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ANY CHALK MARKS ON YOUR FENCE.
4Pei> ioxk HaxiQjfX*' Trampdom has a dialect of its own which nobody be yond the pale can understand —a spoken and written dia lect which In some curious way has grown up in the kindred and has supplanted many other means of com municating ideas. v The mysterious signs that one sometimes sees on fences In the small cities and towns may frequently be attrib uted to the tramp fraternity. In the big city these signs are rarities, for there the hobo doesn’t have the leeway that urban and rtiral life gives him. Give one tramp a dinner and you give a dozen. The grateful recipient is fairly certain, if he gets the oppor tunity, to make a little chalk symbol on the philanthro pist's fence, perhaps merely a rude circle, inclosing a cross—thus Informing every other member of his guild that the householder is ready to feed a regiment. If the tramp on bis way up the back walk has en countered a lively member of the bulldog family he is de cent enough, after he succeeds in escaping, to indicate in some manner on the first owner’s fence or gate the presence of sharp teeth inside. If the occupant of a house bears a strong dislike for tramps and doesn’t hesitate, on the slightest provocation, to hand them over to the police, perhaps taking pains to deprive them of their liberty until the officer arrives, the first tramp lucky enough to escape gives warning to his comrades by writing “11.”.” on the vigorous citizen’s gate. If only women live in the house the tramp takes the liberty of describe their sex by the use of the letter “V,” indicating the number of the ladies by the number of “V’s.” Anybody good enough to give the first mendi cant a few pennies usually gets recompensed by some symbol illustrative of the "easy mark.” as, for instance, a hnnd, with a disk drawn between the fingers. And if the householder proffers sufficient money for a railroad trip to the tramp's "home,” then the recipient shows his thankfulness by drawing on the giver's gate or back door a rude picture of an engine or of wheels —meaning trans portation. A single scrawl on the clapboards of a cot tage Indicates that the occupants are too poor to look out for anybody but themselves. MINDING MOTHER. Boys, Just listen for a moment To a word I have to say: Manhood's gates are just before yon. Drawing nearer ev’ry day. Beat in mind, while you are passing. O’er that intervening span. That the boy who minds his mother Seldom makes a wicked man. There- are many slips and failures In this world we’re living in ; Those who Rtart with prospects fairest Oft are overcome by sin. But I'm certain thnt you’ll notice, If the facts you’ll closely scan. That the boy who minds his mother Seldom makes a wicked man. Then be guided by her counsel, It will never lead astray ; i Best assured she has your welfare In her thoughts both night and day. Don't forget that she has loved you Since the day your life began: Ah, the boy who minds his mother Seldom makes a wicked man. —Weekly Bouquet. Her Sacrifice Miss Wellington reversed the run about and they whirled away together. “I have au engagement at the dress maker's.” she explained. “If you don’t mind. I’ll stop now, and then we can take a spin out to the park. There are lots of things I want to talk to you about.'* Doris flushed with pleasure; It was not often she enjoyed an hour’s recrea tion since their reverse*. And the pros pect of a talk with Eudora Wellington was most alluring to her. After the visit to the fashionable modiste had been accomplished they drove straight to Fifth avenue, head ed for Central park. “Perhaps you are wondering why I took so long.” Miss Wellington remark ed with a musing little smile about her lips. "Shall I tell you?” Doris smiled, too, with a responsive gleam in her gentle brown eyes. "You need not say a word.” she said. “I’ve been in love, too.” When the words had left her lips a swift shadow fell over her face and the tears rushed to her eyes despite the effort she was making toward cheerfulness. The other git I turned and looked into her face keenly. "If I could help you. I would. I would!” she said impulsive ly, and her own eyes went dim. Doris shook her head and smiled ngaiu. "No one can—now,” she pur sued absently, “you see. I gave him up myself. That makes it out of the ques tion for any one else to say or do any thing. Once we were well off anti prosperous—my father's family, you know. But he speculated and lost: we’re as r*x>r ns Job's turkey now. I was betrothed to the kinde-t, best man in the world. But he. too. had been unfortunate, ills father, who was a very hard, peculiar old man, died and (tritely enough) left his will to the ef fect that if Tom married otherwise than as he had , hosen for him. he should forfeit all; the girl, on the other hand, would lose everything if she de clined to accept the terms of her step father’s arrangement. But Torn de clared from the start that he did not love her in that way—as he does—did me—and that he would go to his grave a bachelor if I refused him. What could I do? I offered to give him back his freedom, but ho would not take It. Finally they had some great trou ble in his family—money was involved —and could only be procured by an al liance with ” "Yee, yee. I see,” the other girl In terrupted breathlessly. . The tramp has little use for the man of the house. It Is the reamers delight to And homes In which the husband is aw ty at business. The wife is ordinarily charitable, or, if she be disinclined, Is timorous. Rather than suffer a possible intrusion, she will hasten to give the beggar a comfortable meal. Whereupon the knight of the road rewards her goodness by drawing a curious sort of weight on the nearest fence or wall. Precisely what it means, few loose-inouthed tramps can tell. It is the symbol which has been adopted and passed among the craft, and it suffices to notify every fellow mem ber that the “lady of the house” is usually at home, and that the husband during mornings and afternoons is likely to be away. The tramp’s sign of bad luck is a broken circle. Where he sot such an odd expression of disappointment is an other unexplained feature of his system of hieroglyphics. But that, too, tells every fresh subsequent hobo that dis cretion in the neighborhood is the better part of valor. Nothing Is more distasteful to the ordinary tramp than a pleasant lecture on things religious. Of the ultimate fate of mankind. Including himself, he dosen’t care a rap. He isn’t particularly thoughtful over the future, anyway. Food and tobacco, with a few drinks for company, In terest him far more than an elucidation of the Scrip tures. So the devout householder, who believes it Is her solemn duty to talk Christianity to mendicants of the highways, generally, after one or two opportunities, gets a wide berth. They draw a cross on her front gate, and that cross is a red signal of warning to all later coiners. And the good man who wishes the wayfarer to join his family circle at evening prayer instead of letting a free man go his way in peace with enough pennies in his pocket to buy a nightcap, this householder, too, must suffer for his zeal by future lmmurity from the tramp fraternity. They mar his fence by a heavy cross. The hieroglyphics of the hobo fraternity. If they could be compiled, would puzzle an Egyptologist. But with out doubt the student of things ethnological might be able to find in these symbols, which the wanderers are so fond of using, some resemblance to the symbols of prim itive people. “So I gave him up in a way he could not elude. I wrote and sent him back his things and told him that I did not love him any more. I knew that then he would marry the other, and that— that everything would be all right— and that I had done my duty—with a breaking heart. I’ve never heard from him or seen him from that flay to this. I suppose he is already married now and thnt I will go out of his life as completely as though I had never in vaded It.” Her voice trailed to a whis per on the last words, and she stran gled a sob in her throat. It was some time b'fore Miss Well ington spoke. When si e did there was a different note in liei voice, and all the pretty pink had died out of her cheeks. “It was hard on you,” she said, “ter ribly hard. But you were always a heroine, Doris; I knew that years ago. I know it now, more than ever." The young girl flushed warmly un der the genuine words of praise, and her dark eyes gleamed black fo* an in stant. “There are compensations in everything,” she said, “even in our most bitter disappointments.” For several minutes they drove in leisurely silence. At last Doris said she must be getting home, and ten minutes later Miss Wellington was tell- Infl her goodly in front of her gate. When she entered her room she flung herself down on the bed and gave up to the tears that had been hovering so close to her eyes for a long time. The encounter with the other girl, who had everything, her happi ness chief of all. made her own heart's tragedy and miserable lot the more THE POSTMAW l EFT A LETTEB FOB YOU. unendurable. Somehow she could not get hrr loer out of her mind; he had cared for her. she knew that, as he would never care for any one else; but with her image forcibly erased from his life, and that by her own hand, it was more than probable that he would find as much contentment ns most people have in his new relations and surroundings. That night Doris Balfour was deliri ous. For several days she was unable to leave her bed. She had grown very white and thin after the fever left, and her vitality seemed dwindling away. One morning her sister came Into the room and sat down ou the bed beside her. “I>oris." she began, ”1 want you to tell me the truth: you are unhappy, are you uot? It doesn’t iook as though a mere physical hurt could produce this condition.’’ The hot blood flamed over the girl’s smell face aud her lips trembled. She I was too weak to control her emotions at all. Then, for answer, she covered her face with her hands and shook convulsively. Letty Balfour went ou: “They are making a plan to send you to the Adirondack*—the doctor seems to think you need a change. But I have a different theory. I believe I have something that will cure you a whole lot quicker. Shall 1 tell you?" Doris glanced up eagerly, her heart bounding with an excitement that was more than half pain. Something in her sister’s tone thrilled her strangely. “Yes,” she said, “tell me.” She reached up one trembling hand and laid it In Lettyq’sj. The latter went on: “Ever since the day after you were token ill,” she said, “he has been com ing here. They never would tell you, or let you see him. The doctor said any kind of excitement would be bad. But this morning the postman left a letter for you from Tom. I got It myself and I’ve held on to it every minute since. Here it is.” She drew the envelope from her bosom and placed It in Doris' little hot hands: “My Darling: Something tells me that you do love me in spite of all — that you gave me up because of your own nobility and unselfishness. In my anger and pride I let you do It then, and in desperation engaged myself to the other girl. Afterward, I realized what a wretchedness my life would be —what an utter failure. But it was too late then to draw out. The mar riage preparations were already under way, the ceremony to be performed next month. But on ..Sunday morning she wrote to me and said: ‘I have made a mistake, Tom. We can never be happy together. I do not want the money, so it is all yours unquestionably and without feeling on my ptrL As you know. I have a plenty of my own. 1 return your ring and letters. Don't feel hard toward me, for believe me, this is best for us all.’ "May I come hack, sweetheart? I shall be In Philadelphia on bus.ness for a couple of flays, but I shifll be frantic with impatience. Write me at my hotel. I sail for Hamburg on Aug. 3. Shall I engage passage for two? As ever, Tom.” The answer went back without de lay. Leity took it down and sent it herself. It was only one word, and it took but three letters to spell It.— New Orleans Titnes-Demoerat. LIQUOR IN NORWAY. hjr Which the Snle of Intoxi cant* 1 1 Controlled. The Snmlng system in Norway gives power to municipalities to grant a!i the ictail spirit liceuses which it deems necessary to a company which would b.nd itself to carry on the traffic in t'.e Interests of the community, wltn a tlxed annual return of not more than 5 per cent on its paid up capital. In es’tbllshing the system the qiestloe of compensation does not appear to have presented much difficulty. Whan the Samieg was introduced tao kinds of i censes were in existenea—tirst, those granted annually or for a term n >t exceeding five years, and, second, ptlvileged licenses, granted for the life of the licensee, in the case of the first no compensation whatever was paid to those dispossessed of their li censes. In regard to the latter com pensation w .s granted in the form of an annuity equal to the average yearly profits for the three years preceding the suppression of the license. With these provisions the alms and principles of the Sam lag are summar | ized os follows: The elimination of private profit and securing the memop | oly value for rbo public, insuring hlgb i est quality of liquors sold, the reduo i tion of the number of licenses, the easy i enforcement of the law. the destruction | of the power of the spirit trade and the j furtherance of all progressive meas | ures of reform. —New York Herald. Crashing n Bore. Young Boreal (back from traveling in Europe)—And so. you see. I didn’t take the advice of that feiiow who sail! "See Naples and die!” Miss Sharpe (with a yawn)—What a pity l MEASLES DANGEROUS. Kill More Children in Pennsylvania than Scarlet Fever. The startling mortality among chil dren from the little regarded aliment of measlof indicated the other day by a statement Issued by the Pennsyl vania State board of health, showing that in 1900 there were 1,403 deaths from it, 1,240 being of children under 3 years of age. In December alone 2,307 eases of the disease were report ed aiul a search of the records shows that it kills two and one-liatf times more children than scarlet fever. “llow to make the public appreciate tlie really serious danger of measles and get them to observe precautions to prevent the spread of the disease is about tiie hardest problem in educa tional sanitary work that 1 hav? en countered.” said State Health Commis sioner Dixon. "A scarlet fever case in a neighbor hood seems to strike terror to every mother’s heart. If quarantine regula tions are broken by the members of the infected household our health officers receive immediate complaints from 6t her parents in the vicinity who are fearful that the disease may be trans mitted to their own little ones. This io natural and right, for scarlet fever is a dangerous disease; but If we could only get mothers to bo equally concern ed in keeping their children from the infection of measles we might save many a home from the sorrow of an infant grave. “If the child who has contracted measles because it lias been carelessly exposed to the disease escapes death, too often a terrible affliction follows, ns, for instance, seriously impaired hearing, damaged eyesight or chronic respiratory affections that sadly inter fere with the jiormal, mental and phy sical development.” PASTOR VICTIM OF CANNIBALS. Minister Is Eaten by Natives on St. George Island. The barkentino S. X. Uastlo, which ar rived at San Francisco from Pago Pago, brought details of the massacre of Rev. Alexander Mcljoughliu, who was devour ed by cannibals on St. George Island, off the Solomon group, on Nov. 1 and whose bones are now in possession of the gov ernment of New Zealand, having been taken there f.om the island by the Brit ish gunboat Ilinemoa. which was sent on a punitive expedition to avenge the mis sionary's death and teach the savages a salutary lesson. Mr. McLoughlin left Pago Pago for his new labors last June, and nothing was heard of him until a few months ago, when news was brought to the head sta tion that he had been eaten by the can nibals. Word was sent to Auckland. New Zea land. and Sir Joseph Ward, premier, sent a gunboat to make an investigation. Commander Doakin could obtain no sat isfaction from the native chief and bom barded his village. After a few shells had been dropped into the huts Chief Onehunga sent a party with a flag of truce to deliver the bones of the mission try and fifty tons of pearl shell, valued at SI,OOO a ton, as an indemnity. PRIEST SLAIN AT ALTAR. Shot Through the Heart by Man to Whom He Is Giving Communion. With the consecrated wafer at his lips, an anarchist—who was receiving the holy communion from his victim —shot and killed Father Leo Heinrichs, superior of the branch of the Franciscans, early Sun day at St. Elizabeth’s Roman Catholic church, Denver. The assassin, whose name is Guiseppe Guaranceio, an Italian, was kneeling at the altar rail when he fired. The bullet went through the priest’s heart. In the twenty centuries of history of the Roman Catholic church members of its priesthood in Denver say there is no record of a tragedy to parallel that of (lie killing of Father Heinrichs. Without a word or gesture of warning, the supposed communicant, a confessed anarchist, pressed a revolver against the priest’s vestments and fired the fatal shot. Never before, it is said, has a servant of the church been taken from the performance of his duties in so tragic and dramatic a manner. Others have been slain in the sanctuary, but not by men to whom they were ministering. Chnrehe* Oo<lkf the Poor. Rev. Charles Stelzle. who was a ma chinist before he became a Presbyterian minister and head of the Presbyterian de partment of labor, told the Methodist preachers’ meeting in New Y'ork i*.at “More democracy and more sincerity are needed in the churches to ..ttract working men and women.” “When we go to the theological semi naries,” he said, “we are directed to study about the Israelites, Ishmaelites, Amor ites, Tishbites. and so forth, the only ‘ites’ not included being the mosquito bites and suburban-ites. Let us get nearer fj our fellow men. “1 am told 40 Protestant churches have moved from the lower portion of the city to the upper sections and 400,000 persons have moved into the districts abandoned by those churches. This is a disgrace t Christendom. “I know of one downtown church thnt sold its property because surrounded by too many foreigners, and the proceeds of that sale were sent ro foreign missions. Let us talk less of building up the church and do more toward building up the i>eo plc.” FROM FAR AND NEAR. Robert Caldwell, sent to a New Y'ork hospital for the insane as a hopeless paranoiac, was preparing a statement with which to startle the world, according to his daughter. In a raid on alleged members of the Black Hand in Pittsburg eight Italians were arrested. They are charged with blackmailing prominent families of Se wickley. A number of weapons and threatening letters were found in their rooms. The A merit-air ship Emily Reed went ashore at the month of the Nebalem river on the Oregon coast and broke iu two. Ten sailors jierished. A movement has been begun by masters, mates and pilots to petition President Roosevelt to pardon Capt. \V. 11. Van Schaick of the burned steamer Sloc-uin, sentenced to ten years in prisoo. On a Colorado indictment charging em bezzlement and forgery. Arthur I). Ilav, superintendent of the Pomery and Mid dleport company cf Callipolis, Ohio, was arrested by officers of a surety company. He is said to here eluded capture for two years. The Rhode Island Supreme Court de cided against Chief Yeoman Fred Buenzle, who sued the proprietor-:, of a Newport dancing pavilion for refusing him admis sion because he wore the uniform of the United States navy. President Roosevelt and prominent officers of the navy sub scribed funds to carry on the suit. More than one hundred Americans have been arrested in various parts of Mexico because they were without employment, and it was stated that many more would be arrest I'd. ’l*e influx of railroad men from the United States, where the roads are said to be retrenching, has been com plained of to the authorities at Chihua hua and Mexico City. POLITICS = OF THE DAY That Tariff Commission. The demands of the Manufacturers’ Association, the National Grange and other associations made upon the Presi dent and Congress for a tariff commis sion is a sure prelude to tariff revision, and indicates that it cannot be much longer delayed. The fact, however, that these associations have indorsed the Republican plan for a tariff com mission shows that they are not prac tical politicians and have allowed them selves to be inveigled into the procras tinating commission plan, which is put forward merely for delay. Yet the fact that a great tnajority of the manufac turers of the country want the tariff revised Is enough to make torrents of sweat pour from the standpatters and shows the trusts and other tariff pro tected industries that they will have to put their houses In order for an era of legitimate business. Eventually the tariff profits they have wrung from the plundered people by virtue of protec tion will, at least, be greatly de creased, If not abolished. The creation of a tariff commission will not bring tariff reform, but the discussion about it will bring to popu lar attention the fact that so many of the lesser beneficiaries of the tariff are demanding free raw material, free coal, free hides, free wool, free steel, free lumber, free print paper, free wood pulp and that some are willing to fore go the tariff tax that prevents their particular Industry, if they can in re turn get the materials they need free of tariff duty. Former Governor Douglas, of Massa chusetts, the largest manufacturer of ,boots and shoes in the United States, in a speech he made in his campaign for governor In 1904, said: “Speaking for myself, I would gladly give up the duty of 25 per cent on shoes to obtain free raw materials.” But I am not alone in these views, for 311 out of 375 important manufacturers of boots and shoes In New England declared in fa vor of giving up the duty on shoes If hides were made free. Rut Governor Douglas is a Demo crat and believes In tariff reform and a free field and no favor. In that same speech he gave statistics of the shoe in dustry in Massachusetts and how the tariff handicapped it by the tariff duty on hides and showed how the foreign manufacturer had the benefit of buying American leather free of duty and. therefore, at a lesser price than he and o’her manufacturers in the United States have to pay. Governor Douglas further said: “Nearly all of this tariff tax (on hides) Is supposed to go to the beef end sole leather trust by virtue of the 20 per cent duty in leather. Some of the mem bers of the beef trust have become large tanners of hides in order that they may get the full benefit of these duties. It is doubtful if the prices of cattle are affected in the least by the duty on hides.” There Is evidently no need for a tar iff commission to enlighten Governor Douglas and his brother manufacturers as to the reform of the tariff they need. What they most desire is quick action Instead of procrastination, and the tar iff commission seems intended by the Republicans that propose it to be a sop to the public to try and make them believe their representatives in Con gress favor tariff reform. Mr. Payne, the chairman of the com mittee on ways and means. In reply ing to the demand of the Manufactur ers’ Association, plainly told them they would have to wait, even for a com mission, until after election. When it comes to pinning down the Republican leaders to a promise for tariff reform, the most they will ever promise is that “after election” they will think about it. Fancy, says one of these patriots, a tariff commission in session during a presidential campaign and Imagine the conseqlienees to the Republican party. A iiepuhlicun Dilemma. A great many Republican manufac turers. not in a combine or trust, have at last discovered that they cannot in crease production and find a market until the tariff is revised. As long as the home market absorbed all they could produce they were satisfied to have raw materials and foreign-made products taxed by a high tariff, but now the Republican panic having re duced consumption, and having a sur plus to sell, they must either reduce their output, or seek foreign markets for their surplus. To cheapen their products they must have free raw ma terials. and that is what some are de manding. and then they are confront ed with the dilemma that the tariff generally must be reduced, so that the cost of living may be decreased and wages thus be reduced without Injury to their workmen employed. Governor Itouglas. of Massachusetts, the great boot and shoe manufacturer. Las for niauy years been telling his brother manufacturers that present conditions were approaching and advis ing them and the people of Massachu setts to demand tariff reform to save til 0 ’ industries of that State. A major ity of the boot and shot' manufactur ers of New England have joined with him in that demand, but Governor Douglas, being a Democrat, many hang back on account of partisan politics, although the people elected him gover nor by a large majority on the Issue of radical tariff reform. The meeting in Washington of repre sentatives of the Manufacturers’ Asso ciation and other bodies, notably the National Grange, and their demand upon the President and sieaker for the passage of the bill for a tariff commis sion. is a good sign thut tariff reform ers can well be pleased with, although no Immediate advantage will be gained, for the Republican leaders wiil not al low the bill to pass. But the move ment advertises tile fact, long since claimed by Democrats, that the pro tective tariff was bound to fall of its own weight, and that manufacturers who use raw materials of foreign ori gin would be com pc '.led to have such free tariff duty, or they could not com pete with foreigners in foreign markets. That time has now come. The break down of the financial cud economic pol icies of the Republican party has pro duced business dejtression ar.d the first people to suffer are the manufac turer* and their workmen. The most ordinary business sense would seem to demand forthwith such amendment of tbe tariff law as would give our manu- Sacturers the free raw materials they need, even if other people were not im mediately relieved from excessive tariff taxes. If such reductions were at once put Into effect it would put new life into the depressed business of manu facturing and allow them to seek for eign markets for their products that cannot be sold in tffe home market, and thus induce them to run their fac tories on full time.- instead of the pres ent reduced production. Workmen would then be employed and from tha expenditures of their wages all busi ness would be benefited. But the managing Republican politi cians in Congress are in a blue funk, and are afraid that any discussion of the tariff would add to their misery. Even President Roosevelt fears to rec ommend tariff reform, for it is said he has entered into an unholy alliance with the standpatters, who have made him believe that tariff discussion would further depress business and lead to the defeat of the Republican party. So the Republican politicians stand pat and allow the people to continue to be plundered, and not a Republican Congressman rebels against the pro gram. Is it not time to “turn the ras cals out?” Bunlnea Conditions. There are according to the reports to the railroads 3tk),000 cars and hun dreds of engines idle, whereas a year ago there were not enough to carry the freight offered. Such an enormous shrinkage of business on the railroads is a pretty good barometer of business depression elewhere. Another indica tion of business stagnation is the iron trade, which only produced a little over 1,000,000 tons of pig Iron in Jan uary compared with 2,300,000 tons in October. But ns a trust controls the iron industry It is no longer reliable as a trade barometer as it used to be. The steel trust, in spite of the falling off In the demand for Its products, has determined to maintain prices. Before the orgnniation of the steel trust the price of iron and sreel was gauged by supply and demand, an<i in Urnes. of business distress the price of steel pro ducts followed closely the price of other commodities. Importations of merchandise at New York have dropped 12 i>er cent in Jan uary as compared with December. There Is also a curtailment of produc tion in nearly all industries from 20 to 25 per cent, nnd declines in values of 10 to 20 per cent in many manufactured products. Economy is prevalent and many workmen are out of a job. These are not pleasing facts, but it is no use to conceal them in looking for ward to what will come. Business can not much 1 revive until the process of re adjustment Is completed from the changed conditions from the boom times to present liquidation. The great trusts are fighting against this read justment and are straining every nerve to hold up the price of their products. They probably know that this effort re tards a return to prosperity, for lower prices are needed to induce greater con sumption, but being protected by the tariff they can compel the people to still pay the price of prosperity with out participating in it. The managers of ’he great trusts are all Republicans; they have been fos tered by Republican tariff legislation and they desire to keep the Republican party in power. To reduce the price of their products they would have to low er wages, and that just before a na tional election would bo likely to lead to disaster to the party which protects them. They, therefore, prefer to run their business on half or one-third time than to increase their output and re duce prices and wages. They hope to control their workmen by keeping them os half time better than by more work and reduced pay. There is one redeeming feature that appears to offset these discouraging facts. Tlie prices of farm products con tinues fairly remunerative, so that whereas there is much poverty in the cities, there is plenty on the farms. It is appalling to think of what condi tions would now be if there had been a crop failure the past year of any of the lending agricultural products. The whole country Is now leaning on the farmers, and those who look ahead for signs of the times are fixing their gaze on what the promise of the next rops will be. both here and abroad, for good or had crops will decide the business future of the country for the next year at least. Meanwhile the trusts and other tariff protected interests are bleeding the farmers at every pore, for no one =>lse can afford to buy trust products in any quantity on account of high trust prices. If the present Republican Con gress had revised the tariff so that the protected monopolists would feel the competition from abroad, the farmers at least would be saving millions a month whlcu is now absorbed by the trusts. If you want to know what is going to happen keep your eyes fixed on the weather map and the farmers. A Republican Quandary. The Indiana Republicans are in a quandary. If they heartily indorse Roosevelt, the Fairbanks crowd say it will he equivalent to indorsing Taft, who is supposed to be standing for the Rooseve’t policies, therefore they want a very mild indorsement of the Presi dent. If they fight a generous indorse ment of the President it will lead to trouble in the campaign and perhaps at the election. Then there is an impor tant faction of the Republicans of In diana who favor tariff revision and are determined to include a tariff re form plank in the State platform. Whether such a plank is rejected or Adopted by the party, it is pretty sure manifesr a division in the ranks, and tßis would be a weakness to a presiden ts canvass. Why should not the Indi an i Republicans adopt tariff revision? Wly not favor a maximum and mini um-n tariff as Senator Beveridge sug gested? Then if the G. O. P. is lucky encteigh to win out. it will be easy endngh to again fool the people by pre set ing the present tariff scheduler, as ♦bp minimum rates and make the max imum rates 20 or "0 per cent higher. Nothing would please the trusts so much as that. If kisses were poisonous strychnine wouldn’t have a chance on eartlk DETROIT RIVER TRADE GREATEST IN WORLD The Soo Canal Takes the Second Place Among AH Water Thoroughfares. LAKE COMMERCE IS ENORMOUS. William E. Curtis Tells of Great Merchandise Traffic on Uncle Sam’s Inland Seas. The Detroit River is the greatest water thoroughfare in the world, writes William E. Curtis, the Washington cor respondent. During the late season of navigation 23.721 vessels passed through it, with a tonnage of 48,958.- 328. as compared with 24.077 vessels of 46.072.008 tons in 1900. This shows that the lake vessels are growing larger as well as the volume of business. The merchandise traffic of 1907 through the Detroit River amounted to 07.292,504 net tons, compared with 00,578,155 net tons for 1900. Of this total 40,966,193 tons repre sented iron ore, lumber and grain from the Northwest, south-bound to Buffalo and other Lake Erie ports, of which 35,405.800 tons were Iron ore. The north bound traffic represented 20,320,- 311 net tons, of which 18,427.121 net tons was coal from the mines of Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wes. Virginia. Excepting the Detroit River, the Sault Ste. Marie Canal is the greatest water thoroughfare in the world. An average of one steamer every twelve minutes passes through day and night, carrying more freight than enters the harbors of New York, Boston, Philadel phia, Baltimore, Charleston and Savan nah combined; more than enters Lon don, Southampton and Liveri>ool com bined ; more than the tonnage of the Suez, Manelies.er, Kiel, Amsterdam, Corinth and all the other great canals of the world combined. The total lake commerce for the sea son of 1907 was 10 per cent larger then in 1900 and 20 per cent larger than in 1905. The increase is due mainly to larger ore and coal shipments, although the movement of grain and miscellane ous merchandise, excepting lumber and flour, exceeded any previous year. The three neighboring towns at the western end of Lake Superior—Duluth, Superior and Two Harbors —which are practically one community and have a common interest, ship more freight than any other port in the world, theii* combined total for last year exceeding that of London, New York. Hamburg, Liverpool, Antwerp. Marseilles or any other of the world’s greatest commer cial centers. The shipments of grain included 03.- 349,585 bushels of wheat, compared with 47,720.778 during the season of 1900. The shipments of corn were 44.- 355,900 bushels, as against 43,531,340, most of it being from Chicago. Tlie President of the Persian National Assembly withdrew his resignation. In a battle with Moors, French troops lost eighty killed and fifty wounded. Attacks on Chinese pirates, on the Grand Canal, resulted in loss of life. Japan announced a scheme for divert ing her immigration to Sou’ll Africa. Plans of tlie British fleet bound for the Pacific to sail in May were announced. Federal troops of Mexico rounded up a band of more than 1,500 Yaqui Indians. Fifteen persons lost their lives leaving a burning steamer off the coast of Nova Scotia. Sir Robert Hart, iuspec-tor general of Chinese customs, was granted a long leave of absence. “Ouida” was buried at Florence, Italy, her nurse and her pet dogs being the only mourners. The report was circulated in St. Pe tersburg that the Emperor had decided .o partition Finland. Tlie organization of modern-drilled troops at nil points along the Chinese frontier was begun. Mary Robison, the famous Druce case witness in London, confessed that her stories were fabrications. King Edward, who lias been suffering from an affection of the throat, went to Brighton, seeking better health. The Russian war ministry prepared to fortify Vladivostok fn preparation for possible future trouble with Japan. The American expedition under R. Dor sey Mohitn, seeking to penetrate the wilds of the Congo Free State, was repulsed. It was charged by Paris papers (hai the Kaiser discovered and prevented a secret treaty between France and Eng land. Three miniatures of children of the King and Queen of England which were recently stolen from a London studio, were recovered. Chinese imperial customs officials have seized a Japanese steamer near Macao which was landing arms on Chinese ter ritory. It is alleged that the arms were intended for revolutionists under Dr. Sun Yet Sen, the leader of the revolutionary party in China. The military of Russia was divided into factions by the trial of Gen. Stoesse) and his comrades who were in the Port Ar thur siege. Franco, the exiled premier of Portugal, whose drastic measures are declared to have caused the assassination of King Carlos and the crown prince, says he has no regrets, that the murder was the work of madmen who served for pay. War between Russia and Turkey is re garded as a strong possibility as a re sult of the boundary dispute between Tur key and Persia, a situation that lias caus ed the dispatch of .1,000 Russian troops in the direction of the Turkish frontier. Japan's foreign minister, replying to in terpolations in the Diet, said that the emigration question had been satisfac torily settled with Canada, Albert Kirby Fairfax, who has been described as the only American bearing an English title, has taken steps definite ly to establish his right to the title of Lord Fairfax. A dramatic incident marked the saun ter of King Alfonso through the streets of Seville the day before ifie trag> dy at Lisbon. Alfonso being attacked by a po iiaeman. whose object was to keep back the crowd from the King, but who un fortunately mistook the King himself for \ suspicious looking person. President Roosevelt, upon hearing that the principal railroad systems were preparing to auuounce a general re duction in the wages of employes, started au investigation with a view to finding if such a reduction is justi fied by the facts. To this end, acting under the Erdrnan law, he has request ed Chairman Knapp of the Interstate Commerce Commission and Commis sioner of Laboj* Neill to make an in vestigation and report on what they find. According to Chief Stone of the Engineers’ Brotherhood, the Chicago and Great Western is to start the wage cutting movement. The various unions arc prepared to resist the reduction to the uttermost. The president’s action in calling upon the Interstate Com merce Commission to investigate the contemplated reduction of wages by the railroads lias caused no little resent ment on the part of the railroad of ficials. especially as regards the intima tion that their action is for the purpose of discrediting the administration. They insist that the decrease in revenues necessitates a reduction in operating expenses. On the other hand, repre sentatives of tlie railroad employes state the earnings of the men are al ready on tlie lowest living basis and will not stand a reduction. Mr. Gomp ers of the American Federation of La bor is represented as saying: “The wages of tlie railroad men can not stand a reduction. The cost of living has been Increasing faster than the wages, which, in fact, have not been increasing at all.” The statement is also made that representatives of tlie railroad organizations at a meeting in New York city decided that under no circumstances would they consent to a reduction of the present wage scale. The Secretary of War has accepted bids for furnishing heavier-than-air fly ing machines from J. F. Scott. Chicago; A. M. Herring, New York, and Wright Bros., Dayton, Ohio. In all, forty-one bids were received, hut the three men tioned were the only ones that complied with the specifications. It was a part of the agreement that none of the par ticulars of the bids were to be given out, but retained as confidential. Some of the conditions of acceptance are that the machine must remain in the air at least one hour, land without damage, be under perfect control and equilibrium and be capable of a speed of at least forty miles an hour in still air. The machines are expected to lie ready for trial next fall. The report of Interstate Commerce Commissioner Lane upon the charges against the Southern Pacific and their investigation by him has been made public. It shows that since the rate bill went into effect h system of rebat ing lias been in force upon the Southern Pacific in utter defiance of the law. A list of 108 firms is given which received preferential rates, and one of tlh-se is shown to have received $23,904 during the period from April, 1900, to the date o' the investigation. It is assumed that the Department of Justice will com mence prosecution in the near future. Anew arbitration treaty between the United States aiul France has been signed by representatives of the two countries and will soon lx; submitted to the Senate for ratification. This provides that practically all questions arising between the two governments shall he settled by arbitration. In reply to the recent request of the railroad managers for an extension of the time for putting into operation of the nine-hour law. the Interstate Com merce Commission announces that it can not interfere with the new law, except in particular cases where good cause is given. A comprehensive employers’ liability bill was introduced in the Senate by Senator La Follette of Wisconsin, and in the House by Representatives Ster ling of Illinois. The authors say tin* bill has the indorsement of the railroad employes. The Secretary of the Navy has a<- eepted the resignation of his son, Mid shipman Victor N. Metcalf, because of ill health. It was with considerable reluctance thnt Secretary Metcalf ac cepted the resignation, as ne was anx ious that his son should have a navy tarter. The new armored cruiser North Caro lina completed her trial speed test, hav ing maintained an average speed of 22.48 knots, which Is in excess of the contract speed required, anti is said to lie the best record ever made by a ves sel of the armored cruiser class. By direction of the president, the act ing secretary of war ordered a company of infantry to proceed from Fort Gib bon. Alaska, to Fairbanks, in the same territory, to preserve order during the mining strike in that section. This ac tion was taken upon representation of the Federal Court in Alaska. The dls tance to he traveled is 155 miles and the troops will be carried by sleds. The Journey can be accomplished in four or five days. The formal reception of Baron Taka hira as ambassador of Japan to the United States took place in the White House. The most cordial expressions of good will passed between the am bassador and President Roosevelt, the latter referring to the bonds of amity which had long existed and pledging the government and people of the l.nlted States to do all in their power to strengthen and perpetuate the pleas ant relations between the two coun tries. A man by the name if Jeffs, whose home is said to have b en In Connecti cut, is believed to be stranded on one of ;he Galapagos or Tortoise islands, situated off the west coast of South America. A vessel from Admiral Evans* fleet will search for him. Postmaster Genera* Meyer has in formed the Senate that be believes he has the right to continue a postmaster in office even if the nomination formal ly has been rejected by the Senate.