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IMPARTIAL RESTRICTION Cl IMMIGRATION.
By Bishop Henry C. Potter. —i The questions which uow confront the American people are two-fold: f Whether th£re should be any restric fiß tion to immigration, and if so Upon what 'hat restriction shall be based. AST Self preservation, we are wont to say, /■mK I s Oie first law of nature. The Ameri -4 ' can republic exists for the illustration and propagation and the maintenance jjylPf of certain ideals of civic government and P ersona l freedom. The inva sion of a race which would destroy ■■ "■wWWriwrff these would be a sufficient ground for bishop potter. resisting such invasion. The nation rests upon the cornerstone of the eternal righteousness, nd a race which by its moral or religious standards would assault these would strike at the foundations of the repub lic; therefore some restriction of immigration has in it the essential equality cf equity. I believe that a common law which would bear equally upon all those various races and peoples that are knock ing at our doors would command the sympathy of the republic and the votes of the upright men, but any pro rosed legislation must have in it the essential notes of •jqulty and absolute freedom from racial preudice. THE CURSE OF IU -GOTTEN WEALTH. By Rev. Dr. Madison C. Peters. 1 Business success does not bring happiness. MJ "Man cannot live by bread alone,” by estates and Ay dollars, if he could he would only be an animal. gj What the world wants to-day is men who will gj amass golden thoughts and golden deeds, and ar not mere golden dollars. Good men don’t work -gL for money, they work for character. Character is perpetual wealth, and by the side of him who it the millionaire who has it not is a pauper. Plain living, high thinking and useful effort are real riches. Never adopt the base motto, “all is fair in trade.” I have seen men, inflexible in principle, upright and down square, who have gone under, but caine up again from all their losses and failures with a conscious integrity. I do not believe that "every man has his price.” When any one complains that he has to hunt the streets with candles at noonday to find an honest man, we are apt to think that his nearest neighbor would have quite as much difficulty as himself in making the discovery. If you think there is not an honest man living you had better, for appearance aake, put off saying it until you are dead wourself. PROFIT SHARING SCHEMES FAILURES. By John A. Howland. j I know a man who has a farm worth $2G,000 Kf which for ten years he has been letting out to K tenants. He has had the place stocked -with the ff,J best dairy equipment possible, and in letting out §*l the place has enacted of the tenant that he pur jy chase one-half the stock and the equipment, the JL tenant and owner dividing equally on the profits. Here is one of the best possible examples of a WW* profit sharing scheme, but from the point of view of a man who might reasonably expect a 5 per cent income on the value of his farm, the whole scheme has been a failure. He finds that in the eyes of most of his tenants the mere idea that the tenant is compelled to share profit, Is at once the stumbling block to the tenant’s efforts. The tenant overlooks that he has the use of land worth $26,000, “THROW OUT THE LIFE LINE.” How tlie Famous Sodr, Now Sunn; in 27 LanKiiUKei, Was Written. Perhaps one of the most popular songs or hymns which Ira D. Sankey made famous during his great evauge listlc tours was that called “Throw Out tlie Lifeline.” Although the great Wjj singer - evangelist jg-j” - has been ofttimes ' credited as the au- Xj,"> ** f thor, the man who \ '"j ', wrote the words . and music was | Rev. E. S. Ufford, who now lives in Springfield, Mass.. REV E. 8. UFFORD. fluJ time was the pastor of a church in a little village near Boston. He sold the words and music for $25, and often said that it was the easiest money that he ever earned. While strolling along the beach in his little village, during the summer days, Rev. Mr. Ufford ofttimes noticed an old wreck on the sands and often wondered in his imagination how the old boat happened to become wrecked and stranded, and it called to his mind the fact that many human beings were going the same way as did the old boat He held an open-air meeting on the village green some time after this and preached to men about their souls and called attention to the wreck and of fered to throw out a helping hand to any who would listen to his appeal. Going home that night, he sat down and In fifteen minutes penned the hymn which now has been sung in 27 languages and printed over 5,000,000 times. Rev. Mr. Ufford penned the lines in yet to-day tae song is as popu lar as when It was first sung In the little Massachusetts village nearly 20 years ago. The author took a trip around the globe a short time ago, and in Japan. China, Ceylon, Italy and England found incidents connected with his song. In Honolulu he found the words and music in the Hawaiian tongue, and sang it in English to the natives In the little church and the congrega tion then sang back to him in their language. Dwight L. Moody called “Throw Out the Lifeline" his favorite and Dr. The odore L. Cuyler had the song sung in his church, for he declared it had in it more electricity than any other hymn he ever knew. Kaiser Wilhelm. The dislike of the German emperor *hown by English people of all classes to-day is odd. To the unimaginative person the German emperor could never appeal, because with all his practical energy, his desire to do good business, be Is romantic. There is something of Richard Plantagenet or Charles XII. about him. But why he should act as a blister on English people, who care for heroes and romance and are moved by a great gift of oratory, we cannot understand. They might forgive him a good deal because bis speeches trans late Into such grand English. Besides, he remains far and away the most In teresting and potential figure in world politics. —Saturday Review. Divided on Keltjjlou. A curious diversity of religious be lief is observable In the family of Lord Stanley of Alderley. The last previous holder of the title, a brother of the present peer, died In the Mussulman faith and was burled according to the rites of Islam. Another brother be came a convert to the Roman Catholic faith and Is now a domestic prelate to the Pope. One of Lord Stanley’s nephews is a Buddhist and a brother in-law, now dead, was an atheist Asa town grows older, it becomes more and more expensive for a man to be a satisfactory father. and that without the land he could do nothing; also he forgets that he has invested In only half the equipment necessary to running the farm In the best manner possible. It is the idea that profits must be divided at all that dis courages this labor where in all logic the scheme was for its encouragement There is a New York house where the scheme is failing every day, whether the chief owner knows it or not The house is interested in a peculiar specialty, and in the found ing of the concern the present business manager was one of the chief promoters. Not until it was well on its feet as a success did this manager think of some stock for himself. Then he made overtures to the one man who held the majority of the stock, and was allowed to purchase $5,000 In shares. Soon after he discovered that the prin cipal salesman of the establishment, covering a consider able and difficult territory, was drawing exactly his own salary, and had been allowed to purchase $5,000 worth of stock on exactly the same terms as he. Thus the whole scheme is a failure unless it may be that the greater encouragement that might come to the salesman Is sufficient to overweigh the sulks and discomfiture of the business manager. At least the manager’s heart is out of his work, far more than if he were dependent upon an insufficient salary only. Yet this business manager would be absolutely content were it not that he feels a less de serving man in the establishment is doing as well as he. THE HUMANITY OF WOMAN’S DRESS. By George Bernard Shaw. ~~ r ~* It On Saturday night I w ent to the opera. A lady came in and sat down very conspicuously / j in my line of sight. She had very black hair fj and stuck over her right ear the pitiable corpse VI of a large white bird, which looked exactly as if W someone had killed it by stamping on its L’ east JL and then nailed it to the lady’s temple. The spectacle sickened me. I presume that if I had presented myself at the doors with a dead snake around my neck, a collection of black beetles pinned to my shirt front and a grouse in my hair I should have been refused admission. Why, then, is a woman to be allowed to commit such a public outrage? I once sat behind a mrtk.ee hat decorated with the two wings of a sea gull, artificially reddened at the points so as to produce an illu sion of being freshly plucked from a live bird. Both ladies were evidently regarded by their neighbors as ridiculous and vulgar, but that is hardly enough when the offense is one which produces a sensation of physical sickness in persons of normal humane sensibility. THE CHURCHES NEED UNITED ACTION. By Rev. W. F. Wilkinson. ■■■ No man can look at the divided state of God’s Vj heritage and be satisfied. He must see, if he can H'J see anything, that division is weakness and that g j the time taken to defend indefensible positions Is nf! worse than wasted, because it takes the strength, Hr force and attention needed for important Chris- Jl tian work. We hear of consolidations, trusts, jR mergers on every hand in the business world, but there is no place where a merger or a con solidation is as dire a necessity as in the church of God. That the division of religious effort has enormously emphasized the narrow, the sectional in church life is true past successful contradiction. Too often victory has been sought for a form of faith, a name, a church organization, rather than for the truth. What the churches need is united action. HOW THE YERKES MILLIONS ULTIMATELY WORK FOR HUMANITY. Saar* F°-> ART6M.UW syoocoool For m YERKES HOSPtTAtS9.OOO.OOO ART OF TRUNK PACKING. With Some Examples of the Same Set Forth by Mr. Gnmtree. “Every now and then,” said Mr. Gum tree, “I read a piece In the papers about the art of trunk packing; old, experienced men who have traveled much telling how to avoid carrying un necessary stuff and how to stow the things that they do carry to the best advantage; all sound advice and use ful, no doubt, to the Immature, but I Improve on all these professors ana have no trouble about packing at all — I suppose because I’ve got a wife. “My business takes me away occa sionally on trips that last three, four or five weeks at a time, and when I am about to start on one of these trips Mrs. Gumtree packs my trunk. “Mrs. Gumtree, without qiestlon, Is the greatest trunk packer that ever lived, bar none, and I don’t doubt that she holds the same belief, for when she has got all through packing she always tells me that she doesn’t believe I will ev‘-r be able to get the stuff back Into the trunk again when I come home. “But she is the star packer, sure enough. She puts in not only every thing I want, hut everything I ought to have, adding to both, in quantity, a certain percentage for emergency, so that nothing ever goes wrong or falls short. And when it's all packed she goes over it all to me in detail and tells me where I’ll find everything. “And I do find everything all right It has never failed, and in due time when I have got through with my business and get ready to come home, I do my own little stunt of packing for the homeward trip, getting Into that trunk the stuff that Mrs. Gumtree thought I never could, but which I never fail to do. “Can’t ever get that stuff back Into the trunk? Why, it’s easy, it’s a cinch, and as I pounce on the lid for the last time and finally get the lock to connect and buckle the strap around it I smile at Mrs. Gumtree, at the other end of the line, and say to myself as I sur vey the trunk, ‘Yes, yes. I guess we know a little something about trunk packing ourselves.’ But: “When I come to get home and Mrs. Gumtree lifts the lid of that trunk and looks at the solidified chaos within: “ ‘Roderick Gumtree.’ she always says to me, ’lf you ever come back with a trunk packed like this again I'll get a divorce.’ “But she never has yet, she still packs my trunk, outward bound, with just the same comprehensiveness, order and trimness, and as long as I can re member how to do the grand consoli dated compress act for the return trip I shall feel that I have small need In deed to take any lessons whatever from any of those would-be professors of the noble art of trunk packing.” DIET OF VEGETABLES. Knowlrtlgre of Food Values Neces sary When Preparing; Mena. For the cook who wishes to substi tute vegetables for meat, a knowledge of food values is imperative, says Har per's Bazar. Some vegetables are per fect substitutes for meat. You mighi grow strong and vigorous on them, while if you made a wrong choice your family would slowly starve to death. All the grains, such as whole wheat, rice, barley, oats, corn, are per fect substitutes for meat They have the same nutritive value without the wastes of animal flesh. Nuts, cheese, peas, beans, lentils, raisins, figs, ba nanas, are meat foods. Tomatoes, onions, celery, asparagus, carrots, beets, spinach, apples, are valuable and important articles of diet but il you attempted to make them the of your dietary your family would either starve or strike. Many vege tables have medicinal value which, 11 more widely understood, would dimin ish the need for drugs and the doctor, Raisins, grapes, asparagus, spinach, lentils, carrots, contain considerable ir*u. They are valuable for anemic people. Celery, onions, carrots and let tuce are nervines and should occur fre quently in the diet of the high-strung, nervous people. They may be served in a variety of ways, together or sep arately In a combination with othei foods. With the addition of milk and butter they become nutritious. Car rots are delicious in combination with celery or onions and beeto. Eggs taka the place of meat always. Two eggs equal in food value the quantity o< beefsteak usually served to one pen son. When the Tempeit Cornea. When the tempest comes With his thunder-drums, An’ you’re in the tempest’s wry. No use to sigh For the wings to fly— You must march to his drums that dayj Yon must rush along As he screams his song— For you won’t have time to stay; But —heed this word Ere his drums are heard: “You keep out the tempest’s wayF* —Atlanta Constitution. A Concession. “Aren’t you afraid of the influence of the railroads ?” “Yes,” answered Farmer Corntossel “But I must say that I would not like to discourage ’em entirely. They do beat walkin’.”—Washington Star, Contentment abides with those whs have hut tew wants. j BIG TRACTION KING. YERKES’ ACTIVITIES EXTENDED TO TWO CONTINENTS. Death o! Charles Tyson Yerkes Re moved a Great Power from the Financial World Once Wore Prison Stripes. Few men have had more remark able careers than Charles Tyson Yerkes, who died recently in a New York hotel. Amassing a great fortune before he was 30 he became bankrupt In r single day. He was indicted and convicted for embezzlement and lar ceny and served a term in prison. This was in Philadelphia. Notwith standing this, he became a still great er power in the financial world, his activities extending from the far west to Chicago, New York and London. And yet outside his financial successes his life tvas a failure. Divorced from his first wife, who had clung to him In the days of his adversity, he mar ried a second, from whom, too, he w as estranged for a year before his death. His solicitude for a third woman had killed his love for his second wife, just as his affection for the second had caused him to discard his first. And when he died it was in a hotel, only a stone’s throw from the palatial home he had erected in New York, and In which his second wife at the time was living. Financially, the world may regard the career of Yerkes as a success, but no man who knows the spirit of Christianity and believes in it could hold it up to his child as an example to be followed. Failure Leads to Prison. Mr. Yerkes was born in Philadel phia, in 1837, of Quaker parentage, and began his business career as a clerk in a grain merchant’s office and without any salary. In 1859 he began business on his own account. An un cle had left him some money and backed by the influence of his father, who was a bank president, he started in to tic banking and stock broking. He was on the high road to success when the blow fell which blotted his entire career. Through failure caused by panicky markets after the Chicago fire, Mr. Yerkes had to make an as signment. He had millions of Phila delphia municipal securities to ac count for, was unable so to do, was indicted, tried on charges of embez zlement and larceny, convicted, sen- CHARI.ES T. YERKES. tenced to two years In the Eastern penitentiary, and served seven months of the term. Mr. Yerkes was then liberated, through the influence of political allies and was later pardoned by the Gov ernor. Following his release, Yerkes made an attempt to regain lost prestige, but the outlook was too unpromising and one day lie disappeared and for years wa„ heard of no more. He left his wife, said to be young and pretty, al most broken-hearted in a desolate home. She had faithfully stoood by him during his preliminary incarcer ation in Moyamensing prison, and sac rificed what little of the fortune that remained to buy him delicacies and comforts. On Ills Financial Feet Agraln. Yerkes made his way to the North west, speculated with some success in Dakota lands, and bought and sold real estate In Fargo, Finally he ac cumulated the golden chrysalis from which he hoped to emerge a full-blown financier and capitalist. He therefore Informed the world that Charles T. Yerkes was still alive, was not ashamed of the past, and had full con fidence in winning success in the fu ture. It was with such a flourish that he opened an office In Chicago. He did a banking and brokerage business, speculated now and then, lost heav ily for a time and then made large gains. With a satchel full of cash he returned to Philadelphia, where a sep aration from his wife was effected. Then he married Mary Adelaide Moore, the handsome daughter of Thomas Moore, a retired capitalist. From Philadelphia Yerkes returned to Chicago, tvhere he fought his way into the ring of street railway promo ters. In a few years he and his asso ciates were in full possession of most of the lines. But their methods of ac quiring franchies were questionable. | Charges were made that legislators were bought and the press of Chicago became so hostile that Yerkes pur chased a newspaper to defend him- Mlf. Domestic Duplicity. Meantime his second wife entered into his plans to increase their social prestige. She was in sympathy with his ideas of art. She fell In with his plans of building a magnificent home in New York, and then by their liber ality to art and artists gain for them selves a niche in New York’s Four Hundred. This was in 1897, when he was forced by expiring franchises to get out of Chicago with a fortune amounting to $10,000,000. Everything was roseate for tut wife, who saw no obstacle to fulfilling her highest am bitions in the social world, and at Ms death Inheriting an Immense fortune. But even before this Mr. Yerkes had met in Cincinnati a strikingly beauti ful girl, not yet out of her teens. She was dressed attractively and had an ambitious mother. While the daugh ter smiled her way into the heart of the great financier, the mother, more versed in >he ways of the world, saw In Yerkes’ fancy a way to make the future comfortable, and before many days had passed she and her daughter were comfortably ensconced in one of New York’s finest hotels. From that moment the star of the wife began to wane, and that of the graceful girl, who soon began to ac- quire a knowledge of the crafty schemes of a woman of the world, as cended. It was not long before she was brought by the admiring husband to his wife’s home in Lawrence Park, Bronxville. She was entertained there, and she gave sugges ons toward the building of the magnificent home in stli avenue, whose doorstep the Yerkes hoped to make their stepping stone into New York’s most exclusive so ciety. While this house was being built, the beautiful daughter and the schem ing mother were planning a preten tious residence, to cost $400,000, on a large plot of ground just two blocks away. The wife, unconscious of the devotion of her husband for another HRS. ADELAIDE YERKES. woman, was herself selecting and buy ing pictures, Oriental hangings, rugs and tapestries for the second house. It thus happened that a short time after the mansion on sth avenue was finished, the key to the second man sion was turned over to the young Cincinnati woman. The wife in time had her eyes opened to the true situa tion and naturally Yerkes and his wife became estranged. Since then Mrs. Yerkes has been living In solitary splendor in the sth avenue mansion. From New York Yerkes turned his attention to London and by develop ing railway property there added largely to his millions. In London he became a power and got into society, the great metropolis either not know ing or not caring that he had worn prison stripes in Philadelphia, that he stood charged of bribery and corrup tion in Chicago and that through the power of his n Illions he had erased that part of the decalogue which was not to his taste. A few weeks before his death Yerkes returned to this country, and as his wife was in possession of the sth avenue mansion he took up his abode in a hotel. There he was strick en with his fatal sickness, his wife refusing to see him until toward the actual minute of his death. The for tune left by Yerkes Is estimated a! $30,000,000. THE NEWS IN 1775. How Old Berkshire Got the News of the War in the Olden Days. Below is an exact copy of a ven erable document now in possession of Ralph I. Taylor, to whom it came from his father, the late Charles J. Taylor, says the Berkshire (Mass.) Courier. It reads: “For the Purpose of get ting speedy and certain Intelligence from the Army at Boston. We the Subscribers hereby promise and agree to Ride from this Town to Tyringham or Sheffield by Turns so as to bring Intelligence from thence each Day (the Sabbath excepted) and to Report the same at the House of Mr. Josiah Smith—And in case no regular meth od is come Into for bringing the News to said Tyringham we promise to bear our proportionable part of the Expense In procuring Intelligence from Spring field twice in each Week—Witness our handi this 3d day of May 1775—” The document tells in an Interesting but brief way the story of how, be fore the day of daily newspapers or telegraph service, and, so tar as the country generally was concerned, be fore the day even of weekly papers, the news from the fields of battle was obtained. Following the agreement on the doc ument is a list of days when the names beside each of some citizen who was to be the rider for that day. Jacob Van Deusen, who agreeu to be the first man to ride to Tyringham or Shef field, was to go for it on Monday, May 8, and Mark Hopkins was to follow on Wednesday, the ICth day of May., the service from that on alternating, except as to the Sab' ath, which com pelled a no-news interval of two days in each week. The tun ’lst of sub scribers is as follows: Jacob Van Deusen, Mark Hopkins, Truman Wheeler, Daniel Nash, Josiah Smith, Joseph Root, Jr., Phineas Nash, Benedict Dewey, Josiah Mansfield, Da vid Chinch, Nathaniel Lee, Josiah Phelps, Isa:-c Pixley, David Ker, Israel Root, Titus Younglove, Silas Sprague, David Willard, Howitt Root, G. Whit ing, George King and Elijah Dwight Miserable Luck. “I was awfully exasperated yester day,” said Mrs Flippeudyke. “What happened?” “Why, you see, I had been owing Mrs. Dullson a call for months and months. Well, along in the afternoon I saw her starting away, all dressed up, and I thought to myself, ‘Here’s my chance.’ So I hurried across the street to leave my card, and—and—” “Did you find when you got there that you didn’t have any?” “No, it wasn’t that. Just after I had pushed the bell button -ffie came home, and, of course, there was noth ing for me to do hut go in.”—Chica go Record-Herald. A Lack of Orphans. The Irish duelist who lamented hav ing “as pretty a challenge as ever was penned, but no one to whom to give it,” was in the same trouble as the mu nicipality of Paris. The city has a fine orphanage, liberally appointed and with an ample staff, but with no orphans. A Mme. Tamices left nearly a million and her villa at Orsay to be maintained as an orphanage for girls of the eighth arrondlssement. The girls were to be provided with a dowry on . leaving. Paris has searched the highways and byways of the district, and but two or phans have been found. If the human race were built on plans that meet daily requirements, men would have two more legs that they might constantly be kicking themselves, and women would have six more pair of hands that they might keep up with the work the chil dren make around the house. If you like babies, never notice them when their mother is present, unless you want to see her get out her handkerchief and wring their noses Lieut. Gen. Chaffee, who will retire from the service next spring, began his military career as a cavalry pri vate forty - four years ago, and is the second man h of this rank who lias risen to the ges. chaffee. ed more resolute ly than ever in China when he was in command of the United States mili tary force sent to help quell the Box ers. There was a long, delay and much discussion among the allied commanders, and finally Gen. Chaffee delivered this ultimatum: “I am or dered to go to the relief of the United States legation at Pekin. I leave with my troops for that city at once. If the allied troops do not move. I will go alone with my United States sol diers.” It did the business. The al lied column moved on to Pekin in a rush, rather than a march. Gen. Chaf fee will bear with him into his re tirement the good will of the entire country. There is no better example than he of the American soldier at his sturdiest and best. His qualities as a man add lustre to his merit as a mili tary hero, and he will be honored wherever he goes. Senor Pedro Alvarado, the mining king of Mexico, is to erect a monument to the memory of his late wife, which will be composed of marble embossed by two tons of silver. William Peters Hepburn, who intro duced in the House his railway rate bill, is one of the distinguished Re publican leaders of was a presidential elector at large in w * p - hepbubx. 187(5, and in 1888. Mr. Hepburn was born at Wellsville, Ohio, in 1833, and was brought to lowa by his parents in 1841. He learned the printers’ trade, later studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1854. In the Civil War he served as a cavalryman, reaching the position of lieutenant colonel. In pol itics he has been conspicuous for years, and has been delegate to three national Republican conventions. Earl de Grey, although 53 years old, ranks as the greatest killer of game in Great Britain. His bag to date amounts to 31(5.01)9 head. Iu Yorkshire he once shot 500 grouse in a single day. Luke E. Wright of Tennessee, Gov ernor-elect of the Philippines, has been named by the President as the ~ first American am bassador to Japan. KIM ” \ It was further an- Wm nounced that Da- W* vid E. Thompson, F jEmSk* < * or to Braz 'l* will Mlu to com. former Minis be sent to Brazil. QEK. L. E. WRIGHT. W rigllt SEW set vice in the Confederate army during the rebellion, was later Attorney Gen eral of Tennessee, and occupied other public offices iu his home State. He Las been a commissioner of the Phil ippines and Governor General for two years. Prof. Koch writes from Uhehe that he has found a delightful climate in the part of German East Africa trav ersed by him. The air has a splendid tonic quality. Former Governor James H. Peabody, of Colorado, and family recently were the victims of poison put in break fast food. An in- | that several letters j / had been received by the former Gov calling his atten- Steuneuberg of James h. peabody. Idaho, and threatening him with ■ a similar fate. Peabody hud incurred the enmity of a certain portion of the miuers’ element while at the head of the State administration. Mr. Casasus, the new ambassador from Mexico, is said to look much like the Rev. Dr. Parkhurst of New York. Alexander E. Orr, who was appoint ed president of the New York Life In surance Company to succeed John A. McCall and will serve at least until tL. Aft the election is held fT W in April next, is a iKv.igf retired mere hant l aul financier who > the rapid transit tommission which ’ subway. He was born in Ireland ALEX. E. ORB. seventy-four years ago and came to the United States in ISSI. He was for a number of terms president of the New York Produce Exchange and served several years as president of the Chamber of Com merce. ->—:- It is stated that Winston Churchill is to receive the sum of ?40,5X) down and royalties for h'is biography of his father, the late Lord Randolph Chureh ill. Mr. Akiopi is soon to bring over 300 fami’ies from Japan, who will settle in Bee county, Texas, to engage in tea farming and silk culture. Jelien Tiersot, the noted French au thor, is at present lecturing in this coun try. He is librarian of the National Conservatory in Paris and author of several works on music. THE MOROCCAN SITUATION. Question at Issue Before the Com mission at Algreoiras. The question at issue at Algeciras is whether or not France is entitled to have a special and privileged position iu Morocco. Compared to this question all others are of minor importance. It is, therefore, of interest to note how this question has been raised. France possesses Algeria, whose neighbor on the west is Morocco. Con stantly in a state of turmoil because of the lack of laws both civil and re ligious, and because of the many pre tenders to its throne, Morocco has been unable either to maintain order with in her boundaries or to prevent her people from making incursions into neighboring territories. The disturbed conditions in Morocco have also tended to bring about disquietute in Algeria. Consequently, France undertook, in self-protection, to exercise such police authority in Morocco as would bring about peaceful conditions not only iu that state, but also in Algeria. Pursuing such Moroccan policy, France sent a special mission to Fez last year. Germany did the same thing. The German Emperor even went still further. On March 31 he visited Tangier and made a speech there, in which he assured German res idents that the sovereignty and integ rity of Morocco would be maintained. This speech was answered by M. Del casse, French minister of foreign af fairs, who declared in the Senate at Paris that “interference from interest ed quarters would not cause France to modify her policy.” The German Em peror’s declaration and the French pre mier’s reply came near involving the two nations in war. Besides France and Germany, Great Britain, too, has interests in Morocco. As relations between Germany and France became strained, France and Great Britain entered into an agree ment by which the latter in substance gave France a free hand in Morocco in return for a free hand in Egypt, each agreeing to support the other. In the meantime, how. ,er M. Delcasse re signed. Relations between France and Germany became less strained, and they finally entered into an agreement regarding a basis for an international conference. This conference is now iu session at Algeciras. While France contends for special privileges, Germany advocates inter national control of police, customs and an “open door” to commerce. Ger many's contention is the broader, but looks no less to national advantage. This will probably become so appar ent as the deliberations at Algeciras proceed, that action will look to a compromise aloug the lines of the claims which France makes. There is little likelihood of war. Senator Bacon’s effort to call in question President Roosevelt's delega tion of American representatives to the international conference at Algeciras lias resulted in popular inquiry regard ing American interests in Morocco. While it may be true that American commercial interests in Morocco are not very important, it is also true that principles of commerce advocated and maintained by the United States al most from the beginning, underlie every commercial treaty made by either American or„ European states with the Barbary states. These prin ciples were laid down under the guns of United States warships when Com modore Decatur in 1815 put an end to Barbary piracy, and compelled recog nition of commercial rights and pr.,A leges. America’s service to the world dates from the surrender of the Dey of Algiers, for upon that event was founded free commercial intercourse between all civilized nations and the Barbary States. America’s service thus begun may be extended by her insistency upon the “open door” in Morocco at the conference in Algeci ras. CANAL CRITIC QUITS HIS JOB. Poultney Bigelow No Longer Pro fenftor a( Untremity. Poultney Bigelow, who recently criti cised conditions in Panama, has resigned ids position as special lecturer on in ternational law at Boston university. TALKING THROUGH HIS HAT. The letter of resignation does not give his reasons. The university officials say that the resignation was not due to any action taken by them. When Poultney Bigelow appeared be fore the Senate committee on inter oceanic canals and was asked to tell who gave him the information on which he based his charges on canal mismanage ment in the recent magazine article, he persistently refused to divulge the names of his informants, whom he said had talked to him in confidence. He admit ted, however, that he had been at Colon only twenty-eight hours, as Secretary Taft had said. A majority of the com mittee was in favor of applying the pen alty for Bigelow's refusing to answer, but nothing was done. Trouble in Simplon Tunnel. The ■Simplon tunnel, the completion of which last year was hailed as one of the greatest engineering feats ever ac complished, is seriously threatened. Doubts are beginning to be expressed whether the masonrv supporting the en tire central roof will be sufficiently strong to bear the enormous pressure of the 2,145 yards of solid mountain lying above. Furthermore, the water difficul ty. serious before, has become aggravat ed by the winter snows. These have in creased the inflow to such an extent that the completion of the works, of rail lay ing. installing telegraph wires, and so on. has been practically stopped for the present. Gov. Carter of Hawaii has withdrawn his recommendation for the reappoint- I ment of Judge W. J. Robinson by cable. ' Mrs. J. G. Phelps Stokes, formerly Miss ’Rose Pastor, who was once a ci garmaker, met fashionable New York at Sherry's, where her mother-in-law. Mrs. Anson Phelps Stokes, gave a cotillon. Dr. Charles A. Eastman, as a Chris tian and a Sioux, appealed to the Pres byterian women's board of missions in New York to respect the natural spirit uality of Sioux women. It is announced that the exports of Germany to the United States during the year 1906 from all the American con sular districts amounted to $125,724,- 221, an increase of $14,484,096. Civil service reform has taken deep root. Almost three-fifths of the three hundred thousand positions in tho executive civil service of the na tional government are open to competition whenever they fall va cant; and a large part of those to which appointment is made without competitive examination are eitlior of such a nature that they can not be placed in the classified list, or such that it would be unwise to bring them into the system. A large and in creasing number of States have adopt ed the merit test for filling clerical and other positions in their own govern ments and In city administration. Last the National Civil Service Com mission examined, through its agents, almost one hundred and fifty thousand candidates, and more than forty thou sand of them were ap|>ointed to posi tions. Moreover, within a few years changes in the regulations have great ly diminished the opportunities to evade the law by letting candidates who had not passed an examination into the service by cunningly concealed “back doors.” It used to l>e urged that the present system creates an office holding class, and that there is not sufficient rotation in office. Statistics show that this is not the case, for the rate of change is sufficient to make a complete renewal of the personnel of the civil service every ten years. The situation at Washington is not so complex as to pnzzle a man of or dinary intelligence. Public questions, even those approaching the Importance of vital issues, are seldom considered on their merits by the lawmakers of this country. Legislation at Washing ton is a political game. Parties strive for advantage in elections more than for public welfare. Individual Sena tors and Congressmen contend for those interests which they serve. That a Congressman is a Republican or a Democrat signifies less than ever be fore. That lie is a representative of some great interest tells the bigger story every time. For tli "se reasons legislation partakes little of statesman ship. Congressmen seldom become great men in popular estimation. Suc cess is measured by the points made in the game played. In seeking points in the game they play one against the other, being more desirous of securing personal advantage and benefit for the the interests they serve, than of repre senting the people who elected them. It’s ail in the game. -: :- Retaliation by Congress to punish railroads for discontinuing the issuance of passes is threatened. Members, some of them classed among the lead ers, are frankly discussing the form this retaliation shill take. Strangely enough there seems no disposition to punish the railroad by uniting in the passage of a strong railroad rate regu lation law. The plan which receives most favor is to reduce the appropria tion for the transportation of the mails. The railroads yearly receive from the government about $50,000,- 000 for carrying the mails. Under the plea of using money for extending the rural free delivery service, it will be proposed to reduce this amount by $10,000,000, Congressmen taking the position that whatever the railroads gain by cutting off passes should be so much money saved to the govern ment. Anew type of siege gun has been completed by tho ordnance department at the Rock Island arsenal and has been shipped to the Sandy Hook prov ing grounds for a test. The new weapon throws a sixty-pound projec tile. This is five pounds heavier than the projectile now thrown rrorn the five inch siege guns, which are to be re placed with the new model if the gun proves satisfactory. The chief charac teristic of the new gun is its long re coil. It is said that this gives a steady carriage, and that the carriage will not jump when the gun is fired, as is the case with the gun now In use. This will permit of a more rapid fire, as it will not be necessary to place the car riage in position after each shot. In view of complaints to the Post office Department of the brittleness of postage stamps and their tendency to curl and be detached after being af fixed to letters, an Investigation was ordered, and it v jis found that the trouble was due to the hard gum used in summer and which is affected by the cold, dry atmosphere of the winter sea son. All such stamps supplied to post masters have been directed to be with drawn by them until the summer months, and in the meantime new sup plies are being forwarded them coated with a softer gum. which Is not affect i ed by winter weather. The inquiry into operations of the reporting section of the Department of Agriculture by the Keep Commission, under the President’s order, has been made public. It finds that the bureau of statistics has habituaily underesti mated acreage and crops other than .•otton, and that its figures have been generally inaccurate. This is the bu reau over which John Hyde was chief. The commission recommends in its re port to the President that the methods be improved or the service discontin ued. The National Rivers and Harbors Congress, which met at Washington, included a number of State governors, members of Congress and delegates from at least 300 commercial organiza tions. A permanent organisation was effected and the declaration was made j in favor of an annual $50,000,000 river and harbor bill. Senator Bailey of Texas, whose elec tion to succeed Gorman as leader of the Senate minority was conceded, an nounced his unwillingness to take die place, saying that he had not “acquired the art of being agreeabU* under all circumstances.” The same vices which are huge and insupportable in others we do not feel in ourselves. —La Bruyere. It is better to suffer wrong than to do it, and happier to be sometimes cheated than not to trust.—Johnson.