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"* you whose every word a;ui deed and thought Ring true and honest as tbrice-t.e'-aed gold. ■' ‘S'he tale of my shortcomings I have brought— Sow you have given the pardon I be sought, Forgive the little sins I have not told! T'fce foolish, petty faults I scarce can name; So mean and paltry are they that I fear ■Eou would not think them worth a word of blame. You would but pity and despise them, dear, And since I love you so in woman’s wise. Nor am from woman’s curse of pride exempt, t would far rather read within your eyes Hatred,- my best-beloved, than con tempt! Wherefore, to you, whose every deed and thought Are crystal clear—you, whom I love too well— " The tale of my shortcomings I have brought. And you have given the pardon I be sought, Forgive the little sins I cannot tell! —Smart Set. SAVED BY A CONFEDERATE. HERE had been a daring case of *J| burglary at a farmhouse in Ches hire. Three men had tied down and gagged the farmer and his two jiiaid servants, and had rifled the house at their leisure. *There were two clews. In the strug gle one of the men had left a button from his coat behind, and he had also had Ids fact* so severely scratched by ore of the maids that the girl said “she was sure she had left her mark upon him.” Weeks passed without any arrest be ing made, and people began to forget the burglary, until one day a man was arrested at Liverpool. He had with him a bundle eoiitaining some of the plunder of the farmhouse. His face bore traces of scratching, and, to clinch the matter, his coat wanted a button, And the buttons on it corresponded ex actly with that picked up at the scene of the burglary. His defense was very flimsy. ‘‘He lenew nothing about the burglary, but bad bougut the coat and things very •cheap off a man iu the street.” He ac counted for the scratches by saying •that he was a sa-ilor. and had in that capacity much rough work to do. There was uo defense; the jury found a verdict of •guilty” without leaving the box, and the prisoner was asked if 2te had anything to say. “Well, cap’n,” he said, “it’s hard to s>e convicted for notli’n’. I know no more of this burglary than a baby; when it happened I was fightiu’ the lavers on the Gold Coast.” There was something iu the man’s manner that Impressed the judge, so he *aid, not unkindly: "But surely, prisoner, if your story is true, you must have friends and com rades with whom you could have com municated? It is too kite now.” “iou’s right, cap'n; it's too late. 1 couldn't communicate with them any -siow, for I don't know where they are. TANARUS::. y-may be iu America, or they may •oe at the Cape.” “But,” urged tlio judge, ‘the court bus no wish to convict u mjn who may "at* innocent. Is there no one who could epeak for you?” The prisoner looked in a hopeless sort of way round the court. * No.” In* began: but just then his eye lighted on a man in tin* court. “Yes.” he added, pointing to him. "there is a gentleman who might speak for me if he would.” The judge looked in tho •direction of the individual pointed at. "Do you know the prisoner?” he asked. No, my lord.” was the reply. "I cover saw him before in my life.” "Well, Captain Sharpe.” said the prisoner, "I know you well enough.” “Is your name Captain Sharpe?” asked the judge. “Yes. my lord,” came the .reply. “Well, the prisoner seems to recog nize you. so I will ask you to step into the witness box and be sworn, that he may ask you questions.” The captain went into the box, and the following dialogue ensued: "Are you Captain Sharpe of the war •ihip Vulture?” asked the prisoner. "Yes.” "Were you in command of her on the 6,-ave coast this spring?” “I was.” "And wasn't I one of the crow?” "Most certainly not.” "But. cap'n, don't you remember the clave ship that you boarded?" "Yes.” * And you yourself led the boarders?" “Oh, yes; but all that is nothing—you may easily have heard of or read all about that.” "Weil, but cap'n. once more—don't you remember the big black slaver who was almost cutting you down? Don’t you remember the one man who stood between you and death, and what he got for it? Don’t you remember that?” And. brushing back his hair, the pris oner showed a great scar down one side of his head. The whole court looked o*i breath less as the captain stared at the scar and at tlie man till his eyes seemed ming from his head. At length, as if in a dream, he muttered to himself: “Good heavens, is it possible?" Then slowly and deliberately he got out of the witness box and clambered lit: > the dock, where he seized the pris oner’s hand. and. turning to the judge, *aid: "Mv lord, this was the tvs: man ;u my crew and lie saved my life. Prov- Mence has sent me here to. save him. lie is so changed by illness that 1 could net recognize Mm. Bu: there is no •stake now. If you imprison the old •o -un of the Vulture you must take the captain with him.” i • id cheers and sobs that no one v .n 1 to suppress the judge briefly di t to ! the jury to reconsider their ver dict. which they at once did. hading a unanimous "Not guilty.” As they left the town Captain Sharpe might have been heard addressing lus companion somewhat as follows: "Well, old man. we pulled through that business pretty well. I think. It was a near shave, though.” “Captain Sharpe" was nothing less than, a confederate, ami he had as sumed the part of captain to save his companion in crime.—Loudon Evening News. MISS ALTA ROCKEFELLER. tier Hearing Restore 1, She Will Soon Be Married Miss Alta Rockefeller, daughter of John D. Rockefeller, the mulri-milltoa aire oil king, returned from Europe to be married to E. Parmelee Prentice of m me/ mom Ctfj OW that the world has begun another century, every one is interested in l)N[ the calendar, some people wondering why 11)00 was not a leap year, while viV> others are eager to pummel one another over the “beginning of the cen tury” problem. Our calendar is a puzzling affair and has battled some very wise men since days began to be reckoned by years and years by centuries. The earth is really to blame. If it were oniy considerate enough to travel around the sun in exactly 3Do days we would have little trouble in adjusting our reckon ing. The whirling globe takes no account of days, however, but runs around its big elliptical track by a schedule of its own. , This schedule presents a problem in fractions that has given wise men no end of trouble. Julius Caesar was first to make an attempt at solving it in 46 B. C., and he blundered woefully. His calendar—called the Julian—was made upon the theory that the earth went aronnd the sun in exactly 365 days and 6 hours. So he made his years 365 days long, adding the odd hours and sticking a leap year each foifrth year. But the true solar year consists of 3(53 days ;* hours 48 minutes and 43% seconds. In the course of time Caesar’s calendar ran ahead of the earth, for it was gaining a whole day every 128 years. In 323 A. D. it had gained four days, and the beginning of spring—which astronomers call the vernal equinox—had receded to March 21, though in Caesar's time it had arrived March 23. This was a serious matter, and the wise men of that particular year called a council to look into it —the council'of Nice. Since the globe would not run according to their schedule they decided to humor it a little by altering the latter, so the beginning of spring was changed to March 21. It was a short-sighted makeshift and did not help things greatly, for as time went on the remorseless earth got farther and farther away from their time table. Council after council tinkered at the problem, but no solution was found until Pope Gregory XIII. called, the very wisest of his wise men to Rome in the sixteenth century, and they sat down in council to find a remedy—sat ten full years discussing the puzzle. The slippery vernal equinox had receded to March 11 by this time, and it took a great deal of thinking to find a way of making it keep its place. Finally in 1382 a plan was agreed upon. The truant equinox must be brought back to March 21, and in order to bring it to the date set by the council of Xice ton days must be cut out of the calendar bodily. It was a startling remedy, and some objected to it as a clumsy one, but as no better was forthcoming it was adopted. The ten days were cut out of October of that year, and, to settle the matter to the end of human reckoning, it was agreed that three days should be cut out of every four centuries as well —that each 400th year should be a leap year instead of each 100th. By this plan the error in the present calendar ■ —the Gregorian—will amount to less than a day and a half in 5,000 years. The new schedule was immediately adopted in all Catholic countries, but Great Britain went on according to the Julian calendar until 1752. The ten days had increased to eleven by this time, and as the gap was widening each year parlia ment decided to adopt the new scheme. In September of that year the change was made. People went to bed the night of the second, and, though they slept no longer than usual, they woke up on the morning of the 14th. Thus England’s equinox caught up with Pope Gregory’s, America’s likewise, and the birthdays of Washington and Franklin were changed in a way that has troubled many a schoolboy since. Russia’still clings to the Julian calendar, however, and as a result our Jan. 1 is Dee. 20 in the Czar’s domains. Chicago. The heiress and prospective bride has been in Vienna for some time and there has undergone a remarkable surgical operation. tier hearing was almost gone. To restore it Dr. Muller, a Vienna surgeon, destroyed the old ear drum and anew one was grown, the “hammer and anvil” being separat ed by the insertion of gold plates, thus flr'i, MISS ALTA ROCKEFELLER. allowing the drum to grow. It was a delicate operation and there was grave danger of the brain becoming af fected, but careful treatment remov ed all possibility of any such trouble. Now her hearing has been almost en tirely restored, but she will go back to Vienna after the marriage for further treatment. A HARVARD MAN’S SURRENDER’. Prof. Frye Captured by the Bright ICyes of a Cardenas Maid. All Cuba is talking of a romance in which Alexis Frye, superintendent of Public Instruction in that island, and one of his dark-haired pupils figure. Six months ago the handsome Har vard man, who is wrapped up in the education of the people of the Gem of the Antilles, was heart whole and fancy MARIA TERESA ARBITER ARENA. free. His surrender to the black eyes of Senorita Maria Teresa Arruebarena is complete, and Boston’s professor and author of Frye’s Geography, is to wed the beautiful daughter of Cardenas. She was one of the delegation of teach ers who met him when he sailed into Cardenas last June. The pretty seno rita was among those who were taken to Cambridge to study. Before she left the Cuban Summer School. Prof. Frye ha*l won her heart, and they are to be married. Senorita Arruebarena is the daughter of a once wealthy Cuban of Cardenas. She lias spent considerable time in Cien fuegos. since the Cuban war, in which her family suffered heavy loss, she has been the principal of a school in Car denas. The needs of the school are many. Tlie trustees, while making the most prudent expenditure of the public finances, should see that the work of education is not hampered. Often pet ty economy Is really the greatest ex travagance. Procuring the best there is for the children, and using it under competent direction. Is the greatest economy.—School Interests. Training pupils to read and to love good literature is by far the most Im portant work done in sehooL It is the one thing that continues to contribute to one’s education so long as he lives. It is not the ability to read, but the use made of that ability tnat contrib utes to the destiny of a child. Thomas Edison says his whole life was govern ed by reading a single book. —The Child-Study Monthly. The public school is the place to which we should turn chief attention In our effort to promote a more beautiful public life In America. The school house and the school grounds should lie beautiful, and the child should be surrounded by beauty in the school room from first to last. Trained in the habit of seeing beauty and know ing it, he will come instinctively to hate ugliness in the house and in the street, as he goes out In life.—Journal of Education. The character of the teaching func tion, and especially the teacher’s call ing, must be made the subject of con stant direct appeal to the public. There Is urgent need' of an educational cam paign on the subject of education under its theoretical, practical and historical aspects. The preparation of teachers must be improved by direct efforts to that end. It is an undeniable fact, and a cheering one, that as a rule the better the work the teacher does, the longer his term of service. There can be no doubt that one reason why the tenure of city teachers is longer than country teachers is the fact that, as a class, they represent a much higher grade o£ preparation. The folly of the incessant changes occurring in our corps of teachers must be dealt with directly and effectively, as far as possible. This will conduce to better preparation and to better teaching. It is true, of course, that the teaching body as a whole will undergo, and ought to un dergo, constant changes, since changes are incident to human life and society; but this is no defense of the wretched system that prevails at present.—The Dial. Vienna Losing Its Trade. A special committee of the Stock Ex change of Vienna has just submitted a remarkable report to the Austrian Ministry of Finance, directing atten tion to the steady and alarming de crease in the volume of the business done at the exchauge. This is ascribed in part to the domestic political situa tion. The legislative deadlock has caused stagnation in industry and com merce, whereas in other countries there has been an unprecedented develop ment of trade. The report complains of the effect of anti-capitalist tenden cies. which represent all gains and profits to be ill gotten. The profession of merchant has been denounced, it says, by unprincipled demagogues as disreputable. The authorities are reproached with having encouraged these evils by un due tolerance. In former times every important commercial firm had its rep resentative on the boerse. Now these agents are kept away by the vexatious proceedings of the authorities, who levy a special impost on them. The re port also remonstrates against the un due pressure of direct taxation on joint stock companies. Direct taxation for them amounts to no less than lfl to 115 per cent .of tlmir income, and in some instances to even more. The report di rects attention to the unsatisfactory state of tlie existing laws with regard to litigation resulting from boerse oper ations. The market for railway stock, at one time so flourishing, has been re duced to inconsiderable dimensions, and for this state of affairs also the report, holds tlie government responsi ble. It remarks that almost every en terprise connected with public traffic has a standing difference of some kind with the administrative authorities.— New York Evening Post. How Phrllpot Curran—Got Even. John Phiipot Curran, one of the wit tiest lawyers who ever faced a court, was once arguing a case before Lord Clare, the Irish lord chancellor. Clare cherished a cordial dislike for Curran and. in order to show his contempt for that gentleman, affected to pay no at tention to the argument and devoted himself to fondling a mastiff which he .had brought with him to court. Pres ently he stooped down ostentatiously to pat the dog. Instantly Curran stopped speaking. The lord chancellor looked up and said: "Go on. Mr. Curran.” “I beg your lordship's pardon,” replied Curran: "I thought you were engaged in consultation.” When a man does a good deed, the women never say, "That's just like a man.” and when a woman is wise no man ever cries, "That’s just like a woman.” Any woman can keep an expense ac count. but only about one woman In a hundred can make it tally with her cash. )RIA IS DEAR. > Beloved Queen Passes eacefully Away. IE IN MOUANING Prince of Wales Ascends the Throne as Kin’ Edward VH-j Members of the Royal Family Were at the Bedside When the Final Sum mons Came —Career of the Noble Woman Who Governed the Destinies of More than Three Hundred Mill ion Subjects —Her Reign Was the Longest in the History of the En glish People. Queen Victoria is dead. She passed away Tuesday, surrounded by her physi cians and the members of her family. The Prince of Wales is now King of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of In dia. ’lire Queen's death places him on the throne as her legal successor. He will reign as Ed ward -VII. The Queen died at 6:30 o’clock Tuesday night in Osborne House, at Cowes, Isle of Wight. The end of this career, never equaled by any woman iu the world's history, came in a simply furnished room. This most respected of all women, living or dead, lay in a great four-posted bed and made a shrunken atom whose aged face and figure were a cruel mockery of the fair girl who in 1837 began to rule over England. In scarcely audible words the white-haired bishop of Winchester prayed beside her. With bowed heads the imperious ruler of the German Em pire and the man who is now King of England, the woman who has succeeded to the title of Queen, the princes and princesses, and those of less than royal designation listened to the bishop's cease less prayer. Six o’clock passed. The bishop continued his intercession. At ex actly 6:30 Sir James Reid held up his hand, and the people in the room knew 0(O00CO VICTORIA AT HER CORONATION*. that England had lost her Queen. The bishop pronounced the benediction. The long and beneficent reign of Queen Victoria is at an end. After occupying the throne of England for more than ' sixty-three years the venerable woman j whose name is so closely identified with j England’s greatest era is no more, and | her subjects have awakened with pro-! found sorrow to the consciousness that her rule is over. Not only in Great Brit ain and its dependencies, but throughout the civilized world, the news has been received with a keen sense of the great ness with which she has played her part ngnwftM jizt WINDSOR CASTLE, OFFICIAL RESIDENCE OF THE QUEEN both as woman and as queen. It has been the especial merit of the Queen so to fill the functions of rulership as to exer cise a .positive influence. By precept and example, by her eminent qualities of good sense and kindliness, by her strength of character and her love of peace, shejias done much to make the na tion great and to secure the advancement of the world at large. , It is a noteworthy fact thstt changing conditions since she was crown ed in 1837 have tended to reduce greatly the specific powers of sovereignty she has accepted the natural trend of events with equanimity, steadily gaining in es teem and affection as the years passed. Never has she been more sincerely re vered and loved than during the decade just closed: never has the quiet force of her influence been more generally recog nized. The whole period embraced in the Victorian era has been the period of Great Britain's greatest imperial devel opment. The statesmen who wefe her advisers when She came to the throne, a girl of IS. seem now to iiave belonged to an entirely different epoch, so great has been the change in the political world and in the currents and tendencies of in tellectual life. In all this process of growth \ ictoria has exercised a whole some, if passive, influence. She has met new burdens and honors with dignity; she has kept before the British public high ideals of principle and conduct: and if the political growth and material pros perity of England are not directly trace able to her. her essential goodness and her well-poised character have at least done much to maintain the sentiments of confidence and patriotism which tend most to make for a nation's happiness. It has boon entirely in keeping with Victoria's character that she shouid have been a consistent friend of peace. It can never be forgotten by Americans that her influence saved the United Mates at a critical time from a serious break with England. With a ministry which, like most of the cabinets of Europe, was op enly antagonistic to the North. Victoria stood almost alone in befriending this government. It was her own peremptory protest that prevented her prime minis ter from taking the step which might have precipitated war. It was in such occurrences as th< >• that Victoria disclos ed the moral courage and the determina tion with which -he was capable of act ing when she deemed action necessary, and 5: is the possession of those attri butes. no doubt, to which in large degree is due her unique position among the rul ers of the world. No monarch in Europe, probably, is more hedged around with limitations than the ruler of England, yet no sovereign now living can command either the unquestioning confidence or the respect which has been freely accorded to Victoria. The change of rulers necessitated by the death of the Queen comes at a time when tis„* empire is beset with dangers and difficulties. After an era which is ALEXANDRIA VICTORIA. ■ ■ destined to be as distinctive in British history as the era of Elizabeth, it was Victoria’s fate to see the British empire embarrassed by war and apparently los ing its primacy among the nations of the earth. Whether it has not actually pass ed the climax of its greatness and is now on the point of a retrograde move ment is a question yet to be determined. The circumstances under which Albert Edward assumes the sovereign power as ing Edward VII. are therefore peculiarly trying, but thoughtful observers will he slow to conclude that as king he will fail to satisfy the needs and expecta tions of the British people. However England may have looked upon its heir apparent twenty years ago, in the recent years during which he has been called upon to perform most of the public and ceremonial functions of the monarch, act ing as Victoria’s representative, he has shown dignity and discretion. His reign in all probability will be comparatively brief, but there is good reason to believe that he will be guided by safe and sober conservatism and will be a popular mon arch. If tho present threatened change in Great Britain’s political and commercial status is going to make new plans and policies necessary, moreover, he will have an advantage in the fact that he is not too old to become reconciled to changes or to help in putting them into effect. At the outset of his reign he will find on every hand impressive illustrations of the power and usefulness of the British sovereign who rules as Victoria ruled— with honesty of purpose, largeness of heart and an unwavering love of her subjects. When the young man of twenty was born, Victoria was reigning. When his father was born, Victoria wrs reigning. When his grandfather was a boy Victoria was reigning. The reign of Victoria has gone on, from generation to generation, until it has seemed part of the order of nature. The British Empire without the Queen will not seem tho same. The sol diers in South Africa will hardly feel the inspiration in fighting for King Edward VII. that they have felt in the thought that they were fighting for the Queen. "God Save the Queen” has brought mois ture to the eyes of three generations of Englishmen. It will be hard at first to twist the tongue to singing "God Save the King.” Nobody will ever speak of “Victoria the Great,” but her virtues have given her a light to a better title—“ Victoria the Well-Beloved.” And in earning that name she has rendered the best possible service to the English monarchy. In a stronger grasp the frail scepter might have snapped—her soft hand held it safe, and passed it on unharmed to her suc cessor. Victoria saw England become in all es sentials a republic. It was because the monarch had ceased to govern that she continued to reign, and that her people watched at her deathbed with a sorrow as keen as if a personal bereavement were impending over every family For a fortnight before Sir Francis Taking, without the Knowledge of the public, had been assisting Sir .Tames Reid at Osborne, and later Sir Douglas Pow ell, the famous heart and lung specialist, was summoned owing to two attacks of heart failure. Albert Edward is very far from being a strong or robust man, despite his ap pearance. He is a sufferer from heart disease to such an extent that when he had to submit to two very painful opera tions a couple of years ago in connection with his broken knee cap his doctors were afraid to administer any anesthet ics lest he should succumb to the influ ence and pass away. After the death of h ; .s eldest son he became subject to mel ancholia. culminating in physical as well as nervous prostration so serious as to give very grave cause for alarm. DESCENDANTS OF VICTORIA. Seventy - three Children, Grandchil dren and Great-Grandchildren. When Queen Victoria came to the throne in ISI7 the royal family of Eng land had dwindled to meager propor tions, the direct line of succession la in- centered in one gir! of 18. Victoria. To-day her children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren living number seTen ty-three, y?nd the Queen lived to see the third generation of her direct heirs to the British crown. Among her . - mdsons and grandsons-in-law- are a reigffing Czar, an Emperor, and a Grand Duke. Her eldest daughter is Empress I, .wr.g-r of Germany, and her descendants wiii in time wear the crowns of Greece and liou mania. From the union of Victoria of England with Albert of Saxe-Cohurg in 1840 have sprung nine children, forty grandchildren and thirty-five great-grand* Lildren. Death has removed eleven of these— two sons and one daughter, one granddaughter and seven grandsons. Marriage brought her majesty nine daughters ami sons-in-law. Three of the latter have died, while thir teen of the fourteen grandsons anti granddaughters-in-law survive. PROCLAMATION OF SUCCtSSION. Tl'< proclamation o£ the death of Queen Victoria and the succession of King Ed ward was issued immediately upon the Queen’s death by the premier, Lord Sal isbury, and the Archbishop of Canter bury with the sanction of the privy coun cil. It was then made public through out the realm throu :4i the lord mayors, the lord lieutenants c? counties, etc. The proclamation reads: Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God to call to his,mercy our late sov ereign lady. Queen Victoria, of blessed and glorious memory, by whose decease the imperial crown of the United Kingdom of Great .Britain and Ireland is solely and rightfully come to the high and mighty l’rince Albert Edward. We therefore, the Lords spiritual and temporal of this realm, being here with chose of her late Majesty’s Privy Council, with numbers of oth er principal gentlemen of quality, with the Lord Mayor, Aldermen and citizens of Loudon, do now hereby with one voice and consent of tongue and heart publish and proclaim that the high and mighty Prince Albert Edward is now by the dc.'h of our late sovereign of happy me aory be come our only lawful and rightful liege Lord Edward by grace of God King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, defender of the faith, to whom we do acknowledge all faith and constant obedience, with all hearty and humble affection, beseeching God, by whom Kings and Queens do reign, to bless bur royal King Edward with long and happy years to reign over us. THRONE NEVER VACANT. Prince of Wales Becomes Kins of En gland Immediately. The theory of the English constitution is that <the throne of Great Britain is never vacant. In other words, the sov ereign never dies, the succession of an heir being instantaneous. Hence, as De brett explains it, tin ceremony of corona tion is merely a solenxu recognition and confirmation of royal descent and the con sequent right of accession to the throne, and is unnecessary for the security of the title to the crown. It is customary ou the death of the sovereign for the Arch bishop of Canterbury and the prime min ister to notify the heir apparent of his accession, though even this is technically superfluous. The death if the sovereign brings the existing.government to an end. The pre mier resigns and Parliament is immedi ately dissolved. A general election is or dered and the sovereign requests the min isters to retain their portfolios pending the result of the election. The corona tion is usually deferred for some months. Queen Victoria was crowned a year and some days after her accession. EFFORTS TO KILL VICTORIA. Seven Attempts Have Been Made on the Life of the Queen. No fewer than seven attempts have been made upon her majesty’s# life, but with the exception of a slight wound on her cheek she escaped scathless from all those attacks. Two years afterward, as the Queen and Prince Albert were driving home from church the Prince Consort saw a man present a pistol and fire point blai.ik at her majesty. The weapon fortunately missed fire. The next day the same man again fired at the Queen. This time he was captured, and sentenced to death, but by royal command his sentence was commuted to transportation for life. The same day the royal clemency was made known a deformed lad named Bean at tempted to take her majesty’s life. Seven years afterward a man named Hamilton fired at the Queen, and the next year an ex-captain of hussars named Pate cut open her majesty’s face with a blow from a stick. In 1872 a lad named O'Connor was pre vented from firing at the Queen by a EIGHT DECADES OF QUEEN VICTORIA. IXIKM. IN ISIS. IXIBSI. IN J£€2. ix tsri. ix i*B7. ix lN'd. jax. i. woi. gendarme. and ten years later a man named Maclean fired at her majesty as she was entering her carriage at Wind sor station. TELES NATION’S GKILF. McKinley Cables to King Edward that Americans Join in Mourning. President McKinley sent the following message of condolence to King Edward VII.: "His Majesty the King. Osborne House. Isle of Might—l hsu recrire-1 with profound sorrow the lamentable tid ings of the death of her Majesty the Queen- Allow me, sir. to offer my sin cere sympathy and that of the American people in your personal bereavement, and in the loss Great Britain has suffered in the death of its venerable and illustrious sovereign, whose noble life and beneficent influence have promoted the peace and won the affection of the world. “WILLIAM M'KINLEY." CHRONOLOGY Oh THE QUEEN’S LIFE. IS IP, May 2-I—Bora at Kensington Palace, London. 1820, Jau. 23—Duke of Kent died. 1537, June 20 —\\ t.liam IV., King of Eng land, uncie ot Victoria, died. 1537, June 2S—Coronation of Queen Victo ria, in Westminster Abbey. 1537, Nov. 2t)-Queen opened her first Par liament. ISO 9, Oct. 15—Queen proposed marriage to Prince Consort. 1840, Feb. lb—Manied to Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg Gotha. 1840, Not. 21—Birih o' VictOila Adelaide, Princess Royal. 1541, Nov. a— Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, born. 1542, Sept. I—Queen’s first visit to Scot land. 1546, June 26—Corn law repealed. 1848, Xev. 24—Lord Melbourne, Queen's first Prime Minister, died. 1854, Feb. 28—Declaration of war against Russia. 1859, May 3 Thanksgiving for suppression of Indian mutiny. 1861—Duchess of Kent. Queen’s mother, died. 1861, Dee. 14—Prince Consort died. 1863, March 10—Prince of Wales married Princess Alexandra. 1868. Jan. 28—Queen's first book published. 1872, Fell. 29—Queen shot at by Arthur O’Couuor. 1576. May I—Proclaimed Empress of India. 1883, March 27—John Brown, the Queen's faithful servant, died. JBS7, .Tune 24—Celebration of the Queen's golden jubilee. 1892, Jau. 2—Duke of Clarence and Avon dale died. 1893, July 6—Duke of York married to the Princess May. 1894, May 21—Inaugurated Manchester Ship Canal. 1596, Sept. 23—Reign exceeded the length of any other English sovereign's. 1897, June 24—Celebration -of diamond jubilee. ISB9, Oct. 12—War declared in South Africa. 1900, May 24—Celebrated eighty-first birth day. • 1900. May 30—Pretoria capitulated 1901, Jan. £2—Queen Victoria died. VICTORIA’S LAST DAYS. The Queen’s Health Had Been Failing: for Months, According to a London correspondent, Queen Victoria’s constitution manifest ed the first symptoms of serious decay during the stay of the court at Windsor in November and December, 1800, when the evil tidings from the South African war came in rapid succession. Gen. Buller, before leaving, had assured the Queen that the campaign would be “dif ficult, but not dangerous.” So' the news of reverses came upon her with added severity. She never forgave Gen. Bul ler, and when his name was submitted for a command to visit Windsor after his return from the war she stroked it through with her pen. At this time the Queen first had fits of crying, which in an aggravated form pre ceded her present critical illness. Tier excitement over her Irish visit seemed to revive her, but before the visit ended a reaction set in. The public, however, were hoodwinked by accounts of her al- NEW KING AND QUEEN OF ENGLAND. leged replies to addresses and other evi dence of mental activity, when in reality the Queen lived as in a dream. For in stance, she was reported to have made an animated reply to an address present ed to her at Mount Anvil Convent, in Dublin, whereas all she said was a daz ed inquiry: “M’liere am IV” Her spirits revived in her highland home under the influence of Earl Rob erts' achievements, but the death of Prince Christian Victor, the hopeless re ports concerning Empress Frederick, and the prospect of an indefinite prolongation of the war, constituted a trial under which in November her health began to suffer. Still her spilt remained un daunted, and when it was reported Presi dent Kruger said the war would claim her as one of its victims the Queen de clared: "I may die, but Mr. Kruger won’t kill me.” December's feebleness rapidly increas ed. Her sleepless nights passed in pray ers and tears caused profound anxiety to her entourage. She lost her appetite and began to shrivel away, presenting for the first time all the characteristics of senile decay. It always has been a source of wonder to her physicians that with her great appetite and physique she had escaped an apoplectic stroke, but about this time a falling away of the left side, a loss of power in the left arm and leg, caused apprehension of approaching paralysis. So alarming was her condition begin ning in December that the royal family was precluded from going on the conti nent. The change to Osborne did not work the benefit anticipated, as the war news and the illness of Empress Freder ick became an obsession with the Queen, who suffered with increasing frequency from depression and crying. She was constantly referring to the death of the Duke of Saxe-Colntrg and expressed a wish to see the duchess, who accordingly was brought to Osborne, but the first in terview with the duchess left the Queen prostrated with grief. The last drive she had was with the duchess as a compan ion. On her return in the carriage the Queen was asleep, in which condition she was taken to bed, from which she did not afterward arise. Longest Reign in H'story. The Queen is the oldest monarch who has occupied the English throne, and has reigned for a longer period than any of her predecessors. The longest reigns in English history have been: Victoria reigned sixty-three years, liv ed eighty-two years. George 111. reigned fifty-nine years, liv ed eighty-two years. Henry 111. reigned fifty-sis years, lived sixty-five years. Edward 111. reignel fifty years, lived sixty-five years. Elizabeth reigned forty-five years, lived seventy years. BORN . O BE KING. Queen Victoria’s Eldest Son Educate# for Throne of Knsland. • Albert Edward, the ascendant to the British throne, was born on Nov. 9, 1841. at Buckingham Palace. As the eldest son of the sovereign he became, at tha moment of his birth, the Duke of Corn wall, and before he was 4 weeks old he was created Prince of Wales and llart of Chester by royal patent. As I Mike of Cornwall he became entitled to revenues amounting to £OO,OOO. By right of in heritance the young prince also became Duke of Rothesay and Duke of Suxe-Co burg-Gotha, Prince of Saxony, Karl of Carriek, Earl of Dublin and Baron Ren frew, and lie also lias the title of laird of the Isles. During the first few years of the prince’s life the public did not have any opportunity to see much of him. The FOUR GEXKRATIONS OF ROYALTY. Queen Victoria, Prince of Wales, Duke of York and Prince Edward of York. people, nevertheless, took great interest in the prince. In 1848 the prince '•: intrusted to his first tutor, the Rev. Hen ry Mildred Birch. In the summer of the same year he visited Ireland for the first time, where he was received with great enthusiasm. He made his first official appearance in London on Oct. 30,1849. In 1800 the prince undertook his first extensive voyage. It was decided that he should visit Canada, and return by way of the United States. lie arrived at St. Johns, N. F., on July 24, 1800, and was received with royal honors. The prince crossed to the United States ou the night of Sept. 20, 1800. Though he traveled under the name of Baron Ren frew, his coming was heralded by the press, and everywhere the prince was the subject.of the most intense popular in terest. On Sept. 0, ISG2, (he Prinee of Wales was formally betrothed to Princess Al exandra of Denmark, whom he had seen for the first time on the occasion of his visit in 18lil. The wedding ceremony took place in St. George’s Chapel. Wind sor, on March 10, 1 S<id,. n few weeks af ter lie had taken the oath as a peer of the realm. The pr' ice and his wife es tablished themselves at Sandringham with an income of about £IOO,OOO a year. Their first child. Priuoe Gporgo of Wales, was born in 18(15. Five years after their marriage the prince and the princess paid a visit to Ireland. In 1808, after the birth of the fourth child, the Princess Victoria, the Prince and the Princess of Wales visited the continent together, and later made an extensive tour of the East, including Egypt and Palestine. They returned through Russia. In 1875 the Prince of Wales made his great tour through India, and everywhere he was received with honors. After visiting nil the great cities of India the prince and his party return ed by way of the Suez canal, stopping five days in Egypt. From 1870 to 1887 the prince lived quietly and traveled but little. The silver wedding of the prince and princess on March 10, 1888, was cele brated in a quiet way owing to the death of E’nperor William I. of Germany. In the following year Princess Louise, the oldest daughter of <the Prinee of Wales, was married to the Earl of Fife. On July 0, ISIKS, the marriage of the Duke of York with Princess May of Took was celebrated at the Royal Chapel, St. .Tamos'. The Emperor of Russia and the King ami Queen of Denmark wore present at the ceremony. In 1S!)4 the marriage of Princess Maud of Wales to Prince Charles of Denmark tc-ik place. Some facts concerning his royal high ness are thus scheduled: He says lie has no debts. He loves to travel incognito. He is colonel eight times over. He popularized the Alpine hat. Ilis uniforms are worth $75,000. He is a field marshal and an admiral. He loves to labor for the workingman. He spends $5,000 a year for telegrams. He goes to church every Sunday morn ing. He never allows a typewriter in his house. He has every order of knighthood in Europe. He is said to be one of the best shots in England. He sets (lie fashions in clothes for the whole world. He buys hundreds of theater tickets without using them. lie allows only two knives and forks to each guest at his table. Every minute of bis time in London is spent according to schedule. He is a D. C. L. of Oxford, an LL. D. of Cambridge and a barrister. He is the chief horse owner, dog own er and yachtsman in England. His favorite vehicle in London is a hansom cab, yet his - tables cost $75,000 a year. He has one private secretary, two as sistant secretaries and a staff of clerks to assist them. The princess is very much a woman and has her hobbies and hei- failings as have other women. One of her dear friends once said of her: ‘‘She is sweet, small, pretty, snappy, arrogant and dis agreeable.” Her temper is quick and uncertain and most disagreeable, bnt with all this her friend added, "she is the most lovable woman in the world.” North Carolina, in colonial days, was • ailed the “Old North Colony," and the name, with State instead of colony, has been retained to the present time. It has also been called "Turpentine State,” from the importance of this article in the list of its exports. British war office positively decline* to issue further (lermits for newspaper correspondents in South Africa.