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FRIENDSHIP ALL IMPORTANT IN BUSINESS. Br John A. Howland. [ ~ The old principle still bolds true that business #sr is obtained by friendship or favor. One of Chi- Ay eago's most brilliant lawyers asserted a few days ff j ago that any average lawyer had ability enough K to handle nine-tenths of the cases tried in any jr' court, and the reason some men starved at the Jt *'tw and some grew rich was simply because some .mV dm not know how to make friends and the suc £sS"_J cessful ones did. Many business men join certain expensive clubs for no other reason than to have a place to entertain handsomely men from whom they expect to get business. Nearly all men who have out of town customers whom they have a good excuse for entertaining do this. Others whose busi ness is more narrowly restricted consider their club privi leges a part of their business capital, for to entertain a min at one’s club seems much less crudely obvious than to entertain him at some public place. Home men go fur ther and do not hesitate to use their social or family posi tion to further their business interests. In the social world a single Introduction is sometimes the favor with which business is bought. Men who get business by direct solicitation as well as many others make use of the belief that an idea pertinent to a man’s business Is the most valuable thing you can ofTer him in increasing their own business. Such men deliberately study up on the other man’s business. They try to get his point of view, to see what he Is aiming at, his means for securing that aim, and the degree of success or failure. They think up suggestions for that man if they can, for the purpose of getting his business. For they realize that if they can give a man the least suggestion that will help him in his business they have attracted that man’s favorable attention to whatever they wish to say to him on their own account. EVERY AGE HAS KNOWN ITS “PROPHET.” fly T. P. O'Connor. “Companies fall,” says the swindler in “Robert Ef Macaire,” “but dupes never fail; let us invent a J I religion.” And the promotion of a religion has ffjj this advantage over the promotion of a company, ij that its dividends are distributable in the next W world. JL In every age since the beginning of the Chris jMSl tian era there has been in one corner or another of Christendom a Prince, a Piggott, or a South cott to draw upon the immense amount of latent credulity waiting to be evoked by any audacious charlatan. In the year 999 especially the number of pilgrims proceeding to Jerusalem to await the coming of the Messiah a second time to judge the earth was so great as to be compared to a desolating army. They sold all their goods and possessions in Europe, to live upon the proceeds in Jerusalem; while in Europe lands went out of cultivation, houses fell into ruin, or .vere even, in an access of enthusiastic faith, pulled BY-LOW, BY.LOW. Here’s the way she sang to me, By-low,, by-low, As she held me on her knee, Long ago, long ago. Oh, the years between are long, And their haunting specters throng, Yet I hear her olden song: By-low, by-low. I have wearied on the way— By-low, by-low— And the sunset is but gray, Well I know, well I know, Yet, my mother, through th< stress Comes your song, my heart to bless; Comes your song, like a caress— By-low, by-low. Hold me, mother, as of old— By-low, by-low— Let your song of love untold Ebb and flow, ebb and flow; Hold me to your loving breast— Sing the songs of songs the best; By-low, by-low. ■—Sunset Magazine. On the Island MIGHT swim for it.” suggested J| Tucker with the accent of one who knows the impracticability of what lie suggests. “You might fly for it,” retorted Nan Carroll, "for all the good it would do. You should have tied the boat.” “You forget,” he pleaded, “that I only came last night, anu have not yet bad opportunity to become familiar (with the tide here. How was I to know that you had a regular Bay of Fundy tide here?” “If you knew ns much about geogra phy as you do about some things,” she hinted darkly, “you would know that this is the Bay of Fundy tide. It doesn’t come in a tidal wave, but it rises as high.” He glanced ruefully at the canoe fast disappearing on the tide, and scanned the shore to see if it offered any hope. Apparently they were as thoroughly lost as though they were on an island in the Pacific instead of three miles from a summer resort. It was Tucker's first experience with a land where they built steamship docks two stories high because of the fall of the tide from the Bay of Fundy, and he supposed that when ho had drawn the canoe well up on the shelving bank the long rope in the bow could not possibly he needed. He threw himself down beside her. •Nan, dear,” be cried. “Don’t take It to heart. It will come out all right If I have to swim over to the main land and steal a boat” She rose in all her five feet of in jured dignity. “I do not see, Mr. Tucker.” she said coldly, “that the sit uation should permit the levity you assume. It may be all right for you, but a woman’s fair name- ” Her Bobbing broke forth afresh at the thought of what might be said. “What’s the use of taking on so?” he doiT.andeu. “You to'd me last win ter that at the end of the season you thought ” "Do you suppose I thought then that I’d think what 1 think now?” she cried hysterically. “Do you suppose that I Imagined that you would abduct me to a desert island to force me to marry you? Never” For want of better occupation he searched along the. shore for clams, finding a few, but deciding after one taste that it would be better to look for berries. It was too late for berries apparently, and there was another pause and reflection. He had just de cided that it was as well that Nan Carroll would not marry him, when that changeable young woman plumped herself down upon the moss beside him. “Why don’t you talk?” she aske<\ cheerfully. “It’s awfully lonesome around here." Tucker gasped, but for r. moment he did not dare speak. When he found words it was of casual affairs he spoke, jaot of himself nor of their predica ment, and presently they were chat ting as merrily as vhough there Lad been none of the stormy scenes of the afternoon. They were still talking when sud denly they heard footsteps behind fhem and they sprang to their feet. down, because the year 1000 would see the end of the di*-, pensation, if not of the world. And this belief that the end of the world was at hand was almost as universal and as paralyzing in the years of the great plague which ravaged Earope between 1345 and t3oo. London has had its special prophets and panics, as we know from "A True and Faithful Account of What Passed in London on a Rumor o? the Day of Judgment,” to be found in “Swift’s Miscellanies.” It was the famous histon who created this panic by his prophecy that the world would be destroyed on Oct. 13, 1736; and, as London was to be paid the compliment—the reverse of that ex torted from Polyphemus by Ulysses—of being destroyed the first, vast multitudes rushed out of It on the morning of Oct. 13 to see its destruction from the safe vantage grounds of Islington and Hampstead. Twenty-five years later Bell, a soldier of the Life Guards, rushed about the streets of London predicting the destruction of London on April 5, 1761, and was believed by so many thousands of citizens that London was almost emptied for two or three days before that dread date. Islington, Highgate, Hempstead, Harrow and Blackheath were overcrowded with these fugitives; and those who could not pay the exorbitant rents demanded for shelter in these cities of refuge either camped out in the surrounding fields or took refuge in the shipping lu the Thames. PEOPLE WILL ALL BECOME ONE RACE- By Bishop John W. Hamilton. It is undeniable that the race was once one. fj Within \ few generations it will be one again. LI This statement may shock some prejudices, Lut it jrl is true, nevertheless. All races are in progress ay of amalgamation, one with the other. There lr were four great epochal movements during the JL last century, which were almost evenly divided into four periods. These correspond with the verse in the New Testament which says: “There is neither Jew nor Greek; there is neither bond nor free; there is neither male nor female, for ye are all one In Jesus Christ.” The first twenty-five years of the last century saw the finding of the great missionary cities, which, when analyzed, really showed the unity of the ra^e. A COLLEGE EDUCATION TOR WOMEN. By Hiss Thomas. President or Bryn Hawr. _k Apart from the pure joy of it and the profit to the girl herself, all social life will be profoundly LI influenced by the college education of women. g,J The semi-cloistered life of women in the past has ay developed many priceless virtues, such as purity, hr family °ffection, unspoiled enthusiasm, devoted JL religious belief. But in the past women have not been able to work together for a common end. - Loyalty to one another as it is understood among men has been unknown. Good women and good men have seldom been able to stand side by side to fight the worst evils of our civilization because of women’s Ignorance of what is involved in most social questions. Just behind them was a tall clerical man in blue overalls and checked cal ico jumper. “I hope I don’t intrude,” he said, quizzically. “Are you Man Friday?” demanded Nan. “You see we are Mr. and Mrs. Robinsou Crusoe, and our boat is wrecked —or at least I hope it is,” she amended viciously. “I am sorry, Mrs. Crusoe,” lie said, falling in with her humor. “I am Rev. Philip Hardman of Boston, summer ing on this island with my family.” Nan gasped. “Why didn't you think of looking to see if there was any one living there?” she demanded of Dave. “You told me it was deserted,” he said, defensively, “and I supposed you knew. I only came last night,” he added In explanation to the clergyman. “Mrs. Crusoe forgot to tell me about the tide and the boat floated away.” “Come over and have tea,” ruggest ed the clergyman, hospitably, “and I have a boat that will take you over to the hotel.” He strode off, leading the way. and Nan and Dave followed. Once or twice she hummed softly to herself, and Dave could have sworn it was the wedding music from “Lohengrin.” At last, as he was helping her over a rock which barred her path, she held his hand in hers as she lightly dropped be side him. “Dave,” she whispered, “didn’t he say he was a clergyman?” Dave nodded. “The Rev. Philip Hardman,” he afflrmed. “We could fool that gossiping crowd, pretending we did it on purpose.” More than ever Dave marveled at the ways of woman, but they were married before supper, for Dave ex plained to the clergyman that he was afraid she might change her mind again.—George Winthrop, in San Fran cisco Call. Wouldn’t Cost Much. “Altogether too expensive, Gladys,” he said, firmly. “Oh, no, papa,” she pleaded. “It won't cost much.” “My dear child, you mustn't think you can fool your old father just be cause he likes to be generous when he HERO OF PORT ARTHUR. i ni- ( i ■-' i -r. . 1 - , --- - - - - j ’' * r r• ' ' v\ '■: !v*\ v ~ r ~ r *"^T*^**<3i - : . • ' . *""v - / ' General Anatolo Stoossel, the hero of Fort Arthur sand ‘fense. Is by ex traction a German, as is indicated by his name. He occupies a peculiar position in the Russian army, being a specialist In the art of defense. Repeat ed’y he had proved himself a failure as a tactician in the open field, so much so that General Ivuropatkia refined to trust him further with command where maneuvers against an enemy were necessary. However, he recog nized his peculiar ability for defending a position and when the Question of a commander for l’ort Arthur came to be considered by the Crar’s council he insisted that Stoessel be given the post. can,” he said. “I can’t afford any such extravagance.” “But It’s not extravagant, papa,” she urged. “Really it isn’t.” “Didn’t you say the material was $lO a yard?’ “l r es, but—” “And you don't think that’s extrava gant! Why, that’s too much to pay even for a ball gown.” “Of course it is, papa, but you see—” “There’s no use discussing it. I can't throw money away.” “But you don’t understand, papa. Ten dollars a yard sounds like a lot, because you don’t know what I want. You haven’t studied the fashions. It really would cost very little.” “How much?” he asked, in a busi nesslike way. “I don’t want any gen eralities. How much ?” "Well,” she said, thoughtfully, knit ting her brows, “I don’t see how the whole bathing suit can cost over $3.50.” He Got Them. “Gentlemen,” began the fakir as he arranged numerous bottles on a little table at a downtown street corner and prepared for business, “has anyone in this crowd got a toothache?” but no one advanced. "Has anyone an earache or a head ache?” Not a man had anything to say. “Very well, then; but are you troubled with insomnia? Are you low spirited, and do you find yourself thinking of suicide?” The appeal was like the other—ln vain. The crowd elbowed each other, but no one advanced. “Very well, gentlemen; very well. Now, Is there anyone here who in dulges in intoxicants and wishes to conceal the fact from the women folk? If so, I guarantee that one drop of this marvelous preparation placed on the tongue will Instantly remove the odor of any—” There was a mad rush from all di rections, and for the next five min utes he gave change and passed out the bottles with both hands. Somehow no one Is ever very sorry when a man is held up in a saloon. ROPED A CALIFORNIA UON. Novel Mafiaer In Which k Seven-Foot Animal Was Killed by Cowboy. A fight worthy of being recounted in any tale of thrilling adventure was enacted last week on the Morrow ranch, which lies on the Mount Hamil ton range extending from the observa tory south for many miles. During the last month E. F. Robinson, fore man of the ranch, had noticed that their young colts were decreasing in numbers with alarming rapidity. Al most every morning the mangled car cass of a colt would be found. Tracks nround the slaughtered animals told the story of the mountain lion. A close watch was kept, but the depre dations continued as before and the lion evaded all efforts to kill him or drive him away. One morning Robinson, with a bunch tf cowboys, was rounding up some stock in a remote section of the ranch when the dog with them started a large animal in a thicket. They tried to send the dog into the bushes, bcl he cowered away. Suddenly an im mense California lion left the cover and rnn np a large oak tree near by. There were no weapons in the crowd and Robinson was afraid to send one of the men to the wagon for a rifle lest they lose eight entirely of the animal. Accordingly they formed a cordon nronnd the tree and let out their riatas at the lion. The animal stood at bay and warded off the rawhides with his paws. The men had almost despaired of accomplishing anything when Selby Trimble, the crack rider of the Morrow ranch, volunteered to leave the circle and climb a nearby tree to endeavor to cast the rope In a different man ner. He did this at the risk of his life. After repeated failures he suc ceeded when the lion’s head was turn ed the opposite way. The other riatas fell quickly one after the other and the animal was hanged then and there. The skin Is in beautiful condition and measures over seven feet from tip to tip. It is at present at the Santa Clara tannery.—San Jose Daily Mer cury. COTTON IN DUTCH COLONIES. Government to Cooperate with Citi zens in Promoting the Culture. In the Netherlands a committee has been formed for the promotion of the culture of cotton in the Dutch colonies, according to a report from United States Consul Pitcairn. The Dutch government is reported to have prom ised Its support and assistance. A re peat recently published by the commit tee had annexed to it as exhibits copies of letters from Surinam containing in formation on the result of culture, by way of experiment of sea island and upland cotton. Samples accompanying such letters furnished proof of the possibility of successful culture. Experiments In the culture of cotton have been made on the island of Java also, two different species having been planted, of which one is domestic and the other was imported from the Unit ed States in 1861. The latter is said to have a longer staple than the for mer. The exports of cotton from the Dutch East Indies In the year 1902 amounted to 5,300 tons, of which al most one-half was of Javanese growth. The administration of the residency of Samarang, the chief center of the cotton culture, is promoting and pro tecting the interests of the cotton planters In every respc 1 . The gov ernment his placed at the disposal of the said administration the sum of $2,- 416, to be used as loans and advance ments to the native population for im provements and extension of the cot ton culture. Another report has been received from Paramaribo, in which it is said that extensive experiments are also being made in that district. The Dutch committee, the experi ments having now sufficiently ad vanced, intends to establish a perma nent business office. Old Lady and tho Lawyer. A certain lawyer, famed for high charges, had incurred the enmity of an old lady on account of the same. Wishing to get even with him she consulted him about drafting her will. As she was a very wealthy old lady without near relatives, she had many charitable associations to benefit, and th# accurate draft of the will required much patience, skill and time. Among the provisions she made & generous bequest to this lawyer and nominated him executor. After the execution of the will she called for her bill, whereupon the law yer, with the vision of ample fees in the prospective settlement of the es tate and the memory of the generous bequest, told the old lady that under the circumstances he should charge nothing, but finally to satisfy her busi ness scruples, made out a receipt in full to date for a sl, whereas tho smallest sum he could have properly charged would have been SIOO. The old lady marched home with her will, set herself to work, copied it out carefully word for word, leaving put the bequest to the lawyer and nominating anew executor. In the course of time she died, and the disgust of the lawyer at the con tents of the will was so great that he Inadvertently let out the secret to tho huge delight of his brother lawyers. —Leslie’s Monthly Magazine. Athletics and Consumption. There must be no exercise as exer cise for the consumption patient. If you are able to feel like it, amuse yourself, but don’t take exercise to build your system up. I know. I, too, have heard those stories about men given up to die, who began work in a gymnasium, and by violent exercise entirely recovered their health. You mustn’t believe all the physical culture people tell you, any more than all the patent medicine people tell you. : They're both in the miracle business. | when the lung tissue is attacked by ; tuberculosis it heals, if it heal* at : all, by t*< fibrous scar-material filling !in the cavity. No new lung tissue is formed to replace what has been lost, and this scar material la useless for breathing. Suppose you had a deep cut lu your hand and you kept w*rk tng that hand violently, how long do vou think it would take the cut to heal? When exercise is taken or you ! “expand the lungs.” you have to work ! the lung tissue just as you work your i hand, and if it- is wounded there will j be a much larger proportion of scar material useless for breathing when it does get well. —Everybocy'i Magazine, So the Poor Dog Was Gone. Old Mother Hubbard went to the cupboard and rubbered. The cupboard was bare. She looked mournfully at her poor dog. Then an idea struck her. And she had sausage for supper.— Cleveland Plain Dealer. The Marguerite style of wearing the hair at least affords great opportunities for Marguerite's brothers to pull It GOVERNOR 1A fOILETTE’S MESSAGE TO EEGISEATEIRE, GOV. BOBKIIT M. I.A FOLLETTE. Governor La Follette’s third bien nial message was read by the Gov ernor In person to the joint session of the Legislature. It was probably the longest executive message ever deliv ered to any legislative body In the United States. The reading took near ly four hours and much of the message was omitted for oral delivery, but an unabridged version in pamphlet form was handed to the members. It makes a printed document of 14 pages. There is an average of something over 400 words to the page, which means not far short of 50,000 words in the mes sage—and many of them are long words at that. The message is in fact a treatise, discussing voluminously, if not exhaustively, a number of import ant subjects, A comprehensive system of State, county and municipal civil service, the multiplication of taxes on corporations, and particularly on railroads and life Insurance companies, and increased ap propriations for education and general State institutions, an* the leading fea tures of the message. The greater portion of the voluminous document was devoted to the presentation of statements and arguments relating to the railroad rate commission, the Gov ernor using some of the campaign ma terial so often called attention to dur ing the past two or three years. In brief the message recommends the establishment of a railroad rate commission with adequate power to regulate transportation charges, train service, ard adjust all complaints. It advocates legislation providing for an Increase in the taxes of electric rail ways and recommends that these cor porations be taxed upon the ad valor em basis instead of paying a license fee upon earnings. It recommends changes in the laws taxing telegraph companies and calls attention to the discrimination practiced against Wis consin insurance companies in favor of foreign companies and recommends a change in the law governing the pay ment and amount of their licenses. The message recommends the adoption of a constitutional amendment favor ing an income tax and also calls for the re-enactment of a law providing for the taxation of mortgages. It rec ommends a State civil service law aud calls for legislation whereby the rec ords of any department of the State governrtfcuit can be Investigated. Opens with Review of Finances. The message opens with a statement of the condition of the State finances, saying that, on .lan. 1, 1901, there was a net balance of $4,125.44, with appro priations of $330,840.84 unpaid. Jan. 1, 1905, the message says, there was $407,- 500.85 in the general fund. As an expla nation the message says: "The balance now in the general fund, ■while extremely gratifying, conveys no information of the extraordinary condi tion of the State finances which has pre vailed during the last two years, a con dition which enabled the State officers authorized by law to omit all taxes for State purposes for the years 1903 and 1904. The only tax levied during these two years was for the support of the common schools. This can in no sense be regarded ns a State tax, since no part of it is used to defray the expenses of State government. All of the money col lected under the mill tax, as amended, and in addition $200,000 from the gen eral fund, is distributed among the coun ties, cities, and villages of the State, and is used for the support of the common schools. “During the years 1903 and 1904 there was a large surplus in the State treas ury, and it was clear that the public wel fare demanded that such surplus should be applied to the State tax levy. It was so applied in accordance with statutory enactment, with the result that during this biennial period the people of the State were relieved of $1,885,140 of di rect taxes. In addition to this sum, and for the same period, $400,000 was trans ferred from the general fund to the com mon school fund income. “This is the first time in the history of Wisconsin that the condition of the gen eral fund has been such as to warrant the complete remission of all taxes for administrative purposes. This was possi ble because of the increased revenues of the State, resulting from a rigid enforce ment of the statutes requiring payment of certain fees to the State; by collection from the federal government of Civil War claims amounting to $460,43(5210, and by the increase of taxes upon the railroad property of the State.” In addition to this statement the mes sage says there is $545,942 in railroad taxes still to be collected. He then takes up the question of the responsibility for the care of the State’s funds, saying that early in the year there will be under the control of the treasurer about $3,000,000. The message then says: "The moneys may all be withdrawn upon check signed by the State Treasurer alone and securities all be negotiated by his simple indorsement. It will be ad mitted by all that the unlimited power to dispose of the funds and securities of the State ought not to be kid cod in a single individual or officer. A dishonest official in the absence of a legal check or re straint upon him might easily deplete the treasury and cripple the conduct of pub lic business. The Legislature cannot act too swiftly in correcting these defects by the enactment of efficient laws applica ble to the subject." Strong Against Railroads. The Governor argues for vigorous en forcement of inheritance tax and enact ment of graduated income tax law; laws for the protection of railroad employes by the improvement of railroad appara tus and by shorter hours of labor; effec tive anti-trust legislation; restrictions of corporations in politics and in lobbying at the Legislature: provisions for the possible quick ousting of incompetent or violent municipal officials; a munici pal referendum system; appointment of a woman on State board of control, and anew eapitol to cost $5,000,000. to take tha place of that partially destroyed by fire last February. Gov. La Follette ridicules the claim of the railroads that ‘‘scientists are re quired for the difficult work of making rata schedules.” and quotes Wisconsin schedules to support his claim that tha only science of rate-making possessed by the companies to-day is to charge all that the traffic will stand. lie reviews the interstate commerce commission and argues that railroad rates, being virtually a public transpor tation tax. should be fixed and absolutely controlled by railroad rate commissions. lie goes after corporation lobbyists, State and national, branding them as public enemies and engaged in defc-ating the will of the people. Tax on Life Insurance. The message dealing wit if nfe insur ance companies says: “Each life insur ance company doing business in this State ought to bear its just aud equal burden of taxation without reference to the fact that other States may or may not impose such burden fairly or justly. No person or corporation should be called upon or permitted to pay more than his or its just and equal share of taxation here, in order that he. or it, may derive a special benefit therefrom in some other jurisdiction. “It is not recommended that the tax upon life insurance companies be meas ured by premium receipts. It can readiiy be seen that a company with large assets may not collect premium receipts corre sponding therewith in any given year; while, on the other hand, a company with very small assets may collect large re ceipts in any given year. It is unm*ces sary to give examides of this. Many are readily found in the insurance re ports. Tax Cash Values on Policies. “The only tax that appeals to our sense of justice is a tax based upon the cash value of the policies—that is the equity of the policies in the assets of the company. This includes both reserve aud surplus. It would be equivalent to taxing the policies on their investment value in the hands of the owner. But, to make the administration of the tax economical and effective, it should be levied upon the company. “To avoid double taxation, the value of real estate and United States bonds owned by the company should be deduct ed from the gross assets before making the levy, for real estate is usually taxed locally ami United States bonds are ex empt. All policy holders in the State would then be taxed on the same basis and there would be no incentive for the insuring public to patronize foreign com panies in preference to home companies. The tax would be more uniform and more productive than at present. At the average rate in the Sta.e the tax on life insurance values would produce about §400,000 instead of $278,000, as under the present law.” Thrust at the Railroads, Relative to the railroads. Gov. La Toi lette has this to say: “Independently of the question of excessive freight charges, the State should no longer allow a rail way corporation to control without su pervision, absolutely and arbitrarily, the commerce of Wisconsin, and through con trol of that commerce determine what villages shall become cities, what cities become great markets, and dictate as to business supremacy in every industry. Whatever temporary reductions may have been made for business reasons, a study of railway tariffs in force in Wis consin now discloses: “1. Wisconsin rates are still higher than the rates charged under substantial ly similar conditions on State traffic in the neighboring States of Illinois and lowa, where the rates are regulated by law. “2. Interstate rates in Wisconsin are generally higher than rates in Illinois and lowa. Guilty of Discrimination. “3. Rates charged on traffic in Wis consin on the whole yield a gross income to the railroads considerably above the amounts required for all operating ex penses, for maintenance of property and for a fair interest or profit on the cost of the roads. “4. The railway companies are guilty of gross discriminations in favor of cer tain shippers, and their discriminations as between favored shippers are likewise rankly unjust, resulting in the upbuilding of monopoly, controlling production and markets alike. “The fact that the railroads have such complete control over the rates has given them control over commerce of far-reach ing effect. It is easily in their power to destroy cities and villages or build them up in wealth and power. They have but to raise rates in one case aud lower them in another, or afford supe rior facilities in one case or inadequate service in another. Industrial Combinations. . “The same spirit which promoted con solidation of the railways of the coun try into six great systems,” continues the message, “operates with powerful ef fect in concentrating shipments with a view to large traffic transactions. If in a position to make terms without inter ference, the railway companies cap vary the rate slightly to the advantage of one company or combination, with the ulti mate effect of concentrating business completely with the shippers so favored. “Discriminations of this class are most pernicious. They create conditions under which it is impossible for those not so favored to continue in business. They mean ruin to all who do not receive them. The ones favored prosper; others fail. Rebates are not given to those struggling for a footing, but to those who can furnish the most business to the rail ways. Discriminations between individ uals are usually made in the form of a rebate to those favored. Such rebates are paid out of the increased rate ex acted from the many shippers and by maintaining hign rates for the general public. Time for Decisive Action. “The great trusts and combinations of the country owe their life and are largely dependent for their existence upon spe cial rates, special privileges and close association with the great railway sys tems. “The time has come for decisive ac tion. The control of the price of coal and iron and the food products and other basic elements of our commercial life by trust organizations in connection with the great transportation systems of the country is absolutely destructive of in dustrial and commercial independence. Industrial and commercial servitude in the final analysis is absolutely destruc tive of political independence. It is time to look to the government for relief, and, for its own sake, no power short of tie government itself is adequate now to meet existing cona.iions." Denounces Legislative Lobby. Gov. Lo Toilette declares a system of lobbying, more reprehensible in its char acter than lias yet been suggested to the public, has been maintained about the legislature fov many years and urges the “enactment of a law that shall make it an offense punishable by money penalty and by imprisonment as well for any lobby agent or lobby repre sentative. employed and paid for his ser vices by others, to attempt personaily and directly to influence- any member of the Legislature to Tote for or a sruiix. any mc&sure sifiectiflj? the iuterests repre seated by such lobbyist. 1„e participation in government of the corporat,* oll as a corporation is charac terized a menace. “Its action, the Gov ernor says, "is governed by no sense of individual or personal responsibility. It is controlled by no sentiment of patriot ism. Corporations are organized for profit and gain, and enter the field of politics solely in the interests of the business for winch they are created. “I believe it to be vitally important tb't corporations should be prohibited from contributing money for political purposes. I, therefore, recommend that contributions of this character be pro hibited by law. “lour attention is likewise directed to the necessity of legislation prohibit ing corporations, through their officials or otherwise, from exercising any control over the political action of their em ployes. I recommend the adoption of a law prohibiting, under severe penalties, any corporation or other employer from interfering in any manner with the free and independent exercise of the right of suffrage on the part of any employe.” The Message in Paragrapi.s. Following are important paragraphs from Governor La Toilette’s volumin ous message to the Legislature: It will be admitted by all that the un limited power to dispose of the funds and securities of the State ought not to be lodged in a single individual or officer. The present tax commission will go out of existence on May 1, 1900. aud there is at present no law providing for its con tinuance beyond that date. The electric railways of this State were at first organized and operated as urban, for the purpose of carrying pas sengers only. Many of them have now become interurlmn and common carriers of passengers and freight. Each life insurance company doing business in this State ought to bear its just and equui burden of taxation with out reference to the fact that other States may or may not impose such bur den fairly or justly. These same railroad companies have systematically defrauded the State for years, by falsifying the reports of their gross earuings. Under any system of taxation which the State may adept it must contest with these corporations to the last limit of all possible opposition, in order to re cover the taxes which they ought to pay cheerfully in support of the government which charters them to conduct their business and extends to them every pro tection which the law can afford. The State fails in one of the essen tials of government when it permits a railway company to leave a populous and productive area l , like that between Madi son and Prairie du t'hien, with a rail way service so deplorably bad as to cause con i null public protest for years with out any redress whatever. Asa mere carrier of the products of others the railroads have no right to show favoritism to individuals or to dis criminate between places. Whatever temporary reductions may have been made for political reasons, * * ■* Wisconsin rates are still higher than the rates charged under substan tially similar conditions on State traffic in the neighboring States of Illinois and lowa, where these rates are regulated by law. The railroads are entitled to receive from the public a reasonable profit, in terest, or return upon the capital invest ed in conducting the business in which they are engaged. If legislation were necessary to insure- this it would be the duty of the Legislature to pass, and of the executive to approve, such legislation. The character of the service is quite as important to the business interests and to the people of every coiuniuirty as is the cost of the service. The great trusts ami combinations of the country owe their life to and are largely dependent for their existence upon special rates, special privileges, aud close association with the great railway systems. It is certainly wise to provide, with all possible speed, against any further over capitalization of either steam or electric railroads within the State, or any over capitalization of such other lines as may from time to time be constructed. The commission should have authority to require the railway companies, upon reasonable notice, to furnish all the cars requisite to accommodate shippers. The commission should be authorized to require reasonably adequate train ser vice on all lines, designating, wherever the action of the railway company makes it necessary, the minimum number of trains that shall run at convenient hours for the traveling public to reach centers of trade, and reasonable connection with the service of other lines; to provide proper station accommodations and tele graph service. In Wisconsin at present the railroads are supreme. However technical and scientific rate making is in the abstract, as practiced by the railroads, there is little of scien tific application and less justice. Party preference or prejudice should in no way influence the selection of mem bers of this (the railroad) commission. They should be men of the highest in tegrity, of marked industry, and who possess special fitness and. power for the important service demanded of them. Protection from danger to life and limb of travelers and trainmen on rail way cars should be safeguarded by the use of every modern appliance known to be efficient. The participation in government of the corporation as a corporation is a menace. Its action is governed by no sense of in dividual or personal responsibility. Grants if public service franchises di rectly asr< inst the city’s interests are so common as to become the rule rather than the exception. Largest Flower in World. The rafflesia is a strange plant. It grows in Sumatra and derives its name from Sir Stamford Raffles, governor of Sumatra at one time, and his friend Dr. Arnold, a naturalist, says the De troit News-Tribune. They were tbe first w r hite men to discover the won derful plant. It is said to be the larg est and most magnificent flower in the world. It is composed of five roundish pet als. each a foot across and of a brick red color, covered with numerous Irreg ular yellowish white swellings. The petals surround a cup nearly a foot wide, the margin of which bears tbe stamens. This cup is filled with a fleshy disk, the upper surface of which Is every where covered with projections like miniature cow's horns. The cup when free from its contents wouhl hold about twelve pints of water. The flower weighs fifteen pounds. It is very thick, the petals being three-quar ters of an Inch in thickness. With its beauty one Is led to expect sweetness, but its odor is that of taint ed beef, and Dr. Arnold supposed that even the flies were deceived by the smell and were depositing their eggs in the thick disk, taking it for a piece of carrion. the Colonel’s Lively Fancy. “Dis yer thing you call yo’ imagina tion is mighty funny thing." “How come':” “Well, thick ice on de groun’ en <je knnnel swearin’ it's summer time des kaze he sees snakes!''—Atlanta Consti tution. One of the most serious problems before Congress is the question what, if anything, can be done to regulate the operations of great corporations for the protection of the public with out interfering with the legitimate de velopment of capital or coming into collision with the reserved rights of the States under the constitution. Com missioner James R. Garfield of the Bu reau of Corporations, in his first annu al report, recommends the adoption of a system under which all corporations which do an interstate business should be required to have a national fran chise or license. He would make con formity with all necessary require ments regarding corporate organization and management a condition to the grant of such a license, aud the mak ing of all required reports and returns a condition to its retention, and would shut out from interstate and foreign commerce all corporation* which did not hold such a license. He argues that some such system as tills is need ed to correct existing abuses arising from the practice of chartering cor porations in States whose laws are lax to carry on business in other States to the laws of which they cannot be held accountable because of their incorpora tion elsewhere. Professor Harvey W. Wiley, of Washington, is one of the n0.4 notable chemists in America, and he has made excellent use of hi* knowledge. None f of his efforts to diffuse knowledge. 41 however, has made 17 such a firm irapros fcggjjra. ’ 1 -sion on the public / /A mind as have hi* experiments to de termine the effect Cf* produced on the hu- Jlitw*' man system by the h. w. Wiley. preservatives used by manufacturer* of canned goods. For i tu* purpose of accurate observation Professor Wiley organized a “poison squad” composed of a dozen healthy young employes of the agricultural department, who were fed on suspected foods for a certain length of time. The claims of manu facturers and others that these goods wore harmless have lieen disproved by the “poison squad's” experience. The members of it were all made ill save one, and he “had rheumatism.” It is possible without straining the system of government or subverting any of the vital principles upon which the republic is founded to lengthen the second session of the retiring Congress in order to administer the oath to the President at a season when an outdoor pageant is possible and safe and when great numbers of the people can, with* out danger to their lives, assemble to witness the supreme act of free gov ernment. Considering the volume of sentiment on this subject, the urgent practical reason in favor of the change and the utter lack of reasonable objec tions, tin* marvel is that the necessary amendment has not long ago been adopted, relieving this country of a four-yearly menace. v p. The Senate’s youngest man after' next March promises to be Representa tive Burkett of Nebraska, who has thirty-seven years to his credit. Hi* prospective honors may be taken away should the State Legislatures that elect next month pick up some young colt not now in the public eye. Although the Senate Is supposed to bo composed largely of old men arid although the oldsters arc still very numerous, three score and ten being no distinction whatever there, young men are rapidly ginning the seats. Mr. Hemenway* who will be the next Senator from Indiana, is 44. He and his colleague, Senator Beveridge, who is 42. will be among the youngest men in the Senate. But Senator Dick of Ohio, who suc ceeds Senator Hanna, an old man, is only 40. ■Seaker Cannon is wielding a gavel made from a piece of dogwood which grew on khe farm where he was horn, near Guilford, N. C. Jolm C. Fox, of that place, presented it to Mr. Cannon. “Uucle Joe” was delighted to get the relic, and assured Mr. Fox that he would take the best of care of it. “But you know,” he added, “the life of a gavel in the House of Representatives is a short, inert y and difficult one. It has a rough road to travel and is sub jected to a great many hard knocks. It doesn’t lead the simple life, by a considerable sight.” While the American Congress is con sidering bills admitting the last of the territories as States, the Canadians are planning to carve two provinces out of the Northwest Territories, with self government similar to that enjoyed by the other Canadian provin Naval estimates for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1900. aggregate $114.- 530,038, an imrease of $17,372,448 over the last appropriation. The estimate for the Navy Department proper is $708,010. The estimate for the pay of the navy is an increase of $075,907 over the last appropriation. President Roosevelt gave the first tat dinner of the season at the White House. Eighty guests were present, members of the cabinet being the guests of honor. The daily milk supply of Washing ton amounts to about 12.50-' gallon*. The dairies shipping tin- milk are sub ject to rigid inspection by health offi cers. The milk must contain 3.5 per cent of fat. instead of the 3 per cent required in many other sections. The United States governmment i* losing patience with Ven<*zuela. and it is quite likely that the admlnistra tion’s “big stick” will be used in the near future to teach President Castro a lesson. The United States has 75,000 post offices and 500,000 miles of postal routes, with a yearly travel over them amounting to 500.000.(X>b miles. The service costs over $150,000,000 a year. The receipts now almost equal the ex penditures, and have doubled In the last ten years. Representative Foss recommended Jo seph F. Ward, president of the City Na tional Bank of Kvanston. 111., cs the dis bursing officer for the $90,000 to be ex' pended for work on tbs Kvauaton fed ere! building.