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PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT’S MESSAGE TO CONGRESS.
l" the Serrate and House of Representa tives: The Congress assembles this year un der the shadow of a great calamity. On the sixth of September. President Mc- Kinley was shot by an anarchist while attending the Pan-American Exposition a* Buffalo, and died u* that city on the fourteenth of that mouth. Of thq last seven elected Presidents, he is the third who lias been murdered, and the bare recital of this fact is suffi cient to justify grave alarm among all loyal American citizens. Moreover, the circumstances of this, the third assassi nation of an American President, have a peculiarly sinister significance. Both President Lincoln and President Garfield were killed by assassins of types unfor tunately not uncommon in history: Presi dent Lincoln falling a victim to the ter rible passions aroused by four years of civil war, and President Garfield to the revengeful vanity of a disappointed office seeker. President McKinley was killed by an utterly depraved criminal belong ing to that body of criminals who object to ail governments, good and laid alike, who are against any form of popular lib erty if it is guaranteed by even rhe most just and libera! laws, and who are as hostile to the upright exponent of a free people’s sober will as to the tyrannical and irresponsible despot. It is not too much to say that at the time of President .McKinley's death he was the most widely loved man in all the United States; while we have never had any public man of liis position who has been so wholly free from (lie bitter animosities incident to public life. There could he no personal hatred of him. for he never aeted with aught but considera tion for the welfare of others. The de fenders of those murderous criminals who seek to excuse their criminality by assert ing that it is exercised for political ends, inveigh against wealth and irresponsible jiower. But for this assassination even this base apology cannot be urged. When President McKinley was assas sinated the olow was not aimed at tyran ny or wealth. It was aimed at rnc of the strongest champions the wage work er has ever had: at one of the most faith ful representatives of the system of pub lic rights and representative government who lias ever risen to public olitre. Presi •l nt McKinley filled that political office fur which the entire people vote, and no President —not even Lincoln himself — was ever more earnestly anxious to rep resent the well thought-out wishes of the jSeople; his one anxiety in every crisis whs to keep in closest touch with the people—to find out what they thought and to. endeavor to give expression to their thought, after having eudeavored to guide that thought aright. That there might be nothing lacking to complete the Judas-like infamy of his act, the assassin took advantage of an occasion when the President was meeting the people generally; and advancing as if to take the hand outstretched to ,luni in kindly and brotherly fellowship, he turned the noble and generous confidence of the victim into an opportunity to strike the fatal blow. There is no baser deed in all the annals of crime. Notion Mourns McKinley. The shock, the grief of the country, are bitter in the minds of ah. We mourn a good and great President who is dead: but while we mourn we are lifted tip by the splendid achievements of his life and the grand heroism with which he met his death. When we turn front the man to the na tion, the harm done is so great as to ex cite our gravest apprehension- and to de mand our wisest and most resolute ac tion. This criminal was a professed an archist, inflamed by the teachings of pro fessed anarchists, and rtrobably also by the reckless utterances 6f those who. on the stump and in the public press, appeal to the dark and evil spirits of malice and greed, envy and sullen hatred. The wind is sowed by the men who preach such doctrines, and they cannot escape their share, of responsibility for the whirlwind tkt is reaped. r The blow was aimed not at this Presi fent, bnt at all Presidents; at every sym bol of government. Anarchy is no more an expression of “social discontent’’ than $i king p< kel - or w Ife be it lac. The an* archlst, and especially the anarchist in ' Inc United States, is merely one type of criminal, more dangerous than any other because ho represents the same depravity di a greater degree. The man who ad vocates anarchy directly or indirectly, in any shape or fashion, or the man who apologises for anarchists and their deeds, makes himself morally accessory to mur der before the fact. The anarchist is a criminal who is Dot merely the enemy of system and of progress, but the deadly foe of liberty. He is not the victim of social or political injustice. There are no wrongs to remedy in his ease. The cause of his criminality is to be found in hts own evil passions and in the evil con duct of those who urge him on, m>t in any failure by others or by the State to do justice to him or his. He is a male factor and nothing else. Xo man or body of men preaching anarchistic doctrines should be allowed at largo any more than if preaching the murder of some specified private individual.' Anarchistic speeches, writings and meetings are essentially se ditious and treasonable. Urge* Uivr A gainst Annrchists. I earnestly recommend to the Congress that in the exercise of its wise discretion it should take into consideration the com ing to this country of anarchists or per sons professing principles hostile to all government and justifying the murder of those placed in authority. If found here they should be promptly deported to ihe country whence they came; and far reaching provision should be made for the punishment of thOM who stay. No mat ter calls more urgently for the wisest thought of the Congress. The federal courts should he given jurisdiction over any man who kills or attempts to kill the President or any man who by the constitution or by law is in tine of succession for the presideny, while the punishment for an unsuccessful at tempt should he proportioned to the enor mity of the offense against our institu tions. Anarchy is a crime against the whole human race; and nil mankind should band against the anarchist. His crime should toe made an offense against the law of natiot s. It should be so declared by treaties among all civilized powers. This great country will not fall iuto anarchy, and if anarchists should ever become a serious menace to its institu tions. they would not merely tie stamped out, but would involve in their own ruin every active or passive sympathizer with iheir doctrines. The American people are slow to wrath, but when their wrath is once kindled it burns '.ike a consuming fire. Country’s Commercial Prospc-ity. I luring the last five years business con fidence has been restored, and the nation i> to be congratulated because of its pres ets abounding prosperity. Such prosper ity can never bo created by law alone, although it is easy enough to destroy it by misohievous laws. Fundamentally the welfare of each citizen, and therefore the welfare of the aggregate of citizens which makes the nation, must rest upon individual thrift and energy, resolute n n.l intelligence. Nothing can take the place of this individual capacity: but wise legislation and honest and intelligent ad ministration can give it the fullest scope, the largest opportunity to work to good effect. The tremendous and highly complex iu- j dust rial development which went ou with j ever accelerated rapidity during the lat- > ter half of the nineteenth century brings i us face to face, at the beginning of the 1 twentieth, with very serious social prob- | W-uis. The upbuilding of the great in dnatrial centers has meant a startling in- not merely in the aggregate of •rvalth. but in the ntintlier of very large individual, and especially of very large corporate, fortunes. The creation of these yreat corporate fortunes has not been due "to the tariff nor to any other govern mental action, but to natural causes in the business world, operating in other countries as they operate in out own. The process has aroused uineb antagonism, a great part of which is wholly without warrant. It is not true that as the rich have grown richer the poor hr.to grown poorer. On the contrary, never before has the average man. the wage worker, the farmer, the small trader, been so well off as in this country at the present time. There have been abuses connected with the accumulation of wealth; yet it re mains true that a fortune accumulated iu legitimate business can be accumulated by the person specially benefited only on condition of conferring immense incident al benefits upon others. Citation Is Alvisel. The captains of industry who have driv en the railway systems across this conti nent, who have built up our eouuAerce. who bare developed our manufactures, have on the whole done great good to our people. Without them the material development of which we are so justly proud could never have taken place. Moreover, we should recognize the im mense importance to this material devel opment of leaving as unhampered as is compatible with the public good the strong and forceful men upon whom the success of business operations inevitably rests. An additional reason for caution in dealing with corporations is to lie found in the international commercial condi tions of to-day. The same business con ’ dttions which have produced the great aggregations of corporate and individual wealth have made them very potent fac tors in international commercial competi tion. America has only just begun to assume that commanding position in the international business world which we believe will more and more be hers. It is of the utmost importance that this po sition lie not jeopardized, especially at a time when the overflowing abundance of our own natural resources and the skill, business energy, and mechanical aptitude of our people make foreign markets es sential. Under such conditions it would he most unwise to cramp or to fetter the youthful strength of our nation. Moreover, it cannot too often be point ed out that to strike with ijnorar.t vio lerce at the interests of one set of men almost inevitably endangers the interests of all. Disaster to great business enter prises can never have its effects limited to the men at the top. It spreads throughout, and while it is bad for every body, it is worst for those farthest down. The capitalist may be shorn of his lux uries: but the wage worker may be de prived of even bare necessities. In facing new industrial conditions, the whole history of the world shows that leg islation will generally lie both unwise and ineffective unless undertaken after calm inquiry and with sober self-restraint. Much of the legislation directed at the trusts would have been exceedingly mis hievous had it an* r.i'to tren entirely in effective. The men who demand the im possible or the undesirable serve as the allies of the forces with which they are nominally at war, for they hamper those who would endeavor to find> out in ra tional fashion what the wrongs reaH> are and to what extent and in what manner it is practicable to apply remedies. Yet it js true that there are real and grave evils, one of the ehief be : ng over-capital ization liecause of its many baleful con sequences; and a resolute and practical effort must be made to correct these evils. Publicity a Cure for Trnsts. There is a widespread conviction in the minds of the American people that the great corporations known as trusts are in certain of their features and tendencies hurtful to the general welfare. Combina tion and concentration should be, not pro hibited, but supervised and within rea sonable limits controlled. The first essential in determining how to deal with the great industrial combina tions is knowledge of the facts—publicity. In the interest of the public, the govern ment should have the right to inspect and examine the workings of the great corpo rations engaged in interstate business. Publicity is the only sure remedy which we can now invoke. What further rem edies are needed in the way of govern mental regulation, or taxation, ean only be determined after publicity has been obtained, by process of law, and in the course of administration. The large corporations, commonly call ed trusts, though organized in one State, always do business in many States, often doing very little business in the State where they are incorpoiated. There is utter lack of uniformity in the State laws about them; and as no State has any ex clusive interest in or power over their acts, it has in practice proved impossible to get adequate regulation through State action. Therefore, in the interest of the whole people, the nation should, without interfering with the power of the States in the matter itself, also assume power of supervision and regulation over all cor porations doing an interstate business. 1 believe that a law can be framed which will enable the national government to exercise control along the lines above in dicated. There should be created a cab inet officer, to be known as Secretary of Commerce and Industries, as provided in the lull introduced at the lust session of the Congress. It should lie his province to deal with commerce in its broadest sense; including among many other things whatever concerns laoor and all matters affecting the great business corporations and our merchant marine. Would Exc'ude Chinese. With the sole exception of the farming interest, no oue matter is of such vital moment to our whole people as the wel fare of the wage workers. If the farmer and the wage worker are well off, it is absolutely certain that ail others will be well off, too. It is therefore a matter for hearty congratulation that on the whole wages are higher to-day in the United States than ever before in our history, and far higher than in any other country. The standard of living is also higher than ever before. Every effort of legislator and administrator should be bent to se cure the permanency of this condition of things and its improvement wherever possible. Not only must our labor be pro tected by the tariff, but it should also be protected so far as it is possible from the presence in this country of any labor ers brofight over by contract, or of those who, coming freely, yet represent a stand ard of living so depressed that they can undersell our men in the labor market and drag them to a lower level. I regard it as necessary, with this end in view, to re-enact immediately the law excluding Chinese laborers and to strengthen it w herever necessary in order to make its enforcement entirely effective. If possible legislation should lie passed, in connection with the interstate .com merce law, which will render effective the efforts of different States to do away with the competition of convict contract labor in the open labor market. The most vital problem with which this country, and for that matter the whole civilized world, has to deal, is the prob lem which has for one side the better ment of social conditions, moral and phy sical. in large cities, and for another side the effort to deal with that tangle of far reaching questions which we group to gether when we speak of “labor.” The chief factor in the success of each man wage worker, farmer and capitalist alike —must ever be the sum total of his own individual qualities and abilties. There must in many cases be action by the gov ernment in order to safeguard the rights . nd interests of all. lin migration Taws I'nsati 'factory. Our present immigration laws are un satisfactory. We need every honest and efficient immigrant fitted to become an American citizen. But there should be a comprehensive law enacted with the ob ject of working a threefold improvement over our present system. First, we should aim to exclude absolutely not only all persons who are known to be beJievers iu anarchistic principles or members of ■mareliistie societies, but also all persons who are of a low moral tendency or of unsavory reputation. The second object i of a proper immigration law ought to be to secure by a careful and not merely perfunctory educational test some intelli gent capacity to appreciate American in stitutions and act sanely as American itizens. Finally, all persons should be excluded who are lielow a certain stand ard of economic fitness to cuter our in dustrial field as competitor* with Ameri can labor. Both the educational and economic tests in a wise immigration law should be designed to protect and elevate the general body politic n l social. A very close supervision should be exercised over the steamship companies which mainly bring over the immigrants, and they should tie held to a strict accounta bility for any infraction (ft the law. Tariff and Kec ty. There is general acquiescence in our present tariff system as a national pol icy. The first requisite to our prosperity is the continuity and stability of this economic policy. Nothing, could be more unwise than to disturb the business in terests of the country by aby general tar iff change at this time. Our experience in the past has shown thft sweeping re visions of the tariff are apt to produce conditions closely approaching panic in the business world. Yet it is not only possible, but eminently detfirable, to com bine with the stability or our economic system a supplementary system of recip rocal benefit and obligation with other nations. Such reciprocity was especially provided for in the present tariff law. Reciprocity must be treated as the handmaiden of protection. Our first duty is to see that the protection granted by the tariff in every ease where it is need- ed is maintained, and that reciprocity be sought for so far as it can safely be done without injury to our home indus tries. Just how far this is must be deter mined according to the individual case, remembering always that every applica tion of our tariff policy to meet our shift ing national needs must be conditioned upon the cardinal fact that the duties must never be reduced below the point that will cover the difference b< 1 ween the labor cost here and abroad. Subject to this proviso of the prdper protection nec essary to our industrial well being at home, the principle of reciprocity must command our hearty support. The natural line of development for a policy of reciprocity will be in connec tion with those of our productions which no longer require all of the support once needed to establish them upon* a sound basis, anil with those others where either because of natural or of economic causes we are beyond the reach of successful competition. I ask the attention of the Senate to the reciprocity treaties laid before it by my predecessor. Americ I’a Mereh nt Marine. The conditipp > .of the American mer chant marine is such as'to call for imme diate remedial action by the Congress. It is discreditable to us as a nation that our merchant marine should be utterly insignificant in comparison to that of oth er nations which we overtop iu Other forms of business. We should not longer submit to conditions under which only a trifling portion of our great commerce is carried in our own ships. To remedy this state of things would not merely serve to build up our shipping interests, but it would also result in benefit to all who are interested in the permanent es tablishment of a wider market for Amer ican products, and would provide an aux iliary force for the navy. Our government should take such action as will remedy these inequalities. The American mer chant marine should be restored to tiie ocean. The act of March 14, 1900. Intended un equivocally to establish gold as the stand ard money and to maintain at a parity there with all forms of money medium iu use with us. has been shown to be time I v and judicious. The price of our Gover. meut bonds in the world's mnrkct, when -om pared with t.he price of similar obligations Issued by other nations, Is a nattering trib ute to our public credit. This condition It Is evidently desirable to maintain. In many respects the national banking law furnishes sufficient liberty for the prop er exercise of the hanking funetlou: but there seems to be need of better safeguards against the deranging influence of commer cial crises and fluancial panics. Moreover, the currency of the country should he made responsive to the demands of our domestic trade and commerce. The collections from duties on imports and internal taxes continue to exceed the ordi nary expenses of the Government, thanks mainly to the reduced army expenditures. The utmost care should be taken not to re duce the revenues so that there will be any possibility of a deficit: but, after providing against any such contingency, means should be adopted which will toting the revenues more nearly within the limit of our actual needs. I call special attention to the need of strict economy in expenditures. Only by avoidance of spending money on wliat Is needless or unjustifiable can we legitimately keep our income to the poiut required to met our needs that are genuine. Interstate Commerce. In 1887 a measure was enacted for the reg ulation of Interstate railways, commonly known as the interstate commerce net. The cardinal provisions of that act were that railway rates should toe just and reasonable and that all shippers, localities and commod ities should be accorded equal treatment. That law was largely an experiment. Ex perience has shown the wisdom of Its pur poses, tout lias also shown, possibly that some of Its requirements are wrong, cer tainly that the means devised for the en forcement of Its provisions are defective. The act should be amended. The railway is a public servant. Its rates should lie just to and open to all shippers alike. The Gov ernment should see to it that within its jur isdiction this Is so, and should provide a speedy. Inexpensive and effective remedy to that end. At the same time nothing could be more f lolish tliau the enactment of legis lation wi.lch would unnecessarily interfere with the levelopment and operation of these commercial agencies. The Department of Agriculture during the lasi fifteen y-srs has steadily broadened its work on economic lines, and has accom plished results of real value in upbuilding domestic and foreign trade. It lias gone into new fields until it is now in touch with ail sections of our country and with two ot the island groups that have lately come un der our juristdlction. whose people must look to agriculture for a livelihood. it Is searching the world for grains, grasses, fruits and vegetables specially fitted for in troduction into localities In the sevesul States and Territories where they may add materially to our resources. Ity scientific attention to so'l survey and possible new crops, to breeding of new varieties of plants, to experimental shipments, to nnimal indus try and applied chemistry, very practical aid had been given our farming and stock growing Interests. The products of the farm have taken an unprecedented place In our export trade during the year that has jnst closed. Protection of the Forest. Public opinion throughout 'be United States has moved steadily towar a just ap preciation of the value of forests, whether planted or of natural growth. The great part played by them in the creation and maintenance of the national wealth is now more fully realized than ever before. Wise forest protection does not mean the withdrawal of forest resources, whether of wood, water or grass, but, on the contrary, gives the assurance of larger and more cer tain supplies. The fundamental idea of forestry is the perpetuation of forests by use. Forest protection is not an end of Itself: it Is a means to increase and sustain the resources of our country and the indus tries which depend upon them. The preser vation of our forests is an Imperative busi ness necessity. At preseut the protection of the forest reserves rests with the Gen eral I.and Office, the mapping out aud de scription of their timber with the United States Geological Surrey, aud the preiiara tlou of plans for their conservative use with the Bureau of Forestry, which Is also | charged with the general advancement of \ practical forestry in the United States. These various functions should be united In | the Bureau of Forestry, to which they j properly beiong. Reclamation of Arid Lml. The reclamation of the unsettled arid pub- j lie lands present* a different problem. Here It is not enough to regulate the flow of j streams. The object of the Government is to dispose of the land to settlers who will ( build homes upon it. To accomplish this i object water must be brought within their j reach. The pioneer settlers on the arid public I domain chose their homes along streams from which they could themselves divert the j water to reclaim their holdings. Such op- , port unities are pi xcUoaily gone. There re maln. however, east areas of public land which can be made available for homestead settlement, but only by reservoirs and main line canais impracticable for private enter prise. These irrigation works should be built by the national Government for actual settlers, and the cost of construction should so far as possible be repaid by the land re claimed. In Hawaii our aim must be to develop the territory on the traditional American lines. We do not wish a region of large estates tilled by cheap labor; we wish a healthy American communitv of men who them selves till the farms they own. All our legislation for the islands should be shaped wirh this end in view; the well-being of the average home-maker tuns; afford the true test of the healthy development of the islands. The land policy should as nearly as possible be modeled on our homestead system. it is a pleasure to say that It Is hardly more necessary to report as to Porto Rico than as to any state or territory within our continental limits. The island is thriving as never before, and It Is being administered efficiently and honestly. Its people are now enjoying liberty aud order under the protec tion of the United States, and upon this fact we congratulate them and ourselves. Their material welfare must be as carefully and jealously considered as the welfare of any other portion of our country. We lav£ given them the great gift of free access for their products to the markets of the United States. 1 ask the attention of the Congress to the need of legislation concerning the pub lic lands of Porto Rico. s üba an tne Philipnines. In Cuba such progress has been made to ward putting the independent government of the island upon a firm footing that before the present session of Congress closes this will be an accomplished fact. Cuba will then start as her own mistress; and to the beautiful Queen of the Antilles, as she un folds this new page of her destiny, we ex tend our heartiest greetings aud good wishes. Elsewhere 1 have discussed the question of reciprocity. Iu the case of Cuba, how ever, there are weighty reasons of moral ity and of national Interest why the policy should be held to have a peculiar applica tion, aud I most earnestly ask your attention to the wisdom, indeed, to the *-ital need, of providing for a substantial reduction in the tariff dalles on Cuban Imports Into the United States. Cuba has in her constitu tion affirmed what we desired, that she should stand iu international matters in clos er and more friendly relations with us than with ntoy other■ power: and we are-bound by every consideration of honor and expediency to pass commercial measures iu the interest of tier material well-being. In the Philippines our problem is larger. They are very rich tropical islands, inhabit ed by many varying tribes, representing widely different stages of progress toward civilization. Our earnest effort is to help these people upward along the stony and difficult path that leads to self-government. We hope to make our administration of the islands honorable to our nation by making it of the highest benefit to the Filipinos themselves; and ns an earnest of what we intend to do, we point to what we have done. Already a greater measure of material pros perity and of governmental honesty and effi ciency has been attained in the Philippines than ever before in their history. The only fear is lest in our overanxiety 1 we give them a degre of Independence for which they are unfit, thereby inviting re action and disaster. As fast as there is any reasonable hope that in a given district tiie people can govern themselves, self-gov ernment has been given in that district. There is not a locality fitted for self-govern ment which has not received it. Rut it may well be thnt in certain eases it will have to l>e withdrawn because the inhabitants show themselves unfit to exercise it; such in stances have already occurred. r-till i roubles vhend. • There are still troubles ahead in the islands. The Insurrection has become an affair of local banditti aud marauders, who deserve no higher regard thun the brigands, of portions of the Old World. Encourage-’ input, direct or indirect, to these iusurrectos, stands on the same footing as encourage ment to hostile Indians in the days when we still bad Indian wars. Exactly as our aim Is to give to the Indian who remains peace ful the fullest and amplest consideration, but to have it understood that we will show no weakness if he goes on the warpath, so we must make It evident, unless we are false to our own traditions aud to the de mands of civilization and humanity, that while we will do everything in our power for the Filipino who is peaceful, we will take the sternest measures with the Filipino who follows the path of the iusurrecto and the ladrone. I call your attention most earnestly to the crying need of a cabie to Hawaii and tlie Philippines, to be continued from the Phil ippines to points in Asia. We should not de fer a day longer than necessary the con struction of such a cable. It is demanded not merely for commercial, but for political and military considerations. loe stnmi tl vnnal, No single great material work which re mains to be undertaken ou this continent is of such consequence to the American people as the building of a canal across the Isthmus connecting North and South America. Us importance to the nation is by no means lim ited merely to its material effects upon our business prosperity; and vet with view to these effects alone, it would lie to the last degree Important for us immediately to be gin it. While its beneficial effects would per haps lie most marked upon the Pacific Coast and the Gulf and South Atlantic States, it would also greatly benefit other sections. It is emphatically a work which it is for the interest of the entire country to begin and complete ns soon ns possible; it is one of those works which only a great nation can undertake with prospects of success, and which when done are not only permanent as sets in the nation's material Interests, but standing monuments to its constructive abil ity. I am glad to be able to announce to you that our negotiations on this subject with Great Britain, conducted ou both sides In a spirit of friendliness and mutual good will and respect, have resulted in my being able to lay before the Senate a treaty which if ratified will enable us to begin preparations for an Isthmian canal at any time, and which guarantees to this nation everv right that it has ever asked iu connection w’ith the canal. It specifically provides that the United States alone shall do the work of building and assume tae responsibility of safeguarding tbe canal, and shall regulate its neutral use by all nations on terms of equality without the guaranty or interfer ence of any outside nation from any quarter. The true end of every great and fire people should be self-respecting peace: and this na tion most earnestly desires sincere and cor dial friendship with all others, iivi r the entire workl. of recent years, war; between the great civilized powers have become less and less frequent. Wars with barbarous or semi-barbarous peoples come in an entirely different category, being merely a most re grettable hut necessary international polh'e duty which must be performed for the sake of the welfare cf mankind. Peace can only lie kept with <**rtainty where both sides wish to keep ii; but more and more the civilized people- are realizing the wicked folly of war and are attaining that condi tion of just and intelligent regard for the rights of others which will in the end, as we hope and believe, make world-wide peace possible. The peace conference at The lefiuite expressb a to this hope aud belief and marked a stride toward tke'r attainment. This same peace conference acquiesced in our statement of the Monro? Doctrine as compatible with tile purpose aud aims of the conference. The Monroe Doctrine should be the cardinal feature of the foreign policy cf ail the nations of the two Ameri'-as, as it is of the United Slates. This doctrine has nothing to do with the commercial relations of any American power, save that It In truth allows each of them to form such as it desires. In other words, it is really a guaranty cf the commercial inde pendence of the Americas. We do uot ask under this duo trine for any exclusive com mercial dealings with any other American state. We do m>t guarantee any state against punishment if it misconducts itself, provided that punishment does not take the form of the acquisition of territory by any ! non-American power. Our attitude iu Cuba is a sufficient guar anty of our own good faith. We have not the slightest desire to se ure anr territory at the expense of any of our neighbors. We wish to work with them hand in hand, so that aii of us may be uplifted together, and we rejoice ever the good fortune of any of them, we gladly lrnii their materia! pros perity and political slability. and are con cerned and alarmed if any of them fall into industrial or political chaos. We do not wish to see any Did World military power grow up on this continent, or to be com ! polled to become a military power ourselves. ■ The peoples of the Americas can prosper beet if left to work out their own salvation in their own way. Work on the ' n* Continue. The work of upbuilding the Navy moat be steadily continued. No one pciut of our policy, foreigu or domestic, is more impor tant titan this to the houor and mater.a! welfare, and above all to the peace, of our nation in the future. Whether we desire it or not. we must heuceforth recognize that •ve have international duties uo less than international rights. Eien if our flag were hauled down in the Philippines and i’orto Ktco, even if we decided uot to build the Isthmian Canal, we should need a thorough ly trained Navy of adequate size, or else be prepared definitely aud for all time to aban don the idea that onr nation Is among those whose sons go down to the sea in ships. Un less our commerce Is always to be carried In foreign bottoms, we must have war craft to protect it. Inasmuch, however, as the American peo ple have no thought of abandoning the path upon which they have entered, and especial ly !n view of the fact that the building of tr.* .sthmiau Canal is fast becoming one of th? matters which the whole people are united in demanding, it is imperative that i our Navy should be put and kept in the highest state of efficiency, and should l>e made to answer to our growing needs. So far from being in any way a provocation to war, ud adequate and highly trained navy is the best guaranty against war, the cheapest and most effective peace Insurance. The cost of building and maintaining such a navy represents the very lightest premium f r in’ suring peace which this uat.cn eau possibly pay. Our people Intend to abide by the Monroe Doctrine and to lnsi-t upon it as the one sure means of securing the peace of the Western hemisphere. The Navy offers us the only means of making our insistence upon the Monroe Doctrine anything but a subject of derision to whatever uation chooses to disregard it. We desire the peace which comes as, of right to the just mar armed; not the peace granted on terms of ignominy to the craven aud the weakling. It is not possible to improvise a navy after war breaks out. The ships must be built and the men trained long in advance. Some auxiliary vessels can be turned into make shifts which will do In default of any better for the minor work, and a proportion of raw men can be mixed with the highly trained, their shortcomings being made good by the skill of their fellows; but the efficient fight ing force of the Navy when pitted against an equal oppouent will be found almost ex clusively in the war ships that have been regularly built and in the officers and men who through years of faithful perfortnnm e of sea duty have been trained to handle their formidable but complex and delicate weap ons with the highest efficiency. In the late war with Spain the ships that dealt the de cisive blows at Manila and Santiago had been launched from two to fourteen years, and they were able to do as they d.d because' the men In the conning towers, the gun tur rets, and the engine-rooms had through long years of practice at sea learned how to do their duty. While awarding the fullest honor to the men who actuilly commanded and manned the ships which destroyed the Spanish sea forces in the Philippines and in Cuba, we must not forget that an equal meed of praise belongs to those without whom neither blow could have been struck. The Congressmen wbo votert years in advance the money to lay down the ships, to build the guns, to buy the armor-plate; the depart ment officials and the business men and wage-workers who furnished what the Con gress had authorized; the Secretaries of the Navy who asked for and expended the ap propriations; aud finally the officers who, in fair weather and foul, on actual seu ser vice, trained and disciplined the crews of the ships when there was no war in sight all are entitled to a full share in the glory of Manila and Santiago, and the respect ac corded by every true Auier.can to those who wrought such signal triumph for our coun try. It was forethought and preparation which secured us the overwhelming triumph of 1898. If we fall to show forethought ud j reparation uow. there may come a time when disaster will befall us instead of triumph; aud should tills time come, the fault will rest primarily, not upon those whom the accident of events puts In su preme command at the moment, but upon those who have failed to prepare In ad vance. There should be no cessation in the work of completing our Navy. So far ingenuity has been wholly unable to devise a substi tute for the great war craft whose hammer ing guns beat out the mastery of the h gh seas. It is unsafe and unwise not to provide this year for several additional battle ships and heavy armored cruisers, with auxiliary aud lighter craft in proportion; for the ex act numbers and character I rpfer you to the report of the Secretary of the Navy. But there is something we need even more than additional ships, and this is additional officers and men. To send any war ship against a compe tent enemy unless these aboard It have been trained by years of actual sea service, in cluding incessant gunnery practice, would be to invite not merely disaster, but tlie bitter est shame and humiliation. Four thousand additional seamen and one thousand addi tional marines should be provided; and an increase in the officers should be provided by making a large addition to the classes at Annaoolis. Even in time of peace a war ship should be used until it wears out. for only so can it be kept tit to respond to any emergency. The officers and men alike should be kept as much as possible on blue water, for it is there only they can learn their duties as they should be learned. Every detail ashore which can lie performed by a civilian should lie so performed, the officer being kept for his special duty in the sen service. Above all, gunnery practice should be unceasing. We now have seventeen battle ships ap proprlated for, of which nine are completed and have been commissioned for actual ser lee. The remaining eight will be ready In from two to four years, but it will take at least that time to recruit and train the men to fight them. It is of vast concern that we have trained crews ready for the vessels by the time they are commissioned. The men must be trained and drilled under a thorough and well-planned system of pro gressive instruction, while the recruit.ng must lie carried on with still greater vigor. Every effort must be made to exalt the main function of the officer—the command of men. The leading graduates of the Naval Academy should tic assigned to the comba tant branches, the line and marines. The Naval Militia forces are State organi zations, and are trained for coast service, and In event of war they will constitute the inner line of defense. They should receive hearty encouragement from the general gov rnment. The American people must either build and maintain an adequate navy or else make up their minds definitely to accept a secondary position in International affairs, not tnerciy 1 in political, but In commercial, matters. It has been well said that there Ts no surer way ct courting national disaster than to be “opulent, aggressive, and unarmed.” Increase of the Array i nnecessnry. It is not necessary to increase our Army beyond its present size at this time. But it is necessary to keep it at the highest point of efficiency. The individual units who as officers and enlisted men compose this Army, are. we have good reason to believe, at least as efficient as those of auy other army In tlie entire world. It is our duty to see that their training Is of a kind to Insure the high est possible expression of power to these units when acting in combination. The conditions of modern war are such as to make nu infinitely heavier demand than ever before upon the individual character and capacity of the officer and the enlisted man, and to make it far more difficult for men to act together with effect. At present the fighting must be done in extended order, which means that each man must act for himself aud at the same time act in com bination with others with whom he Is no longer in the old-fashioned elbow-to-elbaw touch. Under such conditions a few men of the highest excellence are worth more than many men without the special skill which Is only found as the result of special traluing applied to men of exceptional phydque and morale. But nowadays the most valuable fighting man aud the most difficult t. ,er feet Is the rifleman who is also a skillful and daring rider. The proportion of our cavalry regiments has wisely been increased. The American cavalryman, trained to maneuver and fight with equal facility on foot and on horseback, is the best type of soldier for general purposes now to be found in the world. A general staff should be created. As for the present staff and supply departments, they should be filled by details from the j line, the men so detailed returning after a while to their line duties It is very unde sirable to have the senior grades of the Army composed of men who have come to ill the positions by the mere fact of seniori ty. A system should be adopted by which there sMII be an elimination grade by grade of those who seem unfit to renuer the best service in the next grade. Justice to the veterans of the Civil War who are still in the Armv would seem to require that in the matter of retirements they be given by law the same privileges accorded to their com rades in the Navy. The process of elimination of the least fit should be conducted in a manner that would render it practically Impossible to apply po litical or social pressure on behalf of any candidate, so that each man may be judged on his own merits. Every effort should be made to bring the Army to a constantly increasing state of efficiency. When on actual service no work save that directly in the line of such service should be required. The paper work in the \rmv. as in the Navy, should he greatly re duced. What is needed is proved power of command and capacity to work well In the field. Constant care is necessary to prevent dry rot in the transportation and commis sary depa rt men's. Our Army Is so small and so much scat tered that it is very difficult to give the higher officers (as well as the lower officers and the enlisted ment a chance to practice maneuvers la mass and on a comparuivcty large scale. In time of need no amount o.* individual excellence would avail against the paralysis which would foliow inability to work as a coherent waole. under skillful ani daring leadership. The Congress should pro vide means whereby it will be possible to have field exercises by at least a division of rtgnlais. and if possible also a division of national guardsmen, once a year Array Keorea-'izailoti. Much good has already come from the act reorganizing the Army, passed early in the present year. The three prime reforms, all of them of literally inestimable value, are, first, the substitution of four-year details from the line for permanent appointments in the so-called staff divisions: second, the establishment of a corps of ar;illery with a chief at the head: third, the establishment of a maximum and minimum limit for the Army, it would be difficult to overestimaie the improvement In the efficiency of our Army which these three reforms are making, and have in pirt already effected. The reorganization provided for by the act has been substantially accomplished. The improved eoudlrions in the Philippines have enabled the War Department materially to reduce the military charge upon our revenue gnd to arrange the number of soldiers so as o liriug this number much nearer to the minimum than to tlie maximum limit estab lished by law. There is, however, need of supplementary legislation. Thorough mili tary education must be provided, and in ad dition to the regulars the advantages of this education should bo given to the officers of the National Guard and others in civil life who desire intelligently to tit themselves for possible military duty. The officers should be given the chance to perfect themselves by study in the higher branches of this art. At West Point tlie education should be of the kind most apt to turn cut men who are good in actual field service; too much stress should not be laid on mathematics, nor should pro ficiency therein be held to establish the right of entry to a corps d’ellte. The typical American officer of the best kind need not be a good mathematician; but he must be able to master himself, to control others, and to show boldness and fertility cf resource iu every emergency. Action should be taken in reference to the militia and to the raising of volunteer forces. Onr militia law Is obsolete and worthless. The organization and armament of the Na tional Guard of the several States, which are treated as militia In the appropriations by the Congress, should be made Identical with those provided for the regular forces. The ohllga ions and duties of the Guard in time of war should be carefully defined, and a system established by law under which the method of procedure of raising volunteer forces should be prescribed in- advance. That the Army is not at all a mere instru ment of destruction has been shown during the last three years. Iu the Philippines, Cuba, and Potto Itico It has proved itself a great constructive force, a most potent im plement for the upbuilding of a peaceful civ ilization. No other cit'zens deserve so well of the republic as the veterans, the survivors of those who saved the Union. They did the one deed which if left undone would have meant that all else in our history went for nothing. The men who in the last three years have done so well iu the East and the West Indies and on the mainland of Asia have shown that this reinembrandb is not lost. In auy serious crisis the United States must rely for the great mass of Its fighting men upon the volunteer .soldiery who do not make a permanent profession of the mili tary career: and whenever sucli a crisis arises the deathless memories of the Civil War will give to Americans the lift of lofty purpose which comes to those whose fathers have stood valiantly in the forefront of the battle. Our Consular Service. The consular service is now organized un der the provision^of a law passed in 1858, which is entirely inadequate to existing con ditions. The interest shown hy so many commercial bodies throughout the country In the reorganization of the service is heartily commended to your attention, t The gunrdliinshlp and fostering of our rap idly expanding foreign commerce, the pro tection of American cltlzeits' resorting to foreign countries in lawful pursuit of their affaiis, and the maintenance of the dignity of the nation abroad, combine to make it eSSentinl that our consuls should be men of character, knowledge and enterpr s?. It Is true that the service is now. in the main, efficient, but a standard of excellence cannot lie permanently maintained until the prin ciples set forth in the bills heretofore sub mitted to the Congress on this subject are enacted into law. I bespeak the most cordial support from tlie Congress and the people for the St. Louis Exposition to Commemorate the One Hundredth Anniversary of. the Louisiana Purchase. We earnestly hope that foreign nations will appreciate tlie deep interest our country takes in this exposition, and our view of Its Importance from every stand point. and that they will participate in se curing its success. The national govern ment should be represented by a full and complete set of exhibits. For the sake of good administration, sound economy, and the advancement of science, the Census Office as now constituted should be made a permanent government bureau, urowth o th-- Postal ervice. The remarkable growth cf the postal ser vice Is shown in the fact that its revenues have doubled and Its expenditures have near ly doubled within twelve years. Its pro gressive development compels constantly In creasing outlay, but in tills period of busi ness energy and prosperity its receipts grow so much faster than lls expenses that the annual deficit has been steadily reduced from $11,411,779 in 1897 to $8,923,727 in 1901. Among recent postal advances the success of rural free delivery wherever es tablished has been so marked, and actual experience has made Its benefits so plain, the demand for Its extension is general aud urgent. It is just that the great agricultural popu lation should share In the improvement of tlie service. The number of rural routes now in operation is 6,009, practically all estab lished within three years, and there are 6,000 applications awaiting action. It Is ex pected that the number In operation at the close of the current tiseal year will reach B.COO. The mall will then bp dally carried to the doors of 5,700.000 of our people who have heretofore been dependent upon distant offices, and one-third of all that portion of the country which is adapted lo it will be covered by this kind of service. The full measure of postal progress which might be realized has long been hampered anil obstructed by the heavy burden im posed on the government through the in trenched and well-understood abuses wh : eh have grown up in connection with second class mail matter. The extent of this bur den appears when It lc stated that while the second-class matter makes nearly tbvee fifths of the weight of all the mall, it paid for the last fiscal year only $4,294,445 of the aggregate postal revenue of $111.1,31.1! 3. If the pound rate of postage, which produces the large loss thus entailed, and which was fixed by the Congress with the purpose of encouraging the dissemination of public In formation. were limited to tbe legitimate newspapers and periodicals actually con templated by the law. no just exception could be taken. The Post-Office Department has n.,w undertaken to remove the abuses so far as is possible by a stricter application of the law; and it should be sustained in its effort. Set eraent of the Chinese Emhrnirlio Owing to the rapid growth of our power aud our Interests on the Pacific, whatever lianpens In China must be of the keenest national concern to us. The general terms of the settlement of the questions growing out of the antifore gn uprisings iu China of 1900. having been for mulated in a joint note addressed tq China bv the representatives of the injured pow ers In December last, were promptly ac cepted by tht Chinese government. After protracted conferences the plenipotentiaries of the several powers were able to sign a final protocol with the Chinese plenipo'en taries on the 7th of last September, setting forth the measures taken by China in compli ance with the demands of the joint note, and expressing their satisfaction therewith. It will be laid before the Congress, with a re port of the plenipotentiary on behalf of the United States. Mr. William WoodvJUe Kook hill. to whom high praise is due for the tact, good judgment, and energy he has displayed In performing an exceptionally difficult and delicate task. Under the provisions of the joint note of December, I!HXi. China has agreed to revise the treaties of commerce aud navigation and to take such other steps f.r the purpose of facilitating foreign trade as the foreign powers may decide to be needed. During these troubles our"government has unswervingly advocated moderation, and has materially aided in bringing about an adjust ment which tends to enhance the welfare of China and to lead to a more beneficial intercourse between the empire and the modern world; while In the critical period of revolt and massacre we did our full share in safeguarding life and property, restor.ng order, and vindicating the national interest and honor. It behooves Us to continue in these paths, doing what lies in our power to foster feelings of good will, and leaving no effort untried to work out the great policy of full and Ltir intercourse between China and tbe nations, on a footing of equal rlg its and advantages to all. We advocate tbe “open door" with ail that it implies; not merely the procurement of enlarged com merclal opportunities on the coasts, hut ac cess to the interior by the waterway* with which China has been so extraordinarily fa vored. C nth of Victoria. The deatn of Queen Victoria caused th# people of the United States deep and heart felt sorrow, to which the government gave full expression. When Pres dent McKinley died, our nation In turn received from every quarter of the British Empire expressions of grief and sympathy no less sincere. TU? death of the Empress Dowager Frederick of Germany also aroused the genuine sym pathy of the American people; and this srmpathy was cordially reciprocated by Germany when the President was assas sinated. Indeed, from every quarter of the civilized world we received, at tbe time of the President's death, assurances of such grief and regard as to touch the hearts of our people. In the midst of onr affliction we reverently thank the Almighty that we are at peace with the nations of mankind; and we firmly Intend that our policy shall be such as to continue unbroken these in ternational relations of mutnai respect aud good will. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. ALL OVER THE STATE ITEMS OF INTEREST IN BADGER. DOM. Find Money Hidden in Many Places— Corpse Foitnd on let at 'Veit Superior Fatal Hunting; Accident lndians Suspected of Shooting; Hunters. Mrs. Hosanna Fill'.or of Lake Junction died a few days ago. Before sue died she called a neighbor to her bedside 'fid told him that, if careful search was made among the pottery of the pantry and iu a certain bureau drawer, some money would l>e found. The neighbor, fearing wrongful motives might be attached to his investigation, informed I>r. F. A Everhard. who made a careful search and found $1,200 iu an old pitcher. Con tinuing the search, an old skirt iu the bureau drawer yielded seven paekng. s tied with woolen yarn and sewed in the pockets and seams of the dress. Thes-* contained $3,500. Following this. in currency was found between the leaves of an old Bible, which also contained securities executed by relatives of lie 1 woman and amounting to about Bl.GiiU. Six hundred dollars was found behind an old picture on the wall, several hun dred more in old tin cans near the wood pile, and various amounts in other out of the way places until the whole amounted to about ST. (Mill. About tills time, it is said, the husband, Stephen Fuller, dug out in the neighborhood of $3,000 from an old sofa. I>ead Holy Found on Tc**. The police arc investigating the death cf Samuel Willort of Buffalo. X. Y., who is supposed to have been murdered iu West Superior. Willort was the watch man on the steamer Berlin, which was loading at Allouez. With Alexander Miller. Hugh McMillan and Charles Mil ler, all of Buffalo, fireman and deck hands of the boat, Willert visited a sa loon. not far from the boat. After N O’clock the entire party left the drinking place and the following morning Willert .vas found dead on the ice of the A'omndji river with his head badly smashed. The police claim that he was thrown from tile bridge to the ice below, a distance of forty feet, as he could uot have possibly fallen over the railing. No motive for the act i- known, as Willert’s money and valuables were found on him. Indians May Be Mnrlerers. Rumors of a startling nature which throw new light on the alleged accidental killing of white hunters through reckless shooting on the part of their compan ions have reached Janesville. It is now alleged that in several instances Indians have intentionally shot the men. The fti ▼asion this fall by thousands of sports men has resulted in a wholesale slaugh ter of deer at the very doors of the In dian wigwams. This is said to have driven the red men wild with jealousy. Half-civilized Indians are said to have informed old-time hunters that the only way to rid the pineries of city sportsmen is to scare them out by sending a few stray bullets here and there wherever the hunter happens to be lying in wait. Educator Kills a Friend. While hunting geese at the head of Ge neva lake Thomas J. Crew shot and in stantly killed Guy Baker. Mr. Crew is the principal of the high school at Fon tana and Baker was a well-known resi dent of that place. The men were crawl ing through high grass after game and Baker was leading the way. They had gone but a short distance when Crew slipped and fell and is gun was accident ally discharged, the shot entering Ba ker's back, causing almost instant death. Baker was 30 years old and is survived by his wife and one child. Sailors Rescued in Midlake. The schooner Loni A. Burton recently arrived at Mlwaukee with the crow of the hooker Caledonia, which capsized off Glen Haven. The crew consisted of Cap tain Michael Mic-haelson, Ilans Peterson, owner, and Nels Anderson, sailor. Al! belong to Kenosha. When the schoon er capsized the three men took to the yawl, and were tossed about in the seas until daybreak, when the Burton hove in sight, and, after some trouble, picked them up. Tlie men were almost frozen when rescued. Brief State Happenings. Paul Drahem’s arm was torn off at the elbow in a corn shredder at Randolph. Burglars attempted to blow open the safe in Guernsey & Cole’s law office at Clintonville. They failed to open the safe, but did considerable damage to the building. The Ferdinand Grunert Cheese Com pany. which recently failed at Monroe, has been reorganized, Chicago capital ists having furnished SIOO,OOO capital. Hunters brought to Ashland the body of William Johnson, a homesteader. John son was out hunting and was found dead in the woods, with a bullet hole in liis head. The coroner’s jury found that hi> death was caused by a stray bullet. The jury in the case against Mills end Haley, charged with killing Thomas I *a vis last July, brought in a verdict at Ste vens Point, finding the defendants guilty of manslaughter in the third degree. Tlie penalty is two to four years in Watipun. Tlie work of filling the valley at Sparta, which is spanned by one of the largest trestle works in the State, is completed. The tr. stlc belonging to the Chicago and Northwestern road was 41(1 feet long and ".bout five feet high. It lias always been a dread to travelers as well as railroad men. Because, as the culmination of a fam ily row, her husband emptied a swill bar rel upon her, Mrs. Joseph Halek, resident, of La Crosse, aolnutcd the aid of the police. Officers found her standing by the piano in the parlor, whither she had fled from her irate husband, picking po tato peelings from the back of her neck. William Hagendorf of Racine was working with a chisel, which he accident ally dropped. The sharp edge went through his boot and severed the great toe. The 3-year-old child of W. L. Waite, at Grandon, died from the effects of a dose of carbolic ncid administered by mistake for medicine. The child was sick with scarlet fever. Gale College, at Galesville, was dedi cated in the presence of a great crowd of several hundred persons, including many dignitaries of the Norwegian Lu theran synod. Harry Moen. aged 20. a fanner living at Cottage Grove, committed suicide by shooting himself through the head. He had been married about a year. No rea son was assigned for the deed. August Huubricli. an employe of the A .ten Sons’ tannery at Kenosha, had re turned home from his day’s work feeling well, and was talking to his wife and children, when he dropped dead of heart disease. Herman Thnrow, a blind teacher in the weaving department of the Wisconsin State school for the blind, and Mrs. Au gusta Metzke, an employe in tbe kitchen of the institution, eloped and were mar ried at Janesville. The 14-year-old son of John Converse, five miles east of Abbotsford, had his hand badly shattered by the premature discharge of a muzzle-loading shotgun while hunting. A freight train on tbe Burlington road was partially wrecked between La Crosse and Prairie du Chien through spreading of rails. Five cars of tnercbandi.se were ditched. No one v. as injured. After a hard-fought battle in which Ce celia Savage and Edward Holt of Brook lyn. X. Y., legal heirs, contested the will of the iate Mary Ann I’arker. a recluse who lived the life of a hermit in the heart of La Crosse. Judge Brindley ad mitted tbe will to probate. The Wanpnn Dairy Company of Whu pun has filed articles of incorporation with a capital stock of $3,000. Joseph Schaefer, a Rogersvi'le farmer, had his hand caught in the rollers of a corn shredder, badly lacerating his wrist. Safe blowers entered the store of tbe Reeseville Mercantile Company and blew the door off the safe.' securing about $lO. Joseph Schatier, the 8-year-old son of Matthias Sell alter, drowned while skat ing ou a pond in South Side park, Osh kosh. t . William Skilling of Bruce, married, was killed by a falling log in a camp of tbe Wells Lumber Company of Eau Claire. Carl Emberton of Bloomer, aged It, died from the effects of an accidental gunshot wound while getting ready to go hunting. Mrs. Harry I\ Lord, a young wife, has gone violently insane at Niagara, her insanity being due to the death of her little child. The by ear-old son of Farrel Hopkins, living near Manawa, dropped dead while playing with his brother. The child had uot been sick a day. I>. W. Cox of Fond du L-.c lias been appointed by Gov. La Follette surveyor of Fond du Lac County iu place of I>. K. Fairbanks, deceased. Arthur Murphy, one of the three young men charged with the murder of Thomas Davis last July, was discharged hy Judge Webb at Stevens l’oint. John Brown, a boy of It I years, was found dead under a heavy log In Lewis valley, only a short distance from bis home, lie had been hunting. Philip Zimmer, an engineer who lived in Milwaukee for forty-six years and built many notable buildings, was killed by gas. He was 70 years old. Conductor Schultz and Hrakentan Fer guson, who were stabbed by tramps at Superior Junction, have recovered from their injuries and are able to lake their runs. The Wisconsin Beet Sugar Company's plant at Menomonee Fulls is shipping from two to three ears of sugar daily aud about 4(H) tons of beets are being used each day, the capacity being <SOO tons. A collision, wrecking two engines and nine cars loaded with stock, resulted from an open switch at Summit on the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad. The crews jumped and escaped uninjured. At Clear Lake, while working with a steam wood saw, James Floyd was in stantly killed by the accidental break ing of the saw. He was struck in the chest by a flying piece, which tore out his heart. J. Rrunk of Racine bad his hand in jured while hunting near Wind lake l>y tile premature explosion of a gun, due to the trigger of his hammerless gun catching on a barb wire as lu> was crawl ing through a fence. Funds are being raised by private sub scription for a gymnasium in the public schools at Two Rivers. The idea is meet ing with a great deal of eneourugemeut, anti there is no doubt but what ample funds will bo forthcoming. The Oshkosh-Omro Intorurlnin Electric line is now graded from Oshkosh to the Oniro corporation limits. The weather has been favorable for rapid work. Tbe ties are laid for about two-thirds of the distance. It is hoped to have cars run ning by Jan. 1. Fire was discovered iu the massive ele. vator of Holbrook <fc Balliet at Appleton, and despite the prompt and efficient ac tion of the fire department the building was totally destroyed, aggregating a loss of about $23,000, covered by insurance. Fortunately there were only about 2<>,- IMM) bushels of grain, 300 bushels of po tatoes and SI,OOO worth of clover seed in the bins at the time. Because he had constantly studied the Bible for many months and could not comprehend its teachings, Oscar Flickie, a 17-year-old boy residing at He Soto, attempted suicide by cutting his throat with a razor. IL> cannot recover. Peter Flickie, his father, says tlre* hoy showed no symptoms of insanity, and tried sui cide because ho wanted to go to the spirit world and investigate bis theories. Contracts have been signed insuring ihe removal from Chicago to Stevens L’oiiu of Joseph Buchner, an expert watch builder, and the establishment of a fac tory for the manufacture of watches. A stock company has been organized with S2O,(XX) capital, Mr. Baehner being given one-half the stock as the value of his machinery and dies. Watches will be placed ou the market before the first of February. An important sale of timber has been made in the town of Musk ego, the same including 133 walnut logs from twenty six trees on the farm of L. Ellertson. The purchasers, a Cincinnati lumber com pany will cut the trees down at their own expense am* ship them direct from Lake Beulah, on the Wisconsin Central Railroad, to Berlin, Germany, where ihe logs will be worked up into veneering and other marketable products. .Toscpl Regner, a farmer residing near Phillips, and for a few weeks past an in mate of the Milwaukee sanitarium in Wauwatosa, hanged himself to a sapling in the woods in the rear of that institu tion. Nicolas Ferdinand, a saloonkeeper on the Blue Mound road, was hunting with some friends in Wellauor’s woods near the sanitarium. Suddenly the dog, which had been after a rabbit, stopped in his mad chase to scent anew and strange smell and to see a strange figure. He barked until his masters wore attracted to the spot, where they saw Regner hang ing to a sapling by a rusty hay bale wire. The parsonage of St. Joseph's Church in Marinette was entered by two burg lars. The pastor, Father Caron, met the burglars at the dining room with a revolver. They lied, but carried away considerable communion wine. They had been in the house for some time before being discovered. Miss Marion Morrison McMillan of To mail i- married to Licur. Reuben Smith of the Twenty-eighth infantry, whose home is at Minneapolis. The couple will go at once to Manila, where Lieut. Smith will be stationed. Mr. and Mrs. John Trove of the town of Wilson were presented with a daugh ter the other day—their nineteenth child. This makes the largest family of children in Sheboygan County. Mr. I>e Troye is 48 years old, his wife is five years young er. Jan. 12 next the couple "’ill cele brate their twenty-fifth wedding a uni ver sa ry. The engagement of Frank Jos-iyn, one of the leading dry goods merchant# of Osbkos'a, to Miss Bessie Lou Daggett, also of that city, is announced. Miss Daggett is one of tlie most popular vo calists in the State and has been travel jug with Brooks’ Marine Band of Chi cago. An unknown woman attempted to kill the wife of Dr. Paul Malmstrom, a well known Kenosha physician. The woman was sten lurking near the Mahu-ttroiu house n few moments before a bullet, fired frou? a revolver, crashed *nrotigh a window at the rear of the house and buried itself in the wall near where the doctor's wife was standing. The creamery and icehouse of Dorr Mnxon were totally destroyed by fire at SchleisingerviUe. The loss is $7,000, with small insurance. The fire is sup posed to have been started by a tramp. For a time it looked as though the whole town would be burned. The apportionment of the State appro priation of SIOO,OOO to free high schools has been completed by State Superinten dent Harvey. The salary and expenses of tbe State high school inspector are taken from tbe appropriation and the amount distributed among the 222 free high schools is $1)7,308.37. The Milwau kee high school*, not being free, and not share in the apportionment.