Newspaper Page Text
A VICTIM OF CIRCUMSTANTIAL EVIDENCE CHAPTE.it IX.—(Continued.) “I have made up my mind to do some thing,” she said, in a pitiful tone. “To morrow morning I will speak to your un cle myself, and will try to move him.” “You may as well try to melt a rock,” I said. And in my mnd stirred the re frain, “He is feeble and old; if he should die to-night! if he should die to-night!” There' was an opiate on the mantel shelf which I occasionally took to Insure sleep. I poured the requisite number of drops into a glass, and diluted them with water. “Drink this,” I said to my wife. “You will sleep soundly and well, and then in the morning if you still think of carrying out jour plan you can try our last hope.” I knew that it was a vain hope and that her appeals would be thrown away upon this man who held in his hands the thi ads of our fat**. My wife undress ed knelt down to pray—fervent and long we.-e her prayers on this fatal night—and then she went to bed. I handed her the opiate and she drank it. “All will be well, my love,” she said dreamily. “My mind assures me that all will be well. Good night, dear love! God bless you!” She drew me to her breast and I kissed her lips. In that embrace she fell asleep. I crept from the chamber in my slip pers and stole through the dark and va cant rooms. “He is feeble and old. If he should die to-night—-if he should die to-night!” It was like a prayer and made itself felt as well as heard as I trod softly here and there, now standing by a win dow looking out upon the shadows, now moving away, with unutterable despair in my heart. The Spirit of Murder was in my house! CHAPTER X. I was awakened in the morning by my wife, and, to my surprise, found that 1 had been sleeping, fully dressed, on a couch in our bedroom. I sat .up and passed my hand across my forehead, in the endeavor to recall how it was that I had entered the room, and, without un dressing, chosen the couch instead of the bed. “Have I been sleeping long'/” I asked. “I do not know, my dear,” replied my wife. “The opiate you gave me last night had such an effect upon me that I couid scarcely have stirred until I open ed my eyes half an hour ago. When I saw you sleeping on the couch my idea was that j’ou would not come to bed for fear of disturbing me.” “That may have been my motive for sleeping here; but it is strange that it should have gone clean out of my mind.” “It has occurred befi -e, Richard.” “True; but this is anew phase of my wretched sleep-walking.” Now, it is a singular fact that my mind was also a blank as to the danger which threatened us. I had no recollec tion, not only of what had passed be tween me and my uncle on the previous day, but even of his being in the house. “Mamma!” It was Eunice’s voice, outside. “Come in, dear child!” called my wife. “She is happy and hopeful, Richard. I have been talking to her quite wisely.” “If love be wisdom,” 1 thought, as Eunice entered the room, “it would count for much. But love must work a miracle In a stony heart before happiness can be restored to me and mine.” “Kiss the clouds nway from your fath er's face, my child,” said my wife, “and make him smile again.” “Let be, let be,” 1 said, receiving and returning Eunice’s cares with coldness. “We will go down now, Richard.” said my wife; "you will join us present ly?” “Yes, presently,” I replied. They left the room together, taking some loose roses with them, and I pro ceeded to make my toilet. It was soon completed, nnd l took my watch from my pocket to ascertain the time. As I put it back my fingers encountered a ring. I took it out and gazed at it in dumb astonishment; it was the diamond ring my uncle had placed upon his finger on the first night of his arrival. By what strange means had it come uncon sciously into my possession? I shook my head angrily nnd Impatient ly, and tried to think. My uncle had not given me the ring, and I could scarce ly have taken it without his knowledge. But, with or without his knowledge, I must have taken it, for it lay in my trembling hand. llow did it come into my pocket? Was Ia thief? It needed but a question like this to make my de spair complete. Little did I suspect what was yet to bo revealed to me and all of us. The stone in the ring was, as 1 have already stated, not large, and could, at the utmost, have been worth not more than twenty pouuds. That 1 should have been guilty of a theft, and of a theft so paltry, shocked and over whelmed me. What should I do with the ring? I dared not show it to my wife; the thoughts which it must inevitably have Inspired in her gentle breast would have revealed to her base depth in my ua ture which she did uot believe me capa ble. I had to see my uncle on this morn ing, and I would take the opportunity of slipping the ring somewhere in his room, or of dropping it upon the floor, aud thus avoid suspicion. So resolving, I went down to my wife and daughter with my guilty secret in my pocket, ready to my right hand. Mr. Mortloek was with them at break fast, and Mile. Rosalie. Mr. Mortloek gave me “good-morning.” and with a hatred in my heart which, had I not held myself in moral and physical control, would have impelled me to strike him in the face, I returned the salute, despis ing myself the while for my contempti ble weakness and lack of manhood. Mile. Rosalie raised her eyes shyly to my face, softly said “good-morning, sir.” and then lowered them again. What was the meaning of her shy. timid, singular look? Did she know my secret? Or was it that I was in the mood to place extravagant construction* upon the most insignificant details of social intercourse? 1 chose the worse view, and. gazing with per turbed looks at them all, took my seat at the table. “You do not seem well this coming,” observed Mr. Mortloek. Again Mile. Rosalie raised her eyes to mine with the same strange look; again she lowered them immediately. “I am quite well, Mr. Mortloek,” I said, and iu no courteous tone. “Have you seen Mr. Fleetwood this morning?” asked Mile. Rosalie. The question was not directed to any one in particular, and my wife answered no, that she bad not seen him. Then, once more. Mile. Rosalie looked at me. And now iu her strange glances I seemed to detect a hidden meaning which irri tated and confused me, because I could not interpret it. “Do you wish particularly to know if I have seen him?'’ I asked. “No, air.” she replied, quietly. “I was asking generally. I observe that he has aot placed the usual flowers on the ta ble.” This was a reference to a mark of af fection and graceful attention which Samuel Fleetwood was in the habit of paying my wife and daughter. Every morning, when they came down to break fast, there was a posy for each of them placed before their accustomed seats at the table, and they knew that the flow era came from this faithful servant On this morning there were none. My wife had noticed the omission, but had made no remark upon it; and If Mila. Roaalie I spoke spitefully respecting it, a natural cause might be found in the circum stance that Fleetwood never honored her by such a mark of attention. A couple of hours after breakfast, it being then about half-past eleven o’clock. Mile. Rosalie remarked that Mr. Wil mot was later than he was on the pre ceding morning, and my wife concurred but added that he must on no account be (fisturbed. As she looked toward me for confirmation, I said that he had given explicit instructions that no one should go to his bedroom until he sum moned them. It was an evidence of the wretched state of my nerves that I should feel annoyed by Mile. Rosalie’s simple repetition of my words, “Until he summoned them.” She was busy with a piece of embroidery, which she was making for Eunice. Another hour passed without a sign from my uncle, and, with the intention of seeking Samuel Fleetwood, I left the Indies, and proceeded in the direction of my uncle’s apartments. On the way I entered my own bedroom for a clean handkerchief, and I casually observed a piece of thin whipcord, the end of which was hanging down from beneath the pil low of the couch upon which I had slept. It did not further attract my at tention, and, without removing it, I went in search of Fleetwood. lie was not to he found. I questioned the servants, but not one of them had seen him. Knowing that he was suffering from acute heart disease, and that my doctor had said he had not long to live, I pro ceeded to his room, adjoining that of my uncle, fearing that he might be ill. But Fleetwood was not in his room. His bod had been made and the apartment was in a clean and orderly condition. I sought the chambermaid whose duty it was to attend to the bedrooms, and as certained that she had attended as usual to Fleetwood’s room. “The bed had been slept in?” I in quired. “Yes, sir,” replied the chambermaid. “You are sure you have not seen him?” “I am sure, sir. I noticed that his room was not as tidy as I’ve seen it generally. Things seemed to be in con fusion.” I returned to Fleetwood’s apartments, between which and my uncle’s, as I have mentioned, was a communicating door. I placed my ear to this door and listened. I heard no sound. I softly tried the door. It was locked; but whether it had been locked from the inside or the out side I could not tell. By this time it was 1 o'clock, and I began to feel uneasy. I went to my wife and consulted her. She hardly knew what to advise, having gathered from me how peremptory were my uncle’s instructions that lie should not be disturbed. But when another hour had passed we decided that, in the strange and unaccountable absence of Samuel Fleetwood, we would make a gentle effort to arouse him. We stood together at the communicat ing door, and softly called to him, and presently called in a louder tone, with out receiving an answer. My wife tap ped at the door, with no better result, and then 1 shook it and called in a clear, loud tone, “Uncle! Uncle!” And still there was no response from him. “Richard,” said my wife, “I am alarm ed. He is an old man, and ” “Something must be done,” I said. How it came about I know not, but now there were other persons in the room beside ourselves—Mr. Mortloek and Mile. Rosalie. “The door should be forced,” said Mr. Mortloek. “Let me try.” He put forth all his strength, and lit erally smashed the door in. Even at this dread juncture I noticed that Mile. Ro salie looked at him in admiration of his strength. We stepped into the room, expecting and hoping that my uncle would leap from his bed at the unseemly intrusion and confront us. The form of my uncle was upon the bed. encompassed by an awful stillness. We softly moved toward it, and. bending forward, saw that he was cold and dead! Horror-struck, we retreated; then in stantly stepped forward again, m.v wife only keeping in the background. I low ered my ear to my uncle’s mouth; it was rigid and fixed. I placed my hand upon his heart; it was pulseless. “He is dead!” 1 said. Mr. Mortloek east infuriated glances at me. My wife was falling to the ground as I caught her. “I’oor gentleman!” said Mile. Rosalie. “Poor old gentleman!” CHAPTER XI. It was an awful sight. There was an expression of pain upon the gray, up turned face, and it io the sacred truth that my feelings were those of a man up on whom had fallen a most terrible and overwhelming blow. For a few moments, supporting in my arms the insensible form of my dear wife, this, and no other, was the impression produced upon me by the awful incident. But it is the sacred truth as well that my agitation presently assumed another phase. My uncle was dead—he had died before he could carry into execution the stern and ruthless de sign which would have shattered the hap piness' of my beloved ones. They had escaped the sentence he would have pro nounced upon them. “Is it true, Richard?” whispered my wife. “It is true that he Is dead.” said Mr. Mortloek, between his teeth, “as that he has been murdered.” An exclamation of horror burst from my lips and from the lips of my wife. Mile. Rosalie was silent. “It is impossible,” I said; “it cannot be!” ’ Look here.” said Mr. Mortloek. Ho turned down the bedclothes, and pointed to a thin circle round the dead man’s neck. “He has been strangled,” said Mr. Mortloek, “in his sleep!” “Heaven have mercy upon him!" mur mured my wife, iu a low. shuddering voice. "It will have,” said Mr. Mortloek, “no mercy upon his murderer.” "It is strange," said Mile. Rosalie. finding her voice, “that nothing ha* £eeu seen of Mr. Samuel Fleetwood." “Meanwhile,” said Mr. Mortloek, “this is a matter for the police.” * “For the police.” I exclaimed. "For the police.” repeated Mr. Moct look. “A wicked murder has been com mitted in your house. Do you propose to hush it up?” "No," 1 rep'ied. ”1 do not. Your in sinuation is injurious and offensive.” “Perhaps," he retorted, with bitter emphasis “as injurious and offensive as you have considered my presence in your house to have been.” “Ah,” I said, “you have observed that!” “Oh. hush, hush!” murmured my wife. “VVe are in the presence of death.” I felt the force of her reproof, and I turned from Mr. Mortloek and gaxed about the room. There were no signs of • struggle visible, not a trace of disor der. The dead man’s clothing was folded by his bedside; the dispatch box. locked, was in its place on the floor at the head of the bed; even the bedclothes were smoothly arranged. The first and instant thing to be done,” said Mr. Mortloek. "is to lock these rooms and to call in the police.” The advice was proper and practical. The communicating door conld not be locked, haring been broken in; bnt I locked the door of Fleetwood’s room. With the key in my pocket, I and those who were with me proceeded to the ground floor. Whether it was brought about by acci'! ?nt or design I know not, but Mile. Rosalie and I were side by side a moment or two in the rear 0/ ay wife and Mr. Mortloek. “Strangled, he said, sir?” she whisper ed. “Yes,” I replied, mechanically. “The rope must have been thin,” she whispered. “Did you notice how narrow the mark was round his neck?” I nodded and passed on. and, seeing Mile. Rosalie’s brother, Redwing, in the garden, called to him, and bade him take a note, which I hastily wrote, to the po lice station. As soon afterward as was practicable three officers presented them selves—an inspector, an ordinary police man and a detective—aud I conducted them to the apartment in which the dead body of my uncle was lying. Ai the in spector’s request I handed him the key of Fleetwood's room, and he took pos session also of the key of my uncle's room, which was in the lock, inside. “These rooms are now in our charge, sir,” said the inspector to me, “and no one must enter them without permis sion.” “I understand that,” I said. At the examination which they then proceeded to make, only Mr. Mortloek and I were present of my household. My wife had no wish to accompany us. Mile. Rosalie had expressed her willingness to do so, but she was not allowed. 1 did not require prompting to relate to the officers all that I knew concern ing my uncle’s movements, which, iu my judgment, had any bearing upon the mat ter. I said nothing of the conversation which so vitally affected my future pros pects iu life, for I deemed it a purely private affair. Mr. Mortloek then sup plied the officers with information, and I learned that he had been with my uncle in his bedroom after they had both wish ed us good-night. He had remained with my uncle half an hour or so in private converse, and, to my relief, noth ing fell from his lips as he spoke to the officers with respect to Eunice. He had concluded his narration when he made a remark, which, had I not kept a s’rong guard over my feelings, would have brought the tell-'ale blod to my face. The officers had turned down the bed clothes, and my uncle’s hands were ly ing by his side. Mr. Mortloek stooped and lookeo at them. “Mr. Vv ilmoL” ue said, “had a dir. niond ling on L-is finger last night, it was a single-stone ring, and the diamond was of tine sparkle, and attracted my at tention.” They searched the room for the ring, and I assisted them, the ring being all the time in my pocket. I dared not pro duce it, fearing the construction that might be placed upon its being in my possession. CHAPTER XII. “That looks,” said the inspector, "as if robbery were the motive. The mur derer is in derger; the ring can be iden tified ?” “I will swear to it,” said Mr. Mort lock. “You see, gentlemen,” remarked the inspector, “these fellows generally sup ply us with a clew. That ring discov ered, we shall soou lay hands on the mur derer.” “And yet,” observed Mr. Mortloek, “it hardly looks as if robbery were the mo tive. Mr. Wilmot’s watch and chain have not been touched.” “It doesn't matter,” said the inspec tor; “it is left to put us off the scent. What is in that dispatch box?” “A large sum of money,” I replied, “and some valuable jewels. On the night of Mr. Wilmot’s arrival here—that is, the night before last —I assisted him to count the money. There were five thou sand pounds.” The inspector gave a low whistle of as tonishment. “Tbnt’s a large sum to car ry about—a da* 401 jus sum. It is put ting temptation turn men’s way.” “It was Mr. Wilmot's whim,” said Mr. Mortloek. “I trav?led with him abroad for some time, an] he seldom car ried less than that amount.” “Of course,” said the inspector, “that was his affair. It's a good thing to have to carry it about. Few of us have the luck. First, the key.” It was found in one of the murdered man’s pockets. “Destructive of your theory,” observed Mortloek. “Don’t be too fast, sir, begging your pardon. Seeing’s believing.” He unlocked the dispatch box. The money was gone! The inspector looked at Mr. Mortloek triumphantly, and said: “How about my theory now, sir?” “You are right. The murderer is also a thief.” (To be continued.) WHY ENGLAND IS PEACEABLE. Food Snpply of the Nation a Safeguard 1 Against War. The huge problem still remains—not. Is it the right thing to do to give our cavalry swords or rifles? not. Shall we pay our private soldiers 1 shilling or 3 shillings a day? not. Shall we require this or that qualification from division officers? but. Can we make war? Can we engage In war with a poweT or with powers as we were able to engage in war in the early years of the last century and even so late as fifty years ago? asks the London Spectator. The question, we acknowledge, looks at first sight absurd. “Of course!” would be the answer of the music halls, and In cer tain respects the answer of the music halls is a valuable answer. We have to remember that the eco nomic conditions and questions affect ing the nation have altered during the last fifty years. A country which goes to war has to consider not only ths provisioning of the army engaged in fighting its battles but also the pro visioning of the population which it maintains at home. At the time of the Crimean war we had a population of something under 30.000.000 and we had about nine months' supply of corn —to be bought at a price; but at one time the price of corn during the Crimean war rose to 52 shillings a quarter. Today we have a population of over 40,000.000, we grow less corn than we did fifty years ago nnd If we had at any moment to depend for our food upon the supply of corn within our short's we should have only three months' supply upon which to draw, unless, of course, we could get more from outside. The question then boldly stated— there being a great difference between 30,000.000 to feed and nine months’ supply of corn and 40.000.0u0 to feed aud only three months’ Corn —is ■whether we can still contemplate the possibility of war with a great naval power in the same spirit as that in which we have contemplated it in thd past? Out of ’ o’* Way. “I’m so glad. aid the militia cap tain’s wife, “that the boys of your company presented you with that fin revolver. We need no fear now of the burglars infesting the neighbor hood.” “True for you. dear.” he replied. ; ’Tve got it locked up in the office safe where they can’t get at it”—Phila- ’ delphia Press. How Uhl He Do It? Until recently an innkeeper whose house stood half way between Dar wen and Oswaldtwistle was able to keep open one-half of the in an hour later than the other half. Cremation eads the race of life with a dead heat. Improved Stock Waterer. No matter how pure a source of sup ply may be at hand for watering stock, if it is pumped into an open trough and left exposed for any length of time it soon becomes polluted and unfit for the animals to drink. This will not be the case, according to the inventor, if the stock-watering ap paratus here shown is put into use. If pure water is furnished to the tank or barrel to which this fountain is at tached, it is claimed that there is no way by which the animal that is drinking can make it foul. The wa terer consists of a double drinking bowl, made of cast Iron, which is at tached to the outside of a tank or bar rel. On the inside is another chamber, inclosed in which is a brass float and ANIMALS can NOT BEFOUL SUPPLY. lever, controlling the flow of water to the outside bowl. The fountain is au tomatic in its action, as the float rises with the water in the bowl and cuts off the supply when the proper height has been reached. As the valve is al ways closed, except when water Is flowing from the tank to the drinking bowl, there is no opportunity for for eign matter to find its way to the inte rior of the storage reservoir. Profitable Cows. The owner of a herd of twenty-five grade Guernseys and Jerseys in Wis consin submits this account of the av erage per cow: vx>st of feed, S2B; re turns from creamery, $57.18; pounds of milk, 5,809; pounds of butter, 298; price of butter, 19.2 cents; price of milk, 98.4 cents; return for one dollar In feed, $2.04; net profit of butter over cost of feed. $29.18 per cow. Ration: Bran and malt sprouts, six pounds; well-eared ensilage, thirty pounds* straw; fodder corn In fall; In sum mer pasture only. Adding value of skim milk makes profit $40.80 per cow. Thus the owner has netted over SI,OOO for his cows. Part of the profit is in skim milk at one-third to one-half cent per-quart, but worth the estimate for making veal, pork and poultry prod ucts. The value of feed in States fur ther East would be $lO to S2O greater per cow, while the price for milk and butter would be considerably Increas ed. The net returns would not vary greatly. The open secret of success in tills case seems to be the fact that evc.y cow Is a heavy yielder of rich milk.—Massachusetts Ploughman. Covering Peach Tree*. Several years ago the writer par ticipated In the work of laying down peach trees in autumn and covering them in various ways to protect them through the winter and spring. This plan has been tried In various ways almost every year, and nearly always with success. In a sea son like the present one, when peaches promise to be a rarity, any scheme of carrying the fruit buds through the freezing weather !* especially attract ive. Prof. W. Paddock has recently reported the success of several grow ers in various parts of Colorado who have been practicing this method. They find it profitable as a commer cial venture. It looks like an im practicability, to be sure, to lay down and partially cover a fruiting tree every fall, but it has been shown re peatedly that it is perfectly feasible. The expense Is only about 10 or 15 cents a tree, and even a dozen good peaches will almost cover the cost.— Country Gentleman. Orchards and Birds. Every tree in an orchard should lie ! washed at least twice a year with | strong soapsuds, but there will be no necessity for scraping them. The cater- I pillars should be destroyed as soon as the nests are seen, which will end large numbers of insects at once. As the insects multiply with amazing ra pidity, the escape of a single pair means thousands next season. One of the best assistants to the orchard is the little wren. If farmers will give him proper protection by constructing boxes with entrances so small that no bird but a wren can enter, the spar row will be unable to drive it away. As the wren is an active anc busy creature. It destroys a large number of insects in a very short time, and as it increases rapidly under favor able circumstances, may be securest and Induced to remain in the orchard if proper facilities are afforded for their protection and accommodation.— New England Fanner. The New Road Material. Roadways of tar-macadam have been In successful use for some years j in Southern Ontario. The cost Ls from ; one-third to one-half that of asphalt or j vitrified brick, it is more enduring than j either, and appears to stand well the wear and tear of heavy teaming. Loom Bolts, On plows, wheel holes, wagon frames and the like, where the Jolt and strain comes dir ■ctly against the bolt It Is hard to keep them tight. Take off the i jolt and Increase friction by using an Iron washer with a leather washer un- ‘ der it Turn very tight Wheat for Egg*. Wheat contains a larger per cent of albumen than any other grain, and for this reason Is one of the best grains to feed for egg production. It should not be made an exclusive ration. how ever,-—Commercial Poultry. The Ant Nblmbca Ant hillocks on lawns doll the lawn j mower and injure the sod. Slaked 1 lime or kerosene will drive most of them away, and a little bisulphide of carlton poured into each hillock and covered over with the loose earth will clear them out thoroughly. For ants in the house, rat poison in molasses will kill a lot of them, aud the rest will take the hint and leave. Farmers’ Wives and the Cow The wives of the farmers of Mis souri are getting so industrious and thrifty that it is becoming a question whether they or their husbands are contributing more to the prosperity of the State. They have stimulated the activity of the Missouri hen until that valuable member of barnyard society is almost laying gold dollars, and now they are making the Missouri cow ac complish results that would have as tounded her ancestors. Here, for in stance, is Mrs. Anna Gouln. of Pop lar Bluff, who, without, perhaps, being the champion dairy woman of the State, is doing an amount of business in tliis line sufficient to keep her and her liusbaud comfortably without oth er resources. “I kept account of the milk and butter we sold last year,” Mrs. Gowin writes to her mother, Mrs. tV. H. Boulden, of Farber. “beginning the Ist of last May, and by the Ist of this month we had sold 2,190 gal lons of milk and 1,439 pounds of but ter. VYe got 25 cents a pound for all the butter nnd 10 cents a gallon for the milk. Charlie Davault is always bragging about liow much the Audrain women sell, out I don’t think any of them can beat that on milk and but ter." Probably not. Mr.- Gowin's re ceipts fnm milk and nutter were $578.75, or almost $45.25 per month. They shew how much the farmers of Missouri have lost by not giving the Missouri cow the chance and encour agement sh? deserves.—Kansas City Journal. Using Bordeaux Mixture. As fruit growers become more famil iar with the use of bordeaux mixture they more fully appreciate Its value, although experiments during the past season demonstrate that it has been used stronger than is necessary ex cept where the plants have been in fested unusually bad. The most de sirable formula is four pounds of cop per sulphate aud four pouuds of un slaked lime to forty gallons of water. Place the copper In an old bag and hang it in a few gallons of water un til dissolved. The lime should be slaked and then strained into the cop per solution, at the same time adding the balance of the water. When the mixture Is to be used it should be kept stirred, so that the ingredients will be well mixed. As the mixture is given it is used mainly for scale, and when it is to be used on Insects, such as po tato bugs, paris green may be added at the .ate of one pound to 150 gal lons of the bordeaux.—St. Paul Dis pateh. A Kettle Swing, An exceedingly simple yet conven ient hanger for a kettle Is shown. Let a represent a post 4x30 inches; b a piece 3x4 edgewise, with a three-quar ter-inch bolt through it and the post, so b can turn easily; e Is a small Iron 1 ■hl.K waJk J ,„„s I SWING FOR HANDLING KETTLE. loop-like rod on wagon end gate, so chain can turn easily; and is a chain run ning from c to e, which is a half-inch hook for barging chain. On the other hook, e, at other end of rod, b, hang the kettle. This arrangement allows the kettle to be swung off the fire i easily at any moment, and without legs or anything under the kettle to interfere with building a fire. Such a hanger is easy to make, but should be made of ouly good, strong material and put up substantial or firm. —E. C. Beergisser, in Farm and Home. Farm Notes. Slightly moisten commercial fertiliz ,ers before sowing them on a windy day. This will prevent no inconsider able loss, as the finer particles of avail able plant food may be frequently blown long distances. This is a prac tical point of great importance. The kind of crops and the manner of cultivation determine the profit. While some farmers barely subsist on a farm of a hundred acres, it is not difficult I for others to make small farms of only ten acres pay. There are some se j tions in which a twenty-acre farm is j considered a large ore, and yet such farms pay well and their owners are prosperous. A saving of labor may be made Iu the garden by frequently using the rake. Very young weeds may be easi ly destroyed by passing the rake be tween the rows, while by allowing the weeds to remain until well rooted a hoe may be necessary. Economy of labor is in keeping weeds and grass down ag their seeds germinate, which renders the task easier. Sow some annual and biennial grasses with the perennials for perma- j nent pasture, especially if the soil be wanting in richness and moisture. The I perennials will make but little herbage for two or three years, because their first efforts are to establish strong roots. Annuals, on the contrary, make bnt little roots: their growth is chiefly above ground, and what re mains of them supplies some food and shelter. A community of farms has many advantages which are not known where large farms are the rule. The farms are better cultivated and cared for. and the whole section bears a more thrifty appearance. Neighbors are nearer, and generally of the most intelligent class, while roads are bet ter. aud churches, sehoolbonses. stores and other conveniences necessary to the most advanced civilization are more numerous, which advantages can be the more easily and conveniently enjoyed. Theodore P. lon. a Greek, who came here to study at the Catholic Univer sity of America. Is to become a mem ber of the faculty of the Boston Uni* versify. WISCONSIN’S EECOKD. FAITHFULLY TOLD IN READABLE SHAPE. Hermit of the Mississippi—Forced to dWe Up Strip of Swamp f.aml to MLiMnesota— Saved from Injury—Pa tient Awakes ia Midst of Operation. About two miles south of Mineiesia, on the bank of the Mississippi river, ia a mammoth and ugly shaped castle in which resides an old hermit with hair as white as snow and with a beard reaching nearly to his waist. This Kip Van Win kle is said to be more than 100 years old and no ono knows his name or whence he came. His home is called Crazy Mari’s Castle and is built on piling from driftwood and pieces of wrecked boats. On the four corners are steeples tower ing far above the rude roof. The build ing is three stories high, the two upper floors being reached by means of ladders. At no time of the year is there a stove in the building and when the thermometer begins to hover around the zero point the old hermit seeks the friendly shel ter of a cave, where he made his home before he constructed his rmle house. It is said that when the old man first land ed in the vicinity he was well dressed and appeared to be a onan of considerable refinement. Immediately he isolated him self from mankind and soon adopted habits but little above those of the abo rigines and each year he has grown more barbaric in his way. Lose Land to Minnesota. P. 11. Smith and P. E. Bradshaw of West Superior are the Wisconsin men who were recently declared losers in the contest with the State for a strip of iron land in northern Minnesota said to be worth $1,000,000. The strip which the State is awarded as swamp land in cludes about thirty-six acres. That is only about one-fourth of the entire strip which these men won out on only a short time ago, however. The land is near Virginia, where an error was discovered by Mr. Smith in the government sur veys. The two surveys did not meet and right alongside some of the most paying -.nines on the range lay .a strip a mile in length and 1,000 feet in width at the base, being triangular. It had taken sev eral yeai'3 for thorn to get possession. Farm Hand Saves Employer. A farm hand employed by Charles Jlansou, a leading fawner, residing near .the Taylor orphan asylum, two and a half miles southwest of Racine, saved his employer and 2-year-old child from being torn to pieces by a large New foundland dog." Just as the father grasp ed the child in his arms to save him from being attacked, the dog jumped <and was about to leap on the father and child the farm hand discharged the contents of a shotgun and struck the animal iu the head and the body fell to the porch, a foot from where the father stood. Leaps Against the Doctor’* Knife. Leaping from an operating table at St. I.uke’s hospital in Racine, James Had ding of Keokuk, lowa, who was under going an operation for throat trouble, nearly met death on the knives the sur geons were using, lladding was given chloroform, but the operation took longer than was expected. The physicians for got to keep the patient under the anes thetic, and in the middle of the opera tion he recovered consciousness. Chopa Off His Foot. Mike Polda. a farmer, chopped off half of his right foot accidentally while cut ting fence posts on liis farm near Patch Grove. The blow split the bones from the toes to and through 'the ankle. The left foot was badly mangled in a horse power a few years ago. Wife Threw Away Savinas. George Wheeler of Milwaukee kept his savings in a tin can. His wife cleaned house recently and threw the can into the alley. Later she remembered that it had been used as a savings bank and hastened to recover it. She found the can, but the money, about S4O, was miss ing. High School Athletics Pay. Under the system of graduate manage ment of high school athletics in vogue at Janesville the financial report entered for the past year shows a balance on band, when past years have produced as great a deficit. Conch W. R. Norris, an instructor, has had entire financial con trol. State Items of Interest, Joseph 1 otter sell, an engineer of Mil waukee, died in St. Petersburg of small pox. Gran tab urg is the home pawn of Jockey Helgason, the winner of the American Derby, and the place is wild over his success. The business men of Beloit have or ganized an association for mutual protec tion at times of strikes, and to steady the conditions of labor. The corner stone of the Fond dtt Lac public library was laid. The building is to cost $40,000, of which $50,000 is giv en by Andrew Carnegie. The Oshkosh Common Council has un der consideration an ordinance intended to keep clairvoyants, fortune tellers and mountebanks out of the city. The Soldiers and Sailors’ '"Union of Green County held its annual reunion at Brodhead. Speeches were made by Capt. Randell, Gen. Byers and others. An effort has been launched to estate lioh a county agricultural school for Jef ferson County. Superintendent Cary of Madison addressed a meeting of those interested. Two tramps, giving their names as Harry McCoy and Charles Seigison. are said to have burglarized the residence of Charles Huber in the town of Fort Win nebago. A watch and a sum of money was secured. McCoy was captured, but Seigison escaped. After a search of nearly six months George Woods, suspected of implication in the wholesale th<-ft of castiugs front .i i\ timd at FoiiVdu Lac by tkt police of that city. Department Commander J. P. Bundle of Milwaukee is promulgating the orders in regard to the per capita tax. This is now 10 cents for each member of the Grand Army in good standing'. It was reduced at the encampment held recently at Chippewa Falls. There are now 9,077 memliers in the Wisconsin department in good standing. A special election will be called at Two Rivers to approve the issuing of bonds to the extent of $41,0U0 to defray the cost of building anew school house. At Janesville Judge I'iiield discharged Anton Woletz, accused of aiding his son to escape from the industrial school at Waukesha. The lad had been released from the institution to attend the funeral of his mother. The West Superior police arrested J. J. O’Brien as a vagrant. Ten years ago he was one of the best cressers in town, sported hundreds of dollars’ worth of dia monds and a handsome wife. To-day he ia a ragged, physical wreck, as a result of his drinking proclivities. The two State employment offices, at Milwaukee and Superior, in one week -to gether received 275 applications for work, 297 applications for help and filled 273 positions. Henna l Haefs was critically injured near Tigerton while at work ia the w oods. Two men were felling trees near by aDd one of the trees pinned Haefs to the ground. Mrs. Mary Pleva of Kenosha, who sjii tried for vbe murder of her husband, ia to marry again. A Marriage license was issued for her marriage to John fhtadsky. In 1897 she was sentenced to fomcen years in prison, but was par itooed after about three year*. Fire destroyed the Chicago. Milwaukee and St. Paul depot at Wyoceua. The Grand \ iew Hotel has opened its summer season at the Chain o' Lakes. James G. Gittlngs, who was acting edi tor of the Monroe Times, died of heart disease. Col. C. J. Ellis is preparing to resign as commandant of the Veterans’ home at Marinette. Assistant State Superintendent Dou nelly has been in Idaho to- investigate an offer at the Idaho State normal school. The Wisconsin Telephone Company has arranged for the purchase of the Little Wolf Telephone Company's prop erty. J. 11. Green N: Sons of Appleton have been awarded the contract for construct ing the sewer at Houghton, Mich., which is to cost An unknown man drowned himself in the Mississippi at La Crosse, l ive men saw him throw himself into the river, but all attempts to save him failed. The State commission will begin its inspection of the railroads soon. Fom in isnioner Thomas has been delayed in obtaining the services of an expert engi neer. ft At a meeting of the Mondovi City Council it was votes,! to put in a com plete sewer system, and plans will be prepared and work started as soon as possible. Chief Onon-Gwat-Go of the Wiscon sin Oneida Indian tribe has been or dained a deacon of the P-.-testant Epis eopal Church at the Oneida Mission Church. John Shea of Escanaba, Mich., was held up in Milwaukee by two footpads, robbed of SOB and shot through the little finger in grappling with one of the high waymen. The large bam belonging to Charles Gerbenski was entirely destroyed by tin' at H:\rtland. The loss is S,S(K), insur ance S4OO. It is thought to be of in cendiary origin. All State and private banks are being calk'd upon to render statements ns to their condition, in accordance with the new law. These institutions will prac tically cease to exist after next Septem ber. The Elmwood, a ntt 60 foot , ateam launch built oy A. La Chappcl for A. Born of Milwaukee, vns launched at lYwaukee This is one of the finest steamers among those on Pewaukee lake. John Smith, one of the oldest and best known farmers of Racine County, died at his home in the town of Dover. He was found dead in his bed. Heart fail ure is presumed to be the cause of his death. The 12-year-okl son of Mathew Olson was instantly killed by being caught in the main drive belt of Tomahawk saw mill. He had secreted himself in the en gine room, waiting to sec the mill run at night. Charles A. Stevens of Chicago has received a shipment of 270 Angola goats, which he has placed on his land border ing Delavan lake. They are brought to graze, Mr. Stevens using this method to clear the laud of underbrush. S. G. Gilman, a Mondovi attorney, left for Mexico City. Mexico, to look up the estate of August Sahlberg, a rich miner, who left one-sixteenth of his estate to Mrs. Marie Halverson of Mondovi. It is estimated that her share will be $200,- 000. Unknown to her parents, Lillian E. Bowman, aged 18 years, secured n mar riage license to wed Edgar 1,. Chapel and the young people visited the offices of A. Cary Judd, court commissioner of Racine, and were there united in mar riage. The Gimhel Brothers' business in Mil waukee and Philadelphia has been incor porated under the laws of Pennsylvania, with a paid-up capital of $10,000,000. This, it is asserted, makes the concern the largest in a mercantile line in the country. None of the stock will be placed on the market, but is held by the Gimbels and their friends. The pioneers of Appleton neighbor hood gathered at the home of J. Simp son in the town of Osborn, about 200 in nunilMT. John Knox, in the course of his address, told of an incident of the early days when lie walked twenty milt s to Green Bay to obtain materials for a flag. The flag, which was made about fifty-two years ago, was exhibited. Great alarm was felt the other day among the members of the Case family in Racine because of the disappearance of Roy Case, aged 1.1 years, son of the late Jackson 1. Case, until lit l was found in a stack of pilings by the lake shore. The parents feared the boy had commit ted suicide by jumping into the lake. He bad quarreled with his brother Jerome and drawing a revolver had shot him through the leg. Not knowing how se rious the shot was, he ran away. The possession of the little daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jack Atkinson, divorced, remains as a matter of contention. .Mrs. Atkinson, grandmother of the child, has the child in her possession and insists that* she will not surrender it to the daughter-in-law. The daughter in-law claims that the orders of the court shall be enforced and as both are persistent, it is feared that more trouble may re sult. Mrs. Atkinson, senior, is living in Menominee, while her daughter-in-law is living in Marinette. Samuel Crawford of Cedar River, head of the firm of Crawford A Sous, exirress ed surprise upon being informed of the finding of the bodies of William Mor land and Herbert*Morgan, two men who were employed on his drive last winter, and he believes that the cause of the death should be investigated. The man agement of the company for whom these men had be n working knew nothing of the death and it had not been reported to any extent at Cedar R:\vr No one there knew that they had been dr owned when they disappeared last March, but sup posed that they had merely “jumped their jobs.” A class of twenty-five was graduated at Lawrence University, Appleton. An effort to increase the endowment fund by $250,000 will be made. George T. Sullivan, a Chicago broker, has sold his Itacine business to Charles de Marras, who has represented hint there for some time. De Marra will continue the business. Albert Ceeka, 10 years old, was kicked in the face by a horse at Prairie du Chien. the shock causing him to bite off the end of his tongue. A physician sew ed on the detached portion and believes that the injury will be remedied. An epidemic of typhoid fever is raging in Two Rivers, twenty five cases having j rteen reported, though no deaths have j yet resulted. Health authorities are try ing to locate the cause. The youngest son of O. W. Brightsnan was killed by a freight car at Waasau- I kee. The little fellow tried to ride on the end of the car—he was unnoticed by | the men —and wae nearly cut in two. Mi>s Mabel Windsor, aged 20 year®, daughter of Benjamin F. Wind 'or, pres; dent of the Windsor Spring Company of ! Kenosha, was killed by being thrown ' from her horse while riding. She had I gone but a block from her home when j the accident occurred. While cutting of- bananas from a bunch. EU Kinsey, an Evansville grocery clerk, was bitten by a tarantula of enor mous size. A doctor injected an antidote into his arm and his life was thus saved. The Rev. James. A. Biaisdeil, son of the late Prof. Blaisdeli of Beloit Col lege. resigned the pastorate of Olivet, Mich-. Congregational C arch to become profeseor of biblical literature of Beloit. An organization ha been effected for a bask in Marshal! with a capital stock of SIO,OOO. The incorporators are: W. H. Porter. W. H. Raman. 0. P. Soren sen. J. F. HeW. Christ Biedetnan and L. F. Kelley. William H. Tasker of Lake Mills will be the business manager. THE WEEKLY ONE HUNDRED YEARS AOO. The famous frigate Constitution was docked at the Washington navy yard to be replatod with the first sheet copper manufactured in the United States. M. Balli, professor of chemistry at Mantua, announced that fresh meat might be kept sweet for six months by “oxydating"’ it. The island of St. Lucia was acquired by Great Britain. SEVENTY-FIVE YEARS AGO. The American Colonization Society ad vertised for free negroes to go to Liberia as settlers. Henry Flay, Secretary of State, was compelled by criticism to explain his financial entanglements, which he de clared due to heavy indorsements for his friends. The island of Cuba was threatened famine. The crops having been almost totally destroyed by drought. FIFTY YEARS AGO. The regular army of the United States consisted of 10.000 men. The Czar of Russia ordered an inva sion of the Danuhinn provinces. FORTY YEARS AGO. Gen. Pemberton placed the rebel gar rison of Vicksburg (Miss.) on fourteen ounces of food dally, with mule flesh as the only fresh meat. Gen. W. T. Sherman started to con struct a line of defenses between Haines’ bluff and the Big Black, to prevent the rebel Gen. Johnston from attacking Gen. Grant’s rear. Gen. U. S. Grant's mine under Fort Hill, Vicksburg, Miss., was exploded at 4 p. m., making a breach iu the rebel fortifications through waleh a bloody hand-to-hand battle was fought u few minutes later. Twenty thousand stand of arms reach ed Cincinnati for use in repelling the threatened rebel invasion. Wisconsin State troops were ordered to Dodge County to stop the repeated shooting of United States draft officers. The construction of earthworks was begun at Baltimore, Md., for defense against Gen. R. E. Lee's army. The advance of Gen. R. E. Ice’s army was reported within twelve miles of Car lisle, Pa., while the rear crossed the Po tomac river into Maryland. Gov. Yates of Illinois offered 10,000 troops to Secretary of War Stanton for repelling the rebel invasion. The New York Board of Education forbade the singing of the “Battle Hymn of the Republic’’ in the public schools be cause it gave offense. Troops were sent by special train from Cincinnati to head off rebel cavalry near Paoli, Ind., sixty being caught and sent to the Jeffersonville penitentiary. Two hundred and fifty rebel guerril las were pursued by Indiana militia from the town of Orleans, which they had tried to loot. The Baltimore (Md.) City Council ap propriated $100,(XX) for the defense of the city against Gen. Robert E. lice’s army. R. 11. Carter and J. 11. Bailey, United States draft officers, were mobbed nt Lib erty street and Fourth avenue, Chicago, and beaten until unconscious. THIRTY YEARS AGO. Deaths from cholera were announced nt Cincinnati and Portsmouth, Ohio; Washington, I). C.; Evansville, Ind.; Wheeling, W. Va., and Memphis and Nashville, Tenn. The Canandaigua (N. Y.) district at torney refused to prosecute fourteen women who had been indicted with Ku sas B. Anthony for voting at a presi dential election. Canandaigua (N. Y.) election officials wore fined $25 each and costs for allow ing Susan B. Anthony to vote at a pres idential election. Spain evaded its Porto Rican emanci pation proclamation by selling all slaves in that island to Cuban planters. The steamer Juniata left New York in search of the missing Arctic exploring ship Polaris. The Sultau of Turkey and the Khedive of Egypt concluded a treaty by which the lntter was to furnish 150,(kg) troops if the Sultan’s territory was invaded. Louisiana planters were reported still struggling under a load of debt accumu lated before the Civil War, many planta tions worth only $5,000 being mortgaged for $75,000. TWENTY YEARS AGO. England offered to mediate between ! France and China in the dispute over j Toncjuin. The Madison levee, near Alton, 111., ' broke, submerging a large section of I country, and East St. Dui* was threat' I eued with a flood. A delegation of Iririi-Ameriean clti : zens, headed by Alexander Sullivan, pres ident of the Irish-American National League, called on President Chester A. Arthur and urged that he restrict pauper immigration into the United States. A presidential boom for Gen. Phil Sheridan was started at Minneapolis. Gen. William Tecuroseh Sherman an nounced that he would retire from the United States army, as ho had achieved “all the notoriety” he wished for. TEN YEARS AGO. The monument to the Chicago anarch ists executed for the Haymarket riot was unveiled at Waldheim cemetery in the presence of 8,000 spectators. The Ferris wheel was started at tfie Chicago world’s fair in the presence of 2,000 spectators, Gen. Nelson A. Miles delivering an address in which he placed it among “the seven wonders of the world.” The British battleship Victoria was sunk in collision off Tripoli, and Vice- Admirai Sir George Try on and 400 oth ers were drowned. Gov. William Mi.Kinley of Ohio vis ited the Chicago world’s fair grounds, but was prevented from sightseeing by p- rsons who tried to shake bands and who cheered hirn as the "next Presi dent” The People’s Home Saving* Bank of San Francisco and the National Bank of San Bernardino. Cai., failed, and the State Bank of Minneapolis, Minn., and ths Cataract Bank of Niagara Fails closed their doors. Lizzie Borden was acquitted at New Bedford, Maas., of the alleged murder of her father after, a sensational trial The conviction of Messrs. Dorr and O’Brien, respectively proprietor and edi tor of the Manila Freedom, on the charge of libeling Benedito Legarda, a native member of tbe Philippine commission, has been confirmed by the Philippine Supreme Court.