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By MAJOR J. H. ROBINSON CHAPTER I. Charleston had fallen, and British partisan officers were devastating South Carolina with fire and sword. It was a season when might seemed to have achieved a victory over right. The most hopeful of the patriots began to despond and to feel that their cause was lost forever. Toryism prevailed unchecked. Peaceable citizens were slain without mercy, and their substance Tasted. South Carolina was literally trodden un der foot by a remorseless foe, and the sun arose upon burning houses and houseless fugitives. Many accepted royal protection, and as many rejected it with ineffable scorn. Though dark and discouraging the pe riod, opposition had not yet ceased; a few daring souls still contended for lib erty and justice. At Williamsburg a small party of horsemen was collected. No two were dressed alike, if we except the covering for the head, each wearing a leathern cap, more substantial than ornamental. A few had rifles; some had fowling pieces; others had rude but heavy sabers fashioned by the skill of the neighboring blacksmith; and there were others who were armed with swords of the ordinary kind. However shabby their apparel, and however indifferently they were armed, it was very certain that tney were with out exception well mounted, and men of high and stern determination. This little band of horsemen was commanded by Francis Marion —a man whose mili tary career proved successful and bril liant. They fell into line. A command ing figure rode forward and addressed the men. It was Col. Horry, the friend and able supporter of Gen. Marion. “Friends, neighbors and fellow sol diers.” said the colouel, “I have a propo sition to make —that you hereafter be distinguished as a body of men by the name of Marion’s Brigade. As many as are in favor of this proposition will ride three paces to the front.” Without hesitation every horseman moved to the front, and the line remain ed unbroken. “Here comes the general,” said Ben Rowan, a man famous for his personal strength and daring. “He is rather small in stature,” re marked a recruit, who had joined the brigade that morning. “He is quite large enough to unite in his own person great generalship, un daunted courage and indomitable perse verance,” relied a young man whose name was Forstall. “He’s all of that,” added Rowan, ap provingly; ’“and he rides one of the best horses in the State. It’s my opinion that Tarle’on’s cavalry can’t keep in eight of hill.” “So far as I am able to judge in the premises we are all pretty well mount ed,” said Forstall, glancing at his com-, panions with evident pride. “So we are,” rejoined Ben Rowan; “and so we ought to be, for the brunt of the battle is coming upon us. We are almost alone in the field.” “Verily, I love not the sound of the trumpet, and the lifting up of the spear!” exclaimed Job Dawson, an ath letic Quaker oa the right of Rowan. “Then what are you here for?” asked the latter, contemptuously. “For one I came here to fight, and I’ll follow that lion-hearted Marion as long as I can sit on a horse and wield any kind of a weapon.” “I came hither, friend Rowan,” re plied Dawson, quietly, “to prevent wan ton cruelty and the shedding of blood. Verily, my soul hateth the neighing of sti-eds and the preparations of war.” “You’d better go home, then,” answer ed Be wan, gruffly. Francis Marion, mounted upon his re nowned horse, rode leisurely to the front of the brigade, and every eye was fixed earnestly upon him. “Men and soldiers: I have been sent here by Gen. Gates to be your leader. I shall endeavor to discharge my duty; but if I fail it will be because I lack ability and address, and not because 1 do not love my country as dearly as any other man. I have heard that you are all tried and true; and I rejoice that it Is so. for it shall be my highest ambi tion to lead such against our haughty enemies. I have adopted for my motto, ‘Liberty or Death.’ and I solemnly as sure you that I mean to abide by it. It Is my firm and unalterable purpose never to abandon the field so long as there is one true soldier in South Carolina to go with me to battle. Our numbers are Increasing hourly, and if you are brave, resolute and prudent, the whole coun try will hear of your achievements. Your sweethearts shall blush with pleas ure when they hear your names spoken; your wives will weep pearly tears of joy end gratitude, and your children in after years will strive to emulate your noble deeds. I feel within me an assurance that this brigade will yet become the terror of British hirelings, and a word to make the Tory tremble even while the bayonets of Cornwallis gleam over his dastardly bead. We will surprise our foes by sudden sallies; we will awe them with the exploits of men resolved to conquer or die; we will appear to them in unexpected places; we will cut off communication with their different military posts; we will, in short, harass them at all times, until they can feel no sense of security on the soil of South Carolina.” The general ceased, and the brigade cheered l\im to the echo. “That's what I call the right kind of talk!” exclaimed Ben, enthusiastically. “It .nay suit thee, friend Benjamin/’ replied Job Dawson, calmly. Rowan looked disdainfully at the Quaker, but did not deign to reply. “The general wishes to see you,” said Col. Horry, in a low voice to Dawson. “Follow me.” Job Dawson obeyed the summons, and lu a few minutes his gigantic figure was *een towering tip beside the smaller per son of the brigadier. “I have beeu informed by one of my men.” said Marion, “tha* you can tell me something about the movements ox Major Gainey the Tory loader, who has done so much mischief of late.” "As thou seest. friend Francis. I be long to that peculiar sect called Quakers —a people who love peace, and abhor contention. Verily, I cannot figut with carnal weapons; but this much I will say —that man of Belial, whom they call Gainey, and who leadeth the disaffected of our countrymen to battie and vexeth this unhappy land not a little, is now resting from the work of slaughter on the banks of the Pedee, at a place call ed Britton's Neck. Hence, friend Fran cis, I would advise thee to keep out of the way of that man of blood, lest he should fall upon thee and smite thee with the edge of the sword.” “I thank you,” said the general, with a smile. “It was my duty to do this, to pre vent the effusion of blood,” resumed Dawson. Marion did not reply immediately, but fixed his penetrating eyes searchiugly upon the singular personage before him. “There are men, friend Francis,” con tinued Dawson, “bad enough to fall 'upo:- this Major Gainey in the night time \nd slay him, and those that are with aim. without mercy, but I hope thou urt a man of peace.” “I fight to procure peace, friend Daw •on,” returned the general; “and I shall Certainly surprise Major Gainey to-night His enormities are but too well known io me; he has filled to the brim the meas un of his sins, and I will pnokh him if heaven will kindly endow my arm with accustomed strength for a few hours longer. As you appear to he well ac quainted with the localities referred to, you must be my guide to the spot.” “You forget, friend Francis, that my conscience protests against such proceed ings.” replied Dawson. "Your conscience is wrongly educat ed.” answered the general, “and I must use my authority.” "Verily, thou hast the power, and I cannot resist thee,” returned Job. “But if I go up with thee to battle, I can only look on and see the slaughter go on.” “Do as you please about fighting; all I require is that you conduct me to the camp of Major Gainey by the shortest route. When there you shall be at lib erty to fight, or run away, just which your conscience muy Incline to dictate. I observe that you are not armed, Mr. Dawson. I advise you to wear some kind of a weapon to secure your own safety.” "If it is thy command, I must even obey,” returned Job. The general and Job Dawson rode slowly back toward the encampment. Suddenly Marion drew up his horse and asked abruptly: "Is there a woman in this case, Mr. Dawson V” The young Quaker’s calm and hand some face was instantly suffused with a deep red. “There is a certain damsel,” he an swered, “who is, indeed, somewhat in terested in these matters.” “And you are, doubtless, judging from your confusion, interested in the dam sel?” “I like not thy trade,” said Dawson evasively. Gen. Marion motioned to Rowan and he approached. “I do not wish Mr. Dawson to leave the camp,” he said. “I confide him to your care until night. See that he has good treatment and a weapon if he de sires one.” “You don’t strike me as being just the right kind of a chap for these parts,” remarked Ben. “Why not, friend Benjamin?” asked Job, in those peculiarly gentle tones which were in such strange contrast with the excited voices that arose on every side. “Because there is no fight in you!” retorted Rowan, energetically. “All men are not alike,” was the pa tient reply. “Friend Benjamin, your leader commanded me to wear a weapon, but I would fain be excused.” “But you can’t be excused!” exclaimed Ben, glad of this opportunity to do vio lence to Dawson’s feelings. “If the gen eral has said so, you must come to it, and there’s no use iu hanging back.” “I cannot use a sword, friend Ben jamin; but I have no power to resist. Do with me as seemeth good unto thee.” Full of the idea of hating a little in nocent sport at the expense of the unos tentatious and honest Job Dawson, Ben Rowan conducted him to a shop not far from the camp, where two or three stout men were engaged in fashioning sabers for the brigade. Swords were at first wanting, but they stripped all the saw mills of the neighborhood, and the saws were converted by rude blacksmiths into sabers for the men. “You can now select a weapon,” said Rowan, pointing to several rudely made sabers. “If I must indeed be armed, good Ben jamin, I will have such an implement of warfare as shall best suit my fancy. These are not heavy enough. I would have one six inches longer, and several pounds heavier.” “That’s rather rich!” exclaimed Row an. “I suppose a common broomstick would answer just as well for all prac tical purposes?” “I dare say thou art right; but I will, if it please all parties, have the weapon that those honest men are now smiting upon the anvil.” "Shall we cut off the end, or will you have it the whole length?” asked one of the workmen, with a smile. “Verily, friend Vulcan, I will not have it any shorter. Fashion it according to thy best skill, and I will wear it, in obedience to the commands of Francis, the leader of this warlike people.” The saber was made according to the instructions of Dawson, and occasioned no little merriment; for it was of such weight and length that it seemed to rival the famous weapon used by Wallace himself when lie led the plaided warriors to battle. Wherever the Quaker ap peared with the ponderous “utensil of war,” as he quietly styled it, there was sure to be an outburst of ridiculous re marks, for Ben Rowan did not fail to call attention to his patient and uncom plaining friend. But one thing could not be overlooked by the most facetious and fun-.’oving of the dragoons; and that was that the figure of Job Dawson was a fine model of manly beauty and strength. Larger than any man in the brigade, of a pleas ing countenance, and still young, despite all the disadvantages under which he labored in other respects, his personal appearance excited admiration and some envy. He moved about among the men, apparently unconscious that he was a subject of ridicule. When addressed, his answers were mild, and yet characteriz ed by quiet dignity, and his calm voice never for a moment lost its tones of strong gentleness. Although the mon strous weapon hung at his side, no war like fires gleamed from his eyes; they were as soft as a woman’s in their ex pression, and a wondrous serenity seem ed written in the singular repose of ev ery feature. CHAPTER 11. There was one in Marion’s brigade who was deeply interested in the con templated movement agamst Major Gai ney. The individual referred to was Frank Forstall. His home was on the Pedee river, not far from Britton’s Neck; consequently his nearest and dear est friends were there—his parents and his fair and gentle sister Rose. Nor was tliis all; Ruth Strickland, a young and interesting maiden, wno had awak ened in his bosom the teaderest senti ments of friendship, rt ; ded in that vi cinity, giving it, by her presence, an ad ditional charm. Mr. Strickland, Ruth’s father, was at that time in the army if Gen. Gates, marching toward Camden. Major Gai ney, the notorious Tory leader, had heard of the rare beauty and accomp lishments of Ruth, and naturally felt a desire to see her; but the admiration was all on his side, for she had no sym pathy with his cause, and shrank with horror from the rehearsal of his deeds. Although they had met only by acci dent. the major had been very free in the expression of his admiration, and evidently desired to cultivate her ac quaintance; but Ruth treated him with such coldness that he quickly perceived he had little or nothing to hope in that direction. He embraced various oppor tunities that chance threw in his way to endeavor to convince her of the justness of his cause; also to excite her fears, and to awe her into something like a reverence for himself and his authority. This state of things was not unknown to Frank Forstall. and he had hoped, with Ruth, that her persecutions would cease after her return home. His anx iety may in some measure be imagined when he heard that Gainey and his ruf fianly followers were encamped at Brit ton’s Neck. Am yvang Forstall reflected upon this subject, his fears increased, and he waited with oovious impatience for the time to come when the brigade should be put in motion. He had been com pelled to take the field by the stern necessity of the times. His innate love of truth and justice had induced him to side with the patriots, and he had joined Marion’s brigade only the day before. While the dragoons under Marion were waiting bo anxiously for the ap proach of night. Major Gainey and nis men were making themselves quite at home at Britton’s Neck. They were slaughtering the choicest beeves that they could find, without taking the trou ble to consult owners; they plundered granaries, they entered peaceful dwell ings, the only inmates of which were helpless women, and robbed them of plate, money and watches; and, when these were not to be obtained, con tented themselves by depriving them of their personal ornaments, such as rings, chains and bracelets. Transactions of this kind were not limited, however, to that particular locality; they were of common occurrence all over th country, and excited general indignation among the injured inhabitants. Of all the enemies with whom the patriots had to contend, none w-ere so eminently distinguished for cruelty and meanness as the Tories. To despoil and slay their Whig neighbors appeared to them a most agreeable employment; consequently there existed between the two parties feelings of animosity the most implacable. The royal cause being now in the ascendant in South Carolina, the numerous Tory bands that were sweeping through the country loved to show their power in acts of which no honorable foe would have been guilty. Major Gainey reveled in plenty at Brit ton’s Neck, at the expense of the in habitants. He triumphed over old men and defenseless women and children, and he meant that they should feel that he could have everything as he wished. (To be continued.) WAGNER'S MUSIC NOT RUINOUS. An Oft-Heptated Statement Con tradicted for the First Time. A contralto with great range should not attempt to sing mezzo soprano roles, for the proper field for her voice is sufficiently ample, and, by avoiding the mezzo field, she will conserve her voice to a great age, as witness Ama lia Joachim, Germany’s late foremost concert contralto. Let me here, for the first time, contradict the oft-re peated statement that Wagner is ruin ous to the voice. I myself began my career as a grand opera singer at the age of 17. I have been before the public for the past twenty-seven years, and in that time have undergone all the hardships of poverty and have fought my way upward against over whelming odds. Fifteen years of my career were spent in Hamburg, where I sang grand opera, comic opera, and musical farce; where I sang in con certs; where I played straight comedy, or dramatic or tragic roles; and where, besides, want put me to the necessity of giving vocal instruction to eke out my existence and provide for my nu merous dependents. During the past seventeen years I have sung the great roles of Wagner—no one more so than myself—and my voice to-day is better than it ever was before. But. I ask, will a tender plant en dure and thrive in ground that nature has not meant for it? Certainly not So, also, has nature put bounds to the voice, and he or she who fails to rec ognize those boundaries must suffer for it. No voice that is founded on proper principles and that is possessed by one who really “knows how to sing” need fear injury within its prop er limits, be the composer Wagner or anybody else.—Mine. Schumann-Heink in Success Magazine. HOUSE PLANTS IN WINTER. Ilulea for Watering: and Feeding; Them to Have Them Healthy. All plants that have their pots full of roots and are in a healthy condition are benefited by feeding, says the Gar den Magazine. But a healthy condi tion is necessary. No sickly plant can survive on a strong diet any more than can a dyspeptic, but this sickly condition of plants is often brought about by lack of nourishment and feeding is then necessary. Chemical fertilizers will enable you to have smaller pots than would otherwise be necessary, and for house plants large pots are especially cumbersome. Plants fed regularly with chemjcal manure can be kept healthy in a pot one-half the size that would otherwise be needed. The feeding of plants in pots must always be done very care fully and at the proper time. Don’t give doses of food when the plants are just past their periods of most active growth. Avery clean, cheap and convenient fertilizer for house plants is ordinary “household” ammonia. Commence with five or six drops of ammonia to a cupful of water and as the plants get used to it increase the dose, but never let it exceed half a teaspoonful to a breakfast cup of water. A tea spoonful of the special plant fertilizer sprinkled on the top of a six-inch pot —more or less, according to the size of the pot—is sufficient. Then water it in. One application every two weeks should be sufficient. Somewhat Personal. Unfortunately for himself, Mr. Thorn wall was gifted with n phenom enal faculty for saying the wrong thing at all times and. in ail circum stances. A friend of his had just in troduced him to a rising young mem ber of the national House of Repre sentatives. “I have often heard of you, Mr. 8.,” said Mr. Thornwall, greeting him with f he utmost cordiality. ‘‘lt's a pleasure to meet a Congressman who is making his mark, the more especially when on a considers how few there are that are doing it. It must be almost mor tifying to you. sometimes, to see what an ordinary lot of men are sent to \ 'ashington to make the laws for this country. Doesn’t it?” ‘•Oh. I don’t know,” said the Hon. Mr. 8., with an embarrassed smile. “They’re not a bad lot of men.” “It stands to reason,” rejoined Mr. Thornwall, warmly, “that they can’t amount to much. What man who is worth his salt, either in a business or professional capacity, would sacrifice all his prospects at home and go to Washington for the pitiful salary of so.ooo a year? Not one, sir; not one. That’s why I say—er —” But here Mr. Thornwall saw that he had “put his foot in It,” and hastened to change the subject Gem. Stubb—Why is it that all the fel lows envy Harker because he has such a good wife? Penn—Haven’t you heard? Hark er asked her what she wanted for a Christmas present and she said she would be satisfied with a kiss. For how many centuries has the old hen continued to work her little shell game unmolested! The Broken E^ngagrement. "It takes two to make a quarrel,” sc runs an old saying, but one might supplement it with the remark that one person is quite sufficient to keep open the breach. When lovers quarrel each promptly sets himself or herself to consider whose place it is to take the first step toward reconciliation. Naturally, in nine cases out of ten, they decide that they themselves are the injured party and should be sued for forgiveness. Thus it often happens that two foolish and obstinate young people, each dear ly loving the other, make their lives wretchedly miserable because they will cot sacrifice a little of their false dig nity and pride to make the necessary advances. Do not stop to consider whose place it is to take the first seep toward rec onciliation. That is but a trifling mat ter compared with the unhappiness which the quarrel is causing both. One word, one little look, is all that is necessary in the majority of cases to bring two fond hearts together again. If love is to flourish between two people they must not only each be slow to take offense, but be willing and glad to pardon at the first and faint est sign of penitence. It is no sign of love for a girl to maintain that her lover, who has of fended her, is entirely in the wrong, and insist that he must come to her and ask for forgiveness. There is more honor and credit due to the girl who makes the first advance than one who magnifies it by expecting him to make an apology before she shows any signs of reconciliation. It may be more satisfactory to her pride to adopt the latter method, but it is un worthy of a true lover. Mathilde Serao, wife of a Naples ed itor, is one of the most popular Italian novelists extant. Mrs. Julia F. Williams has for thir ty-eight years been keeper of the Santa Barbara, Cal., lighthouse. Mme. Emma Calve, the famous sing er, had a famous French sculptor pre pare a design for her tomb four years ago. . Mrs. Astor is said to be the most methodical woman in society. If her dinner is announced at 8 be gins on the dot. Mrs. Alice Rollins of San Francisco Is one of the few successful women gold seekers of the Klondike. She is rated as a millionaire. Mrs. Gondel, the 45-year-old wife of a Hamburg millionaire, has been mar ried twenty-five years and has present ed her husband with thirty-three chil dren. She has had five sets of triplets. Water an Beautlfler. While women nm after each new thing in the way of face creams and complexion beautifiers, a very simple aid to good digection, and hence to a clear, pretty skin, goes unappreciated and unused right at their hand. It is simply water, of which very few wom en drink one-quarter as much as they should do in the course of a day. To do its work properly the liquid should be taken between meals, and at least three pints—or six ordinary glasses—a day should be the average of an adult. A woman whose skin is the envy of others, and who is believed by many to resort to all sorts of “beauty” devices, attributes it entirely to the plentiful use of water, both internally and ex ternally. She drinks it a glassful at a time almost every hour. Hot water, if taken a cupful on rising and another when going to bed, will help to reduce the weight of a stout person. Cold water, unless taken with meals, will not increase flesh, but has a tendency to harden and make it firmer. Winter Visiting: Gown. Blue velvet with corselet skirt and bolero trimmed with Persian embroid ery, and lace chinchilla toque. Clean*ing Black Silk. The silk must be thoroughly brushed and wiped with a clean cloth, then laid on a table and well sponged with hot coffee, entirely freed from sediment by being strained through muslin. The work is done on the side intended to show, then the silk is allowed to be come partially dry and ironed on the wrong side. The coffee removes et ry particle o' grease and restores the brilliancy j f the silk without impart ing to it the shiny appearance or pa pery stiffness obtained by using other liquids. Time Spent at a Mirror. German statisticians with no great burden of serious work oa their shoulders have been calculating what part of a woman's life is si>ent in look ing at herself in a mirror. She begins as a rule at six years. From six to ten she has a daily average of seven minutes. From ten to fifteen she de votes a quarter of an hour to her glass. At twenty she certainly spends thirty minutes daily admiring herself, and when past twenty a whole hour. The statisticians are tactful entugh THREE STYLISH GOWNS 1. Pale blue chiffon, with chiffon rosebuds and a flower design in blue spangles. 2. Ruby chiffon velvet, with panel of lace and lace half sleeves. 3. Yellow chiffon taffeta, with design of hand embroidery and spangles. not to say when a woman begins to take less interest in her personal ap pearance, but women more than sixty years old do not, they say, spend more than ten minutes daily at their mir rors. All this time reckoned up—it is a simple sum in multiplication—makes 7.000 hours, or about ten months, at the mirror. Then they proceed to compare the time which a man—a German —devotes to this occupation, and come to the conclusion that his average is seven months. —Milwaukee Free Press. Women Slioulti tangh. Women laugh too little, says a writer. Whether this is due to their lack of humor or to childhood’s train ing in gentle manners may be ques tioned. Certain it is that a hearty laugh in a woman’s voice is rare music. An audience of women rustles with amusement, but seldom laugbs. A group of girls giggle, but do not laugh. A woman reading the most brilliantly humorous story seldom gets beyond a smile. When Sir Walter Besant, in hie clever skit, "The Revolt of Man, ’ pictured the time in the twentieth century when women should have usurped all power—political, ec clesiastical and social —he shrewdly noted that laughter had died out of England; and when men revolted against their feminine tyrants they came back to their own with peals of laughter. A Paris doctor has recently opened a place for the laughter cure. It is a private institution, and large fees are charged. The patients sit around a room, and at a given moment begin to smile at each other. The smile broadens to a grin, and at a sig nal to a peal of laughter. Two hours a day of this healthful exercise is said to cure the worst cases of dyspepsia. But whether the habit of laughing easily and naturally could' be acquired by this process is doubtful. I’nneeesaary QneatloitN. Happy is the man in a home with a woman who does not ask unneces sary questions—be she wife or sister or mother. A writer in one of her little touches of description says: “She excelled in the rare art of taking things for grant ed.” Which mans that when her hus band came home tired and hot and irri table she did not deluge him with stu pid questions as so many women do, but preserved a discreet silence. “Are you tired, dear?” when anyone with a pair of eyes could see he was dead beat. “Has not it been a scorch ing day?” when the thermometer has fluctuated from 85 to 90. “Can I do anything for you?” when all the poor man wants is to be left iu peace. These are not the failings of a wor an who has learned the art of taking things for granted. A wise woman, one who would pre serve the love and respect of her man kind, never asks an unnecessary ques tion. A Cure for Nervousness. The man or woman suffering from nervousness should seek the compan ionship of healthy persons, free from nervousness. The meals ought to be eaten very slowly. All ordinary hy gienic rules are to be obeyed. Will exercises are good. The nervous per son mus f . to use a figure of speech, spring out of the warm, nervous bed and plunge into the cold bath of effort. The thing he dreads doing is the very one he should do. One excellent plan for nervous men and women is to attend a good theater, and watch the demeanor of some self possessed actor or actress. Let them study that demeanor, and try to imi tate it. It will be something for them to do when attacked by a nervous squall. It will be found better than buttoning or unbuttoning gloves, or In dulging in any other of the purposeless acts so common to the nervous. Don’t* for Hostesses. Don’t invite a single visitor to stop in the house unless she is an intimate friend, who would enjoy being treated as one of the famiiy. Don't cover the dressing table in the visitor's room with decorative tri fles that will leave her no place for her properties. Don’t give vague invitations; they do not seem, and probably are not in tended seriously, and no one is com plimented by a courtesy of that sort. If you really want a visitor, indi cate the time or times when you will be free, and leave the invited to fix the date, or even ask the visitor for a definite event. Cleaning Felt Hata. A black felt hat may be cleaned with ammonia and warm water, but light h-’ts must be cleaned with oat meal, heated and applied with a brush. A white felt hat is cleaned with equal parts of powdered pipe clay and flour. Rub the powder over every part of the hat and then brush thoroughly. There is nothing better for cleaning light colored felt hats which are only slight ly soiled than dry cornmeal rubbed on with a piece of clean flannel. Brown and green are worn together. So are deep red and pale smoke gray. The “pork-pie” hat Is the latest atrocity. In fact, anything goes that you look well in. Lots of the three-quarter coats are in cutaway style. The loveliest broche dress silks are shown on the counters. A muff of ermine, bordered with sa ble, is ac rich as can be. There’s a little hat of vivid sulphur color felt for some daring girl. One or two tiny little muffs appear in the afternoon dress parade. Most women prefer a veil with a sin gle mesh of rather large spaces. Little hats turned straight up in front are worn by pretty women. Long wrinkled gloves of yellow suede meet the short jacket sleeve. Black gowns are so elaborate this year as to be more striking than colors. Elbow gloves of heavy kid in ox blood red attract a good deal of atten tion. It is an original woman who hasn’t a bit of gold or silver somewhere on her hat. The surplice front appears on many modish little bodice jackets ior outside wear. The home milliner can buy huge rib bon rosettes with flower centers all ready made. Reception Toilette. Reception toilette of fine broadcloth and figured velvet. Health and Beauty Hints. Never omit regular bathing in win ter, for unless the skin is in active condition the cold will close the pores. Never breathe with the mouth open in sleeping in a cold room, but estab lish a habit of breathing through the nose. , Never stand still in cold weather for any length of time in the outdoor air, especially alter having taken ac tive exercise, and never stand long on the ice and snow or where the person is exposed to cold winds. Prying; the Hair. Always dry the hair in the sun. It gives it the gloss and shiny appear ance which cannot be had in any oth er way. Never put the hair up wet, or wet the hair to make it smooth, as it is apt to cause decomposition at the roots, also to sour the hair. Shabby Chair Cover*. To renovate leather chair covers, rub the leather first with a little hot milk. Melt some beeswax in hot wa ter, add sufficient turpentine to make it the consistency of thin cream. Rub this on the covers and polish with a soft cloth. The clever cigar rollers of Seville have rivals in the insect world. By the aid of its tiny feet the weevil rolls vine leaves into a cylindrical snape and hides itself inside. GETS ANOTHER CHANCE. The Mont Romnrknble Detfenne In Criminal History. Albert T. Patrick, the condemned Nefr York lawyer, who has put up one of the most remarkable fights for life known in criminal history, has bee3 granted a re mf ■ prieve until March Bft 1 19 by Gov. Higgins, Vf that his attorneys w may move for anew yt r trial on the grounds v of fresh evidence. The crime for "hi** l Patrick was Bf convicted was that being the princi y ywl * pal iu the murder of William Marsh Rice, \ \ an aged aud very A. T. PATRICK. 7 alt W m ' IUSO - iQ the latter s apart ments in New York Sept. 23, 1900. It was alleged that Rice was the victim of a plot in which his valet, Charles F. Jones, at the instigation and under the direction of Patrick, murdered his master by the use of chloroform. A check against one of Riee's bank accounts, found to be a forgery, led to the arrest of Patrick and Jones on Oct. 4. 1900. Jones confessed to the murder in several contradictory statements. He was accepted as a State witness and was never tried. He is now living in Texas. Patrick, himself an able criminffl law yer, had the assistance in his defense of the best attorneys, but in spite of all was found guilty of murder in the first degree and April 8, 1902, he was sentenced to death. Then began that remarkable fight for a retrial. Every possible means have, been used to delay execution of sentence and get his case once more before the courts. An apj>eal in every court in the State open to him has been- made, but always in vain. The plucky fight put up by the con demned man has attracted world-wide at tention, and a great deal of sympathy for Patrick has been shown. Commuta tion of sentence was asked for recently in a petition signed by such men as Dr. Allan MoLane Hamilton, former Presi dent Grover Cleveland, Mark Twain and others. HIGH TIDE OF PROSPERITY. The Country Never Before So Pros perous us It Is To-day. Never before in all the country s his tory has it been so prosperous ns it is at the opening of 1906, says Leslie’s Weekly. The products of its farms for 1905 amounted to over $6,000,000,000. This is not only several times larger than the products of any other country, but it marks a gain of $250,000.00 over the highest previous record in the I'uited States, which was for 1904. The yield of the country’s farms in 1905 equaled the country’s aggregate wealth of all sorts for 1845. The country’s gold mines furnished $90,000,000 for 1905, which wis $10,000,000 in excess the largest previous year, and double the output of 1895. Its mineral products of all sorts for the year aggregated $1,800,000,000, which is twice that of 1899 aud four times that of 188 G. Iu gold production in 1905 we ltd the world, except the Rand, in South Africa. In mineral out put in the aggregate we exceed that of Great Britain, Germany and France. For 1905 the country’s foreign trade passed the $2,500,000,000 mark for the first time, but our domestic trade was immeasurably in excess of this, being far above $20,000,000,000. We produced 22,500,000 tons of pig iron in the year, or as much as our three nearest com petitors combined —Great Britain, Ger many and France. In manufactures, in which we have had a precedence over England since 1880, and have been in creasing our lead ever since, the coun try has been particularly active in the year. The country’s railroads, which exceed those of all Europe in mileage by about 25 per cent, have been scoring new records in earnings and activity. More than $3,500,000,000 has been added to the wealth of the United States since Jan. 1, 1905, bringing the total up to $112,00u,000,000, which exceeds that of any other two countries in the world put together. Before we discover the north pole in an airship, hadn’t we better first discover an airship? That’s right about the inelasticity of currency. It never did have a tendency to slap back. Hazing seems to have been as preva lent at Annapolis as salary raising iu an insurance company. So McCall found he was “treed” and crawled down before the insurance hunt ers had time to fire. A few tons of mining stock seem to have been .placed right in the track of the Joint Statehood bill. The Czar appears to have come down to the “shoot-on-sight” policy of a sore ly harassed police department. It looks almost like mockery when Edward Atkinson, a'student of perfect cooking, dies of acute indigestion. Dispatches from Panama contain news about everything except that work on the canal is progressing rapidly. Attorney General Moody says Annap olis hazers must have a fair trial. Wouldn’t that lodge some of them in jail? Miss Grigsby has not as yet declared her intention of going on the stage. Isn’t she entitled to a vote of confidence or something? The pen is mightier than the sword, but it isn’t likely to supplant either the pick or the steam shovel in the Panama canal matter. In the Dodge-Morse divorce case some people believe that “Abe” Hummel worked the “dodge” and the other gen tleman is the justly renowned li. E. Morse. There is a perjurer among the naval cadets at Annapolis. The evidence tends to show that there are also several kinds of donkeys at the academy, not to mention some officers who must be blind and deaf. Wouldn’t it be strange if such an in significant creature as the Sultan of Mo rocco should plunge France and Ger many into war? When the Russian troops finish their work in an uprising the survivors don’t get together and organize any “Sons of the Revolution.” Up in St. Paul it has been decided that a kiss is not a caress, but an as sault. It shows what a bracing winter climate will do. It is all right to have a code of honor at the naval academy, but it need not embrace prize fighting under Marquis of ' Queensberry rules. Senator Burton has dismissed his pri vate secretary because there was nothing for him to do. There is also very little for poor Burton to do. Gov. Hoch of Kansas says hanging is barbarous and should never be per mitted. Johann Hoch, the Chicago syn dicate husband, is of the same opinion. When ♦he government departments ask for over $800,000,000 for ordinary ex penses, we realize what an enormous sum it costs Uncle Sam to keep house. There seems to be a good deal of local color in the Russian uprising, with the Red Revolutionists, the Black Hundred and the White Terror all doing busi- DtU. THE WEEKLY 1400 —King Richard 11. of England mur dered. 1526 —Treaty of Madrid concluded be tween Emperor Charles V. of Spain and Francis I. of France. 1543 —English Parliament passed meas ure to forbid women and apprentices to read the New Testament in Eng lish. 1546—Martin Luther preached his fare well sermon at Wittenberg. 1549—Liturgy of English church estab lished by Parliament. 1601—Treaty of peace between France and Savoy. 1644 —Swedish invasion of Denmark. 1666—Louis XIV. of France declared war against England. 1706 —Benjamin Franklin born... .Arti cles of union between England and Scotland ratified by Scotch Parlia ment. 1730—Gov. Montgomerie granted a char ter to New r York City. 1739—Pope issued edict against meeting of Free Masons under penalty of the rack. 1777 — Vermont declared itself a free and independent State. 1778 — Sandwich Islands discovered by Capt. Cook. 1778—Independence of United States of America recognized by France. 1784—Ameriern Congress ratified the definite treaty of peace with England. ISol—Military post at Natchez turned over to United States by Spain.... Dr. Jenner first declared vaccination would prevent smallpox. 1812 —King of Sicily abdicated the throne. ISl4—-Point Petre, Ga., surrendered to the British. 1815 —United States frigate President captured by the British.... King of Spain issued edict against Free Ma sonry... .National fast day observed in United States. 1840—Forty lives lost in burning of steamer Lexington, Long Island sound, between New York an 1 Ston ington. ISs4—Two railroad bridges at Erie, Pa., destroyed by a mol) of wprnen. 1858—Attempted assassination of Napo leon 111. by Orsini. 1862 —Burnside's expeditior arrived at Ilatteras inlet, N. C. 1865 —United States Senate voted to ab rogate reciprocity treaty with Can ada. 1867—Capital of Canadian confederation moved from Ottawa to Quebec. IS68 —United States Senate refused to' approve suspension of Secretary Stanton. 1874—Communist riot, Tompkins square, New York. 1884 —New State capitol building of lowa dedicated at Des Moines. 1886— One thousand eigarmakers went on strike in New York. 1887— Freedom of city of London con ferred upon Henry M. Stanley. 1891—Irish National League met at Dub lin with Parnell presiding, 1893—Rutherford B. ITnyes, ex-Presi dent of the United States, died. 1895 —Felix Faure elected President of France. 1897 —National monetary conference met at Indianapolis, Ind. 1899 Capt. Richard O’Leary appointed military governor of Guam. 1900 — Alex. Majors, originator of the pony express overland mail service, died... .Congressman Nelson Ding ley of Maine died. 1904 — Asa L. Bushnell, former Governor of Ohio, died, aged 69. 1905 Japanese entered Port Arthur. J. Lathrop Allen, who made the first band instruments in the United States, is still living in New York at the age of 90. Lord Strathcona, high commissioner of Canada, has just turned his eighty fifth year, but is still as active as most men of 60. There are four Governors that served during the Civil War still living. Wil liam Sprague, whose home is near Nar ragansett Pier, R. I.; Frederick Hol brook of Brattleboro, Vt.; Samuel J. Crawford of Kansas and John J. Pettua of Mississippi. Dr. William Itolfe, the celebrated Shakspearean scholar, lias just celebrat ed bis seventy-eighth birthday at Cam bridge, Mass. John Barth tt of “Familiar Quota tions” fame, one of the most retiring in. habits and valuable in service of the literates of Boston, died recently at the age of 86. William Thompson, who died the oth er day rt Shelbyville, aged 77, was known as the man who sold his gold at $2.7.7 during the Civil War. Thi premium was within 10 cents of the highest price ever paid for gold. Henry Holmes, formerly musical in structor to Qu.-en Alexandra of England, and for the last ..seventeen years a resi dent of San Francisco, is dead. He was born in London in 1839, and was cre ator of the celebrated orchestra of the Royal College of Music. George T. Goodale of the Detroit Free Press recently completed his fortieth year of continuous service on one paper. Statues of William Goebel and Ilenry Clay are proposed for Kentucky’s rep resentation in the hall of fame at the capitol iu Washington in a bill introduc ed in the Kentucky Legislature. An ap propriation of slo.o<to is provided. The second trial of former Tax Col lector V. T. Sanford of Rome. Ga., for the murder of George Wright ended in a verdict of acquittal. Sanford claimed he killed Wright because of his relations with Mrs. Sanford, from whom he is seeking a divorce. Gov. Johnson lias fixed Feb. 13 aa the date for the hanging of William William, who was convicted of the mur der of John Keller, a boy about 12 yeam of age, at St. Paul. Joseph chamberlain was howled down while attempting to make a tariff speech at Derby, Bagla ud.