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HIE CIIIRCH AND POIIHCS.
By Rev. George W. Stone. e The line between things secu jj% Ir and things religious is too lm sharply drawn in these days. If H 0 a niau is to he truly religious, he JBt must exercise his power consci- V\ r-ntiously in every department of— life. He must be loyal and obe iient to his impulses in the discharge of bis duties as a citizen. Ha musy do this if be would be truly faithful to his ehufch. It is because men have created the artificial line referred to that we have bad laws, incompetent and corrupt administration. The smaller the govern mental division the more likely we are to find evil conditions. Municipal ad ministration, as a rule, is the worst. The interest in national elections is always greater than in any other, while the inter est in municipal elections is generally the least of ail. It is because of this that we have usually more incompetent ad ministration in municipal government than elsewhere. We must not be afraid of that word politics. Ho not consent to the ruin of this word. The “boss system” is not poli tics. Polities is authoritatively defined as “the science of government.” We ha ve no more right to call this conspiracy •gainst the freedom of the people known •s the “boss system” politics than we have to call common, stupid lying by the anrne of diplomacy. The remedy for bossism is to be found only in the hearty and intelligent co-operation of men of ail parties and of no parties in the work of destruction. This, I insist, is pre-emi nently a religious duty. If the church has not enough influence to make us per form this duty, then there is something radically wrong with the church. There is a world of difference between a leader and a boss. The leader says, “come on," the boss says, “go on;” the leader consults, the boss dictates; the leader serves the people, the boss tyran nizes the people; the leader plans, the boss schemes; the leader works in day light, the boss in darkness. Let each church have its ‘men’s good government club,” with meetings on a weekday, committed to the work of pre paring the spiritual soil of the parish by redeeming it from the noxious weeds of vice, crime and all unlawful acts and deeds that hinder the progress of justice and righteousness. STORM AND STRISS Of LIFE. By Rev. Thomas B. Gregory. To the question: “Is Life , i Worth Living?” the overwheim j'A mg majority of men, if they jlo were sincere, would be obliged jtk ;o answer, “No!” They would lie forced to reply that to them -—hi lift* was a burden, the gift not of love, hut of hate. This storm and stress la feit on every hand. Humanity is thoroughly tired out and exhausted. Looking at the life of the average mor tal in the centers of modern activity, we cannot miss seeing the fact that it is hut a ceaseless round of strain and worry. Hoes sueh man find any time for pleas are f And time for self-imorovcmentV And time for the proper enjoyment of the life that has been given to him? No! Every nour and minute, when he fs not asleep, lie is toiling like a convict under the lash of the prison boss. And this is life —the life of the average ‘‘American citizen”—the life of the great majority of the men who have built up the colossal wealth of this great country! This man. maybe, has a family; but he Is too tired to pay much attention to wife and children. He has no time for recrea tion and personal improvement! Happi ness for the eye, the ear. the mind—beau ty, or field and gallery; music, books, the thoughts of the great and good of all ages' Are these things of no consequence? Character, manhood, intellectual exulta tion. the perception of natural and moral beauty, and the serene joy that Hows from these things- are they fit for noth ing hut to he hove over among the rub bish? These things constitute life. To know these things is to live; and the hu man Vicing who does not know them does aot live. Eight hours out of the twenty-four is long enough for any human being to toil. And for those eight hours the toiler •hould be paid the wages which will en- HE IS LEGALLY DEAC. Let;illative ,t<-t to Enable Out law Younger to .Marry. James Younger, tue former outlaw, ts having a dltflcr.it time In trying to get married. !i a legal sense Younger is dead and hence arises the dltlleulty ' in his ease. Some months ago the Legislature of I *j Minnesota passed an \ *jjr | act giving the Botird ' \ of Pardons power to parole the brothers, • > 1 ■'uia:i and James V Si Vounger. who had ter pen! tentiary J.vMKs YOl NuKIL * ... more than 2, years ©f a life sentence for committing mur der in an attempt to rob the First Na tional Hank of Northtteld, in Septem ber. 1878. The act, however, stated explicitly that the outlaws were to remain within the borders of Minnesota and to have ! none of the powers of citizens other : than freedom during good behavious. i James Younger was liadly shot about j the mouth and shoulders during the ■ fierce battle In which he was captured j near M a della, two weeks after the Northfieid raid. aud.while he was in ! prison was frequently 111. Miss Alice! Miller, a pretty girl then residing in ' Stillwater. In the family of a deputy ! warden, had constant access to the penitentiary and became Interested In i Younger ’ ©cause of his feebleness, and j ft! ten took delicacies to him. They i *oon became firm friends and Younger | told the young woman the troubles of \ his career as guerrilla aud bandit In spite of the fact that he was n .'nr than twenty years her senior and Su the disgrace of a prison garb the girl fell in love with Younger. Both regarded their prospects of matrimony as well night hopeless as Younger was scheduled to remain at Stillwater pen itentiary the remainder of his life. Then came the parole, inspiring them with hope, and Younger applied to the clerk of the county for a license. The dork, doubting his powers In the case, placed the matter before the attorney generaL The latter would not direct the iss • g ' :i li< ec.se \\ linger way in which hi co’i'd become a Psjß wr be to through aH^L Regard of Controller (formerly the Boon jX'HWR.v** t •f Pardons! the poor * *■ to grant a full par- **iss ztu-i s. don. which would, of course, carry with K complete restoration to citizenship. The mattr Is to be brought before the u.st Legislature at its January ses able him to sleep in peace for eight hours and to spend the remaining third of the day in living. It is a blasphemy npon ns that we should be so busy “making a living” that we have no time left in which to live. Merchandise is A great thing, but man hood is a greater, and it is high time that manhood had received some slight recog nition. WOMAN’S FUIURE WORK. fly Elizabeth Cady Stanton. In the future the //. women will be the W-.. barbers and hair dressers, the doc- M tors and t£-c drive men out Wlys °f the pulpits be ’ cause women are MBS. STA-fTOX much better fitted than men to be the moral teachers of Ihe race. Up to the present time men have done all the preaching and all the voting and all the lawmaking, and they have made such a deplorable failure of all three that wom en have been obliged to lend them a hand. This is stjl a masculine civiliza tion. but not nearly us much so as it used to lie. The reason why women are pushing men out into the trades and professions is that there is less work to he done at home than there formerly was. I can remember in my young days, more than sixty years ago, how busy women used to be in the kitchen. Once or twice a year a couple of fat hogs would be killed and dragged into the kitchen to be cut up and salted away in barrels and jars. We had to mold Candler, knit stockings, preserve fruit, spin ynrn and string dried apples. Ihe work Las gone out of the home, and all women who do not wish to be idle and useless have put on their hats and gone after it. OPPORTUNITY IN BANKING. By Lyman J. Gage. There was never a greater demand for capable men in hanking circles than there is at the demand is much supply, and is con stantly increasing. Any capable man L. J. cage. can procure a good position at a good salary. But he must have shown his ca pabilities before he will be intrusted with the handling of the manifold duties that devolve upon the heads of any of our great financial institutions. The young bank clerk may have a bril liant future before him if he will but lend his energies to mastering the intricate details of the banking business, and so fit himself for a position of trust. If he but proves himself worthy he will experi ence no trouble in securing a position that will pay him a salary of $25,000 a year or more. It is men who are worth such.salaries as this who are being looked for, and the supply is not great enough to meet the demand, CONCENTRATION ESSENTIAL. By Louis Stern. < The requisite quality that /j makes for success in life un /A doubtedly varies with the voea -110 tion in life that a man follows. its The good soldier is not of neees sity the good lawyer, nor is the good business man of necessity a good diplomat. Every walk of life re quires different qualities to insure suc cess; but one quality is essential to all. and that is concentration of effort. The Coleman. Janies and Robert Younger, Jesse aud Frank James and four other bandits rode into Northfield. Minn., on tlie afternoon of September 7, 1876, with tlie puri>ose of robbing the First National Bank and hurrying away with their booty. As they charged Into tlie quiet village they discharged their revolvers to frighten the populace, ami part of the gang rushed Into the bank. Mr. Hey wood, the cashier, made a stubborn resistance aud was shot dead. Immediately afterward a fierce fight took place iu the street, citizens tiring on the outlaws front walls, doorways and windows. One of the number, Clel Miller, was killed and two citizens fell fatally wounded. Mounting their horses the desperadoes divided and gal loped away. The .Jantqs boys, who made up one party, escaped over the lo wa border and thence to Missouri. The other section was not so fortunate. It moved south west ward and was. after some days, traced to a wooded swamp near Madelia. Here a fierce fight fol lowed. in which all the outlaws were killed except the Younger brothers— James, Robert and Coleman. The three men were sentenced to State prison for life. Seven years ago Robert Youn ger died of consumption. CONVERTIBLE PASSENGER CAR. Seats !th Movable itacki Are Made Into Courhet. Tbe discomfort of riGlug at night in a half-sitting and half-reclining posture in a railroad car is aa uncomfortable , i | * SHOWING THE BACK UWEffiO TO PORK THE COCCI*. situation which many have passed through at some time Eti their life. for. although luxurious stooping cars are now provided on all railroads, many people feel that they Cftnnot afford to pay the rates, and so are compelled to ride In the ordinary coaches. With the idea of lessening this dlsrvaifart to the minimum. Thomas O. Pott*, of Dead wood. S. D„ has designed t he combina tion passenger car and sleeper shown in the accompanying illustration. When the seats are to be utilized for day riders they do not appear to be different from those of the ordinary passenger car, provision be ug made to reverse them in the usua manner when the car la running In either direction. young man entering upon a business ca reer needs this quality—it is the one thing without which he cannot hope to be a successful business man. There is a crisis lu every man's lif ß when he is called upon to mak? a mo mentous choice between the road to suc cess and that leading to failure. He is like a man walking along a straight road who unexpectedly encounters a fork in the pathway. Here three roads diverge. The center one, that most frequently tak en, leads to mediocrity. Of the other two, one leads to success and the other to failure; there is no finger post, and a man's decision depends entirely upon his own intuition. This intuition is merely the outcome of concentration. If airman has devoted his best efforts to the busi ness he has in hand, he possesses the ability to make a wise choice; if not, he is lost. No one can advise at the critical mo ment. If the individual has earnestly endeavored to master his business, and has acquired a thorough knowledge of it, he is in a position to map out the right course for himself: if not, no ad vice can prove availing. To succeed to-day. a man must possess originality and perseverance; he must master and understand himself and his business and have stamina. Half-heart edness in business only leads to disap pointment. To succeed, a man must con centrate his thoughts and energies upon his work, and such concentration is bound to bring its own reward. MEN WOMEN ADMIRE. By Lady Colin Campbell. . Above everything else a wom an admires strength in a man. fA It rnay be strength of body—she 110 will worship a Hercules with f?S the brain of a guinea pig; it may be strength of intellect —she will ■' ■ ' adore a savant with the body of a gibbon monkey; it may be strength of character; she will break her heart for a politician or financier who is unswerv ingly wrapped up in dreams of personal advancement and who possesses no more heart tLn an oyster. But strength ; n some form she craves unceasingly. It is a hereditary iusriact that has been be queathed to her through Eve’s first dis appointment when Adam was tried in the balance and found wanting. Women abhor cowards and still more sneaks, though I regret to say they often endure cads in a way that belies their in telligence and good taste. They have quite a pathetic desire to look up to men, to feel men their superiors in strength of body and of mind, in calmness of judg ment and clearness of intellect. And it is indeed a pity that men often go out of their way to destroy their most cherished illusions. Woman, secretly conscious of her own physical weakness and lack of intellec tual strength, demands strength from man to make up for her deficiencies. Even the strongest women, strong in body and mind, well balanced as Athene herself, though they may shield and pro tect the weakness of the men they love and stoop to help t' ?m, will never do so without a secret eeling of contempt which is destruction of all ideals. DUTY OF THE TEACHER. By Rev. J. L. Spalding. D. D. “ . The test of life in any calling is intelligence, efficiency and lm moral stamina. These qualities Im should be the test of the school. Help us to courses of study which produce these attributes. Give us more true-hearted men and women, and less method. Let us continue to build character, the founda tion of which is duty. Our schools should maintain and pro duce the' rugged independence of thought and action of America’s forefathers, and eliminate time-serving diplomacy which places individual security and prosperity before permanent liberty and personal independence. The future of Porto Rico, Cuba and the Philippines depends more upon their teachers than upon the sword. Much has already been done; the future problem is not to be solved by the army or the navy, or both forces combined. The teacher and the home will solve the fu ture problem of government in this coun try and in any new lands coming undef its flag. When the coach Is on night trips, how ever, arrangement Is made for brid the space between the seats to form couches. Thus an ordinary passenger car having seats with movable backs can be readily converted Into a sleeper with couches filling the space which is occupied by any two contiguous seats and their backs. In the new Invention the solid tilting bar to which the back of the seat Is rigidly attached is replaced by a slotted bar. A separate bar is secured to the back, and the connection between this and the slotted bar is a bolt, having a screw head which forms a clamp for holding the two in either position. When the clamp is released the hack of the seat drops down to the level of the bottom, the slotted bar resting in the hook at the side of the seat to sup port the weight. VICTOR EMMANUEL OF ITALY. He Would Have the Armaments ot Europe Reduced. King Victor Emmanuel 111. of Italy, who is following in the footsteps of : the Russian Czar in an endeavor to - .... .... —• . have the armaments of Europe reduced, :Is the youngest is* J among the great Ijg 1071 sovereigns of Eu w rope. Since his ac 'v ¥ j cession to the throne | . \ I two years ago. upon i /kfm. ] the tragic death of V f his father. King Humbert, who was assassinated by an ximi of iTALt anarchist, he has given evidence of great ability and of i deep solicitude for the welfare of his subjects. Finding the finances of his kingdom in bad condition, he set an example to bis people and ministers by i instituting reiorms In his own house hold. He began by cutting off all un necessary expenses and regulating ev ; erything sevriliif to rigid economy Ills zeal and enthusiasm reacted upon the government, and now the finances of Italy, while far from being ail that i could be desired, are in much better shape than at any previous time in re ! cent years. In bis habits and tastes King Victor 1 Emmanuel is democratic and loves to t travel incognito among his subjects. His Queen Consort. Helene of Monte negro. has grown in popular favor since her marriage In 189&. She is not extra vagant and re. diiy accommodates her ! seif to her husl end s ideas. The King is only S3 yer -t old. having been born in 1969. so that in the ordinary course of events he ought to see Italy. If pres | ent progress is maintained, prosperous : and contented. __ We are always glad to get out of a crockery store, as we are afraid of breaking something. Fortunate is the young man who po msecs a full set of good ha tea. DIE IN FOREST FIRES. OVER THIRTY PERSONS REPORT ED TO HAVE PERISHED. Monster Blaze* in Washington Leave Trail of Rain and Resolution— Many Homes Swept Away—Refugees With out Clothing flee in Terror. Thirty lives lost and ruin and desola tion for a distance of more thau forty miles along Lewis river in southwest Washington near the Oregon border is the record of the monster forest fires that have been raging in Clarke, Cowlitz and Skamania counties for the last week. The tire swept through great stretches of timber along both sides of the river and licked up everything in its path. Scores are left homeless, without food or clothing, and bodies of men, women, chil dren and animals burned to a crisp dot the barren and charred spaces which had been cleared and were occupied" by log ging camps. Scores of survivors were found by res cuing parties, without any clothing except gunnysacks. Several parties are known to have saved their lives by wading in SAN GABRIEL MISSION, BLIL T WITH A PART OF THE FUND. the river with only their heads out of water. Couriers say that only two houses are left standing along Lewis river for at least thirty miles, where the country was thickly settled. The members of a party of refugees from White’s mill near Centralia found themselves surrounded by fires, with the heat almost unendurable. Reaching the stream, they jumped into water and kept themselves wrapped with wet blankets. When the fire grew nearer they abandon ed the stream and went into the ceutt of a small grotto almost surrounded with burning timber. Here they had been preceded by other fugitives, including six bears and many deer and other anima’ The party remained with the anirut>.s. which were no less terror stricken. Five logging camps are known to ’ ave been burned out completely. D. L. Wal lace, wife and two children were burred to death. They were gamping ir. the woods when caught by the fire. Their wagon was found burned up, the charred bodies lying near. A 12-year-olu bov of Mr. Hanley's also is dead. Mrs. John Polly and baby and a brother, name un known. and Mr. Newhouse and Mrs. Graves are dead. The fire spread from Lewis river north to the Kalama river, and fifty sections o: the finest timber on the coast were de stroyed. It is impossible to give any esti mate of the amount of the damage done to property. Oak Point, on the flohtm bia river, m totally destroyed. There are no repor'.s of lives lost, but loss to prop erty is estimated at about $300,000. A great fire is also raging on the Cowe man, in the northern part of the county. Everything combustible in its path has been consumed. The air is thick with smoke and falling ashes. About 300 people are left homeless in Multonomah and Clackamas eouuties, Oregon, as a result of the forest fires. The fires have burned over a wide scope of country, but the greatest damage in that State appears to have been done in t.iese two counties. Tlie most distressing losses have been those suffered in the vicinity of Spring water, Clackamas County, and Lentz, Multonomah County. The Springwater region has been utterly swept by th“ fires, and those who have reached points in communication with the outside world say that immediate help mfl.st be sent in order to save the lives rescued fro.n the •,.v •’,ing flames. EDITOR WATTERSON WRITES A PIECE ABOUT THE NEW YORK FOUR HUNDRED. HE "smart - iu New York -ociety Las received a m-,-' - a:a;ng lent:n -*ll* liation by Henry Watteraon. editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal. “Th** term smart .tV’ he says, “was adapted by society t - save it- if from a more odious description. The distinguishing trait of the ‘smart set' is its moral adbandon. It makes a business of defying and overleaping conventional restraints upon its pleasures and amusements. Being titled after a rule, and either rich in fart or getting money how it may, it sets itself above the law, both human and divine. Its women are equally depraved with its men. “The Four Hundred in America take their cue from tbe smart set in Europe. Behold them at the horse show in New York. Behold them at swell resorts. Their talk is of bonds, puts and emls, horses, scandals and dogs. The best society? Good Lord! “Tbe ‘4o9’ are rotten through and through. They have not one redeeming feature. AH their ends are achieved by money, and largely by tbe unholy use of money. Their influence is to tbe last degree corruptive. Their hangers-on are only such as money will buy. Nine oat of every ten of the fortunes behind them will not bear scrutiny. "Must these unclean birds, of gaudy and therefore of conspicuous plumage, fly from gilded boughs, fouling the very air as they twitter their affectations of moral supremacy, and no one to shy a brick at them.” The 1 rj fire to fores! eaaerva tions appears not to hare been ttte HJost disastrous, fires being confined to settle ments where clearing and slashing is be ing done. There is no way of securing a correct estimate of the loss, but it will certainly exceed <1.000.009 in Oregon. A big crop #f wheat is bring harvested In Manitoba asd there is said to be an urgent demand for harvest hands to cat and care for the grain before snow falls. United States Marshal Bennett raided a gambling det in Muskcgee. I. T.. and alone captured eleven payers and a lot of gambling paraphernalia. CATHOLICCHURCHSUES MEXICO Claims Near It $1,000,000 Due for the Support of Missionaries. Archbishop Riordsn of San Francisco ha £ - sued the Mexican government before the international court .at The Hague for - the interest on Cali fornia's pious fund. The sum involved dm n This fund has a curious history and * | goes back to th* V < year 1097, when it T' was started by jL pious people to eu .-rttresSfeable the Jesuit mis tPT" siouaties to carry r 1 : B'if on their work in * * ■ ' AI what is now New ABr. kjokdax. Mexico and Cali fornia. The Jesuits were the trustees of the fund, but vten they were expelled from Spanish domin ions in 1767 all their property, including this fund, was seized by the crown, which after that administered this pious fund, and the Franciscan friars were givtn charge of the missions. When Mexico won her independence from Spain the trust of the pious fund was transferred by Spain to the republic. There were twenty-ono missions sup- ported by it, from San Diego, founded in 1769, to San Rafael, founded in 5847, when California was annexed to the United States. In tLe meantime Mexico had sold the properties ot the pious fund in 1542 and turned the proceeds into the national treasury, stipulating to pay tbe church authorities 6 per cent interest on the capital sum in perpetuity. When Upper California was ceded to the Unit ed States by the treaty of Queretaro, Mexico ceased to pay it its portion of the interest ou the pious fund. Church authorities made a claim for these arrears before a mixed commission organized by the convention of 1868. Sir Edward Thornton, the umpire of the com mission. gave judgment against Mexico fur $43,080.99, with arrears for twenty one years amounting in all to $904,700. This included all sums due to May 30, 1869, aud Mexico paid it in full. Since then there have been no pay ments, and Archbishop Riordan is no-.v going before the international court at The Hague to claim the money which has piled up since the church authorities, in California obtained their last contri bution for the pious fund after Sir Ed ward Thornton’s finding in their belt.—'’. in 1869. News of Minor Note. The board of trustees of the lowa Agri cultural College is anxious to secure the services of Secretary of Agriculture Wil son as the head of the school. Gov. Sayers of Texas will order a spe cial election to choose a Congressman to serve the unexpired term of It. C. De Graffenreid, the election to be held in November. Co'eman Grady of Arkansas City has been returned to the Kansas penitentiary because of violations of the terms of Lis parole. He is serving a five years' term for larceny. In the Superior Court of Washington Judge Richards-on held that boycott is uot illegal when peaceably conducted, and, when not so conducted, must be dealt with by the criminal court, not by a court of equity. Mgr. Guidi lias been appointed delegate in the Philippines, and is expected to hasten his departure for Manila in con sequence of information received at the Vatican of the organization of a sys tematic Catholic Church in the Philip pines. Representative Reese C. DeGraffennid of Texas died of apoplexy at the Riggs House in Washington. While the family of J. A. Travis were watching at the death bed of a 14-year old daughter in Manhattan. Kan.. Miss Sadie Travis, 18 years old. suddenly dis appeared from the home and has not been heard of since. Two large lumber milla are fzzag ap on the Kansas City tm. each with a daily capacity of 200,001 feet. One is be ing built by the Central Coal and Coke Company, at Burt, La., and the other by the Hudson River Lumber Company, at Dcßidder, La POLITICS ' or THE DAY Deplorable Conditions. The last few years have doutbless seen some dimming of our national ideals. With colonies we find many things to do that we never looked for ward to, and that were, until recently, supposed to be inconsistent with estab lished aud well-settled principles. For instance, it is manifestly impossible to govern the Filipinos as we govern peo ple here at home—or rather as our peo ple govern themselves. At the very out set we have to recognize the fact that government in the Philippines is with out the consent of the governed—at least, for the present. Plainly, there fore. we have learned by our excursion to the Pacific Islands that our boasted principles are not universally applica ble. So trial by jury can hardly be practicable in Sara&r or Mindanao. And we find it necessary to impose severe limitations on freedom of speech and the press, and even to violate the con stitution by "resorting to the use of tor ture. Out of this- Ims grown a tendency to glorify the strong man, to take exceed ingly “practical” views of things, to talk about "weak” races, and to rely more and more on the strong hand. This tendency is working out in many directions. One can hardly pick up a newspaper without seeing an account of some act of shameless Cruelty and brutality perpetrated on a negro. But the negro belongs to an “inferior” race, and so is entitled to no consideration from us Anglo-Saxons. And we actu ally hear voices demanding the repeal of the fifteenth amendment. We are not now discussing so much whether what we have done is right or wrong, as the Intellectual tendency that has flowed from those acts. In the industrial world tlie same In fluences are at work. Men combine and form mighty industrial organizations which control State legislatures and Congress, and then we are told that we must not attack them, must not even deny them whet they want, lest in weakening them we should destroy in dustrial prosperity. The vulgar rich, the millionaire adventurers, dazzle us with their splendor: and when wc criti cise their methods or question the beauty of their ideals, we are told that they are really benefactors of the race. Railroads and anthracite operators get together in an organization that Is in violation, at least of the spirit and in tent, of the laws, and oppress and rob their men, and the latter are denounced for raising the price of coal. Every where is this glorification of strength— strength which comes from riches or mere brute force. And the answer to it all is that the country Is prosperous! This Is a sad plea to make to a people whose ances tors endured the most horrid privations for years in order that they might es tablish, as they thought forever, those great principles which we now smile at as the mere dreams of political Ideal ists. The only duty of governments nowadays—including our own—is to make the people prosperous. When they have done that, all their crimes are for given. Believing as we,do that Democ racy is an Immortal principle, and that we shall one day return to sounder and nobler principles, We refuse to take the pess'mistic view. But that there are grave dangers ahead of us cannot, we think, be denied. We insist that the pulpit has here a chance that it Is cer tainly not improving. We need to hear a call back to the old ideals and princi ples.—lndianapolis News. Fight for Real Democracy. Mayor Tom L. Johnson, of Cleveland. Ohio, is the kind of reformer that the proflters by abuses fear and hate most. He is not an earnest poor man, an out sider, who can be laughed at as a sen timentalist, a crank, nor an envious disturber. Johnson is a millionaire, a born money maker, whose business ca pacity compels the respect of the mo nopolists against whom he is warring. He knows all about them and their methods, and they know that he does. So Johnson is hated by the predatory rich as a traitor to their order, as every man of wealth is sure to be who de clines to think that because he is a mil lionaire he is freed from the duties im posed by conscience and patriotism. Mr. Johnsun is standing in Ohio for the Jeffersonian principles of equal rights to all and special privileges to none. The Democratic party of ills State has accepted his leadership with enthusiasm, aud the party of privilege and monopoly, led by Mark llaDna. finds itself with a hot fight on its hands. Tom L. Johnson has brains, ardor for the cause of popular rights and tre mendous energy. Every citizen who believes in government by the people instead of government by money will rejoice if the Democracy, commanded by a chief who stands for so much that is worth while, shall rout the Republi cans in Ohio.—Chicago American. Roosevelt and the Combines. The charge is freely made that his speeches about restraining mists are only declamation; that he knows noth ing can be done; that Ids constitutional amendment will take years to get. If It is ever secured at all. But in cutting away the tariff protection of trusts there is something definite that can be done immediately. The Republicans ot the West are demanding that it be done. Inlets the President is willing to rest under the suspicion that he is talking clap-trap for political purposes he will soon take occasion to say that he agrees with those ardent supporters of his in the Wilt NW Tejfc Evening Post. How Freight Rates Are Juggled. No sooner do we bear the note* of satisfaction over the reduction of rate* In grain /aid flour ,'han they are Liable to be drowned in the discords of dis satiataction over the news that rate* on flax and other coarse grains and on other classes of freight are to be rais ed to offset the "loss” by the conces sions on the great cereal and its man ufactured product. Huge dividends on I'd stock muct not be Imperiled and if Peter is paid Paul must be rob bed.— M Snneaixdis Times. Will Balk the President. While President Roosevelt’s advo cacy of the Cuban reciprocity bill proves that there are Republicans who oppose their party's policy of break ing faith with Cuba and of starving the people of that Island Into begging for annexation, it does not by any means lessen the responsibility which rests upon the Republican party as an organization. The President is doomed to defeat In his light with ais own par ty ou the issue of reciprocity with Cuba. The high-tariff monopolists who control the machinery of ‘he Republi can party will defeat the President in the next session of Congress just as they did in that recently ended. The party as a whole will be held responsi ble for tills violation of cur national honor, and if Mr. Roosevelt s iffers po litically therefor it will be due to the fact that he is found In bad company.— St. Louis Republ'c. Roosevelt's Anti-Trust Speeches. The Republican President is declar ing on the stump that the trusts are productive of evil and must be controll ed In the public Interest. The Republican party for six years has had full power to curb tbe trusts, but lias done nothing. W hi/e Presi dent Roosevelt advocates governmental control of the giant combinations, one of them, the Coal Trust, is harassing industry and pillaging all classes In the community by keeping the mines closed and doubling the price of coal. The President could proceed against the Coal Trust by ordering his Attorney General to prosecute its member under the Sherman law. And Mr Roosevelt’s Attorney General chooses this time to make a trip to Europe! The Republican conventions of lowa and Idaho, giving voice to the senti ment of a large and growing element of tne rank and file of the President's party, have demanded, to the distress and alarm of the leaders, tlint lie tar iff shall be so revised ns to deprive monopolies of its shelter so revised, this means, that trusts which sill their wares cheaper abroad than they do at home shall be subjected to foreign com petition. But Mr. Roosevelt, who knows, of course, that the tariff Is the oh ef bul wark of the trusts, has uot a word to say about the tariff. Nevertheless the President is doing a good work. He recognizes the existence of the trust evil and admits the justice of the Dem ocratic eomplalut against the Unbridled freedom enjoyed by these combinations to plunder the people. That Is a great Republican advance upon Mr. Hanna's position during the Presidential campaign of 1900: “There are not trusts.” And upon Mr. Hannn's announcement made only a few weeks ago that “the only monopolies we have in this country are those protected by patents.” It would be gratifying to hear from Mr. Roosevelt on the tariff and on the Coal Trust, but his speeches neverthe less are excellent in spirit, so far as they go. Yet no relief from trust monopoly and trust robbery can be looked for from the President’s party, which, while he is making his popular speeches. Is campaigning to secure again a do-notliing majority in the House of Representatives. The reason why no relief can he expected from the President’s party is this: The Repub lican party is owned by the trusts.— Chicago American. Shaw's Confession. “The Republican party," says Secre tary Shaw, “never attempts to defend a tariff schedule, but does defend tiie protective principle." Since the tariff schedule is the practical application of the protective principle. Secretary Shaw's assertion amounts io a confes sion that his party is standing for a principle that when reduced to prac tice is Incapable of defens e— Rochester (N. Y.) Herald. Great Industrial Wrong. The facts which the last census have brought out regarding the boy and girl wage workers of the country are a na tional sorrow. Approximately there are 50,000 children lu the factories of the South alone. In the North, despite more rigid laws, there are other thous ands of laborers under a fit working age. Some day this burden of indus trial wrong will be lightened. '-New York World. In Need of a Censor. Revision of the tariff "at the proper time" and “by its friends" is Ike Re publican program in lowa, while In Vermont the Republican gospel as preached by an lowa Republican, Shaw by name, is “to concede nothing to the clamor.of the opposition” and to let the tariff alone. The Republican congres sional campaign is badly In need of a speech censor.—Rochester Herald What May Happen in Michigan. General Alger should keep a record of those papers which are sportively and sarcastically treating his candi dacy for the Senatp. Michigan does some queer things in politics and he may be elected. Then will cornu the sweetness of revenge.—Cincinnati En quirer. Reward for Weak Effort. The doctor of laws degree which the University of Chicago is to give Presi dent Roosevelt when he visits there may be forth as a testimonial to his efforts to doctor our weak and fall ing anti trust laws during the snturner —Boston llereid. Novel Reasons of a Judge. A Philadelphia magistrate is some times a little eccentric in the punish ment of those hauled before him for misdemeanors. The other day Bill Jones, who had been found upon ti e public highway minus the faculty of navigation, was arraigned before him. “Married or single?" asked tin mag istrate. “Single, sir,” replied the shaking cul prit “You ought to get married. If yoc had a wife and family to occupy your attention you would have no desire to drink,” said the magistrate. “111 dis charge you, but I hope that you’ll glv-* to matrimony more thought than you have to liquor. John Smith, who had also been ar rested for being intoxicated, was next called. “Married or single, John?” queried the magistrate. “Married, your honor,” was tbe prls oner's reply. “Then yon have no business gett ng drunk. Drinking should be done by single men who have no family to re quire their cash. You ought to have re mained single, then tbe damage you are doing would fall npon you alone. <3*o home and think It over." Bits*. Larry—Before they wor morried co.ua pllmints used to pass between them. Denny—Yes. and now ut s flat-oirons awn rollin' pins. CROP AVERAGES HIGH GOVERNMENT MONTHLY REPORT GIVES FIGURES. These Are Well Above the Ten-Year Level —Corn Percentage Is 84.3—The Outlook Is bright, but Much Yet De pends ou the Weather. The monthly report of the statistician of the Department of Agriculture shows he average Condition of corn on Sept. 1 to have been 84,3, as sompared with 86.5 >u Aug. 1. 1902. 31.7 on Sept. 1, 1901, 50.6 at the corresponding daie in 1900 and a ten-year average of 78.8. Lxcept in Kansas and South Dakota, which report a deiline of 12 points and 10 points respectively during August, no material change of condition is reported from any of the principal corn States, end except those of the South and the State of Michigan they again report con dition averages in excess of their respec tive averages for the last ten years. The report continues: Notwithstanding its marked decline since August. Kansas reports a condition ot 91, or 25 points above its ten-year av erage, while Nebraska and Missouri ex c.ed their respective ten-year average hy 33 aud 22 po nts respectively: ludiana, Ohio, Illinois and lowa by 16, 11, 14 end 10 points respectively, and Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Minnesota by 6, 4 and 3 paints respectively. The crop, however, Is so late that throughout the entire northern portion of the belt predictions o? more than an average crop are inva riably made contingent upon the immedi ate advent and continuance for some day* of the most favorable conditions of w ea tiler. Condition of Wheat Crop. The average condition at harvest ot winter and spring wheat combined was So, against 82.8 last year, 69.0 iu 1900 and a ten-year average of 78.9. Ohio, Michigan, Indiana and Illinois report 13, IS, 13 and 21 points, aud North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska .tnd M/ssouri 20. 24, 25 and 25 points respec tively above the’.r ten-year average; tlie condition in Minnesota differs only one po.nl from the State’s ten year average, while Pennsylvania and California repart 5 points below the ten-year average, lowa 12 points below, and Kansas, with a condition of 4S>. 23 points below the ten year average of the State. The average condition of oats when harvested was 87.2, against 72.1 last year, 82.9 in 1900 and a ten-.vear average of 79.7. While correspondents report the harvesting ot an exceptionally large crop of oats, there nro indications that the crop will be very deficient In point of quality. This, however, will be more fully reported upon in December, when the final returns as to the yield per uere are sent in. Of the ten States having 1,000,000 seres or upward in outs lowa alone reports a condition comparing favorably with it. ten year average. New York reports tlie phenomenally high condition of 107, the highest reported from that State since 1877 and 24 points above its ten-year average; Wisconsin, 100, its highest since 1882 and 15 points' above its ten-year average; Ohio, liK', its highest since 1883 and 13 points above its ten-year average; Michigan, 99, its highest since 1884 and 17 points above i;x ten-year average; Pennsylvania, 98, its highest since 1895 and lti points above its ten-year average; Indiana, 96, its highest since 1894 and 10 points above its ten-year average; Min nesota, 95, its highest since 1895 and 11 points above its ien-year average; Ne braska, 80, its highest since 1897 and 20 points above its ten-year average, and Illinois, SO, or 6 points above its ten year average, but not an exceptionally high condition for that State. Report ou Harley unit Rye. The average condition of barley when harvested was 89.7, against 83.8 last year, 70.7 in 190 ti and 82.0 the mean of the averages of the last ten years. Tlie condition at harvest of winter and spring rye combined was 90.2, ngnimt 84.9 last year, 84 2 in 1900 and 85.4 the mean of the averages of the last ten years. The average condition of buckwheat on Sept. 1 was 86.4, against 91.4 on Aug. 1, 1902, 90.9 one year ago, 80,5 on Sept. 1, 1900, and 84.7 the mean of the aver ages for the last tea years. Sever of the principal tobacco States show conditions ranging from l to 14 points above their ten-year averages, while in Kentucky, New York and Ten nessee conditions are 2, 5 and 6 points respectively below such averages. The average ot clover s'vd has bom considerably reduced pmee last year, only two ot the principal States Maryland aud (Ohio—reporting even a small in crease. The other important States, ex cept Kansas, in which State the area is the same as last year, report decreases. In California. Utah and Colorado condi tions are below the ten-year averager*, while all other States except Maryland, in which State the condition is the same as the ten-year average, report conditions above such averages. During August the condition of hops declin' and 1 point in Oregon and 8 in New York, and improved 2 points in Califor nia, whi e the condition in Washington remained unchanged during the month. Ai'ple Outlook Favorable. Of the States having 4,000,000 trees and upward In applet* eleven report an im provement in condition during August. All but six of the important apple-grow ing State* report conditions ranging from 7 to 32 points above their ten-year aver ages; in Ohio the condition agreed with such averages, while ludiana, West Vir ginia, Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky report conditions below such average. Reports as to the production of peaches as compared with a full crop in the im portant pead growing States range front 10 per cent iu Illinois to 99 in Oklahoma. In ail but eight of the States having 2,000,060 trees and upward in 1889 a pro duction cvce-.ding the tea-year average i* probable. * In ali the State* is which the produc tion of grape ’. of more than local im portance the condition is equal to or above tiae ten-year arerag*’. There 1 it a dwreaai in tie* number of stock hog" now being fattened a* com pared with the number a year ago in ev ery imiiortant bog-ranting State except IVnusyiraoia, where an Increase of 1 per cent is noted. Reports a* to size and weight ”f stock hogs indicate a condition above the ten-year average in But four of the p-in -ipa! State#--Illinois, Missouri, Ct-nnes* '" and Fennsrlvaniai. From Far tnd Near* Railroad property in lowa was assess ed this year at $4,316,726 nwre than last year. Much suffering and loss among stork cattle is reported front Orefon on ac count of drouth. It U re ported that W l Ting Fang. Chi nese minister to tSashington, will be re appointed to 'be M>A. The entire raring stable of t\ Ryan wn* -old in the paddock at Shcepsh*a>! Bay. Toe 5-yeirobl mare. Box tne by perbisi<-Ondina. was tbe star of the 1 saie, S. Sanford St Son paying SIO,OOO for her. Judge Sauapel Treat, former United States jtrlg? for the et rtjera district of Missouri, died in Roche iter, ts. Y„ aged 87 years. He was one of the founders of Washington University, !*st. Louis. Jsir.es Doel, England's oidest adM> satte 'y at his residence In (~V tnotxfh. lie was born it 1804. IBs first appearance on th* *:age wu* in 1820, bis last ten y ears ago at a benefit perform ance. Burst fee* deSivery service will b* es tablished ot OeL 1 at Prescott. Ksa.. with two anriers; length of routes forty nine miles. population nerved, 900; post office at Mantey to be supplied by nuw: carrier.