Newspaper Page Text
UNDER THE SUN.
The men who have gone before us Have sung the songs we sing; The words of our clamorous oborus. They were heard of the ancient King* The chords of the lyre that thrill ,- The’} were struck in the years -gone by, And the arrows of death that 'kfH (t& Are found where our fathers lie. The vanity sung of the Preacher Is vanity still to-day; The moan of the stricken creature Has rung in the woods alway. But *he songs are worth resingirfß With the change of no single ridte, And the si>oken words are ringing As they rang in the years remote. There Is no new road to follow. Love! Nor need there ever be. For the old, with its hill and hollow, I Jove! Is enough for you and me. —Century. secondly mmm err} HE tall, beautifully formed girl II settled her broad shoulders more '■'* comfortably against the sun warmed rock behind her and glanced rather contemptuously at the sm.-M, well-knit man beside her. "I'm sure I never could endure a man who was not physically brave dxd strong.” she said, with the irrita bility of a woman who is conscious of in inconsistency in herself. She was provoked to tind herself liking this I. '- Ue man with his charming conversa tional powers. "And how about mental and moral fourage r” he questioned. “Secondary consideration to me" ihe answered, curtly. “How you must admire Mr. Dent, vur young football e ’tausiast,” be (aid. “I do," she said, rising and going >ut to the farthest jut of the rock on which they sat. “How slippery this seaweed is," she railed over her shoulder, and then ;vlth a little scream she slipped into lie deep water around the rock. “Oh! Vlr. Kendon,” she cried, "please help ne, it's so deep here." The young man remained where he was. "I happen to know. Miss Drew, that you can swim like a fish, and I im too dry to care to take another lip." She let herself sink once, and then the big form of Vlr. Dent, In immacu ate white suit, rounded a corner of the rock. Ho saw her rise and he lashed into the water ancl bore her to the rock. She turned with her head erect and walked with him toward the hotel. Dick Kendon noticed a freezing tem perature around Miss Drew the rest of the day. hut next afternoon, regardless of Mr. Dent’s hints at tie danger of her running her own automobile, she commanded Mr. Kendon to take the place at her side. They drove through the parkway, and, coming to a fountain, Edith Drew requested her companion to get her a drink. He was rinsing the cup when four rowdies of the Sunday afternoon type came up to the water. "(lee. fellers, see the little dude!” cried the largest one. Mr. Kendon con tinued to rinse the cup without a glance at thorn. "Oh! see the strawberry blonde in the automobile! Say, NVillie boy, where did your flame buy her hair bleach? I want to try some myself, and I like the color of her paint, too.'* t Dick Kendou’s eyes blazed. “You ■dirty, lying dogs," he crl-xi. "If I had a gun I'd shoot you all u if you were n lot of mongrel curs.” The big bully stopped toward him ith doubled list and Dick threw the contents of the dipper full in Ills face. "Consider that I have struck you In the face,” he cried, flaming with anger. ,“I would not really soil my hands on you." And before the rowdy could hit him, he dashed for a near-by elm tree, and was up and out on the furthest point of a small limb with the agility of a cat. ' i ' "Go." he called to Ediiu, “go home quickly; I'm safe here, the limb won't bear two.” With a quick turn of the automobile Edith rode straight for the men who were hunting vainly for stones on the smooth gravel road, and knocked one fellow to one side. The others started to run and she chased them full speed with the machine almost on them until they disappeared, leaping over the flower beds and bushes. Then she re 'turnoil to the young man dan,- ling from the elm. "No. indeed." he answered. “I'm aware that my position .is elevated, but it is ridiculous, and a woman do.'s not forgive that in a man. I shall wait until you go.” "I shall not go," she replied. "You must,” he said. "I shall bike the next train for the city and the epi sode of our acquaintance will be euded. “But." and here his voice shock, "by heaven, you shall know that l loved you, and if I didn't know you despised ine. I would show you that a little man's love can be as great as a big one's." "Dick.” he heard from below, “I think physical courage is a secondary consideration, and I'm sure discretion is the better part of valor. If you'll come down now I'll try to give you a little of a big girl's love!”—lndianap olis Sun. COST OF NAVAL BATTLE Five Minutes FixhtiuK Require* an Ex penditure of $70,000 on One Ship. “From Tuesday to Sunday,” Victor Hugo wrote iu bis diary on Jan. 3, 1871, “the Prussians burled 23.000 pro jectiles at us. It required 220 railway trucks to transport them. Each shot cost 00 francs; total, 1,500.000 francs. The damage to the forts is estimated at 1.400 francs. About ten men have been killed. Each of our dead cost the Prussians 150,000 francs.” This extract, says London Tit-Bits, gives one an excellent idea of the cost and ineffectiveness of big-gun work on land a generation ago. when it took an average of 2.500 projectiles, costing 150,000 francs, to kill a single man and to inflict less than £6 worth of damage on the enemy's forUdeat'ons. But time has changed smee then, and munitions with them, and the great guns of to-day, on the sea t any rate, give a vastly different account cf themselves. During the recent war between America and Spain it will be r called that the Brooklyn poured sum • deadly deluge of projectiles into the Spanish warship Viscaya that within five minutes the latter lay at the bot tom of the sea a rent and battered jumble of scrap iron. In all the Brooklyn fired 61S shells at the Vasoaya and the bill of destruc tion read thus: To 141 8-inch shells, at £3O each. BATTLE SHIP MISSOURI, ON WHICH A GUN EXPLODED, KILLING TWENTY-NINE MEN ' • ■ • • ’ , •* &?■> *>■ ' ” ',, < < .< ■ . '■-'2 The battleship Missouri, on which a turret gun exploded, killing twenty nine officers and men, has been in commission only since last autumn, her official trip taking place Oct. 21. She is a sister ship of the Ohio and the new Maine. Her displacement is 12,300 tons. She is heavily armored, and her aimament is in proportion, being four 12-inch guns, sixteen 6-inch guns and a number of smaller weapons. The Missouri also has two submerged torpedo tubes. Her complement is 551 officers and men. She is commanded by Captain William S. Cowles, a brother-in-law of President Roosevelt Re cently the Missouri, owing to her defective steering gear, narrowly escaped sinking the Illinois. £7,050; to 65 6-inch shells, at £2l each, £1,365; to 12 6-pounder shells, at £1 each, £l2; to 400 1-pound shells, at 12 shillings 6 pence each, £250. Thus the fl\e minutes firing cost the United States £8,077, and during eaeh minute of the duel the Brooklyn nut led 123 projectiles at her enemy at a cost of £1.735. If we add to this the cost of the Yisca.va's answering fire we see that the fight between the two ships could scarcely have cost less than £3,000 a minute, or at the rate of £IBO,- 000 an hour. We must remember, too, that on neither ship would it be possi ble to use all the available guns at once; so that there is still a large mar gin for increased expenditure when a man-of-war is in a position to use her fighting powers to the utmost. But let us take one of our own first class battleships, the London, and esi mate the cost of five minutes’ fighting, assuming that she could use all of her forty-six guns throughout. The Loruon’s four 12-inch guns, which, by the way, cost no less than £220,000, fire armor-piercing shells weighing 850 pounds each at the rate of two a minute, each projectile, with its cordite charge of 167% pounds, costing £BO. Thus in five minutes’ fighting these four destruction-dealing monsters would hurl at the enemy lorty projectiles weighing more than eighteen tons and costing £3.200. Each six-incli gun, of which she has twelve, costing £3,750 each, throws shells of 100 pounds weight, costing £l4 apiece, and in five minutes of rapid and continuous firing these guns would pour into the enemy’s ships a hurri cane of projectiles weighing twenty two tons, at a cost of £6,688. So far we have only accounted for sixteen out of the forty-six guns. The London twelve-pounders number sixteen and cost £555 eaeh; from the mouths of these guns no fewer than 960 shells could be poured in five min utes, representing nine tons of metal and a cost of £2,880. Each of the half-dozen three-pound ers has a firing capacity of thirty shells a minute, so that in a five min utes’ fight they alone would send £9OO worth of metal into the enemy’s side; while the eight maxims would send out a storm of death-dealing bullets weigh ing more than six hundredweight and coating £l4O. Thus, in five minutes' fighting, using all her forty-six guns, the London would vomit forth over fifty tons of FIELD MARSHAL MARQUIS YAMAGATA GRAND OLD SOLDIER OF JAPAN. Oua of the most remarkable men of the age is Field Marshal Mcrquts Antonio Yumagata, commander in of the Japanese army, under reSfloe direction the laud forces of the Mikado are preparing for a deadly grapple with Russia. Statesman, diplomat soldier, organizer, reformer, he has been variously called the Japanese Moltke, the Bismarck of Japan, tiie Goners ' Grant of Japan and the Napoleon of Japan. In local conflicts In the Mikado s empire and in the Chino-Japanese war of 1894 be has made a recoMthat military men envy, and now at the seasoned age of and he takes up the baton to win. if possible, more enduring renown in a triumph over the legions of The C-*ar. Marquis Yamagata first woa distinction in the war of 1863, c&i.ed Jae war Zt the restoration,” which resulted in the overthrow of the Tycoon and the placing of the prawnt Mikado. Mntsuhlto, on the throne. projectiles and the cost of this barking would work out to more than £14,000. A SWITCHMAN'S DAUGHTER Becomes the Wife of a Son of Former Senator Thurston. The marriage of Miss Nellie Cotter to Clarence Thurston in St. Louis re cently was invested with romance. * . eldest son of John M. Thurston, the ' Mmm,#., jfeu distinguished law ._ £s' yer, orator and Sgßmm ' statesman, who ,TP> was the intimate friend of Blaine, f 'Zi&i! resented Nebraska j in the United | • states Senate. She mrs. 1 uuRSTO.N. is the daughter of a railroad switchman in Omaha. The romonce began in Omaha fifteen years ago, when Clarence Thurston and Nellie Cotter went to kindergar ten together. The children grew up together and their love for each other became fond er with the passing years. The fact that his father was general solicitor for the Union Pacific and her father was a switchman in its service was nothing to him when they were chil dren. And then when the opportunity came he took her to be bis wife. When John M. Thurston was elected to the United States oenate and went to Washington to live the son went with him, and in the gay society of the capital he met many beautiful women from all parts of the world, but his heart remained true and faithful to the Omaha girl. Curious Legal Custom. A curious custom is in vogue in many parts of India. If a dispute arises between two landowners two holes are dug close together, in each of which defendant’s and plaintiff’s lawyers have to place a leg. They have to remain thus until either one of them is exhausted or complains of being bitten by insects, when be is judged to be defeated and his employer loses his ease. When a girl isn't good-looking, her true friends blame it on the milliner and dressmaker. The first thing a woman plants is sweet peas; the first thing a man plants is potatoes. ALASKA AS IT REALLY IS. FEW HAVE A TRUE IDEA OF ITS ENORMOUS SIZE. Its Wonderful Natural Riches and Pos sibilities of Development Celebrated —Grandest Scenery in the World and Sufficient Resources to Support Ten Million People. The President of the Alaska Geo graphical Society, writes as follows in the National Magazine: Alaska is a great empire, of the enormous size of which few people have any just conception. It is mere than 550 times as large as the State of Rhode Island and nearly equal's in area all the States of the Union east of the Mississippi River. It has the grandest scenery in the world, and resources sufficient comfortably to support ten millions of people. Through the heart of the vast ter ritory flowes the mighty Y’ukon River, the largest in North America, larger and longer than the Mississippi. On this great ri ?er one may ride for more than 2,000 miles with as much comfort as upon the Hudson. The valley cf the Y’ukon has been pronounced richer than the valley of the Missiouri, and it will undoubtedly some day support an immense popula tion. People in Pennsylvania are very much interested in coal, and know what a source of wealth it is. I be lieve that there is more coal in Alas ka than in Pennsylvania. Coal is but one of Alaska's many mineral resources. The enormous de posits of copper in the Copper River region are now attracting great at tention. It has even been predicted ■by Capt. Healy, who was a resident of Montana for twenty-four years and Alaska seventeen years, that Alaska will in the next thirty years produce more mineral wealth than the whole United States has produced in the thirty years just ended. The Russians made enormous for tunes in fur3. and millions more have been made by Americans since the purchase by the United States. Alaska has the richest fisheries of the world. Competent authorities declare its fish eries greater than those of Newfound land and the North Sea combined. There are vast forests of timber in Alaska which remain practically un touched. Alaska is certain to become a great agricultural country. It will some day produce more grain and of a better quality than any State in the Union. It has been within my lifetime that the cultivation of wheat was begun In Manitoba, Dakota and Minnesota, and, as a rule, the further north the better the quality of the grain grown. The fact that thousands upon thou sands of acres of the finest grasses cover the river valleys from four to six feet high is evidence of the great opportunities for stock raising. Cat tle can be wintered in southern Alas ka with far less difficulty and expense than in Montana, and in many places cattle will look out for themselves and keep fat all winter. I believe that Alaska is certain to become one of the greatest stock raising regions of the world. The United States Government has for several years past had experts at work carefully investigating its resources and. possibilities, and after these vears of painstaking investiga tion makes public its estimate that there are at least 100,000 square miles of territory in Alaska admirably adapted to agriculture. Prof. C. C. Georgeson of the United States De partment of Agriculture says: “There could never be a greater misconcep tion in regard to a geographical fact than the popular idea that Alaska is a snow covered waste. Asa matter of fact, one can travel from one end of the Y’ukon to the other in summer and never see snow. On the contrary, one will see a tangle of luxuriant veg etation. large forests and such deli cacies as wild raspberries, red cur rants, huckleberries and cranberries in profusion. In places the grass grows as high as a man’s shoulders.” The finest vegetables I have ever eaten were grown on the Y’ukon and served on the river steamers. Prot Macoun of the Canadian Government Botanical Department explains this fact by saying that “the vegetables are finer than grown elsewhere in the world because the twenty-four hours of sun in summer rushes the growth so that they have no time to harden or grow tough, and are sweet and de licious and almost melt in the mouth. The greatest mystery to most peo ple is the climate of Alaska. Cherish ing a vague idea of a barren waste of snow and ice. it comes as a rude shock to learn that it is very much like Pennsylvania. New York and New England in summer; and in winter, while cold at the north, peculiarly mild in the south, so mild that from Sitka a thousand miles west *he mean winter temperature is very much like that of the city of Washington. Of course, in a region of such vast extent as Alaska, stretching as it does fur ther east and west than from New York to San Francisco, and further north and south than from the Gulf to the Great Lakes, there is naturally a great diversity of climate. The pe culiar modifying influence along the whole southern coast for 2,000 miles is the Japanese current, which tem pers this region as it does California, Washington and British Columbia. Over vast areas of the interior the summer is warm and delightful, and vegetation grows w ith an almost semi tropical luxuriance. There are mil lions of birds. The winter in the in terior is cold, clear and exhilarating, much the same as in Dakota and Man itoba. What now is most urgently needed is railroads in all parts of Alaska. They are indispensable, and would prove immensely profitable enterpris es. It is strange that capital should be timid about constructing these lines, considering that every mile that has thus far been built has more than paid for itself within a year. GARDENS OF THE ALCAZAR. One of Their Greatest Charms Is the Apparent Lack of Cultivation. The garden of the Alcazar is one garden composed of severs l , eacn opening inuo the other b; steps de scending from a terrace or through arches in marble or living green. All the gardens are surrounded with wnvnt-rful hedges of myrtle, juniper or box. If the gardens of the Alcazar should be stripped of all but their hedges, palm trees and magnolias they would still be most wonderful. In some places walls about eight feet in height separate the gardens, and against these walls are trained orange and peach trees, with a tangle of jas- samine and rises climbing among them as they will. In fact, the flow ers grow in such careless and natural profusion and there is seemingly so little cultivation that one might al most think the hoe of the garderier had not visited the place for a hun dred years. This very carelessness was one of the greatest charms of the place and added to the effect of age that clung to everything. Modern gardeners would stand aghast at such apparent neglect. I recognized that the very lack of modern care was artistic and suitable and yet wondered, if the place were mine, whether I could forbear the use of shears, trowel and hoe. The hedges were trimmed. These, with some orange trees growing in a solid mass of gree along some fifty feet ot palace wall and reaching to the very roof, alone bore signs of the garden er’s shears. The flower beds were of intricate shapes, filled with a tangled mass ol flowers and always surrounded with box. And such box! My heart sanli [ within' me when I thought of the bos j in my garden at home, where not j even a hundred mild winters and a I hundred rainy summers could give ! growth like the smallest of that ai ! the Alcazar. i The bouquet that is considered in Seville as a model of beauty and el-o gance was to our eyes a most hideous thing. In shape like a pyramid, about fourteen inches high, it was formed by fastening a magnolia bud to the top of a smooth, round stick and then winding flowers tightly around the stick, each succeeding row becoming larger, so that at the bottom the bou quet was probably two feet around. It was a frequent sight to see two men carrying a pole between them with from six to a dozen of these bouquets swinging, heads down, from the pole. —Scribner’s. RARE “DEVIL” FLOWERS. Single Plant Worth SIO,OOO in a sl,- 000,000 Orchid Collection. The flower pot was like a toy. The moss in it would not have made a teaspconful. Out of the moss two tiny leaves, each less than a half-inch long, peeped. They were variegated leaves, their right halves were green and their left halves white. Pot, ea.xh, leaves and all, this plant would have slipped easily into a man’s waistcoat pocket. And yet SIO,OOO had been offered for it. It did not weigh an ounce. There was nothing to it but two tiny leaves upon a stem less than an inch long. Yet it was worth SIO,OOO. It was an orchid In the collection of Mrs. George B. Wilson of Philadel phia. Mrs. Wilson’s orchids are said to be the finest in America —some say the finest in the world. The little plant was a cross between a Cattleya aurea and a Cattleya labiata. It was two years old, and it would be five years more before it would begin to bloom. But it was the only orchid in the world with leaves half green and half white, and therefore Sand ers, the English collector, seeing it in November, said: “I will give you SIO,OOO for it.” But Mrs. Wilson’s gavdener replied: “We buy all we can, but we never sell.” Mrs. Wilson lives at Forty-third and Walnut streets, Philadelphia, says the New York Tribune. Then years ago she bought the orchids of Erastus Coming of New York —40,000 plants, which Mr. Corning had been forty years in gathering. She engaged for her gardener Alphonse Pericat, who had been head gardener at the orchid farm of Baron Alphonse de Roths child of Paris, and she sent off. with a roving commission. Henn Barrault, a skilled orchid hunter. For the last ten years, thanks to the daring and the industry of Barrault, and thanks to the patient art of Pericat, her col lection has been growing greatly. It is practically a collection that repre sents fifty years of work. It numbers 20,000 plants, over 2 ; C00 of which are unique, with duplicates nowhere in the world, and it is worth (as Erastus Corning spent SIOO,OOO on it, as Mrs. Wilson has spent $250,000 on it, and as Pericat has propagated from it over 2,000 hybrids), close upon $1,000,- 000. It is said to be the best collec tion in America, and Sanders says it is in many respects the best collection in the world. —Chicago Record-Herald. SUPERSTITIOUS CLOCK. Cuckoo Timepiece That Won't Work On the 13th of Month. “Speaking of the many curious things connected with the number 13 reminds me of a clock which has been in my family now for some time,’' said an observant man, “and the thing I have in mind has gone far toward making me believe that there is something in the claim that 13 is an unlucky number. The clock in question is of the cuckoo variety. Or dinarily it is one of the most reliable timepieces I have ever seen. It keeps perfect time and never fails to ’cuck oo’ promptly on the hour, except in the case I have in mind. If the thing had not happened in such regular or der I would have paid not attention to it. But it has been happening once every month regularly from th? very time we introduced the aforesaid clock into the family circle. And it always happens cn the 13th of the month. It refuses to work on the day which is associated with unlucky things. Somehow it seems to know that 13 is an unlucky number. And it seems to think that it applies as much to dates as to other things. I have never been able to understand just why the clock should stop on this day. and up to this good hour I am unable to give anything like a reason able explanation of it. I only know my cuckoo clock will not work cn the 13th day of the month, and no matter how well it is wound up, or what the weather conditions may be, when the unlucky day comes around the clock simply stops. It is a curious thing, isn’t it?” —New Orleans Times Demo crat. Manx Taxes. In the matter of taxation the Isle of Man is unique. There is no income tax and no succession duties charge able against the estates of deceased persons; roads are manipulated by the revenue for two sources—a small tax upon every wheel and shod hoof, and a levy jpon every male inhabi tant, who must give a day's work on the road or its equivalent in cash. There are not stamp duties on re ceipts, checks, promisory notes, etc.; In fact, stamps are used only for post age. The island has no pawnshops. The average cost for carrying a passenger on the street railways c£ the United States is 29 cents. SAN J O DOMINGO. Little Island’s Complications with the United States. The action of the insurgents of San to Domingo iu deliberately tiring on tbe American flag, killing It. C. Johns ton, a naval engineer, wounding Charles Doctor, a bugler, and other vise committing warlike acts against the government of the United States has succeeded in raising an interesting international complication. It will be remembered by those who have kept track of the affair that Johnston was shot while on a launch on its way from the shore to the United States auxiliary cruiser Yankee. The small American flag in the stern of the boat was riddled. Doctor was wounded in a subsequent engagement of the Co lumbia with some of the Insurgent forces. About a week after the killing of Johnston, It will also be recalled, a merchant steamer named the New ENTRANCE TO HARBOR OF SAX DO MINGO CITY. York discharged her cargo at the port of Santa Domingo under what was thought to be an agreement of the con tending forces. She was fired on by the Insurgents, however, and the Unit ed States cruiser Newark retaliated by shelling the town of Pajarito, in which the rebels were encamped, afterward landing a force of marines and driving out the insurgent troops. All of this naturally led to further complications. Though the rebel iorees have been very thoroughly beaten in subsequent engagements with he troops of Presi dent Morales, the Island Is yet in a very unsettled condition, and there is a considerable party, in which the com mercial element predominates, that is favorable to annexation to the United " % .^^pf GENERAL VIEW OF THE CITY OF SAN DOMINGO. States, or at least to a protectorate by the American government. The an nexation idea was one of the cherished dreams of President Grant. Indeed, it even antedates Grant, for Secretary Seward about the time of the Alaska purchase elabprated a plan looking to American po'ssession of Santo Domin go. It is probable that the idea did not originate in the United States, how ever, but in the island itself, for the merchant classes there have always favored an American protectorate. It was doubtless due to this influ ence that President Baez of the Do minican Republic sent a formal propo sition to President Grant looking to the annexation of Santo Domingo to the United States. It was in July, 1869, that Grant received the proposal, and he lost no time in sending a spe cial commissioner to the island to look into conditions and report After some further negotiations the treaty of an nexation was prepared, the question was submitted to the voters of Santo Domingo, who gave it almost unani mous approval at a special election held for the purpose, and Grant sub mitted the treaty to the United Stites Senate for ratification. Charles Sc tu ner, chairman of the foreign affairs committee, bitterly opposed the ratifi cation of the treaty, and succeeded in securing sufficient support to defeat the treaty. The annexation talk died down and has not been renewed until recent years, although the commercial party in the island still continued to favor the plan. Meanwhile affairs in the little repub lic were in a troubled condition. There were frequent uprisings, and presi dents came in rapid succession until in 1886 General Ulysses Heureux was elected, and the constitution was so al tered that he could succeed himseif. This he did with somewhat monoton ous regularity, so contriving matters that it was impossible to oust him. Heureux was a young man when he went into office and an ambitious one. He became practical dictator of the country, banishing or executing those who opposed him. In this manner he continued in power until 1899, when he was assassinated. Shortly after the violent close of the Heureux regime came the revolu tion that resulted in making General Jiminez president. In 1902 occurred another revolution, which was success ful in forcing Jiminez to resign, on which the vice president, Vasquez, was installed, to be succeeded in 1903 by General Morales, against whom the present revolution is directed. In San to Domingo the president is elected for four year*, unless sooner “revoluted’ 4 out of office. The people are of Spanish, and Indian blood. The govern ment is modeled on that of the Ameri cag.repubiic and so far as form is con certed is said to be quite idee'. Santo Domingo is one of the most beautiful of tbe West India islands. It lies between Cuba and Porto Rico. In Samana Bay it possesses one of the £nest natural harbors in tbe world. It was this port which President Grant was especially anxious to secure as a coaling station. The oldest settlement made in the new world was on this Island, Columbns himself having founded it Here the great discoverer was buried and here for a number of rears was the capital ol tbe Spanish possessions to the new world. At the end of the i ght''enth century Spain ceded the 'astern half ef tbe islanj to France, which held the west anw'nnlf. Soon after the entire coun try under Toussaint L’Ouverture gain ed its independence. In 1544 came the rebellion ot the eastern portion of the island, resulting in the formation of the present Dominican Republic. RATS LEAVING ByThOUSANDS. Yet There Is No Apparent Decrease in Their Number at New Orleans. Captain A. R. McGonnlgal was for a number of years an officer ot one of the fruit steamers plying between New Orleans and Central American ports. Talking with me about this fruit trade he said: “Do you know, it amazes me that the fruit steamers do uot succeed In ridding New Orleans of its rat popu lation. They are continually carrying rats away from New Orleans and nev er bring them back, yet the rat supply iu the Crescent City always holds up under the strain pretty well. “I was in the trade for a good many years, and I count this curious freak of the Louisiana rats one of the oddest things I have ever been cognizant of. While the fruit steamers lie at the New Orleans docks the rats stow them selves away by the scores and the hun dreds. Cats are of no avail in keep ing them back. I had fifteen on board my craft once and they succeeded In doing no more than keep the rodents below deck. On the out voyage they are one of the biggest nuisances imag inable, but as soon as the vessel reach es one of the Central or South Ameri can ports they swarm ashore, as though the Pied Piper of Humelin were playing on the sands. “During the return voyage to New Orleans, with my vessel loaded with luscious fruit, and, it would be pre sumed, far more enticing to a rat, I have never seen them on board. They sail out with us, but they never come back. I don’t know how to account for it, but the statement is true, and I have no doubt the captain of every vessel In the fruit trade out of New Orleans has noticed it and will sub stantiate my assertion.”—St. Louis Globe-Democrat Aunt .Handy's Economy. “Gen'lly, Mandy,” said Mr. Higgins to his spouse. “I ain't got one word to say 'gainst economy. This here game o’ me cartin’ railroad ties six miles, ter save usin’ the firewood 's all right in a way. even if ’tis hard on the bosses. An’ your idee o’ usin’ tin plates on the table, ’stead o’ china, so’s to save wear in’ out yer new dinner set, ain’t what ye might call aesthetic, but I dunno’s I’ve kicked very loud so far ’bout It. An’ even your makin’ over my old overcoat inter a jacket for yerself I ain't raise# no great time ’bout, spite o’ the fact that I hev ter take ye to meetin’ in it every Sunday an’ hear a lot o’ gol-durned fools whisperin’ thet I must be gettin' low In the world not ter be able ter buy ye anew one. But by the bumpin’ thunder!” cried Mr. Higgins, “when you go to work an’ make a coin-husk mattress an’ throw in stalks, cobs an’ all, jest ter save the measley husks, that’s where the okl man steps in fer once an’ says—loud an’ clear—ter-er-the dickens with yer confounded economy!”—Comfort. MAKING STAINED GLASS. Method Now the Same as Used Eight Centuries Ago. The tweutleth century American stained glassmaker follows without important variation the simple meth ods of the French monk of eight cen turies ago, says the Booklovers’ Maga zine. The first requisite is the design. The artist makes a small water-color sketch to show the general design and color scheme, accompanying it with detailed studies. From this two large drawings or “cartoons” are made, the exact size of the desired window. One cartoon shows where the “leads” will he placed—the thin strips of lead, hol lowed on both sides and looking In a transverse section like the letter 11. which form the framework to bind the pieces of glass together. Another draw ing gives the size and shape of each piece of glass. This cartoon is cut into its component pieces by a pair (or triplet) of three-bladed scissors, which leave between their parallel blades a space sufficient for the leads. These cut-out patterns are put to gether again on a large glass easel, to which they are attached by wax and the spaces between are blacked In, to give tbe effect of the leads. The easel Is then placed against a window where the light can stream through it The artist or his substitute replaces each paper pattern on the easel by a piece of glass exactly the same size, cut from a sheet of glass of the color called for by tbe color sketch. The sketch is not followed slavishly; exper iment with the actual glass will sug gest improvements. To a greater or less extent this stained glass is sup plemented by painted glass, on which the colors are fired as In china paint ing. When all the pieces have been cut they are transferred to the “lead ing” drawing; the flexible leads are twisted into shape and soldered at the joints and a special cement applied to make .the whole water-tight The win dow is now complete, ready to be put in position, where it is made secure by copper wires fastened to the trans verse bars of iron. A Discovery. They had bien discussing the baby’s ears, eyes anc. nose. “And ! thlnk he’s got his father's hair,” said the joyful young mother. “Oh, is that who’s got it? I no ticed It was missing,” said the girl who knew her before she was mar ried.— Exchange. The average man derives a lot of pleasure fron? spoiling some clfcer fel low’s fan. One Hundred Years Ago. The Spanish province of California was divided Into the two districts of Antigua and Nueva California. Eostou was visited by a hurricane, which lasted twenty-four hours and In flicted great damage to city buildings and shipping. Sinrethebeginningof 1804 153 Amer ican vessels were reported captured, 106 by France and 47 by England. All Pasha governor o: Alexandria, was made supreme rule, of Egypt, having become reconciled to tho French consul A property tax of 19 per cent was Imposed in Denmark because of the long struggle against France. Owing to the number of citizens leaving for England, Holland passed severe laws against emigration. Mr. Livingston, the American min ister to Frunze, requested that ho be recalled. Seventy-five Yearn Ago. General labor riots occurred in the manufacturing districts of England, resulting in loss of life and property. The omnibus as a means of public conveyance was introduced on tho streets of London. The western section of the Erie canal, from Rochester to Buffalo, was reported open for navigation. An expedition was organized for a trip around the world, expres •to ex plore the little known country of Cal ifornia. President Jackson ordered that Gen- Winfield Scott be relieved from sus pension and granted a furlough. English Jews petitioned parliament for an extension of their civil rights. The library which George 111. pre sented to the nation was deposited in the British Museum. Fifty Years Ago. Fifteen firemen lost their lives by the collapse of a burning building In New York. President Jackrvon vetoed the bill originated by Miss Dix, the philan thropist. gianting 10,000,000 acres of public land to the States for the bene fit of the indigent insane. The first railroad was opened from Wheeling, W. Ya., to Columbus, Ohio. Austria and Prussia signed a treaty requiring Russia to evaetuate the prin cipalities, and declaring thut the pas sage of the Balkans by Russia would be an act of war. The English and French fleets bom barded Odessa, and in ten hours most of tbe city was in ruins. All slaves in Venezuela became free by law. The city of Nice. Italy, was first lighted by gas, which was considered by all Europe to be a great event Torty Years Ago. Tbe governors of Ohio, Indiana, Illi nois, lowa and Wisconsin met in Washington to tender President Lin coln 1(H),000 “100 day" men fo: the Potomac campaign. Governor Yates of Illinois issued an appeal to citizens to fill up the State’s quota of 20,000 men in twenty days. Governor Brough of Ohio called the State militia into service for 100 days to relieve the Federal troops of garri son duty. The I'nited States government threatened to seize locomotive plants in the North unless the manufacturers were more prompt lu supplying the M ar Department. Thirty Year* Ago. A “new” revolution began In Ilaytl. Senator Wimlom declared in the United States Senate that “unregu lated” railroad competition would not secure lower rates for the public. President Grant vetoed the famous Senate bill to increase the paper ' fr culatlon of the country by $100,000,(1*). John A. Logan declared President Grant crowded “more damned non sense” into his message on the cur rency question than had ever been “condensed into the same space." A committee of tit'* Chicago Presby tery recommended that Prof. David Swing be tried for heresy, after the charges preferred by I>r. Patton had been revised. The city of I ittle Rock, Ark., was filled with Federal troops and militia, part of the latter being barricaded in the Statehouse to defend Governor Brooks from the rival chief exe -utivc. Republican newspapers throughout the United States declared that Presi dent Grant had ruined tho Republican party by his veto of tbe currency infla t:on bill. Iwentv Year* Ago. William Walter Phelps, acting for .Tames G. Blaine, issued a denial of the charges that Blaine was connected with the Fort Smith Railroad lull scandal. Am' r ew Carnegie gave $50,000 to BfHevue Mc.'ical College. New York. The Michigan Republican Stale Uou’ cntion elected delegates at larg > who were opposed to President Ches ter A. Arthur and Janies G. Blaine. President Chester A. Arthur was said to have captured 217 delegates to the Republican National Convention, against 94 for Blaine and 4‘> f o r Logan. A bankruptcy bill passed the United States Senate, after long opfKisi?io;i bj Morgan, the* recent opponent of the Panama Canal. Ten Year* Ago. Members of Kelly’s industrial “army” captured a railroad train at Weston, Neb., which was then ditched by tin* railroad officials. A strike of 132.009 bituminous coal miner* was begun under the leader ship of John Mcßride. President Cleveland warned Coxey’s “army” to keep outside of Washington. Four thousand armed coal miners began marching on Toiuca, 111., to force a strike there.