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or THE DAY “Letting: Well Knough Alone,” It has become a political axiom that party-changing is up-hill work duriftg years of plenty. Hard times are goc<l for the “outs;” good times for tae “ins.” Jordan is a mighty difficult stream to navigate against the winds and tides of prosperity, Jericho is a safe fortress when the gates of adfver •s'tv are at rest and hushed the clamor of the mob. Yet the line separating the two conditions is often no wider than a man’s hand and sometimes in visible. Hence is it that the aphorism “to let well enough alone"—the ultra conservative doctrine of the well-to-do much in vogue with the rich—has about it an air of wisdom when it may be In point of fact most fallacious and misleading. "In time of peace prepare for war.” is a saying which might be translated to read "in time of prosperity, prepare for adversity.” Eternal vigilance is equally tile pice of Hood Government and Liberty. It is not even a safe rule of business to leave things to take their course be cause they seem to tie going smoothly and to mrke no provision for "the evil day that surely cometh.” The saga cious man of business looks ahead, he puts this and that together and consid ers what may betide, to the end that. “YOU’RE NEXT!” "By direction of the President, o trivia Is will neither discuss uor give out any information regarding the annual estimates until further orders."— New Yoru Telegram. when the storm breaks, he shall be ready for it; so the mariner; so the statesman. The brains of America, t'lo genius of America, are not now in what is called public life. They are engaged in for tune-building. They devote themselves to works of construction. They are money-makers, Few men of energy and ambition, with the opportunities of the time before them, are willing to surrender freedom and affluence at home to take poverty and slavery at Washington. To men of the second, or third class therefore is committed the government of the country. Inevitably, some of them are cor rupt, whilst most of them are the merest hangers-on of fortune; here to day and gone to-morrow; adrift from one election to another; ready to seize and cling to whatever plank sotns like ly to carry them; and, no matter whether they call themselves Republi cans, or Democrats, equally time-serv ers and tide-waiters. The cireumstauee gives a great though temporary advantage to those persons of brains and wealth who have an interest in taking, or who. for the love of exploitation and power, put themselves to the trouble *' taking an interest in political affairs. The tariff lobby is an old and familiar figure in the national capital, so is the railway lobby. Hence the power and at the same time tin* uupopularity of the trust. films far on our Jour nr *~om the cradle of political Infancy v * vhateve/ goal may He before us, we have weath ered the historh dangers common to all nations: the struggle for existence; the outer assault; the domestic broil; the disputed succession. We are no longer a baby in arms We are at length a world power. The story of mankind teaches, if nothing else, that nations, like individuals, rise to their fullest stature through privation and against obstacles, that they fail through lux ury and wealth. The United States have survived all the perils which have hitherto beset them. Including a war of sections; but there stands l>efore us. and right across the national highway, a public question as far-reaching, as deep and sinister, as that of African slavery itself, the ir repressible conflict of the present and the future, the issue between capita! and labo.. I.et no man dismiss this lightly. I.et no man fancy that it will adjust itself. No more than the slavery question will it down, or be settled until it is settled right; that is. until there is such uniformity of law—such equal opportunities under the law such enforced submission and obodl ence to the law—as will disarm both capital aud labor of their deadlier weapons. Asa party firee. indeed, it is but just arriving ou the scene. The Republican parry can no more deal with it adequately than the bem ocratie party, under the old slave regime, could deal adequately with the slavery queaVum. The Republican party represents the patriemnism and wealth of the North precisely as the Democratic party of other days repre sented The wealth and patricianism of the South. In those old days the South ruled the country. Slavery was the keynote. In those days the North rules it. The protective system is the key note. If the early emancipationists, with Clay at their head, had been lis ten sd to, there would have been uo war of sections, slavery would have been put in the way of gradual extinc tion, another labor system would have tieen built up iu the South, even the negro might have been got rid of, cer tainly got rid of as a disturbing force. But the slaveholders of the cotton States, clinging to what had become an oligarchism, would not have it. That which was a moral question, and should have been settled on moral prin ciples. got into politics. Extremism South bred extremism North. Even as the slave-owner claimed his rights in the Constitution of the United States does the tariff-lord claim his rights In the protective polity of the Republican party. Originally slavery was regarded at tiie South as an evil. It became a "divine institution.” In like manner, protection was a provis ional affair meant to aid our "infant industries.’ It has become an article of faith, a fundamental doctrine, a part of the creed, of Republicanism. Under each instance lay the same pri mal cause—excessive wealth, patri cianism, ael the arrogance of patrl cianism and wealth—the corner stones of the party in power. Is it "letting well enough alone" to relegate this question to the mob-spirit and the lead ers of the mob the first time the winds of adversity blow, or to put it in the course of gradual adjustment at the hands of statesmen, whilst we may? This is the question to which the business men of the country—so much preoccupied with their own concerns— should seriously address themselves. Woe to the land when all conserva tive opposition is laid low, the adminis tration of its affairs given over to a single political dynasty, the govern ment a one-party affair, because that is a condition precedent to convulsions waiting only the day of wrath to spring. Even now the evil day may be near er than any man divines. Thirty days before the fall of Sumter statesmen were deluding themselves with the be lief that there would be no war. We may not be on the verge of any Imme diate danger: but no country, no peo ple. can !>e safe who have given them selves over to an organized body of ex pert. self-confident, and mo.e or less corrupt, public men. destroying all healthful opposition and opening tlie way for the agitator and the mob. No, gentlemen, men of business, you cannot afford “to let well enough alone," with such things hanging in the womb of time! —Louisville Courier- Journal. Wlmt the Maine Result Poes Not Show. In the exuberance of his joy at the Republicans having carried Maine —as they have done year after year with monotonous regularity and as every one knew they would do this year as usual —Congressman Burleigh tele graphed President Roosevelt congratu lations upon the “complete and sweep ing” victory which, he told the Presi dent. Is a “splendid omen of victory in November." The particulars given the President In the same dispatch Indicate that the victory was not quite so “com plete and sweeping" as the Congress man would have the President under stand it to lie. He says the "returns indicate a Re publican plurality of 30.000." Assum ing Congressman Burleigh's claim to t>c about the correct figure there has Ikhmi a falling off from the plurality iti the September election four years ago of about 4.000. The Republican plu rality on the vote for Governor in that year was 34.13:1 Maine this year has been thoroughly stirred up for the pur pose of getting out every Republican vote possible. The effort was so far sn.N'essful that large gains Have b> *n made u;mu the vote of four years ago. but the Democratic gains were still larger, and if It were at all likely that the respective gains would be in the same proportion in other States :t would be anything but a “splendid omen" for a Roosevelt victory in No vember. Mr. Burleigh says; “We have car ried fourteen and possibly fifteen of the sixteen counties." ’1 here is no “complete and sweeping" victory in that. At the best Risa mere holding what had been their own right a long, while the dispatch Indicates a loss. The Republicans carried fifteen out of the sixteen counties in 1902 and 1900. and the whole sixteen in IS9B and 1890 The county carried by the Democrats in 1900 was by so small a margin that it hardly counted. If the Republicans have now carried only fourteen coun ties. which is ail Mr. Burleigh makes positive claim to. there is a Republican loss. The Republicans, Mr. Burleigh told the Pres.uent. "have elected an over whelming majority of the Legislature.” No one doubts that, b it Mr. Burleigh unfortunately neglected to furnish par ticulars. The Republican majority in the Maine Legislature has been "over whelming" for many a year. In the election of 189*> it was 170. there being but six Democrats In the Legislature then elected. In 1808 it was 132; in 1900 it*waT42; in 1902 it was 139. So far as returns havA been received they indicate a gain for the Democrats in both branches. There will still be an “overwhelming" Republican majority, but an "ominous" diminution of its size. The Maine election cannot be re garded as a safe indication of the drift of the popular current on the presiden tial question. Neither that nor the Vermont election was ominous of the November result. —Cleveland Plain Dealer. Sculptor’s Roosevelt Joke. There came Into the rooms of the Re publican State Committee at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, says the New York Times, a man who carried under his arm a piaster bust of President Roose velt. "I think,” lie said, "that if the Re publican State Committee would order a few thousand copies of this bust, to be placed on exhibition, it would be most helpful to the candidacy of Mr. Roosevelt.” He placed the bust on the mantel, and Secretary Little walked up to look It over at close range. At the base was this Inscription in large letters: * ’’The Apostle of Peace, * * Arbitration Is Better Thau * * Bayonets.” * ********** When Secretary Little recovered from his swoon the sculptor had gone. Squeezing the Rural Mall Carrier*. If the plans of the Republican Cam paign Committee do not miscarry, a vast sum will be collected from the rural mall carriers of the State to be used in the campaign. To every rural mail carrier lu the State the Finance Committee has addressed a letter re questing S3O to be used by the Republi can campaign managers. There are 450 rural mall routes in the State, and it only requires a little figuring to show the amount of boodle the G. O. P. man agers are going to squeeze out of the carriers to pile up their corruption fund. —Maysville (Ivy.) Bulletin. FUTURE SUPPLY OF MEN. The Leaders, as iu the Past, Are Ris ing from tlie Ranks. The superintendent of the Chicago forward movement, which is doing good work among the submerged, said in an address before the women of Chicago, says the Toledo Times, that the larger per cent of the men who are to control the destines of the country in the coming years are to be found in the ranks of the newsboys rather than among those who dwell on the boule vards. Those who have had much to do with newsboys know that this la likely to be the fact. The boys who are learning to hustle for themselves are immeasureably su perior to those who are pampered and humored and carefully guarded and fa vored In the struggle for existence. The son of rich parents is heavily han dicapped if he is made to feel that his folks have money and that he has ex pectations. There isn’t the same pres sure to do his best bolding over such a lad that there is over the son of poor er parents. He does not feel that he has to apply himself n school. He does not have to scheme, plan and con trive and deny himself to get anything that he wants. Any object of nle. sure that may strike ills fancy h * can usually buy for bimseif or wheedle ft cm Ms Indulgent parents. He has an easy time and Is flabby In mental and moral makeup in consequence. Fiber character and en durance that grow out of effort and self denial cannot be bought. There Is no easy way to get them. It is as easy to have someone hired to eat and digest one’s food as it is to have one’s trials and temptations and labor done by others. Most of our captains of in dustry have risen from the ranks. They learned well to serve and to stand waiting before they were invit ed to be seated and to help themselves. Tbe Ultimate Result. Subbubs —I suppose that new neigh bor of yours was running his lawn mower when you saw him this morn ing. Kacklotz —Ns*, he was feeding the chickens. Subbubs —Why. he doesn't keep chickens. Baeklotz —No, but I do. He was planting some seeds.—Philadelphia Press. Fatherly Concluaion. Farmer Trefrog—What makes you think Daniel Web er was a smart man? Farmer Hoptoad—Waal. I've been readin* some of his speeches, an' they seem to agree purty thoroughly with Mary Jane's graduation essays.—Phil adelphia Bulletin. Tbe taxpayers of the United King dom pay 21* shillings 3 pence a year per head of the population toward navy and army, while the most heav ily weighted colonist pays no more than 3 shillings 5 pence a year per head for the population for naval and military purposes. Automobiles on runners have been conceived by a French machinist, to be used on snow-sovered roais. The machine will rest on four runners, two in front, to lie used for steering pur poses. Wheels connected with the bind runners will keep the runners in motion. The Marquis of Ripou has ail his life been a zealous liberal. He earned his title by his services in composing differences between the United States and England on the subject of the Alabama convention. A design for lanterns used in the public processions to celebrate the Jap anese victories has on its four side the Rising Sun. the Union Jack, the Italian fiag and the Stars and Str;pes. Although Russia produces enormous quantities of petroleum the use of it in that country is comparatively small. That is due to the fact that there is a government tax On refined oil. It is said that a brick house is more durable than one of stone. A weil constructcd brick house, made with good mortar, will outlast one built of granite. He that is ungrateful —s no guilt but one; all other forms may pass for virtues in him.—Young. PARKER’S LETTER OF ACCEPTANCE. Names issues as Tariff Re form, Imperialism, Econ omy and Honesty. Arrogation of Unconstitutional Powers by the Executive !s Decried. Calls the Dingley Act Oppres sive and Quotes McKinley on Reciprocity. Agrees with Demand of the Platform for Filipino In dependence. The letter in which Judge Altou B. Parker accepts the Democratic nomi nation for President of the United States is about 0,500 words in length. More than 1,000,000 copies of it will be printed and spread broadcast through out the United States. It. will be the principal campaign document of the Democratic party. Arraignment of Imperialism and executive power based on individual caprice, demand for tariff reform on prudent lines so as not to work revolution in existing con ditions, unequivocal declaration in fa vor of Filipino independence, the urg ing of the immediate curtailment of expenditures and a return to economi cal administration, and promise of a sweeping investigation of all depart ments of the government In the event of party success —-these are the dis tinctive features of Judge Parker s let ter which is here given in part: Grave public questions are pressing for decision. The Democratic party appeals to the people with confidence that its position on these questions will be ac cepted nnd indorsed at the polls. W hile the issues involved are numerous, some Stand forth pre-eminent in the public ALTON 11. rAKKER. mind. Among these are: Tariff reform, imperialism, economical administration and honesty in the public service. 1 shall briefly consider these and- some others within the necessarily prescribed limits of tins letter. Imperialism. If we would retain our liberties nnd constitutional rights unimpaired we can not permit or tolerate at any time or for any purpose the arrogation of unconsti tutional powers by the executive branch of our government. We should be ever mindful of the words of Webster, "Lib erty is only to be preserved by maintain ing constitutional restraints and just di visions of political powers." Already the national government has become centralized beyond any point contemplated o' imagined by the fram ers of the constitution. How tremen dously all this has added to the power of the President! It has developed from year to year until it almost equals that of many monarehs.. The magnitude of the country and its diversity of inter ests and population would enable a de termined, ambitious and able executive, unmindful of constitutional limitations and fired with the lust of power, to go far in the usurpation of authority and the aggrandizement of personal power before the situation could be fully appre ciated or the people be aroused. The issue of imperialism which has been thrust upon the country involves a decision whether the law of the laud ot the rule of individual caprice shall gov ern. The principle of imperialism may give rise to brilliant, startling, dashiug results, but the principle of democracy holds in check the brilliant executive and subjects him to the sober, conservative control of the people. The people of the United States stand at the parting of the ways. Shall we follow the footsteps of our fathers along the paths of peace, pros[erity and con tentment, guided by the ever-living spirit of the constitution which they framed for us, or shall we go along other and untried paths, hitherto shunned by all. following blindly new ideals, which, though appealing with brilliancy to the imagination and ambition, may prove a will o’ the wisp, leading us into difficul ties from which it may be impossible to extricate ourselves without lasting injury to our national character and institu tions’; Tariff and Trusts. Tariff reform is one of the cardinal principles of the Democratic faith and the necessity for it was never greater than at the present time. It should be undertaken at once in the interest of ftli our people. The Dingley tariff is excessive in many of its rates and, as to them at least, un justly and oppressively burdens the peo ple. It secures to domestic manufactur ers. singly or in combination, the priv ilege of exacting excessive prices at home and prices far above the level of sales made regularly by them abroad with profit, thus giving a bounty to foreign ers at the expense of our own people. Its unjust taxation burdens the people generally, forcing them to pay excessive prices for food, fuel, clothing and other necessaries of life. It levies duties on many articles not normally imported iu any considerable amount, which are made extensively at home, for whicl the most extreme protectionist would hardly justify protective taxes and which in large amounts are exported. Such duties have been and will continue to be a direct incentive to the formation of huge indus trial combinations, which, secure from foreign competition, are enabled to stifle domestic competition and practically to monopolize the home market. It contains many duties imposed for the express purpose in!y. as was openly avowed, of furnishing a basis fr reduc tion by means of re iprocal trade treaties, which the Republican adminis tration. impliedly at least, promised to negotiate. Having, on this promise, se cured the increased duties, the Republi can party leaders, spurred on by protect ed interests, defeated the treaties neg - tlated by the executive, and now these same interests cling to the benefit of these dnties which the people never in tended they should have aud to which they have no moral right. Even aow the arguments most fre quently urged in behalf of the Dingley tariff and against tariff reform generally is the necessity of caring for ir infant industries. Many of these iatostxies. after 100 years of lusty growth, are looming up as industrial giants. In their case, at least, the Dingley tariff invites combination and monopoly nnd gives jus tification to the expression that the tariff is the mother of trusts. For the above-mentioned reasons, among many others, the people demand reform of these abuses, and such reform demands and should receive immediate attention. The people demand reform of existing conditions. Since the last Dem ocratic' administration the cost of living lias grievously increased. Those having fixed incomes have suffered keenly; those living on wages, if there Inis been any increase, know that such increase has not kept pace with the advance in the cost of Living, including rent and the necessaries of life. Many to-day are out of work, unable to secure any wages at all. To alleviate these conditions, in so far as is .in our power, should be our earnest endeavor. I pointed out in my earlier response the remedy which, in my judgment, can effectually be applied against monopolies, and the assurance was then given that if existing laws, including both statute and common law, proved inadequate, con trary to my expectations, I favor such further legislation, within constitutional limitations, as will best promote and safeguard the interests of all the people. Reciprocity. In my addregs to the Notification Com mittee I said that tariff reform "is de manded by the best interests of both manu facturer and consumer." With equal truth it can he said that the benefits of recipro cal trade treaties would luure to both. That ' the consumer would be helped Is unques tionable. That the manufacturer would receive great benefit by extending his mar kets abroad hardly needs demonstration. Our martyred President, William McKin ley, appreciated this situation. He pointed out In his last address to the people that we must make sensible trade arrangements If "we shall extend the outlets for our in creasing surplus." The last words of this President—who had won the affection of his countrymen—ought to be studied by ev ery man who has any doubt cf the neces sity of a reduction In tariff rates In the Interest of the manufacturer. They pre sent with clearness a situation nnd a pro posed remedy that prompted the provision In our platform which declares that "We favor liberal trade arrangements with Can ada and with peoples ot --ther countries SALIENT POINTS IN JUDGE PARKER'S LETTER OF ACCEPTANCE. A free people cannot withhold freedom from another people and them selves remain free. The principle of imperialism may give rise to brilliant, startling, dashing results, but the principle of Democracy holds in check the brilliant executive and subjects him to the sober, conservative control of the people. I am in hearty accord with that plank in our platform that favors doing for the Filipinos what we have already done for the Cubans, and I favor making the promise to them now that we shall take such action as soon as they are reasonably prepared for it. Tariff reform is one of the cardinal principles of the Democratic faith, and the necessity for it was never greater than at the present time. It should be undertaken at ouee in the interest of all our people. Th reciprocity Motion of the DlOfley act stands forth a monument of legislative cozenage and political bad faith. The liberality, patriotism and national pride of the people should not be made an excuse for waste of the public funds. Official extravagance is offi cial crime. I will contribute my effort toward the enactment of a law to be passed by both houses of Congress and approved by the executive that will give an age pension without reference to disability to the surviving heroes of the Civil War, and under the provisions of which a pension may be accepted with dignity because of the consciousness that it comes as a just due from.the people through their chosen representatives, and not as largess distributed by the chief executive. Shall economy of administration be demanded or shall extravagance be encouraged? Shall the wrongdoer be brought to bay by the people, or must justice wait upon political oligarchy? Shall our government stand for equal opportunity or for special privilege? Shall it remain a government or become one of Individual caprice? Shall we eiing to the rule of the people or shall we embrace beneficent despotism? With calmness and confidence we await the people's verdict. whore they can .be entered Into with hone tit to American agriculture, manufactures, mining or commerce." Independence for Filipinos. I am Iti hearty accord with that plank In our platform that favors doing for the Filipinos what we have already done for the Cubans, ami I favor making the prom ise to theta now that we shall take such act lon as soon as they are reasonably pre pared for It. In Independence, such as the Cubans enjoy, cannot be prudently granted to the Filipinos at this time the promise that It shall eome the moment they are capable of receiving It will tend to stimu late rather than hinder their development. And this should be done not only In Jus tice to the Filipinos, but to preserve our own rights, for a free people cannot with hold freedom from another people aud themselves remain free. Panama Canal. An isthmian canal has long been the hope of our statesmen, and the avowed aim of the two great parties, as their platforms In the past show. Thy Panama route hav ing been selected, the building of the canal should be pressed to completion with all reasonable expedition. The method* by which the executive ac quired the Panama canal route and rights are a source of regret to many. To them the statement that thereby a great public work was assured to the profit of our peo ple is not sufficient answer to the charge nf violation of national good faith. They appreciate that the principles and healthy convictions which In their working out have made us free and great. stand firmly against the argument or suggestion that we shall he blind to the nature of the means employed to promote our welfare. They hold that adherence to principle, whether It works for our good or 111, will have a more beneficent Influence on our future destiny that all our material upbuilding, and that we should ever remember that the idea of doing n wroug to a smaller, weaker nation than we. or even all mankind, may have a resultant good is repugnant to the principles upou which our government was founded. American Shipping. Our commerce In American bottoms amounts to but 11 per cent of our total ex ports and Imports. For forty years prior to 1861. when the Republican party came Into power, our merchant marine carried an average of so per cent of our foreign commerce. Ry 18n it had dwindled to 27 per cent. Now we carry hut a contempti bly small fraction of our exports und Im ports. American shipping In the foreign trade was greater by almost 100.'NX) tons In ISIO —nearly 100 years ago—than It was last year. In the face of the continuous decline In the record of American shipping during the last forty three years, the promise of the Republican party to restore It Is with out encourage men t. Tbe record of the Democratic party gives assurance that the task can be wisely intrusted to It. It is an arduous task to undo the effect of forty years of decadence, and requires the study and investigation of those best fitted by experience to find the remedy— which surely does not lie In the granting of subsidies wrung from I Je pockets of all the taxpayers. Investigation of Departments. Recent disclosures, coupled with the rap id augmentation of government expendi tures. show a need of on investigation of every department of the governmet.t. The Democrat* In Congress demanded it. The Republican majority refused the demand The people can determine by their vote In November whether they w.ah an honest and thorough Investigation. A Democratic Congress and Executive will assure it. Soldiers' and Sailors' Pensions. The National Democracy favors liberal pensions to the surviving soldiers and sail ors and their dependents, on the ground that they deserve liberal treatment. It pledges by Its platform adequate legisla tion to that end. But It denies the right of the executive to usury the power of Congress to legislate ou that snbject. Such usurpation was attempted by [tension order No. 78. and effect has beea given to It by a Congress that dare*! not resent tbe usur pation. It Is wild* that “this order was made In the performance of a duty im posed upon the President by act of Con gress." but the provision making the Im position 1* not pointed out. The act to which the order refers, which is the one relating to pensions to civil war veterans, does not authorise pension* on the ground of age. It does grant pensions to those “suffering from any mental or physical *!!- abilltv. or disabilities, of ape rmanent char acter not the resnlt of their own vicious habits, which so in capacitates them front the performance of manual labor as to ren der them unable to oarn a support." This pe> filed reqvtreov-ot ~f Incapacity is in feet set aside by order No. 78 to all persona over 62 . The war closed nearly forty years ago In the meantime ms ay of onr soldiers aud sailors long survived the age of 62. and nased away without receiving any pension. Skillful pension attorneys hunting through the statute failed to find there a pmebina giving a pension to all who had reached '52 Mocy prominent veterans urged the Justice of congressional actlou girlr.g a service pension to ail veterai*. Bills to that effect wre Introduced In Congress. And not no ti! March of this year did anyone ever claim to have made the discovery that the President tad power to treat the statute ss If it read that when a claimant ha* passed the age of C 2 years he Is necessarily disabled one-half in ability to perform manual labor and therefore- entitled to a pension. The suspicion has been suggested that the order was made to create an issue that it was supposed to present a stroug stragetic position in the battle of ballots. Ob the assumption that the order, as stated by the administration, U revocable at the pleasure of the executive, it having been an attempted, though perhaps unwitting, encroachment upon the legislative power and therefore unwarranted by the consti tution. I accept the challenge and declare that if elected 1 will revoke that order. But I go further and say that that being done, I will contribute my effort toward the enactment of a law to be passed by both houses of Congress and approved by the executive that will give an age pension without reference to disability to the sur viving heroes of the civil war, and under the provisions of which a pension may be accepted with dignity because of the con sciousness that it comes as a Just due from the people through their chosen representa tives. and not as largess distributed by ths chief executive. Foreign Relations. Th foreign relations of the government have in late years assumed special Impor tance. Prior to the acquisition of the Phil ippines, we were practically invulnerable against attacks by foreign states. These tropical possessions, however, 7,000 miles from our shores, have changed at' this and have in effect put us under bonds to keep the peace. The new conditions call for a management of forelgu affairs the more cir cumspect in that the recent American in vasion of foreign markets 111 all parts of the world has excited the serious apprehen sion of all the great industrial peoples. It is essential, therefore, more than ever, to adhere strictly to the traditional policy of the country as formulated by its first Pres ident and tiever. In my judgment, wisely de parted from —to invite friendly relations with ail nations while avoiding entangling alliances with any. Such a policy means the cultivation of peace instead of the glorification of war, and the minding of our own business in lieu of spectacular In termeddling with the affairs of other na tions. It means strict observance of the principles of international law and con demns the doctrine that a great state, by reason of Its strength, may rightly appro prtatethe sovereignty or territory of a small state on account of Its weakness. It means for other American states that we claim no rights and will assume uo functions savs those of a friend and of an ally and de fender as against European aggressions, it means that we repudiate the role of the American continental pollcemnu; that we refuse to act as debt collector for foreign states or their cltlxeus; that we respect the independent sovereignty of each Amer ican state aud its right to-preserve ordet and otherwise regulate Its own internal af fairs in its own way, and that any Inter vention in its affairs by us is limited to the single office of enabling Its people to work out their own political and national destiny for themselves free from the coerelou of any European state. Reform in Expenditures. Twenty-eight yean have passed since the Democratic party of the State of New York. in convention assembled, recommended to the National Detnoerai-y the nomination of Samuel J Tilden as its candidate for the Presidency, and declared It to he "their set tled conviction that a return to the consti tutional principles, frugal expenses and ad ministrative purity of the founders of the republic Is the tlrst and most Imperious duty of the times- the commanding Issue now before the people of i his union." This strong expression was called forth by the natiomd expenditures f... the year 1875. amounting to $274,000,000- a situation which. In the opinion of a majority of our people, justi fied an Imperative demand for reform 11 the administration of public affairs. is the expenditures of the last fiscal vinr amounted to the enormous total of *58.1,- • NMl.iiOO. It Is evident that a thorough In vestigation of the public service and the Immediate abandonment of useless and ex traordinary expenditures are more nee.**, sary now than they were then. T'lls astounding increase is out of all proporilon to the Increase of our population, and finds no excuse from whatever aspect we view the situation. If a man of ordinary Intelligence and prudence should find In the operating ex penses of his business such a treirendous percentage of Increase, would he not promptly set on foot an Inquiry f<,~ the cause of the waste and take immediate mea-r.TP*- to stop It. especially when trusted employes have been found dishonest nnd convicted, and a widespread Impression ex ists that a thorough Investigation may dis cover other cases of malfeasance? When the chief executive reported to Congress that "through frauds, forgeries ami per juries. nnd by shameless briberies the laws relating to the proper conduct of the pub lic service In general and to the due ad ministration of the postofflee department have been notoriously violated." there was a general popular demand for a rigid, sweeping Investigation by C ongress. In ad dition to that undertaken by the executive himself. Such an Investigation the Re publican majority In Congress would not permit, although the minority Insisted that the Interests of good government demanded it. And the minority was right The lib erality. patriotism and national pride of the people should not be made an excuse for waste of the publle funds. Offlelal extravagance Is official crime. There is not a sentence In the Republican platform recommending a reduction In the expenditures of the government, not a line suggesting that the Increase In the enst of the war department from $34,000,000 In 1.880 to *115,000.000 in 1904 should be ]u qtilred Into, and not a paragraph calling for a thorough Investigation of those de partments of the government In which dis honesty has been recently disclosed. The people, however, can by their votes. If they desire it. order such an Investiga tion and Inaugurate a policy of economy and retrenchment, it Is safe to sav that this will not l>e accomplished by Indorsing at the polls the Republican majority of the House of Representatives which refused the Investigation and made the appropriations, nor by continuing In power the administra tion which made the disbursements. Defines His Issues. The Issues are Joined nnd the people must render the verdict Shall economy of administration he de manded or shall extravagance be eucour aged? Shall th< wrongdoers be brought to bay by the people or must Justice wait upon political oligan-ty? Shall our government stand for equal op portunity or for special privilege? Shall It remain a government <jf law or become one of individual caprice? Shall we cling to the rule of the people or shall we erfirare beneflient despotism? With calmness and confidence we await the peeople's verdict. If called to the office of President I shall consider myself the chief magistrate of all the people and not of auv fnetirtn and shall ever be mindful of the fact that on many questions of natiooai policy there are hon est differences of opinion I believe in the patriotism good sense and absolute sin cerity of all the people. 1 shall strive to re member that he may serve his party best who serves his country best. If It be, the wish of the people that I undertake nhe duties of the Presidency I pledge myself, with God's help, to devote all my powers and energy to the duties of this exalted office. Very truly yours. ALTON B. PARKER. His Ruling Trait. “I went across the big pond with n.-ittlcs,' tells the Judge "11" is n-.t ,i good sailor, and what do you think he did when the boat was tooting and pitching?" "Give it up." "Tried to bribe the court. Offered me a thousand dollars to suspend the motion." Flattering. Maud—Got anew young man. have you? I’d like to know bow he looks. Mabel—You would? Weil, here'* bis photograph. Maud —Oh, that's his photograph, is it? * inspects ltd Still, I'd like 53 know how he looks. SCHOOL GIRLS PERISH IN VAULT Nine Dead and More Than a Score of Others Escape Same Fate. During the forenoon recess Friday of the Pleasant Ridge school, seven miles north of Cincinnati, uiue school girls were suffocated in a vault, while more than a score of others narrowly escaped the same horrible death. During the rest of the day the suburb was wild with miugled excitement, sorrow and indigna tion aud those openly charging the ca lamity to official negligence made serious threats, among them being many women. When the recess was given about thir ty of'the smaller girls, all from the pri mary grades, were in the outhouse as signed to them, tvhn suddenly the floor gave way. precipitating them into a vault twelve feet deep and walled up with stone like a wall. There was four feet of water or tilth, that would have been over the heads of the girls falling in it aiugly, but those falliug foremost tilled up the v..ult so that others were not en tirely submerged. The girls fell eight feet from the flooring before striking the filth and the struggles of those who were ou top kept at least niue under neath until they were dend. The frame sheds over these vaults were about twenty feet square, without windows and with only one narrow door way so that only oue little girl escaped from the door. She ran into the school building aud told the teachers what had happened. Principal T. L. Sihimerman and the other teachers rushed to the res cue. The women gave the alarm about the vicinity, while Principal Siminerman se cured a ladfler on which the drenched girls climbed out, mosc of them fainting as soon as they reached the surface. The screams of the girls were dimly heard while within the van!:, and they were most of them unable to speak when res cued. The teachers were soon re-enforc ed by the entire population of the town, the police and fire departments render ing most effective service. Those able to climb out on the lad ders themselves were rescued by Prin cipal Siminerman, who finally fainted. Then others went into the vault aud kept bringiug out dead bodies uutil the vault was cleared. The firemen drained the vault so as to be sure that the rescue was complete. Those engaged in the rescue work re cite the most ghastly exi>eriences. Even those rescued alive presented such an appearance as to make many in the crowd of spectators faint, but the sight within the vault beggared all description. BLAMED FOR HORROR. Ignorance and Lack of Discipline Caused Slocum Disaster. A long report has been made public concerning the investigation by the New York board of steamboat inspectors of the General Slocum disaster, which oc curred in the East river last June and cost nearly 1,000 lives. The report Is signed by James A. Dumont and Thomas H. Barrett, and is addressed to Supervis ing Inspector Robert S. Ivodie. It con cludes by announcing the revocation of the licenses of officers aboard the Slo cum as follows: William H. Van Sehaick, master and pilot; Edward Van Wart, pilot, and Benjamin F. Conkliu, chief engineer. Briefly summarized the principal points In the report are: That the life-preserving appliances in the vessel were adequate, but that had the Slocum been supplied with double the number not another life would have been saved because of the ignorance aud incompetence of the crew. That there was absolute lack of disci pline on the part of the crew because of the negligence of the master and of the pilot. That tire drills had Iven ne?D. *ed and that had the crew bfen trained as the law requires such a icsaster would have been almost inconceivable. That one of the crew, in his ignorance, added to the incipient flames by throwing thereon an empty bag which had con tained charcoal. That the chief engineer was grossly negligent when notified of the fire in that he did not see that the hose had been connected and the water turned on. Under the law the board took up only the conduct of the vessel’s licensed offi cers. The other phases of the disaster were investigated by a special commis sion appointed by order of President Roosevelt and consisting of Gen. Wilson Of the army and Commander Winslow of the navy. This commission has not made public its report. The New Y'ork Central will aid in the harvesting of the apple crop in New Y’ork State by an offer of I,O(X> men to relieve the scarcity of help in the apple belt. The total amount disbursed in wages In Massachusetts in all industries for 1902 was $198,920,047, ami in 1903, $210,070,103, an increase of $11,149,01d, or 5.61 per cent. Among the strikes won in Chicago the past year are: The painters went out for a wage increase from 40 to 50 cents an hour and won at the tend of three weeks. The cauworkers in the plants of the American Can Company went out to resist a wage reduction and won at the end of two months. The bakers went ©nt in seven shops nnd won an increase of $1 a week for foremen at the end of u week in all except two shops. The cigar makers went out for anew bill of prices and practically won in a few days, but later the employers brought about a lock out and the fight lastc-i for six weeks. It resulted in a victory for the men. The brickmakera wre out at only a few plants on a technical violation of the working conditions ami won in three days. With a total production of over $12.- 000,000 value, 10.058 men were employed in mines in the province of Ontario, Can ada, in 1903, and $4,222,380 paid in wages. Compared with 1899, five years ago, there is an increase of 53 per cent in metallic output. There is a gold mine in Australia w iuch is 3,000 feet deep, and the vari ous tunnels are so hot that cold water has to be continually sprayed over the miners working the lode. The tempera ture is usually about 108 degrees, and the men have to work almost naked in order to stand the heat. At the International Association of Garment Workers’ convention at Buffalo a resolution was passed requesting al! national and international labor organ izations to compel their members to wear anion made clothing. T. J. Heirker of Chicago was elected president and B. A. I.arge of Cincinnati secretary. As the cost to the unions of holding a convention is from $5,000 to $50,000, there is a growing sentiment among the trades unions of the country against the holding of annual conventions by their national organizations. Necessary changes in the laws of the organizations are more satisfactorily mode by referen uum votes. There have been 25 strikes in Chicago in the past year where more than 100 men hare been involved. That list does not include innumerable small petty strikes involving less than 100 men. which, like the poor, we have always with us. In the 25 strikes enumerated 3ff.000 persons have been involved The Workingmen’s Co-operative Com mercial Company has filed articles of in corporation with the Coumy Clerk of San Francisco county, California. The purpose of the comparer is to engage in any line of business it may find profita ble, bat the immediate object is to deal in domestic and imported commodities of all descriptions. Was Washington once the site of a great city, long forgotten, unknown to the modem archaeologists? Did there live and thrive on the North American continent a race prior to tibo Aztecs? Are there treasures of art buried under the soil of this capital? Wherefore, then, the mysteries of stone just unearthed in the digging for the foundations of the new build lug for the Uoust of Representative*? Far below the foundations of the houses destroyed to make room for the new edifice these fragments have appeared, and the memory of man to day runs not back to the time when such structures were there as to call for these deep-laid bases. Nor do th* oldest inhabitants know of any ons who remembers having seen or heard of such. Washington was built upon virgin soil, so far as city creation was concerned, in the Judgment of Its founders. Here were fanus and small dwellings, a manor bouse or two, and an unbroken record of freedom from the inroads of the city-makers, Ths North American Indians did not build cities. They did not dig into the soil to found their structures. Here, then, is a problem for the historians und ths archaeologists to solve. The first payment of $2,000,000 on account of the purchase of the friaral land in the Philippines, lias been au thorized by the War Department There has been on deposit in New York since last December the fund of $7,- 230,000 realized from the sale of bond* authorized to be issued in purchase ol the friars’ lands, and a draft for this first payment will be made ou th* Bank of England, which will pay ove the money to the Soclodad Agrtcola del Ultramar. The completion of tlies* purchases has been very much delayed, as great difficulties woro experienced in securing a closer title front the fri ars. owing to the fact that In many cases the orders attempted to convey choir lands to private Individuals and business corporations to prevent theli seizure at the time of the Phllippins Insurrection. The attention of Colonel Edwards, of the insular bureau, was recently called to an advertisement appearing in the newspapers offering to furnish reliable and exact information to se curing remunerative employment with the government of the Philippine Isl ands at Manila. This advertisement states: ‘This Information cannot ba obtained from Washington or any other source.” Colonel Edwards states that all necessary data to enable on* to make intelligent application for ex amination with a view to appointment in the Insular government service will be promptly furnished, gratuitously, either by the insular bureau of the War Department, at Washington, oi by the United States Civil Service Commission, also at Washington, upon request. Secretary Hay has forwarded to th* secretary of the foreign section of th* Young men’s Christian Association In New York a recommendation from the American minister to Panama that branches of the association be estab lished in Panama and Colon for the benefit of the men working on the Panama Canal. The minister srjs that the two hundred young civil engineers and the four hundred marines on tho Isthmus have uo attractive place for recreation when they are off duty, and that some provision for them should be made. Uls recommendation will doubtless be acted upon, as the managers of the association are well aware that before many months there wll be thousands of men where there are now hundreds needing a place of recreation in wholesome surroundings. From the report of Commissioner Ware, It appears that there were 994,. 7*12 names on the pension rolls of tin United States July 1, a Joss of 1,783 during the year. The cost to the gov ernment for the year was $144,712,787, which was about $3,000,000 more than in 1903. One widow and two daugh ters of soldiers of the Revolutionary War, and one survivor and 918 widow* of soldiers of the War of 1812 are now on the rolls. Nevada lias fewer pensioners than any other State In the Union, accord ing to the latest report of the Commis sioner of Pensions. Pennsylvania, with nearly a hundred nnd one thousand, heads the list, and Is followed by Ohio, New Y'ork, Illinois, Indiana, Missouri, Michigan and Kansas In that order, with the rest of the .States and terri tories following, till Alaska is reached, with sixty-one soldiers drawing gov ernment money. The applications for patents during the last fiscal year broke all previous records, according to the annual report of the Commissioner of Patents. There were 50,321 Hi>plleatlons for mechani cal patents and 2,554 applications for trade marks. There were 31,979 pat ents and 2,213 trademarks granted. The total receipt* of the office were $1,603,880; expenditures, $1,400,124. It. M. Arango, a graduate of one of flie American technical schools, has been appointed consulting engineer on the idaff of Chief Engineer Wallace In the Panama Canal construction. Ho is charged to assist in building an aqueduct to supply the City of Panama with water. It also Is proposed i n the interest of the health of the employes to lay pipe lines to supply fresh and pure water to the great force of labor ers at the Culebra cut and at other camps along the line of work. The deficit in the United States Treasury was Increased by $6,382,608 in August, which brought It to $23,- 790,336 for the first two months of the fiscal year. The receipt* in August were about $5,000,000 smaller ami toe expenditures about $9,000,000 larger than In August, 1903. Post ms -Oer General Payne said the other day that the postoffi'-.. officials of Great Britain ami Germany had agreed to co-operate with him in persuading the next postal congress, which meet* In March. to agree t.. a reduction of the rate of international letter postage to two cents a half-ounce. If he suc ceeds in getting the rate of postage on foreign letters reduced it will mean considerable to hundreds of thousand* of foreign-born America us, who still correspond with toe old folks at home. Pat run it those who advertise.