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mfmmn I^c^J t 4 ?' Fast trains virtually draw Chicago find New York 100 miles closer to gether than they have ever been be fore. A Chicago man is now able to go to New York and spend an entire day there and lose only that day from his business in Chicago. He is able to go to New York and spend almost as much time as he could at a Michi gan summer home and get back as quickly. With a regular train covering nearly a thousand miles at an average speed of more than fifty-four miles an hour, the American railroad sets a pace for fill the roads of the world. There are no fast European trains which run so great a distance. Even the world fa mous London-Aberdeen train, which travels the 523 miles between the two cities at the rate of sixty miles an hour, is outdone by the new eighteen hour American trains, which on the west end of the run will maintain the sixty-mile an hour rate, and at times will run much faster than that. The New York Central and Lake Shore lines have now reduced the run ning time of the Twentieth Century limited train from twenty hours to a regular schedule of eighteen hours. As the Pennsylvania Railroad runs, It is 905 miles from Chicago to New York. The running time between the two cities on this road Is eighteen hours. Goes Like the Wind. The New York Central eighteen-hour train, however, travels much faster than the Pennsylvania train, for its route is 980 miles long. Its average running time is 54.4 miles per hour, not taking into consideration loss of time for stops. The New York Central train frequently is compelled to reach a speed of more than eighty miles an hour to cover the 980 miles in 1,080 minutes. Recently on its regular run from the East to Chicago the Twenti eth Century limited ran from Toledo, Ohio, to Elkhart, Ind., 120 miles, in 109 minutes. From Elkhart to Chicago the train covered the 101 miles, mak ing five full stops, in 95 minutes. Last year this same train made the run from New York to Chicago, 980 miles, in fifteen hours and forty-five minutes. Railroad men say that the schedule may be cut to seventeen and then to sixteen hours. Heretofore no railroad has attempt ed to maintain a schedule of less than twenty hours between Chicago an 1 New York. During the World’s Fair in 1893 the New York Central “Exposi tion Flyer” ran for 10S days on a twenty-hour schedule, and three years ago the same road Inaugurated the twenty-hour schedule for its “Twenti eth Century limited.” This road's “Empire State Express” has for four teen years been the fastest 400-mile train in the world, while the Twenti eth Century limited has been the fast est thousandjmile train. The only train in the world which runs at a faster speed than the two Chicago trains run is the London-Car iisle express. This is a train which makes its 300-mile journey without a single stop. It has the right of way over all other traffic, and is forced to run the 300 miles in just four hours, or at the rate of seventy-five miles an hour. The London-Aberdeen train, which is considered a more marvelous 6peedmaker in that it travels farther than the Carlisle train, maintains its schedule of one mile a minute for 523 miles. England is famous for its fast trains, but the trains that run out of London do not travel such great dis tances as do the American trains. The London-Aberdeen run is the longest possible in Great Britain. The Great Western Railroad of Eng land runs a train from London to Exeter at the rate of 55.3 miles an hour, while the London and North western's Manchester train maintains a schedule of fifty-three miles per hour. The Great Northern's London- Dorchester train is a fifty-five-mile an hour train, while the London-Crewe train runs fifty-four miles an hour. Theere is an express train which runs between London and Wakefield that travels at the rate of 55.5 miles per hour, while a Loudon-Sheffield train is scheduled at fifty-five miles per hour. Paris has several world-famous trains, but none that equals the sched ule of the two new Chicago-New York flyers On the Nord Railroad, between Paris and Calais, there is one train scheduled at 58.4 miles per hour. This train, however, makes a run of only 185 miles. The Northern France Road has eight trains daily whose speed ex ceeds fifty-eight miles per hour and two trains whose speed exceeds sixty miles per hour. These trains do not run great distances. For a short time a London-Plymouth train maintained a schedule of 93.3 miles per hour. The distance is 2 fit miles. The entire run was made in 233 minutes. The Twentieth Century limited made a wonderful run in May. 1903. when it ran 4.4 miles at the rate of SS miles per hour, six miles at the rate of 90 miles per hour, and seven miles at the rate of 80.4 miles per hour. On this run this train maintained a speed of 06.12 miles per hour for 241 miles and 70.2 miles per hour for 133 miles. The new eighteen-hour trains carry five or six heavy palace cars. The largest passenger engines in the ser vice pull the trains, which have the right of way of the roads long before they are scheduled to pass any given point. The trains are put on as the result of a general demand for fast travel between the two cities. Such trams are used for the most part by finan ciers who have business interests both In New York and Chicago, by buyers for the big firms of Chicago, and by professional men to whom every hour is valuable. There are other passen gers than these, of course, most of whom use the fast trains and pay the excess tare merely out of curiosity to ride on a train which runs at an enor mously fast speed. Both ot the new eighteen-hour trains will make a number of stops, uo average of about one to every 100 miles of the run. At only a few of these places will the trains take on passengers, most of the stops being made merely for the purpose of chang ing engines or taking water. While trains frequently attain a speed rate of 100 miles an hour for short distances, a train that runs 1,000 miles in eighteen hours regularly has no rival in any other country in the world. While the American roads hold the most Important records for long distance runs and for regular long distance trains, they likewise hold them for the fastest record runs for short distances. World Famous Runs. In May, 1893, the Empire State ex press on the New York Central ran one mile in 32 seconds which is at the rate of 112 miles ua hour. In Au gust, 1895, the Pennsylvania road ran a train 5.1 miles n 3 minutes, which is at the rate of 102 miles per hour. The Plant System in March, 1901, made the fastest run ever made, cov ering five miles In 2 minutes and 30 seconds. This is at the rate of 120 miles an hour, or two miles a minute. In January, 1899, a Burlington train ran 2.4 miles in 1 minute and 20 sec onds, or at the rate of 108 miles per hour. The New York Central Road made another record in January, 1903, wheu It ran a train 7.29 miles In 4 minutes flat The speed attained was at the rate of 109.35 miles per hour. In April of last year a Michigan Central train ran 3.73 miles in 2 min utes, or at the rate of 111.9 miles per hour. Last July a Philadelphia and Reading train traveled 4.8 miles in 2 minutes and 30 seconds, or at a speed of 115.2 miles per hour. One of the fastest short distance regular trains in America Is a New York Central train which makes the run of 143 miles from New' York to Al bany In IGO minutes. Several trains on the Baltimore and Ohio Road cover the distance of forty miles between Washington and Baltimore in 45 min utes. The Congressional limited, on the Pennsylvania road, makes the run from Jersey City to Washington in 280 minutes. The distance is 227 miles. The Pennsylvania road in 1897 made a now famous long distance run from Jersey Lity to Denver, 1,937 miles, in forty-eight hours, an average speed of 40.3 miles per hour. In 1891 the Cana dian Pacific ran a train 2,802 miles in 77 hours aud 9 minutes, which gives an average speed of 30.32 miles per hour. Another long distance run which created a snsntion nt the time was c’.ic trip of tiie Jarrett ,Palmer special theatrical train, which made the run from Jersey City to Oakland, Cal., 3,311 miles, in 83 hours and 45 minutes, an average speed of 39.53 miles per hour. In January, 1904, the Clark special train ran from Albuquerque, N. M., to Chicago, 1,478 miles, in thirty hours, maintaining a speed of 45.9 miles per hour. FIVE HUNDRED WHALES DIE. Go Ashore in an Inlet in the Straits of Magellan and Perish. “I saw 500 whales ashore at one time on a beach in the Straits of Ma gellan,” said Captain James Heylet, of the British navy, at the Union de pot. “Some years ago my ship lay off Pearl Inlet, a small creek a mile and a half long. Opening into Port Sal vador, which in turn opens Into the South Atlantic by a very narrow opening. One morning a whirlwind appeared to be approaching over the water in the Bay of San Salvador, and soon this was made out to be an enormous school of whales, so thick that they seemed to be jostling each other. Nothing was seen but fins and tails and the water in foam all around. "This was In a flowing tide, and they came into the inlet itself describ ing sort of cycloidal curves until the inshore part of the squadron took on a kelp reef. Then a sudden pause seemed to seize them all, and the un fortunate animals went up the inlet full speed, with the sea boiling in upon them and a great wave coming after them, and they piled up in hun dreds on the beach. Then, as there was a rising tide, they got off again, but only to charge the opposite beach, and this continued till the following tide and loss of strength left them high and dry all round the dreary bay. “Very few, old or young, lived more than a quarter of an hour after their final stranding. Pome died quietly, others beat the sand and water with their tails, dyeing the water with DtRING FEAT OF 4 NERVY WOMAN. LOOPS THE GAP IN AN AUTO, UPSIDE DOWN. An American circus, catering to the “thrillers,” has engaged an act that for dare-devil recklessness surpasses anything yet attempted. To make the thrills chase themselves up and down each individual spine in the huge audience all the faster the performer is a woman known as Mile. De Tiers. Her act Is to loop the gap in an automobile, upside down. The picture explains the act better than words can. The start is made from a high plat form. The car rushes down an incline, turns completely over, then leaps through the air upsidedown. strikes the other side of the loop and swishes at incred ble speed down to the ground, right side up. Mile. De Tiers shrugs her sin uldevs and smiles when asked about her act. Evidently the young woman cares little for an extended existence. their blood. B.v evening, after th® tide had eboed, there were only flv* whales afloat out of the more than 500 that had come into the inlet bo majestically that morning. “Next day only three were to be seen. They swam around for a while and then, as if disdaining to live when all their companions w r ere dead, they made straight for the beach, and in a few minutes had passed out of existence. The w'liales were from four to thirty feet long, the four-foot whales being just born.” —Milwaukee Free Press. WORLD’S - FASTEST LONG-DISTANCE TRAINS. Dls- Miles tance. per hr. New York Central lines, Chicago- New York 980 54.40 New York Central, New York- BulTalo 440 53.33 Pennsylvania Line, Chicago-New York 905 50.30 Loudon & N. W. B. K., London- Aberdeen 523 60 London & N. W. R. R., London- Carllsle 300 75 Orleans & Midi, Pai's Bayonne. . .486 64.13 Great Northern & N. 12., Loudou- Kdlnburgh 393 50.77 L. A N. \V. & Caledonian Ry., London-Glasgow 401 50.13 Fastest Runs in Railroad History. Dls- Miles tance. per hr. June, 1884 —Baltimore & Ohio . .1 '9O July, 1890 —Philadelphia & Read ing 4.1 98.4 Feb., 1892—Central New Jersey.l 91.7 Nov., 1892 —Central New Jersey. 1 97.3 May. 1893-X. Y. C. & 11. R. ..1 102.8 May, 1893—N. Y. C. &H. R. ..1 112.5 May, 1893—N. Y. C. &H. R. ..5 100 Aug., 1895 —Pennsylvania 5.1 102 Oct., 1895 L. S. & M. S 1 92.3 Dec., 1897 — Midland, England .. .75 90 Jan., 1899 —Burlington 2.4 108 Feb., 1901—S. F. & W 4 107.9 Mar., 1901—Plant System 5 120 Jan., 1903 X. Y. C. & H. R. ..7.29 109.35 Apr., 1904—Michigan Central ...3.78 111.9 July, 1904 —Philadelphia & Read ing 4.8 115.2 Oct., 1904—N. Y. C. & H. R. ..3.51 106 Some Great Forest Fires. Among the first of our historic forest fires was that of Miramichi, New Brunswick, in 1525. This started ear ly one October afternoon and by mid night had entirely devastated a strip of country eighty miles long and twen ty-five miles wide —a space as large a* the State of Delaware in which every living thing was killed, Including the fish in the streams. The loss of life in the Peshtigo, Wisconsin, fire of 1871 was the worst this country has experi enced. In burned area it was a little larger than the Miramichi, but at least 1,200 persons perished, and in connec tion with simultaneous and contiguous fires in Michigan the total was 2,000. Ten years later great forest fires swept Michigan, with an aggregate burned area of almost 2,000 square miles, de stroying more than $2,000,000 worth of property exclusive of the timber it self, rendering 5,000 persons homeless and destitute and killing no less than 400. The great Hinckley fire, which raged in Minnesota in 1894 was not so large in area burned, but It resulted in a loss of 500 lives and $25,000,000 in property. In 1902 eighteen lives and $12,000,000 were lost in fires In Oregon and Washington, and the next year the East had a severe visitation, from Maine to Virginia, which had its worst example in the Adirondack regions of New York, where there was a loss of no less than $4,000,000 over a burned area aggregating 1,000 square miles.— The Chautauquan. The Ruling Passion. “That story about Ed Butcher, the noted old lowa race horse man, re minds me of a tale the boys used to tell of Butcher,” said Morris Lynch re cently to the Des Moines Register and Leader. “Butcher was a good fellow, as the men who follow the races go. His fami'y was religious. One time Butcher g"t sick, very sick, in fact. His wife, tearing the end, sent for a minister. Butcher ‘diked to the min ister, who urged Urn that he should not stay away from his God. The road to salvation was not very plain to Butcher. He questioned the minis ter closely about what he thought would happen if he should reform just prior to his death. The minister told him he would be saved. “ ‘Will I have wings just like the picture angels?’ asked Butcher. “ ‘You most certainly will,’ replied the minister. “ ‘Well, then, I just bet you $5 I can beat you flying when you meet me in heaven,’ retorted Butcher, his eye lighting up with the accustomed flash. “The minister left in despair aud Butcher recovered and followed the races for many years afterward.” Asked aud Answered. They had been trotting in matrimo nial harness for six months, and the pace was beginning to tell. “What,” she asked, after the man ner of a woman, “ever made you fall in love with me?” “Love,” he answered, with tic blunt ness of his sex, “is blind, you know.” —Detroit Tribune. How people who can’t keep one lot looking well in town, love to ride in the country and speak disparagingly of the weeds on a farm! For every mean man who dies at least two more are born. ODESSA DIOTS, WHY? DOG AT TOP AND DOG AT BOT TOM IN RUSSIA. Horrible Inhumanities of Upper Classes Toward Lower Give Rise to Fierce Hatred that Breaks Out Periodically Here or There. Men of the Knlaz Potemkin of th® Black Sea fleet mutinied because of the quality of the food given them. One, Omiltchuk, speaking to hi supe rior officer of this food, was shot dead. Russian officers are the heaviest champagne and spirits drinkers of any naval service of the world. One need not -add that habits like this produce In moments of temporary aberration quick use of the pistol or sword. One of two things marks a man drunk— he is superlatively a gentleman or a brute. His honor or his streak of yel low then shines conspicuously. In the northern woods of Minnesota many Russians live —pure Slavs and the Jew type of whom Gautier wrote: “They belong to every nation and —to none.” When acting in that region as a deputy revenue officer of the United States government I met Joseph Han son, a native Russian, whore name had been changed for convenience’s sake when he arrived in this country. His original title bore at least sixteen syll ables and ten “j’s,” “y's” and “z's.” Hanson recognized that this was a country of action—time-saving. He cut off syllables and unpronounceable things. On a night we met in a cabin on the shores of Mille Lac, writes H. I. Cleve land in the Chicago Post, and while we talked he said to me some things of what discipline in the Russian army and navy means—he had served in both—and why in both there is a dog at the bottom and a dog at the top. Hanson was intelligent and already in touch with American ways. He had even forgotten to touch his fingers to the rim of bis cap when he met, say, a State Senator, or a Congressman, or a land surveyor. Thus he spoke of the change: “In Russia we have two dogs—the man at the bottom, who is not allowed to think even if he wishes to, and the man at the top, who is master, with out thinking. “Let me explain, for you are an American and cannot understand. One third of Russia is born by the grace of God and the blessing of the gov ernment and the church; two-thirds are born because they cannot help it, without the grace of God or the bless ing of government and church. That is the theory of all control in the em pire. “For every one born two are created to serve, blindly. Are you of the ditch and you have a daughter, young, clean faced? One of the upper class sees the light in her eyes. She is then no longer yours. Some day she may crawl home to die at her mother’s breast. You forgive, but you cannot forget. “I am not telling impossible things —I was put as a common soldier in the ranks at Moscow. Food came to me and my comrades as they chose to give it to us—what the dogs above swept from their tables for the dogs underneath. I stumbled one day in the presence of an officer—caught my foct unfortunately. He kicked me full in the face—the mark is yet there. That night I was knouted for having protested and given three months in the prison on foul bread aud water. See!” He held up three twisted and knot ted fingers on his left hand. “The cold and misery of that prison bound those fingers that way. Still I loved my native land and I respect ed the czar. I thought he could not know such things were done. Yet I could not show him what I had suf fered. “I was transferred to the navy for duty in the mess of a Black Sea battle ship. My injured hand took me out of the active list. One day, being lone some, I asked my superior for leave of absence to visit my family. He struck me full in the face before all about him, and I was again sent to prison. “Six months I lay in that prison for having only asked for the right to see my wife and child. When I came out I was apparently no good to either navy or arm. I was given a qualified discharge—that is, they could call me back whenever they saw fit. Trans portation to my home was furnished me, but no food or money. “For nine months after I reached my home I figured how to get out of Russia. Through the agents of a steamship company I finally made my flight, taking my wife and child with me. The wife had been patient while I was in the service and had saved a little. At New York we found old friends who sent us here —now I am prosperous and a man. 1 need be afraid of nothing but my own con science. “But on the other side, as I have told you, there are two dogs—one hun gry, starved, not daring to think, at the bottom, and one on the top who has everything. We have no middle class in Russia as you have here; c”erythlng there is an extreme—very bad or very unhappy. If I were to go back I would be sent to prison. Or they might put me in the army or navy again. I shall never see again my birthplace. I shall build here new thoughts, new hopes.” Of this Is Odessa. Might Give Hun a Chance. A story is related of a esan who, on a visit to Scotland, went to the kirk on the “Sawbath.” Feeling very drowsy, he succumbed entirely after the first sentence or so of the sermon. An elderly man. who had been catching with rising wrath the obvi uslv “irreleegious” attitude of the Granger, bent forward, shook him and whispered in his ear: "Gie the mon a chance. Wait till he gets along a bit, and then if he's no worth listening to gang to sleep, but d'nna gang before he gets com menced.” The Commercial Spirit. “I notice that William Waldorf As tor is spending $0,000,000 in restoring an English castle.” "Bosh! Such a waste of good money! Why, for $6,000,000 he could put up two more hotels in giddj old New York!” —Cleveland Plain Dealer. Premium on the Single Life. She —I see by this paper that a sin gle Greenland while is worth $13,000. He—l judge from that statement that a single whale is worth more than a married one.—Yonkers Statesman. If you are convinced that the world is growing worse every day, take something for your liver. K CABBAGE-WORM bo A RE. Government Bulletin Issued to Coun teract Effect of Wild Stories. The Department of Agriculture has just issued a bulletin which describes in effect the operation of a land sea serpent. Not since the “kissing-bug” craze of IS9S has there been any thing like such a furor as was creat ed by the discovery of the so-called “cabbage snake,” the bulletin de clares, in Tennessee, South Carolina, and Louisiana, in 1903. That year the scare was practically confined to Tennessee and neighboring States southward. This creature and its still whatever mysterious occurence in cabbage has become a great annoy ance to many correspondents, to economic entomologists, and to chem ists and physicions. Many reports have been received from reliable cor respondents of rumors of persons be ing poisoned by eating cabbage af fected by this hair-worm. Among them were alleged reports from a physician who stated that when cab bage thus affected was eaten it pro duced instant death, and from a “State chemist,” who made an exami nation of the worm, and reported that it contained enough poison “to kill eight persons.” “It should be unnecessary to add,” the bulletin says, “that rone of these reports ha-1 any foundation in fact. Nevertheless the known presence of the hair-worm in an affected district seriously injured the demand for cab bage there, causing very considerable loss to truckers and grocers. What was in reality a hoax assumed most serious proportions, not alone because of widespread alarm caused by er roneous reports of loss of life, but also because of the very material loss to cabbage growers and others who handled this commodity, and the de cided extension of the area in which the hair-worm was detected. The scare soon became widespread, caus ing general fear of poisoning from Virginia and West Virginia south ward and westward to Kentucky, Il linois, lowa, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Colorado.” The cabbage hair-worm is describ ed by the department as resembling a piece of basting thread, of the thickness of a strand of corn silk, white in color. Its length varies two to nine inches, but reports have been received of a creature found in the heads of cabbage measuring nine feet! The imagination of newspaper writers as to color runs riot through “green, white, light red, olive green and yellow'.” Many popular names have been be stowed upon it, including “cabbage snake,” “snake,” “snake worm,” “ser pent,” “reptile” and “cabbage rattle snake.” —Washington correspondence of the New York Post. “POLLY PORTER.” A Parrot Who Nsver Forgot What H.e Once Had Learned. Perhaps all parrots have equally remarkable memories, but twenty five years’ acquaintance with “Polly Porter” enables me to say that he never forgets what he has once learn ed. Like other parrots, when he is alone he exercises his memory, as if amusing himself. Then it is that Polly Porter chatters in sentences; laughs aloud, hysterically; calls, in various tones, commandingly or be seechingly; calls the names of serv ants who, but for Polly, would have been forgotten; calls the cat; whis- dogs who were about him years ago. Polly’s cage is iu the bow window of the dining room—a good place for keeping an eye on the family. When the father rises from the breakfast table Polly advises: “Hurry! Hur ry up! Hurry!” Later, with the first movement I preparatory to the children’s start for school, he repeats sharply: “Hurry up! Hurry up! Hurry!” When a guest comes in he says briskly, “Why, how d’ye do?” When he calls “Good-by” to persons passing on the street it seems almost certain that he reasons about the com ing and departing guest. He quickly notices little children; coming to one particular corner of the bottom of his cage, he flutters before a little one, attempting baby talk, which is very funny, ending with “Beautitul child! Beautiful child!” and a loud laugh. When the house is quiet and his mistress has a visitor in the parlor Polly craves attention. He repeats the children’s names, al most as if he were calling the roll, in sw r eet, low tones. Then he says “Mama!” over and over, in a child’s voice, till it is common for a visitor to say, “Do answer that child,” or “Someone is calling you.” He comes very near to telling tales, saying, “Ah, ah! naughty boy!” with great severity. Polly is most impatient at break fast time, when he shrieks till he receives attention: “Polly wants cof fee! Polly wants breakfast!” He takes a piece of bread cautious ly; examines it; if it is not well but tered he throws it down. He enjoys a bunch of grapes, holding it down with one claw while with the other and his beak he opens grape after grape, eats the seed and casts the pulp away. He easily crushes a pear or an apple to get at the seeds. Last Christmas Polly was sent by his owner, a New York boy, to friends as a present. They were told of his liveliness and astonishing powers of speech. For some months Polly moped and said nothing, but at last began calling members of the family by name. If let out of his cage he fought the pug and whipped the cat; when shut up in his cage for punishment he would persistently work at the wires till he would force them apart and walk out defiantly. Recently he began upon his old lessons, and now repeats the cries of the newsboys in the street: “Extrah! Extrah! ‘Journal’—‘Sun’ —‘Herald’!” And he sings quite well “Yankee Doodle,” which was taught i him last summer. Good-by, Polly!—Mary Rice Miller in St. Nicholas. Does Tobacco Cause Blindness? A doctor stated in an English coun ty court recently that he considered one half ounces of tobacco quite sufficient to impair the eyesight, and that he had known a case where a man of middle age was a sufferer from the effects of half an ounce a week. Ban on Sacred Bull. Recently a sacred bull was brought frem India for exhibition at the Crys tal Palace, near London. But the British authorities refused to let it be landed, except in the form of beef liATURE IS A RIND MOTHER. CURIOUS METHODS BY WHICH SHE MENDS ANIMAL INJURIES. Tie Earthworm Grows a New Half body to Replace the One Drowned by a Robin for Breakfast—Lizards Can Grow New Tails. How many weak and timid crea tures there are in the world, with neither teeth and claws for their pro tection, armor for their defense, nor speed with which to escape their ene mies! One can hardly understand why they have not all been killed and eaten up long ago. Nature is, how ever, kinder to these poor animals than she seems; for if she has left them defenceless against attack, she has given them a marvelous power of recovery from injuries. When a tiny lizard has to scamper for his life in search of a crack in the rock, he often has “so close a call” that his pursuer snaps off his tail just as he whisks into sifety. A loss like this v ould kill mrst larger animals, but not the little lizard. He simply waits round quietly until a new tail grows, and then is as well off as before, except that the new tail has a flexible rod of cartilage where the old one had a backbone. If an earthw’orm happens to he re tiring to his hole when a robin is out looking for breakfast, there it apt to be a lively tug o w r ar between the eater and the breakfast. Not in frequently the bird gets the tail end of the worm, while the other half crawls away into safety. Not even a lizard surv've such treatment as this, but the earthw’orm is, in abil ity to recover from injuries, almost as much superior to the lizard as the lizard is to us. He grows anew half body to replace the one which has been devoured, and seems to mind his or? no more than a body minds having his hair cut. There are, besides, some snail-like water worms which quite outdo the earthworm. If one of these chances to lose his entire head, in a week or so, sometimes in only four or five days —he grows anew one, brain, eyes, and all, and is as well off as ever. Even if a hungry fish gets two bites at him, so that he loses both head and tail, the worm can patch himself out with new members and go aborn his business as before. They have even been known to get divided into two pieces about equal in size, and each piece grow anew half-body, sc. that there were two entire worms in place of one. After this it will easily be guessed that if the head end of the worm hap pens to be split half way down he will grow two new sides and become Y-shaped with two heads. Or if the tail end is split new sides grow and a two tailed worm is made. Some times one or two new heads develop close behind the old one in the angle of the Y. Indeed, the little creature seems to have a sort of mania for making new heads and tails wherever he finds a chance. If, therefore, the worm, after receiving several wounds, manages to escape with his life from the cuts which happen to open forward, little heads grow out, and from those opening backward lit tle tails —no doubt greatly to his em barrassment. But what of the cut-off heads and tails? Do they make new bodies and become whole animals again? Not usually . The severed head seems to become confused, so that it does not know what to do. If it lives it is most apt to produce another head like itself, and change into two heads placed neck to neck so that they look in opposite directions. So, too, the severed tail, equally foolish, doubles itself and becomes two useless tails growing end to end. But isn’t this really quite impossi ble? A head or a tail or even a half body cannot get food. If it cannot eat it cannot grow; and that is all there is about it. Well, it is true that a fragment cannot eat. But still it can make’the new part out of its own tissue. So the animal keeps getting smaller as it becomes more nearly complete, until, when the new part is finished, the whole body may be no more than the tenth part of its prop er size. The reconstructed animals are, therefore, forced to begin life over again like young worms. In time, however, they grow up to full size. When a head end makes anew head instead of a tail, or a tail makes anew tail instead of a head, the lit tle creatures must necessarily waste away and die. —From Nature and Sci ence in St. Nicholas. Dangers of Traveling. One of the best stories told about Artemus Ward concerns a journey which the humorist took on a little "one-horse” railroad line in the Mid dle West. After the train had crept from station to station at a snail’s pace for half a day, Ward beckoned„to the conductor as he passed through the car. “Say, conductor,” he drawled, “do you mind if I give you a little advice?” “Well, what is it?” said the conduc tor pruffly. “Seems to me,” continued Ward, “it would be safer to take the cowcatcher off fne engine and hitch it to the end of the rear cw.” “What for?” demanded the conduc tor. “Well, I’ve been thinking it over,” said Ward, “and I don’t see what’s to prevent one of them cows out there from coming into the car and biting fce passengers.” —Harper's Weekly. Whispering She Would Ne’er Consent. If the crinoline comes, the most? courageous of women will have to wear it. She will begin by declaring that nothing will induce her to adopt so meaningless and so hideous a fash iia; and for several weeks, no doubt, the knowledge that she possesses greater courage than other persons will sustain her as the ballrooms and reception roms become every day more crowded with silk-covered cages and Venetian-blind cotrivances for the nice disposition of steel-ribbed skirts. But fne weeks will go on unril one day, In the utter desolation of her un fashionable prettiness.— It is im possible to contemplate the end with out emotion. —London Speaker. Peculiar Damage Award. Damages have been awarded in a London court to an engineer’s fitter named Mansfield, who, as the result ntf a sudden muscular strain, has sus tained an affection of the heart which caused it to emit a musical murmur loud enough to be heard at some dis tance. Ona of the most energetic nest builders is the marsh ren. WATERS OF HAMMAN. Baths in Galilee Which Have Been Used Since 1350 B. C. Stooping, I put my hand in the water. It was hot—so hot, in fact, that the thought took hold of me, if I entered that water to bathe, I might peradventure stay there to be boiled. But knowledge cometh only by ex perience; so I removed my garments, and dipped an experimental foot in the steaming fluid. It needed some resolution to give it the company of its fellow; and there I sit humbly on the stonework, awaiting courage for further immersion. Gaining confi dence by degrees, anon the two Eng lish bathers stood upright on the margin of least depth fetching their breath how they could in the c!~uds of steam. Then my brother, plunging headlong, swam across the bath, and, he returning none the worse (but, indeed, much uplifted in spirit), i found heart to copy his behavior. So that presently the pair of us were swimming in full enjoyment to and fro across the little bath, drawing ejaculations of enthusiasm from the Bedouin bathers, who it would seem, could not put their arms and legs to such service. That water, hot from the inside of ihe earth, had a soft and silky feel though pleasantly sulphurous to the taste and smell. From our new point of view the dome was seen above this disk of water, so that in form the Lath (though the present building is only some sevety years old) resem bles those of antiquity. In subsequent soapings and slu.c ings by a bakshish-expectant attend ant, experiences in a Turkish bath found their counterpart. A notable shortcoming of the establishment then revealed itself. It had no dress ing room. An apartment of a lower temperature was manifestly essential if the burden of clothes were to be resumed in any comfort, and if on* were to confront the cold night air v ltn confidence and closed pores. We had perforce to take the visa—and, indeed, we did not contract the chills we courted. i have since seen the Hamman in full daylight. You hear the water gurgling within the closed-in remnant of a former bath, and chinks in the ancient masonry give out evil smells from the pent-up sulphur fumes. Sev eral springs gush forth openly beside the shore, the copious supply of hot water being available to all who may desire to profit by its use. At one of the steaming pools I saw two industrious Arab women washing the bright raiments of those they love; and water at a tempera ture of 144 degrees Fahr., must be excellent for the purpose. It remains to state that since 1350 B. C. these hot baths have been credited with a great efficacy in rheumatic com plaints, though neither my brother nor I was qualified to test any vir tue of that sort which may beloug to them. We have made acquaintance with another hot spring of Galilee. In a little boat we sailed northward over the small, calm sea, gliding by Ti berias and the flowery shore that lies beyond. And the day being glorious ly warfn, we dropped anchor and bathed. This was to have experience of two sorts of water—one luxurious ly warm, the other benumbingly cold. We were but thirty yards from the shore at a point where a hot stream came tumbling dark stones into the sea. So considerable was the volume of this tributary that its wa ters were spread far over the surface of Galilee. We swam into patches of warmth, and the water between and underneath felt, by contrast, icy. VICTORIA AND NIAGARA. There is No Possibility of Compari son Between the Two. It wa.s on the 22d of November 1555, that the friendly natives with whom he was traveling brought Dr. David Livingstone for the first time within sight and sound of the wonderful cat aract on the Zambesi River now known as the Victoria Falls. Before finding it, the good missionary had journeyed for nearly two years, and from his point of departure at Kuru man, in Cape Colony, had traveled quite 4,000 miles of hitherto unknown country. Today one takes the train at Cape Town on Wednesday, passes through Kimberley on Thursday, reaches Bu luwayo on Saturday, and late in the afternoon of Sunday begins to see in the distance the rising pillar of mist from the great cataract. The natives call it “Mosi-oa-tuni,” meaning “the roaring smoke.” Twen ty miles away the spray thrown back from the depths of the tremendous cavern into which the river tumbles appears like a column of smoke from a burning village, and during the last mile of the railway journey the roar of the falling water becomes notice able. Finally, when the edge of the chasm is reached, if the river is in flood, die eye and ear are assailed by a combination of phenomena that probably cannot be duplicated as marvels anywhere else on the planet. The first question that is asked of an American who has seen this Afri can wonder generally is, “How does it compare with Niagara?” There is no possibility of comparison. The two are as different as day and night. Niagara is a perfect picture in a love ly natural framework. Every point and line and curve of motionless trembling verdure and gliding water is a touch of majestic beauty. Vic toria is simply a phenomenon, a ter rific gash in tl<e floor of an appar ently unending plain, which, as one gazes, simply swallows a river in a manner that produces almost a thrill of horror.—From Theodore F. ’'tan Wagenen’s “The Victoria Falls,” in the Century. Oddities of the Human Body. The two sides of a person’s face are never alike. Tne eyes are out of line in two erses out of five, and one eye is stronger than the other in seven persons out of ten. The righ f eye is also, as a yule, higher than the left. Only one person in fifteen has perfect eyes, the largest percentage of defects prevailing among fair-hair ed people. The smallest interval of sound can be distinguished better with one ear than with both. The nails of two fingers never grow with the same rapidity, that of the middle finger growing the fastest, while that of the thumb grows slowest. In fifty four cases out of 100 the left leg is shorter than the right.—lndianapolis News. A man is easily carried back to an old love affair by the appearance of a forgotten photograph. We notice a decided improvement la the market for “tainted monej.”—• Wall Street Journal. The wizard that we are looking for is the man who will invent the bang k-ss fire cracker.—New York Mail. How can tlie’ Czar pay an indemnity to Japan when he has to spend all his money in building new jails to hold his people?—New York Mail. Of wh.’t statesman before Mr. Hay has it been said with such significant unanimity in all paris of the world, “We trusted him —Providence Jour nal. Still there wore some fairly capable men in the early day cabinets, al though they didn’t step into SIOO,OOO jobs when they retired.—Kansas City Journal. It may be said of the late Secretary of State Hay that lie never belittled his position by holding it as a stephul der by which to climb to a party nomi nation.—Boston Post. President Hadley’s idea that a man may be “too good" is not an original discovery. Several Equitable celebri ties have been acting upon it for some time.—New York Mail. Mr. Justice Brewer’s remark that in in the future Philippine government there is danger of too little Taft and mo much graft, is as suggestive as it is epigrammatic.—Boston Ilerald. A Massachusetts man of 35 is en gaged to marry a woman of 84. Through an oversight, perhaps, the press reports neglected to state the size of her fortune.—Colorado Springs Ga zette. It is said that the commission ap pointed to try General Stoessel has found that the surrender of Port Ar thur was justifiable. The Japanese have thought so all along.—New York Evening Sun. A Kansas paper wants to know if there is “something about Congress that spoils a man?” Not at all. But there’s something about some men that tends to spoil Congress. Florida Times-Union. Engineer Wallace is frankness itself. He says he lias left the Panama Canal in such excellent shape that anybody can do the engineering, the digging and the incidental details. —St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Perhaps the most remarkable thing about the life of the late General Go mez is the fact thal lie lived almost seven years since the close of the war without being the principal of an.in vestigation.—Des Moines News. Notwithstanding her crime was one of the most cold-blooded and revolting murders in recent years, it now ap pears almost certain that sentimental ists have won and Mrs. Rogers wPI not hang.—Wheeling (W. Va.) Register. It would have been more pleasant if Mr. Loomis could have avoided going abroad under a cloud, but distinguish ed men with important business await ing attention in Europe cannot sit around waiting for a dilatory and un certain weather bureau. —Butte Inter- Mountain. The resident administrators of the Philippines, having heard of Secretary Taft’s ability as an offhand letter writer, will probably be earefui dur ing his presence in the islands to avoid saying or doing anything calculated to invite the attention of his typewriter. —Chicago Inter Ocean. Carnegie’s difficulty as to which flag to fly from the turrets of Skibo, tlie Stars and Stripes or tlie Union Jack, might better have been compromised by the adoption of on entirely new emblem; embroidered oats and thistles, on a ground of first mortgage steel bonds, for instance.—Puck. If President Roosevelt can establish something like a real business system in the performance of government work in Washington, and if this re form, once established, is made per manent, then this will be even greater than the other Roosevelt achieve ments. —Kansas City Times. Uncle Sam’s deficit for last year comes to about 30 cents apiece for bis 80.000,000 nieces and nephews, big and little. It seems as if we might have scraped along with 30 cents’ worth less, just for the sake of applying as sound business sense to our govern mental affairs as to our private enter prises.—Boston Transcript. While -Mr. Morton is cutting off tlie pensioners of the Equitable and get ting ready to demand the repayment of moneys suspected of having been wrongfully secured from the society, what is lie going to do about the pay lie will get from the government for the time he spent in framing these re forms up?—Pittsburg Times. There is one very important obsta cle in tlie way of government regula tion of insurance companies. The United States Supreme Court lias de clared at least five times that insur ance is not commerce in any meaning of the term. Hence, it cannot be inter state commerce and Congress cannot make laws to govern it.—Buffalo Ex press. Though the President has been un able to convince himself that the offi cials of offending railroads should be indicted, he is still determined, it ap pears, that the roads themselves must be prosecuted. Perhaps we shall pres ently see freight cars put into prison ers’ docks on charges of carrying mer chandise at illegal rates. —Providence Journal. It is clearly time that Russia ceased to tight rearguard actions in tlie Ea-u and took up tlie pressing task of cot ting her own house in order. There are few parts of her European empire now which have not been stirred by revolt; and apparently nothing hut the loyalty of the army keeps the people down. But when signs of mutiny ap pear in the navy, how surely can the government depend upon a continued fidelity of the army?—Montreal Star. James J. Ilill has refused to rush to the defense of his chauffeur who ran over and killed a woman in New York. If tlie rich owners of automobiles fol low Mr. Hill’s example the scorching will be materially diminished at once. —Chicago Record-Herald. Three and a half million eggs from York County, Pennsylvania, alone are in cold storage until prices advance. As improved machinery knocked out the laboring man. so cold storage is designing against the American hen and farmer's wife.—lrvington (Va.) Citizen.