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William J. Bryan’s Indianapolis Speech. ON. WILLrAM J. BRYAN, ad- J n dressing the members of the Xo tification Committee at Indianap olis, said that at an earl; da; and in a more formal manner he would accept the Domination which they tendered. At that time he promises to fully discuss the vari ous questions covered by the Democratic platform, limiting h : s remarks before the committee to a few observations upon the general character of the contest, and upon the question which is declared to lie of paramount importance in this cam paign. Me. Bryan spoke substantially a follows: When I say that the contest of 1900 is a contest between democracy on the one hand and plutocracy on the other, I do not mean to say that all our oppon ents have deliberately chosen to give to organized wealth a predominating influ ence in the affairs of the government, but 1 do assort that on the important issues of the day the Republican party is dom inated by those influences which con stantly tend to elevate pecuniary consid erations and ignore humau rights. The Democratic party is not making war upon the honest acquisition of wealth; it has no desire to discourage in dustry, economy and thrift. On the con trary. it gives to every citizen the great est possible stimulus to houest toil, when it promises him protection in the enjoy ment of the proceeds of his labor. Prop erty rights are most secure when human rights are respected. Democracy strives for a civilization in which every mem ber of society will share according to his merits. Against ns are arrayed a comparatively small, but politically and financially pow erful. number who really profit by Re publican policies; but with them are as sociated a large number who, because of their attachment to their party name, are giving their support to doctrines antag onistic to the former teachings of their own party. Republicans who used to ad vocate bimetallism, now try to convince themselves that the gold standard is good; Republicans who were formerly at tached to the greenback are now seek ing an excuse for giving national banks control of the nation’s paper money; Re publicans who used to boast that the Re publican party was paying off the na tional debt, are now seeking for reasons to support a perpetual and increasing debt; Republicans who formerly ab horred a trust, now beguile themselves wiih the delusion that there are good trusts and bad trusts, while, in their minds, the line between the two is be coming more and more obscure; Republi cans who, in times past, congratulated the country upon the small expense of our standing army, are now making light of the objections which are urged against a large increase in the permanent mili tary establishment; Republicans who gl icd in our independence when the na tion v.-as less powerful, now look with furor upon a foreign alliance; Repub licans who three years ago condemned “forcible annexation” as an immoral and even criminal, are now sure that it is both immoral and criminal to oppose forcible annexation. That partisanship has already blinded many to present dangers is certain; how largo a portion of the Republican party can be drawn over to the new policies remains to be seen. Abandon Marly Ideals. In attempting to press economic ques tions ui>eu the country to the exclusion of those which involve the very structure of our government, the Republican lead ers give new evidence of their abandon ment of the earlier ideals of the party and of their complete subserviency to pecuniary considerations. But they shall not be permitted to evade the stupendous and far-reaching issue which they have deliberately brought into the arena of politics. YY'heu th* President, supported by n practically unanltntMis vote of the House and Sen ate, entered upon a war with Spain for the purpo-e of aiding the struggling pa triots of Cuba, the country, without re gard to- party, applauded. Although the Democrats recognized that the adminis tration would necessarily gain a political advantage from the conduct of a war which, in the very nature of the case, must s;n>n end in a complete victory, they vied with the Republicans in the support which they gave to th** President. When the w.ir was over and the Republican leaders liegau to suggest the propriety of a colonial policy, opposition at once mani fested itself. When the President final ly laid before the Senate a treaty which recognized the independence of Cuba, but provided for tne cession of the Philippine Islands t<> the United States, the menace of imperialism became so apparent that many preferred to reject the treaty and risk the ills that might follow rather than take the chance of correcting the errors of the treaty by the independent action of this country. 1 was among the number of those who believed it l*etter to ratify the treaty and end the war, release the volunteers, re move the excuse for war expenditures, and th*u give to the Filipinos the inde pendence which might lie forced from Npaiii by anew treaty. I thought it safer to trust ;he American people to give in dependence to the Filipinos thau to trust the accomplishment of that purpose to diplomacy with an unfriendly nation. The title of Spaiu being extinguished, we were at liberty to deal with the Filipinos according to American principles. The Bacou resolution, introduced a month be fore hostilities broke out at Manila, prom ised indtpendence to the Filipinos ou the same terms that it was promised to the Cubans. 1 supported this resolution and believe that its adoption prior to the breaking out of hostilities would have prevented bloodshed, and that its adop tion at any subsequent time would have ended hostilities. t If the treaty had been rejected, consid erable tune would have necessarily elapsed before anew treaty could have been agreed upon and ratified ami dur iug that time the question would have been agitating the public mind. If the Bacon resolution had been adopted by th*- Senate and carried out by the Presi dent, either at the time of the ratifica tion of the treaty or at any time after wards, it would have taken the question of imperialism out of politics and left the American people free to deal with their domestic problems. But the resolution was defeated by the vote of the Repub lican Vice President, and from that time In this a Republican Congress has re f ised to take any action whatever iu the rtatter. Cowardly Evasion. When hostilities broke oat at Manila KepuhiiiNiß speakers and Republican ed it' r< at once sought to iay the blame upon those who had delayed the ratitieation of the treaty, and. during the progress of the war. the same Republicans have ac cused the opponents of imperialism of gt-ing eneo>ryemeut to tlte Filipino*. Tnis is a cowardly evasion of responsi bility. !' tt is right for the I'nited States to b‘'hi the Philippine Islands permanently and nutate European empires in the gov ernment of colonies, the Republican party ought to state its position id defend it. but it must expect the subject races to pmreet against such a policy and to re sist to the extent of their ability. The Filipinos do not need any encouragement from Americans u>w living. Our whole history has been aa encouragement. Tb--e who would*.'nave tlris nation enter upci. a career of empire usnst consider not only the effect of imperialiam on the Filipino*, but they must also calculate Its effect upon our own nation. We can not repudiate the principle of self-govern ment in tile Philippines without weaken ing that principle here. Even now we are beginning to set' the parah rang inthiviice of imperialism. Herei fore this nation ha- been prompt t express its sympathy with those who were tighting for civil liberty. While our sphere of Kttivity has been limited to the Western Hemisphere, our sympathies have not been bounded by the seas. Three-quarters of a century ag>. when our nation was small, the struggles of Greece aroused <mr people, and Webster and City gave eloquent expression to the universal deire for Grecian indeiaui denoe In all parties manifested a live!-, iuterest in the success of the Cu bans. ut now when a war is in progress In Snath Africa, which must result in the extor.- on of the trynarchial idea or in the triumph of a republic, the advocates of imperialism in this country dart' not say a word in behalf of the R.icrs. Sent ry thy for the Boers does not arise from .-tuy unfriendliness toward England; the American people are not unfriendly to ward the people of any uation. This sym HON WILLIAM JENNINGS BRYAN. ' pathy is due to the fact that, as stated in our platform, we believe in the principle of self-government and reject, as did our forefathers, the claims of monarchy. Imperialism Not Kxpansion. Our opponents, conscious of the weak ness of their cause, seek to confuse im perialism with expansion, and have even dared to claim Jefferson as a supporter of their policy. Jefferson spoke so freely and used language with such precision that no one can lx* ignorant of his views. On one occasion he declared: "If there be one principle more deeply rooted than any other in the mind of every American, it is that we should have nothing to do with conquest.” And again he said: "Conquest is not in our principles; it is inconsistent with < ur government.’ The forcible annexation of territory to be governed by arbitrary power, differs as much from the acquisition of terri tory to be built up into states as a mon archy differs from a democracy. The Democratic party does not oppose expan sion, when expansion enlarges the area of the republic and incorporates land which can be settled by American citi zens, or adds to our population people who are willing to become citizens and are capable of discharging their duties as such. The acquisition of the Louisi ana territory, Florida, Texas and other tracts which have been secured from time to time, enlarged the republic, and the constitution followed the flag into the new territory. It is now proposed to seize upon distant territory already more densely populated than our own country, and to force upon th*? people a govern ment. for which there is no warrant in our constitution or our laws. Even the argument that this earih belongs to those who desire to cultivate it ami have the physical power to acquire it cannot be invoked to justify the appropriation of the Philippine Islands by the United States, for if the islands were uninhab ited American citizens would not be will ing to 30 tiiere ami till the soil. The white race will not live so near the equa tor. A colonial policy means that we shall send to th*- Philippines a few traders, a few task masters and a few office-hold ers. anil an army large enough to support the authority of a small fraction of the people while they rule the natives. If we have an imperial policy we must have a large standing army as its nat ural and necessary complement. The spirit which will justify the forcible an nexation of the Philippine Islands will just f.v the seizure of other islands and the domination of other people, and wars of conquest we can expect a cer tain. if not rapid growth of our military establishment. That a large permanent increase in our regular army is intended by the Republican leaders is not a mere matter of conjecture, but a matter of fact. Menace of a Big Army. A large standing army is not only a pe cuniary burden to the people and, if accompanied by compulsory service, a constant source of irritation, but it is ever a menace to a Republican form of government. A small standing army and a well-equipped and well-disciplined State militia are sufficient in ordinary times, and in any ciue.gcncy the nation should iu the future as iu the past place its de pendence upon the volunteers who come from all occupations at their country’s call and return to productive labor when their services are no longer required— men who tight when the country needs fighters and work when the country needs workers. The Republican platform assumes that the Philippine Islands will be retained under American sovereignty, and we have a right to demand of the Republican lead ers a discussion of the future status of tlie Filipino. Is he to he a citizen or a subject? Are we to bring into the body politic eight or ten million Asiatics, so different from us in race and history that amalgamation is impossible? Are they to sliHre with us in making the laws anil shaping the destiny of this nation? No Republican of prominence has been bold enough to advocate such a proposition. The Democratic platform describes the situation when it says that the Filipinos cannot l*' citizens without endangering out civilization. Who will dispute it? And what i- the alternative? If the Filipino is not to he a citizen, shall we make him a subject? On that question the Democratic platform speaks with emphasis. It declares that the Filipino eanuot be a subject w ithout endangering our form of government. A republic can have no subjects. The whole difference letw>en a mon archy and a republic may be summed up in one sentence. In a monarchy the king gives to the people what he believes to tie a good government: in a republic the peo ple secure for themselves what they be lieve to be a good government. The Re publican party has accented the Euro pean idea and planted itself upon the ground taken by George 11. and by every ruler who distrusts the capacity of the people for self-government or denies them a voice in their own affairs. Republicans Fear to Legislate. The Republican platform promises that some measure of self-government is to lie given to the Filipinos by law; hut, even this pledge is not fulfilled. Nearly sixteen months elapsed after the ratifica tion of the treaty before the adjournment of Congress last June, and yet no law was passed dealing with the Philippine situation. The will of the President lias fieen the only law iu the Philippine Islands wherever the American authority extends. Why dees the Republican party hesitate to legislate ui*on the Philippine question? Because a law would disclose the radical departure from history and precedent contemplated by those who control the Republican party. The storm of protest w hich greeted the Porto Ricau lull was au indication of what may be expected when the American people are brought face to face with legislation upon this subject. If the Porto Ricans, who welcome annexation, are to l>o de nied the guarantees of our constitution, what i> to be the lot of the Filipinos, who resisted our authority? If secret intfu eoees could compel a disregard of our plain duty toward frieudly people, living near our shores, what treatment will those same influences provide for uu frieudly people 7.0U0 miles away? If, j a this country, where the people'have the rig.;t to vote. Republican leaders d-.e not tase the side of the people against ties gn at monopolies which have grown r,p within the last few years, how can they be trusted to protect tfce Filipinos f-oiu the corporations which are waiting to despoil the islands? What is our title to the Philippii, Islands? Do we hold them by treaty or ;ues; ? Did Wl buy them or did we taka them? Did we purchase the people? . If not, how did we secure title to them Were they thrown in with the land? Will the Republicans say that in animate earth has vnlue, and when that earth is molded by the Divine Hand and stamped with the likeness of the Creator it becomes a fixture and passes with the soil? If governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed, it is impossible to secure title to people, either by force or by purchase. We could extinguish Spain’s title by treaty, but if we hold title we must hold it by some method consistent with our ideas of gov ernment. When we made allies of the Filipinos and armed them to fight against Spain, we disputed Spain’s title. If we buy Spain s title we are not innocent pur chasers. But even if wo had not dis puted Spain’s title, she could transfer no greater title than she had, and her title was based on force alone. We cannot de fend such a title, but, as Spain gave us a quit claim deed, we can honorably turn the property over to the party iu posses sion. bur Duty in the Philippines. Some say that it is our duty to hold the Philippine Islands. But duty is not an argument; it is a conclusion. To as certain what our duty is, in any emer gency, we must apply well-settled and generally accepted principles. It is our •iiity to avoid stealing, no matter whether the thing to be stolen is of great or lit tle value. It is our duty to avoid killing a human being, no matter where the hu man being lives or to what race or class lie belongs. Everyone recognizes the ob ligation imposed upon individuals to observe both the human and moral, but, as some deny tlie application of those laws to nations, it may not be out of place to quote the opin ions of others. Jefferson, thau whom there Is no higher political authority, said: I know of but one code of morality for men, whether acting singly or collectively.” J rank 1 in. whose learning, wisdom and vir tue are a part of the priceless legacy be queathed to us from the Revolutionary duys, expressed the same Idea iu even stronger language when he said: "Justice is as strictly due between neigh bor nations as between neighbor citizens. A highwayman is as much a robber when he plunders in a gang as when singly: and the nation that makes an unjust war is oulv a great gang.” Men may dare to do in crowds what they would not dare to do as individuals, but the moral character of an act is not determined by the number of those who join iu it. Force cau defend a right, but force has never yet created a right, if it was true, as declared in the resolutions of intervention, -bat the Cubans "are and of right ought to be free and independent,” (language taken from the Declaration of independence,) It is equally true that the Fillpluos “are and of right ought to be free and independent.” Who will draw a line between the natural rights of the Cubans and the Filipinos? Who will say that the former has a right to lib erty und that the latter has no rights which we are bound to respect? And, if the Fil ipinos “are and of right ought to be free and independent,” what right have we to force our government upon them without their consent? Before our duty can be as certained, their rights must be determined, aud when their rights are once determined, it is as much our duty to respect those rights as it was the duty of Spaiu to respect the rights of the people of Cuba, or the duty of England to respect the rights of tile Ameri can colonists. Rights never conflict; duties never clash. Can it bo our duty to usurp political rights which belong to others? fan it be out duty to kill those who, following the example of our forefathers, love liberty well enough to tight for it? It is argued by some that the Filipinos are incapable of self-government, und that therefore we owe it u> the world to take control of them. Admiral Dewey, in an offi cial report to the navy department, declared the Filipinos more capable of self-govern ment than the Cubaus, and said that he based his opinion upon a knowledge of both races. But I will not rest the case upon the relative a*l ancement of the Filipinos. Hen ry Clay, in defending the rights of the peo ple of South America to self-government, said: “It Is the doctrine of thrones that man Is too Ignorant to govern hhnself. Their par tisans assert his incapacity in reference to all nations; If they cannot command univer sal assent to the proposition, It Is then re manded to particular nations; and onr pride and our presumption too often make con verts of us. 1 contend that it is to arraign the disposition of Providence Himself, to suppose that He lias created beings incapa ble of governing themselves, and to be tram pled on by kings. Self-government is the natural government of man.” Clay was right. There are degrees of pro ficiency in the art of self-govc'-nment, but it is a reflection upon the Creati.T to say ttait he dented to auy people the capacity of self government. Once admit that some people are capable of self-government and that oth ers are net. nud that the capable people have a right to seize upon and govern the Ineapabie. and you make force —brute force— the only foundation of government and in vite the rtign of the despot. Chapultcpec a Precedent. Republicans ask: ‘Shall we haul down the flag that floats over our dead in the Philippine*V The same question might have been asked when the American nag floated over Cha pul tepee and waved over the dead who fell there: but the tourist who visits the City of Mexico finds there a national cemetery owned by the United States and cared for by an American citi sen. Onr flag still floats over our dead, but when The treaty wVli Mexico was‘signed. American authority withdrew to the Rio Grande, and I venture the opinion that dur ing the last fifty year* the people of Mex ico have made more progress under the stimulus of lude)>ent'encc and self-govern ment than they would have under a carpet bagging government held in place by bayonets. The United States and Mexico, friendly republics, are each stronger and happier than they would have been had the former been cursed ano the latter crushed by an imperialistic polb-y, disguised a* "be nevolent assimilation.” •'Can we not govern colonies?” wp are ask ed. The question Is not what Wc/Xn do, but what we ought to do. Phis nation caa do whatever it desires to do. but it must ac cept responsibility for what It does, if the Const Ration stands in the way. the people can amend the Constitution. I repeat, the nation can do whatever it desires to do. but it eanm t avoid the uatnral aad legitimate resn'ts of its own conduct. The young man upor, reaching his majority can d< what he pits)se>. He ' in disregard the teachings of his parents; he can trample upon ali that he has been taught to consider sacred: he can di-oboy the laws of the State, the laws of society and the laws of God. lie can stamp failure upon his life and make hi* very existence a curse to his feliow men. and he can bring his father ar.u mother in sorrow to she grave; but he cannot annuj the sentence. "The wages of sin is death.” A dso with this nation. It is of age. ami It •ando w hat it picas: it can spurn the tra ditions of the past; it can repudiate the principles upon which the nat oa rest*; it an employ force instead of reason; it can substitute might for right: it can <-mqoer weaker people: it can exploit their lands, ap propriate their property and kill their peo ple: bur it cannot repeal ? be moral .aw or vH|v the punishment decreed for the rip. ’.atton of bn;::an rights Sotv.e start* that American rn> in the Philippine islands will result in tae better duration of the Filin!no-,. Be not deceives!. I! w* expect to a Cfcivaial policy, we shall not find It to our advantage to educate the people. The educated Filipinos are now in revolt against us. and the most ignorant ones have made the least resist ance to our domination. If we are to gov ern them without their consent and give them no voice in determining the taxes .which they must pay. we dare not educate them, lest they learn o read the Declaration cf Independence and the Constitution of the United States and mock us for our incon sistency. The principal arguments, however, ad van-ed by those who enter upon a defense of imperialism are: First—That we must improve the present opportunity to become a world power and enter into international politics. Second—That cur commercial interests in the l'hiiippine Islands and in the Orient make It necessary for us to hold the islands permanently. Third—That the spread of the Christian religion will be facilitated by a colonial pol icy. Fourth—That there is no honorable retreat from the position which the nation has taken. The first argument is addressed to the nation's pride and the second to the na tion's pockctbook. The third is intended for the church member and the fourth for the partisan. It is a sufficient answer to the first argu ment to say that for more than at century this nation has been a world power. For ten decades it has been the most potent influ ence In the world. Net only has it been a world power, but It has done more to affect the politics of the human race than all the other nations cf the world combined. The growth of the principle of self-government, planted on American soil, has been the over-shadowing political fact of the nine teenth century. It has made this nation conspicuous among the nations and given it a place In history such as no other nation has ever enjoyed. The Commercial Argument. The permanent chairman of the last Re-| publican national convention presented the pecuniary argument in all its baldness, when he said: "We make no hypocritical pre tense of being interested iu the Philippines solely on account of others. While we re gard the welfare of these people as a sacred trust, we regard the welfare of the Ameri can people first. We see out duty to our selves as well as to others. We believe in trade expansion. By every legitimate means within the province of government and con stitution, we mean to stimulate the expan sion of our trade and open new markets.” This is the commercial argument. It Is based upon the theory that war can be right ly waged fer pecuniary advantage, and that it is profitable to purchase trade by force and violence. The Democratic party is in favor of the expansion of trade. It would extend our trade by every legitimate and peaceful means: but it is not willing to make merchandise of humau blood. But a war of conquest is as unwise as it is un righteous. A harbor ami coaling station in the Philippines would answer every trade and military necessity, and such a conces sion could have been secured at any time without difficulty. The pecuniary argument, though more ef fective with certain classes, is not likely to he used so often or presented with so much emphasis as the religious argument. If what has been termed the "gun-powder gospel” were urged against the Filipinos only it would be a sufficient answer to say that a majority of the Filipinos are now members of one branch of the Christian church; but the principle involved Is oue of much wider application and challenges serious consideration. The religious argument varies in positive ness from a passive belief that Providence delivered the Filipinos into our hands, for their good and our glory, to the exultation of the minister who said that we ought to “thrash the natives (Filipinos) until they un derstand who we are,” and that "every bul let sent, every cannon shot and every flag waved means righteousness.” We cannot approve of this doctrine in one place unless we are willing to apply it everywhere. I.ove, not force, was the weapon of the Nazarene; sacrifice for others, not the exploitation of them, was His meth od of reaching the human heart. Let it be known that our missionaries are seeking souls instead of sovereignty; let it be known that instead of being the advance guard of conquering armies, they are going forth to help aud to uplift, having their loins girt about with truth and their feet shod with the preparation of the guspel of peace, wear ing the .breastplate of righteousness, and carrying the sword of the Spirit; let it be known that they are the citizens of a nation which respects the rights of the citizens of other nations as carefully as it protects the rights of its own citizens, and the welcome given to our missionaries will be more cor dial than tlie welcome extended to the mis sionaries of any other nation. The argument, made by some, that it was unfortunate for the nation that If. had any thing to do with the Philippine Islands, but that the naval victory at Manila made the permanent acquisition of those Islands neces sary, is also unsound. We won a naval vic tory at Santiago, but that did not compel us to hold Cuba. The shedding of American blood in the Philippine Islands does not make it imperative that we should retain possession forever; American blood was shed at San Juan Hill and El Caney, and yet the President has promised the Cubans inde pendence. The fact that the American flag floats over Manila does not compel us to exercise perpetual sovereignty over the isl ands; that Hag waves over Havana to-day, luit the President has promised to haul it down wheu the flag of the Cuban republic is ready to rise in its place. Better a thousand times that our flag iu the Orient give way to a flag representing the idea of self-govern ment than that the flag of this republic should become the flag of au empire. Solution of the Question. There is an easy, honest, honorable solu tion of the Philippine question. It Is set forth in the Democratic platform and It is submitted with confidence to the American people. This plan I unreservedly indorse. If elected, I shall convene Congress In ex traordinary session as soon as I am Inaug urated, and recommend an immediate declar ation of the nation's purpose; first, to estab 11st a stable form of government in the Phil ippine Islands, just ns we are now establish ing a stable form of government in the Isl and of Cuba; second, to give Independence to the Filipinos, Just as we have promised 4-0 give Independence to the Cubans; third, to protect the Filipinos from outside interfer ence while they work out their destiny, just as we have protected the republics of Cen tral aud South America, and are. by the Monroe doctrine, pledged to protect Cuba. An European protectorate ofteu results in the exploitation of the ward by the guard ian. An American protectorate gives to the nation protected the advantage of our strength, without ntakiug it the victim of our greed. When our opponents are unable to defend their position by argument they fall back upon the assertion that It is destiny, and in sist that we must submit to it, no matter how- much it violates moral precepts and our principles of government. Destiny Is the subterfuge of the invertebrate, who. lacking the courage to oppose error, seeks some plausible excuse for supporting it. Wash ington said that the destiny of the republi can form of government was deeply, if not finally, staked on the experiment intrusted to the' American people. How different Washington’s definition of destiny from the Republican definition. The Republicans say that this nation Is in the hands of destiny; Washington believed that not only the des tiny of our own nation, lint the destiny of the Republican form of government through out the world was intrusted to American hands. Washington was r'gbr. The destiny of this republic is in the banJs of Its owe people. Mr. Chairman rod Gentlemen of the Com mittee: I can never fully discharge the debt of gratitude which 1 owe to m.v coun trymen for the honors which they have so generously bestowed upon me: but, sirs, whether it he my lot to occupy the high office for which the convention has named me, or to spend the .emalnder of my days In private life. It shall be my constant ambi tion and my controlling purpose to aid in realizing the high Ideals of those whose wis dom and courage and sacrifices brought this republic Into existence. 1 can conceive of a national destiny sur passing the glories of the present and the past —a destiny which meets the responsi bilities of the to-day and measures up to the possibilities of the future. Behold a republic, resting securely upon the founda tion stones quarried by revolutionary pat riots from *he mountain of eternal truth—a republic applying in practice and proclaim ing tc the world the self-evident proposi tion "That all men are created equal: that they are endowed with inalienable rights: that governments are Instituted among men to secure these rights: that governments de rive their Just powers from the . nseot or the governed ” Behold a republic In which civil and religious liberty stimulate all to earnest endeavor and in which the liw restrains every hand uplifted for a neigh bor’s injury—a republic In which every citi zen l* a sovereign but in which no one cares to wear a crown. Behold a rejublie standing erect while empires all around are bowed be neath the weight f tk“ir own armaments—a republic whose flag is loved while other flags are only feared. Behold a republic In creasing In population, la wealth. In strength and In influence, solving the prob lems of civj'SzatSon and hastening the com ing of an universal brotherhood—a republic which shakes thrones and dissolves aristoc r.iii -s >.v its s-Rcr.t "xanipie and give* light and Icsjuryt'-on to th<o- who *k In dark ness Beh vsd a republic grgdu;t”y but surely becoming tic * < .-• fa.r ir the world'- progress and the -.1 nr *iter of ti.e w .r'.d's d:*p- . r-pnhPc ■ le -• history, like the path of the jti~;. ‘ is a* the shining light that ridb more au ? more cato the perfect day.” Character and persona! force are the only investments t-a: .re worth any thing.—Whtuiaa. SPEECH OF MR. STEVENSON Accepting; the Democratic Nomination for Vice President. Hon. Adlai E. Stevenson, in his speech at Indianapolis accepting the Democratic tominatiou for Vice President, said in part: 1 am profoundly grateful for the honor conferred upon me by my selection by the national Democratic convention as its candidate for the high office of Vice Pres ident of the United States. For the com plimentary manner in which such action has been officially made known to me I express to you, Mr. Chairman, and to your honored associates of the committee, my sincere thanks. Deeply impressed with a sense of the responsibility as j sinned by such candidacy, 1' accept tha nomination so generously tendered me. Should the action of the convention meet the approval of the people in November* it will be my earnest endeavor to dis charge with fidelity the duties of the great office. It is wisely provided in the constitution that at staled times political power shall return to the hands of the people. The struggle for political supremacy, upon which we are now entering, is one of deep moment to the American people. Its su- HON. ADLAT E. STEVENSON. preme importance to all conditions of our countrymen cannot be measured by words. The ills resulting from unjust legislation and from unwise administra tion of the government must find their remedy in the all-potent bailor. To it we now make our solemn appeal. The chief purpose of the great conven tion whose representatives are before me was redress for existing wrongs and se curity against perils yet greater which menace popular government. Your con vention, in language clear and unmistak able, has presented the vital issues upon which the pending contest is to be deter mined. To its platform I give my earn est assent. After referring to the platform declara tions on trusts, tariffs, Congressional ex travagance, etc., Mr. Stevenson says: A question is yet to be discussed, to which all of these are of secondary import ance. It is solemnly declare*! by our platform to be the paramount issue. Questions of domes tic policy, however important, may be, but questions of the hour—that of imperialism— is for time. Iu the presence of this stupen dous issue, others seem but as the dust in the balance. In no sense paltering with words, it is the supreme question of re public or empire. Upon every phase of our foreign policy, the language of the Democratic platform isi too clear to admit of misconstruction, it favors trade expansion by all peaceful and lawful means. We believe that liberty, us well as the Constitution, follows the "flag. Democrats in common with many,-Uepubli cans, oppose the Porto lUcan law as a vio lation of the Constitution, and a flagrant breach of good faith toward a dependent people, it is imposing government without the consent of tne governed. It is in con flict with that provision of the Constitution which declares that "Duties, imports and excises shall be uniform throughout the Uni ted States.” Deplores Spirit of Umpire. The Democratic platform condemns the policy pursued by the present administra tion toward the Philippine Islands. This policy—inspired by the greedy spirit of com mercialism—has enbrolled our government in an unnecessary war, sacrificed valuable lives, and placed the American republic in deadly antagonism to our former aides in their efforts to secure their liberties. For the first time in our history we ure boldly confronted with the question of "imperial ism—the spirit of empire.” This is, indeed, the supreme question to which all others are of secondary importance. The Democratic party has ever been the advocate of wise territorial expansion. It was iu control of the government during forty years of the first half of the present century. During that period new States were admitted into the Federal Union, and our Western border extended beyond the Mississippi. Out of the-Louislana country acquired under the first Democratic admin istration—have been carved fourteen mag nificent States. Under a later Democratic administration—and as the result of the treaty which terminated our war with Mex ico—we acquired California and neighboring States and Territories, thus bringing under our flag, to remain forever, the vast expanse stretching to the Pacific. The policy of aggressive expansion—of sub jugation of distant island^—pursued by the present administration, finds no precedent iu the peaceable cession of the Louisiana country by Napoleon, that of Florida by Spain, nor that yet later, of the vast West ern aria by Mexico. The territory acquired under Democratic administrations was, with favorable climatic conditions, the lit abode for men of our own race. At the time of annexation 't passed under the '-ule of the Anglo-Saxon, who carried with him our lan guage aud our laws. It was territory contig uous to our own, and acquired with the de clared Intention—when conditions aud popu lation would justify—cf carving it into States. The result: Millions of American home3, our national wealth increased be yond the dream of avarice, and the United States chief among the nations of the earth. Can it lie that the new policy of forcible annexation of distant islands finds precedent iu the historic events l have mentioned? The answer Is found in the bare statement cf facts. The territory acquired under Dem ocratic administrations is contiguous—the l’hiiippine islands 8,000 miles distant. The acquisition of territory upon our own con tinent added little to the national expeuse— to maintain permanent sovereignty over the distant islands necessitates immense ex penditures upon our army and navy. More than that, it contemplates methods of ad ministration that pertalu, not to the repub lic, but to the empire. Can It be doubted that the attempt to stifle the spirit of liberty abroad will imperil popular government at home? We stand 100 years from the hour when the political forces were gathering which were to result in the election of the first Democratic President. The anniversary of the masterful day in our history was wisely chosen for the assembling iu convention of the representatives of the historic party whose founder was Jefferson—and whose platform is the Declaration of Independence, in the great struggle now upon us we invoke the co-operation of all who revere the mem ory of our fathers, and to whom this declar ation is not unmeaning parchment—but the enduring chart of our liberties. Upon the supreme issue now in the forefront—and to the end that repabUcan government lie per petuated—we appeal to the sober judgment atul patriotism of \he American people. To Keep Bathbone Quiet. Ex-Detective Ilathbone is under ar rest in Havana, and it is regarded as probable that he will lie kept in that interesting condition uutil after the Presidential election. There was once an unwise man of Gotham who coined the expression “Hanging is played out in New York.” and it cost him his neck. Similarly Rathbone’s threat to "pull down the pillars of the temple” has cost him his liberty. But for that un fortunate observation he might at this moment be living on the fat of the land and helping to carry Ohio for McKinley and reform.—Washington Times. Governor Roosevelt Answered. It is not easy to match in complete ness of crushing effect his (AltgekTs) reply to Roosevelt's assertion that ”to give independence to the Filipinos would be like giving independence to the wildest tribe of Apaches in Arizo na.*' Gov. Altgeid asks if this is so why did Dewey arm these "Apaches” for war upon Spain and why did he and Gen. Anderson co-operate with them, when to arm savages and make common cause with them in war upon a civilized nation is infamous iu inter national usage?—New York World. The Cost of Imperialism. Every list of killed aad wounded that comes to us from the Philippines is a record of unjustifiable cruelty to cur sons aad adds to the long chapter of dishonor with which the McKinley ad ministration has darkened onr aakonai annals. -Atlanta Journal. NEWS OF WISCONSIN. A WEEK’S RECORD OF STATE HAPPENINGS. Mystery Stirs a Villas*?— XcwCourse for Desplairtes River—No More Cellu loid for Motormen—Bank Robber Un successful at Cambridge. The deepest mystery surrounds the tlis*- appearanee of Balero Guisonlt, an Ital ian from the village of Twin Lakes, and it is openly declared that the man was murdered. Guisomo had been fishing aud was called from the pier by one of his companions, and this was the last seen of him. The man had been working as a section hand, but his pay had not been drawn for a month. He was very friendly with the American workmen employed by the company, and on this account, it is said, he was hated by the Italians. He never associated with the other Italians and had refused to join an association recently formed among the foreigners. One of the Italians, who was with the man at the time of his disap pearance, stated since that the mau would never come back. The officers are investigating the case. Reclaim Marsh Lands. The surveyors have started work to lay out the new course for the Desplaines river in Kenosha county. The farmers of the county have formed a pool and will have the river dredged to a depth of 3 feet throughout its entire course in that county. The improvement of the river, as planned, will reclaim thousands of acres of land that is now marshes. The plans for the work were made many years ago, but only a short time ago was the money raised for the work. The farmers will ask the farmers of Illinois to assist in the dredging of the river, the pian being to open the river its entire length to the place where it unites with the drainage canal and the Chicago river. . Large Deposit of Marl. The recently discovered deposit of marl in the bed of Shaky lake and surround ing marshes in the town of Dale is likely to be developed and utilized soon. Sur veys have been made demonstrating that the lake can be drained with little ex pense. The deposit is five feet thick and covers a considerable area. It is estima ted sufficient to produce I.OOU barrels of cement a day for twenty years. \l'hc land is owned by six farmers. A 'Monasha firm has offered $1,200 for a tract of eighty acres which cost the present own er SIOO, intending to use the marl for the manufacture of paving brick. The offer was refused. Kars Collars of Celluloid. Superintendent Boggs has issued an order that no motorman on the Milwau kee electric lines shall wear a celluloid collar. Because of ids collar of celluloid Charles Sanders was burned seriously Sanders is a motorman on the Waukesha line. Near North Greenfield the motor burned out. While he was tinkering with it the controller came in contact with his collar. There was a flash and a ring of fire encircled hjs neck in an instant. The motormsa was "taken to his home and later to Trinity hospital. Ilis recovery is doubtful. Fire Damages Monico. Fire destroyed the business portion of Monico. Several houses were also burned. The fire is supposed to have been started by a tramp in a barn. The buildings destroyed included the Monico House, valued at $.">,000, with only sl,- 500 insurance. The other losses were one large store building, $2,000; deliv ery barn and team of horses, $2,000; pri vate property, $4,000; farm machinery and grain destroyed was valued at $5,000. Several persons were slightly injured. Bank of Cambridge Is Robbed. The Bank of Cambridge, in the village of that name, was robbed the other night by four men who dug in n the vault and made two attempts with dynamite to se cure the bank's cash. They succeeded in blowing the front of t. e safe to pieces anil shattering the building, but did not get into the inner portion, where the bulk of the cash is kept. They secured S2O in pennies and SOS in silver and made their escape on a hand car. One Hundred More Routes. Supt. Machcn of the free delivery ser vice has completed the list of places in the various States where rural free de livery will be established during the cur rent fiscal year. One hundred additional routes will be established in Wisconsin. There are eighty-two routes in opera)iou in the State at this time. Brief State Happeninei. Charles Delo's cheese factory at Ca nary burned. He had a smnll insurance on the building, but none on the stock. Charles Anderson, aged 15 years, son of Mrs. Clara Anderson of Janesville, was drowned in Rock river while bath ing. The strawberry, raspberry, blueberry and huckleberry crops have been a suc cess this season and the growers are well satisfied. Gov. Scofield has appointed 11. E. Nicolai of Big Bend as a delegate to the Farmers’ National convention at C<do rado Springs. •Col.. Aug. 21 to 31. A worm, something like the army worm in appearance, is denuding the city park and many lawns throughout Apple ton of grass, by eating the roots, com pletely destroying the sod in large patches. Farmers in Grand Chute aod other portions of Outagamie County are great ly stirred up over the recent wholesale burglaries of farmhouses in nearly every town in tbe country, and a number have placarded their premises with warnings that any person found trespassing there after dark will be shot. William Reefschlnger, who escaped from the county jad several months ago, has bv-en recaptur'd. Reefschlogcr and two other prisoners escaped. He was traced to the upper Michigan pineries. Four young people out riding had a miraculous escape from death at Wauna keen. The Chicago and Northwestern limited, running at full speed, struck their carriage, rendering two of the oc cupants insensible and injuring tbe oth ers. Those in the carriage were George Hammond and Celia Halburn of Lodi, and Alice Van Antwerp of Sparta and William Pierce of Fort Atkinson. Some unknown party removed the clap pi-; of tbe M K. Church be]; in Berlin some time during the night. As it is used as a town bell, the accustomed 7 o’clock bell could not be rung. How the party got into the church and up to the belirry is a mystery. The tongue proba bly weighed fifty or seventy-fire pounds. Two young people applied for a mar riage license before County Clerk Mont gomery at Appleton. The would be groom was 18 and the bride 1(5. Tbe license was refused, and the parents of the children notified. The girl has l>een sent away to visit relatives in another State, and the lad goes back to school in Septem ber. Charles Trotter, foreman of an extra gang of trackmen on the Northwestern Railway at Stella Junction, fell off hi handcar and was run over. He was not badly hurt. Tbe body of Irer Knudtson. who was drowned in Black .•Irer recently, was recovered. Knndts n was foreman of a pump and windmill crew, and while re turning to Galewille after completing a week’s work, stopped at a point near Hunter’s bridge to bathe. He had ■ com panion with him and the two had been in the water but a few minutes when Knudtson sank in deep water. His com panion, who was unable to swim, was powerless to help him. The residence of Mrs. Catharine Loch mann in Neenali was burglarized and SIOO in cash was stolen. Rev.J. Ochlert, formerly of Burlington, has been mstalled as pastor of the Lu theran Church a' Weyauwega. The city directory of Janesville gives the city a population of an in crease over two years ago of 1,035. • Verne Bayne, the youngest son of .7. C. Payne, fell from a barn near Prairie du Sac and sustained serious if not fatal injuries. Fire destroyed the barns of ex-Sheriff Emil Jensen of Calumet County. Two horses perished v ith all farm machinery. The loss is heavy. The cooper shop of the Cook-Brow* Seine Company at Clifton was totally de stroyed by tire. The loss is $3,000, cov ered by insurance. George Simmerlich of Wrightstown, in attempting to catch on a train for a ride, was thrown under the wheels aud had one of his legs cut off. r 'he 14-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. George Addie died at Milton from the effects of a kick by a horse, which re sulted in lockjaw. His skull was frac tured. Thirteen West Superior saloonmen have been summoned by the police to appear in court and answer to the charge of running saloons with both doors wide open on Sunday. Isaac Johnson of Ilico Lake fell from a Lake Shore train near Warren Station, Ind.. and his body was cut in two. John son was returning to Rice Lake from a trip to Sweden. Otto Zumerlink, aged 17 years, tried to jump the freight train between Little Rapids and Wrightstown. He fell under the cars and one leg and the toes from the other foot were cut off. A. B. Taylor, for fifty-one years a res ident of Fond du Lac, aud at one time Mayor, was struck by a Northwestern passenger engine and instantly killed, his hotly being carried on the pilot for 200 feet. The mystery surrounding the disappear* ance of little Freddie Sieger, aged 7. was solved by finding his body in a slough two miles south of La Crosse, washed upon the sands by the waves. The body was badly decomposed. A bitter contest, is pending in the Outa gamie County Court over the will of the late Michael Sweeney, a wealthy fanner of Bear Greek, who left his three grown children $5 each and the balance of his property to bis second wife and several friends. Benjamin Armstrong, the oldest white settler on Lake Superior, died at Ashland of heart disease. He came to this State in 1.835 and was associated in trading with Indians in connection with the Amer ican Fur Company, of which John Jacob Astor was the head. He was the author of a book of early Lake Superior history. Emma King, aged 17, and Harvey Skeel, ged 18, eloped from Stevens Point. They had $1 in cash, which they got from the girl's father. They were apprehended at Stockton, six miles away, walking slowly along the highway, foot sore and weary. Both were glad to re turn for parental forgiveness. They are from well-k town families. Patrick Doherty, aged 05 years, was struck by the fast mail train near Apple ton Junction and instantly killed. The old man was under the influence of liquor and was walking on the track toward his home between Appleton and Menashn. He had twice before been struck by trains under similar circumstances, escap ing with only slight injuries. A corps of engineers and surveyors has commenced the survey on the now Hills boro and Eastern Railway, for which the right of way aud depot grounds have been secured and the general offices opened in Hillsboro, with Secretary W. J. Abbey in charge. The general manager and treasurer’s office is located for the present in Elroy n charge o' A. .11. Smith. Smith H. Braeey of Chicago has taken the con tract for construction. Bertha Wentzloff of La Crosse was ex amined by physicians and declared to be insane. At the investigation it appenred that she is jealous of her husband and threatens to do bodily harm to Iter sup posed rival. Neighbors say that she lias a habit of waiting at the fence with an ax to get the woman she imagines is breaking up her home. Her husband and sister are opposed to having her sent away and may insist upon a jury trial. Safe blowers blew open a safe at the Lamb hotel at Camp Lake. The robbery was a most peculiar one. It is supposed to have been committed late iu the night, and the safe, which weighed several tons, was taken from the office of the hotel out on the lawn, where it was opened. Al though there were over a hundred guests in the hotel, none of them heard nny noise from the moving of the safe. It is impossible to tell bow much booty the robbers secured, but there was quite a sum of money in the safe. Fire completely destroyed St. Mary’s Catholic Church at Rhinelander, the larg est house of worship in Oneida County. The cause of the tire is unknown, but is thought to have originated from a quan tity of slacking lime which was in the rear of the edifice cr from a carelessly thrown pipe or match of a workman who had been employed on the building. The church was built in 1884 and had a seat ing capacity of 1,000. With interior equipments and frequent remodeling it is said to represent a loss of $20,000. Two shots were fired into the bedroom occupied by Mrs. McGinty and her daugh ter at their borne in the town of Byron. The women were awakened from their sleep by tbe first shot and tbe next in stant a second bullet crashed through the window and barely missed the daughter. One of the men of the household, arm ing himself, rushed out of the bouse and saw a buggy just disappearing out of tbe driveway. The rig was traced as far as the George Treleven farm, four miles south of the city, where the traeks were lost. Residents of Forestvilie were the re cipients of a number of informal calls at the hands of a gang of burglars. The residence and saloon of Martin Schmidt was broken into and about 93 0 taken. They entered the Andrew Cloan residence and got away with S3O. Mr. and M rs. S. R. Hopkins of the town of Dale have been married seventy two Mr. Hopkins is OH years of age and Mrs. Hopkins 00. They were married in New York State and remov ed to Milwaukee in 1830. In 1854 they came to Outagamie County, living for a time at Appleton, and since then in Dale. Kewaunee will soon hare another pea cannery, work on the buildings for which will be coinmeneed in about two weeks. The W. Leigh company, extensile grain shippers, are back of the movement. The new cannery will bare a capacity of 2,- 000,000 cans of peas each season. The infant son of a mi n named Grant of K! Paso was almost totally devoured by hogs. Tbe child had climbed up the side of the pen and was watching the pigs when he lost his balance and fell on his bead. He was stunned and made no ontcry. The animals, it is thought, imme diately attacked the child and killed him. The body was almost totally devoured when tbe father arrived. While the 9-year old sob of Christian Johnson, a farmer living four miles west of Rice Lak 1 , was playing with a loaded revolver, it was accidentally discharged and Katie Larson. tl;< 5 year-old daugh ter of Christian Larson, was killed in stant!;-. being shot in tbe forehead. An attempt was made to rob the Pio neer limited ChicagK. Milwaukee and St. Paul train. Six masked men seized and bound the telegraph operator at Itaymore and muffled the semaphore light. The train was an hour and a half late on ac count of a small wreck at Reeseville, and reaching Raync re, ;,s it did, a: daybreak, the highwaymen decided uot to carry out their intentions. The portrait of Gaetano Bresci, the as sassin of King Humbert, is from a pho tograph taken four years ago. Bresci is a native of Tuscany. While hvitg at Prato in Italy he attended the technical school and learned the trade of a weaver. At Paterson, N. J„ he was employed in the silk mill of the Hamilton-Booth Com pany and lived with his wife and child at 3(53 Clinton avenue. West Hoboken. Bresci came to the United States about three years ago. He was not naturalised. fiHMci ‘ .saPHit tm|| He left Paterson May 22, sailing for Havre on La Gascogne under the name Branchi Caesari. lie wrote to his wife from Milan saying that he would soon return. Mrs. Sophie Bresci was formerly Miss Sophie Knielaml. She made the acquaintance of Bresci about three years ago in the silk factory, where they were both employed. Mrs. Bresci is now in destitution. She and her 8-months-old lit tle daughter, Madeline, are being cared for by friends iu New Jersey, * v r' £ • In these trying times in China there are no men among the foreigners upon ’ pousibilitics rest than the foreign consuls. One of the most im portant of these of ficials, owing to the 8 extent of the interests committed to his care, is the representatives of the British govern ment at Tien Tsin, Mr. W. It. Carles. Before the interna tional forces gained W. R. CARLES. ?* Utr ! tU ° f oi^ tilt* situation at one time grew disporate that Mr. Carles sent a message by special courier, pray ing urgently for reinforcements, and an nouncing that tin* casualties were heavy, the ammunition insufficient, and that machine guns were necessary. He fur ther stated that the Russians at the rail way station were hard pressed, while the Chinese troops were keeping up an in cessant lire with large guns on tile Euro pean concessions, nearly all of which were burned. Happily, the damage and loss of lilt' at Tien Tsin have proved to be less considerable than was at first, supposed. The British consulate, at any rate, seems to have escaped, but the res idence of the Americau consul was burned. Admiral George C. Reraey. chief of the American naval forces iu Chinese waters, was appointed commander of the Asiatic squadron earlv in March last. Its / jurisdiction extends / over tlit' Philip- ,1® pines and Guam, fj 7^) the const of China, which the United States lias an inter est, lying west of jff! the Sandwich Is!- ands. The admiral ' • | >t > . i ■ AI>M!HA L lIhMRY. described by lus associates as able, polite, generous, hos pitable, modest, a thorough sailor and u man of mature judgment. Hi' was se lected by Admiral Walker to be the first commander of the Charleston. That, boat was cruising the Pacific at the time that trouble was brewing with Chili. Remey was chosen because of his superior cupa j hihties as a commander and strategist, and his well-known discretion in emer gencies. In tht' subsequent chase of the Itatu by the Charleston Admiral lteiney displayed keen judgment Loth as a sailor and a diplomat. He now treads the deck of his second flagship. His admiral's flag Hew from the old Lancaster iu the war with Spain. Miss Pauline Astor, tin' young lady whose little love affair with Sir Berkeley Milne has been the indirect cause of her father’s ostracism from the Murlbor ough House sot iu Jjf' .'•yi London, is more w patriotic than her *1 M * rc * She was usk- S'*' jMfr-'i r, ‘ ,, on!ly whether ' f she was an English y P girl or a Yankee \'t?’ W girl. She replied i • —that she wasn’t quite sure. Her father, she said, T.V was an English </l IS man. As for her ’ self, she said she would be an Ameri- MLS9 ASTOR. , „ . . can if the choice were left to her. Miss Astor is under 20, and if she does not marry Sir Berkeley or some other mnn whom her father does not like she will be the sole heir of $200,- 000,000. Miss Pauline’s mother was member of a fine old American family. Before her marriage with William Wal dorf Astor she was Miss Mary Dahlgren I’aul of Philadelphia. Gen. Alexei Nieolaievitoh Kuropntkin, who, it is said, will ho sent to China as the commander-in-chief of ttit Russian forces, is the Rus sian minister of war, and is probu bly the most trust- I Q ed, most powerful mgs £■*., and most faithful p* cr* ly S e rvant of the Ay Czar. Long ago. when Kuropntkin was a young man, JKC* be was sent into Turkestan with the f # > ' Russian advance, ‘ * and spent hi- youth <***• KLROPATKiir. in high adventure and in winning for him self honor*, decorations and promotion. When he had served bis apprenticeship in the marches and bivouacs of the East, he returned to Europe and resumed his studies in the schools. Slowly he rose on the ladder of advancement, until in 181*8 In- was made absolute master, under tint Czar, of the armies of all the itussias. Odd* and Ends. Ed Carey, Chicago, killed Michael Prindiville. J. P. Close, Toronto, Out., died from a mosquito bite. Chicago may have art underground rail way system to cost $20,000,000. Mamie Spencer, St. Joseph, Mo., com mitted suicide Is'canse her lover wanted to postpone their marriage. Corned and roast beef prices have been boosted 25 cents a dozen on pound cans in Chicago. Chicago’s Masonic Temple was badly soaked with water. A thief had stolen the brass faucets. 8 >uth Bethlehem, Pa . Steel Company received an order from Russia for 2,000 tons of Krupp armor. John Miller’* horn ran away in Hazel ton, Pa., but It didn't even awaken his 4-year-old boy, who was fast asleep. Fifty leaders of the American bench and bar were eniert-lined in Indon by the judges aud lawyers of England. Am bassador Choate attended.