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METHOD OP TAEIPF REVISION. By Senator A. J. Beveridge. t\Ve must revise our tariff, and that Is a big thing; we must do more — we must now make sensible up-to date plans for revision, and that is There are nearly 4,000 Items named in our tariff laws, and every year new articles arc put on the market which are not named, but which are covered by general terms of the law. It is plain that just and intelligent duties cannot be fixed without a knowledge of the facts upon which •very one of these duties is supposed to rest. Yet, as we have made our tariffs heretofore, commit tees of Congress, working a part of the time for a few months, not only have to find out these facts, but also to fit duties to these facts, study how those duties will work out with foreign tariffs, how our trade will thereby be helped or burr, and all other things that must be thought of in making a tariff. Yet it is plain that it would be hard for even experts to learn all the facts In so short a time, to say nothing of the other work our congressional committee* are now forced to do In making a tariff law. It Is not fnir to these committees to make them do such work In so brief a period. Other nations have seen this plain truth, and therefore made the common-sense plan of finding out the facts upon which their legislatures can act with knowledge and wisdom. So Germany and Japan, whose tariffs are the most careful of all tariffs, had a body of tariff experts find out the facta aud then made their tariffs fit those facts. * PEDAGOGIC ADVICE OF LITTLE VALUE. By John A. Howland. One of the least tolerable of all advisers of o'.l the young man is he who frames his long, c'l eantlng lists of "Don’ts.” These inhibitions gj on the face of them are as the law of the tj Medes and Persians. Presumably they ure to W fit every man in every position In e*'cry emer- JL gency in the calendar. Most of them are framed with reference to propitiating the em- J ploycr, regardless of the i>ersonallties of em ployer and emploje, regardless of the merits or demerits of a situation, and therefore utterly ignorant of whether or not the most radical violation of his particular "Don’t” might be the turning point itself In the life of that par ticular young man. Ordinarily, In the case of the young man starting out In the world as an employe, or In business himself with the object of pleading a constituency, he has choice of PORTUGAL’S DOUBLE TRAGEDY. Mow a Kins’" i'lchl Acalnut Graft I.ott to A"aa"*lnatlon. It seems an irony of fate tint the hand of the assassin should more often be raised against the bonefleen - uler vviiost' heart is burdened with the sor rows of his people and whose efforts are directed toward an amelioration of their woes than against the tyrant who rules with a rod of lrou and is prompt ed merely by the love of selfish power. One lias only to give history a cursor}' glance to demonstrate this. No Sultan ever came to the throne of Turkey with a warmer love for his subjects or a greater desire for their prosperity and happiness than were possessed by Abdul Aziz, Alexander 11. of Russia I The most benign, the most lovable Czar who ever sat on the throne Tf '' ' ' '’ eV T f fftll 1 illl.. lb I i PORTUGAL’S MURDERED KING AND HIS WIDOWED QUEEN of l'eter the Great. What more lovable lady than Elizabeth of Austria ! Hum bert of Italy. Ginut heart in giant frame; soldier and statesmuu. Again the assassin! In our own favored America, Lincoln, Gartield, McKinley—martyrs to Insane malevolence, new spa [>er malignancy, de fiant anarchy! And now Carlos of Portugal! A man fighting with might and main against established abuses, against fortified and brazeu graft, against the spoliation of the taxpayers by iutrenehed privilege—-fighting, per ba;>s. In a wrong way. but fighting hon estly, for the good of the masses whom he wished to serve! Fair mark for assassination, he and his first-born. No tyrants these, but men who car ried tremendous burdens of responsi bility. either through Inheritance or election, and gave the best that was In them to the service of the right a? they saw it—only to die by dagger, by bomb or by bullet! No American city or commonwealth was ever at its worst more helplessly In the grasp of grafters than Portugal has been for yeara. The offieeholdlug class pillaged the tax-ridden country as though the masses were created for their flnanctal benefit. National debts were plied on national debts and the public treasury was the private pocket book of conscienceless schemers and dish inest place owners. Public otfice degenerated to genteel brigandage. The civil ser> Ice was honeycombed with sin ecures. and the chief trade of those holding office was to create salaried po sitions devoid of work. There were two great parties—the Conservatives and the Liberals— but one was as false to honor and duty ns the other, and an arrangement existed whereby, no matter which was in control, the sin ecures remained In the hands of the professional spoilsmen. If there was a change. It was simply a transfer or graft—yielding places and a swapping of sinecures. The people murmured, but In their ignorance and poverty were but the tools of salaried demagogues and the victims of scheming politicians. Carlos begged, implored. threatened. In vain. He did his best to keep down taxation, but each year saw an in creased deficit The grafters only smiled and went on their grafting way. Then Carlos made Senor Franco Prime Minister and called on the Cortes (the Parliament) to get together es men and inaugurate much-needed re form*. They failed, and be dlssoired the Cortes, ordering a near election and just two alternatives: Do as he is expected to do; or refuse to do the thing and stand by the decision. In either position, the young matriculate In life must de pend upon his judgment to right him in the end. There is a type of man in the world’s work whose sole claim to vlriue is the carrying out to the blind letter the dictates of bis superiors. This type is pre-eminently the product of the doctrine of conventional “Don’ts.” The vast majority of these men either are weaklings or sneaks. As weaklings they are the men of least conse quence to any work requiring Initiative and accomplish ment As sneak3 they are a constant menace to whatever Institution their disloyal service affwts. Unless you are wTHcg to become aa automaton menial, fix upon your purpose } i life, sound yourself and your capabilities, and base your chances for success upon these and upon your Judgment of men and things as you grow wise to your environment UNLIMITED POWER OF THE PEOPLE. By Ex-Oov. Black of New York. _i It must be remembered that the people are ffj all-powerful. They can do whatever they de t'j clde to and. They are now checked by their gj constitution, but they made even the constitu tor tion, and they can unmake it There are at W least two methods of doing this —one by amendment and the other by revolution. But the piayer of every patriot in the land will J be that the constitution shall not now b changed. The ideas now most popular are also most dan gerous. The clamor Is for limitation of fortunes, for getting that that also means the limitation of industry; for the curtailment of the power of the courts, forgetting that that means death to the freedom of the Individual; for the equality of men by arbitrary rule, forgetting that tills means to clog the industrious and help the lazy. The spirit now abroad, if given rein, would make the in competent equal by law to the skilled, the dissolute equal to the sober, the cheat and the shirk equal to the hon est man. The people, when they try, can raze everything to the ground. They can unmake or remake theli constitution. They may. If they like, abolish their courts and legis latures and take the reins of government directly In their own hands. This means revolution, but are there no precedents for revolution? Is there any prophet abroad in these days who can say bow far ihe people would go >n their present tem per? Would tie majority vote to limit private fortunes.? Would they vote to redistribute private estates which were large enough to tempt their cupidity? Would they curtail the power of the courts? You can answer these questions ns well as any body of men now living, and you can also answer whether the suggested changes would be wise. declaring lie would not penult a ses sion until the people had had an op portunity to se. *ct other and better men. The Cortes was defiant, and he made Franco dictator of the kingdom, with full power. The disgruntled grafters preached to the people o f the illegality of Franco’s dictatorship and enlisted a tremendous opposition to him, but the King upheld him. When, fearing revolution, with its attendant bloodshed and horror, he of fered to resign, Carlos refused, saying that in the end they might abdicate to gether. but not before they had fought together. Francos ruie was clearly Il legal and the King was much beyond hiis constitutional rights, but if a country was in need of a benevolent and iron-handed dictator It was Portu gal. Several attempts were made upon Francos life and the King was re peatedly threatened. Revolution was feared, but few anticipated the climax which came with cowardly double as sassination. Kiug Carlos was 45 years of age. He was a son of Lulz I. and Marla Pia, daughter of Victor Emmanuel 11. of Italy and sister of King Humbert On the death of his father In 1889 he be came King, at the ago of 20. Iu ISB3 he married Marie Arnelie. daughter of the dethroned royal house of France, the Comte de Paris, and sis ter of the present Duke of Orleans. She Is counted among the most beauti ful royal women of Europe. She was recently In England to attend the wed dlug of her sister. Arnelie Is much beloved by the Por tuguese people and was very much at tached to her good-natured spouse. Carlos was almost a giant In weight, over 300 pounds. He was a hearty eater, and many stories—probably ex aggerated—are told of his appetite. Despite his weight he was an athlete, excelling especially in swimming. He MAW I'LXES AT LAST. HENRY FARMAN AND HIS AEROPLANE. The most extraonlinary feat yet performed in the navigation of the air was accomplished at Issv. near Paris, when Mr. Henry Farman covered the circular kilometer with his man has flown & kilometer, but his former experiences were unoi&cial. Re cently he competed formally for the Deutsch-Archdeacon prize of £2,000 for covering a circular course of a kilometer with a machine heavier than air, and ha won It after a perfectly aucceeafol flight was also a ripe scholar, a linguist and an artist of no little merit. RULE OF EVENING CLOTHES. Recent London Hotel Incident Hu Brunght Oat Differing: Opinions. An incident Is not quite closed which arose in London recently over the en forcement of a hotel rule requiring evening dress at dinner In the main din ing room. Following the Immediate occurrence the management of the Sa voy sent notes to 500 patrons asking for their opinions on the rule. The replies Indicate an overwhelming sen tlmenf for the regulation as It stands, says the New York World. Of course the Savoy Is the hotel of a class. It was a limited referendum, therefore, to which the management had recourse. Yet it Is recalled that when the same question of an evening dress acquirement arose not long ago In New York in a hotel as exclusive as exceedingly high rates can make It, there was a marked difference of opin ion among patrons. The American likes good clothes not less than the Briton. It was an Amer ican woman who remarked that the sense of being well dressed gave her a serenity greater than that imparted by the consolations of religion. But the State of being under bonds of etiquette to associate certain hours and functions with certain fixed forms of dress is re garded sometimes as irksome even In the most aristocratic circles of a dem ocracy. Despite tradition and the vote at the Savoy, there are signs of uneasiness in modern England over the rigidity of the rules of dress. According to Wil liam Archer, the evening clothes habit is turning thousands of people from the London theaters to the music hails and Is perpetuating an evening clothes type of play. “To the British drama,” he says, “the white choker is a choker Indeed,” while in .America, with the in fluence of dross restrictions removed, the whole fi-dd of life is open to the playwright Plainly the times are ripe for anew Carlyle and anew “Sartor Itesartus.” One on the Cabman. One night Paganini was going to the Paris operr house, where he was to astonish e r cry one by playing on one string. Being late, lie took a cab, and when he arrived at his destination the cabby wanted ten francs. “What!" he exclaimed, “you are crazy; I have only had you five minifies!” “I know It Is much.” said the other, “but for you who make a fortune by playing on one string It must be ten francs.” “Weil.’vßaid Paganini, banding him the right fare, “when you can make your cab go on one wheel come to me and I will give you nineteen francs.”—La Carieaturlsta. Women are most sensible when among women, and men are most sen sible when among men. It Is best not to try to get the beat of your best friend. Wisconsin Slats News DOUBT WOMAN’S COIN TALE. Superior Police Full to Find Coun terfeiting; Plant of Kennedy. So far as can b> learned Miss Betsy Johnson and I’eter Xorlander have been stuffing Police ('liief Mi’'innon of Su perior with hot air in reguid to the coun terfeiting operations they alleged were going on in the home of A. L. Kennedy in Hillings park. The Kennedy house has been searched, hut all that has been found is a saw which the woman claims the men used to saw out the dollars and cut the bars of solder. Should no more evidence bo secured the case is likely to be dismissed. Capt. Gallagher of St. Paul, who was expected to look into the case, refused to come. Kennedy is held on the charge of having counterfeit money in !<is possession. PASS LAW IS DEFENSE. Car Cotnjtany Says Man Hart While Hiding; Traveled Free Illegally. The interposing of the anti-pass law as a defense in an action for damages is the rovel proceeding which comes before the Supreme Court from Oshkosh. Prior to the passage of the anti-pass law an or dinance was passed by the Oshkosh coun cil which allowed firemen and policemen to ride free on street cars. While rid ing under such permit, Arthur 11. Gnb bert of Oshkosh was injured and sued for damages. The car company set up thar as the complainant was riding on i free pass contrary to law, the company should not be held for infractions of the statute. Gabbert won in the lower court, but the company appealed. CASE DATES BACK TO 1832. Alleged Heir Will Try to Trace Ills Ancestors to Get Estate. There is a case in probate court in Ap pleton which dates back to the time the Asiatic plague swept the British isles in 1832, tie publication of which has brongki to light a Fred Boland of north ern Wisconsin, who will try to prove that he is a descendant of John Boland of Sligo, Ireland, who died in 1846. Mrs. Eleanor Van Iluerck of Howard has been trying to prove that all of the law ful heirs of John Boland nre dead, by which means she would come into posses sion of SI,OOO. If Boland can trace his ancestors and prove that he is a lawful heir he will get the money claimed by Mrs. Van Iluerck. SAY NO SHORTAGE IN ICE CROP. Cutters at Petvuukee Are More than Ilnsy These Days. While the city ice men are dreaming of a short ice crop throughout the coun try the country ice men. who furnish the ice, are more than busy cutting. At Pe waukee Lake every man is busy loading on cars for Chicago. A steady procession of farmers’ teams is passing all day through the streets, from the plant on the lake to the freight depot. The ice beinj' shipped is the purest supplied to the western cities, free from weeds and impurity of all kinds, no snow and about 17 inches thick. BURNS S3OO SMOTHERING A FIRE Station Agent Applies Coat to Flames; Bill" In Rocket. William Higgins, who recently came to Menomonee Falls to act as station agent for the Milwaukee road, had a costly mis hap. In some way a lamp that was in the office fell from the desk and broke, spilling the oil on the floor, which caused a lively blaze. In the excitement of the moment Agent Higgins saw his coat lying on the desk and picked it up to smother the flames. The coat caught fire and S3OO, which was in pockets, was destroy ed. JABS BOY WITH PITCHFORK. Farmer Admits Cruel Way of l*un inhiiiK FoMter Son. A horrible ease of cruelty was tried in the County Court in La Crosse when August Mundstock. a prosperous farmer, was accused of punishing his foster son, Arthur. Jls years old, by jabbing him with the points of a pitchfork. The boy’s body from his neck to his knees was found to be covered with wounds and scars. Mundstock admitted that he had punished the child in this way for the last ten years. The prisoner was fined $75 and costs. VICTIM OF WOLF BAIT. Fxplode" an Farmer Sam Lille" Ki ll in 1 ne" It and Tears Off (Car. Explosive wolf bait purchased by Sam Gilles, a farmer of Port Wing, went off while he was examining it and one of his ears was blown away. His legs and arms were terribly burned. The house took fire and when neighbors ar rived they found Gilles outside on the snow, where he had crawled. He is in an Ashland hospital and it is not thought he will recover. Blase at HhlnelHnd°r. Fire destroyed three buildings on Brown street. Rhinelander, owned by A. W. Shelton and E. Vasseur and occupied by Frank C. Cramer, bakery: Fred Planke. bakery, and I*. E. Goff, jewelry. The loss is partly covered by insurance. Follow" Her Father to Death. Miss Ruth Bleekman. daughter of A. E. Bleekman. a prominent La Crosse law yer, whose fpther died two weeks ago, and who tame there to attend her father’s funeral, was takpn with diphtheria and died. Miss Bleekman was a teacher iu the high schools at Calumet, Mich. Robbed and Murdered. A roundhouse worker, name unknown, was lound dead, his head crushed, in a water tauk at Harvard. He had been robbed of his pay check. Fire at Weatfleld. The Westfield postoffice has been de stroyed. l’he firemen had an opportunity to try the new chemical engine. The store building of Roskie & Fuller, which was by the side of the burning building, was not destroyed. The loss is practically cov ered by insurance. Son* Disown Father. Because his own sons refused to onry his remains. Enoch E. Olsen, aged tiS years, was buried in a pauper's grave at Superior by the county. Mr. Olsen has three sons all living at Washburn, where they are making a good living. City Men Seek Job" on Farm". The labor commissioner in Madison is receiving many applications from men in the cities to work on farms. Only three days ago he told there was lots of work to be obtained and nearly 100 applications have already been received. The farm ers are still sending in le.ters asking for hired men. HI" Account* Arc Straight. Investigation of tbe accounts of Cashier Ole P. Swanby. who died at Washburn, shows them to be all right. Swanby was cashier of toe Northern State bank at Washburn twelve years. HELD AS A BANDIT. Young Man ('hnrgr<l with Trying to Holt Agrut at Otthkoth. Charles Lange, a former employe of the Chicago and Northwestern in Osh kosh. has been arrested on charge of at tempted holdup. The other night, it is charged, he entered the south side station of the road in that city and with com mand: “Your money or your life." in formed Samuel Fleming, telegraph opera tor aud ticket agent, that he wanted all the money in the cash drawer, 'Hie man wore a black mask, but Fleming tore it off. Lange is a young man and was mar ried a few months ago. He was consid ered industrious aud steady. WEDS HIS FIRST LOVE. JnliuM Behrendt, Divorced, Now Take* Girl Who Sited Him. M iss Alvina Ladusier was married the other day to Julius Behrendt in Menom inee, Rev. Father Nttemeyer officiating. Two months ago Behrendt was wedded to Miss Catherine Shannon, a massage op erator of Marinette. He was immediately sued for SIO,OOO for breach of promise by Miss Ladusier, who claimed to have pre pared her trousseau in anticipation of her marriage to Behrendt. A week after the wedding, a divorce was granted to Miss Shannon, who had married Behrendt, and now Behrendt and his first sweetheart are united after a stormy two months. SHAKE DICE FOR LAND. Throw* Will Decide How Texas Acres Shall Be Divided. To travel 1,800 miles to shake dice to decide whether he will become owner of valuable land in Texas is the journey William 11. Meyer of La Crosse has be gun. Two years ago Meyer and two other men were induced to purchase a 40-acre iract in Texas land at $7 an acre. Since then a railroad lias gone through and an agent now offers the trio $l5O per acre. The men will divide the land into three strips and abide by the result of the dice game as to which portion each shall win. TOT MAKES LONG TRIP. Little Fond da I.nc Mian Travel* with Turn Pinned to Her Dresa. Little Lois Rose, aged 7 years, who came to Fond du Lac alone from Guthrie, Ky., last summer, has taken another long trip alone. This time she has gone to Nashville, Tenn. Attached to the little tot’s dress when she left Fond du Lac were two tags, one giving the name of her destination and the woman she was going to visit and the other the address of Mrs, F. I). Reader of Fond du Lac, who was to be notified in case of an accident. SALOON-KEEPERS ARE VICTORS. Court Hold* Proprietors Cannot Be Held for Bartenders* Acts. In the Circuit Court in Janesville Judge George Grimm dismissed the cases of the City of Beloit against J. F. Mc- Kearn to recover penalty for tli£ alleged violation of the city ordinance forbidding the sale of liquors to minors, and similar actions against C. M. Garvan and Henry Ilauser. The defense in each case main tained that the acts complained of were those of bartenders against the express orders of the proprietors. STATE NEWS IN BRIEF. Iron ore has been discovered in Mara thon county five miles east of the Knowl ton postoffice. Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin Sears of Pine River celebrated their sixtieth wedding anniversary. A lemon weighing one pound and six ounces has been grown at Hills;H>ro by Mrs. Elizabeth Miller. Ferdinand Laabs, a prominent German citizen of Oshkosh, died suddenly at his home on Eighth street, aged 73 years. The large barn of S. S. Chambers at Springville was destroyed by fire. Three head of cattle and three horses perished. Sunday, July 19, is the date fixes! for the summer tournament of the Wiscon sin Skat Club which will be hold in Mani towoc. Word lias been received that ‘ Steve Walmsley oi Eau Claire had successfully passed his examinations and would enter West l’oint. A rock sturgeon weighing 80 pounds and measuring 5 feet 10 inches was caught iu the hoop net of W. 11. Keene at Onalaska. The roundhouse of the lola and North ern railway burned at lolu with one loco motive. I.oss SIO,OOO. The fire was due to an overheated stove. Ole I*. Swanby. cashier of the North ern State bank of Washburn, died sudden ly and indications point to suicide. Ilis accounts are being investigated. The Supremo Court denied a motion for a writ of mandamus to compel the city clerk of Milwaukee to call a special elec tion for members of the board of school directors of that city. The faculty of Oshkosh normal school has elected the following members of the graduating class of June: George Wehr wein of Manitowoc, valedictorian; Miss Amanda Backon of Oshkosh, salutatorian. William H. Appleby, city marshal at Janesville, has received word that he will be offered the position of chief deputy United States marshal for the wester i district, under Rock Flint, the newly ap pointed marshal. Capt. Frank Fountain, now in charge of the life-saving station at Charlevoix, Mich., formerly keeper of the Chicago life saving station, has been named as keeper of the Kenosha life-saving station, to suc ceed Capt. B. C. Cameron, who resigned after serving thirty years. A message was received at Ch'ppewa Falls from Boise. Idaho, stating that Mr. and Mrs. C. I’. Winn’s two children, aged 8 and 10 years, have been drowned in a slough. The bodies were found by a Japanese boy. The family moved a short time ago from New Auburn. John Olson and Peter Maxey arrived in Chippewa from Billings. Mont., having come the entire distance on foot in six teen days. They went to Billings on promise of g ‘.ting work, after paying $lO to an employment bureau. The promise was fulfilled by twelve days’ work and then they were laid off. R. L. Barney, president of the Western Freight Adjustment Company of Oshkosh, has received notice from the interstate commerce commission that George N. Brown, the special examiner, will be in Oshkosh March 18 to hear . ases relative to alleged excessive freight charges. Four cases will be heard involving fifteen roads. Coffee supposed to have contained ar senic made two boarders at 12 Plymouth avenue. Milwaukee, seriously ill and kill ed a cat which drank some of it. Josef Bolakowski and Ignac Kaszewski were the two men made ill. Detectives are in vestigating the case, believing enemies of the boarders put poison in the coffee pot. Heated bran applied to a cow by di rection of a veterinarian came near caus ing Anton Smith of Appleton to lose his $4,000 barn and a large amount of stock and grain, by fire. When one of the men went to feed tbe stock be found the barn full of smoke. Mr. Smith worked his way to the further end of the bam and there discovered the hag containing the bran had caught fire and spread to the hay. The blaze was extinguished. The Supreme Court has modified the judgment secured by Miss Mary Salchert, a factory girl of Fond du Lac, against William C. Reinig. t wealthy maltster of that city, far breach of re oucJn* it f.om $15,000 to SIO,OOO. Csd|^fc Salt, sulphur'and charcoal Is the three-'old requirement of healthy hogs. Unless the heifer calf has well-shap ed bag and teats it is better to sell her for veal. That a horse well bedded, and It might be added, groomed daily, Is half fed is so nearly exact that it approxi mates a full truth. At the price that year-old mules have been and are now selling for. mule rais ing sceu-8 like a pretty attractive mo ney-rr'itng proposition. The best of anything always costs the most, though it Isn’t always safe to argue that the highest priced article or commodity Is the best. Boys who forget to comb their back hair and brush their boot heels often turn out to be the kind of farmers that have a big cocklebur patch on the back forty. So beware, boys. A man ought to have the sign, "Be ware” tacked up at the gate of his bnxv ! sow quarters so that when he started in each day to shovel their corn to them ue would use a little more judgment than is commonly used. The parts of an old tarness that are to be oiled should he carefully cleaned, placed in a convenient vessel or covered with a good grade of harness oil; after soaking a couple of days, the straps should be taken out aud hung up to dry. An uncultivated field will lose Its moisture very quickly, while a soil which is Btlrred to the depth of two or three Inches so that a surface mulch Is formed keeps Its moisture because the upward movement of the moisture Is checked. Exclusive corn diet Is bad for the brood sow. She cannot farrow strong pigs on such a fattening diet. Little corn should be fed, but rather a ra tion made up of foods rich in protein, sucb ns wheat bran, ground oats and clover. A milking stool out of the core around which fence wire comes wound Is the discovery of one resourceful farmer. He nails a bit of board on one end, to make the seat more com fortable, while he uses the auger hole In the other end to hang the stool on a nail when not in use. Secretary of Agrir- Iture Wilson esti mates that more than $000,000,000 must be regarded as value of the jx>ul try and eggs produced on United States farms in 1907. The farm price of egg 9 December 1 this year was given at 18.2 cents, which is the highest for a long time, with the exception of 1905. Pride in one’s own farm, stock, etc., is all right, but don’t let it become a stumbling block to you so that fur ther progress towards better things Is stopped. Always be on the lookout for the new idea and the new method which will increase the efficiency and profits of your farm. A good way to find out whether the front of your farm presents a neat and tidy appearance is to take a photograph of It with the thought In mind of pre senting one to your friends. After the photograph is taken you may change your mind on the subject, in which case it ought to result in a general clean up. To Lrmt Farmer" $4,000.000. The Dominion Government has decid ed to loan sufficient funds to the farm ers of the new provnees of Alberta and Saskatchewan, whose crops were a fail ure to purchase seed grain. The scheme, in all, will involve about $4,- 000.000. The advances will be paya ble in three years, at the usual govern ment rate of interest. Him* from the Hired Man. It is as good practice to grease the ax as the saw. Ever try It? As soon as the garden stuff Is out ol the way, turn the chickens loose. A bone-cutter will pay for Its cost in a season iu Increased egg produc tion. Do not sow alfalfa In the fall. This rule holda good everywhere except in the extreme South. Saw a vinegar barrel In two. Cover the oulslde with coal tar, and you have two durable water tubs for the horses or cows. If you are making a fine ixade of burter or you have fresh eggs for sale, printer’s ink in the local paper w ill help wonderfully.—Home and Farm. Testing Batter. There are several ways to tell reno vated butter, and oleomargarine from freah butter. One Is by the simple boil ing test. This can be done In any horns with no other apparatus than an oil lamp and a tin teaspoon. Take a lump of the butter the size of your first thumb Joint and place It in the tin tablespoon. Light a common oil lamp, remove the chimney and hold the spoon containing the butter over the light so that the flame reaches the bottom of the bowl of the spoon. Hold It In this position until the butter boils. Oleo and renovated butter boll noisily, sput tering like a mixture of grease and water, and produce but little, If any, foam. Genuine butter boils with little or no noise and produces usually an abundance of foam. This is one of the most simple as well as the safest of tests. A Map of the Orchard. Several years after planting an or chard it is not unlikely that the farm er, unless be has taken proper precau tions, will be unable to distinguish one variety from another, except, of course, where there is a wide difference fn Lie habits of growth and color of bark of the trees. And it is well that the fruit grower should know the name of every free iu his orchard. Several methods are employed for this purpose. Many orefcardists use labels, but they fade out, and if attached by strings are of ten lost, while wire fastenings work Into the wood. A convenient plan is to make out a rough map of the orchard with good paper and Ink, showing the location of all varieties, with age, date of planting, name of nursery and other useful notes. If such a map Is kept with the same care as other valuable papers it will prove a great help.— Twentieth Century Farmer. Modern Fruit Without Seed. At present the fruits in common use that have few or no seeds Include ban anas, pineapples and a certain kind of oranges, together with some other trop ical fruits that do not reach the mar kets of the world in great quantities. Yet cultivators do not greatly despair of adding to this list—of eliminating the small and hard seeds of the straw berry, the raspberry, the blackberry aud the currant, and of providing for the market the long-felt want, the seed less grape. Nor do they frown alto gethed on the enthusiastic fruit con sumer. who looks forward to a future coreless apples and pears, of seedless cherries and plums. In the meantime cultivators of fruit are much more anxious still further to improve the means of transportation than to provide more luscious fruit Should they succeed It may prove pos sible, even in our time, with the help of more scientific methods of transpor tation, to draw to our Northern mar kets some of those edibles that now make the sultry tropic almost a regret to the untraveled —even such delicacies as the avocado pear, the custard apple, the herimoyer, the sweetcup, the sweet-sop, the drulau, the pawpuw, the rambntan, the mango and the mango stee’L Value of the Trap Neat. A practical demonstration of the value of the trap nest in breeding up the laying average of Lens has been made by the Maine experiment station, where the trap nest system has been In operation for several years. Two years ago the average production was 120 eggs per hen for the year and last year it was 134 eggs per hen, which means that they had a gain of about 14 eggs per ben over earlier records. I think that Prof. Gowell, of the sta tion, states that no males are used In the breeding pens that have not been produced from bens that produce 200 eggs per hen per year. All the hens in the breeding pens have been bred from hens that laid 160 eggs per year, so they might be termed strong producers. No ben is used for breeding purposes until after her egg record has been known for 12 months. Snow fop Poultry. The possibility of lessening the labor of caring for poultry by supplying snow Instead of water has been studied at the Connecticut Storrs Experiment Sta tion by C. K. Graham. When pullets and hens were fed wheat screenings and beef scrap from hoppers In col ony houses on low ground frozen dur ing most of the experimental period and covered with snow during part of the time the old hens did not furnish as many eggs or appear to be In as good condition as the younger birds. The old hens were apparently af fected by the snow, the egg production being smaller on the days when snow was on the ground and also consider ably less when the ground was frozen —that is, on the cold days when water was not accessible. These conditions do not seem to have affected the young er birds, and they show an Increase in eggs immediately after each snow storm, gradually dropping back as the snow disappears. In the case of other lots kept under much the same conditions in houses on higher and drier ground the cold weather did not affect the egg produc tion materially, “but there was a no ticeable increase in the amount of grain eaten (luring the cold weeks when comparison is made with the very mild ones. This, however, may have been caused by the birds forag ing more during the milder periods. These birds did not appear to mind the cold, and there was not the slight est sigu of frosted combs among them, nor were there any colds.” Pore Water on the Farm, Absolutely pure water Is not to be found In nature. The amount and the nature of tbe Impurities vary widely, depending upon tbe source of supply and other conditions. Nor are all of the Impurities harmful In a water In tended for domestic use (and, very few of them may be), but owing to tbe fact that water may be tbe agent for spreading certain diseases, It Is essen tial that care be taken to get a supply that is free from harmful constituents, says Robert W. Gray, of the Colorado Experiment Station. Impurities may either be dissolved In tbe water or carried in suspension by It; and they may be of animal, vegeta ble, or mineral origin. Hardness In water Is due to the presence of com pounds of lime or magnesia. Iron may be present In quantities large enough to make a water unfit for laundry pur poses. Tbe greatest danger to which a do mestic supply Is subject, however, Is the possibility of contamination by de caying animal matter and wastes. Ty phoid fever and other diseases result from such contamination. It Is, there fore, Important that any source of sup ply should be guarded. In these cases where the water comes down cs rain and Is caught upon roofs, to be carried to a cistern, the first part of the rain fall sh >aid be wasted, as It is full of dirt from the roof. Brick Altera In cisterns are not so efficient as they are generally supposed to be. When tbe water is drawn from a well and comes up cool, clear and sparkling, It is very difficult to con vince anyone that It is possible for any thing Injurious to be present; but such Is sometimes the case. No well or spring should be used which is located within several hundred feet of a barn yard and In lower ground. The barn yard filth will flDd Its way beneath the surface of the ground and flow for some distance before It becomes harm- \ less. What is said of weils is aiso true j of springs. They may appear to come I out of the solid rock, but there Is a ! crevice In which they flow and there may be other crevices which will per mit the entrance of the death-dealing sewage. The examination of a sample of wa ter to determine its goodness or its bad ness for any use Is possibly only to those who are specially fitted for that work, so reliance must tie placed prin cipally in doim" away with all visible sources of ’ x. THE WEEKLY 1400—Richard 11., King of England, murdered. 1519—Cortez sailed from Cuba to invade Mexico. 1089—William and Mary enthroned in England. 17G0—The British warship Rauiillies, with crew of 700, sailed from Ply mouth on a voyage that ended in a wreck and the loss of ell on board except two. 1703—French and Indian war ended by treaty of Paris. 1775—Chatham presented his motion to Parliament: for conciliation with America. 1779 Col. Pickens, with a force of Caro lina militia, defeated the Tories west of Broad river. 1780— The British, under Sir Henry Clin ton, began their attack on Charles ton, S. C. 1781— Gen. Greene abandoned North Car olina to the British. 1801—John Marshall appointed chief jus tice of the United States. 1801—New Jersey Legislature passed an act for the gradual abolition of slav ery. ISoß—Russia declared war against Sweden. 1815—Fort Boyer, Mobile, surrendered to the British. 1818—Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle open ed. 1344—William Williams of Pennsylvania became Secretary of War. 1856—President ordered disi>ersion of armed invaders of Kansas. 1803 —Federal prisoners first confined at Audersonville, Ga. 1867—A civil service reform measure in troduced in the House of Represent atives. IS73—Abdication of King Amadeus of Spain aud proclamation of a repub lic. IS76—First telephone patent granted to Alexander Graham Bell. 1879 —Chair of the Senate occupied for the first time by a negro Senator, Blanche K. Bruce of Mississippi.... House appointed a committee to in vestigate alleged purchase of presi dential electors in behalf of Samuel J. Tilden 1889— Great fire at Rranuor, Man.... Constitutioi of Japan proclaimed. 1890 — University buildings at Toronto burned. 1895 —Chinese fle’t surrendered to the Japanese. 1898— United States battleship Maine blown up in Havana harbor, with loss of 260 lives. 1899 — President McKinley signed the peace treaty with Spain. 1900— Relief of Kimberley by Gen. French. 1902 Anglo-.Tapanese alliance announced. 1903 — Great demonstration of London’s unemployed in Trafalgar square. 1905 —Northwestern States swept by ■ vere blizzard. NUBBINS OF FARM NEWS. The Oregon potato yield is twice as large as that of last year and tne quality is good. The broomcorn crop of Texas county, Okla., alone will bring the farmers $400,- 000 this year. Tuberculous hogs have been marketed in La Crosse and consumed there, accord ing to Dr. 11. Roorne, United States meat inspector. Exhibits from many States were pres ent at the Minnesota Fanciers’ poultry show in St. Paul. The class of birds was finer than eve. before shown in Min nesota. Timothy hay has sold in Chicago this season at s2l per ton, the highest or ice ever paid there. The scarcity is due > ore to a shortage in cars than a shortage of the crop. The Minnesota grain inspection depart ment reports that more than 70 per cent of all wheat inspected by the State grain inspection department for the crop year ending Aug. 31, 1907, graded No. 2 or better. A band of 23,000 sheep were driven from Roswell, N. M., to feeding ground* in Southern Arizona. They cleared off the vegetation of a strip a mile wide clean as a whistle in their progress through tbe country. J. C. Heilman of Cedar Itapida, lows, has bought 9,000 acres of land near Fal furris, Texas, upon which he will estab lish a colony operated as e. co-operative commune. Tbe land will be owned In common and the labor will be equally di vided. C. C. Walker, a stock shipper of How ard county. Mo., who has been in jail in the City of Mexico nearly two year*, charged with disfiguring forty milch cow* by striking them with a knife, has been sentenced to serve four years in a Mexi can prison. 'l'he Minnesota State drainage board has instructed Engineer Ralph to maka surveys for two ditches in Aitkin county which will drain 25.000 acres of Slat* swamp land and at the same time cl low tbe construction of a railroad from HUt City, on the Willow river, to Mississippi Landing, on the Mississippi river. The longest continuous shipment of horses ’made in America ended at Pull man, Wash., where a consignment of ani mals from England had been on board ship and express car fifteen days. J. J. Howard of Bellevue, Kan., ha* brought suit for SB,OOO against the Amer ican Express Company for the death of a hog while being shipped from the lowa State fair grounds to Lincoln, Neb. The National Association of Agricul tural Implement Manufacturers, having a short time ago announced a rise in prices, now says tbe terms of credit will be short ened, the limit being from sixty to ninety days. F. C. French, an aged farmer of Guth rie, JDkla., and bis wife, made a trip ia a buggy diewn by a single horse from their home to Paris. Oot., and back, a di tanee of 3,500 miles. The journey ccr sumed six months. The Night Riders of Kentucky are still spreading death and destruction ara>ng farmers who refuse to join the Tobacco Growers’ Protective Asstxdation. Recent ly a gang of these murderers visited the homes of three farmers near Hopkinsville, fired about ten shots into their houses, wounding women and children, and de stroyed their tobacco sheds. The next day tbe persecuted farmers went to tows and joined the union.