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MY THANKSGIVING party.
M THANKSGIVING party I gave last night. <r-~' 1 feiPWk //jH Am! u, y guests J l 1S were three, ■ Si '1 A <? lrl wlth a J "L cratch.a stain ’ I'.'-v ;\ j® ' mering boy \ IH ft And an old man /a.vn mt 1 who is blind. irV- : M I They don't go out ‘ every night In f \ YJ ■ the year. * Tv/ 'Vi M ' I" fac ' r * h-\\.U ■ exclusive, , /A. JU\# 3 r quit*; I| ■ But they conde z& r*l Si sra - To come to my feast last night. Turkey? Oh, no. but we had a fowl Which was very large for four. Indeed, the old man and even the bov Said they couldn't have wished for more. We none of us eared for cranberry sauce. Hut we h;id a whole mince pie fTwits sent by my country aunt, you see), And the dinner was not so dry. For we bad sotne coffee —two cups apiece* Who cared If the cups were small'? Why. the g.rl with the crutch was beard to nay Thai she couldn’t drink it all: And the stammering boy said he was sure He would have bad dreams all night. And the old man said he'd not eaten so much Since the year when he lost his sight. And that wasn't all, for after the feast When the dishes were cleared away, tv> hid some nuts by the bright coal Are. And 1 tell you we were gay! For the old man told such funny tales That our laugh made the old room ring. And the girl with a crutch hail a banjo, too, And the stammering boy could sing! It seemed so strange to hear hls voice Mur on quite smooth and clear. That I wondered If sometimes, perhaps, tn heaven. Whether that bo far or near. If our speech will be clear from the halt and Jar With which It is troubled now, And if we can walk without the crutch Which we ahvaj-s need, somehow; And If we shall be no longer blind, ‘As wo all of us are, in a way), Ah, Ik's there would be n feast. Indeed, A royal Thanksgiving day! And I know last night, as we laughed and sang. We forgot the long, hard year. We forgot all weakness and all want In the light of our own good cheer. For gayer guests with a brighter wit, I’m sure it were hard to find; My girt with a crutch, my stammering boy, And my old man who Is blind. Vann, Field aud Fireside. :: Charlie’s Thanksgiving I X ©XE year ago, Charlie bad eotne to the city to make his fortune. He was fond of farming and farm stock; but they were slow means to wealth. He would go to the city for the fortune, and would then come back and purchase the best farm in the vicinity, and have tine horses and big meadows and —envious neighbors. He was standing on a street corner, with hands thrust deep down into bis pockets, and wearing the same clothes be had brought, from home. But the clothes were soiled and worn threadbare and ahiny, and the shoes were unhlaeked. and the hat lacking part of its brim; and long ago he had discarded such extras as collars and cuffs. The lingers of one band played idly with his two last half dollars. both of which were owed for the poor little room he rented on oue of tbe back streets; and the other lingers touched several pawn tickets, which he bad no expectation of redeeming. In deed, he was wondering dnlly if there were at ’thing else in his trunk which eooid be pawned. He had had no break fast, and there was no prospect for a dinner- and this was Thanksgiving. A few yards away, a street boy was mtting on a dry goods box, swinging Mi bare feet industriously to the tune ha was whistling. But his eyes were axed on tbe listless tigure of his neigh bor. “Say. country," he called, suddenly, “what you thin kin' of?” Charlie flushed, but did not answer. “Come, don’t make an owl o' your arlf." the boy went on: “there'* nothin' In this world to fret over. Look here.” •winging his legs upon the box: “no clothe* to spare, an’ what there is ain’t smch for cold weather; an' my jacket’s hurt an arm, an’ my shirt most o’ one shoulder; an' furthermore,” pausing to in dul.-w in another bar of the street ditty he was whistling, “I ain’t had no break fast. an' only a cold pertater for supper last sight; an’ still I ain't no spilt milk to cry over.” His legs swung back into ■pace and beat a lively accompaniment to the conclusion of the tune. Then he looked at Charlie. “Now, what's broke with you?” he de nanded. “You ain’t stalled, an’ you've got shoes on your feet.” “But I oan't eat my shoes.” Charlie reto-ted; “and the two pieces of money I have left are to pay for my room. And —and what's worse, I’m out of a job Twasn't much— sweeping out ofln-es-but It meant a room and something to cat.” The street boy stopped drumming and j looked at him with more interest. “ Tia sort o’ bad," he acknowledged, “an’ you bein' from the country an’ know ta’ nothin' makes it worse, What and you come for?” “Why. to get rich, of course.” Charlie answered, “what does any one come to the city for?’ “Hnh!” derisively, “an" here I’ve been lookin’ ahead to goin’ into the country to *ei rich. S-..,, Jo you have fellers like me. an* like ’.bat crowd on the sidewalk, op in your •ountry?’ Charlie looked at him. and then at the half-dozen disreputable men who were smoking in front of a saloon op posite. and the two or three women sort ing over an ash barrel, and the squalid, dirty faivd children playing end fighting along the gutter, and answered, with an express!.>n of disgust: “No, indeed!” “I thought so. Then the country's the rich eat an’ best place.’’ He looked at Charlie a little curiously. “Say, you got horses an’ cows an’ dogs a’ chickens, an' a pa an’ mi, an' green grass an’ fishia’ up there?” he demanded. “Of course,” with eager recollection In his voice; “and miles and miles of woods where we go after chestnuts and grapes iu the fall, and big ponds to skate fcj In the winter." “An* you run away from them —for this?” snatching his fragment of cap and hwrUng It Into the gutter as expressive mi his unutterable disgust. Then he toad upon the box and stretched himself to kfcs full height, raising his hand as though to invoke a benediction. “My aon," he sad. solemnly, “go home an* eat the fatted calf an' your ma'i doughnuts. Tarry not. Hasten to pas twee new where the calves flourish as a THANKSGIVING AT THE ZOO. green bay tree. If it be fifty m'les, walk, an’ run when you get tired; if a thousand, walk an’ run an’ beg an’ steal rides on freight truius--only go, as my failin’ tears implore. An’ now”—here a paper boy. at tracted by hi? gesticulations, darted up and tipped the box so that the orator slid inglorious!)’ into the mud. Charlie laughed in spite of himself, then his face became grave. Beneath the lightness of the speaker’s words had been an under current of seriousness which appealed di rectly to his discouragement and home sickness. Yes, he would go home. “Thank you for your advice,” he said; “I’m going to take it.” “Honest?” with a ring of satisfac tion in his voice. “Then fare ye well, an’ if forever—but, say," as Charlie was starting down the sidewalk, “give me a tip to your barrel an’ mebbe I’ll come out an’ spend my vacation with you next summer.” Charlie laughed, and then, on a sudden impulse, wrote his address and gave it to the boy. “We'd like first rate to have you come,” he said, heartily, “an’ we'd try to give you a good time.” This is the proper end for the story; but I want: to add that the street boy did visit them the next summer, and that they gave him such a good time he con cluded to remain and work for them per manently.—Portland Transcript. A RELIGIOUS FESTIVAL. Significance of Thanksgiving Day (should Not Be Forgotten. There is danger that the religious sig nificance of Thanksgiving day may be forgotten. We so soon grow accustom ed to our blessings that we accept them as a part of the general order of things and naturally become ungrateful by pure forgetfulness or indifference. But rs a matter of tact most things which come to us come by the pure favor or courte AN AMERICAN THANKSGIVING. sy of others, and how unworthy do we consider the Migrate! writes Rev. S. T. Willis in the New York Ledger. He is one of the most contemptible characters with which we meet. We consider him even uncivil who does not spontaneously say or write “Thank you” for the favors and kindness shown him by his fellow man. And this word of grateful appre ciation is never lost. Even if it may seem to have no effect upon him for whom it was given, it will not be lost upon those who hear, nor will its influ ence be powerless upon him who bestows it. A cultivation of the thanksgiving habit will make to grow the sense of op predation, and as a result our spirits will be sweetened, our souls enlarged and the whole horizon of life beautified. Then the ordinary affairs of life will never more be commonplace; our conditions and surroundings will always appear in a fresh light. This is significant, 'lhe man whose family fiud in him a source of endless delight and }oy is one who does not suffer the common relationships and the daily intercourse to become col orless and arid. Such a man keeps love alive by cultivating the sentiment of af fection. His face, his voice, his deed, makes the old courses of life brim and sparkle with a full current of tenderness and feeling. So it is again with the great artist who sees the common in an uncommon light and clothes the most or dinary objects with beauty and charm. In like manner the religious nature dis closes its presence by the unfailing fresh ness of its feeling for ail relations and seasons and customs and days. It num bers its blessings daily, and daily does it express gratitude because it feels deep ly and gladly the weight of its vast in debtedness. The years may differ great ly in the comforts and blessings rhey brug. but God’s unbroken beneficence knows no divisions of time. His bounty is an unbroken eternity. All years, however hard in the experiences they bring, are years of blessedness: it should be ours to receive what God sends and to be constantly thankful. The First Thanksgiving. The fishermen were ordered "to scour the seus for spoil,” the hunters “to shoulder their matchlocks and bring in such game as would allow :an Mayflower colony in a more special manner to re joice together.” The result was a sup ply of wild turkey, deer, bear and game of every sort in such abundance as amply to feed the colony for a week. They had as guests the friendly chief. Masaaaoit. and ninety of his Indians. The Indians contributed to the feest Stc deer and a “great basket of oysters.” This was the introduction of the young colony to Its afterward favorite shellfish and the wom en cooked them as they best knew how. The menu of that immortal dinner has not. alas! been preserved, but it is known that the two dishes most fully appre ciated by the Indians as well as the Americans were the “brown roast tur key” and the pumpkin pie. The great feast of the week was outdoors, for the air was balmy and the sun bright. Mas sasoit was there in all the bravery of a scarlet coat trimmed with lace and a copper chain, given him, some time pre vious, by Edward Winslow. In a strauge medley of Indian garb and a borrowing of European costume, the guest of honor was feted and entertained, cementing there the bond of friendship with the white settlers which held good forty-one years.—Good Housekeeping. HOW TO COOK THE TURKEY. Some Practical Advice Given by a New York Chef. There is a chef in one of thi large hotels of New York who is famous for his roast turkey. Turkey uuder his hands comes out not only a beautiful brown, but of a delicious flavor quite dif ferent from any other turkey that ever was seen. The turkey meat is positive ly rich, and even the white meat that is generally dry has a moist, spicy taste. This is his recipe for roast turkey; Clean the turkey with as little haudling as possible and rinse with water in which a little baking soda has- been dissolved. Now break up about half a pint of bread crumbs, and into tbe crumbs chop two links of pork sausage. Stuff the turkey with this mixture and just before put ting into the oven bind salt pork on the breast of the turkey. Remove the pork just before the turkey is taken from the oven. When the meat is carved, its flavor will be found very superior. This is particularly to be recommended for the Thanksgiving turkey, which, with so many other dainties rivaling it, must be very appetizing to be enjoyed. , An Impertinence. “I understands dat you all had turkey foh yoh Thanksgivin’ dinner,” said Mr, Erastus Pinkley. “Y’nss indeed,” answered Miss Miami Brown. “Who wah de hos’?” “Who wah de which?” “De hos’? Who did de turkey b’long to?” “Nobody fohgot hisse’f so fah as to ask dat question.” was the chilling rejoinder. “Besides, aftuh a turkey has been cook ed dar ain’ no way of ’dentifyiu’ it."— Washington Star. After the Dinner. 1 “ How little Johnny felt Thanksgiving evening.—New York World. A Mighty Feed in Store. One of these days the three hnndredu anniversary of the founding of Thanks giving will happen along. If it is kept in the spirit of most centenaries, what heavy and long drawn out feasting there will be! Thanksgiving Discrepancies. Health wait* on moderate poverty. Fate's wisdom oft we question. The man whose dinner’s best is he Who has the worst digestion. —Washington Star. A Welcome burst “Will you have any guests at your Thanksegiving dinner, Mr. Cloverseed?” “Well, I’ve axed a turkey.”—New York World. THE GOURMAND AND THE TURK. JSKfi. HE Turkey gobbles by the Farmer’s fence; | The Gourmand gob -1 J bles him from off ) I The Bird foresees his doom with dread 11 The Gourmand fasts jl appetite to Each of the twain * a hero on his beat— The Turkey can’t escape and will not try It: The gout bus gripped the Gourmand by the feet. But for at least one meal he will defy It. Upon Thanksgiving day, all Christians dwell Within a common hall of gastro-revel, And he's devoutest who his waist doth swell With grub he later wishes at the devil. And so tbe Turkey struts his little space, A slave to placid etiquette of dying; The Gourmand, having dined, the air will grace With groans whose ardor there Is no de r-.Tn„. The Bird regrets his fate, and can’t be blamed-- Too proud to fly, he scorns attempted flit ting; The Gourmand for his part would be ashamed To eat less than a Turkey at a sitting. Their mutual politeness Is most sweet— The Turkey dies, aud knows he is a duf fer; The Gourmand eats, and aches from head to feet— He’d like to die, but can't; so lives to suf fer. —Chicago Record-Herald. For tbe Thanksgiving Dinner. I think a Thanksgiving dinner table should be differently decorated from one for any other occasion. It should look loaded. My centerpiece will be a big scooped-out pumpkin, with the edg?; acal- loped, filled with fruit arranged prettily on leaves —bananas, oranges, lady-apples and grapes. At one end of the table will be a rep resentation of a mammoth pumpkin pie (this for the benefit of the children), made from a bread-pan, with crinkled yel low tissue paper around the edges and filled with sawdust, in which is conceal ed trifles, one for each person present, done up in yellow paper tied with wel low ribbon. The ribbon bows and ends will make the top of the pie. At the close of dinner it will be passed, and every one will get a pull and a package. At the other end of the table I will have a bowl of yellow chrysanthemums—the flower of the Thanksgiving season. At the four corners I will put horns of plen ty made of cardboard covered with yel low crinkled tissue paper. Out of one of these cornucopias will pour chocolates, out of another figs and dates, out of the third nuts and raisins, and out of the fourth candy fruits.—Anna Wentworth in the Woman’s Home Companion. Kinklclanfer’s Hard Luck. “Ya, Mister Dinkelbaum, I had lots uv druble mit dat durkey,” said Kinklelau fer. “Nein, you don't s’ * it." “Y'ou bet. I nof> id so much druble before. Mine wif ys, ‘Hans, yon once go to de yeastern market und buy a life durkey for Thanksgivin’.’ So I went over dere und bought ein durkey dat weighed acht pfund. so dat farmer told me. Yhen I measured him in de store he weighed coly five pfund, und dat farm er cheated me aus dirty cents.” “Dera spitzbube." “Ya. Und on mine vay to mine haus he flied away und I had to give a fellow fnnf nud xwanzig pfennings to ketch him." “Sehr Tent r.” \ “Ya. Und ven I reached mein hau3 I fell, und hurt mein eye.” “How nnluckiest.” “Ven I got home I p“t him in de yard. Next morning vhen I from the bed got up he vas gone. I discovered him found under de haus and I vent after him und I catched him in de parlor of mein haus.” “How provokably.” “Ven I cot his head offs he fly on mein suit and mined it.” “You nefer said so." ‘‘Und ven I eat him he is tuff as leath er. Dat’s vhat comes to it for taken a wife’s advisable.”—Detr- at Free Press. Seasonable, A chap out Is far Albuquerque Wrote East ta a hand rather jaerque. That If stUi In the mood. And the walking was good. He'd be home for his Thanksgiving tnerqne. DEATH OF MISS HOGE. Believer in Christian Science Suc cumbs to Attack of Fever. Miss Louise Hoge of Evanston, 111., who had been ill in Washington. D. C.. for almost a month and who had been un der treatment by a Christian Science healer, died Wednesday night. Miss Hogo was the daughter of Holmes Hoge. as sistant cashier of the First National Bank of Chicago. She went to Wash ington intending to act as bridesmaid for a former school chum. While the wedding preparations wera going on Miss Hoge became ill and re mained in Washington till her death. No physician of the regular school was called in. but the patient a portion of the time had been in charge of Mrs. Ellen Brown Linscott, a Christian Scientist, / rwho said that Mias Hoge had suffered from typhoid fever. The parents of Miss Hoge are Chris tian Scientists, but they gave directions that their daughter should receive med ical attention if she desired, but she pre ferred the Christian Science treatment. No arrests in the case were made, al though the coroner ■> -dered an investiga tion, with a view to ascertaining if there was any criminal negligence connected with the girl’s death. The district attor ney also held that a charge of crimiual neglect could not be lodged against any sue concerned, as there was no law cov ering this point. The coroner issued a certificate that death was due to hypo static pneumonia. Miss Hoge. who was 2G years of age. was prominent in social cir cles in Evanston. COL. BUTLER FOUND GUILTY. St. Louis Millionaire Given Three Years in Penitentia y. Three years in the penitentiary is the punishment meted out at Columbia, Mo., to Col. Edward Butler, whom a jury found guilty of trying to bribe Dr. Chap man, a member of the board of health In St. Louis, to favor a city garbage con tract on which the millionaire politician sought to enrich himself. Thus another chapter is added to the sensational story if corruption in the municipal affairs of St. Louis. Col. Edward Butler vas indicted by the grand jury April 5, when the first thorough investigation of the boodle scan dal was made and a startling condition cf things was brought to light. With But ler, John 11. Becker was indicted on a charge of attempt to bribe and Robert M. Snyder and George J. Kobuseh were held by the grand jury for bribery and perjury respectively. R. M. Snyder, a prominent Kansas City banker, was con victed Oct. 4 for bribing members of the St. Louis municipal assembly to pass an ordinance granting the Central Traction Company a valuable franchise, and he is out under bonds. Since January the scandal has been the subject of investigation and each succes sive grand jury has brought new facts to light and delivered scathing reports on the revelations it made. Col. Butler and his wife, his two sons, Congressman James J. Butler and Edward Butler, Jr., and their wives were in the court room when the verdict was received. WAR ON PARLOR MATCHES. Sale Will Be Stopped in New York — Caused Many Fires. Fire department . 'ficials of New York City have decided to stop the sale of parlor matches in Greater New York. They have given warning that after Jan. 1 no permits for the storage or sale of matches (except the sulphur variety), which can be ignited on other than a prepared surface, will be used by the bureau of combustibles. This notice Is the beginning of an effort to enforce an ordinance adopted some time ago. According to Inspector Murry of the bureau mentioned 1,300 fires last year, which cost eight lives, were traced tc parlor matches. United States Senator Quarles in a speech on trusts at West Superior, Wis., advocated uniform federal control. The State election in Georgia passed off with no organized opposition to the Democratic ticket, which was elected in full, with Joseph M. Terrell as Gov ernor. The vote was light as compared to previous elections. The Rev. C. M. Sheldon of Kansas, author of “In His Steps,” formally de clined a fusion nomination for Congress in an-at-large, saying that he felt he could do more good in his present capacity, where he could instruct the young voter how best to cast his ballot. The Wisconsin Sugar Company, which has been planning the erection of large beet sugar plants nenr Milwaukee, nu uounces that it will defer all operations until Congress disposes of the Cuban re ciprocity question. If the measure goes through there will be no factories built. James J. Hill, president of the Great Northern Railway and the Northern Se curities Company, recently delivered a speech on the trust question, in which he said the people should beware of the in dustrial enterprises whose only industry is to run printing presses to print shares of stock. Senator Vest of Missouri ssys that gov ernment ownership of the coal mines would mean that eventually the United States would control every interest in the country, a condition never intended by the Limera of the constitution and an tagonistic to the doctrines of Jefferson, which opposed the centralisation of pow er In a general government. In a speech before the Pittsburg Cham ber of Commerce on "The Commerce Clause of the Constitution and tha Trusts.” Attorney General Knox suggest ed constitutional amendment ass remedy for the objectionable features of modern trusts. He expressed the belief that Congress might amend and extend tbs interstate commerce laws so as to control combinations. Postmaster General Payne said that the forthcoming message of the President will recommend probably the >point men tof a permanent tariff eomi non, to give eipert considerstkm to tariff revision and to report to Congress, and thus ssva the congressional committees much time and labor. The Secretary of the Treasury has awarded to John Peirce of Siw York the contract for the completion of the gran ite walls, roofing, etc., of the New York custom hou*e at his bid of s'j>.O.2Go. London cterespondent of Dublin Inde pendent says King Edward will visit In land in April Handling Corn Fodder. Whore shocks are made of unltound fodder it will be necessary to employ the aid of a horse for building them (h anu they should n Y~ well tied with J binder twine. Al- J tuost any device (J V / will answer for a v > horse around which to shock the corn. Herewith Is showu a device wnt by a contributor for tying shocks that is very neces sary. After the shock is made as large as desired, the shaft of this device is thrust through the shock a little above the half way distance front the bottom to the top. the end of the rope is brought around the shock and the end passed over the smooth end of the shaft. By giving the handle a few turns the compass of the shock will be so drawn that it can be easily tied. Shocks tied in this manner seldom get twisted or out of .ondition. For hauling in fodder we have two designs. On*, of theme is an ordinary sled-likc device that is easily construct ed and will be found very bendy for hauling fodder. It will be found espe cially handy In loading fodder. Some use this sled for hauling an 1 the shocks are not torn apart in hauling, but are simply tipped over on the sled and hauled away In this manner. The other device consists in a peculiarly constructed rack to he placed on a low wheeled wagon. By the aid of a sim ple derrick-like contrivance on the rear end of the wagon the shocks are easily lifted on the wagon and placed in a position on the load. We know of sev eral farmers who have used this de v.ce, and they pronounce it good. Many ways can be provided for mak ing racks that will be convenient for hauling fodder, and these are only giv en as starters along this line.—lowa Homestead. Winter Spraying -if Fruit Trees. The spraying of fruit t r( >es during the winter should not be neglected. Before the leaves start the trunk and every branch of the tree should be well spray ed with a solution of one pound of cop per sulphate in twenty-five gallons of water to check scab, codling moth, bird moth, tent caterpillar, canker worm, plum curculio and. San Jose scale on apple trees, to be followed up after the blossoms fall by the regular bordeaux mixture of four pounds each of sul phate of copper and lime to fifty gallons of water. Some prefer to use six pounds sulphate of copper instead of four pounds, but we are not sure that this is any better than the other, while for peach trees that have put out their leaves the use of three pounds of sul phate of copper to six or nine pounds of lime is thought strong enough for fifty gallons of water. But we art now speaking of a winter spray before the leaves come out. The mixture of fifty pounds each of lime, salt and flowers of sulphur is used on the Pacific coast for the San Jose scale, but In our East ern climate it does not seem to be as effectual, as the frequent rains wash tt off. A mixture of pure lime made as a thin whitewasli and used on peach trees two or three times in the winter lias been recommended ns a spray that will keep the leaves and buds from starting early enough to be killed by the spring frosts. —American Cultivator. Keeping Late Cabbage. Late cabbage laid in shallow trenches roots up will keep well if not placed too close together in the trench. Dig a trench about eight or ten Inches deep and two and a half to three feet w ide, putting some cross-pieces of wood in the bottom of the trench for some odd and end lx>ards to rest upon, making rough kind of platform, leaving a space of two or three inches beneath. A little straw is spread over the boards and the cabbages are packed ln head down in two layers, the upper layer being placed between the angles formed by the cab bages of the lower one. A coping is placed over to keep them dry and atten tion pah*' that they do no; get frozen.— American Gardening. The Infant Bee. When one thinks that any be* that walks out of its cradle, pale, perhaps, but perfect, knows at once all that Is to be known of the life and duties of a bee, complicated as they are. and com prising the knowledge of an architect, a wax-modeler, a nurse, a lady’s maid, a housekeeper, a tourist agency and a field marshal, and then compares that vast knowledge with the human baby, wbo is looked upon as a genius if it gurgles “Goo-goo.” and tries to gouge its mother's eyes out with its fingers, one realises that the boasted superior ity of the human brain depends large ly upon vanity.—Rural World. The Milkhnnee. In planning a bouse for handling the milk the main points are ventilation, sunshine, drainage and to have It handy to an abundant supply of cold water. The location should be where the air Is pure, as milk absorbs odors and Is eas ily tainted sod spoiled for butter-mak ing or any family purpose. The build ing should haTe st least one window ou the south side, so as to allow the sun to shine in when desired, yet so ar ranged as to exclude the direct sunshine when necessary. The OOper.itiw I sundry. The co-operative laundry should be jnst as practical as the co-operative creamery. There Is no labor that is so dreaded by those wbo have the bouse- hold duties to perform as is the work ol the laundry, and It is assorted that if il were not for this one item of labor tin help question would not take on such a serioue aspect as it does at the present time. It is suggested that a aundry tot rural communities would give great satisfaction if not run on the co-opera tive plan, but simply placed on a busi ness basis like any other private con cern. If women simply demanded that laundry should be done away fro home there is no question but what their demand would be satisfied.—lowa Homestead. Artificial Ice Ponds. There are few better sources for get ting good ice than from a properly con structed artificial pond, because they can be placed ou a stream of pure run ulug water, which can be let off during the summer months, and allowed to fill up before freezing weather. The bot tom can be cleaned before the water is iet in. and if there is no impurity above, | the Ice will be much purer than from t the ordinary pond. A pond containing one hundred square rods sapuld cut about twenty thousand square feet, or five hundred tons, when tin- ice will average nine inches thick, and this would be enough for several families or dairies. For n single fatally with small dairy, even six square tods would fill an Icehouse ten feet square, twelve feet deep, or about thirty tons, more than many use for a dairy. If the lee was thicker or was cut mo!e than once in a year, the amount would.be largely increased. Both these might happen in ordinary winters in this climate. The ideal pond should be about 3V& feet deep, and with a gravelly or sandy bot tom. Water in the shallow pond freezes more quickly than la a larger pond or a running stream, and where it is filled quickly the lee Is clearer. A grass bottom Is allowable, if it be cleansed by mowing and raking before the water is let in. The shallow depth prevents danger frdm drowning unless one goes in head foremost. For the smaller houses one needs no expensive outfit of ice tools. A straight-edged board to mark off the squares, a cross cut saw, and an lee chisel, a few pikes, a runway, with blocks amt ropes to draw the ice up the run, are all that r -e absolutely necessary. Two men to out, two to run It Into the house and one to pack it Inside will make a good gang for a small pond.—New England Farmer. Cheese Press. Here Is a sketch of ft cheese press that we have found to be very useful; it can be made at a trifling cost The up rights are 2x4 inch scantling. 4 or 5 feet long, with pieces of the tame fast ened to the bottom for basr&s; 30 inches from the floor stout cleats are nailed firmly to the uprights, upon which rests a 2-inch plank, which serves ns a table; upon this jn m plank is a cheese II /A hoop with a cheese (| ; ' ' t ]| inside to be pressed; *3 above this is a stout —SUIT N strip (2x4) with ends j|| resting in mortises RLI cut in the uprights; v/ this strip should be CHEE I’BEss. 5 or 0 feet in length; under it, in the center, is a block which rests upon a round follower the exact size of the cheese to be pressed. The power 1b fur nished by the eccentrics, or arms, which are merely levers with unequal circular ends; these work on a holt which pierces the circle near the top; to the ends of the arms fasten strings, which are tied to tSe side of the table to main tain the pressure. When the cheese Is placed in the hoop, the follower and block adjusted, by pulling down on the eccentrics a pressure of aay required degree is applied upon the cheese. Both the board and strip being elastic, the pressure is maintained as long as re quired.—Jacob Harper, in the Epitom ist. Farm Land* IS Years Ahead. The prediction made in 1880 that the population of the United Stales would now be eighty millions is fully verified. By the same geometrical progression the statisticians give us 120 millions population for the year 1020, only about eighteen years from now. There will be no more large farms in the Middle Slates, when that time comes. About twenty-five acres wilt be the average size of holdings, as now In France, where the price is $250 per acre. Our interurban roads will hasten the time in the United States, when more people will have the comforts of a country home, with their own cows, chickens, eggs, fruits and vegetables, and still do business in town. Tele phones and daily mail delivery will arid to the pleasures of country life.--Ex change. Charcoal for llngn. Every hoghouse should contain a box full of charcoal. This may be secured by digging a pit in the ground, starting the fire at the bottom and as it pro gresses throwing In cobs an*l wood un til it U full. When the fre is well started, cover the whole with a piece of sheet iron. The mass will be thor oughly charred In a day or two and can be taken out and used. Some feed ers make a solution of twelve pounds of salt and tw r o pounds of copperas in a pail of water and sprinkle over the charcoal until it Is pretty well satu rated. Hogs will remain healthy and in good condition if they are given good feed and plenty of charcoal. American Agricnlturfst. Feeding Biga. An experiment made by the <ditor of Hoard s Dairyman showed t.'uit pigs weighing one hundred pourMs each, fed for eight weeks on skimmllk alone, and sold at the same price paid for them, had gained enough to make the value at skimmllk 22% cent a a hundred pounds. Another lot fed on aklmmllk and corn meal for the same length of time made ten pounds of pork, and one oundred pounds of skimmllk and cornmeaJ mixed and fed together made eighteen pounds of pork. Combining them In creased their value twenty per cent. The best mulch for a stre.wlv.rry bed la fine horse manure. Hr-..- 1* the spring It should be raked oil the rows and worked In close to the plants, using salt hay or any clean material in its place on the rows as a mulch after the plants are well grown, so a* to pro tect the fruit from dirt atid also to shade the soiL. If all tbeland planted in corn in tbe United State* this year were tnasaed the area would exceed the British Ile*. Holland and Belgium combined, or four fifth* of the area of France or Germany MINING COAL IN WATER. How a Wrecking Company Extracts 1 ucl from Sunken Burges. Coal mining in the waters of Long Island Sound has been taken up on an extensive scale by a Bridgeport (Conn.) wrecking company. The sound con tains immense quantities of coal. Old sound captains say that there is enough coal In the waters to supply New York for a year. YLwe is scarcely a heavy storm on the r„aud that a number of coal barges are not sunk and the work of the wrecking company in mining for the coal Is watched with deep interest. The methixl of water mining Is sim ple. In the first place, the wrecks must be found, and for practical work the wrecks ought to be in water not over forty or forty-five feet deep, and thirty feet i much easier working. For tills work wreck finders are em ployed. The wreck finders consist of two thirty-two-foot power boats, gaso line engines being used, and each boat is manned by two men. The boats run out to the territory where the wrecks are believed to be. In each one is a large reel containing a mile of Inch rope. The boats are run alongside of each other, and the ends of the ropes from each boat's reel are spliced. This makes a continuous rope two miles long, and, Ln reality, lashes the two wreck finders, ov sweep boats, as they are sometimes called, together. The boats then run In opposite di rections until they are half a mile apart. Then they take their course a id run parallel to each other, the windlasses or reels in each boat In tin* meantime having been released ar.i paying out the rope from the stem of each boat thr ugh a ring in the end of an Iron pole that extends out over the stern. When a sufficient length of rope has been paid out two large weights of 3<o pounds or more each are run down the rope from the stern of each lx'fit. These weights sink to the bot tom and hold the half mile of rope M NINU COAL IN TilkC WATKU. about four feet from the ground, so that Gie rope forms a sweep half a mile long, catching anything that comes ln its way. Sometimes one of the sweep boats will remain at anchor and the other boat run around si radius of half a mile, and clearing up a mile of ground. When the sweep rope catch es fast It is indicated by the pulling down, sometime* almost under water, of the stems of the sweep Ixxits. The boats are stopped and the rods are re versed to wind up the rope. Slowly the sterns of the boats come closer and Closer together until they are almost directly over the point where the sweep rope Is fastened many feet below. Then ihe nature of the wreck is determined. The next step, ln case the wreck proves to be a coal barge, is taken by the diver, one of the crew always being a diver. He dons ills rubber suit ami is let down to the fastening nnd pro feeds to explore the find. He estimates the quantity and looks Into the quality of the find; also observes the b<-st man ner of taking it out, whether by buck ets or the suction pump. If the find is worth while the diver fastens a floating buoy to the wreck, and then tin* sweep boats proceed on their way to find mon wrecks. After the wreck finders have marked their find by a floating buoy the lighters run out. They arc equip ped with derricks and suction pumps, fcoraetimea the pump is run down Into the sunken eo-nl barges nnd shoved around by a diver, who goes below to tend the pump and place the end where It: will do the best work. This Is the easiest method of recovering the coal, as the coal Is sucked up through the five-inch pipe In a steady stream and falls Into a screen, the water running overboard, and the coal passing down the chute into the hold of the lighter. At other times It Is necessity to take tiie coal out In buckets or shovels, the shovels acting the same as the folding shovels on a great dredger, which sends the shovel dftwn to the bottom and then closes up, bringing up what ever it shuts up on at the bottom. It is not an uncommon tiling to find a coal wreck where the lighter can he pumped full of coal In half a day, nnd a wreck that will not fill the hold of the lighter In a day is not considered ntub of a find. A hundred tons of coal recovered in tills way Is considered a fair day’s work. It will be seen that a cargo of 100 tons of coni. If sold st slb n ton, would yield a handsome profit to the “water miners ’’ In round figures. It would amount to SI,OOO for a day's work, and, as It costs nothing but the ltlx-r expended in mining It, the profit Is ~tany times over 100 per cent. Dog with Diamond Toolh A dog with ft diiimond sot in one of it* front teeth vra* in Philadelphia re cently. It wok here for medical treat inert and during its stay in the dog ward of a veterinary hospital uptown it astonished everybody with it* clever ness. \ French poodle, It bad chic that the nurnes aald was truly Parisian. It hnd also innumerable tricks You would, for instance, say to it, ‘Show your dia motd tooth." and It would curl back. Ito lip in anch * manner that the dia mood would glitter. Hie dog belong* to ft wealthy woman of Trenton, fi. J. She had the brilliant net in It* toot* two years ago. What gay* her the Idea of tbta, my a the Philadelphia lti*ni. wt undoubtedly the sensational story, printed long ago of the blaaeof diamond* that illumine* the mouth of Pltaifinmona. the pogi Hat. ' _ * * ‘ The lisrcest Library. The largest library | n the world if th National Library of Paria. whirl) contain! forty in lien of shelves, holding j,400,000 books There are also \TZ,- OOi manuscripts, 300.000 map# and charts and 130.000 coins and medals. Illiteracy In Europe. Portugal in the most illiterate coun try in Europe. Sixty-seven per cent of is people cannot write. In Italy tb-TO are 32 illiterate* In every 100. and in Russia 36 per cent. A soon aa the skfc shoemaker is able to work he la ou the mend.