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The room is poor, bare floor and brok en wall, # But through the glass that holds a city scene, A dozen roofs, bright sky and distant green, Come floods of sunshine streaming over all. My gold, a sweet voice says. With rise and fall Of a white hand, great gorgeous flow ers are seen To slowly blossom on a silken screen, From thence a pittance, the embroider er’s all. All? Nay, blue airy breaths to her be long. Amber and rubies that the sunshine yields. On her fair acres none can do her wrong; She reaps with poet, sights a hundred fields; More precious is her dower than wealth of kings. She finds her riches in all common things. Mary F. Butts, in Good Housckccp - -ing. THRILLING STORY OF A LION HUNT, The brown, rugged rocks, devoid of vegetation and heated by centuries of tropical sunshine, breathed forth their concentrated heat upon man and beast. Between the barren foothills stretches of white sand blazed and shimmered, while occasional eddies of furnace-heat ed air came down from above and raised spectral dust spout-, which raced along the desert until lost in the white haze above the irregular line of horri zon. Over all the remorseless sun glit tered and burned—burned as only the midday sun can burn in the inecas of Western Somali Land, writes, in the Chicago later Ocean, Art S. Jennings, engineer for the De Beers Diamond Company. "Son of my honored father!” cried the Somal guide, wiro- usually replen ished his >tock of courage And endur ance ( and egotism) l-y shearing by himself, "this is most -?ljao,. Sahib Jen- ! nig; will we ever reach the bud country j alive?” , ■ “Yes, never’ fear,” ftn-wbred • 1..' ab i though my own supply of h* pe'had been rapidly dimini lyrig. ,‘;As I live. I be- 1 lieve those are the Ka Dig el -Mada! It it is so. we will find fre-h water and green gra-s before to-morrow noon.” She caravan had stopped for a brief . rest on the summit of cne of the nu merous small clevatiorss, anfl.gs I spoke I pointed to the south, where the dim; outlines of two slender peaks were visi- ; ble above the horizon; at the same time 1 I drew the field gla - from' its sheath at my side and raised it to my eyes. V\ hen the powerful lens brought almost : to my very feet the country lying fifty : or more miles distant, I involuntarily ! uttered a cry of joy. “They are the ! Madas, for a ertainty, for I can see the Ura-Nibo (clear water). Juno, we shall soon be out of the desert!” . .".Allah il Allah!" breathed the guide, ! while the remainder of the Sonials 1 faced the sun and offered thankful pray- ; ‘rs to Deliverer for the welcome, newt, fit- n followed a renewed crack-) mg of keddah whips, as the jaded pack I stub saddle animals were urged over the j ground. I he exp., union into the Karma conn- 1 try had ended in dismal failure. Not only had we failed to find the immense ’ deposits of friable ore which the mana- j ger of the I)e Beers Company (John Hays Hammond) had believed were lo- ! cated there, but on the return trip our Somal guide had lost his hearings, and for nearly a week we had wandered \ aimlessly about the semi-desert. F. ur of otir donkeys had died of “shagga” nicknes-, and our supply of water was 1 almost exhausted. -L wo slowly progressed toward the south the soil became more ami m ire fertile, the desert being in time replaced by a rolling, grassy plain, in which the gray sage brush anj scattered cacti gave I place to mesqtiite and "dhero” bushes. Just before sunset we encamped ncur a small wadi, which wa- caused by a per iodica! spring, from which the water oozed in a fitful stream. By scraping a hole in the hard soil we soon had a p >oI of muddy water for the animals, and after a few minutes' work with a filter had cleaned etv ugh for our own use. 1 lie night came on with usual tropi cal swiftness, the gray being re placed by inky darkness. My men had collected enough dry wood to build a camp lire, around which they now sat, cheerfully eating their dates and rice. The starlight •!k iio dimly ui ;ho long necks and misshapen backs oi the cam els. and showed faintly the solitary, white-clad figure of the sentry at he stood at the outskirts of the' camp, crowing ti him.se!t a mournful Mata-. bole song. S.ou they had finished exit ing and we-re stretched at full length ■about tin- tire-, while the silence of the jungle crept over all—a -ilence broken at intervals by the melancholy cry of a jackal or the weird Innvn of a hyena, sounding a- though they were miles and ■tiles away. "1 was rapidly passing into dreamland when, following period of intense si lence. came a far away. deep, moaning sound. While by no means loud or startling, it brought me wide awake ami sitting upright on my cot, my nerves tingied with excitement: it was the awakening roar of a lion! Excited voices from the direction of the camp-fire indicated my men had bea'-J the ominous sound and were wide awake in consequence ; a moment later 1 could hear them piling dry.’ on the slumbering coals The deep, rumbling roar- were repeated at inter vals. apparently growing nearer and dying away in the same moaning note. Finally an interminable time elapsed—a creepy slience. in which the men hud dled about the blaring camp-fire. Sud dnly there was the sound of a brute’s heavy gallop over the sand between the wadi and our camp, a mighty roar, fol lowed by a thud, as a donkey was felled to the ground, while his dying bray rang out p.teousiy on the night air: a slight noise of struggle—a few more stifled brays—apd then silence, followed a mo ment later by the -ound of a heavy body being dragged across the sand. After the first shock of excitement I had grasped my rifle and run toward the men. When the lion began to drag the carca-s of the donkey into the brush I moved instinctively toward the sound, at wh>ch the guide cried quickly. "Ka dabnar, sahib! . bora kahid janwar!" (Have care, sir! Avery dangerous animal) I turned to upbraid them for their cowardice in permitting the lion lo take one of our pack animals before their very eyes, but remembering that the Somal has an inherent fear of the lion. I thought better of i: and returned to my tent, resolving to square accounts with the marauder on the morrow if he could be found. I was awakened at sunrise the follow ing morning, and, rubbing my eyes sleepily, found the darkness and the lion had faded away together, while the wadi was alive .with tile notes of birds and wild fowl. After a hasty breakfast I filled my jacket pocket with cartridges and, accompanied by the Somal guide, Juno (who was an unusually expert tracker and hunter), started on the spoor of the lion. At the end of a tr i!e we came upon the half-eaten carcass Oi the donkey, lying at the edge of a small thicket. A little careful reconnoitering convinced us the lion was not in the im mediate neighborhood, and after a little we found bis trail, leading away from the thicket. It had rained lightly dur ing the early morning, and we found it exceedingly difficult to follow the spoor over the sand, which was covered with a thin growth of grass. When we had followed it for a mile or more, it finally led toward a large thicket, some 200 or more yards in diameter, which was sur rounded with a margin of tall, dry jungle grass. "Lion there, sure, sahib!” whispered the Somal, who had been following the (to me) obliterated spoor with all the caution and skill of a bloodhound. “One | of us must go to the other side, and the | other go on from the front, so he will I not pass through.” "You may go around,” I replied, and i after examining my rifle to make sure : it was in perfect order, I cautiously ap ! proached the thicket. I could at first see no sign of the l lion, and was about to call to the Somal, 1 when I suddenly made out the backs of two large yellow animals, nearly hidden | in the tall grass, and a moment later ; discovered there were two cubs with | them. They wre evidently disturbed, J but were gazing in the direction taken by the Somal, not apparently having no ! ticed me. A moment later a fine lion sprang out in the open, and. seeing me, I les.i than fifty paces distant, gave a low : growl and disappeared into the thick j brush. The other, a lioness, stood look ! ing about, evidently reluctant to leave 1 her cubs. She was watching me closely, I giving me an occasional side view of her teeth as she emitted a kind of whin- I in growl. A lion’s yellow eyes are singularly I impressive, especially if they happen to ! be watching you, some fifty yards dis tant, with only the open, level ground between. They incline one to discretion, and it was with the utmost caution I I approached nearer in order to get with -1 in shooting distance, her eyes following I thy every move as I did so, and watch ! ing intently on my part for the first sign ,o# a coming charge. When I had ar \ rilled to within .perhaps twenty yards, j she turned in the direction of the thick - i et, giving me an excellent view of her side, and aiming at the point of her -houhler. I pressed the trigger. With a loud roar she sprang into the air and seemed to fairly fly back through her lair. I quickly threw in another cart ridge and fired at her side just as she disappeared into the thicket, and a sec ond later heard the roar of the Somal’s elephant gun on the opposite side, fol lowed by the roars of a lion. Hasten ing around. I catne cn the scene just in time to see the old fellow on one knee, in the act of discharging his second bar rel into the'very mouth of the lion, which was charging straight for him. As he fired he sprang quickly to one side, while the beast turned a complete somersault, but was on its feet in an in •tant and stood wavering, evidently too sick to attempt another charge. I was about to fire when it fell over on its side, and after several attempts to regain its feet, dropped back—dead. After making sure It was (Tone for, we re traced our steps to the opposite side of the thicket and cautiously approached the place where the lioness had disap peared. We had not proceeded far when we came upon her, lying across a small poo! of water formed by a feeble spring, breathing her life out. so nearly dead she was unable to rise at our approach A ball between the eye and ear ended her agony, and for a time I stood, lost in admiration- of her graceful propor tions, with the mighty muscles beneath the glossy skin, when my attention wai attracted to the Somal, who was trying to capture the cubs. Although they were very small—not much larger than kittens, in fact—there was much infan tile growling and scratching before he finally succeeded in making them pris oners. When he had at last bundled one under each arm we started for camp, meeting several of my men on the v.ay, who I sent back to remove the pelts from the lions. When we arrived a* camp I fastened the young lions to the center-pole of my tent, intending to try to keep them alive on condensed milk, of which we had a supply.. I final ly induced thm to drink this after di luting it with water and adding a flour made of pounded rice grains, and they were both in good health on my arrival at Johannesburg a month later. I gave them to the wife of the manager of the De Beers Company, who afterwards presented them to the Royal Gardens at Cape Town. Boon Fcr London's Small Boy. Too long has the susccpnble stomach of the London boy been a dumping ground for the microbes of the not-over clean Italian vendor of ices. We know him—the oleaginous motive-power of a barrow, selling frozen concoctions manu factured in the cellars of Saffron Hill, where the ice machine lives with the monkey of the organ man and the de caying vegetables of a colony of lodg ers. We know his trick of catching the penny that burns in the pocket of the small boy. luring i: from its safe con cealment by the seductive ■'taster"—a preliminary free gift which is as in sidious and demoralizing as the pro -pectus oi a bogus company. "London ices for the London boy!" That is the motto of the Brttish com pany which has been formed to sell penny ice-, guaranteed pure and whole some manufacture, fumi clean barrows, attended by clean British salesmen in clean white coats. Every ice will be served in a paper cup with a metal 'poon. both intended to be thrown away when once used, so that the propagation i of disease by repeated washings of ;ce glasses in water that is far from reput | able may be avoided. It is no jesting matter, this selling of ; unwholesome ices by peripatetic Italian vendors. As each summer comes around we have the half-penny ices of the street, i the same neglect of the warning by careless .children, the same record of deaths directly to the ice-barrow ; LjkJch Express. A Feature of Swiss Funerals. The mourning urn is a feature of Swiss funerals. When the death notice is published, there is appended to it a plea tor sympathy which states that the mourning urn will be on exhibition at a given hour on a certain day. A black table covered with a black cloth upon which rests a black urn is set forth in front of the affficted house. Into this the friends of the mounting family irop their black-bordered cards, the intimate j ineods inscribing a few words of sympa thy. Only men ever go to the church yard ar.d they must make the journey ; or. foot, no matter what the dis*anctb THE BADGER STATE. NEWS OF THE WEEK CONCISELY CONDENSED. Murder Is Suspected—Death of Super intendent (Ittieta Labor Disturbance— Confess Wire Theft—Employes Gnilty in ElevatorCase —Robbery in Ashland. There was a possibility of foui play in connection with the finding of the body ct William Martain at Dedham. There was at first no importance attached to the finding of the body, which was near the track of the Eastern Minnesota, and it was supposed that he had been struck by a train. Nothing could be found of any one having been struck by a train, however, and Deputy Mills was sent out to investigate the matter. The body was found with the head lying between two rails and the appearance of the bruises on the head indicate that Martain might hate been murdered. Acting on this the ory the sheriff is working up the case. Martain was recently in the West Su perior hospital, but practically nothing is known of him. Fatal Accident Ends Strike. “Death the price of peace” would be a fitting epitaph to place over the grave of William K. Pine, a former resident of Kenosha. Mr. Pine was killed while as sisting his employers in keeping their fac tory in operation during a strike. He was superintendent of the Bernstein brass bed works of Philadelphia, anil when the men went out Air. Pine in order to fill some urgent orders took a place in the factory. AVhile at work one of the heavy scrolls dropped from the forms and struck him on the head, killing him instantly. Mr. Pine was so popular with the men that when they heard of his sail death they at once made overtures to the management and returned to work two days afterward. Employe* Are to Itlame. J. Henry Harbeck, assistant State fac tory inspector, has been engaged in in specting the mills along the Fox River. He finds the employes in the mills at Neenah and Alenasha are guilty of great “contributory negligence” in regard to the matter of riding on the freight ele vators. In spite of the prohibitory pla cards the ’ employes persist in riding on the elevators, and bars and gates trhich have been put up across the elevator shaft openings, have been torn down re peatedly by employes, so that the mill owners have despaired in .keeping them, tip. The elevator, accident a few days ago at the Whiting, mill is an illustration of this practice, and the blame is entirely upon the employes - who. disregard the measures, taken by their employers for their safety. , , ;■ ,• t Stole Much Wire. Three linemen of the Wisconsin Tele phone Company were arrested at ltacine charged with stealing 2.000 pounds of copper wire.- One of them, William Walsh, confessed and implicated Harry Bafdqte, George Hobbs apd 11. Higgins in the theft. The first two, with Walsh, are under arrest. Higgins' whereabouts is unknown. Walsh took the police to a envp on the, lake shore, where the wire was found hidden. The wire is valued at 17 cents.a pound. The. men have been employed since last April taking down wires and have had little trouble in mak ing the thefts, llobbs and Bardole are from Milwaukee. Walsh and Higgins' homes are in Chicago. Robbed in Itroa.l Daylisrhf. William McFarland, a well-known Ash land citizen, was slugged and robbed on a public thoroughfare by three men. lie was taken to a hospital and may die. The robbers secured SI,OOO. Three sus pects, two of whom confessed, have been held for trial. Brief State Happenings. The 5-year-old son of H. G. Gould, of Oshkosh, died after an operation for ap pendicitis. A party of capitalists was in Spooner looking for a site for a flourmill and creamery. A friend of Gale College, La Crosse, who lives in Boston, but whose name has not yet been divulged, has promised an endowment of $50,000 for that institu tion. Henry Hallauer has started an action against the city of La Crosse on a writ of certiorari, declaring that the water ordinance recently passed by the council is illegal. Hallauer says the rates tixe I by the ordinance are unjust and unequal. Mrs. Ella Patrick, divorced wife of Dr. Patrick, of Baldwin, has commenced action ia the County Court asking the payment of $1,500 alimony which was awarded her by the court when granted a divorce. The judge lias appointed a re ceiver to attach all exempt property of the doctor. The Winnebago Street Railway Com pany has been sold by Emerson AlcAlil lia iv Company to F. S. Donnell and Boston associates. The terms of the sale are private. The company is capitalized at $500,000 and owns about twenty-five miles of tracks, including a line from Oshkosh to Neenah. Thomas Kellman and John Neinberger were caught in a cave-in of a clay bank at the Tyson brickyard west of Kenosha on the Burlington Road and buried be neath tons of clay. When rescued it was found that Kellman had sustained a bro ken nose and internal injuries. Nein berger had n leg broken and received se vere bruises. Edgar Dick, of Brothortowu, was rob bed of about $240. He did nor, however, discover his loss until several days later, and all hope of detecting the thief van ished. His wife, wishing to go to Calu met. had taken a small sum from the safe containing the large sum, and had left the door ajar, giving any one so disposed an excellent opportunity of appropriating the money. John Werner, who left Lis home of luxury in Kenosha to engage in menial work because of a lovers' quarrel, was found drowned in the lake. The cornerstone of St. Joseph's Hospi tal was laid at Marshfield by Rt. Rev. George Jaequemin, of Rome, private chamberlain to the Pope. While two young boys were hunting in the town of Eden, near Fond du Lae, a gun was accidentally discharged, and one of the lads was painfully wounded. The injured boy is Pan McCarthy, aged 8. aud he was shot by his 10-year-old cousin. The Wisconsin Condensed Milk Com pany. of Burlington, has let the contract for an addition to their factory and will put in the machinery to make their own cans, of which they use from 15,000 to IS.OOO daiiy. The improvements will amount to about $40,000. persons will be given employment. J. Spears, one of the oldest residents of De Soto, is dead, the demise being pro tracted by a puzzling sleep, covering over a week, directly previous to bis death. Mr. Spears was TS years old. He was in good health up to some evenings ago. when he remarked that he was exceeding ly sleepy. He retired and never woke, in spite of every aid known to science. Peter Greiseh. arraigned before Justice Bruecker. in the town of Dundas, on the charge of polling out the tongue of a horse, was convicted and fined $5 and costs, which will amount to about SSO. The new species of potato bug has been doing considerable damage to pota toes throughout the section around Dodgeville. and now comes a remedy. Rev. M. D. Peary, of Pleasant View, seems to have discovered a method by which they can be driven out of the path. They are little insects that cannot be poisoned. The reverend gentleman has discovered that by placing small flag throughout the patch it will drive the in sects away they will not return. Miss Ida Brooks, of North McGregor. lowa, found a SSOO pearl in the river at Prairie du Chien. John S<?voi, of Chippewa Falls, was killed while loading logs on cars at Bi nerd. Aiiun. He bad a wife and three children. At a meeting of the voters of the To mah school district it was decided to bond the district for $20,000 to erect anew school building. The first auto party to enter La Crosse from a distance reached there Saturday night from Chicago. The trip was made in about three days. No traveling was done at night. Mrs. Louise Beasau, of Washburn, committed suicide by drinking carbolic acid. She picked up the vial and swal lowed its contents in the presence of a number of her friends. The building of an electric intenirban railroad to connect Oshkosh and Fon t du Lac, a distance of eighteen miles, wiii be begun in a few weeks. All franchises and rights of way have been obtained. Charles Mahnke, a well-known young man of Manitowoc, tried to kill his wife with a razor and commit suicide. He was arrested by two policemen, who had a hard tight before they placed Mahnke in jail. It is thought that he is deranged. A. C. MeComb has sold 25,000,000 feet of hardwood timber in Iron County to the Alilwaukee Lumber Company, which will hold it as an investment. There are S,(MX) acres in the tract, and it contains hemlock, birch, bass, ash, elm, spriue and cedar. Fire in the Hudson Produce Building spread rapidly to all portions of the building excepting the engine and butter rooms. The loss is nearly total. The insurance on the building is $12,000 an 1 on stock approximately $45,000. Over 2,000 cases of eggs were in store. The National Association of Dentists at Alihvaukee passed a resolution for tic appointment of a committee on ways and means to fight so-called “bogus diploma mills.” This legislation is in line with the work mapped out by the National Association of Dental Examiners and the National Association of Dental Facul ties. , Frank Buelow, watchman at the Wis consin Alanufacturing Company’s chair shop, of Jefferson, was the victim of a serious accident. He was sleeping in his accustomed place and one of .his legs ac cidentally fell over the rails of the spur which ran to the shop. While in this position, a swatch engine sent some cars on the spur.nad cut off his leg above the ankle. A party of capitalists, headed by Al bert E. Smith, of Alilwaukee. has closed a deal with the Union Pacific land de partment at Omaha whereby they be come possessors of 50,000 acres of graz ing lapd in Lincoln County, Nebraska. The land is located near the Gothensburg irrigation .eaugl, a lew- miles; .north of Gothensburg. While four bodies were being moved from one part of an Oshkosh cemetery to another, Sexton Noe found one of them to be in a remarkable state of pres ervatibn; The corpse was one interred about ten years age and was in a con dition of mummification, though not petri fied. Air. Noe has been sexton for thirty years and this is the second body he has found in this condition. J. L. Lem men way, a farmer near Bo vina, and the team of horses which were attached to the wagon on which lie was at work, were struck and instantly killed by lightning. A number of other per sons who were assisting him loading hay were knocked to the ground by the shock, but sustained no severe injury. The lightning came from a clear sky, as, with the exception of an approaching thunder storm, there was scarcely a cloud in sight. Robert H. Barker, a wealthy young man of Racine, and a friend, while rid ing in an automobile, were overturned and thrown into a sand hill twenty feet away. Air. Baker tried to stop the ma chine, which was frightening a horse, and threw off the current and put on the brakes so suddenly that the auto was thrown over backward. Neither men were seriously injured and tne auto was not much the worse for the accident. An investigation has been going on to determine the cause of the typhoid fever ia Bamboo, and it has been found that the suction pipes an.l valvfs at the pump ing station are defective and that Bam boo River water has been pumped into the entire system. These pipes are con nected with the river, to be used only in ease of fire, but it is now believed that the arrangement has brought the epi demic which has caused several deaths and over 100 cases of the fever. Six leaks were located in the pipes and valves. John Galles,v one of the best-known young men in Kenosha, met death while working on the new building being erect ed by the N. R. Allen’s Sons' tannery. Galles. who was in charge of the work, gathered together a large bunch of heavy timbers and chained them to the hook of a block and tackle. He then stepped to one side and began to turn the crank. The timbers had been raised to a height of about eight feet when the knot slipped and the timbers fell back to the fourth floor, striking Galles on the back, knock ing him to the floor and breaking his neck and causing almost instant death. Grace Fox, the 5-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Fox, who reside near Kenosha, met with a terrible acci dent. which may result fatally. The lit tle child had been left alone ia the house while the father attended to some work at the barn. While alone, the little girl went into one of the rooms and attempt ed to take a doll from the mantel. On the mantel was a very large lamp and in some manner the child pulled it over. An explosion followed and the burning oil was poured over the child. Hearing the screams of the child, the father hurried to the house, and soon extinguished the flames. The child had boon terribly burned about the legs and body. Prof. D. B. Franken'oerger. head of the department of elocution at the State Uni versity, is the latest victim of the dog tax ordinance, being the last of the dozen or more who have been brought up with in the last day or two for failure to pay the $1 tax on canines. Eastern parties have, been inspecting the Two Rivers pea cannery owned and operated bv the E. J. Vodra Canning Company with a view of securing an op tion on it. It is understood that there is a mov.-ment on foot to consolidate all the large canneries under one head, form ing a gigantic trust. In the Wheeler will contest at Sheboy gan Judge Gilbertson held that no court had the right to interfere as long as the widow used and disposed of the property without injury to the remain ler. Hav ing the life tenure, she enjoys a power absolutely to dispose of the property, and therefore the sale was valid. •‘Tuberculous cattie, though condemned by the State veterinarian, are being kill ed at certain packing bouses about Mil waukee and the noninfected portions sold for food ail over the United States.” That is the sensational statement made by State ahd United States officials who are connected with the veterinary and meat inspection departments. The body of Tusten Hegg was found in tie woods near Long Lake. The man came to Rice Lake from Minnesota for his health and wandered into the woods some two weeks ago. His father had been searching for him with a large party for several days. The Wisconsin Association of Loc&i Fire Ir.sTimwcc Agents has declared its position in a resolution to the effect that no legislation shall be indorsed without the approval of the Nation*! Association. This action was taken before the an nouncement that the question of legis lative co-operation would be one of the important issues at rb Pat-in-Bay seat ing. THE OMNIGRAPH. An Instrument Which Simplifies In struction in Telegraphy. An instrument which is designed to simplify instruction in telegraphy, and to impart in a comparatively short time a complete knowledge of the Morse alphabet, has recently been in troduced by a company in New York city. Patents have been applied for. The Omnigraph, as the instrument is called, consists of a baseboard on which are secured an ordinary key and sounder, between which a disk is mounted, formed on its periphery with teeth. A spring contact adjacent to the wheel engages the peripheral teeth of the disk. Although irregular, the arrangement of the teeth is arbitrary. For if the disk be rotated by means of a small crank-shaft geared with the 3isk-shaft, the spring Contact is forced outwardly by the teeth, but drops back by its own elasticity, and thus makes and breaks the circuit. The experi enced telegraph operator detecting these makes and breaks at the sounder, recognizes them as the dots and dashes of the Morse alphabet. A close inspec tion of the disk would reveal to him that the teeth are so arranged as to spell the sentence. "John quickly ex temporized five tow bags." If the disk be rotated forwardly, this sentence, THE OMXIGBAPH. thus oddly worded to include every let ter in the alphabet, is ticked off at the sounder; if rotated in the opposite di rection, the sentence will be telegraph ed backward. The disk is completely under the con trol of the students. It can be rotated as slowly as desired; or it can be so rapidly turned that its curious sen tence will be received at the sounder with a speed that would open the eyes of a good operator. Moreover, the message on the desk is transmitted with a distinctness and faultlessuess which the most perfect operator can never hope to attain. At first blush it might seem that the student simply learns one sentence forward and back ward, and that the instrument is a good teacher only within very narrow limits. But this disk can be partially rotated forward and backward any number of times, in any place, so that the letter to be transmitted cannot pos sibly be anticipated. Thus the student learns how to receive a cipher message, the meaning of which he cannot know. When sufficient proficiency has been obtained in receiving messages from the sounder, the student can learn to transmit messages in the regular meth od by means of the key which forms part of the apparatus. WORTH NEARLY A BILLION, For Ten Yearajohn D. Rockefeller's In come Has Been $30,000,000 a Year. The statement has been published in New York upon the authority of a Wall street banker, who has close business relationship with the Standard Oil Company, that John D. Rockefeller’s wealth is now nearly $1,000,000,000. The following table of the oil king’s holdings is given: Standard Oil stock, $300,000,000; Uni ted States steel stock, $73,000,000; Amalgamated Copper, $30,000,000; American Sugar. $20,000,000; gas com- BILI.TOXAIRE EOCKEFELtER. panics in Greater New York. $55,000,- X>o; gas companies in other cities, $50,- jOO.OOO; railway securities, $200,000,- XK); industrial and miscellaneous. $150,000,000; realty, $13,000,000. Total, $943,000,000. The banker is quoted as saying; “I don't think any man will deny that Mr. Rockefeller has made an average of $30,000,000 a year for ten years. The reinvestment of this sum alone, sup posing he had no principal, at 5 per cent compound interest, would mean the addition of more than $400,000,000 to his riches. “His Standard Oil holdings in three or four years have doubled in market value; his railway and other securities have advanced tremendously, and in the past three years his wealth has in creased to a sum which would astonish the American people if the actual fig ures were laid before them.” HOW TO SECURE HAPPINESS. Author of “Heavenly Twin*’* Expresses Her Opinion. To an audience assembled in St. George’s Hall Mme. Sarah Grand, who quite recently addressed herself to the alluring subject of "mere man," dis coursed upon the above theme, which furnished her with not a few opportuni ties for satirical but on the whole good humored comment on human and so cial follies and foibles. Mrs. Grand is a fluent and voluble lecturer, whose rapidly expressed ut terance would paralyze the efforts of the most expert stenographer, but, in the main, her monograph resolved it self into an optimistic reply to Mr. Mallock's time-worn conundrum, "Is life worth living?” At the same time her observation of things and people does not always lead her into roseate patis of criticism. Thus, on the sub ject of men’s kindness—as distinct from women's—she lays it down that “it is more often the expression of their own satisfaction than the outcome of a de sire to please." On the other hand, she concludes that men understand the art of happiness far better than wom en. There is nothing new or startling In the proposition that “there is Joy to be found in congenial work, just as in congenial play.” but Mrs. Grand's sly remark that people derive solace from the disagreeable business of getting up early on a cold morning from the firs of superiority they can assume for the rest of the day is not without humor. The highest forms of happiness, she declared, are easily attained. "The simple hospitality offered with grace and affeSon gives far more pleasure than the magnificent entertainments of the rich, whose imprudence and self satisfaction are only equaled by the irritation they excite in their guests.” Indeed, according to this lady novelist, “in smart society there is no such thing ;as ‘noblesse oblige.’ J’ Furthermore, i she is of opinion that, although the art lof happiness is still fii its infancy, I "everybody knows how to be disagree ; able,” and that one great cause of un happiness is “our indifference to the I happiness of others.” Mrs. Grand pleaded, not a little elo quently. for "harmonious surround iugs” as being among the makings of happiness in life. In the home on* should avoid the trumpery and the tawdry, and be content to have about one a few good, beautiful things It was no surprise to learn from h dps that every girl ought to be encouraged to work and become independent, and her description of marriage as “the most arduous of all professions for a woman” must be reckoned among the lecturer's most effective epigrams.— Loudon Telegraph. FAMOUS WESTERN PREACHER. Rev. Dr. Thomas Is a Power in the Chrisvian Ministry of Chicago. One of the most famous preachers in the West is Rev. Dr. H. W. Thomas, of Chicago, pastor of the People’s Church. More than twenty-one years ago Dr. Thomas was deposed as a preache/ of the Methodist Episcopal Church. His views were first criti cised as being unorthodox, and at the Rock River conference he was asked to withdraw from the church, which he refused to do. His trial for heresy was ordered, based upon three counts. The first was unbelief in the inspiration of the Bible; the second was of heterodox teachings as to the doctrine of atone ment; and the third was as to the end less punishment of .lost souls. He was condemned on the last two counts, bul the vote was close. With the church closed to him Dr. Thomas was not without a strong fol lowing, and his next sermon was preached to these from the stage of Hooley’s Theater. This was the begin ning of the People’s Church, which now fills McVicker’s Theater every Sunday morning, and whose influences have REV. DR. IT. W. THOMAS. been widening for more than a score of years. Dr. Thomas is in his seventieth year. He to-day is one of the most lib eral of Christian teachers. He is reach ing out for men, irrespective of creed. He often says: “When I first began to preach we preachers were fighting each other so hard we had no strength left with which to fight the devil.” In the pulpit Dr. Thomas is a striking figure. His speech is slow and meas ured. He has no tricks of oratory, no gesticulations, nothing theatrical. Only as he warms to his subject his speech quickens and his voice rises in his earn estness. His sermons are clear, lucid, aud finished, and when one has gone out from his church he finds that he has absorbed a let-son. / How They Met. Bennet Burleigh, the English war correspondent, is authority for the fol lowing strange story; One day last autumn two officers, newly arrived from different parts of up-country, met at Cape Town. Rather lonely and a good deal bored, they scraped acquaint ance and found one another agreeable. When the dinner-hour came they agreed to dine together. The keen edge of appetites having been taken off by a good dinner, the senior officer became a trifle more ex j pansive. “Do you know,” said he, “I rather like you, and there’s something about you that seems familiar, as if we had met before. lam Maj. S. of the ” There was an unrehearsed scene as the two kliaki-clad warriors sprang to their feet and pounded each other on the back—which is the Briton’s way of falling on the neck and weeping. They had not met for years, and the baby brother had meantime sprouted into a tall youth with an incipient mustache. ltareiy Attractive. Conscription claims a large share of the adult population of Portugal, and the women do a good deal of held work. This they bj'gin at a very early age, and do it flell and happily, doubling the actual work power of the country; and they show great happiness and con tent amidst it all. Fond of show and ordanment, they have a better appar ent stamina than the corresponding classes in Scandinavia, or even In Switzerland. They “feed” better than in those countries; at a small farm house you may get neither white bread nor ham, but the split codfish, as in Iceland, is never wanting, and is well dressed up at short notice. It is impos sible to travel in Portugal without hav ing this national dish thrust upon you; it needs an acquired taste, and is rarely attractive to the ordinary palate till after fuller acquaintance, and the ex cellent sauce of hunger to go with it. They Had a Lively Time. James Stillman, the millionaire bank er, has the reputation of being a very close-mouthed man. Mr. Stillman is the owner of a yacht, and one day he asked Frederick D. Tappen, of the Gallatin National bank, to go out with him on a cruise. When Mr. Tappen returned, a friend asked him how he had enjoyed himself. “Oh,” said Mr. Tappen. “we had a very' lively time. We were out five days and Stillman spoke to me twice.”—New York Times. A Superabundance of Intellect. “Has your country any really great thinker*?" asked the tourist skepti cally. % “Too many of 'em," answered the Kansas agriculturist. “Every once in a while we run across a man that’s mas querading as a farm hand, but wh doesn’t want to do a thing but think.”— Washington Star. We finn't know what is meant by ar tistSl v-.mperament unless it means that me girl having it picks out a switch that matches her hair. When a woman hears of another wo man's age. -she involuntarily does a job of subtracting, with her own age as the figure. A handful of common sens* is worth a bushel of the other kind. ORIGIN OF RAG TIME. One Ben Haruev Sai i to Have Invented it and Its N.me at Eouisville, “The approaching end of rag time suggests the true story of the origin of the name,” said a music publisher. "It has never been printed. About ten years ago a young fellow named Ben Harney went to a party given by color ed folks in a suburb of Louisville. While be was there two darkies, who were experts on the baujo, began play ing. "While they were playing Harney no ticed that the rhythm produced by the two banjos was peculiar, but very catchy. So after a while, when called upon to play something, Harney ran his fingers carelessly over the keys of the piano and tried to imitate the time made by the two banjos. “At first lie failed, but before the night had passed he had acquired the time and kept the crowd entertained with snatches from popular songs play ed iu this fashion. One of the darkies who had performed on the banjo be came suddenly interested in Harney’s playing. Approaching Ha.ney he in quired; ’’ ‘Marsa Ben, wlia’ am yo’ playin’ dar? Dat am de funniest kin’ ob tune I'se ebber heerd.’ “ I don’t know what it is myself,” replied Harney, in an offhand way. ‘I suppose if I had a dress suit on, like some of these actors at the show, I might give it a nice, fashionable name. But as it is I can’t think of any name in these rags and you will have to let it go at that.’ “The darkey sized Harney from head to foot. Harney’s clothes were neat and fitted him well. The negro thought the argument a poor one aud said; “ ‘What's the diffrunce wlia’ kin’ ob rags yo’ plays in, Marsa Ben? Yo’ kin alius git er name fo’ it. I’se tells yer Marsa Ben. dat Ah ain’ very much in lobe wid dat tune.” “About a wek later there was an other party in the neighborhood. Har ney was present and had to play. The two banjo players were also there and they thumped away together, playing all sorts of tunes. The same darkey who a week previous wanted to know the name of the measure Ben was play ing abruptly arose and, turning to the guests with a merry laugh, said: “ ‘Ladies an’ ge’man. Marsa Ben Harney has got some ob de most pe culiarist kin’ ob music dat I eber heerd afo’. Aii’ I’se begs yo’ kin’ ’diligence fo’t’ liyar it. I’se don’ know de name ob de tune, but it am de lobliest I’se ebber lieeril.’ “Ben thought the remark very funny and replied: ‘What do you mean, Jas per? That music I played in those rags last week?’ “ ‘Yes,’ returned Jasper enthusiastic ally, ‘dat “rag-time” music.’ “Well, after that rag-time became the real thing in the town, and when Har ney came east he introduced it in New York, and it soon was the rage all over the country. And the name rag time has clung to it ever since.”—New York Sun. CHANCE TO GET A WIFE. Where Beautiful Women Are in the Greatest Plenty. The Hawaiian Islands are full of beautiful women—from an island stand point—who are waiting and willing to become the wives of ambitious young Americans who go to Hawaii to make their fortunes. Such is the declara tion of Miss Rose Davidson, who has TYPE OP HAWAII AX BEI.LE. been representing Hawaii at the Pan- American Exposition. To be sure, the young women are as brown as Cuban perfectos, but they are said to be good looking. Miss Davidson, who lives in Honolulu, gives assurance that the agricultural attractions of the country are quite as alluring as the feminine charms, and that fortunes as well as wives await ambitious foreigners. Complaint of a Golf Widower. Concerning golf the story is told that a man who took but little interest in his wife’s exploits with the clubs, was aroused from the fog of bis business by hearing her name continually coupled with a certain colonel. She was al ways playing with this colonel, who did not seem a very polite person, for he never allowed her to beat him. Still, the husband did not like this constant association. He b* ,'mi be alarmed with the idea that the colonel’s attrac tions might be as irresistible as his play. He plungyd into the fray, and taxed his wife with the colonel. She denied indignantly, with tears. They tumbled about in a web of angry words till at last light dawned on her, and she burst out laughing. Then she explain ed as well as she could to her amazed spouse—what golf readers have already divined—that the colonel was “Colonel Bogey,” and that playing against “the colonel” means trying to equal the rec ord! Slang. Again there has arisen a discussion as to the use of slang. There are times when thoughts arise within the human brain w hich are almost “beyond the ut terance of the human tongue.” By the aid of a slang term the maa who has the gift of speech can get tin m out. For. be it observed, there is slang and slang, and It may be used with artistry or with mere stupidity. The special ex ample chosep by Oliver Wendell Holmes for a a Illustration in his disser - tation on the expressiveness of slang was the word “bore;” but this has fonnd a place In Webster, and must surely be regarded as legitimate. How could you express your objection to the man who bores you except by saying— that he bores you? There are a hun dred other words which are valuable in such emergencies, and one can only hope that, by a process of the survival of the fittest, the best of them will find their way into the dictionaries. American Wine as Good as Any. Many Americans learned at Paris for the first time that we produce wines in some grades equal to the best imported varieties. I,amber Capacity of California. Timber experts tell us that California alone has a capacity of lumber in he* standing forests of over 100,000,000 cu bic feet. While the census official's are investi gating the cases of clerks who are em ployed in another department as well as that branch, some of the War Depart ment employes would he glad to see at tention called to favoritism width per mits certain army officers on the retired list to draw two salaries, one from the military pay roll and the other as an employe of the civilian branch of the government. One such officer is a re tired captain, who was transferred from the active list on account of disability. He receives $2,100 a year from the gov ernment as a retired army officer, render ing no service whatever for this salary, and he gets nearly as much from the pen sion office, where he discharges every day, to the satisfaction of the Commis sioner of Pensions, the clerical duties de volving upon him, despite the fact that he was deemed incapacitated for active duty in the array. Another case of dual employment is /hat of an officer, retired with the rank of major, and who has been employed as civil engineer by the corps of engineers. Even the President of the United States is not paid in advaute. Probably in view of the fact that the United States Treasurer believes he cams his salary, the Chief Executive does not have to wait until the first and middle of each month to receive it. as govern ment employes do. The President is the only official of the United States govern ment who is paid on a direct individual warrant from the Treasury Department. Each month in the year President Mc- Kinley receives by mail a warrant cov ering the money lie has earned ns his salary. The Treasury officials divide the salary into four quarters of $12,500 each, and under the law could not under any circumstances exceed that, but they pay the President practically the same salary every month in the year, no mutter whether the month is a long or shot one. For two months of each quarter the President's cheek is drawn for $4,10(5.07, but the other month sees the check re duced to $4,1(50.00. The United States will claim about $2,000, the amount of an insurance poli cy on the life of the late Capt. llowgate, who embezzled thousands of dollars from the United States while Chief Signal Of ficer, and which policy was kept up for twenty ye.is h.v his daughter, Ida. who never believed lie was dead, llowgate lied in \\ ashington last June. Miss llow gate spoilt about SOOO in this practical, as well as loving, work. Recently she asked for powers of administration on tlie estate. The power lias been granted. The court will allow her the SOOO, blit it is understood the government will take the rest. Miss llowgate must give bond for $3,000, to guarantee the faithful per formance of her duties as administratrix. If she had not kept the polity alive she could have saved the SOOO in some other way and the government would not have received a cent. It is allege i tiiat this insurance policy is all tlie property left by Capt. llowgate. War Department officials are deter mined to interfere with the traffic in chil dren which lias been going on in certain parts of the Philippines, constituting one of the gravest problems with which army officers iu that section have to deal. Re ports received at the War Department say the traffic is confined to the natives iu the departments of Mindanao and Jo lo. The traffic comes as a result of the improvidence of the people, and families who are bitten by famine d<- not hesitate to seek relief by the sale of tlieir chil dren. Maj. J. S. Pettit, First Infantry, formerly colonel of the Thirty-first Vol unteer Infantry, the commander of the Second District in that department, says, however, that he has about broken up the traffic, which lias been going on in children of the Tirenarya, a degenerate race south of Cattabado. ' The presure upon tin* Commissioner of Internal Revenue from bunking institu tions for the return of checks turned in under the provisions of the net repealing tin* stamp tax is growing so strong that in self-defense he has been compelled to issue an appeal for time to apply to Con gross for relief. It appears that the cost of engraving, printing and binding the cheeks issued under the war revenue tax law was so great that the banks, as a matter of economy, are demanding that the checks, after the stamps have been redeemed, be returned for further use. It is represented that- the stamps im printed upon them (‘an lie canceled and a great saving worked. The commissioner of internal revenue is without authority to act, and requests that he be given time to go to Congress for relief. A novel plan lias been suggested by Washington real estate agent who is at tempting to interest the diplomatic repre sentatives located at Washington in a scheme which lie is advancing 4o con struct upon a convenient site a number of residences to he used by the diplomats as homes. At present comparatively few governments own legation buildings in Washington, and the agent is receiving some support aiming the diplomats in his argument that it would lie advisable for many reasons for the ambassadors and ministers to be located upon Legation square. Sugar planters of liawaii have lately us<*d efforts to secure a modification of the Japanese edict so that men from that country may be allowed to go to Hawaii. Assistant Secretary Taylor told the Japa nese minister recently that desirable Japanese persons will be allowed to go Hawaii freely, provided that they do not go under contract, either verbal or writ ten, as laborers. , July exports were larger than in July t of any previous year, and the imports were larger than those of July in any ' year since 1895. The figures of the for eign commerce of the United States dur ing the month of July show total im ports of the month, $72,897,087, total ex perts. $106,031,138; excess of exports over imports. $30,134,071, or considera bly more than $1,060,000 per day. There is consternation in department circles over the discovery that govern ment clerks working regular office hours in the departments were drawing doable salaries by doing night work at the cen sus office. To expedite census report* Director Merriam ban been employing two sets of clerks, and in violation of law clerks have been working double time. Petior Vicuna Is No More, The State Department is advisol of the death of Senor Don Carlos Mor’a Vicuna, minister from Chile to the Unit ed States. He died at Buffa'o. John Reagan, who fell from the top of a house at Fort Worth. Tex., and dislo cated his neck, is stili alive at St. Jo seph Hospital and may recover. C. E. Toney was crashed to death by a car * g mine at Crndtip. Ala. He was a farmer, and had gone into the mine t* see his brother, a miner. The 12-year-oIJ daughter of J. M. Bi vias, of Springtown, Tex., died from lock jaw, caused by sticking a pin in her foot The business portion of Mercer, Mo., was burned. Only one store was left standing.