Newspaper Page Text
PROMISED RELEASE FROM ENGLISH PRISON
AFTER MANY YEARS FIGHT TO THAT END. MRS. FLORENCE E. MAYBRICK. The British Home Secretary has at last promised to release Mrs. May brick, the American woman who was convicted fourteen years ago on tin* charge of murdering her English husband. She is to be released next year. The organized movement to secure a pardon for Mrs. Maybrick was begun as soon as she was convicted and the case became famous owing to the almost general belief that Mrs. Maybrick was innocent, and the efforts of thousands of men and women on both sides of the Atlantic in her behalf, persons of worldwide prominence, and even those concerned in her prosecu tion petitioning Queetl Victoria and her successor King Edward, for the pardon. LANDLORDS OF THE WEST ARE NOW LEAVING FARMS TO TENANTS. NEBRASKA’S theoretical economists are alarmed over a now and rather unique phase which they call “the menace of landlordism in the West. - ’ It's all because the Western farmer has insisted on raising such bumper crops for the last five or six years, and tne r r *t of the world has forced him to accept large prices for what he lias produced. It lias now become an aphorism that the farmer who owns Nebraska or Kansas land is a rich man and co ild get richer, but Is at present rich enough to retire from following the plough. Each spring and fall there Is a big begira from the farms to the towns and cities of men who have made their pile in the wheat tields and want to rest and educate their children. Most of these men expect to and do live on the rentals from tlielr farms. In the eastern section of Nebraska a good quarter section Is worth, according to its Improvements, from SO,OOO to $9,000. It is comparatively easy for its owner to get from sooo to SBOO a year rent in cash, or, if he is willing to take chances of a crop, to do even better by making it grain rent, and a third of the crop. Usually a farmer isn't satistied to retire unless he has a half section, and tliis gives him income enough In a town to give the boys and girls a run for their money, and, with his simple tastes, to live well. This, the professors say, will lead to the degeneration and demoralization of the Western farmer, and will soon place agricultural conditions on the same level as in England, Germany and Austria, with landlords living in luxury in the cities and the tenantry impoverished. Usually, however, there Is not much of the bloated bondholder about the retired farmer as he ap pears to-day, though possibly the second generation *.*om the soil may dis close a diftereut condition.—Utica Globe. DATES BACK TO THE ROMANS. JPorcheater Castle, One of the Oldest structures in Greut Britain. In the many ruins of castles, fort resses and palaces found jn various parts of the British isles, is found a variety of architecture. Most interest ing'. perhaps, from an architectural standpoint, is Porchester Castle, on a narrow neck of land jutting out Into Portsmouth Harbor, which Is a quad rangular structure showing traces of many different styles of architecture. The Britons possessed a fortress ou this spot which they called Caer Peris. Under the Homans it was called Portus Magnus and the circular am} seml- PORCUESTER CASTI.E. circular towers, as well as the outer wails, still show signs of Homan work manship. Homan coins and medals have often been dug up In the neigh borhood. The keep at the northwest angle of the castle seems from Its ap pearance to have been orgtnally Saxon and there are dear marks of Norman and Tudor Styles. Iu the time of King John the castle was a prison, but more attractive to the King, and the cause of his frequent visits there, was the wine store in the cellar. At one time, during a war with France. S.OOO prisoners were confined j then' at one time and were huddled : together in the castle. The walls of the castle are from eight to twelve feet thick and enclose nearly five acres. MEN IN PUBLIC SCHOOL. Adults Who Arc Learning to Head and Write. Visitors of the Jones public school, Harrison street, between State and Dearborn, are frequently astonished at sight of the large and eager groups of adult students at work in the second aud third hall ways. I.ong tables hate been placed in these hallways, and about them sit serious faced, deter mined youths of anywhere from sev enteen to twenty-one or twenty-two. each busy with siate, primer, or some simple school problem. Between seventy and eighty at these ambitious young students sit out in the hallways daily, and most of them are ••studying in the first reader." or work ing at similarly simple and elementary problems. Ail are determined, how ever. to "know lots more" before the advctfil of t h c warm spring weather calls them away from scholastic labors and back to the workaday world. Most of these young men are of Italian and Greek extraction, and neari.v all are busy, during the more temperate seasons, at fruit selling or some kindred business efforts. No time for the securing of the education they are so desirous of attaining cun be found from early spring until late autumn. But when Jack Ftwt sew them free from their ordinary labors, the Jones school claims Interest and time. In order to facilitate their er forts and endeavors the boys and young men are placed by themselves in the hallways of the second and third lloors, instead of in the rooms and classes where preliminary instructions arc more normally carried on. Thus the adult students are spared the mor tification and annoyance of receiving the instruction also imparted to the more youthful first grade pupils in company with these fellow workers of small size and fewer years. Few of these students meet with any home encouragement or assistance toward studying, and their school work is necessarily of a fragmentary and in termittent nature. But Miss Cora Ca veruo, the school principal, says that they make thoroughly good, earnest, and devoted students.—Chicago Trib une. Man and the Automobile. “Did you ever watch a man dodge an automobile? If not, it is an interest ing study,” remarked n "'in who ob serves tilings. The average citizen wi ’oeomplaln ingly step out of the way g .. V y car that grazes his coat tails, and gaze admiringly at the pair of thorough breds which nearly runs him down. He M ill even smile when he is bumped Into by one of those fiends who per sislt in pushing a bicycle on the side walk. Man takes glee in running across the railroad track in frout of a fast train and then turning around with a pleased smile and lingering to watch the flying engine and cars. But just let the chauffeur make his unearthly whistle croak aud watch the face of the citizen. He M ill giar.ee up and down and say tnings that Mould cause an application of the blue pencil right here mcic they inserted. He Mill glare at the driver of the automobile and make remarks derogatory to the social status of his ancestors back to the dawn of creation. Just why this condition exists is hard to tell, but the man with the disposi tion of a friendly puppy becomes a glowering demon of hate whenever he has to got out of the M-ay of an auto." He Knew Human Nature. The typical Irish carman is a per son of much sagacity. One night a returned missionary took a car. iu a dubious frame of rniud. He had been invited to dine with some friends at the house of an acquaintance whose name he had forgotten. He only knew that his host lived on llarcourt street. "What am I to do?" he asked of his driver. “Never mind, sor.” was the reply. PH find him for you.” “But you can't. You don't know his name." “I-ave ft to me. sor. Lave it to me entoirely." They drove to Hareourt street, and •he man, beginning at the top. knock el at every door aud made one In quire. Halfway down the street, he golly Tctomed Ms employer, and said. “It's all right, sot It’s here.” “How do you kuow?” “I asked, sor, ‘Does the Rlverend Misther Blank live here?* And the maid said. *N*o. but he's dining here.’ ” When kin apparently get along well, they get less credit for peace than for ability to keep their tkeleton hiddea from the public. A father has each to be thankful | for if his daughter doesn't look a polo yetic when be enters the room. THE MAN WHO IS FORGOTTEN. INDIVIDUALS WHOSE CHARITIES ARE NEVER EXPLOITED. The Millions of Cheerful Givers of Humble Means the Real Bone and Sinew of Countless Admirably Sus tained Beneficiaries. We refer to that individual whose small contribution for charitable pur poses was never exploited in the news papers. Mr. John A. Hobson, Oxford man, lecturer on economics for the Oxford University Extension Delegacy, and the author of many books, recent ly addressed the Society for Ethical Culture in Philadelphia. In the course of that address Mr. Hobson deplored the fact that the money distributed by millionaires of colossal aggrega tions was obtained too often by cor rupt bargaias with office-holders, con trol of law tourts and legislators, and ruthless crushing of independent deal ers. He affirmed that St. Paul’s Church, in London, gets its gold communion plate from a “plunger,” and Mr.’Hob son then proceeds like Dr. Bascom to warn his hearers against the accept ance of gifts from such tainted sources. No one can deny that there is some measure of truth in such allegations. Microscopic examination of great gifts Is not always conducive to ethical in ferences. The garment of Altruism, like Joseph’s coat, is woven of many colors and some of the strands bear the sweatshop imprint. But we are not just now concerned with this as pect of the case, which is always sus ceptible of overstatement. We are more concerned with a common and fundamental neglect of our time which places the emphasis upon re sounding philanthropic benefactions, while the consideration is overlooked that the millions of cheerful givers of humble means are the real bone and sinew of countless admirably sustain ed charities. If the offerings of multi millioaires were duplicated fifty-fold this would not alter the fact that the rivulets of twenty-seven millions of Church members and many millions more outside the Churches incredibly surpass in volume the notable contri butions of the Lords of Industry and the Wizards of Finance. The Forgot ten Man is he who pinches to help somebody else, and whose steady and consistent, though relatively infinitesi mal, contribution is the main reliance of boards of managers. Consult any list of contributors to one of the myriad benevolent institu tions. Page after page will read five dollars here, two dollars there, one dol lar beyond, and so into thousands, not a few being from country ham lets to help, say, a city seaside mission. A certain church raises fifteen hun dred dollars a year in penny contri butions. Probably thousands of churches equally rely on the wage, earner’s mite. We know of the ample dinners on Christmas Day for the “worthy poor,” tables set by the boun ty of millionaires. But what about the Salvation Army’s pots and kettle, on every street corner? Just before Christmas Day we have noted that the great majority of the people who put their nickels and pennies iutc these same pots and kettles, to the accom paniment of sounding cymbals and un inviting “poke-bonnet,” looked as if they themselves had long been strang ers to roast turkey! And yet the Sal vation Army receipts reached a for midable total. Suppose one undertakes a collection in a factory for any worthy cause. Let a popular shopmate “pass the l, at” and it is astonishing how the c tes and quarters clink. Where a church is to be built the rich millowner will give their share generously. But the shop girls who bring hoarded gold half eag.es earn scant wages, and the op eratives who have a few hundreds in savings banks not infrequently con tribute double eagles. We believe the Chinese have a gift box dedicated to the “Bright Sun God of Self-Re straint.” That “Sun God’L shines more luminously in rminDle homes then most people realize. The pathet ic attribute known as the “human touch” constitutes a vast m * work of clasped hands from the Atlanlie to the Pacific and through its meshes slip incredible sums from the hard pressed and at times “ragged edge’’ constitu ency with which to guild the vast dome of our national “Otherdom,” as someone has railed the altruistic im pulse. We would not underrate the signifi cance of gifts like the Slater or the Peabody Fund. We are not indifferent to the vast munificence of multi-mil lionaires. W_* refuse to be drawn into controversy respecting the methods of certain act uisitions. But with all the gratitude showered upon the undenia bly generous Money King, a gratitude which is in danger of becoming a characteristic American extravagance, the Forgotten Man is entitled to, al though he does not claim it, a tardy recognition. Dry up the channels of multitudinous offerings from those of very moderate means and your multi millionaire would stand aghast at the charitable responsibility thrust upon him. The Forgotten Man is a stranger to automobiles and broiled live lob sters at Delmonico’s: he never “tool ed” across the continent four-in-hand; he will have no mausoleum or tablet erected to his memory. But the great and ceaseless tides of charitable uplift and blessing which touch every shore of human need are perpetually en riched by his self-denial. Splendid is the example of him who founds a col lege or endows a library. Heroic is he who. unknown and unheralded, draws from his slender purse the gift for his fellow man which depletes still further his own scanty income. And the name of the Forgotten Man is legion! —The Independent. One Way of Killing a Turtle. Killing a turtle ** ith an arrow seems a very difficult feat, since a very hard shell cover practically all of the ani mal. yet the natives of the Andaman Islands kill huge turtles with arrows as easily as American sportsmen kill rabbits with shot, says the Portland Oregonian. Accustomed from childhood to use bows and arrows, they soon become wonderfully skilled in the use of these primitive weapons, and. as they know th® places where turtles congregate, it is easy for them at any time to bring home a good bag of game. Some times they try their skill on large fish, and, though the Utter are harder to kill than turtles, there are a few isl anders who rarely miss their mark. The bows and arrows are made of native wood and are longer and strong er than those used by European arch ers. Insanity is very uncommon among vegetarians. DISAPPEARING biKOS. Magic Trick of the Little California Partridges. Young birds have to be taught a great many things, but there are some feats which they know without instruc tion. In a large epen air cage in the New York Zoological Park is a convey of six California partridges, about ene third grown, and their little bantam stepmother. She dozes at one end of the range or walks slowly about, peck ing among the blades of grass. The small sextet keep close together, and if we watch them tor several minutes, we will see some of the things which must have come to them as their feathers and litfle bills came—from the egg. Unlike the hen. they are sus picious of your every movement, but in a short time they forget that you are not a lifeless tiee trunk or other harmless object near their cage. They select a sunny spot, always on the dead leaves, never on the green grast., and here, after much cuddling sad pushing, but never a peep, they squat, usually in an irregular circle with heads outward. Unless there aie dead leaves or some similarly colored sur face in their cage, they never settle down contentedly lor a sun bath. We watch them nestle close to the ground and close their eyes; then some movement on the part of the hen may attract our attention for a moment, and, on looking back again, we are amazed to find the little birds have disappeared. It is a fact that if we lose sight of them’even for a short time, the eye at first refuses to distinguish them from the dried leaves. Their little backs are dull, dark brown in color, broken by irregular fine white lines, very much like the mold lines on fallen leaves, while the lighter sides of the head, instead of being at all conspicuous, are exactly like the lighter shades of some old leaves, the imitation being more per fect from the fact of the coloring be ing thus broken up. Even the little brush upraised feathers in their heads —hints of the beautiful recuived hel mets of the old birds —appear like small, frayed out pieces of gcass or leaf. If we look towards them with half closed eyes not a trace of the birds is visiblev All appear sound asleep, and the little heads sag drowsily to one sidb, but at the slightest noise each black bead of an eye is wide open, and six scurrying pairs of legs, or rounded, whirring wings, carry their owners to the further side of the cage as if an unfelt wind had suddenly caught up some of the dead leaves be fore us and tossed them along the ground. It is all a beautiful bit ol rcagio, which never becomes less won derful, no matter how many limes wt witness it. —New York Tribune. Hypothetical Questions. Somebody has defined a hypothetical question, a favorite legal device for confusing witnesses, as “two hundred words of technical dictionary tied up in a bow-knot.” Others besides law yers can tie such knots, however. Sometimes a harassing cross-examiner finds himself entangled. A correspond ent of the New York World says that on a train from an interior county seat, crowded with lawyers, witnesses, jur ors and litigants, a sedate looking man approached a young attorney from Syracuse. “I am one of the talesmen >ou pitched into pretty hard yesterday,”* the man said, as an introduction, “and I have been a little curious about you ever since.” The passengers were all interes 'd, £.-d the sedate man continued: “You seem to be a person of supe rior intelligence, and there are one or two little matters I want to ask you about. Now, if I were to say to you that the three faces which include a triedal angle of a prism are equal in ail their parts to the three faces which include a triedal angle of a second prism, each to each, and arc similarly placed in all their parts, what would you undertsand by it?” “W T hv. really, sir—um —er ” “Don’t mean to tell me you’re stumped by a little one like that? Well, never mind, here’s something easier. If I were to suggest to you that a certain object is a polyhedron in which two of the fac -s are polygons, equal in all their part.. and having their ho mologous sides parallel, what would be the impression conveyed to your mind?” “Well, the subject—er—is—er—one I’ve never looked into deeply!” gasped the young lawyer. “Mean to own up that you wouldn’t know it was just a plain everyday prism? I’ve got a boy who isn’t through high school yet, and he could have answered those questions with out stopping to think. I feel better now.” Open the Windows. The English, says the London Hos pital, are always boasting that they are a cleanly people, and undoubtedly an upper-class Englishman does spend an inordinate amount of time In cleansing himself. As Punch has it. “ ‘e's orful proud of 'ls flesh ’e Is." But the average Englishman with his woolen shirts, which are only washed in tepid water, his cloth clothes, which are never washed at all; his carpets, which retain the dust of years, his stuffy woolen covered furniture which lasts for generations, and his beds, which are hardly ever unpicked or stored, is by no means the cleanly animal he thinks himself. Still, even these things would not *>e so bad if John Bull would but insure a free current of air through his living rooms. But that Is just what Mrs. John Bull will by no means allow. Fresh air is “smutty'’ and night air is unhealthy, so the windows must be shut. Yet all through the winter there are almost dying people, lying out on the verandas of hospitals and sanatoriums along the Thames and near the Hampstead marshes. Nev ertheless. the unhealthy, fog-laden, miasmatic air actually cures many of them The truly unhealthy air is the “stuffy’’ air. Laying Up Treasures. The Third Bank of Japan received a deposit of 3,000 yen, which will re main for 250 yems. from G. Abe, dealer in coal and coke at Tokio. The bank has contracted to pay the sum of 1.208.411.179 yen at the end of 250 years. The father of the depositor was a Jinriksba man, and he himse’.f was an ice boy some twenty yews ago. Lately the father lost a ship in a storm. The si ip had beep insured for 3,000 yen. "he money received from ihe insurant e company was de posited in behalf of his posterity.— Japan and America. Turkey’s Grand Visier. Said Pasha, says in effect that Turkey is trying to be good. She evidently finds it hard work. PfiIDGE OF LOGS IN REMOTE HIMALAYAN PASS, SUGGESTING THE ORIGINAL CANTILEVER. The al>ove picture, which is reproduced from the Railroad Gazette, shows what was probably the tirst cantilever bridge. The photograph was taken in one of the remote passes of the Himalaya Mountains near Darjeel ing, on the border land of Thibet. The bridge is built of logs and the mechanical principles used in its construction are seen to be quite correct. This design for bridges, it is understood, has been used in India from re mote times, illustrating the truth of the proverb that nothing under the sun is new. UNCLE SAM AND BANK CASHIERS MAKE COUNTERFEITING DIFTSCULT. CASHIERS and tellers In New York financial institutions, where, thou sands upon thousands of dollars are received and paid out daily, say that it is less difficult to detect counterfeit notes and spurious coins than formerly. This is due in part to the fact that in the clerks through whose hands these vast amounts of money pass the sense of touch and the sense of sight are becoming more acutely developed, more sensitive to the little differences in the appearance and feeling of money which would be undistinguished by the ordinary person, almost undistinguishable even If they were pointed out, but which enable those who are experienced to tell the good from the bad. Another assignable reason is the exceeding care which the government has been taking of late to render legally issued money inimitable. Referring to the latter. It is stated that Uncle Sam, after many years of rougli and expensive experience, is taking great care to get paper manu factured expressly for the notes Issued by the government. This particular -and peculiar kind of paper is also used in the national banknotes, which are also issued by the government. It is thus possible to control the sources of supply of this kind of paper. As soon as a counterfeit note makes it appearance a description of It Is published and widely circulated. It is made a part of the business of those who handle notes to be constantly on tne lookout for fraudulent ones, which are soon dlstinguishr.bie by some easily discovered mark —that is, easily dis covered by those who are experienced. The telltale marks are invariably present on counterfeit notes, and the teller, having been apprised of the denomination of the counterfeit iotes and the nature of the marks of iden tification, knows just where to look for them. Spurious notes are almost uniformly of inferior quality. This is the principal protection of the public. The very best material is used by the government in the manufacture of genuine notes; the expense is disregarded. The best of workmen do the engraving and printing in the best-equipped establishment money can provide. Counterfeiters must work in secret and at a decided disadvantage. Their appliances for manufacture are usually limited and of crude and oftentimes imperfect pattern. In the making there is almost certain to be some palpable defect which the government agents, through banking institutions, soon learn. If any number of the counterfeit bills have been printed—and it would be profitless to issue them in small number, considering not only the cost but also the element of risk and lia bility which docs not increase proportionately—they soon will be •‘spotted” and withdrawn. The best experts, those who handle the largest sums and who often are held personally responsible for oversights and acceptance by the firm through them of spurious notes, seldom fail to detect the counterfeit. Exactly what it is that exposes the false it is difficult to tell. Sometimes the telltale marks are discovered by the eye. sometimes by the “feel”—by force of habit, by instinct. The experienced teller detects one counterfeit bill in his roll of sev eral thousand as surely and oftentimes as quickly as a reader detects a mis spelled word. The public generally, says the New York Times, thinks little of the possibility of receiving a counterfeit bill. It is probable that many spurious notes pass from hand to hand, bringing in eacli instance their face value. But the teller In the large bank, into which the bills drift eventually, detects them and withdraws them from circulation. STEAMER SULTANA WAS A DEATH TRAP FOR UNION SOLDIERS. More United States soldiers lost their lives In the burning of the Sultana than were lost dump the entire Span ish-American war. The !ll*fat°d Mis sissippi river packet, toward the cioee of the Civil War, was making regular 6TKAUER SULTANA. trips between St. Louis and New Or leans. She left the latter port on April 21, 1865, and at Vicksburg took on beard 2.000 union soldiers that had just been released from the rebel pri sons at Caliawba. Andersonville and Macon. Other passengers and the crew made a total of 2,200 people on board. At three o’clock in the morning of April 27, when most of these soldiers *nd passengers were sleeping, and when about seven miles above Mem phis, Tenn., one of her boilers exploded, setting the steamer on fire, and in twenty minutes 1,700 lives were lost. At the time very little was published of this disaster owing to inadequate news gathering and telegraph facilities, and the excitement of events in und about Washington. The picture here reproduced is in possession of Sergt. Edwin F. Force, of the Duluth police department, and was presented to him by a former com rade In the Eighteenth Michigan volun ter infantry, who photographed the Sultana at Helena Ark., only a few hours before the disaster.- LARGEST BELL IN THE WORLD. to The tzar, or king of bells, ss the Russians call it. is in tbe Kremlin. at Moscow, and, in spite of one or two other claimants for the title, it is un doubtedly the largest bell In tbe world. It was cast In tbe year 1733 by order of tbe Empress Anne. There is no rec ord of Its ever having been bung. It was found embedded In the earth where it had fallen and was excavated and set In position by order of the Emperor Nicholas in 1830. It is nineteen feet throe and one-half inches high and weighs 432.000 pounds. It is said there were more than 2,000 tons of bronze melted for its casting. The king stands in the middle of a square on a base of granite and looks like a great bronze tent. A fragment broken nil from it ii'-s near the tower of Ivan \ oliki. It Is used as a chapel, the fissure being so great that a man may walk through without lowering his lie a 1. It is a beautiful piece of work, and its tone is said to have been par ticularly sweet. The sides sweep out in a broad and mighty curve and are encircled with a top and lower border of artistic merit A HIGH-PRICED DINNER. Owner of a Don that Did Not Eat It Must Pay for Hcpast, The Paris newspapers have lately i printed the account of a strange law j suit which tbe Green Bag reports for ; Its American readers. The complain ant in the ease testified that he was dining on the terrace in front of a restaurant, enjoying tbe air as well as the food. He bad just begun to eat his soup, which he found too hot for his palate. While waiting for the soup to cool, he took from his pocket a roll of bills which be had received in pay ment of a bill. In counting the money he accident ally dropped a hundred-franc bank note into his soup. He took it out of his plate with a fork, and sent the soup away. The bank note was satur ated with the greesy liquid, and he laid it down on the table cloth to dry. He was partaking of the second course, when a sudden gust of wind blew tbe note off tbe table. He ran after it, but a dog, which, although it wore a collar, aud therefore In all prob ability had a borne, yet showed every sign of hunger, seized it. The taste of the soup on the paper made it palatable, and the dog swallowed the note in an instant. The complainant used all his per suasive power in an effort to get the dog m come near him. “Good doggy! Come lief?!” he coaxed. The animal, pleased with the taste of tbe soup, was finally toled near enough for the complainant to read the name engraved on the collar. When he had made a note of the name and address of the owner of the dog, he dismissed him with a Scotch blessing. Then be sought his lawyer, and brought suit ajr.mst the owner of tbe dog for the restitution of the hundred francs. The court decided tb> i the owner of the dog must pay, holding that since the dog was property, the owner must be held responsible for any act com mitted by tbe animaL Sio Extra Charge Made. "Wow;” relied the victim. “See here, barber! Tev're cut off part of my ear.” "So I have.” replied the barber cool ly, "but calm yourself. We make no extra charge for correcting facial blem ishes. I’ll trim the other ear down to a decent size too.”—Philadelphia Press. A man is a woman’s natural pro tector: By marrying her. be protects her from the title of “old maid.” A REVOLUTIONARY RELIC;. i —:—*. Eimnna Block Üba.se of Old Fort Pitt 'ihre.itened with Destrnetion. Unless the patriotic societies which are at present striving for its preserva tion win what seems at pr se <. an almost hopeless tight*, the famous block house of old Fort Pitt will soon be torn from the spot it has occupied for almost a century and a half, aud Pitts burg will lose its one reiki of prerevolu tionary days—the only notable historic bidding of any period, indeed, remain ing in the city. The block house was built as an cut post of old Fort Pitt, from which Pitts burg received its name, and which cov ered the ground previously occupied by Fort Duquesne. It Is precious for ita associations not only to the city and Slate iu which it rests, but to the whole nation. It stands on the point of laud wh re the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers flow together to form the Ohio. J 'Hiss point, famous in history as “the Forks of the Ohio,” was the spot for the possession of which the first blood was spilled in the French and luthan wars, and remained a strategic point of the greatest importance all through the long struggle of the Latin and Anglican races for the mastery of North America. The laud surrounding the block house property has now been bought by the Pennsylvania Railroad, which proposes to lay tracks and make extensive improvements all througu that section. If its plans arc tarried out the block house will fall a victim to the march of progress. The Pittsburg Chapter of the Daugh ters of the American Revolution, which owns the block house and the nine acres of ground in which it stands, aid ed by the American Historic and Scenic Preservation Society of New York city, is now preparing for the final battle which shall decide whether or not Pitts burg may keep for Itself this monu ment of so many momentous events In the history of our country. In their OI.D FORT I’PT BLOCK HOUSE. struggle the daughters have the sym pathy and support of that city's most intelligent and influential citizens. The importance of “the Forks of the Ohio” as a military basis was recog nized first by Washington, when, a young man of 21. he was sent by Gov. Dinwiddle, of Virginia, to the com mander of the French forces who had invaded the region of the Ohio river “to know his reasons tor Invading the Brit ish dominions while a solid peace sub sisted.” It took Washington nine days to reach the “lonely spot where the rapid Allegheny met, nearly at right angles, tne deep, silent Monongahela.” “I spent some time,” writes Wash ington. “in viewing both rivers. The land In the fork has the absolute com mand of both. The flat, well-timbered land all around the point lies very con venient for building.” So in Imagination Washington built a fort and a city where the block house and Pittsburg now stand. When the French hud declared their intention of taking possession of the Ohio, the first thing Washington called to the atten tion of Gov. Dinwiddle was the neces sity of building a fort at the “Forks,” securing this important position. Din widdle at once dispatched an officer with a small party of men to start the desired fortification, and gave Wash ington his commission as lieutenant colonel and a body of 100 men In order that he might take command at the “Fork,” finish the fort already begun there and hold the territory against the enemy. Before Washington could carry out these plans, however, the French, led by Contrecoeur, came down from Ve nango and captured it from the little band of English then In possession. Contrecoeur completed the fortification of the post, and for the governor of New France named It Duqm s:iv. Throughout the remainder of tie 1 war th<> efforts of the English w • • <i• rl and. above all. to the capture of Fort Du quesne. It was in marching against It that Braddock met with his defeat and death, and it was his heroic behavior during the terrible retreat from the Point that first brought Washington prominently before the notice of the colonies and won him his first laurels as a commander. Three years 1-ter Washington again led English troops against the French at Fort Duquesne, this time successfully. The French set fire to the fortifications and escaped down the river by the light of the flames. The immortal William Pitt ordered the rebuilding of the fort Im mediately, and from him It received its name. The recapture of Fort Du quesne had given the English undis puted possession of the Ohio and brought the French and Indian wars to a close. He Knew What to I>o. In the old canal days, a flue setter : was taken by his master on a packet boat which was so crowded tbit the dog was put In the captain’s cabin to lx* out of the way. His owner reached his destination after night fall, and bad taken so much w ne by that time that be was carried off the noat. and no one remembered bis set ter Next morning the captain took the dog on deck, but was much afraid he would jump off to the tow path and try to return that way. and so handsome an animal would have been in danger of being stolen. Car lo. however, lay perfectly quiet, but with an air of listening that ittract ed notice. Towards noon he heard the sound of the horn of a packet com ing from the opposite way, and, as the boats passed each other be made a leap, and was next heard from as having got off at the place where hi* master had stopped, and as having gone at once to the house where the man was a guest. Human fntelcgence could not have surpassed that Shown by ibis animal. ' '' r " 1 Place for • Learned .Vlar. Managing Editor—What Is your specialty? Applicant (haughtily)--I hav - just graduated from college. “Well, you might accept tbt posi tion of editor-in-chief until acme of your knowledge wears off.”—Life. Varying the Usual r ormsUa. Algy—So you asked old Joists for his daughter's hand? What did be say? Ferdy—He said: “Take her and let me be b*ppj-”-Puck. Ping-pong shows that there are, after all, healthful uso< for even a fashion able ninlug-room table. —Punch. Rehearsing; “lie combs liis hair dif ferently every time.” “Yes. he hasn't learned his part.”—Yale Record. “So? you think you need a wife?” “Yes, 1 “Well, nothing but marriage | will dispel that Illusion!”—Puck. Till* bar to riches: More men would I be rich if money were as hard to spend as it‘.is to earn.—Chicago Nows. Wife—“l found out something to-day tnat | promised never Vo toll.” Hus band—“ Well, go ahead; I'm listening.” | —Chicago Daily News. ! He —"And now 1 suppose I’ll have to ask your father’s consent?" She—“ Not ■at aly dust ask mamma. She’ll take | care ?.>f papa.”—Judge. T:t|e example: '’ustomor (at a res taurant)—"Can i sec the proprietor?” Waiter—“Very sorry, sir, lie's just step;led out to lunch.”—Judge. “Uncle William, are you troubled about the hereafter?” “No, sub; it's ! de wharfo’ er od herein’ what keep* mo }|iossin!’’- Atlanta Constitution. “I 'think it Is silly to pick up a pin.” “Oh,? I don't know! 1 know a follow that (Snakes sr> aw, ok pu king up pins.” “Get*out!" “Yes; ho works in a bowl ing illey.” Arthur—“l would marry that girl but for .me thing." Chester—“ Afraid to pop ; the question?" Arthur—“ No. Afr;Vd to question the pop.” -Town and Country. “Fyjw did your daughter do at the graduation exercises?” “Splendid!” ded|red Mrs. Torque; “why, she was the 9 host dressed girl there!’’- Balti more Herald. Blfbson ' I understand that South American general has resolved to sell his (life dearly.” Glihson "Yes; ho wains ten dollars for the library edi tion"—Judge. Ping—“Some women novelists have great power of diction.” Pong—“ln the!" home life I’ll bet they show still greater power of contradiction!”—Bal timore Herald. Fust Darkey—“Dat's de mos’ con venlmest arranged farm I eber seen.” Second Darkey—“Dat’s so. Do chicken house am located In the watahmilyun patch.”—Judge. Blonde Bridesmaid —"The ushers havWn’t seated your Aunt Maria with the yamlly.” Other Bridesmaid (sister to the bride) —“No, she sent only a pickle fork.”—Life. Tgc Manager—“ Bully! We’ll have rear horses, a real brook, real liens and gee.e, and real hay.” The Author— “And would you mind having leal actors, too?”—Life. "Yes, Bobby; any man In this country can be President.” Bobby —“Gosh! what a lot of lobsters there an* who seem to prefer working for two dollars a day."—Judge. “iio you want my daughter?" growled tin old man. "Canyon support a fam ily?’’ “What’s tle matter?" demanded tin suitor, suspiciously; “are you out of tvork?”— Seattle Sunday Times. Ifebruary IT: Mistress "So you want me, to read this love-letter to you?” Maid —“If ye plaze, mam. And I've brefught ye some cotton-wool ye can stifa In yer ears while ye read it!”— Punch. *T tell you that poet is a genius.” “A ge dus? Why his stuff is the worst I ever read.” “I know.” “But why do yrii call him a genius?" “Because ho su*cec's in selling it.” Philadelphia Record. Mrs. Witherby (at breakfast) —“Are yojji well?” Witherby -“Yet Why?” Mrs. Witherby—-“You look changed. 1 suppose 1 notice it more than those who are with you constantly.”—Har per's Bazar. The -“After all. what Is tie- differ eive between illusion and delusion?” lift—“lllusion is the lovely fancies we h.we about ourselves; delusion is tho foolish fancies other people have übout ttkinselves.’’ Life. locular Passenger (to train robber)— “When you say ‘Hi, there!’ I suppose y< u mean you’re nfter a raise?” The U >bber “Yep, an’ It also means you'd butter watch oat, as* bo darned quick about It.” Chicago Dally News. ! assidy —“Sbtop kickin’ about yer h-rd luck, man! Some moruln’ ye’ll w.ke up an’ find yersel’ famous.” C’lsey— “Faith, O’ll bet ye whin thot mornltj’ comes ’twill be me luck to oi era tape mesel’.”—Philadelphia Press. [How old is your baby?" asked one or the neighbors. “Well," said the Missouri farmer, reflecting n moment, “be was born the last time we had tL'-rn seventeen-year locusts. You kin flfger it up fur yourself."- Chicago Tribune. Silmson —“I hear you have been fighting that little boy next door, aud that he whipped you. How did that happen?” Willie—“ Well, he’s going to give a party next week, and I was £ .raid If I licked hint he wouldn’t In vite me." —Harper’s Bazar, leather (to the si •. i n-yeai rid ■id in side him In the dg<.rt, cutting the whip sharply through the &irj—“See, nmmy,how I make the hor-e go faster without striking him at all." Tommy (tit an eager tone of happy discovery! “Papa, why don’t you tpnnk us chil dren that way?”—Tit-B!ts. The Heal Condition. The teacher of grammar and rhetoric wrote a sentence on the blackboard aY)d then called upon William. “John can ride the horse if lie want* to,” read the teacher. “Rewrite the sentence in another form.” William surveyed It dubiously for a tfioment; then a flash of Inspiration showed him his path. “John can ride the horse If the hors* wants him to,” he wrote. Taking Time by ihe Forelock. The Cook—Would you mind giving me a recommendation, ma'am? The Mistress—Why, you have only Just come. The Cook—But ye may not want to j.lre me wan when 1 do be leaviug— ilife. ; Had Hope for the Future. Pleasant old gentleman—Hare vou 1 red here all your life, iny little man? ■ Arthur (aged G/ Not yet.—L .ip.n (cot’s. The saytug, “Comparisons ar odl ,*(*," must have originated with tbs i iicond husband to a woman who B ought a heap of the first one.