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*'’■****’ ~~ ~ of the packing material.—New En- S laud Farmer. Care ot Orape Vines. The illustrations are from bulletin 156, entitled ‘The Home Vineyard.” by W. 11. ltagon. If you will apply to the United States Department of Agri culture you will get this interesting and valuable treatise on the grape without cost. Cut 1 of the illustra tions represents a one year old grape vine at planting, showing how deep it should be planted and where the canes should be cut off leaving only two buds on the newly planted vine. Cut 2 represents the grapevine as it should look after one year’s growth, and the line crossing the vine shows where it should be cut off, leaving two buds to grow to make the two arms that will be needed for the next year. Cut 3 represents the same grapevine the sec ond year with two branches produced, all others having been removed. Cut 4 represents the manner of making a trellis, and of bracing the end posts so they will not pull over by the strain of the tightened wires that support the vine. Cut 5 shows how a grapevine may be propagated by lagering the new green growth in July. Cut 0 rep resents tLe grapevine as it should ap i i pear at the beginning of the third sea son's growth. The last cut shown is the vine in full fruiting properly trained.—Green’s Fruit Grower. Whitewash Formula. Take half a bushel of unslacked lime, slake it with boiling water, cover dur ing the process to keep in steam, strain the liquid through a tine sieve or strainer, and add to it a peck of salt, previously dissolved In warm water, three pounds of ground rice boiled to a thin paste and stirred in while hot, half a pound of Spanish whiting, and one pound of clean glue, previously dissolved by soaking in cold water and then hanging over a slow Are in a small pot hung in a larger one Ailed wlvh water. Add Ave gallons of hot water to the mixture, stir well, and let it stand for a few lays covered from dirt. It should be spplled hot, for which purpose it can be kept in a kettle or portable furnace. The east end of the President's house tt Washington is embellished by this brilliant whitewash. It is used by the fovernmeut to whitewash lighthouses. Heatins a I’lunthouse Cheaply. Here's a method for heating a plant house measuring about 8 by 17 feet. I use a hot water circulation in irou pipes, aud the heating Is done by kero sene lamps under two tin boilers. The boilers are bell shaped and set up with mouth down. The hot air, after hav ing done its work of heating the water. Is controlled by a tin drum, at the top of which is a smoke pipe, by which all fumes are carried off. The lamps were made to order by the tiusmith 9lD~um t—i i mY~Ij ' T7 ‘~ tll /VoU" if! Air 1*? *!* •R.turnTf*-. CONSERVATORY HEATED WITH LAMPS. and are titted with common dat wick burners. Four of them can be placed under each boiler. Thus in the sever est weather there are eight lamps burning, and they may burn 25 cents’ worth of oil In a day. The plauthouse walls were built with care to make them warm, and I have a system of screens, made by stretching cotton cloth on wooden frames, which 1 put up every cold night under the glass aud take down in the morning, this operation tak*ug not over five or six minutes each day. Under these cir cumstances my heating system has worked admirably and has never fail ed. At -i o'clock lu the afternoon I can light as many lamps as 1 think and leave them n Ith the most perfect assurance that 1 shall j,nd everything right the next morn ing or the middle of the forenoon, if l am as late as that.—Correspondence Rural Now Yorker. Profit and Lom Account*. In a majority of case* the farmer who wishes he were in the class of the eminently successful will find that he has neglected ertlrcly the important matter of keeping books. Now, keep ing books consists not merely in mak ing a rigid account of household ex penses. Important as this is. it may much better be omitted than may those accounts which show how much a product costs to produce it and mar ket it aud how much was received for A Such a record will necessarily sr-g-y the dates of all that Is doue on the farm. This record of dates is in itself most valuable. Kansas Farmer. Packing Esc*. A Danish experimenter, writing on the science of packing eggs, concludes after examining many thousand boxes, large eggs break much more easily than the small ones. To prevent break age, he recommends that poultry be supplied freely with lime throughout the year. The eggs, he says, should be graded carefully, aud packing ma- Saving Feed.' Whenever we hear a man talking about what Anc stock he has and how little said stock cats we begin to get suspicious. There may be men who have developed aud maintain Ane herds or docks with very light feed ing, but we have thus far failed to dis cover them. One of our friends used to be anxious to tell how little feed it took for him to winter a brood so tv. He was a beginner then, and he was going to have a whole herd that would winter on roots and fresh air. He isn't talking about cheap wintering any more, but feeding mill feed aud corn. He had some experience that knocked the cheap wintering, uou-feeding fool ishness completely out of him. H-t re alises now that those who have suehj good looking stock on extremely light rations are likely to underestimate some things The man who is looking for good stock in order to save hauling out feed is going to be disappointed. The way good stock saves feed is not in eating less, but in making good use of what it eats, which is generally more than is allowed to common crit ters.—National Stockman. Value of Dry Karth. Farmers are continually advised to use such materials as gypaum, dried swamp muck and kalu!t in the barns and stables, yet v<?ry few have any thing of the kind on hand. Many who would like to use preservatives and absorbents are checked by the cost. These will Aud a hint in the foreign experiments in the use of dry earth, from which it appears a substance so abundant and easily haudled will an swer the purpose. A covering of dry garden soil, only two or three inches thick, proved enough to hold the am monia in a large heap of manure. It is equally effective in the stable in taking up the liquid manure, prevent ing waste and odors. The earth when stored must be very dry, or there will be some trouble from frezing.—Massa chusetts Ploughman. For Breaking Corn Stalks. • When the ground is frozen hard, If the land is not too hilly or rough, the breaking of tlie corn stubble is not dif ticult if the farmer has the proper im plements. For those living handy to a railway, it is a good plan to buy an old rail or part of a rail discarded from the track. About four feet from each end of It a hole is drilled through the narrow part. A chain is attached at each hole by a bolt or hook, and the chains being brought together at the other end, a ring is attached, to which three horses are hitched. The chains may be attached without drilling holes, if Iron rods of suitable size be heated and bent round the rail at the proper places, so as to form eyes or hooks. Another good stalk breaker may be made by selecting a wooden pole of as uniform diameter as possible and long enough to break live or seven rows of stalks. After ascertaining the center of gravity by balancing over a log or some like object, cut notches at 3% or 4 feet on each side of this center. Fasten chains around the pole at the notches and to a doubletree and single trees. as shown in the illustration. —J. G. Allshouse, in Ohio Farmer. Sheep Dip for Fowl*. For destroying chicken lice, F. E. Emery of the Wyoming station recom mends that the fowls be dipped in a solution of sheep dip. He estimates that ten to twelve and a half gallons will be sufficient for thirty to forty fowls. The plumage should be thor oughly soaked, and cure exercised to prevent the solution getting into the lungs of the fowls. Yards and build ings should be sprayed with the same preparation. Mr. Emery's directions seem a little unsafe, since sheep dip differ greatly in comjsosition. Those which contain the different oils of petroleum origin are liable to do seri ous injury to the plumage and skin. Most of the dipping preparations should first l)e tried very cautiously. Aside from the proper arrangements for re moving and cleaning roosts and nest boxes. providing a good dust-bath be fore the window where it is warm and shinny, is the only remedy usually needed during the winter. Road dust is best, but if it has not been secured in the proper season, use sifted coal ashes. —American Cultivator. Farm Notes. Nall a piece of raw fat salt pork up in the chicken house where feather eating hens can get at it. Whitewash the hen house inside twice a year and always use crude carbolic acid in the preparation. Exposure of dairy cows to winter rains results in serious loss to the dairyman, and the dry cold of winter days calls for additional feed. The idea that the Ren Davis is no longer a desirable or profitable variety will have to be told to the amateur to bo believed and not to the commercial orcliardist, said an Illinois speaker be fore the apple grow ers’ convention. Where there Is a large herd the easi est plau Is to spray with kerosene emulsion. This wilt net only destroy parasites, but will also clean the hogs as well. If only a few are kept, a thorough washing with warm water and soap and the free use of the scrub bing brush la exceedingly effective. The egg industry of the United States is ktlll growing. Ten years ago we imported many egg) and exported few. Now the exports exceed the im ports. but there is room for still great er development. There need be no fear of over-production of poultry and eggs in the near future. Ground intended for onions should be plowed as early as tbe weather will permit, as the onion crop is the first to go in. One method of produc ing onions is to so - th? seeds in hot beds aud transplant the small bulbs later. The seeds may In* sown in the liotlmhls in January or February. By thus grow ing them then* is a saving of time and loss difficulty with weeds. If preferred, the onioa sets may be pro cured of seedsmen. Fielding !i*s in the burying ground of tbe Eugiish factory at Lisboa, without a to mark the spot. THE BADGER STATE. HEWS OF THE WEEK CONCISELY CONDENSED. Jilted Yoath Kills Himself—New Basis for Taxation Is Urged Business Houses Burn at Hio — Farmer Shoots His Son—Firs at Monticello. Jilted by the girl for whom he had left his home three years ago, Henry Dan kert shot himself in the head in Milwau kee. He was found dead on the steps of his grandfather's cottage. The girl. Paula Kleinm. says Dankert left a dance hall after vainly trying to get her to go away with aim. On her refusal he shook her hand, saying she would never see him alive again. Dankert went to his room and secured a revolver, then went to his father's barn, where he shot himself. Afterward he made his way to where he was found. The pistol, with two chambers empty, was found in the hay loft of his father's barn. Farmer Shoots His Son. John Rodeneizer, a small farmer, liv ing in Maxville, shot his son, Caspar, indicting serious but probably not fatal wounds. The bullet entered about five inches under the shoulder blade, and lias not been found. He was also severely out in the head. Caspar had in arm broken a week lief ore while open, ting a threshing machine, and was unable to defend himself. Itodeneizer has frequent ly had trouble with his children and opin ion is divided as to whether he is men tally unbalanced or merely ugly. He has been arrested and will be held to await the result of his sou’s injuries. Justified but Fined. There was a hot encounter at Brule the other day, whicli ended in the police court at West Superior. When Aleck Beck was arraigned for assaulting Abraham Hendrickson, he admitted that he pound ed th man, but claimed that he was jus tified. He said that Hendrickson called Back’s mother and wife vile names. The court let Beck off with a nominal tine and sent the sheriff to look for Hendt’ck sqn. In fining Beck the judge stated he was sorry he could not let him off alto gether, ! 'ut that the law could not justi fy a citizhi taking the law into his own hands. Again Urge New Tax Basis. In it!* second biennial report, the Wis consin State tax commission renews its recommendation, made two years ago, for taxing the railroads of the State on their valuation, iustead of on the license fee basis. A strong argument is made by the commission against the taxation of credits, witli a dissenting opinion to this recommendation by Second Assist ant Commissioner Haugen. Taxation of iniieritaiice is strongly recommended, and it is probable tuai the Legislature will re-enact, with proper changes, the law Recently declared unconstitutional. Rio Business Houses Burned. Fire threatened to destroy the busi ness section of Rio. The Portage fire department was called upon for assist ance. The fire started in the Jackson furniture store. The hardware store and stock of Hanson & Wilson, the fur niture store and stock of G. B. E. Jack son and the residence of Mr. Jackson, adjoining, were destroyed, and the State Bank building was gutted. The loss will probably be between $40,000 and $50,000. Monticello Threatened. Fire at Monticello threatened destruc tion of the entire business portion of the village. It started in the furniture store of M. Ladon on the main street. The building and contents are a total loss. The Richards building, next to Radon's, was also consumed, and a cigar store on the opposite side was damaged. Citi zens and farmers fought the fire for two hours. The loss is about SIB,OOO. Shirt-Waist Factory Barns. Fire in Janesville totally destroyed the skirt and shirtwaist factory of the Isa belle Manufacturing Company. The loss Is $25,000, partially covered by insur ance. James Pago, a Chicago Board of Trade man, is the principal stockholder. The factory probably will be rebuilt. State Item* of Interest. Andrew Gullicksou, a farmer of Sterl ing, was bunted to death by a large de horned bull. He leaves a family. Joe Crow, ngod 66. the best known among full blooded Menominee Indians, was instantly killed in a lumber camp near Marinette, while felling trees. Lawrence University is one of the pre ferred creditors of Charles Tesch, the 1 trillion merchant, its claim of $3,000 being secured by real estate mortgages. Sweaters as an article of apparel have been forbidden by the faculty of the Be loit College so far as the custom refers to the coeds. The dean has pronounced the sweater immodest. Johnny Rich, the 14-year-old son of Angelo Rich, who disappeared from his home a few weeks ago, was found two miles from Clear Lake.' He was staying with a farmer, who picked him up on the road. The big paper mill of the Menaslin Paper Company, which has been in course of construction since last spring, commenced manufacturing paper at Ladysmith. Only print paper will be manufactured. Miss Edna Ramey of Catawba, aged 23 years, died at Kingsley. Mich. Miss Ramey was visiting with Mrs. Samuel Wright, her sister, and was to hare re turned to Wisconsin in the early spring time to be married. Chief of Police Scheibel made a quick catch of s horse thief at Beloit. He re ceived a letter from Marshal Hall of Freeport. 111., that he had a State war rant for George Rnwleigh, who had,' it is alleged, stolen a team, harness and wag on. In twenty minutes Chief Scheibel had located the man and lodged him in jail. The team was recovered. Tile French Lumber Company, which has operated on the Chippewa waters for twenty-five years, is closing out its log* ir ig business and will in a few days dispose of 25.000.000 feet of standing pine, the last it possesses. The stock-, holders of the company are all residents of Chippewa Falls. David S. Foster, aged 77 years, died after a long illness. He resided in Be loit for fifty years and for twenty-five years conducted a large grocery business. Ten years ago lie retired from active business. He was Mayor of the city for three terms. It is rumored at Fond dn Lae that the Little Wolf River Telephone Company's property will be sold at auction and that the Wisconsin Telephone Company will make an effort to buy it. The Little Wolf River Company has been the lead ing opposition company in that part of the State. R. G. Wagner, president of the Wis consin Sugar Company, announces that a 000-ton beet sugar refinery, costing $600,- 000, will be erected at Chippewa Falls. Owing to his inability to secure machin ery the factory cannot be built for next season's crops. Work wiii be started next fall and the plant will be ready for 1004. Chief Buffalo, who has been Indian farmer on the Red Cliff Indian reserva tion for several years, has resigned his position. He will probably be s<i<v>ed ed by X. Zero of Odanab. a graduate of the Cornell University. While walking to Kaukaima E. C. Ot to discovered a defect in two rails of the Northwestern road that would un doubtedly hare wrecked the first train. All the bolts at one of the joints of the rails had been broken, leaving the rails unprotected. Tlie least strain would have caused the rails to spread. Otto report ed the matter promptly to tbe railroad officials upon reaching Kaukauna arid re pairs were made at once. While hunting. Will Hurd of Lake Mills shot off two of his toes. The Catholics of Dobie have decided to erect a SIO,OOO brick church thi spring. S. H. Fay has been appointed post master at Minonge, vice Wiliiaai E. Shane, removed. The Wisconsin Sugar Company will build a SOOO,OOO beet sugar factor)- in Chippewa Falls next fall. Chris Nicholson, a resident of Janes ville, was sent to State prison for one year for burglarizing P. H. Reus’ saloon on Jan. 22. Gov. La Follette has issued ■ a procla mation offering a reward of SSOO for the arrest of the murderer of William Brad shaw in the town of Gratiot. At Gleuwood. while shooting at a tar get Swen Carlson accidentally shot and killed his G-year-oid brother, Oscar, the bullet entering the boy's stomach. The Keystone block at West Superior burned, causing a loss of $150,000. the Floan & Leveroos and Bloom Dry Goods companies being the heaviest sufferers. The steamer David Van-'e. a large coal carried owned by the Steamship Company, sustained SO,OOO damage by fire at the Milwaukee dock. The old Milton House barn, built in 183!) by Joseph Goodrich, founder of Milton, was destroyed by tire. The 'oss is SI,OOO, with insurance of SSOO. The lire was undoubtedly of incendiary origin. Oscar Linberg. aged 24 years and mar ried, committed suicide by shooting the top of his head off with a shotgun. Lin berg resided in the town of Sigel. The suicide is believed to have been caused by insanity brought on by illness of a long duration. Burglars blew open the safe in the general store of E. A. Mellem in Madi son aud got away with S3OO cash and $250 in silver. They were experts, pack ing the safe so the noise of the explo sion did not awaken Mellem's family, liv ing above the store. Rev. C. H. Smith has received a reply to his request to Andrew Carnegie for a donation for a library building for To rnnh. The chances are good to get the donation if the city will furnish a site nnd guarantee to give liberally to the support of the library. The International Brotherhood of Pa per Makers, at a conference with the Appleton manufacturers, yielded to the requests of the mill owners, am! will re turn to the long-hour seheduip. This means seventy-two hours’ work a week, and until midnight Saturdays. Fire at the power house of the Keno sha Gas ami Electric Company destroy ed the electric machinery and badly dam aged the city water heating system. The dynamos which were to furnish power for the street railway also were destroy ed and the loss is not less than SII,OOO. An unsuccessful attempt was made by burglars to enter the jewelry store of Postma ter H. J. Smith in Racine. The burglars secured an entrance to the rooms of the Lakeside Printing Company, which are over the store, and commenc ed boring holes througl .✓the flooring above the vault, which contained sev eral thousand dollars' woCh of and jewalry. It is bclieied that they were frightened away by the night watch man when they had the holes half bored through the floor. Frank Pierce of Randolph is in jail at Manitowoc, sentenced in the Circuit Court for contempt of court in not pay ing S4O per month alimony which he was oiderod to give to his divorced wife. The ease developed a sensation, Pierce al leging that he had been robbed of $7,300 at Randolph in a hotel, a few months ago, nnd was unable to pay the alimony ordered. It was shown that sinee the divorce proceedings had been instituted Pierce had disposed of $12,000 worth of property. He recently fell heir to $45,- 000. The examination into the charges of gambling among university students lias not ended with the cases of Instructor Wheele:* nnd Student Atwater. Report is that four more students have been suspended for gambling and that Act ing President Birge had several of the younger members of the faculty before him on charges of drinking. Acting President Birge is determined to stamp out gambling and drinking, which, while prevalent umong but a comparatively small number of students, reflects to some extent upon the whole student body. A sensational elopement in which one man and three women figure has create* n stir in the neighborhood of Madison. George King of Brooklyn Ipft that vil lage the other day in a bob sled, taking with him the 10-year-old wife of his brother, who had $250 in her possession. They fled northward to the village of Sun Prairie, and the village of Deforest, a little farther on. At Deforest King gave his brother’s wife the slip, retaining 4hc $250, which she had intrusted to his core, and took with him another woman he picked up at Madison. The couple start ed for Columbus, at which place King again exchanged partners, leaving No. 2 behind in his sled. He then started east ward with his third companion in a light wagon. This was the last seen or heard of them. Charged with setting the fire which caused the destruction of the entire vil lage of Bear Creek last July, entailing a property loss of $25,000, Miss Luciic Cohort was arrested. Suspicion was di rected toward her by a letter addressed to a Catholic priest at Bear Creek which was read from the pulpit nnd which pur ported to be the death-bed confession of a man in a Chicago hospital. Miss Cos bert is held under $2,000 bonds. She was proprietress of the millinery store in which the fire started and for which she collected S3OO insurance. The write? of the letter purported to confess that lie set the lire through a desire for re venge, alleging that he was Miss Co bert's jilted lover. The letter was un signed. but the writing was said to re semble Miss Cobert's. It gave all the details of how the fire was set. The drainage district mat ter which has beoa pending for several months was given a hearing, before Judge Fruit at La Crosse, and is now settled with the exception of the town of Cut ler. The work rwill probably continence as soon as spring comes. At New Richmond the lifeless body of a man was found on the Omaha tracks near the passenger depot. Both legs had been out off and from the fact that there were no other marks about the body It was evident he hod bled to death. In his clothing there were a skeleton key and a file, but no money. The Dodge County fair will be held in Beaver Dam Sept. 28. 29 and 50 and Dot. 1 and 2. The following officers have been elected: President. A. L. Wallace. Fox Lake: vice-president. E. Sauerhering. Mayville; secretary. C. W. Harvey. Beaver Dam; treasurer, H. B. Drake, Beaver Dam. Orin Bigelow, president of the sopho more class of Lawrence University, and Clarence E. Decker, in the same class, were locked in a box car for the period of several hours tbe other afternoon and evening, having been taken captives by the freshmen aud other class men oho attempted to break up a sleigh ride plan ned by the sophomores. While John Robinson, a farmer near Evansville, was boiling a kerosene solu tion on the kitchen stove it caught tire, burning hi* ll severely and setting lire to the house, causing a loss of $2,000. Rob inson is a brother of Theodore Robinson, the artist, who died several years ago in New Y'ork City. Several valuable oil paintings given to Mr. Robinson by his brother wen* also destroyed, the !ris en them amounting to $1,600. Lyman A. Rogers, a veteran baggnge master for the Milwaukee road at West Madison. had a leg cut off anil died s. on after. He was walking on the tra k and did not see a train which hacked down ’ ,-ad him. POLITICS aaao OF THE DAY The Anti-Trust Pragma. Anti-trust legislation is still in a chaotic state. The Judiciary Commit tee of the House of Representatives has reported a bill which will prob ably pass the lower house. It was collaborated by the Littlefield sub committee and Attorney General Knox, and the .'atter is said to be fair ly satisfied with it. which is an indi cation that the trust’ do not fear it. It is mainly intended for spectacular purposes, for it is well known that the Judiciary Committee of the Senate wi>' not report it. as Chairman Hoar favors his own bill, and the other Re publicans members are nearly all favorable to the corporations. The Senate leaders have their own trust program to overcome the obstacle of the statehood bill, which has the right of way and cannot be displaced, having a majority in its faver. The oligarchy that rules the Senate found themselves helpless to prevent Sena tor Quay from passing the statehood bill, unless they resorted to a long filibuster, which is :ow in progress. But the adroit politicians who always control legislation in the Senate have evolved a plan of strategy that they hope will show that they are still om nipotent. President Roosevelt has in formed Senators Aldrich and Spooner that seme sort of anti-trust legislation is undoubtedly necessary to save the Republican party from ruin and they have agreed to put some kind of a bill through the Senate, if Speaker Hender- THERE ARE OTHERS. -—Minneapolis Journal. son will force It through the House. The fact that the President sent for Henderson and converted him to the mild form of anti-trust legislation that was considered necessary Is now a matter of history. Henderson’s reward Is to come later. The plan of the Sen ators Is to do by Indirection what is impossible in a direct way. The way being blocked for the passage of an anti trust bill through the Senate, it is intended to have the conference on the Department of Ctnnmeroe bill, which has passed both houses, insert in the measure, through an. amplification of its provisions regarding the Bureau of Corporations, all that part of the anti trust program relating to publicity. The rest of the program relates to re bates and discriminations and is cov ered by a bill introduced by Senator Elkins, and by him reported favorably from the Committee on Interstate Commerce. As Senator Elkins is an out and ouc friend of the railroads, and is known to be interested in corpora tions. the measure is hardly likely to be inimical to trust interests. The Importance of this program, says the Boston Transcript, lies In its re lation to Senate strategy. "It elim inates the Judiciary Committees in both House and Senate, making the Committees on Commerce and on Inter state Commerce the real vehicles of deen'ed Republican policy. This had long been desired by the leaders. Its next advantage comes in getting the easention of the anti-trust program be fore both houses as a privileged mat ter, through the medium of a confer ence report. This gives it precedence over even Statehood." All that is not of much consequence to the people. It is intended to again fool them by making them believe that their servants in Congress, and espe cially their President, are trust-busters. The result of the legislation will show that the bills are entirely inoffensive to the trusts, and this is foreshadowed by the Senators and Representatives, who are trusts agents, being fr.:orable to the bills. The Democrats will probably vote for the measures, for not to do so would lay them open to the charge that they are opposed to anti-trust legislation. Filibustering Senator*. The old mossbaek Republican Sena tors have trouble of their own these days. The oligarchy whose word has been law in the United States Sen ate. find themselves opposed by a ma jority who are Intent on giving state hood to the territories. The bill ad mitting the territories passed the House of Representatives by a large majority and evidently has a majority in the Senate, but the oligarchy and its followers are filibustering to pre vent a vote. The Republican national platform of 1900 declared for state hood for the territories in the follow ing plain language: "We favor the home rule for. and the early admission to statehood of. the territories of New Mexico. Ari zona and Oklahoma.” But this national declaration of pur pose by the Republi<-an party is now being ignored by its leaders and Sen ator Hanna said in the debate on the bill that the admission of the terri tori' v was not a political issue and no Republican Senator should be held ac countable for the wording of the plat form. before it is an issue and had been discussed. This nullitieation of planks in platforms by the chairman of national organizations. Is anew move in pcliti sand nlay prove a boomerang after the next Republican national platform is adopted. Senator Hanna's statement, which appears to have been endorsed by the Republican oligarchy, puts the public on notice that planks in Republican platforms are not considered binding on Repub lican Congressmen who can invent any slight excuse for evading the same. The statement of Senator Hanna that the admission of the territories is not a political issue is the more extraordi nary when it is known that every Democratic Senator favors the bill and a majority of the Republican Senators are opposing it in spite of the express ed declaration of their platform. If that does not make a political issue, there has never been one before the Senate. The history of the United States shows that the admission of territories has always been a burning political issue, based on the expecta tion that the party favoring admission expected the new States to '*ote with them. The*-'- political expectations have not alv.ays been realized and, in the case of Nevada, which was admit ted for express partisan purposes, the chickens have come home to roost and the Democrats now have the advant age of the vote of that State. There are. however, other political exigencies back of this prolonged fight for the admission of the territories. If the time of the Senate is occupied with this bill, it will exclude anti-trust legis lation and other House bills that are oa the Senate calender that the same Republican majority do not want to see enacted. The Republican Senators are killing time with the hope that the pressure of the appropriation bills will force the bill to admit the territories off the track and also defeat, for the lack of time, the other legislation to which they are opposed, but which some of them do not dare openly to oppose. The Democrats have declared their readiness to.vote at any time, so that the whole blame for delay rests with the Republicans. Steel Trust’s Foreign Policy. On Nov. 24 the New York Commer cial said: "The United States Steel Corporation and its competitors have instructed their foreign agents’to look for a market for light finished eteei products. The production of sheets,, tin plates, steel wire products, etc., M greater than domestic consumption. Rather than dose the mills and thus be compelled to reduce the price to home consumers, the surplus will be sent abroad at a price below that quoted in the home market.” The Commercial said that "this policy has frequently been resorted to. Among concerns that benefited largely by this method In the past were all the cor porations that are now under the dom ination of the United Staus Steel Cor poration." On Nov. 28 it was announced that the steel trust had cut bath its domes tic and foreign prices on wire, wire nails, tin plate, wrought Iron pipe, etc., $5 per ton. During the recent cam paign the Republicans were denying strenuously that our exports were sold cheaper to foreigners than at home and were positive that the tin plate trust was not selling abroad. Asa matter of fact it began this nefarious business more tlan three years ago. Foreigners have a.l along been getting our steel goods at from 20 to 50 per cent less than we are compelled to pay for them. If the foreigners pay our taxes it Is only fair that they should get our goods cheaper. If we pay the tariff taxes we should be the preferred cus tomers of the protected trusts. Con gress should investigate to learn who pays these taxes. If. perchance. It should find that we pay them It might discuss the propriety of taking them off. The tariff ties the consumer’s iyyida while the trusts pick his pockets. Population Decreasing There has been a decreas of 1.5 jier cent in the population of the Isle of Man sin.e 19vl. At the laat c-ensna It was 54,752. TOWERS OF BUSINESS (. > ' MAKE VERITABLE CANYONS OF NEW YORK STREETS. ’ Each One of the Many Hngt, Office Buildings I* a Community in Itself, in Toach with Distant Parte of the Earth. Among the multitude of Interesting features of New York City, prominent place must be given the towering ofHee buildings, which are more numerous in the lower end of that city than any where else in the world. Coming in on a ferry at the Battery or at the south end of West street, there rise up before you monsters of brick, stone and mortar within the walls of any one of which is carried on Irtaide of twenty-four hours a greater volume of business, measured in dollars and cents, than most small cities can show in a month. In the winding, narrow streets which run from Broadway to ward the rivers they stand so closely side by side that u. gloomy, panyon llke appearance is given the streets and the man who gazes upward to ward the fourteenth, eighteenth, twen tieth or twenty-secoud story is made to feel Ills Insignificance. But *it is within that the greatest interest lies. The population of from 1,000 to 1,500 persous is as varied as that of a town. Banking houses han dle, behind handsome marble desks, their hundreds of thousands, v. hieb go out to mingle with the country’s pros perity and develop new projects of in dustry and ingenuity. Insurance com panies pledge their enormous capital to the lives of men in California and Florida, and to the safety of ships rounding the Cape. The tickers In many brokers’ offices, over which noisy stock speculators and sober Investors touch elbows, click out the news con cerning the great mass of world wealth for bits of which thousands * a, • i."in - ■.ZTw— Alt OFFICE-BUILDING CANTON. daily match their wits and their ener gies. Lawyers make plans in these rooms that will free the innocent and punish the guilty; and promoters sell South American mines and West Af rican land rights. The offices of a great Western railway system bind the East and West with banda of steel and commerce, and exporters send goods from New Hampshire mills to the Orient. An energetic- man w-ith military carriage, after an hour’s con ference, Is Just completing the sale of an important block of laud to the pro prietors of a great department store, while directly above him an insignifi cant looking little man, wheeling ner vously in ills chair, is outlining to con federate capitalists a scheme that will give them control of a big street rail • A system. At his left, in turn, sep arated by a thin partition, an engineer is solving the problem of building a fifteen-story building on a narrew tri angular plot of quicksand In such a way that no disturbances of the soil shall shake the foundations of adjoin ing structures. Typewriters, rapid fire guns of industry, rattle away in every corner of the floors. Bells, each ring ing for a purpose, sound in unmusical confusion on every side. Every land ing is an eddy in its swirling crowds that hurry up and down, in ajjd out, throughout the long days. From the time these men enter their offices In the morning until they go at night, many of them need not leave the building. Messenger boys rush in and out with messages. By telegraph, cable and telephone they can talk with London, San Francisco, or f>oth street, as they wish. Supplies are there, their restaurant is there, their barlier. their new-spaper, their bank, their Insurance company, their own police and detect ive service, their own fire department, their broker, tleir lawyer. It is a com plete community in itself. At night the thousands drift away, the engines are quieted, the outer gates are closed, a single elevator runs Ir regularly. Outside there Is the death like stillness of a deserted town, and the tread of the policeman on the pavement echoes bleakly down the cavernous streets. Within only the caretaker and a few helpers remain. But the great machine has scarcely time to rest before it la aga n throb bing away with its entire strength, straining to handle smoothly the mass es of hurrying people that crush in upon It. Every day the force It un consciously. mechanically manufac tures reaches further Into recesses of unknown lands and increases its grip on world-lmiiortant affairs. The army of stalwart buildings which is grow ing up from every corner of the Island forms the rampart of American indus trial defense, the vanguard of Ameri can commercial supremacy. In years to come they may pass one by one and be replaced by others greater than they, but tbe forces they make to day are a part of history. Records of Knotted Cord*. Records are kept with knotted cords in I’blynesia. During the ertrly part cf the nineteenth century and pre viously the official taxgatherers >n tbe island of Hawaii. In the Sandwich group, did all their acconnts cn a rope 2.400 feet long, which was divided into lengths, each corresponding to a dis trict. Loop*, knots and feathers tied along the rope served as memoranda for tbe hogs, pigs and piece*, of san dalwood collected from taxpayer. It is either too hot or too soM for tbe lazy Individual Thera is considerable anxiety among weil-informed peopla fr. the Treasury De partment regarding the possibility of m serious outbreak of the bubonic plague on the Pacific coast. The marine hospital service is in possession of a number of confidential reports which are far from encouraging. An a matter of public pol icy and particularly in deference to ih® wishes of buaimss men on the coaat. tho marine hospital bureau stopped the pub lication of reports on the plague on th® Pacific coast. Instead of allaying anx iety, this incre&s'-d it, ns people began to believe there was an intentional sup pressioh of the truth. No one believe® that th t bubonic plague has attained any dangerous proportions on the Pacific, but there is . feeling that the situation is growing slightly worse instead of better, and it is this feature that creates* Appre hension among the best posted of th® health officers. Probably the most sumptuous smok ing rooms this country are those which the government has provided for the member* of the House of Representa tives in the rt lr of Representa tives’ Hall. The chairs are luxurious affairs, upholstered in buff leather, while the couches nnd sofas are of 'he same material. The rugs and pictrrea are a® fine as those found in any of the public buihrings, and here the members reti-.’® aud sn’ioke and gossip, nnd yet are nbl® to keep track of what is going on in th® House through the wide swinging glass doots. There is but one rule in the smoking rooms, and it applies to that used by the Democrats as well as that of the Republicans. It hangs in th# center of the wall of each, and remda.- “Strangers and cignrettes not permitted in this room.” The rule is religiously obeyed. Q Col. Theodore Bingham, superintend* ent of public buildings ami grounds in Washington, in his report to Congress, asks for an appropriation of $110,204 for the White Ilouue for the coming year, against! $35,000 for the present year. The report says: “The recent changes in the White House have resulted in a building far more expensive ,o maintain than for merly. The character of the new fit tings and new furnishings is such that repairs and replacing will ho more ex pensive than before, and it will be mom expensive to replace specially designed silver doorknobs and escutcheons, silver ned gi.lt hinges, etc. Hard wood floors i and tiling will require extra 1 \bor to keep it. order. More help will be needed in the aundry, owing to the large family which occupies the White House and th* ltuVe amount of entertaining done. ’ President Roosevelt sent a mossags to Congress transmitting a repor. rum the Secretary of State, with notes from the Mexican ambassador and the Chi nese charge d’affaires, which seek the co operation, of the United States in such measures as will restore and maintain n fixed relationship between the money* of the gold standard and silver-using countries. The President recommends that the support of the United States bn extended to such degree ns may be deem ed expedient. Secretary Hay in his disavows any move in the interest of in ternational biiuetiilli-m, but it is desired to arrive at some system which will pre vent great fluctuations iti exchange, Th* notes on behalf of China and Mexico ar identical, and point out that nu interna tional understanding would facilitate trade. The average Congressman who doee hustling around from department to de partment is inclined to smoke where he listeth nnd knock the ashes from hi* cigar where he pleases. The practice i all right for the ante-rooms of cabinet officers, but President Roosevelt thought it should not be carried into the Whit* House reception room. So he gave or ders tb Arthur Simmons, the colored doorkeeper from North Carolina, to re quest gentlemen not to smoke. Arthur Simmons had a number of strenuous in terviews in carrying nut Ids instruction*. At his request the “No Smoking Allow ed* sign tins been placed in the recep tion room. James D. Richardson of Tennessee, Democratic minority leader of the House, will retire from Congress to devote his time ehtirely to the Masonic order. Major Richardson is the highest Masonic official in thi* country, nnd among world’s Ma sons ranks with King Edward. He holds the office for so many years held by th® late Gen. Albert Pike. He now receives a salary from the order of $5,000 a year. If he devotes himself entirely to Mason ry he will be paid SIO,OOO a year nnd all traveling expenses, nmf in addition will be given a handsome residence in Wnih ington. The United States mints were exceed ingly busy in 1902. It was no inconsid erable achievement to send out übovs three and a half millions of gold eoina, valued at more than $47,000,000, and to produce 73,491,357 pieces of glittering ail ver, worth for circulation in this country nearly $30,000,000; but the distribution of 87,370,722 bright, fresh pennies, more than one for ever; man, woman and child from the Aslantic to the Pacific, froui Canada to the Gulf, was a popular tri umph. Chairman Knapp of the interstate com merce commission said before tbe Asso ciation for the Advancement of Science that corporate publicity would be more harmful tbuu beneficial to effective com petition. He doubted that publicity would prevent stock watering and that the ex cessive issue of eor|H>rate securities wu a source of public danger. Representative Bristow of New York Introduced a bill increasing the salary of the President from $50,009 to SIOO,- 000 annually. It ia said the action wa* taken with the knowledge and consent of the President. The measure was refer red to the appropriations committee. The War Department has given per mission to officers and enlisted men of the army to visit other posts for th* purpose of taking part ’•* athletic *ub tesia, without having such absences churgM t. them La furloughs or leave of absence. * The commissioner of patents haa de nied to application for trade mark bear ing the name "Roosevelt Rose,” and said: "It is well settled hat a Jiving celebrity ia entitled to protection from the use of his name for purposes of trade by others." Pension Commissioner Ware is intro ducing into his department a rvstom of promotions, based on indnstry, accuracy, punctuality, habits, attendance and busi ness reputation. Mr and Mrs. W iliam T. Hoilenshad* of Baltimore, Md.. have a baby daugh ter named after Miss Alice Roosevelt. The oarents are deaf and dumb, as ia Rev. I>. E. Mercian, who officiated at the baptism. The ceremony was coa* dr.cted in the nisrn language. Miss Bouse vei: went a letter thanking the parents for toe honor of naming the baby for her. A 810,000.000 combine of emery wheel manufacturers, along the lines#of the American Steel nod Wire Company, ia be.ag formed. Twenty large concern* in different parts of tbe country Ur* been asked to joiu the combinayvn.