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WHY MARRIAGE IS THE GREAT LOTTERY.
By Helen Oldfield. _J MnrTiage essentially !s a partnership, the B closest possible association known to human ly Ity, ami ns such necessarily implies coinmu wj nlty of Interest between man and wife. In all B legendary myth woman Is said to have been f * created as mate for man; and In Genesis we JL | are told that the lord God, asking “Is is not I good for man to lo alone," made Fve as “an ' helpmeet for him." "And they twain shall be one flesh;" the halves of one harmonious whole. For which cause no marriage can be a happy one in which there is not complete and thorough sympathy between the two who are Joined In the "holy estate." It Is cause for wonder that so many marriages turn out well, rather tiwn that some are failures, when one re flects how often a young girl stands at the altar to utter the words which Mud her for hotter or worse, for good or evil, with only the most superficial knowledge, If any, of her husband's past; of bis real character; his true dis position. If only women knew men as men know men, and If men know women as women know women, there might be fewer wedding*, but marriage would cease to be a lottery, and boa pleasant game in which all prizes and no absolute blanks would be the rule. BEWARE OF FIRST STEF ON DOWN GRADE. By E. (j. Min nick. ~■ The “down grade" seems to me to bo an apt B express ">?!. It means an unsuspected slipping /7 down the hill in life. I Imagine that there tj are few people who have not bad a little ex- Wj poyienoe .C t. Millions get upon the down W grade, and slide far enough to find themselves JL lu awkward and uncomfortable positions as more or loss failures in life. The “dow a grade" to unhappiness In the home is found by thousands. Bluebeard. 1 expect, com menced hi* course gradually, and 1 dare say that he nev er realized that be was not a husband of a tender dispo sition. As to extravagant wives. I have known a woman who managed once on a time to keep house comfortably ou $750 a year hr: or ruin to Iter husband’s head when his Income was $5,000, all through not being able “to make ends meet," and who could never believe that she was extravagant. An occasional hour or so of self-questioning would lead sot •> wonderful revelations of the most useful TWO GODS. A boy was born ’mid little things. Between n little world and sky— And dreamed not of the cosmic rings Hound which the circling planets fly. He liv“d in little works and thoughts. Where little ventures grow and plod. And paced ind ploughed his little plots. And pray-td unto his little God. But as the mighty system grew. His faith grew faint with many scars; The Cosmos widened in his view— But God was lost among his stars. Another boy in lowly days, A* 1 e, to little things was born, But tethered lore in woodland ways. And from the glory of the morn. As wider skies broke on his view, God greatened in his growing mind; Each year he dreamed his God anew, And left lus older God behind. !He saw the boundless scheme dilate, In star and blossom, sky and clod; And as the universe grew great, He saw in it a greater God. I —New Englard Magazine. * i I* '■ $ His Wife $ $ For Five Minutes $ * * p p BILLY sat looking disconsolately out upon the chimney tops. “I never dreamed I could owe so much money!” he groaned. “I guess I owe all there Is In the world—sl.soo! Here I’m engaged to Ellen, and the old gentleman writes he will give me $5,000 the day we are married, and I shall be “TEJ.EGKAM—FAT H EH—COMING.” dead of starvation or in Jail, one or the other, long before that And Ellen’s gone to the country, and—oh. hang it!” “Morning, Mr. Billy!” cries Mrs. Ames, a pretty little woman who lived In the next room, her army husband having lieen sent to some particularly Inhospitable country. "Why, you look real comfortable and miserable.” Whereupon Billy told her all about It, adding that his father had written him be was con lined to home with the gout. "So he's sure to be in a bad humor,” he added. “Nonsense.” laughed Mrs. A meg. “f you had that s'>,ooo you could pay all your debts ami have money over, couldn’t you? Listen’.” She was open ing the door to go out. “You are already married—married this morning. Think It over,” and she was gune. Did he dare? He must! It seemed reasonable. Ills father could not come to the city, lie would risk it “Dear Father." he wrote. “Circum stances in my wife's family made it nec essary. so we were married this morn ing. and leave for on? honeymoon to morrow. riease send check. Billy.” Then he sat down and thought it over. Next morning Mrs. Ames heard an awful crash in Billy’s room, and ran to see what was the matter. “Here!” he gasped. "Telegram—fath er better —coming to see wife—Ellen ’.i country!" lie rushed to the window. “Father here now. Getting out of car riage! Mrs. Ames, you have got to tie my wife!” “I couldn’t!” she exclaimed. “You've got to!” insisted Billy, and as h spoke, his father entered. character to most people. It would save them also from a great deal and afford them many hints as to the best course to pursue for success in life. Many people have a dread of being “impertinent” to themselves. They re mind me of the man Mark Twain described, who would never lock at himself in a looking glass without he had kid gloves on. BACHELORS ARE ABNORMALITIES. By Benjamin Ide Wheeler. ■ 1 in the long run, what upholds the family B will uphold the state. The state cannot ex /y Ist without the home. If the home is left W.l out none of that solid moral fiber can exist £V In the nation v. filch must come from home vlr w tues. Good morals are nothing less than the JL regularities and the ordinaries of social life between morals and religion. There can be no dividing line. Good morals are a constit uent part of life. Individualism is danger to the state. Bachelors and club men are the bandits, guerrillas and outcasts. I would be In favor, if it were possible to do such things by law, of a social tax upon bachelors. They don't take part In the moral work of society. They are abnormali ties, and abnormalities should pay the taxes The unit of society and tiie state is t.he family. P.ware of the doctrines which base themselves upon false conceptions of individualism Instead of the family, which is the only social unit. “NO WOMAN POLITICIANS.’' By Pope Plus X. j The church blesses every movement tending w] to raise the Intellectual and soch.l level of j l humanity. We ought all to work, and why should not women do their part? They should jrj study everything, with, of course, the excep f tion of theology. They should become law- Jm yers, doctors and teachers. The care of the /gvw poor is in all its forms a woman's calling above all. What is the exercise of Christian charity except maternity in the widest sense of the word? Women in Parliament! The idea is preposterous. Men there make blunders sufficient. At most, women can exer cise an indirect influence on politics in urging their male kindred to vote arignt But. before all, they should bring up their childreu in the consciousness of their civic du ties. Rut let us have no women politicians! Mrs. Ames hadn’t been kissed eq thoroughly for years. The old gentle man bubbled with joy over his sou’s acquisition. “What made you marry so quickly?” he demanded. “Now, father,” blurted Billy, “we haven’t a minute. Run, dear, and get ready for the train. One moment — I'll go with you. Excuse me a moment, father?” and Billy leaped after Mrs. Ames to induce her to keep it up. No soqner had they gone out of the room before a gentleman entered, In army dress. "Looking for my wife,” he said, pleasantly. “Little surprise for her — oh, I beg your pardon!” This to a very pretty girl who was standing in the hall, a puzzled look on her face. “I am looking for Billy Blake,” she said. “That's my son,” said the old gentle man. “We are engaged,” said the girl, ap proaching him confidently. “Engaged! Bless my soul!—Why, Billy’s—” There came a sound of voices approaching, and an Inspiration dawned on Mr. Blake. “Here—behind the door, both of you,” he ordered, and they hid themselves obediently, as Bil ly returned with Ms rather unwilling bride. It was an astonishing tableau that greeted Billy a moment later, when he saw Ellen returned tq the city, and a rather upset officer who called himself Captain Ames, so, as there was nothing else to do, he owned up. “What a boy!” cried Mr. Blake. “Well, we’ll forgive you, eh. Captain Ames? Billy, here’s your wedding pres ent with this stipulation—the first you spend of it must go for a dinner for us all. Including—” “His wife for five minutes!” laughed Mrs. Ames.—Kansas City World. VALUE OF THE ARCHITECT. I*ubMc Not Generally Informed as to IIIn True Worth. The real necessity for education in architecture, iu our minds. Is not to teach the public what is good archi tecture so much as to bring them to a v closer appreciation of the function the architect plays in public work. To many people he Is still a sort of upper craftsman, less businesslike than a ma son. not ns practical as a carpenter, but one who increases the cost of a building from some unknown reason and keeps the builders all guessiug. Any one who looks back over the progress of the profession in this coun try for the last quarter of a century can readily appreciate how modern a thing the American architect Is and how little he is understood. The nation, the cities, the Individuals have thrown opportunities at the profession with both hands. The profession has never l>eeu quite equal to It, but has uade a brave fight ami is fighting stili. When we say that the public appre ciates architecture we do not mean that the appreciation is a knowing or an intelligent ono. It simply likes a large, handsome piece of budding con struction. and. generally speaking, the public th it goes by on Lie street will take kindly to the ready good archi tectural monuments. There is, however, beyond a question a great work to be done, and the sug gestion to educate the public by means of the creation of museums of architec ture is one which deserves careful con sideration and which if carried out very generally would undoubtedly do a great deal to bring about the desired results. It is safe to say that the collection of architectural casts in the Metcopoli t-a museum at New York is studied and admired more than any other one feature of that magnificent collection, and thereougbt to be similar collections in all of our large cities. Whether the time is yet ripe for them to be inde pendent collections is a question. Even now nearly all of cur muse ums have a more or loss general collec tion of architectural casts and If these could be enlarged so as to be more specific in their illustrations—to in clude models of complete buildings of the best type; with examples of decora tions of furnished interiors and with perhaps in connection therewith exhibi tions of architectural drawings—-they would become powerful educatloual agents.—Brlckbnlider. Probably more young men would be able to earn their own living if they didn’t have fathers to support them. Old bachelors are men who have given marriage a serious thought | RHINOCEROS BATTLES. § 29000000000000000000000000(3 William Cotton Oswe'l, who made his second expedition into the interior of southern Africa in 1847, had two terrible experiences with rhinoceroses. Ilis son, in the lately published biogra phy of his distinguished father, re cords these adventures. He had one pre-eminently good horse, Stael, the very pick of all he ever had in Africa, fast and most sweet-tempered, and so fearless that he would without whip, spur, or any urging, carry his master right up to a lion and stand perfectly motionless within a few feet of the brute while Mr. Oswell fired. Returning to camp one evening on Stael, he fired both barrels of his rifle at a white rhinoceros. Instead of drop ping or bolting, it began to walk to ward the smoke. Oswell turned his horse, only to find a thick bush was against its chest. Be fore he could fell it the rhinoceros drove its horn in under the flank, and threw horse and rider into the air with such terrific force that the point of the horn pierced the saddle. As they fell, the stirrup-iron scalped Ills head for a space four inches in length and in breadth. He scrambled to his knees, and saw the horn actu ally within the bend of bis leg. With the energy of self-preservation he sprang to his feet, but after tottering a step or two tripped and came to the ground. The rhinoceros passed within a foot without hurting him. As he rose for the second time his after-rider came up with another gun. Half-puliing him from his horse, 09- well mounted it, and galloped after and caught the rhinoceros. Keeping back the piece of scalp with his left hand, be held the gun to his shoulder with his right, and shot the brute dead. On the return journey to the Cape he met with the most serious accident of his life. Stalking two rhinoceroses he was lying flat when they caine with in twenty yards of him. The nearer of the two came near stepping on him. Hoping that Ills sudden appearance from the ground would startle her and so give him a chance of escape, he sprang up and dashed alongside of her to get in the rear, his hand being on her as he passed. She Immediately gave chase. A quick turn saved him for the moment; the race was over in the next As the horned snout came lapping round his thigh he rested the gun on the long head, and, still running, fired both bar rels ; but with the smoke he found himself sailing through the air, and it was not until three hours later that he recovered consciousness, to find a J deep gash in his thigh, eight Inches I long, down to the bone In all Its length. For nearly four weeks, unable to get to the wagons, he made his bed under a bush. Dick Winn. Two brothers, aged 9 and 10, respec tively, pupils In a public school of Washington, were recently absent for a period of two weeks. When the elder of the boys returned to his class he brqught a note from his father stating that the cause of the absence of his children was illness. “Where's your brother, Dick?” asked the teacher. “Is he still sick?” “Yes. ma'am,” replied the pupil, “he's still in bed with a broken arm.” "I’m sorry to hear it How did it happen?” “Well, it was this way. ma’am. You see. Dick and I were trying to see which could lean out of the second story window the furthest and Dick won.” —Evening Wisconsin. ’Tw*s, Too! "What shall we name baby sister?” asked a mother of her little 4-year old daughter. “Call her Early, mamma; that’s a pretty name.” “Early? That Is not a little girl's name.” “Oh. yes. It Is! Don't yon remem ber yon read to me about a little girl who was to be the May queen, and who wanted her mother to call her Early?” Growl* and Shriek*. “Did you know that noises had been issuing from Russell Sage's grave?” "Good gracious, no! Are you sare?” "Practically ; Mrs. Sage has given SI,OOO to charity.”—Houston Post CONGRESSIONAL SALARIES. Washington in 1872. ll| Washington in 1908. -Chicago Tribune. BISHOP M’CABE DIES. Methodist Dignitary Snorumbs to Stroke of Apoplexy. Bishop Charles C. McCabe of the Methodist Episcopal church died in the New York hospital Wednesday. Death was due to apoplexy, with which the bishop was stricken several days before while passing through New York City on his way to Philadelphia. Mrs. Mc- Cabe and the bishop’s niece were at the bedside when the noted clergyman suc cumbed. Bishop McCabe was born in Athens, Ohio, on Oct. 11. 183d. Having decided to enter the ministry, he enrolled as a Btudent at Ohio Wesleyan university, but his health was not good and he was obliged to discontinue his studies. In 1800 he joined the Ohio conference, his first pastorate being at Putnam, Ohio. Two years later he was commissioned chaplain of the One Hundred and Twen- BISHOP M’CABE. ty-second Ohio volunteers. While cari lg for the wounded on the field at Winch >s ter he was captured and taken to Libny prison, where he remained four months. After recuperating in a Washington hos pital, he rejoined his regiment. At the close of the war Chaplain Mc- Cabe returned to the North and entered fhe regular ministry again, being station ed at Portsmouth. Ohio, and for sixteen years he was agent for the Church Ex tension Society. In 1884 he was elected by the general conference to the office of secretary of the Missionary Society, and raised the cry of ‘‘One million dollars a year for missions.” In 1887 the income of the society had reached $ 1,044,000. His elec tion to the bishopric came in 1806, at the general conference held in Cleveland, 0. Bishop McCabe is said to have used his voice as much in singing for the ser vice of the church as in preaching, and he was well known as a lecturer. His most popular lecture was "The Bright Side of Life in Libby Prison.” With it alone he is said to have made $150,000 for the church. GREAT MEAT AND DAIRY TRADE. Exports for IDOR Will Re More than $250,000,000. According to a statement issued by the bureau of statistics of the Department of Commerce and Labor more than $250.- 000.000 worth of meat and dairy pro ducts will have passed out of the I'nited States into the markets of other parts of the world in the year ending with the present month. This total is made up of a little over $20)3.000.000 worth of moats. $55,000,000 worth of cattle, and about $10,000,000 worth of butter, cheese and milk. No feature of the export trade in ag ricultural products has shown a more steady and rapid growth lhan that of meat and dairy products, of which there was an increase of about 60 per cent (luring the last decade. Ship Bronchi <500,000 Lelter*. One of the largest mails ever received in New York City reached port the other day on the steamer Celtic. There were 2.650 sacks of mail matter, and it is esti mated that the number of letters con tained therein must have been at least 600,000. Rrooklyn Tunnel Thronsrh. Tl. re was mu h rejoicing ".a lei th East river at New York when a 10-inch pipe was driven through the intervening 05 feet between the two headlines of one of the pair of subway tunnels being built to connect Brooklyn and Manhattan. There had been a wager made by the two superintendents that the two sections of the bore would and would not meet with in n distance of one-tenth of a foot. When the measure was made the dis tance was found to be one-tenth of an inch. The tunneling was begun in Sep tember. 1903. The south tube will be joined up in about six weeks. Fain on* Greek Piny Inearthed. The Egyptian department of antiqui ties has disinterred a large number of papyrus leaves containing 1,200 lines of two plays by the famous Greek dramatist. Menander. This will give the first oppor tunity for modern scholars to make a first-hand estimate of Menander’s work. Non-mairneflc IVatek Cue*. The Literary Digest translates from a Paris scientific paper the announcement that means have now been found for pro viding a non magnetic shield for watches or clocks. This is the work of a Paris watchmaker named Leroy. WORSE THAN BLACK PLAGUE. Vet Amerlcnn People Accept Desalts with Stolid Indifference. We look with horror on the black plague of the middle ages. The black waste was but a passing croud compared with the white waste visitation. Of the people living to-da' T over 8,000.000 will die of tuberculos’s, and the federal gov ernment does no. - raise a hand to help them. This scathing arraignment is pen ned by J. Pease No: ton, Ph. D., assist ant professor in political economy at Yale university, who says further: “The Department of Agriculture spends $7,000,000 on plant health and animal health every year, but, with the excep tion of the splendid work done by Drs. Wiley, Atwater and Benedict, Congress does not directly appropriate one cent for promoting the physical well-being of babies. Thousands have been expended in stamping out cholera among swine, but not one dollar was ever voted for eradi cating pneumonia among human beings. Hundreds of thousands are consumed in saving the lives of elm trees from the attacks of beetles; in warning farmers agfciust blights affecting potato plants; in importing Sicilian bugs to fertilize fig blossoms in California; in ostracizing various species of weeds from the ranks of the useful plants, and in exterminat ing parasitic growths that prey on fruit trees. In fact, the Department of Ag riculture has expended during the last ten years over $40,000,000. But not a wheel of the official machinery at Wash ington was wer set in motion for the alleviation or cure o', diseases of the heart or kidneys, which will carry off over G. 000,000 of our entire population. Eight millions will perish of pneumonia, and the entire event it accepted by the American people with a resignation equal to that of the Hindoo, who, in the midst of inde scribable filth, calmly awaits the day of the cholera. “During the next census period more than G,000,000 infants under 2 years of age will end iheir little spans of life while mothers t by and watch in utter helplessness. Aad yet this number could probably be decreased by as much as one half. But nothing is done." inheritance tax by states, Half of Comnn\venlllin In Vnioo Get Rercme from Wealth. Investigation bj the bureau of census shows that, in 1402. about one-half of the States of the T’nion had inherlinnce tax laws, which yielded to them an aggre gate of a little more than $7,000,000. This amount is believed by the census officials to have inoteasod in the present year to fully $10.00(1.000 or $12,000,000. In a report, based on\the forthcoming re port on “Wealth. Debt and Taxation/' the census officials say that “at least a dozen States are materr'>v assisting in the support of the State governments from this source of revenue.” As shown by the census bulletin, the amount of inheritance tax collected in 1902 by the States which had laws tax ing inheritances was as follows: INHERITANCE TAXES. California $ 200,4471 New York $3,304,55$ Colorado.. 20'> N\ Carolina. 4,241 Connecticut 334,735 Ohio 13.055 Delaware. . o*B J’enns.vlv’a. 1,231,700 Illinois ... 503,810 Tennessee . 35,630 lowa 117.332 Vermont ... 29,440 Maine .... 39,877 1 Virginia ... 10,200 Maryland.. 83,7801 Washington. 1,524 Mass 433,710: W. Virginia. 0.340 Michigan.. 104.083! Minnesota. 0,0771 Continental Missouri.. 220,8341 U. 8. ...$7,220,774 Montana.. 30,331 Hawaii ... 1,303 Nebraska.. 32| New Jersey 140,577 Total ..$7,231,167 Odds and Ends. The volcano Kiiauea, in Hawaii, is again active. Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., being initiated into the Harvard fraternity, “Dickies,” did a week of odd stunts. Edna Irvine, the young daughter of the treasurer of Wyoming, is now to face a charge of aggravated assault at Sheri dan. Wyo., instead of the original charge of attempted murder, for which she was facing trial. She shot a cowboy on her father’s ranch because he was “sassy.’ At the biennial municipal election in Atlanta. Ga., W. R. Joyner was cho;n to succeed Mayor We >dward. The Mayor-elect has been tor twenty-seven years connected with the’Atlanta fire de partment and has been president of the International Association of Fire Engi neers. The factory building at ISO W r street. Netv York, occupied by Eppels beimer & Cos.. Greenberg & Cos. and ’Green wald & Cos. was burned, with a loss of SIOO,OOO. The Chinese medical and other tests for recruits are so strict this year that out of 6.000 men wishing to join the northern army, recruiting for which be gan Dec. 9. only 400 were accepted. Grover Ford, reported under arrest at Hartford. Ind.. shot and killed George Cash and badly wounded Lydia Inch minger as they were returning from church in Rock Bridge count}-. Virginia, June 23, 1905. Donato Miiar.etti, 27 years old. of Midland, the new steei town near East Liverpool, Ohio, fired two shots into his wife’s breast, killing her instantly, and then shot himself twice in the head. The rural mail carriers of Newcastle, Pa., are about to appeal to the Postoffice Department because the farmers seldom purchase more than cne stamp or post card at a time, stopping the carriers in the cold to make change. As the result of the many disastrous wrecks in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Strait of Northumberland this fall the federal government has decided to estab lish life-saving stations along the Prifcee Edward island coast. . THEN AND NOW. Some Interesting Changes Noted by Nevr Yorker of BV. In my play along the br.uks of the Hudson, writes Charles H. Haswell, first chief engineer of the United State* Navy, in the New York World, I have as a boy of 7, Robert Fulton’s steam vessel, the Clermont, making her trips from New York to Albany, a dis tance of 145 miles, which she accom plished in thirty-two hours. I think that nothing shows the advance of the last ninety years so greatly as the im provements in self-propelled craft. Compare, for instance, the present method of reaching Boston by the sound steamers with the method in vogue In 181 G, when the trip was accomplished by the steamer Fulton, which required thirty-eight hours for the trip. In the same year the Chancellor Livingston, running to Albany, accomplished the distance in nineteen and oue-half hours, and henceforth enjoyed the enviable reputation of the “Skimmer of the BPer.” A New York and Liverpool line of packets was established in the same year, bailing on the first of each month. The trip was of varied length, according to the weather, but the advertisements of the line claimed twenty-three days for the outer pass age and forty for the inner. The ar rival of a vessel In that year was her alded as bringin news “forty days later from Europe.” The foreign postal arrangements were very different from those < f this time; the bags for European vessels were kept at Tontine Coffee House, on Broadway, where a rate of 25 cents a letter was charged. Of the more intimate, everyday things of life the changes have been more than remarkable. In 1820 a young gen tleman of this city, son of a well known and respectable resident, return ed from a brief trip in Europe with his upper lip adorned with a mustache. This was the first display of a mus tache by an American In this city, and It was so singular and exceptional that it occasioned much comment and criti cism. So great was this departure from the customs of our people that it was not until 183 G that such exhibitions, as they were termed, were even tol erated. The early use of coal was confined almost entirely to parlor grates, the people keeping to the old style fire place for cooking purposes. About 1820- coal was discovered in Rhode Island, and an enterprising concern In New York sent samples about the town re questing testimonials as to its value. One Martin S. Wilkins sent In the fol lowing certificate: “I am wiliiug to certify that under favorable circumstances this coal is ca pable of ignition and am willing to further certify that if Rhode Island Is underlaid with such coal, at the general conflagration which our min isters predict it will be the last place to burn.” The use of Ice, except for the pur pose of making ice cream, was un known, and even the latter confection was served at only one place and was unknown to the masses. Cabs, cafes and hotels, as we know them to-day, supplying every known want, were unknown up to the ’so’s, although several good taverns, such as the Washington, which was ou the site of the present comptroller’s office, sup plied guests with what at that time was considered sufficient for all the needs of man. Perhaps more Interesting than all these changes Is the fact that a per son should survive long enough In that city of strife and strenousity to have seen and noted them. COMMON MAN IS HAPPIEST. If Not Conspicuous, He Has His Compensations In Life. We have always been compelled to believe that the plain plug of a man Is the happiest man in the world after all. His pants may bag at the knees and he may not be acquainted with the latest style of chin whiskers; he may not hold down a throne or the presi dency of a railroad; he may not know the joy of having a brand of socks named in his honor, but as he potters along through life he gets about as much satisfaction out of It as his me re distinguished friend. He knows there is no crank hanging around the corner to shoot a hole through' his anatomy or bury a cheese knife up to the hilt In his person. He knows when he sits down to his frugal tneal that he can eat his pie with his knife with perfect impunity, for there Is no danger of its having been spiked with rough on rats. No doubt it is lots of fun to be hailed whenever you step out on your porch and to have yourself continually mis quoted In the newspapers and to know that as you hang up your crown for tbs night and crawl Into your luxurious couch the police force is standing out in your back yard to keep the admiring public from throwing bricks through your window. But notwithstanding all these ardent Joys the common, everyday chap who wears a hickory shirt and a hat that Is eight years old gets the most pleas ure out of life in the long run.—Hor ton (Kan.) Commercial. Dead Onto Thetn. A statesman, iu an argument, had turned the tallies rather neatly on his opponent. Senator Dollivtr, in con gratulation, said: “You remind me of a Fort Dodge doctor Dr. X . This gentleman once had a grave dug for a patient, j supposed to be dying, who afterward recovered, and over this error of judg ment the doctor was joked for many years. “Once he attended. In consultation with three confreres, another patient The patient really died. After death, as the physicians discussed the case to gether, one of them said: “ ‘Since quick burial is necessary, we mielit inter the body temporarily, i understand our brother here has a va- i cant grave on hand.’ “Dr. X smiled. “‘Yes,’ he said. ‘I believe I am the only physician present whose graves are not all filled.’ ” Enjoyment. “What do you most enjoy about au- | tomotiUng?” “The sense of relief,” answered Mr. : Cumrox, “when I get to the end of a trip and find that nobody has been hurt.” —Washington Star. With the possible exception of pa- Jamas, nothing in a man's wardrobe is so ill-fitting and shapeless as a hunting coat __ A woman may be a a angel or a devil, and being an angel U easier than being • devil. 'V Cv.CV- Raspberries and strawberries are gen erally best transplanted In the spring, before the growth starts, or shortly aft erwards. If a dog has to be tolerated he should be properly trained. It is as necessary to train the family dog as it is to train the children. If boys arc required to handle guns, It is well that they be taught how. It Is surprising how many men get killed | Pigs may try to become a little too familiar, but that is a good falling. It j is better to have them too tame than ! 60 wild they cannot be handled. Every farm should have a small flock of sheep ou it to keep down the weeds and turn them into dollars. Sheep will eat 459 different kimls of i weeds. It requires as much feed and care to keep scrubs as first-class animals, and as the Improved animal will ma ture earlier and bring better prices, ' the scrub cannot necessarily compete : when profit is the object. A business must stand or fall on the merits of Its chief product; the by-products may pay more or less, but the business is not conducted for the sake of the by-products. Dairying is no exception to this rule. High-priced labor cannot be made to count on low-priced land. On low priced laud the owner must perform his own labor. At all times it will be necessary to keep the cost of produc tion down as low as possible. One of the greatest troubles In feed ing poor grain is not so much u the loss, as compared with good grain, but in the fact that overheated or musty grain causes many of the diseases which ordinarily affects fowls. E. L. Stewart, owner of an orchard near Prosser, south of Spokane, sold on an average of $440 worth of apples from each acre of his fifty-acre tract. In one Instance he secured between 4,000 and 5,000 boxes of apples off six acres. Occasionally a horse will form a habit of chewing the ends of the halter strap and such other parts of the har ness as he has access to. Equal parts of cayenne pepper and fish oil applied to such straps will cure the worst strap ehewer. Pigs will begin to eat with the sows when two or three weeks old. If get ting plenty of exercise, it will not hurt them to crack a little corn. But the Ideal feed is skim milk and shorts in the form of a thin slop. It will make them grow and not get overfat. Lambs should be weaned at about 3 months and put on fresh clover pas ture. Each day some grain should be given In the trough, to make growth and overcome the check that might be caused by weaning. One or two good quiet ewes left with the flock will keep the lambs quiet. The two-row cultivator Is here to stay, and is one of the implements that hurries up the cultivation when the hay Is getting ripe, A field of corn that can be cultivated in one day has the advantage over a field which re quires two to go over it To the corn grower this is evident. Recent reports tell of the great spread of the San Jose scale. This ruinous pest will sweep away the trees wherever a community neglects it and permits it to spread. It is possible to check it and while the checking may be costly, it Is far less costly than Is the destruction of the fruit and other trees. Some breeders claim that chickens from eggs laid earliest iu the season are the most likely to live and thrive after hatching. It is claimed that continu ous laying enfeebles the hen’s system to such an extent that the later eggs In the spring litters are not so well endowed with vigor. Horse breeding Is being greatly en couraged by the government In Japan, and $375,000 has lately been made available by the Mikado's government for the establishment of public studs at various points In the island empire, and it is proposed to begin at once tin purchase of 1.500 stallions to be placed In these public depots. Poultry and dairy farming are a good combination. In these days of improved dairy methods when the cream Is sep arated from the milk immediately after being drawn from the cow, the dairy farmer lias plenty of skim milk, which Is an ideal food foe poultry, and there Is more money in feeding it to the hens than to the hogs. Pumpkins are good feed for lambs in the fall, especially when they are trc.ubied with paper skin, caused by worms In the intestines. They will eat them If they are sliced or cut and sprinkled with salt, but It is better to provide flat-bottomed troughs, with compartments each being large enough to receive the half of a pumpkin cut In such fashion as to have the pieces lie flat, with the inside uppermost. Parasites develop rapidly and should never be allowed to exist If possible, as the sooner the work of stamping out the cause of the disease is done, the less labor required. Minute fungi should be carefully sought and fought with the spraying mixtures. The spores Increase so rapidly that a day’s delay may result in heavy loss. Each form has its own habits, requiring prompt and hasty work for its suppression. Nearly all plant diseases are the re sult of fungus growth. To give a horse a drench, place a stout rope in his mouth and arc,und up per jav. Back him up In a stall or corner. Throw loose end of rope over beam overhead and let another man bold It taut or loose as required. Stand on a hept and lift horse’s bead up. Take in slack of the rope and hold head In position. The mouth of a long-necked bottle, containing the drench, ehouldi be loosely placed In the horse’s nostril, and contents allowed tq run out. Not a drop will be spilled, if properly man aged, as the animal Is obliged to swal low at once. Hot Water to Kill Boren. Water at a temperature of from 130 to 140 degrees will kill most lnseeta and will not injure vegtable life. Act ing on the idea it has been suggested that hot water be thrown up into the tree, of somewhat higher temperature than Is needed, so as to allow for it to cool. The difficulty with this plan Is uiat the orifice where the borer enters Is so near the ground that the soil has to be dug away to get under it. A flexible wire can be Inserted much more easily than to force hot water upward Into the orifice the borer has made. The wire will also more eeiN talnly do Its work and by having a barb at the end the borer may be with drawn. But there are many place# where the hot water Insecticide may be applied more easily and safely than any other. Bn( Time to Prone. The best time for pruning apple trees is ou warm days from Jauuary to May. More can be accomplished in the longer days of March, April and May, but many prefer to go through the orchard on the crust of a deep suow. The time of year when the cut is made has little effect on the readi ness with which the wound heals, but more care !s necessary to prevent in jury to trees pruned when the wood is frozen. A wound made by removing a limb heals best if the cut Is made close to the trunk or branch. A stub two or three inches long does not heal, and beeomes a lodging place for spores of fungi and bacteria, which cause de cay and death of the tree. The split ting down of large limbs may often be avoided when pruning by sawing In from the under side first; but in ev ery ease see that the wound Is left clean and smooth. Wounds should be covered immediately with a coat of paint, shellac or grafting wax to keep out the moisture and the spores before mentioned. Sheep Florltn Fnlline Off. One of the most remarkable facts of modern times Is the lessening number o,f the sheep on the continent, and also though not to such a large extent. In Great Britain. For the last thirty years sheep have been decreasing, one of the chief causes assigned being the de crease of the pastoral population, and the land In many cases being put to oLier uses, says the Butcher of Brus sels Belgium. The following are the figures for the last ten years; Ten years Last ago. census. Germany 24,999.000 9,092,000 Austria 5,020,000 2,021,000 Denmark 1,549,000 877,000 France 22,010,000 17,954,000 Holland 519.000 054.000 Hungary 15,077,000 8,123,000 Italy 8,590,000 0,900,000 Russia 51,822.000 45,498,000 Great Britain 30,8„. 000 20,105.000 These figures denote that sheep have diminished in ten years from 164,000,- 000 tq 121,000,000, a reduction of about 25 per cent. In some countries they have diminished more quickly than In others. Germany's supply, for Instance, has been reduced by 60 per cent In ten years, and Austria’s 45 per cent. In France the d.’HTease began in 1873, and although not quite so pronounced as in the countries named, is continuous and steady. The mutton supplies of Great Britain, although they all show a re duetio.ii, have been better maintained than in any other European country. Wauling Stock Feed, On many farms corn is grown, the grain harvested and farm animals turn ed In which simply destroys three fourths of the entire crop. No Im provement, no rotation, no care, no management, but a waste of valuable food, the only excuse for this wasteful system being that a profit can tie de rived with but little cost. Whenever a better system Is practiced then be gins enjoyment of profit and Increase In every direction, all reaping a portion, from the landed proprietor to the hum blest Individual in the community. This wasteful practice Is not confined to any particular section, but to all portions of the country where corn Is grown. The root of the evil Is the desire of those who grow corn to avoid labor; and this saving of labor by al lowing corn fodder to waste has brought more farms under mortgages than anything eise, while those who practice such methods only deprive themselves of greater gains and better results that could be obtained by the re quired labor and its careful applica tion. Com fodder Is one of the valuable products of the farm, having a practical feeding value of two-thirds to three quarters that of good bay and some times more, and the fodder, corn and straw wasted is sufficient to nearly double the stock now kept on many farms. —Epltomist. Mixing Manure wit!* Moil. The process of decomposition may be carried on in the presence of pure earth only, or of earth intermingled with cut clover, leaves, etc., or in the presence of muck, which is an assemblage of inert vegetable matter, and compost dung hills may be formed according to these methods. The projiortlons between the ingredients are fixed by no determinate laws, and consequently great liberty is allowable to the operator. Iu fact, such is the uncertainty of the composition that utmost every farmer adopts one peculiar to himself, and with equal success. No one need follow Implicitly any rules which have been laid down, but may vary and multiply his experi ments according to the suggestions of circumstances or the dictates of con venience. The only use of Intermix ing the soil with the manure is to im bibe the gaseous elements of vegetable life and hinder their dissipation. If there be much soil the.se elements will be diffused through it with less den sity and compression; If little, It will be more abundantly saturated and en riched with the nutritive vapors. The farmer who arrests the rank vapors which emanate from decaying animal and vegetable matter, and Instead of permitting them to pass Into and con taminate the air he breathes, treasure* up the Invisible particle* with whien they are laden arid applies them to feed useful vegetables, causes the at mosphere to be healthy and his plant* to be thrifty by the same mean*.