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1 jo constant setting makes the hens of bad disposition and difficult to man age. The poultry quarters should be thor oughly ■whitewashed inside and out frequently. Make walks of coal ashes instead of scattering them promiscuously about the back yard. Little chicks have no teeth and must have sand, crushed bone, shell and charcoal in some form. lousy hens are the cause of much debility, sickness and death among the young breeds they hatch out. Twenty years from now it will be common to hear this question asked; “Did you vaccinate your land last year?” (trowing clover will do more to seep up or restore the land to fertility than any other crop that can be grown, if properly managed. Fowls seldom tire of milk. They may eat too much grain or meat for their health, but milk in any form is palatable and ■wholesome. Corn in the crih has the appearance of being money in the bank. It means about the same thing and many are not rushing the produce to market. In sheep and swine early maturity are pertinent requisites. Slow grow ers are poor money makers. Some men w'ho cannot do well with hogs will succeed with sheep. Four wide boards arranged in the form or a square with a tight cover ove r one corner makes a convenient plaje for ducks and may be moved to fresh ground easily. Letting the mud freeze on the wheels and other parts of a buggy is a good way to make a job for a paint er. Water is cheaper than paint. El bow grease also lias its virtue. Call time on the old hens and see that they contribute to the poultry market before they cause a loss. This Is a lesson that many have to learn at a loss. It seldom pays to keep hens after their second summer. A point that all fruit growers should bear in mind is that the city resi dent has little room for storage, and hence will pay much higher prices in proportion for good fruit in small pack ages than ordinary fruit in large pack ages. The man behind the plow has laid up for winter. The man behind the gun has become entrenched on Manchuria’s hills. but the man behind the meal bag is still doing business at the old stand on a dairy farm where the cows are still responding to the generous feeds giveu by b m. The very extravagant claim is made that the seedless apple is also a bloom less apple, and that worms cannot live in them because of the absence of seeds, and that it is, therefore, worm less. Let the codling moth have a squint at the mnv variety. Why can’t it be made frost-proof? When the new corn husking ma chine gets to working to perfection and will li isk from seven to ten acres daily there will be little demand for the man with tae “husking peg.” The champion corn busker will join the ranks of the champion sheep shearer who lias laid down his laurels to the sheep shearing machine. A large ear of corn will contain more grains of corn i. • a small ear. All will recognize that fact, and yet there is a feeling among corn grow ers that is not favorable to mammoth ears. The smaller ear is quicker to dry out and is much easier husked. A medium ear is desired and one should be on every stalk and the stalks well distributed over an acre. Don’t get an idea that a hog can not be overfed, for it is easy to over feed a hog. An excess of feed leads to disease of blood, liver and bowels. Only a certain amount of feed can be assimilated by an animal, and ail over the actual requirement will lie In the intestinal canal to putrefy and evolve deleterious gases which, being absorbed, produce a serious effect on the blood. The manufacture of potato flour is a very important industry in Austria. Corn starch is , ractically unknown in that country, potato flour being sub stituted. It is said to be cheaper than w'aont flour and makes a beautiful light cake. The potatoes are machined so as to separate the starch from the cells after which it is refined, cleansed and dried. Trie residue is fed to stock, stock. I'pon the advent of steam engines there was a letting up of improve ment of power to be obtained on swift flowing streams. Now there is a re vival of the old time water power which has come largely because bf its cheapness. Gasoline engines are also coming iuto prominence. The great lesson of economy is coming and some of us may as well get ready for it. Butter is such a common artlcie that we seldom think of it us an ar tlcie of medicine. Nothing can take the place of bread and butter. Asa delicate fat it is an oil that far sur passes cod liver oil. It is full of energy and power and it is considered ptH>r economy to oat sparingly of but ter. Butter is said to be a curative of consumption where it can be digest ed properly by the patient. “Ought the women folks to go about the stable Sure they ought. There is nothing like having women folks who can look after some of the stable chores when the men are away, or be abb Ht-'h up a horse, or two of them, if needed. Let the horses become acquainted with the women niul they will be n'l the more gentle. Vicious horses sh( uid not In* kept where they can do damage. According to lowa Homestead, no other grain in the history of the world has made the strides that durum wheat ■ft.* jn two years it has increased ti 2 per cent, or from 100,000 in 1901 K 6,000,000 in 1903. This grain Ls now commanding prices considerably above the dollar mark, and recent discovery has led to the fact that it makes good bread. It is know r n as macaroni wheat, and has many traits of hardihood not found in ordinary wheat. It is a commbn occurrence for a son of a rich man to begon where his father left off and to end up where his father began. This is compara tively easy and is too often the case among sons of rich men. “It is not all of life to live nor all of death to die,” neither is It all of a man’s life to make money, but one can at least partially succeed in what he under takes. Success is far better than riches. What is the measure of your success ? One thing in favor of the goat is that it is little subject to disease Whether this is true of all of our common diseases we do not know. Doubtless the goat is subject to some disease. At least it is asserted that the goat does not have tuberculosis. If this is so it is a strong factor in its favor. Its milk should in that case, be used more and more, and new and better breeds of milk goats should be developed. We are sup posed to have about two million goats in this country. A physician says that we should have twenty millions just to supply milk for the babies of the country. I have used the following formula t„. solution to kill borers in apple and peach tree: One can of Banner lye; one quart of coarse salt; twenty gallons of water; mix and bring to a boil. Remove a small amount of the ground from the root of the tree and pour a quart of the solution about the tree one foot above the ground. In doing this you will destroy all undeveloped eggs or germs about the tree. In a week or ten days replace the soil about the tree that was re moved. It is better to pour the so lution about the tree as hot as pos sible. When one has a large orchard use a kettle stove. By thus doing you lose but little of the heat. This solu tion (if used as directed) has given good results, and I am glad to have others use it. —Exchange. Cannery Crops Uncertain. The growing of crops for the fac tory has enough uncertainty about it to give it the zest of speculation. This has been made manifest in the recent experience with tomatoes. The chances of drought, early autumn frosts, blight and similar adversities greatly affect the yield of fruit per acre. The yield is also influenced largely by the richness and adaptabil ity of the soil to the tomatoes. There fore, owing to conditions which may and those which may not be controll ed by the farmer, the income per acre lias varied from $lO to $230. This makes it possible to lose heavily or make handsomely in growing toma toes. Grass in the Orchard. Horticulturists and fruit growers have long known that grasses are in jurious to young apple trees, but it seems that they were wrong in at tributing the injury to interference with the air. tlie water and the food supply of tlie trees. Carefully con ducted experiments and observations at tlie Wodburn experimental fruit farm in England have shown, how ever, that there is some direct or in direct product of grass growth that lias an active poisonous effect on the roots of the trees. It is also suggest ed that the so-called exhaustion of the soil by certain plants, preventing tlie subsequent growth of other plants in the same ground, may be due really to some poisonous product left by the first plants. Begin Feeding Roots. Roots, such as carrots, turnips, mangels and potatoes may be fed profitably to cows, swine, sheep and poultry- In feeding to sheep it is best to start in with a small quantity un til they are used to them, else they are apt to have scours. There are many ways of feeding the roots, but, a? a rule, they should be fed by them selves and in rather small quantities, more as an appetizer than anything else. In feeding them to poultry it is a good plan to fet’d on- 1 lot chop ped up in very small pieces and mix ed with some grain, like corn meal. Ii >s a good plan to cook small po tatoes and mix them in the bran mash which is fed in the morning. An other day a lot of carrots, chopped small, about the size of a kernel of corn, this to be fed at noon in the trough, followed by a smaller feed than usual of grain scattered through the ehaff on the scratching shod floor. In feeding to hogs put the roots n the trough without any slop and in pieces of quite good size, for the hogs prefer to have them this way. An occasional feed of roots from now on until spring will do the stock a great deal of good. Forcing Fowls to Moult. Many poultrymen have tried the so called Van Dresser plan of forcing fowls to moult early and have met with varying degrees of success. The plan consists of placing the fowls in a run of rather limited dimensions and giving them as little food as possible, and yet sustaining life for two weeks The writer tried the plan for the second season last year and with sat isfactory results in the case of Leg horns. but only fair results with Plymouth Rocks. The plan of feed ing was to scatter in the runs some small grain like wheat, mixing with it a small quantity of oil meal. The quantity was sufficient to give each fowl about the equivalent of a tea spoonful of grain, provided she got lier share. At the end of two weeks the hens were again fed liberally and on the usual variety of rations. The experi ment was made in August and in four weeks most of the Leghorns had their new sun k of feathers and were be ginning to lay. The Plymouth Rooks dragged along for from six to ten weeks before all of them were laying again. There is enough in the plan to warrant trying it and if the results obtained with the Leghorns could be generally brought about it would give lmuUrymen eggs much earlier in the fall than now. WISCONSIN’S RECORD. FAITHFULLY TOLD IN READABLE SHAPE. Chase Wolves with Ice Yacht—Fisher men Suffer on Ice in Lake—Missing Man Found Beside Railway—Fatali ties by Work of Corn Bhrcdder. Frank Pierson and Orlando Baker of Janesville chased two grey wolves with an ice yacht on Lake Koshkonong while wolves were making their way to wards tlie creek point. When the wolves saw they were pursued they raced for whore and the boat had nearly over* a ken them when they reached the timber laud and disappeared. They were large, lean beasts, the first that have been seen in Rock county in fiften years, and a hunt is being organized by the hunt club mem bers to trail them down. Almost Starve on the Ice. The last of the missing fishermen who were carried out on the bay recently have returned home to Marinette, having reached the main shore sixteen miles nortli of Menominee. The men experi enced privation and cold, as the wind blew a hurricane for several hours, and it was impossible for them to see ahead. They stayed in fish houses on the ice, believing that the ice would not break up until the storm subsided, blit they were without food for twenty hours. Deadly Corn Shredders. “I am convinced that move men are maimed for life by corn shredders in this section of the country each year than are hurt to the same degree by rail roads.” This was tlie astonishing state ment made by Dr. Charles McCarthy, legislative librarian of the State. Mr. McCarthy and Dean Henry are prepar ing statistics to show the great need for regulation of the use of corn shredders. Prof. Richard T. Ely regards the ques tion as one of great importance. Missing Man Found Dead. The body of Albert W. Stellick, miss ing for several days, was found by his brother, frozen stiff and with the head crushed to a pulp, beside the tracks of the Burlington near the rear of the old Guild bottling works in La Crosse. The body was covered with snow and had been concealed by it for a day. It is supposed that Stellick was struck by a Burlington limited. He was a boiler maker. Church Treasurer Kills Himself. \\ illiam Roliloff, street commissioner of Appleton, committed suicide. He was also secretary-treasurer of tlie St. Paul Lutheran church, and had an appoint ment with the trustees of tlie church tlie same afternoon, when i. e was to present his report. Instead of going to the church he went to his office in the city hall, where he killed himself. Tlie cause of suicide is unknown. She Was Careless Herself. After being out twenty-seven hours, the jury in the damage suit of Augusta Hints, a domestic, against James L. Wells, superintendent of the Girard Lum ber Company at Dunbar, brought in a verdict for the defendant. Miss Hintz was injured by tlie explosion of a can of gasoline while lighting tlie kitchen fire. She claimed $15,000 damages, but the jury found the accident due to careless ness. Lawyer Heads Thieves. Fred Kingsley, leader of the gang of “yegginen” sent to tlie penitentiary from La Crosse and Trempealeau counties re cently, is a young attorney of good fam ily who lias been admitted to practice in Minnesota. A determined effort will be made to secure a pardon for him. The name “Kingsley” is assumed, and his friends refuse to reveal his real name. Within Our Borders* The Casco Novelty Company’s plant at Casco was destroyed by fire with a loss of $30,000. Fire destroyed the Richardson restau rant building in Richland Center, togeth er with all its contents. John Maney, aged 55, a former resi dent of Fort Winnebago, was killed in a fight at Kowitch Mountain, Neb. Two Janesville men claim to have been cured of dyspepsia by taking capsules filled with clean sand and table salt. In Pewaukee the harness shop of Wil liam O’Connor and the grocery of Arthur Caldwell were burned with a loss of about $2,000. John Comstock, Janesville’s new city marshal, arrested W. 11. Gavney for keeping his place of business open after 11 o’clock. Gavney pleaded guilty and paid a fine of $25. The election of J. E. Keizer as super visor of assessments of La Crosse county has been declared illegal by the State tax commission. At the time of his elec tion Keizer was a member of the county board of supervisors. A dog claimed by former Sheriff G. G. Lang of La Crosse and Otto Rippe of Flokah lias caused an expensive lawsuit. Rippe and Lang’s son were arrested and civil suits were started. The two claim ants have now agreed to stop fighting and divide the costs, amounting to sev eral hundred dollars. Lang keeps the dog. Because of the trouble that has re sulted in several priests leaving the church, Archbishop Messmer of Milwau kee refuses to appoint anew priest in charge of St. Mary's Polish Catholic church in Manitowoc, and has given his consent to close the parish school. In an open 'etter to the congregation the arch bishop declares the parish lias been the cause of much scandal to Catholics and non-Catiiolics having ‘’permitted a few big mouthed, self-appointed leaders, who get their ideas of church government in tlie saloons and their inspiration from lager beer and bad whisky, to rule the church.” Mrs. Arthur Gardner, wife of the well known professional bicycle rider, was at tacked by a footpad in Kenosha. The man grasped her pocket book, but she fought him until an approaching car forced him to take to his heels. Robert Kreiger, who was brought to the Janesville county house afflicted with what was believed to be horse glanders, died the other day. The case puzzled every physician who investigated it and no method of effecting a cure could be found. His wife and children fled to Brooklyn immediately after he was taken from his home. Arthur Wilson, a 19-year-old boy, is mysteriously missing from the town of Pleasant Prairie. He went to Kenosha the other day and has not been heard from since. Mrs. Catherine Lubawa. aged 107 years, died in Milwaukee. She was prob ably the oldest woman in Wisconsin. Mrs. Lubawa is survived by eighty-nine descendants in five generations. Matin Paulson was badly burned in Janesville and his horses severely in jured through driving into a pile of lime that had become slacked from contact with the snow, llis horses fell down in the lime and he was seriously injured in trying to save them. Twenty-five Russian soldiers, who have deserted from the Czar's army to avoid fighting the .1 ips. l ave arrived in Sheboy gan and found work iu the local factories. The soldiers have been arriving f.-r sev eral months, ever since the Russians be gan meeting with disasters at the front. Fire brake out in the hardware store of Carley & McFarland at Rod Granite and totally destroyed that building, own ed by W. H. Mott, together with the barn and other small outbuildings adjoin ing. The Xigbor building, occupied by a saloon and a meat market with a public hall upstairs, also burned. The entire loos is about SIUdMX with S4.OUU insur ance. Mary Biehler has sued Char!*j ®fa man of Blooming Grove for $5,000 dam ages for alleged breach of promise. A hardwood sawmill is to be estab lished in Arena under the management of W. A. McCutchin and Edward Lloyd. Indian Agent Campbell at Ashland lias reported that smallpox has broken out on one of tlie Chippewa reservations there. John Wessell, a young Russian, for merly a soldier, became violently insane in Kenosha on hearing of the fail of Port Arthur. Mrs. Frank Sindeler of Friendship accidentally fell into a well and remained in the cold water for over six hours be fore being discovered. The postoffice fight at Bangor between four candidates has been ended by Con gressman Eseh’s recommendation that James Carr be appointed. G. Edward Liudewern. a pioneer resi dent of Manitowoc, is dead at the age of 55 years. He has been ill for two years and is survived by a family. E. E. Ramsdell’s store at Boyd was destroyed by fire. Loss SIS,(XX). Build ings adjoining caught tire, but were ex tinguished with but small loss. Mrs. A. F. Dodge, a pioneer, died in Madison, aged 74. Her daughter was the first wife of Gilbert E. Roe, a well known lawyer and associate of Gov. La Follette. Tlie annual report of the Outagamie county workhouse will show that nearly every inmate during the past year was of foreign birth During 1904 there were 105 sentenced, of whom 10 were Ameri cans by birtli. A 14-yec -old boy appeared before County Judge Henry Kreiss in Appleton and asked that he be sent to the reform school. He says his mother is dead and that his father is a drunkard. His case is now being investigated. John Luerk vas killed and William Dailey’s skull vas fractured as the re sult of being struck by freight No. 91 near tlie Oeonomowoc electric lighting plant. Both men were section hands and were cleaning out tlie switch. Judge W. D. Tarrant of Milwaukee has been chosen to try the case of the ap peal of Mary Wadleigh from tlie decision of the County Court, which declared she was not tlie wife of the late Col. Ga briel Bouck. Judge Tarrant will accept and tlie case will probably be tried in Oshkosh about Feb. 15. After walking from his home to the school house in Appleton and facing one of tlie worst blizzards of tlie winter, in ox-der to bring his grandson home from school, Peter Fass, 81 years of age. drop lied dead in tlie school room just before school was dismissed. He was one of Appleton’s pioneer residents. Petitions are being circulated in Ke nosha with tlie view of securing aid from tlie Legislature for the completion of the so-called Sheridan drive from the State line to Milwaukee. The road is now open from Chicago to Zion City. Farm ers are organizing a protest against it, fearing a general tax is to be levied. Joe Steffel, held for tlie murder of Hans Tritseliler, a saloonkeeper, in a Milwaukee saloon, explains the fact that lie was the last man seen with Tritsch ler before the murder was discovered, by a statement that lie was decoyed into the place in an effort of tlie real murderers to shift tlie blame. “There were two swell-dressed men and one woman at the saloon when I left,” said tlie accused man. Fire, supposed to have been started by an incendiary, destroyed tlie interior of the pickle factory of the B. S. Gedney company of Onalaska, entailed a loss of $16,000. The whole plant would have been destroyed but for the assistance of tlie La Crosse fii'e department. At tlie time the fii'e broke out. ilie factory was empty. A large part of the season’s out put was destroyed and tlie company will lie hampered temporarily. Strong influences are being brought to bear to secure the pardon of Joseph Mallory, a Racine boy. who is serving a life sentence in tlie Indiana prison for the murder of John Koonsman, a South Bend groeeryman. Mallory is said to have assisted in an attempt to rob the Koonsman store. Koonsman offered re sistance and was shot and killed. It has always been a matter of doubt as to who fired the fatal shot. John Stegert, a 20-year-old boy living in Appleton, reports severe treatment at Waupun. Several weeks ago he left Ap pleton in a box car bound for Neeuah. On the way over n brakeman closed and locked the door of the ear. When he was released he found himself in Wau pun. He and another boy were an stod, so it is alleged, on the charge of vag rancy. According to Stegert’s story they were hung up by the wrists, so that only their toes touched the floor, for twenty four hours. Papers have been filed against Attor ney General Sturdevant by the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul, the Wisconsin Western and other railroads to test the new advalorem tax law. which increases the taxes of the St. Paul road about $200,000 and of the Western about SO.- 00<i. The contention is that electric roads carry passengers and freight also, but are not so taxed: that the St. Paul owns its sleeping cars and pays taxes on them, which other roads do not, and that such a tax amounts to confiscation of the prop erty. Albert Millard, aged 12 yea<s. tired of the ways of New London and having read much of the bustle of big cities, packed his grip and boarded a train for Milwaukee. Arriving in Fond du Lac, lie forgot in his excitement that he had not reached the end of his journey and alighted with other passengers. He went into the waiting room, where he fell asleep and was found by a policeman about midnight. Not being able to give a clear account of himself lie was taken to the police station. Here he told his story and Chief Uolan wired his parents at New London, who at once replied with funds to send him back. Chris Sail, a prosperous farmer near Osseo. shot himself, dying instantly. No cause for his action can lie given. He was about 40 years old and leaves a wife and six children. The will of Rev. John William Blum, formerly in charge of Sr. Alphonse church at New Munster, lias been filed for probate. It is peculiar among the wills of priests iu that it leaves nothing to the church or to other priests. The bulk of the •'state, which is valued at SIO,OOO. is left to Mi>- Anna Ebbing of New Munster, who for many years acted as his housekeeper. ■ It is believed that Fred Kershaw, aged 20. the sou of George Kershaw of Ra cine. has been murdered. Letters have been received from the authorities at Clyde. Ga.. saying that a man answer ing the description of Fred Kershaw had been murdered at a place ten miles from Clyde. Angry because of a family disagree ment. Mrs. William F. Press, a Janes ville bride, told her husband and his par ents she had taken the contents of a bottle of carbolic aci<l and showed them an empty bottle. Medical aid was sum moned and all family difficulties were forgiven. Then the young wife confessed the ln>ax. Either by the explosion of a gas heater in.a bathroom or a crossed electric wire the palatial Racine home of Frank K Bull, president of the J. I. Case Thresh ing Machine Company, was damaged to ■ imr. with it- contents, value ! at $75,000. narrowly e- lin'd destruction. Mr. Bull and his family are v. <v. ring ;v Camden. S. C.. and only tie - rv .nr- v,, in the house. The flour and grist mill at Eau Galle. owned by the Duruud Light and Power Company, burned. The mill was equip ped w:th t: v, r <>dern machinery at a cost of $13,000. The I ss is covered by insurance to the amount of SO,OOO. Why the World Want./* Peace By Walter Wellman. the midst of war, the world is turning toward peace. Now the .few! T Christmas holidays approach, and “peace and good will among ggfl i men” has something more than sentiment and tradition to rest upon. The prayer for peace that comes swelling from all over the earth, with a volume which fairly gives it the weight of a demand or command, is now a living, vital force in the affairs of all the civilized nations. In Christendom today there is no more signifi cant and promising fact than this. There is developing with giant strides a world public opinion, and it is a world-opinion which makes for peace. More and more the masterful peoples are coming to look upon war as barbarism, as a relic of the savage age. as a cruel and destructive monstrosity wholly unworthy to survive in our modern civilization. It seems an anomaly to talk of universal peace while one of thy bloodiest wars of modern times is in progress. But the carnage which has marked this great struggle in the far East is the very thing that has given momentum to the current movement to stop wars. Liao-Yang, Shaho, Port Arthur, have shocked the sensibilities of the world. They have roused a public sentiment everywhere. The peaco movement, is no longer confined to the dreamers and the sentimentalists, worthy host that pioneered the way; it has spread far and wide, till it has 'mbraced the men who do the world’s work, —the men of com merce and finance, the men who have their hands upon the throttles of the great industrial machine, the men who pay the taxes that are sw r allowed up in war, the men of journalism, of the pulpit, of the periodical press, the men of leadership in action and in thought. It has found its way into the royal pal aces, the presidents’ houses, the chancelleries, the foreign office, the state de partments of the powers. We may justly say that its growth and its prom ise together form the most notable world-event of the year that is now draw ing to a close. It would be unwise to delude ourselves with the hope that war is impossible, that universal peace has spread her white wings over all the earth, that henceforth the civilized world is to be free of conflict and carnage. The millennium has not come. But it is true that the hazard of war breaking out has been sensibly lessened, and that the horrors which accompany it are sure to be vastly minimized if and when it comes. —From “The United States and the World's Peace Movement,” in the American Monthly Review of Reviews.. The American Officer. Many Things Combine to Make Him the Best in the World. By Thomas F. Mileird. things combine to make the American officer the best in the M world. In the first place, there is a large and intelligent popula tion to draw upon, an advantage, it is universally admitted, not equally enjoyed by any other great nation. Again, owing to the smallness of our army, the number of officers to be supplied, in SiMlir proportion to the total population, makes possible a care in selec tjon an( j education impracticable elsewhere. Consider how a great majority of officers in the United States Army are obtained. Appointments to West Point are secured, as a rule, only after a competitive in which a number of young men of good ability and character take part. The man thus selected goes to West Point, where he must pass a rigid physical ex amination before he is admitted. Then, owing to the exacting nature of the curriculum and the severity of the discipline, a large percentage of the candidates fail to complete the four years course. Those who do complete it and obtain commissions must have attained a standard which other nations find it impossible, for a variety of reasons, to exact. That, even under our system, we have incompetent officers simply proves that perfection has by no means been reached, and does not alter the fact that our army is better officered than any in the world. But take Russia, with her vast standing army of a million and a quarter men, exclusive of supplementary reserve organizations of even greater magni tude, a country where the masses of the people have almost no educational ad vantages, where the level of intelligence is undoubtedly lower than in any other great nation, and how is she to supply her army with competent officers in our acceptation of the word? She simply cannot. The United States Gov ernment would find it equally impossible, with all our undisputed advantages, to equip an army of a million men with officers of the standard of those who now command our little army.—Scribner's. Overworked Trainmen. Their Responsibility For Railroad Accidents. By Edward A, Moseley. IS undeniable that many of the accidents which occur aYe large ly. ▼ ly contributed to, if not directly caused by, the long hours of duty I to which trainmen are subjected. Could we trace the events to laaM their first cause, we should doubtless find that many of those cases of misreading, overlooking or forgetting orders were due to the ■sg'y'Ssg. fact t hat wits were dulled and senses benumbed by lack of rest. j n the distressing wreck at Glenwood, 111., last summer, in which a large number of excursionists were killed and injured by a freight train run ning into a passenger train, the evidence at the coroner s inquest showed that the freight engineer (whom the officials of the road said, "disregarded plain or ders and acted like a crazy man”) had been on duty more than twenty hours. In commenting on this case it was pertinently said by one of the Chicago papers that “the officials of the company might as well fill their engineers and firemen with whiskey or drug them with opium, as to send them out for fifteen and seventeen houi-s of continuous work, expecting them to keep their heads, apply intelligently the general rules of the road, and give exact obedience to all orders.” It was pointed out on behalf of the company in this Glenwood case that the company rules permitted employes to take ten hours rest after they had been on duty sixteen hours. It is a universal rule with railroad companies to permit a period of rest after a certain period of duty before employes are call ed upon to go on duty again. But the trouble is that these rules are permissive, not mandatory. They do not compel employes to take rest unless the employes themselves think they need it, and as a consequence the necessities of the roads, growing out of the movement of traffic, coupled with the greed of the men, who in many cases overwork themselves, in order to achieve a big month's pay, render the rules of little or no effect—Review of Reviews. Young Men For War. 53. M. Crotlners. avmmHERE is one complication in the work of peacemaking which has J’TfA not been sufficiently considered. It is the recurrence of youth. I f have listened to the arguments against war at a great Peace Con gress. The reasoning was strong, the statement of facts conclu sive - War was shown to be cruel and foolish, and incredibly ex nensive. The audience, consisting of right-minded and very intelligent, people, was convinced of the justice of the cause of peace. Why, then, does not the cause triumph? In such cases I am in the habit of looking about with the intent to fix the responsibility where it belongs, on those who are not at the meeting. Mature life was well represented, but there was a suspicious absence of young men in the twenties. Ah! I said, there is the difficulty. We can’t be sure of lasting peace until we make it more interesting to these fine young absentees. They’ll all be peace men by and by, but in the meantime there is no knowing what trouble they may get us into. * * * A uniformly middle-aged community would be immune from any attack of militant fever. It happens, however, that every once in a while the hot passions of youth carrv all before them. The account of what happened at the beginning of the civil wars in Israel is typical. King Rehoboam called a meeting of the elder statesmen of his kingdom. They outlined a policy that v'as eminently conciliator'-. But we are told, “He forsook the council of the old men which they had given him, and consulted with the young men who had grown up with him and stood by him.” —Atlantic. Nutritive Qualities of Foods. In twenty pounds of potatoes there are three and three-quarter pounds of nutriment; in twenty-five cents’ worth of fat salt pork there are three and one-half pounds of nutriment; in ine pame value of wheat bread there are two and one-half pounds; in the neck of beef, one and three-quarter pounds; in skim milk cheese, one and three quarter pounds; in, whole milk cheese, a trifle more than one and one-half pounds; in butter, one and one-half pounds, and in smoked ham and leg of mutton about the same; in milk a trifle over a pound; in mackerel, about a pound; in round of beef, three-quar ters of a pound; in salt codfish and beef sirloin, about half a pound; in eggs, about seven ounces, and in fresh codfish, about six ounces. A quart of milk, three-quarters of a pound oi moderately fat beef, sirloin steak for instance, and five ounces of wheat flour, all contain about the same amount of nutritive material, but dif ferent prices are paid for them anu they have different value of nutri ment. Milk comes nearest to being perfect food. It contains all of the different kinds of nutritive materials that the body needs. Bread made from wheat flour will support life. It contains ail of the necessary ingredients for nour ishment, but not in the proportions best adapted for ordinary use. —New York News. What Football Did for Indian. Does football ever help a man to a good position in after years.’ talk ing along the side lines of the Ohio State-Cai lisle game last Thursday there was a stockily built little man who bore ever mark of being a red skin. He was gentlemanly in his ap pearance and neatly dressed. This little nwn was none other than Hud son, the famous quarterback of the Carlisle eleven of the latter ’9o’s. Hud son has been heard of in every nook of the land for his strategy in running football teams and for his wonderful drop kicking ability. Scarcely an East ern eleven but has had her goal line crossed by this method wben he ran the team. Hudson has been some what forgotten of late. A little in quiry brought out the fact that, he is a trusted employe of a large Pittsburg bank, where he is a teller. That is what Hudson, the Indian, did, and what his notoriety as a foo>.oall play er also helped him to do through fame secured in this manner. —Toledo Blade. A Simpsonian Echo. A number of politicians at Demo cratic headquarters were discussing before election the bucolic ignorance displayed by newly elected Congress men from the interior. • About the worst instance that ever came within my persona! knowledge,” said Chairman Taggart, “was that ai forded by the Hon. Jerry Simpson, the chap that for awhile was known as ‘Sockless’ Simpson. Well, when Jerry first came to Congress he observed that he was not entirely familiar with the McKinley bill. He proposed, how ever, to examine into the matter, and if he considered it just he would vote that it be paid!”—Harper's Weekly. Eat a small quantity of lettuce morning and evening and you nave protected yourself in the best possible way against smallpox, says Medical Talk. Between the football victims and those who are killed by hunters' mis takes the population is kept down to reasonable limits, the Montgomery Advertiser avers. WISCONSIN SOLONS. Thursday morning Gov. La Follette delivered his biennial message in person to the joint session of the Legislature. The message was a lengthy document and recommends the creation of a State comtnissKi, to fix railroad rates and the enactment of a law giving the railroad commissioner authority to investigate the books of railway companies for the pur pose of ascertaining whether they have paid their full amount of license fees. He also referred at some length to the way President Roosevelt has taken up the railroad regulation problem, and commends the President’s position with reference to extending the powers of interstate commerce commission. The Senate Tuesday morning opened with prayer by J. D. Butler. Senator Noble offered the following resolution, which lies over: “Resolved, by Senate, Assembly concurring. That we commend action taken by members of Wisconsin delegation in Congress in regard to read justment of the tariffs: be it further Resolved. That it is sense of Wisconsin Legislature that promises made in na tional Republican platform regarding re adjustment of tariffs be kept, and that copy of these resolutions be transmitted to each of Wisconsin Senators and mem bers of House of Representatives at Washington and proper officials of each branch of Congress. Merton offered the first bill, to amend section 2345, revised statutes, to enable a woman to bring action in her own name to aliena tion of affections of her husband. When the Assembly was called to order prayer was offered by Rev. George E. Hunt. Several bills were introduced. Railroads were hit Wednesday by a bill introduced into the Senate providing for a board of “utility commissioners,*’ with great power over the roads. The board, according to the plan of Senator North, father of the bill, is to be elected by the people, and is to have general su pervision of all the railroads in the State, except street railways carrying passen gers exclusively in one city. It shall also have general supervision of express, sleeping car, telephone and telegraph companies. The board is given power to fix rates and compel their enforcement, subject to review by the Circuit Court. It also is given all powers now exercised by the railway commissioner. It is re quired to report to the Legislature the cost of the property to each corporation, its estimated value, and the amount of taxes paid. Senator McGillivray’s reso lution requesting Congress to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Commission was adopted unanimously, but a resolu tion indorsing Wisconsin Congressmen in their demand for tariff revision was laid over for a week. The social Democrats showed their hand in the Legislature by introducing bills providing for the repeal of contributory negligence law, providing for old age pensions, and compelling strict observance of the eight hour day. Contractors must swear they have not violated it. Amendments to the prim try election law also came in, applying it to United States Senators and exempting all school superintendents. Committees of the Assembly. Speaker Lenroot has announced the following Assembly committees: Judiciary—Herman L. Ekern. chnir man; F. ,1. Carpenter, John B. Hngerty, F. C. Westfahl, Jr., Lawrence Ledvina, R. C. Smelker, Ernest N. Warner, H. A. Huber, Pliny Xorcross, Peter A. Cleary, W. J. Aldridge. State Affairs—O. G. Kinney, chair man; J. A. Fridd, William It. Turner, ,T. P. Chandler, Chas. F. Greenwood, A. P. Jerdee, J. N. Coflland. Cities —W. W. Andrews, chairman; W. 11. Bell, William M. Perry, August F. Marquardt, R. C. Smelker. Henry J. Holle, Philip Hamm, Oscar F. Thiome. A. W. Strohlow. Manufactures—Philip Hamm, chair man; W. H. Bell. James F. Slight, Chas. A. Evans, 11. A. Huber. Herman Hei necke, F. C. Brockhausen. Assessment and Collection of Taxes — A. 11. Dahl, chairman; John O. Thomas, E. F. Nelson, Henry Johnson, Fred Ties, L. N. Clausen, Chris Pickart. Corporations Fred J. Carpenter, chairman; August C. Meyers, Simon Wehrwein, Jr., Fred Hartung, Fred Prehn, Allan S. Baker, J. H. Szyma reek. Finance, Banks and Insurance —It. E. Tarreil, chairman; George E. Scott, F. J. Bohri, Jas. Dinsdale, John A. Henry, J. S. Bletcher, Jos. Crowley. Railroads —W. S. Braddoek, chairman; George E. Beedle, L. L. Thayer, J. W. Powell, James McKenzie, George P. Ste vens. W. S. Irvine, E. E. Winch, ?>'. L. Oltman, Louis Metzler, Fred Peterson, Jr. Education—Duncan McGregor, chair man; R. Ainsworth, I>. B. Hulburt, J. S. Donald, John A. Henry, A. G. Sehauer, L. L. Thayer. Town and County Organization—W. S. Irvine, chairman: Julius Beer, Fred Prehn, P. E. Tarreil, Jos. B. ltagatz. Public Lands —George P. Stevens, chairman; Byron O. Storm. George E. Scott, Gard Miller, Edward Itacek. Military Affairs —John A. Henry, chairman; Pliny Norcross. Duncan Mc- Gregor, Chas Reynolds. Win. M. Perry, Henry J. Holle, Gard Miller. Public Health and Sanitation—James Dinsdale, chairman; August Dietrich, J. W. Powell, B. S. Potter, E. J. Ber ner. Legislative Expenditures—R. C. Smel ker chairman; W. O. Hanson, W. E. Burdeau, Frank 11. Johnson, Thomas Ramsay. Privileges and Elections —Edward Le Roy, chairmnn: A. C. Meyers, Thomas Royeroft. Thomas Johnson, Charles A. Evans, E. B. Gordon, Daniel L. Hanni fin. Federal Relations—A. P. Jerdee. chair man; W. E. Burdeau, Allen S. Baker, E. A. Everett, John Scott. Public Improvements Joseph P. Chandler, chairman: D. B. Hulburt, Charles Hagen, P. 11. Peterson, August F. Marquardt. Dairy and Food—John S. Donald, chairman; A. I). Eldridge. D. B. Curtin, A. G. Sehauer, Thomas Johnson. Thomas Royeroft, B. O. Storm, Peter 8. Pierson, Frank S. Bauer. Enrolled Bills —J. S. Bletcher, chair man; W. It. Turner. O. G. Kinney, 1.. N. Clauson. Thomas Ramsay. Roads and Bridges—Thomas Johnson, chairman; Fred Ties, C. N. Saugen, M. B. Brennan. Jchn Scott. Agriculture—John A. Fridd. chairman; P. H. Peterson. Julius Beer, Chris X. Saugen. Simon Wehrwein, Jr., M. B. Brennan, P. S. Pierron. Ways and Means —Fred Hartung, chairman; George Page, Frank Johnson, Joseph B. Ragatz, H. L. Brooks. Lumber and Mining—George E. Bee dle, chairman; E. F. Nelson. E. B. Gor don, D. R. Curtin, W. O. Hansou. Bills on Third Reading—John O. Thomas, chairman; A. D. Eldisdge, A. 11. Dahl, John S. Dnrland, Lawrence Ledvina. Engrossed Bills —F. J. Bohri. chair man; George Page, Louis Metzler, Her man Heinecke. F. C. Westfahl, Jr. Printing—John B. Hagerty, chairman; H. L. Ekern. Edward Le Roy. Fish and Game —Jonas Swenholt, chairman; Edward A. Everett, L. L. Thayer, William L. Oltman, Oscar F. Thiemo. Forestry and Lumber —E. E. Winch, ehairmaiJ, W. S. Braddoek. James Mc- Kenzie. Jr.me- F. Slight. Charles Rey nolds. Charitable and Penal Institutions— Henry Johnson, chairman; W. M. Curtis, W. W. Andrew, Chagies Hagen, John 8. Darla nd. THE WEEKLY ) One Hundred Years Ago. Letters of marque anil reprisal were issued by Great Britain against Spain. Mr. Livingston. American minister to France, left Paris for Rome on busi ness of state. The tailors of New York City form ed the first organization in that city having the character of a tradeu uion. The dock yards at Cronstadt and Rivel were doing rush work and a formidable fleet was nearly ready. A desperate struggle took place at Antwerp between Spanish and Ameri can sailors, the former mistaking the Americans for English. Austria. Prussia and Russia were ne gotiating for the peace of continental Europe. Seventy-five Years Ago. The State of New York purchased 3,470 acres of land in the State from the Oneida Indians, who were to move farther west. The Baltimore and Ohio railroad was completed almost to Ellicot City, Md„ and pleasure parties made the trip every Jay. The customs were consolidated in Ireland. The President’s message reached New Orleans in four days and a half, the quickest trip then ever made be tween Washington. D. C., and the Louisiana metropolis. Queen Christine of Portugal died, aged 54. The American minister to Colombia obtained indemnity for American trad ing vessels captured by the Colom bians. Riotous demonstrations against labor saving machinery occurred in the south of England. Fifty Years Ago. The Victoria bridge across the St. Lawrence river was carried away by the pressure of ice. All liquor shops in New' Y’ork w r ere closed by order of the Mayor. Soldiers and Indians of the war of 1812 assembled in Washington, D. C., to get Congress to give to each a grant of land of 150 acres. A commercial convention from the southern and southwestern States as sembled at New Orleans. Railroad riots in Erie, Pa., were re newed, the tracks in the city torn up, and the bridges demolished. Great numbers of unemployed work men in New York were meeting every day, marching through the carrying banners, on which wei t> h mottoes as “We want work; we must have it!” The Governor General of Canada is sued an order restoring the officers who took part against the government in the pntriot war to their former places. Forty Years Ago. The Missouri convention passed an immediate emancipation ordinance. Mass meetings were held in the large cities of the North to scud sup plies to Savannah. The railroad bridge over the Missis sippi river at Clinton, lowa, w. com pleted, connecting central and western lowa with Chicago and the East. The Chicago stock exchange was or ganized with J. C. Hilton as president. The report on incomes in the First District Of Illinois showed that Potter Palmer, John V. Farweil and Peter Schuettler were the only persons in Chicago whose annual income exceeded SIOO,OOO. Thirty Years Ago. The trial of the action brought by Theodore Tilton against Henry Ward Beecher opened before Judge Xeilsou in New York. Emile I’ereire, the famous Paris banker, died. The manner in which $275,000 of the Pacific Mail subsidy had been distri'*- uted, it was alleged by Richard R. Ir win, was disclosed to the congressional investigating committee. Twenty Years Ago. Grover Cleveland, President-elect, re signed as Governor of New York. The press of London declared that a formal declaration of war by France against China was imminent. The leading newspapers of England were demanding a change in the Glad stone ministry because of foreign poli cies. Reports from Madrid placed the cas ualties ol the recent earthquakes in Spain at 1,400 killed, 900 wounded and 43,000 homeless. The Gladstone family was given prominence in the English press by the announcement of the premier’s conva lescence, Mrs. Gladstone’s illness, and the son’s approaching marriage. Ten Years Ago. Toronto, Out., was swept by a fl,- 000,000 fire. A hungry mob of unemployed men at St. John's, N. F., raided the govern ment buildigs and continued to riot until the premier promised them em ployment. United States Senator Mitchell of Oregon made a speech in the Seriate in favor of the Nicaraguan canal. Emperor William in a speech at Potsdam urged the increasing of tire German navy. Official announcement is made by the American Window Glass Company of id advance of 5 per cent in prices. The American company is now quoting 90 and 15 per cent off the manufacturers’ list of tho first three brackets, single. 90 and 5 per cent off on a.i doubl-i and above third bracket glass. Mrs. Anna Oppenheimer, who was sued for divorce by her husband. M. Oppen heimer of Chicago, while she was* on trial in Cincinnati on the charge of murdering her babe, of which crime she was ac quitted. was remarried to her husbaud to Little Rock, Ark.