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THE GREATEST ENGINEERING FEAT OF THE WORLD IS REALIZED.
The dream of Henry M. Flagler’s rllfe, the world's greatest engineering feat —the extension of the Florida East Coast railway through the ocean to Key W est —has been consummated, and regular train service from A’ew York this most southerly point of the TJnlted States Is a reality. Until ten years ago the nearest home fj>ort to Key West was Tampa, 250 miles up the gulf. Then the Flagler railroad was pushed to Miami 157 miles up the east coast. But no man dreamed that the coral reefs and mangrove swamps inown as the Florida keys, at the end •of which is Key West, would ever be hitched to Florida by bonds of steel and concrete. In three years, J. It. Parrott, general ' TOP: MAP SHOWS ROUTE OF WONDERFUL RAILWAY—HOW A CONCRETE ARCH WAS STARTED. BOTTOM: A VIEW OF A SECTION OF TIIE OCEAN VIADUCT. and J. C. Meredith, construc tion engineer, have spent $15,000,000 -of Flagler's money In bridging the 130 miles of ocean, coal reefs and mangrove •swamps. They have built a steel rein fort ed concrete sea wall which rises 30 feet above high water mark. C cer this •runs a single track railway. Some of dhe keys are so far apart that the pas sengers are out of sight of land, going to and fro on tracks supported by con- arches which divide the ocean and the gulf of Mexico. Before they began girding the keys, the engineers had to force their way -through the Everglades, building 30 miles of embankment by means of -dredges which created their own chan nels as they piled up the dirt. At one time the constructors had THE LOST srfEEP. 'De massa ob de sheepfol’, Dat guard de sheepfol’ bin, 3Lonk out in de gloomerin’ meadows Whar de long night rain begin— So he call to de hireliu shepa'd. Is my sheep, is dey all come in? Oh, den says tie hirelin' shepa’d, l)ey’s some dey’s black and thin, .And some dey’s po’ ol’ wedda’s. Hut de res' dey’s all brung in. But de res’ dey's all brung in. X>eL de raassa ob de sheepfol’, Dat guard de sheepfol’ bin, •Goes down in de gloomerin' meadows, Whar de long night rain begin— -380 he le’ down de ba's ob de sheepfol’. Callin’ sof\ Come in, Come in. Callin’ sof’, Come in. Come in! 'Den up t’ro de gloomerin’ meadows, T’ro de col' night rain and win’, .And up t’ro de gloomerin’ rain pat. War de sleet fa’ pie’ein’ thin, De po’ los’ sheep ob de sheepfol’ Dey all comes gadderin’ in: De po’ los’ sheep ob de sheepfol’ Dey all comes gadderin’ in. —Sally Pratt Maclean. The Ambulance Chaser Shannon had been smashed up by a trolley accident. He was lying In bed in bis miserable one room shanty, •where the surgeon had placed him after ills refusing to go to the hospital. His nrms, both of which were broken, lay limp In his lap; and his bead was ■swathed in cloths, h’is back pained him so that he tried to shift his posi tion, only to give up after Inflicting neater agony. Suddenly, h's restless ness abated, and he listened. “Come In,’’ he said, when his clouded iiralti comprehended that It was a knock at the door. A gimlet-eyed young man crept In and noiselessly made his way to th? ibed. “Are you Mr. Shannon?” he inqul ed. The other nodded his head. “You were Injured to-day on the Young street trol ley. You know, you can make the trol ley company pay handsomely for in flicting these trju’les on you. I’m a lawyer, and I’ll tal e your case for you •so that It won’t cost you anything un less we recover what we sue for.’’ Shannon only partly comprehended what was said, lie understood enough ■to know that this young man undertook ■to do something with the railroad •whereby he would be paid for all the trouble and injuries he had suffered. Why he should take this tronole, he ■did not know; why this young man, a perfect stranger, should help, his brain was too clouded to comprehend. Nor did nis wife, who sat mutely In the cor ner, understand what was taking plan? any more than he. Before either of them were aware of it. the young at torney was walking away with Shan non's mark affixed to the end of a paper. He had been gone less than an Lour, when they were again disturbed by a knock at the door, this time loud and uncouth. A young fellow carrying a •satchel pushed his way Into the room before either had spoken. He walked ■straight to Shannon’s bed. “Your name Shanuou?’’ Shannon nodded. "Well I'm claim agent for the rail road on which you were Injured to-day. We're willing to pay you liberally for jour lnjm’it? 9 -” he said, gruffly. “A lawyer man was just here, sir. Tie made me sign a paper and said he -was to take my case fee nothin’.” Shan non managed to say with difficulty. ’ Isn’t It better to have the money now than to wait two or three virs •for It?” Shannon did not comprehend the line •of talk, but thought it would be better for b.m to stick to the man who had promised to take his case for nothing. It would be only fair. The young inw jer had come to him without the ask ing, and he had come almost as soon -as he bad been carried home. Ha aho >k Ills head in a negative. The young man opened tbe satchel ' / • ' • J . • • in— n 111 under charter every available freight steamer on the Atlantic coast, carrying supplies south. The crushed rock for the viaducts filled 80 tramp steamers, and the cargoes of steel, lumber, con crete and supplies shaded the seaboard with a trail of smoke. The care of 5,000 men far from the mainland was Itself a serious problem, but was solved with houseboats. In October, 1906, a hurricane swept away the floating homes and claimed the lives of 130 laborers, hut the work was pushed ahead. The shallowness of the water made It possible to throw up mile after mile of embankments by means of suction dredges, but also made transportation difficult. Light draft launches found It Impossible to approach many keys on and took a small pile of new one-doll ir bills. Ah, how beautiful they looked to Shannon. The half of them would lift him out of the debt he had been trying to cancel when this accident happened. He could buy his Mary anew dress, too; It had been so long since she had had anything new; and the doctor, sure It would more than pay him. But into bis head again came the thought of the young lawyer. Would it be fair to him? “How much will you take?” asked the claim agent The latter had seen the longing look In Shannon’s eyes, and had been slowly counting and recount ing the bills. lie had counted out one hundred one-dollar bills and placed them In four piles of twenty-five each. He let them lie on the bed a moment that way, then put them into one pile again. “How much will you take?” he re peated. This time he augmented the pile by an additional little pile of flve dollar notes. Again he counted them, showing conspicuously the hills of larg er denomination. Shannon’s eyes gleamed. Suddenly his hand reached out as If to take the bills, and as suddenly the claim agent placed them in his fingers. Shannon’s fingers crushed them with feverish de light The claim agent produced a pa per and fountain pen and proffered them to Shannon. The latter looked dully at the paper for a moment, then his eyes took on a look of fire. His teeth suddenly came together with snap, and he threw the hank notes Into the face of the claim agent. “Get out of me house!” he cried. “I’ll not take It I’ll not sell out me friend.” The claim agent -was furious. lie picked jjg^l HOW MUCH WILL VOU TAKE?” up the scattered notes, put them Into his satchel and started for the door. “All right,” he said. "You’ll regret this. We'll fight you to the limit.” All day Shannon lay in bed. Ills wife, worn out by tills added care, fell Into a sound sleep. About dusk a faint knock on the door was followed by the entrance of the same young mau who had been there earlier in the day. lie noted the condition of the wife, and crossed quietly to the side of Shannon’s bed. “We settled your case, Mr. Shannon.” he said softly. “Here’s fifty dollars for you; It’s your share,” and he laid the fifty dollars on the bed. The nand that had been tempted ear lier In the day by four times the amount made no motion; tbe eyes that would have looked through the shallow sou’, of this young shyster saw not Tbe soul that had refused to be tempted because he thought it was unfair to this attorney had passed away; and Dan Shannon had died, his good opin ion of tbe ambulance chaser unchanged. —Waverley Magazine. W ork. “Shuffler u going to read an essay on ‘Work’ before the debating aociety to-night.” "How did he happen to choose that subject? He’s the laziest man In the world.” “That’s Just It; he’s going to argue against It.”—Detroit Free Preaa To* U| to Dt*. Gerald—l would die for you. Geraldine—But pa says you are a dead one already#—New York Press. which hundreds of men must camp. Mississippi river steamers, capable of navigation in heavy dew, went aground. Handicapped by lack of coal and fresh water Engineer Meredith hitched a battery of gasoline engines to work his dredges, set them up on barges and when sufficient water was found they remained at sea. When there was not enough water they were yanked ashore, mounted on wheels and slid along the steel rails. Ever since construction began “booze" boats were a menace. Failing to keep the rum sellers away by pacific means, a dynamite and rifle war was commenced and many a "booze” boat man dived overboard just as his craft descended under the influence of a stick of dynamite. HAVE BOUGHT ALDEN HOUSE. Dependants of John and Priscilla Are Owners of Old llomstead. The Alden kindred of America, which comprise descendants of John and Pris cilla Mullins Alden of Duxbury, who are scattered from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico, have at last obtained pos session of the old Alden homestead here, says a Duxbury (Mass.) dispatch In the Philadelphia Record. The house has nine rooms and n number of acres of land about It. It is near the railroad station. During the 254 years of exist ence of this property It has always been occupied, with one except on, by a per son named Alden. The old homestead, according to the story generally told to visitors In Dux bury, was not built by John the Pil grim. A site east of the present house Is pointed out as having been the place where John and Priscilla dwelt, and it is commonly stated that tbe house built by John’s own hand was destroyed by fire, and the exact spot is pointed out. John W. Alden, the tenth In a direct line of Johns from the pilgrim fore father, and now occupant of the old homestead, says this story Is not eor iwl. He declares that John and Pris cilla occupied a house of which the ell on the present house was a part, and that timbers from the first house are now In existence in the present house. The ell, which Is a story and a half high. Is undoubtedly older than the main house, which is two and a half stories, and has all the marks which distinguished the old-time Plymouth houses. There are the small dlamond paned windows; there are the beams, running across the low ceiling and throughout the house; there are the old-fashioned latches on the doors, the step-up or step-down between connect ing rooms, the large square chimney, and many other old-fashioned and quaint characteristics. The tiny “set-in” cupboards, In all the rooms, are things to make the mod ern dweller full of envy! the low ceil ings make even a short person reach to see If It is possible to touch them. A tiny bedroom on the ground floor Is shown to visitors as the room In which Priscilla died, and It is commonly be lieved that John, too, died in the pres ent house. The Alden story is that the house was built by Jonathan, the son of John and Priscilla. The Desert Sands. “I shall winter in the Sahara,” said a traveling man. “With a caravan 1 shall traverse under a blinding sun and an endless plain of snow white sand, but none of my Mohammedan attend ants will wear any kind of shade over his eyes. “Against that dazzling glare the backs of their necks wiM be swathed in white linen, and even their ears will be protected. Nothing, though, will keep the sun out of their faces. “Wondering about this. I said one day to the kaid 'f an Algerian vi’Cge:’ “ ’Why don’t you Arabs wear a cap of some sort? You live in the world’s worst sun glare, but neither fez nor turban under any circumstances has a peak.’ “ ‘The Koran.’ the kaid answered, ‘forbids all true believers to shade tbelr eyes. Obeying the Koran implicitly, we dwellers In the desert avoid like poison brims to our headgear. In con sequence there is more blindness among us than among any other people la the world.’ ” —lx>s Angeles Times. Receptive Mood. The dark horse was indited to be noncommittal. “I’m not asking anything of any body,” he said, "but only a fool horse would kick a bucket If oats over.” Thereupon his followers announced him as In the fight to win.—Philadel phia Ledger. Perhaps a widow finds It easy to get married again because she doesn’t ex pect perfection In a man. A wise husband la one who brags about bis wife's cooking. To-morrow never cornea—anises you have a not# to meet HETTY GIVES NO CASH ON VANDERBILT GEMS Refuses to Play Pawnbroker and Furnish Money to Go to Hungary. RICH ON VERGE OF POVERTY. Woman Financier Tells of Big Loans and Makes Prophecies on Political Outlook. Mrs. Hetty Green, Queen of Finance, has been “hearing things,” and the other day in an interview at Boston she confided in the public through the press. The financiM stringency has [dunged many of th? notably rich into a sea of temporary poverty, if Mrs. Green’s statements are true. Mrs. Green, according to her story, got un der cover before the pinch bit, and bad plenty of cash. Then the financiers came to her on bended knees for relief. The Vanderbilt family, she says, came to her with their family jewels. They wanted her to take them as se curity for a loan. This was before Gladys married the count. Mrs. Green told them, she said, that she didn't ileal in diamonds, and their offer was spurned. “They say Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt is going to marry a Hunga rian count,” said Mrs. Green. “She ought to hav> a guardian instead." Mrs. Green says men high in politics have tipped off the inside information on the presidential nomination. Roose velt. she says, is to lie nominated again. Taft knows it, too. She says the scheme is to pose Taft before the country as the President’s choice. lie will get all the delegates he can and then will get up himself and nominate Roosevelt. It is all framed up. declares Mrs. Green. She says money is easier, but hard times will continue until after the'ekv tion. VICTIMS OF IGNORANCE. Doukhobors of Canada Preparing for Another Outburst. Reports received at Ottawa, Ont., in dicate that the coining spring will see the 7,000 Doukhobors leave their Norta wost communities and go on another wild pilgrimage. All accounts agree that the fanaticism of the sect las no parallel in modern times. Doukhobor leaders have been partic ularly busy issuing decrees since the be ginning of winter, and each new pro mulgation seems to have been drafted with a desire to outdo the preceding ones in inflicting hardship and suffer ing on “the faithful.” Children are said to be dying for want of proper food. The people are paupers. They have obeyed an order to sell all their cattle and sheep. All products of the land go to the sect leaders. All chickens have been sold in obedience to a decree. Tea, coffee, sugar and pancakes have been tabooed and the general diet has been narrowed to raw iotatoes. onions, car rots, turnips and a few other vege tables. Among the latest decrees have been those abolishing timepieces and looking glasses. Agents of the leaders have taken away from the people about $7,000 worth of clocks add watches. The women, who are noted for their deftness with thoir needles, have been forbidden to make any more embroid ery. The Doukhobor wheat is handled by a committee, which does what it pleases with it. This committee con trols pretty nearly everything in the way of labor. Tbe gangs which work on the railway and in the community brickyard pay over their wages to the committee without receipt. But when it comes to be laborers getting thei meager food allowances from tbe com mittee they are compelled to give a receipt for every ounce. , In one district 500 persons are living in two houses. Each adult is allowed a sleeping space f four feet wide. All have to climb into their beds over the footboards. The younger men are stowed away in the garrets of the houses after tbe fashion of canned sar dines. HARD LUCK TALES. Two women were found dead In the kitchen of a fashionably furnished 22- room house at No. 351 West Seventy-first street. New Y'ork. of which they were caretakers. There was a little coal in a bin in the cellar and 17 cents was found in a cupboard. Nelson P. Tfioren. a prosperous and respected farmer living on the White Bear road west of Stillwater, Minn., fell from a cake of ice dead. Assisted by his son he was pulling ice from a small lake, to be stored on the farm. Being over come with faintness he sat down on a cake of ice and a moment later fell over dead. Heart disease was the cause of death. Capt. Smith, master of the British steamer Ashfield, cleared from Mobile, Ala., for Xipa, Cuba, committed suicide by drinking poison in his stateroom fol lowing a mutiny of the crew while on the high seas. At his own request William Winrich. an orphan boy of Morrisonville. Wis., was sent to the Sttic ‘.•“formatory at Wau kesha. The boy, who is 14 years old. de clared to the judge that he was tired of knocking about, and desired to be sent to some place where he would have a chance to learn a useful trade and get some education. After eight years of hiding from busi ness failure in Saginaw. Mich.. William Andrews, trapper and hunter, blew off the top of his head in his shack in the woods about a quarter of a mile from Allen Junction station, on the Mesabe iron range. The body was found with the rifle clutched in the dead man’s hands. William Robbins, aged 10 years, the son of Moses Robbins, a prominent farm er residing near Gilman. lowa, was in stantly killed by falling from a wagon, which ran over him. He and a little com panion tried to climb upon the wagon, and in doing so young Robbins fell, and the rear wheel passed over his body. A man named William Butterworth en tered the boiler room of the Fergus Falls. Minn., woolen mills at an early hour and built up a red hot fire. The boiler was empty and the scorching ruined the fines, the damage amounting to hundreds of dol lars. The police were called and it was found that Butterrvorth was an escaped lunatic from the northern Wisconsin in sane hospital at Oshkosh. A letter purporting to have been writ ten by Smith College girls protesting against a burlesque opera to given by students of Wesleyan university at Mid dletown, Conn., was denounced an the work of a press agent HALF A BILLION FOR CANALS. Stupendous Scheme of Senator New lands, of Nevada. Congress at its present session will faee the greatest scheme for the ag grandizement of the commerce of the 4; \ '*so couutry that was 1 ' wH* v® will have before it ' * tlie of Senator \ vjtt Nev.-lunds of Ne '4- A*? £&[ ; * vada, creating a first fund of $50,- 00(1.000 . for an in land waterway par alleling the shores * of the Atlautie. and f. o. new lands, tlie Gulf of Mexico and contemplating the expenditure of $500,000,000 within the next ten years. It may not pass at this session. But that it must pass, or that some meas ure of commensurate magnitude must speedily be adopted, every man in Amer ican public life, from minor politician to far-seeing statesman, has already conceded. There is no choice, no alter native, unless it be the choice of pur blind folly. Senator Xewlands, who introduced the bill, is one of the experts selected by the President as specially qualified for membership in the Inland Water ways Commission —the Nevada author ity whose broad knowledge of the sub ject ranks him with Frederick 11. New ell, the director of the reclamation ser vice; Dr. W. J. McGee, the distinguish ed expert of the geological bureau; Gifford, Pincbot, the government for ester ; Senator Warner of Missouri, who has been one of the most thorough ly versed students of the plan, and Representative Burton, long acknowl edged as the Congressman qualified to spoak the last word of wisdom upon tlie needs of the country's rivers and harbors. “In tlie next ten years.” declares Senator Xewlands, “tlie United States should spend at least $500,000,000 in the Improvement of inland waters. The government should enter into this work in every section of the country, on the Pacific coast, the Atlantic coast, the Gulf coast, and along the Mississippi river and its tributaries.” The proposal is to cut a channel at the northern end of the intercoastal canal, from Barnstable bay, north of Cape Cod. to Buzzard's Bay. giving ac cess to the comparatively smooth wat ers of Buzzard’s bay and an inner pas sage down Long Island sound to the Delaware and Raritan canal, at Perth Amboy. The Delaware and Raritan, deepen ed. is to give access to the Delaware river at Trenton, X. J.. whence there will be tlie route of natural water courses to the Chesapeake and Dela ware canal, which extends across tlie narrow neck of Delaware and the east ern shore of Maryland. This will pro vide a ship route from tlie Delaware river to the Chesapeake bay. Down the Chesapeake bay the route proceeds to Norfolk and down the south branch of the Elizabeth river. It is likely to cut across Currituck sound, through Coaujock bay, across North Carolina, into Albemarle sound and on through Croafan sound into Pamlico sound. Cutting through tbe Beaufort, it has access, by means of various cuttings, to an inland route paralleling the whole Atlantic coast line down to Florida, and then on, skirting the Gulf of Mex ico and admitting the enormous traffic of the Mississippi, to Texas and to the mouth of the Rio Grande. The University of Wisconsin will have four coaches to make its football eleven for next season. The Columbia Yacht Club of Chicago is preparing for an increased interest in yacht racing on the Great Lakes. The Grinnell track team, last year the champions of lowa, will make a strong bid for the same honors this spring. The management at Nebraska lias of fered the Thanksgiving footbt.ll date to Ames, the game to be played in Lincoln. In a roller skating contest at Chicago Miss Pinkerton and Miss Souchard cov ered fifty-one miles and eight laps in four hours. In connection with the Cuban winter festival it has been decided to inaugurate horse racing on anew track at Buena Vista, near Havana. On a slushy track at Oakland. Cal., the best race the other day was the seven furlong event, which was won by Ra leigh, in a game finish. Louis Drill, one of St. Paul’s veteran catchers, who played with Pueblo, Colo., last season, will manage the Terre Haute, Ind., team this season. At Los Angeles. Cal., Battling Xplson was given the worst beating in ten rounds that he ever received. Rudolph Unholz won on the bit, beating the Dane at every kind of fighting which the former light weight champion introduced. George Ilaekenschmidt of Russia easily defeated Joseph Rogers, American, in the wrestling match at Oxford music hall, London, for the championship of the world. The girls’ basketball team of the State agricultural school defeated the girls of Drummond hall. Minneapolis, in the ar tiury at the agricultural school, by a sco;-e of 34 to 3. At South Bend, Ind., in a wrestling match for a S4K) purse "Wild Joe” Col lins of Wisconsin defeated Dan Mcßride of Cleveland, winning two successive falls in 31 and 23 minutes. The negotiations between Nebraska uni versity and lowa university for a game of football to be played between the teams representing the two institutions next fall have fallen through. A Russian trotting mare of the famous Orioff breed has arrived in America for the purpose of being bred to a stallion through whose veins runs the pure blood strain of the American trotting breed. Thomas A. Hueston of St. Louis suc cessfully defended his title as champion pool player by defeating I -reice Keogh of Buffalo, the score for the three nights’ play in St. Louis being: Hueston 600, Keogh 584. Brugger. the big tackle on the cham pionship Ames football team, has been elected captain of the Ames track team for the spring of 1908. The New York Jockey Club has issued a pamphlet entitled “The Truth About Racing,” which is intended as an answer to the various criticisms against the sport. Harry J. Huff of Grinnell college, lowa, whose sprinting last summer placed him in the front rank of the short-dis tance men, will be taken to tbe Olympic games in London next summer whether he wins a place on the American team or not. If he does not make the Ameri can team he will go on the Chicago Ath letic Club team. With a view to encouraging officials and workmen on the Imperial 'German Railways, the go.vernment has estab lished a fund from which awnrds are made to men who Invent any appliance which may be useful In railway prac tice; $3,750 was paid to employes last year from the fund. When a traveler in the grand duchy of Baden wants to send a telegram while he Is on the train, he writes the message on a post card, with the re quest that .'t be wired, puts on a stamp and drops it into the train letter box At the next station the box Is cleared and the message sent. Bacteria are short-lived upon metal coins, the metal having a certain anti septic effect. The action of gold Is loss marked In this respect than other met als. The bacillus typhosus will live from flvo to seven days upon a gold piece, but dies In less thau eighteen hours upon other metals. It is now demonstrated, according to the Engineer, that the reason copper and iron will not alloy is on account of the carbon that the Iron absorbs In melting. If the Iron and copper be melted together in a clay crucible, so that uo carbon can be taken up, the re sulting alloy is perfectly homogeneous and free from any separated nodules. It has long been recognized that va rious forms of dust, when mingled with air in certain proportions, are capable of producing destructive explosions when brought into contact witu flame This danger sometimes exists in flour mills. A historic instance is the ex plosion of three flour mills at Minne upiolis in 1878. It was then demon strated, by experiment, that two ounces of flour in two cubic feet of conflaed air, when ignited, would cause a vio lent explosion, and it was calculated that the contents of a flour sack dis tributed through 4,000 cubic feet of air would cause au explosion capable of throwing a weight of 2,500 tons to a height of 100 feet. Recently s F. Peck ham has shown that any dust that will burn may cause au explosion. An in stance Is known where sugar dust in a confectionery factory caused an explo sion, and In another case dry soap dust proved equally dangerous. How hot is the sun’s surface? This long-disputed question receives anew answer from l’rof. J. M. Schieberle of the Ann Arbor Observatory. Formerly tlie effective surface temperature of the sun was estimated at millions of degrees. Then came a revulsion from these extreme estimates, nnd lately the tendency has been to place the solar tmperature us low as 0,000 degrees Cen tigrade. Prof. Schieberle returns to higher estimates. According to his calculations, assuming the correctness of Prof. Poynting’s value for the abso lute temperature of the “small black particle” which serves as the basis of calculation, the sun's temperature would be 12,000,000 degrees. But he adopts another value for the black particle, from which he deduces a tem perature of 20,000 degrees. Prof. Sehmberle uses for his researches a specially constructed reflecting tele scope of two feet aperture and three feet focus, which he describes as “by far the most powerful telescope for this kind of work ever constructed.” He promises additional facts and cal culations. In the meantime It seems best to say that we do not know how hot the sun is. THE CRIME OF WORRY. How This Deadly Epidemic Under* • mines the Health. Worry is the epidemic of the day—- an epidemic more widespread and dead ly than any pestilence that has ever af flicted tills long suffering world. Everybody worries nowadays. The man worries about his business, his family relations, and so on. The wom an worries about her household, her children, her clothes. Worst of all, even little children do not escape wor ry—their lessons, their examinations, their little failures and punishments at home or school. In order to realize the deadly effects of worry we must remember that all the various activities of the body, breathing, digestion, blood circulation. THE LAPPS, SMALLEST PEOPLE IN EUROPE. Two Pictures in Upper Line Show W.nter and Summer Homes of tha Lapps. Lower—L&pl&Dd Women; the Lapland Express, Most North ern Railway in the World} ( Reindeer Horn Seller. Among the strange people of the world are Laplanders, regarded as the ■malleet inhabitants of Europe. The Lapp calls no one country his hornet and he la little concerned In the affairs that Interest other residents of his native land. Altogether there are about 28,000 Lapps, and they are sca* f ered over parts of Sweden, Norway and Russia. Perhaps tbe greater number are Norwegians. Those In Sweden are closely allied to the Fiona. They range In height from four to five feet,* very rarely more than that. However, they are a strong and hardy race, and possessed of great powers of endurance. For untold generations they have lived in the frigid climate of the far north, and, although they suffer severely from the Intense cold of their native land, they do not thrive at all fn a less rigorous climate The reindeer, made famous the world over In onr Santa Claus tales, la the Laplander's mainstay of life Without this faithful friend he could not long exist. Its milk and flesh supply him with food, and from Its hide and fur he gets his clothing. During the long winter it is harnessed to a boat shaped sled, and will swiftly draw the sled and a load net exceeding 200 pounds over the frozen lakes and anywhere In tbe vast expanse of hard, dry ■now. This queer animal, whose food Is necessarily scant throughout the win ter, will thus burdened travel at a speed of from nine to ten miles an hoar for many hours at a time. It is estimated there are about 400,000 reindeers In Lapland. For the most part these .re In s seml-wild state. These shift for themselves. To be sure, the reindeer Is found elsewhere In Europe, and four or five centuries ago was found In countries far to the south of the Arctic regions. Deer from Lapland have been taken to Alaska, where they are flourishing elimination of waste and so on—that all these are under the immediate con trol of the nervous system; and that the nervous system in turn Is governed by the mind. Now, worry Is a kind of Intellectual pandemonium—a state of mental con fusion, Indecision and distress. Such a condition of mind throws the nerve* out of order and thus deranges thi functions which these nerves control. Let us trace this in a single case. Just as you are finishing dinner you receive a telegram. You open it. You read: * a ather badly hurt Come home Immediately.” Your mind Is at once In a state of great distress. You plan a Journey, and so on. All the functions of the body are disturbed. The gastric Juice, several quarts of which were flowing into the stomach, is at once stopped. The meal, therefore, caunot be digested, and the whole mass breaks down and putrefies. In the course of this putre faction certain poisons are formed, some of which are exceedingly deadly. These poisons are absorbed from the stomach into the blood and are carried by the blood to every part of the sys tem. They produce a wide range of symptoms, varying all the way from simple headache or dizziness to sudden death from what Is popularly called “heart failure.” This Is the effect upon only one or gan. The Influence- of worry upon the heart, lungs, liver and other organs Is, THE MAN WHO WOBBIKS. however, just as direct and as disas trous. Worry is a curable disease, but he who would cure it must cure himself. First of all, he must realize that worry Is never of the slightest use, but that, on the other hand, by preventing clear thinking, wor r y makes matters worse. So—stop worrying. Think, plan, de cide, act. Then await the result Thought, decision, action—these are for man. Results are with God.—W. R. C. Latson, M. D. A Seasick Hero. No man Is a hero while seasick. La fayette was sent by Washington and Congress to France to ask further sup plies of men and money for the Ameri can colonies. He sailed from Boston in the frigate Alliance, and a passage had to be cut for his ship through the Ice. Off the Newfoundland banks the ship was assailed by a terrible tem pest, which threatened destruction, and Lafayette was very seasick. Ills aid de-camp, the Chevalier de Pontibaud, who relates the Incident In his memoirs, heard him soliloquizing thus on the hopelessness of the situation and the emptiness of glory: “Diable! I have done well, certainly. At my time of life —barely twenty years of age—with my name, rank and fortune, and after having married Mile, de Noallles, to leave everything and serve as a breakfast for codfish •” The Moslem Faith. Myths of the most bewildering kind spring up and flourish and often bear a ripe harvest in the minds of Ignorant Mohammedan populations during times of crisis. A saint or two can work wonders among them at the psycho logical moment, and saints of the most truculent type are as common in Mo rocco as blackberries are In England. These people have no Ideas of evidence or of probability. Though they lie freely themselves, their credulity in the word ol" a holy man Is boundless.—Lon don Times. Strictly Appropriate, Gladys—vYhy is Miss Gtrletlefgh wearing only half-mourning for her brother? Gwendolyn—He was only her half brother, you know.—Baltimore Amer ican. THE WEEKLY IG3l—Roger Williams arrived in Bostaa from England. 10(15—First number of London Gazett* appeared. 1082—La Salle began his descent of til* Mississippi. 1090—Schenectady, X. Y„ attacked and burned by the French and Indians. 1093—Nearly 2.000 persors killed by earthquake in Sicily. 1730—Severe earthquake „elt in Nw England. 1702—Martinique taken by the English. 1770—Americans took possession of New York City. 1778—The United States and France con eluded a treaty of alliance.... Dan iel Boone taken prisoner by French and Indians. 1783 —Final cessation of hostilities be tween the United States and Great Britain... .Sweden acknowledged tbs independence of the United States. 1791—Bank of the United States inci** ported. 1794—Boston’s first theater opened. 17!K—American ship Sedgley rescued 16? men from the sinking British ship Aurora. 1807 —Napoleon defeated the Russians at battle of Eylau. 1813— American troops raided R rock villas Ontario. ... British Admiral Warren declared Chesapeake Bay to be in S state of blockade. 1814 — (Massachusetts prohibited impriw onuient for debt. 1831—-Baron Aylmer entered upon hi* term of office as Governor of Cua ada. 1847 —Col. Fremont pro lairned the an nexation of California and assumed the office of Governor. • 1849 Republican proclaimed at Rome. 1850 — Ilenry Clay introduced in the Sen ate a bill to compromise the slavery question. 1852 —Over 500 lives lost in wreck <4 British troop ship Birkenhead neaz the Cape of Good Hope. 1859—Senator Slidell of Louisiana pre sented a bill proposing to place s3o,r 000,000 in the hands of the Presi dent for the purchase of Cuba. 1801 —Jefferson Davis of Mississippi withdrew from Congress. 1807 —Evacuation of Mexico by tbn French. 1870 —Prince Arthur, third son of Queea Victoria, received by President Grant at the White House. 1873 —Congress abolished naval rank* af ad.nlral ar.d vice admiral. IS7G—Manitoba abolished the legislation council. 1881— British defeated at battle nf la> gogo river, Transvaal. 1885 —Italians occupied Massowah. 1888—Amos J. Snell, Chicago banker, a sassinated. 1893—Long-distance telephone communi cation established between Boston and New York. 1895—Abdication of Queen Liliuokal&ai of Hawaii. 1898 — Letter of Spanish Minister Da Lome, reflecting on President McKin ley, published. 1899 — Insurrection against the United States government in the Philippino Islands began. 1900 — Hay-Pauncefote treaty signed at Washington. 1901 — Wilhelmina, Queen of Holland, married to Prince Henry of Meek lenburg-Schwerin. The I*rolonatloi of Life. The centuries-long search for the means of securing perpetual, or at least extend ed youth, is still being prosecuted by the scientists. Dr. Moutier of Paris, studying the rigidity of the arteries, which is a characteristic of advanced life, has by a specially constructed electrical apparatna been able to reduce the increased pres sure of the blood which accompanies tbe arterial changes and thus restore normal conditions, which continue permanently. The same treatment has also been suc cessfully used in the treatment of patients affected with neur. sthenia.. Elie Metchinkoff, Pasteur's successor in the famous Pasteur Institute at Paris, fas a book entitled, “The Prolongation ol Life,” published by G. P. Putnam’s Bona, argues that much of the shortening of life and the pain of old age is due ta a poisoning of the tissues through putre faction of the intestinal tract, which may be counteracted by certain acids, chiefly that existing in sour milk, in confirmation of which he instances the long life ol some races which live mainly on such diet. Prohibition Convention Called. The national convention of the Prohi bition party has been called to meet at Columbus on July 15. There will he a total of 1,512 delegates, the apportion ment to the various States being based upon the vote cast for President in 1904. American Can Profit*. The American Can Company report# earnings of $3,246,827 for the fiscal year, a gain of over $700,000. A Pneumatic Typewriter. The Literary Dig-st, in an articla translated from the French, describe* a newly invenVd typewriter, which, among other merits claimed, is said to po'wrao the quality of being practically noiaeleaa. The type impression is made by pneu matic pressure supplied through small tubes, which are opened by tbe manipu lation of keys, as in the ordinary maehina. The types do not strike the paper forci bly, but press against it quietly. Tho machine also has an automatic multiply ing attachment that produces a perfov tt ed pattern from which any number of perfect copies may be made. Tetraxlnnl’s Great Sncceaa. There can be no longer any donbt that Mme. Luisa Tetrazinni, the prima doors* who recently set London wild, has cap tured the popular musical public of New York City, where her debut was made last week in Verdi’s “Traviata,” in Hare merstein’s Manhattan Opera House. At that performance and at her later ap pearances, brilliant audiences were retread to a high pitch of enthusiasm by tho range, power and technique of her afaqp tng. Especially the brilliance of bar up per notes caused exclamations of wrnrntm and delight.