GOTHAM’S PALACE OF FINANCE AND FIGURES IN
CRASH THAT LED TO SUICIDE OF CHARLES T. BARNEY.
• | tPu*
- • --'v .-^
Samey. C. WIiITJOiT Jf CH^SoKrSE.
Deposed bank president, palatial quarters of wrecked institution
and partner and brother-in-law of dead financier.
TO MY OLD UMBRELLA.
I honor you, my dear old friend.
For valued favors, without end.
Through sunny days and stormy weather.
We ve wandered, arm in arm, together—
I r i times of drought and times of wet —
tsince the glad hour when first we met.
Your faded garments—old and worn —
Give evidence of hardships borne.
Your strength has been severeiy taxed;
You're all unstrung, uunerved, relaxed;
Y'ou’ve now become so old and thin.
You show the ribs beneath your skin.
You’re worse, of late, whene’er it rains—
I’m sure you feel rheumatic pains.
Your joints are stiff; your members shake
And tremble, at each move you make.
Your powers are surely on the wane;
An ordinary hurricane
Or slight touch of a cyclone
Would scatter each remaining bone!
You're warped and tattered, I declare,
And looking much the worse for wear;
Your coat shows countless holes and
As if you’d passed through many wars,
Farewell! Your life has been too hard!
You have my sympathies, old pard!
Forget your ugly gaps and seams.
And lay you down to pleasant dreams.
Peace to your bones! May no rude pest
Encroach upon your place of rest —
No scorching sun disturb your shade.
No drenching storm your peace invade.
Obi my darling Mona, Is It really
you? llow delicious! I had no idea
you were in town yet. And I’ve such
heaps to tell you. Only I’ve really no
time now, because I have an appoint
ment with Madame Celisne, and you
know she won’t wait. But I must tell
you a little about It. Come In here
and have an Ice, aud I’ll tell you how It
I met him In Rome, you know. It
wns very hard work at first, because
he would have been much more inter
ested In me If I had been an old atone
In the Foruin. However, I had lots of
patience, and a lovely chiffon hat I
bought In Paris, and so, finally, when
we all moved ou to Naples, he, Ter
ence, you know, came too.
We had a lovely time in Naples with
the volcanoes and things, and soon I
saw he meant It all right, only he was
frightfully shy about coming to the
point, and he had uot many opportuni
ties, because Mr. Carstairs and Jack
Cougleton were with us. and you kuow
what they are!
Well! our last day arrived and noth
ing had happened, and I got awfully
anxious, because he Isn’t the sort of
man to prop<>se by letter; and, besides,
I knew If he went back to Rome, unat
tached, that Kitty Singleton would
Oh! she Is a cat. Mona!
So on the last afternoon, when we
all drove up to San Martino to see a
museum or a monastery, I am not
Quite sure which it was meant to be,
I made up my mind to be a mother to
myself, and said I should walk back
to the hotel, and wouldn't he, Terence,
you know, come with me.
Of course, he jumped at K. Jack
Congleton and Mr. Carstairs said they
wanted to walk, too, but I marched ou
ahead, very firmly, with Tereuce, and
asked him about stones and inscrip
tions aud things they couldn’t talk
about, and sx>n they grew tired of
walking behind together (because they
don’t like each other much), and so
they took one of those funny little car
riage things and drove home after all.
Then I stopped talking about stones,
because I was afraid If Terence got
too Interested he might not notice his
opportunity, so I began to talk about
going away, and that sort of thing, and
at last he got husky and fidgety, like
they do, you know, and I saw It was
coming; and then, when he had Just
"Miss Cleveland. I **
We suddenly heard “Poverlvlch,” or
something like that, just behind us.
and there was a wretched old beggsr
Trence broke off very crossly, and
told the man to go away; but he
wouldn’t go, but followed os, bother
ing, till at last we gave him some
money to go, and he went
That put Terence off for a bit but
In a minute or two he recovered, and
“Miss Cleveland, cat* •"
And then we heard another “PoverP
something or other, and there was a
man with a broken arm!
Well! we gave h‘tn something, and
then two more nine, and a woman
With a baby, ar t a lot of little bays*
some singly and some in crowds, and
they wouldn’t leave us till we gave
them money, and the more we gave
money the more came, and we couldn’t
get clear of them. And Terence got so
angry, because whenever he tried to
sj>enk to me they interrupted him.
Well! I knew he would never get
anything done In that crowd, so I
“mothered" myself again nr.d said I
was tired, and wanted to drive home
after all. lie looked awfully pleased
at that, so we hailed one of those car
riage things, and after we had fought
our way through all the drivers we
hadn’t ha'led we climbed in and drove
off in peace.
Terence heaved a great sigh of re
lief, and I sat quite silent, so as not
to put him off by any ill-advised re
mark, aud in a few minutes he pulled
himself together, and took hold of my
hand (I had left it lying near him in
case he wanted It), and he began:
“Miss Cleveland, may ”
And then the driver turned round
on his seat and pointed out Capri to
Well! of course, Terence took his
hand away very quickly, and pretend
ed he had been pulling up the cover,
and got very red; and I smiled sweet
ly and thanked the driver.
But that stupid Italian had no tact;
he just let his horse drive Itself, aud
sat sideways, looking at us and telling
us stupid storira about the places we
passed. Of course, it wasn’t for me to
tell him to look the other way and
not Interrupt us, and Terence just sat
still, muttering sort of Greek words to
himself. However, we were nearly
home, and I felt something must be
done, and I saw I should have to do
It. so I said the others would laugh at
us If they found out that we had driv
en home, after all, and that as we
were near the hotel we had better get
out niul walk the rest of the way.
Terence brightened up wonderfully
at that, and we stopped the carriage
“I MET HIM IN BME.”
and Jumped out. He paid the driver
and we turned to walk on. I think he
saw he hadn't much time to spare, so
he began at once:
“Miss Cleveland, do "
And then we heard loud shouts be
hind üb, and the driver came hurrying
after us to say we hadn’t paid him
Terence said another sort of Greek
word to himself, and told the man to
be off; but of course he wouldn’t go,
and marched along besUle us, arguing.
I couldn’t understand why Terence
would uot give the man more money
and send him off. but he has since
told me that he hadn't a penny left In
his pockets, he had given all to the
Well! of course It Is Impossible to
propose to any one while n Neapolitan
•ab driver man Is walking along be
sde you. arguing about his fare; nnd
tie hotel was In sight!
The three beggars and the old mai
who sells oranges outside the door
came clamoring round us, and I was
hopeless, because, you know, besides
the title nnd estate. Terence Is a dear.
And then I saw Jack Congleton come
out of the hotel and turn along to meet
us, and I was so desperate that I cried
ont aloud accidentally:
“Oh. dear! here is Jack, and now we
shan't be alone again.*
When Terence heard that he Just
stopped dead and looked at me. and
then he looked at Jack coming toward
us. and round at all the clamoring beg
gars, and then he *tuck both han't
savagely In his pockets and turned his
back on the cab driver, and Just burst
“D It all! Miss Cleveland, will
you marry me?”
I laughed sc much that I couldn’t
answer till Jack reached ns. and he
must have thought me quite mad. be
cause I laughed all the way up to the
hotel door, and then I turned to Ter
ence and said:
"Oh! yes. yes, yes!" and ran Into
the hotel, and up to my room, and lay
ou my bed and laughed till I felt quite
111. because I was so happy.
And ten minutes later they brought
me up a lovely bouquet, sad the dearest
Charles Tracy Barney, deposed presi
dent of the Knickerbocker Trust Com
pany, millionaire promoter, social lead
er, clubman and one of the beat known
men in New York City, shot himself
because of his inability to endure the
blot upon his business reputation which
he feared would result from the sus
pension of the company. He had been
at the head of the trust company for
many years and had seen it grow from
a comparatively obscure concern to one
of the leading financial Institutions of
the city. Then, almost without warn
ing, came the crash. The resignation
of Mr. Barney as president of the
Knickerbocker was accepted by the di
rectors and the next day the great
trust company, with obligations to its
depositors amounting to nearly $7,000,-
000, was forced to Buspend payment
sort of apologizing note from Terence,
and so It was all settled.
But we won’t go to Naples for oui
honeymoon !—Philadelphia Telegraph.
BEES THRIVE IN WASHINGTON.
nosy Little Inflect* Bring in Goodly
Revenue Each Year.
Charles W. Sager, the bee king of
central Washington, has succeeded la
making a record in his apiary that will
attract the attention of all those Inter
ested in lionoy-making, says the Seattle
Times. At his ranch near Belma, Sa
ger has upward of 5,000,000 bees.
Speaking of his experience In bee cul
ture In this locality recently, he had the
following to say:
“When I came to this country four
years ago the few people here who had
bees told me two supers to a colony
would be all any would gather. That
year I lost much because I was not
prepared with supers and the bees had
no room to store what they could gath
er. In 1003 I had ninety colonies in
the spring. During the season they
produced 8,950 pounds of honey—2,BT>o
pounds extracted honey and 0,000
pounds comb honey, an average of nine
ty and a half pounds to the colony.
“The best colony produced 196
pounds. The lowest gathered fifty-six
pounds. In 1006 they did somewhat
better. I began the season with eighty
six colonies, from which I took 8,868
[Humds, or 103 pounds to the colony
The gathering this year will be only
about half a crop. This condition, how
ever, seems to be general.
“In a good year the bees can gather
honey quickly and consequently it is
very clear. Comb honey usually whole
sales for 12% cents a pound, and the
extracted product for 8 1-3 cents At
this price the colony making 196 pounds
would produce $24.50 worth of honey.
The principal advantage of extract
ing the honey Is that It leaves the comb
ready for the bees to refill, thus sav
ing the time required to build new
combs. Also the freight on extracted
honey Is only about half what It is on
comb honey. Bee authorities contend
that bees will produce one and a half
pounds of extracted honey to one cf
comb honey. Alfalfa makes the clear
est and very best honey. Each variety
of bloom makes a different colored and
“This country Is much better than
the average for honey because of the
great quantity of alfalfa raised. How
ever, tiie ranchers are cutting their
grass so soon after the bloom arrives
that the bees do not have the opportun
ity they could If It were left standing
a few weeks longer.
“During the working season the aver
age life of a working bee Is forty-two
days. Sixty-three days from the egg to
the grave. A good queen will lay from
2,000 to 5.000 eggs In a day. I like to
have about 90.000 bees to the colony."
Inventive genius seldom achieves suc
cess at the first attempt A half
grown boy In Pennsylvania, who had
devoted his leisure hours for many
mouths to the making of a milking
machine of his own devising, at last
completed it to his satisfaction, and re
solved to make a trial of It Without
saying a word to any one, he carried
his machine down from the attic, where
he had wrought patiently day after
day to bring it to perfection, and took
It out to the barn-yard, where old Cher
ry, the family cow, stood placidly
chewing her cud. with her big, lusty
calf playing round her.
A few minutes later his mother saw
him trying to re-enter the house un
seen. He was covered with dirt from
head to foot, and In a state of demora
lization generally. In his hand he was
carrying something that looked like
the wreck of a toy battleship.
“For mercy’s sake, Jud,’’ she ex
claimed, "what have you been doing?”
“I’ve been trying my milking-machine
on the cow,” he said.
"Your milking-machine! Good land!
Did the cow do all that to yon?”
“No,” answered Jud. “Old Cherry
would have stood for It all right It
was the calf that—er—kind o’ seemed
to object to the machine.”
Mrs. Smith—Yes, my little flve-year
utu girl Is a great help in my house
keeping. Mrs. Randall—Why, what
can such a child do to help? Mrs.
Smith —She goes down and tells the
cook for me whenever we’re going to
have company.—Harper’s Bazar.
“Mrs. Windsor is a prudent woman.
“Tory. She always liras within her
BLOWS HIS HEAD OPE.
Appleton Man Accomplishes Decapi
tation in si'iuiKe Way.
Weary of a life that promised as little
in the future as in the past, Joseph Meis
lein. proprietor of the Manitowoc House,
in Appleton, blew off his head. Both bar
rels of the gun were discharged at the
sam * time and the walls of the rooms
where the deed was committed were
splashed with his blood. On a dresser
n-ar by was found the following note
which Meislein had evidently written just
before he took his life: “ have lived thir
ty-six Thanksgivings and have never had
anything to be thankful for; so here goes.”
The hotel was without its usual quota of
guests and roomers when parties hearing
the report of the gun entered the hos
IS SHOT IN STOMACH.
Appleton Boy Who Didn’t Know Gnu
Was Loaded May Die.
Jacob Bohn of Appleon, aged 18 years,
while cleaning a gun that he “didn’t know
was loaded’’ accidentally discharged the
weapon, receiving the charge from the
choke barrel in his abdomen.
His injuries are considered dan
gerous. Forest Fish of Winfield, shot
himself in the foot while hunting rabbits.
Home of his toes have to be amputated.
The record of fatalities during the game
and deer season of 1907, is far greater
than for many years past, according to
statistics printed in a Milwaukee paper.
Thirtj-or.e hunters have lost their lives,
while thiity-seven have been maimed and
NAVIGATION ON FOX CLOSES.
Over 200,000 Tons of Coni Brought
X’l River by Boat.
Navigation on the Fox river was closed.
During the year there were 1.157 crafts
passed through the Milwaukee draw
bridge, 157 more than in l'.MMi. The
Nellie B. of Oshkosh holds the recoz'd
for most trips on the river, she having
passed between Oshkosh and Green Bay
sixty-four times There were more than
200,000 tons of coal brought up the Fox
river by boat this seasou.
MUST TIE “TOWSER’’ UP.
Say Owners of Doga that Cause
Runaways Should Pay Damaget.
Legislation that will make owners of
dogs responsible for damages in event of
runaway accidents caused by dogs will be
asked by Manitowoc County in the next
Legislature. Joseph Shimek. a farmer
at Branch, was thrown from his wagon
in a runaway caused by a dog and
dragged for a half mile on his face. He
will start suit against the owner of the
DILLON IS GUILTY.
Racine Saloon Keeper Faces a Term
William Dillon, saloon-keep *\ has bepn
found guilty of murder in the second de
gree for killing Jacob Best, Jr., of Mil
waukee, last winter in Racine. This ver
dict means a sentence in the penitentiary
of from fourteen to twenty-five years. The
district attorney moved for sentence, but
the court took no action. It is under
stood that the defense will appeal to the
Supreme Court on a writ of error.
TO BUILD A NEW TOWN.
Marinette Corporation Plans Im
provements in the Pineries.
The Goodman .Lumber Company is to
build anew hardwood mill, a logging rail
road and start a nesv town in Marinette
County on the "Soo’’ line. The company
has made a large purchase of hardwood
timber and is preparing to invest $500,-
000 and more as soon as plans can be
completed. Employment will be given to
sevei'al hundred men.
JONATHAN ELLIS FOUND GUILTY.
Former Ashland Bunker Convicted
in Noted llank Cane.
In the case of the State agaist Jona
than S. Ellis, -a former Ashland banker,
charged with receiving deposits when the
bank of which Tie was president was in
solvent, the jury returned a verdict in
Eau Claire. He was found guilty on the
first two counts and acquitted on the
third. A motion for anew trial was
made by the defendant's attorney.
FOUND STABBED IN HOTEL.
Before Death, Guest Claims Ife Was
Attacked liy Two Robbers.
Herman Schultz, a tiemaker of Wau-
Baukee, was found early in his bed at a
hotel in Marinette, fatally wounded. His
abdomen was cut, mid beside him was a
trusty knife. Before he died Schultz
claimed lie had been stabbed by two men
who wanted bis money, but the coroner
thinks Schultz was a suicide.
To Change Li'Kitoy Act.
The Manitowoc County Board has en
dorsed the proposal of the Racine County
Board for a change in the inheritance tax
law. whereby the county will retain 90
per cent of the tax instead of only 10 per
cent, as now. The board has directed the
county clerk to file the petition with the
Legislature. The board refused to obey
the Baker law for the appointment of a
Burned to Drnth In (hair.
Mrs. Myra Farrant. 77 years old. was
burned to death in her hozne in Beloit.
Her clothing caught fire and she was
found dead in her chair.
Fenriiur Hunter*. Ben* Aid.
Fearful of being shot for a deer. Wea
sel Mikesh, who is a farmer near Chip
pewa Falls, has appealed to authori
ties for provetion. He says he is weary
of being grazed by bullets, and that it is
not safe for him to leave his own door
She Kill* Rlk Bear.
Mrs. William Ikes of Ladysmith has
the distinction of being the first woman
hunter to kill a bear in Gates County.
She was hunting with her husband near
the Hackett farm, on the Fiambeau Riv
er. when they ran onto the big animal
and Mrs. Ikes dispatched it with one shot
from her rifle, severing the jugular vein.
Girl Will Mitnase Theater.
Miss Laura Wall has jus: been chosen
manager of the new Victor Theater in
Chippewa Fails, and thus becomes the
only feminine opera house manager in
Kill* and Commit* Suicide.
Charles Wheeler, assistant chief of the
Waukesha volunteer fire department, shot
and killed Miss May Lynch and then com
mitted suicide The tragedy took place
in the kitchen of the home of Frank P.
Staer, president of the Wisconsin Can
ning Company, where the woman had
been employed, and is believed to be the
result of a lovers’ quarrel.
Marinette Secure* New ladaatrx.
The Pike River Granite Company of
Amber* has decided to move to Mariner**.
The company will employ hfty hands.
It will be given a Lee site and a bonus.
LIVELY ADVENTURE IN WOODS.
Hunter Kills Pour Bears, hut Xearly
Four bears gave William Marl-miller
of Ashland au adventure whicb he will
long remember He arrived n Ashland
with the four carcasses and one deer,
thankful that he was alive. Markmiiler
dghted two cubs in the woods and shot
them. He had emptied his rifle when
the enraged mother appeared. He man
aged to wound her before she reached
him. but the bullet, although it had gone
through her body, apparently had no ef
fect. The infuriated animal Lit Mark
miller through his left arm and clawed
his body, but before the beast could c-lasp
him in a fatal. Trashing hug he managed
to discharge his rifle with uis right arm.
The bullet reached the bear’s tieart and
she dropped dead Then a fourth bear ap
peared. but Markmiiler shot it uead in
its tracks. It weighed 21!* pounds
POISONED BY THE PIE.
One Person Dead and Many 111 Near
Scores of person- have been poisoned
at Franksville, Thompsonv'!!? enu Corliss,
through eating chicken pie at a church
lair given in Corliss Mrs. John Lonard,
43 years old. is dead at Tliompsonville
and the atterding physicians state that
she died of loiaoning. Her family says
she attended the bazaar, ate one of the
chicken pies, and on her way home was
taken deathly '! and later died. Miss
Tans Seeor, living two miles north of
Corliss, was also taken deathly sick, and
is still ill A 0-year-old daughter of John
Hanson, living in Corliss, is ill. as are
twenty others, all of whom ate of the
food at this bazaar
WAR ON COAL PRICES.
Appleton People Benetir When
Dealer Forces Price Down.
A coal war is on in Appleton and as
a result the bottom has dropped out of
the price of fuel. The price has gone
from $8.30 to $0.50 a ton on hard coal.
The trouble started when the Ideal Lum
ber and Fuel Company, an independent
concern, cut prices 50 cents. The trust
companies followed by a $1 drop. Then
it kept going until the trust advertised
hard coal at $0.50 and wood split free
of cost. The independent company went
to $0.50 delivered. Other cuts are ex
HOLD LABOR MEN FOR ASSAULT.
Th.— Arrests nt Kenosha ns Results
of Bi.vmm Plant Trouble.
L. Keket, I. Iveket and L. Berkonz.
three members of the union formerly in
charge of the plant of the Badger Brass
Company in Kenosha, were arrested,
charged with assaulting non-union work
men at the plant and warranty were is
sued for four other members of the union.
One of rhe men assaulted was William
Dorfman, a deputy sheriff, who was ter
KILLED BY T .UNTING COMPANION.
Korestville N ini roils Diiln’t Know
that Gun Was Lontieil.
Nathan Grabau of Forestville was ac
cidentally shot by Edward Ballard, a
hunting companion. He died fifteen min
utes later. The men were examining a
shotgun and “didn’t know it was loaded.”
Edgar Mewes, aged 17 years, was shot
through the wrist while playing with
friends near Pigeon river. Unknown
hunters fired the shot that struck the
Tolled His Own Death.
Carl Kopeski, for many yivtrs sexton of
the Presbyterian church in Cuippewa
Falls, died while ringing the church bell.
The bell was heard to toll as if for a
funeral and then suddenly stopped. One
the members of the congregation rush
ed into the church to learn the cause and
found the aged aexton lying dead on the
floor, his hand grasping tightly the bell
rope. Kopeski was GO years oid.
BRIEF STATE HAPPENINGS.
The county board of Dane county voted
to organize under the new highways law.
The Great Northern railroad will erect
a plant in Superior for the manufacture
of steel cars.
Christopher Deiganan lost the fingers
of his right hand while operating a corn
shredder near Lake Geneva.
The sum of $15,000 needed to assure
Albany a canning factory has been over
subscribed. A factory will be built at
Anton Pastedon. a farmer of the town
of Pound, dropped dead while at work.
Ilis remains were found by some of the
The Christmas Dinner Club cf Oshkosh
is raising an organization to give dinners
to the poor on Christmas. Last year
tiOO were fed.
David Wetter of Walworth, while run
ning a corn shredder, caught his-hand and
arm in the rolls. Amputation of the
hand was necessary.
A surprise was created in Chippewa
Falls by the announcement that Miss May
Cameron and Frank G. Emerson, two
well-known young people, had been se
cretly married Jan. 2, 1907.
John Hobscheid, aged 16 years, was
accidentally killed while at work in the
Kimberly-Clark mills at Niagara. He
was employed in the pulp room and it is
supposed that he was struck by a revolv
Efforts are being made at the Osh
kosh normal school to establish a memo
rial in honor of the late R. K. Halsey,
who was president of the school. Among
the plans offered, is an oil painting and
a stained glass window for ibe audito
The jury in the Lombard murder case
in Ashland found the defendant. John
Specht. guilty of murder in the second de
gree. Specht was found guilty of mur
dering Bonfy I/Oinbard. who was found
dead in tie forest with a bullet hole
through his body.
It is learned that the Ringling broth
ers. who recently purchased the majority
of the stock of the Rarnum & Bailey cir
cus and who own the Sri's-Fore pa ugh
show, will take the lacter circus ou the
road and divide the stock r; 1 wagons be
tween the Barnum show and the Kingling
Reuben I Lichen larger, aged 16 years,
of Beaver Dam, while* hunting rabbits
was aocidintally shot in the leg. the rifle
which his elder brother was carrying be
coming discharged accidentally.
Joseph Whitney, aged 55, was found
dead in a barn belonging to Levi cole in
the town of Wheatland. He was wrap
lied in a blanket and is supposed to have
died from the effects of intoxicants.
Jacob Lohn, IS years oid. whii clean
ing a gun in Appleton was shot in the
stomach and will probably die. Lobu
was not aware one barrel of the gna waa
loaded, and this was accidentally dis
Burglars stole a 500-pound safe from
the office of the Independent Laundry
Company on the main business street of
Superior, loaded it into th* company’s
wagon at the back door, drove to a seclud
ed spot near the bay. and brose it open.
They secured SUM) in real money and S6O
in cashiers’ checks.
A scaffold fell down on a farm at
Truax Prairie and six men were hurt.
Some had the ribs broken. One man by
the name of Champion was seriously hurt
Oswald Herman, a carpenter contrac
tor in Manitowoc, committed suicide by
using cabolic acid, after an ineffectual
attempt to purchase a evoiver.
Don’t feed the sheep on the ground
—have good troughs.
The fact that feeding Influences fla
vor and quality of meat applies especi
ally to sheep.
No difference how plentiful the sup
ply of slop, hogs should have all of the
pure, fresh water they will drink dally.
There Is little danger of washing
out the flavor of butter; you can wash
out the buttermilk taste, but not the
trua butter flavor.
A poor Individual with a pedigree
Is better than a grade of equal quality
for breeding purposes. But under
present prices there is little excuse for
Keep salt before the stock all the
time, and do not make a Sunday job
of it when you should be taking the
family to .church. The stock need the
salt more regular, and you need to pay
the duty to your family.
__ a fowl’s diet should include a varie
ty- of all the grains, corn, oats, wheat
and barley especially; al9o green food,
unlmal food In the form of meat or
milk, and charcoal and grit. Their
food must be clean, Bweet and sound.
Many farmers do not know tt* val
ue of Kaffir corn as a feed for poultry.
It has the same nutritive 7iue as In
dian corn, but It not so fattening and
therefore, is a better egg-product ng
grain. The fowls like It.
It does not pay in any sense to per
petuate the qualities of poor sheep,
and the cullings should be made close
enough to eradicate all poor animals
and thus eliminate their blood forever
from the flocks.
One of the best and most extensive
swine breeders In the corn belt uses a
pall of lime water in every barrel of
slop that he feeds to Ills hogs. He has
a metal tank that wiil hold eight or
ten barrels of water and In this he
dumps a barrel of lime.
Nearly all kinds of plants may bo
easily rooted Into saucers in which
is kept sand that Is kept very moist, so
that water will stand upon the surface.
They must be kept In a warm place and
occasionally In full sunshine. When
fully rooted, put in good soil In small
In European countries are grown
fowls, hares and sheep to furnish fresh
family meat. Herr von Schelle, pro
moter of agriculture In Belgium, re
cently said. “In my country, where
land Is limited, fowls and hares help
to solve the fresh meat problem for
company, and for regular use on
The urine of sheep contains a con
siderable amount of nitrogen, and their
manure, in addition to being very val
uable, is more beneficial to the soil
than that of other live stock owing to
the manner In which It is distributed,
being scattered equally over the
ground In small quantities, and thus
trampled into the soil by the flock.
Cane which has been sown broad
cast can be handled best if It is cut
with the mower and put up In small
shocks. Some prefer to cut It with a
harvester and bind it. If that is done
the cutting must he done early, for the
stalks soon get too large for a hinder
to handle; and then the stuff is diffi
cult to dry out when It is bound up in
The horse that Is of special Inter
est to the farmer is the draft horse,
because he is the most easily raised
and the most profitable animal the
farmer can produce. He Is particular
ly a horse that the farmer In the corn
belt should produce because be reach
es his fullest development In tills sec
tion ; first, because of the nutritious
grasses and grains produced, and sec
ond, because of the suitable conditions
The Enffllflh Walnut.
Trees of the English walnut nre
now a fairly common sight In Western
New York. It Is estimated that sev
eral hundred trees are alive and thrifty
in that section, and It is claimed that
this variety of walnut is really about
as hardy as the peach.
A. C. Pomeroy, of Lockport, N. Y.,
■writes that while last year he lost over
100 peach trees from winter-killing,
only one English walnut was killed, al
though the peach trees were in the
walnut orchard. Mr. Pomeroy sends a
photograph of one of the oldest English
walnut trees on his farm. The tree, as
shown in the Illustration, was twenty
two years old, but the photograph was
taken eight years ago.
The tree is still as vigorous and pro
ductive ®vor in the thirteenth year,
and has been producing every year for
many years. This spring the tree was
well filled w!t i nuts, but the weather
being so ’mosualiy cold and wet, most
of the nuts dropped. Professor Van
'deman has named this variety the Nor
man Pomeroy in honor of Mr. Pome
roy’s father, who first propagated this
variety in New York state.
Windor Chief Apple.
The Windsor Chief apple, while It
has been grown a number of yet-s,
has not been extensively disseminated.
Fruit of this variety was shown at the
Paris Exposition, says Western Fruit
Grower, where it was awarded the
highest honor that was bestowed upon
a single variety. The fruit shown at
Detroit was taken from these same
trees, by the way, showing that the
fruit does not rim down In size as the
trees attain age.
The tree is a vigorous grower, and
Marshall Bros, say it is the best an
nual bearer they have in their orchards
—and they have about every variety
grown In this country. The fruit runs
remarkably uniform as to quality, and
very little sorting is needed *n packing
the apples. The Windsor Chief is re
markable for Its keeping quality.
The apples are good to eat by De
cember 1, and remain In this condi
tion, kept in an ordinary cellar, until
April. The fruit Is attractive In ap
pearance, of good size, and of good
quality. These facts, added to Its good
qualities as a tree and to Its long-keep
ing quality, makes the variety of muoh
interest to apple-growers.
Giving Calves Good Cure.
If allowed to run down in condition
during the fall. Flies and heat, in
company with a short pasture, have
laid the foundation for chore than one
Give the calves ample cover, a dry
sheltered place to sleep whan cold or
stormy and rmple fresh pasture or a
little grain as shorter days come on.
When winter finally sets In see to It,
whatever neglect the older stock have
to take, that the calves are kept thrifty
and loose skinned until well started
Into the winter, and then keep them
thriving. It costs very little to do this,
and It costs a great deni to make pre
sentable yearlings of them neglected
Alslke should not be sown on htgh
dry land. It la not adapted for that
purpose. This is because it has a short
fibrous root system. It differs from
common red clover In this respect.
Both red and mammoth clovers have a
tap root which penetrates deeply into
the ground, enabling these plants to
gather moisture at a lower level than
it is possible for the roots of alslke clo
ver to do.
It Is on account of the long tap root
of red clover that it cannot thrive in
wet soils, whereas alslke clover with
its shallow-growing, fibrous rexits rev
els In moist soils and falls to do well
on high dry areas. Those who sow
alslke clover for hay like it especially
well on account of the fact that It ma
tures a Little later In the season than
red clover, and consequently ripens at
the same time as timothy does, thereby
making a better crop to be grown with
timothy than red clover.
Mills Strained Through Sand.
In several European cities milk is
filtered through sand. By this process
all dirt Is removed, the number of bac
teria is reduced one-third, and the
quantity of mucus and slimy matter
is greatly lessened, while the loss of
fat in new milk is only slight
The filter consists of large cylindri
cal vessels, divided by horizontal per
forated diaphragms into five super
posed compartments, of which the mid
dle three are filled with fine, clean
sand, sifted iuto three sizes, the coars
est being placed in the lowe3t and the
finest in the topmost of the three com
The milk enters the lowest compart
ments through a pipe under gravitation
pressure, and, after having traversed
the layers of sand from below upward,
is carried by an overflow to a cooler
fed with Ice-water, whence it passes
Into a cistern, from which it is drawn
direct Into locked cans for distribution.
Since the establishment of ngrlcul
tural experiment stations the feeding of
live stock has resulted In the compound
ing of balanced rations for all clusses
of animals, says the Drovers’ Journal.
The dependence of the prosperity of
many of the great Industries is based
on the use of horses, and the mainte
nance of these animals in good work
ing condition lias resulted In widely
extended feeding operations.
As will be discovered, different quan
tities of the same kind of grain and
hay enter the balanced ration of the
different experiment stations. The
fact that one particular ration Is not
universally adopted as the standard
feed for work horses at work, or In the
pens undergoing the grand finishing
preparation for market demonstrates a
wide difference in the Individual tem
perament and assimilating ability of
horses. There is a personality In each
horse that must be understood and ca
tered to in the maintenance of high
condition when at work or during the
Great corporations that employ a
multitude of horses in conducting their
business reduce their feeding opera
tions to a system of so much grain
and so many pounds of hay per hun
dredweight of the animal. But there
is no uniformity even among the large
feeding stables. The Virginia Express
Company feeds 4.07 pounds of corn.
5.44 pounds of oats, .8 pound of bran,
4.10 pounds of cornmeal and 15 pounds
of hay per 1.000 pounds of weight per
•lay. The Jersey City Express Com
pany feeds its horses 21.25 pounds of
alfalfa. 3.2 pounds of corn, 19 pounds
of oats. 1.15 pounds of bran and 9.5
pounds of hay jier 1.000 weight per day.
The Boston Express Company feeds Its
horses 12 pounds of corn, 5.25 pounds
of oats and 20 pounds of hay. The
United States army feeds per 1.000
pounds of live weight its cavalry and
artillery' horses 12 pounds of oats and
14 pounds of hay. and its mules 9
ponnds of oats and 14 pounds of hay.
The Utah Experiment Station f*-®ds Its
farm horses 25 ponnds of alfalfa and
10 pounds of bran or 22.S pounds of
timothy and 10 pounds of bran. The
Wyoming Experiment Station feeds
13.7" pounds of alfalfa and 2.25 ponnds
of straw per day. In Omaha Nob.. 15
pounds of oats and 12 pounds of hay
is the standard ration food a draft
horse. At Chicago the large companies
feed 7.3 pounds of oats and 20 pounds
vt hay for a draft horse ration. At
the lowa Experiment Station a bal
ur.md ration is compounded in the pro
portion of 1 pound of hay and 1 pound
of grain per 100 pounds of live weight
of the horses used in the experiment
The ration of maintenance In the
above cases varies from the Wyoming
combination of 13.75 pounds of alfalfa
and 2.25 pounds of straw per day to
the lowa Experiment Station ration of
15 pounds of grain and 15 ponnds of
hay for a 1.500-pound draft animal.
If horses can be maintained In good
condition at work on snch a widely
different ration, it demonstrates a wide
difference In the nutrition necessary
to maintain horses In different locali
ties. The wide variation in the ration
of maintenance practically compels ev
ery owner of horses to conduct his
feeding operations according to the in
dividuality and assimilating ability of
each horse In his stabi*. Some ani
mals require more grain than others
and an actual test will sum determine
the proper amount of both grain and
roughage requisite for each animal to
milntain it in good condition or to fat
tea it fog the market
Half a dozen unions are in process of
formation in Fargo, N. D. J
Anew union of steam engineers was
recently installed at Lowell, Mass.
Barbers itz London, Ont-., have received
an increase of $1 a week in wages.
Minneapolis will entertain the 1!X)S
convention of the Bartenders’ Union.
Anew district council :,f arpenten
has been organised at St. lau>, Minn.
Boston Wood. Wire and Metal Lathers’
Union has established a local sick and
deeta benefit system.
The Sheet Metal Workers’ Union New
England convention decided on a vigorous
organizing campaign in all the six States.
The second quarter of this year result
ed in an increase iu wages for 7,610 men
employed in the building trades of Can
Unions affiliated with the American
Federation of Labor publish 245 weekly
or monthly papers devoted to the cause of
Work has -been delayed on the I*al>or
Temple in Los Angeles, Cal., but it is ex
pected to be ready for occupancy by the
first week in January.
The International Brotherhood of
Teamsters has spread over the United
Stall's and Canada, and hits in aggregate
membership of over 125,000.
A rei'ent conference at Swansen, Eng
land, between unions engaged iu the steel
trade and the employers resulted in an
eight-hour working day being conceded.
The district over which the Chicago
Carpenters’ Union extends contains about
12,000 men, inclusive of about 2,000 wood
workers’ in the mills, who" nave lately
joined the carpenters.
Members of the International Union of
I-’lour and Cereal Mill Work -rs will use
the stamp system in the payment of dues
hereafter. The change was decided niton
at the recent convention in Bloomington,
The Typographical Union of Denver,
Colo., has taken steps to have sanitary
rules carried out in printing offices in that
city. It will, through a committee, pay
particular attention to light and ventila
Electro-magnets are now much uses! in
connection with cranes and other convey
ors for lifting heavy pieces of iron and
steel. The Illinois Steel Company has a
magnet weighing 1,200 pounds which lifts
Shipwrights formed a so-' icty in Now
York City in 1803, and the tailors and
also th° carpenters did this in 1806 in tha
same town. This may bo said to have
been the beginning of labor unionism iu
the United States.
The lust season has been a record
breaker for the Structural Iron Workers'
Union at Minneai>olie. Minn., and there
has never been a time sinee the building
season opened last spring when enough
men were available to meet the demand.
John H. Brinkman, secretary-treasurer
of the International Carriage aud Wagon
Workeri of North America, announces
that a; an early date he will begin the
pub''cation of a monthly journal which
wiil be the official organ of his organiza
The lalior situation in Austria is un
settled. Railway men are threatening to
strike, and much dissatisfaction exists
among miners, textile workers .and other
workmen. Three thousand foundrymen in
Vienna are on strike for a niue-hour day
and higher wages.
Boston Methodist ministers’ meeting is
to join the Boston C. I*. U. It will send
fraternal delegates who will have a voice
but no vote. The Woman’s Trade Union,
Woman’s League and several ether sim
ilar organizations are already affiliated
under the same plan.
The experiment of recruiting skilled
labor in England for Canadinn factories
has now been tried for seven months, anil
the committee of the Canadian Manufac
turers’ Association, which is responsible
for the Labor Bureau in London, is abun
dantly satisfied with the experiment so
far as it has gone.
Asa means of inducing a good attend
ance of members at its meetings, tha
Millwrights’ Union of Minneapolis has
adopted a novel plan. As an inducement
to members to turn out to the regular
meetings it has been decided to have a
drawing at each meeting, which will give
some member a receipt for a mouth’s
dues. Names of all members present will
be placed on slips and handed to the sec
retary, and at the next regular meeting
one of these will be drawn. In order to
get the prize a member must be present.
In Sweden the present year show's a
marked increase in disputes between em
ployers and employes; and altriough soma
serious disputes, affecting a large number
of hands, were luckily settled without
strike or lockout, the number of strikes
during 1907 has Deen doubled as compar
ed with the same period of 1905. Dur
ing the first quarter of 1905 there were
thirty-seven cases of work being stopped,
directly affecting 102 employers and 2,700
men; the figures for the same period in
1906 were forty-eight stoppages of labor,
affecting 1 fty-three employers nd 2,300
men, and during the first quarter of the
present year there were seventy-two stop
pages, affecting eighty-seven employers
and 3,400 men. At the time of drawing
up the report five disputes were still
pending, forty-nine had resulted in
strikes, thirteen in lockouts and ten were
of a more complicated nature.
Representatives of more than 100,000
members of the building unions held a
general convention recently in New York
Oity for tie purpose of planning among
building trade unions in that city a giant
central body in the building trade aud
putting an end to all rivalry.
Owing to tie action of the masters in
refusing to grant a raise of 25 cents a
week, the patternmakers, at a meeting
in Belfast, Ireland, decided to go on
strike. Nearly two hundred r.ien are con
cerned, and ft is feared their action may
affect the whole engineering trade in tbs
President W. D. Mahon and other offi
cers were re-elected at the recent conven
tion in New Orleans of the Amalgamated
Association of Street and Electric
Railroad Employes of America.
The Coal Conciliation Boaru for the
federated area of Great Britain met re
cently to discuss and decide u;on th*
miners' demand for a further advance of
per cent in wages, making the third ad
vance thia year, and bringing '.ne aggre
gate wage up to the maximum of <SO per
cent above the standard. The coni own
ers could not agree, and the matter baa
been referred to Lord James of Hereford
Four hundred operative male spindle
makers resumed work recently in the Bol
ton, Oldham and Dukinfield (England)
districts, after being on strike for eight
weeks against the alleged encroachments
cf employers in their wage list. The em
ployers recognised the men’s union, met
their leader in conference, and an amica
ble settlement of the matters in dispats
Trouble has been brewing in the boot
and shoe trade of England over the ques
tion at a minimum wage. The men de
mand 62 shillings a week, and for tbs
teu*dm 21 shillings a week. The em
ployers. it is mid, are inclined to faros
the former, but not tbs latter.
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