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E. B. THAYER Editor and Prop.—VOL. XXXVIII.
■V/vav /VD\lrk9 It is the right of every child B§ Ar I Hl%* to be wdl li ° rn - and to the HOW g ijß VBIIv parents it must look for health and Responsibility s°s ■ kJP is the parents’ 7 ,U t responsibility, and how important that ij mßm ■ i no taint of disease is left in the blood "* to be transmitted to the helpless child, entailing the most pitiable suffering, and marking its little body with offen sive sores and eruptions, catarrh of the nose and throat, weak eyes, glandular swellings, brittle bones, white swelling and deformity. How can parents look upon such little sufferers aqd not reproach themselves for bringing so much misery into the world ? If you have any disease lurking in your system, how can you expect well developed, healthy children ? Cleanse your own blood and build up your health, and you have not only enlarged your capacity for the enjoyment of the pleasures of life, but have discharged a duty all parents owe to posterity, and made mankind healthier and happier. There is no remedy that so surely reaches deep-seated, stubborn blood S,—1 troubles as S. S. S. It searches out even hereditary poisons, and removes every taint from the blood, and builds up the general health. If weaklings KOI are growing up around you, right the wrong by ***— putting them on a course of S. S. S. at once. It is a purely vegetable medicine, harmless in its effects, and can be taken by both old and young without fear of any bad results. Write us about your case, and let our physicians advise and help you. This will cost you nothing, and we will also send our book on blood and Skin diseases. THE, JTWIIFT SPECIFIC CO.. A. tHazxta. Ga. SPRING MEDICINES. Time to tone up the system and get ready for the burry and bustle of Spring. Nothing better for the purpose than a bottle or two of OUR SASAPARILLA_-^ it’s really wonderful how it rejuvenates tbe system that feels “rundown” and “out of sorts,” after the inactivity of the winter months. It “ELI.S FOB SI.OO PER BOTTLE —IT’B WORTH A GKEAL DEAL MORE. The Frost-Fhilbrick Drug Cos. The Economical Drug Store— ■—* =——Next to Post Office. Cures all foot ailments. Made in all up-to-date styles, like r- walking on velvet. SOLI) ONLY BY MAYER, Exclusive Agent. The Shoe Man Largest exclusive Shoe House in the Northwest TOILET PREPARATIONS. After the spring winds of March and the rains of April, the skin will be left rough and chances for beauty and ? comfort will be limited. Soaps that clean but don’t injure; Talcum Powders, pure and cheap; Toilet Cream, removes rough ness ; Perfumes delicate and sweet. Wausau Pharmacy Cor. 3i and Washington Sts. tu-UM—r: ■■■/ DOl’T BE FOOLED Advertisments having appeared in various publications wherein Sears, Roebuck & Cos. .offer Wheeler 5: Wilson sewing machines, we wish to warn the public that they are not our author* ized agents and that we do not sell our machines to them nor any other cata logue house or department store. Their advertisments are not for the purpose of promoting the sale of our machines. They are using our reputa tion as makers of the highest grade ma chines only, in order to get the names of possible buyers and persuade them to purchase one of their cheap STENCILED MACHINES, the manufacturers of which they are, evidently, ashamed to make public. If you want a genuine Wheeler & Wilson machine, do not waste your time writing to anyone who is unable to fur nish it. The genuine Wheeler & Wil son machine, made by us and backed by our warranty, is for sale by our author tied dealers only. When you buy a Wheeler & Wilson, you get a machine that is a machine, backed by a reputation of 50 years’ unparalleled success. Ilttltr i lilsoa Jlfg. Cos., For Sale by JAMES MUSIC CO Wausau, Wis. CONSUMERS’ LEAGUE, A Consumers’ League was organized in this city lust week at the dose of the Women's Ciubs convention, by Mrs. 13 C. Gudden, of Oshkosh, secretary ano | organizer, of the state league. Among the ladies accepted into membership were the following : Mesdames I)r. Margaret Trevitt F. Becker. Clms. Harger W. C. Dickens W, (.’. Silverthorn J. N. M At,so 11 G. D Jones C. *J. Yawkey Jas. Mongomery Wm. Stewart J. A. Porter B H.C'onlin P. V. O. Yun Vechten .1. A. Jones. ('has. Livingston H. S. Dickens. C. J. Winton Misses. S. Crosby Isabelle Baker , J. A. Underwood Virginia Alanson These ladies elected as officers the following A President —Mrs. W. (J. Dickens. Vice-President —Virginia Man sou Sec’y and Treas.—Dr. Margaret Trevitt. The Consumers’ League is an associ ation of persous who strive to do their buying in such ways as to further the welfare of those who make or distrib ute the things bought; to abolish the sweating system and to extend among all mercantile establishments the com mendable conditions now existing in the best. Where branch leagues are established merchants order goods for the benefit of its members, from manu facturers who are ou what is called the White List. These manufacturers com ply with the rules of the league so far as possible in paying weekly equal wages for work of equal value irre spective of sex. In departments where women only ate employed the min imum wages are placed at s<> per week and in only few instances falls be low $3. These manufactories are kuown as Fair Houses and the working hours for a Fair House shall be from 8 a. in. to 6 p m. with one week’s vaca tion in summer season with pay; all overtime to be compensated for, and premises closed on five legal holidays. No children under 14 years of age are employed, and fidelity and long ser vice meet with the consideration which is their due, and humane and consider ate behavior toward employes is the rule. The goods made by these manu facturers have attached to them a white label to distinguish them from the goods of the discriminated man ufacturers. Especial war is waged on the tene ment garment manufacturers in New York City, where whole districts are given over to the manufacture of goods in tenement houses and sweatshops By a method of contract and sub-con tract wages are forced down, hours of labor are unduly lengthened and mater ial to be made into garments is sent in to houses that are hlthy and ill venti lated. Under these conditions infec tious and contageotts diseases are trans mitted throughout the whole country. 111 this way the man who furnishes the material reaps the profit and the work man is constrained to turn his home in to a workshop, thus contributing gratis the cost of rent, heat, light, cleaning and machine. The membership fee of the league is 2.V per year and rapid growth is looked for the local branch. GRAND COUNCIL YIEETING. The annual meeting of the Grand Council of the Koval Arcanum of W is consin will be held in this city on the 29th of the present month, being th first time it was ever held outside of Milwaukee. Local committees of Pine Council No. 1450 art* now engaged in arranging a program and completing details for the entertainment of guests. About 12° delegates will attend, among them some of the most prominent citizens of Wisconsin and in addition to these there will be ether members of the order present so that in all there will perhaps be 2- *• visitors. An open meeting will be held at Castle hall on the evening of the 28 h that visitors mar become acquainted. For this a pr< g am of music, o-atory and social converse wsl be prepared. The Grand Council will convene at ten o’clock a m. on the 29tb n 3the day will be devoted to business. This meet ing will be addressed by Gen. Prentice, of Hartford, Conn., Supreme Trusty of the order. At 6 p in. banquet will be served to the visitors in the audi tori uni of Castle hall. A successful meeting and pleasant time is looked for. DANGER OF COLDS AND GRIP. The greatest danger from colds and grip is their result’ng ia pneumonia. If reasonable cart- is used, however, and Chamlwriain's (\ igh Remedy taken, ai danger will be avoided Among the i tens of thousands who have used this j remedy for these disease-s we have yet to learn of a single caie having resulted | in pneumonia, a Inch shows conclusively that it is a certain preventive of that i dangerous disease. It will cure a cold or an attack of the grip in less time than any other treatment It is pleasent and safe to take. For sale by all lead ing druggists. JJa USA uWkPILOT. DISTRICT CONVENTION. Federated Women’s Clubs Hold Successful Meeting. The fifth annual convention of the Women’s Federated clubs of the Tenth district, convened at 1:30 o’clock Tues day last, followed by a reception at the club house in the evening and sessions on Wednesday. The meeting was de clared a pronounced success by the visitiue ladies, allot whom were greatly pleased with the city and the way iL which they were entertained while here. The visitors were assigned to different homes and the local committees who had the work in hand are deserviug of a great deal of praise for the successful culmination of details leading up to and concluding the meeting So complete were the details that many of the visit ors remarked that the Wausau ladies could as easily have taken care of a state convention as they did this district meeting. Sixty-four women were present from outside towns represent ing clubs at Rhinelander. Merrill, Med ford, Shawano, Antigo, Grand Rapids. Marshfield, Rib Lake, Mosinee and Elmhurst, besides other women of prominence as follows: DISTINGUISHED GUESTS Mrs. H. Thomas. Milwankee, President of federation of Women’s '’labs. MissL E. Stearns. Madison Chairman Library Com. of State Federation of WnmV Clubs. Mis. Ellen Sabin, President Milwankee-Down er ColWfl. Mrs. Chas Gr erst. Bara boo. Vice-President ef the Third District Women’s Club. Miss Ifsntiah M. Holrrombe Fond (In Lac, Vice-President of the Sixth District Women’s Clnb. Vie H. t'amobeil, Evansville. Membsr of Consumer.’ X eagne. •I is - BGle Bieni, renresentitive of the Mil wankee Smtinel. Miss Marie L. Obenaner, St. Pant, editor of Coarxnt. Mrs. Divid Roberts, or Mi'wank *<>, representa tive of tne American Park und Outdoor. Art As sociation. Mrs K. T. Morns, of Menominee, Wis. Mrs. B. C. Gndrfen Oshkosh. reproseafative of the Consumers’ League and Child Labor. Mrs E. E. Dunn, Appleton CT.UB MEMBERS. GRAND RAPIDS MKRKILL. Mesdames Mesdames Mery 'Ybitnejr Scott, D. Livingston, Beulah C. Scott. A. L. Hilman. Mary VV Yonker. E. Clancy. W. W. Woodside. John Van lleckd. W. A. Dramb. * Wm. Dean. Isabelle Pbilleo. C. K. Avery. Charlotte G. Witter. It J. Collie. Clara Webb Ilarvic. .M. G. Hoffman. Bertha Arpin. ruin blander. Theo. A. l.ipke. Geo. W. Panins. „ Mesdames Miss Elizabeth P. Gay- g-, r ; Lawrence. Ilor- Edith A. Lewis. MOSINEE. SHAWANO. ~ , Mesdames Mesdames 0. W. Magee .j; Dessert c. A Brooks. Richard Powers C. S Blair. R,B lake. Mesdames tomahawk. Myra Kennedy. Mesdames J. J. Kennedy Stella M. Atcherson. . Ei.vuußEr. Julia Carpenter. .. Lina Nelson Mesdames Helen Cutter Jj eo ; " Ullderllch - Emma J Stark. Fred Hayssen. Della Rordenat. antigo. Andrews. Mesdames viV ur b e -,i C. Werden Deane Ne lie M. Pnde. W. H. Pardee Hattie S. smith. A. C Conway, l.uella \ tekh .James C. Far well. Gertrude Macur ber. j q Lewis. Fannie E.She<n. George Maxwell. Anna B. Chave Lreland L. Gebbs. medfor.i. F. F. Showers. Mesdames Marshfield. F W. Thomr-v. Mesdames Grace C Itamsav. 11. A Lathrop. J.H. Francis. W H. Roddis. L. W Gibson J P Tiffault W. T Withers. Emma B. Pulling. W. 11. Flelt. J F. Young. Dr. Annette Shaw, of Eau Claire, down mu the program for the invocation, could not attend the meeting on ac cont of illness and Rev. F. A. Pease, pastor of the First M. E. church tilled her place To Mayor Marchett) fell the lot of delivering an address of wel come and he did so with such well words, so fitting to the occasion that had in them a personal note for each lady pres' nt, that he was roundly applauded and won the admiration of all. The mayor said in part. “ * * 1 have been frequently in troduced to public gatherings, but never before have 1 faced so fair an audience. It gives me great pleasure; indeed, it is one of the delightful duties of my office, which I would not deputize to anyone if I could, to extend to you, ladies of the Federated clubs of the Teuth congressional district, the sincere and courteous and loyal welcome of the citizens of Wausau, who honor you and greet as the representatives of cultured, intellectual and patriotic womanhood.” The mayor spoke of the achievements of woman as asocial and moral factor in the world; of her civilizing influence and tlu- noble examples set by her and paid a high tribute to the sex. Mrs J A. Jones, president of the Wausau club, who has been identified with club work for a quarter of a cen tury welcomed the visitors in behalf of the club. Mrs. Jones staled that the time had passed when Women’s clubs were synOuonious of frivilous pleasure, entertainment, etc., and that if jtbey exist they must stand for the uplifting of J.he masses, for the betterment of the working classes, for philanthropy and to bring out the cardinal virtues of all that is godd in man .ind. Through the Christaiu churches Women’sclubshave been able to advance. Women are capable of this woik and worthy of the trust imposed iu them. Taking up library work Mrs Jones used President Roosevelt's quotation "Speik softly, but carry a big stick.” She admonished her audience to always be prepared to back up what they say and said she be lieved Wausau would yet have a public library if the Wausau club women got after it with a stick. Her words w ere greeted with great applause and the stand she had takcu in certain things, admired Mrs. F \N. Thomas, of Medford, IVuth district vice-president responded iu well chosen words of appreciation of the invitation extended by the Ladies’ Literary club. Her manner was so gracious, her smile so natural, and her whole bearing so dignified that the women were or.ee more reassured that they made no mistake in electing her to her executive position. After a vocal solo entitled ''Endy ruion,” by Mrs. D. Livingston, of Mer rill, the state president. Mrs. T. H Brown, of Milwaukee, made an address on “Some Phases of Altruistic Work.” It being the first time that the women were favore i with an address from this talented lat her remarks made a deep j impression, creating and arousing greater interest in philanthropic effort. She urged more work among ail lines of philanthropy and especially of giving help to the poor and to depeudent children. Reports of the nineteen clubs of the district were read followed by a sym posium participated in by Mrs VVerden Dean, of Antigo, who spoke on club loyalty; Mrs. B C. Gudden, Oshkosh, on art; Mrs. Gerst. Bara boo, on the dis trict convention and its influences. On Tuesday evening the chief social function of the convention was given at the Wausau Club house in the way of a brilliant reception. The rooms were beautifully decorated in the colors of the local clubeardinal and gold—and the club flower of red carnation met the eye on every hand. Mrs J. A. Jones, president of the Ladies’ Literary clnb and Mrs F. W Thomas, of Medford the district vice-president, were assisted in receiving by the state p esident. Mrs T. H Brown, of Milwaukee. Miss Ellen Sabin. Milwaukee, and Mrs B. C. Gud den. Oshkosh. P. V. O. Van Vechten ibtrodneed the guests A musical treat was given the visitors WAIiSAU, Wls.y APRIL. 21, 1903. by the Tuesdny Musical club which had prepared quite an extensive program for the occasion, w hile Cone’s orchestra assisted. The 250 or 300 guests present were served with a buffet luncheon and the visitors were highly pleased with their reception. The Wednesday morning session was opened by Mrs. J. B. Ramsey, of Med ford, who saug in a charmingly way a solo entitled “To Possess Thee.” Miss Elizabeth Gaynor, of Grand Rapids had chosen for a subject “The Ruiiug Passion” in which she discussed the craze existing at the present time for the latest works iu fiction. She made suggestions, which if entered in to by club women might be fruitt.il in raising the standard of the books sought by the reading 1 -public. A paper written by Mrs. A. VV. San born, of Ashlaml, entitled “Club Eti quette” was read by the secretary. Miss Myra Kennedy, of Rib Lake. Itotfered many timely and interesting sugges tions and set forth many of the faults of club women, enumerating tardiness, whispering, gossip of an unllatteririg nature, uukind criticism of papers which do not interest them, and last but not least, the inseparable compan ions at all conventions of tardiness and rustling of silk petticoats. Mrs J. H. Francis, of Medford, in her discussion of “The Limited Club; Is it Advisable in a Small Town?” did not favor the limitation of a club’s member ship, aud was of the belief that the scope of the efforts which should re do.ind from a club, were hampered in a limited club. Mrs. Richard Powers, of Mosinee, presented another side to the question and raised the argument that under some conditions, especially iu the smaller towns, limited clubs must of necessity be held to in order that the greatest good may be accom plished. The two papers following “Out Door Art” by Airs. D. E. Roberts, of Milwaukee, and “Care and Cultiva ion of Lawns” by Mrs. Edith Alban Lewis, of Rhinelander, were so full of practibility and suggestions as to the beautifying of the home’s surroundings that they were accorded the utmost at tention and will be helpful to many. “Between the Lines at Stone River,” a classical and elocutionary reading by- Mrs. F. I Drake, of Antigo, was very entertaining and was enthusiastically received. The session was closed by Miss L. E Stearns, of the state Library Commis sion, whose paper was entitled “What of it?” Hers was considered by all as oue of the gems of the convention and we regret that we have not the space to more fully comment upon it. Wednesday afternoon Karl Mathie, Supt. of the city schools, discussed the value of a kindergarten and explained how to get one iu a small town. He afterward held a conference with sev eral ladies who are interested in this work and who are desirous of securing such departments iu the schools of their home towns. “Music and Drawing in Public Schools” was cleverly and thoughtfully presented by Mrs. A. Chave, of Toma hawk. At this juncture the visiting ladies were taken ou a visit to the schools, returning iu wo hours and up ou reassembling the program was again taken up by Miss Rosalia Bobrer, assistant principal of the county train ing school for teachers. The paper upon “Expansion of Rural Life Thru the County Training School,” read by Miss Bohrer, urged the neces sity of broadening of rural life thru the education of the child in his impressive years. She emphasized the feasibility of carrying out as fully as possible the plane of those educators denominated the committee of twelve who were ap pointed in lrS95 for the purpose of in vestigating the rural school problem. The suggestions of that committee were urged regarding the making of the actual and living environment the con necting link between the child’s present and future life. The teaching of prac tical as well as scientific physical ge ography, arithmetic, agriculture and even literature would secure that re sult. Such results could best beseeured thru the medium of a training school whose sole mission was to prepare teachers for rural schools, as the state **• . ~l a l schools had in no wise been able to supply the large demand for such teachers. Reference vvas made to the important position which the agricul tural and domestic science county schools occupied In connection with the training school in the expansion of rural life. The telephone, electric car, and free rural mail service were also recognized asgreatinstrumentsof prog ress in that direction. The great con centration of business might tend in the future to rob even the present over worked country woman of the part which she now performed in the line of butter making, cheese making, fruit calming, aud lauoitrying and reduce her to a state of degeneracy because no longer a necessary factor in economic production. New intellectual and physi cal fields must therefore be opened to her chiefly thru the present efforts of the schools mentioned, that the strength of both men and women of the rural districts who replenish the cities might be preserved. Quotations were given from Olive Sehreine*- who has so ably, reasonably, and scientifically treated the subject of the causes of parasitism of woman and the consequent degener acy of the whole race as exemplified in the history of all time. Miss Emma Conley's paper on “Scien tific and Economic Housekeeping. ’ was of-the utmost importance to the ladies, and brought out the following truths : All over the country, schools and uni versities have come to the reaiiz itioti that something important, essential and vital has been lacking in our educa- j tioual system for girls aud new courses i have been added to complement and supplement the old. This study, called domestic science, assumes that a woman is responsible for the home and that she must be educated to meet this responsibility. Our educational system has been arti : fioial, has lacked definite purpose. It j must be made practical and fit a girl, ! not for the pleasures of life alone but | for its duties. The Datura! instinct of i a girl is homemaking This instinct must be developed aud not curbed by j making her the aggressive, ambitious. 1 strong minded bread winner or society’s butterfly with a few superficial accomplishments. There must be a more definite plan of life and of education. Household duties must be made lighter and home keeping made simplier by the elimtn ation of much that is now considered necessary to hold an artificial position in society Too many lives are veneered. Studies made in the causes of poverty, crime and drunkenness show that im proper food, bad cooking and un sanitary surroundings ranks as the first cause. You cannot make good men on miserable food nor rear them amid squalor and filth. Two-thirds of all disease is brought I about by errors in diet—fever, epidemics and consumption are' the result of ignorance of the laws of health or of un sanitary conditions When Miss Ellen Sabin of Mil wa k e j Downer college arose to address the I assemblage on "Education for the : Hume,” remarked that she felt as if she ; was “carrying coal to Newcastle,” for | Wausau is a center for the study of domestic science. It was a misfortune that her num K Ci followed Miss Conley for her worn had already been partly covered by the former and it was with reluctance that she delivered her ad dress, which was iu every 1 sense a liter ary gem and full of impressive and suggestive inspiration. The Consumers’ League was effect ually presented by its state president, Mrs. 13 C. Gadden, of Oshkosh, an 1 Mrs. Vie H. Campbell, of Evansville These ladies were introduced by Mrs. W. C. Dickens, chairman of the State Federation committee, who desired that the purpose and scope of the national, state and local leagues be presented to ths women of this district, thus prepar ing, the way for her committee. Mrs. Gudden’s charming personality, to gether with her self sacrificing efforts in behalf of overworked ana underfed humanity, have made her a power in this department of clnb work. While iu the city she formed two local leagues —one in Wausau, numbering nineteen members and one for Tomahawk of twelve, with requests from Merrill, Grand Rapids and Marshfield for similar organizations. On Wednesday evening Dr. Oscar Lovell Triggs, profesor of English liter ature at the Chicago University de livered a paper on “The New Indus trialism ” Alueh had been expected of Dr. Triggs, for his writings have been read by so many. He tilled expec tations and he didn’t. To some his re marks were dry and of little or no inter est. To others they were full of meat and enjoyed. The Dr.’s theory is one that is receiving much thought all over the country. He is for the shop as against the factory. To bring out the theory we will use some illustra tions not exactly as presented by Mr. Triggs: Today laboring men are strik ing all over the country for eight hours’ work and more pay. Why are they doing tt? Simply because they are not satisfied with their condition. If granted what they ask it helps matters only for a time, wlieu dissatisfaction again arises There is a gulf between capital and labor that can never be bridged as long as the world stands. If. the workman is granted shorter hours with more pay there is stiil a feeling in his bosom that the profit made off his labor should be more equally divided between himself and employer and in a short time he strikes again. Thus strikes do not settle the problem. One great trouble is that the work is not congenial to the man. He must find out what he is peculiarly adapted for and then follow that line. Strive to work for himself if possible. A man will work eight hours a day for another at sl2 per week and grumble about the work and pay, but he will work twelve hours per day for himself with less re numeration and like his work, because he ishisown master and is independent. Laboring men sometimes hosvl about the introduction of improved machin ery. Labor saving devices do not hurtjlabor but on the other hand im proves conditions and cheapens the cost of articles; with all the improved machinery employed iu this country today there is just as large a demand for labor as there ever was. There was installed iu a certain factory in this city recently a certain piece of machinery IN SUNNY CALIFORNIA. T. C. Ryan Writes to G. D. Jones of His Observations There, Which the Latter Allows us to Publish. Pacific Grove, March 25, 1903 Dear Jones : One can know what his impressions are after digesting them, and so I have waited until I can trust myself to say I something to you about California. Every win re I have gone in this state j I have seen two sorts of land—oasis j and desert, and as the conditions which j produce the de-ert exist throughout the j state, the same two sorts of land exist everywhere. An Easterner, as we Badgers would be called here, does not understand the real meaning of the word “desert” as the thing exists here. We are apt to think of it as something which is gradually disappearing ana that will ultimately entirely disappear through irrigation. That is a mistake, and the fact that it is a mistake goes very far to explain the high prices of , unimproved lands in California. Lauds j are high priced here because of a law as old as traffic;—scarcity of an article increases its value. Lands are very scarce in this state,— that islands which are not desert lands. My estimate of the proportion of California lands that are aud always will be irreclaimable desert is seven eighths of all the lands south of the latitude of San Francisco. I think one-eighth is so situated that jt can be irrigated. To understand this one must first know the primary fact as to irrigation, namely that to irrigate successfully, no,—to irrigate at all your land must be flat, and then it must slope slightly if you would raise fruit Alfalfa can !>e raised by means of small irrigating ditches even if the land is level. But your ditches make mowing machines useless, and your grass must be mown with a scythe. Fruit, how ever will not thrive well without irriga tion ami your orchard must slope stif j fieiently to permit the water to run j slowly. If you have the right soil, the | right topography aud can get water for j irrigation, a farm of twenty acres, planted to the sort of fruit to which the soil is adapted, will, at present prices j for fruit, return the owner as many dollars as two hundred acres of the best land in Wisconsin. But you must not make a mistake and try to raise oranges upon a soil not adapted to, orange growth. And you must n<>t ake it for granted that because your neighbors on both sides of you have good orange farms, that yours lying between them be good orange land, for you v/ill not f ldom ><• disap- j pointed if you reason in that way. Hiding upon the country roads, through j these little valleys where farming is possible, if you watch the changing i colors of the soil, it will greatly interest and surprise you You come, say to a;. patch of red soil on one side of the j road; on the other side of me road the soil may be biack, —yet you are in a! valley where *.se ground is so near a dead level that it looks to In* that. A | little farther on. the color of the soil i suddenly changes from red to grey, or black. And so it keeps changing You j might do well raising oranges upon i that red soil, but on the grey soil per-1 bap you would do very poor!y_ith oranges, and very well with apricots, j peaches or pears. j Now, if yon carefully grasp the idea that without irrigation, all land io Cali fornia, south of the latitndeof San Fran eiseo. is and mu>t ever remain a d* -*ert. and that irrigation is not profitable even if feasible, npon more than one eigbtb part of three-quarters of the state yon will understand what I mean . by saying that land is high here be cause it is scarce No land-* of a rolling character can be irrigated. You couldn’t get the water on to them from tbe ditches, and if you could get water from " ells, using wind mills to raise it., 1 as is often done here, this would be use i less in a roiling country because the water would run off *•> rapidly that it ; would not soak in Yon wouki not be ! irrigati. g your own laud but someone below you. If you will try to imagine Wisconsin to be a country, i where for six to eight months of bot i weather not a drop of rain falls, aud where, in consequence of that yeariy dnought, vegetation is i*posmUe without I that does the work formerly per ; formed by fifteen men Those fifteen men were given employment else where in the factory and the company wants auoitional hands. A man working in a factory may rise to a certain extent, but unless he has a strong enough am bition he will be working for someone else as loug as he lives. He will always be dissatisfied and waiting for the six o’clock whistle to blow. He will not work for an employer with the same zeal and pleasure as he would for him self, no matter how friendly tbe rela tions may be between them. He must have an ambition strong enough to get out into the world and work for hut self. True there will be hewers of wood and drawers of water as long as this old earth exists, for the reason that some men are not physically or intel lectually constructed to do for them selves The solutiotj of tho lU’eb.em lies iu tlu* workman -- own will power and with that he must work out his own salvation. Dr. Triggs’ views were coincided in by many and to these his line of thought was of great in terest. To others the subject was not to their liking and as he read from manuscript and has the least sembleuce of personal magnetism his talk was dry. It was not a lecture for entertain ment but for study. Following Dr. Triggs’ talk a recital was given by the Tuesday Musical club and thus closed perhaps the mos suc cessful convention, from every point of view, ever held in Ihe district. notes. * The local club members desire (o thank those liverymen who kindly fur nished free conveyances for the visitors iu their drive about our city. Mrs ?. A. Jones desires to thank all the committees for their indefatigueable work iu assisting her in the details of the convention. Some of the ladies are worthy of especial mention but their sense of modesty forbids mention of tfieir names. The visiting ladies were taken in con veyances to the county school building, visiting all its departments. They were greatly taken up with the work in the domestic science department, for the majority of them were unaware of the vast work being done here and the re sults accomplished. In this department they were treated to light refreshments made and served by the students They also v.sited the manual training depart ment of the Lincoln school, which also proved interesting to them. In fact they were highly pleased with the edn catioLal advantages offered by Wausau’s schools. The convention did a gracious thing on Wednesday. In 18SJ7, 1.1, C. V Bardeen was president of the local club and at that time Mrs. Werden Dean of Antigo, was tlie district vice president. Mr. Bardeen had secured his appointment as associate justice of the supreme court aud the ladies, at their meeting in Wausau that year, ex tended to Mrs. Bardeen congratulations on her husband’s appointment. At this last meeting Mrs. Dean arose and moved that the secretary be instructed to frame and convey to Mrs. Bardeen resolutions of sympathy for her in her late affliction in the death of her hus band. irrigation, and then set your wits at work to devise a system of irrigation fo; the state you may be able to realize how little of the state there would be that you could grow* anything on. But if you were to put the Sierra Nevadas on one side of Wisconsin, the Sierra Madres across the center, and the coast ranges along in the other side, and then llank all these with the lower ranges, and the foot hills, and then dot the spaces between with occasional other mountains and foot hills, and then take away front Wisconsin nine tenths of all its rivirs and streams, and then put your wits at work to devise a plan of irrigation for the state, you would have the California problem. And after studying it awhile you would give it up, as a general scheme and content yourself w’kli letting the occupants of each little valley where irrigation is possible work the problem out locally in their own way. The result of this condition is that wherever rural papu lation exists in this state, it is much denser than it is anywhere else in the country. Five acre farms are not uucommon. Ten acres is an average size. A twenty acre farm is too large to be a common thing. lam speaking n?w of fruit farms. There is, however, a good deal of land on the northern slopes of the Sierra Madres—in the Fresno district, where I am told fruit is not so profitable, but alfalfa thrives with irrigation, and farms of forty acres may be found devoted entirely to dairy ing. When one of us “Easterners” thinks of California as having 155.000 square miles of territory, and that its present population is only 1,500,000. we are apt t* over-estimate the possibilities of future growth here. But if we realize the real truth, —that California in fact has only 30,000 square miles of territory that can ever possibly be made useful for agriculture, we will understand the state better. I believe the estimate I have made of 80.000 square miles is too high But taken into account the fact that north of the latitude of Sacremeuto, along the head waters of the Sacremen to, Napa and Russian rivers, the rain fall per annum is sufficient to permit farming, of a sort, without irrigation, perhaps the 30,000 estimate is not far out of the way. The other 130,000 square miles, which is and always must remain desert, is not therefore value less, however. It contains large weailh 1 in minerals. And on the higiier moun j tain slopes, where the snow capped j mountains furnish irrigation, to such j patches of soil as happen to stick on the rocks underneath, there is good j timber. Time will exhaust the mines i and the timber, but at present, and for | a lodjt time to come, these portions of ; the state will have some value—not] anywhere near what the same area of agricultural land owned but still, in the | aggregate, the one crop now to be found j tuereon is an important item. A D an who comes here to live, if he c-Kiie*. from Wisconsin, and if be have | any love for nature, must thrust his ideals into the background, and be con tent to accept a very ugly land-o ape, [except iu a few small areas, of which 'this head laud, upon which Pacific Grove and Monterey are situated, .is ; one. The ize of this one you can judge from the fact that a “seventeen m>> j drive” takes you entirely around the : outer edges of it. “The seventeen mile drive” is one of the bribes it offers t*>i tourists. It is a wonderfully beautiful \ I natural park, filled with good sized j timber, and abounding with nNMMfis; scenery. And you couldn’t make a j good living, or* any kind of a living, hardly for one small family upon the entire tract enclosed by that “seven , teea mile drive” if the* land were ail j cleared, and every stump removed, and | readv for farming Why* Because it cannot be irrigated. But there is rain fall enough (fifteen inches per yean to keep the trees thrifty. And the tre-s are not valuable for lumber. So here wc may expect to always find this won derful natural park. And therefore this will always be an ideal resort,— in the winter a splendid place to hide No. 21 -TERMS, $1.60 per Annum. Henry B. Huntington, Law, Real Estate and Fire Insurance, Third St., Opp, Court House, Wausau, Wis. Over 11,000 Acres rf Fine Farming and Hardwood Lands for Sale in Marathon, Lincoln and Taylor Wis, The lands described below are among the choicest and are located in Marathon County. Fine Residence Property, Business Property Building Lots, and Acre Property for sale in the city. MONEY TO LOAN ON REAL ESTATE SECURITY. FOR BAI.V—, if n* 1 , and el* of s! 4, section 8, to ST 28, range 3. and nj* of section S, town 28, rar.ee 8. an ! w' a f sw 1 /*. section 1, t. wn 29 range 7. and nc 1 , of c’ 4 and of as',', -c ti in SC town '.9. range 10 end n- i 4 , *pi*i ion it. town 30, range 7. and e’.,. of a- I section J 6 town 30. range 7 aud *dj of neli section 36, Town 30, range 7. and tdj of nw 14. l 4 . section 38, town 3(1, range 7. and a.} 4 of a ’B“ciiou 4. town SO, range 8, end n’ •< of stt | 4 and ~f sc’ 4 , section 10. town 30. raug< 8 nod “fit • f ew' 4 and swb of sej 4 , section 12. town •. range 8, aud ne 1 * of nw)- 4 , section 13. town I. rang 8, anil n l j of nt ) 4 section 15, town 80, range 8 and slj of nw* 4 section 23, town SO. redge 8 andn'jo* nw' 4 . section 24 town SO range 8. and e)s of n<' 4 , section 16, town 30, range 9, at and 6t 1 4 eel’ll. :. 18 town 30. range 9 aid w•. of si l 4 . (nation 19, town SO. raDge 9, and eS of ew 1 , section 20. town SO range 9. and e?.; iC tie 1 , end at- I section 21, town 80. range 9, and nel4 of ur 1 , Htid.w, 1 3 o*'t.w l ., end e’.j of nr l ,. sec‘i. u 22, town 30, range 9. and ee'/ 4 . section 27. tower ßo, -ange 9 rind uw 1 , of ne.' jat if nw'/ 4 section 28, ’own 30, range 9, and el* of ne v * and se} 4 , section 33. town 30, rang.* 9. and IW 1 ,. section 10, town 80, range 10. M *j> , If. ...^ -* - -IT.. . vrr.- rr. wn ~ - .A. > ! /r&r/na armrer * I ! ■. jr~ ——ts —p—n —— it ——— r. —, ! * 11 I J *<: / • i r !/ !j i t ;g !<;s!. i ! I IrA—■ (•.■.mi.. Shi li ii ft lii.itt. I> j , * /TfiTV/v atracr . , I 1. c —|* c — E J 1 | / I 3A, * a t . * ‘ i ■* | tta itt to a r r \ : • i i > I A,m i.,i St, 11.1. Hi. i i 11- f i li .J 1 < t MvrtpneM srmeert J j | r £ 3 9 a 4 > j j jjj ir* it ,to 9 . f r l I l —<l *. i*- ! /‘W/wrz/A' *.* sr.feer ATrA^r^ T t 2 fc* v * , * ] l / ■ * J 4- ' ■ . / ! 3 . O S SH*:' 1 ¥ ! ' Mi!’ ; | 7 h * jJ rgry4i>W.’ g^JLZ.i_ l ig * •g( ii .... , ; k ? > Mcst/fittvs m/’ooiZ'Q* y 'i *■ y H _____ ' For prices and terms or any information relating to the above described lots or lands, apply at my office, II onryß. Huntington. WHTIS IT? You find all the leading PHYSICIANS’ PRE SCRIPTIONS on file in our store? FIRST —Because the DOCTORS know it is perfectly life to have them tilled here. (confidence) SECOND —They appreciate the fact. We use only SquiUb's, Merck’s and Parke Davis A (I’cuiTY) Co's Driu;*, chemicals and Pharmaceutical* which arc recognized the world evi l for their purity, sin ;i I > and uni! or n:ii|. THIRD —That the prescription 1* always itiled exactly ts written, and never substituted. (reliability) FOURTH ’ T “ ll: ■ p"- •ij’'■ is is > . ftinpicte and accurate; never Ailed i,, ; ha ■, hy appn i.!.. < - out ‘ nly tli iroiiLil.iy cxperielced Registered Pharmacists. FIFTH The *eah of chamin:; Fair and Reasonable. We make a margin on everything ( price) we sell, a small uniform per cent. f WE LIVE UP ro AND NOT UPON OUR REPUTATION AT THE Pardee Drug Store, (THE YELLOW FRONT.) from the frosts and snows, and in the summer a favorite outing spot for Cali fornians, who come here in swarms during that season. Pacific Grove is not upon Monterey bay, though most maps of the state locate it there. It is hi a small bay of its own, south of Monterey bay, and separated from the l itter by a narrow peninsula about a mile and a half long, jutting out in a northwesterly direction. There is a small beach here, —not over six or eight rods in length, where surf bathing is practicable, and the undertow so sli ,r bt that it is not at all dangerous. Over at the Del Monte hotel, about three miles! east, on Monterey bay, there is a fine beach, but one must take care not 1© let go of the rope for the undertow Is very strong there, and the shallow water does not reach very far from shore. The Del Monte hotel, and esp#e- j tally its park, are worth going far to I see. The park eoutains, 1 think, 1381 acres. It is much the most beautiful j park I have ever seen Central Park,! New York, is nothing beside it. and “s beauty was evolved chiefly from nature ■ —a little polishing here and there, some j paths and roads graded, some ivies 1 planted to climb the trees, some garden spots here anti there, some lakes sup plied front the bay water, —nature trimmed a little, decked a little, nor-1 lured a good deal. Were it nut ai! to woodrously beautiful, one would ts-; almost deceived, by the little garden- j ing. into thinking it ail a garden,—yet it is chiefly the natural forest, and shrubbery. Art alone could never have] approached it. One can appreciate this wonderful Del Monte park after hat ing seen the boasted Westlake park of !>>s Angeles, the St. James place and Ches ter pla. e, private parks in that city which are shown to visitor*, and the efforts which gardener* have devised to bring beauty into the desert at Passa | dena For in Los Angeles and Paesa i dena there was to begin w ith the burs, barren desert. I would riot say but [that if the work had been in the bands of true artists, something much more attractive could or would have but-n jprod'iced But the idea of the par<- (makers in Los Angeles and Passadeca j seems to havi gone no farther in the j direction of true art than the ingenious i invention of geometrical lines srd ‘ curves, and seeing that earth tree, shrub. : plant, curve or Tine was accompanied jby another just like it. The cypress ■ lends itself very readily to that superannuated idea of lundsexpe ; gardening, and so it is used in those d*crt of California that have bet* made to blossom and used most lavish ; ly. You can trim a cypress into any “hap*- you wish, and * > tb*-sc landscape gardeners, who never saw a landseapo, and never could see one, or see any more than oct- tree at a time, bare made the arks, and private grounds of Lo.x Ang iSvs and Passadena look inex pressibly hideous. Still, one may over come his desire to look a bout him and get much pleasure from the flower beds, and the wealth of all mitts of beautiful l owers. The palms are also a great fai orito w ith those garden ar tists of the golden state, for the palm will make just about such a size and shape trecjwithout trimming, ant! also it can be trimmed into lialPa dozen or more different shapes, so that you can always have one on either side of your little front yard, both exactly alike, or two rows, on the sides of a street, all exactly alike, anti so satisfy those Idhfl Of beauty is to make one thing look* like another. And vet the cypress, w.hich iu California has been made a m* ms of producing ugliness, can be trimmed so as to deceive the tin practiced eye into wonder that unaided nature should produce such odd and pretty shapes, so totally unlike all her other shrubs, i saw this done at Vic toria park on the Canada side of Ni agara Falls. But that is more than mere geometry, it is art. I must riot make this letter any long er. But I have left very many things untold th it I have observed In Cali fot I had not heard of before 1 ■ ■ 1 In cf and that are very interest ing. at lea-t to me. In a future letter I may say something of them, or some of them. > Yours truiv, T. C. Ryan. For saiJi — Six houses well located on E i-t side . Prices range from 1 1,900, to $1,600. hi #y terms b. Crosby. 307—3 Si. 2W. (LicinCof States / 1 of America* r The rrr itext nation in the world is j the :f.test consumer of coffee. ! \ Lion Gsffss! 1 is the ityini .rd beve-ire cf every j 1 state and territory of the Union, j | It’s p-y t —that’s why. } I A ’war* !'• 1 IS. *>-! I* I ’. •*'’“* tvIMW | ■ - —^