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esß^Sli Texas Itch or Manse. Mange is caused by an itch mite which inhabits the horse, ass, mule or steer, and may migrate to man, where it may thrive as well. An old bulletin of the Minnesota Experiment Station says that, though very small, it can be readi'y detected moving along the scurf of an infected skin. If a strong magnifying lens is used. It forms small galleries beneath the scurf skin, in which it hides and multiplies. If the hide of an infested horse is warmed by the sun or in a warm stable, the mite becomes very active, and is found quite readily by those trained in such work. Like all burrowing itch mites, they cannot exist for a long time if re moved from their burrow and exposed to the dry air; in moist places they can exist, however, for many days, even for many weeks. Horses invaded by such parasites show their presence by being restless, which is caused by their incessant itching about the head, mane, tail and back. Numerous open sores and scabs make the presence of the Itch mite ’.erv certain and plain. As a remedy remove the scabs by the use of soapsuds and brush, and apply a tea made of boiling one and one-half ounces of tobacco in one quart of wa ter. This application should be re peated after fifteen days to kill the new brood that may have hatched in the interval. Cleanliness in the stable is another important factor, and if a case of this disease has been found in a stable, all blankets and rubbers should be whitewashed with quicklime containing one-fourth pound of chlo ride of lime to one gallon of water. Winter Feeding of Lambs. Whatever may be the ration given the la mils this winter, it must not be forgotten that exercise is necessary to their well-being. Don’t turn them out into the cold to shift for themselves, but provide a place on the warm side of tile barn, protected from wind and containing a shed where they nmy go when they will nnd where they may be thoroughly protected from bad weather. While they are in the exercising yard provide them with some roughage fto pick mer to keep them busy and contented, and also see that they have an opportunity to drink several times during the day. If the weather will not permit of this outdoor exercise, •then some should be provided un der cover where the lambs will have a chance to stretch their legs. Try the plan and you will find that It pays well. Hnmr*Madc Hay Stacker. Charles W. Jones, of Marion Coun ty, lowa, sends the Homestead a sketch and description for a device (of a swinging hay stacker. The pole made to turn in an iron band shown n the illustration, which is not solid, Jbut held together by two bolts. The jiron in the band should be one-half .inch thick and two inches wide. The jmlley that is fastened to the sled can ie put at any convenient point as need led. according to where the stacking is Mone. The runners of the sit'd should be staked down by four good stakes very much as liorse power is staked to wr dWINOIKQ HAY STACKER. down. Any blacksmith can make the irons for these stackers. lUe of Mutton Is Orowini. Mutton as human food is Raining rapidly in popularity. Good authori ties predict that the time is rapidly approaching when as many sheep and lambs trill be slaughtered ir this coun try as there are hogs and cattle slaughtered now. History shows that in old countries mutton is the poor man's meat, because it can be raised at less cost than any other, and also that it Is the best and most wholesome. Wool brings a good price, mutton is in | demand, and the farm needs fertilizing.; Then why not every farmer grow i sheep, and those who feel so inclined operate a sheep ranch? It is a paying | business. The Popcorn Belt. There is more popcorn shipped from j the town of Odebolt. lowa, than from i any other station in the world. In 1882 j the shipments amounted to 144 cars. 1 and the crop of 1803 is estimated at j 50 cars. At the ruling prices, which range from SO cents to $1 per hundred pounds, the value of the popcorn crop will reach nearly $50,000. An average yield of popcorn is about a ton and a half to the acre, so that in average years the crop from an acre will bring from $25 to S3O. delivered at the rail road station. The fodder is of good value foY winter feeding. Working Butter. In working butter never slide the raddle over the surface, as such treat ment Injures the grain. Tho best meth od is to remove the milk by using a gentle downward pressure. Excessive washing is also injurious to the grain and general appearance of the article. Stop churning when the batter fat globules begin to adhere to each other, draw off the milk and wash in two wa ters at about 35 degrees, stirring slow ly and no longer than is absolutely necessary to accomplish the purpose, says the American Agriculturist cor respondent Concentrated Fnedn. Corn is the basis of several of the beat known concentrated feeds now on the market Gluten feed, corn oil cake meal and gluten meal are ail made from the best feeding parts of corn, and in the process of manufacture are rendered almost wholly digestible. Re cent experiments both in this country and Europe showed glur n feed to be from 9G to 99 per cent digestible and always reliable for feeding all kinds of live stock, insuring the most eco nomical gains. It matters not whether the farmer is feeding for meat or milk, it is true economy to feed a ration balanced with some of tbe digestible corn concentrated feeds.—Dairy and Creamery. The Buying of Seeds. ery shortly seedsmen will offer their catalogues to the public, and as the farmer looks them through he will be astonished at the variation in prices, in some cases. Naturally economical he will feel that he ought not to pay a dollar for seeds that are quoted by another seedsman at 70 cents or lets, so he buys of the cheaper seeds and wonders why his crop is so small and his soil so full of weeds. Itecent tests of st°ds by an agricul tural expert revealed the fact that a certain grass seed offered at 25 per cent l.c!ow the mrket price contained so much foul seed tint when cleaned and the true seed measured the pvice paid for that seed war actually one third more than the highest price asked for pure seed. It must not be under stood that the assertion ’ made that all seeds quoted at less than the regu lar price are inferior, for one may be in a position to sell someone variety of seeds cheaper than his competitors, but it is always cheaper to be on the right side and buy the best seeds of reliable seedsmen. The crop will more than make good the difference in the price of the seeds. Scantling Telephone Pole. D. W. Predmore, of Nebraska, de scribes a scantling telephone pole that maj interest some readers where tim ber is sqarce and 1 lumber is high. In stead of long tele phone poles a sub stitute can be made by two pieces of 14-inch crib boards, one on either side of a fence post, letting the board come down about three feet on the post. A piece of 2x4 one foot long can be nailed between the boards about four feet above the top of the post, and at the top of the post a piece of 2x4 two feet long. It v;ill be seen at a glauce the saving and yet it will answer the purpose. Trotting the Horse Down Hill. Many drivers think the horse should trot downhill because the load does not pull back on him, and apparently can not understand tbe philosophy that would do otherwise, says Prairie Farmer. To trot when there is a heavy load pulling back on the traces is exhaustive to the horse’s muscular energy. Trotting downhill, especially with a load in addition to its weight pushing down upon is far worse. The former, ,f not carried to excess, will be readily regained by the aid of a little rest and nourishment, but the latter Jars and jams the shoulders, weakens the tendons and springs the knees, and may even bring on paralysis of the nerves and muscles. The horse left to its own inclination will slacken its pace when once it comes to a de cided down grade and will go carefully down the hill, unless it has been trained to a different habit under the spur of the whip. If it is necessary, for some reason, to drive fast down hill, put on the brake to, at least, pre vent the wagon pushing the horse; If it can be made to draw a little on tbe traces it will help materially to lessen the injurious effects. Geeae Are the Hai leu Geese are the hardiest all fowls after the goslings shed their down and assume their waterproof clothing. Being water fowls, wet weather, damp soils aud extremes of heat and cold do not affect .--.m. They will remain perfectly healthy and will grow fat without feeding on marshy ground where high land fowls cannot be kept They require less housing or protec tion of any sort than other fowls. Geese are long-lived birds. There have been astonishing tales told of ‘he ex treme longevity cf the goose. We be lieve about 40 years is the record. Geese become in >re mollhc after their fourth tr fifth yer • and lay more and larger eggs. The Toulouse is the most popular variety. being of large size, not noisy, and are the best layers, but are not the best sitters and mothers. Kemrdlti for Ronp. Roup remedies are of but little avail, as too much work is necessary in hand ling birds and administering the cures, which are not always efficacious. A remedy often recommended, and which is simple and inexpensive, is to give the bird a pill of assafetida as large as a bean twice a day. and to Inject at the same time two drops (using a sew ing machine oil can* of the following mixture in each nostril, and four drops down the throat: Camphorated oil, one dram; water, one drain; carbolic acid, ten drops. Keep the bird in a dry. warm place. Roup may be known by foul odor, discharge from the nos trils. hoarse breathing and sometimes swelled head and closed eyes. Silk as a Karat Crop. It is asserted on the part of the De partment of Agriculture that a South ern farmer's family can earn more in eight weeks by silk culture than it could In a year by raising a crop of cotton. The one crop, moreover, does not exclude the other. Mulberry trees, the leaves of which form the food of silkworms, can be grown along the fences of cotton fields and in odd cor ners ef the farm. Xo great outlay is required for stock or plant In fact silk growing can be prosecuted as a by-lndustry. like poultry raising by women and children. Heavier Horae*. The farmer to-day requires heavies horses than he has been using to do his farm work profitably. The two fur row plow, the wide harrow and other Implements require power One man with a good three-horse team and mod ern implements will do as much work and do It better than two men can with four light horses.—Robert Ness, Quebec VOGUE OF THE VOILE. IT 18 SEEN IN WEAVES FROM COARSEST TO FINEST, Hough Surfaced and Dairy Gooda, So Popular All Winter, Now Take Back Place in Katimation of Fashionables Latest Modes. New York correspondence: fUTTING a high premium on soft ness in dress mate rials will result in side tracking to a large degree the manys novelty goods of rough sur face that were so stylish throughout course the winter fabrics could not have held over be cause of their weight, but weav ers, had the market warranted it, would easily have been equal to sup plying similar weaves in accepta bly light weights, at least for early spring. Little seems to have been done in such direction, however. Some shops certainly do make a considerable showing of the goods so liked in winter, but dress makers are practically unanimous in de claring for pliant stuffs that will haug gracefully, and the promise is strong that the rough surfaced fabrics will be re served largely to other than dressy use. This should not be interpreted to mean that smoothness of surface, after the SENSIBLE STYLISH TAILORING. manner of the satiu-faeed cloths of re cent and pleasant memory, is an essen tial. On the contrary, such surface is impossible in many of the new weaves because of open mesh and coarseness. There are many faced fabrics, besides, but the manner in which the stuff will drape is more the test than is the charac ter of its surface. Voiles were ;o much in favor last fall that it would seem to be time for a change, but manufacturers held to the opposite opinion, and already women are flockiug to their standards. Voiles of ev ery possible description meet the shopper at every hand, and of their complete styl ishness for Ihe coming spring and sum mer there cannot be the least doubt. They range from the extremely eoarse meshed and transparent, to the closely woven voile of firm texture. Embroid ered weaves are impressively numerous. The shopper who has but one trip of "just looking” at these fabrics will recall distinctly, too, voiles so sheer as to sug gest liueu and crepe de chine. Etamines are to be in excellent standing and nre numerous. A liueu etamine for shirt waist suits is new. Next to these goods in importance are the linens. They show substantially the range of last summer, and will give the same good degree of satisfaction to wearers. It is pleasant to note the likelihood of stylish favor for these materials so long as the shirt waist suit remains in fashionable standing. Rough surfaced woolens are offered by tailors for suits with skirts of walking length. And even then it is rnre that these fabrics have surface of novelty roughness, though in making this state ment it should bo added that the wiuter brought so many materials of fanciful COIFS'HARMONIZED WITH RESTORED OLD FASHIONS. texture that it would take a stuff of al most extraordinary character to pass as a novelty now. Two of these suits are shown here by the artist. One was a plaided brown and red Scotch mixture finished with red stitching, and the other was brown serge. As during winter, the dressy tailor gown is with skirt long all around —ol excessive length in front. Now. however, a suit with skirt of inter mediate length has appeared. This length is indicated hy the companion gown to the walking suits in the pictures. The gown oi the initial was of this grade, too. The lat'er was tan voile and silk in com binatior, with brown passementerie trim ming. and the other was blue cloth with crochet button ornamentation. The pres ence of these suits is to be welcomed. They may not have quite the standing of the longer skirts, but they’re so much more sensible as to be sure of many wearers. By means of improvement in the details of cut and finish, and through the offerings of new materials, the walk ing suit is more attractive than ever. Shirt waist suits for summer are In pleasing array. Mercerized cottons will be the usual resort of women who must economise closely on the selection of ma terials. and rarely will such planners se cure as much for their money, for the new crop of mercerized stuffs is won drously fine. Mohairs and linens have to have consideration, also, and often will be the choice. The softer weaves of pique that are new this season are at tractive, Tha shirt waist suit of silk will have all the especial distinction that It had i** summer. For the coming sum mer the silks will he a little bolder or figure. Many of the mo if A suits indicate more trimming ihan prevailed last year, but except in (his there is very little change. On these spits, as on shirt waists, the rse of needle vork will be general. Cross-stitching is a form of this ornamentation that will be much favored. It is susceptible of a deal of diversity in treatment and is likely to appear everywhere. To be in tbe height of the new fashion you should suggest some old fashion, a point that is potent in dressmaking and in millinery, and that now is appearing in the manner in which stylish women dress their hair. For one thing there is resort to all manner of ornaments. Aig rettes are many. Wee ostrich tips are worked in, too. Aud gauze trifles aglint with spangling are well up in the same list. Then combs are varied as to shape and size, and are made very ornamentaL with much show of gems. Sprigs of flowers or foliage nre available also for those who like them. Coupled with these ornaments are as numerous differ ent styles of arranging tbe hair as in genious dressers can devise. A few of these are pictured here. In the upper row in the sketch are a coiffure in which three puffs in front are topped by a vel vet bow, a good arrangement for a small head; a dressing in which gain of height is made, as the hair is kept off the fore head aud heaped on top of the head, and what would pass as a severely classical style. Below these are arrangements suggestive, respectively, of the innocent, the stately and the coquettish. In the first of these was the old-fashioned curl in the neck, with beads and velvet for ornaments. In the second was a pompa dour effect in front, and a long comb was placed lengthwise in back. The last ar rangement was in more extensive pom padour form, the knot on the crown of the head being almost hidden by the wavings. This Is a good dressing for the head that hasn’t much hair. With all the newness that is in this field there is nothing that should prevent a woman from keeping that arrangement that is becoming, but there is a chance for try ing new coiffures whenever that is de sired. Fashion Notes, F-r ine spring the voile cswtume will be tbe leader. Light-toned velvets are much in de mand for ball gowas. Ribbons will be expensively used for millinery purposes this spring. There will be a golden gleam to all the trimmings of the coming season. In the newest fur trimmings ermine is ingeniously combined with darker furs. Walking suits of voile on the order of the French tailored style are the latest. Brittany embroidery adorns some of the collar and cuff sets so much iu vogue. Embroidered chevrons such as boys and girls wear can be bought for 50 cents each. Have you noticed how many beautiful brown shades are to be found among the new silks? For spring and summer the waist of Fersian lawn will take precedence in the cotton group. "Three-decker skirts” whereon each layer falls into a long tab behind are among new models. Short, double-breasted jackets, fitting closely in back and loosely in front, ap pear on the best spriug suits. Anew combination for belt buckles and jewelry specialties is that of colored iridescent enamels with light silver or gold. Walking gloves with one button are said in the shops to be the proper thing. They come in many different shades. Shirt-waist suits of plaided. striped and figured mohairs, in iovely colors, arc to add gayety to the spring landscape. In laces net effects lead for dress and hat trimming, the list including chantilly, point d'Aleneou, Herre. point de Paris and val. Creamy piuks and pale golden yellows are delectable shades in the soft, cling ing liberty sut.u used for girlish evening frocks. Firm nets and fine china silks are nice for the evening gown of the girl who cannot afford perishable mousseline and chiffon. Starched linen turnover collars seem to be popular. They are shown hand somely hemstitched and embroidered, some displaying cot work. Winter flannels and underwear are now being sold at very low prices and are suggestive to the woman who has a family of small foiks to provide for. A dainty boudoir clock is in gold in the shape of a chariot with a beautiful cupid driving two gorgeous gold butterflies. The clock is in the side of the chariot. Spring hats and shirt waists are fast pushing the winter goods out of sight and nearly ail the shop windows are trimmed with these lovely spring and summer goods- POLITICS OF THE DAY Financial Embarrassment. When tbe present Congress was or-) panized tbe committees were appointed i with an eye to economy. At least so the leaders of the Republican party j said, and it really seemed that they were going to try and keep down tbe appropriations. It was thought to be a good political card to play, to so cut | down the expenses of the government j as to appear to do so, that the organs • and spellbinders might enlarge on this 1 unusual streak of economy in the com- j ing campaign. There was another rea- I son for reducing appropriations that; could not be avoided, namely, the re- 1 eeipts of the government were falling off and the Secretary of the Treasury j had warned Congress there would be ! no surplus, and perhaps a deficiency, | during tbe next two fiscal years, unless j Congress was very economical. The statement of the conditions of the United States treasury ou Feb. 24 j shows an available cash balance of j $225,157,038. But the greater part of this amount is not in the treasury, for the national banks hold $102,371,150. There is also in tbe Philippine treasury $5,780,115, and $11,850,470 is subsidiary silver, which can only be used to sup ply the banks for small change. De ducting these three non-avnilable amounts from the sum stated as the available cash balance, It will be found that only $45,155,2H7 remains as the actual available cash. It has always been considered necessary by former Secretaries of the Treasury to keep at least $50,000,000 actual balance to meet tbe demands as they fall due. so that tbe present administration is facing a dilemma that is causing Pres ident and Cabinet considerable uneasi ness. To add to their financial trou bles. it is necessary to provide fifty millions to pay for tbe Panama canal. Tbe next step will be to issue bonds. But to issue l>onds just before the na tional election would not jibe with the daily l>oast that tbe treasury is over flowing with cash and that government and people were never so prosperous. After many solemn cabinet confer ences it was determined that the na tional banks must repay 20 per cent of the public money they have on de posit and on which they are paying no interest, and so tnle over this uncom fortable financial trouble until after election. Secretary Shaw, it is stated, plainly told the President that the national banks would not disgorge without some promise of future aid from the treasury when the usual money pinch comes at the end of the year. It is said he was doubtless au thorized to assure Wall street that bonds will be issued at the earliest possible moment and tbe proceeds left on deposit with the favored banks, if they would repay $30,000,000 now to wards tbe $50,000,000 for tlie canal. But if tbe banks repay $30,000,000 and $20,000,000 ot tbe actual cash in the treasury is added and used to pay for the canal, It will only leave a little over $25,000,000 for current expenses.. Hence the necessity for reduced ap propriations and the fear of the fall ing off in revenues, for the Repub lican leaders feel they are financially skating on thin ice. Tbe national banks will soon recu perate from the 20 per cent call now made ou them, as the first issue of bonds to provide money to build the canal will probably be $100,000,000* and this vast sum can be deposited with the banks until gradually needed in Panama. Those who imagine that the banks will be called upon to repay, from time to time, tbe public money they hold will soon find that no such ordinary business sagacity rules tbe manage ment of the United States treasury. There would be no graft for the banks and no donation by the bankers to the Republican campaign fund under such common sense management A bond issue offers tbe double graft of profit on tbe bonds aud free cash for the banks. Presidential Power. The United States, when they adopt ed the constitution, placed extraordi nary power in the hands of the Presi dent. To him was confided the veto power, giving him the authority to de cide what laws shall become operative. He is commander in chief of the army and navy of the United States and of the militia of the several States when called into service. He has power to make treaties, aud all the diplomatic power in relation to foreign nations rests in his hands. He appoints all the officers of the government, civil and military. He has power to convene Congress in extraordinary session, and in case of a disagreement about ; a nd between the two houses of that body he may adjourn Congress to such time ns be shall think proper. Tbe minor powers of the President : round out and make almost autocratic | the extraordinary powers above cited. In the hands of conservative and \ well-balanced Presidents these tremen- I dous powers have resulted generally in the welfare of the people of the Unit ed States. The voters have always j been extremely careful in putting for i ward candidates for the highest office ! and until party nominations became the rule no mistakes were made. Partisan politics and the rule of the i few. through organization and tbe ex ; penditure of money, has. since the I party rule usurped former methods, | forced the selection of some Presi i dents who were not up to the high or ■ der of former days. The voters of the United States only j indirectly have to do with the selec tion and election of President; they | vote for electors, who, under the pres ! ent system, are pledged to elect the | candidates the party conventions have nominated. Nor have the voters any • direct voice in tbe nominations; they i merely elect precinct delegates to coun- I ty conventions, who in turn elect del egates to district conventions, sod these select delegates to the national ; convention, so the people are th-ee de grees removed from actual power. Viewing the vast prerogative of one who is elected President how carefully the voters should watch snd ward all the steps necessary to obtain a safe | iuaa The Republicans, through ring rale, are now saddled with a candidate that : a minority, at least, do not want, and | many will not rote for. The leaders i feel they are taking desperate chances |in allowing the nomination of Mr. Rooeevelt to go to him in default of opposition, la forcing him. four year* i to take the nomination for Vie* President, they have saddled them selves with an old man of the sea I that now cannot be unloaded. The j President, with all the patronage and j power of his office, is now beyond their power to turn down. They will have to grin and lxuir it. What nil oppor tunity this offers to the Democrats. ! who. with the two-thirds vote, can compel the majority to pny heed to a I respectable party protest: Official '‘Graft.*' The "official carriage' graft has re ceived considerable airing since the subject was tirst brought up tP Con gress. The statements of the lieitds of departments show that there are thirty-eight carriages and thirty-six horses kept for the use of department officials and that it requires twenty four coachmen to drive these carriages, with their sumptuous furnishings, in which the cabinet and minor officials attend to their official and social du ties and their personal pleasure. This number does not include those used by the Interior Department or the Depart ment of Agriculture, which for some unexplained reason were not called upon by the House of Representatives for information, and volunteered none. The department that is nost lavish in the number of horses and carriages used is that of Commerce and ba ilor, which, considering it has only been in existence about one year and already employs eight horses and ten carriages, may be expected to largely increase its luxurious way of doing things when it reaches the age of even the youngest of the other de partments, unless Congress puts a stop to the extravagance. That this carriage graft has gradual ly grown uni r Republican administra tions without warrar* of law may be seen from the returns, which show that only one out of twenty-four men is carried on the pay roll as “driver.” The other twenty-three are named in the appropriation bills for more use ful purposes, namely: One as a watch man. ten laborers, eight assistant mes sengers and four messengers. So the labor of all but one of the twenty four has been diverted from the busi ness that Congress created the office for. and even the new Department of Commerce and Labor follows in the old footsteps of demanding four messen gers and then using them for coach men. The purchases of carriages and horses are nearly all covered up under similar guise, most of the appropri ations used for that purpose being scheduled for transportation or mis cellaneous expense. Blit no one will object to Cabinet of ficers being furnished with a horse and carriage to allow them to attend Cabinet meetings and other official functions in appropriate style, but that minor trials whose time should be spent in their offices, and who have no outside work to attend to, should have these luxuries under false pretenses is preposterous and should be cut off as an excrescence more fit for a monarchy than a republic. Some of the President's Troubles. Ail Depends Ton the Ox. Publishers of Rcpuhlh ail high tariff journals are atuong those who support ed the demand for the removal of du ties on pulp }I)4 paper at the recent New York meeting' of tin* Xewoaper Publishers' and they are given a good scolding for this by the New York Comemrcfal. a* organ of the trusts. There might seem to be a little inconsistence In their at titude. But then you cannot expect that a tariff for the protection of trusts in general will appear the same as a tariff for the protection of a trust which hits them in particular. Goring is all well enough if it is not your ox that is being gored.—Springfield Re publican. Washington's Address Is Lese Majeste Without going so far as to say that Minority Leader Williams was out of order in asking that Washington's fare well address be read before the House on February 22, the Albany Argus says Mr. Payne was right in suppressing it. “We would not say that the farewell address contains treasonable senti ments. but it is lese najeftte of the worst kind. Washington avoided en tangling alliances. The present gait is to entangle ourselves in avoidable al liances. Washington was slow and de liberate. Roosevelt is—well, we all know Roosevelt” Going to Economize, Wife —This house isn't a bit too big. Those two rooms can be used as store rooms. Husband —Huh! What wili you store in ’em “Y'ou said I must be very economi cal. didn't you?” “Of course.” “Well, I'll soon get them filled with things I buy at bargain sales and can't use." —New York Weekly. A Polite Heply. “Don't you think Miss Squairfaee ought to take more beauty sleeps?” asked the dearest friend cf Miss Squairfaee. “Well,” answered the young man who was trying to make an impression on the deareit friend, “possibly she suffers from insomnia." —Judge. Reduce Stae of Bale. Now that cotton presses reduce the size of a bale until it weighs forty five pounds to the square foot, one ship will carry the product of 40,000 acres of average cotton land. Mon More Acute. Men have a more acuta sense of smell than women. In 1867 one of the best entomologists of the time estimated the* total yearly loss in the United States from lnsscts to ba nearly M0u.000.000. RECORD BY CONGRESS LEGISLATION WELL ADVANCED MAY ADJOURN EARLY. tie Middle of April the Session Is Likely to Knd—Tariff and Finance Measures Must Wait—Hop* f or Pen sion Hill. Washington correspondence: a r—} HE program map pad out by the Ro- Ca publican leaders at /riSto _ the opening of Con -<r - ■free-’ gress is progressing favorably and, bar- Z/y/Cijifi ring unforeseen ,\£ events, is likely to TglgigYWvsjjSL result in the brenk- Tfjjimmw > n e of a record for the early adjourn nffSßfiSSjsjal nient of Congress ff at a long session. jlliXU— t Among the lenders *• ‘ ou both sides of the capitol the consen- j \|lp[jl ‘ 1 sus of opinion seems nfajtek-jril In to be that the pres '•Wlr UW 1 ent session will close not later than the middle of April. Strange to say, the Democrats are in full accord with the present arrangements and are not doing anything to retard leg islation and little to mpke political capi tal out of what is transpiriug. The early adjournment slogan means death to practically all pending legisla tion of a public nature. \lready th“ proper committees have officially declar ed against the introduction at th ~ ses sion of both rivers nnd harbori' and a public buildings bill. Some of these items will be included in the sundry civil bill, which will be oue of the last to come be fore th House. Already the appropria tion bills have made astonishing pro gress, due in a large degree to Speaker Cannon, who has directed the commit tee work, with n view to expediting pub lic business. The appropriation bills for the civil establishment, foreign inter course, military establish men'., pensions, agriculture and urgent deficiency have already passed the House, as also the naval establishment bill, which was scut to the Senate last week. The Indian affairs and postal appropriation bills are ready to report. Then will follow the sundry civil bill, the District of Colum bia bill aod another deficiency bill and the work of the lower house will be done. In the Senate the Panama treaty has occupied much time, but the forrigu in teo*ourse bill has already passed and the remaining appropriation bills will follow in short order. Long appropriation bills have been known to pass the Senate within an hour after they reach final reading. Tariff nnd Finance to Wait. No bills on finance or tariff will see the light of day this session if the present policy is adhered to. The good-roads project is dead, and it is doubtful if eith er of the big labor bills—the eight-hour law and the Grosvcnor anti-injunction and anti-conspiracy bill—will get farther than the House calendar, if as far. Early adjournment will play havoc with such bills ns require earnest consideration in committee and upon the floor of either house. Speaker Cannon has had the hearty co-operation of the Senators in his meth ods of hurrying up the business of the house, and the promise has been made that the upper house will do its share toward clearing up its calendar. Speaker Cannon has introduced new methods, un der the unanimous consent rule, of dis posing of bills for claims against the gov erument, and upon its first application no less than 300 bills were disposed of with in a comparatively short time and half the legislative day was saved for the consideration of other business. The new plan is that of passing such meas ures en bloc, merely reading the title of the bills and passing the whole by one vote. When understood by the House it met with hearty approval from the members. The oue piece of prospective legislation which shows any signs of life at ad seems to be the service pension bill, for which veterans of the Civil Wnr are united in a clamor for its passage. At first the powers that be were inclined to favor the passage of such a measure., carrying with it a pension for nearly all the soldiers who saw service in thai: war and adding to the pension list an appro priation of $20,(X)0,000 annually. There are many amendments pending to such a bill, such as limiting the payment of pensions to all veterans over 05 years of age who care to apply for it. A con ference on this project will probably be held between the Senate nnd House lead ers, but it is doubtful if the upper houso will consent to such a measure at this session. It is probable also that the Senate committee on postoffices and postroads will vote down the pending resolution to investigate the postofflee scandal. It has even beeu suggested that the nomi nation of Gen. Leonard Wood to be a major general be allowed to go over until the next session, the President in the meantime to continue him in office by a recess appointment. There can be no doubt of the hurry of tne legislators to get away from Washington aru the inac tivity of the Democrats makes i; almost certain that no new political isstes are to be created before the opening of the national campaign. Schools mLl.I<tS Dr. G. Sims Woodhead of Cambridge University, an eminent authority on tu berculosis, is lecturing in the United States. Dr. Yamei Kin, who was graduated from the New York medical college some years ago, is practicing at Ningpo, China. Adolph Lewisohn of New York has presented to Columbia University a val uable collection of rare books and manu scripts. The youngest woman’s college presi dent in the United States is Mary Emtna Wooley of Mount Holyoke. She is 36 years of age. Chancellor D. W. C. Huntington of Nebraska Wesleyan University is said to have dedicated a church for every year of his life. Dr. W. F. Kin? of Cornell College anticipates that the semi-jubilee of that Institution will be the educational event of the year in lowa. John Morley will visit the United States this fall and deliver the address at the opening of the Carnegie Technical school at Pittsburg. Capt. John Anderson. U. S. A., has bean detailed as professor of military sci ence and tactics at the Massachusetts Agricultural College. Glen Harrison, aged 13, ia teaching in the Ozark mountains, near Gainesville, Mo., and probably is the youngest peda gogue in the United States, Prof. C. R- Lonnan, professor of San skrit at Harvard, has the finest library of Buddhist literature in the United Stater, if not in the world. Dr. Francis Ramaley of the depart ment of biology of the University of Col orado will shortly sail to visit the botan ical centers of the far East. M. Auguste Rodin ha* been ehosen president of the Internat'onal Society of Scnlptore, Painters and Engraven, to succeed the late J. M. Whistler. Prof. Benjamin F. Clarke of Brown University was given a loving cap re cently by his colleagues in the faculty is recognition of the completion of forty years' service. One Hundred Years Ago. Ths manufacture of bricks by machin ery was successfully begun. French and Spanish residents of New Orleans were reported in practical re bellion against the United States author ities, robbery and murder of American visitors being of daily occurrence. Mr. Livingston, the American minister to France, gave a large ball to celebrate the discovery and breaking up of the conspiracy to assassinate Napoleon Bona parte. The first savings bank in England for the benefit of the poorer classes was es tablished at Tottenham. An English missionary was sent out with the dangerous mission of making a tour through the interior of North Amer ica. Upwards of thirty American vessel* had been captured by small French pri vateers nnd dismantled in obscuie port* in the island of Cuba. Seventy-five Years Ago. At the battle of Tarqui the Peruvians were defeated overwhelmingly by the Colombians. The island of Barbados was partially devastated by a hurricane. The treaty of peace was signul be tween Peru and Colombia. The number of ludians in the United Slates was officially estimated by the War Department as 313,130. There were only eight banks in the city of New York, and their aggregate circulation was estimated to be only $3,- 000,000. Fifty Years Ago. Severe earthquake shocks caused much, damage to life and property in the vi cinity of Manchester and Lexington, Ky. The American clipper ship Oriental was lost with all ou board off the East Indian coast. The ultimatum of England nnd France was 'sent to St. Petersburg. Lieut. St. John, the British engineer attached to the unfortunate Darien ex pedition, arrived at Panama after al most incredible hardships. The American steamer Black Warrior was seized by the Spanish authorities at Havana. The Mexican government offered com plete religious freedom ns an inducement to secure German colonists for Mexico. forty Years Ago. The Twenty-sixth Illinois regiment was ordered to the front from its camp at Springfield. The Senate confirmed the nojninntion of U. S. Grant to be u major general. The first through telegraph line from New York to Milwaukee, via Chicago, was opened for business. News received of arrival of Admiral Farragut’s fleet off Mobile to attack Fort Gaines. Confederate battle flags captured at Fort Donelson presented to Gov. Yates at Springfield. Thirteen desperadoes and murderer* were hanged by a vigilance committee in Nevada. Fifty “butternuts" invaded Pnria, in Edgar County, 111., fortified themselves in a barn, and opened fire on passing sol diers. Order postponing drnfts for army to April 1 was rescinded owing to failure of Senate to puss House bill extending volunteer bounties. Grant confirmed ns major general nnd Meade, Sherman, McPherson nnd Thom as as brigadier generals. Thirty Year* Ago. The anti-monopoly convention met at Des Moines. The Japanese rebel army began the siege of Nagasaki; foreign residents took refuge in warships in the harbor. Famous Tiehborne claimant convicted of perjury in Ixindon after trial lasting 130 days. George S. Boutwell, W. E. C. Ban field, William A. Richardson and F. A. Sawyer of the treasury, and Gen. B. F. Butler, John D. SaDbom and George Bliss, Jr., accused of being interested in revenue collection agency, described as “the biggest conspiracy of the age.” Twenty Year* Ago. A wholesale massacre occurred on Na nouti, a Pacific ocean island. British forces under Gen. Graham ad vanced on Osman Digma’a army at Sua kiu, Egypt. Arrest of three men suspected of plot to blow up courts and Parliament with dynamite reported from London. Jewish citizens of Russia who could not show landed possessions were or dered expelled from the empire. Capt. Schley, U. S. N„ now rear ad miral, retired, ordered to command ax pedilioti to search for Lieut. Greely, now major general, lost in the arctic. W. E. Gladstone introduced the sep arate franchise bill in House of Com mons, adding 2,000,000 voters. Congress passed the bill providing for seven steel cruisers and gunboats, the beginning of the present navy. Ten Years Ago. Grand Master Workman Scserelgn of the Knights of Labor awaeeacvd that ho would defy a United States court injunc tion by organizing a branch of the A. R. U. among Northern Pacific employes. Democrats in caucus at Washington decided to pat wool, lumber, iron oro and salt on the free list. Russian and German soldiers engaged in a fight on the frontier, and European capitals feared war was Imminent Bland seigniorage bill providing for the coinage of silver passed in the Hoot# by vote of 167 to 130. Announcement made that Gladstone would retire shortly. The Greater New York bill passed th# Senate at Albany. Fifteen widows snd their families, bo reft by the Cheswick. Pa., mine diaa#- ter, were ticketed to Fiume and Trieste, Austria, by the relief committee, in all over 100 widow* of foreigners who loat their live# will be sent back to Europe. The stage which run* between Lak# City and Sapinero, Colo., has been held up by masked men and the registered mall bag rifled. It is believed considere ble money was secured by tLe robbers, who made good their escape. Fire at Ashtabula, Ohio, destroyed the postofflee, H. 1.. Morrison’s Hons’ dry goods store and the clothiDg store of th# Globe Company. Loa# $125,000, partly insured. ___ The Terwiliigcr Houae, a saloon, meat market and barber shop at Ellonville, N- Y., were destroyed by fire, causing a loa# •f $75,000.