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--- OF THE DAY Source of the Trust’s Power. "When cuttle are comparatively cheap and m**a f is undeniably dear why do not the retail dealers buy cattle and do heir-own slaughtering? Thin question is answered by one who has been “up against it” on the practical sale by saying that if anyone attempts to .treak into the business in that way the trust meets him by set ting up a shop next door or across the way and selling cheaper than he can afford to until he has to quit. That is one of the advantages en joyed by the combine with its enor mous capital, but it is not the only one. B**fi>re an individual dealer or a great company of dealers such as has recently been talked of can do any slaughtering it must buy the animals. H**re again the combine, with its great capital, comes in and shows its power. I’or one thing it has its ar rangements with the railroads by which if gets rebates anil sundry otli ■r favors, as any competitor who may venture r.> iuvade the field will soon discover. For another the combine quietly no tifies the people who have animals tor sale that if they sell to the competing concern it all they must sell to it ex elusively and that they cannot expect ever to sell a tiling again to any mem ber of the combine. It is because of the enormous pow-r TIME TO PIT ON THE BRAKES. Deliver N ws. of vast combinations of capital to de 'troy compel it ion in such ways as these that it becomes necessary to in voke th>* law against them. It does not necessarily follow that my statutory law is necessary. The ommon law may be even better than .any statute is likely to Ik*, for a statute framed under conditions of excitement aud passion is more than likely to be found repugnant to constitutional pro visions. as many of the States have discovered, while the common law has passed through the fire of constitu tional tests and con e out pure gold. Even better than the common .tw ' what may be called negative lav\ Fiat is, the repeal of those statutory •nactHients w hich make it an object to form huge combines and shield and aid ihem iu die practice of extortion after they atre formed. Shining examples of these malign -tatutes are those which lay enormous axes on im|K>rted articles for the un disguised pu pose of enabling the home manufacture s of those articles to ev ict from t’> ‘ir own countrymen more for them than they are worth iu a free market. We all know that the Republican party Is determined not to do the one 'lire thing to break the power of the titmouse combines by repealing those statutes, but seeks to satisfy the pub lic by enacting anti trust laws which thus far have proved to be delusions and snares. -Chicago Chronicle. Weyler Outdone by Smith. What would we Americans have said, what would the rest of the world have -aid. If Captain General Weyler had ssuod an order to h's soldiers to kill all Cuban men and boys who were 10 years old and over? It is argued that ■severity” is necessary in the lTiilip mnes. That Is exactly what Weyler declared aliout the condition of things in Onbn. Yet he never dared and there 1< tto proof that he ever desired to go to such lengths of cruelty and blood -hod as General Smith, on his own ad mission. at ide beginning of his trial by oim-uiarttal. went in giving orders for making Samara howling wilderness.— Boston Advertiser. Coercion in Cubu'* Are we to assume that the attitude if the administration toward the sugar planters of Cuba is maintained > the hope of forcing the island to ap ~lv for annexation? This would seem i plausible solution of the hitherto in -xplicable hostility shown the rout) try for which we preieud to hold so much sympathy ami good wishes. In truth, the people of the I’nitod States would benefit quite as much as those •f Cuba if her sugar were let into this .ouwtry free of all doty.—Buffalo Times. Spain’s Right a* Good m Our*. Spain's right to subdue insurrections n colonial possessions was at least as _vod as ours. Considering the eharae er of her people. Spain was surely as excusable as the Tinted States can be •or resorting to extreme measures. The people whom she was fighting were no more intelligent as a whole, no more . iviliaed. no more Ohruuiau than those we are fighting. But we judge*! amt declared that her policy was a bom in able to a proper sense of justice and morals.—Boston Herald. Not Representative* of the Nation. President Roosevelt seems to hare made a mistake in sending representa .ti res to the coronation of King lid ward wf England without consulting Con gress. It appears tha’ he has no aa- t iority to send such representatives himself and give them any standing as representatives of the nation. That they are not sueh is shown by tLe fact Unit they have to pay their own ex pense s The gentlemen designat'd by the President are without any nation al standing. They are merely gentle men who are requested to see the coro nation by the President.—Minneapolis Journal. The Coal Trust and the Law. The trust formed by the railroads and mining companies of the anthracite region lias a tremendous advantage over the miners. If the latter strike and. moved by pas don or a desire to advance their interests, break the law, the Sheriff first appears, and then the troops, tr shoot the miners down. The trust, however, can and does break the law' Ih the way most advantageous to the trust's interest, and no call Is is sued for either Sheriff cr troops. 'I be tru.-t brinks tic* law by tlf* very fuff <>t Ms existence, and break!lt ev ery day that it exists. For this trust controls the production of coal on its mining side, and then its railroads so discriminate against mining operators not otiedient to the trust that they are driven out of business. Thus the trust is enabled to charge the public what it chooses for noal. It is right that the miners should be compelled to obey the law. But it is *s|ually true that the employers of the miners should be compelled to do the same thing. It is said that President Roosevelt is considering the propriety of “proceed ing against" this coal trust, which re fuses tv arbitrate and so invites a great strike, with all its perils and incon v alienees to the public. “Proceedings” should have been begun a long time ago- when the trust was formed When anti trust “proceedings” originating at Washington result in some trust smash ing the people will regard them more hopefully and seriously than they do now. The coal trust Is a criminal con spiracy in restraint of trade, and it would not have dared to form had there been an administration in power known to lie in earnest about enforcing the laws for the public’s protection against captains of industry who com b ne for pillage.—Chicngo American, Hypocrisy a to Trust*. The Republican convention at Spring ti -Id commended President Roosevelt f(-*r his opposition to unlawful combina tions. There was a conspicuous lack of particulars. The law against unlawful combinations Is one of the simplest ever put on the books of any country. It pro vides that any person who shad com b-tic with another or others to monop olize trade shall be punished by a fine ot $5,01 X* or a year’s imprisonment or both. President Roosevelt has taken no effectual step toward enforcement of this law. nor is there reason for be lieving that he purposes taking any step to that end. Federal judges have repeatedly punished workingmen for ocmblning to secure an increase of wages. Were the President of the United States disposed to strike at combina tions directtal against the people, espe dully combinations designed to in crease food prices, there would be no lack of precedents in the labor troubles to show a Federal judge how to get a beef or pork millionaire into the cus tody of the officers of the United States. There is not of record a solitary case in which the administration has en deavored effectually to enforce the Slierir.aH law against unlawful com bi ua.ions.-Chicago Chronicle. How to Get a Powerful Navy. Phe United States desires a powerful navy, of course, the most efficient that money can provide. The way to get such a navy is not to autborixe great numbers of vessels of certain types iu programs exteuding over a considera ble number of years, but to build in view of the present and with a pur pose of taking advantage of the best Improvements as they are offered.— Savannah News. Hayias Delegate-* with Office*. The truth is that President Roosevelt cares absolutely nothing for the just and controlling public opinion of Southern communities. He is after del egates to secure his renomluation m 1 <>m. and be wants those of the rotten boroughs of the South that can only bo had by purchase. He is buying then with offices- Atlanta Constitution. Illinois May Be in the Good Column. The people of Illinois are not ready to turn their government entirety into the hands of the Yates machine. There Is a limit to the patience of vottMS. If Democrats offer nominees whose selec tion will have been In direct contrast to the methods in the Republican con vention Illinois should be foun.l in the good column after the fall election.— THE BADGER STATE. NEWS OF THE WEEK CONCISELY CONDENSED. Dies on Way to Asylum—New Build ing Dedicated at Military Academy —Yacht Blown Out in Lake-Costly Fire in Chippewa Falls. Ilenrv Lcinenkugel. formerly promi nent in Kail Claire civic, society and military circles, a mendier of the famous John Barr Glenn drill team, was placed in the custody of the sheriff. He tried twice to hang himself in a room at the jail, and also tried to sever an artery. He was adjudged insane the following morning and the sheriff started with him for Mendota insane asylum, but Letnen kugei died on the train near g-Ims. He was a cigar manufacturer. Lays Cornerstone at Delufietf. Bishop Nicholson laid the cornel stone at Kuight Hall at St. John’s Military Academy, Delafield. This building is erected to replace Armitago Hall, which was burned about January. It will be a commodious and beautiful structure. Mi feet long by 40 feet in width and three stories high. The lower iloor contains a large drill hall and armory, store rooms, engine room, pump room, etc. The sec ond floor will contain the assembly hall and recitation rooms. On the third floor will be the sleeping apartments for thirty cadets. The building will have all the modern conveniences and will be lighted by electricity and have steam heat throughout. Women in Peril on Lake. With a strong w *st wind blowing, a steam launch, in ehaige of S. Larson and Bert Russell, and having on board a par ty of twenty-five women, was blown out on tlie lake from Itacinc and only rescued after hours of work. The engine of the launch was disabled and the craft rapidly drifted three miles out into Lake Michi gan. The party on board became fright ened and attempted to signal people on shore. Two smaller launches mad*.' an effort to tow the disabled boat to port, but failed. The Racine life saving crew went out and after two hours’ hard work landed the party safely. Hangs Himself in His Barn. Dr. Frank R. Reynolds’ body was found hanging by the neck on a rope in his barn at Eau f'laire. His little daugh ter went to the barn and discovered he*.' father’s body. He leaves a widow and several children. I)r. Reynolds had had niueh litigation over a libel suit and was in ill health. The loss of an infant child by death recently seemed to depress him greatly. Chippewa Falls Fire Loss $16,001'. The recent fire at Chippewa Falls was more disastrous than at first supposed. The aggregate loss is close to $16,000. Clark & Taylor are losers of SIO,OOO in grain, hay and coal and the Northern Grain Company of Chicago lost SSOO on grain and the Standard Oil Company s.">oo on oil. <’. A. Morgan’s loss was $4,000. The total insurance is $3,006. Library Gets a $20,000 Gift. The trustees of the La Crosse Public Library, built by the late Gov. C. C. Washburn, have been notified that the estate of C. 1,. Colman, a wealthy lum berman recently deceased, had donated $20,000 to be used as a permanent en dowment fund of the library. The noti fication was accompanied by a cheek for that amount. All Over the State, Xcls Iverson, a 10-year-old boy, was struck 6ver the heart by a foul ball while watching a game at Indian Hill and seri ously hurt. A. G. Wright, publisher of the Mil waukee directory, estimates the popula tion of the city as 308.000, an increase of 10,000 in two years. The firm of Smith & Smith, bankrupts of Marinette, has declared a 1 per cent dividend. The claims aggregate $6,000 and the creditors will get S6O. Lillie Messling, a Prairie dit Chien girl IS years of age. has b'vu missing. It is feared she wandered into the woods and was seized by an epileptic fit, to which •he is subject, and died. The body of a man found floating in Muskegon lake, near Musk“gon. Mich., has been identified as that of Joseph Meyer of Manitowoc. The man was about 50 years of age and was well dress ed. though there was no money in his pockets. There is some suspicion of foul piny, but a more reasonable theory is that he "fell off the dock. James 1,. Gates of Milwaukee purchas ed all the cut-over lands iu Chippewa, Sawyer and Gates counties, which were owned by the Meyer-Hauser syndicate. Over 175,000 acres are included in the transfer. The consideration was $750.- 000. Mrs. Walter Moe,.aged 20 years, was struck by a holt of lightning at her home at Raeine. She had gone out to get a ket tle of water out of a barrel when the bolt struck her right arm, piercing the limb. Her clothes caught lire, but she had presence of mind and escaped being burned to death by jumping into the bar rel filled with water. James MeMatli, night engine dispatcher for the Northwestern Railroad Company, located at Anti go, disappeared last fall. The other afternoon his badly decompos ed body was found floating in the Fox river. McMath was financier of the An tigo bulge of the Brotherhood of Locomo tive Firemen, hut left enough mouey behind to pay all claims. Sheriff Murphy of Marinette had a hard struggle with George Butler, an in sane man whom he was taking to Osh kosh. Tlie latter, who is a giant, over powered the sheriff and carried him through the coach, taking possession of the car and putting all the occupants in great fear until Green Bay was reached, where he was handcuffed. A union of teamsters and one of jour neymen tailors have been established in Beloit. Nearly every branch of labor in tlie city has been unionized. The work of launching the yachts of the Chicago and Milwaukee Y’aeht Ciub squadrons, which have been in Kenosha during the winter, has been started. The mystery surrounding the disappear ance of Willie, the 10-year-old son of Mrs. Mary Gokey of Janesville, who has been missing since May 12, was cleared up when his body was taken from Rock river by a delivery boy who saw the body floating. The will of the late John Brad?€*>- will be contested by his grandchildren, Hor ace and Nellie Bradley, on the ground that undue influence was used. The es tate is valued at $46,000. including valua ble farm land and property at Bangor. A log measuring six feet eight inches in diameter was landed in the Ohippewa Lumber and Boom Company's boom at Chippewa Falls. River men say it is the biggest log that has ever floated in the Chippewa river. The k>g was cut on :he north fork of the Flambeau in IS!7 and since that time has been on the way down river, its immense size preventing it front floating ouiy wheu the river was high. The city otficia.s ami in fact everyone using electric lights iu Kaukanna. were served with notices the other day of quite a material raise in price of light ing by the Kaukauna Electric Eight Company. They will raise their price on June 133 1-3 per cent. This they claim they have been provoked into doing by the hardships forced upon them by the recent decisions of the Supreme Court in the legal sq labhte between the com pany and the city which ha* just been closed after several years of litigation. Mrs. I Leonard Smith is in a hospital at Eau Claire in a critical condition, the result of a ballet wound in the abdomen. She was accidentally shot by a boy. Mrs. E. Stark, proprietor of the Valley House at Appleton, was found dead its her room. Madison has been selected as the city for holding the Wisconsin Republican convention July 16. Walter Ingram dropped dead of heart disease at Beloit, after a boxing match with some friends. An inquest was held. The sixteenth annual reunion of the Nineteenth regiment. Wisconsin Volun teers. will be held in Sparta June 10 and 11. The 19-year-old deaf and dumb son of John Loss of Spring Grove wandered away from home. He was found at Lin den. He was nearly starved to death when found. The Eagle Telephone Company has se cured enough contracts to warrant the building of a telephone exchange at pal myra, and in a short time the sytem will be in use. At Rhinelander the County Board has sold to the Lincoln County Land Com pany 7,000 acres of county lands at $1.05 an acre. The couuty will sell about 4,000 acres in July. Edward Lang. who. it is charged, broke into and robbed Thomas Olsen’s general store and postoftice in Wilson, will be turned over to the United States author ities by Sheriff B-I!. Prof. Thomas Chamberlain, professor of geology in the University of Chicago and former president of the University of Wisconsin, has been engaged to de liver the commencement address at Beloit College. George Schanffele. the 12-year-old son of Peter Schauffele of Kenosha, was ac cidentally shot and fatally injured by hunters. The woods were searched for the hunters, but the men could not be found. Representatives of all the railway or ders on that division of the Northwest ern Railroad assembled at Ashland and held a testimonial meeting for F. O. Tarbox, the retiring assistant division superintendent. The union lumber pilers of the Menom inee river went out on a strike. They demanded an increase of from $1.75 to $2 a day, which , was refused by the millmen, who claim they can get plenty of men for the lower figure. Rosie Munter of Menasha was drowned about a mile off Waverly beach, on Lake Winnebago, while boating. The boat capsized, and while Peter Kelly, her es cort, was able to cling to the boat until help arrived, the girl slipped away and perished. John Dugan, who recently resigned from the La Crosse police force, fell from a ladder and crushed his skull, dying later. He was placing screens on sec ond-story windows when he fell back wards. striking liis head on the cement sidewalk. The geology class of Lawrence Univer sity discovered a remarkable specimen in a Kaukauna limestone quarry. The find was a very well preserved specimen of the sephalopod, an animal of the mol lusk variety which hu.s been extinct for about a million years. During a violent electrical storm a planing mill belonging to Thompson Nichokoy, lumbermen and contractors of Blue Mounds, situated near the town of Mt. Iloreb, was struck by lightning and totally destroyed. The buildings and con tents were valued at $2,000. At Madison anew industry is to be started by the M. I. Johnson Company, the incorporators of which are the sons of the late John A. Johnson, former president of the Fuller & Johnson Man ufacturing Company. The new concern will manufacture a gasoline engine. Edward T. Mariner of Prairie du Chien has started a shipment of 200 tons of pearl button Shells to Hamburg, Ger many. where they will be made up into fancy buttons and trinkets. The ship ment consists of negroheads, the whit est and clearest of the fresh water shells. Judge Cleveland of the County Court at Oshkosh refused the application of I’hilit Gaffney, father of Attorney Chas. Gaffney, who is charged with attempting to kill Dr. Hansen, to have the son com mitted to the Northern Hospital. This is tak‘>n to mean that Gaffney must stand trail. According to a statement issued by the State bank examiner the resources and liabilities of the 304 State, private and savings banks of Wisconsin when last reported were $82,734,788.81. an increase of $6,500,000 over those shown by ’-he preceding report of December, 1901. The increase in deposits was more than $5,- 000,000. These banks do about 42 per cent of the banking business of the State. A south-bound train,on the Northwest ern road ran into a rig containing three young men returning from I’eshtigo, at the Hall avenue crossing in Marinette. Walter Arseneau was caught by the pilot and carried some distance with head and arms dragging on the track. His skull was fractured and he died, liis compan ions were not seriously injured. Judge Dunwiddie of the Circuit Court at Janesville has issued an order setting aside the divorce granted to Mrs. A. J. Davis, or Mrs. Emma Jenkins, as she was formerly known, and the woman may find herself facing the charge of big amy. A year ago Mrs. Jenkins was giv en a divorce, but as the attorney and court fees remained unpaid, the divorce was not filed with the clerk. Mrs. Jen kins has remarried in the meantime. Rev. Charles Jungblud of Neillsville was found guilty at Grand Rapids of as sault without regard for human life while his housekeeper was convicted of assault and battery. Tlfp assault was committed upon Marion Prious, a ward under the supervision of the two. It was alleged that the child was beaten until her body was covered with bruises and cuts from which she was bleeding when she escaped trorn the priest's home to the house of a neighbor and told her story. The priest charged that the child was incorrigible and refused to obey him. There is a chance of the largest beet sugar factory ever erected in the West being located ia Kenosha. Letters have Keen received from the Schubh Purchas ing Company of Chicago proposing to lo cate a $750,601 plant if the capitalists of Kenosha will lend assistance. W. C. I.iiler of Pennsylvania, national adjutant general of the Spanish-Ameri can war veterans, while on an official vis it to Maj. J. A. Nemitz of Oshkosh, de partment commander, announced the dates of Sept. 15 t<> l*' for the third na tional encampment .if the organization to be held in Indian..polis. Five young women are among the eighty-two candidates who have taken | the civil service examinations for car riers in the rural mail service which Senator Spooner recently secured for Dane County. One of these women is Mi'S Alicia Fleming, a young school teacher. Bishop C. C. Grafton of Fond du Lac has submitted to the vestrymen of Grace Church of Appleton the names of tire clergymen, from which they are to make a choice for a successor to Elr. William Dafter. who resigned. Among the names submitted are those of the rector at Wau paca. Father Delaney of Menasha and Rev. Mr. Riddell. Philadelphia. The flour mills iu Milwaukee, with one exception, are idle. The millers say that they have to make necessary repairs, but it is understood that the real reason is that the Minneapolis millers have forted the price of flour so low that the local millers cannot compete at a profit. They charge the transportation companies with discrimination. Texas, which enlisted only 1.965 sob diers In the Union army dnrlng tbs war. is now. more than thirty-five years after its close, the place of res dence of 8.100 pensioners and the pens ion pay menu there are nearly $1,000,000. Milking by Machinery. One of the greatest and most labori ous tasks on the farm is milking. Many persons have addressed themselves to the problem of performing this work by mechanical means, but thus far no machine for the purpose has come generally Into use. A late device is ex hibited in the accompanying cut from the Scientific American. It comprises a can provided with an air-pump by which the air in the can may be ex hauseck to a certain degree of rarefiea tion, as indicated by the vacuum gauge at tlie top of the can. A flexible tube is connected at one end with the can and at the other end with the ud der of the cow by means of four teat A MILKING MACHINE. cups. As soon as a sufficient portion of the air has been exhausted from the can the teats are placed In the cups and the stop cocks opened, which causes the teats to be drawn inward, making an air-tight joint. The suction theu draws the milk through the hose into the can. A pneumatic ring in each cup prevents injury to the cow and an out er adjustable cylinder prevents the teat from being drawn iu too far. The lower portion of each cup is glass, which per mits the operator to watch the proper working of the device. The pump and gauge are arranged to be easily applied to any milk-can. Wire Fence Stretcher. A correspondent of the lowa Home stead writes: “To make a to. ie stretcher take a wagon wheel foi a frame, nail your 2xS’s far enough apart to admit wagon hub in between, as shown in the i 11 u s tration, on both sides. Now one Inch from the SfluSs front edge large itence stretcher. enough to pass through a piece of tumbling rod. Put your wheel through uprights and slip the bolt through and place the frame in line with corner post, sink your wheel until the hub will be iu line with the center of patent fence and so the wheel will revolve. Clamp on the fence, pass log chain around spoke back to clamp and hook ends together. Put a brace from the top of corner post to top of frame. When ready to stretch use your wheel as lever and pull down ward aud have a piece of 2x4 ready to lock the wheel, which will be placed in between the frame and top of spoke. It will be found equal to a four-ton stretcher.” Good White Leahorn. The White Leghorn pullet shown in the cut lias scored Do and 96 at vari ous poultry shows and is owned by a Pennsylvania man. M Rural New- Yorker prints the picture as a good likeness of a business Leg horn and quotes £he owner as follows: “W h i t e Leghorns are among the best of poultry for broil ers, as they grow white Leghorn, fast and mature ear ly and have white, tender meat. As for eggs, they are acknowledged by a’l to be the heaviest layers of any bre.id of chickens known. They lay large, white eggs and lots of them, and with a little care in cold weather can be made to produce a large quautity of high-priced eggs.” Sucgestion for Apple Growers. Any apple grower within reasonable distance of a large city will find it profitable to sort his fruit carefully and make up small packages of the finest. It makes little difference in what form the package is, although it should, so far as possible, conform to the shapes familiar in the city where the fruit is to be sold. Small baskets holding a half peck of fine fruit will bring the grower much more money than half again the quantity carelessly selected and packed In an ordinary basket. The second grade of fruit, or rather the best grade after the finest specimens are taken oat. tnay be put up in larger packages for market. By the use of the selected fruit aud the small pack age the high-class trade is reached and the grower puts into his pocket the profit that usually gets into the pocket of the middleman. bon’i ute Corn Fodder. In view che fact that the annual crop of c< . will yield some 60.000.000 to 80.000.000 tons of corn stover, all of which may be utilized, the American farmer can. if be is thrifty, save one third of the feeding value of his crop. From this the farmer will learn the lesson that he cannot afford to waste one hill of his corn fodder. It should all be cut and shredded and fed the next summer to save his pastures for the dry fall weather wfiicb so often impairs them With a barn or shed fall of shredded the stock can he kept growing all the time and will be in good condition for the feed lot or to enter the next winter. Exercise Wisdom. Every breed has individualities pe culiar to itself. These show them selves In ability to assimilate food, susceptibility to changes of climate and weather and general surround ings. He is a wise man who recog- j nixes this fact and pursues his gations steadily until he arrives at a conclusion as to the breed most nearly j suited to his conditions and then sticks ioggedly to bis conclusions regardless *f meo who have other pet#notions of their own. To Sectire Good Calves. Warm, sweet milk, fed in clean buck ets.. with access to cornmeal or Kaffir •orn meal, bright hay. fresh, clean wa ter. salt, pieatv of sunlight, shelter and J bedding in cold weather, shade in sum mer and regularity and kindness in i treatment will usually insure good, I thrifty calves that will gain from a ! pound and a half to two i>ounds daily. —Kansas Experiment* Station. *- Raising a Balanced Rut ion. It is now generally understood that | the great need in the ration of cows is ! protein and because it is expensive I when one has to buy grain containing it, the cows do not have the grains to make the balanced ration. Of late years experimenters have urged farmers to grow the crop? that would give the balanced ration and have shown that it may be obtained by the growing of what are known as forage crops so that one becomes practically independent of cotton seed meal and other concentrated feed. Cow pea hay and silage will take the place of bran largely, in the ration, but a far better combination to grow is alfalfa, although with silage, cow pets and corn meal one may meet the need for protein until the time when alfalfa is tit to cut. The soy bean should also have a place on every farm where it can be grown to advantage. It is of the same nature as the cow pea but on some farms gives better results hence should have a space in that experiment plot referred to some weeks since. This question of growing the feed that may be given to the stock to the best ad vantage is one that should have the attention of every farmer and dairy man. Poultry Pointer*. Never feed the poultry near the dwelling or throw out scraps of any kind to attract them near the house. One of the secrets of success with poultry is not to keep any unprofitable birds; sell them as soon as possible. As long as a really good hen is not too old to lay eggs, she is not too old to keep. Forty hens can no more eat from one plant than forty people. Broadcast the grain and pi ide long troughs for feeding soft food. Buckwheat straw is very good for scratching material. The roosts should be low, especially for the heavy breeds. Keep the lice off your fowls aud they will keep healthy. Feed plenty of meat scraps if you want to get lots of eggs. Keep plenty of fresh water where your fowls can get it. A pale yolk is not an indication of poor qaulity ip an egg. Beware of drafts at night and you will prevent much sickness. If you can secure milk to mix with you mash it will be profitable. Keep Poultry House* Pry. A prime requisite is to keep the poul try house dry. As fresh air leads in this direction, it goes without saying that plenty of fresh air should be cir culating all the time. If the houses are dry, that dreau'd disease, roup, is not apt to get a foothold. The houses should be thoroughly aired every day, rain, hail or shine. Cabbage Growing. Cabbages always do best on a freshly turned sod and should be set before the land has had time to dry after plowing. The secret of success in get ting a large yield of cabbage is to start with rich land aud put in all the ma nure obtainable. C’.ean out the hog yard for this purpose.—Exchange. Anecdote of Carlyle. A London clergyman who died lately, the rector of Chelsea, was an intimate friend of Thomas Carlyle. One of his reminiscences of the writer, who often seemed to ride upon a whirlwind of words, shows the tender side of that rugged nature. The child is father of tlie man, and Carlyle’s tender-hearted ness when a little boy may bo regard ed as certifying to generous character istics in laTr life. The author told tlie clergyman that he remembered a cold, snowy day, when lie was a child, on which be was left in charge of the humble cottage which was his home. His father and mother had gone to the nearest market town to buy provisions. There came a half-starved beggar to the door. “I bad saved up,” said Car lyle, “iu a small earthen tliriftpot all the pennies J had had given to me, and kept It safely on the high shelf over the fireplace, and I well remember climbing up and getting it down and breaking it open, that I might give all its contents to the poor wretch.” He added, “I never knew before what the joy of heaven was like.” Dainty Sandwiches. The chef of one of the best cuisines makes ham sandwiches in the follow ing way. which is particularly recom mended for the summer picnic hamper. Finely minced hum, butter and .dry mustard are put together in the pro portion of a heaping tablespoonfui of mustard to a cupful of the ham; warm the mixture, then press in a dean bread-pan, and, when cold, slice very thin and put between wafer slices of bread. This obviates the necessity of buttering the bread, and the pressed form of the ham and seasoning gives a much neater appoarunce to the sand wich, particularly for picnic packing. Potato Pnff. Two cupfuls of mashed potatoes, two teaspoonfuls of butter, two eggs, one cupful of cream and salt and pepper to season. Beat the eggs until light, and after melting the butter stir it into the eggs. Beat this mixture into he mash ed potatoes, then add the cream and seasoning, and beat the whole nntil light. Grease popover pans or gem pans, and have each half full of the mixture. Bake the puffs in a quick oven until brown, and remove them from the pans with a flexible knife to prevent their breaking. They should be served immediately upon being re moved from ibe oven. Pineapple Pyramid. Make some good calves'-foot jelly, or get it from your grocer. Surround a pyramid-shaped mold with iee, keep ing the pointed erd upward; put In enough jelly to cover the bottom of the mold; when Arm add a layer of diamond-shaped pieces of pine-apple, then add more jelly and pine-apple un til the mold is full and all the fruit is used. Keep ft as cold as possible un til wanted, then dip the mold quickly In hot water and turn oat the form on an ice-cold dish. The largest volcano is Etna. It* base is ninety miles in circumference and the mountain Is 11.000 fee: high. When a child disobeys bis mother the mischief is transparent HOAff ON THE PHILIPPINES. Senator Makes Bitter Attack on Ad ministration’s Policy in Islands. "You have wasted six hundred millions of treasure. You have sacrificed nearly 10,000 American lives—the flower of our youth. You have &s Ia i r uncounted thousands of the people you desire to benefit. "Your generals are coming home from their harvest bringing their sheaves with them in the shape of oth er thousands of sick and wounded SENATOR HOAR. * nd ' ns *t dtag out miserable liv.es, wrecked in body ard mind. “You make the American flag in the •yes of a numerous people the emblem of sacrilege in Christian churches and of the burning of human dwellings and the horror of the water tortures. "I believe—nay, I know—that in gen eral our officers are humane. But in some cases they have carried on your warfare with a mixture of American in genuity and Castilian cruelty.” With these words, conveying only a suggestion of the speaker's forcefulness. Senator Geor*c F. Hoar of Massachu setts Tusrsdsy afternoon. In what will doubtless be- considered the greatest fo rensic speech of his life, denounced the Philippine war. For weeks past the ven erable Republican, who is in harmony with his party colleagues upon all im portant matters except the Philippine question, had been gathering material for this speech. “Your practical statesmanship,” he con tinued, “has succeeded in converting a people who three years ago were ready to kiss the hem of the garment of the American and to welcome him as a lib erator, who thronged after your men when they landed on those islands with benediction and gratitude, into sullen enemies, possessed of a hatred which cen turies cannot eradicate. The practical statesmanship of the Declaration of In dependence and the golden rule would have cost nothing but a few kind words. They would have bought for, you the un dying gratitude of a great and free peo ple and the undying glory which belongs to the name of liberator.” ADOPTS CREED CHANGE. Presbyterian General Assembly Takes Quick Action. The general assembly of the Presbyte rian Church, in session at New York, adopted the report of the committee on creed revision, making changes in the confession of faith. This action, which was virtually unanimous, wa. taken with little or no debate. The changes propos ed will go to the presbyteries for ratifi cation. There were only two dissenting votes. The present confession of faith has been an institution since the church was first established, and over it there has been argument und dispute for more than a century. The most significant changes as tend ing to show the increased liberality of the c K urch y i those relating to iufuut dam nation and the Pope. In the revised creed the old text has ‘>een changed to read: “We believe all dy ing in infancy arc included in the elec tion of grace and are regenerated and saved by Christ through the spirit who works when and how He pleases.” The Pope of Rome is no longer referred to In the confession of fnith as anti-Christ, tvhich was the term formerly used. A new chapter was added to the confession of faith concerning the love of God for all men, missions and the Holy Spirit. Several chapters of the confession which were not in that form are made declara tory. AMERICANS - INVADING CANADA. Expected that Fifty Thousand Will En ter the Northwest This Year. J. H. Haslam, probably the largest in dividual land owner in Canada, was in Chicago a few days ago and had some astounding statements to make regarding American emigration to Canada. He de clared that 50,000 Americans will move from the United States to northwestern Canada this year. “They will do this,” he says, “not be cause they dislike the United States, but because an extraordinary land movement is taking place, and it is affecting your farnv-ig population living between the 100th parallel and the State of Ohio. Your overflow population is after our good Canadian farming lauds, and the effect this movement may have in Ameri canizing northwest Canada promises to be far reaching. Your population of farm ers overflowed from Ohio to Indiana, then to Illinois, then to lowa, and then into Minnesota and the Dakotas. Now the overflow lias penetrated to the Manitoba distm-t to the Assiuibioia ami the Sas katchewan. Northern Illinois farmers. lowa farmers, farmers from southern Minnesota are buying our unimproved lands at $4 to $8 an acre or taking im proved lands at slls and S4O an acre. They are bringing American push and in genuity to Canadian soil and the heavy influx is likely to change not only the physical features of the Canadian North west, but political complexions and econ omic conditions.” S WIN DUNG FAR M E RS. Sharpers Follow Up Announcements Made by the'Government. While agricultural departments of the national government and the various States are doing good work, and their in vestigations and experiments have been of great value to farmers, gardeners and stock raisers, said a retired farmer the other day, bands of sharpers take advan tage of every official announcement made by the authorities. For instance, a department announces the discovery of an insect that destroys the cabbage. Within twenty-four hours the sharpers are advertising a powder that will destroy these insects. A de partment announces the appearance of the elm pest. In every locality in the country appear smooth-talking gentle men who claim to be able to prevent damage to the trees by this insect. Peo ple believe them and pay them money. The National Agricultural Department at Washington has announced recently that the 17-year locusts will appear this year, and following this there have sud denly sprung into existence several unique methods of destroying these In sects or of preventing their ravages. BURNED AT THE STAKE. Ne* ro Tortured to Death by a Mob at L.ansing< Texas. Dudley Morgan, a negro, was burned to death at Lansing, Texas. A crowd of 4,000 men, most of whom were armed, took him from the officers on the arrival of the train. Morgan was taken to the home of his Tictini, Mrs. McKay, wife of Section Foreman McKay, who iden tified him as her assailant. A species of trial was arranged by the leaders of the mrb. Morgan confessed his crime and ’mplicated another negro. A large iieid was selected for the cremation. A stake was driven into the ground, and to this the cowering black was bound until he could only move bis head. Heaps of in flammable material were then piled about him. The husband of the abused woman ap plied the match and the pyre was soon ablaze. The negro was tortured in a hor rible manner. The crowd clamored con tinuously for a slow death. The negro, writhing and groaning at the stake, beg ged piteously to be shot. The Chinese government announces that the rebels in the southern part of the province of Chi-Li have been com pletely defeated and their leaders cap tured. Dr. J. W. May of Kansas City. Kan., was Thursday elected president of the Kansas Medical Society st its meeting In Law renew. Very few realize the importance of th# congressional reportei-,’ duties. The vis itor in the gallery hears the brilliant speeches of the country’s great men, “en joys” the ensuing debates—which he doe* not understanii-'-and never gives a thought to the men whose quick ears and swift hands must catch and write every word. The telegraphers are always la evidence, but where are these reporters? Very often there is not a man to be seen at their table. Rut if one is at all ob serving, he will quickly find these “art ists.” There at he side of a Congress man who has jus: begun to speak stands a man busily writing, and in a distant corner where n member has been recog nized by the chair another stenographer will quickly find an empty seat. The House has eight, the Senate five expert stenographers. Two must always b® present. After the first has written about 1,000 words the second will relieve him, to be followed by the third. In th® basement the reporter dictates his note® tc a graphophone, from which they ar® taken on a typewriter by an assistant. During calm debates the reporters ara often found seated at their table near the Speaker's d<'sk. One of the stenog raphers in .‘ho House has been on duty for thirty yetrs and another has “caught words” for twenty-five years. It is try ing and exacting work these men have to perform for $5,01*0 a year. During th® great tariff debate no less than three lost their lives owing to the constant straiu. The appropriate ns to be made by Con gress at the present s; csion do not threat en to exceed the appropriations of th® last session, but, on the contrary, proba bly will fall a few millions short. The appropriations rude at the last session of Congress amounted to $730,000,0*10. and did not include the river and harbor bill. A river and barber bill carrying di rect appropriation of $29,000,000 will be passed this session. The total appropria tions of this session, Including that bill, will probably be $750,000,0'K). Thus if the river and harbor bill had been passed at the last session the total would hav® been $759,000,000, preventing therefore the contrast with the probable appropria tions of this session favorable to the present Congress. The appropriations for 1898 made at last session ,ef the Fifty fourth Congress amounted to $485,000,- 000, that being the last fiscal year be llcvi the beginning of the Spnnish-Ameri cau war. The following year, which cov ered the substantial expenses for prose cuting that war, the appropriations amounted to $893,000,000. In 1898, the army bill carried nearly $23,000,<X)0, while for the coming fiscal year the bill will probably raify $92,000,000. The naval bill for the year 1898 appropriated' $33,000,000. and the naval bill of this season will carry probably $78,000,000. The United States Senate represent* in its membership almost every phase of professional ana Industrial activity. Of the 88 Senators, 20 served in the House of Representatives. Fifteen Sen ators have served as Governors of States. Senator Warren served during two terms ns Governor of the Territory of Wyoming, and his second term end ed with the admission of the territory ns a State. He was then elected first Governor of the State. Fifteen sena tors have a record of service in the Con federate army and one was in the Con federate navy. Nine Senators were in the- Union Army. Senator l’ettns, of Alabama, and Rate, of Tennessee, were in the Mexican war. An interesting event in Washington society will take; place when Miss Ethel .Sigsbee, daughter of Captain Dwight Sigsbee, will wed Robert Small, son of Rev. Samuel Small, the well-known evangelist. Mias Sigsbee 1m one of th® belles of the national capital and has bet n quite popular and prominent in so ciety since her debut a few years ago. Captain and Mrs. Sigsbee keep a very hospitable house in Washington, the daughter sharing in the social duties of •he mother. Captain Sigsbee will ever be remembered as the commander of the ill-fated Maine, the blowing up of which n Havana harbor lent a powerful im petus to the war with Spain. The area of the United States, accord ing to the twelfth census, is 3,090,822 square miles, including the “outlying dis tricts” of Alaska, Hawaii, Porto Rico, (he Philippine Islands, Guam and Samoa. Of the total area just given, 2,970,230 square miles lie within “continental United States” and the balance in the sections named, which range from 590.- 884 for Alaska to 201 for Samoa, and SI for the Isle of Pines, not mentioned sep arately above. The areas for continent al United States include land surface onlf, but far the outlying districts they Include both land and water surface. The number of speeches now being pre pared for distribution before the election next November breaks all records. There nre at present la stock ready for use of the campaign committees 300,000,000 copies of speeches at this session. French has been added to the lan guages in which the speeches are being printed. Those members having a good ly sprinkling of French in their constitu encies are having their best efforts trans lated into the language and printed in large numbers. Those members with German constituencies are doing a aimi lar thing, but that has been done before. In Washington they are telling of one Congressman who, until his arrival in the national capital, had never stopp<*d at a big hotel. The other evening, jiiat before retiring, he wanted a drink of water, but found that there was none in bis room. Under one of two small but tons in the wall he i-.aw the words; “Push twice for water.” He pushed twice a* directed, and when the bellboy arrived with tic- vv!i- found the bucolic statesman boldilg m empty glass under t ie butt >D. I Civ. Odell o' New York has recently declined an offer made to him by capital ists to manage they affairs. He is not the only statest-nan whose serviees are in demand. On y the other day Senator Hanna, according to report, refused an offer of 1100,00(1 a year to become presi dent of a business concern, and Secre t.iry Cortelyou ha i repeatedly declined flattering offers. The Fifty-seventh Congress has dime a vest amount of talking, and its mem bers evidently ure proud of what they said. The public printing office has re ceived orders for 300,000.000 eopiea of speeches. This is to be inflicted on the American readi.ig public at public cs p*n*e. The Congressmen are still talking, and the printing office Is running night sod day. One of the moiA noticeable d-velop m-uts in the I'ostoffice Department is the increasing uve i>f postal cards. The number circulat e through the mails is increasing every m< nth and to supply the demand the United States postal print ir,? office up in Rum ford Falls, Me., is Le-.ng run night and day. It is now turn ing out 3,000,001 postal cards daily and still tbe demand increases. New hork, Boston. Chicago. P.ttaburg, Detroit, Cin cinnati, Baltimore and Troy use more postal cards tha i ether cities. Holton, Kac., is to have an ion fno te cry and cold storage plant.