Newspaper Page Text
A CROWN OF FAITH
CHAPTER XIX. The refreshment room was full of peo ple, many of whom were ctanding up round the counter where MtSs Worthing ton was paying for the breakfast. Mrs. Wycherly had not been able to pereeivp, on account of the crowd, that Ella had not joined that lady: and it was thus that the young woman contriv ed to leave the station, and so found her self in a suburb of the town of Evers holt before she was missed. She feared that she must be discov ered unless she could contrive tb put phy sical distance between herself and her mother. The easiest and safest way to effect this was certainly the railway; but, as it was, with her mother at the Eversholt station, it seemed to her as if all the lines in England were blocked for her, for surely Mrs. Wycherly would soon set all the telegraph wires in the kingdom vibrating with the story of her flight. Ella knew enough of the world and of the law to be aware that if she applied to the authorities, her mother would have no right to imprison her for life, but until she was of age, her mother would have the right to place her wher ever she pleased, and three years of irk some imprisonment seemed inevitable. Ella s-aid to herself, fervently, that she would rather work as a housemaid, or gild of all work, in some shabby-genteel family, such as she had read of in novels, but had never met in the somber splendor of her life, than be found by her mother, and conveyed to the Italian prison house. She was in a narrow lane, with pretty, old-fashioned houses of various sizes lying back in gardens luxuriant with the fruit, flowers and foliage of golden July. On either side were verdant hedges of haw thorn, close-clipped, thick, impenetrable. Trees waved their branches on the gar den sides of these hedges. Where Ella stood in the lane, she c >uld see that the blinds were down in all the front windows. As yet only a stray housemaid or so was astir. Xo mistresses or masters seemed to be awake in any of the peaceful looking dwelling. The instincts ot yctth naturally prompt the lad or the lass, cast for the first time alone on the world, to suppose that world a kindly patron, a beneficent friend, a bountiful mother. Hitherto, strangers and outsiders had only shown smiling faces to Ella Wycher ly; she had no idea that sneers or frowns are what the world emphatically deals to the poor and the friendless. Upon her the white-blinded windows seemed to look like pitying eyes. She would have entered one of the pretty gar dens and have knocked at on of the neat hall doors if people had been astir, but as they were not. she just passed up the road swiftly, and soon found herself in the high street of the town. It was a pretty old high street, with a market cross, an ancient town hall, which dated from the reign of Elizabeth, and numbers of gable-pointed roofs and pro tecting fronts, picturesque as an engrav ing of some Norman street corner. No shops were yet open, but the milk carts were about, and a few dogs ran hither and thither, and in the center of .he road strutted a golden-breasted cock, and four bro.-n. demure liens. It was strange that a feeling of secur ity had come to Ella since she left the lane with the gardens and tile pretty houses. She was not afraid that her mother would find her now, and yet what could have been easier than for -he coach man aud three or four railway porters to set off in quest of her, and find her? It so happened, however, that although by this time Mrs. Wycherly and Miss Worthington had missed Ella, they had not mentioned the fact t; anybody except their confidential servant, the coachman. Ik and Miss Worthington had gone dif ferent ways in search of Miss Wycherly, but it happened that neither of them had followed her up the pretty lane, or into the quaint, old high street of Evers holt. Ella paused before a gate, on which was a brass plate, whereon the words were engraved, “Establishment for Young Ladies.” Beyond the gate was a large, trim lawn, flowerless but verdant. A number of large evergreen shrubs grew in a great, circular bed in the center of this lawn. A tall, square, red-brick house was at the end —a house with many windows, green Venetian blinds, white, clean steps lead ing up to the door. “A school,” said Ella to herself, "where young ladies, so-called, are educated—the daughters of the country attorneys and chief tradespeople, 1 suppose.” Ella turned up her pretty lip a little. She, with her mother's pride and her father's hauteur, inherited a something warmer, and sweeter, and nobler, of which she was as yet ashamed. It was a fine tiling to be able to trace the ancestors bacit on both sides as far the Norman Conquest, and to know that all her fath ers had been lords of the so.i for cen turies. It was a very fine thing, though what good it was likely to do her on this fine morning, when she stood before the gate of I'ckfield House, it would be diffi cult to say. For instance, she rould not ask to see the lady principal, and then thus address that individual: “I am of good bi-th. I have Norman blood in my veins. Aly father is a great landowner: but I have run away from home, because my mother wishes to shut me up for life—o \ at least, until I am of age—in a sort oi prison, and I prefer to work for my brtsd. Let me teach tier man and music in jour school.” If Ella said that, the lady principal would . ant to know who the great land owner was, or would not believe Ella's story; and if she knew, others would kaow, and her mother would find her again. No: Ella must keep the secret of the Norman ancestors and the blue blood to herself. She must not despise young persons whose pa rents were in trade. If she wanted to teach music and Ger man she must hold her peace about her antecedents —that was certain. Whenever a young lady is required suddenly to supply herself with bread and butter, she naturally thinks of becoming a governess, unless she is gifted as an artist, who hopes to sell her pictures: an authoress, who hopes to sell her stories: or an actress, who desires to go on the stage. It seemed to Ella feasible that she should live in a lodging in the town, cgll herself Miss Oairmont. and give lessons st two guineas a week at Uckfield House. She knew Lionel Leigh was paid one hundred a year for being tutor to her cousin. Why should not she gain half as much for teaching numbers of stupid girls every day V Ella noddl'd at the red-brick house and the green Venetian blinds. “1 will come bock,” she • said, “when I have some ntonev in exchange for this heavy bracelet and watch. Somehow. I do not feel a bit afraid. It is glorious to be here." Indeed, the sweet, fresh air of the sum mer morning had an exhilarating effect upon Ella. She felt strong enough, dar ing enough for anything; ouly she was hungry. She had been too much agi tated to eat her biscuit nt the refresh ment room, and she had not remembered to put it into her pocket. “I wish some of the shops would open, thought the yonug lady. ”1 believe I have half a crown in my purse.' So Elia walked on down the high street. Soon her patierce and perseverance were rewarded. She perceived a little shop, with teacups and loaves of bread and pats of butter in the window, laid on clean, white cloths, and covered with fresh, green leaves. ‘'Hot coffee and rasher, Od,” was print ed on a card. Ella, holding her pretty head aloft, and feeling like a princess in disguise, en tered the small shop. The whole tiling seemed to her now like a page out of a romance which she was enacting herself. Avery cross-looking old woman, wear ing a large poke bonnet, came out from the small parlor behind the shop, and looked at Ella as If she suspected her of the wish to steal something. It will be remembered that Miss Wycc erly wore the plainest of brown holland traveling suits, and the old vender of hot breakfasts had not keenness enough to penetrate the disguise, and recognize the girl’s air of distinction. “If you please, I want some breakfast,” said Ella, with a condescending smile. “You can have what you pay lor,” said the old woman, with an ugly sneer. “Oh lof course. I>o you think I would eat your breakfast and not pay for it?” asked the young heiress. The color deepened on her cheek. It was the first time one of the humbler classes had ever spoken to Miss Wycherly, save with subservience and submission. She could hardly believe her cars when the ancient crone, with a peculiar grin, which showed sharp; yellow fang3—a grin that really seemed to extend from one side of the black bonnet to the other, ob served : "When I see the color of your money, I'll know whether you mean to pay. I don’t trust no strangers, 1 don’t, what ever the master may do.” “Strangers!” Ella drew herself up straight as a dart. “You are insolent, madam.” She was on the point of adding: “Do you know who I am?” but she checked herself. Was not that exactly what she ■wished to conceal? Nevertheless, /211a was in a towering passion with this horrible old woman. She produced her half crown. “What do you charge for a cup of coffee, some bread and butter, and a fresh boiled egg? and where can I have my breakfast?” “Y’ou can have ’em for ninepeuce,” said the old crone, “if you’ll pay first.” “Pay first!” said Eila, flinging down the half crown in a rage. “Pay yourself, and give me my breakfast at once.” The old creature took up the half crown, and peered at it curiously. “Is it a bad one?” she asked. “ ’Cause if it is. I'll have ye in the lockup afore you're half an hour older. I know what it is; sharpers coming in with the early trains, und swindling we tradefolks,” She tried to bend the coin; but finding it genuine she tossed it into the till, and gave one and ninepence to Ella. “If you'll go and sit at the '.able in the back room, I’ll bring you the breakfast in five minutes,” she said. Ella walked through the shop and into the aforesaid back room. It was a car petless little den, with two not over-clean deal tables, and four wooden benches, two to each square table. At one fable sat a man in a smock, eating cold fat bacon and brown bread. By bis side was a bowl of hot tea. He was in old man, with white hair, and a kindly, ruddy face. He made a great noise over his bacon, and drank up his tea with a mighty rushing sound. The dainty heiress watched him as she would have watched some new and curi ous animal of which she had lead, but a specimen of which she had never seen. lie looked up and nodded to the young girl. “Hope 1 see ye well, miss?” “(juite well, thank you,” said Ella, try ing to smile affably. “lie come to Eversholt to Took for a place, miss, or to visit a friend, if 1 might be so bold as to ask.” “Decidedly, the manners of Eversholt require improving,” thought Ella; but she resolved to be true to vhe peasant character, which it seemed that her hol land dress and her loneliness represented to these Eversholters. “I am looking for work,” she said, smiling. “And what sort, now? You don't look lib.* one for a dairy farm; or else I do know a farm not two miles from here where they would give nine pounds, and all found, to a young girl to help in the dairy. Wages is riz al>out here.” “Ah! that's more than I am worth,” cried Ella, entering suddenly into the fun of the thing. “I don't understand dairy work well enough.” “Slaid of all work?” suggested the old man. “because I e sister what keeps a hucksters close rounl here, and, hav ing five small children, wants a girl to look after them, and do a bit of scrubbing and sweeping; half a crowu a week is what she gives.” “I am not worth that, either,” said Ella, with a laugh: ”1 should get out of patience with five small children. Why, while I was scrubbing the kitchen, some of them would climb on my back. aDd tumble in the scrubbing pail. I've seen that happen lots of times.” And so she had in the cottage kitchens of the poor at Wycherly. “Here comes my breakfast,” she ex claimed joyfully, as the cross old woman appeared with a cup of coffee, a round of whea.en cake cut open, a pat of but ter. and an egg. “Thank you,” said Ella. “You needn’t thauk me; 'tis paid for, else you wouldn’t get it.” “That's true,” said Ella, beginning rav enously upon the bread and putter; “so 1 won’t thank you any more.” ’Hie old dame growled something inar ticulately, and Ella went ou with her breakfast. When she had finished, she went out into the street. Signs of life were many in the town of Eversholt. By this time shops were open, carts were roll ing. a few people were afoot. The little towu was waking up to the morning sun shine and the business of the day. Ella Wycherly knew that her mother. M iss Worthington and the coacmuan were searching for her all over the town. If she walked about as a young stranger in a brown holland dress, and not very smoothly plaited hair —traveling all night does not conduce to a fresh and neat ap- Itcaranee —she must inevitably be pounc ed on by some of those who were search ing for her. Wherefore, Ella resolved she would hide for the remainder of the day. But whore ? “Ah! I will go on ; I will get out of this town; I will find a high road and some fields, and I will go and sleep un der some trees. I feel horribly sleepy; it must be delicious to sleep out in the vpen air!” Ella walked on at a swift pace to ward where the trees showed green at the other end of the town: and soon she was in a leafy lace, with great hawthorn hedges on either side of her, and mea dows behind the hedges—meadows where cows were browsing, or lying down under the trees, preparing against the heat of the day. Ella went and looked over a stile: she saw a large hayrick under a clump of trees: beyond was a five-barred gate, lead ing into a narrow lane, which branched off from the lane where Ella stood: on the other side of that lane were farm buildings and a substantial house, in which dwelt the farmer, owner of the rick, and the trees, and the one meadow into which Ella was gazing. “I will go and He down under that rick, and listen to the rustie of those trees, and I will fall into the soundest, sweetest sleep!” said Ella to herself. She soon put her resolve into execution. She had not slept once during all the last night’s weary journey. She coiled herself up between the thick hedge and the broad haystack; the clump of trees hid her from anybody who might stand at the stile. There she lay, in a bed of wild thyme, soft grass and clover; there she slept for hours and bours, un disturbed and unseen. Voices woke her at last —voices on the other side of the thick hedge which sep arated the meadow from the lane. “Bunsbury Fair we are bound to make a good thing of, Tilda; we always does at Bunsbury; it’s a nice littie town, is Bunsbury. Come, it ain’t so bad; we've over forty-five to put in the bank from this last round, and all expenses pcid.” “All expenses!” said a melancholy voice; “and what expenses do us two lone women go to? Liza, where’s our com forts?—where’s our furniture, and our little garden, and flowers, and chiffonier, and feather beds, and chickens and rab bits, and rose trees, and geranium pots, auu all the comforts of a settled home, as is required by two lone women as never had husbands, nor children, nor nothing of our own? Sometimes. Liza, it puts me out of patience to hear you talk as if we ought to be cheerful—we, that has nothing but toil, and lives in a cara van, and has got neither neighbors nor friends I” Ella began to burst with laughter while listening to the drawling lamentations of the speaker. She was full of curiosity. She arose, and peeped cautiously over the hedge into the lane, herself hidden by the branch of a large elm which grew close to the rick. (To be continued.) PRAIRIE LADS GOOD SAILORS. Are Superior Mentally and Physl rally, Recruiting; Officer Says. “The middle West is all right when it comes to furnishing goo' recruits for the navy,” said Lieut. I. F. Landis, in charge of the United States navy recruiting station here, according to the Kansas City StaT. “We not only get good men, but we’re getting many of them. Last month was a record breaker In point of the number of en listments here. We got ten more yes terday and three this morning.” Lieut. Landis is a westerner himself. He was appointed to Annapolis from Medicine Lodge, Kan., by the late Jer ry Simpson, Representative, fourteen years ago. “There was a time,” the lieutenant said, “when the great majority of the navy enlistments were made in the seaports, but the last few years the in land recruiting stations have been send ing many men to the navy. “Few of those who enlist here are Kansas Cityans. The most of them come from the farms and smaller towns near here.” Navy Department data show that a superior class of men is obtained from this section. A smaller number of re cruits is rejected for physical causes at the final examination at the training stations than those from other parts of the country and the westerners show an unusual degree of intelligence and aptitude for learning their new duties. While quite a number of mechanics are recruited from the western cities, the majority of the enlistments Is in the rating of apprenticed seamen. Those who enlist in this rating are sent to training stations. At present Kansas City enlisted men go to Norfolk. The pay at the start is sl6 a month, but the men are first given a thorough course of instruction fitting them for the duties of the seaman branch. The recruit’s transportation from the recruiting office and his board, lodging and outfit of uniform are furnished by the government. After mastering the details of any particular branch of the service, as the seaman branch or any of the mechanical branches, the men are eligible for advancement to petty officer, third class, which pays from $l5O to $65 a month. After that advance ment, depending upon capability, may be made to second-class petty officer, first class petty officer and chief petty officer. The pay of a chief petty offi cer is S7O a month, to which are added free rations, lodgings and medical care. Extra pay is allowed for certain duties, such as service aboard submarines, ex pertness in signaling or guh pointer. Re-enlistments and good conduct' med als also assist to bring a chief petty officer's pay up to $75 and SBS a month. Further advancement is offered to flu* man who studies in the warrant rank. This position pays from $1,200 to SI,BOO a year and allowances and is a life position, with all the benefits of longevity, pay and retirement that com missioned officers receive. It is possible for an enlisted man to secure a commission In the navy. The first man to take advantage of this law was Lieut. H. B. Soule, U. S. X. He was serving as gunner in 1901 at the time of the passage of the act and passed a successful examination that year, receiving an appointment as en sign. He Is now a lieutenant. He en tered the service as apprentice, third class, at $9 a month. To Farm for Basket Willows. To add willows, for the making of baskets, to the list of agricultural products of the country, is the purpose of anew move by Uncle Sam's forestry service. So writes Renlq Bache In the Technical World Magazine. a small plantation at Arlington, across the Po tomac from the city of Washington. hHS been established for the growing of a number of different species of basket willows; and considerable quan tities of the osier rods thus produced have been made up into most excellent baskets by manufacturer?: in Balti more. Baltimore is a somewhat important center for the manufacture of fine bas kets. the raw material for which is al most wholly supplied by willow-grow ers in the vicinity. One might say the same thing of Richmond, where there is a great basket-making establishment which raises its own osiers; and an other such town is York. Pa., which is In the midst of a willow-growing dis trict. These cities, with plentiful sup plies of osiers near at hand, are able to ship highgrade baskets all over the country. Failed to Work. "Yes.” said the sad-eyed passenger, “I married the widow of a man who was hanged, and I thought, under the circumstances. I would be able to avoid odious comparisons in connection with the late lamented. But I was mis taken." "She praised him just the same, eh?” rejoined the hardware drummer. “Well, not exactly,” answered the a. e. p.. “but we hadn't been married a week until she declared that hang ing was too good for me." Plain Facta. Once upon a time there were gath ered together a dozen women high in the councils of education. When the business which occupied them had been disposed of, a quiet women asked their attention to a matter of litr personal experience. In the course of her service on a certain committee it became her duty to visit the rooms of a girls’ dormi tory in a college. Some alterations were to be made in the building. As she went into room after room, she was startled by the amazing spectacle which met her at every threshold. To say that the rooms were in disorder would convey but faint idea of the facts. Skirts, shoes, hats, gloves, books, papers, cake, fruit, collars, ties, blouses pens, pencils, corsets, stockings, pi< - tures, sweaters, handkerchiefs—clean and soiled —candy, pillows, letters and curls were a few of the articles strewn on the floors. Closets were even more cluttered than the rooms. Confusion was worse conf unled with actual dirt. Herrick’s “sweet disorder in the dress’’ was here become a disorder which di'l not commend itself to any of the senses. What more dire revelations might have been made by the bureau drawers the visitor was glad not to learn. She told her story to the listening women, and when she ended, it was greeted with a melancholy chorus of sympathy. Every woman could verify some detail of wbat'she had heard by what she had herself seen. Modern life and modern education, they declared, were thrusting out the dainty habit of mind and of hand from the character of young woman. After an hour of discussion, the woman who had broached the subject turned to the wisest, most experienced educator among them and said, “Miss Blank, what can be done about this?” There was a moment’s silence, and then she answered, “Nothing!” and the meeting broke up and the women went dejectedly away. Would the mothers of the girls make the same reply?—Youth's Companion. More than fifty labor unions In Massachusetts have lately passed reso lutions in favor of women suffrage. Following the recent example of Great Britain, the Parliament of Ice land has just voted to make women eligible as municipal councilors. Miss Lucy Jennings has been elected a director of the National Bank of Winchester, X. H., to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her father. Mrs. Julia R. Dorr, who has de lighted several generations with her poetry, is 83 years af age. The girls’ dormitory of St. Cather ine's Indian School, Santa Fe, N. M.. founded by Mother Drexel, of Phila delphia, was burned recently. Seventy two girls were rescued and taken to the Federal Indian Industrial School. At the annual meeting of the New York State Bar Association Mrs. Har riette M. Johnston-Wood, who is her husband's law partner, was admitted to membership by a unanimous vote. She is the first woman to be admitted. Miss Helen Gou’.d has lately given $5,000 each to the American School for Girls at Luxor, Egypt, to the American College for Women at Assiout, Egypt, and to the American School at Cairo, and $2,000 each to American schools at Jerusalem, Damascus and Tarsus. Hon to Clean a Clock. Often a clock will refuse to run merely because it is clogged with dust. Avery simple way to clean a clock is to place a piece of cotton or a small sponge soaked in kerosene in the bot tom of it and let stand a few hours. The sponge will gradually be filled with the dust from the works, and when the clock is again started it will gen erally run without further difficulty. If your nickel-plated alarm clock refuses to run, as it will be apt to do after it has been in use a year or so, it may be cleaned in the following way : Take stiff feather—one from the wing of a chicken is excellent —and dip it in kerosene oil. Then insert it in the circle around the winding keys and the keys that move the hands to remove the dust. Wind the clock and let it run a few days, and then apply a tiny drop of sewing machine oil from the can to each of the winding keys. Valuable Washing Fluid. A housewife tells of a valuable washing fluid which saves clothes and at the same time saves much rubbing. “It is made of a 10-eent can of pot ash dissolved in four and a half quarts of hot. but not boiling, water, and mixed thoroughly with one ounce each of ,x>wdered ammonia, borax and salts of tartar. When cold it was bottled for use and two-thirds of a cupful of the mixture was added to two-thirds of a boilerful of cold water with one-third of a bar of soap shaved up. The clothes went into this cold mixture while dry, and were brought to the boiling point and boiled from eight .o ten minutes. : Ordinary rins im: followed and whatever obstinate stains remained were -rubbed on the board. Night Terror* of Children. This trouble is always to be regard ed as evidence of 111 bealtn. The con ditions producing night terrors in either children or adults are usually of ali mentary origin. A simple diet, two meals a day. consisting of breakfast ami early dinner, at least six hours be fore bedtime, with a proper amount of exercise and not too much study, will relieve most of those cases. Severe cases, of course, demand particular treatment, but generally nigut terrors mean indigestion. Gold and Silver Ornament*. There is no abatement in the use of gold and silver. Slippers of one or the other are worn currently with all sorts of evening gowns, and, by the way. alao popular are rich laurel green kid slip pers, these being infinitely elegant, es pecially when worn with a black even THREE DESIGNS FOR SPRING. 1. White batiste gown, trimmed with Irish and Cluny lace. ing gown. The costume should include a green ribbon wound about the head and a large green chiffon shawl wrapped about the figure. Health and Beauty Hlnta. The habit of putting a baby on its back to stare at a white parasol in its carriage is frightful. “Dilated heart” is only one conse quence of rushing at exercise when the muscles and the body generally are flabby and feeble after a winter’s disuse. It is not difficult to select a blood making diet, but it must be closely fol lowed. Among the foods recommended are underdone meats, beef blood and raw beef sandwiches. Always, after using a tooth brush, it should he held under a hot-water fau cet to rinse thoroughly, and once a day it ought to be plunged Into a strong ammonia water to purity, thus cleans ing of germs. The prevalence of granulated lids among children ai the public schools shows how the eyes are neglected at home and this dried matter or “granu lation,” is not uncommon on the lids of babies whose sight seems to be good. Never force a child to eat that against which he rebels, even though it be the most staple of foods. White potatoes will make some children very sick, showing that there is something in the potato which is absolutely poi sonous to their systems. To make raw beef sandwiches grate the round steak. This makes a paste, which is seasoned only with salt. This mixture may then be spread either on very thin bread or on salted crackers, as one chooses. They may be eaten at any time during the day. Girdles are empire at the back. The small velvet toque is seen on every side. The new tailormade Is prettier than for years. Sleeves, despite variations, generally are upon Japanese lines. Coats are short and fit the form closely in the newest suits. Cretonne patterns appear on every thing, from organdie to pique. Skirts almost without exception are plaited in one way or anoher. The plain coat sleeve is the Only one used for the new short, tight skirts. Lace sleeve ruffing dangling over the knuckles is a fashion that is being re vived. The touch of green is chic Just now, and includes the kid slippers of rich laurel green. ✓ A glorified rajah silk just out, seek ing favor, has a satin finish and is in a two tone weave. A jaunty English coat suit, one of the advanced spring models, comes in worsteds and homespuns. Black hats for evening, trimmed with a mass of scarlet feathers, are the newest Paris wrinkle. Anew freak is to wear rings on the index finger and thumb, leaving the outer fingers unadorned. Chip straw hats, It is said, again will blossom out. Just now leghorns lead. Coarse straws are more promi nent than formerly. Anew muff is knitted of angora wool. It Is shajted like a pillow, is fluffy as a kitten, and should be accom panied by a scarf to match. One of the quaintest developments as regards the feather fantasies of the moment is the two-color scheme where the ostrich plume is concerned. Close fitting frocks make It neces sary that the petticoat should ciing. Anew kind with clastic gores set in over the hips clings like a tailormade. Anew sheer voile has inch wide stripes, alternating pale blue and white. On the blue stripes are white dots and on the white stripes are blue dots. In suitings for spring stripes are much in evidence, and thus far browns and bines lead. Sometimes the stripes are a darker color. hut again it is sug gested in the weave rather than by two tones. The Physical Model. A well-formed woman of to-day weighs 145 pounds—a gain of 20 pounds over her grandmother. When tlie arms are extended a perfectly formed woman should measure. fr.n the tip of the middle finger to the tip of the middle finger, just 5 feet C 2. Morning costume of pink taffeta batiste, with embroidered vest of same material. inches, or exactly her own height. From the thighs io the ground she should measure just what she meas ures from the thighs to the top of her head. The knee should come exactly midway between the thigh and the heel. A woman of the last genera tion took pride in a waist of 18 inches, but to-day a woman is not considered well formed if she has a waist meas urement of less than 28 inches and a butt less than 36 inches. Don’t forget that children's clothing should be warm, but at the same time light. Don’t forget that tight woolen under garments are just as uncomfortable for little folk as they are for "grown-ups.” Don’t lift baby by the arms. A child’s bones and muscles are so deli cate that life-long injury may be done by this means. Remember, too, when taking a small child for a walk, to suit your speed to his, and not vice versa. What may seem quite a moderate pace to you may be a terrific strain on tiny legs. In the llo.'.ne, An open fire is certainly a happy feature in It. Readable books and magazines lying around loose are one of the important things. In the living room there must be a softly shaded light placed low for read ing and sewing. Chairs that can be sat upon are a more necessary essential than some housewives think. Stilted “suits” of furniture art* a good thing to avoid; also loud papers and highly colored pictures. A carpet that can be walked on hy the family is much better than one preserved for the sacred feet of strang ers. As to tobacco smoke and dust—well, there have been homes with them and places without them that utterly failed to be homes. Cheerfulness and love and mutual accommodation as to tastes go further to make a real home than overzealous spotlessness and everlasting oversight. Pretty Neckwear. French Woman’s Shoe. The French woman does not take to tbe American shoe. She objects to the heavy sole and wants her buttoned shoe —for she never wears the lace kind—much higher than is found in the American stores here. Her shoe generally begins at eleven buttons and runs to thirteen or more. She has the idea that the very high shoe makes a better finish to the profile of the foot. Don't Pin Shirtwaists. Too much cannot be said in praise of the shirtwaist, but many girls spoil their nice blouses by pinning them to the skirt. I always put an eye in the center of my belt. Then make a small pad and a hook in the center of it. Hook it on, thus keeping the skirt and waist from parting. Coat Correctness. With the short walking skirt, tbe favored of all the models which are now in vogue is the half-length cut away coat Asa rule this coat is open in the fiont most of tbe w®y and is worn with a lingerie blouse smartened with a frilly lace jabot. Cmkldg Doors. Tbe unpleasant creaking of closet doors and bureau drawers can be reme died by rubbing the edges with soap. Mow Aboat Girls Proposing:. It is tolerable certain that women would not take a refusal in as philo sophic a spirit as the majority of me* 3. Afternoon gown of embroidered linen, with overskirt. RUM FOR CATARACT PREDICTED BY EXPERT Dr. J. W. Spencer Says Power Plants Will Change Looks of Niagara Falls. GREAT SHRINKAGE PROBABLE. Lower Level of Whole Lake System May Come from Tapping Stream —Effect of Chicago Canal. Dr. J. W. Spencer, the British scient ist, who was commissioned by the geo logical survey of Canada to make an investigation of the Niagara Falls prob lem, discussed in an interesting manner the effect of the utilization of Its water by power plants upon the scenic beauty of that natural wonder. At the in stance of the American Civic Associa tion Dr. Spencer appeared before the House rivers and burbor9 committee and presented facts and figures to show what effect the request of the Ontario Power Company for a franchise to use 10,000 cubic feet of water per second would have on the falls. It was contended by Dr. Spencer that this is from 20 to 25 per cent of the discharge of Niagara river and it would greatly impair the characteris tics of the whirlpool rapids; lower the river bed up to the falls, break up the surface rock at tue foot of the Ameri can falls and Goat island and thereby cause a more rapid recession of the horseshoe. “As the beginning of these rapids is marked by a rim over which the flow of water is already thin upon the east ern half,” said Dr. Spencer, ‘ the di version of the water will drain that portion of the upper rapids with the ef fect of destroying about 800 feet of the eastern side of the great horseshoe and breaking up the American falls Into separate streams. By this shrink age of the water the total length of rl* ? -i 7$ y : '"' C V . , v 2 ; ‘ ■> - . ’ - \ V - ■ ■ ft, *<• NIAGARA FAI.I.S. both falls will be contracted from near ly 4.000 feet to say 1,600 feet and tbe diameter of the great fall from 1,200 to 800 feet. This diversion of the water will produce a shrinkage of the horse shoe, so that what remains will be en tirely on the Caadiau side Of the Boun dary line. “On account of the lowering of the water in the basin above the upper rapids it will increase the slope of the river so that the surface of Lake Erie will tie lowered by three feet. Again, the lowering of Lake Erie will in the same manner lower l akes Huron and Michigan. Already with a partial use Lake Erie has been lowered ten inches, but this is not apparent to the superfi cial observer owing to the high water which has prevailed during the last four years and especially the last two years. “But this condition cannot Le expect ed to continue. This amount - of lower ing is partly due to the Chicago canal, which at present is taking 5,000 cubic feet a second, or aliout half what if is allowed. In connection with the calcu lations for repairing the harbors and canals damaged the UnlteJ States en gineers calculated that to increase the depth even one foot would cost over $12,000,000.” Sew Ywrk-Parls Auto Hacc. From New York six contertants started in the 20.000-mile automobile race via Alaska and Siberia for Paris, thousands of people giving them a great send-off. The entries were three French machines, one Austrian, one Italian, one German and one American (a Thomas car). Tobacco Tram Indicted. The grand jury of Fayette county, Ky., has indicted the American Tobacco Com pany on a charge of conspiracy to reduce the price of raw tobacco. Public Works lor I nci.iplojcd. Movements have been started in many cities to have public improvements au thorized so as to benefit the increasing numbers of tbe unemployed. At Pitts burg a special bond issue of $200,0X1 was authorized by the City Council to put the thousands of idle men to work on the streets at the rate of $1.75 a day. A bill was brought in ’he New York St nate by unanimous consent authoriz ing the Park Board to expend $1,500,000 more for parks and driveways. Senator McCall said there were 130.000 skilled mechanics and 150.000 men without trades unemployed in New York State *1,000,000 ;rum Field Estate. The authorities of Cook county, which ‘nciudes Chicago, have settled the beck tax claims against the estate of the late Marshall Field esltte by accepting sl,- 000,000, or a little over half the amount sought on unscheduled personal property. The million must be paid in cash by March 1. a, *3 Ticket Scalpers Knocked Oat. Judge Kohlsaat at Chicago has grant ed a perpetual injunction against dealing in reduced rate railroad tickets. Tbe business had become unprofitable of late, owing to tbe passage of a large number of 2-cent rate laws. WORK or CONGRESS A speech by Senator Johnston of Ala bama on the Aldrich currency hill and a statement by Senator Hale, chairman of the committee on naval affairs, concern ing the proposed investigation of charges of defects in construction of battle ships, were tho chief subjects of interest before the Senate Wednesday. Tkp bill pro viding for the taking of the thirteenth census occupied most of the time of the House. Progress ;.ith it was slow be cause of numerous amendments offered. The bill was amended in one important, particular, however, and that was limit ing the census to the mainland of the United States. Alaska. Hawaii and Porto Rico. Mr. Henry of Texas urged the Re publicans to bring in an employers' lia bility bill and a bill requiring notice be fore the issuance of federal injunctions. The Senate adjourned a few minutes after convening Thursday morning out of respect to Senator Latimer of South Car olina, whose death was announced. Most of the time the House was in session was consumed by the reading of impeachment charges offered by Mr. Waldo of New York against Federal Judge Lobbius R. Wilfley of the United States Court at Shanghai, China, which were referred to the committee on the judiciary. The House adjourned early as a mark of re spect to Senator Latimer. Senator Perkins of California Friday Rpoke in the Senate in justification of ex penditures for the upbuilding of the American navy ami of the policy of send ing the fleet into the Pacific Ocean. The Tillman resolution, authorizing the Attor ney General to prosecute the transporta tion companies of Oregon that have re ceived public lands and have violated the terms of the grant, was adopted. The time of the House was devoted to consid eration of the District of Columbia street railway bill, providing for extension of street ear lines to the new union station. Na business was transacted hy the Sen ate Saturday. Immediately after prayer by the chaplain. Rev. Edward Everett Hale. Vice President Fairbanks called Senator MeCumber to the reading desk end the North Dakota Senator read Washington’s farewell address, after which the Senate adjourned until Mon day. Washington’s birthday was com memorated in the House of Representa tives by a lively debate on the negro question. It arose out of an effort by Mr. Heflin of Alabama to amend the Dis trict of Columbia street railway trackage bill by requiring separate ears for whites and negroes. The bill without the amend ment was passed. It provides universal transfers on the basis of cash fares, or six tickets for 25 cents. At 4:35 p. m. the House adjourned until Monday. Ocean mail subsidy and currency legis lation were both the subjects of speeches in the Senate Monday. Senator Gallin ger opened the debate in favor of his bill for ocean mail subsidy to build up Ameri can merchant marine, and he was follow ed by Senator Depew. who strongly ap proval the measure. Senators Simmons of North Carolina and Whyte of Mary land spoke in criticism of the Aldrich cur rency bid. Senator Whyte announcing that he would not vote for any measure now before the Senate. An hour was de voted to further consideration of the bill to revise the criminal code, and at 5:14 o’clock the Senate adjourned. The inusual spectacle of the committee on rules being overruled by its chairman, tin* Speaker, on the floor of the House of Representa tives was witnessed in that body, much to the discomfiture of Mr. Dalzell. a mem ber of the committee. Mr. Dalzell brought in a resolution providing for an investi gation of peonage in flu* Southern States, but the Speaker, on an objection hy Mr. Mann (111.1. held it was not privileged. Despite Mr. l)i izell's argument, the Speaker refused to alter his decision and the resolution was recommitted. The army appropriation bill, carrying $85,007.- 506. was taken up. After Mr. Hull (Iowa) had explained its provisions. Mr. Slayden (Texas) criticised “the enormous extravagances for the military establish ment," while Mr. Holiday (Ind.) plead ed for increased pay for the enlisted men of the army. At 4:57 p. in. the House adjourned. Currency legislation was the (thief topic Tuesday. For nearly three hours Sen ator Owen of Oklahoma spoke on the Aid rich bill, claiming that he laid, through former Senator Jones of Arkansas, in 11MK) proposed legislation somewhat simi lar to the bill under consideration, but with essential differences, which lie de-, dared would have prevented the recent panic had it lieeu enacted into law. The Indian appropriation bill received consid eration during .i part of tlie day. General debate on the army appropriation bill again furnished opportunity for free ex pression of opinion on the issues of the day in the House. Mr. Garrett of Ten nessee and Mr. Fan of North Carolina ar raigned the Republican party for its poli cies with regard to the tariff, . bile Mr. Hayes of California denounced the finan cial system of the United Stales ns “patchwork" and the Aldrich bill as “fall ing far short of the remedial legislation needed." The only remarks pertinent to the army bill were made by Mr. Fntker of New Jersey, who sjatke in favor of the proposition of increased pay for the offi cers and men, and Mr. Kusterman of Wisconsin in support of restoration of the canteen. SPARKS FROM THE WIRES. Fire destroyed the Fine Tree Worsted Company's plant at Futnain. Conn. lass $70,000. Fire destroyed the roundhoc.se aud ma chine simp of the Central New Eng'and Railroad nt Fishkill Landing, N. Y. Loss SIOO,OOO. Miss Ali<e Hollis, who is totally blind, sailed from New York on the steamer Statendam, on her way to Weisbaden, Germany, where she hopes to recover her sight. Mrs. Hannah Stanhope, the woman who had Enrico Caruso, the opera singer, arrested for annoying her in the monkey house of Central Fark. New York. Inst year, was fined 1 cent in court for intox ication and disorderly conduct. Because they refused to give bond in answer to indictments for requiring or permitting others to work oa Sunday, Judge Wallace in the Criminal Court in Kansas City ordered O. D. Woodward of the AipFtorium, E. S. Briglintn of the GiUiss. J. It. llonegati of the Century and Martin of the Orpltemn to jail. Later Judge Met'tine issued writs of habeas corpus- Farmers of the northern end of La Crosse county, Wisconsin, have taken a fresh start in the war against the tele phone companies by the circulation and liberal signing of a pledge to nay no more than $1 per month for complete telephone service. If this is not granted, they will establish lines of their own. An examination of the skeleton found at Elmhurst, Cal., shows tbe corpse to be that of a man of probably 45 years of age and of medium build. A minute inspection of the bones was made by Dr. R. H. Eveleth of Elmhurst, wno found unmistakable evidences of murder. The skull had been fractured above the left ear, ano tbe bones cut clean.