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Stock Ducks. In selecting stock ducks from which to breed your market ducklings, it is dess essential to look for clearness of bill and perfection of tint than gen eral suitable conformation. The drake in the accompanying illustration is a perfect type of breeder for market birds. The body is large, but not cumbersome, the carriage of the small head, alert, out not apnreher-sive, the feathers white and plentiful, but tight and compact, as though cut from a piece of ivory, the deep full keel and •short, strong legs are all points that go to form an ideal breeder, either for TRIO OF MODEL FEKXXS. a duck or drake. In choosing breed ers, it is also important that the ducks are fully as large as the drakes. The duck in the sketch is in reality somewhat larger than the drake, and won first prize when she was but five months old. Large birds like these Pekins are very heavy feeders, but the ducklings are soon on the market, and the old birds with long, rangey bodies, such as these here showu, will hunt their entire living when allowed to roam at will.—Montreal Star. Potatoes and Potash. Here are two hills of potatoes, the difference in development of the plants and also In the product of the yield of tubers. A number of experi mental plots were laid out. Three rows, each one rod long and 3.3 feet apart, were planted with potatoes of the White Star variety. Plot No. 5 re ceived no fertilizer of any kind. Plot No. 3 had an application of kainit and acid phosphate. The illustration is taken from the West Virginia Experi mental Station, Bulletin No. 20. Now for the results: The potatoes produced by the three rows of plot No. 5 weighed 21 pounds, and the plants and the potatoes are represented on the left side of the picture. The pota toes produced by the three rows of plot No. 3 weighed 65.8 pounds, and the plants and the potatoes are shown on the right-hand side. The increased yield due to the use of kainit and acid phosphate was reckoned to be at the rate of 101 1-3 bushels per acre. Four-Horse Tandem Equalizer. The accompanying illustration rep resents a very simple form of equalizer for two teams one before the other. Attached to the load is a pulley through which the chain works, a team of two horses being attached to each end of the chain. The front double tree is provided with a ring in the center, to which the chain is attached. On the end of the chain is a grab hook, by means of which the front team > 4* FOCR-HORtIE TAJ. DEV FQUAX IZKR. may be hitched long or short as de sired. Strawberries. I know of nothing that brings in money quicker or faster than the strawberry, providing the land is adapted to strawberry growing. The strawberry gave me my start when I war a poor man. The longer 1 grew fruits the more the people around me bought them. I never had a surplus. Boys will easily become greatly inter ested not only in strawberry growing but black raspberry, blackberry and grapes. My plan was to have an as sortment of file various kinds of fruit so if one class of fruits failed for a year the others would bring me in money. Stiff clay soil that bakes is not adapted to the strawberry or black berry.—Exchange. Tbt Fuckers' Power. The only ratioual cause for the great falling off in prices paid by the packers for hogs and beef cattle *s the determination of the packers not to -ive more. They are not in the pack ing business for c—ier health or recre ation. b ■ • for the money they can ac cumulate Of course the less they pay for the animals and the more they get for the animal products the more' mon e>y they make. This accounts for the high price to consumers of beef, pork, etc., as well as the lot* price of hogs and cattle. —Farm ami Ranch. , Gruftins Grapes. Common cleft grafting is best for young g~ape routings. It is simple, easy and nearly always successful if properly performed. Remove the soil from the rooting and cut it low enough to allow the soil to be mounded around the point. Split with a chisel, then in sert a scion of equal diameter so th A both sides ".'ill knit. Cut the scion bevels equal. Be careful to have both sides coincide outside so that bark of both stook and scion is practically of R*,„*e thickness. Cutting Tree* by Electricity. It is reported in the German press that successful experiments have been made in various forests of France in cutting tret's by means of electricity. 4 platinum wire is heated to a white heat by an electric current and used like a saw. In this manner the tree is felled much more easily and quickly than In the old wa£s no sawdust ia produced and the slight carbonization caused by the hot wire acts as a pre servative of the wood. The new meth od is said to require only one-eighth of the time consumed by the old sawing process. A Bettln* Hen When a hen is bound to set. Seems as though ’tair.’t etiket Dowsin’ her iu water till She's connected with a chill. Seems as though ’twas skursely right (livin’ her a dreadful fright, Tyin’ rags around he" tail. Poundin’ on an old tin pail, Chasin’ her around the yard. —Seems as though ’twas kind of hard Bein’ kicked and slammed and shooed ’Cause she wants to raise a brood. I sh’d say it’s gettiu’ gay Jest ’cause natur’ wants its way. —While fl > mv neighbor, Penn, Started bu m. up a hen; Went to yank her off the nest. Hen. though, made a peck and jest Grabbed liis thumb nail good and stout i —Like to yank the darned thing out. Penu he twitched away and then . ried agin to grab that hen. But, by ginger, she had spunk ’Cause she took and nipped a chunk Big’s a bean right out his palm. Swallered it, and cool and calm, / Histed up and yelled “Cah-dali!” —Sounded like she said “Hoorah!” Wal, sir, when tluit hen done that Penn, lie bowed, took off his hat. —Spunk jest suits him, you can bet, “Set," says he, “gol darn ye, set!” —Anonymous. What Is Success? Many men who have dial poor and who have ever been poor have been great successes. Our Savior was a poor man, the poorest of the poor and yet no life was ever such a success as His. The mistake of this age is In judging success by wealth. A man may be worth $100,000,000 and yet be an absolute failure. That is, he may be rich and yet be a hog. He is suc cessful who goes through the world doing the most good, brightening the lives of his fellow creatures not only, but making life more comfortable for the lower animals, the horses, the cows, and chickens and wild birds. Stable Ventilator. This plan of ventilating a stable can be put in without Interfering with the window proper. About two inches ■ from t"he top of the window three holes are made two inches or more iu diameter. these holes in which to run a slide ci- slips . of sheet iron may he V, ° i°' °', | placed in position, ns showu at the lower part of the picture, between which tho sliding board may be run. Care of Geeese. Geese generally start laying in March or April and need watching, as they will cover their eggs with straw or hay. The eggs should be picked up before getting chilled iu cold weather and kept in a quiet and cool place and turned every few days until ready to set. Geese eggs can be batched under hens. When the eggs begin to hatch keep watch, and as soon as a gosling comes out put it in a basket near the stove, repeating this until they are all out. It Is best to wrap them in some flannel or woolen cloth. If left In the nest the mother Is liable to trample them to death. When they are twenty four hours old place them with the mother in a coop with a board floor and feed them with some stale bread slightly moistened with some milk or water; also give water to drink. Keep them in for two or three days, after that they can be put out every day when the dew is off. Confine the moth er and her brood for the first four or five days to a limited space well cov ered with choice and short grass, grad ually enlarging the run as they get older. Feed four times daily until they get fourteen days old, and after that feed three times daily with corn meal cooked and stale bread. Corn Flout. The high price of wheat and ol wheat flour in Bulgaria has led the Minister of Agriculture to suggest the use of corn flour, mixed with wheat flour. A Sofia journal says that a com mittee was nominated by the Mayor of Sofia with a view to alleviating the distress among the poorer classes. Twc kinds of bread were submitted—one made with three-quarters wheat flo-u and one-quarter corn flour, and the other with half wheat flour and half corn flour. Those who tasted the first named bread declared it to be very good, and the Mayor hopes by the extended use of corn flour to furnish the necessitous population of Sofia with its daily bread at a cheap price.— Cincinnati Price Current. Equal to Green Feed. Cut corn stalks about equal greet feed if put in a silo. Two lots of cat tie wore sold in Chicago, fed on the same tarm and owned by the same person, to ascertain which was the better feed, corn stalks shredded or ensilage. The two lots were so neat the same in flesh and fat that both brought $5.70 per hundred gross weight. This statement fhould have force with farmers in inducing them tc cut their corn stalks, stack and shred The appearance of the cattle in the yards aroused considerable interest, ami the best critics were unable tc distinguish between them. Barn Whitewash. .V whitewash that looks much better than the bare t>oanls and which will stay on about as long as a coat oi paint is made as follows: Slake half a bushel of quicklime with boiling hot water. Add two pounds of sul phate of zinc and one pound of salt these being first dissolved in watei before adding to the whitewash. A pound of lamp-black and a i>ound ol raw amber will give a p.easant dark | color. It may be applied with a spray S pump. Wood Ashes. Vnleaebed wood ashes are rich lr ; potash, varying in value according tc I the hardness of the wood burned. J Hickory ashes are more valuable that j basswood. Besides, potash ashes con tain lime and a little phosphoric acid j Most clay soil*; have sufficient potash, i Sandy soils need potash more than oth ! er soils. I>o not mix wood ashes with any kind of ma nure before applying ti the soil. WHAT,CONGRESS DID. LONG SESSION DESPITE LaRLY ‘ ADJOURNMENT. Cuba and Panama Treaties Ratified— Economy Was Practiced—Total Appro priations Are $781,574,027.99—Ex pected Surplus $35,000,000. Two legislative acts stand out as the principal accomplishment of the two ses sions of the Fifty-eighth Congress. The reciprocity treaty with was chang ed to a bill having its origin in the House because one of its provisions touched the matter of revenue, and therefore it was held that under the constitution the Rep resentatives should take the iniatitive. The pledge of the United States to Cuba was fulfilled by means of this bill. The House passed the measure during the ex traordinary session and sent it to the Senate, where it was debated and passed early in the second session. The treaty with Panama was the sec ond of the chief legislative labors of Congress. The Senate ratified the treaty without amendment, though while it was under discussion it gave rise to virulent attack and debate on the part of the Democrats, who declared the President had exceeded his authority in the recog nition of the republic of Panama. The Senate ratified the Chinese com mercial treaty, by means of which the United States secured two open ports in Manchuria. Congress also undertook leg islation for the governmerjf of the Pan ama canal zone, a subject which led to many differences between House and Senate. There was marked conservatism throughout the session iu the matter of supply bills. They were handled quick ly and with the economy which* often marks the methods of Congress prior to a presidential campaign. All told, the money appropriated for government uses amounted to nearly $700,000,000. The revenues qf the government are estimat ed at $704,000,000. Appropriations Are $781,574,629.00. Chairman Hemenway of the House committee on appropriations on the clos ing day issued a statement showing the appropriations made by Congress at this session amount to $781,574,(529.99. This amount includes $20,801,843.93 appropri ated for deficiencies and $50,500,000 sub mitted under the estimates of permanent appropriations for application out of sur plus revenues.to the sinking fund. The whole sum of apparent appropriation is, therefore, $098,272,780.00. The estimat ed revenue for the fiscal year 1905 is $704,472,000.72, an excess over expendi tures of $0,199,274.06. It is further estimated that the usual growth of revenue and the usual expen ditures of the government, which aver age 5 per cent less than the estimates, will further increase this surplus to at least $35,000,0)0. The expenditure per capita in the United States is shown to be $7.97, the lowest of any of the great powers by a wide margin. The appropri ations in the aggregate this session are more than $20,000,000 less than last ses sion. Estimates Were Cut. Heads of the various government de partments sent in estimates of their needs, and these estimates exceeded the estimated revenues by about $42,00),000. The figures will show what Congress did in the way of cutting down the estimates as presented. No general measure carry ing provisions for new public buildings was allowed to pass. Ordinarily an om nibus bill is put through which provides for postoffices and other government buildings in towns all over the country which have congressional influence enough to get what they ask. The ma jority refused likewise to consider any river and harbor bill which had for its object new work and the expenditure of large sums of money. There was agitation for a service pen sion bill for war veterans involving the expenditure of a huge sum. Congress, however, refused to consider it at this session, and the nearest approach to rec ognition of the one fact of service as be ing sufficient for a pension was in allow ing an appropriation of $1,500,000 for the payment of pensions to men who came under the provisions of the general or der of the Secretary of the Interior, which made age an evidence of physical dis ability to perform manual labor. This age pension order was provocative of Democratic assaults, but the Republicans succeeded in showing to the discomfiture of their enemies that a like recognition of age disability and a like order were made by the Secretary of the Interior under the administration of Grovr Cleve land. The postal frauds occupied the atten tion of Congress and the Overstreet re port, which seemed to implicate represen tatives in pernicious activity on behalf of their district postmasters, caused a row. An investigation ordered by the House cleared every member of the suspicion of improper conduct. „ A resolution introduced by Representa tive Martin of South Dakota resulted in an order for the investigation of the al leged beef trust by the Department of Commerce and I.ai or. In the House impeachment proceed ings against Federal Judge Swayr.e of the norther! district oi Florida were be gun, but the matter finally went bn<-k to committee and will be taken up again at tire next session. The House passed a bill admitting Oklahoma and Indian territory as one State and Arizona and New Mexico as another, but the Senate took no action on the matter. As far as the labor world is concern ed the eight-hour bill was shunted by the House to the Department of Commerce and Labor for an investigation and the anti-injunction bill introduced by Repre sentative Grosveuor was put over to the next session. The right of Reed Smoot. Senator from Utah, to a scat in the United States Senate is still under investigation. The report of the naval board which gave a preference to Lake Bluff. 111., as the site for the great lakes naval training station was thrown out and there was substituted in the naval appropriation bill an Amendment providing for a board to select a site. The amendment carries with it an appropriation of $250,000 to purchase laud and begin the work of founding the Ration for the training of sailors. Congress passed a bill authorizing the lowering of the government dams two feet at Karupsville and LaGrange, 111. Illinois Senators at ‘ Representatives succeeded in getting into the postofflee appropriation bill an item of money which will allow the use of the tunnels of the Illinois Telegraph and Telephone Company for the transmission <>f mniis l.y electric power from station to sta tion and from the main postotfiee to the railroad stations. Since Congress convened in November then' have died one Senator and seven Representatives. A. J. Davis, a rectifying ganger, has beeu convicted at Greensboro, N. C.. of making false returns, whereby the gov ernment was defrauded out of $30,000 in less than four months. Davis, it was alleged, acted for a cvtmpany with head quarters at Milton. N. C. Inspect' r< of the Department >f Com merce have arrested seven Germans, ex pert cutlers, employes of the Catnilltis Cutlery Company "f Syracuse. N. Y., on warrants charging violation of the alien contract labor law. James M. Shockley, who held up a street car in Salt Lake City and killed Motonnsn Amass L. Gleason and Con ductor Thomas Brighton, was found guil ty of murder in the first degree. Joy and Claire Stowe* brothers, of Mooreheadvilie. Pa., were drowned tn a gale on Lake Erie, and their bodies washed ashore COLD WEATHER HURTS CRC^S. Planting; in Northwestern States Has Been Retarded Greatly. The weekly crop report, issued by the weather bureau, says: From the west gulf coast northwest to the middle Itc-ky Mountain slope the temperature conditions were generally favorable, but elsewhere the week was much too cold for germination and growth, although the latter part was warmer and more favor able. Heavy rains iu the lower Missouri and portions of the spring whetft region interrupted work, while the drought con ditions in the middle and south Atlantic and gulf States generally have increased. Freezing temperatures and frosts gener ally throughout the central valleys, lake region. New England and the middle At lantic States were injurious to a greater or less extent. On the Pacific coast it was cooler than in the previous week, but farm work made satisfactory progress. While preparations for corn planting have been in the principal corn States, as a whole but little planting was done during the week, owing to low tem perature. East of the Mississippi river no corn has been planted north of the Ohio fiver, nor lias planting begun in lowa and Nebraska, except in the soutli west part of the last named State. In the Southern States corn lias suffered from cold weather, nud is small, witii ir regular stands. Illinois—Temperature abnormally low until 22d, when decided rise occurred; general snowstorm over southern sections on the 20th; showery latter part of week; season decidedly backward; germination and plant growth made little progress; wheat improved and condition not favor able; oats mostly sown; much replanting necessary; breaking ground for corn; grasses made little growth, Indiana—Prospects for wheat very poor, large acreage being plowed up, and the portion left standing promises less than half crop; rye in fair condition; old clover badly winter killed; sowing oats, planting potatoes and gardens, and plow ing for corn progressing; peaches promise light crop; fair to good prospects for other fruits. Gold weather is reported in Ohio. Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota and oth er Northwestern States. FUNG ipiTHETS IN THE HOUSE. Congressman Dalzell Calls Cockran a Political Harlequin. Congressmen Dalzell of Pennsylvania and Bourke Cockran of New York re newed their personal quarrel iu the House the other afternoon over the charge of Mr. Dalzell that Cockran had supported McKinley in 1896 for money. The tilt amused the members and when Mr. Cockran offered a resolution calling for a committee of five to investigate the chaiges against him. Speaker Cannon said a point of order had been raised and he would take the matter under con sideration while the precedents were look ed up. He suggested it would be better for all concerned “to have a night to sleep on it,” and the resolution went over. Mr. Dalgell described Mr. Cockran ns a political harlequin who changed his colors as his interests seemed to sug gest, and rend newspaper extracts to prove that Mr. Cockran had accepted money to speak in behalf of candidates not of his own party. In reply Mr. Cockran said that Mr. Dalzel had by implication confessed to corruption within his own party, but had proved none of his accusations. Then, as a question of personal privi lege, he said: “Before I sit down I shall ask this House to agree with me on this, that if what the gentleman has said is true I am unworthy of its membership. If what he said be false, he is unworthy of membership. “This will take a wider range than our personal virtues. I shall ask for a committee to investigate this charge, and shall ask for power to send for persons and papers.” The anuual reporc of the Allegheny Valley for the past fiscal year shows gross earnings of $4,938,11)1, an increase of $745,106. The directors of the Canada Southern will double-track their road for sixty miles between St. Thomas, Ontario, and Buffalo, N. Y. It is stated that earnings of Toledo, St. Louis and Western are showing Up favorably, and that the present outlook indicates satisfactory returns for some time to come. A bill has been favorably reported in the New York Legislature at Albany to increase the number of members in the State Railroad Commission from three to five, and to enlarge the powers of the commission. Surveys have been completed and rights of way obtained for the Lake Erie and Western Railroad Company, which proposes to build anew line from Youngstown, Ohio, to Lorain, on the shore of Lake Erie. The Canadian Freight Association an nounces that an agreement has been reached permitting the shipping com. panies running from Montreal to Port Arthur to quote differential rates on all classes of freight from Montreal through the West. The railroads in Mexico are anxious to be in shape to do a heavy business out of the republic for the world’s fair, and the different lines of that country have submitted a proposition for a rate of one fare, plus $2, between Mexico points and St. Louis on account of the exposition. During the last two years the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern has equip ped fifty-nine miles of its system with the latest improved block signals, and during the next few mouths this work will be extended forty-eight miles fur ther, from Dunkirk, N. Y., to Erie, Pa. The land and immigration department of the Southern Pacific, in Texas, reports that during the past year, 1,046,456 ncres of land were sold in that State and Lou isiana, and 5,002 home-seekers were brought there, through the instrumental ity of the immigration agents of the railroad. Canada operated 18.714 miles of rail way during 1903, which earned in round numbers $54,000,000 at a cost of $37,- 000,000 for operation. This is shown by the report of Consul Seyfort to the State Department. Canada has 165 steam rail roads, twenty-five of which form the Grand Trunk system and twenty-seven others the Canadian Pacific system. The remaining 113 companies are more or lees consolidated. The Dominion gov ernment has contributed at the average rate of $9,166 per mile of railroad con structed; the provincial governments at the rate of $1,757. and the municipalities at the rate of $873 per mile. The rail roads carried 21,000.000 passengers, 42,- 300.000 tons of freight and ran 56.U00,- 000 train miles. The authorities of the St. Louis world's fair have adopted rates and rules for the storage and switching of private cars on the exposition grounds. The rate per day. for more than one day, will be $lO, but if a car is on the ground only one day the minimum charge wiii be sls. There were 22,148,742 passengers car ried by steam railways in 1903, or 1.468,- 76S more than in the previous year. There were 47.3~3.417 tons of freight carried, being a gain of 4,996,830 tons. The total mileat e on July 1 wa* 19,077, of which 18,714 miles were in operation. There were 209 miles built daring the rear. AS COLORS ARE WORN. TWO OR MORE ARE USED TO GETHER. Green* and Blue* Are Popular in Com bination—Uany Wearers of Walldjog Skirt* Are Endangering an Admira ble Fashion by Over-Trimming Them. Stw York correspondence: UST ns the walk ing suit with short skirt has appar ently become an established fea ture that a sea son’s changes of styles cannot de throne, some women are begin ning to endanger the admira ble fashion’ by making the suit isn’t intended at all for such treat ment. and the fact hardly should need emphasis. But the plainness of simple tailoring, suited to the walking suit, isn’t often acceptable for long to women who are especially fond of elaborations, and then there are many more who rarely can afford tailor attire of the perfection order. So from both these groups of women are drawn those who make the mistake of over-trimming their short-skirted suits. Now and then the error is in the employment of too much tailor trimming, but more often it lies in ornamentation not used in severe tailor get-ups. There’s a temptation to indulge in wrist laces. They are beauti- SOME OF SUMMER’S COLOR SCHEMES. fully rich in tine gowns for dressy use, so why not for the walking suit? In the latter they should be used sparingly, if at all, and entirely without elaboration of cuff. And as for front trimmings to correspond, it is a question if they can be employed at all. But some of the walking suits being worn now and more being prepared for the summer season go away beyond this, having lace trimmings of showy character for both front and wrists, accompanied by finish of cuff and revers nature that is of material strongly in contrast with the goods, at times trim med in still further contrast. Some tai lors show such models as approved ones, so there will be more of them, but they will not gain anything like general ac ceptance, being hardly to be classified as tasteful. Simplicity and serviceability always will be the dominant characteris tics of these suits. Much of the lighter shades of green is to be worn during the summer. They are noticeably abundant in the silks designed for shirt waist suits. Leaf greeu is a favored shade. White in yoke and sleeve finish is the accompaniment for gowns of inelaborate sorts and also in dressy get-ups, yoke and sleeves being more or less highly wrought in the latter. Blues are similarly set off. though they do not seem to be so often the choice as is green. An illustration of their use ap pears in the initial picture, the original SEPARATE BUT TO HARMONIZE WITH THE SKIRTS. of v hirh was a gown of gobelin bine silk Toile, with bands and yoke of point de venise. Greens and blu*** are com* bined. too, in ways that create striking additions to the gay gowns of color, and in ways, too. that really are easier than they seem, for these matings are not so daring, after all. Tricks of color com bination contain more that is new than does the offering of new shades. Some Of these combinations were made in the three dresses of the next group. In the first, light fachsia silk was trimmed with black brussels l.tce over black silk. In the next, gray crepe de chine was set off with, besides it* shirtings and ruf flings. raised pink &o roses pot on white guipure. Last here is a tan veil ing trimmed with tan and bine passe menterie and buttons. Rose is being pot with gray, and the trick ia gaming ac- ceptance, but a very little of the color is preferable to more than a little of it With shirt waists of simple and of elaborate sorts, and with fancy waists of the most dressy sorts imaginable, the separate waist idea ia in the most flour ishing state possible. And as to the more ornate of these desirable garments, their standing as to dressiness is of the best. The skir?a with which they may be worn may not be of the plainest, as was the case when last fancy separate waists were a general fashion, so now the cos tume of fancy bodice and skirt is one of considerable elaborateness. The extreme ly highly wrought character of these gar ments will be indicated from brief de scription of the examples sketched here. The upper pair were cream taffeta, Irish lace and pearl beads, for the left hand one, and pale blue mousselline de soie, with yoke of embroidery ar.d hand em broidered ruffles, for the other. Below these were a pink soft taffeta waist fin ished with smocking and narrow white passementerie: a white chiffon waist with insertions, bandings and yoke of Lierre lace, and a black crepe de chine waist trimmed with Valenciennes and fringe. As these garments hint, the standards in the fancy bodice field are high, and in the color schemes of the costumes into which they enter there is distinct improve ment Formerly the fancy bodice was we-n with black or dark skirt. Now there should be harmony between skirt and bodice. The goods may be quite different and the shades of the two may not match, but they should harmonize nicely. The numerous shades of each cplor that are available makes a com paratively easy matter of following this ruling. * Fashion Notes. Tassels hang from every point 00111 and silver appear in laces for spring. Braiding of all kinds is used extrava gantly. Many of the prettiest summer mate rials show striped effects. A satin stripe of the same color as the ground work is a favorite. Wide-shaped girdles are the proper waist finish. Insertions of colored lace trim some of the sheer white blouses. The newest raincoats are very smart ly made of men’s suitings. Tucks of all sorts of circular and cres cent-shape design are used. Russian embroidery is here for a long stay, possibly the entire summer. liquid work is more in evidence tliau ever in the fashionable wardrobe. Strawberries appear on a few frocks, and they are generally hand made. Surplice waists are to be much worn by the woman with a pretty throat. Stiff little hedges of foliage and flow ers encircle a few of the hat crowns. Those printed bobbinets in big flow ered designs are wonderfully attractive. A sheaf of flowers lying on the arm is said to be the most convenient form for the bridal bouquet. As many as six plumes, the tips where of are barbed with cut steel, bob ou the heathenish hat of the faddish girl. 3uttons are everywhere and of every variety. They end the tabs of stock col lars, they hold in place, or spent to, the pands of skirts, cuffs, yokes, plastrons, etc. It seems as if they cod hi not be misplaced. Large lace collar* hare a rival in those madi of passementerie, sometimes work ed over a foundation of lace. The upper part of the skirt may be treated in various ways, the essential thing being fullness around the feet. There is a tendency at present to rele gate the trimming of skirts toward the middle when it is applied horizontally. The round, deep collars that have been worn so long are made becoming by slashing into points or by an edge that dips down in front and in the back. Embroidery is the one recognized dec eration for the luxurious cloth gown; bat the economical or impecunious may usa braids of various widths and kinds. TALKS ON CHICAGO RIOTB. Cleveland Defends His Action in Send ing Troops In 1894. Former President Grover Cleveland delivered a lectpre at Princeton, N. J. t the other day, in which he “congratulat ed” himself—to use his own words—on his course in eending federal troops to Chicago to suppress the riots during the great railroad strike of 1894, and read the correspondence wherein he severely criticised the late Gov. John P. Altgeld for his resentment of federal interfer ence. Mr. Cleveland’s address was the first of the Henry Stafford Little Lectures ou Public Affairs,” a series founded by his personal friend, Mr. Little (Prince ton ’44), who died about a week ago. It was Mr. Cleveland's first lecture in two years. Mr. Cleveland’s condemnation of the dead Illinois executive was unequivocal. He said: “This official not only refused to re gard the riotous disturbances within the borders of his State as a sufficient cause for an application to the federal govern ment for its protection ‘against domestic violeuce’ under the mandate of the con stitution. but actually protested against the presence of federal troops sent into the State upon the general government’s initiative and for the purpose of defend ing itself in the clearly defined exercise of its legitimate functions.” The correspondence that followed was illuminative of the whole question of State rights and federal supremacy, con cluding with this dispatch from Mr. Cleveland: "While I am still persuaded that I have neither transcended my authority nor duty in the emergency that confronts us, it seems to me that in this hour of dnnger aud distress discussion may well give way to active efforts on the part of all in authority to restore obedience to the law and to protect fife aud prop erty.” “This,” said Mr. Cleveland, “closed t discussion which, in its net results, dem onstrated how far one’s disposition snd inclination will lead him astray in the field of argument.” Outlining his reasons for sending troops to Chicago, Mr. Cleveland said: “Attorney General Olney, in his official report, correctly stated the purpose and design of this outbreak in these words: *To compel a settlement of disputes be tween the Pullman company and a por tion of its employes, nothing else was meditated or aimed at than a complete stoppage of all the railroad transporta tion of the country. State and interstate, and freight as well as passenger.’ ” Mr. Cleveland then described the re peated but ineffectual attempts by the United States Court injunctions and the use of deputy marshals to prevent riots and the obstruction of commerce and mails. SAFEBLOWERS AT WORK. Wreck Postoffice at Hanna, Ind., and Then Flee in Stolen Hig. Safe blowers wrecked the postofflee building and safe at Hanna, Ind., late Monday night, secured SI,OOO in cash and postage stamps, stole a horse and buggy and eluded pursuers. Hanna is about forty miles southeast of Chicago. It is a village of 600 population. The postmaster at Hanna is G. A. Trigger, who also conducts a general merchandise business. His store, a frame building, is the largest structure in Hanna. Three explosions, coming in rapid suc cession, shook the village shortly before midnight aud broke the window glass in dwellings nearest the postofflee. Too frightened at first to move, the villagers hesitated long enough to permit the safe blowers to dash from the building and drive toward Chicago in a buggy they had stolen from a farmer. Dynnmite was the explosive used by the robbers. What method was used to penetrate the safe is not known to the postmaster, as his place is almost a total wreck. It is thought that the dynamite was placed about the safe and set off with percussion caps and a fuse. The stolen horse and buggy were hidden in au alley a block distant from the wreck ed bi.i’.ding. The Ohio Democratic State convention will meet at Columbus May 25 and 20. Gov. La Follette of Wisconsin, it la said, has lost some votes in the State primaries. Intimates of William J. Bryan say lie is for Charles A. Towne for Presi dent, not William It. Hearst. The Democratic congressional cam paign committee, in session at Washing ton, elected Charles A. Edwards secre tary. Returns from the Democratic pri maries in Louisiana show that every member of the Legislature will be Demo cratic. The West Virginia Republican State central committee elected \V. E. Glass cock of Morgantown chairman and 11. S. Richards of Wheeling secretary. Mysterious letters, signed “Commit tee,” have been received by Republicans at Anderson. Ind., asking them to sup port Gov. Durbin as Roosevelt’s running mate. The Democratic convention at Portland, Oregon, to nominate delegates to the national convention refused by a large vote to send an instructed delega tion. The Populists of Indiana held a State convention at Indianapolis and named delegates-at-large aDd district delegates to the national convention, which will be held July 4 at Springfield. 111. The subcommittee of the national Democratic compiittee approved a plan for placing telephones connecting with the main platform in each State delega tion at the national convention. The Hearst movement in Oklahoma is gaining strength daily, and the New Yorker undoubtedly will get the Demo cratic instructions. The element in con trol will form an alliance with the Pop ulists. The Texas Democratic committee at Austin denied the Hearst followers an early delegate convention date, selecting June 20-21 as the dates and San Antonio as the place. It is now considered cer tain that Texas will send to St. Louis a delegation solidly instructed for Judge Parker. The Virginia State Democratic com mittee fixed June 9 as the date aDd Rich mond as the place for the State conven tion to elect delegates to St. Louis. Sen timent in the State is strongly for Judge Parker, but the delegates to St Louis will hardly be instructed for him because of the hope that a Southern man be se lected. John W. Springer, former president of the National Live Stock Association and a candidate for second place on the na tional ticket with Roosevelt, was nomi nated for Mayor of Denver by the Re publican ronvention. R. W. Speer is the Democratic candidate. Sole Survivor of Custer Massacre. Sergt John Martin, the only survivor of Gen. Cuater's regiment engaged in the battle of the Big Horn in 1877, has been placed on t) 1 ; retired list of the army. Two hundred and seventy-seven of his companions were killed during the en gagement- The very great change which ha taken place In recent years In the na tk nalltles which predominate In Immi gration to this country is well shown In some figures recently compiled by the Department of Commerce and Labor. It appears that in the period between 1821 and 1902 Germany and the United States sent us 12.170,727 immigrants, while Italy, Austria-Hun gary and Russia contributed only P.,781.873. In the fiscal year 1903. on the other hand, the first group of coun tries sent us but lOl.tKK* Immigrants, while the second group sent 572.726. Making the comparison by percentages between the total immigration from 1821 to 1903 aud that for 1908 alone, we find that in the first case the Ger many-United Kingdom group contrib uted 56 per cent of the Immigration and the Austrlan-Itallan-Russlan group 21 per cent, while In the second case —1903 alone —the first group furnished but 12 per cent nnd the second 6S per cent. There are few facts about the America of to-day more significant for the future of the country than these. President Roosevelt has selected Judge Beakman Wlntlirop of the Court of First Instance, Philippine Islands, to suceced Will iam Hunt ns gov ernor of Porto r Rico. Judge Wln throp is from New Vl\ York. He is a ”"* r member of one of , tlle oldost families of New York, a graduate of Har % vard, and a per sonnl friend of f President Uooso jt;dge win throp. vo it Hewenttotho Philippines as the assistant executive secretary to the Philippine commission. He made a record for efficiency, and during the temporary absence of Mr. Ferguson acted for several months as secretary of the commission. Judge Wtnthrop will not assume office in Porto Rico until the beginning of the next fiscal year, July 1, it having been decided Governor Hunt shall continue la the office ur.til then. The Un'ted States, with $680,000,000 In silver on hand—a mass of metal that would fill 500 cars, and which It costs SIOO,OOO to recount —now deliber ately proposes *:> forever store this enormous mass and to odd to the amount. With the good business condi tions now prevailing, it would seem to be the wisest course to follow theadvlce of the Secretary of the Treasury and the director of the mint and gradually change over the dollars which will not circulate into a form of money which not only will circulate, but which will remain absorbed In the currency of the country. On July 1 next the bullion of 1800 will be exhausted and we shall have on hand 580,000,000 sliver dollars, 54,000,000 of which are in circulation. The highest amount ever In circulation was 79,000,000 in 1902. It is manifest therefore, that $500,000,000 can only be circulated through means of certifi cates. Austria, Russia, Germany, France and Japan have within the last ten years recoined into subsidiary coin age more than $194,000,000 of full ten der silver Instead of buying bullion. The Navy Department has ordered that when the colors are raised In the morning and when they are lowered at night the band shall play “The Star- Spangled Banner.” Probably most Americans regard it as their best na tional song. The only objection to it 13 that It Is hard to sing. “America” can be sung, and would no doubt take prec edence over all the rest If Great Brit ain would consent to stop using the tune as Its own national hymn. There are several stirring military songs, but their Civil War origin makes them un available. The Navy Department Is right. Even If most of us cannot sing “The Star-Spangled Banner,” the band can play It, and we can think of the words. president Roosevelt has always be lieved that it was useless to have guns on the ships of the navy unless tho gunners could shoot and hit the mark. As he remarked In one of his messages to Congress, “The shot that hits Is the only one that counts.” Accordingly he has had presented to the navy a gold trophy, for which the various ships are to compete each year. The ship that makes the best score In its clnss at the annual target practice will hold the trophy for the succeeding twelve months. “Clean money,” free from microbes and the filth gathered from constant circulation, is in sight if the currency bill reported to the bouse from the Committee on Banking and Currency by Congressman Fowler is adopted. The bill provides for the removal of the limitation of the issue of small bills and for a greater amount of small coins. It is proposed to recoin the 578,002,099 silver dollars now in the treasury into fractional currency. The Department of Agriculture has prepared a bulletin on weeds used In medicine. It suggests that although the price of crude drugs from this source will not be large enough to pay t, ny one to gather them as a business, it may be handy to know, in ridding a farm of it* pest, that it has some com mercial use. Taunt Drove Her to Buicide. Rachael Matehett, 20 years old, a resi dent of Washington. D. C., the other day threw herself in front of a train and when picked up alter the cars had run over her body lived long enough to tell the physicians who came to her assist ance that she was glad to die because people taunted her with being the daugh ter of a criminal and ridiculed her for her lack of beauty. Her father Is now in an Insane asylum. On Oct 7, 1902, he shot and killed Joseph Gatto, a bar ber. Successful Use of Oil at Sea. A vessel using crude petroleum for fuel has made a suceewful voyage from California to New York. This craft lias steamed nearly 13,0(5> miles smoothly and well in 51 days, keening up a fair average of speed. The oil took up one quarter less room than an equivalent quantity of coal would have taken, thus saving cargo space, aDd it was not neces sary to stop at any point in order to re new the supply. In fact, upon her ar rival at a Brooklyn pier the steamship had sufficient fuel in reserve for a pas sage across the Atlantic.