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The Riser’s Daughter*
By HONRE DE BALZAC CHAPTER IV—(Continued.) “Mamma,” she began, “he will never be able to bear the smell of a tallow candle. Suppose that we buy a wax cand'e?” She fled, lightly as a bird, to find her purse, and drew thence the five francs which 6he had received for the month's expenses. “Here, Nanon, be quick.” "But what will your father say?” This dreadful objection was raised by Mine. Grandet when she saw her daugh ter with an old Sevres china sugar basin which Grandet had brought back with him from the chateau at Froidfond. “And where is the sugar to come from?” she went on. “Are you mad?” "Nanon can easily buy it when she goes for the candle, mamma. Is it a right thing that his nephew should not have sugar if he happens to want it? Besides, he will not notice It.” "Your father always notices things,” •aid Mme. Grandet, shaking her head. While Eugenie and her mother were doing their best to adorn the room which M. Grandet had allotted to his nephew. Mme. de6 Grassins was bestowing her attention on Charles, and making abun dant use of her eyes as she did so. “You are very brave,” she said, “to leave the pleasures of the capital in winter in order to come to stay in Sau mur. But If you are uot frightened awny at first sight of us, you shall see that even here we can amuse ourselves.” And •he gave him a languishing glance, in true provincial style. Women in the provinces are Wont to affect a demure and staid demeanor, Which gives a furtive and eager eloquence to their eyes. Charles was so thorough ly out of his element in this room, it was all so far removed from the great cha teau and the splendid surroundings in which he had thought to find his uncle, that, on paying closer attention to Mme. des Grassins, she almost reminded him of Parisian faces half obliterated already by these strange, new impressions. He responded graciously to the advances which hail been made to him, and nat urally they fell into conversation. Mme. des Grassins gradually lowered her voice to tones suited to the nature of her confidences. Both she and Charles Grandet felt a need of mutual confi dence, Of explanations and an under •tanding. so after a few minutes spent in coquettish chatter and jests that covered a serious purpose, the wily provincial dame felt free to converse without fear of being overheard, under cover of a conversation on the sale of the vintage, the one all-absorbing topic at that mo ment in Saumnr. “If you will honor us with a visit,” aha said, “you will certainly do us a pleasure; ;uy husband and I shall be very glad to s e you. Our salon is the only one in Saumur, where you will meet both the wealthy merchant society and the noblesse. We ourselves belong in a man ner to both. My husband. lam proud to say, is very highly thought of in both circles. So we will do our best to be guile the tedium of your stay. If you are going to remain with the Graudets, what will become of you! Your uncle is a miser, his mind runs on nothing but his vine cuttiugs; your aunt is a saint who cannot put two ideas together; and your cousin is a silly little thing, a com mon sort of girl, who spends her life in mending dishcloths,” “It seems to me that you mean to monopolize the gentleman.” said the big banker, laughing, to his wife, an unlucky observation, followed by remarks more or less spiteful from the notary and the president: but the Abbe gave them a shrewd glance, while he gave expression to their thoughts, “Where could the gen tleman have found any one better quali fied to do the honors of Saumur?'’ he said. Adolphe des Grassins spoke at last, with what was meant to he an offhand manner. “I do not know,” he said, ad dressing Charles, “whether you have any recollection of me; I once had the pleas ure of dancing in the same quadrille at a ball given by M. le Baron de Nuvigen.” “I remember it perfectly,” answered Charles, surprised to find himself the oh ject of general attention. “Is this gen tleman your son?” he asked of Mme. des Grassins. “Yes, I am his mother.” she answered. “You must have been very young when you came to Paris?” Charles went on, ■peaking to Adolphe. , “We cannot help ourselves, sir,” said the Abbe. “Our balies are scarcely wean ed before we send them to Babylon. You must go into the country if you want to find women not much on the other side of thirty, with a grown-up son a licen tiate of law, who look as fresh and youthful as Mme. des Grassins. It only seems like the other day when the young men and the ladies stood on chairs to see you dance, madame.” the Abbe added, turning toward his fair antagonist; “your triumphs are as fresh in my memory as if they had happened yesterday.” “It looks as though I should have a gret success in Saumur,” thought Charles. He unbuttoned his overedat and stood with his hand in his waistcoat pocket, gazing into space, striking the attitude which Chantrey thought fit to give to Byron in his statue of that poet. Meanwhile Grandet’s preoccupation * during the reading of his letter had es- ! caped neither the notary nor the magis trate. Both of them tried to guess at j the contents by watching the almost im- j perceptible changes in the worthy man's | face. The vine grower was hard put to It to preserve h.s wonted composure. His expression must be left to the imagina tion. but here is the fatal letter: “My Brother —It is nearly twenty three years now since we saw each other. The last time we met it was to make ar rangements for my marriage, and we parted in high spirits. Little did I then think, when you were congratulating yourself on our prosperity, that or** day you wouM be the sole hope and stay of our family. By the time that thi.- reaches your hands, 1 shall be no more. In my position, 1 could not survive the | disgrace of bankruptcy; I have held up my head above the surface till the last moment, hoping to weather the storm; it is all of no use. 1 must sins now. Just after the failure of my '..took broker rame the failure of my notary; my last resources have been swept away, and I have nothing left. It is my heavy mis fortune to owe nearly four millions. 1 hold heavy stocks of wine, and owing to the abundance and good quality of your rintages. they have fallen ruinously in value. In tn.vC, days’ time all Baris will say. *M. Grandet was a rogue!" and l. houest though I am. shall lie wrapped In a winding sheet of infamy. I have despoiled my owu son of his mother's fortunes and of the spotless name on which 1 have brought disgrace. He knows nothing of all this—the unhappy child whom 1 have idoliaed. Happily for him. he did not know when we bade each other good by. and my heart overflowed with tenderness for him. how son it should cease to beat. You. therefore, are Charles' father, now! He has no relations on his mother's side. He is alone in the world. Oh. my unhappy boy, my son! Listen. Grandet, 1 am ask ing nothing for myself, and you could acarcely satisfy my creditors if you would; it is for my son's sake that I write. Yon must know, my brother, that as I think of you my petition is made with clasped hands; that this my dying prayer to you. Grandet, l know that you v-ffl be a father to him; I know that I shall not ask in Tain, and the sight of my pistols does not cause me a pang. To go back to my misfortunes and Cartes’ •bare in them. I have sent him to fou go that yon may break the news of my death and explain to him what hia fn ture must be. Bea father to him; ah, more than that, he an indulgent father! I><> not expect him to give up his idle ways all at once; it would kill him. And you must lay everything before him, Grandet—the struggle and the hardships that he will have to face in the life that I have spoiied for him. Work, which was our salvation, con restore the for tune which I have lost; and if he will listen to his father's voice, let him leave this country and go to the Indies! And, brother. Charles is honest and energetic; you will help him with his first trading venture. I know you will; he would soon er die thau not repay yon. Even while Charles is on his way I am compelled to file my schedule. My affairs are all in order; I atn endeavoring so to arrange everything that it will he evident that my failure is due neither to carelessness nor to dishonesty, but simply to disasters which I could not help. Is it not for Charles' sake that I take these pains? Farewell, my brother. May heaven bless you in every way for the generosity with which you will accept and fulfill this trust. “V I C T O R A N G E-GUILLAUME GRANDET.” “So you are having a chat?” said old Grandet, folding up the letter carefully in the original creases and putting it into his waistcoat pocket. He looked at his nephew in a shy and embarrassed way, seeking to dissemble his feelings and his calculations. "Do you feel warmer?” “I am very comfortable, my dear un cle.” “Well, whatever are the women af ter?” his uncle went on. Eugenie and Mme. Grandet came into the room as be spoke. “Is everything ready upstairs?” “Yes, father.” "Very well, then, nephew, if you are feeling tired Nanon will show you to your room. There is nothing very smart in it, but you will overlook that here among poor vine growers, who never have a penny to bless themselves with. The taxes swallow up everything we have.” “We don’t want to be intrusive. Gran det,” said the banker. “You and your nephew may have some things to talk over; we will wish you good evening. Good-by till to-morrow.” Every one rose at this and took lave after their several fashions. CHAPTER V. Early rising is the rule in the country, so, like most other girls, Eugenie was up betimes in the morning; this morning she rose earlier than usual, her was henceforth to possess an interest™ n known before. She began by brushing her chestnut hair, and wound the heavy plaits about her head, careful- that no loose ends should escape from the braid ed coronet which made an appropriate setting for a face both frank and shy. As she washed her hands again and ngHin in the cold spring water that roughened and reddened the skin, she looked down at her pretty rounded arms and wondered what her cousin did to have hands so soft and so white, and nails so shapely. She put on a pair of new stockings, nnd her best shoes, and laced herself carefully, without passing over a slugle eyelet hole. For the first time in her life, in fact, she wished to ldok her *>est, and felt that it was pleas ant to have a pretty new dress to wear, a becoming dress, which wr.s nicely made. She opened her door, went out on to the landing, and beut over the stair case to hear the sounds in the house. “He 1* not getting up yet.” she thought. She heard Nanon’s morning cough as the good woman went to and fro, swept out the dining room, lit the kitchen fire, chained up the dog. and talk ed to her friends the brutes in the stable. Eugenie fled down the staircase, and ran over to Nanon, who was milking the cow. “Nanon,” she cried, “do let us have some cream for my cousin's coffee, there's a dekr.” \ “But. mademoiselle, you can't have cream off this morning’s milk,” said Na non. as she burst out laughing. “I can’t make cream for you. Your cousin is as charming as charming can be. that he is. You haven’t seen him in that silk night rail of his. all flowers and gold! I did. though! The linen he wears is every bit as fine ns M. le Cure’s surplice.” “Nanon. make some cake for us.” “And who is to find the wood to heat the oven and the flour and the butter?” asked Nanon, who in her capacity of Grandet’s prime minister was a person of immense importance In Eugenie’s eyes, and even in Eugenie's mother’s. “Is he to he lobbed to make a feasi for your cousin? Ask for the butter and the flour and the firewood; he is your father, go and ask him. he may give them to you. There! ttu*e he is. just oomiug down stairs to see after the provisions ” But Eugenie had escaped into the gar den; the sound of her father’s footstep on the creaking staircase terrified her. She was conscious of a happiness that shrank from the observation of others, a happiness which, ns we are apt to think, and perhaps not without reason, shines from our eyes, and is written at large upon our foreheads. For the first time in her life the sight of her father struck a sort of terror into her heart; she felt that he was the mas ter of her fate, and that she was guiltily hiding some of her thoughts from him. She began to walk hurriedly up and down, wondering how it was that the air wns so fresh; there was a reviving force in the sunlight, it was as if anew life had begun. While she was still thinking how to gain her end concerning the cake, a quarrel came to pass between Nanon and Grandet. a thing rare as a winter swallow. The good man had just taken his keys, and was al>out to dole out the provisions required for the day. "Is there any bread left over from yes terday?” he asked Nanon. "Not a crumb, sir.” Grandet took up a large loaf, round m form aod close in consistence, shaped in one of the flat baskets which they use for making in Anjou, and wns about to cut it. when Nanon broke in upon him with: "There are five of us to-day. sir.” “True.'' answered Grandet: "hut these loaves of yours weigh six pounds apiece; there will tie some left over. Besides, these young fellows from Paris never touch bread, as you will soon see.” Having cut down the day’s rations to the lowest possible point, the miser was about to go to his fruit loft, first care fully locking up the cupboards of his storeroom, when Nanon stopped him. “Just give me some flour and butter, sir.” she said, “and l will make a cake for the children.” "Are you going to turn the house up side down because my nephew is here: "Your nephew was no more m my mind than your dog. no more than he was in yours. • • • There, now! you have only put out six lumps of sugar, and I w ant eight.” ■"Come. come. Nanon; I have never seen you like this before. VV hat has come over you? Are yon mistress here % Y’ou will have six lumps of sugar and no more.” In spite of the low price of sugar, it was. in Grandet’s eyes, the most precious of all colonial produces. But every wom an. no matter how simple she may be. can devise some shift to gain her ends; a.d Nanon allowed the question of the sugar to drop, in order to have her way about the cake. “Mademoiselle,” she called through the window, "wouldn't you like some cake?” “No, no,” answered Eugenie. "Btay, Nanon." said Grandet as he heard hia daughter’s voice: “there!" He opened the flour bi~. measured eui some flour and added a few ounces of hotter to the piece which he had al ready cut. “And firewood; I shall want firewood to heat the oven,” said the inexorable Nanon, “Ah! well, you can take what jou want,” lie answered ruefully; "but you will make a fruit tart at the same time, and you must have the dinner in the oven, that will save lighting anoP fire.” Grandet got the fruit and set a plate ful on the kitchen table. Then, having no further order to give, he drew out his watch, and finding that there was yet half an hour to spare before breakfast, took up his hat. gave liis daughter a kis6 and said, “Would you like to take a walk along the Loire? I have something to see ..fter in the meadows down there.” Eugenie put on her straw hat lined with rose-colored silk; aLd then father nnd daughter went down the crooked street toward the market place. “Where are you off to so early this morning?” said the notary Cruebot, as he met the Grandets. “We ure going to take a Iqob at some thing.” responded his friend, in nowise deceived by this early move on the no tary’s part. Whenever Grandet was about to “take a look at something” the notary knew by experience that there was something to be gained b.v going with him. With him, therefore, he went. (To be continued.! CAUSE OF WEIGHT SHRINKAGE. Parcels Vary According to Atmos pheric Conditions. There is another cause that contrib utes to the diminution in the weight of packages besides dishonest trades men, namely, the atmosphere. Mr. Street, chief inspector of weights and measures for the corporation of London, at a meeting of the Incorpo rated Society of Inspectors of Weights and Measures, said that he had made experiments with a \iew to seeing to what extent the atmosphere affected the weight of packet goods. He took a bar of soap, weighing two pounds II % ounces Four days later it had shrunk to 2 pounds 9 ounces 14 drams, and after another four days it weighed 9 drams less. In three weeks the soap had decreased from 2 pounds 11% ounces to 2 pounds 8 ounces. “With tea the reverse is the case,” said Mr. Street. “Tea is sent over hermetically sealed, and is extremely dry. The consequence is that when it is taken out to be weigh ed up it absorbs moisture, and, there fore, increases in weight. "The gross weight of a packet of tea was 1 pound 1 ounce 12 drams. Three days afterward it weighed 40 grains more, and three days later the Increase had risen to 186 grains. But ter, however, loses weight. Probably in a week or so a pound of butter would weigh half an ounce less. ‘ Coke is another article that in creases in weight, and lends itself to dishonesty. “To take an extreme case,” said the inspector. “I weighed 34 pounds of coke, which I placed In water. ’.Vhen taken out and drained the weight of this coke had Increased by 5 pounds 10 ounces.” Tobacco loses its moisture, and. therefore diminishes in weight. It will be seen that if a package of grocery' is short, it does uot follow that the tradesman is to blame, but that the State of the air has something to do with its decrease. —London Mcruing Leader. MOTHER PAWN ID HER SON Method Employed by a Woman of Mexico to Raise Funds. That human beings can be pawned the same as a pair of shoes has been demonstrated by a woman namel El ena Davalos, who, whenever she was short of funds —and this happened very frequi ntly—pawned her 8-year old son, Francisco, for sums ranging between $5 and SB. For a time she used to pawn her off spring with some neighbors, who used the little boy as a servant until he was redeemed. They paid nothing for his serv ces, but exacted a h:gb inter est for their money invested in the opera lion. More recently she found a Spanish pawnbroker who lent her money on her son and aiso used him as a clerk in his shop. A few days ago the woman redeem ed her son from the pawnbroker, but subsequently found herself without money again, and paw ned the boy with a woman named Dolores Garcia, who loaned the mother $lO. With this Elena went to visit a number of pulque shops and taverns, and whi?n she had spent one-half of the money she called upon Dolores and urged that her son be given back to her. A quarrel en sued, a gendarme intervened, and the whole affair was disclosed at the po lice station. Now the two women are in Belem and the boy has been sent to an or phan asylum. As this offense is not foreseen in any code, it is not known what penalty will be applied to the method of the boy and to the woman who loaned money on him.—Mexican Herald. The Day of His Youth. When Mr. Portion, the prosperous dry goods merchant, went to see his New Hampshire relatives on his way to the White Mountains, many things which amused and pleased him were shown to him. “Why, I haven’t seen a wreath of pressed autumn leaves or a bunch of wax flowers for thirty-five years,” he said, genially. “I'd forgotten there were such things. And if here isn’t the family album, with gilt clasps!” "I guess there are some folks in that album you’ll remember,” said his cousin Lavinia. opening the book and laying It on his knee while she bent over his shoulder to act fa showman. "Recollect that first face?" “That’s Aunt Lucy,” shouted the visitor, “and that's you next to her. with those corkscrew curls!" “They were natural,” said Miss La- Tinia. sharply. “And there's Cousin Abijah. as stiff as a ramrod.” continued the city man, “and William! Now. I’ll leave it to yon. Lavinia. if you ever saw anything greener than William in that picture unless it’s Sam here in his Sunday clothes?” “There's one picture I've always con sidered about the greenest of the lot” said Miss Lavinia. as with unerring fingers she turned to the faded photo graph of a thin, sharp-featured boy with bulging eyes, and a pair of enor mous hands dangling at his sides. The dry goods merchant looked at the features of this discouraging youth and a slight color grew and spread over his usually self-satisfied counte nance. “Lavinia.” he said, closing the al bum with a snap that nearly caught his cousin’s fingers, "I think I'll go out and see the cows.” A woman never realizes that the has done something wonderful after stam ping backward off a street car and escaping with her Ufa. IRRIGATE THE WEST. GREAT PROJECTS TO RECLAIM THE DESERT. Twenty-seven Million Dollara to Be Ex pended in Constructing Fourteen Great Irrigation Projects Through out Arid Lands of the Weat. An appropriation of $27,000,000 of the reclamation fund for the construction of fourteen irrigation projects in the urid West has been decided upon by the Sec retary of the Interior, who has approved the plans of the engineers for works in Arizona, Ualifo—ma Colorado, Idaho, Montana. Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexi co, North Dakota, Oregon, South Da kota, Utah and Wyoming. Actual construction has already begun on the Salt river project in Arizona nnd on the Truckee project in Nevada. Each of these projects involves a construc tive cost of $3,000,000. The sum of $2.500,000 is reserved for the completion of the Uncompahgre pro ject in Montrose and Delta counties of Colorado on the west side of the main ridge of the Rocky mountains. In Idaho the sum of $2,000,000 has been provisionally allotted for the car CAI’BTOXE OF A.\ OUTLET CANAL. —The World To-day’. rying out of the Minidako project in the valley of the Snake river. The area to be irrigated is about 120,000 acres. Practically all of the land under this project belongs to the government. It is proposed to divide the lands into tracts of forty and eighty acres each, thus making 1.400 new farms, with homes for 7.000 people. For California the Secretary has set aside $3,000,000 for the construction of an irrigation works on the Colorado river above Yuma. The irrigable lands in the Colorado basin consist almost entirely of long, narrow valleys, ragging from five to ten feet in elevation above the stream in low water. For the completion of the Milk river project in Montana $1,500,000 has been apportioned. This project in its entirety contemplates the storage in St. Mary lakes of the flood waters of St. Mary’s river, a tributary of the Saskatchewan river in Hudson bay drainage. Owing to the international complica tions which it is feared would arise, the Canadians already being users of the waters of the Milk river, it is probable that a plan of keeping the waters wholly 1 i . I ■ I j ■ It - I •: ' i >. ~~~ ■V-*— THE DAMAGED UNITED STATES BATTLESHIP MISSOURI. within the United States will be adopt ed. When it was determined that the Sweetwater reservoir probably could not be filled, owing to an inadequate water supply, search was made for other reser voir sites, and one was found on the North Platte river about three miles be low the mouth of Sweetwater river. This is at the beginning of the canybu through the Rattlesnake range. A dam constructed here will he 75 feet in length at the bottom, 2(H) feet h’gh and about 250 feet long at the top. Sur veys show the superficial area of the res ervoir thus created to be abo#t 23.000 acres and the capacity 1.080.000 acre feet. It is probable that it will hold ail the flood and surplus water flowing in ’ f®* ££< •SfKflK Mgpah- niHfl GATE CONTROLLING WATER SUPPLY. —The World To-day. the North Platte river to this poiut. The waters thus stored will be used on hinds iu eastern Wyoming, in the Goshen Hole region south of the North Platte river, and in w estern Nebraska. The Belle Fourche project. South Da kota. involves the reclamation of lands in the northeastern part of the Black Hills, in Butte and Meade counties, South Dakota, by the diversion of the waters of Belle Fourche river and the Storage of its flood waters in basins east of the town of Belle Fourche. From reservoirs filled by a large feeder canal from the river the waters will be dis tributed to lands in the Belle Fourche valley, where it is thought at least 90,- 000 acres may be reclaimed, about one half of which is in public ownership. The Buford project. North Dakota, is located on the west or left bauk of Yel lowstone river and involves a canal about eighty miles long and covering 60,000 acres of land in Montana and North Dakota. The cost ia placed at $1,650,000. The Hondo project in New Mexico is located on Hondo river, a tributary of Pecos river in southeastern New Mex ico, about twelve miles southwest from the town of Roswell, in the county of Chaves. The river is torrential in char acter and the ordinary summer supply is already appropriated. The Big Bend project, Washington, contemplates the reclamation of a large body of land surrounded partly by the Columbia river, which flows along the northerly and westerly sides. The Cody project. Wyoming, contem plates the reclamation of land on the north aide of Shoshone river, in the town at Cody, ia Big Horn County. UNION IS NOW LIKELY. Presbyterian Church North and South May Unite. Of great significance to the adherents of the Christian faith and of great and < far-reaching importance to the Presby terian Church is the action of the north ern general assembly at Buffalo in re moving all barriers aguiust an organic union of the northern and southern branches of the church. • The long-deferred step toward unity was taken in the adoption of a resolution declaring that the general re moves all aspersions and charges of any and every kind made by previous assem blies reflecting on the Christian charac ter of the Presbyterian Church in the United States, aLd that it is ready at any time to confer on the subject of closer relations whenever such conference shall be agreeable to the general assembly of the church. Having cleared its rec ord in this way the northern assembly instructed its moderator to carry the "olive brajeta” immediately to the south ern assenrbly, which very promptly ex pressed its gratification at the action tak en. The Presbyterian Church, like many other great organizations, split on the question of loyalty to the Union at the breaking out of the Civil War. In May, 1861, the general assembly, meeting in Philadelphia, adopted a paper in refer enee to the Civil War which asserted the loyalty of the church to the Union and promised the support of all its churches nnd ministers to the federal government. Asa result of this action the representatives of forty-seven presby teries, commissioned for that purpose, met in Augusta, Ga.. in December, 1861, and organized anew assembly, desig nated as the “Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America.” The cause assigned for the separation was that the church had exceeded her rights in pronouncing on a political question. It expressed no sympathy for the Con federate cause, but emphasized its pure ly ecclesiastical mission. With the passing away of the bitterness engendered by the war the northern and southern branches of the church have naturally been drawn closer together and overtures have been rntde from time to time looking to organic reunion. Theological differences do not divide the two great bodies, and pest differences have almost disappeared. There is also a fair prospect of the | union of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, with 185.000 communicants, ; with the Presbyterian Church in the North. It has made an overture for re union. That church seceded in 1810 be cause of differences as to the educa tional qualifications of ministers and also as to doctr.r.al questions. THE DAMAGED MISSOURI. Little Evidence of the Recent Explosion in a Picture. The most surprising feature of the re cent explosion on the battleship Missouri, in which thirty-four young men lost their lives, is the fact that the vessel was not blown to atoms. Looking at the pho tograph here 1 presented, and which was taken shortly after the calamity occur red, one can see little evidence of the disaster. There are broken rails at the sides, the turret is powder stained and one of the guns is out of position, but aside from these things one looks in vain for evidence of the explosion in the photograph. The powder used by our navy is of the smokeless kind. One-half of a charge is always kept in a sealed copper cylinder and is seldom removed, except for testing. When one considers that the brass work of the handling room of the Missouri was melted by the ter rific heat it is strange that these copper cylinders lying in the different maga zines grouped around the handling room did not suffer a Ake fate. In the latter event it is doubtful if any one on the ship would have escaped. SPOTTED FEVER. Dread Disease Has Become Almost Epidemic in Brooklyn. Careful study of the surrounding con ditions and the history of the numer ous cases is being made by the officers of the health department in Brooklyn to deetrinine the cause and discover pre ventives oi the spread of "spotted fever.” the scourge that has caused 59 deaths since Jan. I. Eleven deaths have been reported withiu a week, and al though the health authorities are doing all that can lie done to prevent it* spreading over a large area, the disease threatens to become epidemic. Thus iar it is sporadic, and is not confined to auv particular section of the borough. The majority of the cases have been found in the tenement districts, and persons of mature years have furnished the greater number. The sudden deiel opment of the disease and its rapid pro gress defy treatment in most eases, and the cure* are only alsiut 5 per cent. Death follows the appearance of the spots in from twenty-four hours to four days. Sometimes the end conies before the attending physician can apprise the health department. The only precaution taken is to bury the vistim within twen ty-four hours after death, after wrap p.ug the body in a winding sheet sat urated with bichloride of mercury. Cerebro-spinal meningitis is the tech nical term for the disease. It is not new, but at no time in the medical his tory of New York has it been so preva lent us now. N'm of Minor Note. Yellow fevr has broken out in Vera Cruz, Mexico. In the third annual debate between the University of Colorado and the Uqiier sity of Kansas the victory was awarded to Colorado. A proposition to memorialize Congress in behalf of Canadian reciprocity was defeated in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. Helen Muchmore, 5, Cincinnati, Ohio, fell into a posthole and drowned in * few inches of water. She was the daugh ter of J. J. Mucjimore. Curtis Jett, who murdered J. B. Mar cum in the court bouse of Breathitt County, Ky., has accepted a life senteoe* rather than face anew trial. A gray wolf wandered into the heart of Kansas City and was killed in a back yard at 608 Wyandotte street. The animal was about 8 months old. Saint A. D. Balcombe. prominent In State and national politics, for seven years publisher of the Omaha Republi can, and for fifty years identified with the devii’opnient of the West, died at his home iu Omaha, Neb., aged 74 years. Raymond Zook-, a young miner, was burned to death and six other persons had a narrow escape from being cremat ed in a fire that destroyed the Hotel Turrett. a two-story woodeu structure at Turrett, a mining camp twelve mile* north of Salida, Colo. POLITICS a — -OF THE DAY The Tariff Tax. Even the protectionists, who are de termined to stand pat, acknowledge that the tariff is a tax upon imported products. It is therefore important tor every voter to discover how much tax is collected from him when he purchases the necessities and luxuries of life. The receipts of the govern ment from custom duties for the fiscal year ending Jirtio 30, 1968. were s£B4,- 479.582, and as there were 19,239,797 families i.u the United Slates at the last census, which were increased to perhaps sixteen and one-half million on the same date, it will therefore be seen tliuUeach voter who is head ol a family pays, on an average, $17.24 as his share of the tariff tax. It does not matter how poor you are. you pay this tax; in fact, in most cases the cheap est quality of goods pay the highest tariff. If the tariff tax were collect ed as the personal property oix, or the poll tax is, there would be vigorous kicking from Maine to Te:tas and the Congressman that would not vote to reform the tariff would get but few totes. But the tariff tax is eollected in an indirect manner, the merchant who imports the goods paying it and adding amouu* of the tax to the cost of the goods. So the consumer not only pays the tax. but a further per centage to the importer for his outlay for the tax he has paid. This indirect tax, it might be said, is necessary to support our greatly en larged army and navy and the in creased cost of and generally to help keep up this great and glori ous republic in the modern lavish fashion that prevails under Republican administrations. If the amount col lected by the government was all the taxpayer had to pay, there might be some force in the contention for the retention of the tariff at its present high rate, hut the 34 per cent average protection which the tariff creates has begotten monopoly and the monopolists or trusts are enabled to extort a much greater tax In the form of profit on what they produce and sell to the American people. So that not only do tariff duties increase the cost, and therefore the selling prices, of the im ported goods on which tariff taxes are collected, but they permit the sell ing prices of all similar home-manufac tured goods or goods produced in this country to be increased to what it would cost to import them, with tariff and costs and charges added. Since the present high tariff was enacted the cost of living has advanced 34 per cent and the creation of trusts has be come a national scandal. It has been estimated by expert statisticians that the tariff tax paid to the Dusts by the head of the family exceed, by more than five times, what is received by the government, and that the average for each family close ly approaches SIOO. These figures are obtained by making careful estimates based upon the amounts which are spent for each of the more important articles consumed. The most exasper ating thing in the monopoly the tariff gives the trusts and corporations is that it allows them to sell their sur plus productions cheaper abroad than here, which shows the enormous prof its realized from the 'tome market, tVhen the trusts export their products they have to pay freight and other ex penses and the tariff tax that ah other countries impose, ex-apt England, and yet undersell the same class of prod ucts in the country they export their products to. Pont office and Other Scandals. If the Republican leaders of Con gress had been certain there were no more frauds and scandals to be ex posed in the postoffice and other de partments, would thej- have voted, as they did. to prevent a thorough investi gation? It woo'd certainly have been io their political advantage to have allowed the Democrats a free hand to investigate, if there was nothing to cover up. As far ns Mr. Bristow was allowed to go he discovered everywhere fraud and corruption, but he only investi gated one bureau ar.d serious charges have been made that other bureaus are also rotten. The Postmaster General was opposed to the Bristow investiga tion and stoutly maintained that “nothing was the matter,” until the exposure was so imminent that he had to change his tune. To discover and expose any more scandals “before election” would be disastrous, so all the attempts of the Democrats to pass a resolution through Congress were de feated by Republican otes. When Senator Lodge in speaking against the passing of the resolution for in\ estimation said that “in our own time and in our own way” the further investigation of thp Postoffice Depart ment would proceed, he virtually ad mitted that more Laud end more scandals were known to exist by the Republican leaders. “In our own time” will probably l>e after election. “In our own way” will be pretty sure to protect the big rascals and let a few of the small ones feel the weight of the law. There never yet has been or prob ably will be a one sided investigation that will expose all the misdoings of its own partisans. A Congressional in vestigation would have representatives of both parties and the political ad vantage to have accrued to the Demo crats to exjiose the party in power would have been an Incentive to a thorough overhauling of the whole Fostoffice Department. As Senator Ijodge is known to voice the political feelings of President Roosevelt, he must have approved this “our own time and our own way” program and the tips from the White House must ilso have reached the lesser Republi can lights, for they all voted against Investigation. Time to Make a Change. Now is the propitious moment for • change. Let us try the Democrats for a while. They have been long ffuffering and patient. They have been persistent and virile in existence. For months and years they have looked forward to anew rising of a Presiden tial sun. Candidly, and without Cat tery to anybody, they can be no worse than the Republicans have become. Perhaps after they have enjoyed power for a matter of twenty or twenty-five pears and have occasionally bleared fbeir Intellects and virtues with the kitoxication of power, it may be just frnA even generous to turn them out. But that will be when the great ma twtty of the commanding men of to- day will have been called to an 'ac count even more rigid and condign than the voice of the electorate of the greatest republic the world has known.—Cincinnati Enquirer. That I>o-Nothin|c Conurette. The Republican newspapers are de fending the majority party in Congress from the charge that the late session was n "do-notliing" session. They cite the docket clerk's compilation as a ref utation of the charge and point to the 16.170 bills introduced as a monument of their industry. The real ground of criticism was not that Congress had done nothing at all. but that It evaded cousideratio.n of nearly all the legisla tion promised in the Republican plat form and the measures in which there was widespread public interest. Tar iff reform, reciprocity treaties, labor laws, interstate commerce law amend ments. financial legislation, statehood bills, the of Judge Swayne. the Smoot oinse and a num ber of others, were not considered: yet thousands of private bills were passed increasing or awarding pensions and numerous bills in favor of claims and o'lier matters of personal interest to constituents of Congressmen. Private bills of that nature which were passed were in the ratio of 8 to 1 of the pub lic bills passed, and nearly all the pub lic bills were for such local matters as to give the right to railroads to bridge rivers, for light-house stations, for new terms of United States Dis tort Courts, all of which may have been meritorious measures, but can not be classed as of general import ance. Nor can it be asgued that the same condition always exists prior to a national election, for in the session of Congress prior to the election of 1900. when similar political conditions prevailed, the ratio of private to pub lic bills passed was only 4 to 1. When the Republican leaders deter mined to pass the appropriation bills and "go home,” it Is possible that a good many of the lesser lights of the party did not approve the program, but they are all equally guilty, for when given an opportunity by Democratic amendments, they Were voted down by a strict party vote. Also the bills introduced by Democrats, which cov ered all the mailers of public interest, they were not allowed even to be con sidered in the committees, or rejected by a party vote. So there is no es cape from the record made, that the Republican party feared to go on rec ord on bills of great Importance, or were so intent on a policy of concilia tion that they adopted the ‘‘do-noth mg” program. Going; A-BcKKing. Who'll run with Mr. Roosevelt? It is doubtful whether in all Repub lican history the Vice Presidential r omination has ever gone so far and fared so ill. First there was a hint thrown out to Mr. Hanna, but be de clined with all the positiveness of his nature to play second fiddle in -any such fashion. Governor Yates of Illinois then turn ed up his nose at the honor. He turned more busily than ever to man aging the State administration for the Governorship contest. RcnatTH 1 Aldrich was suggested; ap propriately. too. since the relations of the Standard Oil Company are so close with the administration; but of course the Standard Oil Company would pre fer to k“ep in the backgiound. Mr. fiiistow. the investigator of pos tal scandals, was the next to receive mention; but the incongiuousness of placing a reformer on the ticket with Mr. Roosevelt evidently Impressed the leaders and Bristow was dropped. “I'ncle Joe” Cannon came next. But he flatly stated his preference for the Czarship of the House. Then It was “put up” to Senator Cullorn; wbo dodged It. Now it Is running at large. Mr. Walhridge's friends are said to have been trying to round It up for him. But friends of his also announce that his admiration for Missouri's Democratic Governor-to-be may find adequate expression at the polls; and it would be really absurd to have Mr. Roosevelt’s running mate casting a vote for not only a reformer, but a Democrat. What, then, is the nomi nation to do with itself? —St. Louis Republic. Two Rival Trusts. The organization of the western cat tle barons to fight the beef combine is an anomaly, as both are after the seme game of plundering the public. The barons have banded themselves together into what might be termed the grass trust and are trying to get the farmers cf the West , ;i) states to help them to fight the beef trust. As the cattle barons are even worse rob bers than the beef barons, in that they monopolize all the valuable govern ment land and through their retainers prevent by force of arms, if necessary, any owner of a small herd or a set tler from intruding at the peril of his life. To show the power of these cat tle barons, they have succeeded in forcing President Roosevelt to give up his intention of removing the barbe-' wire fences with which the barons have unlawfully inclosed about all the government land on the Westers plains. Politically both these com bines are Republicans and libera! con tributors to the campaign fund of that party, which probably accounts for their immunity from punishment by the administration. Fanners will best conserve their own interests bv steer ing clear of both the l>eef trust and the grass trust, wbo are monopolist* and will plunder the farmers after they have settled their own differences. Go the Limit. Why not extend the service pension principle to the full socialistic limit and pension all American citizens who are “half incapacitated” by having reached the age of sixty-two. Out upon this half-way paternalism:—At lanta Constitution. Republicans' Liability. The Republicans in 1894 and 1900 had the personality of William Mc- Kinley as an asset. To-day they bare the personality of Theodore Rooesvelt as a liability.—Hoosick Fails Demo crat. Correction does much, but encour agement does more. Encouragement after censure is as the sun after a shower. —Goethe. The coal mine employe# H Offset Britain number 842,066. The Fifty-eighth Cougress appropri ated $781.574,629.99. In this amount is included all the regular annual bills, deficiencies, amounts authorized by ■peoia! acts. etc. If from this amount there shall be deducted contributions to the sinking fund and amounts ap propriated for deficiencies there will be left approximately $700,000,000 as the expenditures authorized for the operation of the government during the next fiscal year. Analysis of the appropriations is interesting. The reg ular annual appropriations amount to $612,300,906.06; deficiencies to $26,901.- 843.93; miscellaneous to $1,000,000; permanent appropriations to $141,471,- 820. The increases In appropriation bills of 1905 ov r 1904 aggregate $28,- 513.123.97. Increases of separate bills are as follows: Diplomatic $ 51.850.00 District of Columbia 2,383,643.00 Fortifications X3i.77.V79 Indian 907.VW.63 Legislative 93K259.56 Military Academy 823.218.1 T Navy 1f1.128.W9.51 Post office 19.063.449.00 Rlvem and harbors, regular MH 3,000,000.00 Deficiencies 5,330,188 68 Permanent appropriations .... 8,882,000.00 Totnl Increase $57,864,283.33 Against these are to be placed tho decreases, which are as follows: Agriculture $ 76.120.00 Army 818,451.95 Pensions 1,486.900.00 Sundry civil 24,525,448.78 Miscellaneous 1.941.238.65 Total decrease $28,848,159.38 Net Increase 28,516,123.07 A careful study of the figures shows that the Increases In appropriations for the civil establishment greatly ex ceed those for the military establish ment, the military appropriations, as a matter of fact, showing a decrease of almost $10,000,000. The Department of Commerce and Labor has issued a statement show ing tho cost of govtniment of the principal countries of the world. The statement Is based on statistics of the year 1903, the latest available from foreign coun tries. It shows the population, the expenditure nnd the per capita ex penditure of each nation treated, with the result that the cost of our govern ment Is the lowest on the list. From the data on the statement the following preparative table Is provided: Per capita Countries. Poptila- Expendl- expen tfon. turc dlture. New Zealand .. 788,000 $30,241,000 $38.28 Australian Com monwealth ... 3.772,000 142,148,000 37 60 United Kingd0m.41.961.000 897,790,000 21.39 France 38.962,000 685,250,800 17.84 Belgium ....... 6,694.000 116.800,000 17.40 Paraguay 636,(100 11,007,000 17.30 Austria-Hungary4s,4os,ooo 647,9611.000 14 27 Argentina 4,794.000 80,757,000 12.68 Cuba 1,573,000 19,515,000 12.40 Netherlands ... 5.347.U00 61.468.000 11.49 Portugal 5,429.000 62.170.000 11.45 Spain 18,618,000 187,846,000 10.09 Sweden 5.109,000 49.598,000 9.54 German Emp1re.58,549.000 553,222,000 9.45 Canada 5,457,000 50,759.000 9.30 United States ..80,372,000 640,328,000 7.97 A study of tills table shows that the cost of monarchical forms of govern ment Is more expensive than republi can. For instance, the per capita cost of Great Britain Is $21.39. while the cost of our government Is but $7.97. , Contrary to the popular notion, the exist of government Is much less for the United States than it is for any other great nation. While this cost is at the rate of $21.39 per person for the United Kingdom, $17.84 for France, $14.27 for Austrla-llungary, $11.49 for the Netherlands, $9.54 fyr Norway-Sweden and $'.1.45 for the German Empire, li is only $7.97 for the United States. Tbse figures are cited from a report just Issued by the Board of Statistics at Washington, and may be presumed to be correct. Of course, some of the expenditures of our State governments correspond to outlays made by the central author ities in most of the other countries, nnd an allowance should be made on tills account. After making ell reason able reductions, however, in the cost of such governments as Great Britain, France and Germany to render the comparison with ours fairer, It Is clear that we are in a much bettor position as regards ;he expenditure of our governmental machine tbnn are *b© people of Europe. Under the provisions of the treaty by which the Chinese government gave its sanction to the exclusion of its subjects from the United States, either party to the treaty was privil eged to denounce it six month* pre vious to the expiration of its ten years’ term, Dec. 27, 1904. The Chinese gov ernment has served formal notice upon the United States, denouncing the treaty. This action necessitates nego tiations for anew agreement. Mean while Congress has re-enacted the ex clusion law. How closely nations watch one an other and how quick they are to learn of one another ht-s been demonstrated in the United States Senate. When the naval appropriation bill came up, the item of expense for the construc tion of new battleships was opposed almost wholly on the ground that Japan, in her present war with Rus sia. had demonstrated the superiority of small vesse s, like torpedo boats, and had shown ihe impotence of bat tleships in modern naval warfare. In late years the first session of a Congress has usually lasted long into the warm weather, even In “Presiden tial” years. The adjournment of the Fifty-eighth Congress this year was unusually early. The Eighth Congress Hosed Its first session on March 27, 18(>4, more than a month earlier. But then, a country of eighty million peo ple has more business for its legisla tors than a country of six millions. The total appropriations at the re cent session of Congress amounted to $781,574,629.99. Of tills total, about $83,000,000 is for the sinking fund or for deficiencies in the previous year, leaving the amount of expenditures authorized during the next fiscal year a little less than $700,(XX),000. The Navy Department has refused to giant a third trial for the cruiser Den ver, which was delivered to the govern ment under contract and the pavment to the contractors will be made on the basis of the showing of that vessel at her last trial. Harrison White, aged 67 years, died at bis home in Sedalia, Mo. He was the father of seventeen children. Eleven of them and his wife survive him. W. A. J. Sparks, former Congress man, wbo for many years was prominent to Missouri and Illinois politics, died at hi* residence is St. Louia.