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Life Inmnrnnce for Women.
'there are in our couutry to-day thou sands of women who have seen better days, and who are seeking employment. If they could make themselves heard by the fathers and mothers of the present and future, they would cry with one heart-piercing voice, “Teach the girls to do someone thing which they can do well enough to earn a liv ing by doing It!” The woman who has never done anything hut the “odd jobs” of a prosperous household is ready for tragic suffering if she finds herself cast upon her own resources. “What can you do?” asks a friend who would like to help such a woman. “The only thing I am sure I can do Is to be a minister's wife, for that Is all I ever tried!” says the disheart ened widow. There are several occupations or ac complishments which a girl may be taught to save her from joining the melancholy cohort of the untrained. If •he has skill with her needle she can practice embroidery, for which there is a constantly increasing demand, both for dress and for table decoration. Shorthand and typewriting always find a market, and may lie made useful and amusing in any household, so that the learning of them may not be too irk some. The art of picture framing is a good one for girls whose school in struction in “slold” has given them a taste for tools. One mother who had enjoyed dress ing her four little daughters when money was plentiful now makes a good living dressing other people’s daugh ters. A family with greenhouses may well turn over to one of the girls the task of raising the violets or carna tions, and if an evil day should come, abe might turn posies from luxuries into bread and butter. The problem is so varied that every father and mother must settle It for themselves. But no parents ought to sleep tlie sleep, of the just who have not given their girls the best life insur ance known—n bread-winning trade.— Youth’s Companion. jPpl| Watch for the remnants of the pret ty pale-tinted batistes, and of these make separate blouses. For these the prettiest way to combine lace is to take an all-over Valenciennes, with a small desigu rather widely scattered, ao that one-quarter yard will make about twelve medallions if cut with care. Baste these between whatever tucking yon may indulge in, and em broider a vine or a w reath of small towers around the edge, then cut away the material beneath and a very dainty waist will be the result; the cost and labor both in reason. Tlie empire gown may have to its credit the return to popularity of tlie long train skirt. An empire dress must be very long to be at all graceful and one unusually long skirt In a room will make ail the shorter ones look awkward. Trains, therefore, are this year extremely long, no matter what the style of the dress or to just what period it may belong. The empire has been brought down to a line point this season, and ao cleverly is the material of the dress and lining managed that the material apparently hangs quite loose and yet shows to excellent ad vantage all the good lines of the figure. A Berlin costumer sends over a charming visiting gown of rich, glos sy broadcloth, golden brown, in which there is a surplice vest of orange vel vet embroidered in brown, and al though rather too striking for any but the ultra smart, It offers some pretty suggestions. The edges were bound with velvet of the same, forming a tiny roll, and the vest itself was lined or faced with the brown broadcloth so that it could De turned back and worn rever fashion. Coiffure*, Pari*. ”11 'Vil Blonde* llecomiiifts Extinct. It is said that the fair type of wom an in England is becoming extinct, the Saxon being overcome by the dark 6train of the blood of Englishman. A pure blonde is very seldom seen, even the fair-haired woman having dark eyes or some other trait of the bru nette. The same thing is noticeable in this country, and it is often remarked that In a gathering of women in the evening a light-haired woman is an exception. Love 1* Not Dead. We hide love more than we used to: we scoff at it openly and flee from its demonstration; we hate a scene and we are fashionably cold, calculating and brutal of language —yet our hearts are -its warm as the most sentimental mortal who UTed. •Igtaiug like a fur nace, a hundred Tears ago. The Amer ican, by dint of hard circumstance and of being much victimized has learned the unwisdom of keeping hie heart on MIDWINTER MTJFFLINGS. his sleeve; a tale of distress brings sneers, the whining mendicant is sworn at; yet let rea. want be known and the response is instant and munificent. Love is a dear treasure, even though we feign to laugh at it; there has been many a play and book which would have been altogether impractical were it not for the love motive of strong man and fair maid which held It to gether, made it tenable, Interesting and prosperous; and this being at the same time sheer, old-fashioned romantic love, which the French author or playwright so often deforms and Bernard Shaw sneers at as weak romanticism. Fa*hionn In Women. There are fashions not only in wom en’ clothes but in women themselves. A certain style of women becomes the vogue. I.ydia Languish reads senti mental novels, dissolves In tears at a moment’s notice, and finds elopement a necessary spice for marriage. A cen tury later Lydia’s clinging type goes out—with “leg-o’-mutton” sleeves — and tlie athletic girl takes tlie center of the stage, with her short skirt, her long stride and her loud voice. The dominant note of the early twen tieth century woman is her ability to be Interesting. Be she plain or beauti ful, blonde, "strawberry” or brunette, she must be pleasant To listen well is not enough; she must have a quick wit and a clever tongue, which should be kind ns well. Tlie dull, tlie quiet, the simpering are out of fashion, and even the athletic girl must look to her laurels, lest the entertaining one prove her successful rival with the exacting sex. One modern freak of the mode de serves soon to pass away. The modern woman refuses to grow old. At first sight that seems a worthy ambition. But with the banishment of caps and shoulder capes something of the gen tleness, grace and wisdom of old age has also been lost. In place of those lovely accomplishments of advanced years we find other things which make their bearer a nondescript travesty of youth, whose bat, complexion and con duct are as gay as they are unbecom ing. Someliody onte said tha 4 the finest thing God ever made was a beautiful old woman. It behooves us not to let her dignity and calm, her poise, sa gacity and charm go out of fashion.— Youth’s Companion. Diploma to American. An American women was one of the five who in October received the new theological diploma for women, S. Th.. which stands for Student in Theology. It was established by the Archbishop of Canterbury, in order to provide for women teachers of religious subjects In the schools a training similar to that which they receive in other branches of learning. The examinations are practically the same as those for can didates for the ministry. Why She la Popular. Someone asked Consuelo. Duehess of Manchester, who before hei marriage was a little Cincinnati girl, the daugh ter of Eugene Zimmerman, why it was that she is so popular at court, where her presence is so often “commanded.” “I am the court jester,” site said. “I don’t get a salary, but I feel that .1 should earn one if there was any about.” Many Combs Needed, Combs of the day aspire to great height. Nothing gives such cachet to the autumn street hat as a well-set comb in the back hair. Various modi fications are necessary, each liat re quiring a slightly different size and shape to fit its back trimmings com fortably. So that the woman who owns many lints will need also a ge lection of these prettv combs. Necklace I* Dylujf. The celebrated Mole. Thiers' pearl lace, which was part of the legacy left to the French republic hr President Thiers. Is said to be “dythg” In the museum at the Lonvre. It Is well known that pearls will “die”—that Is. turn black —if not often worn next to the skin. The necklace has 145 pearls and is valued at SOO,OOO. A w Idea Sußßeeled. Someone who has seen women bar bers at work suggests that ail women learn the business to the extent of taking care of the hair and beards >f their husbands. There would no aoubt be a great saving in the War of bar ber bills, but there might be feelings to consider, as all women are not bofn barbers by any means. Aged Empress in Delirium. Empress Charlotte, wife of the un happy Maxlmilllan, shot in Mexico forty-odd years ago, is still living, but has long been confined to her home In Belgium, she having lost all memory of the world. CALLING COSTUMES. The costume at the left is of cloth in a bluish shade, like the bloom on a plum. The corselet skirt is composed of very narrow breadths and is cut in points over a deep flounce of the ma terial. These points are finished with an edge of velvet of a dee fie r shade. The short bolero, oddly cut out around the arms and also around the neck, is covered with an embroidery of sou tache of the same shade and bordered with an edge of velvet. The blouse and elbow sleeves are of tulle and lace. The costume at the right is of wine colored cloth. The front breadth of the skirt, which fastens on one side, extends upward, forming a crossed vest. It is trimmed at tlie bottom with bias bands of satin or velvet, of a little deeper shade than the cloth. The sleeves are shirred along the outside, where they are fastened with gold but tons like those on the skirt /ft& iIPII* They should have their supper at (5:30, and 7 :30 should find them tucked in bed and fast asleep. There is nothing that so stunts a child’s growth as Improper food, lack of fresh air and lack of sleep. American children don’t go to bed early enough. It is no unusual sight to see a 5-year-old child sitting up as late as 9 or 10 o’clock. You will have more leisure to talk over the day’s doings with your hus bad if you get the children in bed early. It is all a matter of habit After a week or so of going to bed early they will not be able to keep awake beyond the normal bed hour. Mu*t Obey Unwritten I.au. A pretty school teacher in Hammond, Ind.. has lost her position because the superintendent does not believe that a school teacher should attend dances and other entertainments of the sort It has always been a sort or unwritten law among school teachers that such entertainments should only be attend ed on Friday or Saturday nights, and if the young woman In question con formed to that law she is excusable, otherwise, the St. Louis Globe-Demo crat thinks, she should seek some other occupation. If there is such, where she can work hard all day and dissipate at night. What Her Father Thinks. “My daughter is an American girl, with good American horse-sense,” is what Theodore I*. Shonts said of his daughter, when discussing the subject of her non-engagement. Many American girls have just such “sense” whose foolish mothers have cajoled them Into making foreign marriages without re gard to the consequences to the child, thinking only of the social advancement that may come to themselves In the transaction. Gives Delicious Flavor. Nearly every one is familiar with the delicious flavor Imparted to grape fruit by candied cherries, but some thing not as well known Is the maple sugar flavor that may be imparted by filling the core with a small heap of scraped maple sugar. Uses to Clean Pen. A business woman always keeps a raw potato on her desk, and when asked why explained tuit she uses it to clean her pen. Just try It and you will find your favorite old pen almost like new. ! POLITICS naan | —OF THE DAY Money Inflation. The Bankers’ Association, having agreed upon a plan for asset currency, it behooves the balance of us to inquire into the matter and see we are not buncoed when Congress takes up finan cial legislation. The recommendation of the bankers is that credit bank notes may be issued by the national banks “equal to 40 per cent of their bond-se cured circulation, subject to a tax at the rate of 2 1 - per cent per annum upon the average amount outstanding." They also propose that: "If at any time in the future the present pn.portion of the outstanding miniatured United States bonds to the total capitalization of all existing national banks shall diminish, then the authorized Issue of credit notes shall be increased to a cor respondingly greater percentage of its bond-secured notes.” That would seem to give the banks the right to issue more than 40 per cent of extra notes, without security, when the present, I'nited States bonds, upon which their notes are now secured, shall become due and those secured notes are retired or reissued upon bonds mat have been refunded. This would in dicate there is a colored individual hid den in the bankers' woodpile. Bui without taking time to examine all the details of this proposed issue of asset currency, the first thing to deter mine is if more money is needed. Is there enough money in circulation to do the business of the country without further inflation? In lSDii, there was $21.41 per capita in circulation; that amount is now increased to over $22 per capita and tli • increased produc tion of gold is adding over $1 i>er an num to that amount, while the con stant increase of tlie national bank currency from the organization of new banks is another cause of inflation. So that with the volume of money iit cir culation increased .10 per cent per cap ita since 189(1 and still increasing year by year much faster than tlie growth of population, the bankers make this demand for this asset currency on tlie plea that more money is needed. The most competent and impartial political economists hold that this money infla tion, whicli is worl 1-wide as far as the Increase iii the volume of gold is con cerned, is responsible in part for the great advance in the price of commodi ties, measured in gold, to meet and reciprocate tlie diminishing purchas ing power of gold—that is, the quan titative theory of money. As there is now over $500,000,000 of United States bonds deposited to se cure hank currency, the proposed in crease by the bankers of 40 per cent of asset currency would make a further inflation of over $200,000,000, or about $2.50 per capita. The question of fur ther inflation of the currency, with a still greater advance in the average price of everything, measured in gold. Is therefore the first question to lie set tled and the details of whether tlie banks shall he granted this further enormous increase of circulation with out giving any security can be settled later. It must 'ortainly appear to everyone outside of the Wall street interests and the bankers themselves that the pro posed asset currency is not needed, for there is no complaint of too little money to do th business of the country and indeed tlere is abundant evidence that if the frenzied financiers and bankers were not interested In drawing to New York nvme.v needed elsewhere to loan on tlie watered stocks of railroads-and trusts it big interest, there would be a plot l orn of money. If you feel that this asset currency bill is against your interest, you should write to your Senators and Represen tative and demand that they vote against tlie asset currency proposition, on the primary ground that further in flation of tlie currency is not needed. The Pops mill the President. The Populist party of Kansas will disband, but before the leaders agree to disband they will hold a conference and Chairman llanna declares they will advise their followers to join tlie Republican party, as “President Roose velt is doing the things now that we advocated ten years ago when we were laughed at.” “We are all for Roose velt,” declares this enthusiastic Roose velt convert, “and we are going to get Into ids party.” It lias been rather dry picking for the Populist leaders in Kan sas since the Republicans came back into power and they evidently want a chance at the postoffiees, or “something equally as good." As tbe rank and file of tlie old Populist party are read ers of the newspapers, they should re fer to tlie President's late message and read. mark, learn and inwardly ijigest wliat he says there about “the imprac ticable or sinister visionaries.” evident ly meaning the Populists, and a little further along where tlie President rec ommends Congress to allow the rail roads to combine. Is that what Popu lists have been striving for? Can any Populist, or for that matter, anyone else, point to any act of the President or Congress in the past ten years that lias resulted in reducing freight rates or lowering the high prices the tariff protected trusts are charging? Trouble* of the (*. O. P. Tht* trials and troubles of the Ro publican party are becoming too num erous for tlie comfort of the Republican leaders. The Philippine folly is be coming more and mere a sore spot <yi the body politic: the Cuban blunder is again made acute by the rival native factions quarreling over the spoils of oflice; the Panama mess has been raked over by the President, but only prom ises that tlie cost will be thrice what was estimated. So far for extra-eoji tiueutal affairs. At home the Repub lican majority in Congress is restless and secretly opposed to many Presiden tial policies and not agreed on finan cial or economic legislation, except that the majority of the majority are agreed to, stand pat. while a strong minority of tlie Republican voters are determin ed on tariff reform. The Republican majority of the Sen ate is discredited in their own States and nationally and Depew and Platt In New York, Dryden and Kean !n New Jersey. Penrose and Knox in Pennsyl vania. Aldrich and Wetmore in Rhode Island. Lodge in Massachusetts, Gal linger and Burnham in New Hampshire. Foraker and Dick In Ohio, are hold ing on by their eyelids. Other Sena tor* are even more on the ragged edge in consequeuee of the latest exposure of the coal land frauds. Tlie President himself is involved in the Storer scandal, only part of which has yet been made public, and the dis missal of the negro soldiers is a sore spot that will be difficult tq heal. Then there is the standing tight between the rival factions of the party for suprem acy, which will t>ecome more acute as the time for the Presidential nomina tion approaches. Those who think that troubles are confined to the Democratic party, should watch the antics of the party in pqwer and they will learn that of the two the G. O. I*. troubles are much ihe greater. Republican Change of Heart. “Trust-Busting" does not appear to be inherent in the Republican breast, but with pains and prodding they may acquire it. Debate in the Senate a few days ago over the confirmation of Sec retary Boilaparte exposed the fact that only a short time ago he had expressed the belie' 1 that concentration of rail roads and the formation of trusts was inevitable and advantageous. Senator Culberson of Texas read extracts from Secretary Bonaparte’s speeches which indicated an attitude of an unwilling “trust-buster,” and declared that the Secretary was not a proper person to have charge of the department of jus tice, which is supposed to be actively in the "trust-busting" business. Sen ator Knox defended Secretary Bona parte and declared that he had "under gone a change of heart and would be found working as hard as anybody to bring tiie trusts under the arm of the law.” The report of the Senate pro ceedings says: “When some Senator suggested that the views of many other Republicans on this particular subject lnd undergone something of a change, there was a general laugh.” As Senator Knox is supposed to represent the Steel Trust and the great Pennsylvania rail road combination, the question is, who will vouch that his heart lias under gone a change on the trust and corpo ration questions, for unless be lias some one who will stand as sponsor for him,, his defense of Bonaparte is hardly con vincing. Equitable Taxation. The Republican plan of getting even with the tax dodgers after they are dead by imposing an inheritance tax, graded according to the amount of their peculations, is well enough as a way to get even with the present crop of multi-millionaires, but it does not reach the root of the trouble. The Democratic plan of removing the cause of special privilege that allows these vast fortunes to be acquired is the only proper policy. Curb the trusts and combines by so revising the tariff as to prevent monopoly; reduce the exorbitant railroad, express and other corporation charges to' such a reason able extent as will be fair to them and the public; Impose a graded in come tax that will equalize taxation, so that rich and poor alike will all pay according to their means for the support of the government, economical ly administered. The people must also protect themselves from the natural monopolies in their several States by equitable laws and equal taxation. To await tlie demise of the rich before taxing their estates and allowing oth ers to still pay no taxes is like shut ting the stable door after the horse is stolen. Frenzied Ftannce. Banker Sell iff, of Wall street, accuses one of tlie banks there of conspiracy to advance the interest rates on money by calling loans in the in r; ing and thus causing a stringency and then loaning again in the afternoon when the rates for money have advanced. It certainly must he an abnormal condi tion that would cause loans to be made in tlie morning at 6 per cent and then bid up to 30 per cent a few hours after. Secretary Shaw should have at once ordered an investigation and withdraw the public money from any bank found guilty of such underhand proceedings. But these frenzied financiers seem to be more cared f<y by this Republican administration than the legitimate busi ness men who suffer by this unnatural interest on loans. Canal Complication*. The letting of the contracts tor the Panama eiiual lias been again jiost poned until Jan. 12, for it has been discovered that no contractors would bid under the conditions imposed. It has also been figured out that of the $145,000,000 appropriated by Congress for the work only $71,000,000 remains unexpended, and as the cost will Ik* three or four times that amount, it will require another appropriation by Con gress before the contracts can la* let. These are only a few of the principal complications that our strenuous ad ministration has created. Hunting; Trophies. The old farmer led the city hoarder up the rickety stairs. “Come this way. neighbor,” he drawled. "1 want to show you the horns of all the game I bagged during the past season.” Visions of moose and elk antlers flit ted through the mind of the city board er. When he reached the attic he was startled. “Why, man.” he ejaculated, “the only kind of lmrns I see up here are auto mobile boras.” "And automobiles happened to be the game I bagged.” chuckled the old man. "Every time one of them ran over a chicken or a pig I ran out and held them up by shooting the tires. Then I stripped the horn off as a trophy.” Conscience Stricken. “Uncle Marcus say his konshunse trouble him since he dun jined de church.*’ remarked Aunt Matilda as she stopped hanging out clothes. "It do?” replied her neighbor. “How do he show it?” “In mauj’ ways, sistah. When he am plowin’ he puts cotton in de mules’ eahs so they can't heah him sweab'n" et dem.” Reieni lilance. Lr ■'.keeper —That minstrel troupe that you represent will have t,> l' -; hi ad vance. The last time they were here vre called them “The Mosquitoes." Advance Agent—Why so? Innkeeper—Because they a ways try to fly by night William Henry Moody, who has as sumed his duties as associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United u . States, has had the honor of having WILLIAM H. MOODY. lIC haS •>* r ° H "- quislied. Before en tering the cabinet Mr. Moody had serv ed nearly four terms in the House of Representatives as Congressman from the Sixth Massachusetts District. Pri or to his election to Congress he had served as district attorney for the eastern district of Massachusetts. Mr. Moody was I Kirn in Newbury, Mass., in 1833. He received his education in Phillips Academy. Andover, and in Harvard University, and practiced law successfully before he enter--d the field of politics. Captain George J. Grammer. who has Ix-en elected vice president of the consolidated system of railways and given charge of the .. freight traffic, is one ( " \ \ of the noted rail- , sv. W way meu of the ■_ A? J) country. lie was - *2% born in 1844 at j/r py Zanesville, Ohio, bS started in life as a cabin l>oy on a riv- As er boat, and subse- *Tjj ySSL quently became su- ' .ytely perintendent of the * old Evansville, Pa- capt. grammar. ducali and Cairo line of boats. Then lie became freight agent for the Evans ville and Terre Haute Road/ and in 1890 became general traffic manager of the Chicago and Eastern Illinois. Subsequently he became president of three Indiana roads, and then was •hoseti traffic manager of the Lake Shore, holding that position until last year, when he became vice president of the Vanderbilt system, with charge of traffic west of Buffalo. Ihe last promotion makes Captain Grammar traffic manager of the entire Vander bilt system. James E. Watson, who holds the balance of i>ower in the House com mittee that is considering the ship sub formerly opposed, hut which lie now / the Sixth Indiana ; 77TV. pAjpS&il district, and when / first elected to Cou ; Sress in 1894, de feated the veteran, f William S. Holman. Mr. Watson was JjrjL born in Winchester, J lnd., in 1894. and j. e. watson. received his educa :ion in De Pauw University. In 188 G he was admitted to the bar. He has been grand chancellor of the Knights of Pythias, and also president of tlie Indiana State Epwortli League. lie lias lived in llushville, lnd., since 1893. Senator Francis Etnroy Warren of Wyoming, whose name has been 1 ragged into tlie investigation of ex tensive land frauds in the West, has! • been conspicuous in j f ’. Wyoming politics! ft ; since 1868. He was < : j twice territorial j f- | governor and was j ' ** ; '.rutllß — : -*" ATO * ".Mils) ~ president of the Wyoming senate. He served three tei.ns as treasurer of Wy oming. His first office in ,Ik* territory was as mayor of Cheyenne. Senator Warren was born in Hinsdale, Mass., in 1840. was educated in tlie common schools and Hinsdale Academy, and after serving in the Union Army from 1862 until the close of the civil war went to Wyoming and started in the rattle-raising business. He was one of the first United States senators elected under the state constitution in 1890. Julius Kahn, member of Congress from the Fourth California district, is one of the most picturesque figures in tthe lower house. sion and has ap- American actors. Subsequently he jrurs KAH.x. tired of histrion ics and turned iiis attention to the law. at which be has been very successful. Mrs. Helen Wilmans Post, who a few years ago was a mental healer as fa mous as Mrs. Eddy or liowie. and who found. .I t lie town graph of Sea Breeze. v ’ confessed in court at Jacks onville. y a fraud, and paid :.Jr ' fine of SSOO for|g£ fraudulent use oftlp the mails. In anflj< affidavit DM court she said slice.:, MtJk is suffering from mbs. post. inflammatory rheumatism, and cannot rare herself. Her pleas to he relieved of the thirty days’ imprisonment was granted. M. C’oquelin. the French actor, as cribes his success to "hard work and per sistent study.” When h-' first treat To •he conservatoire in Paris as a hoy of 20 he was told that his voice and face would together make a successful stage career impossible. F. C. Selous, the famous English hunter, is an inveterate tea drinker and partakes of this beverage with pvery meal. He has nerves of steel and is thus a standing contradiction of the notion that tea is a nerve destroyer. Advertise in this paper. '■^§llll^' They do say that not in many years have so many legislators come back to Washington unaccompanied by their families. An unprecedented number of Seuators and Representatives will live bachelor lives all this winter. “Where are you going to live?” is con sequently a more significant question than in other years.” “How are you going o live?” is anew one to many. Men Oi! family, who have not been con cerned ordinarily about the bousehold ing problem because their wives looked after those matters, are giving earnest consideration to the question of how to live alone. Hotel and boarding house rates and accommodations are inquired about with deep interest. Down at tlie bottom of these troubles is the fact that free transportation is no more. The members, indeed, get liberal allowances of mileage for their travels, but there is uo arrangement for transporting their families at public expense. They must have passes or pay. One Con gressman with a family of himself, wife, three “fell-fare” and two “half fare” children and about 1.500 mill's to travel, figured that lor transporta tion, sleeping cars, etc., it would cost him S4OO to bring his family to Wash ington and take it home again in March, saying nothing of extra expense of living here. “So I’m a bachelor,” he saM, sadly. Persons familiar with real Indian up risings have been amused at the amount of attention attracted to the recent attempted migration of three hundred Utes from their reservation in Utah to more fertile land in Wyo ming. The Indians had no warlike purpose. They were simply set-king a place of residence where it will be possible to got food. It is fifteen years since there has been anything which can properly be called an uprising, and that culminated in the fight at Wound ed Knee, S. I>.. in 1890. The s campaign of General Miles for the capture of Geronimo in 1886 was really the last serious conflict between the whites and the red men. To go farther back, troops were called out at the time of the massacre of tlie Meeker family by. the White River Utes in 1879, and the Sioux anil Cheyennes were so trouble some in 1876 that they had to lie at tacked in the campaign which resulted in the Custer massacre. These were grave disturbances; but so many of the Indians now speak English, wear civilized clothing and cultivate the land, that the red man who lias any disposition to take to the war-path has disappeared. Long uridge, crossing the Potomac to Virginia, over which great armies marched during the Civil War, will soon live in memory only. Orders have been issued for its destruction. Work has been commenced to remove veterans of the Civil War who campaigned in the East remember the structure, and it has been one of the principal objects of Interest upon tlieir visits to the national capital. The bridge was a mile long, and was sev eral times badly damaged by freshets. For years it has been an obstruction to navigation, and in its weakened condi tion was a menace to life. The rail roads using the bridge by act of Con gress were compelled to construct a modern bridge, and the government has, near tjie site of the old structure, and not ft.r from the new railroad bridge, built a highway bridge. Long bridge was the theater of historic epi sodes early in the last century, lmt is most widely known to recent genera tions as tlie pathway of tlie routed Union forces fleeing into tlu- national capital from Virginia after tlie first battle of Bull Run. The Nobel peace prize of $40,000 for this year lias been awarded to Presi dent Roosevelt by the Norwegian stor thing, on account of the part taken by him in bringing about tin* end of the war between Russia and Japan. The presentation of the prize was made to Minister Pierce at Christiania, the usual requirement that the recipi ent of the prize go personally to the Norway capital being waived. In ac knowledgment. President Roosevelt sent a message to the storthing saying how profoundly touched lie was by the honor conferred, and saying that what lie had accomplished was due to the fact that he was a representative of the nation. When the denatured alcohol act was passed by Congress it was the Intention to enable farmers to distill alcohol and denaturize it for use in heating, light and power purposes. It is found, how ever. that the law is a virtual monopoly to the large distillers, because of in ternal revenue laws which restrict the distillation to registered stills with a capacity of seven to ten gallons a day, conducted under the supervision of in ternal revenue officials. Senator Hans brougb of North Dakota has Introduced an amendment to give fanners the ben efit of tlie law. Director of the Mint Roberts rejiorts that the coinage of tire past year was less than usual because of the scarcity of silver bullion. The total number of new domestic coins struck was 1t7.- 371,035. having the value of $00.21(1,- 747. There was also coined $25,000,000 pesos for Mexico and a lot of fraction al pieces for Costa Rica, Panama and the Philippines. Speaking on his resolution against federal interference in the California sehoo. question. Senator Rayner of Maryland severely criticised the Pres ident. saying that if he could compel California to admit Japanese students he could with equal propriety demand the admission of Santo Domingo negro children into the white school* of South Carolina. Senator Burrows of Michigan, rig chairman of the election committee, r|!J opened the discussion of the right of Senator Smoot of Ctah to a seat in the Senate in view of his Mormon ebmvh connection. Smoot himself was a lis tener while Burrows arraigned the church for controlling polities and fos tering polygamy, insisting that plural marriages were stiil made in secret and that Smoot had connived at this. He admitted that there had neon no proof submitted to sustain the charge that Smoot biuiself was a polygamist. rreWEEKLY^j 1792—Trial of Ixouis XVI. of France. 1811—William Pinckney of Maryland be came Attorney General of United States. 1814—The Hartford convention was open ed.... Benjamin W. Crowniushield of Massachusetts became Secretary of the Navy... .British captured A flotilla of American gunboats in Lak* Borgne. 1819—Alabama admitted to the Union. IS62—Gen. Banks superseded Gen. But ler at New Orleans... .The Union troops occupied Baton Rouge, 1ji...- Fredericksburg, Va., bombarded by Union troops, under cover of which they crossed the Rappaliannock.... Confederates victorious at battle of Fredericksburg, Va. 1864—Fort McAllister captured by Gen. Sherman's army. 1866 French occupation of Rome termi nated. 1867 Fenian explosion at Clerkenwell. 1871— Grand Duke .olexia of Russia gave $5,000 to the poor of New York City as a memento of his visit... . “Bosb” Tweed arrested on a charge of fel ony and confined in the Metropolitan hotel. Now York. 1872 Jay Gould restored $9,000,000 worth of property to Erie Railroad Company for sake of peace. 1874—Emigrant ship Cospatriek burned at sea; 465 lives 105 t.... William Mosher and Joseph Douglass, sup posed abductors of Charlie Ross, shot and killed in New York. IS7B—Gold sold at par in New York, for first time since January, 1862. 1885—U. S. Supreme Court reaffirmed constitutionality of law prohibiting polygamy. 1889—Marquis dp Caux, divorced hua band of Adelina Patti, died in Paris. 1891— France broke off diplomatic rela tions with Bulgaria.... Marquis of Dufferin appointed British atnbassa ! dor at Paris. 1892 Prof. Henry P. Smith of I.ana Theological seminary, suspended for heresy. 1895—President Cleveland sent to Con gress his memorable message on Venezuela. 1897 Mother of President McKinley died at Cnntou, Ohio. 1898— Gen. Gercia, the Cuban leader, died in Washington Sir Wa. Vernon Harcourt resigned leadership o/ Liberal party in England. 18.>9 —President directed Gen. Otin to open Philippine ports to commerco ... .Boers defeated the British at tha Tugela. 1900—Queen Wilhelmina o the Nether lands gave a dinner to Mr. Kruge* ....Lord Roberts sailed from Capo Town for England, after close of Boer war.... Boers repulsed British at battle of Nooltgedacht. 1902—Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant d'ed at Washington, I. C Venezuelan government app-aled through l nifed States for arbitration of European claims... .British and German cruis ers demolished Venezuelan fort at Puerto Cahello. 1905—Sultan of Turkey submitted to the demands of the powers concerning Macedonia.... Engagement of Miss Alice Roosevelt and Congressman Nicholas Longworth announced. Cfttlen for Worklnff Mon. A movement patterned after the G'r den City Association of Great Britain, which is now building its Jiist group of model working men’s homes nt Letck worth, is about to be started in this <-oun try under the leadership of Kev. l)r. W. D. P. Bliss, who will resign the rector ship of St. Mary’s Episcopal church at Amiryville, L. I„ and become secretary of the Garden Cities of America. Dr. Bliss has been an active socialist worker for years and is a graduate of Amherst col lege. The object of the association is ths founding of cities* where men of small means may have attractive homes with heir own gardens and combined, ns far as possible, with attraction of both city and country. The association includes such wealthy New Yorkers as John L Childs, proprietor of the string of mod ern cheap restaurants; President Ralph Peters of the Long Island railroad and Bishops Burgess and Potter. Woman Invent* Aeroplane. Miss E. L. Todd of Washington, D. G., has on exci’oition at the Aero Club’s show a model of a novel aeroplane, so designed as to produce greater equilibrium. It has a large wheel directly under the cen ter for the purpose of sustaining the bal ance. Miss Todd is the only woman in the world who is actively engaged in solv ing the airship problem. Many airship* and balloons were on exhibition. World’* (irentent (in* Plant. The greatest gas plant in the world was opened at Astoria, Long Island, by tho Consolidated Gas Company of New York. When completed there will be six huge tanks, each nearly as high as the Flat iron building and having each a capacity of 15,(XXI,0<X) cubic feet of gas. Each tank cost SI.OOO,(XXX An increase in wages of 10 per cent a year to o*soo em ployes was announced at the same time, the reason given being that men wero leaving, and in order to keep them tho company considered it good business prin eiple to increase wages. An A iti-\olHe Hoolety. Mrs. Isaac L. Rice of Netv York, who recently won out in a crusade against superfluous whistle tooting in the harbor, now /■anounces the formation of the So ciety tor the Suppression of Unnecessary Noises. The first concern of the society will be to protect the hospitals from street noises—street cars, automobiles and milk wagons to come in for the first investigations. There have been many complaints that patients are driven in sane and nurses and doctors incapacitat ed for work by unnecessary nodes, which prevent them from sleeping in the day time. To Probe Cur Simrlagr. The interstate commerce commission has made known it- purpose to investi gate the alleged car shortage, or what ever conditions account for the great stagnation of freights and particularly of grain in the Northwest. A circular t.i been issued asking the grain growers to submit detailed information about tho amount of freight offered and the reason* given for not transporting it. The federal grand jury in session at Jacksonville, Fla., indicted F. J. O’Har* for carrying a white man away from Jacksonville with intent to hold him a* a slave.