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AN INDIAN MEMORIAL
ERECTED BY SIOUX ON WOUND ED KNEE BATTLEFIELD. Shaft to Commemorate Those Who Fell in that Bloody Fight—The Last Great Stand of the Ked Race Against the White. On a little knoll overlooking Wound ed Knee battlefield on the I’iue Bidge agency, in South Dakota, 5,000 Sioux r j gathered to devil v ’ jcate a monument It recently erected to th e metnorj of v ,■ .their dead who tell j 29, 1900. Following - j the example of the j|ZBEOll| *j Little Big Horn the "Custer massacre,” jt he Sioux have call ,£-'-’*‘*l.V. j Wounded Knee the “Big Foot iuusna ■ .Bore,” because Big lo'd was the chief ui>du- whom they f oU ght in that last the monument, and most disastrous effort of the Indians to resist the ma.ch of civilization. Many of those warriors who rode in the whirlwind of death which engulfed Custer's men at the Little Big Horn went to their death at Wounded Knee, and this mon ument is to their memory. The cele bration was the tirst of its kind ob served by the Indians of this country ana marks the progress which civillza tion is making among them. The Wounded Knee fight was the last great stand of the red race against the white and was causes! through the agency of Sitting Bull, who was to the northern Indians xvhat (Jeronimo was to the southwestern tribes. He aroused their patriotism to the fightiug spirit, and in addition lie anointed each brave with “medicine,” which he claimed tuado them invulnerable to bullets from the white man's pistol. And ev ery Indian thoroughly believed this. To accomplish his purpose, Sitting Bull originated the “ghost, or Messiah, dance,” which soon spread througli the Sioux nation like fire over the western prairie. This dance was only a pre liminary to being anointed with the “medicine” and was a mixture of the war and squaw dance, except that the dancers circled around a tall pole on which was hung a skin containing the medicine. The ey<*s of the dancers were continually fixed on this spot, their eyes thrown upward. It is said the dancers, in time, became actually hyp notized and fell on the ground in a cataleptic fit. While in this state they had visions of what was to happen to the white men who opposed the Indian when anointed with the “medicine.” These visions were ali alike. Buffaloes would return; white men be all killed, the Great Spriit had informed them that the white man’s bullet could not injure them any more; and, above all, that Sitting Bull must be obeyed im plicitly. I‘reparina for War. After the Indians had danced all dur ing the full of 1890, about 80 per cent of tie entire Sioux tribe became Ann followers of Sitting Bull; had Inter viewed the Great Spirit, and had been anointed with “medicine" by tlieir high priest or medicine man. When the Indians got into the con dition that Sitting Bull could be sure Ills every order would be obeyed, the “ghost” dancing ceased and prepara tions for war began. Then it was that the commanding officer of the United Slates troops at Fort Yates was order ed to arrest old Sitting Bull and con fine him in prison at the agency of Standing Hock for the time being. Sitting Bull was camped forty miles away from the agency, but a squad of fifty cavalrymen started after the old Indian early on Dec. 15. The Indian police, commanded by Bull Head and Shave Head, were within striking distance of Sitting Bull’s camp several days before the cavalry took leave of the fort. Sitting Bull’s cabin was almost sur rounded by the fanatl ui "ghost danc ers,” but the Indian police managed to reach the house and arrest the old fel low. Sitting Bull's young son slipped from the house and aroused the "ghost dancers,” who soon swarmed around the little party of police. After the police mounted their horses to return with Sitting Bull that old warrior called upon his followers to le-seue him, and Strike-tbe-Kettle and <Jatoh-the-Benr dashed up at full speed to the two police who guarded the prisoner, and shot them. Both guards were killed, but in falling Bull Head, a guard, wheeled, and instead of shoot ing hi 9 assailant, shot Sitting Bull dead. The police then took refuge In Sit ting Bull’s cabin, which was immedi ately surrounded by hundreds of yell ing. frantic Indians. The soldiers came up at that uu.u.l t and the ghost dancers tied to the timber, half a mile away. An hour later an incident happened which showed the sublime faith his followers had in Sitting Bull, and which had a great bearing upon the future of the Indians and led directly to the battle fought two weeks later by the ghost dancers at Wounded Knee —the buttle which the monument co m in cm orates. While the troopers wrre pr'paring to return to the fort, carrying the dead body of Kitting Bull with them, an In dian riding at full speed emerged from the woods into which they had gone when the soldiers appeared. Straight towards the assembled soldiers rode the red man, until he halted on a small knoll about eighty yards away. Dressed tor rather undressed.* in full war paraphernalia, eagle war bonnet, war paint, war lanoe. etc., and war shirt which Sitting Bull had anointed, the warrior stood like a copper statue on the knoll, while every soldier and Indian police in the troop tired point blank at him again and again. For live minutes he sat ou his horse, im movable. drawing the fire of the ninety men, most of whom were crack shots. Then the firing ceased anti every sol dier in the troop applauded the won derful nerve of the warrior, lie had been testing the efficiency of the ''med icine" of Sitting BulL Apparently satisfied, be turned his back on the soldiers and rode again at full speed for the timber, never looking back. Two weeks later this same Indian started the fight at Wc-mded Knee by braining Captain V Lace in the presence of his entire c^pany. Killing of Cast Wallace. Dec. 28 the Indians were camped os Hounded Knee creek, waiting for a , .wference the following day with Gen. Forsythe, commanding the troopa. During the day the scouts Little Bat •bC Lou Star had been among tfc* Miss Bishop was the minister’s daughter, whose killing by a negro caused a mob at Wilmington, Del., to burn the miscreant at the stake. Sioux Indians, led by Big Foot, and had learned the serious condition of af fairs. The following morning they re ported to Gen. Forsythe that the In dians would probably resist unless an overwhelming force of soldiers was brought up. Forsythe did not agree with the scout and continued to ad vance. But Capt. Wallace, who believed the report of the scout, together with “Lit tle Bat” and “Lone Star,” rode ahead of the troops, in order to pacify the Indians. The three men drew In close to the troops of savages which had advanced to meet them, and then “Lone Star” recognized the daring warrior who had tried his medicine two weeks before that day. He, together with several other Indians, left the main body and advanced toward Capt. Wallace. Suddenly, from within the crowd, arose the shrill death song of the Sioux. Both the scouts now saw the deadly danger in which all three stood, but Capt. Wallace did not understand, and before he couid be warned, held out his hand to greet the advancing braves. From tbrir positions, neither of the scouts could fire and Capt. Wallace walked toward his death, oblivious of the terrible fate awaiting him. The singing Indian grasped Capt. Wallace’s outstretched hand, and sud denly drawing his other hand from be neath his blanket, struck the brave captain a terrible blow with a toma hawk, killing him instantly. But the medicine shirt failed to pro tect the Indian from the bullet which left the pistol of “Lone Star” a mo ment later, and the savage fell dead with a bullet through his heart. The Bloody Gulch. T 1 e two scouts backed away, firing ns tLey went, and In turn received the fire cf the entire band. Both escaped without a scratch. But not so the In dians. A number were killed by the scouts before the soldiers got into ac tion. The Indians broke for cover and succeeded In reaching a ravine from which the soldiers could not drive them. Gen. Forsythe wrote an order for re inforcements and handed it to Lone Star, who rode the fourteen miles to the agency in thirty-five minutes. In 1 hour and 28 minutes the re-enforce ments dashed up, the soldiers having left too hurriedly to place saddles on their horses. But they had brought the gatling guu§ with them. These were new to the Indians, who did not understand me rapid fire. Three of these were placed in posit' oll to rake the ravine, and the slaughter began. The savages could not escape, and later in the (lay the ravine was found to be actually choked with dead Indians, more than two bundled lying within a space of n few hundred feet. (The Indians still call this “Bloody Gulch.”) The soldiers that day lost Capt. Wal lace and twenty-four men killed and thirty-four wounded. But under the spot on which the In dian monument rests are the bones of more than two hundred and fifty Indi ans who were killed that day, and for many months it was nothing uncom mon to discover the bleached skeleton of an Indian lying In the grass any where in the neighborhood of the bat tlefield. Tlie exact number of killed was never known. ROOSEVELT AND GRANT. That’s the Mnlteup of the Republican Ticket Fancied by Some. A political combination which has been extensively advertised is Theo dore Roosevelt for President and Ulysses S. Grant for Vice-President. This proposed make-up of the Repub lican national ticket seems to meet with considerable favor, and has been txrssrs s. GRAXT, JR. well received by the Republican pa pers. The suggested nominee for Vice- President is a son of the famous gen eral. and a son-in-law of ex-United States Senator Chaffee, of Colorado. Ho Is a graduate of Harvard, class of 1574, and of Columbia Law School, 1876. In 1599 he was a candidate for the United States Senate for the Cali fornia Legislature, but was defeated. He is one of the leading attorneys on the Pacific coast, and has large com mercial and mining interests. The pugilist Is frequently beats* at his own game. MISS HELEN BISHOP. SINGING BULLETS Are Harmless, but the Silent Missiles Cause All the Trouble. “Don’t be afraid of a bullet that you’.ve heard whistle,” said another old soldier. “If It sings in your ear, rest i assured that it will never harm you. It is a fact, as any old soldier will tell you, that you never hear the bullet which hits you. It is a problem of ‘windage,’ as the boys in the army call ed it. In other words, the bullet which you hear sing lias already sped past you, and the bullet which hits you has hissed in the car of some other fellow in passing before it got to you. It is a simple proposition, after all. The singing of tiie bullet is the atmospheric vibration which is created and the re sistance which the air offers to the progress of the bullet. This cannot be detected by the ear until the bullet has crossed a parallel line with the ear. It may sail over your head or whizz close to the ground but if it passes you at nil the ear will catch the sound of its flight. To the soldier of man battles the voice of the bullet is music. He knows that he no.-d have no dread of the bullet that sings in his ears. It Is the bullet that he does not hear that must be feared, and it is this bullet which always brings harm to him. No soldier ever heard the bullet which in flicted a wound on him. I was amused by a raw soldier who was attached to our command. It was his first time on the firing line. We were skirmishing, and some sharpshooters were having some fun at our expense. A bullet whizzed close to him. Faintly we could hear the crack of the rifle, but it was not distinct enough to alarm even a novice. The singing of the bullet, however, brought a blanched ex pression to his face, ne did not wince, however. We were lying in the edge of the woods. Another bullet buzzed by. T don’t like the sound,’ said the younger soldier. Zip! Another bullet spent the air close to his head. He was paler still. ‘Comrade,’ he said to me, between bleached lips, ‘I don’t want to be shot from ambush; let’s charge the devils!’ I told him not to fear a bullet that had spoken to him on Its flight, but he did not like the idea of lying there in the woods and listening to the voice of these invisible messengers of death."—Baltimore American. MEXICO MAKING STRIDES. Onr Southwestern Neighbor Rapidly Becoming Americanized. Dr. Charles Amezcua of the City of Mexico, who is a gentleman of scien tific attainments, told a Washington Post reporter how much impressed he was with the beauty of Washington and with the surpassing beauty of its autumnal days. “There is one thing,” said he, “that probably a great many of your readers do not know, and that is how rapidly the republic of Mexico is becoming Americanized. Our people know of the tremendous progress of our great sister across the Rio Grande, and while they realize that there is yet an enormous gulf that separates the one from the other, still the United F ates is an In spiration and an incentive. We rejoice in seeing the United States taking pre cedence of the old-world monarchies, and do not doubt it will eclipse them ali. “With an object lesson before is tt is no .To iler that Mexico is like wise making rapid strides along the road that leads to national greatness. The country is awake, wide awake, and everybody seems imbued with the idea of a glorious destiny. We are praying, nlso, that Gen. Diaz may have his life prolonged for at least ten more years, because he is really the one great factor in our advancement, and as long as he lives no one fears but that all will go well with our coun try.” A Town IRmbly Incorporated. A peculiar complication has arisen in Oregon over the qnestion whether a town incorporated two times over is legally incorporated at all. A Sen ate bill and a House bill incorpor ating tbe town of Adams in U aatilla comity were passed by both houses and reached the governor, who signed them both. They were supposed to be exactly alike, but on ex&minafion it was found that the boundaries are slightly differently defined. In the bill which last became law ani thus superseded the first bill the boundary lines do not go completely around the town. An Accurate Machine. One of the weighing machines in the bank of England is so accurst >ly adjusted that It can give the accurate weight of a speck of dust and can niw> weigh any amount of metal np to four hundred pounds. A postage stamp on the scale will swing an Indicator on a semi-circle a space of six Inches. Dear Theater Seats Seats are dearer at the Paris opera house than In any other European capital. In spite of the fact that the state glrea the building rent free and an annual subvention of SIOO.OCO. The first question every chi and ask* on reaching home is, “Where's moth er r SNAKE SWALLOWED SNAKE, DESPERATE WRESTLING MATCH IN ANIMAL STORE. ■-How a Stout, Able-bodied Florida King Snake Made a Meal of a Blue Racer, Six Feet in Length—Muscular Pow er of Constricting Reptiles. A stout, able-bodied Florida king snake swallowed a blue racer, six feet in length, in a leading bird and animal store of the capital, last week, after a game fight on the part of the latter reptile in self-defense. It appeals that some days hetore this accident the proprietor had pur chased a large blue racer from up the country about Great Falls, placing it in one of the cages in company with a Florida king snake. As the Wing snake had just made a hearty meal off two rats, he then paid little attention to his new cag-- mate, although from the very beginning the racer kept an eye on his companion, avoiding hin; at every turn. As time went on. however, the king snake digested his meal, and again feeling the pangs of hunger, he de cided. as there was no other food in sight, to gobble up the racer. In fact, Mr. King Snake thought, no doubt, that the blue racer had been placed in his cage for food, and that he would be acting the part of an ingrate to his keeper, the proprietor, by not eating his new found acquaintance. So without more ado he pounced upon the racer, and for fifteen ro utes the liveliest fight that ever todk place in the shop ensued. The racer was game and bit the big king snake on the back of his thick neck more than once. They struggled and wres tled like two Japanese athletes, tht king snake (which like the boa and python, kills its prey by constric tion) trying to wrap himself about the racer, and the latter trying hard to avoid his coils by dodging and biting. Finally, however, after a deal of both er, the king snake succeeded, and then the tug of war began in earn est. Although more of a biter than a crusher and strangler, the blue racer is not destitute of the power of con striction, and for a time the two tried to see which had the best muscle. The slim blue racer was not much of a match for the density and avoirdu pois of his adversary, and finally be coming exhausted, he lay calm, allow ing the king snake to swallow his head without offering any resistance. But this was not for long. The king snake, after bolting the blue racer's head, was beginning, inch by inch, to swallow the remaining five feet ten inches of its body, when the blue racer made one last and mighty effort — his death struggle, in fact —to break away from his enemy. The thumping and noise in the cage became 30 loud at this stage that it attracted the prop rietor, who, the moment he saw what was wrong, summoned an assistant, and set about trying to save the blue racer. The two writhing, twisting snakes were removed from the cage, and with the utmost difficulty uncoiled from about each other. Both the proprie tor and his assistant were astonished at the muscular strength of the two snakes, for it required all their strength to disengage the two from about each other’s bodies. FinWky, when this was accomplished, the prop rietor of the store took ho' . of the king snake and his assistant the blue racer, trying hard to pull the later’s head out of the mouth of the former. They soon discovred that this could not be accomplished without pulling both snakes’ heads off, for the king snake had swallowed enough of the racer to render it next to impos sible to draw the racer out again. Besides this, the holding-on quali ties of the king snake were as sur prising as his constricting abilities, so that the proprietor, rather than kill both reptiles decided to let the king snake finish his meal, which he did in short order, stowing away the racer as an Indian would a stick of spaghet ti. He “swelled visibly” under the operation, and when he finished his meal his stomach looked tight enough to burst. The funny part of it all was was that the racer was about one and a half feet longer than the king snake, but the latter managed nevertheless, to dispose of his adver sary without leaving any part of his tail sticking out. While not as long, the king snake was much bulkier than the racer, which he evidently doubled up and over several times durigg the swallowing process. This is not the first time the ani mal deale,- has met with the wonder ful muscular power of constricting reptiles. About a year ago he hap pened one day to remove a young Brazilian boa from one cage for the purpose of placing him in another. The new cage was not quite ready, and while directing his assistant in the matter his attention was drawn for the moment away from the boa, which he held in his right hand. Quick as lightning the shrewd reptile (there is no longer any question as to the boa's cunning) had wrapped itself around his arm above the elbow. And one who has ever seen a boa seize and kill a rabbit can appreciate with what rapidity it was done. Wincing un der the excraciatiug pain, the dealer shouted to his assistant, who se?ing what had happened, hurried to his em ployer’s rescue. He was not a sec ond too soon. It, took the two nearly twenty minutes of the hardest kind of labor to unwrap the boa from about the dealer's arm. The assistant had to put forth all his strength to twist the stubborn reptile loose, the dealer helping as much as was in his power, which, under the circumstances, wa3 not very much. Desrribing his sen sations to a Post reporter some days later, he said that for a time he though hi3 arm ws broken. For nearly two weeks after this his arm was black and blue from the crush ing and pained him so greatly that he could not use it. Dealers are agreed that in handling boas one is obliged to keep an eye on them constantly, for they are able to coil themselves about a person's am. hand. neck, or body so quickly that it is impossible to arrest he movement once it is started.— Washington Post. Simplifying English Life. It will be all to the good if the new sumptuary laws in the army have the effect of simplifying English life, and especially our extravagant ideas about entertaining. In no other profession in a young man expected, while he is still in his teens to give balls or main tain drags.—London Lady’s Pictoral. According to a famous musician, about 50 per cent, of the German •ation understand music. MARVELLOUS SHOWERS. Butterflies. Locusts, Birds, Frogs and Other Things Bombard the Earth. The skipper of the Boston bark Anitoch, which two months since ar rived in New York from Buenos Ayres, related a strange experience that he and his crew had undergone when some five hundred miles north east of Porto Rico. The day was clear, when on a sudden a large cloud was observed to windward rapidly ap proaching the vessel. It broke direct ly overhead, and discharged a vast number of gorgeous-hued butterflies, locusts and small birds that fell upon and completely covered the deck. The red rain which a year or so since excited .so much curiosity in southern and central Europe was due, so scientists tell us, to the powdered sand of the Sahara being borne across the Mediterranean by a sirocco. It is by no means an uncommon phenom enon, and from the earliest times, when it was considered to portend dis aster, has frequently been observed. Such rain is, however, attributable to other causes than the above, as when, in the seventeenth century, the citizens of Aix-la-Chapelle were terri fied to behold one morning the streets of their town sprinkled, apparently with blood. The walls of one church were entirely covered, and fear was rapidly rising to panic when an ob servant naturalist opportunely traced the cause to an immense swarm of but terfies, that in changing from the pu pae to the perfect insects had left be hind them a crimson stain. Another meterological anomaly, which doubtless nowadays would at once receive a feasible solution, was an acorn storm which visited Morlaix, a small town in Brittany, in 1729. Rain, which had been threatening all the morning, began to fall about 2 o’clock with unexpected severity, accompan ied by a perfect fusilade of acorns, which came with such force as to break the windows and in some cases to wound the passers-by. Frogs have more than once descend ed from the skies. The Leeds Mer cury for June, 1844. reports such a shower, when the inhabitants of Selby were surprised by the descent of a multitude of these little reptiles, which they were able to catch in their hats as they came down. They are described as having been about the size of a horsebean and of remarkable sprightliness after their aerial flight. Many places on the continent can boast of having been visited by show ers of toads, which have not only been observed in abundance upon the ground, but have even been seen to strike the roofs of houses in their des cant and to bound thence into the streets below. Such, too, a3 have been out in these storms have re turned home liberally besprinkled with minute specimens of these ungainly reptiles. In many parts of the East fish-rain has been often noticed, and Sir E. Ten nant relates that while driving one morning near Colombo ho noticed an exceedingly violent though partial shower descend at a short uistance from him, and on gaining the spot he found the ground covered with small silver fish, about two inches in length, that were leaping about in all direc tions. —Chicago Journal. EMERSON’S CONCORD HOME. House Where He Passed the Years of His Literary Life. Emerson's home in Concord, Mass., is an unpretentious dwelling, but is eagerly sought out by tourists. Like many of the houses of the times in which it was built, it is plain and square, much like a Western farm house. It stands in a grove of pine trees which obscure the front and sides from the gaze of passers. Chest nut trees ornament the yard, through which a road leads to a barn in the rear. A garden fills half an acre at the back. The house is divided by a long hall, two large square rooms be ing on each side. The first room to the right is Emerson's study, a square chamber lined on one side with simple wooden shelves filled with choice hooks. In the middle of the room Is a large mahogany table. It is cov ered with books, and by the morocco writing pad lies the pen which Emer son last used in giving literary form to his thoughts. There is a large fire place with a low grate at the lower end of the apartment, over which hangs a fine copy of Michael Angelo’s “Fates.” On the mantleshelf are busts and statuettes of men prom inent in the great reforms of the age. A few choice engravings hang upon the walls and the pine trees p.h&.e the windows. Next to the study in the southern quarter of the house f s the parlor, hung with curtains of crimson and carpeted with a warm color. In this room Emerson received visitors from all parts of the world. Here Mr. Alcott's earliest “Conversations” were held. Margaret Fuller was often a guest in thi3 room. Thoreau was a daily visitor. Here, too, John Brown was oftev. to be met. at that time a plain, poorly dressed farmer, seemingly out of place.—New York Tribune Successful Submarine Tests. Some important naval manoeuvres took place recently between the isles of Re and Oleron. near La Rochelle, where the submarine boat Korigan at tacked the battleships of the French northern squadron, which were defend ed by four torpedo boat destroyers. The Korigan succeeded in torpedoirg several of the battleships, and having attacked a vessel on one side passed underneath the vessel attacked and discharged a torpedo against the other side. The torpedo boat destroyera were unable tf> prevent the attacks. The battleship Admiral Trehourat representing the enemy’s division, tried to pass the southern entry to the roadstead of La Pallice. which was defended by the submarines Korigan and Farfadet. Tbo attack failed, the Admiral Trehouart being torpedoed four times, equivalent to once for every one of the four ships forming the di vision which she represented—New York American. Symbols on Tombstones. In Scotland it was for a long time usual to place on a man's tombstone the symbols of his trade. Especially was thl3 the case In Dumblane, where in the burial ground of the. abbey it has been found that of those tomb stones. which are from lbO to 200 years old, about one-fourtb are thus marked, the symbols being in low re Mef. A sugar cane may be seen as showing the grave of a grocer; an ax and saw, with hammer and nails, occm on the grave of a carpenter; an awl and a hammer on that of a shoemaker. There are many other graves similar ly marked. —Stirling Observer. ADVENTURES 0E YOUNG LADS SMITTEN WITH A DESIRE TO SEE THE WORLD. A HEROIC attempt to have a vacation at all cost was made by a cer tain boy, whose experience is related in Chums. He joined a circus w Slh the inteution of becoming a lion-tamer; but there was no va cancy in that department, and before be made up his mind what else he would like to do. the circus people worked him in as “tent man.” lie had to help to put up and take down the great tents at each stopping place. Incidentally, he worked all the rest of the time at odd jobs. The circus men. In fact, found him so useful that they locked him up in au empty leopard cage each night, in order that, after having been kept at work all day by a rope’s end. he might not have a chance to abandon his circus career after dark. Ultimately, the boy hid for twenty-four hours In a disused lime kiln in one of the towns he visited, and finished his outing by giving him self up to the police authorities in order to be sent home. Not long ago an American boy, thinking that a vacation spent on his uncle’s farm was likely to be without adventure, stowed himself away and journeyed a long distance on the buffers of a freight train. He thought be bad done a rather fine thing, but the railway people held a different opinion. “It’s our turn now,” they said. Then they explained to him that to send him back again would cost three dollars, and he already owed them three dollars lor the trip down. So he was taken to the machine shops and directed to earn six dollars by tiling tubing smooth. Aj watchman was deputed to keep a fatherly eye on him after hours. The new band managed to write to bis people; but, very wisely, they agreed that to "serve his time.” might teach him a useful lesson, so they paid uo rausom. It took the boy nearly three weeks to file bis way to liberty. At s harbor of Continental Eurojie, In which a submarine war vessel was undergoing tests, a third young adventurer was smitten with a desire to become a “stowaway.” He was continually begging one of the crew, whom he knew, to smuggle him on board. At last, after a quiet little talk with the boy’s father, the sailor consented. In the dusk of evening the boy arrived at the meeting place appointed, .•lose to the sea. “\Ye must blindfold you.” said the sailor. This was done, and then the boy was led about here and there for some time, between two grinning mariners, and watched by a grinning parent. When he >vas thoroughly dazed, he was pushed into a narrow, cold metal apartment, and cautioned to keep perfectly still until someone came for him. “And mind you keep that bandage on till you’re told to take it off,” added the sailor. The boy waited—for hours, It seemed to him hardly daring to breathe, but trying to think that he Tas having a groat time. Theu be took off the bandage, he was In total darkness. More hours went by, and no one vie back for him. He was now not only hungry, and cold, but also frightened. No sound reached him. Was he really alone In the submarine boat In the depths of the sea? No he was not. At 1 o’clock in the morning diis father, still smiling, rescued him from an old ship’s Iron cistern, in which he had been imprisoned on the beach. The submarine boat and her crew bad. In the meantime, been towed away to another seaport; but the boy was no longer interested in a seafaring life. ODDEST COUNTY JAIL IN THE UNITED STATES. Graham County Jail, at Clifton, Ariz., Is probably the most unusual in America. It comprises four large apartments, hewn in the side of a bill of solid quartz rock. The entrance to the jnil is through a boxlike vestibule, built of heavy masonry and equipped with three sets of gates of steel bars. Here and there in the rocky walls boles have been blasted for windows, and in these apertures a series of massive bars of steel have been fitted firmly In the rock. The floor of the rockbound jail is of cement, and the prisoners are confined wholly in the larger nparttnents. In some places the wall of quartz about the jail is fifteen feet thick. Some of the most desperate crim inals on the southwest border have been confined In the Clifton Jail, and so solid and heavy are the barriers to escape that no one there has ever attempted a break for freedom. The notorious Black Jack was there for months. Clifton is one of the great copper mining camps in Arizona, and has the reputation of being as depraved a community as yet exists oil the frontier of civilization. In summer the mercury there frequently rises to 120 in the shade, and in the winter it never goes below 40 degrees. WITH THIS TRAINED OSTRICH HE HAS A WINGED STEED Ethan Allen Hitchcock, Secretary of the Interior, recently visited the Ilot Springs ostrich farm, and had the ex perience of riding behind one of the largest ostriches In the country. The ostrich is known as "Black Diamond," who is big and fleet, and docile as a well-trained horse. Black Diamond was hitched to a runabout, and Sec retary Hitchcock had the novel sensa tion of riding behind this bird that trotted as fast as a horse can run. •■LUXURIES” ON BATTLESHIPS. Modern Vessel Carries 350 Tons of Unnecessary Articles. Rear Admiral Bowles, chief of the Bureau of Construction, has made a calculation based on investigations made by officers of his'bureau of the weight of "luxuries” carried on a bat tleship of recent construction. In the preparation of plans and designs for war vessels there Is almost a constant contention bitwen the several bureaus in regard to the weights that should be carried, each branch contending for the installation of machinery and de vices deemed essential. These contro versies are usually settled by a com promise, in which something is yielded by each, but the result Is often unsat isfactory, and not infrequently has proved detrimental to the efficiency of the vessel. At a recent meeting of the Board of Construe,ion Admiral Bowles declared ttyit on ca -h battleship there were SO tons of luxuries, a statement which startled the members of the board. Included in these so-called luxuries are materials of every description that cannot be classified as necessities, such as furniture, ice machines, refrigera tors, radiators and the machinery re quired for them. Tt I* pointed out that flagsnlpt are supplied with two bathrooms and ap purtenances for the flag officer, while one bath tub is deemed sufficient for the ward room. In which fifteen or twenty officers live. There will be un doubtedly a protracted discussion as to what constitutes luxuries, but offi cers generalv believe that much of the weights which Admiral Bowles de scribed might be abolished and the space given to what may be called ne cessities. There will be little discussion outside of the flag rank as to the necessity for two bath tubs in the elegant and spa cious quarters set apart for the ad miral. The additional bath is provided for the guest of the admiral In case be should have one. which seldom hap pens.—New York Times. All other leakages in the family In come become needle s eyes by compari son with .he big bole through which money most pour fee a cniii's educa tion at college. MODESTY OF THE TRULY GREAT How Gladstone and Darwin Regarded Themselves. In “Studies in Contemporary Biogra phy.” which James Bryce has just published, are two stories which have caused some of the critics to express astonishment at the "modesty of the great,” says au exchange. The stories are these: Meeting Mr. Gladstone In the lobby, and seeing his face sadde-ed by the troubles in Ireland, Mr. Bryce tried to divert his thoughts by mentioning a recent discovery—to wit: that Dante had been saved from want in his last years by a lectureship at ltavenna. Mr. Gladstone’s fnce lit up at once, and he said: "How strange It is to think that these great souls, whose works are a beacon light to all the generations that have come after them, should have hud cares and anxieties to vex them in their daily life, just like the rest of us com mon mortals.” "The words reminded me," adds the author, “that a few days before I had heard Mr. Darwin, in dwelling upon the pleasure a visit paid by Mr. Glad stone had given hWi. say: ‘And be talked iust as If he had been an ordin ary person like one of ourselves. The two men were alike unconscious of their greatness.” It is only the little who think them selves great. They are like those who do not know r much, and, therefore, imagine that there is not much to know. The great do not think them selves so, just as the learned are over whelmed by their Ignorance. In the same way, It is not the socially import ant who are affected and impertinent, but the unimportant. Blue Sloukiign. The term “blue stockings.” as ap plied to women with literary tenden cies, is not now considered either ele gant or appropriate, although as first used there was some warrant for Its employment Its origin is traced to the days of Samuel Johnson, and was applied then as now to women who cultivated learned conversations and found enjoyment In the discussion of questions which had been monopolized by men. About 1750 it became quite the thing for ladies to form evening assemblies, when they might partic ipate In talk with literary and Ingeni ous men. One of the best known and most popular members of one of these assemblies was said to have been a Mr. Stillingfleet, who always wore blue stockings, and when at any time he happened to be absent from these gatherings It was usually remarked that “we can do nothing without blue stockings,” and by degrees the term "blue stockings” was applied to all gatherings of a literary nature, and eventually to the ladles who attended the meetings. The Lively Old Settlement. “How’s the old settlement now?” “Lively! Only A.rt Wednesday we had a strawberry festival, a literary barbecue, and a fashionable hanging!” —Atlanta Constitution. When a woman has poor luck with her cake, the family are allowed to hare all they want There ia no earthly hope for a maa who is too lazy to acquire enemies. If a rich man has a good memory ha will not forget the poor. The Servian reinmakers may be use less in a drought district. —St. Louis St a r. The automobile fad is making some of the residence streets smell like au oil refinery.—Kansas City Journal. St. Louis papers have given notice that the presidential mention of Joseph Folk Is no jolk.—Minneapolis Times. The get-rich-quick people are not deal ing with the Postolllce Department at present.—Birmingham Age-llerald. W hat good will it do us if they have found the smallpox germ? We didn't los- him.—Montgomery Advertiser. A Beta Theta l’i convention is coming. This must be the father of all the break fast L-ods. St. Louis Globe-Democrat. The reassuring information comes from Colombia that President Marroquin has not resigned again.—-Indianapolis News. Between being a king in Servia or a witness in Kentucky we believe we’d rather go a-fishin’,—Montgomery Adver tiser. The only colored gentleman who seems to be getting his rights just now is the Mad Mullah. -New Y'ork Mail and Ex press. Dr. Lorenz by pulling children's legs into joint seems to hr.ve pulled some doctors' noses out of joint.—Birmingham News. The lynching fever is traveling North with the velocity, and some of the vio lence of a cyclone.—St. Louis Globe- Democrat. A few of the flood sufferers have al ready begun to kick on ham and Iweon. This mentis that the worst is pat.~ Kan sas City Star. The street railway death list for 1903 seems likely to enrifh both the funeral directors and the lawyers.—St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Mr. Bonaparte ought to he able to furnish a Waterloo for the crooks in the Postoffice Department. Newport New* Tinee-Hernld. This is a world in which the Christian has only to examine himself inwardly, as his friends are ready to do the rest.— Galveston News. The Honduras government has confis cated a railroad belonging to Senator De pew. Now listen to Freedom shriek.— Detroit Free Press. Remark that common sense alone is necessary to end the lubor troubles mere ly emphasizes the scarcity of the com modity.—New York Telegram. The Ohio Republicans found the lowa idea waif, gave him n bath and a suit of clothes, ami adopted him under the n-Aine of Stan Patter.—Washington Star. One thing has been demonstrated. If Sir Thomas beats the Reliance, he will l>eat the liest yacht that American skill has been able to produce.—- Boston Globe. A scientist assures us that tho earth is good for 20,900,000 years yet. Unless, of course, Morgan and Baer should de cide to take it with them.—Washington Post. The Oregon editor who thinks that the President “in general appearance re sembles Napoleon” couldn’t have seen Napoleon very recently.—lndianapolis News. The largest man in the world has iieen discovered in Kustjak, Russia. Good! We have sevtral unbeaten specimens of the smallest r.ght here. -New York Tel egram. Russia lias been giving the powers a glimpse of her hand in the far East. There appear to be four aces and a club, and also Manchuria, in it. —Sioux City Journal. Even t-he Sultan of Morocco hns not es caped criticism, but when lie gets his stable of Missouri mules he will be pre pared to kick back.—St. I/ouis Globe- Democrat. Now a New York exchange credits Russell Sage with “a liberal tip to a club waiter." Mr. Sage evidently has begun to sow his wild oats at last.—Mil waukee Sentinel. The statement of an eye witness who saw Curtis Jeti: shoot Attorney Marcum does not weigh near as much as the muzzle of a gun, in the opinion of Breathitt County Journal. A Salem, Mass., judge recently sen tenced two umbrella purloiners to two months’ imprisonment. This is the same Salem that has been so often accused of burning witches. Cleveland Plain Dealer. Hawaii has a pressing “labor prob lem" on its hands. It is the question how to make people work in a climate which produces fowl in such abundance that they don't have it.—Philadelphia Bulletin. A New York paper print* an essay on “How to Live on What Y'ou’ve Got.” As if thnt woe of any interest to New Yorkers. The game over there ig to live on what the other fellow’s got.—Phila delphia Inquirer. The decision of a Brooklyn magistrate that for one woman to call another an old mHid is a senous ease of disorderly conduct increases the swelling ranks of our Dogberry's by one shining member. —New Y'ork Press. Judge Lynch is nowhere regarded ns an ornament to the bench; the only trou ble is that his rulings do not nppenr so objectionable when be is on our circuit as when he is on circuit at a distance.—> Boston Transcript. The Servian military gentlemen who cleared the throne of that country for King Peter think that the Czar’s friendly dispatch settles the question of the new King’s position. They are right, too— at least for the time being.—Hartford Cournot. With floods in the Mississippi basin, forest fires in the East and cyclone* in the South, really nothing is needed to complete the work of devastation but an earthquake in California and an auto mobile race through the middle West.— Springfield Republican. Now that the remains of a man in Oklahoma hare been “identified” as those of John Wilkes Booth, the chances of finding Charley Ross and ascertaining the name of the man who struck Billy Patterson have been immeasurably im proved.—Nashville American. Kii.tc Peter of Hrvin. King Peter had a great send-off at Bel grade. Later on his head may have a great take-off. —Pittsburg Gazette. Serrta will please notice that even Sari Domingo has been able to effect a change of rulers without bloodshed.—Philadel phia Inquirer. It Is announced that the foreign min isters in Belgrade administered a crush ing rebuke to King Peter by going to meet him in frock coats instead of uni forms. Thus does a shocked and indig nant civilization express its protest. — Detroit Now*. Owing largely to circumstances, the present King of Rervia Is one of the most polite and obliging potentates In existence. — Washington Star. But what will Peter care for recogni tion of the power* while the cashier rec ognizes hit signature for his salary 7 Cincinnati Commercial Tribune. The sound of the curfew is not likely to be needed to remind King Peter I. of Servla that k is safer for him to be in before dark. —Buffalo Courier. gsreral ef the representatives of other nations are giving Kin* Peter of Servia the oold ahoulder. He may have reason to regret that he ever ascended so dan gerous a seat. —New York Tribune.