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Wausau pilot. [volume] (Wausau, Wis.) 1896-1940, April 21, 1903, Image 1

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E. B. THAYER Editor and Prop.—VOL. XXXVIII.
■V/vav /VD\lrk9 It is the right of every child
B§ Ar I Hl%* to be wdl li ° rn - and to the HOW
g ijß VBIIv parents it must look for
health and
Responsibility s°s
■ kJP is the parents’ 7 ,U t
responsibility, and how important that ij
mßm ■ i no taint of disease is left in the blood "*
to be transmitted to the helpless child, entailing the most
pitiable suffering, and marking its little body with offen
sive sores and eruptions, catarrh of the nose and throat, weak eyes, glandular
swellings, brittle bones, white swelling and deformity.
How can parents look upon such little sufferers aqd not reproach
themselves for bringing so much misery into the world ? If you have
any disease lurking in your system, how can you expect well developed,
healthy children ? Cleanse your own blood and build up your health, and
you have not only enlarged your capacity for the enjoyment of the pleasures
of life, but have discharged a duty all parents owe to posterity, and made
mankind healthier and happier.
There is no remedy that so surely reaches deep-seated, stubborn blood
S,—1 troubles as S. S. S. It searches out even hereditary
poisons, and removes every taint from the blood,
and builds up the general health. If weaklings
KOI are growing up around you, right the wrong by
***— putting them on a course of S. S. S. at once. It is
a purely vegetable medicine, harmless in its effects, and can be taken
by both old and young without fear of any bad results.
Write us about your case, and let our physicians advise and help you.
This will cost you nothing, and we will also send our book on blood and
Skin diseases. THE, JTWIIFT SPECIFIC CO.. A. tHazxta. Ga.
Time to tone up the system and get ready for the burry and
bustle of Spring. Nothing better for the purpose
than a bottle or two of
it’s really wonderful how it rejuvenates tbe system that feels “rundown”
and “out of sorts,” after the inactivity of the winter months.
The Frost-Fhilbrick Drug Cos.
The Economical Drug Store— ■—*
=——Next to Post Office.
Cures all foot ailments. Made
in all up-to-date styles, like
r- walking on velvet.
Exclusive Agent. The Shoe Man
Largest exclusive Shoe House in the Northwest
After the spring winds
of March and the rains
of April, the skin will
be left rough and
chances for beauty and ?
comfort will be limited.
Soaps that clean but don’t
injure; Talcum Powders,
pure and cheap; Toilet
Cream, removes rough
ness ; Perfumes delicate
and sweet.
Wausau Pharmacy
Cor. 3i and Washington Sts.
tu-UM—r: ■■■/
Advertisments having appeared in
various publications wherein Sears,
Roebuck & Cos. .offer Wheeler 5: Wilson
sewing machines, we wish to warn the
public that they are not our author*
ized agents and that we do not sell our
machines to them nor any other cata
logue house or department store.
Their advertisments are not for the
purpose of promoting the sale of our
machines. They are using our reputa
tion as makers of the highest grade ma
chines only, in order to get the names of
possible buyers and persuade them to
purchase one of their cheap STENCILED
MACHINES, the manufacturers of
which they are, evidently, ashamed to
make public.
If you want a genuine Wheeler &
Wilson machine, do not waste your time
writing to anyone who is unable to fur
nish it. The genuine Wheeler & Wil
son machine, made by us and backed by
our warranty, is for sale by our author
tied dealers only. When you buy a
Wheeler & Wilson, you get a machine
that is a machine, backed by a reputation
of 50 years’ unparalleled success.
Ilttltr i lilsoa Jlfg. Cos.,
Wausau, Wis.
A Consumers’ League was organized
in this city lust week at the dose of the
Women's Ciubs convention, by Mrs. 13
C. Gudden, of Oshkosh, secretary ano |
organizer, of the state league. Among
the ladies accepted into membership
were the following :
I)r. Margaret Trevitt F. Becker.
Clms. Harger W. C. Dickens
W, (.’. Silverthorn J. N. M At,so 11
G. D Jones C. *J. Yawkey
Jas. Mongomery Wm. Stewart
J. A. Porter B H.C'onlin
P. V. O. Yun Vechten .1. A. Jones.
('has. Livingston H. S. Dickens.
C. J. Winton Misses.
S. Crosby Isabelle Baker ,
J. A. Underwood Virginia Alanson
These ladies elected as officers the
following A
President —Mrs. W. (J. Dickens.
Vice-President —Virginia Man sou
Sec’y and Treas.—Dr. Margaret
The Consumers’ League is an associ
ation of persous who strive to do their
buying in such ways as to further the
welfare of those who make or distrib
ute the things bought; to abolish the
sweating system and to extend among
all mercantile establishments the com
mendable conditions now existing in
the best. Where branch leagues are
established merchants order goods for
the benefit of its members, from manu
facturers who are ou what is called the
White List. These manufacturers com
ply with the rules of the league so far
as possible in paying weekly equal
wages for work of equal value irre
spective of sex. In departments where
women only ate employed the min
imum wages are placed at s<> per
week and in only few instances falls be
low $3. These manufactories are
kuown as Fair Houses and the working
hours for a Fair House shall be from
8 a. in. to 6 p m. with one week’s vaca
tion in summer season with pay; all
overtime to be compensated for, and
premises closed on five legal holidays.
No children under 14 years of age are
employed, and fidelity and long ser
vice meet with the consideration which
is their due, and humane and consider
ate behavior toward employes is the
rule. The goods made by these manu
facturers have attached to them a
white label to distinguish them from
the goods of the discriminated man
Especial war is waged on the tene
ment garment manufacturers in New
York City, where whole districts are
given over to the manufacture of goods
in tenement houses and sweatshops
By a method of contract and sub-con
tract wages are forced down, hours of
labor are unduly lengthened and mater
ial to be made into garments is sent in
to houses that are hlthy and ill venti
lated. Under these conditions infec
tious and contageotts diseases are trans
mitted throughout the whole country.
111 this way the man who furnishes the
material reaps the profit and the work
man is constrained to turn his home in
to a workshop, thus contributing gratis
the cost of rent, heat, light, cleaning
and machine.
The membership fee of the league is
2.V per year and rapid growth is looked
for the local branch.
The annual meeting of the Grand
Council of the Koval Arcanum of W is
consin will be held in this city on the
29th of the present month, being th
first time it was ever held outside of
Milwaukee. Local committees of Pine
Council No. 1450 art* now engaged in
arranging a program and completing
details for the entertainment of guests.
About 12° delegates will attend, among
them some of the most prominent
citizens of Wisconsin and in addition
to these there will be ether members
of the order present so that in all there
will perhaps be 2- *• visitors.
An open meeting will be held at
Castle hall on the evening of the 28 h
that visitors mar become acquainted.
For this a pr< g am of music, o-atory and
social converse wsl be prepared. The
Grand Council will convene at ten
o’clock a m. on the 29tb n 3the day
will be devoted to business. This meet
ing will be addressed by Gen. Prentice,
of Hartford, Conn., Supreme Trusty
of the order. At 6 p in. banquet will
be served to the visitors in the audi
tori uni of Castle hall. A successful
meeting and pleasant time is looked
The greatest danger from colds and
grip is their result’ng ia pneumonia.
If reasonable cart- is used, however, and
Chamlwriain's (\ igh Remedy taken, ai
danger will be avoided Among the
i tens of thousands who have used this
j remedy for these disease-s we have yet
to learn of a single caie having resulted
| in pneumonia, a Inch shows conclusively
that it is a certain preventive of that
i dangerous disease. It will cure a cold
or an attack of the grip in less time than
any other treatment It is pleasent
and safe to take. For sale by all lead
ing druggists.
Federated Women’s Clubs Hold Successful
The fifth annual convention of the
Women’s Federated clubs of the Tenth
district, convened at 1:30 o’clock Tues
day last, followed by a reception at the
club house in the evening and sessions
on Wednesday. The meeting was de
clared a pronounced success by the
visitiue ladies, allot whom were greatly
pleased with the city and the way iL
which they were entertained while here.
The visitors were assigned to different
homes and the local committees who
had the work in hand are deserviug of
a great deal of praise for the successful
culmination of details leading up to and
concluding the meeting So complete
were the details that many of the visit
ors remarked that the Wausau ladies
could as easily have taken care of a
state convention as they did this district
meeting. Sixty-four women were
present from outside towns represent
ing clubs at Rhinelander. Merrill, Med
ford, Shawano, Antigo, Grand Rapids.
Marshfield, Rib Lake, Mosinee and
Elmhurst, besides other women of
prominence as follows:
Mrs. H. Thomas. Milwankee, President of
federation of Women’s '’labs.
MissL E. Stearns. Madison Chairman Library
Com. of State Federation of WnmV Clubs.
Mis. Ellen Sabin, President Milwankee-Down
er ColWfl.
Mrs. Chas Gr erst. Bara boo. Vice-President ef
the Third District Women’s Club.
Miss Ifsntiah M. Holrrombe Fond (In Lac,
Vice-President of the Sixth District Women’s
Vie H. t'amobeil, Evansville. Membsr of
Consumer.’ X eagne.
•I is - BGle Bieni, renresentitive of the Mil
wankee Smtinel.
Miss Marie L. Obenaner, St. Pant, editor of
Mrs. Divid Roberts, or Mi'wank *<>, representa
tive of tne American Park und Outdoor. Art As
Mrs K. T. Morns, of Menominee, Wis.
Mrs. B. C. Gndrfen Oshkosh. reproseafative of
the Consumers’ League and Child Labor.
Mrs E. E. Dunn, Appleton
Mesdames Mesdames
Mery 'Ybitnejr Scott, D. Livingston,
Beulah C. Scott. A. L. Hilman.
Mary VV Yonker. E. Clancy.
W. W. Woodside. John Van lleckd.
W. A. Dramb. * Wm. Dean.
Isabelle Pbilleo. C. K. Avery.
Charlotte G. Witter. It J. Collie.
Clara Webb Ilarvic. .M. G. Hoffman.
Bertha Arpin. ruin blander.
Theo. A. l.ipke.
Geo. W. Panins. „ Mesdames
Miss Elizabeth P. Gay- g-, r ; Lawrence.
Ilor- Edith A. Lewis.
~ , Mesdames
Mesdames 0. W. Magee
.j; Dessert c. A Brooks.
Richard Powers
C. S Blair. R,B lake.
tomahawk. Myra Kennedy.
Mesdames J. J. Kennedy
Stella M. Atcherson. . Ei.vuußEr.
Julia Carpenter. ..
Lina Nelson Mesdames
Helen Cutter Jj eo ; " Ullderllch -
Emma J Stark. Fred Hayssen.
Della Rordenat. antigo.
Andrews. Mesdames
viV ur b e -,i C. Werden Deane
Ne lie M. Pnde. W. H. Pardee
Hattie S. smith. A. C Conway,
l.uella \ tekh .James C. Far well.
Gertrude Macur ber. j q Lewis.
Fannie E.She<n. George Maxwell.
Anna B. Chave Lreland L. Gebbs.
medfor.i. F. F. Showers.
Mesdames Marshfield.
F W. Thomr-v. Mesdames
Grace C Itamsav. 11. A Lathrop.
J.H. Francis. W H. Roddis.
L. W Gibson J P Tiffault
W. T Withers. Emma B. Pulling.
W. 11. Flelt. J F. Young.
Dr. Annette Shaw, of Eau Claire,
down mu the program for the invocation,
could not attend the meeting on ac
cont of illness and Rev. F. A. Pease,
pastor of the First M. E. church tilled
her place To Mayor Marchett) fell the
lot of delivering an address of wel
come and he did so with such well
words, so fitting to the occasion
that had in them a personal note for
each lady pres' nt, that he was roundly
applauded and won the admiration of
all. The mayor said in part.
“ * * 1 have been frequently in
troduced to public gatherings, but
never before have 1 faced so fair an
audience. It gives me great pleasure;
indeed, it is one of the delightful duties
of my office, which I would not deputize
to anyone if I could, to extend to you,
ladies of the Federated clubs of the
Teuth congressional district, the sincere
and courteous and loyal welcome of the
citizens of Wausau, who honor you and
greet as the representatives of cultured,
intellectual and patriotic womanhood.”
The mayor spoke of the achievements
of woman as asocial and moral factor
in the world; of her civilizing influence
and tlu- noble examples set by her and
paid a high tribute to the sex.
Mrs J A. Jones, president of the
Wausau club, who has been identified
with club work for a quarter of a cen
tury welcomed the visitors in behalf of
the club. Mrs. Jones staled that the
time had passed when Women’s clubs
were synOuonious of frivilous pleasure,
entertainment, etc., and that if jtbey
exist they must stand for the uplifting
of J.he masses, for the betterment of the
working classes, for philanthropy and
to bring out the cardinal virtues of all
that is godd in man .ind. Through the
Christaiu churches Women’sclubshave
been able to advance. Women are
capable of this woik and worthy of the
trust imposed iu them. Taking up
library work Mrs Jones used President
Roosevelt's quotation "Speik softly, but
carry a big stick.” She admonished
her audience to always be prepared to
back up what they say and said she be
lieved Wausau would yet have a public
library if the Wausau club women got
after it with a stick. Her words
w ere greeted with great applause and
the stand she had takcu in certain
things, admired
Mrs. F \N. Thomas, of Medford,
IVuth district vice-president responded
iu well chosen words of appreciation of
the invitation extended by the Ladies’
Literary club. Her manner was so
gracious, her smile so natural, and her
whole bearing so dignified that the
women were or.ee more reassured
that they made no mistake in electing
her to her executive position.
After a vocal solo entitled ''Endy
ruion,” by Mrs. D. Livingston, of Mer
rill, the state president. Mrs. T. H
Brown, of Milwaukee, made an address
on “Some Phases of Altruistic Work.”
It being the first time that the women
were favore i with an address from this
talented lat her remarks made a deep
j impression, creating and arousing
greater interest in philanthropic effort.
She urged more work among ail lines
of philanthropy and especially of giving
help to the poor and to depeudent
Reports of the nineteen clubs of the
district were read followed by a sym
posium participated in by Mrs VVerden
Dean, of Antigo, who spoke on club
loyalty; Mrs. B C. Gudden, Oshkosh,
on art; Mrs. Gerst. Bara boo, on the dis
trict convention and its influences.
On Tuesday evening the chief social
function of the convention was given at
the Wausau Club house in the way of a
brilliant reception. The rooms were
beautifully decorated in the colors of
the local clubeardinal and gold—and
the club flower of red carnation met the
eye on every hand. Mrs J. A. Jones,
president of the Ladies’ Literary clnb
and Mrs F. W Thomas, of Medford
the district vice-president, were assisted
in receiving by the state p esident. Mrs
T. H Brown, of Milwaukee. Miss Ellen
Sabin. Milwaukee, and Mrs B. C. Gud
den. Oshkosh. P. V. O. Van Vechten
ibtrodneed the guests
A musical treat was given the visitors
WAIiSAU, Wls.y APRIL. 21, 1903.
by the Tuesdny Musical club which had
prepared quite an extensive program
for the occasion, w hile Cone’s orchestra
assisted. The 250 or 300 guests present
were served with a buffet luncheon and
the visitors were highly pleased with
their reception.
The Wednesday morning session was
opened by Mrs. J. B. Ramsey, of Med
ford, who saug in a charmingly way a
solo entitled “To Possess Thee.”
Miss Elizabeth Gaynor, of Grand
Rapids had chosen for a subject “The
Ruiiug Passion” in which she discussed
the craze existing at the present time
for the latest works iu fiction. She
made suggestions, which if entered in
to by club women might be fruitt.il in
raising the standard of the books
sought by the reading 1 -public.
A paper written by Mrs. A. VV. San
born, of Ashlaml, entitled “Club Eti
quette” was read by the secretary. Miss
Myra Kennedy, of Rib Lake. Itotfered
many timely and interesting sugges
tions and set forth many of the faults of
club women, enumerating tardiness,
whispering, gossip of an unllatteririg
nature, uukind criticism of papers
which do not interest them, and last
but not least, the inseparable compan
ions at all conventions of tardiness and
rustling of silk petticoats.
Mrs J. H. Francis, of Medford, in her
discussion of “The Limited Club; Is it
Advisable in a Small Town?” did not
favor the limitation of a club’s member
ship, aud was of the belief that the
scope of the efforts which should re
do.ind from a club, were hampered in a
limited club. Mrs. Richard Powers,
of Mosinee, presented another side to
the question and raised the argument
that under some conditions, especially
iu the smaller towns, limited clubs
must of necessity be held to in order
that the greatest good may be accom
The two papers following “Out
Door Art” by Airs. D. E. Roberts,
of Milwaukee, and “Care and Cultiva
ion of Lawns” by Mrs. Edith Alban
Lewis, of Rhinelander, were so full of
practibility and suggestions as to the
beautifying of the home’s surroundings
that they were accorded the utmost at
tention and will be helpful to many.
“Between the Lines at Stone River,”
a classical and elocutionary reading by-
Mrs. F. I Drake, of Antigo, was very
entertaining and was enthusiastically
The session was closed by Miss L. E
Stearns, of the state Library Commis
sion, whose paper was entitled “What
of it?” Hers was considered by all as
oue of the gems of the convention and
we regret that we have not the space to
more fully comment upon it.
Wednesday afternoon Karl Mathie,
Supt. of the city schools, discussed the
value of a kindergarten and explained
how to get one iu a small town. He
afterward held a conference with sev
eral ladies who are interested in this
work and who are desirous of securing
such departments iu the schools of their
home towns.
“Music and Drawing in Public
Schools” was cleverly and thoughtfully
presented by Mrs. A. Chave, of Toma
hawk. At this juncture the visiting
ladies were taken ou a visit to the
schools, returning iu wo hours and up
ou reassembling the program was
again taken up by Miss Rosalia Bobrer,
assistant principal of the county train
ing school for teachers.
The paper upon “Expansion of Rural
Life Thru the County Training School,”
read by Miss Bohrer, urged the neces
sity of broadening of rural life thru the
education of the child in his impressive
years. She emphasized the feasibility
of carrying out as fully as possible the
plane of those educators denominated
the committee of twelve who were ap
pointed in lrS95 for the purpose of in
vestigating the rural school problem.
The suggestions of that committee were
urged regarding the making of the
actual and living environment the con
necting link between the child’s present
and future life. The teaching of prac
tical as well as scientific physical ge
ography, arithmetic, agriculture and
even literature would secure that re
sult. Such results could best beseeured
thru the medium of a training school
whose sole mission was to prepare
teachers for rural schools, as the state
**• . ~l a l schools had in no wise been able
to supply the large demand for such
teachers. Reference vvas made to the
important position which the agricul
tural and domestic science county
schools occupied In connection with the
training school in the expansion of
rural life. The telephone, electric car,
and free rural mail service were also
recognized asgreatinstrumentsof prog
ress in that direction. The great con
centration of business might tend in
the future to rob even the present over
worked country woman of the part
which she now performed in the line of
butter making, cheese making, fruit
calming, aud lauoitrying and reduce
her to a state of degeneracy because no
longer a necessary factor in economic
production. New intellectual and physi
cal fields must therefore be opened to
her chiefly thru the present efforts of
the schools mentioned, that the strength
of both men and women of the rural
districts who replenish the cities might
be preserved. Quotations were given
from Olive Sehreine*- who has so ably,
reasonably, and scientifically treated
the subject of the causes of parasitism
of woman and the consequent degener
acy of the whole race as exemplified in
the history of all time.
Miss Emma Conley's paper on “Scien
tific and Economic Housekeeping. ’ was
of-the utmost importance to the ladies,
and brought out the following truths :
All over the country, schools and uni
versities have come to the reaiiz itioti
that something important, essential and
vital has been lacking in our educa- j
tioual system for girls aud new courses i
have been added to complement and
supplement the old. This study, called
domestic science, assumes that a
woman is responsible for the home and
that she must be educated to meet this
Our educational system has been arti
: fioial, has lacked definite purpose. It
j must be made practical and fit a girl,
! not for the pleasures of life alone but
| for its duties. The Datura! instinct of
i a girl is homemaking This instinct
must be developed aud not curbed by
j making her the aggressive, ambitious.
1 strong minded bread winner or
society’s butterfly with a few superficial
There must be a more definite plan
of life and of education. Household
duties must be made lighter and home
keeping made simplier by the elimtn
ation of much that is now considered
necessary to hold an artificial position
in society Too many lives are veneered.
Studies made in the causes of poverty,
crime and drunkenness show that im
proper food, bad cooking and un
sanitary surroundings ranks as the
first cause. You cannot make good
men on miserable food nor rear
them amid squalor and filth.
Two-thirds of all disease is brought
I about by errors in diet—fever, epidemics
and consumption are' the result of
ignorance of the laws of health or of un
sanitary conditions
When Miss Ellen Sabin of Mil wa k e
j Downer college arose to address the
I assemblage on "Education for the
: Hume,” remarked that she felt as if she
; was “carrying coal to Newcastle,” for
| Wausau is a center for the study of
domestic science. It was a misfortune
that her num K Ci followed Miss Conley
for her worn had already been partly
covered by the former and it was with
reluctance that she delivered her ad
dress, which was iu every 1 sense a liter
ary gem and full of impressive and
suggestive inspiration.
The Consumers’ League was effect
ually presented by its state president,
Mrs. 13 C. Gadden, of Oshkosh, an 1
Mrs. Vie H. Campbell, of Evansville
These ladies were introduced by Mrs.
W. C. Dickens, chairman of the State
Federation committee, who desired that
the purpose and scope of the national,
state and local leagues be presented to
ths women of this district, thus prepar
ing, the way for her committee. Mrs.
Gudden’s charming personality, to
gether with her self sacrificing efforts
in behalf of overworked ana underfed
humanity, have made her a power in
this department of clnb work. While
iu the city she formed two local leagues
—one in Wausau, numbering nineteen
members and one for Tomahawk of
twelve, with requests from Merrill,
Grand Rapids and Marshfield for
similar organizations.
On Wednesday evening Dr. Oscar
Lovell Triggs, profesor of English liter
ature at the Chicago University de
livered a paper on “The New Indus
trialism ” Alueh had been expected
of Dr. Triggs, for his writings have
been read by so many. He tilled expec
tations and he didn’t. To some his re
marks were dry and of little or no inter
est. To others they were full of meat
and enjoyed. The Dr.’s theory is one
that is receiving much thought all over
the country. He is for the shop
as against the factory. To bring out
the theory we will use some illustra
tions not exactly as presented by Mr.
Triggs: Today laboring men are strik
ing all over the country for eight hours’
work and more pay. Why are they
doing tt? Simply because they are not
satisfied with their condition. If
granted what they ask it helps matters
only for a time, wlieu dissatisfaction
again arises There is a gulf between
capital and labor that can never be
bridged as long as the world stands.
If. the workman is granted shorter
hours with more pay there is stiil a
feeling in his bosom that the profit
made off his labor should be more
equally divided between himself and
employer and in a short time he strikes
again. Thus strikes do not settle the
One great trouble is that the work is
not congenial to the man. He must
find out what he is peculiarly adapted
for and then follow that line. Strive to
work for himself if possible. A man
will work eight hours a day for another
at sl2 per week and grumble about the
work and pay, but he will work twelve
hours per day for himself with less re
numeration and like his work, because
he ishisown master and is independent.
Laboring men sometimes hosvl about
the introduction of improved machin
ery. Labor saving devices do not
hurtjlabor but on the other hand im
proves conditions and cheapens the
cost of articles; with all the improved
machinery employed iu this country
today there is just as large a demand
for labor as there ever was. There was
installed iu a certain factory in this city
recently a certain piece of machinery
T. C. Ryan Writes to G. D. Jones of His Observations There,
Which the Latter Allows us to Publish.
Pacific Grove, March 25, 1903
Dear Jones :
One can know what his impressions
are after digesting them, and so I have
waited until I can trust myself to say I
something to you about California.
Every win re I have gone in this state j
I have seen two sorts of land—oasis j
and desert, and as the conditions which j
produce the de-ert exist throughout the j
state, the same two sorts of land exist
everywhere. An Easterner, as we
Badgers would be called here, does not
understand the real meaning of the
word “desert” as the thing exists here.
We are apt to think of it as something
which is gradually disappearing ana
that will ultimately entirely disappear
through irrigation. That is a mistake,
and the fact that it is a mistake goes
very far to explain the high prices of ,
unimproved lands in California. Lauds j
are high priced here because of a law
as old as traffic;—scarcity of an article
increases its value. Lands are very
scarce in this state,— that islands which
are not desert lands. My estimate of
the proportion of California lands that
are aud always will be irreclaimable
desert is seven eighths of all the lands
south of the latitude of San Francisco.
I think one-eighth is so situated that jt
can be irrigated. To understand this
one must first know the primary fact as
to irrigation, namely that to irrigate
successfully, no,—to irrigate at all
your land must be flat, and then it must
slope slightly if you would raise fruit
Alfalfa can !>e raised by means of small
irrigating ditches even if the land is
level. But your ditches make mowing
machines useless, and your grass must
be mown with a scythe. Fruit, how
ever will not thrive well without irriga
tion ami your orchard must slope stif j
fieiently to permit the water to run j
slowly. If you have the right soil, the |
right topography aud can get water for j
irrigation, a farm of twenty acres,
planted to the sort of fruit to which the
soil is adapted, will, at present prices j
for fruit, return the owner as many
dollars as two hundred acres of the
best land in Wisconsin. But you must
not make a mistake and try to raise
oranges upon a soil not adapted to,
orange growth. And you must n<>t
ake it for granted that because your
neighbors on both sides of you have
good orange farms, that yours lying
between them be good orange
land, for you v/ill not f ldom ><• disap- j
pointed if you reason in that way.
Hiding upon the country roads, through j
these little valleys where farming is
possible, if you watch the changing i
colors of the soil, it will greatly interest
and surprise you You come, say to a;.
patch of red soil on one side of the j
road; on the other side of me road the
soil may be biack, —yet you are in a!
valley where *.se ground is so near a
dead level that it looks to In* that. A |
little farther on. the color of the soil i
suddenly changes from red to grey, or
black. And so it keeps changing You j
might do well raising oranges upon i
that red soil, but on the grey soil per-1
bap you would do very poor!y_ith
oranges, and very well with apricots, j
peaches or pears. j
Now, if yon carefully grasp the idea
that without irrigation, all land io Cali
fornia, south of the latitndeof San Fran
eiseo. is and mu>t ever remain a d* -*ert.
and that irrigation is not profitable
even if feasible, npon more than one
eigbtb part of three-quarters of the
state yon will understand what I mean .
by saying that land is high here be
cause it is scarce No land-* of a rolling
character can be irrigated. You
couldn’t get the water on to them from
tbe ditches, and if you could get water
from " ells, using wind mills to raise it., 1
as is often done here, this would be use
i less in a roiling country because the
water would run off *•> rapidly that it
; would not soak in Yon wouki not be
! irrigati. g your own laud but someone
below you. If you will try to
imagine Wisconsin to be a country,
i where for six to eight months of bot
i weather not a drop of rain falls, aud
where, in consequence of that yeariy
dnought, vegetation is i*posmUe without
I that does the work formerly per
; formed by fifteen men Those fifteen
men were given employment else where
in the factory and the company wants
auoitional hands. A man working in a
factory may rise to a certain extent,
but unless he has a strong enough am
bition he will be working for someone
else as loug as he lives. He will always
be dissatisfied and waiting for the six
o’clock whistle to blow. He will not
work for an employer with the same
zeal and pleasure as he would for him
self, no matter how friendly tbe rela
tions may be between them. He must
have an ambition strong enough to get
out into the world and work for hut
self. True there will be hewers of wood
and drawers of water as long as this
old earth exists, for the reason that
some men are not physically or intel
lectually constructed to do for them
selves The solutiotj of tho lU’eb.em
lies iu tlu* workman -- own will power
and with that he must work out his
own salvation. Dr. Triggs’ views were
coincided in by many and to these
his line of thought was of great in
terest. To others the subject was not
to their liking and as he read from
manuscript and has the least sembleuce
of personal magnetism his talk was
dry. It was not a lecture for entertain
ment but for study.
Following Dr. Triggs’ talk a recital
was given by the Tuesday Musical club
and thus closed perhaps the mos suc
cessful convention, from every point
of view, ever held in Ihe district.
notes. *
The local club members desire (o
thank those liverymen who kindly fur
nished free conveyances for the visitors
iu their drive about our city.
Mrs ?. A. Jones desires to thank all
the committees for their indefatigueable
work iu assisting her in the details of
the convention. Some of the ladies are
worthy of especial mention but their
sense of modesty forbids mention of
tfieir names.
The visiting ladies were taken in con
veyances to the county school building,
visiting all its departments. They were
greatly taken up with the work in the
domestic science department, for the
majority of them were unaware of the
vast work being done here and the re
sults accomplished. In this department
they were treated to light refreshments
made and served by the students They
also v.sited the manual training depart
ment of the Lincoln school, which also
proved interesting to them. In fact
they were highly pleased with the edn
catioLal advantages offered by Wausau’s
The convention did a gracious thing
on Wednesday. In 18SJ7, 1.1, C. V
Bardeen was president of the local
club and at that time Mrs. Werden
Dean of Antigo, was tlie district vice
president. Mr. Bardeen had secured
his appointment as associate justice of
the supreme court aud the ladies, at
their meeting in Wausau that year, ex
tended to Mrs. Bardeen congratulations
on her husband’s appointment. At
this last meeting Mrs. Dean arose and
moved that the secretary be instructed
to frame and convey to Mrs. Bardeen
resolutions of sympathy for her in her
late affliction in the death of her hus
irrigation, and then set your wits at
work to devise a system of irrigation
fo; the state you may be able to realize
how little of the state there would be
that you could grow* anything on. But
if you were to put the Sierra Nevadas
on one side of Wisconsin, the Sierra
Madres across the center, and the coast
ranges along in the other side, and then
llank all these with the lower ranges,
and the foot hills, and then dot the
spaces between with occasional other
mountains and foot hills, and then take
away front Wisconsin nine tenths of all
its rivirs and streams, and then put
your wits at work to devise a plan of
irrigation for the state, you would have
the California problem. And after
studying it awhile you would give it
up, as a general scheme and content
yourself w’kli letting the occupants of
each little valley where irrigation is
possible work the problem out locally
in their own way. The result of this
condition is that wherever rural papu
lation exists in this state, it is much
denser than it is anywhere else in the
country. Five acre farms are not
uucommon. Ten acres is an average
size. A twenty acre farm is too large
to be a common thing. lam speaking
n?w of fruit farms. There is, however,
a good deal of land on the northern
slopes of the Sierra Madres—in the
Fresno district, where I am told fruit
is not so profitable, but alfalfa thrives
with irrigation, and farms of forty acres
may be found devoted entirely to dairy
When one of us “Easterners” thinks
of California as having 155.000 square
miles of territory, and that its present
population is only 1,500,000. we are apt
t* over-estimate the possibilities of
future growth here. But if we realize
the real truth, —that California in fact
has only 30,000 square miles of territory
that can ever possibly be made useful
for agriculture, we will understand the
state better. I believe the estimate I
have made of 80.000 square miles is too
high But taken into account the fact
that north of the latitude of Sacremeuto,
along the head waters of the Sacremen
to, Napa and Russian rivers, the rain
fall per annum is sufficient to permit
farming, of a sort, without irrigation,
perhaps the 30,000 estimate is not far
out of the way. The other 130,000
square miles, which is and always must
remain desert, is not therefore value
less, however. It contains large weailh 1
in minerals. And on the higiier moun j
tain slopes, where the snow capped j
mountains furnish irrigation, to such j
patches of soil as happen to stick on
the rocks underneath, there is good j
timber. Time will exhaust the mines i
and the timber, but at present, and for |
a lodjt time to come, these portions of ;
the state will have some value—not]
anywhere near what the same area of
agricultural land owned but still, in the |
aggregate, the one crop now to be found j
tuereon is an important item.
A D an who comes here to live, if he
c-Kiie*. from Wisconsin, and if be have |
any love for nature, must thrust his
ideals into the background, and be con
tent to accept a very ugly land-o ape,
[except iu a few small areas, of which
'this head laud, upon which Pacific
Grove and Monterey are situated, .is ;
one. The ize of this one you can judge
from the fact that a “seventeen m>> j
drive” takes you entirely around the :
outer edges of it. “The seventeen mile
drive” is one of the bribes it offers t*>i
tourists. It is a wonderfully beautiful \
I natural park, filled with good sized j
timber, and abounding with nNMMfis;
scenery. And you couldn’t make a j
good living, or* any kind of a living,
hardly for one small family upon the
entire tract enclosed by that “seven
, teea mile drive” if the* land were ail j
cleared, and every stump removed, and |
readv for farming Why* Because it
cannot be irrigated. But there is rain
fall enough (fifteen inches per yean to
keep the trees thrifty. And the tre-s
are not valuable for lumber. So here
wc may expect to always find this won
derful natural park. And therefore
this will always be an ideal resort,— in
the winter a splendid place to hide
No. 21 -TERMS, $1.60 per Annum.
Henry B. Huntington,
Law, Real Estate and Fire Insurance,
Third St., Opp, Court House, Wausau, Wis.
Over 11,000 Acres
rf Fine Farming and Hardwood Lands for Sale in Marathon, Lincoln
and Taylor Wis,
The lands described below are among the choicest and are located in
Marathon County.
Fine Residence Property, Business Property Building Lots,
and Acre Property for sale in the city.
FOR BAI.V—, if n* 1 , and el* of s! 4, section 8, to ST 28, range 3. and nj* of section
S, town 28, rar.ee 8. an ! w' a f sw 1 /*. section 1, t. wn 29 range 7. and nc 1 , of c’ 4 and of as',',
-c ti in SC town '.9. range 10 end n- i 4 , *pi*i ion it. town 30, range 7. and e’.,. of a- I section J 6 town
30. range 7 aud *dj of neli section 36, Town 30, range 7. and tdj of nw 14. l 4 . section 38, town 3(1, range
7. and a.} 4 of a ’B“ciiou 4. town SO, range 8, end n’ •< of stt | 4 and ~f sc’ 4 , section 10. town 30.
raug< 8 nod “fit • f ew' 4 and swb of sej 4 , section 12. town •. range 8, aud ne 1 * of nw)- 4 , section
13. town I. rang 8, anil n l j of nt ) 4 section 15, town 80, range 8 and slj of nw* 4 section 23, town
SO. redge 8 andn'jo* nw' 4 . section 24 town SO range 8. and e)s of n<' 4 , section 16, town 30, range
9, at and 6t 1 4 eel’ll. :. 18 town 30. range 9 aid w•. of si l 4 . (nation 19, town SO. raDge 9, and eS of
ew 1 , section 20. town SO range 9. and e?.; iC tie 1 , end at- I section 21, town 80. range 9, and nel4 of
ur 1 , Htid.w, 1 3 o*'t.w l ., end e’.j of nr l ,. sec‘i. u 22, town 30, range 9. and ee'/ 4 . section 27. tower ßo,
-ange 9 rind uw 1 , of ne.' jat if nw'/ 4 section 28, ’own 30, range 9, and el* of ne v * and se} 4 , section
33. town 30, rang.* 9. and IW 1 ,. section 10, town 80, range 10.
, If. ...^ -* - -IT.. . vrr.- rr. wn ~ - .A.
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H _____ '
For prices and terms or any information relating to the above described
lots or lands, apply at my office, II onryß. Huntington.
You find all the leading PHYSICIANS’ PRE
SCRIPTIONS on file in our store?
FIRST —Because the DOCTORS know it is perfectly life to have them tilled here.
SECOND —They appreciate the fact. We use only SquiUb's, Merck’s and Parke Davis A
(I’cuiTY) Co's Driu;*, chemicals and Pharmaceutical* which arc recognized the world
evi l for their purity, sin ;i I > and uni! or n:ii|.
THIRD —That the prescription 1* always itiled exactly ts written, and never substituted.
FOURTH ’ T “ ll: ■ p"- •ij’'■ is is > . ftinpicte and accurate; never Ailed
i,, ; ha ■, hy appn i.!.. < - out ‘ nly tli iroiiLil.iy cxperielced Registered Pharmacists.
FIFTH The *eah of chamin:; Fair and Reasonable. We make a margin on everything
( price) we sell, a small uniform per cent. f
Pardee Drug Store,
from the frosts and snows, and in the
summer a favorite outing spot for Cali
fornians, who come here in swarms
during that season. Pacific Grove is
not upon Monterey bay, though most
maps of the state locate it there. It is
hi a small bay of its own, south of
Monterey bay, and separated from the
l itter by a narrow peninsula about a
mile and a half long, jutting out in a
northwesterly direction. There is a
small beach here, —not over six or eight
rods in length, where surf bathing is
practicable, and the undertow so sli ,r bt
that it is not at all dangerous. Over at
the Del Monte hotel, about three miles!
east, on Monterey bay, there is a fine
beach, but one must take care not 1©
let go of the rope for the undertow Is
very strong there, and the shallow
water does not reach very far from
shore. The Del Monte hotel, and esp#e- j
tally its park, are worth going far to I
see. The park eoutains, 1 think, 1381
acres. It is much the most beautiful j
park I have ever seen Central Park,!
New York, is nothing beside it. and “s
beauty was evolved chiefly from nature ■
—a little polishing here and there, some j
paths and roads graded, some ivies 1
planted to climb the trees, some garden
spots here anti there, some lakes sup
plied front the bay water, —nature
trimmed a little, decked a little, nor-1
lured a good deal. Were it nut ai! to
woodrously beautiful, one would ts-;
almost deceived, by the little garden- j
ing. into thinking it ail a garden,—yet
it is chiefly the natural forest, and
shrubbery. Art alone could never have]
approached it. One can appreciate this
wonderful Del Monte park after hat ing
seen the boasted Westlake park of !>>s
Angeles, the St. James place and Ches
ter pla. e, private parks in that city
which are shown to visitor*, and the
efforts which gardener* have devised to
bring beauty into the desert at Passa
| dena For in Los Angeles and Paesa
i dena there was to begin w ith the burs,
barren desert. I would riot say but
[that if the work had been in the bands
of true artists, something much more
attractive could or would have but-n
jprod'iced But the idea of the par<-
(makers in Los Angeles and Passadeca
j seems to havi gone no farther in the
j direction of true art than the ingenious
i invention of geometrical lines srd
‘ curves, and seeing that earth tree, shrub.
: plant, curve or Tine was accompanied
jby another just like it. The cypress
■ lends itself very readily to that
superannuated idea of lundsexpe
; gardening, and so it is used in those
d*crt of California that have bet*
made to blossom and used most lavish
; ly. You can trim a cypress into any
“hap*- you wish, and * > tb*-sc landscape
gardeners, who never saw a landseapo,
and never could see one, or see any
more than oct- tree at a time, bare
made the arks, and private grounds of
Lo.x Ang iSvs and Passadena look inex
pressibly hideous. Still, one may over
come his desire to look a bout him and
get much pleasure from the flower
beds, and the wealth of all mitts of
beautiful l owers. The palms are also
a great fai orito w ith those garden ar
tists of the golden state, for the palm
will make just about such a size and
shape trecjwithout trimming, ant! also
it can be trimmed into lialPa dozen or
more different shapes, so that you can
always have one on either side of your
little front yard, both exactly alike, or
two rows, on the sides of a street, all
exactly alike, anti so satisfy those
Idhfl Of beauty is to make one
thing look* like another. And vet the
cypress, w.hich iu California has been
made a m* ms of producing ugliness,
can be trimmed so as to deceive the tin
practiced eye into wonder that unaided
nature should produce such odd and
pretty shapes, so totally unlike all her
other shrubs, i saw this done at Vic
toria park on the Canada side of Ni
agara Falls. But that is more than
mere geometry, it is art.
I must riot make this letter any long
er. But I have left very many things
untold th it I have observed In Cali
fot I had not heard of before 1
■ ■ 1 In cf and that are very interest
ing. at lea-t to me. In a future letter I
may say something of them, or some of
them. > Yours truiv,
T. C. Ryan.
For saiJi — Six houses well located on
E i-t side . Prices range from 1 1,900, to
$1,600. hi #y terms b. Crosby. 307—3
Si. 2W.
States /
1 of America* r
The rrr itext nation in the world is j
the :f.test consumer of coffee. !
\ Lion Gsffss!
1 is the ityini .rd beve-ire cf every j
1 state and territory of the Union, j
| It’s p-y t —that’s why. }
I A ’war* !'• 1 IS. *>-! I* I ’. •*'’“* tvIMW |

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