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r —FENIMORE COOPER
STORY OF THE REVOLUTION CHAPTER XIV. In making the arrangements by which Captain Lawton had been left, with Ser geant Hollister and twelve men, as a guard over the wounded, and heavy bag gage of the corps, Dunwoodie had con sulted not only the information which had been conveyed in the letter of Colonel Singleton, but the bruises of bis com rade’s body. In vain Lawton declared himself fit for any duty that man could perform. His commander was firm, and the reluctant captain was compelled to comply with as good a grace as he could assume. Before parting, Dunwoodie re peated his caution to keep a watchful eye on the inmates of the cottage. A vague suspicion of danger to the family had been awakened in the breast of the major, by the language of the peddler. For some time after the departure of the troops, the captain was walking before the door of the “hotel,” replying to the occasional queries of Betty, who ever and anon demanded an explanation of va rious passages in the peddler’s escape. At this instant he was joined by the sur geon, who had hitherto been engaged among his patients in a distant building. “Where are all the sentinels, John?” he inquired, “and why are you here alone?” “Off—all off, with Dunwoodie to the river. You and I are left here to take care of a few sick men and some women.” “I am glad, however,” said the surgeon, “that Major Dunwoodie bad consideration enough not to mtve the wounded. Here, Mrs. Elizabeth Flanagan, hasten with some food. I have a dead body to dis sect, and am in haste.” “And here, you Mis er Doctor Archi bald Sitgreaves,” echoed Betty, “you are ever a coming too late; here is nothing to ate.” “Woman,” said the surgeon in anger, “I bid you hasten with such food as may be proper to be received into the stomach fasting.” “And I’m sure it’s for a pop-gun that I should be taking you sooner than for a cannon ball,” said Betty, winking at the captain; “and I tell yee that it’s fasting you must be. The boys have ate me up intireiy.” Lawton now interfered to preserve the peace, and assured the surgeon that he had already dispatched the proper per sons in quest of food for the party. A little mollified with this explanation, the operator soon forgot his hunger, and de clared his intention of proceeding to busi ness at once. "And where is your subject?” asked Lawton. “The peddler,” said the other, glancing a look at the sign post. “I made Hollis ter put a stage so high that the neck would not be dislocated by the fall, and I intend making as handsome a skeleton of him as there is in the States of North America; his bones are well knit. I have long been wanting something of this sort to send as a present to my old aunt in Virginia, who was so kind to me when a boy. But what has been done with the body ?” Lawton was obliged to explain to his friend. Thus doubly disappointed in his meal and his business. Sitgreaves suddenly de clared his intention of visiting the “Lo custs,” and inquiring into the state of Captain Singleton. Lawton was ready for the exc '^sion; and they were soon on the road. Fc* some time the two rode in silence, when Lawton, perceiving that his comrade’s temper was .somewhat ruf flel by his disappointa>ats, made an ef fort to restore the tranquillity of his feelings. “That was a charming song, Archibald, that jou commenced last evening, when we were interrupted by the party that brought in the peddler,” he said. "I knew you would like it, Jack. Poetry is a respectable art.” The surgeon involuntarily hemmed* and begun to clear his throat. The cap tain, observing him to be sitting with great uneasiness on his horse, continued : “The air still, and the road Solitary— why * ~' t give the song? We are fast ap proaching <me rocks on our left; the echo will douJle my satisfaction.” Thus encou.toged, the surgeon set about complying with the request in sober earn est. Some little time was lost in getting the proper pitch of his voice; but no sooner were these two points achieved than Lawton had the secret delight of hearing his friend commence. ‘Hush!” interrupted the trooper; “what rustling noise is that among the rocks?” “It must have been the rushing of the melody. A powerful voice is like the breathing of the winds.” “Listen!” said Lawton, stopping his horse. He had not done speaking when a stone fell at his feet. “A friendly shot, that,” cried the trooper; “neither the weapon nor its force implies much ill will. It would be easy to hide a regi ment behind those rocks.” dismounting and taking the 6tone in his hand. “Oh ! here is the explanation along with the mystery.” So saying, he tore a piece of paper that had been ingeniously fastened to the small fragment of rock, and open ing it, the captain read: “A musket bullet will go farther than a stone in the rocks of Westchester. The horse may be good, but can he mount a precipice?” "Thou sayest the truth, strange man.” said “courage and activity would avail but little against assassination and these rugged passes.” Remounting his horse, he cried aloud : “Thanks, unknown friend; your caution will be remembered.” A meager hand was extended for an instant over a rock, in the air, and af terward nothing further was seen or beard in that quarter. “Quite an extraordinary interruption,’ said the astonished Sitgreaves, “and a letter of a very mysterious meaning.” "Oh! ’tis nothing but the wit of some bumpkin, who thinks to frighten two of the Virginians by au artifice of this kind.” said the trooper; “but let me tell you, Mr. Archibald Sitgreaves, you \.ere wanting to dissect, just now, a very hon est fellow.” “It was the peddler—one of the most notorious spies in the enemy's service; and I must say that I think it would be an honor to such a man to be devoted to the use of science.” "He may be a spy—he must be one,” said Lawton, musing: “but he has a heart above enmity, and a soul that would honor a soldier.” The surgeon turned a vacant eye on hrs companion as he uttered this solilo quy. while the penetrating looks of the trooper had already discovered another pile of rocks, which, jutting forward, nearly obstructed the highway. "What the steed cannot mount, the foot of man can overcome.” exclaimed the wary partisan. Throwing himself again from his saddle, and leaping a wall of stone, he began to ascend the hill. This movement was no sooner made than Law ton caught a glimpse of the figure of a man stealing rapidly and disappearing on the opposite side of the precipice. “Spur, Sitgreaves—spur.” shouted the trooper, dashing over every impediment in pursuit, “and murder the villain as he flies.” The former part of the request was promptly complied with and a few mo ments brought the surgeon in full view of a man armed with a musket. “Step, my friend—stop until Captain Lawton comes up. if you please.” cried the surgeon. But as if the invitation contained new terrors, the footman re doubled his efforts until he had reached bis goal, when be discharged his musket toward the surgeon, and was out of sight in an instant. To gain the highway and throw himself into his saddle, detained Lawton but a moment, and he rode to the side of his comrade just as the figure dis appeared. “Which way has he fled?” cried the trooper. "Where you cannot follow—into that wood.” The disappointed trooper, perceiving that his enemy had escaped him, now turned his eyes, which were flashing with anger, upon his comrade, and gradually his brow relaxed, and his look changed from its fierce expression to covert laugh ter. The surgeon sat in dignified com posure on his horse; his thin body erect, and his head elevated with the indigna tion of one conscious of having been un justly treated. “Why did you suffer the villain to es cape?” demanded the captain. “Once within reach of my sabre, and I would have given you a subject foe the dissect ing table.” “ ’Twas impossible to prevent it,” said the surgeon. “The rogue threw himself on the other side of this fence, and left me where you see; nor would the man in the least attend to my remonstrances, or tc an intimation that you wished to hold discourse with him.” “Here was nothing to stop you, man; I could leap a platform through, boot and thigh, without pricking with a single spur. Pshaw ! I have often charged upon the bayonets of infantry, over greater difficulties than this.” “You will please to remember, Captain John Lawton, that I am not the riding “STOP, MY FRIEND, STOP.” master of the regiment—nor a drill ser geant—'nor a crazy cornet; no, sir—and I speak it with a due respect for the com mission of the Continental Congress—nor an inconsiderate captain, who regards his own life as little as that of his enemies. I am only, sir, a poor humble man of letters, a mere doctor of medicine, an un worthy graduate of Edinburgh, and a sur geon of dragoons; nothing more, I do assure you, Captain John Lawton.” So saying, he turned his horse's head toward the cottage, and recommenced his ride. CHAPTER XV. The graduate of Edinburgh found his patient rapidly improving in health, and entirely free from fever. His sister, with a cheek that was, if possible, paler than on her arrival, watched around his couch with tender care, and the ladies of the cottage had not, in the midst of their sorows and varied emotions, forgotten to discharge the duties of hospitality. Fran ces felt herself impelled toward their dis consolate guest, with an interest for which she could not account, and with a force that she could not control. She had unconsciously connected the fates of Dunwoodie and Isabella in her imagina tion, and she felt, with the romantic ar dor of a generous mind, that she was serving her former lover most by exhibit ing kindness to her he loved best. Several days now passed without any interruption of the usual avocations of the inhabitants of the cottage, or the par ty at the Four Corners. The former were supporting their fortitude with the certainty of Henry's innocence, and a strong reliance on Dunwoodie's exertions in his behalf, and the latter, waiting with impatience the intelligence of a conflict, and their orders to depart. Captain Law ton, however, waited for both these events in vain. Letters from the major announc ed that the enemy, finding that the party which was to co-operate with them had been defeated and was withdrawn, had retired also behind the works of Fort Washington, where they continued inac tive. The trooper was enjoined to vigi lance, and the letter concluded with a compliment to his honor, zeal and un doubted bravery. ‘‘Extremely flattering. Major Dunwoo die,” muttered the dragoon, as he stalked across the floor to quiet his impatience. “A proper guard have you selected for this service; let me see—l have to watch over the interests of a crazy, irresolute old man, who does not know whether he belongs to us or to the enemy; four wom en. some two or three blacks, a talkative housekeeper and poor George Singleton. Well, a comrade in suffering has a claim on man—so I'll make the best of it.” As he concluded this soliloquy, the trooper took a seat and began to whistle, to convince himself how little he cared about the matter, when, by throwing his booted leg careless round, he upset the canteen. The accident was soon repaired, hut in replacing the wooden vessel, he ob served a billet lying on the bench. It was soon opened, and he read: “The moon will not rise till after midnight— a fit time for deeds of darkness.” There was no mistaking the hand; it was clear ly the same which had given him the time ly warning against assassination, and the trooper continued, for a long time, mus ing on the nature of these two notices, and the motives that could induce the peddler to favor an implacable enemy in the manner that be had latterly done. That he was a spy of the enemy Lawto* knew; for the fact of his conveying in telligence to the English commander-in chief. of a party of Americans that were exposed to the enemy, was proved most clearly against him on the trial for his life. The consequences of his treason had been avoided, it is true, by a lucky order from Washington, which withdrew the regim?nt a short time before the Brit ish appeared to cut it off, but still the crime was the same. • Whether the danger, intimated In the present note, threatened the cottage or his own party, the captain was uncertain, but he inclined to the latter opinion, and determined to beware how he rode abroad in the dark. The arrival of the surgeon interrupted his meditations. Sitgreaves brought an invitation from the mistress of the mansion to Captain Lawton, desir ing that the cottage might be honored with his presence at an early hour that evening. "Ha:'’ cried the trooper; “then they have reeeived a letter also.” “I think nothing more probable,” said the surgeon; “there is a chaplain at the cottage from the royal army, who has come to exchange the British wounded, and who has an order from Colonel Sin gleton for their delivery. “And does be stay the night?” “Certainly, he waits for his cartel; but hasten, John, we have but little time to waste.” The gala suit of Captain Lawton was easily adjusted to his huge frame, and his companion being ready, they once more took their route toward the cottage. Miss Peyton accosted them with a smil ing welcome. Frances glided about tear ful and agitated, while Mr. Wharton stood ready to receive them, decked in a suit of velvet. Colonel Wellmere was in the uniform of an officer of the House hold troops of his prince, and Isabella Singleton sat in the parlor, while her brother looked like anything but an in valid. As it was the third day that he had left his room, Dr. Sitgreaves forgot to reprove his patient for imprudence. Into this scene Captain Lawton moved with all the composure and gravity of a man whose nerves were not easily discom posed by novelties. “John,” whispered the surgeon, with awakened curiosity, “what means this festival? Observe, here comes the army chaplain in full robes. What can it mean ?” “An exchange.” said the trooper; “the wounded of Cupid are to meet and settle their accounts with the god, in the way of plighting faith to suffer from his arch ery no more. Is it not a crying shame, that a sunshine hero, and an enemy should thus be suffered to steal away one of the fairest plants that grow on our soil?” “If he be not more accommodating as a husband than as a patient. John, I fear me that the lady will lead a troubled life.” “Let her,” said ihe trooper, indignant ly ; “she has chosen fram her country’s enemies, and may she meet with a for eigner's virtues in her choic-e.” (To be continued.) HIT BY THREE FLYING FISH. Tier Were Pursued by Hungry B'/- nito, tin* Uuurry of a. Shark. Over at the foot of 27tii strett, South Brooklyn, not far from acres ot la id-up yachts, is cabled to the shore the St. Lucia barlcentiue Savoia, her steel hull and spars almost hidden by a pile of cedar logs that have been ex tracted by a winch and derrick from her interior, says the New York World. The cedar is from Santa Cruz, Cuba, but tbe incident of her smooth, suc cessful voyage is the luck of her plucky steward in being hit by three flying Ashes, knocked to the deck and landing on the winged herrings without injury to his own feelings. It was at the close of day off the Bahamas, with the wind from the no’- east and the barkentine on it, making a fair picture, with square sails aud fore and aft cloths all set, as they Had been all the passage, and the vessel dippingand recovering to roll the other way. While Captain Fernandez and the mate were at sea the steward, who has had a heap of experience with leaping herring, went forward to cool his brow in the fresh, smart breeze. The air was clear aud the no’theast breeze pushed up the uneasy surface of a semitropical sea in regular pyramids of green edged and capped with white. While the steward gazed and the breeze caught his hair, a tragic pro cession, one of nature’s dog-eat-dog ex hibitions, headed, like the flight of fox aud hounds, for the bouncing barken tine, distinctly marked in the red glare of the sinking sun, at which time pur suing fish are the most voracious. In the van were three flying fish, which had sprung from a rising wave about eighty fathoms to windward, the impetus of the sea, their own jump, the wind and their poised fins bearing them in a graceful curve for the ship. Indeed, they had seemed, previous to their final jump, to steer their flight for the Savoia's foredeck, there to seek safety. Chasing the flying fish was a huge bonito, some ten fathoms astern and gliding down the descending roof of a wave, while only six fathoms astern of the hungry bonito was a still hun grier shark keen for its preying prey. As the flying herring came on, thd 6hip fell as if to receive them over the bulwark and the three of tuein struck the steward with mighty force on thd breast and face, bowling him over upon his back, while the bonito smote shark, disturbed by the onward rush of the barkentine, dived and the boni to fell to the windward of his enemy. The steward picked himself up un hurt and gathered up his flying fishes, which he varnished and mounted upon a placqne. where they are to be seen in the cabin of the Savoia. Travel Free. “Conductor.” said the gasping pas senger, vainly trying to raise a win dow, "there are at least a billion mi crobes in this car.” “You ought to be able to stand that if the company can." growled the street car conductor. “We don't get a blamed cent for carrying 'em.”—Chi cago Tribune. Soon lie Eclipsed. “Is jimmy, de porch climber, a star?” asked the green-goods man. “>Vw!” replied the safe cracker. “He to be a star, but now we call him de sun.” And why de sun?” “Because he is always getting spot ted.” Ffw Climber*. “Pis am a lazy world, deacon,” re marked Bruduah Sunflower. “'Deed et am,” replied Deacon Ded berry. "Yeas, sah. Ef you was to tell some people dey cud reach de seventh hehen free of charge dey would ask you when de elevator was going up.” Far Gone. Helen (banter ingly)—You don't love me. Dick —Oh. I am crazy about you. Helen —Oh, 1 am afraid it is a east of “out of sight out of mind.” Dick (desperately)—On the con trary, it is a ease of “in sight out of mind.” Just Imagine. Stubb—Dispatch from Berlin say they are now able to photograph a per son’s breath. Penn —Whew i I was juut thinking. Stubb —Thinking of what? Penn—lmagine the strong photo graph they could take off fellow's breath after he had been eating spring onions. LU Low. “Of course she doesn't like discu* sions about ages.” “No. Usually when she's queried about hers she just says nothing, but lies low.” “Yes. or if she says anything she lie* low." —Philadelphia Press. About 1.500,000 persons are em ployed in the coal mines of the world. f| v > Tj Holds the Sleeve. If It were permissible many a yonng lady would be tempted to use a cuss word every time she puts on her coat. —■■ m. - We have all watch t Vi ed her struggle in the attempt to tuck the big. balloon sleeves of her OjLjtPSk ' waist into the arm holes of the coat. V*\ \\ Naturally It must be uncomfortable to have tbe inner sleeve bunched at the shoulder. An ingenious English sleeve in place, woman lias Invent ed a simple contrivance which does away with all these trying perplexi ties, and she thinks so highly of the device that she has had it patented in the United States. As shown in illus tration, it comprises a narrow elastic band, having on each end a ring, one being larger than the other. Attached to the band is a double cord. In using this device the band is formed into a lasso (by slipping the smaller ring through the larger one), which is slip ped over the end of the sleeve of the waist. The fine end of the band is then secured to the thumb by the ring. The ootd is attached to the littie finger. After slipping the arm into the sleeve of the c-oat the ring ou the thumb is released and tbe band pulled out of tbe armhole by means of the cord. Girin HQrction of Mother*. A daughter is, in nine cases out of tea, the reflection of her mother. The tiaining of the girl of 15 is shown In the woman of 50. A son may, by con tact with the rough world, sometimes outlive his early home influences —a daughter rarely does. The mother who realizes that the whole strength of her children's lives depends upon the foun dation which she builds for them has mastered the great principle of suc cessful mother! od. It it a beatc-sn_!-ening fact that one of the greatest evils in home life is the lack of corddence between mothers and daughters. A mother who lias her daughter’s confidence need never fear that she will stray far from the home teachings. The daughter who has con fidence in her mother will never go to others with her little heartaches and her burdens. it is tlie mother who Is a mother who makes the home a confessional for her children. Anything said there is never repeated. Her children know and feel their mother is their best friend, their safest counselor, and years afterward when the mother has passed to her re ward they will think of her as all that a mother should be. She was loving, sympathetic, frank and the companion of their own choosing.—Exchange. The Sundown Ip to Date. This charming model makes us hark back to the days when grandmother was a little girl and wore a sundown ou her ringletted head. Nowadays it is the grown-up girls who wear the sun down, and it is not quite so simple as its ancestor. The illustration shows a fine milan shape iu burnt tan. A wreath of pink roses is arranged on a brown velvet band across the crown and brim, the velvet ribbon tied in the back in bow and streamers, as though bolding the hat on the wearer's head. There is no bandeau in this hat, the coiffure lieing arranged to fill in the hat iu the back sufficiently. Women in Boainma. Of all the enique pursuits followed by women, none perhaps is more out of line with feminine instincts than sell ing brick and building material. Yet Mrs. Nellie Snyder-Smlth, of Dallas, Tex., has built up a business which now runs over $200,000 a year. And she started eight years ago with four bricks. The four bricks were samples which her husband had used in the business his widow took up upon bis death. Last year she sold 0.000,000 common brick and 2,000.000 face brick, not to mention other building material. Sue not only sells more brick than a whole lot of men, but has been told that she disposes of more than all the other women in the world put together. Mrs. Nellie Snyder-Smith is a con tributor of note to magazines, and about the last topic she would write of is her business. Moreover, she Is a composer of music. Her holiday re treat is her fine, big stock farm, forty miles from Dallas, one of the best In north Texas. Get What Yon Aak For. There was never an imitation made of an imitation. Imitators always coun terfeit the genuine article. The genu ine is what you ask for, because genu ine articles are the advertised ones. Imitations are not advertised, hut de pend for their business on the ability of the dealer to sell you something claim ed to be “just as good” when you ask for tbe genuine, because he makes more profit on the imitation. Why accept imitations when you can get tbe genu ine by insisting? Refuse imitations. Get what you ask for. Why Men Wed. Men never marry for the purpose of making women happy, but to make themselves happy. A man enjoys his heme. He likes the cheery fireside, tbe dressing gown and slijipers. the bright coffee urn and the brighter eyes be hind it, says a writer in the Philadel phia Press. He likes a servant such as money cannot hire —attentive, affect ion • te, spontaneous, devoted and trust- DESIGNS FOR SKIRT TRIMMINGS. worthy. He likes very much the great est comfort for the smallest outftiy, and certainly likes to be loved. But be himself very soon adapts him self to the philosophy of “why run after a street car when you’ve caught it?” If women who are determined to marry would only recognize this un pleasant truth there would not be so many pitiful wrecks of married hap piness. These foolish women expect their husbands to remain always lov ers. It isn’t men’s nature. Taking I p Carpels. Taking up carpets is one of the most disagreeable of bousec-leaning tasks, usually, for the simple reason that the majority of persons do not properly perforin the -work. To prevent the usual cloud of dust when removing a carpet, first loosen the tacks, picking them all up as drawn, which will prevent accidents and take only a few minutes of time. Do not move the edge of the carpet until all the tacks have been removed; then begin at one side and roll the car pet carefully to the other side or the room. Two or three persons can roll it bet ter than one alone. Lift is carefully at both ends aud the middle at the same time, and carry it out of doors and away from the house to be cleaned. Begin at one side of the room again aud roll the papers with the dust on them, taking only a few at a time, and lieing very careful not to disturb the dust. Carry tbe rolls out as they are made and pile them on the ground where they can be burned. When the papers have all been re moved there will be no dust on the floor or in the air, and a mopping of the floor with a clean mop and a good suds will make it fresh. If there was no paper under the car pet the tacks and carpet should be re moved in the same manner and a lot of bits of newspaper well dampened should be scattered over tbe dusty floor. Stir the paper gently about with the broom so as to gather the dust: then take it up in little piles on the dustpan. Scatter another lot of the dampened paper and sweep it geutly together. .*en mop the floor with good suds. What a Woman Seeds, Mine. Cre-i. the wife of the Mexican ambassador, does not think that any woman should dress extravagantly, even one who, like herself, lias an in come of only $5,000,000 a year. She gives an Inventory of some of the things that a woman may find neces sary. as, for instance, two hats at s3<s each; fourteen shoes. $lB a pair; three and fifty silk stockings, at $5 a pair; two handkerchiefs, two opera cloaks, two alternate handkerchiefs, three purses, two embroidered bags for con fectionery.; three dresses, at sl4 each. The stockings and the hats one can comprehend, but where on earth can Mine. Creel get a dress for sl4. let alone three of them, and how does she get along with two handkerchiefs and two alternates? If a child swallows a pin give it a bowl of bread and milk into which sev eral small balls of absorbent cotton have been put. The cotton will not di gest and the pin will be apt to lodge In one of the balls and thereby keep the ends from scratching the intestines. According to the London Engineer, among the suggestions placed before n Blackburn committee that is making inquiries with a view to lessening in fant mortality in the town, is a novel one by Dr. Bannister. He considers that much could be done to restore nat ural feeding by establishing a “cradle room” or creche at each mill where mothers are employed, in which they could attend to the wants of their in fants. He does not see why this should not be practicable from the employers' pc-int of view. Is Only Question of Color. A woman who is supposed to know says that it is all a matter of color and cut. and that any woman can make any man propose to her or do anything she wants him to do if her draw Is what it ought to be. But as it is a matter of taste what the woman thinks nil right and just the proper cut and shade may not appeal to a man. Prob ably the woman is expected to find out first just what the gentleman likes and then supply herself. Upon this theory it is a wonder that there are so many badly dressed wives, but may be it is because they dress to please their husbands and there is no disput ing about tastes. Revival of the Norfolk. It is a relief now and then to find the monotony of the eton and pony jackets broken by the long, snugly fit ting coat. One of the smartest walk ing suits of the season is shown in the illustration. It Is of gray Scotch chev iot. The skirt is r,even gored with in sets at the bottom to give It tbe proper flare. The Norfolk jacket is severely tailored. A white linen stock and cravat is worn with this suit and adds to its smart appearance. Girin a* Smart n Hoy**. President Seelye of Smith college says that not every girl should go to college, and does not recommend the college education for those who are stupid or slow and* have little or no ambition to be wiser than they are. The wonder is that such girls could ever get ready for college in the way ot passing the examination. lie says that in the secondary schools one often finds girls as intelligent as boys, a statement of fact so obvious that one wonders that President Seelye should make it. One of the advantages he names as resulting from a college edu cation is the potver it gives a girl to de velop desirable social traits. Should Have Living Wage, A Chicago woman says that the fathers and mothers who let children who are under age work in the factir ries aDd ether places are “silent part ners” o f the men who employ them and In the ca&e where the girls art underpaid, allowing them to live at home, is alsio going Into partnership with these men. Concerns that can not pay a living wage to their em ployes should be made to go out of business. Derogative Scrap flasket*. Novel scrap baskets are composed of four pieces of wood, united at the cor ners by means of withes of grass passed through holes. The decoration, which consists of weird plants, rep tiles and denizens of the deep, is first outlined with the pyrographic point, and then colored In distraught green, blues and yellows. A small basket of this kind costs 75 cents. In Memory of Mother. Mrs. Russel Sage has given $50,000 to the new school to be erected at Sag Harbor, Long Island, as a memorial to her mother, who was bom there. Tbe only stipulation she makes is that tbe building shall be fireproof. RAIL W AY SLAUGHTER TERRIBLE INDICTMENT AGAINST AMERICAN MANAGERS. Mure Attention Paid to lncrcaxftia Dividends than to the Practical. Methods of Transportation—Acci dents Likely to Increase. A list of the wrecks in the last twelve months constitutes an awful indictment against the American railway mana ger. In no part of the civilized world is transportation attended by so many perils as in the United States, and of late the danger seems to be increasing Instead of decreasing. Scarcely a day passes that the news papers do not have to report some new disaster. In many instances the trage dies are the result of gross careless ness on the part of the railroad people. Spreading rails, open switches, dis regard of orders, carelessness of en gineers. conductors and train dispatch ers explain some of the other disasters. In a few cases washouts, snowstorms and fogs caused wrecks. These are the only instances in which the railroad people can he held blameless. Something Radically Wronß. No part of the country seems to have escaped, and, if anything, conditions appeal to be worse on big railroad systems, where passenger traffic is sup posed to be attended by every safeguard that experience can suggest, than it is on smaller lines, where roadbeds are weak and the equipment is not up to the times. That there is something radically wrong with the railroads is certain. James J. Hill, president of the Great Northern, acknowledged this when he said that he never took a railroad trip nowadays that he did not fear disaster. Transportation men say the railroads are not to blame and that railroad managers are struggling Against condi tions'such as they never confronted before and which they could not guard against. They say the public has no conception of the strain to which the railroads have been subjected in the last year or two. There lias been a tremendous increase in traffic. The in crease came suddenly. The railroads have done their best to handle it. but they have been unable to get cars or locomotives to meet the needs. From tbe Atlantic to the Pacific and from the Gulf to tbe Great Lakes nearly every road is glutted with freight. If th ! ,s excess of business could he bandied promptly the railroads would make immense profits. The railroads did profit largely in the early days of the rise in the tide of traffic, but there was no end to the volume of freight, and soon men and machinery began to suffer from the strain. Cars and loco motives need rest and repairs just as human beings do. When they do not receive it they are liable to break down. Men cannot be pressed to the limit of endurance week in and week out, month after month, without giving way. Railroad* to Dlitme. But this explanation does not fully explain. Men who go to the root of the trouble lay the responsibility for present conditions upon the shoulders of half a dozen big men, who know more about finance than they do about practical railroading. There has l>een an evolution in the railroad business in the United States in the last eight or ten years. It hag been a period of reorganization and consolidation. Masters of finance rather than masters of transportation affairs have ruled in the councils of old and A PATHETIC APPEAL. *—Cincinnati Post. Spyglsaa that Tell* Distance. M. Gerard, an officer of the French navy, has invented an instrument called the teliineter, which enables one to find accurately the distance of any visible ob ject whose height is known, without com plex calculations. The principle on which this Instrument works is the combination of two prismatic rings so adjusted 'as to give a variable refractive angle, enabling the user by means of a graduated scale to read off the distance of the object looked i without stopping to go through a mathematical calculation. Jew* to Demand Their Rltrht*. Indignant over the recent refusal of the Marlborough-Blenheim hotel at At lantic City to receive the nieces of Sen ator Rayner of Maryland on the ground that they were Hebrews, a number of prominent and wealthy Jews of New York have organised the Society for the Enforcement of Equal Rights. It will endeavor to prevent discrimination of any kind upon the part of hotel managers against Hebrews or any other race of peo ple. and an effort will be made to obtain legislation to this end in all States which have no such laws. Self-Loading Mtaaer Rifle*. Herr Mauser, the inventor of the rifle •which bears his Dame, and who still lives at Dusseldorf, Germany, announces that he has invented an improved mechanism by which the weapon is automatically re loaded from a cartridge chamber after firing. He thinks that all modern armies will be compelled to adopt this improvo ment. Prof. C. A. Meserve, instructor in chemistry at the Jamas R. Millikin uni versity, has been appointed food inspec tor under the national pure food commis sion and has resigned his position with the university. new systenu. Nearly every merge nas been attended by a stock issue, largely of water, which has been saddled upon the railroads. The masters of finance were discounting the growth of the na tion and tlie development of the prop erties they were consolidating. Every observant person has been aware of the fact that since the Spaii ish-American war the nation's business has been expanding at a great rate. The only branch of the country’s mech anism that has not kept pace with this expansion has been the railroad. It has been the policy of tbe masters of finance to check the building of new liiiexs. force independent ones Into sub mission and concentrate traffic so that t would yield the largest possible rev enue to the trunk systems which they controlled. They have succeeded. The railroads of the United States to-day are in few hands. But in their hunger for large profits and early returns from the properties they have absorbed, the masters of finance have neglected the physical well being of the railroads. They have looked more to net earnings than to improved roadbeds, additional equipment and better service to the public. They viewed with more favor the manager who worked men and cars to the limit all the time and shov ed a reduction of operating expenses, with a big increase in gross earnings, than the one who always sought to im prove the property. When about a year ago the tremen dous bulge in the volume of traffic came suddenly it found the railroads unpre pared. The masters of finance had not added many locomotives and cars to the possessions of the properties they had absorbed. Neither had they extended the terminals of the various roads to meet the requirements of a constantly growing traffic. Division superintend ents, yanlmasters, masters of transpor tation, train dispatchers, conductors, firemen, engineers and brakemen did all they could. They buckled down to their work as only well-trained, earnest, efficient men will do. When they were called upon to work extra hours they did so willingly. But they could make no impression on the flood. The more they battled, the more freight seemed to pour in upon them. Locomotives capable of drawing thirty loaded cars were pressed to drag trains of thirty six or forty. Men who could work safely and well twelve or fourteen hours a day were kept on duty sixteen or eighteen. Cars that should go to the repair shops were kept in service on the chance that they would get through all right. As it was with freight so was it with passenger traffic. Every passenger car that could be utilized seemed to be needed. One branch of the service seemed to keep pace with the other in growth. And now the railroads are in the throes of the reaction from the strnin. Equipment lias given way and men have given way. Hundreds of persons have been killed and hundreds more probably will be slaughtered before affairs come to a normal state. The dozens and dozens of freight wrecks with the killing or maiming of rail road employes have been too small In interest to attract general attention. Tear* Kill Disease Germ*. Dr. C. Lindahl of Copenhagen tells in the London Lancet of his discovery that tears have the power to kill various bac teria which produce disease in the human body. This bacteriacidal capacity of the lachrymal fluid is not due to its inor gnnisms which it contains, known as leu cocytes. The fluid when heated and cooled fails to prevent the growth of bac teria to the same degree as when iu its normal state. From Far and Near. Four churches and a school house were wrecked by a tornado at Rome, Tex. There are about 40,000 persons idle in San Francisco because of labor troubles. The fire department of Wyoming, Ohio, was burned out when the town hall was destroyed. The management of the Jamestown ex position will be undertaken temporarily and without aalary by James M. Barr, former president of the Seaboard Air Line. Buck High, a 15-year-old negro, was hanged at McDonough, Pa., for assault upon a 4-year-old daughter of a whits citizen. For the fortieth time the general as sembly of the United Presbyterians has declined to create the office of general treasurer. Before the end of the summer 200,000 unorganized laborers and clerks of west ern railroads will receive a 10 per cent wage increase. The Pocahontas Memorial Association has announced that the unveiling of th# statue of Pocahontas at Jamestown is postponed until late in the fall. Former Police Captain Jacob Schriba of Newark, N. J., charged with derelic tion in office, was given tbe maximum punishment for his offense—a ine ot SI,OOO. A gift of $50,000 to the Agnes Scott institute, a college for young women at Decatur, - Ga., is announced. The giver is Samuel M. Inman, a wealthy Atlanta citizen. George Kern, alias G. Thomas, was ar reated at Toronto, Ont., at the instance of United States authorities and for whoso arrest two warrants hare been sworn out in Knoxville, Tenn., one charg ing perjury and the other concealment ot funds in a bankruptcy cm*.