It Aid this for more than three months before It learned caution. Then when the glass was removed the pike would not attack those particular fish, but would devour othere freshly introduced. Algy Wasn't Slow. Pa Munn —I want Helen to marry a business man. She’s going to get all my money. Algy—That’s grand! What business would you like to set mo up In? —Philadelphia Bulletin. with snake charmers, acrobats, clowns, and the like, the brakeman. notlcinf Rubensteln’s remarkable appearance, asked him, “Do you belong to the show?” Turning his leonine head with a savage shake, Rubenstein fiercely growled out: “Sir, I am the show! ” A Bachelor’s Question. “That poor man has just buried his fourth wife.’’ “Why do you call him poor? Is h a believer in expensive funerals?” HAVE YOU SUSPECTED YOUR KIDNEYS? Thousands suffer from backache, headache, dizziness and -weariness without suspecting their kidneys. Trp Henry c - Leon- Pittwe hardt. Liberty St., ; — —‘ft —Tells JJ _ T . :- viffir story- Sturgeon Bay, Wis., ■SoTST'*''' says: kidneys were in such bad ' %/ shape, the kidney se " cretions passed every \\ few minutes. I doc ( pv tored with the best _-T\ I \g physicians and treat \ a prominent i . specialist, but receiv ed only temporary relief. Doan's Kid ney Pills helped me at once and soon I was permanently cured. I really feel that Doan's Kidney Pills saved my life.” "When Your Back is Lame, Remem ber the Name —DOAN’S.” For sale by druggists and general storekeepers everywhere. Price 50c, Foster-Milburn Cos., Buffalo. N. Y. Diary of a Fly-Killer. Monday—My attention was called last night to a statement that house flies are bearers of disease and should be destroyed as soon as possible. I began my crusade against them this morning. It was a little discouraging, because there was only one fly in the house and it was quite agile. It es caped me. I broke two vases and a photograph frame. Tuesday—l nearly killed three flies this afternoon, but the lamp got in the way. It was a *7 lamp. Wednesday—l saw a fly on the out side of the fly screen and raised the screen so I could hit it. Seventeen flies flew in. I missed it. Thursday—There was a sluggish looking fly on the window with closed wings. I stole toward it cautiously, but it flew up just as I let the blow fall. Then I knew it wasn’t a fly. It was a wasp. My nose began to swell at once. Friday—My nose is a sight. Drat the flies. —Cleveland Plain Dealer. ADDED 'EM UP. His —You said your gun would shoot 900 yards, Dix—l know I did. His —It’s marked to shoot only 450 yards. Dix —I know, but there are two barrels. PHYSICIAN SAID ECZEMA CAME FROM TEETHING “When my little girl was about eight months old, she was taken with a very irritating breaking out, which came on her face, neck and back. When she first came down with it, it came in little watery-like festers under her eyes, and on her cbfn, then after a few days it would dry down in scaly, white scabs. In the daytime she was quite worrysome and would dig and scratch her face nearly all the time. “I consulted our physician and found she was suffering from eczema, which he said came from her teething. I used the ointment he gave me and without any relief at all. Then I wrote for a book on Cuticura, and pur chased some Cuticura Soap and Oint ment at the drug store. I did as I found directions in the Cuticura Book let, and when she was one year old, she was entirely cured. Now she is three years and four months, and she has never been troubled with eczema since she was cured by the Cuti cura Soap and Cuticura Ointment. (Signed) Mrs. Freeman Graver, 311 Lewis St., Syracuse, N. Y., May 6, 1911. Although Cuticura Soap and Ointment are sold everywhere, a sam ple of each, with 32-page book, will be mailed free on application to “Cuti cura,” Dept. 2 K, Boston. Too Little Ton. Smiley—That Iceman down the street will have to change his name if he wishes to do any business. Wiley—Why? What’s his name? Smiley—Littleton. Some people might not notice it, but I am afraid most folks would shy at a name like that on an ice-leader’s sign. Stop the Pain. The hurt of a burn or a cut stops when Cole's Carbolisalve is applied. It heals quickly and prevents scars. 25c and 50c by druggists. For free sample write to J. W. Cole & Cos.. Black River Falls, Wis. No evil dooms us hopelessly ex cept the evil we love and. desire to continue. —George Eliot. A Drop of Blood I I if" ' " ’ f LIVE STOCK AND Or • little water from the human system when u , crPl , vr.T>n thoroughly tested by the chief chemist at Dr. ft <f' Pierce’s Invalids* Hotel, Buffalo, N. Y., tells the U 1 j j story of impoverished blood —nervous exhaustion rjlCCn*OlV"D€iS or some kidney trouble. Such examinations are I v_ a made without cost end is only a small part of the y work of the staff of physicians and surgeons under the direction of Dr. R. V. Pierce giving the best in great variety medical advice possible without cost to those lAhlf j. Jj for, sale <_AT the who wish to write and make a full statement of * LOWEST prices by symptoms. An imitation of natures method of restoring waste of tissue and impoverishment of XiSa \ n Till WESTERN NEWSPAPER UNION the blood and nervous force is used when you 521-531 w. Adams St., Chicago take an alterative and glyceric extract of roots, without the use of alcohol, such as \ laMMSMmmMnßgaMaf Dr. Pierce’s Golden Medical Discovery | juNI BUCHU Which makes the Stomach Strong, promotes the flow of digestive juices, re- j Vegetable, Kidney and Bladder Remedy, Instant stores the lost appetite, makes assimilation perfect, invigorates the liver and j relief, 6 bottles for $2.50, complete treatment, purifies and enriches the blood. It is the great blood-maker, flesh-builder . THE A. SPIEGEL CO„ MILWAUKEE, WIS, and restorative nerve tonic. It makes men strong in body, active in mind | ■ ■ ■ - ; ; and cool in judgment. Get what yoo ask for I | w N MILWAUKEE . NO . JB-1911. PUTNAM FADELESS DYES Color more goods brighter and faster cokrre-than any other dye. One 10c package colors all fibers. They dye irticold raterthM any other dye. You can dye any garment without ripping apart. Write for free booklet — How to Dye. Bleach and A£ix Colors. DRLG COMPANY, Quincy, ill. Practical Illustration. To shorten a long Sunday afternoon for Fred, aged eight, his mother told him that he might illustrate the twen ty-third Psalm in any way he chose. Quiet reigned for a time, as Fred, busy with pencil and pad, drew ‘shepherd" and "green pasture," “rod and staff." Then a silence ensued, followed by a noisy clatter which brought his mother to the room. Fred was busily arranging a train of cars, a toy gun, marbles, etc., on the table. “What are you doing. Fred?" “Why,” he answered, “these are the presents of my enemies.” He Knew Jim. Jim had made an unsuccessful at tempt to conquer the world and cam® back to the Tennessee town dirty, worn out and hungry. "Uncle John,” he said melodra matically. "I came home to die.” "Xo, dod gast you,” said unsympa thetic Uncle John, “you came home to eat.” —Success Magazine. Important to Mothers Examine carefully every bottle of CASTORIA, a safe and sure remedy for infants and children, and see that it In Use For Over 30 Years. Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria Proper Treatment. “I have a terrible cold.” he com plained. “My head feels all stopped up." “Have you tried a vacuum clean er?” she queried sweetly.—Judge. Do you ever have Headache, Toothache, or Earache? Most people do. Hamlins Wizard Oil is the best household remedy and liniment for these everyday troubles. Blessed are the happiness-makers. Blessed are they who know how to shine on one’s gloom with their cheer. —Henry Ward Beecher. Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup for Children teething:, softens the gums, reduces Inflamma tion, allays pain, cures wind colic, 25c a bottle. Too many officeholders who pre tend to be working for their country are merely working It. PleasantJMresiims, Beneficial, Gentle and Effiectrs©, | 'jfgfSk l ® CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO. I in Circle, ' I on evGri| Pacf<a|© of liio Genuine. | ! I DO NOT LET ANY DEALER ijil DECEIVE YOU, I I * ■"■-'"■'■■■ 1 ——■ i, .-i \ | $ SYRUP OF FIGS AND ELIXIR OF SENNA HAS GIVEN 5 y k | :! |f UNIVERSAL SATISFACTION FOR MORE THAN THIRTY YEA?,S I ?alcomc lg I ‘|3 PAST. AND STS WONDERFUL SUCCESS HAS LED UN- \ ' 7ZT “ 11 SCRUPULOUS MANUFACTURERS OF IMITATIONS TO OFFER 3 | ■ INFERIOR PREPARATIONS UNDER SIMILAR NAMES AND \ i I I COSTING THE DEALER LESS; THEREFORE, WHEN BUYING, \ 1 j I Note tfie Full Name of the Gompanw j | bda Ii fllil }V!si HEM \ PRINTED STRAIGHT ACROSS,NEAR THE BOTTOM, AND IN *of%s* * j THE CIRCLE,NEAR THE TOP OF EVERY PACKAC.F..OF THE GENUINE REGULAR PRICE 50e PER BOTTLE ONE SIZE MINIATURE PICTURE ONLY. FOR SALE BY ALL LEADING DRUGGISTS. ° F PACiiAC£ * SYRUP OF HCS AND ELIXIR OF SENNA IS THE MOST PLEASANT. WHOLE SOME AND EFFECTIVE REMEDY FOR STOMACH TROUBLES, HEADACHES AND BILIOUSNESS DUE TO CONSTIPATION, AND TO GET ITS BENEFICIAL EFFECTS IT IS NECESSARY TO BUY THE ORIGINAL AND ONLY GENUINE, WHICH IS MANUFACTURED BY THE California Fig Syrup Cos. CO LT DISTEMPER b* handled very easily. The sick are cured, and all otbon la ymKSmktMSwXt¥SCS same stable, no matter how “exposed,” kept from having the die. jft43f9SSt by using HUOHN’S LIQUID DI3TEMUEK OU KB. Give on V^.iftrS&r/^K&XIS ■ 'WBKSiSj'* the tongue, of In feed. Arts on the Mood and cxp-In germ* of _tlii -YBrlW. tt,] forms of distemper. Post remedy ever known for marcs In foal. One bottle guaranteed to cure one vase. 60cand*1 a bottle; SO and ' W> : >S titlSSSli 1 I BlOdor-en of druggists and ha mess dealers, or eut eiprota pull hy .SBmf/Q’l, / manufacturers. Cut show* how to poultice throats. Our v’reo Booklet gives every thing. Ix>cal ageuta wanUsh Largest selling yfiExv horse remedy In existence—twelve years. 3POHH MEDICAL CO. f Goshen, Ind., U. 3. A. W. L. DOUGLAS/' "v *2.50, *3.00, *3.50 1 *4.1)0 SHOES Jk m WOMEN wear W.L.Douglas stylish, perfect jplv;:::' fitting, easy walking boots, because they give M&xfii:. long wear, same as W.L, Douglas Men’s shoes. THE STANDARD OF QUALITY FOR OVER 30 YEARS Wj!g ’*=• “ Wf| The workmanship which has made W.L .. J Douglas shoes famous the world over is maintained in every pair. If I could take you into my large factories t&tW / at Brockton, Mass., and show you how I carefully W.L.Douglas shoes are made, you 'k would then understand why they are war- jSZ* / jok ranted to hold their shape, fit better andj&tiL wear longer than any other make for the price nsac I 1 rfiimnN T,l ° genuine have W. L DonelaggSß ZSGKa 7 VHU I lull name and price stamped on bottom jpBBBM!saSH If yon cannot obtain W. L. Douglas shoes in rour town, write for catalog. Shoes sent direct ONE PAIR of tny BOfS’ 82, 82.50 or rorn factory to wearer, all charges prepaid. W.L. $3.00 SHOES will positively outwear DOUGLAS, 145 Spark SU, Brockton, Mass. TWO PAIRS of ordinary boys’shoes Cement Talk No. 6 Repairs are the bane of the prop erty owner. Today it is new porch steps, tomor row it will be anew sidewalk, soon it will he a well curb. Why not cutout bothersome patching? Why not build those things once and for all, using concrete? It will sta n and th e frost, rain and sun for years, if you make it carefully. Use clean, coarse sand, well graded gravel or crushed stone and UNIVERSAL PORTLAND CE MENT and stop that repair nuisance. The best dealers sell UN IVERSAL and are proud of its record of suc cessful work. Ask them for helpful book lets and prices or write us. UNIVERSAL PORTLAND CEMENT CO. 72 W. ADAMS STREET. CHICAGO ANNUAL OUTPUT 10.000.000 BARRELS ft A A ftT land and n-aterrSphi.s.Opca CARET ACT vniltoß UW I Idaho. ioJ.f.O an arroln il annual installments. Ample wiitorsupplr nnran teed. UiALIU lUUIGATION CO., Richfield, Idaho.