Newspaper Page Text
forking lEHM n PICITVS €wmSmmmßMMm NY disposition on the fpart of the owners either of forested tracts or areas suitable tor reforestation must. In the large majority of instances, be prompted by the expectation of financial gain. A few cases where this does not hold, embrace land || owned by the state, J)E water companies In a feW Instances, clubs and a small number of individuals. To this latter group of owners, the Income from their hold ings Is not as Important as the pur pose to which a well-forested and properly managed area will be put, whether It be for Its utility or aesthet ic value. The large majority Includes lumbermen, and owners of smaller areas, who have made their Invest ment upon a strictly business basis, and who expect a suitable return from the same. If the forester can -show the possibility of such a return, and at the same time provide for the preservation and Improvement of the stand, he then advances the practical side of the practice of his art. He may be dealing either with a large area. Involving many conditions as to topography, character of timber, rate of growth, etc., necessitating dif ferent methods of cutting to obtain desirable reproduction, a future sup ply of stock, protection from windfall and fire, or, he may have simply a wood lot problem to solve. In either case. It Is the results that owners are I looking for, and not an opportunity to Invest their time and money for the advancement of for estry for Its own sake. It la here that the forester has an opportunity to show that his work and Its results are eminently practical, that a desirable return le possible; both Immediate from the sal© of the product, and remote from the Increased and accumulating growth, as well as the Improvement of the quality of the timber, together with the growing and the reproductive capacity of the soil. In a planting proposition, the return Is neces sarily remote. If, however. It can be shown that an area, now producing 1 per cent., for example. Is capable of returning 3 per cent, per annum, compound Interest, at the final harvest In 40 years, after deducting with Interest, the Initial cost of stock and planting, together with taxes and fire protection for the full period. Is It not good business policy for many owners, whether Individual or company, to make such an Invest ment? It will be argued that only owners that are able to hold an area permanently will care to wait 40 years for a return, and that very few In dividuals would consent to an Investment In which the returns are deferred for so long a time. This Is true In almost all cases. There are, however, conditions which make such an Investment de sirable. it Is not at all uncommon for plantations to be made, protected, and allowed to mature, in order that the returns may be enjoyed by the next generation of a family, or have them take the place of a life insurance policy. In practicing forestry. It must be realized at the outset that an Investment either of money or marketable material left standing Is necessary. The former Includes tno extra cost of marking the timber to be removed, care In protection of the young growth, fire protection. Including piling coniferous tops and patrol, and a slight Increase In the coat of logging per thousand feet, as the larger the amount of timber removed from a given area the less Is the cost per unit. Unless a clear cutting system Is employed, some marketable material must be left on the area cut over both for seeding and In some cases for protecting the seed trees from windfall. This comes under the latter form of Investment—namely, merchantable material. In return for this Investment of mer chantable material, the condition of the forest Is improved. Instead of removing all of the valu able species and leaving the area to reproduce the undesirable and less valuable, the reproduc tion of desirable species Is provided for, and the future value of the area Increased. For the successful operation of a working plan and the possibility of carrying it out for the full period specified, it is necessary for the forester apd owner to meet on common ground. First of #ll, the forester must get the point of view of the owner, and arrive at a full understanding of his wishes and plans. This means that he cannot always provide for or obtain the results that may be most desirable from a scientific point of view. Many thoroughly desirable silvicultural operations must he Ignored, for example, an Improvement thinning may be scientifically necessary, but If there Is no market for the material, and the own er does not wish to bear the expense, the opera tion must be delayed until the material reaches a marketable size. The first thing, then, la for the forester to meet the owner’s wishes, making such Knew Sweets of Liberty Negro Burglar’s Touching Explanation of Why He Gave the Canary Its Freedom. It should be premised that this story is absolutely true—even if It doesn’t sound that way. A few days before Lieutenant. Faurot, in charge of the finger print department at police heatK' ■ . '■. rrrrr -g to**' JE*f .■*?& Isr* £ae* v -g£SS£g£Lc ‘"^^m^JLTTAPZEyfMir - •■'■^?Mftsagr.vwc? ;^Bitl r nl A> c. ■ r- j .Wy, •jr Lf . — "* “" T QP'AAAJ?CU?iPCTJOJT RFUJ ‘ JU derstand these conditions thoroughly, and the de mands of a region, may mean the financial fail ure of a plan. Oftentimes these local conditions preclude the possibility of certain provisions high ly desirable from a technical standpoint, but which for practical reasons are Impossible. In other words, the practical must be given full con sideration along with the technical. With complete co-operation between forester and owner, and a disposition on the part of both to make the necessary sacrifices, together with an understanding on the part of thfe former of the really practical side of the problem, there should be less and less cause for the abandon ment of the provisions of working plans made for definite periods. The first working plan In Vermont under the state forest service, was made by the writer while engaged as assistant to the state forester. The area treated Is ownd by Dr. William Stanford Stevens of Albans, Vermont, and is located at Encsburg, In the same state. An outline of the work and Its provisions follow. The area Involved embraces 900 acres, divided as follows: Woodland, 360 acres; pasture land, 344 acres; meadow, 196 acres. The conditions that led the owner to consider the possibilities of forestry were these: The area had been maintained under a more or less diver sified system of Klrm management, and as the own er did not live on or near the property, he wished to be relieved of the care and attention that such an arrangement Involved. To accomplish this purpose It seemed best to bring the three classes of land under a definite and permanent system of management through the provisions and maintenance of a forest work ing plan. The provisions follow: 1. To complete the treatment of the whole tract at the end of ten years. 2. All woodland to be treated Is divided Into ten equal areas, one to be thinned In the fall and winter of each year. 3. All pasture land Is divided Into ten equal areas, one to be planted In the spring of each year. 4. All meadow land will be maintained as such. 5. For each wooded area, the kind of thinning to employ Is stated; also a rough estimate, to gether with net value, of the amount to come out. 6. For each area to be planted, the species are selected and the number necessary given, together with the total cost #f the work. The woodland Is mixed, hardwoods consisting of sugar maple, yellow birch, beech, and a small percentage of ash, basswood, poplar, Ironwood, cherry and elm, with young hemlock and spruce reproduction well established on a few sections. Sugar maple reproduction Is especially good, and with ash and basswood is particularly desirable. In treating this area either reproduction or im provement thinnings were prescribed, removing all undesirable and over-mature species and such mature species as seemed best for the require ments of the area. Thus only desirable species were left to reproduce as well as to become more valuable through Increased growth. In carrying out the field work for this plan, the area was first surveyed both by boundaries and types of land. It was necessary to ascertain the quarters, sailed for France, a big ne gro was brought in. He had been ar rested on general principles by an alert copper, but the policemen had no charge against him that would stick. Faurot took his finger prints. “Dls heah Is all foolishness.” said the negro. ”1 nebbah been arrested befo’, and I doan like de wry you-all treat me. Fm er hahd wukkln’ man.** scientific sacrlflces as are necessary, and not making the plan as he, himself, would prefer. He then should make a thorough study of the mar kets of the region and plan his cut tings accordingly. Different localities vary in their ability to absorb a wide range and class of material. Cord wood may have no value, or It may be worth 25 cents or $1 a cord on the stump, and so on up through the higher class of forest prod ucts. Failure to un- He gave his right name, too. and an address which proved to be accurate. But because the police still suspected him in spite of his good references they held him while Faurot went through the records of the bureau. Finally he looked up at the negro. “What were you doing out at Flatbush last Thursday night?” he demanded. The negro wilted. He admitted that he had burglarized a house, when he was shown the finger prints he had left on a pane of glass. He told where he had pawned the silverware and area of each, with the exception of meadow land, in order that the total could be divided Into ten equal parts for annual treatment. Upon each wooded section the total stand of material was estimated, both in board feet and cords, the system of manage- with the specified area to be thinned or planted each year. For example, 1910-1911-1912. etc., de note the year In which the area is to be cut, which I# lb, 1c; 11, 111, etc., denote the area and order of planting; I to be planted In 1910, II in 1911, etc. In the written plan a complete statement of the treatment of each section, both cutting and plant ing, is given for each year. For example: 1910. Woodland. 22 acres will be thinned, la being clear cut for planting. Planting, 32.41 A will be planted with white pine, namely lb, c, and and e. la is not to be treated; Id has teen staked out. The other acres have definite boundaries. On this area there Is sufficient cord wood available to make its removal profitable. 1911. Woodland. 20 acres will be thinned. Of this area 7.8 acres in the lot by the sugar-house have been marked for a reproduction cutting. Tract Vb will be clear cut for planting. Planting. Tract 11. 37.36 A will be planted with white pine. All apple trees, brakes and hard hack are to be removed. OUTLINE FOR CUTTING. Sale Price Sale Price Board. 53.60 $ .30 Years. Feet, per M. Cords, per M. Total. 1910 30,000 $105.00 130 539.00 5144.00 1911 22,000 77.00 240 72.00 149.00 OUTLINE FOR PLANTING. Year. Block. Area, Acres. Species. Number. 1910 1 b 10.56 White pine 12,000 1 c 2.38 White pine 2,400 1 and 17.24 White pine 17,240 1 e 2.24 \Vhite pine ~ 2.688 32.42 34,328 1911 11 37.36 White pine 37,260 (The acreage of woodland to be treated is cut down from the total 360 by the fact that about 150 acres was being cut over under a contract made previous to the adoption of this plan. It accounts for only 22 and 20 acres coming under management for the years given above, which is, of course, not one-tenth of the total area of woodland.) It is estimated that the total receipts from the cutting, including the tract being cut under contract above mentioned, will pay the complete cost of planting and seedlings. The plan just outlined means that at the end of the ten-year period the owner will have his wood land under a good system of forest management, and greatly improved over its present condition, together with 344 acres planted to Norway spruce and white pine, the cost of which being met as be fore stated by the returns from the area Itself. The returns from thinnings which will be made on each section In the period from 1935 to 1945, mak ing each section thinned 25 years old, will give a considerable return. At this time about 400 trees per acre will be removed. From 1950 to 1960 the area will be clear cut by sections and replanted. The total yield frothis cutting should be at least 30,000 board feet per acre. The plan also pro vides for proper fire protection, which Is absolutely necessary for the successful maturing of a planta tion. It also states the conditions which any con tractor must meet who makes the cuttings during the next ten years. These conditions follow: 1. All trees to come out are blazed and stamped with the letter “V.” 2. The contractor must take all marked and leave all unmarked trees. 3. Care In felling must be taken In order that young growth and reproduction will not be Injured. 4. All sound logs 6 Inches at the small end and over are to go into lumber. 5. Sound down timber and tops of felled trees are to be cut into cord wood. 6. Care must be taken in skidding logs not to In jure standing trees and reproduction. 7. The contractor will be liable to a penalty of twice the value of any tree that Is cut not bearing the official stamp. 8. All work Is subject to Inspection. The state forester also agrees to mark the trees to cut each year. While the owner himself will not enjoy this re turn, the plan offers an example of the Instance cited previously by which an Individual Is willing to make a long-time investment In order to make it possible for the next generation in his family to enjoy the results. jewelry be had stolen, but he still persisted that it was his first offense. And then Faurot asked him one more question. “Why,” said he, “did you open the cage door and let that can ary out?” “Misteh,” said the negro, "heah’s where I weaken. I’ll tell you the trufe. I done serve four years over in Penn sylvania, and I let that there little bird out because I don’t Want to see noffln behind the bars.” —From the New York Letter to the Cincinnati Tlmes-Star ment and the char acter of thinning necessary was pre scribed, and the material to come out the first year marked. Where a reproduction cut ting was recom mended, provisions for keeping out grazing were made. Upon each sec tion of pasture land the necessary planting and spe cies were deter mined, together with the fencing required to pre vent grazing and killing young planted material. In the office, a map was prepared showing each class of land together WEAK, ILL AND MISERABLE. Hot? many people suffer from back ache, headaches and dizziness with out realizing the cause? These symp toms of kidney trouble are too serious Si to neglect. Mrs. Charles Mann, Osakis, Minn., says: “From a large, healthy woman, I ran down until I was a mere shadow. I could not walk across the room without falling into a chair, utterly ex hausted. I spent hun dreds of dollars on doc tors without relief. Since taking Doan’s Kidney Pills, I have regained ray lost weight and do not have a mo ment’s uneasiness or pain. They ac tually saved my life.” “When Your Back is Lame, Remem ber the Name —DOAN’S.” For sale by druggists and general storekeepers everywhere. Price 50c. Foster-Milbum Cos., Buffalo, N. Y. DON’T NEED IT. Bess—There’s one pleasure denied the rich. Tess —What’s that? Bess —They can’t go bargain hunt ing. “ECZEMA ITCHED SO BADLY I COULDM’T STAND IT.” “I suffered with eczema on my neck for about six months, beginning by lit tle pimples breaking out. I kept scratching till the blood came. It kept getting worse, I couldn’t sleep nights any more. It kept itching for about a mouth, then I went to a doctor and got some liquid to take. It seemed as if I was going to get better. The itching stopped for about throe days, but when it started again, was even worse than before. The eczema itched so badly I couldn’t stand it any more. “I went to a doctor and he gave me some medicine, but didn’t do any good. We have been having Cuticura Rem edies in the house, so I decided to try them. I had been using Cuticura tsoap, so I got me a box of Cuticura Ointment, and washed off the affected part with Cuticura Soap three times a day, and then put the Cuticura Oint ment on. The first day I put it on, it relieved me of Itching so I could sleep all that night. It took about a week, then I could see the scab come off. I kept the treatment up for three weeks, and my eczema was cured. “My brothex got his face burned with gun-powder, and he used Cuticura Soap and Ointment. The people all thought he would have scars, but you can’t see that he ever had his face burned. It was simply awful to look at before the Cuticura Remedies (Soap and Ointment) cured it.” (Signed) Miss Elizabeth Gehrki, For rest City, Ark., Oct. 16, 1910. Although Cuticura Soap and Ointment are sold by druggists and dealers everywhere, a sample of each, with 32-page book, will be mailed free on application to “Cuticura,” Dept, 17 L, Boston. Red Cross Christmas Seals. A statement denying the recent re ports about the abandonment of the Red Cross Christmas seal sale has been issued by the National Associa tion for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis. The statement declares that not only will the sale be held this year, as In the past three years, but that it will be conducted on broad er lines than ever before. The only order issued by the postoffice depart ment which bears on the sale of Red Cross seals was sent out on July 1. and prohibits the use of the mails to letters and packages bearing non postage stamps on the face, and also to any mall bearing seals which re semble postage stamps If used either on the face or back. The Red Cross seal to be used this year has been submitted to the postoffice depart ment and approved, and thus may be used, but only on the back of letters and packages. The design to be used this year depicts a pretty winter scene enclosed in a heavy red circle. The corners are white, thus giving the ef fect when affixed to a letter or a package of a round seal. Lesson in Good Manors. When the “Boy Scouts” movement was at its height, three of the young sters journeyed from Baltimore to Washington to be introduced to the president. When Mr. Taft shook hands with them, one of the little fellows stuck out his left hand. “W T hy do you give me your left hand?” asked the president. “That’s the way us Boy Scouts shake hands,” said the boy, with pride. “Well,” commented Mr. Taft dryly, “the sooner us Boy Scouts leara better the nicer us Boy Scouts will be.” —The Twice-a-Month Popular Magazine. Keeping Busy. We are told that at New York’s coming municipal budget exhibit bells will be rung and lights flashed to show a birth every four minutes, a death every seven minutes and a mar riage every eleven minutes. Just what sort of demonstration is made every time a cafe bottle pops, or a bellboy is tipped, we are not told. As long as there are people in the world who try to set something for nothing, a lot of other people will be able to live without work. PUTNAM FADELESS DYES Color more goods brighter and faster colon than ny other dye. One 10c package colors all fibers. They dye in cold water better then any other dye. You can dye any garment without ripping apart. Write iec free booklet—Hew to Dye, Pleach end Mix Cobra. MONROE DRUG COMPANY, Quincy, 111. &wmmmmm *t_ (111ull I ii* 1 ! 1; i • r'gii !1 1 [, ii V;V ; i,'.: i! ■ I ' ! | 1 1.:.!|: ’. ■j: ' ..;|| \ ALCOHOL-3 PER CENT Preparation for As* lHj3 similating theFoodandßegula gj| ting (tie Stomachs and Bowels of | sir Promotes DigesHon,Checrful s'J ness and Rest Contains neither HI Opium. Morphine nor Mineral Sc 1 Not'Narcotic Sp Rcapt cf Old DrSAXU£iP/TC/,'E* 9j|* Pumpkin, Seed - (-S Mx Senna • \ J kerfselle Scfis .. I ju P&ftrminl - \ jVS BiCnrieaet US?d<% - ( * , Hirm Seed - ft JJJ • CiarSird Sugar ( Nno Wnkrgrcen F’nvor ’ i* ig N .C A perfect Remedy forConstipa lion. Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea, C | Worms Convulsions .Feverish* M ness and LOSS OF SLEEP. tM —r - —• Facsimile Signature of ;W ; ’ Cos? The Centaur Company. NEW YORK. under the Foodawj Exact Copy cf Wrapper. TOO MUCH FOR SMALL BRAIN Cig Word Meant an Effort, but This Little Girl Made Brave Attempt. This Incident occurred just after a Jewish holiday. It was in a third grade school in Cleveland in a dis trict of Russian and Hungarian Jew’s. The teacher was explaining the meaning of the word judicious. She asked the children to give her stories about the word. After several had given illustra tions about the judicious use of money, the teacher said: “Now’ give me a story about some thing judicious, without money in it.” A little girl finally volunteered. She said: ‘‘On our holiday w’e had roast goose and a whole lot of other Jew dishes.” Lawn Economics. ‘T note,” says the sage, “that you al low’ a sprinkler to spray W’ater upon your lawn almost continuously.” “Yes,” said the native. “We do that to make the grass grow.” “But the other day I saw a man pushing a clicker contrivance over the lawn and —” “Oh, yes; that was a lawn mower.” "And w r hat is its purpose?” “Why. it cuts the grass.” “Then w’hy do you put water on It to make it grow if you simply cut It down as fast as It comes up?”—Judge. Exits From Every Room. A school building in which every room has a direct connection with the ground, without first entering the main hall, has been built just beside the site of the famous Collinwood (O.) school in which 175 children perished by fire in 1908. It represents many unique features of construction and is said to be as fireproof and panic-proof as it is possible for a school to be. — Popular Mechanics. Inflammatory Rheumatism may make you a cripple for life. Don’t wait for inflammation to set in. When the first slight pains appear, drive the poison out with Hamlins Wizard Oil. There is a certain amount of lye in soap, but that is no reason why it should be Injected into the advertise ments. Cole’s Carbolisalve quickly relieves and cures burning, itching and torturing skin diseases. It Instantly stops the pain of burns. Cures without scars. 25c and 60c by druggists. For free sample write to J. W. Cole & Cos.. Black River Falls, Wis. No matter how hard the rules may be, they’re as fair for us as for the rest of the gang! Mrs. Winslow’s Soothing Syrup for Children teething, softens the gums, reduces inflamma tion, allays pain, cures wind colic, 26c a bottle. A pitcher isn’t necessarily broken when he is knocked out of the box. But many a college graduate avoids the disgrace of dying rich. fjf If the blood is poor and filled with the ■ - rn. ( A 1 P oisons from diseased kidneys or inac % I _ I | tive liver, the heart is not only starved ■. A X "* iii" \X gi but poisoned as well. There are many ML \ Mm conditions due to impure blood—such pagi \ a as dropsy, fainting speils, nervous debil- SBBIMI Mfom Jt y or the many scrofulous conditions, jm Sjp3 ulcers, “fever sores,” white swellings, etc - All can be overcome and cured by Dr. Pierce’s Golden Medical Discovery This supplies pure blood—by aiding digestion, increasing assimilation and imparting tone to the whole circulatory system. It’s a heart tonic and a great deal more, having an alterative action on the liver and kidneys, it helps to eliminate the poisons from the blood. To enrich the blood and increase the red blood corpuscles, thereby feeding the nerves on rich red blood and doing away with nervous irri tability, take Dr. Pierce’s Golden Medical Discovery and do not permit a dishonest dealer to insult your intelligence with the “just as good kind.” The “Discovery” has 40 years of cures behind it and contains no alcohol or narcotics. Ingredients plainly printed on wrapper. Dr. Pierce’s Common Sense Medical Adviser is sent free on receipt of stamps to pay expense of wrapping and mailing only. Send 31 one-cent stamps for the French cloth-bound book. Address: Dr. R. V. Pierce, Buffalo, N.Y. Quack Grass and Foul Weeds Quickly Destroys* Austin Weed Exterminator Manufacturing Cos., 102 S. Kenwood Ave., Austinj Mina For Infanta and Children* The Kind You Have Always Bought Bears the A, Signature /AjS Jp* In BtX Use vJ* For Over TMC eCNTAUR *Oi*W.*T. (SrWTO*3 t?T, f¥tSho& Po Finest In Quality. Largest In Variety. They meet every requirement for cleaning aud polishing shoes of all kinds and colors. GILT EDGE the only ladies shoo'dressing that positively contains OiL. Blacks and Polishes ladies’ and children’s boots and shoes, shines without rubbing, 25c. “French Gloss,” 10c. DANDY combination for cleaning and polishing all kinds of russet or tan shoes, 25c. “Star” size, 10c. ELITE combination lor qentlemcn v?ho take pride In having their shoes look Al. Hestores color and lustre to all black shoes. Polish with a brush or cloth, 25 cents. “Baby Elite” 'lzo 10 cents. If your dealer does not keep the kind you want,’ Bend us his address and tho price in stamps for a full size package. WHITTEMORE BROS. A. CO., 90-26 Albany 3t., Cambridge. Mast.' V'he Oldest and Largest Manufacturers of Shoe Polishes in the World. Don’t Persecute Your Bowels Cut out cathartics and purgatives. They ara brutal, harsh, unnecessary. Try^gppp, CARTER’S LITTLE LIVER PILLS Purdy vegetable. Act ■ nyrn'r gently on the liver, Vj/iK I lKj eliminate bile, and gH ITTI F soothe the delicate pa J . /r [ T membrane of bowel. C u b| PILLS. •che aad Indigeslion, aa millions know. SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE. Genuine must bear Signature f Trapping Time Is Soon Here SoGet Posted We Furnish Free Correct? Quotations on RAW FURS A POSTAL CARD TODAY BRING NO COMMISSION CHARGED ff as WE ARE DIRECT BUYERS TheHouseThat Rarely Loses a Shipper LOTZ 8R05.113 115 ELM ST.StLoUIS DR. SPENCER’S English Dispepsia Wafers. Relieves Indigestion, sour stomach and all stomach complaints. Price per box is 50c. The A. Spiegel Cos., Milwaukee. Wia. DEFIANCE STARCH-IT^ —other starches only 12 ounces—tame price and “DEFIANCE” 18 SUPERIOR QUALITY. W. N. U., MILWAUKEE, NO. 40-1911.