Newspaper Page Text
Whll<* the Autumn day* are railing. Calling, calling, sad and drear: From the trees the leaves are falling. Fa'ling, falling, brown and sear; Other and; I can recall — Many a bright and happy Fall — But as Memory bring? them :>ack again with soft and h/.llowed charm. There's perhaps no thought to dear At this season of the year As the thought of old Thanksgiving days at Orandra's on the farm. Even tho' 't might be snowing. Snowing snowing, fast and long, And November winds be blowing. Blowing blowing—welrdsome song— Safe, at Grandpa's—from the storm, AH w.i* pleasant, bright and warm. Oh, how much there was for dinner , more to ea* when we were through 1 And so good—such chicken pies! Lips are moist, as welt as eyes. As I think cf old Thanksgiving days with Grandpa and Aunt Lou. And the sonts we then were singing. Singing, singing, long ago. Through the glad, sad past coming ringing, Hinging, r nglng, sweet and low; These, with legends that Were told On Thanksgiving days of old. As we gathered, bound together by love's sweet anil magic charm— These the heart shall still hold dear, Tho' the loved ones be not near, Who so much enjojed Thanksgiving day si Grandpa's on the farm. —Twentieth Century Farmer. / Her Neighbors' Blessings j * BT HOPE DARING. J “Why, Edith.” “What is it V” Mrs. Matthews asked as she resug^red the oatmeal of Maude, the larger one of the twins. "The day after to-morrow is Thanks giving. Had you forgotten it?” Edith Matthews paused before reply ing to her husband’s question. The pause might have been accounted for by the fact that Mabel, the "ther ("•in, insisted that her oatmeal should likewise be resugared. After attending to this Mrs. Matthews •aid listlessly, “No, I had not forgotten it. But it doesn't make any difference anyway.” “WLat, Thanksgiving not make any difference? Why, Edith, what is the matter?” and Iliram Matthews set down his coffee cup and stared at his wife. She shrugged her shoulders. "Is it the dinner you mean? Well, send up what ever you like. As to the real spirit of THANKSGIVING MORNING AT THE OLD HOMESTEAD. —Cincinnati Post. Thanksgiving, I’ve nothing to be espe cially thankful for. Oh, dear! The baby Is crying,” and leaving her breakfast, Mrs. Matthews hurried away. “Poor little woman,” thought her hus band. “She has to work too hard. I wish I could afford to keep a girl for her. Bui nothing to be thankful for, that doesn’t sound like Edith.” When baby Faye had been hushed to sleep it was time for Hiram to start for the sto. e. He had lifted the twins from their hig.. chairs and untied their .bibs. He had also thoughtfully put the coffee pot on the stove and the steak in the oven that Edith might not find her breakfast cold when she had time to finish it. “Good-by, little wife,” he sadi, draw ing her to him. “I’ll send up something for Thanksgiving and see Mrs. Murphy about coming to help you to-morrow. Don’t do much extra work. fr there will be just ourselves. How 1 wish we could have gone to the old. home. Still I feel like giving thanks, Edith, for my home, my babies, and you.” Words like these are usually sweet to a wife. But Edith had been kept awake the greater part of the night by a teeth ing baby, so she replied wearily, “Get whatever you like. Perhaps I should feel thankful if we were rich." “1 hope we may be some day.” Hiram began, but she interrupted him impa tiently. “Some day ! When I am old and gray. It is now I want the things money can buy, luxuries for my babies, leisure for you nnd me, time to develop my nature. Well, I’ll postpone my thanksgiving till 1 have something to give thanks for.* In spite of her flippant words, Edith clung for a moment to her husband. Ilis face was grave, but he whispered ten derly, “My darling,” and going out at tempted to close the door softly behind him. But the sharp November wind caught it from his hand and it slammed so loudly that Faye start.nl up with a fret ful cry. At the same moment Maude managed to upset a glass of water for which she had been reaching and added her cries to Faye's. “'rhankful, indeed.” Edith said, as af ter a few moments of alternate soothing and scolding she succeeded in quieting both children. She sat down at the sit ting room window with Faye in her anus and looking at the house across the way. rhe nurse is dressing little Be.-nice Ashley,” she thought. "I can see her. And there is the cook at the door giving th* grocer boy his orders. Mrs. Ashley was at a ball last night. She is sleeping this morning, undisturbed by work or children. Plenty of money, three ser vants. the entrance Into cultivated *o c.etv. yes. I’m sure Mrs. Ashley can truly observe Thanksgiving.” “Oh, I fear I’m wicked.” she went on as Faye nestled her curly head on her mother’* shoulder. “But I’m so tired of being poor. Of course, I appreciate my husband, my babies, and my cosy home. These are just common blessings, though, ev.ry on* has them and some so many others.” The next day Edith was sitting by the window waiting for her husband's com ing. Mrs. Murphy had just gone home, and in the pantry was the turkey all ready for the oven, mince and pumpkin pies, cranberry tarts, and a dainty rose cake. The table was laid for tea in the din ing room. When Hiram came there would be only the oyster* to cook. Little Faye was asleep, while Maudie and Mabel were building an imposing block house on the rug in front of the open Sre. “How happy they are,” the yoang THANKSGIVING DAY. HANK SGI VIXG DAY Is peculiarly American, pecul larly our own. No other nation on earth has a holl r & fi'" day like it. probably no other nation would have ever ( conceived such a holiday. It is American all the way r through—ln spirit, and in the chief Item of the bill of f wSsSsrWrtic fare, to-wit: the noble American turkey. Thanksgiving day was originally an agricultural festival and Its ce bratlon was confined to the par tlcular locality in which It originated. But to-day It is national. Every true American man, woman or 3// /J& child, loves this glad day,, in which a people pours °ut its thanks to the Almighty for the bounteous j blessings vouchsafed during the preceding twelve- To-day our thanks are not merely for good crops, V j JiMSpl but for the peace of our country among the nations of the world, for the prosperity of every line of business and Industry, for the freedom from pesti lence, and the various and sundry other blessings which a generous Providence has poured upon us. It is an inspiring thought, that of a great people, with common accord, of fering prayers of thank* to the Giver of All Things. It is not a matter of creed, not a matter of faith, but a universal ground upon which all can meet and participate, no matter what the form of worship may be. Chris tian, Jew, Mohammedan, whatsoever creed a man holds to, he acknowledges the sovereignty of a Supreme Being, and on this, our Thanksgiving day, he utters his gratitude for all that which the Omnipotent has done for him and hia fellows in this great, glorious land of ours. History records nothing so august aptong the institutions of men as this festival. It is as though the people, with one impulse, sought communion with ;he Divine at least once In each year, that the whole nation may “walk with God” and not forget that there Is One mightier than President and po litical parties to whom thanks are due and from whom all things spring. And, surely, there have been few Thanksgiving days In our history when (he universal heart had more to inspire it with gratitude than this one which la upon us. Let us, then, observe the day in Its proper spirit and show our appreciation of the Infinite good things that the Author or All has permitted ns to enjoy. Let us make It, from one end of the country to the other, a real day of thanksgiving.—The Sunny South. mother thought. “If I could have a nurse to care for them and leisure to teach them ! As it is I’ve hardly time to listen to their prayers.” Just then a loud cry reached her. The hall door of the house opposite was dashed open and a woman came flying down the steps shrieking for help. It was Mrs. Ashley, and close behind her came the half-clothed figure of a man. Edith could see his clenched fist uplifted whlie dread ful oaths reached her ears. In a moment the scene was one of con fusion. The servants rushed out scream- ing. Edith hurried to the door in time to see a policeman trip up the frantic man and to hear the nurse girl, who had the Ashley child in her arms, say : “Oh, he’ll be all right in the morn ing. I wish they’d hurry up and get things quiet. This baby is shivering with the cold.” “Will you bring the little girl in by my fire?” Edith asked. “I’ll be glad to, ma’am; for a min ute. Was you scared, or did you know?” the girl continued, as she followed Mrs. Matthews into the sitting room. “Know what?” Edith asked, lighting a lamp. “Who was that man?” “Land! It was the master, Mr. Ash ley," and Norah proceeded to rub little Bernice’s hands in h<*rs. “I don’t believe you understand,” she went on. “Is it IKissible we have lived so near for three months and you never knew that Mr. Ashley had them times whenever he went on a spree! The mistress was watching for him. too. but he most caught her.” “Oh. how terrible,” Edith cried. “He might have killed her.” “He came precious near it when this baby was three months old. He knocked her downstairs. There, there, dear,” for little Bernice was crying. “Let me get her a glass of warm milk,” and Edith hurried away. When she returned she had regained WE GIVE A 810 DINNER TO-MORROW SIGHT. her composure. She noticed Norah’s ten derness with the child and also noticed what a wan little face it was that turned twar from the milk to watch Maude and Mabel. The child was dressed in a pink cash mere trimmed with costly lace. There were a couple of rings on her tiny hand. But Edith turned from these details to study the peculiar look in the dull blue eye*. “Is she ill?” she asked gently. “Her eyes are so heavy.” “They’re always so.” Nora answered with a sigh. “I’ve nursed her since she was born and I love her better than the mother who bore her does. But, ma’am, it’s easy to see Bernice isn’t just right. The doctor says she can’t live long. There were two babies before her and they both went sudden like. No constitutions, you see." An exclamation of horror broke from Mrs. Matthews' lip*. “The poor mother! How can she bear it!” North shrugged her shoulders and rose. “I must be going. You’re been very kind, ma'am. As to the mistress, she has society and fine clothe#. Don’t blame her too much. I think that brute killed her woman’* soul years ago. We give a X dinner to-morrow night. Th* master will be sobered by that time. Giving thanks, you know, Now, Bernice, pet. Norah will take you home and put you to bed.” Edith accompanied her caller to the door. As she stood watching her cross the street, a brisk step came up the walk. "I’m late, little wife,” and Hiram Matthews stooped for the kiss which he never forgot. “Why, Edith, you are cry ing.” “Oh, Hiram, I am so glad to-morrow is Thanksgiving, so glad. May'the dear Father in Heaven forgive me for my wicked words and thoughts. I’ve so much to be thankful for. Come in by the fire and I’ll tell you all about It.” — Womankind. A THANKSGIVING MENU. That the Good Hon,ewlfe Mag Mod, Ilf or Elaborate. Raw Oysters. Cream of Cauliflower Soup. Creamed Lobster. Hot Crackers. Roast Turkey, Cranberry Sauce. Potatoes ala Duchesse. Spinach. Broiled Quail. Celery. Sweet Potato Croquettes. , Lettuce Salad with Mayonnaise. Cheese. Crackers. Olive#. Pumpkin Pie. Fruit. Coffee. A plain but very substantial and sat isfactory dinner may be arranged accord ing to this menu: Chicken Soup. Roast Turkey without Stuffing, Jelly Sauce. Boiled Sweet Potatoes. Slaw. Chicken Salad. Celery and Grated Cheese. Hot Crisped Crackers. Pumpkin Pie. Fresh Fruit. Coffee. Turkey without stuffing is an innova tion slow to win the approval of con servative housewives, but it is claimed by the best authorities on cookery that turkey, like game, should never be stuffed if its finest flavor is to be preserved. Dress as usual and place a large spoonful of butter upon the breast. Put in a very hot oven for thirty minutes that the out side may sear over at once and retain the juice. Diminish the heat and baste often with the butter and fat that cooks from the fowl, allowing twenty minutes’ cooking to each pound of turkey, not counting the first half hour. Bhonld it be necessary to turn the turkey while cooking use a towel. Never stick k with a fork or allow the juice to escape. Sprinkle with salt when nearly done. For the gravy put the gitaard, heart and liver on the fire in a quart of water and cook until tender; then remove and chop finely. When the turkey is done, remove it to the serving dish, pour all but a tablespoon of fat from the pan, add a tablespoonful of flour and cook for three minutes; then add the water in which the giblets were cooked, of which there should be a pint. If less, add water, stir until smooth and add the chop ped giblets. Serve in a gravy boot. Tkaakigirlng Favors. Boxes in all kinds of shapes appropri ate for the day can be found in the shops. Roast turkeys, fruits of any kind, plnm puddings, baked beans, pumpkins in every sise, and all kinds of vegetables are mod eled very naturally in papier-mache, and are tc be filled with small candies or salt ed nuts. Then, any ingenious woman may plan her own favors and make them herself. Doll heads can be dressed as demure Puri tan maid* or turned into Pilgrim Fathers with peaked hats and stiff collars. Witches, moat unhappily associated with Puritan days, can be manufactured; tur key feathers made into Indian head dresses. and necklaces of red and yellow corn—all are suitable The hardest task is the hunting up at appropriate quotations. We may look for these among the New England poets and the speeches of American patriots. One may make funny figure# out of veg etables and fruit*, transforming an orange into a jolly Chinese boy, a lemon into a fat boy—or quaint thing# can b# made out of dates and fig*. PROHIBITION IS ISSUE IN THE SOUTH. Wave of Reform Is Not Stayed as It Rushes Over Fair Dixie Land. CHANGE BENEFITS NEGROES. William E. Curtis Writes of the Bemarkable Impetus of Cru sade Against Drink. Prohibition is the only political issue in the South, writes William E. Curtis in the Chicago Record-Herald. The en tire populat’on is now lined up on one side or the other. There is no dis tinct prohibition party, but both of the old parties have put planks in their platforms adverting the abolition of the liquor tiaffic and at local elections the members of both are found voting for and against local option and pro hibition. The strongest argument in favor of prohibition is the imperative necessity of keeping whisky out of the reach of the reckless, lawless colored element. That argument carried Georgia and is proving equally strong in other States, because it is believed that nearly all the crimes, the assaults that lead to lynchings, are due to whisky. Georgia has taken the lead in the movement. Great impetus was given to it by the race riots that occurred at Atlanta last spring and were pro voked by drunken negroes. Georgia has a general prohibition law, and the sale of liquor is absolute ly prohibited throughout that State. In Alabama a law has recently been passed authorizing each county to vote on the liquor question, and a large ma jority of the counaies have already vot ed for prohibition. It is predicted that the next Legislature will pass a gen eral prohibition law.' In Arkansas a similar law prevails, and sixty out of seventy-eight counties have adopted prohibition. In Florida thirty out of forty-five counties have suppressed all saloons and the Democratic party has declared for prohibition. This means the adop tion of a general prohibition law al the next session of the Legislature. In Kentucky—mirabile dictu—the sale of liquor is prohibited in ad bul four of the 110 counties of (lie State, and even in those every saloon is closed on Sunday. In Louisiana seven-eighths of the counties are dry, and there is a law prohibiting what are called “jug trains.” Before this law was passed accommodation trains used to run from cities and towns where liquor was sole into the “dry counties” on Saturdays so that thirsty citizens could buy a supply for Sunday. Mississippi has had county local op tion for several years, and in sixty eight out of seventy-live counties there are laws prohibiting not only the sale of liquor, but it must not be given away. A man may be sent to jail for inviting a visitor to take a drink with him in his own house. This law is habitually evaded by placing the bottle and the glasses on the sideboard or the mantelpiece, where visitors can help themselves. South Carolina has recently repealed the dispensary law and adopted county option instead, and it Is expected that a general prohibition law will be pass ed "t the next session of the Legisla ture. In North Carolina Gov. Glenn, who is leader of the Democratic party, is also leader of the prohibition move ment and is stumping the State in sup port of it. In Tennessee liquor is sold in but three counties. Its sale is absolutely prohibited everywhere else, and the members of the next Legislature from other parts of the State will probably wipe out those wet spots at the next session. In Texas two-tliirds of the counties have adopted absolute prohibition and have made it unlawful to give away as well as to sell liquor, as in Missis sippi. Prohibition is the principal is sue of the campaign now in progress. West Virginia has abolished the liquor traffic in thirty out of fifty-five counties, and prohibition is likely to be an issue in the next campaign. Oklahoma, like Georgia, aas passed a general prohibitory law. Prohibition has not made much head way in the State of Virginia so far, but the sentiment is growing, and the epidemic is likely to spread over the boundaries of the neighboring States without much delay. Saturday afternoon the streets of tha cities of the South are always crowded with colored people from the country enjoying a holiday and spending their earnings for confectionery, ribbons, gilt jewelry and other useless objects which seem to fas.- : aate them. But, owing to the prohibition law. the men usually go home sober. They consume vast quantities of “soft drinks," and occa sionally get a little liquor from some city friend, but the police are vigilant and It is very difficult for them to ob tain firewater. An Amphibious Automobile. The old idea of a wheeled vehicle that should run both on the land and in the water has been realized in a recent inven tion by a Frenchman named Itavellier, according to an article translated for the Liter* ry Digest. The body has fhe gen eral form of a boat's hull of steel, with wheels on axles passing through water tight tubes. It is driven by a twenty horse-power motor, with a speed-changing axle so prolonged as to run a screw pro peller when the machine enters the water, while a rudder is controlled by the steer ing gear. The boat will leave the water with its own power if the slope is not more than 15 per cent, but if greater than this, tackle attached to a tree or rock and operated by a windlass iu the bow is re lied upon to draw the carriage from the water. Employers Reduce Wage*. The New York Air Brake Company of Watertown, N. Y.. has issued the follow ing: “Until further notice the salary of ail employes of the New York Air Brake Company from superintendent down, will be reduced 10 per cent.” The company employs 3.000 men. Casimerclal Cotef 1 Called. Secretary Straus of the Department of Commerce and Labor has invited repre sentatives of all the chambers of com merce and Isfctr to meet him at Wash ington to consider a plan for bringing about closer co-operation between them ip times of stress. CHANGE THE SHERMAN LAW. By M. E. Ingalls, Banker. ~ i would ask our public men to cease •.$ the talk which give* the inference that everything in our corporation life T is rotten; which disturbs business men and harms our fair reputation all over v . tho world. It is not true that our business generally Is be'ng conducted on unlawful lines. I can state, and defy contradiction, that the railroads WBMg of this country, the great Interest 4*’ |||il!!sPl. about which there is so much talk and abuse, are being conducted to-day in _ accordance with the letter and spirit M. tL INGAUA. of the .aw. The worthless class, the reformer who hopes, without work, to get some of his neighbors’ property, are very flew. We should not en courage this number or lead cair people, who are nearly all comparatively well off, to think that there Is any elasa in this country trying to oppress another. Above all, the Sherman law, so-called, should be changed. I have repeatedly stated, and I think my con struction of that law has been agreed to by the highest In the land, that under the present terms, and If strictly construed, no man can honestly engage In business with out danger of violating It. Any agreement, almost, be tween two parties Is a conspiracy. This spirit has been enlarged and re-enacted In State Legislatures until It has produced even worse condition* In my own State leg islation Is so strict that if two butchers on opposite cor ners of tbe street should agree upon the price of beef steak It would be a penitentiary ofTense, and conspiracy can be proved without the usual form of evidence. WHY THE MEDICINE MAN IS PASSING. By Frederick Treves. """ ' I lam afraid that a long time will elapse FJ before people break off the extraordinary Li habit of taking medicine when they are sick. fj It Is a prejudice deep down in the hearts of tj the people. Why It exists It la hard to say, ¥ but there It Is, and I suppose It must con- JL tinue some little time longer. jMSI If you picture the environment of a doc tor, you see a room with a multitude of shelves covered with bottles from floor to ceiling. These bottles rapidly are vanishing, and the time le not far dis tant when they will be reduced to an extremely small number. The empty shelves will be replaced by simple living, suitable diet, plenty of sun and plenty of fresh air. The astonishing history of certain Infectious mal adies surpasses in Interest every romance that ever has been written. The tubercle at this moment Is killing 60,000 people per annum. Not one of those people need die —the disease is preventable. Take consumption. In the years 18C1-5, the mortality from consumption in Great Britain was twenty-five per 10,000, but It has dropped until now It is less than twelve per 10,000. This compels us to ask what is going to hap pen if this sort of thing goes on. It means this—lt will be Impossible to find deaths from scarlet fever, typhoid, cholera, diphtheria and the like. There used to be 200 leper houses in England. There is not one In existence now, except as a curiosity, and leprosy has left Eng land since the eighteenth century. In IGGS, In the short period of six months, if Macaulay is to be trusted, 100,- 000 people died of the black death. Where is li now? It has vanished. Did anyone at that time ever dream of suggesting that the day could possibly come when death | “HAMLIN, THE BAKER.” | When Cyrus Hamlin was a student at Bowdoin College he added some thing to his studies which was not a part of the curriculum, a providential elective, as was proved many years later when he became president of Rob ert College in Constantinople, and when the necessity for good bread for the soldiers of the Crimea was brought to his notice. In “Cyrus Hamlin, Mis sionary, Statesman, Inventor,” the story is given: One day at Bowdoin, Professor Smith delivered a lecture on the steam engine to Hamlin's class, not one of whom, perhaps, had ever seen a steam engine. Those were the days of the stage-coach and the ox team. After the lecture he said to Profes sor Smith, “I believe I could make an engine.” The professor replied, “I think you can make anything you undertake, Hamlin, and I wish you would try.” He did try, and succeeded. By work ing twelve and sometimes fifteen hours each day, ijie built a steam engine suf ficiently large to be of real service as a part of tbe philosophical apparatus of the college. During the Crimean War there wa9 greut need of good bread, and not a steam flour mill in Constantinople. The memory of his steam engine encouraged President Hamlin to think thst ne could establish a flour mill and a bak ery, and cast good wheat bread upon the troubled waters cf that Eastern war. He imported a steam engine from the United States, and by the help of Ure's “Dictionary of the Arts,” and after la bors which surpassed the legendary la bors of Hercules, be was ready to grind flour. Might not a chemist make good bread? He had the theory In his head ; the next thing was to have the art at his finger ends. This is the way he speaks of the result: “My bread came out as flat as a pan cake, and too sour for mortal man to eat. But tbe next was better, and the third was eatable.” He was soon selling bread so sweet, so palatable, and in loaves so much above fhe legal weight that “Hamlin's Bread” became famous. One day he was invited to visit the military hospital at Scutari then filled with sick and wounded soldiers. The chief physician said to him. “Are you Hamlin, the baker?” “No, sir,” replied Doctor Hamlin, “I am the Reverend Mr. Hamlin, an American missionary.” “That Is about as correct as any thing I get in thia country." said Doc tor Mapleton. “I send for a baker and get a missionary." Before the misunderstanding went farther Doctor Hamlin explained that he was both a missionary and a mak er cf bread. The result of tbe confer ence was that tb* English secured good bread at one-half less than the price they had been paying for aonr bread, which tbe soldiers could hardly eat. MUSHROOMS AND TOADSTOOLS. Rttllr the Only Genuine Safe Role la to Eat Yonr Stenk Without 'F.n. Perhaps there would be fewer poison ings from the eating of what called “toadstools” •if people both coulu sod would get it through—or. rather, into— their heads that there are no such thlnjts as toadstools, at least in tbe sense in which the word is commonly used, says the New York Times. Tbe popular Impression, which amounts to a conviction, is that there from leprosy and plague would be unknown? Yet black death has now no place In tbe British Isles. As an Irish man would say: “Black death has found that England Is no place to live In.” FINANCIERS AS MONEY MANIACS. By Rev. Dr. Charles E. Locke. '' a Americans are manifesting an Itching for J/ money beyond all reason. Money has Its good PI sides as well as Its evil. It can purchase fj privileges and multiply chances and anni- K hllate distance. Money makes possible the Jr greatest philanthropic schemes a n d generosl- JL tie*. Money makes the world go, nnd It can Ms. be made humanity's supremest blessing. : Alas, that riches so often prove to be pit falls to those who seek and to those who possess them! Men become money mad. They want money, not for the privileges which It will afford, but to endeavor to satisfy an insatiable greed. Our age is sadly afflicted with this Inglorious mania, and men are endeavoring to get money, honestly If It is convenient, but they must get money. What Instance of this uncontrollable passion of greed have been seen recently In the diabolical system of re bates by which great corporations have grown richer and respectable smaller dealers have been crushed tc the wall, and the high-handed robberies and vulgar criminal extravagances of insurance officials! Somebody has been recently insisting that the very rich are Insane, that the acquisition of the power which great wealth brings unsettles men’s minds. It ts true, however, that selfishness and arrogance and vulgar ex travagance, and foolhardiness and utter defiance of all laws of safety and society characterize some men who become suddenly rich. The awful slaughter of the auto mobile maniac Illustrates this tendency among prosper ous people. WHY WOMEN DO NOT MARRY. By Henry S. Pritchett. mmm " Li There Is the general supposition that col nJ lege women do not marry; that higher edu- Pl cation is leading them away from the home. FJ This Is true, but It also applies to women FJ outside of colleges—women who have mas ¥ tered an art or a profession* Marriage with JL them Is not a necessity from the point of support; they have their liberty and lnde- SzJ pendence and self-support In their own hands, and they weigh well the advantages they might gain by marrying. It cannot be questioned that woman’s Independence ns to marriage makes for her happiness, not only ns an in dividual, but as a sex. If the financial question could be eliminated, matrimony would be as nearly ideal a thins ns we possibly could conceive, and it seems to be a proved fact that there is little domestic unhappiness among the women who marry from wise choice rather than conventional necessity. Love then becomes the rul ing element, as it should be always". The whole situation Is simply this: In the past there was but one future for the girl—matrimony. To-day woman regards herself as an individual. She looks at man from a higher viewpoint, and she weighs his rowers of making her happy with her own ability to do ihe same thing. Marriage is no longer a necessity, and when she has mastered an art she can take the same attitude that man does—of choosing the one she wants. If she does not find what she likes, she has the same prerogative as the bachelor. are two kinds of fungi, one that Is edi ble and one that Is poisonous, and that when tbe former have been called mushro<s and the latter toadstools j. sufficient distinction has been made. Of course words can b. so employed, and the name of a thing certainly Is the name by which it Is known, but tbe trouble is that In this case the distinc tion does not distinguish, that its fail ure to' do so makes it extremely danger ous, and, not least important, that It causes great range among the scientific folk and not much less among the folk who only have a scientific turn of mind. The danger arises from the fact that too often the person who has been told that a certain fungus Is a toadstool and therefore not to be eaten, assumes that If he avoids that particular varie ty in the future he Is safe. Had be been told that It was one of the many poisonous varieties of mushrooms he would not only have acquired a bit of accurate information, with incidental realization of what an immense number of varieties of mushrooms there are, but he would have been put on his guard against giving undue weight to having learned to recognize one variety that should be avoided. To the mycologist a mushroom is a mushroom —when it isn’t something with a much longer name, which it usu ally Is —and for him its musbroom-ness, so to speak, is not at all affected by the little detail whether its consumption as near food is followed by death or sur vival. Asa practical man he does, to be sure, divide the species he knows Into the edible and the non-edible, but he never calls the latter toadstools, as if they were something quite different from the former, for he knows that they are all of one family and that there is no one peculiarity by which they can be divided. The old rule —if you eat it and live It Is a mushroom; If you eat It and die It Is a toadstool—has an element of truth In it, though there are certain signs by which an unknown and uneat en mushroom can be rceused*of being poisonous without much danger of do ing it an injustice. Perhaps a good way is to let them all alone. Even the best of them Is of no measurable value as food and Is innocuous only when gathered at Just the r!|ht time and promptly prepared In Just the right way. As for the gustatory merits of the mushroom, they are chiefly the products of suggestion and imagination. Profitable Parable. Before the collection was taken at a negro place of worship the minister, a colored man, declared his regret that a certain brother had retired to rest the night before without locking the door of his fowl house, to find In the morn ing that all his chickens bad vanished. “I don’t want to he personal,” he con tinued, “but I hab my suspicions as to who stole dem chickens. If I’m right In dose nspielons, dat man won’t put any money In de box which will now be passed round.” There was a grand collection, not s single member of the congregation feigning sleep. “Now, brederen,” announced the minister, “I don’t want all yoah appetites spoilt by wondering where dat brother lives wbo don’t lock hia chickens at night Dat brother don’t exist, mah friends be was a parable foh purposes ob finance!” w( of Forc koackt. “Did you hear that Jigsby was sent to Jail last week for speeding hi mo tor car?” “Yes: he hadn’t money enough with him to pay his flue and was sent to Jail j in default” “So foolish to start on a spin without the amount of o le’s running expenses.’’ Baltimore American. Every man thinks bes a devilish good critic. HER LITTLE MISTAKE. A lady who hna a great respect for the conventions, and also an abiding fear of the mental angles of the "heath en” Chinee,” says a writer in the Bo hemian, recently went down Into New York’s Chinatown, and there began a search for a curio to give to a frined. She walked Into a shop on Pell street, acknowledge! tbe bow of the grave gentleman who owned the place, and looked about ber. She noticed a curi ous dagger, and In the patois which she had supposed all Chinamen to un derstand, said: “Say, John, how muebee ketebum this knife ” The price named seemed to her enor mous. “Whnts a matter you?” said tbe lady. “No wantee buy store, wantee get knife.” The proprietor gravely took the dag ger from her hand. “The price, madam,” he said, in per fect English, “is twenty-five dollars, and the price Is reasonable. Tbe knife is considered one of the finest speci mens of the work of Mney Ling, the armorer who won fame in the fourth dynasty. If madam will look closely, she may be able to see tbe mark.” Then he held the blade up for ber nearer vision. “And do you know,” said the lady, when speaking of the occurrence, “he so took me off my feet that I fled from the shop with a hastily stammered apology. “I understood later that he was a college graduate, and one of the men who are ‘advancing China.’ But what I have never been able quite to solve is whether he expected me to believe In Mr. Muey Ling of the fourth dy nasty, and how much he was Just hav ing fun with the Intelligent American woman wbo was trying to talk down to him." Hardly NcKOlUlilt, Stories have been told of buttons, tacks and various extraneous sub stances found In contribution boxes, but it ts seldom that a church member strikes a blow so severe as was that delivered by Amos Budd, of Potter vllle. on one occasion. It was at the close of a missionary memory of his steam engine encouraged It was to contribute ten cents to each of tbe charities to tbe support of which tl e church subscribed, was seen to take a blue slip from bis pocket and >ook at It keenly and affectionately. When, after a slight but evident hesi tation. he dropped the slip, carefully folded. Into tbe box, Deacon Lane, who was passing It, could hardly refrain from an exclamation of Joy. “The Lord will bless you. Brother Budd,” he said, when the sermon was over, hurrying down the aisle to over take tbe prosperous grocer. “I hope st” returned Mr. Budd, dry- ! ly, “but I’m afraid you callate on that | being a check that I dropped in the j box. It wasn’t. Twas a receipted bill for kerosene the church ome last year, and it had been overlook- ; ed Of course It s Jest the same as j money, though, when you come to that” I The As* of Discretion. Senator Dillingham, diiscussing Im migration In New York, made use of the phrase, “the age of discretion." “What is the ‘age of discretion.’ sen ator?” asked one of bis auditor* "I should say.” returned Senator Dil lingham, smiling, “that the age of dis cretion is reached when a young maa removes from his mantel the rich col lection of actresses' and dancing girls’ photographs, and substitutes the por trait of his rich bachelor unde." Estimates of appropriations aggregat ing $23,4(51,911 are made by Gen. Alex ander Mackenzie, chief of engineers of the army, for fortification work during the fiscal year 1909. This contemplates work in the United States. Cuba. Ha waii, Porto Rico and the Philippines. It includes: Gun and mortar batteries. 84,480,900; electrical installations at seaeoast fortifications, 81.000,000; sites for fortifications and seaeoast defenses, 83,478,500; searchlights for harbor de fenses, $1,000,000; experimental auto mobile toriKHloes. $100,000; seaeoast batteries at Guantanamo, 81,020,000; Honolulu and Pearl harbor. 81,110.000; Manila, $(5,488,000, and installation of electric plants at these places and at Subig bay, $502.992 The modern works of defense now constructed represent an expenditure of approximately $28,- 000,000 for engineering work aloue. For the engineer work involved the comple tion of the defenses recommended by the Taft board the estimate is $1(5,052,- 413. Gen. Mackenzie’s report deals also with the improvement of rivers ami harbors. It submits estimates aggre gating $27,000,000 for the fiscal year 1909. There is to be an epidemic of rail way regulation legislation in ttie vari ous legislatures throughout tho United States during the coming winter. Last winter there was an epidemic of two cent-a-mile fare laws. The New York public utilities law, for which Gov. Hughes is responsible, and which is very sweeping in its provisions. Is like ly to be used ns a model. The officials of the New York Public Service Com mission have lieen deluged with in quiries for Information and applica tions for copies of the law from every corner of the country, and the fact tl M t>>e railway managers in New York have accepted the extreme forms of regulations provided in that law will be used as an unanswerable argument against any opposition that may bo raised elsewhere. In a formal statement Issued at Washington President Roosevelt said the result of the elections was “ex tremely gratifying.” and that lie liad sent a letter of congratulation to Mr. Honey of San Francisco. The victory in New Jersey, he says, is just what hnpjtened there in the middle of the McKinley administration nine years ago. As compared with the elections next pro eding the last Presidential, or in 190.-,. the Republicans have done t**t ter. thinks the President, considering especially the sweeping victory in Ken tucky for the first time since the first McKinley vote. The result in Manhat tan lie finds to be due to purely local causes. An important change in the regula tions for acquiring homesteads on tin* public domain has been announced by Commissioner Ballinger of tin* general land office. As an additional precau tion against fraud all person’s making homestead entries on public lands af ter Nov. 1 will be required to prove actual residence on the land for four teen months before they will he per mitted to “commute” the entries to obtain title by a cash payment. Here tofore the period of actual residence has been eight mouths. The ruling will not affect entries made prior to Nov. 1, 1007. After a conference at the White House with Secretary Garfield of the Interior Department, Assistant Secre tary Oliver of the War Department, and Commissioner of Indian Affairs Leupp, the President decided to con tinue the policy of the Indian Bureau of furnishing the Indians an opportu nity to work, and, in case of their fail ure to take advantage of the opportu nity, toleavethomtothelr own resources. Tills Is the result of the recent out break of a band of renegade Cte In dians now located on the Cheyenne River Reservation In North Dakota. To the Committee on Paper of the American Newspaper Publishers’ Asso ciation which called at the White House. President Roosevelt Intimated that he would urge Congress to repeal the tariff on print paper, wood pulp and the wood that goes Into the manu facture of paper; also that he would have the Department of Justice inves tigate the paper trust to see If it had violated the laws. The prompt acquiescence of the hanks In the suggestion of the Treas ury Department that other securities might Is* deposited with the treasury to take the place of government bonds, which latter could thus Is* used for taking out additional circulation, has considerably augmented the currency available for commercial use. Postmaster General Meyer believi*# that his work in efficiency is impaired by following the custom of sifting at a desk. When lie was the presiding offi cer of the lower branch of the Massa chusetts Assembly he used a massive desk, made of walnut, highly em bellished, and standing more than four feet high. This has been bro lglit to Washington and installed in ids office. Tills lie will use hereafter, standing ut> at his work. / In order to make army service moro attractive for the p.;gtcd men, tba War Department has determined upon certain reforms, some of which may tie put into effect by executive author ity nnd others only with the eo-opera tlon of Congress and increased appro priations. One of the changes projsiswl is that the soldier shall receive his first razor, tooth brush, soap and sim ilar articles from the government with out charge, but after the first supply he must maintain his toilet ’aft at Ids own expense. While the deficit in the United States treasury at the beginning of the sec ond quarter of the fiscal year was $4,- 419.263, the receipts In the month of September were larger than the ex penditures by g2.Stiit.l2ij. and It is thought by the middle of November the deficit for the current fiscal £.4Tiod will be wijied out. Figures Indicate that the proportion of meat to bread in the British diet ary ha# increased considerably within the last twenty years.