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AMERICA LEADS IN AERIAL NAVIGATION.
By Alexander Graham Bell. ■i4f Ten years ago I was given a per ' v feet realization of the feasibility of **** flying machine. At that time Pro fessor Langley had constructed his IS first aeroplane and I was allowed to J&WH see it In operation. He had a steam fig engine in It and It flew about from one place to another, and I managed -to e et a Photograph of 1L On two different occasions he was successful Eaßa&i with It. That demonstrated that he "T mrTi was on the right track, having a •team propelled airship. The fact that the Wright brothers have been able to fly with a machine that weighs 1,925 pounds proves conclusively that the first stage has been passed. Their engine aDne weighs more than 200 pounds and their car embodies a great many principles which are in the line of progress. The flexibility of the rudders in front and -ar Is something that seems to auger well for the future success. While 7. have not personally seen it, yet I can readily see how such rudders may be worked ad vantageously In controlling the machine. The outlook for aerial navigation Is growing brighter svery day. Just what it will eventually amount to is problematical now. However, the hardest part of the difficulty has been overcome, that of really flying, and proving to the world that It is a reality. The next stage Is the studying out of the problem of weight that can be carried. If the Wright brothers are able to navigate the air, with their structure bearing nearly a ton, it seems that a greater weight can be carried. OTTR NATIONAL FORESTS. By Gifford Pinchotv ■ "~~s National forests (formerly called forest re- B serves) are created with the main' object of ifl using all their resources In the wisest way. u Everything Is for use —the timber, the range, Mj the water, the land. Only those lands chiefly W valuable for the production of timber or the JL protection of the water flow are Included in national forests. land, small mountain meadows, necessarily fall within their boundaries. These are being platted and will rap idly pass iuto private ownership. The mining prospector is permitted to explore and locate his claims in the reserves without the slightest restriction, and in mining localities the timber is pro tected, kept in the country, and kept from burning up, for the particular benefit of the miner. All timber and wood in the national forests is for use, and for prompt use. It is sold to the small nan and to the big man. Everybody who needs timber to estab lish his home gets it free of charge, and gets it when he asks for it. In the case of the national forests recently created, the settler will not have to wait until they are VAIT A WEE, AN’ DINNA WEARY. Wait a wee, an* dinna weary, Tho’ your heart be sad an’ sair; An’ your youthful dreams hae vanish’d. Leavin’ nocht but grief an’ care; Tho’ the clouds be dark an’ low’rin’. Faded flow’rs lie 'neath the snaw. Simmer suns wi’ bricht hopes hurnin’, Sune the mists will clear awa’. Wait a wee, an’ dinna weary, Tho’ the winter’s lang an’ dreary. Simmer da-ya will come to cheer ye. Gin ye’ll only wait a wee. Wait a wee, wait a wee, Wait a wee Wait, wait, a wee. Wait a wee, an’ dinna weary. There are ithers sad an’ wae, Suff’rin’ puir wi’ heavy burdens. Strugglin’ ’gainst adversity; For a while forget your sorrows, Sune a’ cank’rin’ care will flee. Gin ye'd soothe the broken-hearted. Wipe the tear frae poortith's e’e. R. MclA>an Calder. The Last Failure j tU - I Emmett was born in 1808, yet one ■would have put him down as a man bordering on 50; even his fellow clerks always referred to him as “Old Em mett.” He was one of life’s derelicts —worn by hopes deferred, Illusions shattered and early ambitions nipped. It was natural enough that three days after his wife fell ill the head o! the firm should summarily dismiss him with a mouth's salary, and a hint that his work was getting slovenly. How he got out of tiie office he never quite knew. He remembered nothing until he found himself on the front steps, numbed with sickening nppreheu slons for the future. From his long connection with the firm he knew, and was known, at many offices. He went the round of these and of many other strange ones. At every one he received the same answer, some times bluntly, sometimes with a show of consideration —“Times wore bad— cutting expenses—not enough work for their own staff, let alone extra hands." With a shiver, he turned to face tnc five-mile trudge home. Home! lie shivered again as he thought of it— the stuffy house in the little street; the slatternly girl who slept out; the peevish woman who lay ill upstairs, crying be cause they could not do as their neigh bors did -constantly nagging, constant ly blaming. He still loved her with a dog-like fidelity; yet he shrank from the shrill voice and the constant upbraiding. She accused him of want of proper pride, of helplessness. Why didn’t he got his uncle to do something for them—ho had money. When he remonstrated that lie had only seen his uncle twice in his life —and that years ago—she related .nto sullen tears. He was faint with hunger, but there was something to do first, before un. fl ing the unappetizing meal laid .‘or him. He weut to a drawer in the writing ta ble and drew out a long envelope in which was a life insurance policy for £2OO. He had taken it out at the time of his marriage and had contrived to keep the premiums paid up. Having read it again, he gave a sigh of relief; be had been right ail along, but he wished to make certain. He re placed the envelope, and counted out the money in his pocket—there were twelve sovereigns. One he kept for purposes of his on; the others he took upstairs to the ailing wife, with a forc ed smile and a brazen lie of a rise In salary and ail important post in the office. “And—and so you see, dear," he con cluded with a little choke in his voice. *‘we shall be able to do as the doctor said, after all. You shall go down to— to Margate; thuy say the air is very good there, and you can get strong and well again.” Mrs. Emmett's face brightened, and aha slipped an arm round his neck. under administration. He may take what timber he needs for domestic use without asking. In the sale of timber there is no chance for monopoly, for the Secretary of Agriculture can sell as much or as little as be pleases, to whomever he pleases and for what ever price he deems fair for the best interests of all the people. The government gets a fair return for its om timber, whereas before it practically gave it away, and gave it away in such a manner that it was monopolized in vast tracts by corporate interests. And after It was cut off the land was burned over and became a non-pro ductive waste. The range is used for the grazing of live stock. On those national forests created after March 1, 1907, there will be no interference with the grazing industry. It will go on Just as if the national forests had not been established, during the entire grazing season of 1907, without fee and without any interference. The land within national forests is freely open to use as sites for hotels, stores, mills, residences and all other legitimate purposes. The greatest possible use of the land is desired. The more people, settlement and indus try the better is the protection which results. All kinds of improvements are not only permitted, but are decided ly welcomed. ARE YOU TIRED OF YOURSELF? By Zelma Travers. 1 Do you find yourself good company? Do you B ever get tired of being yourself? Down in ifl your heart do you really like yourself and do iff you find your thoughts really good compan- K ions? W These may seem odd questions, but unless JL you can answer each one of them in the affirm- JBa ative I would advise you to find out what’s the matter. There are very few of us who never get tired of being ourselves. Very few of us really admire ourselves, and not always do we find our thoughts good, comforting angels. Indeed, the world is trying to get away from Itself. That’s Just what we are trying to do when we go to the theaters, parties, read novels the day long. 0, the Joy of a live novel, a story of love and adventure; of a hero —handsome, strong, manly; of a heroine—pretty, chaste, demure. Lost in tne story we imagine that we are the hero or heroine, and forget all about the person called “me,” who perhaps may be everything that the hero isn’t. The thing to do, then. Is to endeavor to live a hero, isn’t it? Find out your lackings and All In. Be very careful what you do, be as careful what you think. Build up your character until you never get tired of yourself, until you can find pleasant company In your thoughts. Daily strive to do right, and don’t take any off days. Study good books and good people. Mold yourself anew. If your thoughts are bad, banish them and And good ones. You will never get tired of the company of good thoughts. “Oh, James, how lovely! You don’t know how terrible it has been lying here. I’ve been horrid at times, James; but that’s all over now, isn’t it? Kiss me, and then go and have yo\tr supper. Why, you’re crying!” “I—l—the sudden change has upset me, dear. There. I’m all right now, and I’ll see you off at the station to morrow. They won’t care—l mean, they’ll excuse me being late at the of fice.” Emmett stood on the platform and watched the train glide out of the sta tion. He bad bought his wife a maga zine and a basket of fruit, and saw her ■omfortably installed. He watched her go with dim eyes and an aching lump in his throat —she had called him by a pet name long fallen into disuse—as the train moved off. Then he turned resolutely away. He was feeling cold and nervous, and he feared at the last moment his courage night fall him. He entered the station bar anti tlrank a hrnndy and soda. Then to stopped at a pawnbroker’s shop and fot a cheap Germ an revolver. Clutc-liinj? iiis parcel, lie made bis way home to the little house, let him self in. and locked the door. The girl had gone on a holiday, and the place was deserted. Emmett went to the drawer and pull -1 out the life insurance policy. On the envelope he wrote. In his neat •lerkly hand, "For my wife—private," ml propped it up against a candlestick in the mantelpiece. Then he went -lowly up the narrow staircase to her bedroom. The blinds were drawn, but there was ample light for his purpose. The stale, verdigris-covered cartridges jammed in the chambers; his hands ,\ere shaking, and he was naturally Ir.uisy and una vustomed. At length, however, he managed to ti l four cham bers and snap the breech to. It was a wretchedly made single action thing, and he shuddered as the lock action gave a double click. “Lord, have mercy—have nercy!" he muttered, dry-lipped, and pulled the trigger. It fell with a sharp snap. Dazed and confused, but with a courage few would \. SECOND MISTAKE WOVI-D BREAK HIS NERVE. have suspec.ed. he Inspected the cham bers. Only fc-jr were loaded, and In his fumbling the hammer had fallen on one of the empty ones. He turned th* cylinder carefully. A secoud mistake, he knew, would break his nerve. At moments of extreme tension, the most trivial detail frequently assumes p.a undeserved importance. Emmett was by nature and training an orderly man. As he snapped tlie breech to for the second time be noticed an envelope tucked away under the looking glaus stand. He glanced at It On it was the stamp of a firm of solicitors. Tlie name was unknown to him—but solicitors' letters had been painfully frequent of late. A freak of curiosity tempted him to know the worst He ojiened it and the lines swam before his eyes. “Dear sir." he read, “we beg to In form you of the death of your uncle, our esteemed client which took place cn the 14th ult. We should have ac quainted you with the fact before, but it has taken us a considerable time to discover your address. The late John Emmett’s will leaves you sole legatee, as you know he ” Emmett got no further, for the sud den revulsion of feeling was too much for him —that, and the lack of food. The revolver clattered on to the floor and exploded harmlessly, and he fell back in a dead faint. Mrs. Emmett enjoyed her holiday and altered circumstances, but she never knew the truth.—London An swers. FOR TUBERCULOSIS VICTIMS. New Sleeping Cabinet Which In sure* Plenty ot Fresh Air. A great boon to those who are fight ing against the ravages of tuberculosis is the Invention of a sleeping cabinet, which Insures plenty of fresh air. At the same time it protects the body of the sleeper from drafts and exposure. The device consists of two frames. The outer frame is extensible later ally, and rc-sts on the window ledge. SLEEPING CABINET. The opened window sash rests on top of this frame. Weather strips exclude the air from the room. The other frame rests on the bed. The frames are held in position by adjustable rods. A hood, similar to those on cameras, connects the two frames. The frames are covered with cur tains. The one at the window Is on a spring roller, so as to regulate the admission of-air. The curtain on the rear frame has a semi-circular opening at the bottom, braced by slender rods. A flap of flexible material snuggles close to the neck of the sleeper. A small celluloid window la also placed in this curtain. An adjustable pillow rest is in the cabinet It is a board hinged to the bottom of the rear frame and held at the outer edge by hangers from the top of the rear frame. The hangers are slotted and adjustable by means of threaded studs and thumb screws. Very Lacld. A lady left her home for her annual visit to her mother. Before her depart ure she told her husband that if he wanted anything that he could not eas ily find he was to write to her for di rections. “Don’t turn the house upside down, as you generally do,” she said. "I will answer at once and tell you just where it is.’ Soon after his wife’s departure a neighbor came In to borrow a pattern of a dress. The husband wrote, as he had been requested to do. This was the answer by return—“ You will find It hanging on the wall by the garret stairs, or in the box on top of the sewing machine in Ellen's room the grc~u box, or the red one, I forgot which. Perhaps, though, it is on the top shelf In the cupboard in our room —left-hand side. If I remember cor rectly, but look on the other side, too. If not there It is in the bottom drawer of the bureau in the hall. That is where I keep my patterns, and don’t untie all the bundles. It is among them some where. Perhaps It is in the second drawer. It is somewhere upstairs, any way, so don’t rummage downstairs. P. S. —Now I come to think of it I may have lent It to my sister Ann!” The Dansrer. A lawyer while conducting his case cited the authority of a doctor of law yet alive. “My learned friend.” Interrupted the Judge, ”yov. should never go upon the authority o." any save that of the dead. The living ay change their minds.”— Noe Ix> lair* Wisconsin Stale News WOMAN DIES) HUSBAND HELD. CunnrctlKi of Son with Poison Mys tery to Be Investigated. Frederick Miller, a wealthy farmer of Menomouie, and his son. Louis Miller, have been held by the coroner's jury pend ing further investigation into the death of the former's wife, Mrs. Marie Miller. The jury found that Mrs Miller was poi soned with paris green which was given her by Frederick Miller. No motive for a possible murder is kno.vn. Louis Miller anti his bride of three went to church Sunday and upon their return home found that Miller's mother was dy ing. Louis Miller and his wife both testi fied that no paris green has been in the Miller home for several years, so far as they knew. It was discovered, however, that Frederick Miiler had purchased a package full of the i>oison some time ago and had hidden it in a shed. BEET MEN I N'ITE ON PRICE. Demand $6 Per Ton Instead of $5 Offered at Meiiomonie. The farmers have refused to contract any sugar beets at $5 per tou. There was a meeting of beet growers with the officers of the Chippewa Sugar Company in the company's office at Chippewa Falls to make contracts for this season. 'Hie company offered $5 per ton. The farm ers refused to grow beets at that price and there were no contracts signed. At tile State convention of the American Society of Equity it was decided that all sugar beet growers should not sell their beets to the companies for less than $6 and they to hold out. It may bo possible that the Chippewa company may have to cease operations this year unless they pay what the farmers want. 9200,000 LOSS AT LA CROSSE. Rain Saves River Front from Total Devastation. Fire caused a loss of nearly S2OO.(KK> in the manufacturing district of La Crosse. The flames started in the build ing occupied by the La Crosse Cracker and Candy Company. The fire was along the Mississippi river front, and had it not been for the fact that no wind was blow ing. and that the rain fell continuously during the fire, the whole factory district along the river might have been swept. The losses are: La Crosse Cracker and Candy Company, at least 100,000. and may reach .$200,000. insured; W. A. Roosevelt Company. $50,000, insurance $45,000; A. Grams & Sons. SO,OOO. insur ance $5,000; T. P. Benton & Cos., $3,- 000, insured. MITE EVIDENCE OF MURDER. State Introduces Battered Automo bile Tank in Collier Case. What is deemed a clever and effective proceeding was taken in Kenosha by the prosecution in the trial of Ed Collier for the alleged murder of William Dreyer with an automobile last July. The at torney for the prosecution brought into the court room so that the jury could see it the battered automobile tank which was attached to Collier's machine at the time of Dreyer’s death. The district at torney had spoken of these dents as hav ing been made by the impact from the body of the dead man. It is asserted that several of the jurymen gasped when they saw the battered* tank. REPENT TOO LATE FOR WRONG. Holland Ollicinl Tries to Make Repa ration, but Victim Is Dead. After thirty-eight years. lienri Augu rins, burgomaster of LitAburg, Holland, seeks to make reparation to the late An drew Xaus of Manitowoc for a wrong clono Xaus when he was a youth which drove It ini from his native land. Letters nddiyssed to the wronged man have been received by his son. Theodore Xaus. Au gurins has been making a search for >Tatis for fifteen years, according to the state mentE in the letters, and while no direct reference is made to the wrong, the sub ject is touched upon in a way that leaves no doubt as to the desire of the writer to make reparation. SOCIETY WOMAN TRIES TO DIE. Threat Had Been Made by Ht*r Affi anced to Leave City. Miss Laura Noe. 25 years old and a young society woman of Racine, made a sensational attempt to commit suicide on a street corner because her lover, Xels Jenson, to whom she was to be married next month, had threatened to leave the city. The womdn is a Catholic and Jen son is a Protestant. He had trouble with his parents because he went with her. Some years ago Miss Noe was en gaged to a young man who deserted her the day before the wedding, and it is thought that she feared similar treatment at the hands of Jenson. LA FOLI.ETTE BREAKS DOWN'. Wisconsin Senator Is Compelled by illness to Cancel Lecture Dates. Grave fears are entertained for the health of Senator 11. M. La Follette. The Senator was taken so severely ill during a lecture at Boone, lowa, that he was forc ed to give up at last and take to his bed. It was necessary to support the Senator during his address just before he broke (iown completely. His secretary has can celed all lecture and other engagements until further notice. Youiik Tenrher Ik MiNNing, Peter Duvanik. a teacher in the school at Xordheim. has been missing for several days. Duvanik is the son of a prosper ous farmer, and no reason is known why he should leave home, lie is 25 years old and; has been a teacher for several years. I.a Crosse Clerks Get Fortunes. Henry J. Sturz. clerk in a shoe store, and Emil Sturz. a La Crosse laborer, each has received $30,000 from an estate left by their father, inventor of the shut tle of a sewing machine. Family Escapes in Ilont. R. O. Ratson and family narrowly es rajied being carried down Yellow river in their Chippewa Falls hope. The river had risen during the night and surround ed the house. They escaped by a boat that came to their rescue when the water touched the walls of the house. Wisconsin Man Missinic. Albert Jorgenson of Beaver has been missing for several days, and his friends cannot account for his disappearance. lie left home for Coleman and ate supper at a hotel. Since that time nothing is known of his movements. From School to Bakery-. Frof. W. F. Eastman, who was com pelled by failing health to retire as presi dent of a small western college, may lo cate in Janesville and go into the bakery business. He became interested in the city while demonstrating pure foods un der the auspices of the National Pure Food Association. Stanley Woman Killed by Train. Mrs. McGill, 65 years old., motber-in law of Chief of Police MeKales, was struck by a Wisconsin Central passenger on the crossing at Stanley and instantly GOLD LOOKED FOR IN VAIN. Wisconsin Pioneer Imagined Pre cion* Metal Was Hidden on Farm. In the death of Levi J. Oakes, aged 88 years, who lived fifty-five years in St. Croix county, northwestern Wisconsin lost one of its most unique characters as wel' as one of its earliest pioneers. Mr. Gages came to that section of the State when it was full of Indians and started a farm on the now historic Paper Jack creek. He has told many interest ing stories of the early days of that sec tion. Mr. Oakes believed up to his last conscious moment that a rich gold mine was on the great farm owned by him. Even when broken by age lie was accus tomed to take a pick and shovel and work for hours every day in the stone quarry on his farm, where he believed there were deposits of gold. His vigilance and hard work were never rewarded, however, by the discovery of any treasure. TOWN" CLERK SHOT DEAD. Body I* Fonnd ill Burning; OIRc mil RcMidence at Hausen. Shot dead, the body of Prokop Plecity, town clerk of the town of Haugen, eight miles north of Rice Lake, was found in his burning office and residence by neigh bors. Whether it was a case of suicide or murder is not known. Neighbors saw the house ablaze and went to extinguish the fire. They found the body of Plecity in the middle of the floor in his office. There was a bullet hole through the body. A 22-caliber rifle had been used. Plecity was supposec to have considerable money in the house. Many believe he shot him self after setting fire to the building. Ilis wife and son are visiting in Eau Claire and Plecity was alone. State News in Brief, The Western Gas and Improvement Company of Karahoo. owning several plants in the I'nited States, has gone into the hands of a receiver. Fire started by lightning completely destroyed the barns on the farm of W. A. Smith near Omro. Fourteen cows and four horses were burned. Swan Palmberg. aged 111. a farmer's son. was struck by lightning at Barron, lie was thought dead, but was resusci tated after an hour's work. John Cook, chief of police of Mari nette, was asked by Mayor Davis to re sign. on account; of h"is failure to enforce the saloon and gambling ordinances. Edward Leibau. 32 years old, one of a family of seven musicians, while de spondent because of ill health, committed suicide in Eau Claire. He was soon to have married a Chippewa Falls girl. Nineteen head of cattle on the farm of J. W. Thompson, town of Casey, died during the winter. The State veterina rian found death was caused by poison in the hay, from the scum in which the grass grew. E. B. Jao-'bs. a prominent farmer living near BlamuLrdville, was found dead in the woods where he had gone for a load of wood. It is thought he either died of heart failure or fell and broke his neck. He was 50 years of age. Fernie Arndt, aged !), and Ernest An derson. aged 12. were instantly killed at Maplehurst. The boys had gone to a rollway near their homes to gather gum from the logs, and while thus engaged the pile gave way, burying them. Farmers' telephones played a promi nent part in saving H. T. Marshall’s big farm near Rolling Prairie from a destruc tive jilaze. Lightning struck his largest barn., and neighbors for miles around were called by telephone. The building was partly saved, although the destruction of all the farm structures and houses seemed certain. To combat a proposed guardianship for herself. Miss Catherine Pankratz, aged 78, took the stand in her own behalf in court in Manitowoc and recited the dis position of fully $20,000 which she has loaned on notes and mortgages. The wom an. though decrepit, demonstrated a mar velous memory. Testimony developed to show that the woman had lived in squalor. Judge Krez reser\#d the decision. Mrs. Elizabeth Mohe of Beloit has been released from jail in Janesville so lier health may not be permanently injured. She served 107 days of her sentence. This was 90 days Aid a fine of SIOO and costs of .$175, or 90 additional days. The costs were remitted and she paid her fine. Mrs. Mohe was found guilty of obtaining money under false pretenses. She was accused in the northern part of the State. Daniel McCarty, lately adjudged incom petent by Probate Court in Manitowoc, is missing for a second time and anxiety is felt for his safety. McCarty is one of two brothers at Cato who sold an SB.- 000 farm for $3,200. lie disappeared while the case was pending and after ten days was picked up wandering on the highway at Rhine. William Morgan. Cato, the guardian, is searching for him. Jacob C. Best of the firm of Jacob Best & Cos.. Milwaukee, wholesale liquor mer chants, was shot in the abdomen in a Racine saloon and cannot live. Best ac cused J. W. Dillon, a saloonkeeper, of shooting him. and Dillon, now under ar rest. denies having any knowledge of the shooting or that it took place in his sa loon. Frequenters of the place, who the police believe know something of the shooting, are held by the officers, but are unable to clear up the affair. Tile Hewitt Water Company has sued the Outagamie Paper Company for $61,000 back rentals for power on a contract begun in 1888. r,t $4,500 annu ally for 1,500 horse-pow er. In 1897 the contract expired and the Hewitt company served notice of increase of the rental. During the consequent dispute payments were deferred until $55,500 was the amount of the bill and $2,500 the inter est and incidentals. Leading owners of each company hold stock in the other. John Lynaugh. janitor in the Fair child block in Madison, has purchased a $5,000 monument for himself and family. It has just been set up in Forest Hill cemetery. It came from Vermont. Ly naugh is 30 years old and in good health. The coroner's jury at La Crosse, in investigating the death of Iljnlmet John son found that the young man came to his death by reason of a pistol shot wound caused by a shot from a revolver in the hands of Albert Liuhart March 17. Witnesses testified Unhart deliber ately pointed and fired the revolver at Johnson. James W. Dibble and wife, who were married in 1860 and divorced twenty years ago. met at a fun*pl in Baraboo. They talked matters over and were mar ried at once. Upon application of Elmer A. Kimball of Chicago, a judgment creditor, the Mad ison Safe Deposit and Trust Company. Madison, was appointed receiver of the Madison Lighting Company. George Bates, a notorious forger, es caped from the Baraboo jail. He slipped away while removing storm windows from the jail, climbed through a skylight to the roof and descended by means of a waterspout. George Stetcer of Eau Claire was set upon by three men whose faces were part ly hidden by handkerchiefs. They stun ned Stetcer and took from him a pouch he carried on his shoulder and sl2l in money. The robbers made good their es cape. Surveyors of the Chicago. Kenosha. Milwaukee and Lake Geneva Railway Company are laying out a right-of-way for the company's tracks directly through the center of Kenosha. The right-of-way will be more than two miles in length and the property througn which it must pass is valued at more than $306,000. The attorneys are drawing papers for thy condemnation of much of the property. |g|gg|||g N -' * Vos" Oats are a natural aud nutritious horse feed. A horse naturally feeds from the ground. Avoid high mangers. Europe has begun to send to this country for horses. A Buffalo firm re ports that large orders have been placed with it i ration of equal parts of corn and ofts or two parts of oats to one of oern, fed with roots, is an economical ration for fattening lambs. Manure may fall to give good results the first year and .* .o\v well the next. Much depends upon the condition of the material. It cannot afford food to plants until It decomposes and Us sol uble material can be appropriated. There is so much tuberculosis that It Is better to have the cows examined at least twice a year. There are good veterinarians in every section of the country who are perfectly capable of conducting the tests and their charges usually are moderate. Place a box of dry wheat bran where the fowls and chicks cun get at it at all times. It is good for them and they cannot eat too much of it. If they do not eat it readily at first, mix a little coarse corumeal or millet with it as a sort of “bait.” It won’t be long before the bran box will attract them with out the corumeal or millet. While some farmers are deploring the loss of profit on wool, the knowing ones are raising early or "hothouse lambs, and make more profit from one ewe than they f jrmerly did with half a dozen sheep kept for wool. The use the mutton breeds, attach but little value to the fleoce, and make larger profits from sheep than they have ever done before. The most economical food Is that which gives the best results. I odder which was left in the field last fall will not compare favorably with that which was protected in the barn. Ihe value of the food depends upon Its care and preparation, aud economy Is prac ticed by judicious management of the stock and the feeding of food that has not lost Its nutritive qualities by expo sure. Even straw may be made valu able by good care, and especially if fed In connection with concentrated food. If butter is a specialty on the farm the pigs are necessary to Insure a profit It the winter season the feeding of skim milk and buttermilk to pigs is the best and cheapest mode of making pork. With a clover patch for the pigs to oc cupy in summer and a mess of bran and buttermilk or skim milk at night they will grow rapidly without any Other food. If pigs are confined in pens they should have the grass cut and thrown into t lie pens, ns they should have some kind of bulky f<od. Bedtllnff the Stoclc. To gc out in the morning and And your bog troughs full of snow and their drinking fountains frozen up, your milk cows humped up in one cor ner of the yard and the calves that never saw snow before bawling, the chickens aud turieys stuck in the snow bank, the old pump frozen up. etc., how happy it makes you feel! It doesn’t take long, however, for the thrifty man to get things in shape and everything comfortable. There is nothing that helps to usher in the winter pleasantly so much as plenty of straw for sheds, pens and stables. I think there is mon ey in keeping everything bedded well, says a writer in lowa Homestead. A Troulilenome Insect. The peach borer is a wasp-like in sect, with transparent wings and a richly striped ornamented body, band ed and striped with gold, aud deposits its eggs about the base of the trunk of the tree. The eggs hatch out, the lar vae bore into the gummy matter, which appears in masses about the base of the tree. The larvae seem partly to live in this gummy substance and part ly in the sap wood of the tree. Some times three or four are found on the same tree, occasionally girdling and de stroying it, but always inducing more or less of a diseased condition and im pairing its vigor. Altogether It Is a very objectionable and destructive in sect. Caetn* For Cattle. The Department of Agriculture for some time has been making experi ments in feeding prickly pear to stock in Texas. In some parts of the South west forage for stock Is scarce, and cactus Is abundant. The cactus makes a good green feed for cattle, but the spines have been an obstacle to its use. In the department’s experiments the prickly pear was singed on the range and then collected and chopped, so as to break up the spines. After It was treated in this way cattle readily ate it without Injury. Although low in nutri tive value, it forms an excellent suc culent feed. When used In experiments with both dairy cows and beef steers the pear gave good results In connec tion with other feeds, and the cost was slight The utilization of cactus as stock feed will be of great advantage In the Southwest Interest In A*rlenltnre. An English commission which has been studying the agricultural condi tions of England ascribes a large part of the falling off In the production of agrlcuitural products to the failure of “the board of agriculture” to aid the British farmer as his foreign competi tor is aided. Evidently the commission had in rcKt.l the work of the department of agriculture of this country, which has become world-famous, and the publica tions of the several bureaus of the de partment, whk-h are read with great interest, not alone by the agriculturist, but by the layman as well, as Is at tested by tbeir wide publication in newspapers and popular magazines. Interest of the public has now reach ed such a pitch that neurly all maga zines are eomiKdlod to devote some at tention to the remarkable developments in agricultural science, and many of them maintain special departments which follow the enormous amount of work on allied subjects that is being done under federal and state supervi sion. Substitutes for Hay. During the year farmers should not overlook the matter of growing those well-known substitutes for hay that mature quickly and yield well, such as oats, fodder corn, millet and even peas In mentioning oats it is not Intended to suggest the sowing of the seed for the puri>ose of securing a yield oi grass, hut to out the crop only when it is in the milky state, or just previous to ripening. Of course, some farmers object to what they regard as a meth od that entails the loss cf the grain but on fertile farms there will gener ally be a fair crop of hay, while or iight oo 11s the farmer must resort to such substitutes as will give the hesl results. Oats, if cut just before th time of ripening, yield a crop of strav rich In nutritious matter, being tender, keeping green and which will oe rel ished by the cattle and horses. Th* inode of feeding Is to take the i/. n dies of oats (or sheafs) and pass them through a cutter, chopping straw and herds together, the whole being a mass of immature grain and straw. A small qunntlty of ground grain is added to the cut oats and fed to the stock. Thi advantage of thus harvesting and pre paring onts is that the whole of the straw can be utilized, while the time required for growth is shortened. Even on rich, heavy lands this mode of har vcK'ng is a good one where difficulty through the crop lodging is annually encountered. Government Whitewash. Take half a bushel of unslacked lime, slake It with boiling water, cover dur ing the process to keep In steam, strain the liquid through a fine sieve or strain er, and add to it a peck of salt, pre viously dissolved in warm water, three pounds of ground rice boiled to a thin paste and stirred in while hot, half a pound of Spanish whiting, and one pound of clean glue, previously dis solved by soaking in cold water, and then hanging over a slow lire in a small pot hung In a larger one filled with water. Add five gallons of hot water to the mixture, stir well, and let it stand a few days, covered from dirt It should be applied hot, for which purpose it can be kept in a kettle or portable furnace. The east end of the piesident’s house at Washington is em bellished by this brilliant whitewash. It Is used by the government to white wash lighthouses. A pint of this wash mixture, If prop erly applied, will cover one square yard, and will be almost as serviceable as paint for wood, brick, or stone, and is much cheaper than the cheapest paint. Coloring matter may be added as de sired. For cream color add yellow ocre; pearl or lead, add lampblack or Ivory black ; fawn, add proportionate ly four pounds of umber to one pound of Indian red and one pound of com mon lampblack; common stone color, add proiiortionately four pounds raw umber to two pounds lampblack. Dark Fire-Cured Tobacco, In 1904 the Bureau of Soils began s series of experiments in Appomattox county, Virginia, with tile object of de termining by practical commercial tests what may be accomplished in these older tobacco-growing sections. An acre of land was fertilized after the usual farmer's method with 400 pounds of fertilizer, costing $5 an acre, and furnishing twelve pounds of ammonia, tl.irty-six pounds of phosphoric acid, twelve pounds of potash. A second acre plat was fertilized with 850 pounds of home-mixed fertilizer, costing $16.44, and containing seventy-three aud one-half pounds of ammonia, fifty seven pounds of phosphoric acid and seventy-five pounds of potash, and a third acre plat received 1,700 pounds of home-mixed fertilizer, costing $32.30, and giving 153 pounds of ammonia, 100 pounds of phosphoric acid and 125 pounds of potash. The acre fertilized after the usual farmer’s method yield ed 673 pounds of tobacco, which sold for $45.50 gross, or an average of 0% cents a pound. The second acre plat produced 883 pounds, selling for $81.09, or an average of 9Vi cents a pound, and the third acre plat yielded 1,334 pounds, which sold for $111.29, or 8 2-5 cents a pound. To keep the product of the plats uniform the number of plants set per acre was 4,200, 5,000 and 6,000 respectively, and the net profit men tioned in the order given was $5, s2l and $29. Waite of Soil Material, A good German farmer was talking about growing wheat at an Illinois in stitute. In his odd, pointed way he said in regard to tillage on wheat land, “We are lazy too much in working land for wheat” Many are “lazy too much” in making the most out of the straw, says Practical Farmer. In this corn sec tion, where there is no end of corn stalks, it may not often be advisable to try and feed straw to stock. It can be fed, however, with proper grain to good advantage. But there Is no business sense in letting great piles of straw lie and rot down, almost a fotal loss, when the land Is hungry for the hu mus this straw would make If it was worked Into manure or otherwise got into the soil evenly. There is no sense in burning straw, and still that Is not much worse than letting It rot down In great stacks. It may be best sometimes to burn stubbles, when inserts are tak ing crops, as the lesser of two evils. But otherwise do not burn straw or vegetable matter in any form. Get it back Into your soil. The land It grew on needs it. And don’t sell straw for a mere song. Nearly all this land Is short of humus now and getting more so Better crops would be the result of rotting the straw evenly In the soil instead of fn huge piles. Lay cement floors In all stables. Draw in the straw and use it freely for redding. Take It out saturated with liquid manure which now goes to waste, liquid worth, pound for pound, much more than the solid manure. Get twice as many loads of manure in a winter and worth about twice as much per load l? you want to attain the highest success and are not “lazy too much." WISCONSIN SOLONS. Boer and Cttcari. Safe. lYhen the Miller anti-treating bill came up in the Assembly Tuesday Mr. Heilbron wanted it put over till April 10. The bill limits the amount of campaign excuses and specifies for what purposes the money shall be spent. Mr. Heilbron thought tlie members ought to have a chance to try the bill on their constitu ents, but the House voted him down. Mr. Ledvina believed the bill unconstitutional and also set the sum of.money too low. A ma t could not make a canvass for sheriff' in a county of 8,000 voters on only S4OO. He wanted the bill sent to the judiciary committee. Dr. Miller believed the bill would staud the test. A similar one had stood for two years in New •York. The bill aims at purity in poli tics and to give the poor man an equal chance in a political race with the rich man. The bill was finally re-referred to the committee on judiciary. Fire Marnhnl tar the State. After a spirited debate Wednesday the Assembly ordered to engrossment the Cleary bill establishing the office of State fire marshal. It provides for a State fire marshal at the salary of $3,000 and two assistants. The law provides that in case of fire au examination of witnesses shall be held within two days, in case the lose exceeds $25. The Mayor or clerk of the city or clerk of the town shall conduct the investigation and reports of the findings shall be made to the State fire commis sion. He may examine witnesses, com mit them for contempt for refusal to an swer. etc. If the five warden believes that the fire may have been the result of incendiarism he shall cause the arrest of suspected parties and shall furnish evi dence to the district attorney, who shall then prosecute. The provision is made for the payment for clerks iu conducting examinations of fires. Hold Rack Unto Law. A stringent automobile bill was ready for recommendation to the Assembly by tlie committee on State uffuirs, -but was held out at the urgent request of James Drought of Milwaukee, representing the Milwaukee Automobile Club. The com mittee had decided to recommend a meas ure cutting down tlie speed limitation of autos, both on city and country roads, and to insist tliai there be numbers both iu front and on the rear of machines, and a light shining directly upon the number in front. Mr. Drought is desirous of hav iug action postponed until he can lay before the committee the uniform bill ad vocated by the National Autbmoliile As sociation and already adopted by several of the Eastern Slates. Admit* Bill I* Too Strong. Senator Brazen.:, who introduced the bill known as 314S on behalf of the Wis consin State Board of Medical Exam iners, says that it was not aimed at Chris jtian Science or physical culture establish ments or Turkish bathrooms or anything of that sort, but only at fuke doctor* who assume the title of M. I>. or D. O. or some other title which would lend the public to believe Hint they are qualiiesl by special education to treat physical ailments. He says that on reading over the bill he himself has come to the con clusion that it is too sweeping and must be amended so that it will not affect the Christian Scientists and othet legitimate institutions. Wonld Make Voting; Harder. The Assembly has adopted a joint reso lution introduced by Mr. Kander of Ke waunee to amend the constitution of Wis consin so as to provide that after 1912 only those persons of foreign birth who have taken out both first and second pa pers for naturalization shall have the right to vote. This resolution passed both houses of Ihe Legislature two years ago. If passed by the Senate at the pres ent session it will be submitted at tho next general election to the voters of the State. Vote for Senator April 10. The senatorial light is now at its height. The Legislature has decided to ballot every noon, bcßinninx April 10, for a successor to Senator Spooner. The can didates have come out in tlie open and are working with all their might. The Senate passed tlie resolution after a sharp clasli in which Lieut. Gov. Connor led the opposition, through Senator Brazeai, and former Senator Hatton, through Sen ator Sanborn, managed the other side. Farmer* to Re i*: otecled. Mr. Cernahan's bill, 541 A, to repeal the law requiring farmers to give statis tics of farm products to assessors, was down for death, but Mr. Cernahan saved it and had it referred to the committee on agriculture. The American Society of Equity, he said, wants the law re pealed as by the giving of this informa tion, buyers take advantage of the furtn er.s. Gov. Davidson’* First Veto. Gov. Davidson's first veto was sent to tlie Legislature tho other day. when the executive disapproved the bill introduced by Assemblyman Sprague authorizing the city of Elkhorn to sell its cemetery. ’Hie Governor gave as his reasons that the city did not appear to have full title to the property. He suggested the pnstißge of a general law to meet such cases. Children Protected. The Assembly has passed a bill prohib iting children under 14 from playing for pay in bands or orchestras. Also a hill prohibiting women under IS from being employed in bottling works. New Marrlsge Law In. A bill for more stringent marriage re lations came in from the Assembly com mittee on publ’tyhealth the other morning. Persons to secure license must be of legal age and neither of them insane, feeble minded or epileptic or have any other impediment to marriage. A certificate to this effect must also be presented to the judge issuing the license and signed by some reputable physician or physician*. Licenses must be taken out five days be fore the marriage and shall remain in force no longer than one month. Will Oppose Dam Franchise*. Representative Elver, Democrat, gave that hereafter he would oppose all measures for the granting of franchise* or privileges for dams unless some pro vision for compensation to the State ia made. Limit* Deer Season. No. 843A. limiting the deer season from Nov. 10 to Nov. 25 and restricting the number of deer a hunter can kill to one, has been passed, as was the bill to permit towns having unincorporated vil lage* to vote bonds for improvements. Report* on Exrl*e Proposition*. A number of important reports came in from the committee on State affairs on excise propositions. The bill author izing cities to establish the Gothenlmr* system of liquor was reported favorably. The one prohibiting saloons within two and a half miles of the Soldiers’ home at Waupaca was reported for postpone ment. Leroy Pare Food Bill Pa**e-d. An important bill recently passed was the Leroy measure, .which applies tho same test to foods as does the federal government. ,