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WHEN DOILY SMlu£S.
When Dolly smiles twin Cupids seek And find the dimples in her ehWks And in those dimples straightway sit Till Dolly’s laugh doth make tiem Hit. And when she langhs those Cupids twain Do hie her rosy mouth inside And dance upon her teeth of pearl, To play at seek and then at hide. Oh. little Cupids, grant me this When at your saucy jests ye play, Leave on those rosy lips a kiss, Wbispr ’tis mine, and steal away. —Westminster Gazette. M I-Ml 111 'HiHtH'HH t Grandma’s Story r 4H<WIHHIH"rHI till uf yr> STORYI” exclaimed grandma as she looked over her glasses **** at the boy and girl perched at her fePt. “Yes, please, a really, truly story,” said Elsie. “A war story, with some ‘go’ In It,” added Tom. “Very well,” said grandma after a few moments’ thought. "I believe I van please you both. “It was in a log house, sucn as the first settlers lived in, that a girl of about 15 years of age was bending over the fireplace busily engaged in broiling slices of venison. Another girl about a year older was spreading a coarse, homespun cloth on the table and pre paring it for the evening meal. “ ’Father is late.’ said the girl at the fire, as she rose. ‘What can be keeping him V* “ ‘News from the front that he is so anxious to hear, perchance. Poor fath er! it is a sore trial for him that he is unable to go to Washington’s aid, and has no sons to send. If I were only a boy now!’ “Her black eyes sparkled and her cheeks grew red at the thought. “ ‘Would you go, Elizabeth’;’ askeu the other. “ ‘lndeed I wmuld. I do so long to do something for our country.’ “ "But war is dreadful,’ said the oth er. and her cheeks grew pale at the very thought. ’I am sure I never could go.’ “ ‘Thee would not need. Dorothy; pome one would have to stay with father, thee knows. Thee is a dear child and I am sure thee loves our country as much as I.’ "The mother of these girls was a Quaker, and the elder often used,the “ YOU SHALL PAY FOR THAT, YOU UUSBY" lit CRIED,” quaint form of speech when talking to the younger. It came from her us a sort of a caress. “Just then the door opened, and the father entered. He was an an well past seventy, with hair as white as snow. His bright eyes were not yet dim, and there was a very striking re semblance between him and his elder daughter. “ ‘What news, father?’ asked Eliza beth. “ ‘Nothlug. Nothing new, except that the English, led by the traitor. Arnold, have been raiding the country again. That is old now, hut a runner just came with a fuller story.’ "Elizabeth’s (yes Sashed fire at the mention of Arnold, for the colonies were very bitt.T against this n-,an that had beeu false to them. “ ‘I wish I could go.’ “ ‘I wish thee could, child,’ answered the father, as he took his place at the table. “The next morning after doing the usual work Dorothy took her knitting and sat by the door, while Elizabeth brought the wheel from the comer and began to spin. “ ‘When these are finished there will be six pair,’ said Dorothy, as she held up a sock she was working on. They will help some poor soldier next win ter.’ “ ‘Yes, we can help that way. and glad they will be, 1 am sure,’ answered her sister, as she started the wheel buzzing. "A few moments later the door was darkened, and as they looked up in sur prise at the breathless man that stood there, he gasped out: ** “The fort is attacked, and if it falls the town will be sacked.’ and before they could say a word be was gone. “ ‘What shall we do?’ aoancd Doro thy. but Elizabeth was at work. She hastily collected what few valuables they had and made them Into a small bundle. Then, miming a short distance from the house, she hid then? in the hollow of a tree. ** *1 do not think they will find them there,’ she said, ‘Cheer up, Dorothy, the fort has not yet fallen, and many brave and true men are behind those walls.' “They could not work, but set In the doorway waiting and watching and talking to their neighbors, who were also anxiously waiting. “Soon their father came in. ois face was drawn and pale, but his eyes were bright- A cry went up as a soldier came running through the streets. “ ‘Cod help the town! - he erl nt *Th, fort has surrendered and the British have murdered the general and most of the men. The traitor, Arnold, is in command:’ “There was confusion at once, Every person able to 'ld a mnsket got ready for the defense that they knew would be useless, but they looked for .-*> mercy, and they determined to sell their lives as dearly as possible. Doro thy was almost fainting from fright, but Elizabeth followed her father’s example and cook down a gun that she knew- well bow to handle. They had not long to wait. The soldiers came through the streets k M og the Inhabitants and burning their homes, headed by Arnold himself. Elizabeth saw her poor old father shot down before her. and Doro thy fell in a faint across his prostrate body. Quick as a flash she raised her mnsket and. aiming straight at Arnold, fired, but the shot missed and before she could try again It was wrested from her aud she found herself in the power of two stalwart soldiers. “ ‘So you would shoot the general,’ •aid ©no. o- 1 'lf A Few Negatives. Never dust off plates with brush that contains stiff hair or bristles; use brush with long fine hair. ' * Never put alkaline solutions in bot tles having glass stoppers—they stick. Never sweep or dust your dark room; use wet cloths to remove dust and dirt. Never use trays or dishes for all work; keep to their proper uses those for developing, fixing, toning, etc. Never pass your fingers from one so lution to another without washing, if you would avoid stains, etc. Never be in a hurry; move with cir cumspection in all your photographic work, although it requires but a small fraction of time to impress the sensi tive plate, good results can alone be bad by study of position and a due re gard to light and shade. Development and all the operations of the dark room can only move at proper speed to produce satisfactory results. Never console yourself with the Idea “ ‘I would kill £ murderer and a trai tor!’ answered she, scornfully. “ ‘You shall pay for that, you hussy,’ lie cried. “But over Arnold’s face swept a flush of shame. What his thoughts were as he looked at the face of the girl no one knows, but his better nature conquered. “‘Unhand the girl!’ lie commanded. ‘I give you your life,’ he said, turning to Elizabeth, ‘and remember that Bene dict Arnold can appreciate bravery, even in an American girl,’ and he rode on with a wave of his hand.” “Are you sure that is a real, true story, grandma?” asked the girl. “Quite sure, dearie, for Elizabeth told It to me herself, and Elizabeth was my grandmother.”—Detroit Free Press. COLDS MAY BE INFECTIOUS. Medical Man Gives Reasons for Sup posing This to Be the Case. We all speak of “catching” cold, and the belief that an ordinary cold Is “caught” In the same sense as an in fectious disease and in no other way seems to be gaining ground among medical men. Dr. 11. Willoughby Gard ner writes in The Lancet: “Colds are almost unknown In the Arctic circle, not on account of the action of the continuous cold, but be cause the greater part of that region is uninhabited. Whon Sir William Conway and his men were exploring Spitzbergen, though they were exposed to great privations and were almost constantly wet through, they never caught a cold, but directly they came down to Andree’s settlement on the coast, where some forty men were liv ing in almost constant intercourse with the mainland, they ail developed vio lent colds. Nansen and his men never caught a cold during all the three years of his voyage, notwithstanding the utmost exposure, but directly they reached civilization on the coast of Norway, though still Within the Arctic circle, they all suffered badly from colds. The weather is not always keen and bracing in the Arctic regions; dur ing the summertime in Franz Josef Land, at any rate. It is exceedingly damp, and raw, mist-laden east winds prevail; yet the members of the Jack son-llarmsvvorth expedition never caught a cold there, though all but two of them dhl so directly they reached civilization. More noteworthy still were Conway’s experiences in the Himalayas. While amongst the moun tains he and his men. notwithstanding great exposure, never caught cold; nor did they even when They visited the small remote native villages; but once they came down to a village where there was a small European settlement in communication with the outer world and they all took bad colds. Nor Is it only the Arctic regions and amongst high mountains that colds are absent; the same Immunity from them is no ticeable during long sea voyages and when camping out In the desert: and. still more unexpectedly, in the best open air sanatoriums. such as Nord rach, where the ventilation is practi cally perfect, it Is found that patients do not catch cold. There Is. I believe, plenty of other evidence to show that there are places remote from ordinary human life where colds cannot be caught whatever the exposure; prob ably many of your readers can bring forward Instances.”—Literary Digest bewareTof theTnephew. Jewelers Advised that He Is a Dan rerous Relative. Tony Weller’s sage advice about widows may be paraphrased to advan tage so it will apply to the family rela tionship expressed by the word “nephew.” Judging by recent events the jewelry trade will derive greater profit from the sentiment thus im proved. Nephews seem to tie danger ous relatives of prominent citizens Whenever a thief or a swindler desires “CURLY” WOOD AND QUARTER SAWING. BIBD'B-ET* MAPLE CTT. QCABTEBED OAK CCT. The general public has bat a faint Idea of what bird’s eye maple, curly walnut and quartered oak really are. Asa matter of fact the secret lies entirely in the method of cutting or sawing the timbeg. The bird’s-eye figure in maple is produced by cutting around and around the log. and continuing until the log is used up. A huge knife, and not a saw. Is used for the purpose, and the wood is really peeled off like a great shaving; hence bird’s-eye veneers yards in length are made. Few species produce this figure. That obtained from t’ue sugar maple is the finest in this conntry. Curly walnut is the root and that portion of the trunk just above the ground. The log is sawed in the ordinary way. Curly walnut is obtained from all the species. Quartered oak is produced by sawing the log into quarters—hence the name. These quarters are Chen sawed into boards from the circumference toward the center, and thus the “flake," that beautiful figure in quartered oak. is brought one The waste eaus-d by this method of sawing is what makes the quarter* sawed Umber so expensive. that to simply “touch the button” com prises the whole art of photography, and that when failure follows you can make good your want of success by blaming the maker of the lens and the maker of the plates. Never forget that a weak, flat nega tive is probably due either to over-ex posure or too weak a developer; that one with too great contrasts is due ei ther to under-exposure or too rapid or too strong a developer. Never be saving of developer; it costs but a trifle compared to the plates. Use a liberal quantity to fully cover plate. Never expect success from snap shots In heavy and deep shadows. Pbo tography does wonders in these days, but it will uot give you a picture of de tails found only in dark corners. Never expect good results from old plates, from which only flat and un satisfactory results can be expected. Just how old may be old it is difficult to state; one year is quite enough to lead to suspicion. to practice his arts by claiming rela tionship to anybody, he poses as a nephew. lie yearns very consistently to submit watches and diamonds for his uncle's inspection. Perhaps there is logic lu nephewism. The thief who doesn't know’ personally the prominent people of anew field of endeavor w’ould incur many risks by posing as a son. The prominent citizen might not be cld enough to have a son of the thief's age, might be notoriously childless, or possibly might be a bachelor. In such an emergency the intended victim, gen erally sufficiently conversant with lo cal affairs to be aware of such unfortu nate discrepancies in a story, would wield a club, impale the Impostor on the toe of his shoe or call the police, any one of which would prove deucedly embarrassing. Anybody, however, is capable of being an uncle—that is, any body masculine —unless be is an only child, or at least an adult chib 1 ’ and even in those cases he might e an uncle by marriage, or an uncle a degree or two further removed from the trunk of the family tree. If any man of the mature age peculiar to judges isn’t an uncle, there may be very few of his friends who are aware c? the fact. Even in small towns a prominent citi zen may be an uncle so quietiy and un ostentatiously that his nearest neigh bors do not know it, and he may have nephew s older than himself. He may even be an uncle and not know it; bence the safety in claiming nephew ship and the danger in recognizing the claim. Among jewelers the rula should be to treat as a rascal any unknown nephew of a prominent citizen.—Jewel ers’ Weekly. UNITED STATES MINTS. Some Big Shortages that Have Oc curred in Their History. “This shortage of $30,000 is not the biggest in the history of the mint by any means, but It's the biggest in recent times.” So said George E. Roberts, director of the United States mints. In the mat ter of Walter N. Dimmick, who is at present before the bar charged with the theft of the aforementioned sum from the mi at in San Francisco. “The San Francisco mint holds the record. The largest shortage in my recollection was found in this very town away back in the ’sos; it amount ed, I believe, to some $400,000. In Carson ten years ago $75,000 was stolen from the mint, and more recent ly New Orleans last $25,000. This how’ever, Is the biggest one in recent years.” Mr. Roberts says the San Francisco mint leads in the output of money, so far as value goes, but Philadelphia turns out the greater quantity of frac tional edver. nickels and pennies. Mr. Roberts is enthusiastic about the new Philadelphia mint, which was first occupied last November. “It Is the largest and best mint In the world,” he says. “A mechanical expert was sent to England. France and Ger many to learn the most efficient meth ods In use. We have successfully test ed the new’ machinery and expect soon to use the same kind in the other mints. We are now asking Congress to appro priate $30,000 for anew equipment for the San Francisco mint The present coinage presses will serve very well; the great and important improvements are In the machinery that rolls and prepares the metal.” Time Enough. Miss Kostique—She says you have a habit of telling all you know. Cholly—The idea! Why. she nevnh met me till lawst evening, and then only for five minutes. Miss Kostique—Well? Catholic Standard and Times. When a womau has company, she apologizes for every thing she puts on the table, and wlieu no one Ls there but her family, she defends it HAVE A LOUIS COAT. THEY ARE VERY POPULAR THIS SEASON. Vogue Will Continue Until the Cold W’eather, at Least, aa They Are to Be Seen in Thinneat of Cloths— Latest Blouse and Blazer. New York correspondence: J*-L>SSIBLY the for the Louis coats may come with the next cold- I weather, but their a standing for the g immediate future H/yf ia unquestionable. And such care has been taken In the materials for them. and these are so fine ly made, that the i new coat suits are costly enough to hint of much longer life for i such fashions, i Plainly these I coats are to pre j|L vail all summer, for new models abound in the thinnest of cloth. Eta mine and veiling are the most favored, but wool canvas aud a very light weight summer cheviot are ip good demand. The skirts for these suits 1 do not show great elaboration, plainer finish replacing Tree or fanciful trimming. Silk braid in, the color of the material, in black, white or colors, is used, aud stitching and bands of moire are permissible. Silks in deli cate tints are made up with Louis coats and look fine. fl'lie silk is plain or in Dresden and brocaded effects. Black silk is stylish, too. either trimmed with | white or some bright tint. Of the two THE LATEST BLOUSE. BLAZEIt AND COAT. Louis coat suits, showu in to-day’s pic tures, the first was biscuit light weight taffeta, with fine white braid and white moire embroidered in black aud delicate green as embellishment; the other was dove gray etamine, with revers of bluel; and white silk, vest of white moire aud military collar of gray velvet. Basque coats aud eton jackets are seen on all occasions Some are beauti fully trimmed with silk, handsome cloth or embroidery and lace. The blouse coat with short basque or postilion effect at the back is very fashionable, and looks well on most women. The old time blazer jacket is seen, too, but usually appears on severe tailormades or on suits used as outing rigs. The jackets are finished with piping of silk, cloth or cording, have open fronts and sailor collar. A pretty example of the basque-blouse has beeii put by the artist at the left in her sec ond picture. It was delicate green veil ing, finished with white cloth stitched in black. Beside it is the new blazer, in wedgewood blue cheviot, with white cloth for finish. Bell sleeves are correct for such garments, and the fancy uuder sleeve is still seen on a great many. The bishop sleeve with large puff at the wrist is anew fancy in sleeves for these suits, too. All kinds of fancy waists are worn, wash waists of the plain or fancy order being a majority. Linen collars and SUMMER EV ENING FINERY. four-in-hand ties are for the severe cos tumes. while fancy stocks are permissi ble for more elaborate tailormades. Sheer summer gowns are elaborated with smocking aud shirring, to which are given increased ornamental value. Skirts are smocked or shirred in breadths, with bands of applique lace or insertion be tween. the bottom finished with a deep lace flounce. The bodice ordinarily is of all-over lace, with shirred or smocked el bow sleeves ending in lace rutiles. All kinds of delicately tinted velvets and Louisine satin ribbons are used for belts. Black is entirely correct, but there’-: a ternency to bring in colored belts and stocks. As much daytime summer attire for fashionables goes nearly to tne limit of elaborateness and complexity, there’s nothing left for the planner of summer evening gowns bat to add richness. And that is being done with prodigal reck lessness. Fine feathers are these gowns. The most transparent of materials, the richest of laces and embroideries and the most adroit use of these mediums are seen. White silk mall and white organ die are very fashionable as materials. The polonaise aad princess models are shown frequently for these. The former nasally is of some handsome all-over iace. the latter elaborately trimmed with lace in bands and medallions. The skirts have Spanish flounces finely pleated and are finished above the flounces with draping of the material. Low bodies* have fichu drapery arouna the cut-oat. Sleeve* come to the elbow, are full and fluffy, aßd end in lace ruffles or tiny lace ruch mgs. Evening gowns wherein skirt and waist are not in one show very costly elaboration on the skirt, the skirt flounces being handsome lace or embroidery, the rest embellished with novel applique work. Velvet berries, with black lace cut out to stand as foliage, appeared in one of these applique schemes, and sug gest their possibilities when the outlay is practically without limit. Velvet ribbons in various shades are used liberally as trimming. W hite made over black silk is seen in many fine examples, and black over white is abundant. Cream tints are stylish, and dead white rarely is seen. Light figured fancy silks, figured organ dies. mulls, muslins and swisses have indorsement for evening finery. Of the gowns sketched here, the left hand one was white silk mull, for the skirt, with vertical cream lace bands and white Brussels lace flounce; the bodice waa white lace over white silk, belt and trim mings black velvet. In rear view is shown a white organdy over green silk, with polonaise of cream lace finished •vith black velvet. The third full length figure displays a white satin foulard fig ured in rose pink and appliqued elab orately with black velvet and lace. Above this is a gown whose white etamine was embroidered in lavender silk floss, and whose bodice was white swiss, with deep yoke of Irish crochet and bolero of tuck ed taffeta and lace. Devising original schemes for the use of lace medallions in such gowns has come to be a science, and the scattering of ribbon knots over a skirt or entire gown often is a matter of much nicety. Fashion Notes. The magpie craze appears in under skirts of black and white taffeta adorn ed with three little ruffles in black. One of the most interesting queries in fashions just at present is if women are really going to wear all the English san dals shown in the shops. Supits are touched up here and there with a note of vivid color in cloth or vel vet, If the former it is covered with white mousseline, which seems to give it the bloom of a grape or peach. A novelty lace cape is elbow length, and made of white applique lace over black taffeta. It is bordered with a silk ruffle, and has a high ruff collar. The front is finished with a long black and white satin streamers. For traveling, the best long coats are made of light weight silk. The mandarin coat is the model for all occasions except the street. For walking the coat should be at least half-fitting. An automobile coat is of tau mohair stitched with dark brown silk. Piccadilly belts are of crocheted linen of solid color, or of white combined with some color. They are bound with silk, and have small buckles of gun metal or gilt. For wearing with cotton shirt waists they are just the thing, and, more* over, they are -warranted not to shrink in washing. Ties of erepc lisse in white and pale colors are shown in various shapes for early summer wear or the late spring to be tied inside light jackets. They are much like the old-fashioned ties our grandmothers wore, just big enough to tie in a smart bow in front or behind, or tied in short loops, with long floating ends. For baby’s wardrobe there are dainty ribbon bands marked to hold the differ ent garments. Men as well as women are wearing white hosiery this year. White socks of silk, too, with elaborate clocks up the sides. The long, loose bos coats of lace, black or white, are immensely smart. It is fashionable to have them lined. They are quite shapeless, and yet are curved in at the side seams, so that they are really more becoming than might be im agined. One of the most effective of women’s jackets is made in a simple Eton shape, but is of white silk and painted upon it are golf clubs and balls and big purple thistles and their leaves. These Utter are undoubtedly paying a compliment to the Scotch ancestry of golf. There are “knickers” for the women who wish to avoid long skirta. They come with finings of albatross, some in colors and some in white, the knickers themselves in colored silks and pongee. In pongee they are most erviceable, for they will wash, bat i aright colored silks they are. perhaps, prettier. For the woman who wishes to wear her knickers with dress-up gowns there is a deep plaited frill encircling each leg of the knickerbockers and falling to the ground to simulate a bona fide petticoat. OUR FRIEND IN NEED. ROCHAMBEAU, GALLANT FRENCH SOLDIER AND PATRIOT. He Was the Salvation of This Country in the evolutionary War—A Splen did Statue Unveiled to His Memory in the City of Washington. The unveiling of the Rochambeau mon ument, in hoflor of the distinguished French soldier who commanded the French forces in this country during our Revolutionary struggle, was carried oat in Washington Saturday with imposing official and military display. It was the occasion of a remarkable gathering of Americans and Frenchmen, in which the civil government and representatives of the army and navy of both nations unit ed to do homage to the memory of a great soldier and patriot. The statue stands in the southwest cor aer of Lafayette square, near the State, War and Navy Departments, and is a companion piece to the Lafayette memo rial. erected in the southeast corner of the same public park. The statue, which is of bronze, is a replica of the memorial which was unveiled a couple of years ago to Rochambeau at Yendome, Frauce. Soon after the ceremonies at Yendome Gen. Horace Porter, our ambassador, wrote to Congress suggesting that a ' lb £ COUNT DE ROCHAMBEAU. duplicate of the statue be erected in the United States. The suggestion was acted upon. Congress appropriated the neces sary funds for a duplication of the memo rial and made a further appropriation of $20,000 for the suitable entertaining of the representatives of the Frei eh gov ernment and of the invited guests on the occasion of the unveiling. The matter created a good deal of en thusiasm in France and as soon ns the date for the unveiling was determined on President Loubet appointed a mis sion to represent the French people and designated the Gaulois, one of the most formidable battleships iu the French navy, to convey the government's repre sentatives to this country. These repre sentatives numbered eleven, of whom Gen. Brugere, commander-in-chief of the French army, and Yice Admiral Four nier were the highest in official rank. Among onr invited guests were Count Sahune de Lafayette, a descendant of Gen. Lafayett*-., the impulsive and liber ty-loving French nan. who .ought with Washington, and .lie Count and Countess de Rochambeau, the former a descendant of the hero of Yorktown. What We Owe to France. The part wl ich RocLmnbeau took in the Revolutionary war was an important one and it can, perhaps, with justice be said that were it not for the French aid which he brought us the cause of the colonists would have been lost. Itocham h au was the direct representative of King Louis XYI. and he came here with G,OOO soldiers and a fleet. He was then a veteran soldier and one of the great military captains of his age. When he landed here the time was one of great discouragement for Washing ton and the colonial forces. The army had been fighting doggedly and with in different success. It had been through the terrible winter at Yaliey Forge, the soldiers were poorly clothed and were behind fully nine months in their pay. Rochambeau landed at Newport July 12,1780, and promptly entrenched his army. He realized at once the critical condition of the American struggle and immediately dispatched his son, Col. Ito chambeau, to France, to urge upon the King the necessity of money and more soldiers. Col. Rochambeau succeeded in breaking the British blockade, which was maintained at all the Atlantic coast ports, nnd reached France safely. Early in 1781 be returned, bringing with him G,000,000 francs in treasure, u sum equivalent to $1,200,000. The need of funds at this period was acute. The sol diers were actually on the verge of mu tiny, so much so that before young Ro chainbeau’s return Washington had found it necessary to solicit a loan from Gen. Rochambeau. JuDe 18. 1781, the French army march ed out of Newport in accordance with a plan of campaign drawn up between Washington aijd the French general. Clinton, who was holding New York and New Jersey, was outwitted and while he clung to his position in the east Wash ington and Rochambeau led their forces to attack Cornwallis. At the same time . , ’v £ *1 lj ■ .sC \ - k B. THE KOCH AMB tax' STATUS. a French fleet under De Grasse en-*ed Chesapeake Bay, thus cutting off Corn wallis' chance for escape by water. Corn wallis was forced to surrender. This blow destroyed British prestige and pow er in America and put heart into the colonista. While the war went ?n feebly on the British side some time longer Yorktown marked the practical end of the struggle and Americas independence followed. Kochambeau was honored by Congress and on his return to France Louis XVI. handsomely rewarded him. Daring the reign of terror in Baris, in 171*3. the griz sled veteran was imprisoned by the blood-mad leaders and probably escaped the guillotine only through the downfall and death of Robespierre. When Napo leon rose to the head of affairs old sol diers like Kochambeau were safe. He was made a grand officer of the Legion of Honor by Bonaparte, and granted the pension of a former marshal. He wrote ass memoirs and died serenely at his chateau in 1 HOT. at the age of 82. His son fought with distinction under N apoleoD CRUSADE AGAINST ILLITERACY. Northern Men Who Are Piomoting Education : n the South. The fifth annual meeting of the Con ference for Education iu the South, of which Robert C. Ogden of New York is president, was re- hell at Ath more gene al eduea- RC. ooden. iu * provide means for a wider diffusion of knowledge. Mr. Ogden ac companied a party of rieh and intellec tual men there in a special train of pal ace cars, among them being Bov. I)r. David H. Greer, rector of St. Bartholo mew’s Church, New Y'ork; Dr. Albert Shaw, editor of the Review of Reviews; Dr. Felix Adler, the great Hebrew edu cator; St. Clair McKelway, the editor of the Brooklyn Eagle, t small host of others. That there is need for educational work in the South census statistics make plain. In 1900 the ten Southern States, south of the Potomac and the Ohio, and east of the Mississippi, including Louis iana, had 22 per cent of the total popu lation of tht United States and 25 per cent of the school population, and yet only 6% per cost of the total expenditures for public schools were made in these States. Iu Alabama the expenditures for public schools amounted to 50 cents per capita and iu North Carolina to 51 cents. In the latter State l the average number of days of school attendance for each child of school age whs 22. In its crusade against illiteracy the Conference for Education in the South is pledged to raise $40,000 a year. DIE IN MINE HORFtOR. One Hundred and Nine Minert* Killed by Explosion ut Fertile, Ji. C. One hundred and nine minors working in the Fernie shafts. Nos. 2 and 3, locat ed in the eastern part of the province of British Columbia, were killed by an ex plosion. Twenty-four of the employes in the mines escaped to the surface with various cuts and bruises. Early reports were to the effect that the mines were on fire and that ihe death list would be greatly increased, but later telegrams announce that the tire has been controlled. Careful investigation shows that 133 men were working in the two -shafts at the time of the disaster. Of this number twenty-four nre accounted for, but it is feared that all the others are dead. The cause of the explosion is said to have been the presence of tire damp, ig nited by a match with wh’eh a itiitier was lighting a pipe in defiance of orders. A tremendous explosion occurred in No. 2 mine, followed in a few seconds by an other explosion in No. 3. connected by a short tunnel. The majority of the men were in No. 3. Every family in the little town is directly affected by the calamity, and the entire population is in a state of frenzy. The two shafts in which the explosion occurred are situated on Coni creek, about six miles from Fernie. No. 2 nas always been considered the more danger ous, being dry, dusty and gaseous. Re cently the dangerous conditions which had hitherto prevailed in No. 2 tunnel had been greatly modified and improved. New fans were installed, furnishing an excess of air with 40 per cent reserve. TOWN OF DECORAH INUNDATED. Three Lives Lost and Property Dam aged to Extent of $500,1X10, The flood that swept through the town of Decorali lowa, Wednesday, caused the loss of three lives and did property damage to the extent of over $500,000. Scores of families are homeless and des titute. That the town and all its inhabit ants were not swept out of existence is little less than miraculous, according to the stories of eye witnesses. Following a cloudburst near the town, Dry Rock creek became a river, a great wall of water twelve to fifteen feet high sweeping down upon the town of Deco rah with hardly a moment's warning. Houses, bridges, trees, everything in the path of the wave went down before it. Wires in nil directions were destroy ed, nnd from that time the town has been cut off from communication with the out side world. Forty miles of railroad track, principally that of the St. Paul road, was swept away. The deluge changed the map of the town, cutting channels where formerly houses stood, washing great sections out of streets, picking up dwellings and drop ping them several blocks from their orig inal sites. Two of the victims who lost their lives were John Garver and a child of Mrs. Charles Clark. Garver died “ro-n shock and exposure when he was swept from his house and found himself unable to re gain entrance to it. Mrs. Clark grasped her child in her arms when she heard the flood sweeping down upon them, and started to run for a place of safety. The frightened little one struggled from her and was swept away, while the mother was nearly drowned. The third person drowned is a child, not yet identified. News of Minor Note* Fifty carloads of threshing machines left Kansas City one day recently for the grain belt of Kansas, Nebraska and Da kota. President Theodore Roosevelt, Har vard ’BO. has just presented tin library of the Harvard Union with a full set of his works. New York police officials are making war on the pool rooms in the metropolis. BUeriff E. .1. Magerstadt of Cook County wants the Republican .nomination for Mayor of Chicago. Former City Treasurer Philip Uerst of Buffalo. N. Y., indicted for complicity In the defalcations in his office, which resulted in his bondsmen being forced to make good to the extent of about •I'dO,- 000, pleaded guilty and was fined sl.o*lo, which he paid. He was then released. The 80-acre apple orchard of 3. D. Ha* zen, ten miles southeast of Hiawatha, Kan., has been totally destroyed by can* jer worms. Less than a week before the orchard looked fine and v.as in full bloom. The worms have eaten every leaf and Mr. Haven says that 1 his trees will be killed as a result. The latest coronation rumor i* a revival of the statement that William ’Aaldorf Astor will be made a peer in June. Of late Mr. Astor’s gifts to scientific, edu cational and patriotic institutions in Great Britain have been large and nu merous. The final distribution of James G. Fair’s estate has been ordered by Judge Troutt of San Francisco. By 'bin decree Fair's three children, Charles I. 1 air, Mrs. Virginia Vanderbilt ami Mrs. O. Oelriehs. are given about |!7,000.UU0 worth of property. That is the remnant of the property. The larger part of the estate was given to them by partial dis tribution months ago. Is it in violation of the State and fed eral constitutions to bar negro children from attending common schools estiblisn ed for white pupils? This qusatioD has been raised in Kansas and the State Su preme Court ha* been called iii*on to set tle it. As it will be impossible for the Pope to personally undertake the strain of the work in connection with the I’ll iippine mission, he will appoint a committee of three cardinals to confer with tie Ameri can delegates. Cardinals Martin* 111, Sa tolli and Vivesy Tuto. the lad named a Spaniard, will probably constitute this committee. Mgr. Gaaharn urJJ act as secretary. Sir Hiram Maxim, who has made an •ffer of £50,000 to anyone who will bring h,m a successful flying machine, not a— balloon, guaranteed wind, has hud some war kite, “The SIR HIRAM MAttIM M , >nitor rJ . vertised to revolutionize the world, and by its very demoniac attributes to make war impossible. But it d : d everything but fly. Sir Hiram is an American who deserted his country after he had achiev ed -fame, and is now the head of a great Kngish shipbuilding and armament con cern. He is the inventor of the Maxim mpl<|-fire gun. Gunner Charles Morgan, whose nomi nation to be chief gunner has been sent to the Senate by President Roosevelt, tired, the first sun i the u; United States ships with t ic earthworks at W/ \a Matmzas at .he Wj outbreak of the 11 fT ” • 1 Spanish - Ameriran I! -ir I war. At that t*mo fl h - serving on 4 P icution for promo- jgwl tion to the rank of ■ ensign a year ago. '-li.uu.ks moiuian. llis application was opposed by Rear Ad miral Sampson on the general ground that warrant officers, being members of enlisted crews, are not fitted by educa tion and training to assume the respon sibilities of the social positions of line officers. Morgan is 37 years old and has been in the navy twenty years. Estes G. Rathbone, to whom, through the decision of President Roosevelt, will be given the benefit of new trial on 8 the charges of fraud iu manage ment of the Cuban post office, is one of the most vvidel/ known men in Washington, an and lias been quite popular with mem bers of Congress. He was formerly a politician in Ohio, and subsequently went to the capital, where he became prominent as a iob- R. O. RATIIBONE. bvist. He spent considerable time in Muncie, Ind., and it was there he first met Neely, upon whom fell the first blow of exposure in the crooked work done iu the Cuban postal department. Mr. and Mrs. Rath* bone were fuvorites in Havana society. Jose Ives I,i in an tour, secretary of the cabinet of President Diaz, who, is is un derstood, hns been selected by the Pres ident as his sueeoN- —... sor upon his retire- f mint within the m next few months, is u Jgj jg a leader among the w r,r JR moat .^r student of finance. -'Wlo lie has been a J - • biMANTOUB. member of the Mexican lower house for many years and speaker several times. In 18*32 lie was appointed assistant secre tary of finance, and since 1893 lias been head of the department. The President has the utmost confidence in the aioility of Secretary Limantour. M. Sipialguine who was assassinated in the lobby of the ministry at St. IV tersb-.ggf by a student disguised in the - - uniform of au aid de-c a m p, had f been minister of f _ \ the interior of Rus ? sin since Noveiubo” It frl 1899. He began Id? public career as nude G<m>nor of Bjg kdßßmfftajrCl LhnrU'v, tm, later mm Kurland, and 1891 Governor of M. SIPIALGUINE. Moscow. In 1894 he was appointed assistant minister of the interior, and five years later to the head of tb. t department, and to the po sition of one of the Czar's principal ad visers. M. Sipialguine was 49 years old and a member of one of Moscow’s oldest families. Henryk Sienkiewisz has been summon ed before the law courts of I’osen. The German government accuses him of Its# mnjeste and sedi- pumfimi tious utterances. He was born nt originally Lithuan to Poland because Eo of the Russian war. fornia in 187* 1. but jgßßy did not stay there long. lie returned to Poland to en- B- siknkiuwjcz. gage in the literary work that has made him famous. Hiram 8. Cable, "ho litis u,*;n appoint ed gei eral superintendent of the Chi cago, Rock Island and Pacific lines‘west of the Missouri rlv cr, and prominence by W ■ building and ojier *wP Jfl ■ ating the Pike’s I I V 1 IVnk Cog Railway* ] I Afler that he lorat ft ■ ed in Cliicago nnd H fil cn'er.-d the service j' and Peoria. of which BmHBBBH president when ap- Hikaw f. cable. pointed to the Hock lal-nd iMrrirjce. Volcanoes • Cook Htoves. The Maoris of New Zealand cook their potato * and other vegetable* in volcanic heat. There are a few volcane* In New Zea’and, and some of the Maori* Uvt up in the mountaina near them. They make the volcanoes do several useful things for them, hut the queerest is the coo kin*;. The Servian government has notihed the Porte that it bolds Turkey re*p >ni ble fo'r the recent frontier affray* be tween Servian guards and Albanians, and threatens reprisals if they are re pes ted. Julii-s* Salomon, a prominent find weu It by Chicago politician, shot -inti kilk-d himself in a private hospital. wh-r* he bad been undergoing treatment for chronic gastritis. A dispatch from St. Petersburg *,sy# that Uai*ebaneflf. who assassinated M. Sip aguine. the Russian tninislcr of rhfl iati-fier. April 15. ha* been n- niH