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DIFFICULTIES OF A LAND JOURNEY IN CHINA.
The Overland Route Between Tien tsln and Pekin Over Which the Allied Army Marched. ; . W’-' 7 " The country between Pekin and Tien-tsin overcome by the allied forces on their advance upon the capital, is in summer time a stretch of quagmire and mud. No traveler who hac made the experience of a Pekin cart will ever desire to repeat the experiment. There is no such thing as a road as we understand it. It goes anywhere and everywhere, and it is only used by the inhabitants for travel between town and town for local traffic. The waterway, by canal and river, is the usual mode of travel. The ancestral tombs are scattered all over the courtry, and arches erected to the memory of great men dot the landscape. All sorts of carts, beasts of burden and foot travelers are the adjuncts to the scene. Note the nearer of the two foremost figures, who is clothed in a of oiled straw. Literally he is a “thatched man.” TWO LOVERS. Whose baby is loveliest? Mother’s own. All round the world—north, south, east, west — Hers ajone! For whether it be a Chinese tot, With eyes aslant and a shaven crown, Or a dear little girl of the Land of the Free, Or a toddling Prince in Londoutown, Or the one rare treasure a Soudan slave Hugs to her heart, all wee and brown Each in >ts mother’s, gentle pride Is fairer than all the world beside. Whose mother is loved the best? Baby’s own. She whose cheek was first caressed She alone. For whether she be an Eskimo, Or colored mammy, or stately queen, Or a wandering organ-grinder’s wife, Jingling and beating her tambourine, In every land where children are The baby eyes from their deep, serene Gaze, rapture-bound by the tender grace In the mother’s bonded, love-lit face. —Woman’s Home Companion. At the Eleventh hour. Bl’T he’s so old, papa,” protested Barbara Bessinger. “A man should be several years the senior of his wife,” declared Quin tus Bes singer. “And he has a glass eye!” “One less with which to observe short-comings, my dear!” “And has false teeth.” “So nave I. Now, Barbara, be sensi ble, ami think ii over.” Barbara thought It over, and decided tha if being sensible meant marrying Giles Ferguson she must persist in be tng foolish. The next time her father returned to the charge he put his plea on personal grounds. His pathetic rep resentation of his position was rather effective. The improvements In his office building lmd cost much more than he had fancied they would. An Eastern firm, on whose leniency he had relied, were pressing him for immediate pai - ment of a heavy account. Ferguson bad practically refused him further ad vances because Barbara‘had declined to marry him. He could tiud better use for his money than loaning it to the man whom he was anxious to accept as & father-in-law. “I wouldn’t urge you." ognNudod Bessinger. “if I thought you cared for auy one else. There isn't any one else —eh. Barbara?” Barbara was eighteen. She had a round, trim young form, a brunette face full of life and sparkle, arch hazel eyes, and a lovely scarlet mouth. ••No one else, papa?' There was no doubting the frank sincerity of the re ply. “Give me two wqefes more to con sider. Then—l’ll say yes, if I can—for your sake- you poor, dear old worried thing! ’ Bessinger made the most of Barbara's concession. Ferguson was profoundly gratified. His oue movable eye ex pressed his happy anticipation. “Tell her." said he, “that I have never married because my ideal was so lofty. Never until 1 met Miss Barbara did I meet any woman possessing every per fection.” “Tell her yourself.” advised Quintus. “Girls dou't like to be courted through their parens ” So Ferguson called every evening. Ills delU* rate compliments and lan guishing glance set her wild with re sentment. Two weeks: Why hadn't she said two mouths? Surely the hours were racing by. It seemed to her the days fairly galloped out of sight. Her father grew more haggard—more de pressed. She used to catch him watch ing Ler furtively. Ferguson would stave off failure, would build up his business, would put his credit on a firm basis, If only—- He had been a good father to her. She would prob ably never fall in love anyway. Per haps she ought to do as he wished— there site shuddered. The, fateful dJ #<& < 4#'WW .a* rived. A glorious day it was. crisp and golden, with a rollickiug skurry iug along State street and playing pranks at the corner where towers the Masonic temple, .lust there It swirled a girl's skirts around her slender ankles, and—not content with this au dacity—snatched off her veil and flirted it out of reach. But a tall man in a gray suit gave prompt pursuit. "O. thank your cried Barbara Bessinger. blushing, when he stood before her, hat in hand, returning the truant trifle. “You are very kind!*’ A murmured depreciation, a longer ing. eloquent look of admiration, a deep bow. and he was lost in the crowd. Barbara went ho' ae in a strange state of exhilaration. Some little ones at her gate offered her roses. She took the roses and kissed the children. She had never thought flowerg and child faces so beautiful before. Bhe found herself singing as she ran up stairs. She was startled by the lovehcess of her own re flection In the glass. Why did she feel so happy, why—Suddenly she seemed to see again the homage of those flash ing blue eyes. No! She surely was not so silly as that! In delicious, girlish shame she pressed her slim lingers over her eyes to shut oot those others. But they would not be barred.. They gazed into her still! All at once a dreadful thought thrilled her. To-night Giles Ferguson would come for his answer! * A sharp sense of repulsion over whelmed her. She ;ould not marry him! She would not. She bathed, coiled her dark hair alresh, went down to dinner in a gown of rosy lawn. At 8 o’clock the hopeful suitor made his appearance. He wore a brand-new suit, and was apparently prepared for conquest. He and Bessinger talked. At 10 Barbara was to give her final de cision. She watched the clock in an agony of nervousness. Half-past 8! The hands were moving around the dial with appalling speed. Nine! She did not know the bell had rung—that a vis itor was shown in. He was young, tall, good-looking. With a start she recog nized the agile captor of her veil. “The small gentleman is Mr. Fergu son.” she heard the servant say. The stranger walked straight up to Barbara’s suitor. “How do Jou do, father?” he said. “What's that?” screamed the old man. He had turned ghastly. “My name is Robin Ferguson. I only arrived yesterday from California. Your man told me I would find you here. My mother died three months ago. Dying, she told me the story of your desertion of her when 1 was a lit tle lad. She made me promise to look you up. For her sake I’ve done it I can prove all I say.” “I—l—l can’t discuss the matter with you he^e—now!” His teeth chattered so he feared they would drop out. “Even If—if it were so—l’d not give you a cent!” The new-coiner burst out laughing. “I’ll never ask you for one. My iuoth- WUH'E AS A LILT, BARB AKA CAME FOR WARD. er's brother left all his property to me, and there's a rattling lot of it. too.” “O'” gasped Ferguson, senior. This gave matters anew aspect. But—there was Barbara. The clock struck 10. “Barbara.” said Bessinger, rising, “you agreed to tell Giles Ferguson at this hour whether or not you would marry him.” White as a lily Barbara enme for ward. The young fellow stared in de lighted surprise, as turning, he faced her. “Never! You would not wish me now, papa, to do so. He has deceived me. At any rate, I could never love him.” Then she bowed slightly and took herself and her peacb-bloom gown from the room. But soon Barbara learned how easy it was to surrender one's whole heart when the one destiuod lover came. Out of confidential talks grew reconcilia tion between father and son. The former came to the wedding. “Lord, what an old fool I was!" he said.' “Things are only as they ought to be! Bessinger aud I are going into partnership. Together we’ll make the business pay. And Rob, would you— have you—any objection if I were to — to kiss the bride?” ' “No, indeed!” cried the groom, heart ily. "No. indeed!" echoed the bride sweet ly as she held up her glowing cheek. MAY BE HEARD TEN MILES AWAY. Koarini; Phonograph Given a Success ful Trial in Ireland. According to reports printed In En glish exchanges a phonograph is now available by the use of which messages _ can be delivered in the phoxograph. seetn to be practi cally endless. It will render loud selec tions in the open air that can be lis tened to by thousands of people, or it will shout news messages that could be heard high above the roar of the traffic and the thousand noises of a big city. You can whisper a sentence into the machine's small funnel-shaped mouthpiece and it will repeat It In tones that are more deafening than the shrieks of a Frier’ steam siren. Yet every word is perfectly articulated, and a shorthand wd.er ten mile* away can take down the message as easily as if you were dictating to him in a small room. In appearance the machine is merely an ordinary phonograph, with a large trumpet measuring four feet in length. Inside this trumpet there is a small and delicate piece of mechanism that looks something like a whistle. This Is the tongue of the machine. Instead of the ‘records” being taken on wax in the usual manner a sapphire needle is made to cut the dots repre senting the sound vib’-atious on a silver cylinder, and when the needle travels over the metal a second time the vibra tions cause the whistle to produce a series of air waves, and the machine thus becomes a talking siren which transforms the human voice into a deafening roar. The experiments were made near the Devil’s dyke, Brighton, where the in ventor had his workshops. The instru ment was placed on the roof of the la boratory and was made to repeat a number of sentences. At a distance of ten miles the sounds were plainly heard by a large number of people, every word being perfect- distinct, and at a second trial with a favorable wind it was found that an unknown message eonld be taken down in shorthand at a distance of twelve miles. Over the wa ter the sounds will carry still further, and under favorable circumstances they might easily be heard by persons on a vessel fifteen miles out at sea. Never Noticed It. A traveller in Corsica says that al though Porto Vecchio is so filthy that one would like to dip it in the Mediter ranean for a thorough wash, it is won derfully loVbly at a distance. Its white granite houses with red-tiled roofs and fragments of old walls, with the blue sky above and the green knoll beneath and about, make up as alluring a south ern picture as ever haunted a north erner's memory. But do the southern ers appreciate it? If one may judge by comparison apparently not. Says a writer in Travel: They do not seetn a deeply intelli gent folk on this east coast. I stopped in a very hot part of the road to ask a man the name of a certain noble moun tain peak inland, with veins of snow upon it. “I do not know,” said he, heavily. “Ah, then you do not live here?” “i’es, I am of these parts.” “But you were not brought up here?” “Yes. I was born here.” “And you do not know the name of that very high mountain?” “I know nothing about it” He spoke conclusively. The most conspicuous object in his daily land scape had, in his eyes, no significance whatever. They Were Competent. He was gray-haired and toothless, she was old enough to be a grandmother, aud she did the talking. “Ye come ter married be," she said to Aid. Billy Wentz in the Borough Hall, the other morning. “He don’t English talk.” “Is he able to support a wife?” “Yah, dats right, but he don’t need vork sometimes.” “How’s that?” .“His vlfe's got money plenty.” “Ah, yes, you’ve got a bank account?’ “Flenty times big.” “Enough for him, too?” “Yah, plenty.” “Ever been married?” “Tree times.” “Who. you?” “Yah.” “How's he stand In that relation?” “Two times she died.” “Well, you both ought to know what you’re up against—join hands.” They were made one in the eyes of the law, and the big alderman tossed the marriage fee to a gang of newsboys to scramble for.—Brooklyn Times. Strange Reptiles. A Western writer thinks one of the severest tests ever put upou his risibles was endured at a London dinner-table. He was seated next a lovely, rosy cheeked. gray-eyed- English girl, who displayed a most absorbing and flatter ing IfiferesMn his native laud.- Site ap peared to have imbibed some extraor dinary ideas about the perils to be en countered In the newly settled regions of the United States, and tried nor to look Incredulous when she was assured that things were really not as bad as she imagined. “I'm sure it’s pleasant to be told there are not rattlesnakes in all the gardens.” 4he said, with a pretty smile, "bnt my cousin wrote not long ago that he had seen over forty wigwams in one little village. Perhaps,” she added, as her companion made no Immediate reply, “the wigwams are' not as venomous as rattlesnakes, are they?’ Odd Source of Income. A question in the British parliament the other day elicited the curious in formation that in the first eight years of the existence of postal orders the treasury came into a windfall of nearly fciOO.OOO—tne proceeds of orders pur chased and never presented for pay ment. The annual profit from the same source is at present estimated at $50.- 000. The difference between raising boys and raising girls Is that the mother of boys doesn't stop being scared to death when they hart out their teeth. NECKS NOW BARED. INDIVIDUAL WORKS OUT THE IDEA IN HER OWN WAY. Gowns Are Highly Wrought, Though Simplicity Still Reigns in Construc tion of Skirts—Boleros Not Inclined to Go Out Before Spring. New York correspondence: J LOWING straws by which women may guess the way the fashionable wind is lilrbly to come, imply that no violent changes will take place for some months. There is a gradual trend to wards the pro nouncedly roman tic, but just now the features devel op slowly. The ad herence of draper ies to the natural lines of the figure already gives grace and individuality, while in the use of color and ornament is an element of ' piquancy that the romantic often dominates. The charm of *he untrimmed skirt, especially when its lines follow without exaggeration thfe hips and back, is recognized. Undue plainness is avoided by the use of very beautiful material, or by embroidering the skirt with all-over designs. Thus at a time when almost any degree of elabo ration in skirts is permissible, a skirt like the first one shown in these pictures is not deemed too plain for dressiness. Smocking at the back wassail about it that was not plain, the embroidered fig ures in gold and white cord not affecting its outlines. Its material was pale blue landsdowne silk. Very narrow gold braid AS NECKS ARE BARED AT THE SEASON’S SEND or gold cord is much used in combination with silk work and lace, and all over em broidery is more plentiful than ever. The bodice of this dress wus of the lands downe silk, but bolero and sleeves were all-over embroidery banded as indicated with narrow black velvet. As yet there is no sign that the bolero is soon to lose its popularity. Every day the designers seem to turn out new effects, so that ev ery style of figure may have its becom ing bolero. The tenacity of the fashion is due to its general becomingness, and the chances are that it will hold through out the win to,'. The plain, round no-collar neck hasn’t caught on as urn prophets promised it would. The Cecilia neck has had some popularity, and so have necks cut in aval or square. But the English uo-eol lar throat was not liked, and fashionables seized upon the idea of baring the neck in their own ways. The prettiest of Au gust garden dresses were bared, and early September dresses have the same treatment. The size and shape of the cut-out is left largely to personal taste. Women who set the fashionable pace have shaped it along the lines indicated in the accompanying group of low dresses. While very low for gowns to be worn outdoors, the adverse criticisms ad vanced against the summer’s transparent yokes will hardly hold against them. Nat urally they have effected a revival of interest in necklaces, and jewelers rejoice accordingly. A few details of the gowns sketched will make more clear how highly wrought they are. Beginning at the left, see pale green silk grenadine dotted in amber over white silk. Bands of white silk beautifully embroidered in silver and gilt cord trimmed both skirt and bodice, the THE SWAGGER THING FOR “BUBBLING.” latter in bolero effect. A black velvet band encircled the throat. Next to this comes a dove gray crepe de chine striped and figured in paie blue and white. Straps of black velvet and a band of pale blue satin embroidered in white and silver appeared at the top of its bodice. White albatross cloth was the ma terial of the third gown, fine gilt cord and white lace trimming it. Its fichu was of the goods edged with lace. Last is a lightweight, pale green hemstitched doth. Lace, drapery of white silk mall, narrow black velvet and silver buttons were its trimmings. These afe fine feath ers to prepare for a few weeks’ wear, and the suggestion is inevitable that they will be worn indoors soon after the weather becomes so cool that they are Impossible outdoors. Swagger folk at the stylish summer re sort* hare a*t this summer made a spe cialty of automobile costumes, though many of them have made automobiles so much of a specialty that "bubbling” has been all the go—or stand-still or blow-up, as the cr.se might be. In general, the women have dressed in the summer fluf feries sqitable to the call or garden affair to which they might be going. Now and then something in the way of an automo bile coat has been slipped on, but only if the weather required it. All this is to be changed for fall and winter in the city. It is decreed if you handle the bar yourself, the costume must be trig ana evidently adapted to the occasion, g If you are using the automobile as a means of transportation, then you must allow someone else to take the bar. When the owner bubbles herself, some jaunty tai lor gown a little more pronounced than would do for walking is the rule. The hat. while striking in style and shape, should be inelaborate and as nearly as possible untrimmed. Deep red doth, dark green and billiard green, all shades of dark brown, black and now and then a very dark purple are the colors ehoseu for the gowns. AU covert cloths and colors are also used, but usually for the simpler rigs. It seems a rule that the bodice shall tit efllily, and many bar-seat dressed show the straight front much exaggerated. Skirts are usu ally perfectly plain and invariably long all around, dragging at the back. Auto mobiles for the use of women are made very low, so that there is no difficulty about getting in and out. A guest for a bubble where there is to be no stopping, may properly don tailor dress, though it is unnecessary that her hat should be se vere. A plain long skirt, and a jacket of some inelaborate sort, make a good choice. Severity is so essential that no great variety is possible, but three suits of fairly distinct types gre sketched here. First is a billiard green cloth, with rever facing of checked red and white velvet. Next appears a dark brown ladies’ cloth with orange Telvet collar and cuffs. The bjouse rig was deep red broadcloth, black and White striped velvet trimming it. The box coat is now so beautifully made and is so becoming to a tall, slen- der figur/; that one can understand its re newed popularity. There are some varia tions ou the jacket, a few of them remi niscent of the belted blouse. Belt, collar and cuffs are often scarlet or bright green, the body of the dress being some dark shade. A gentlemanly collar and dicky front may be worn, or a silk and high-chokered yoke. Sometimes there are little tabs below the belt at the back, but as a rule the blouse finishes under the belt in front. These blouses are planned to wear unbuttoned, the belt remaining fastened, and then display a pretty lin ing. Usually such a blouse matches the skirt, and a plain silk waist of other than shirt-waist type-or a strictly gentlemanly shirt may be worn underneath. The hat should harmonize if gentlemanly neck finish show?. Copyright, 1900. A Montana Breeze. One day last week the wind blew pretty hard; its velocity varied from, say about fifty to 500 miles au hour. While it was whistling down Commer cial avenue it a record-breaking gait a pedestrian was trying to make the corner of Main. With head down he pushed vigorously against the breeze. All at once he threw up his hands and grabbed the top of his head, hut his hat wasn’t there. He tried to look back to see if he could trace the out lines of a hat sailing eastward, but the effort was too much. He hove to and brought up alongside a convenient door way. He looked sadly at an acquaint ance and said “My hat is gone and the Lord only knows where it is.” "There it is around your neck,” smiled his friend. The wind had actu ally driven the hat down onto tis shoulders.—Anaconda (Mont) Stand ard. lin pressed on Her Memory. “It’s been four years now,” said the, deserted lady, “since he left me and his happy home. I remember It just as well as yesterday—how he stood at the door, holding it open till six flies got in the house.”—lndianapolis Press. Searchlights are used with satisfac tory results by New York firemen. It Is noted that the most dangerous part of the fireman’s work comes after the fire is subdued and he Is compelled to work in the dark. DECLINE!* A CROWN. MANY HAVE DONE SO SINCE JU LIUS CAESAR’S TIME. of the Persons Who Have Re fused to Become Kings—Throne of Greece We.it Begging for Some Time —Similar Experience in Koumania, It is no mean distinction to have re fused a crown. There is probably not one man in a million who wouid decline a kingdom if it •**ere offered him, In spite of the restless nights and fearful lays that are commonly supposed to be the lot of a King. Even Cromwell is said to have refused th.e crown of En gland more from fear of others than from any other motive. But there have been many men since Cromwell who have refused to wear a monarch’s crown. Thirty-five years ago, when the throne of Greece was vacant, more than one great English statesman hiight have ruled over the destinies of that classic country, but the difficulties in the way were formid able. Mr. Gladstone's name was freely mentioned in connection with the crown of Greece, though, as Mr. Glad stone was a member of the government at the time, the proposal never .took definite shape. The late Lord Derby, however, who had strong sympathies with Greece, was offered the crown and refused it, throwing away £50,000 a year and a kingdom. It was not the first time a man had declined to sit on the throne of Greece—Prince Leopold, the father of the present King of the Belgians, having refused the cTbwu when Greece was declared a kingdom, In 1830. Prince Leopold’s reason for refusing the crown was That the boundaries of the country were insufficient, the exclusion of Crete especially influencing his decision. One of Queen Victoria’s sons, the Duke of Edinburgh, has also been of fered the Grecian crown. He was ap pealed to in the 'OO3, at the time Lord Derby declined the crown, but was compelled to refuse the office, owing to the attitude of the powers, who strong ly declared their opposition to Prince Alfred being crowned King of the Greeks. The tin-one was then offered to the present King, on whose behalf it was accepted by his father, the King of Denmark. The crown of Austria-Hungary was refused in the middle of the century by the Archduke Franz Karl, the father of the present Emperor. King Ferdi nand I. abdicated in December, • J 848, the throne then descending in the or dinary course to Archduke Franz Karl. The Archduke, however, declined the crown, which he banded over to his son, who still wears it. Another crown which has been more than once refused is the crown of liou mania. When Koumania was declared a kingdom it was settled that the throne should descend to Prince Leo pold, the eldest brother of the then reigning King. The Prince, however, voluntarily yielded his rights to the crown in favor of Lis son, Prince Wil helm, the renunciation being registered in the Senate in October, 1880. Prince Wilhelm remained heir apparent for eight years, but toward the end of 18SS he formally refused to accept the crown, and his brother became heir ap parent, being now Prince of Koumania. The Prince has since married Princess Marie, a granddaughter of Queen Vic toria. Not many years ago a nephew of the great Napoleon died in exile, after re fusing a crown. Prince Napoleon, niok narned “Plou-Plon,” sou of a brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, was invited to sit on the throne of Koumania as the first King of that country, but he de clined the offer, believing at the time that he might ascend the throne of France. So the bird in the hand flew away, and the bird in the bush was never caught. The man who had hoped to be crowned King of France died out of that country in solitary ex ile. He had sacrificed one crown In the hope of reeciving another, and lost both. Early in the present century Ferdi nand VII. renounced the crown of Spain in favor of his father, who again refused it in favor of Napoleon. The great conqueror had to face a nation in arms, however, and never took the throne. The story of Lord Beaeonsfield’s gold en crown provides us with another in stance, though there was no throne with this strange crown. The man 1h whose brain the idea of crowning Lord Beaconsfieid originated is now dead, but as long as he lived he never recov ered from the blow of Lord Beaeons field’s refusal of this tribute. Tracy Turnerelli received subscriptions from 50,000 people toward his gold laurel wreath, but in .Tune, 1879, when he for mally offered the crown to his idol, it was refused.—-Philadelphia Times. About Paderewski. That superb pianist, Ignace Jan Pad erewski, who has had the honor of playing before the Queen, owns one of the most beautiful homes In the world at Rlond Bosson, on the borders of the lake of Geneva in Switzerland. As he says, it is too beautiful for work, but, none the less, It was here he com posed and orchestrated the greater por tion of bis opera, which is to be pro duced at Dresden. By birth he Is a Russian-Pole, having first seen the light of day at Podolla on Nov. 6, 1890. After studying at Warsaw and Berlin he liecame a music teacher, and in ISB4 be decided on his life career as a virtuoso. He first went to London in May. 1890, when he played at St. James’ Hall. Fruit Kept from Apprentices. In the sixteenth century there was a curious law in England, whereby street hawkers were forbidden to sell plums and apples, for the reason that servants and apprentices were unable to resist the sight of them and were, consequent ly. tempted to steal their employers’ money in order to enjoy the costly deli cacies. Number of Persons in Schools. The entire number of pupils in all .(me Van schools last year was 16,687,- 043. \here are 101.058 in the universi ties arid colleges. 54.231 in schools of lam medicine and fneology. 07,538 in normal schools, 70,850 In business sclr ols, 97.737 In kindergartens. Teacup Valued at S6OO. Among the exhibits at the Paris ex position is a set of teacups the cheap est of fshich is valued at S6OO. 4 ... i5 “all very well to say that a wom an should curl her hair, and try tc en tertain her husband in the evenings, but who would put the children to bed ? After a girl passes 25, she ages so rapidly that you can see a difference every time she comes down town. Many are willing to give advice, but *ow are willing to tend assistance. MUTINY IN A PRISON. FtlipiiiM Make aa Attack on Amcri can Guards*. Manila newspapers received at the War Department give details of a des perate mutiny among the native prison-, ers in Bilibid prison, which resulted in the death of four aud the wounding of fifteen of them. The report states that the outbreak came without the slightest warning. The commandant and other officials of the prison were going about their duties on. July 1G last, when a Filipino, serving a life term, assumed a crouching atti tude and began to creep up behind the native foreman, giving utterance to a low growl like a wild beast. The effect was electrical on the other convicts. In an instaru mutt.riug had grown to a wild roar, and every prisoner was mak ing for the keepers with murder in his eye. The senior captain of the native guard, when he commanded the little motr-to disperse, was slashed across the back of the heed with a bolo. Then the infuri ated men started for the gateway of the prison to overpower the guard and es cape. They were met by Maj. Rogers, the commandant, and a small portion of the guard, who fired a volley into the ranks of the mutineers. Three men fell, and this seemed to check the prisoners for an instant, but their leader, a Filipino of the most des perate type, urged them ou. Though al ready wounded by the first fire, his spirit was unbroken, and fear times the titles spoke before he fell. Then, like rats in a trap, the prisoners tried first one gateway and then another, and probably would have overpowered the small guard and made their escape had not American prisoners themselves come to the rescue and helped to capture the fugitives. - A few more volleys from their re-enforced pursuers, and the prisoners scurried to their quartets in abject terror The following cable dispatch has been received at the War Department from Gen. MacArthur: “Manila—Details outbreak Bohol de veloped Pedro Samson, commandant po lice, left Tagbilarien, ostensibly inspect police various towns. This he did until heard from in Cannon, with followers threatening attack garrison at Übay. Two detachments ordered Carmen, found town peaceful. No trace of insurrec tion. Detachment twenty-seven men un der First Lieut. Leback, Aug. 31, were attacked near Carmen by 120 bolo men; latter nearly annihilated, over 100 killed. Our loss as previously reported. Move ment in interior now in progress. "MaeAKTHUK.” The Secretary of War has instructed Gen. Shafter, commanding the Depart ment of California, to discharge all vol unteers in San Francisco. About 400 are now there, having been sent home from Manila, sick or wounded, most of them being convalescent. Ail such will be discharged, their service being no longer required. This course will be fal lowed until the volunteer regiments 41 turn for final discharge. Gen. MacArthur has been instructed to forward all sick volunteers whom the medical officers report are unable to travel, or who will be benefited thereby. These convalescents, when they reach San Francisco, will in' discharged at once, others will be sent to hospitals for treatment, and will be discharged as as cured. NEAR TO THE POLE. Duke of Abruzzi’s Expedition Beats Record Mude by Nansen. The Duke of Abruzzi reached Chris tiania Friday on his return from his ex pedition to the north pole. Lie heat Nan sen’s record and gained a point nearer tlie pole than was ever reached before. The losing of his vessel, the St 41a Po laris, shows that after eleven months in the polar ice she drifted to 80 degrees 33 minutes. Nansen’s record was lati tude 80 degrees 14 minutes. One side of the vessel had been crushed in the ice, and it was with difficulty that she was prevented from sinking Food became very scarce and sonic of the dogs had to be eaten. A Norwegian machinist and two Italians died. The rest of the party suffered comparatively little. Members of the*expedition report that the Stella Polaris was pushed by the ice on to land. Her hold filled with water, and she leaked after repairs had been effected. The expedition erected a tent, in which they lived. They suffered from the cold. The principal expedition, sent out under Captain Cagni, was gone 104 days. It reached latitude 80.33. Captain Cagni left cairns to commemorate those who perished. The scientific results were satisfactory. The expedition in going nortli visited the hut built by Nansen on Franz Josef island. On their return the Stella Po laris lay for eleven months in the ice in latitude 82, and-everybody lived on dog flesh for ten days. Scalpers are causing officers of the east-bound roads from Chicago cooaider able trouble with expired Grand Army tickets. District Passenger and Freight Agent Palmer of the Illinois Central in Evans ville, Ind.. has resigned and the office lias been abolished. The Burlington delivered 24 per cent of the aggregate freight received in Chicago last week, and the Illinois Central and Hock Island 14 per cent each. Trunk lines at. their conference in New York with the iron and steel interests of Pittsburg refused to change the rate, which is now 18 cents per 100 pounds. Coal Dills of twelve important roads for the first half of the current year were $2,58*>,000 in excess of those of the same period last year, an iucrease of 30 per cent. Twenty-five hundred ears a day are now being bandied by the Santa Fe road. This is an increase of 2W cars a day over those handled by the same road this time last year. The Alton also is increasing its traffic greatly. It is-pushing its coal traffic and is reaching out for live stock and general traffic in a way that is causing its com petitors much anxjety. Gross earnings of the Chicago Great Western road (“Maple Leaf Itoute”) for the fourth week of August show an in crease of $1,270.16 over the correspond ing week of last year. Within a short time anew system of lighting passenger coaehes by electricity generated from the axles of the cars will |e introduced on the Santa Fe system. Twenty-five of the cars will be experi mented upon for a few mouths, and if satisfactory results are obtained the sys tem will lie extended to include all of the passenger ears on the road. The annual export of the Chicago, Mil waukee and St. Paul road has been iy sued. Compared with the preceding year, gro<*s earnings increased $3,574,069. and operating expenses increased $4,458,000. Freight earnings for the year increased ar. 1 passenger earnings in creased $5*10,502. Ik-fore Nov. 15 the Banta Fe will have spent about $1.000,000 for new equip ment. The equipment will consist of twenty passenger engine*, each to cost $14,000; fourteen dining cars, each to coat something more than $14,000; 500 refrigerator ears, each to cost SBBO, and two eo®po*e cars, which will coat more than $15,000. New York—Aside from the natural hesitation induced by the political cam paign, general trade conditions are all that could be reasonably expected. There has been some improvement in the last few weeks. Many of the closest students of the situat ; on were a short time ago inclined to believe that the fiscal year which ended June 30 last, had probably seen the culminating point of the present onward movement of general trade, but if the showing which has been made by the first two months of th-; current year counts for anything, there is reuser ,o believe that even the extraordinary rec ord of 1890-11)00 is ibAut to be eclipsed. The stock markets have been somewhat more active this Week, nut otherwise tbs speculative situation has shown, little change. The market is still under the control of professionals, ami promises to continue so for a few weeks to come. Chicago—Speculation in wheat has been of moderate dimensions since a week ago. The market began with a de clining tendency, and, continuing to dis play a preference for lower prices, clos ed Saturday at a doe]lot of nearly 2 cents a bushel as compared with its value the close of the previous week. Heavy stocks in sight, and a rate ->f d* liveries from farmers greater than cur rent requirements were the prime rea sons for the loss in value. The demand from abroad was on a liberal scale, but not sufficiently so to overcome the effect of the large receipts. There are several points in the present situation, as it is understood by a considerable number of the most experienced traders in the mar ket, that are expected to develop condi tions of great strength. So far the cor rectness of the theories upon which such expeetat ous are base*! have lacked th confirmation of developed fact, and th followers of those holding the opinions of crop shortage are deserting gradually to the other side. Asa result the burden of holding up the market has been left to a comparatively few lias become all the more onerous on that account. The question of a 500,000,000-bushel crop, or one of 550,000,000 bushels is still open and likely to remain unsettle*! for some time longer, with the rate of re ceipts meantime telling in favor of those holding the more liberal estimate'of the year’s production. The fine promise of the growing crop of corn and the likelihood of its being tit for use at an earlier date than usual lias weakeiyd the position of the hulls who have been expecting something in the na ture of a squeeze to develop naturally from scarcity of old corn before the new would be in condition for shipment. In the cirflamstauces the market has been found by the bulls rather difficult to sup port, even for fliis and the following months’ deliveries. Notwithstanding the most patient and persistent efforts, the prices of September and October corn were both somewhat lower Saturday than was the case a week ago. HORSES PROTECTED FROM HEAT Many Devices Devised to Protect Them from the Sun’s Rays. St. Louis horse owners and drivers have been taking no chances with Ihe heat, says the Chronicle. A large number of horses are supplied with a head shade or umbrella manufactured by local awn ing companies. The shades are various shapes of canvas stretched on wire frame work and supported by wire standards, which attach to the headgear of the bri dle. There is no denying, so horsemen claim, that the protection from the rays KEEPING OFF THE SL’N. of heat thus afforded the animal saves many from prostration and death. Many farmers coming into the city al most daily, have improvised umbrellas for their horses with old stray “jimmies.’' Holes are punched in either side of the hats for the animal’s, oars to protrude through, and they are' ns serviceable as the manufactured variety, M’KINLEY’S LETTER. Discusses All Issues, but Imperialism in Particular. President McKinley’/* fmmnl accept ance of his renominutioo oy the Repub lican national convention is no v in the hands of Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, chairman of the notification committee. The letter is ning newspaper columns in length, and the money question, the trust problem, the tariff, the gold reserve, the Isthmian canal, and the merit system are discussed in turn. The question of imperialism is the last issue discussed by the President. Al though placed ns last In importance among the issues now before the people, President McKinley devotes more spaee to the subject than for all the others com- The policy of the administration in -Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippines > defended at great leng h. On the charge of ‘‘imperialism’’ the President declares that the opponents of the admin istration have failed to bring evidence to support their allegation. Telegraphic Brcvitic-a. Sheriff John Strieker. Oakland. Ca!., killed William Storm. Says it was an accident. Fireman C. O. Mesorve and Wm. Ilef ferman, Biddeford, Me., were killed by a boiler exploding. Every steamer that leaves Japan for America carried from 2<JO to 700 Jap anese immigrants. A burglar stole SOOO from a resident of St. Paul. The next day he returned tbat sum and $250 to boot. The people of Lincoln, Neb,, boast of having the largest creamery in the world. 11 capacity i 30,000 pounds of butter a day. O oniric* Silverman, IC, Houston, Texas, poured kerosene on the fire. She's dead and her mother lost her two arms. Knickerbocker Telephone Company, New York, has secured a mortgage of $5,000,000 and will invade Brooklyn. A London paper says two cases of bu bonic plague are being treated in a ho#- pital there. Hospital officials deny ?t. Every indication points to the fact that the cotton crop will be short, as com pared with iut ■:,*<,n. The figures show that a crop of 0,500.000 bales will be about what the commissioners of agricul ture of tbs Southern State* will dedam is in sight.