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“In target practice with a six-inch gun the lowa scored 30 hits and no misses. "—News Item. A SONG FOR THE WEARY. Life is but a world of batypa: You must tight them you win: With the idleness that priTTtles, Victory has never been; Then why should you be complaining If in one attempt you fail? Each endeavor gives you training, Till at last you shall prevail. Nuggets of tiuceers are lying Underneath life’s rugged road; Dig and dig. and keep on trying Till you strike the precious lode. Skies above you will be bluer* As along the way you tread. Friends around you will be truer. So be brave and go ahead. Time is fleeting, so be doing Any task there is for you; You are stronger, while accruing Gain of good and wisdom, too. Be not with the drones and shirkers, As through life they idly stroll; Victory belongs to workers. Strive and you will reach the goal. —Chicago Inter Ocean. An April Shower HT was all so absurdly trivial. In fact, she had almost forgotten what it was about. They had quarreled before, lots of times, and over more serious matters, but they had always made it up again directly afterward until now. Now she came to think of it, it was always she who had begun the quarrel and he who had begun the making up. And quite l ight, too, she said to her self. When he proposed to her he had told her that he worshiped her; that he was her siave till death; that for her sake he was ready to go through lire and water. She had only to command, and he would obey. - Very well, then; she had taken him at his word. She had commanded and he had obeyed—until now. She had never asked him to go through tire and water for her. No, she was much too reasonable for that. She had never demanded the impossible. The things she bad expected him to do were all quite simple and easy. “I wouldn't order George about quite so much if I were you, Kate,” her sister had said to her flie other day. “What do you mean?” she asked in amazement. “Well, I don’t exactly know how to explain it,” said Em. "Yon know you’re quite a pleasant, easy-going sort of per son. generally speaking, but with George you’re a perfect tyrant. I some times wonder why he puts up with you.” “You don’t understand," returned Kate, loftily. “When a man is in love with his wife it is the greatest pleasure and privilege In the world for him to do her bidding.” “Even if it makes him look like a fool?” askrd Em, whereupon Kate pre served a dlgnith'd silence. Of course, Em bad never been mar ried. never been engaged even, and consequently knew nothing about the feelings of people in love. Yet, somehow, those words of Em’s rankled. * She thought of them now. as she stole Into the garden, where George had taken refuge after dinner. She knew where she could find him. He was sitting in his favorite place, under the old apple tree at the back of the lawn, unconscious of her presence. Noiselessly she stole up behind him, and stood watching him. as he moodily puffed at his pipe. A ladybird had dropped from some overhanging bough, and was crawling slowly up his back in the direction of bis collar. Had she really made George look like a fool? And did he niiud looking a fool —for her sake? Surely the ideal, the perfect husband should shrink from nothlig. not even ridicule, incurred in his wife’s service. And yet—and yet— no man likes to be made to look like a fool. It isn’t in human nature. Thoughtfully she stared at the lady bird, as it made its slow, laborious jour ney across George’s light coat. After all. perhaps, she had expected him to do a little too much fetching and carrying, and all that sort of thing. Of course, man should wait on wom an. That was perfectly right and proper, but—there are limits to every thing. Was George beginning to reoognlz* this? Was that the reason why he had not boon as ready ns usual to patch up their last little squabble? Now she came to think of it. she re membered how the squabble had origin ated. She had commissioned him to get a certain back number of an Illustrated paper that 001110101x1 a portrait which she had admired. The offices of the pa pc’- were in Fleet street, and George hat, an office in Hol boru. so that it wou and have been the easiest thing in the world for him 10 get that paper. But no, he had simply for gotten all about it. He bad had a busy, harassing day, he said. He was awful ly sorry, ami he would be sure to re member to-morrow. Now. she had particularly wanted the pap*r that very day. but what upset her most was not so much the want of the paper, as the fact that he should have forgotten to fulfill a wish of hers. Ilia business worries bad, for the time, obliterated the remembrance of her! The thought was unendurable. She had told him so, and that is how the squabble bad begun. The ladybird had by this time reached the rim of George’s coat collar. Well, certainly he had been looking rather worried lately. Perhaps it was a little unfair to expect him to devote his entire thoughts to her and and her wishes. She began to remember a hundred petty tyrannies which she had exercised and to which he had submitted pa tiently. Harmless little tyrannies, most of them but quite unnecessary, too—tyr annies she had practiced simply be cause she loved to see him at her feet. She remembered reading somewhere once that the true secret of married happiness was the principle of “give and take.” The woman, as well as the man, must be prepared to give and take. Up to the present he had done all the giving, she all the taking. How blind, how selfish she had been! She saw it all now. Why, why should the man be always on his knees to the woman? Why should she be tlie queen, and be the slave? She had never questioned her right until now, and she could find no reasonable title to the claim. Surely the woman who loves her hus band should be as ready to serve ns to be served. There could be no question of commanding or obeying on either side. The ladybird was balancing itself In a reckless manner on the edge of George’s white collar. If he moved his head ever so slightly, the tiny thing would Inevitably be crushed. In the midst of her remorse she was seized with a sudden solicitude for the ladybird. Stepping up behind George, she flick ed It lightly and dexterously from his collar. He felt the gentle touch and turned his head In surprise. The next moment n pair of soft arms were flung about his neck, a hot cheek laid caressingly against Ids own. “George, I want tq make it up,” she whispered, “and —and there's such a lot I want to say to you.” When she had said it. with her pretty head very close to his, he turned to her with a glad smile. “I’m the proudest, happiest man in the world to-day,” he said. “I didn’t realize until this moment what n sen sible little woman l had married. Don’t think, dearest,” lie added, hastily, “that I ever regretted the vows I made to you when 1 asked you to lie my wife. There is nothing I wouldn’t willingly do for you. It was only when I found that my love was in danger of spoiling you that 1 began to resent the—the ” “The horrible tyrannies I practiced upon you,” she interrupted quickly. “George, what a selfish little wretch I've been!”—lndinnapolis Sun. NO DOGS FOP LIBERIA. Emizrnntn Failed to Secure Govern ment Permit* in Time, Great was the sorrow of a party of negroes from Irwin ('ounty, Georgia, when they had to part from their dogs tlie other day. The White S;ar pier An otherwise careful worker will not reap the full benefit of h'.s care unless be sees that his graduates, trays, stirring rods, bottles, benches and dark room are scrupulously clean. It pays to be oldmaidisb in matters of this kind. When you get through developing, fixing, washing, toning, inten sifying or reducing, pour the solutions back into their respective bottles and thoroughly wash all trays, etc., before putting them away for future use. This Is the proper time to do these things—when you get through using them. If you put fresh developer in a tray or graduate still uucleansed from old or different solutions, the new bath will coutain chemicals of a nature or in a condition which will materially change its composition. This is directly opposed to the very point I am trying to impress upon you. to wit. the need of knowing Just what your developer contains. An other thing. I have found that you cannot wash your hands too often when handling photographic solutions. Every time my fingers touch a solution, no matter if this occurs fifty times in an hour. I have formed the habit of dipping them in clean water and wiping them on a towel which I keep handy for the purpose. This is nothing but a habit, but it is certainly a good on®. —Camera and Dark Room. Fain.ing photographs with a glossy surface, such as albumen or ordi nary gelgtl=>*tilorlde prints. Is a matter of some difficulty: if water colors be used, the dittivulty may be overcome by wetting the brush, instead of with water, with the following solution: Alßuraen. 6 drams: water and glycerine. 11-jl l -j drams each: ammonium carbonate, 15 grains: ammonia, 1 drop. If oil colors are to be used, it is a good plan to coat the print with a mixture cf gelatine and gum arable before applyiug tlie colors. Many use weak fish glue solution also, preserved with formalin.—Photo-American. Yellow fog appears frequently if pyrogallic acid is used as a developer, particularly with underexposed or forced development. To avoid the same, put the negative, after development, bat before fixing, in a bath consisting of 0 grams citric acid. 12 grams chrome-alum, to 1 liter of water; wash welL and fix as usual. If the yel! >w fog is. not observed : ltd after fixing, wet the negative, and pour some sulpho-hydrote of ammonium over it. r -til the yellow fog has disappeared. The oniy <1 sagreeable part of the ’ hires' manipulation is the bad odor of the liquid.— Photographic Times- resounded with their wailings. The howls of tlie dogs added to the out burst. “How can we get along without dogs in Liberia?” was the plaintive query of one of the men. There were fifty four in the party—thirty-two men. twelve women and ten children —bound for the African lan of prom ise. They had two bloodhounds and two “powerful flue coon dogs.” But when they trooped aboard the Teu tonic the man at the head of the gang plank said “Get out!” to the dogs. “They’re ours,” said the leader of tlie emigrants. He was pained to learn that his ticket didn’t include dogs, says the New York Press. He w:j told he must get a govern-n t permit before the dogs could be r t ceived at an English port. He com municated that fact to his compan ions and then the sounds of sorrow arose. “Them bloodhounds lias followed a scent fifty miles,” moaned George Scott. But, under orders, he tied the dogs in the waiting-room. When the Tuetonic left her pier the animals strained at their ropes, but couldn’t break them, and their masters and mistresses soon were far away. “Pity they couldn’t take the coon dogs with them,” said a pier hand. "There'll be great sport in Liberia. 1 hear it’s full of coonr.” MAKING BOWLING BALLS. Hardest Wood Known Conies From tlie Central Americau Forests. The popularity of bowling has grown to such an extent in all parts of the United States that the manufacture of bowling balls, pins and alleys has be come an Industry which gives employ ment to thousands of workmeut. While the work of constructing the alleys does not require any great amount of inge nuity it If. in the shaping and moc’ePng of bowling balls that great skill and careful workmanship are required. Bowling balls are made almost exclu sively out of a wood from the West Indies and Central American countries known as lignum-vitae, one of the hard est woods known, says the Philadelphia Press. There are several agents in these countries buying up this wood all the year round. It is shipped in the rough for the factory in chunks about four to six feet in length and varying in diameter from six to twenty inches. Tlie logs are put into a specially con structed cylinder and cut Into blocks, after which the edges are rounded with a band saw. The rough balls are then turned over to expert mechanics, who. with the aid of turning lathes, gradu ally plane them down to the required size. The balls are then smoothed with a sandpaper turner, receive a coat of shellac and oil and are complete, with the exception of the finger holes, which are frequently bored to measure. Small Hydrogen Atom. The hydrogen atom has hitherto been considered the smallest particle of matter, but the incandescent par ticles in the vacuum of a Crooks tube are but one-thousandth as large. Nearly every woman has a lot of fancy paper cutters around the house, but uses a hair pin. MOUNT RENT JN TWAIN A MINE DAMP EXPLOSION DE STROYS CANADIAN TOWN. Jliffa Tumble Into Village of Frank, ia British Columbia, Crush Houses, and Kilt scores in Their Beds River Bammed and Flood Threatens. Without an instant of warning. Turtle mountain, ia southwestern Alberta, was split asunder,' probably by an explosion of fire damp in a mine, early Wednesday morning, and a minute later the little mining town of Frank, situated at its base, was overwhelmed with millions of tons of rock. The inhabitants, aroused in alarm from their slumbers by the tremendously loud reverberation of tlie heaving mountain, were in many cases killed by the falling stones, which crushed in their houses and killed them in their beds . It is believed that the victims of the volcano number ninety-six. Of these, eighty-two men, women and ehildreu are said to have peri.-.lied in their homes. Twelve miners employed by the French Canadian Coal Company were killed while working around the company’s shaft, and two men who were working in the shafts were smothered to death. Fifteen companions dug their way out through the broken rock. To add to the horror Frank is threat ened with complete destruction by flood. Old Man’s river, which flows through the center of the town, is dammed up with the fallen rocks to tlie height of nearly 100 feet. The waters of the river are backed up for miles and tlie entire valley above the town is flooded. Fissure Three-quarters Miles Long. According to reliable reports from eye witnesses, the earth opened for three quarters of a mile and many feet in width. Then the whole northern face of Turtle mountain slipped from place. The shock resultant upon the precipitation of the millions of tons of rock into the valley demolished the homes where the fatalities took place, and so shook the foundations of tlie majority of the other dwellings that they are unsafe to live in. Many hundreds of people will have to live in the open or under such temporary shelter as may be procurable. The rail road track for a distance of two miles or more east of tlie nation is covered with from ten to forty feet of rock. Despite the great risk they ran of be ing buried under the shower of rocks from the mountain top. a volunteer relief force was formed to get into the mine. They managed to approach near enough to determine that not a man at the work ings had escaped death, and the bodies of many were seen who had been fearfully mangled. Then they were forced to flee by a renewal of the discharge from the mountain. Tlie disaster was merciful to thote men who were employed above ground in that they must have been killed in stantly. It was not confined to the vi cinity of the mine alone, for many of the dwelling houses in the town of Frank, at a t considerable distance, were demolished by falling rock. Nearly all their occupants suffered death. The accepted theory as to the cause of the disaster is that it was due to a rock slide caused probably by an explosion of fire damp in the mine, which carried the top of Turtle mountain down upon the village below. What was at first supposed to be the smoke of a volcano is thought to he du t, and tlie continued fall of small bits of rock merely the af termath of the original rockslide. VICTORY FOR WOOD WORKERS. Board of Arbitration Decide that Car .venters Violate Terms. Amalgamated Wood Workers’ Interna tional Union won a big victory in the findings of the arbitrators appointed through the recent convention of the American Federation of Labor, where 'he carpenters preferred charges against ;iw Wood Workers’ International Union, and asked that its charter be revoked becaure of alleged violation of trade rules on the part of the wood workers and their assuming jurisdiction over ■work rightfully belonging to the car penters. According to the findings of the five arbitrators the carpenters have been infringing on the wood workers, and in defining just what part of the wood working craft belongs to each or ganization gave to the carpenters all out side work on buildings and to the wood workers al work in shops and factories. P. J. Downey of Buffalo, n metal work er, who was called in as umpire, decid ed that it was plainly apparent that the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners deliberately violated the terms of the contracts they have entered into and that there was no evidence that the wood workers had ever gone beyond the lines laid down by the agreements. He decided that all wood workers in planing mills, furniture and interior finish fac tories, come rightfully under jurisdiction over millwrights and stair builders or workers on buildings or makers of store and otHce fixtures. He rays the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners shall have absolute jurisdiction over all work on new and old buildings and the putting up of store and office fixtures. fCHOOi-S (OLLEGES Harvard College lias reduced its course for the nr s degree to three years. The forthcoming report of the Bureau of Education will contain some interest ing information concerning the increase in the number of women teachers in the United States. Twenty years ago 42.8 per cent of all the teachers in this coun try were men. This has gradually bteu reduced to 28.8 in IDOL In the Southern States, however, the men still have the advantage. In West Virginia, for ex ample, the proportion of men teachers is still 00 per cent, in Tennessee 53 per cent, in Arkansas 55 per cent and in New Mexico 54 per cent of the schools are taught by men. Indiana is another State in which the men teachers abound, as they still hold 45 per cent of the schools. There has been some change, however, for thirty years ago they had 00 per cent of them. The lowest percentage of men teachers is in Massichu etts. where they hare only 5.9 per cent of the schools. In the other New England States the proportion is about the same. In lowa, Wisconsin and Michigan are found the largest num ber of women teachers among the West ern States, as the following table will show: Men teachers. Per cent. Ohio 39.2 Indiana 44.3 Illinois 26.0 Michigan 16.9 Wisconsin 17.0 Minnesota 19.7 lowa 16.5 Missouri 36.5 North Dakota 2S.S South Dakota 23.6 Nebraska 19.4 Kansas JU Colorado 2u 9 Trouble among cotton operatives in fhe I .-a nett cotton mills at Lar.ott, on the Alabama side of the river from West Point. Ga., resulted in the killing of one man and the. fatal wounding of another. Lucious Ogletree shot and killed John Potter, fatally wounded Daniel Seachry and escaped. The operatives were on a strike. A Louisvilie and Nashville train was held ten minutes at Lexington. Ky., while Louis Lunsford, a passenger, who got into a tight on the train, was arrest ed. taken to a station house, tried, fined, paid the fine and was allowed to tears for home. A Wetd Puller. Another machine has been invented for the use of the farmer. The picture shows the iuveiilioti doing it'* work, and gives ns. idea of the mechanism by which it is operated. Two flu ; <Kl roll ers are mounted on an adjustable sup port at the roar of a sulky. witU chain gearing to rotate them rapidly ns the machine is drawn over the ground. As the timings on the face of the rollers mesh closely together, it is easy to un derstand how any weed or grass which once gets between them will le (‘lawn up. until it is finally lifted out of the ground, roots and all. To iusui'e the killing of higher growths, the machine Machine to ii'll the weeds. has been fitted with a series of rotary blades, which feed the tops of the weeds down beneath the face of ‘lie first roller instead cf allowing this roller to strike the steins and push the weeds over, without uprooting them. So-Called Corn Wheat. In sections of the West there is be ing grown a variety of wheat known ns Polish wheat, which has compara tively little value except, perhaps, its a food for stock. Public accounts of this wheat have been so garbled that farmers have a wrong impression cf it. As this wheat is grown in the Northwest, it produces wonderfully, and the kernels are much larger than those of the recognized varieties of wheat, and when fed to stock it is sai l to have wonderful fattening result?. That it has some merit there is lirth doubt, for it has given fairly good re sults in the making of macaroni flour, although not so good as the results from the true macaroni wheat. It i* doubtful if it is safe to use it largely in the fattening of stc k, although i f is worthy of test in that way. Seeds men in the North and West can doubt less furnish seeds in small quantities, and the reputation already acquired makes it worth a test. In some sec tions the variety Is kuown as Eumer and some seedsmen catalogue it under that name. Name Your Farm. If you have a farm name it. That’s tlie latest suggestion traveling about ir. the rural districts, and it deserves to be acted upon at once and w!th judgment. When you come to think of it it seems rather strange that so few farms throughout New England have a name. Most of those so hon ored are the property of persons who live elsewhere tne most of the year and patronize the farm only two or three months in the hot weather. But farmers, real farmers, have never got into the way of labeling their farms, and though, of course, in the farming district everyone knows where every one else lives, it certainly does lend a digity and a sort of beauty to a coun try side if every horse is individual ized by an appellation well chosen. Naturally some peculiarity of tlie farm should be embodied In its name, and there are peculiarities and to spare in every New England farm. These may not be patent to the pr.oclpil owner, but the sons or daughters who “go away to school” will discern them on the firstt trip home, and they 'night be trusted to select the te/oL-Boston Transcript. Make a Bair Holder, A frame may be fixed in a few min utes that will hold bags while being filled. Cut a board six inches wide and jszz —v uail together as II | shown. Fla a bag J /----< J and set if inside, j then adju-t the / / hooks the proper / / ; height. The hooks \ t sdb (a* are cigltnenny \\f >K wire nails driven \ \ through the boards bao holdeb. downward to pre vent turning and the ends then boat upward. Tlie front hooks should be a little lower than the back two. A cross brace on the back will strengthen the frame.—A. Gilmore, in Farm and Home. Rock Gardens. A rockery is attractive if well made and not out of place. It should be made only in locations where a nat ural heap of rocks covered with flow ers and vines would not seem txex pected or out of tune with surrcbnd ings. A sunken rockery is the most attractive, but the hillock shape Is less costly. If eonvenien. build on a shady southeast slope. Dig below frost line and use the earth removed as sice fill ing. The ftone work should be finish ed and firmly wedged before filling with earth and gravel. Good >lants. mosses, vines and ferns can be found about any forest ledge, and the nur serymen sell rock plants and alpine plants adapted to such locations.—Ex change. Batter or Goose Fat. The most popular substitute for but ter in Germany is sa.'d to b*. goose fat. e Wight for weight, butter costa less than the fat. but then the latter seems to be far more economical. A pound of excellent butter oM s=? had in Berlis for about 30 cents. Goose fat, on the other hand. D sold by the litre (1.7 t pint) at an average price of 70 to 75 cents. In a recent government publi cation there appeared a suggestion from the American consul at Berlin to the effect that Germany offers a good market for this article >f food. Low Wain*. An English farmer writes that he knows several farmers who have late ly surrendered their rented farms sole ly from the difficulty of getting labor- ers; and In that neighborhood a good house and garden fret', and a wage of about 13.10 a week "can be had for the asking.” American farmers meet a similar difficulty, although offering at least double the English wages.—Ex change. Fertilizing for Tomato Crop*. Although the following information is based on the work of a grower of tomatoes for canning factories almost exclusively, it Is of value to any oue whQ grows the medium and late sorts for any market. Muriate of potash 500 pounds, nitrate of soda 400 pounds, bone tankage 700 pounds, and -acid phosphate 400 pounds. Using of this mixture 500 pounds an pounds being used broadcast before harrowing and 300 pounds in the hills. Tihs formula supplies the food needed by the plants in addition to what is naturally supposed to be in the fairly fertile soil, and should give r.3 a result a large crop of fine tomatoes of good color. Naturally, the result will de pend somewhat ou the varieties used, which for canning purposes should al ways be such as will ripen all over and ba of a deep red color. It Is always safe to select varieties of this descrip tion for any market, as they n r e et trastive to the eye and generally of good quality. The old favorite Para gon probably comes as near to the ideal variety as any, all things consld u-cd. Two New Spray**. The difficulty of killing plant ard tre# lice with the usual spray mixtures is veil known. Good results are it>- portid from the use of anew mixture containing one pound hard soap, one quart castor oil, one-fourth pound car bonate of soda, one gallon water. Tl-3 soap and acid were boiled in water and mixed with the castor oil wbtlo heated; the mixture was then diluted with 10 to 29 per cent of watdr tot spraying. In fighting tree lice, ?t is important to apply the liquid used be fore the leaves begin to curl and en close the insects. For scale insects, a mixture reported satisfactory is pre pared as follows: Ti n quarts boiling water, one quart carbolic acid, one quart soft soap. The mixture is stir red until an emulsion Is formed and is applied by means of a brush.—Amer ican Cultivator. Device for Catching: Fowls. W hether or not a fowl will quielly submit to the approach of the imple ment shown in the drawing any more Nthan It would stand still and al low a man to get within reaching distance, only a practical applica tion can deter mine. It Is possi ble, however, that the device can be moved more rapid ly than a person moves, and thu#\ deceive the fowl. The idea Is Intro-” duced by u Kentuckian, who states that it will do its work without injury to the legs, and enable the fowl to stand naturally after Its capture, with out, however, giving It an opportunity to escape. The New Northwest. The Canadian government has issued a census bulletin, which gives statis tics as to agriculture in Alberta, Assln iboia and Saskatchewan, which united compose the Northwest Territories. The total area of these territories is 190,963,117 acres, auil only 6,569,064 acres are occupied as farms. Of this area, 75.99 per cent is unimproved. Field crops, exclusive of hay, occupy fifty-three per ceut of the Improved land, but only a ftjir beginning has been made with fruit trees anil vegeta bles. The area of land in wliyat, oats, barley, rye, corn, pens, potatoes and other field roots in 1891 was 194,773 acres. The increase at the end of the last decade was 694,073 acres, or 333 per cent. The production of home made butter is nearly twice as rnuefit as ten years ago. and in the interval ten factories have been put into opera tion. Sowing Onions. Sow from four to six pounds per acre. Four pounds per acre Ist plenty providing the seed is good, the seed bed good, and maggots not numerous. Sow eighteen seeds to the foot, if the seed is good, which in rows about six teen inches apart, makes about five pounds jier acre. Sow with any good garden-seed sower, first regulating to sow as desired. Farm Notes. More large fruit, and of better qual ity, can be secured by thinning out the fruit on the trees. It is a loss of fruit and an Inujry to a tree when it ripens a large amount of fruit, and the crop next year will also he reduced. Ten barrels of prime apples will sell for more than three or fout times as much Inferior fruit. The fodder shredder is doing good wrrk in one respect, and that is in reducing the number of shocks of corn that stands in the fields ail winter. As the shredder husks the corn, and shreds it at the same time, farmers fird that It is more comfortable to haul the fodder *.o the barn than to stand out in the fields and husk the corn and then waste the fodder. There *s oiie crop that must be at tended to now or it will soon be too late—asparagus. It comes earl- lu the year, almost as soon as the frost leaves the ground. The bed will be benefited, if shoots have not apepared, by receiv ing a covering of straw, salt hay or any refuse material and burnt over, so as to destroy disease germs that may be left over on the surface of the ground from last year. Growing a lot of pumpkins in a field of corn is an old practice, but It is doubtful if pumpkins so grown are as profitable as when grown as a separate crop from corn. The pumpkins will event the proper cultivation of corn. M working the corn destroys the pumpkin vines, the result being that - ■ ■ * _ . mature. It is urged In defease of growing pumpkins in the corn field that they do net interfere with cultiva tion until the corn is “laid by.’’ but much depends on the land, rain'ail and thoroughness of cultivation. Corn should never be “laid by” as kng as weeds and grass can have an oppor tun.ty to grow, cultivation being given If it is possible for a horse to pass along the rows. WISCONSIN SOLONS. The fight on the bill for a State rnil wn> commission was waged from 10 o’clock Thursday morning until 12:30. when it was killed by a vote of 68 to 24. Before the debate opened an amendment making the commission elective instead of appointive was defeated by an over whelming vote. Mr. Frear declared the manufacturers’ mei’ing the previous evening was brought about by politi cians who enlisted the aid of manufac turers. Thursday evening Speaker Len root took the floor and made the direct charge that favored shippers are receiv ing rebates, basing the charge on admis sions made at hearings before the com mittee. Mr. Leroy offered an amendment ataching a referendum clause, which was defeated. The roll was then called on the committee substitute bill, and it was refused adoption—yeas 34. nays 59. The final vote was reached at miduight, when the bill was indefinitely postponed—6B to 24. The woman suffrage bill met its bi ennial death at the hands of the Senate by a vote of 15 to 12. An amendment to the marriage license bill, cutting out the provision for pay ment of a fee of $2 for issuance of an order cutting out the five-day limitation, was adopted by the Assembly on Friday, and Senate amendments providing for such a fee to be paid by the parties mar ried was concurred in. The bill 37A, changing the time of election of county superintendents of schools from fall to spring, was pc ised, after an explanation by Mr. Cady that the bill had been care fully drawn and in the opinion of the Attorney General is constitutional. The Cowling bill amending the wage exemp tion law by making 10 per cent of the wages of any perscon contributing to support of a family subject to execution, not more than one action to be brought in any one month, and no debts contract ed before the law takes effect to be in cluded, also limiting the costs to §3, brought out a discussion. The bi" pass ed, 54 to 23. The Dudgeon bill to pro vide for securing full weights and meas ures was passed without debate. The bill appropriating 82.5(H) for the First battery. Light artillery, W. N. G., at Milwaukee, was passed with only one vote in opposition. Senator O’Neill's bill extending the voting franchise to Wis consin women met death in the Senate by n vote of 12 to 15. Most of the law makers speaking against the act declared the right to dabble in polities would take away that charm and beauty now reign ing in many homes and eventually bring disagreements and much suffering. Governor I.a Follette Monday night vetoed the bill increasing the pensions of Milwaukee policemen to half thefr reg ular pay and the bill repealing the law limiting the weight of traction engines used on highways. The police pension bill is vetoed because, the Governor says, it is a local measure. It means that the people of Milwaukee would be taxed twice ns much for this purpose as at present, a question which, the Governor says, should be determined by the Com mon Council of the city. The bill remov ing the restriction of the weight of en gines used on highways is vetoed because it removes the safeguards now given bridges and culverts, some provision for strengthening which should bo required, the Governor says, if the restriction is to be removed. The Assembly on Tuesday, by a vote of 78 to 1, and without debate, passed the joint resolution for a constitutional amendment providing for a graduated in come tax. The Senate ordered to en grossment by n vote of 14 to 13 the bill providing for reports at stated periods by coal mine owners of coal shipments within the State. The Committee on Education of the Senate Wednesday introduced anew bill providing for better protection of chil dren and prohibiting the employment of them hi occupations dangerous to health and morals. The hill is aimed against tlie employment of children under 14 years on .the stage. The bill provides that no gir! under 21 years of age shall be employed as a messenger by any tele graph or telephone company, firm or cor poration, nor shall any such girl be al lowed to sell, peddle or hawk newspapers on the streets. A 2-cent a mile passen ger fare bill went to engrossment in the Assembly. Bills Passed—Senate. 36A, authorizing Alwin A. V.uck to build a dam across Lirule river, Douglas County. 214A (Bartlett), relating to town insur ance companies. 125S (Gaveney). amending the law re lating to the registration of pharmacists. 149S (Rogers), increasing the appro priation for a monument upon the battle field of Shiloh to $20,000 and striking out the provision that only Wisconsin granite shall be used. 152S (liiordan), authorising E. S. Shep ard et al. to build a dam on the Wiscon sin river in Oneida County. 155S (Blordan). authorizing John Woodlock et al. to build n dam ou Toma hawk river in Vilas County. 293A (T. Johnson), relating to adul teration of drugs and food. 308A (Barker), relating to elections. 341A (Irvine), limiting number of cop ies of report of dairy and food commis sioner. 414A (Cowling), prohibiting accident and health insurance companies from do ing business without license. 25S (Munson), authorizing G. W. Hen ika et al. to build a dam ou Kickapoo river in Vernon County. 2GS (Stout), amending the laws of 1001 relating to the establishment and mainte nance of country schools of agriculture. 36S (Miller), appropriating money to charitable and penal institutions. 42S (North), fixing the weight of .n --gines moving upon highways. 124S (Gaveney), relating to county aid in building and repairing bridges. 45S (O’Neil), relating to reassessment i.f void special assessments. 230S (Martin), to establish a State board of veterinary examiners, and to i regulate the practice of veterinary medi cine and surgery. 312S (Hudnall), authorizing Charles C. Sniteman et al. to build a dam across the Black river in Clark County. 354S (committee on education), relat ing to joint school district. No. 4, in Kewaunee County. 20A (Rnnkl), legalizing conveyances from husband to wife. 399A (C. H. Smith), relating to rein- • corporation of mutual fire insurance corn panies in stock companies. 105A (Dudgeon), providing that when j territory is annexed to a city under spe- ! cial charter which ha# no license it shall be unlawful for the Common Council to grant license for the sale of intoxicating liquors in said territory an lets the ma- I jority of the electors have cast a major- j ity of votes in favor of such license. 203A (Douglasi. amending the laws re- j latiug to the assignments of estates. 255A (committee ou lumber and min ing), authorizing the Cornell and Power ! Company to build a dam across the Chip pewa river. 4.V5A (committee on agriculture), re lating to Kilbourn luter-County Fair As sociation. 3T4A (Laneo relating to creation of a new town in Taylor County. 557A (committee on lumber and min ing). authorizing David R. Davis et al. to build dam across Chippewa river. s®>A (committee on judiciary), relat ing to municipal court ia Langlade Coun ty. 032A (committee on judiciary), relat ing to construction sewers and drain*. (B3A .committee on agriculture), relat ing to the importation bianded or west era horse*. 52S ißoras), to compel residents of this State to attend as witnesses in cr>x inal actions in courts of adjoining States. etc. HOUSE WHERE LINCOLN DIED, NOW OPEN 10 THE PUBLIC The W ashington house in which Lin coln died. whi. h. with its interesting col h'elii’U of Lincoln relies, has just been throw n open to the public, stands directly opposite the building which was used as Ford’s Theater thirty-eight years ago end which is now a government office. For years the old house had been grad ually decaying. The tenants had charged a small fee to visitors, and next a so ciety was formed fur the purpose of pre serving the house and the relics. Last fall anew impetus was given the senti ment which had been cherishing the place and the needed repairs were made. The place will now be one of the most Inter esting of the sights in or near tlie capital. TORPEDO MILL KILLS. I’owder Factory Blows Up in Cleve land— Four People Sluin. In a fearful explosion at Cleveland, which reduced a torpedo manufactory to a heap of debris, threw down a dozen buildings in the immediate neighborhood and shattered every window in a radius Of a quarter of a mile, four people were killed and twenty seven seriously injured, many of them fatally. Owing to the im mense force of tlie explosion a large number of casualties happened in the adjacent blocks, largely caused by falling glass. The Thor Manufacturing Company, lo cated at 647 Orange street, where the explosion occurred, is engaged in the manufacture of toy torpedo canes and other explosives. The company was in the midst of its busiest season. A huge stock of material was on hand. Extra girls were being employed and by the end of the week it was intended to put on the road tlie largest shipment ever sent out by the company. The fire originated in a peculiar man ner. The torpedo caps are tilled in molds and there is constant danger of some of the loose powder, supposed to be fulmi nate of mercury, dropping on tlie floor. For this reason the girls and boys who are employed in tlie factory are compell ed to remove their shoes while at work, so as to avoid the danger of striking sparks. The explosion was due to the frolicsome propensities of n new girl, who had been employed at the plant less than a week. The girls had their shoes on at the lunch hour and one of them playfully shoved another of tlie girls. As the girl slid along the door her shot's struck a spark in some loose powder. Instantly the floor was ablaze. The girls did not seem to realize their danger and were trying to extinguish the flames. A man, however, realizing wliat was stored in the building, yelled to the girls to run for their lives. There were ten girls, four boys and one man in tlie factory when the explosion occurred. FACTS ABOUT : : : : : : THE CENSUS, The following statement shows the percentage of homes owned in the States named and the percentage of those in cumbered by mortgages in IS'JO and in 11*00: 1890. 1900. I’er et. of homes Per ct. of homes owned, mortg'd. owned, iuortg'd. Ohio 45.4 29.0 43.8 33.7 Indiana 47.2 25.5 46.2 31.7 Illinois 43.1 29.8 39.5 36.0 Michigan ....50,5 32.3 49.4 31.0 Minnesota ...47.0 36.1 47.0 25.6 Wisconsin ...54.5 29.5 52.6 32.1 lowa 55.0 26.8 55.5 27 6 Missouri 36.3 27.9 36.3 31.3 N. Dak0ta....45.3 27.7 55.1 19.8 S. bukota 54.9 36.8 59.2 19.1 Nebraska ....43.9 30.2 48.0 27.0 Kansas 50.2 39.2 61.6 23.9 The largest percentages of uiortgag >d homes are fouud in the North Atlantic States, ranging from 52.2 per cent in New Jersey to 42.4 in Vermont. There Is a somewhat smaller proportion lu Pennsylvania (34.9), while in Maine the proportion is considerably less (24.2). The smallest number of mortgaged homes are found in the Southern States, the lowest being in Florida (11.9 per cent) and the next lowest in South Caro lina (19.7 per cent), with the exception of Indian Territory, where the very low percentage is due to the inability of the Indians to sign mortgages. The percent age of mortgaged homes, however, must not be taken as evidence of poverty or lack of prosperity, because the largest percentages ure sometimes found in the most prosperous manufacturing district!!. where wage-earners buy lots and build cottages on the installment plan or with the aid of building and loan associations. The highest percentages of homes owned are generally attended by the highest percentages of homes mortgaged, and are found in manufacturing cities of tlie second and third class. The total population of the Fnited States, according to the latest census, was 70,303.387, of whom <>>,990,788 were white people. The remainder are ne groev, Indians. Chinese and Japanese. They ooeupy 10.239,797 homes, an aver age of nearly five people to a home. Of th *e 52,082 homes are located in the outlying possessions of the United Statps, which, being deducted, leaves 19.187,715 families in this country, of whom 5,098,901. or 35.2 per cent live upon farms. By the census of 1890 37.0 icr cent of the population lived upon farms, which indicates that during the succeed ing ten years there was a more rapid increase of homes in towns than in tbo rural districts. Speaking of homes, 71 per cent of all ,h families in New York City live in tenement or apartment houses. 12.4 in Chicago, 41.3 in Boston. 18.3 in Mt. Louis, 7.4 in B aitimore and 5.9 in Phila delphia. Philadelphia is. therefore, the city of homes, for nearly 03 per cent of all the families live in separate dwell ings by themselves, a* against 17.5 per cent in New York City, 20 per cent in Chicago, 32.2 per cent in Boston. 41.4 per cent in St. Inis, 70.6 in Baltimore, 77.7 per cent in Washington, 61.8 per eent in Cleveland. 74.9 in Detroit. 85.5 in Indianapolis, 02.5 in Kansas City. <>>2l pey cent in St. Paul and 56.0 in Minne apolis. The following table will show the to tal number of dwellings, the total num ber of families and the average number of families to a dwelling in tlie citiro named: Total Total Ar, tr.m, dwellings, families, ea. dwell. Baltimore 89,442 F-3,584 1.2 Jt 66.482 117.244 / 1.8 Buffs h 49.914 73.631 1.5 Chicago ....... 193.885 359.960 1.9 Cincinnati ..... 40,634 74,336 1.8 Cleveland CJ.705 81.319 1.3 Detroit ....... 52.946 602565 1.2 Indianapolis ... 86,169 39,719 11 Kansas City.... 2s.rz7 5Ct9 1.3 Milwaukee 45,809 59.806 1.3 Minneapolis ... 31.836 42.536 New Y0rk......249,991 785,621 2.9