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GOTHAM’S PALACE OF FINANCE AND FIGURES IN
CRASH THAT LED TO SUICIDE OF CHARLES T. BARNEY. • | tPu* - • --'v .-^ Samey. C. WIiITJOiT Jf CH^SoKrSE. Deposed bank president, palatial quarters of wrecked institution and partner and brother-in-law of dead financier. TO MY OLD UMBRELLA. I honor you, my dear old friend. For valued favors, without end. Through sunny days and stormy weather. We ve wandered, arm in arm, together— I r i times of drought and times of wet — tsince the glad hour when first we met. Your faded garments—old and worn — Give evidence of hardships borne. Your strength has been severeiy taxed; You're all unstrung, uunerved, relaxed; Y'ou’ve now become so old and thin. You show the ribs beneath your skin. You’re worse, of late, whene’er it rains— I’m sure you feel rheumatic pains. Your joints are stiff; your members shake And tremble, at each move you make. Your powers are surely on the wane; An ordinary hurricane Or slight touch of a cyclone Would scatter each remaining bone! You're warped and tattered, I declare, And looking much the worse for wear; Your coat shows countless holes and scars, As if you’d passed through many wars, Farewell! Your life has been too hard! You have my sympathies, old pard! Forget your ugly gaps and seams. And lay you down to pleasant dreams. Peace to your bones! May no rude pest Encroach upon your place of rest — No scorching sun disturb your shade. No drenching storm your peace invade. —Detroit Journal. Marriage Arrange;: Obi my darling Mona, Is It really you? llow delicious! I had no idea you were in town yet. And I’ve such heaps to tell you. Only I’ve really no time now, because I have an appoint ment with Madame Celisne, and you know she won’t wait. But I must tell you a little about It. Come In here and have an Ice, aud I’ll tell you how It all happened. I met him In Rome, you know. It wns very hard work at first, because he would have been much more inter ested In me If I had been an old atone In the Foruin. However, I had lots of patience, and a lovely chiffon hat I bought In Paris, and so, finally, when we all moved ou to Naples, he, Ter ence, you know, came too. We had a lovely time in Naples with the volcanoes and things, and soon I saw he meant It all right, only he was frightfully shy about coming to the point, and he had uot many opportuni ties, because Mr. Carstairs and Jack Cougleton were with us. and you kuow what they are! Well! our last day arrived and noth ing had happened, and I got awfully anxious, because he Isn’t the sort of man to prop<>se by letter; and, besides, I knew If he went back to Rome, unat tached, that Kitty Singleton would Oh! she Is a cat. Mona! So on the last afternoon, when we all drove up to San Martino to see a museum or a monastery, I am not Quite sure which it was meant to be, I made up my mind to be a mother to myself, and said I should walk back to the hotel, and wouldn't he, Terence, you know, come with me. Of course, he jumped at K. Jack Congleton and Mr. Carstairs said they wanted to walk, too, but I marched ou ahead, very firmly, with Tereuce, and asked him about stones and inscrip tions aud things they couldn’t talk about, and sx>n they grew tired of walking behind together (because they don’t like each other much), and so they took one of those funny little car riage things and drove home after all. Then I stopped talking about stones, because I was afraid If Terence got too Interested he might not notice his opportunity, so I began to talk about going away, and that sort of thing, and at last he got husky and fidgety, like they do, you know, and I saw It was coming; and then, when he had Just begun: "Miss Cleveland. I ** We suddenly heard “Poverlvlch,” or something like that, just behind us. and there was a wretched old beggsr ruan! Trence broke off very crossly, and told the man to go away; but he wouldn’t go, but followed os, bother ing, till at last we gave him some money to go, and he went That put Terence off for a bit but In a minute or two he recovered, and began again: “Miss Cleveland, cat* •" And then we heard another “PoverP something or other, and there was a man with a broken arm! Well! we gave h‘tn something, and then two more nine, and a woman With a baby, ar t a lot of little bays* some singly and some in crowds, and they wouldn’t leave us till we gave them money, and the more we gave money the more came, and we couldn’t get clear of them. And Terence got so angry, because whenever he tried to sj>enk to me they interrupted him. Well! I knew he would never get anything done In that crowd, so I “mothered" myself again nr.d said I was tired, and wanted to drive home after all. lie looked awfully pleased at that, so we hailed one of those car riage things, and after we had fought our way through all the drivers we hadn’t ha'led we climbed in and drove off in peace. Terence heaved a great sigh of re lief, and I sat quite silent, so as not to put him off by any ill-advised re mark, aud in a few minutes he pulled himself together, and took hold of my hand (I had left it lying near him in case he wanted It), and he began: “Miss Cleveland, may ” And then the driver turned round on his seat and pointed out Capri to us! Well! of course, Terence took his hand away very quickly, and pretend ed he had been pulling up the cover, and got very red; and I smiled sweet ly and thanked the driver. But that stupid Italian had no tact; he just let his horse drive Itself, aud sat sideways, looking at us and telling us stupid storira about the places we passed. Of course, it wasn’t for me to tell him to look the other way and not Interrupt us, and Terence just sat still, muttering sort of Greek words to himself. However, we were nearly home, and I felt something must be done, and I saw I should have to do It. so I said the others would laugh at us If they found out that we had driv en home, after all, and that as we were near the hotel we had better get out niul walk the rest of the way. Terence brightened up wonderfully at that, and we stopped the carriage “I MET HIM IN BME.” and Jumped out. He paid the driver and we turned to walk on. I think he saw he hadn't much time to spare, so he began at once: “Miss Cleveland, do " And then we heard loud shouts be hind üb, and the driver came hurrying after us to say we hadn’t paid him enough; Terence said another sort of Greek word to himself, and told the man to be off; but of course he wouldn’t go, and marched along besUle us, arguing. I couldn’t understand why Terence would uot give the man more money and send him off. but he has since told me that he hadn't a penny left In his pockets, he had given all to the beggars. Well! of course It Is Impossible to propose to any one while n Neapolitan •ab driver man Is walking along be sde you. arguing about his fare; nnd tie hotel was In sight! The three beggars and the old mai who sells oranges outside the door came clamoring round us, and I was hopeless, because, you know, besides the title nnd estate. Terence Is a dear. And then I saw Jack Congleton come out of the hotel and turn along to meet us, and I was so desperate that I cried ont aloud accidentally: “Oh. dear! here is Jack, and now we shan't be alone again.* When Terence heard that he Just stopped dead and looked at me. and then he looked at Jack coming toward us. and round at all the clamoring beg gars, and then he *tuck both han't savagely In his pockets and turned his back on the cab driver, and Just burst out desperately: “D It all! Miss Cleveland, will you marry me?” I laughed sc much that I couldn’t answer till Jack reached ns. and he must have thought me quite mad. be cause I laughed all the way up to the hotel door, and then I turned to Ter ence and said: "Oh! yes. yes, yes!" and ran Into the hotel, and up to my room, and lay ou my bed and laughed till I felt quite 111. because I was so happy. And ten minutes later they brought me up a lovely bouquet, sad the dearest Charles Tracy Barney, deposed presi dent of the Knickerbocker Trust Com pany, millionaire promoter, social lead er, clubman and one of the beat known men in New York City, shot himself because of his inability to endure the blot upon his business reputation which he feared would result from the sus pension of the company. He had been at the head of the trust company for many years and had seen it grow from a comparatively obscure concern to one of the leading financial Institutions of the city. Then, almost without warn ing, came the crash. The resignation of Mr. Barney as president of the Knickerbocker was accepted by the di rectors and the next day the great trust company, with obligations to its depositors amounting to nearly $7,000,- 000, was forced to Buspend payment sort of apologizing note from Terence, and so It was all settled. But we won’t go to Naples for oui honeymoon !—Philadelphia Telegraph. BEES THRIVE IN WASHINGTON. nosy Little Inflect* Bring in Goodly Revenue Each Year. Charles W. Sager, the bee king of central Washington, has succeeded la making a record in his apiary that will attract the attention of all those Inter ested in lionoy-making, says the Seattle Times. At his ranch near Belma, Sa ger has upward of 5,000,000 bees. Speaking of his experience In bee cul ture In this locality recently, he had the following to say: “When I came to this country four years ago the few people here who had bees told me two supers to a colony would be all any would gather. That year I lost much because I was not prepared with supers and the bees had no room to store what they could gath er. In 1003 I had ninety colonies in the spring. During the season they produced 8,950 pounds of honey—2,BT>o pounds extracted honey and 0,000 pounds comb honey, an average of nine ty and a half pounds to the colony. “The best colony produced 196 pounds. The lowest gathered fifty-six pounds. In 1006 they did somewhat better. I began the season with eighty six colonies, from which I took 8,868 [Humds, or 103 pounds to the colony The gathering this year will be only about half a crop. This condition, how ever, seems to be general. “In a good year the bees can gather honey quickly and consequently it is very clear. Comb honey usually whole sales for 12% cents a pound, and the extracted product for 8 1-3 cents At this price the colony making 196 pounds would produce $24.50 worth of honey. The principal advantage of extract ing the honey Is that It leaves the comb ready for the bees to refill, thus sav ing the time required to build new combs. Also the freight on extracted honey Is only about half what It is on comb honey. Bee authorities contend that bees will produce one and a half pounds of extracted honey to one cf comb honey. Alfalfa makes the clear est and very best honey. Each variety of bloom makes a different colored and flavored honey. “This country Is much better than the average for honey because of the great quantity of alfalfa raised. How ever, tiie ranchers are cutting their grass so soon after the bloom arrives that the bees do not have the opportun ity they could If It were left standing a few weeks longer. “During the working season the aver age life of a working bee Is forty-two days. Sixty-three days from the egg to the grave. A good queen will lay from 2,000 to 5.000 eggs In a day. I like to have about 90.000 bees to the colony." Treipamiliig. Inventive genius seldom achieves suc cess at the first attempt A half grown boy In Pennsylvania, who had devoted his leisure hours for many mouths to the making of a milking machine of his own devising, at last completed it to his satisfaction, and re solved to make a trial of It Without saying a word to any one, he carried his machine down from the attic, where he had wrought patiently day after day to bring it to perfection, and took It out to the barn-yard, where old Cher ry, the family cow, stood placidly chewing her cud. with her big, lusty calf playing round her. A few minutes later his mother saw him trying to re-enter the house un seen. He was covered with dirt from head to foot, and In a state of demora lization generally. In his hand he was carrying something that looked like the wreck of a toy battleship. “For mercy’s sake, Jud,’’ she ex claimed, "what have you been doing?” “I’ve been trying my milking-machine on the cow,” he said. "Your milking-machine! Good land! Did the cow do all that to yon?” “No,” answered Jud. “Old Cherry would have stood for It all right It was the calf that—er—kind o’ seemed to object to the machine.” Sate. Mrs. Smith—Yes, my little flve-year utu girl Is a great help in my house keeping. Mrs. Randall—Why, what can such a child do to help? Mrs. Smith —She goes down and tells the cook for me whenever we’re going to have company.—Harper’s Bazar. Pnintlal. “Mrs. Windsor is a prudent woman. Isn’t she?” “Tory. She always liras within her lUmcnr.”— Wisconsin Siafe News BLOWS HIS HEAD OPE. Appleton Man Accomplishes Decapi tation in si'iuiKe Way. Weary of a life that promised as little in the future as in the past, Joseph Meis lein. proprietor of the Manitowoc House, in Appleton, blew off his head. Both bar rels of the gun were discharged at the sam * time and the walls of the rooms where the deed was committed were splashed with his blood. On a dresser n-ar by was found the following note which Meislein had evidently written just before he took his life: “ have lived thir ty-six Thanksgivings and have never had anything to be thankful for; so here goes.” The hotel was without its usual quota of guests and roomers when parties hearing the report of the gun entered the hos telry. IS SHOT IN STOMACH. Appleton Boy Who Didn’t Know Gnu Was Loaded May Die. Jacob Bohn of Appleon, aged 18 years, while cleaning a gun that he “didn’t know was loaded’’ accidentally discharged the weapon, receiving the charge from the choke barrel in his abdomen. His injuries are considered dan gerous. Forest Fish of Winfield, shot himself in the foot while hunting rabbits. Home of his toes have to be amputated. The record of fatalities during the game and deer season of 1907, is far greater than for many years past, according to statistics printed in a Milwaukee paper. Thirtj-or.e hunters have lost their lives, while thiity-seven have been maimed and wounded. NAVIGATION ON FOX CLOSES. Over 200,000 Tons of Coni Brought X’l River by Boat. Navigation on the Fox river was closed. During the year there were 1.157 crafts passed through the Milwaukee draw bridge, 157 more than in l'.MMi. The Nellie B. of Oshkosh holds the recoz'd for most trips on the river, she having passed between Oshkosh and Green Bay sixty-four times There were more than 200,000 tons of coal brought up the Fox river by boat this seasou. MUST TIE “TOWSER’’ UP. Say Owners of Doga that Cause Runaways Should Pay Damaget. Legislation that will make owners of dogs responsible for damages in event of runaway accidents caused by dogs will be asked by Manitowoc County in the next Legislature. Joseph Shimek. a farmer at Branch, was thrown from his wagon in a runaway caused by a dog and dragged for a half mile on his face. He will start suit against the owner of the dog. DILLON IS GUILTY. Racine Saloon Keeper Faces a Term in Penitentiary. William Dillon, saloon-keep *\ has bepn found guilty of murder in the second de gree for killing Jacob Best, Jr., of Mil waukee, last winter in Racine. This ver dict means a sentence in the penitentiary of from fourteen to twenty-five years. The district attorney moved for sentence, but the court took no action. It is under stood that the defense will appeal to the Supreme Court on a writ of error. TO BUILD A NEW TOWN. Marinette Corporation Plans Im provements in the Pineries. The Goodman .Lumber Company is to build anew hardwood mill, a logging rail road and start a nesv town in Marinette County on the "Soo’’ line. The company has made a large purchase of hardwood timber and is preparing to invest $500,- 000 and more as soon as plans can be completed. Employment will be given to sevei'al hundred men. JONATHAN ELLIS FOUND GUILTY. Former Ashland Bunker Convicted in Noted llank Cane. In the case of the State agaist Jona than S. Ellis, -a former Ashland banker, charged with receiving deposits when the bank of which Tie was president was in solvent, the jury returned a verdict in Eau Claire. He was found guilty on the first two counts and acquitted on the third. A motion for anew trial was made by the defendant's attorney. FOUND STABBED IN HOTEL. Before Death, Guest Claims Ife Was Attacked liy Two Robbers. Herman Schultz, a tiemaker of Wau- Baukee, was found early in his bed at a hotel in Marinette, fatally wounded. His abdomen was cut, mid beside him was a trusty knife. Before he died Schultz claimed lie had been stabbed by two men who wanted bis money, but the coroner thinks Schultz was a suicide. To Change Li'Kitoy Act. The Manitowoc County Board has en dorsed the proposal of the Racine County Board for a change in the inheritance tax law. whereby the county will retain 90 per cent of the tax instead of only 10 per cent, as now. The board has directed the county clerk to file the petition with the Legislature. The board refused to obey the Baker law for the appointment of a highway commissioner. Burned to Drnth In (hair. Mrs. Myra Farrant. 77 years old. was burned to death in her hozne in Beloit. Her clothing caught fire and she was found dead in her chair. Fenriiur Hunter*. Ben* Aid. Fearful of being shot for a deer. Wea sel Mikesh, who is a farmer near Chip pewa Falls, has appealed to authori ties for provetion. He says he is weary of being grazed by bullets, and that it is not safe for him to leave his own door step. She Kill* Rlk Bear. Mrs. William Ikes of Ladysmith has the distinction of being the first woman hunter to kill a bear in Gates County. She was hunting with her husband near the Hackett farm, on the Fiambeau Riv er. when they ran onto the big animal and Mrs. Ikes dispatched it with one shot from her rifle, severing the jugular vein. Girl Will Mitnase Theater. Miss Laura Wall has jus: been chosen manager of the new Victor Theater in Chippewa Fails, and thus becomes the only feminine opera house manager in Wisconsin. Kill* and Commit* Suicide. Charles Wheeler, assistant chief of the Waukesha volunteer fire department, shot and killed Miss May Lynch and then com mitted suicide The tragedy took place in the kitchen of the home of Frank P. Staer, president of the Wisconsin Can ning Company, where the woman had been employed, and is believed to be the result of a lovers’ quarrel. Marinette Secure* New ladaatrx. The Pike River Granite Company of Amber* has decided to move to Mariner**. The company will employ hfty hands. It will be given a Lee site and a bonus. LIVELY ADVENTURE IN WOODS. Hunter Kills Pour Bears, hut Xearly Loses Life. Four bears gave William Marl-miller of Ashland au adventure whicb he will long remember He arrived n Ashland with the four carcasses and one deer, thankful that he was alive. Markmiiler dghted two cubs in the woods and shot them. He had emptied his rifle when the enraged mother appeared. He man aged to wound her before she reached him. but the bullet, although it had gone through her body, apparently had no ef fect. The infuriated animal Lit Mark miller through his left arm and clawed his body, but before the beast could c-lasp him in a fatal. Trashing hug he managed to discharge his rifle with uis right arm. The bullet reached the bear’s tieart and she dropped dead Then a fourth bear ap peared. but Markmiiler shot it uead in its tracks. It weighed 21!* pounds POISONED BY THE PIE. One Person Dead and Many 111 Near Racine. Scores of person- have been poisoned at Franksville, Thompsonv'!!? enu Corliss, through eating chicken pie at a church lair given in Corliss Mrs. John Lonard, 43 years old. is dead at Tliompsonville and the atterding physicians state that she died of loiaoning. Her family says she attended the bazaar, ate one of the chicken pies, and on her way home was taken deathly '! and later died. Miss Tans Seeor, living two miles north of Corliss, was also taken deathly sick, and is still ill A 0-year-old daughter of John Hanson, living in Corliss, is ill. as are twenty others, all of whom ate of the food at this bazaar WAR ON COAL PRICES. Appleton People Benetir When Dealer Forces Price Down. A coal war is on in Appleton and as a result the bottom has dropped out of the price of fuel. The price has gone from $8.30 to $0.50 a ton on hard coal. The trouble started when the Ideal Lum ber and Fuel Company, an independent concern, cut prices 50 cents. The trust companies followed by a $1 drop. Then it kept going until the trust advertised hard coal at $0.50 and wood split free of cost. The independent company went to $0.50 delivered. Other cuts are ex pected. HOLD LABOR MEN FOR ASSAULT. Th.— Arrests nt Kenosha ns Results of Bi.vmm Plant Trouble. L. Keket, I. Iveket and L. Berkonz. three members of the union formerly in charge of the plant of the Badger Brass Company in Kenosha, were arrested, charged with assaulting non-union work men at the plant and warranty were is sued for four other members of the union. One of rhe men assaulted was William Dorfman, a deputy sheriff, who was ter ribly beaten. KILLED BY T .UNTING COMPANION. Korestville N ini roils Diiln’t Know that Gun Was Lontieil. Nathan Grabau of Forestville was ac cidentally shot by Edward Ballard, a hunting companion. He died fifteen min utes later. The men were examining a shotgun and “didn’t know it was loaded.” Edgar Mewes, aged 17 years, was shot through the wrist while playing with friends near Pigeon river. Unknown hunters fired the shot that struck the boy. Tolled His Own Death. Carl Kopeski, for many yivtrs sexton of the Presbyterian church in Cuippewa Falls, died while ringing the church bell. The bell was heard to toll as if for a funeral and then suddenly stopped. One the members of the congregation rush ed into the church to learn the cause and found the aged aexton lying dead on the floor, his hand grasping tightly the bell rope. Kopeski was GO years oid. BRIEF STATE HAPPENINGS. The county board of Dane county voted to organize under the new highways law. The Great Northern railroad will erect a plant in Superior for the manufacture of steel cars. Christopher Deiganan lost the fingers of his right hand while operating a corn shredder near Lake Geneva. The sum of $15,000 needed to assure Albany a canning factory has been over subscribed. A factory will be built at once. Anton Pastedon. a farmer of the town of Pound, dropped dead while at work. Ilis remains were found by some of the workmen. The Christmas Dinner Club cf Oshkosh is raising an organization to give dinners to the poor on Christmas. Last year tiOO were fed. David Wetter of Walworth, while run ning a corn shredder, caught his-hand and arm in the rolls. Amputation of the hand was necessary. A surprise was created in Chippewa Falls by the announcement that Miss May Cameron and Frank G. Emerson, two well-known young people, had been se cretly married Jan. 2, 1907. John Hobscheid, aged 16 years, was accidentally killed while at work in the Kimberly-Clark mills at Niagara. He was employed in the pulp room and it is supposed that he was struck by a revolv ing shaft. Efforts are being made at the Osh kosh normal school to establish a memo rial in honor of the late R. K. Halsey, who was president of the school. Among the plans offered, is an oil painting and a stained glass window for ibe audito rium. The jury in the Lombard murder case in Ashland found the defendant. John Specht. guilty of murder in the second de gree. Specht was found guilty of mur dering Bonfy I/Oinbard. who was found dead in tie forest with a bullet hole through his body. It is learned that the Ringling broth ers. who recently purchased the majority of the stock of the Rarnum & Bailey cir cus and who own the Sri's-Fore pa ugh show, will take the lacter circus ou the road and divide the stock r; 1 wagons be tween the Barnum show and the Kingling brothers’ show. Reuben I Lichen larger, aged 16 years, of Beaver Dam, while* hunting rabbits was aocidintally shot in the leg. the rifle which his elder brother was carrying be coming discharged accidentally. Joseph Whitney, aged 55, was found dead in a barn belonging to Levi cole in the town of Wheatland. He was wrap lied in a blanket and is supposed to have died from the effects of intoxicants. Jacob Lohn, IS years oid. whii clean ing a gun in Appleton was shot in the stomach and will probably die. Lobu was not aware one barrel of the gna waa loaded, and this was accidentally dis charged. Burglars stole a 500-pound safe from the office of the Independent Laundry Company on the main business street of Superior, loaded it into th* company’s wagon at the back door, drove to a seclud ed spot near the bay. and brose it open. They secured SUM) in real money and S6O in cashiers’ checks. A scaffold fell down on a farm at Truax Prairie and six men were hurt. Some had the ribs broken. One man by the name of Champion was seriously hurt internally. Oswald Herman, a carpenter contrac tor in Manitowoc, committed suicide by using cabolic acid, after an ineffectual attempt to purchase a evoiver. Don’t feed the sheep on the ground —have good troughs. The fact that feeding Influences fla vor and quality of meat applies especi ally to sheep. No difference how plentiful the sup ply of slop, hogs should have all of the pure, fresh water they will drink dally. There Is little danger of washing out the flavor of butter; you can wash out the buttermilk taste, but not the trua butter flavor. A poor Individual with a pedigree Is better than a grade of equal quality for breeding purposes. But under present prices there is little excuse for either. Keep salt before the stock all the time, and do not make a Sunday job of it when you should be taking the family to .church. The stock need the salt more regular, and you need to pay the duty to your family. __ a fowl’s diet should include a varie ty- of all the grains, corn, oats, wheat and barley especially; al9o green food, unlmal food In the form of meat or milk, and charcoal and grit. Their food must be clean, Bweet and sound. Many farmers do not know tt* val ue of Kaffir corn as a feed for poultry. It has the same nutritive 7iue as In dian corn, but It not so fattening and therefore, is a better egg-product ng grain. The fowls like It. It does not pay in any sense to per petuate the qualities of poor sheep, and the cullings should be made close enough to eradicate all poor animals and thus eliminate their blood forever from the flocks. One of the best and most extensive swine breeders In the corn belt uses a pall of lime water in every barrel of slop that he feeds to Ills hogs. He has a metal tank that wiil hold eight or ten barrels of water and In this he dumps a barrel of lime. Nearly all kinds of plants may bo easily rooted Into saucers in which is kept sand that Is kept very moist, so that water will stand upon the surface. They must be kept In a warm place and occasionally In full sunshine. When fully rooted, put in good soil In small pots. In European countries are grown fowls, hares and sheep to furnish fresh family meat. Herr von Schelle, pro moter of agriculture In Belgium, re cently said. “In my country, where land Is limited, fowls and hares help to solve the fresh meat problem for company, and for regular use on small farms.” The urine of sheep contains a con siderable amount of nitrogen, and their manure, in addition to being very val uable, is more beneficial to the soil than that of other live stock owing to the manner In which It is distributed, being scattered equally over the ground In small quantities, and thus trampled into the soil by the flock. Cane which has been sown broad cast can be handled best if It is cut with the mower and put up In small shocks. Some prefer to cut It with a harvester and bind it. If that is done the cutting must he done early, for the stalks soon get too large for a hinder to handle; and then the stuff is diffi cult to dry out when It is bound up in bundles. The horse that Is of special Inter est to the farmer is the draft horse, because he is the most easily raised and the most profitable animal the farmer can produce. He Is particular ly a horse that the farmer In the corn belt should produce because be reach es his fullest development In tills sec tion ; first, because of the nutritious grasses and grains produced, and sec ond, because of the suitable conditions that prevail. The Enffllflh Walnut. Trees of the English walnut nre now a fairly common sight In Western New York. It Is estimated that sev eral hundred trees are alive and thrifty in that section, and It is claimed that this variety of walnut is really about as hardy as the peach. A. C. Pomeroy, of Lockport, N. Y., ■writes that while last year he lost over 100 peach trees from winter-killing, only one English walnut was killed, al though the peach trees were in the walnut orchard. Mr. Pomeroy sends a photograph of one of the oldest English walnut trees on his farm. The tree, as shown in the Illustration, was twenty two years old, but the photograph was taken eight years ago. The tree is still as vigorous and pro ductive ®vor in the thirteenth year, and has been producing every year for many years. This spring the tree was well filled w!t i nuts, but the weather being so ’mosualiy cold and wet, most of the nuts dropped. Professor Van 'deman has named this variety the Nor man Pomeroy in honor of Mr. Pome roy’s father, who first propagated this variety in New York state. Windor Chief Apple. The Windsor Chief apple, while It has been grown a number of yet-s, has not been extensively disseminated. Fruit of this variety was shown at the Paris Exposition, says Western Fruit Grower, where it was awarded the highest honor that was bestowed upon a single variety. The fruit shown at Detroit was taken from these same trees, by the way, showing that the fruit does not rim down In size as the trees attain age. The tree is a vigorous grower, and Marshall Bros, say it is the best an nual bearer they have in their orchards —and they have about every variety grown In this country. The fruit runs remarkably uniform as to quality, and very little sorting is needed *n packing the apples. The Windsor Chief is re markable for Its keeping quality. The apples are good to eat by De cember 1, and remain In this condi tion, kept in an ordinary cellar, until April. The fruit Is attractive In ap pearance, of good size, and of good quality. These facts, added to Its good qualities as a tree and to Its long-keep ing quality, makes the variety of muoh interest to apple-growers. Giving Calves Good Cure. If allowed to run down in condition during the fall. Flies and heat, in company with a short pasture, have laid the foundation for chore than one runty yearling. Give the calves ample cover, a dry sheltered place to sleep whan cold or stormy and rmple fresh pasture or a little grain as shorter days come on. When winter finally sets In see to It, whatever neglect the older stock have to take, that the calves are kept thrifty and loose skinned until well started Into the winter, and then keep them thriving. It costs very little to do this, and It costs a great deni to make pre sentable yearlings of them neglected first winters. Alalke Clover. Alslke should not be sown on htgh dry land. It la not adapted for that purpose. This is because it has a short fibrous root system. It differs from common red clover In this respect. Both red and mammoth clovers have a tap root which penetrates deeply into the ground, enabling these plants to gather moisture at a lower level than it is possible for the roots of alslke clo ver to do. It Is on account of the long tap root of red clover that it cannot thrive in wet soils, whereas alslke clover with its shallow-growing, fibrous rexits rev els In moist soils and falls to do well on high dry areas. Those who sow alslke clover for hay like it especially well on account of the fact that It ma tures a Little later In the season than red clover, and consequently ripens at the same time as timothy does, thereby making a better crop to be grown with timothy than red clover. Mills Strained Through Sand. In several European cities milk is filtered through sand. By this process all dirt Is removed, the number of bac teria is reduced one-third, and the quantity of mucus and slimy matter is greatly lessened, while the loss of fat in new milk is only slight The filter consists of large cylindri cal vessels, divided by horizontal per forated diaphragms into five super posed compartments, of which the mid dle three are filled with fine, clean sand, sifted iuto three sizes, the coars est being placed in the lowe3t and the finest in the topmost of the three com partments. The milk enters the lowest compart ments through a pipe under gravitation pressure, and, after having traversed the layers of sand from below upward, is carried by an overflow to a cooler fed with Ice-water, whence it passes Into a cistern, from which it is drawn direct Into locked cans for distribution. Feeding Horne*. Since the establishment of ngrlcul tural experiment stations the feeding of live stock has resulted In the compound ing of balanced rations for all clusses of animals, says the Drovers’ Journal. The dependence of the prosperity of many of the great Industries is based on the use of horses, and the mainte nance of these animals in good work ing condition lias resulted In widely extended feeding operations. As will be discovered, different quan tities of the same kind of grain and hay enter the balanced ration of the different experiment stations. The fact that one particular ration Is not universally adopted as the standard feed for work horses at work, or In the pens undergoing the grand finishing preparation for market demonstrates a wide difference in the Individual tem perament and assimilating ability of horses. There is a personality In each horse that must be understood and ca tered to in the maintenance of high condition when at work or during the fattening process. Great corporations that employ a multitude of horses in conducting their business reduce their feeding opera tions to a system of so much grain and so many pounds of hay per hun dredweight of the animal. But there is no uniformity even among the large feeding stables. The Virginia Express Company feeds 4.07 pounds of corn. 5.44 pounds of oats, .8 pound of bran, 4.10 pounds of cornmeal and 15 pounds of hay per 1.000 pounds of weight per •lay. The Jersey City Express Com pany feeds its horses 21.25 pounds of alfalfa. 3.2 pounds of corn, 19 pounds of oats. 1.15 pounds of bran and 9.5 pounds of hay jier 1.000 weight per day. The Boston Express Company feeds Its horses 12 pounds of corn, 5.25 pounds of oats and 20 pounds of hay. The United States army feeds per 1.000 pounds of live weight its cavalry and artillery' horses 12 pounds of oats and 14 pounds of hay. and its mules 9 ponnds of oats and 14 pounds of hay. The Utah Experiment Station f*-®ds Its farm horses 25 ponnds of alfalfa and 10 pounds of bran or 22.S pounds of timothy and 10 pounds of bran. The Wyoming Experiment Station feeds 13.7" pounds of alfalfa and 2.25 ponnds of straw per day. In Omaha Nob.. 15 pounds of oats and 12 pounds of hay is the standard ration food a draft horse. At Chicago the large companies feed 7.3 pounds of oats and 20 pounds vt hay for a draft horse ration. At the lowa Experiment Station a bal ur.md ration is compounded in the pro portion of 1 pound of hay and 1 pound of grain per 100 pounds of live weight of the horses used in the experiment work. The ration of maintenance In the above cases varies from the Wyoming combination of 13.75 pounds of alfalfa and 2.25 pounds of straw per day to the lowa Experiment Station ration of 15 pounds of grain and 15 ponnds of hay for a 1.500-pound draft animal. If horses can be maintained In good condition at work on snch a widely different ration, it demonstrates a wide difference In the nutrition necessary to maintain horses In different locali ties. The wide variation in the ration of maintenance practically compels ev ery owner of horses to conduct his feeding operations according to the in dividuality and assimilating ability of each horse In his stabi*. Some ani mals require more grain than others and an actual test will sum determine the proper amount of both grain and roughage requisite for each animal to milntain it in good condition or to fat tea it fog the market Half a dozen unions are in process of formation in Fargo, N. D. J Anew union of steam engineers was recently installed at Lowell, Mass. Barbers itz London, Ont-., have received an increase of $1 a week in wages. Minneapolis will entertain the 1!X)S convention of the Bartenders’ Union. Anew district council :,f arpenten has been organised at St. lau>, Minn. Boston Wood. Wire and Metal Lathers’ Union has established a local sick and deeta benefit system. The Sheet Metal Workers’ Union New England convention decided on a vigorous organizing campaign in all the six States. The second quarter of this year result ed in an increase iu wages for 7,610 men employed in the building trades of Can ada. Unions affiliated with the American Federation of Labor publish 245 weekly or monthly papers devoted to the cause of labor. Work has -been delayed on the I*al>or Temple in Los Angeles, Cal., but it is ex pected to be ready for occupancy by the first week in January. The International Brotherhood of Teamsters has spread over the United Stall's and Canada, and hits in aggregate membership of over 125,000. A rei'ent conference at Swansen, Eng land, between unions engaged iu the steel trade and the employers resulted in an eight-hour working day being conceded. The district over which the Chicago Carpenters’ Union extends contains about 12,000 men, inclusive of about 2,000 wood workers’ in the mills, who" nave lately joined the carpenters. Members of the International Union of I-’lour and Cereal Mill Work -rs will use the stamp system in the payment of dues hereafter. The change was decided niton at the recent convention in Bloomington, 111. The Typographical Union of Denver, Colo., has taken steps to have sanitary rules carried out in printing offices in that city. It will, through a committee, pay particular attention to light and ventila tion. Electro-magnets are now much uses! in connection with cranes and other convey ors for lifting heavy pieces of iron and steel. The Illinois Steel Company has a magnet weighing 1,200 pounds which lifts six tons. Shipwrights formed a so-' icty in Now York City in 1803, and the tailors and also th° carpenters did this in 1806 in tha same town. This may bo said to have been the beginning of labor unionism iu the United States. The lust season has been a record breaker for the Structural Iron Workers' Union at Minneai>olie. Minn., and there has never been a time sinee the building season opened last spring when enough men were available to meet the demand. John H. Brinkman, secretary-treasurer of the International Carriage aud Wagon Workeri of North America, announces that a; an early date he will begin the pub''cation of a monthly journal which wiil be the official organ of his organiza tion. The lalior situation in Austria is un settled. Railway men are threatening to strike, and much dissatisfaction exists among miners, textile workers .and other workmen. Three thousand foundrymen in Vienna are on strike for a niue-hour day and higher wages. Boston Methodist ministers’ meeting is to join the Boston C. I*. U. It will send fraternal delegates who will have a voice but no vote. The Woman’s Trade Union, Woman’s League and several ether sim ilar organizations are already affiliated under the same plan. The experiment of recruiting skilled labor in England for Canadinn factories has now been tried for seven months, anil the committee of the Canadian Manufac turers’ Association, which is responsible for the Labor Bureau in London, is abun dantly satisfied with the experiment so far as it has gone. Asa means of inducing a good attend ance of members at its meetings, tha Millwrights’ Union of Minneapolis has adopted a novel plan. As an inducement to members to turn out to the regular meetings it has been decided to have a drawing at each meeting, which will give some member a receipt for a mouth’s dues. Names of all members present will be placed on slips and handed to the sec retary, and at the next regular meeting one of these will be drawn. In order to get the prize a member must be present. In Sweden the present year show's a marked increase in disputes between em ployers and employes; and altriough soma serious disputes, affecting a large number of hands, were luckily settled without strike or lockout, the number of strikes during 1907 has Deen doubled as compar ed with the same period of 1905. Dur ing the first quarter of 1905 there were thirty-seven cases of work being stopped, directly affecting 102 employers and 2,700 men; the figures for the same period in 1906 were forty-eight stoppages of labor, affecting 1 fty-three employers nd 2,300 men, and during the first quarter of the present year there were seventy-two stop pages, affecting eighty-seven employers and 3,400 men. At the time of drawing up the report five disputes were still pending, forty-nine had resulted in strikes, thirteen in lockouts and ten were of a more complicated nature. Representatives of more than 100,000 members of the building unions held a general convention recently in New York Oity for tie purpose of planning among building trade unions in that city a giant central body in the building trade aud putting an end to all rivalry. Owing to tie action of the masters in refusing to grant a raise of 25 cents a week, the patternmakers, at a meeting in Belfast, Ireland, decided to go on strike. Nearly two hundred r.ien are con cerned, and ft is feared their action may affect the whole engineering trade in tbs city. President W. D. Mahon and other offi cers were re-elected at the recent conven tion in New Orleans of the Amalgamated Association of Street and Electric Railroad Employes of America. The Coal Conciliation Boaru for the federated area of Great Britain met re cently to discuss and decide u;on th* miners' demand for a further advance of per cent in wages, making the third ad vance thia year, and bringing '.ne aggre gate wage up to the maximum of <SO per cent above the standard. The coni own ers could not agree, and the matter baa been referred to Lord James of Hereford aa arbitrator. Four hundred operative male spindle makers resumed work recently in the Bol ton, Oldham and Dukinfield (England) districts, after being on strike for eight weeks against the alleged encroachments cf employers in their wage list. The em ployers recognised the men’s union, met their leader in conference, and an amica ble settlement of the matters in dispats was concluded. Trouble has been brewing in the boot and shoe trade of England over the ques tion at a minimum wage. The men de mand 62 shillings a week, and for tbs teu*dm 21 shillings a week. The em ployers. it is mid, are inclined to faros the former, but not tbs latter.