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Marker from an Old Cultivator.
The Illustration shows a corn marker without a fault. All cultivators are not alike, as some have straight tongues. and some have a s at at tached, hut they can all be used by simply removing the wheels and shovel beams. No 1 A shows a hole clevis attaches the whiffletrees. This brings the draft on the sled instead of the frame. D shows a plank spiked on be hind, making a place for the driver to stand, thus leaving a clear vision be tween his boms aud straight ahead. C shows where the wheel spindles are se -8 50.2 V HOMEMADE COUM MARKER. cured to the marker plank with a yoke, secured on the underside of the plank by burs. At B is an upright pin. This is to receive B of No. 2. This pole Is just eight feet long, and F is a runner made rounding at each end. This is 2 feet long, 8 inches wide and 1 Inch thick. It is made of hard wood and is wedge-shaped on the bottom. G is a wire attached with a ring on it. To the ring is attached a good stout string, and to this string is fastened a com mon soap, 11. Place B. No. 2 on B No. 1. snap II on same ring, and your high est ideal of a perfect corn marker will be realized. I use E for handles when turning at the end of the field.—Cor. Orange Judd Farmer. A Place for Milk Pans. When a dairyman has a number of cows necessitating the use of a great many cans, it is not always ea.-y to keep the cans clean and placed so that they will take up but little room. The device Illustrated shows a method which tans the merit of being cheap and at the same time keeping the cans in a position so that they will drain thoroughly. Set two posts in the de sired place far enough apart so as to furnish the required amount of space for the cans; to these posts nail sev eral boards, and on the boards fasten at intervals several hooks of iron or wood to catch the handle of the can over as shown in the cut. The can is held in position by loops of rope as indicated. The side of any building can. of course, be utilized for the pur pose when convenient, and save the cost of building a special structure.— St. Paul Dispatch. Eelf-Feedintr Salt Box. Even so simple a thing as a salt box Is a source of much satisfaction if made a little lietter than others of the kind. The one illustrated 1 > was first suggested to me time ago and has been improved till It fills the *’***• The board at the back Wl is 10 inches wide and about FI 4 feet long. The sides of • " ,re na *^ directly au,T box. onto th, “ Kj ’ '• '' tiptop of the box is joined to the board by strap iron hinges, which are better than leather. The end piece in side the box, and next to the board, does not quite reach the board, and the bottom of the box, being nailed to the end piece, also does not reach the board. Thus rain running down the long board caunot get into the box and soak the salt. The board is nailed to a building, tree or fence wherever wanted. The support in front is a stake driven into the ground and fas tened wilh a nail to the projecting bot tom of the box. Animals soon learn to open the cover and help themselves. The cove; closes by gravitation.—H. H. Hershey, iu Farm and Home. The Uncle Sam Potato. A heavy yielding variety of more than average quality is something growers of potatoes have long desired, and the tests of the new variety. Un cle Sam. shown In the cut. Indicate that it fills the bill. So large are the yields of this variety under ordinary culture, expert growers claim that It has no equal. The tubers are uniform in size, with comparatively few very small specimens, ami the quality is of the very best. In season the variety is medium to late. Unfortunately, re sults are not all that can bo desired on heavy soils or clay, but on sandy or loamy soils It has no equal. In form the Uncle Sam is oval, pure white, with russet skin and shallow eyes near the surface. Continued testa may prove that the variety will do better on heavy soils after the first season, which Is frequently the case with sorts that have been grown from the beginning in lighter soilfi. At all events, the variety has too many good points to throw it aside for culture on heavy soils after a single season of testing. Whole or Ground Corn. At the West Virginia station hogs fcsi four weeks on ground corn gained about 28 per cent more than similar liogs fed on whole coni. It is explained that the hogs liatl been previously get ting ground corn, and the change to whole coni was not relished. The re mits of twelve experiments at eight different stations along this line show an average of stX> pounds of whole corn, or 472.9 pounds of ground coni for 100 pounds of gain—that is. It re quires about 0 per cent less ground com to make a pound of gain than whole corn. It is generally concluded from these experiments that nnhwa a fanner is located near a mill It will not pay to have the com ground, the extra cost of grinding more than coun terbalancing the extra feed value of the corn. How to Handle the Hoe. Some men will use the hoe *o that the top layer of soil is cut off clean aud gathered up with the weeds that may have been the chief object of the hoeing. The surface remaining will be hard and smooth—quite the reverse of what it should be. Culti vation should mean a stirring of th* surface, making It fine, ir this be done la loamy soil shortly after a rain It will not break into large lumps. Churning Hint*. Should you use the old-fashioned daatier churn you are annoyed by the cream, milk aud butter splashing out at the top. where the da a.’ * handle goes through. This may be a oided by melting the bottom off a small fruit or baking powder cati and placing it over the handle of the dasher. It rests on the lid of the churn and catches all the “splash” and conducts it back into the churu. If you only have- one pound of butter per week to sell, don’t take it to market in a shapeless mass. A mold is cheap and pays for itself in a short time. People like to buy attractive but ter and will pay extra for it. —Midland Farmer. The Use of Sweat Pads. The use of sweat pads under some circumstances may Ik; justified, espe cially when horses have started work In the spring in good form and are re duced iu flesh during the summer. One of the principal objections to the sweat pad is that it tends to become soggy, and consequently increases the friction between the surface of the pad and the shoulder. It sometimes happens that by the use of the pad one can fit a col lar that could otherwise not lie worn. In this instance the price of a collar may be saved. By the use of the pad the draft Is often thrown on the outer edge of the shoulders, while it should be as close in as possible. When an animal gets a sore spot on some part of his shoulder it is sometimes possible to cut a hole in the pad and thus re lieve the pressure on this place until it becomes healed. The main thing is to have a collar fit the shoulder well. Where this is the ease there is seldom any danger of irritation, providing the hames are properly fitted to the collar and pulled up tightly each time they are put on. It never pays to work away with a collar that does not fit, because an animal that constantly ex periences pain through ill-fitting har ness cannot do the same amount of work, nor do It as willingly, as would be the case if all parts of the harness are adjusted to its form.—lowa Home stead. Profit in Karljr Turnips. Market gardeners who are situated so as to command a good trade direct with consumers will find the growing of turnips, and especially of the early two early Tunxrrr varieties, profitable. The 'Lustration shows specimens of Early Milan, one of the best turnips grown. It is the earliest white turnip iu cultivation, and of splendid quality, just suited to housekeepers who object to the pun gent taste of most varieties of tur nips. The flesh is fine grained, tender and clear white. The skin is also white and very attractive. The top is small and the turnip grows with a single tap root, hence Is well suited to cultiva tion on ground where space must be economized. It Is well worth a trial, and should be grown by eve:y farmer for his own table, even though not for market.—luditnapolis News. Sowing Clover in Corn. Many who have attempted to get a stand of crimson clover have failed and have given up attempting the work. This is a mistake, for If one can get a cron of crimson clover to turn under, the cost of farm fertil izers may be materially reduced. A good plan Is to sow crimson and red clover mixed, at the rate of six to right quarts per acre, doing the work just before the last cultivation of the corn and seeing that the cultiva tion is very shallow. In many cases the stand of clover will be good and it will go through the winter In fair shape aud, wheu plowed under the following spring, will add greatly to the fertility of the soil. It might pay, In sections where poor results have come from crimson clover, to sow rye In place of clover and then try the clover another year. Or cow-peas may be used In place of rye or clover, and then the clover tried the following year. It pays to keep on experiment ing until one is able to get a stand of crimson clover.—lndianapolis News. Sour Swill Had for Swine. One of the chief reasons why some pig raisers fail to secure the success which their neighbors enjoy is because the kitchen refuse is allowed to be come fermented before being fed. It is a mistake to imagine that every thing a pig will eat is good for him. He has really no greater need, nor does his system call for food strong ly acid, than a man would have for pickles at every meal. There is no more active agent in promoting indi gestion in pigs of all ages aud In checking rapid aud profitable growth than sour swill. It keeps young pigs thin in fiesh and ailing, and for older ones, and brood sows in particular, it commonly puts them off their feed. While everything coming from the kitchen should be made use of, its re ceptacle should be kept clean. Take It all down to the pens while fresh and feed at once; nothing can be gained by delay, and much may be lost.—American Agriculturist. Putnpkias Kasily Grown. Modem methods of com growing do not permit the old plan of growing pumpkins among the corn. The vines Interfere with the constant use of the horse implements. But pumpkins are worth growiug and cost but little labor planted in a patch by themselves in hills six feet each way. well manured aud cultivated until the vines inter- ; fere. Feedins the I>airy Heifer. The heifer intended for the dairy should be first to last fed generously to promote growth, but not fat form- ! ing; hence the rations should lie a Judicious feeding of oats, bran, clover, j shorts. Then when the making of milk is required the fat forming habit will not have boon made a feature of j her growth. Suitar Corn. In the latitude of Philadelphia it will do to make the last planting of sugar corn on July 1, and one ought to be made then; one also in the mid dle of Jane. There are few more pay ing crops than sugar corn for lata market. It always brings a good price.—Farm Journal. Trim■ in* Off Sucker*. A good farmer says that June la about the best time to trim the suck ers out of apple trees. It is his ex perience that when removed at thie season they do not sprout as they will If done at any other time of the year. More light to needed in many homes than any other one thing. ALL OVER THE STATE. ITEMS OF INTEREST IN BADGER. DOM. Ask Inquiry Into Dewth at Insane Asylum Thieves Steal Team and Blown Safe—Marinette Negro Badly Frightened— Succeeds Judge Lyon. An investigation has been demanded of Gov. La Follette into the circumstances of the death of Grant Brayton, which oc curred at the northern hospital for the in sane at Fond dn Lac, only three days after the young nan was committed. The family of the deceased has engaged legal counsel. Information concerning the death of Brayton was received thirty six hours after his demise, though the distance is only eighteen miles. The body was subsequently taken home and interred. Later it was exhumed and some startling discoveries were made. The body had been horribly mutilated, as was reported by the funeral director. It was opened from the throat to the pit of the stomach, the internal organs had been removed, and were replaced carelessly, while a portion of the breast bone had been removed. The skull had also been entered and this cavity filled with cotton. Tin; brain* were found scattered in the abdominal cavity. The body was so bad ly lacerated that it could not be deter mined whether the deceased was treated with violence iiefore his death or after warti. Thieves Near Madison. Sheriff McWatty had an untuecessful chase the other day. Charles Miller of Dane rented his team to a man who gave the n.inie of M Pugh, the latter saying he desired to drive to the farm of a neigh bor. The team was not returned and Miller followed Pugh to find that he did not appear at the neighbor’s house, but it appears ran away with the team. A reward ol $25 has been offered for the return of the team. The safe of Theo dore Miller of I’aoli was blown open with uitro-glycerin. The burglars secur ed only sl. Miller had deposited over S2OO iu the hank at Madison the day be fore the robbery. A saloonkeeper of T’a oli also had taken from the safe SSO which he had there. The team was stolen one night and the safe was blown early the following morning. The three men are thought to be together hiding in the woods near I’aoli. Troops Ruscue a Segro. A negro named Deb Flynn was nearly killed the street carnival in Marinette. A Southern man resented his walking with a white girl, when he talked back, and a large crowd started after him with hammers. The negro was rescued by Company I of the Second regiment, \V. X. G., the members of whica are at the carnival in a body. Flynn was in hiding all night and was spirited out of town hi the morning. The incident created much excitement. Falls to I’a> Mortgage: Ities. Discouraged over her inability to pay a mirtgagc on her home at Chicago, Mrs. Ikirthit Larsen, a widow, committed sui cide at the home of her brother-in-law, the Itev. O. L. Hansen, pastor of the Scandinavian Methodist Church in Mil waukee. She had closed the doors and windows of her sleeping apartment and turned the gas burner wide open. Mrs. Larsen was 54 years of age and leaves four children. Succeeds Judge Lyoti. Andrew G. Nelson has been elected president of the State hoard of control to succeed Judge William I’. Lyon, who re signed as president, though he retains his membership for a few days. Her man Grotopborst of Bara boo, the Demo cratic member of the board, was chosen to succeed Mr. Nelson its vice-president. Resolutions of regret for the loss of Pres ident Lyon were adopted. Milwaukee Twelfth City. A. G. Wright, publisher of the city di rectory, estimates that Milwaukee has now a population of 322,023, a gain of 15,000 within the past year. He thinks it is now the twelfth city in the country instead of the fourteenth, having out stripped Detroit and New Orleans since 1000. Brief State Happenings. Owing to the uncertainty of the cotton market, the Fond du Lac sihirt and over all factory shut down. One hundred employes are affected. Spontaneous combustion in grain start ed a fire iu the American Malting Com pany’s malthousc at Milwaukee that caused from $60,000 to $75,000 loss. George Hall of Iva Crosse discovered the home of Miss Anna Thompson on fire and carried her from the burning building. The smoke had deadened her senses. The firsit automobile victim near Mil waukee was John Henle of Wauwatosa, an inmate of the county poor farm, who was struck on a country road and killed. He was 76 years, old. Milwaukee’s county jail is declared to lie so undermined bj quicksands as to be unsafe, and life insurance companies have warned employes their policies will be cancelled if they remain In the build ing. A severe storm struck New Richmond, doing much damage to crops and other wise-. The city hall, which is being rais ed, was blown from its temporary foun dation. Telephone service was interrupt ed and the electric power for the street railway was cut off. The explosion of a gasoline tank caus ed a fire which consumed one of the im portant building blocks in Fond du I>ao. The explosion occurred about midnight, and was followed by a terrific shock. It wns followed by an outburst of flames, nnd the Anderson building, between First and Second streets, occupied by the Pal ace bowling alley, in which the gasoiiue was stored, was entirely destroyed. The residence of John Kiser in Ash land was partly demolished by two ex plosions. Dynamite had been put in the stove and cVironev by unknown parties. The stove was blown to piece* ami the hous*' partly destroyed, but none of the family was seriously injured. A panic followed the premature explo sion of the village fireworks display in the high school yard at Oregon, and about thirty people were injured. M any were burned and scores of others w *-r* trampled under the feet of the crowd of villagers who rushed fo. the gates when the hail of fire fell upou them. Patterson A. Heide of Prairie du Chien purchased of a clam fisher one of the largest ami most beautiful pearls yet found in the vicinity. It weight'd ninety grains and is a fiat button in shape. The price paid is said to be aboat $2.2U0. After being out twenty hours, the jury in the case of the State against John Boohe, charged with murder, came in at Eau Clair** with a verdict of not guil ty. The main feature of the defense was the proving of an alibi to the ef fect that Hoche was in Morrison Coun ty. Minn.. June 23. ISJIS. the day in which the State alleged and Roche’s sup posed wife swore that he killed Schnel ler in Eau Claire County. Peter Van I>e Loo. a well-to-do farm er of the town of Lima, is dead from blood poisoning. He iiad been cutting grass with a accytbe and while sharpen ing the tool had inflicted a cut on hi* finger, from che effects of which he died, amid great suffering. 1.. C. Scott was held up and robbed near the brewery on Lake street. Apple ton by two men who seized and gagged him with a handkerchief and dragged him into the shadow between the build togs, where they relieved him of a pocket book ronta ining $72. No serious violence waa offered and after securing the money the highwaymen fled along the road to Menasha. Tee new Farmers and Merchants' Bank of Lena has opened its doors to the public. Mayor Rose has determined to make a campaign against the smoke nuisance in Milwaukee. • August Kubitz, a wealthy fanner of Freedom, committed suicide. He had been in poor health. Gold in paying quantities, it is said, has been discovered at Stockbridge on the farm of George Howe. The union labor organizations of Ra cine may purchase the hall property in this city to be used for a labor temple. Chesley Kent and George Wood of Appleton will charter a car and make a thirty-day tour of Mexico next winter. William Klank of the Northwestern road’s bridge gang fell off a pile at Riv erside, breaking his neck. He died in stantly. A horse dashed into a crowd at Boyce ville. seriously injuring Mrs. Kellogg of New Haven, and breaking the skull of her little nephew, Johnston, killing him iiwtantly. A. C. Frank lias disposed of his in t rests in the Racine Boat Manufactur ing Company. Mr. Frank owned one half of the stock and W. J. Reynolds the other half. Jay Hephner. a farmer living two miles north of Chilton, was struck by lightning and instantly killed during a violent electrical storm. He was about 30 years okl and leaves a wife and one child. After a long running chase Sheriff Set right and officers captured L. D. Gun ther. a Northwestern Railway Company baggageman, who went insane and who for three days had been roaming the woods near I’eshtigo. G. M. Bigelow, a prominent farmer re-’ siding near Marshall, is dead, aged 57 years. About two weeks ago the whole family were attacked with gastritis with in an hour after the noonday meal. The rest of the members have recovered. John Myszkn. the 13-year-old sou of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Myszka, Panialow ski, was killed by lightning. Herman Kraegenbrink. the 18-year-old sou of Carl Kraegenbrink, who lives on a farm, near Edgar, was also killed by lightning. Fred Rost, proprietor of a Racine boarding house, threatened to kill Ed ward Nagle and his own wife because of jealousy. He knocked Nagle down with a chair. Mrs. Rost, with tier baby in her arms, escaped by leaping througli a. window. Frederick Abbot, formerly treasurer of the Wisconsin Central Railroad, dropped dead at Milwaukee, heat causing his co'lapne. lie had been unwell for sev eral days. His widow and a daughter, Mrs. McCormack, wife of a United States navy surgeon, survive him. Three persons were seriously injured in a runaway at Marshall. A 4-year-old son of J hn Harland, a farmer, lost a leg and an arm which were nearly torn from the body. A 10-year-old daughter was badly cut about the head and bruis ed. aud Thomas Tyburn sustained in juries. The horse was frightened at an umbrella and ran away and the vehicle crashed into a telephone pole. While attempting to light a gasoline score at her parents’ home in Oshko.-ii Miss Lena Monroe aged 22. suffered burns which are likely to prove fatal. Her mother, who was sick in bed, see ing her daughter enveloped in flames, made heroic efforts to save her. The young woman's left arm is so badly burn ed that if she lives, amputation will be necessary. The physicians give no hope of her recovery. To satisfy a judgment for a small amount the plant of the Remington Watch Company at Appleton was placed in the hands of J. A. Hawes of Apple ton ns receiver, his bond being placed at $50,000. The Remington eompauy has been in financial straits for some months past and the strike of 100 employes for several weeks’ hack pay brought masters to a close. It is believed the matter of pay of employes will he adjusted and the plant started up in charge of the receiver. A bold hold-up occurred at Roseudale when George Sole, a farmer, was robbed. Hearing a commotion in the barn Mr. Sole and his family left the house, but were covered by guns and marched back. The intruders were masked. Mr. Sole was threatened with death in case he resisted and his wife was ordered to pro duce the cash. She did as she was bid and handed over the sum of $125, for which the man who received it thanked her. Supper was forthwith ordered and, covered by a revolver the housewife set about to prepare a meal. After tea they bade good night to all and departed. For over a year large tracts of land near Washburn, constituting 1,500 acres in all, have been steadily acquired, and the other day a company was formed and incorporated as the Atlantic Manufac turing Company. The incorporators are William G. Ramsay, E. K. O’Brien, L>. M. Maxey, A. \V. McLeod and C. O. Sowder of Washburn. The company has been tinunet'd for $500,000 aud they will immediately commence the erection of one of the most complete dynamite plants in th*' I'nited States, if not in the world Forty-three new buildings are to be con structed at once. The institutiou will be isolated, three miles from Washburn. Judge W. P. Lyon, president of the State board of control, will relinquish his office in the next few days. His res ignation is solely on account of his age and desire to rest. He will go to Cali fornia in a few weeks to make his home with his children there, having sold his fine homestead in Madison to O. 11. Brandenburg of the Madison Democrat. Judge Lyon is a New Yorker who came to Wisconsin in 1841. worked on a farm, taught school anil studied law and be gan practice in 1847. He has been dis trict attorney of Racine County, Speak er of the Assembly, a soldier in the Civil War. returning with the rank of colonel, was judge of the Racine judicial circuit for five years and one of the justices of the Supreme Court from IS7I to 18U4. The attendant at the summer term of the Whitewater normal schooi is larger than was expected and an additional teacher. Prof. L. L. Clark, has been se cured to assist in the science work. Plans are almost completed whereby the M. D. Wells Company of Chicago will establish a slice factory in Fond du Lac employing 1.000 hands and having a capacity of 7.000 pairs of shoes per day. The Wells company prison contract at Waupun expires soon and it must vacate that plant by Jan. 15. Fond du Lac citizens will erect the new factory build ing. costing $75,000. Burglars at Menasha entered the dry goods store of G. A. Sohlegel at Menasha and took jewelry aud dry g*x>ds amount ing to about S2OO. They al.-o entered the grocery store of R. W. Schlegel, which adjoins the dry goods store, and carried awsy several eases of canned goods. Mr. and Mrs. Thurston Wilcox of Waupun celebrated their golden wedding. At the time a location for the State prison w; being looked for Mr. Wilcox offered a site of ten acres and k wai accepted by the State. Ali the stene for building the prison was obtained from this land given the State, being quarried on the spot. I)r. 11. H. Muggier of the National Automobile Company of Mi’waukee has been held responsible by a coroner’s jury for the death of A. L. Tuttle, a well known insurance man of Oshkneh, who was run down and killed by Mr. Mug gley. who was driving a touring car. The city clerk of Neenah, John Keat ing. is lying at his Neenah borne in a badly injured state and may lose the sight of one eye, the result of an en counter with an Oshkosh saloonkeeper. Mr. Keating has six deep and ugly wounds Obi his head and a cut in one eye. ti e result of falling bead foremost into a wine showcase in endeavoring to defend himself from the attack. OTHER SILKS APPEAR WEAVESTHATARE TAKING PLACE OF FOULARDS. Panjaub Silks Are Quite Popular—To Be Dressed Fashionably One Must Bare Gown and Wraps of White or Some Light Tint. New York correspondence: fIEI.DING to ad miration for fou lards isn’t always a safe course for the shopper. These weaves are not to be condemned, yet she who is anxious to appear in down right new fashions should consider them carefully. They're much seen, and it is hard to convince some fashion followers that they are not as stylish as in for mer seasons, but it is becoming more noticeable that other silks are coming in for a large share of the favor heretofore given undivided to Earlier it was said that pongees would be the styl ish thing, but their proneness to crush ing has led to their being discarded for serviceable wear, and newer weaves pre pared with this fault in mind are very THE HEIGHT OF STYLISHNESS AND SIMPLICITY COMBINED. attractive. Punjaub silks are to be pop ular. There is no crush to them, they are of Cue appearance and can be worn for almost any purpose. This material stands packing in trunks and comes out without wrinkles, which is a big recom mendation at this season. The more abundant shadings are grays of gun metal tones, and most of the weaves are striped. Besides the stripes many pieces have dots of white silk embroidered on. These are particularly attractive. Pun jaub silks are being made up in shirt waist suits for walking. They are cut just to clear the floor when standing still, but of course they must touch with each step. A silk gown never should be short er than barely to clear, for the dressiness of the goods forbids rough and ready cut. Many of these gowns are made in box pleated skirts, the box-pleats stitched down to the knees and from there allow ed to fall free. This model is seen also in shepherd’s checks in wools, and if done well is very pretty, but it has a serious fault that has appeared some in wool gowns and which is far worse and more likely to appear in silk models. That is that there is not enough fullness in the skirt to make it seem graceful when the wearer is walk ing. The desire for clinging effects has made it easy to go to the other extreme, and this must be guarded against. This fault is worse in silk than it is in wool, for there is a certain look of elastioity to wool stuffs that is lacking in silks, and as a result many silk suits made af ter this model give the wearer the ap pearance in rear view of having carefully to measure the length of eacV step lest she should break something. The same can be said of some habit-back skirts. They give a very ugly effect in back un less just right, but the perfection exam ple is fine enough to offset several horrid examples. Countless gowns of white and very light stuffs make it hard for women who are obliged to practice economy in dress A GOWN AND A WRAP OF COSTLY GRADE. to know Just what to get. There is no comfort in going to fashionable places unless yon can feel that yon are dressed so as not to attract attention by being oat of style. This makes it almost a necessity to hare a white doth or lace wrap, for afternoon and evening dress af fairs make it practically Impossible to get a’.ODg without a dressy wrap. To women thus situated there is a-- more servicea- We gown than one consisting of skirt and wrap and of white canvas or doth. The skirt may be made in any way de sired, bat hare the wrap a loose coat trimmed either fancifully or with eelf strappings Thus you'll bare the whole suit for use when desired, and a loose, dressy wrap, so two birds will be killed with one stone. Many a handsome white wrap will do double duty this season. | and the ease with which a simply mads one can be cleansed will make it possi ble to keep it in good trim by sending it to the cleaner’s whenever it best can be spared. Never try to wear such wrap or suit when it is the least bit soiled. Many white wraps are merely stitched and strapped, a simple and inexpensive manner of decorating, yet one that is very for if the material is pret ty it will stand being simply made. An "'tb t pretty mode of decorating is to trim with cord ornaments or a tiny bit of lace or passementerie, but the later mod els are the plainer ones, and if only a bit of originality can be shown in the trimming it matters not how simple it is. If the pure white seems too light, very delk.te shades jtist off white may be used, but white and cream white are the more sensible, for if the wrap is to be worn more than the skirt it will require the more cleansing, and it often happens that the color of tans and light shades changes a bit with each cleansing, So soon wrap and skirt would not match and the economical scheme fail or be come unpleasantly apparent. wraps can be made more dressy if they are plain by adding a stole or collar of lace to them. Their appearance can be changed very materially in this manner so that they hardly will be known as the same wrap if ingenuity is displayed in different neck arrangements. In the white wrap that the artist puts here was no attempt at economy. It was peau de soie heavily trimmed with white silk passementerie. The simpler schemes just outlined will produce many wraps a* sightly, thongh there may not be any thing grand about them. The gown op posed to the wrap in the picture was of the costly grade, too. It was white an- tique lace, with black velvet belt and white louisine silk puffs. The other gowns the artist presents were inexpen sive following of fashions for white and very light shades. In the initial is a light gray voile, and In order from left to right in the next picture aro a white cloth suit trimmed with white silk cord and pearl buttons, a light tan voile fin ished with stitching and covered buttons and trimmed with darker tan velvet, and a white canvas gown finished with silk and tassels. Little ripple flounces are much seen on tailor gowns and form a very pretty style of trimming, as they fall attractively and if cut circular and have little fullness, are not bulky. Fashion Notes. Belts of pique and other fabrics are worn to match the shirt waist suit. Children’s sailors are more often fin ished with the bows and ends in the back. * Quaint conceits in jeweled buttons are a feature iu iht.s ornamentation this season. „ fcong and narrow buckles to be worn at the back of the belt are steadily increas ing in favor. Smart belts are of white calf or of patent leather with pearl buckles in har ness pattern. Frilled petticoats of taffeta are now made for children, modeled the same as for their elders. Shirt waist suits of natural pongee are relieved by piping of same material in scarlet, blue and black. The doom of the hand-embroidered blouse must be near, now that it is seen in the shops for three dollars. Tuffbans or large hats of hyacinth blue and the lighter shades of porcelain blue are worn with costumes of blue voile and etamine. All sorts and kinds of hats are dressed in petticoats this year. One pretty hat with a moderately high crown and wide rim has a frill of black lace on this rim and is further trimmed with Ackers. There are very fancy puffs with han dles at the aide like a floor brush, a small round mirror being set in the puff end. There are rabbit’s-foot puffs and others that are not white. They are all reduced. Lace coatees or coffee Jackets tre now going to be worn as outdoor raiment over muslin dreraes and their variety is le gion. Some are of ring net. cross-barred, with a trellis work of black hefee velvet ribbon or velvet-satin ribbon; others are of rich lace, with applique pompadour rases outlined with gold, or of real ir.ce over cloth of gold. Ail are trimmed with a flounce of lace and deep silk sr cbe aille fringe. CROPS GREATLY HELPED BY HEAT Weather Bnreau Deports Past Week ns one of Rest This Season. The weather bureau's weekly summary o' crop conditions is as follows: The week ending July 6 was the most favorable of the season, giving ample and much-needed heat in all districts east of the Rocky Mountains. Drouth In the northern portion of the spring wheat region has been relieved, but need of rain is beginning to be felt in the Ohio valley, portions of the central gulf States and iu western Texas. In the central and northern Rocky Mountain districts and on the north Pacific coast it has been too cool, frost, more or less damaging, oc curring from July 2 to July 4 in Idaho, Wyoming and Utah. Under the very favorable temperature conditions corn has made rapid advance ment in the central valleys and is now greatly improved and generally well culti vated. In the northern portion of the middle Atlantic States, in the upper Ohio valley, lake region and the Dakotas tne crop continues backward, but is improv ing though needing cultivation in many parts of these districts. In the Southern States corn is largely laid b’, an un usually fine crop being practically as sured in the west gulf districts. Harvesting of winter wheat has pro gressed under favorahle conditions and is nearing completion in portions of the central districts. Thrashing is also in general progress, with yields lighter thnD anticipated iu nearly all ‘districts. Win ter wheat is now ripening on the north Pacific coast, the crop being practically safe in Washington. High winds and excessive heat have caused injury in Cal ifornia in some sections, but excellent yields are reported from the southern part of the State. Early spring wheat has sustained per manent injury in portions of North Da kota and northern Minnesota from drouth, which has been broken by nbur dant rains that were of great benefit to the late crops. In southern Minnesota and parts of South Dakota lodging and rust are reported. Iu Wisconsin, lowa, Nebraska and Kansas nnd on the north Pacific coast the crop is progressing sat isfactorily. Spring wheat is now heading In the Dakotas. The outlook for oats in Minnesota and South Dakota is improving and the crop continues generally promising in the States of the Missouri and upper Missis sippi valleys. A light crop, however, is indicated in the Ohio valley and por tions of Illinois and southern Missouri. Cotton has made rapid growth throughout the cotton belt, an improve ment being shown in all districts, the re ports from the Carolina*? and Georgia in dicating the most decided advancement. Wet weather has, however, been unfav orable in portions of Louisiana and Tex as, where the crop is grassy, being quite fonl in northern Texas, in which State holl weevil are causing damage and con tinue to increase. In the most important tobacco States tobacco has made fine growth, the con dition of tlie crop being very promising, except in southwestern Ohio, where rain is needed, and in Pennsylvania, where slow growth is reported. Cutting and curing continue in the Carolinas. The outlook for apples appears to /o somewhat more promising in the Ohio valley and portions of the middle Atlan tic States, nnd fair to good crops are indicated in Michigan, Tennessee and lowa. Poor prospects are reported from Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois and West Virginia, and in New York the outlook is less favorable. In tlie Missouri and upper Mississippi valleys an excellent crop of hay is being secured and further improvement in the condition of the crop is reported from New England nnd the middle Atlantic States. In the last-named district, how ever, and in Minnesota haying has been retarded by rains, which caused some damage in Pennsylvania and Maryland. GIRLS IN WHEAT FIELDS. They Don Overalls or Short Skirts and Save Many a Wheat Crop. The women of Kansas are saving many a big wheat crop these days. Enough men to do tlie work it has been impossible to obtain, ad in some instances where the men have been receiving $2.50 a day they have demanded $3. This later figure seems to the farmers beyond rea son, and they have let the men go. Here is where the women have come to the rescue. A good itrong girl is just as effective a labor machine ns the aver age man who lives In the city or town and only farms it while the crops are being harvested. So farmers’ girls, and townfolks’ girls, too, have donned short skirts or overalls and presented them selves on the labor market, tempted by the high wages offered. Forty or more girls in Salina alone, comprehending the situation, volunteered for work, and as a result some fields near that town had as many women as men working. Many of the girls are col lege bred, being home on their summer vacations from the State University. It is safe to say that they will require no artificial tanning preparation for their complexions in order to prove that they have been in the open air. The point with some of them is, will they ever get white again? Tjjs . President Harper has gone to Europe and Mr. Rockefeller can take the steel braces off his leg for awhile. There is certainly room for an inven tor who will clothe men in garments as cool as those the women wear. If it had been gun cotton with which the cotton speculators were fooling the results could not have been much more painful. That glove-contract scandal Is some thing to be handled without gloves. Another difference between Evansvill* and Breathitt County is that in Breathitt County only one person Is usually killed at a time. It is a queer boy who would not rather go swimming than be strenuous these days, even though he might miss the presidency. Just at present the chief dnty of the American navy appears to be that of making afternoon calls on various for eign notables. It is now reported that Russia is get ting ready to supply trouble on a scale adequate to meet the Japanese demand. Mr. Galt, the so-called cotton king of Canada, is dead. The cotton market in the last few days was enough to make a cotton king drop dead. Secretary Hay is now a grandfather. European nations that are now looking for trouble would do well to bear down on the soft pedal for a day or two. All the. saloons closed in Evansville until order should be restored, but it is safe to say that the grass did not get much of a chance to grow about iheir back doors. As Russia has repeated the perform ance a number of times, there is really no reason why it should object to going through the motions of withdrawing from Manchuria once more. It is extremely fortnnate for the pub lic that climatic conditions make it im possible for tbe ice barons and the coal barons to squeeze the consumers both at the same time. While the crops are unsaved twenty six boars constitute a day's work in Kan sas and the more enterprising farmers crowd thirty hours into the long summer days. An eight-hour day is all right for making automobile*, but it wouldn’t asv# a wheat crop worth a cent. FISH TO HE FROZE* AND SHIPPED 10 THE TROPICS Lying in st*te in the middle of a 300- pound cake of ice, a tine sixteen-pound shad is to be shipped from Philadelphia to Port Antonio, Jamaica. The experi piout of sending the fish to the tropics is being made under the direction of Geo. H. McKay, superintendent of the Read ing Terminal market, and Prof. G. H&r- SHAD FROZEN IN ICE CAKE. old Powell, assistant pomologist of the Department of Agriculture at Washing ton. These men have been couductiug a series of experim'-nts in preparing fruits, vegetables, fish and poultry by cold storage for export trade, under the patronage of the government. Before it is placed on the steamer the ice will be wrapped into two-inch cover lug of felt and rubber ORGANIZE TO OPPOSE LABOR. Manufacturers Plan to Raise $1,500,- 000 to Resist Unions. An Indianapolis dispatch say a that if the purpose of tlie committee on consti tution of the National Manufacturers’ Association is approved by the executive committee and ratified by a vote of the members the organization will enlarge its scope nnd become the propaganda of ag gressive ideas and methods iu restraint of the tendencies of organised labor, backed by a fund of If 1,500,(XX). The executive committee, composed of President I). M. Parry, Indianapolis; J. W. Vancleave, St. Louis; John Kirby, Jr., Dayton, Ohio; E. W. Du Brul, Cin cinnati; Major A. C. Roseucranz, Evanar ville, nnd Secretary Marshall Cushing, New Y'ork, finished a two days’ session after thoroughly going over anew con stitution for the Manufacturers’ Associa tion. Among others who were present were A. C. Marshall, Dayton; W. H. Speer, Newark, N. J., and F. W. Job, secretary of tlie Chicago Employers’ As sociation. The new constitution provides for an emergency fund of $1,500,000 to be used to tight labor unions. This fund is to be used for propa ganda work, for active resistance of the encroachments of organized labor and to sustain the organization. The great la bor organizations are provided with enor mous emergency fuuds, which have prov ed efficient aids, and the new constitu tion will place in the hands of the em ployers’ organization equally powerful weapons. DIE IN A WRECK. Two Persona Killed nnd Manx Hurt at Madison, 111. A frightful railroad accident occurred at Madison, 111., a suburb of St. Louis, Friday. Two persons were killed out right and many more were injured, sev eral probably fatally. The train was a Union Terminal sub urban, carrying people to work. The accident was caused by the derailing of the engiue. It left the track and plung ed into nuid up to its driving wheels. The train was moving at a high rate of speed and the engine took with it a num ber of cars. They crashed into one an other, tearing up the track for sixty feet. The train of eight coaches was filled with people going to work. Scarcely a passen ger escaped injury. One car was completely tilled with women, and their hysterical screams, mingled with those of the injured and dying, were heartrending. One woman’* head was crushed between two cars. An other girl was cut in two. The scene was harrowing. Many women worked brave ly to relieve the suffering of the Injured. Though themselves badly bruised they went from one to another of the help less, giving them what comfort and help they could. It is estimated that 110,000,000 rail road ties were used iu this country the past year. The St. Paul and the Burlington are to have a joint double track from St. Paul to St. Croix Junction. The work of constructing the Chicago and Eastern Illinois’ own double track line to St. Louis ia being pushed as rap idly as possible, but canuot be completed until fall. George F. Wolfe, traveling freight agent of the Chicago and Alton, has been appointed traffic manager nml assistant to the president of the Nebraska, Kansas and Gulf, with headquarters at Saline, Kan. Official announcement is made of the appointment of Mr. E. 11. Shaw, former ly of tbe Southern Railway, as division freight and passenger agent of the De troit Southern, with headquarters at Ironton. Mr. R. W. Hammond, formerly pas senger agent at Cincinnati for the Chi cago Great Western, has been appointed city passenger agent of the Big Four at that point, succeeding Mr. W. K. Parker, deceased. Legislators and public officers in New York State are awaiting with interest the decision of the Court of Appeals on the question whether a sleeping car pass comes wdthin the prohibition of the clause in the State constitution, which prohibits the acceptance of passes by State officers. Mr. Paul Morton, vice-president of the Santa Fe system; Mr. Walter 8. Eddy, of Saginaw, Mich., and Col. John 8. Wier, of New York, have organized a syndicate for the purpose of developing a tract of timber lands northwest of Chi j huahufl, and comprising in the neighbor ! hood of 2,500,000 acres. The Illinois Central Railroad Company i will shortly have completed several of the new steel cars whk. will be put j into the suburban service of that road. These car* have been under construction for some time. One of the features is the side door, which will permit of easy in ; grows aitd egress of passengers. President Stnyvesant I ish of the IIU : nois Central, who has just returned from a tour of the Illinois Central system, says: “It will cost the farmer* mors amiwy this year to rai.e crop*, owing to excessive rains—that ia, I mean ia the way of cultivation; but If they are will ing to do the extra work, there Is a chance to harvest better crops than ia many years.” The gross earnings of the Baltimore and Ohio for the first eleven months of the present fiscal yenr were $57,013,773, as against $52,801,315 during the same period in 1002, an increase of $4,812,4,W. Operating expenses for tbe same peilod were S3O. 125.0*8, as against $33,799,393 in 1902, an Increase of $2,325,055, leav ing an increase in net earnings of $2,486,- 803. Gross earnings for the month erf May show an Inciiaae of $0072837, or 11 per cent. One of the oldest conductors in tho service iu the United States ia Mr. John Nelson of the Big Four system, who ban been continuously employed by that com pany since 1853.