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Wausau pilot. [volume] (Wausau, Wis.) 1896-1940, February 25, 1908, Image 2

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WAUSAU PILOT.
& ft THAYER. Publisher.
WAUSAU, - - WISCONSIN
GIRL BURGLAR IN CELL.
Cecelia Peter*ou Makes Remarkable
Confession of Her Crimes.
Cecelia Peterson, 18 years old. who
was arrested the other day following an
attempted burglary at the home of Mrs.
Alary Cormacal in Chicago, with August
fender, 18 years old, and Albert Prettack,
36 years old. made a remarkable confes
sion to the Canalport avenue police, ad
mitting that she and Zander had commit
ted over fifty burglaries and that their
thefts extended over a period of a -year.
Zander was arrested in the home of Mrs.
(Cormacal by Sergeant Kilcrane and De
tectives Yana and Maher of the Canalport
avenue police station. Prettack. who was
acting, the police say. as a sentinel, was
arrested in the passageway. His woman
accomplice was in the house when the
police arrived. She succeeded in getting
away in the excitement attending the ar
rest of the men. Zander when questioned
ut the station gave the police informa
tion which resulted in her being taken
into custody at her home later.
ALL BUT ONE ARE SAVED.
TPwr-ity-i'l|tht Miner* Imprisoned by
Ran of Coal.
All except one of the twenty-eight men
and boys entombed in the Mid-Valley col
liery at Sbamokin, l’a., were rescued
after a few hours. Frank Orloskie, a
miner of Mid-Valley, fell down a shute
after the accident and was killed. The
men were entombed by the running of a
number of pillars of coal, causing a gang
way to close. When the miners were im
prisoned they gathered in a long, well
ventilated gallery and made plans as to
the best means of digging their way
through the blockade. They had picks
and shovels and began work without de
lay. Then the imprisoned men heard
ah&rp raps on the steam pipe running
through the drift and felt certain of be
ing rescued. When the rescuing party
penetrated to them it was found that the
men had dug a long distance through the
fall of coal.
PLAN FARMS FOR UNEMPLOYED.
Secretary of AKrlcnltnre Promise*
Snpport for Proponed Schools.
Seth T. Farnsworth of Chicago, advo
cate of the idea of self-supporting agricul
tural schools as a remedy for enforced un
employment, and John Ellis of Boston,
secretary of the national convention of
the unemployed recently held at St.
Louis, had a conference with Secretary
of Agriculture Wilson in Washington for
the purpose of ascertaining to what ex
tent self-supporting suburban schools of
farming might be encouraged by the fed
eral government. Secretary Wilson said
that it was the duty of State and muni
cipal governments to establish such enter
prises. and that if they would provide
land within the range of a 5-cent fare
from towns he would send experts free of
charge to demonstrate the work and also
would send the necessary seeds.
Prohibition Defeated In Mlmmlmmlppl.
The surprise of the Mississippi Legis
lative session occurred Tuesday morning
when an amendment seeking to establish
constitutional prohibition was defeated ; n
the lower house, lacking two votes of ihe
required two-thirds. Those favoring a
constitutional convention are credited
with having defected the amendment.
Snell Jury DUnsrrm.
All the mire r.nd muck of the Snell will
case must be waded through again. The
jury reported no hope of an agreement,
and Judge Coehran discharged it.
Throughout over 100 ballots the vo.e was
ever the same, eight to break the will and
four for sustaining the document.
Killed ob Kvr of Ills Election,
Jonas Silcox. who would have been
elected to the school board of St. Clair,
I*a., at the next day’s election, was killed
by an explosion of gas in the Eagle Hill
colliery of the Philadelphia and Heading
Coal and Iron Company. Thomas Wade
was perhaps fatally burned.
Silas Shunts Weds a Duke.
Miss Theodora Shonts, daughter of
Theodore P. Slionts, president of the In
terborough-Metropc'itan Company, and
former chairman of the isthmian canal
commission, was married in New York to
Emanuel Theodoric Bernard d’Albert,
Hue de Chaulnes, of Paris.
Shut Deads Pnt on Tracks.
Special Agent J. 11. Crawford of the
Southern railway was shot by unknown
persons and the hotly placed on the tracks
at Twenty-seventh street. Birmingham,
Ala., where it was run over by an incom
ing passenger train.
Cheater Gillette Must Die.
The New York Court of Appeals has
decided that Chester Gillette of Cortland
must die m the electric chair for the mur
der of his sweetheart, Grace (“Billy”)
Brown of South Ostelio, at Big Moose
Lake in the Adirondacks, July 11, 1900.
Sella, Circus Man, Dead.
William Sells, -12 years old, son of
one of the three brothers who organized
the famous Sells Bros.’ circus combina
tion, is dead of gastritis in New York.
He had been ill for several weeks.
Admlta Shotlnc and Snrrrndrra,
Fremont J. Clever. 21 years old. of
Pittsburg, surrendered to the police in
Columbus, Ohio, saying that he had shot
and fatally wounded Naomi Johnston at
Went Liberty. I’a.
Mother and Son K : lled by Wire.
lira. Steven Matava and her son
Steven were killed and Mrs. Spencer
Xeeley was seriously injured at IHraora,
a Pittsburg suburb, by coming in contact
with a live wire.
Kills Himself aa Son Did.
Hrarj D. Sellers, one of the wealthiest
real estate men in Pittsburg, committed
suicide while the other members of his
family were at church. In exactly the
same manner, while the family was at
rtrarch a year ago, his son. Henry D. Sel
>. Jr., killed himself.
Hallway Cota Mea'i Wtgra.
President Tuttle of the Boston and
Maine railroad announces that a reduc
tion of 10 per cent in salaries of all em
ployes of the road receiving over SIOO a
■moth will be made at once. About 800
employes will be affected. Business de
pression is given as the cause.
Laaadrr Trail Pleads Gatlty.
The eleven laundries under indictment
far organising a combine to raise prices
m Cincinnati pleaded guilty and each was
lined S3O and costs. The trust also agreed
to dissolve and the indictments against
the fit -.>prietors were nolled.
91,500,0C0 Oil Concern Falls.
On the petition of It. N. Russell, the
National Consolidated Oil Company, a
tniHion-dollar concern, with outstanding
bonds of S‘JOO.(XX>. was placed in the
bands of a receiver in Lima. Ohio. Geo.
W. King being named. The receivership,
it is stated, followed default upon semi
annual interest due on the bonds.
Offers >rgrn School $50,000.
Andrew Carnegie has offered to give
930,000 to Morgan college, a Baltimore
institution, for the education of colored
youth lu case the officers and trustees of
lbs institution raise another $50,000.
TEXAS TORNADO DEALS DEATH.
Manx Building* in Tyler Arc De
stroyed by Storm.
Tyler, Texas, was swept by the most
disastrous tornado in Its history about 4
o'clock Friday morning. Coming up from
the southwest the storm swept over the
main residence section of the city, leav
ing a trail of death and devastation. The
dead are: C. A. Francis, Mrs. Willie
Francis, bis wife; Francis, infant; Mose
Lee, an aged negro. Irwin Franklin, Mrs.
Franklin and their four children were
seriously injured. One of the children is
expected to die. They were caught in the
wreckage of their home. Wires are down
in all directions from Tyler, and while
reports from farmers who are hastening
in to ascertain the extent of the damage
are to the effect that farm houses all
around Tyler were blown down, it is im
possible to ascertain the loss of life or to
approximate the extent of the disaster. It
is known, however, that the tornado
swept everything clean for a distance of
five miles. At least three towns in Mis
sissippi have been destroyed. Only one
building is standing in the town of Moss
ville, Miss., and that is the depot of the
Mobile, Jackson and Kansas City rail
road. The town had a population of 500,
many of whom, it is feared, are dead or
injured.
LAKE CRAFT AROUND HORN.
Steamer from Detroit la Getting
Record with Cargo of Lnmber.
On the way from Detroit to San Fran
cisco, by water, the 700-ton freight steam
ship Lucy Neff has arrived at New York.
After coaling and provisioning for the
next leg of its ocean journey It will pro
ceed. To reach the Pacific coast city
from Detroit, a land distance of not
much over 2,000 miles, the Neff is travel
ing 17,000 miles by the all-water route
through the great lakes, the Welland
canal, the St. Lawrence river, down the
Atlantic coast and up the Pacific. From
now on it will follow the route taken by
the battleship fleet. Although there may
have been other trips of the sort, mari
time men say they cannot remember a
steamship ever having taken a similar
voyage. The steamer left Detroit June
2(’ The trip was lengthened by a stop
at Bath. Me., for extensive repairs. The
vessel carries a crew of twenty men and
is loaded with lumber.
U. S. AFTER EXPRESS COMPANY.
American Surd on Charge of Carry
ing Mail—Boala of Action.
The opening gun in the campaign
against common carriers for alleged vio
lation of the mail laws in carrying first
class mail matter without postage was
fired in Cincinnati when District Attor
ney Sherman McPherson filed a suit in
the federal court against the American
Express Company. The complaint is bas
ed on a transaction between Mrs. WMI
Brown of Belton, Texas, and the Hop
kins Glove Company of Cincinnati. Ac
cording to information furnished by post
office inspectors, Mrs. Brown sent an or
der to the glove dealers for gloves and
inclosed an express money order in pay
ment. This letter, it is charged, was car
ried by the express company without post
age affixed, and as it did not relate to any
of the express company’s business the
district attorney maintains the action of
the express company constitutes a viola
tion of the postal regulations. The pen
alty for such violation is S2OO.
NEW TRAFFIC SYSTEM OPENED.
Borineaa Start* Between Ohio-Penn
ay-lranla State Line and Virginia.
Through interurban traffic has been
opened between the Ohio-Pennsvlvania
State line and the Ohio river to Mounds
ville, W. Va., and Shadyside, Ohio. The
recently completed $2,000,000 extension
of the East Liverpool Traction and Light
Company and the Steubenville Light and
Power Company’s lines were placed in
operation. March 1 traffic eastward will
extend to Midland, Pa., and later to Van
port, Pa. East Liverpool, Wellsville,
Yellow Creek, Port Homer, Empire, To
ronto, Costonia, Steubenville, Follansbee,
Wellsburg and Wheeling now are con
nected.
Railway In Receiver's Hands.
On complaint of George A. Fernald &
Company of Boston the Chicago, Cincin
nati and Louisville railroad was placed in
the hands of a receiver by the federal
court in Indianapolis. James P. Good
rich was appointed and he went to Cin
cinnati to take charge of the company’s
office and property. The road is known
as the short line between Chicago and
Cincinnati and has been in operation
about five years. It is 285 miles long.
Chanlfenr Guilty In Killing.
Chauffeur Jesse Watson was sentenced
in St. Louis to one year in jail and fined
SI,OOO for killing little Christine Musick,
who was struck by Watson’s automobile
last October. Watson was in the employ
of Clay Arthur Pierce, son of Henry Clay
Pierqe, chairman of the board of the
Waters-Pierce Oil Company. Testimony
during the trial was to the effect that the
automobile was running between forty
five and fifty miles an hour.
Shot Down in Main Street.
Herbert Jordan, 36 years old, who was
private secretary to former Governor Wil
lis J. Bailey when the latter was in Con
gress, was assassinated in Main street,
Seneca, Kan. One shot was fired. Jor
dan fell and died almost immediately.
The street was almost deserted and no
one was near by, though persons at a dis
tance saw Jordan fall and another man
run around a corner and disappear.
$40,000 to Keep Kata Away.
The Mare Island navy yard, San Fran
cisco, is infested by thousands of rata. As
it Is known that they are spreaders of
disease, a board was recently appointed
to investigate the situation. The board
was recently appointed to investigate the
situation. The board has reported recom
mending a preliminary expenditure of
140,000, which is to provide means for
gstting rid of the pest.
Ptke’a Papers Are Foiled.
Gen. Zebulou M. Pike’s original manu
scripts and papers relative to his explora
tions in 1806. which were taken from him
at Chihuahua. Mexico, after his capture
by the Spaniards, have been found by
Herbert E. Bolton, a professor in the
University of Texas, who has been mak
ing extensive researches in the Mexican
archives.
Shoots Wife; Kills Himself.
Joseph March, bookmaker at the New
Orleans race tracts, shot and fatally
wounded his wife at their boarding house.
He then killed himself. Jealousy is be
lieved to have been the cause of the trm
Troetlow Companies to Pay.
The city of Chicago will receive $633.-
831 from earnings of the Chicago City
Railway Company for eleven months. Re
turns from this company and the Chicago
Railways Company for the year are esti
mated at $1,500,000.
“Faa” with Dynamite Fatal.
“Just for fun” Charles Lavezxi, who is
employed on the government irrigation
project near Belle 1 ourche. S. IX. threw
a dynamite cap into a bonfire around
which were seated six men. J. R. Cullis
was killed and the o’.hers were seriously
injured. may lose both sight and
hearing.
Jap UuKha at War Talk.
Baron Takahira. Japan’s new ambassa
dor to the United States, on lsnding in
New York, declared all talk of war is ab
surd, and said the little difereaces are of
no real importance.
CANADA SPLIT BY JAP ROW.
Dominion Government to Kill Lnw
of Province.
The fight between the dominion and
provincial governments over the question
of Japanese exclusion has reached a crisis
in Vancouver. B. C. The federal govern
ment has announced that it will disallow
the Natal act just passed by the Legisla
ture of British Columbia. This act pro
vides an educational test for all immi
grants. It must remain in force ten days
before cancellation. Meantime the fed
eral government's lawyers in Vancouver
have been instructed to obtain the admit
tance of all Japanese held by the provin
cial enactment, by applying habeas cor
pus proceedings in the courts. The Ot
tawa government has advised the Em
peror of Japan that the rights of Jap
anese coming to British Columbia will be
fully protected. If the provincial goyern
ment fails to keep out the Japanese by
reason of federal interference, working
men may make another demonstration
against the orientals.
MANY ARE GIVEN WORK IN OHIO
Industrial Concern* Around AVell*-
villt- Rename Operation*.
Nearly all the industrial concerns in
the vicinity of Wellsville, Ohio, have re
sumed operations after having been clos
ed down for a number of weeks. The
United States, Pioneer, Pattersons and
the McNicol potteries have resumed, giv
ing employment to over 750 men and
women. The Wellsville plant of the
American Sheet and Tin Plate Company
also has resumed, giving work t< ver
1,000 men. Extra labor is being em
ployed $* the Cleveland and Pittsburg
railroad shops, and it is reported addi
tional freight runs are to be posted with
in a few days to care for an increased
freight traffic. Sewer-pipe and fire-brick
plants have started and this industry
gives employment to nearly 500 men.
Extensive railroad improvements have
been started and this means that hun
dreds of laborers are to be put to work
at once.
HORSE IN CAFE; SIX ARE HURT.
Animal with Blind Stagger* Canne*
Punic; and Wreck* Place.
Crazed by an attack of blind staggers,
a s.reet railway horse plunged into Mi
chael Sameth’s cafe and restaurant on
East Houston street, New York, and be
fore he was caught and shot injured half
a dozen persons, one possibly fatally. The
interior of the place was wrecked and
there was a panic among the numerous
patrons seated at the tables. In the con
fusion several were knocked down and in
jured. The most seriously hurt was
Aaron ILssner, 70 years old, who was
passing from the cafe when the horse
charged the storm door. He was knocked
to the pavement, seriously bruised and in
jured internally to such an extent that
he was unconscious when taken to the
hospital.
BANKS UNDER GUARANTY LAW.
Of 4812 State Institutions in Okla
hoiiia 460 Coiiply with Statfite.
The first two laws enacted by the pres
en; Oklahoma Legislature, the Staie guar
anty banking and the “Jim Crow” coach
and depot laws, went into effect Sunday.
Since the banking law -vas first passed an
amendment has been made with the pur
pose of permitting national banks to take
advantage of the law without the consent
of the comptroller of the currency. Thus
far forty national banks out of 300 in
the State have applied for permission,
and of 482 State banks 460 complied with
the law. The case brought to test the
legality of the law was “led in the Su
preme Court, the Nobele State bank be
ing the plaintiff.
COURT ORDERS BOY PROMOTED
Lad of Seven Yearn to Enter Seventh
Grade Despite School Board.
Terry Wiskham, 7 years old, of Syca
more, Ohio, was promoted from the fifth
to the seventh grade last June, but be
cause of his age the school board at the
beginning of the fall term declined to rec
ognize the promotion and sent the boy
home. His father brought mandamus
proceedings against the board and the
Circuit Court has handed down the decis
ion. severely scoring the school board, and
directing that it permit the boy to begin
in the seventh grade at once. Before ren
dering the decision the boy was given a
special examination and stood the test
without a flaw. He is regarded as tie
most extraordinary lad in the State.
MARINES LEAP INTO THE SEA.
Son of Minnesota ConKremmnn One
of the Two Drowned.
Two men. one in the uniform of the
United States marine corps, and the other
in citizen's clothes, jumped overboard
from the tug Annie It. Wood while on
the way from Newport to Fort Greble
and drowned. The man in uniform is
Private Benjamin G. Steenerson, a son
of Congressman Ilalvor Steenerson of
Minnesota. The other man is believed to
have been John M. Mclntosh, a marine
who was awaiting discharge from the
service.
Philadelphia Cuitoma Receipts.
The records of Collector Hill of the
port of Philadelphia for the month of
January show an increase of $4,000,000
over those of the same month last year,
indicating a revival of business. After
the financial flurry business fell from an
average of SIOO,OOO a day to as low as
*20.000, while the average has now reach
ed SBO,OOO.
Captain Must Serve De-cade.
Captain William 11. Van Sc-baick of
the excursion steamship General Slocum,
which was burned on June 15. 1904, in
East river with a loss of about 1,000
lives, must serve ten years in prison, his
sentence having been affirmed by the
United States Circuit Court of Appeals.
No More Liquor on Pullman*.
The Pullman company has decided to
discontinue the sale of liquor on its cars
in every part of the United States, the
order to* go into effect as soon as the
liquors now on hand can be disposed of
without loss.
Prohibition Wins Mississippi.
The Mississippi Senate has passed the
statutory prohibition bill by a vote of 36
to 4. The bill is effective Dec. 31. The
House passed the measure the previous
week.
Argentina Breaks Export Records.
Argentina more than justifies large es
timated exports, breaking all records with
nearly 2,000.000 bushels to spare. The
world's markets are temporarily demoral
ized.
Otßeer* Get Banker Morse.
Charles W. Morse was arrested on ar
rival of liner at quarantine in New York,
gave bail and issued a statement denying
the charges against him, and saying that
he would plead not guilty.
Shot by Negroes from Ambush.
Cooper Henderson, a mill owner, and
Sara Culpeper, county convict manager,
were fired on from ambush near Graham's
station. Miss., by three unknown negroes.
Henderson was probably fatally wounded,
while Culpeper received serious injuries.
The negroes escaped.
No Passes for Doctors or Lawyers.
Attorney B. P. Waggener. Atchison,
Kan., representing the Missouri Pacific
Railway Company, has notified Attorney
General Thompson in Lincoln that all
transportation issued to doctors and law
vers in Nebraska would be withdrawn.
ARMY DISCOURAGED
IF PAY IS NOT RAISED
Officers Deeply Concerne ? : Over
Future if Men Are Not Given
Adequate Compensation.
MORE INFANTRY IS NEEDED.
Half-Filled Regiments Result of Low
Wages for Work—Enlightening
Article by Gen Carter.
Washington correspondence :
One could not exaggerate if he would
the spirit of actual hopelessness with
which the officers of the American
army will view the future if Congress
fails at the present sJl sion to pass the
bill granting an increase of pay to the
rank and file. At some of the posts
there are barely enough soldiers to do
guard duty as it ought to be done.
It is a present condition with which
the army officers are concerned first,
and it is a future condition over which
they are concerned second. The fu
ture condition Is the more serious, be
cause it means that if things go on as
they have been doing the country and
its island possessions will be defense
less.
Men who have worn shoulder knots
since the days of the civil war say
in all serious'.ass that unless the peo
ple bring pressure to bear upon Con
gress to provide adequate pay for the
soldiers the people will find them
selves, as far as the regular army en
ters into the matter, practically with
out defense, and reduced almost to the
stage of having no seasoned force as
a nucleus of efficiency for untrained
national guardsmen and green volun
teers. Post libraries, recreation rooms,
field athletics, comfortable quarters,
good food, good clothing, free medical
Sttendance and plunge and shower
baths all avail nothing to attract men
to a life which would draw them by
the thousands if a decent allowance
of pay for the service they render in
peace, and always have been willing to
render in war, were added to the in
ducements.
Joint encampments of the regulars
and the national guardsmen will be
held next summer. The regulars en
joy camp as well as garrison service,
though the duties are harder. It is
the belief of officers of the army that
these encampments, Into whose m’li
tary life the national state soldiers en
ter, would induce enlistments from
the national guard by the hundreds if
the men knew that their pay would he
commensurate with the work they are
willing to do for their country.
In a recent number of the North
American Review General William 11.
Carter, commanding the Department
of the Lakes, has an enlightening arti
cle under the strongly suggestive
“When Diplomacy Falls.” It is writ
ten by an officer not given to sounding
trum[et alarm notes and who for the
worth of his service was made a Brig
adier General years before the time
when under the ordinary rule of pro
motion he would have been entitled to
wear his star.
Army officials believe that if the es
tablishment were enlarged post life
would be far more attractive because
of the greater number of soldiers In
the garrison. If the proposed advance
in pay is passed by Congress the offi
cers also believe that there will be no
trouble in keeping the ranks filled, and
that re-enlistments will be the rule
rather than the exception, as they are
to-day.
MISSOURI BANK ROBBED.
Five Bandits Wreck Building and
terrorize Town of Rich Hill.
Taking $23,000 after dynamiting and
wrecking the building of the Farmers
and Manufacturers' Bank in Rich Hill,
Mo., five bandits, heavily armed, ter
rorized citizens early the other morn
ing and after exchanging shots with
the sheriffs posse escaped to the rough
country south. No one was injured.
A terrific explosion caused by the
dynamiting of the vault of the bank
awakened the town half an hour after
midnight and the population hurried to
the two-story brick bank in the center
of the city. Many arrived in time to
see the robbers riding away. Some of
the citizens opened fire on the fleeing
bandits and the latter returned the fire.
Cashier J. W. Jamison said that all
the available cash in the bank was
taken by the robbers. The building
was mined and several other buildings
were damaged by the explosion. The
sheriff organized a posse, but the rob
bers had a good start.
A sainst Lone Women Diners.
A jury has decided that Mrs. Harriet
Stanton Blatcb cannot compel the Hoff
man House of New York to serve meals
to her after 6 in the evening, when she
is unaccompanied by a man. Mrs. Blatch
at once appealed the case, and she will be
supported in carrying the matter to the
highest court by the Consumers’ League
and the Federation of Women’s Clubs. A
bill to prevent the discrimination against
women by hotels in this way has been
introduced in the Legislature.
Typotketae Loses Salt.
Judge Thompson, in the United States
Court at Cincinnati, has handed down a
dicision adverse to the United Typothetze
in its case against the International
Printing Pressmen’s and Assistants’
Union of North America, asking for an
injnnction to prevent the officers of the
anion from calling a strike. The Typoth
et® set up an agreement for a nine
hoar day until Jan. 1, 1909. This, while
signed by some of the officers, bad nst
been ratified by the union, therefore the
court holds that it was not binding upon
the members.
Mills Raualii Work.
Signs of returning prosperity are given
by the resumption of work in various in
dustrial establishments throughout the
country. During the past week the Her
reachoff works at Bristol, R. 1., put near
ly 200 employe* back on full time, after
working for several months on a four and
one-half hour basis. The American Car
and Foundry Company of Detroit re
opened. giving employment to 3,000 men.
The Cadillac Motor Car Company of the
same place resumed with a full force of
2,000. and several furnaces and other in
dustrial plants in the Pottsville and Pitts
burg districts are reported aa resuming
eperations on full or part time.
DAVIS NOT TO MARRY.
Family Opposes Union of Aged Mil
lionaire and Miss Ashford.
Miss Maud Ashford will not become
the wife of former Senator Ilenrv Gas
saway Davis, the multi-millionaire
West Virginian and father-in-law of
Senator Stephen B. Elkins of that
State. The engagement between Miss
Ashford and Mr. Davis has been brok
en, it is stated. There will be no breach
of promise suit, no money settlement by
Mr. Davis on Miss Ashford and no fur
ther consideration of an alliance be
tween them. These statements, avoid
ing to a Washington disp-ich. ..ere
made by Miss Ashford. Humors had
been circulated that this would ne the
outcome, because of the strong opposi
tion to the projxised marriage by Mrs.
Elkins, daughter of Mr. Davis, and
members of her family.
YOUNG KING OF PORTUGAL.
Manuel 11, at Age of Eighteen Takes
His Murdered Father’s Place.
Very unexpectedly a boy of 18 is
raised to the responsibilities of King of
Portugal. Young Prince Manuel natur
ally felt that the burdens and dignity
of that high place were far removed
from him. His royal father was in
tlie prime of life and his elder brother
stood between him and succession. But
the bullets of the assassins removed
the King and the crown prince in a
twinkling and upon an untrained boy
develops the tremendous duties and
cares of Kingship.
Manuel 11., who was proclaimed
King the morning after his father’s
death, has served' his country in the
navy. lie is a blonde, tall, well edu
cated and considered good-looking. He
is said to possess the qualities which
go toward making a determined ruler.
mantel n.
Fortunately for him, in the present
disturbed condition of affairs England
is bound by treaty not only to prevent
an invasion of his country but to main
tain the present dynasty on the throne.
Any effort, therefore, to place a pre
tender in his place would lead to arm
ed intervention on the part of Great
Britain.
Repudiates “Christian Psychology.”
Bishop Fallows, who is heading the
movement of Christian psychology in
Chicago, has made it very clear that this
movement is not to be mistaken as a
phase of Christian Science. Now Mr.
Archibald McLellan, speaking for Mrs.
Eddy through the Christian Science Sen
tinel, utterly repudiates any recognition
of Christian psychology, saying: “Her
teachings show that she cannot indorse as
Christianity the two distinctly contradic
tory statements and points of view con
tained in the term ‘Christian psychol
ogy’—otherwise Christian materialism.”
Speaking of the teaching of Jesus, he
says: “He never complicated spirit with
matter, never taught the finite Opposite
of God, spirit, infinity, all. As revealed
in Christian Science, God is unconscious
of matter, for if he is spirit and all, he
cannot know aught that would be the
very unlikeness of himself in quantity,
quality and divinity.”
SHORT NEWS NOTES.
The Pennsylvana Railway Company’s
summer freight house at Cleveland and
about twenty freight cars were burned.
Loss $75,000.
Fire destroyed a part of the Molson
warehouse, occupied by the Canadian Pa
cific railway at Montreal. Loss $200,000,
covered by insurance.
The Ohio Supreme Court set aside the
indictments which had been foucd against
the so-called bridge trust, holding that
the charges were not sufficiently definite.
An office building at Portsmouth, Va.,
containing valuable records belonging to
the Seaboard Air Line rai'way, was
wrecked by fire and watei
Six Italians supposed to be members
of a Black Hand society are under arrest
at Canton, Ohio, upon charges of having
threatened to kill Mike Altire, a saloon
keeper, if he did not give them SSO and
join their society.
Chancellor Heiskcll at Memphis, Tenn.,
made permanent an injunction prohibiting
an organization of negroes styling them
selves the Improved Benevolent Order of
Elks, with grand lodge headquarters in
Chicago, from using the name “Elks.”
All the passengers and crew of the
steamer Anselm, wrecked on the Cuban
coast, were saved. The ahip and cargo
probably will be a total loss.
At Grand Cascapedia, Quebec, Andrew
Campbell returned from work to discover
the ruins of his home, in which were the
dead bodies of his father, wife and two
children.
W. K. Vanderbilt has planned a unique
apartment honse for New York. Ths
bnilding of two apartments will cost
$750,000. Each apartment will nave three
floors. An elevator will take motor care
to the garage in the basement. The
building will be in Madison avenue near
Fifty-second street.
WORK OF
CONGRESS
’ Senator ltayner of Maryland spoke at
length in the Senate .Wednesday on the
currency bill. The Senate devoted two
hours to considering the crimiual code
bill. The tariff question and the Presi
dent’s message were the principal themes
of discussion in the House. In the course
of the concluding debate on the Indian
appropriation bill the proceedings were
enlivened by Messrs. Ilamill and Leake
of New Jersey, both Democrats, discuss
ing the virtues and faults of William J.
Bryan.
The Senate Thtnsday discussed the law
governing the reserves of national banks,
that subject being brought up by Senator
Rayner. The criminal code bill also was
a subject of discussion. Senator Clay and
others securing the substitution of the old
law instead of the proposed revised sec
tions, which will effectually prevent intox
icating liquors being' sent through the
mails into “dry” States or counties. Gen
eral debate on the legislative appropria
tion bill was brought to a close in the
House. Several speeches were made on
the issues of the day, the most notable
being by Champ Clark of Missouri. Other
speakers were Rainey. Illinois; Tirrell,
Massachusetts; Gillett, Massachusetts,
and Hammond, Indiana, all of whom dis
cussed various phases of the tariff ques
tion.
The Senate Friday gave attention to a
speech on the Aldrich currency bill by
Senator Clay of Georgia. Mr. Clay’s
declaration in favor of the issuance of
paper money by the government provoked
a controversy between him and Republi
can Senators. Senators Lodge and Teller
both gave their views on the policy of
issuing paper money by the government.
At 2:30 p. m. ti e Senate adjourned until
Monday. Oratory in the House gave way
to legislation, witu the result that mate
rial progress was made in the executive,
legislative and judicial bill. It met with
comparatively smooth sailing until on
points of order by Mr. Macon of Arkan
sas the proposed increases in salaries of
the assistant secretaries of the several de
partments were stricken out. Mr. Macon
explained his action by saying that an ap
propriation bill was not the place for
such legislation. With nearly two-thiids
of the bill disposed of, the House ad
journed.
The Senate was not in session Satur
day. Discussion in the House dwelt
mainly on amendments providing for in
creases in the salaries of the surveyors
general of the several States. In each
case the amendment was rejected, Rut
little progress with the bill had been
made, when the House adjourned until
Monday.
After a brief executive session Monday
the Senate ordered the doors closed and
for several hours discussed the Wether
spoon nomination. An agreement was
reached to consider the ocean mail sub
sidy bill on Wednesday. The legislative,
executive and judicial appropriation bill,
one of the large supply measures of the
government, was passed by the House.
The amount carried by it is practically
as reported by the committee —$32,-
336,573.
In the Senate Tuesday the Aldrich bill
was opposed by Mr. Stone of Missouri.
He argued in advocacy of the plan for
government guarantee of deposits in na
tional banks, and Senator Bacon of
Georgia took occasion to oppose that prop
osition. Mr. Bacon declared that if such
a plan were put into effect State banks
would be put out of business, ns their
deposits would find their way into na
tional banks. The hill to revise the crim
inal code was considered during a couple
of hours. Speaker Cannon’s presidential
boom was given a boost in the House
when Mr. Boutell of Illinois brought the
subject to the fore as the climax of a half
hour's speech. Ilis remarks were based
on the fact that Tuesday was the thirty
fourth anniversary of Mr. Cannon’s first
speech in the House. Most of the day
was taken tin by a discussion of the bill
to provide for taking the next census.
BRIEF NEWS ITEMS.
Fire at Rochester, Pa., caused a loss
of $65,000.
Fire did $250,000 damage in the busi
ness section of Home, X. Y.
Dr. J. W. Kirby was found not guilty
at Greenwood, Miss., of killing James D.
Money, Jr.
Congressman “Tim” Sullivan gave
away shoes to 5.000 men in New Yirk,
his pet annual charity.
The extension of the Florida East
Coast railway from St. Augustine to Key
West was opened recently without cere
mony.
Kepresentative James T. Lloyd of Mi>
souri has been chosen chairman of the
Democratic congressional campaign com
mittee.
The late Minister Edwin 11. Conger's
collection of Chinese ware, bought at the
sale of the loot from Pekin, is to be sold
in New York.
In a pistol battle at Farrell, Miss.,
Baxter Griffith, white, was killed, and
Gundy Shepard, white, and three negroes
were hurt, one of them fatally.
Stuyvesp’.t Fish's latest is to warn Illi
nois Central stockholders that “E. 11.
Harriman proposes a $30,000,000 short
term loan, secured by mortgaging cars and
engines.”
The London Tribun\ a liberal morn
ing newspaper, founded two years ago,
has suspended publication.
The House committee on cltims has be
gun an investigation of the $178,000 sub
treasury robbery in Chicago.
More than $250,000 iu tLe treasury of
New York City, owing to former em
ployes. has not been called for.
Two thousand Italian citizens held a
mass meeting in New York to devise
means to fight the “black hand.”
The New York health authorities ad
mit that there are at least fifty rases of
hydrophobia being treated in New York.
Gen. Bompiani and Baron Vincenzo
Negi fought a duel with swords at Reggio
de Calabria. Italy. Bompiani was seri
ously wounded.
Louisiana had four hangings tLe other
day, the largest number in one day tor
several years. Two of the murderers
executed are negroes.
Notices have been posted at the Globe
smelter in Denver announcing a reduction
in wage* of from 10 to 25 cents a day.
About 700 men are affected.
Raisuli, the Morocco bandiL has releas
ed Kaid Mac Lean, the Sultan's body
guard, the British government paying
the bandit his price, SIOO,OOO.
An investigation of rebating by rail
roads in California will be begun by the
State railroad commission, which is said
to have perfected 4.000 cases against the
Southern Pacific company.
Anew steel twir screw pleasure yacht
for Morton F. Plant of the New York
Yacht Club is being built at Leith. Scot
land. The yacht, named the lolanda. is
305 feet long and of 6,400 horse power.
Dr. Albert Harrison Mixer, professor
emeritus of modern languages at the Uni
versity of Rochester, died in Rochester,
aged 85 years. He was a member of the
original faculty of the unit-rsity in 1850.
For ten years be was a professor in the
University of Chicago.
WANJ'S BIG ARMY.
Major General Bell Says Uncle Sam
Should Have 250,000 Men.
A United States army of 250,000 men.
That is what Maj. Gen. J. Franklin
Bell, chief of staff, says Uncle Sana
■would need if involved in war with
any first-class power. “We should not
allow ourselves to nurse a false sense
of security,” says this man, who is in
charge of the United States army, in
his aunual rejK)rt. "or continue to en
tertain the illusion that a brave, but
untrained, unorganised people can grap
ple successfully with another nation
bettor trained and organized.’
This is from Gen. Bell’s report, in
which he asks the government to con
sider important facts, recommending an
increase in the army and the restora
tion of the canteen.
“It is a modest assumption,” says
Gen. Bell, “to say that the United
States will, if involved in war with
any first-class [tower, require the im
mediate mobilization of 250,000 men,
to be speedily followed by as many
more, with a possible ultimate addi
tional increase of four times that num
ber.
“One division, 18.00 troops, is. of
course, not sufficient to meet any need
at a time when isolation has become
a thing of the past, and we have points
of a possible friction in so many di
rections. That we can first in any
popular outburst raise volunteers in
great numbers may be admitted. We
GEN. J. F. BELL.
have the men, the money, etc., but
we will not have the time to convert
these men into soldiers able to cope
with the trained soldiers of other na
tions. It can be safely relied upon
that the remoteness of war largely de
pends upon preparation to meet it. Un
less other great nations are wrong
and wasting time and money, they are
giving us an object lesson which
Americans will some time have to
learn by costly and humiliating experi
ence, and which it is the urgent duty
of professional soldiers to point out;
namely, that time and training are
both necessary to convert an untrained
volunteer into a soldier, whether for
infantry, cavalry, artillery, engineers’
or signal corps. The last great war
clearly demonstrated that the side
which is ready and acts promptly gains
a decisive advantage.
“The engineer force as now organ
ized is insufficient for the needs even
of proper peace training of the array.
During the past two years, on not less
than ten or twelve occasions, actual
necessities for engineer troops have
arisen which could not be met, because
of the relative smallness of this branch
of the service.”
Reports are to the effect that the Wis
consin Central is securing a through route
between Chicago and Winnipeg by the
way of Duluth.
The management of the Pennsylvania
road has issued instructions that wher
ever possible business shall be transacted
by train letters instead of telegraph. The
order is in the interest of economy and
has resulted in reducing the daily num
ber of messages sent from the Broad
street station, Philadelphia, by nearly
2,000.
On New Year’s eve culminated a
unique movement for industrial temper
ance when a pledge of total abstinence
signed by 25,000 employes of the North
western railroad went into effect. It
started among the employes after it had
been made known that the management
was selecting the drinking men for dis
missal in reducing the force.
The railroad companies doing business
in Missouri have alaiut decided not to con
test the State 2-cent fare law, because
they are now confident that the reduction
of traffic shown by their figures since the
law went into effect will satisfy the courts
that it is inequitable and confiscatory. A
Missouri Pacific official said the receipts
had declined 30 per cent in the last ninety
days, and a Wabash man said that the
combined loss to all the roads in passenger
traffic alone was $6,000,000.
It is estimated by members of the car
service committee that between $700,000,-
000 and $1,000,000,000 worth of equip
ment Is idle in the country and that it
is therefore costing the railroads nearly
$4,000,000 a month in interest charges to
maintain it in idleness. There are 375,-
000 freight cars standing idle on side
tracks throughout the country. It is stat
ed that for every thirty freight cars which
have become idle an engine has been put
in the shops, which would mean that fully
12,000 locomotives are without loads to
haul.
Attorney General Bonaparte has com
menced action under the Sherman anti
trust law to dissolve the merger of the
Harriman interests in the Southern Pa
cific and the Union Pacific railroads. This
is in pursuance of an investigation and
report made by Special Attorney Frank
B. Kellogg, on behalf of the interstate
commerce comrhission. Mr. Kellogg, with
Mr. Severance of St. Paul, Minn., will
have charge of the prosecution of the suit,
which will probably be begun in Utah.
The proceedings will be similar to those
brought against the Northern Securities
Company by the government some years
ago.
In the United State* District Cour? at
Kansas City, Mo., George L. Thomas, a
freight broker of New York City, and
L. B. Taggart, his clerk, pleaded guilty
to the charge of conspiring to pay re
bates to railroads, and were fined $7,000
and $4,000, respectively, the jail sen
tence being omitted. They were found
guiitv on June 22, 1906, and were fined
$6,000 and $4,000, with several months in
jail. Upon appeal the verdict was re
versed on a technicality, bnt the case was
prosecuted to its present conclusion. It
derived considerable prominence from be
ing one of the most important rebate
cases ever decided in thh country. and
the first where aentence was imposed.
CHICAGO.
Discussing trade in the Chicago dtal
- for the last week, It. G. Dun &-
Company’s report says :
lhe general course of trade is headed
toward recovery, although the returns 1
disclose some irregularity. Operations
this week were restricted to some extent
by unfavorable weather and the holiday,,
and there are smaller marketings of farm*
products, less freight movement and de
cline in payments through the banks.
Against these temporary setbacks there
are gratifying offsets in important re
sumptions at the mills and furnaces, fur
ther re-employment of workers and an
improved demand for manufactures and
spring merchandise.
Retail trade here and at most interior
points benefited from a wider buying of
heavy win.-'r apparel and depletion of'
stocks previously in slow absorption.
The attendance of country buyers ire
the wholesale markets for staple goods'
shows seasonable increase and dealings
are encouragingly stimulated in dry goods,,
woolens, clothing, footwear and food pro
ducts.
The hookings in some respects make*
favorable comparison with a year ago,,
and the aggregate would have been bet
ter were all buyers making their usual
full selections of needs, but there is yet
a rather conservative feeling, which is l
likely to last until the trend of prices and
the business outlook become more settled.
Road salesmen have fair success in the
textile branches and new accounts are-
Opened in the south and southwest sec
tions. Indications generally encourage
confidence in the prospects for wholesale
and jobbing activity.
Manufacturing is not yet marked by at>
appreciable increase of outputs and im
provement in deliveries is not expected to
become general before spring. 'l7ie situa
tion. however, is better by the machinery
set in motion and reduction of the unem
ployed.
Inquiries appear more plentiful in iron,
and steel branches, especially for rails,,
structural shapes and wire products.
Bnnk clearings. $201,416,85(5. are 10.3
per cent under those of the corresponding
week of 1907.
Failures in the Chicago district num
ber 33, against 32 last week and 25
year ago. Those with liabilities over $5,-
000 number 1(5, against 6 last week and 6 ;
a year ago.
NEW YORK.
Buyers of spring goods are more in evi
dence this week at all markets, responding:
to the advance of the season, and jobbing
trade shows more vim than at any time*
since Inst autumn. In no case, however.,
is the buying reported as equal to a year
ago. and in some cases the decreases are
very heavy. The easing of prices of sta
ples shown in January lias gone further
this week. Building was at low ebb in.
January, and this is reflected in easy
prices for lumber. Business failures irv
the United States for the week ending
Feb. 13 number 824, against 272 last
week, 204 in the like week of 1907, 208
in 1900. 243 in 1905 and 231 in 1904..
Canadian failures for the week number
44, as against 50 last week and 29 in>
this week a year ago.—Bradstreet’s Com
mercial Report.
‘Sira,
Chicago—Cattle, common to prime,
$4.00 to $6.10; hogs, prime heavy, $4.90*
to $4.35; sheep, fair to choice, $3.00'
to $5.25; wheat. No. 2. 92c to 93c;
corn, No. 2. 50c to 57c; oats, standard,
49c to 50c; rye. No. 2. 89c to Sic; hay,
timothy, $9.50 to $15.00; prairie, SB.OO
to $12.50; butter, choice creamery, -Go
to 33c; eggs, fresh, 19c to 22c; potatoes,,
per bushel, 02c to 73c.
Indianapolis Cattle, shipping, $3.00*
to $5.75; hogs, good to choice heavy,
$6.50 to $4.05; sheep, common to prime,
$3.00 to $4.50 ; wheat. No. 2,97 cto 98c ;
corn. No. 2 white, 53c to .>4c; oats, No. 2"
white, 51c to 52c.
St. Louis—Cattle, $4.50 to $0.00; hogs,
$4.00 to $4.40: sheep. $3.00 to $5.50?
wheat. No. 2. 95c to 97c; corn, No. 2,
54c to 55c; oats. No. 2,50 cto 51c; rye.
No. 2,79 cto 80c.
Cincinnati —Cat tip. $4.00 to s.i..>o?
hogs, $4.00 to $4.50; sheep. $3.00 to*
$5.00; wheat. No. 2. 97c to 9Sc; corn.
No. 2 mixed, 55c to 56c; oats, No.
mixed, 50c to 51c: rye, No. 2. H.c to 86c,
Detroit —Cattle, $4.00 to $5.10; hogs,
$4.00 to $4.40; sheep, $2.50 to $5.00;
wheat, No. 2,93 cto 94c; corn, No. ”
yellow, 57c to 58c; oats. No. 2 white,
52c to 54c ; rye, No. 2,82 cto S4c.
Milwaukee —Wheat, No. 2 northern,
$1.02 to $1.04; corn, No. 3,54 cto 56c;
oats, standard, 51c to 52c; rye, No. 1,
81c to 83c; barley, No. 2,95 cto 90c?
pork, mess, $11.99.
Buffalo —Cattle, choice shipping steers,
$4.00 to $6.60; hogs, fair to choice, $3.50
to $4.55; sheep, common to good mixed,
$4.00 to $5.25; lambs, fair to choice,
$5.00 to $7.50.
Now York —Cattle, $4.00 to $5.65?
hogs, $3.50 to $4.90; sheep, $3.00 to*
$5.00; wheat, No. 2 red. !MJc to 98c;
corn. No. 2,62 cto63 ; oats, natural
white. 57c to 60c; butter, creamery, 28c
to 34c; eggs, western, 19c to 20c 1 .
Toledo —Wheat. No. 2 mixed, 90c to*
97c; c( rn. No. 2 mixed, 56c to 57c;
oats. No. 2 mixed. 51c to 53c; rye, No,
2,78 cto 80c; clover seed, prime, $11.47,
TRADE AND INDUSTRY.
Railroad officials and telegraphers are
slow to agree upon a schedule of wage®
for the latter under the eight-hour law.
Representatives of the Minneapolis*
Chamber of Cominercp will go to Wash
ington to protest against the passage of
the Culberson and other bills aimed at
exchanges.
Grand Forks was chosen as the placer
for the next annual meeting of the Mu
tual Blacksmiths and Mechanics’ Uniom
of North Dakota. The members took
steps to avoid the “dead beats” and will
keep each other posted on characters of
this kind.
All passenger car* used in this country
ten years hence will have to be made of
steel if a bill which will soon be intro
duced in Congress is passed. The Trav
elers’ Protective Association, consisting of
37,000 commercial men, is to father the
measure, it is said, and has gathered to
gether a mass of statistics relative to cas
ualties in railroad wrecks.
A number of prominent men of the
Red river valley have formed a company
which has as its object the erection of
tig dam on the Red river near Halstad-
Minn., at the junction of the Red river
and the Wild Rice river, and if they are
allowed to carry out the project it will
mean the construction of the biggest pow
er plant iu that sectior of the country. It
will snpply jiower for manufactures and
lighting to Crookston, Grand Folks and
Jirgo.
The South Dakota railroad commission
has ordered the Great Northern Railroad
Company to reopen its stations at Grover
and Ranville, Codington county. wbicb>
had been dosed as a measure of economy-

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