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COMMEND MORE; PUNISH LESS. By Samuel Pennypacker. ' J My experience when on the bench led me to the conclusion that men do wrong things 1:1 less through wicked inclinations than because p.f of a failure to see the consequences of the fU acts which they commit. Crime Is generally Y the result of weakness of character and in- Jf ability to understand clearly the situations which arise. A wrong initial step is taken in * some direction, and where it leads the indi viduals fail to see. The way to help men to be better is to find out what it is that is good in their conduct and give them due credit and commendation. The world is slowly and steadily improving. Men arc better in their conduct than ever they were before, and we should all look forward ns we progress to a diminu tion of the number of criminal offenses rather than to the increase of them. Most of these new tangled crimes arise from the relations of men to money, and this kind of legislation indicates what in my View is the mos". se rious of our national vices. The best of men are strengthened by recognition and appreciation, the worst may be encouraged to better ef fo.t by the approval of their fellows, and ail of us will be improved by the cultivation of altruistic s utments and the repression of destructive propensities. WOMEN SHOULD NOT SACRIFICE THEMSELVES. By Bernard Shaw. iety, being directly dominated by r . 'wS neu, comes to regard woman not as If 4 —ZW >n end in herself like n in, but solely im/ is a means of ministering to him. iUJ The Ideal wife Is one who does every- A Jt&c lung the ideal husband likes, and i J- bHESS* nothing else. Now. ro treat a parson is u means Instead of an end is to leny that jierson's right to live. Woman, if she dares face the fact that she is being so treated, either DLKAAIiU Sli An. , , , „ , ’ , , must loathe herself or else rebel. The young wife finds that her husband is neglecting her for his business; that h.is interests, Ills activities, his whole life, except one small part, lies away from home; and that her business is to sit there and mope until she is wanted. Fortunately things do not remain forever at this point. The self-respect she lias lost as a wife she regains ns a mother, in which capacity her use and Im portance in the community compare favorably with those of most men in business. She is wanted in the house, wanted in the market, wanted by the children; and now, instead of weeping because her husband Is away in the city thinking of stocks and shares instead oT his ideal woman, she would regard his presence in the house all day as an intolerable nuisance. It depends altogether upon the accident of the woman having some natural vocation for domestic management and the care of children, as well as on the husband being fairly good matured and livable with. Henee arises coo oßc> 000o$o 000 So coo So 000 § I $ gitle § oooo^o oooogooooogocoo coo “Will you marry me?” “Certainly not!” There was no indecision in the clear voice, and Arthur Shirley’s face grew anxious. “Why not?” he persisted. “You had bettor ask why. To begin with, I am an old maid, and—l don’t like men, and—and you have chosen a most Inconsiderate time to worry me. As If I had not worries enough already. Look at this Bessie Brown! Blighted, and the show so near!” Rita Clay’s statement lacked accura cy. She was four-and-twenty. clear skinned and gray eyed, and she had the prettiest crinkle In her golden-brown hair. There was a crinkle on her brow as well at this minute, as she gazed dis tractedly from her importunate lover to the wilted spray. Shirley frowned. “I’m talking of marriage, which Is a serious thing,” he objected, “and yet you persist In putting it second to a lot of roses that have the measles!” Rita’s heart acknowledged the justice of his reproof, and she instinctively seized on the offending point to turn it into a grievance. “Your remarks just prove," she said, “that you and I are not in the least suited. Our tastes are different. You don't care a bit for flowers!” “I grow roses.” ‘You don’t. They grow themselves!” Shirley’s voice grew more anxious. “But. Rita,” he urged, “when the show is over, and you have no more distractions, promise me to think quiet ly over what 1 have said. Keep your answer till then.” “**ly answer is final. And you need never refer to the subject aga.n. for you have no more chance than you have of growing—a blue rose!” The dark band of clouds in the east that had brought blight to the roses had also blighted poor Shirley's hoj>es. When lie had been ordered from the hotbed of the stock exchange to the ooo! glades of Durley. he had disobeyed liis doctor by putting a double strain on his shattered nerves. For he fell in lore. At first he worshiped in silence, for Rita was indifferent and thorny, until he adopted the right tactics. Rita help'd him to grow roses! Everyone In Durley grow roses— beautiful noses, too, In spite of the fact that no one possesed any exact scien tific knowledge. But the climate and soil were congenial, and the roses evi dently liked the attentions they re ceived. Instead of being a remote Sur rey village, the little hamlet might have been a tiny corner of Persia, so sweet was the perfume of the rose In summer, and the essence of pot-pourri in winter. It was natural, therefore, that the great gala-day of the year was the Dur ley Rose Show. The following evening, when he strolled out on his lawn to smoke his after-dinner pipe, he greeted hla fair neighbor with hla usual friendliness. She answered constrainedly, and only allowed him to see the back of her white blouse, as sffie Industriously syr inged her beloved roses. This was bad manners, and also bad policy, for Shir ley, secure from the fire of Rita’s eyes, completely recovered his nerve, and In five minutes had the audacity to ask her opinion about an ailing bud. The bait was too tempting, and a minute later Rita was on the wrong side of her fence, putting Shirley right about his treatment of his flower. Friendly relations restored, the girl made him a present of a confidence. “Just think,” gfe said, “I have beard to-day that Dr. Barton is going •broad, and won’: compete for the best collection of blooms at the Rosa Show. He always beats every one. And —and —I believe, at least. I have a chance of winning It. I shall never have one •gain, and you can’t think how excited the idealist Illusion that a vocation for domestic man agement and the care of children is natural to women and that women who lack them are not women at all. NATURE’S INTELLECT IS LIKE MAN'S. By Maurice Maeterlinck. [' 1 Nature, when it wishes to be beautiful, to rj please, to rejoice, and to show itself happy, M.l does almost as we would do. I know that in fj speaking thus I Bpeak a little like that rj man who wondered why Providence always 1 W made the big rivers flow nearby the large I Jjf cities; but It is difficult to view these things LAk from another point of view than the human. The Genius of the Earth, which is probably that of the entire world, acts. In the life struggle, exact ly as a man acts. He uses the same methods, the same logic. He attnius his end by the means that we employ; he hesitates, he eliminates, he recognizee and corrects bis errors as we would do In ills place. He Invents pain fully, little by little, after the fashion of the workers and the inventors of our studios. He struggles just as we do against the heavy mass, enormous and dark, of his own being. He knows no more than we do whither he Is going. lie searches, he discovers little by little. He has an Ideal, often confused, but In which o: e never theless distinguishes a mass of targe lines which rise toward a life more spiritual. Materially he arranges in finite resources; he knows the secret of prodigious forces which we do not know; but intellectually he seems strict ly to occupy our sphere; we do not say that he exceed* its limits. HUMAN GOVERNMENTS ARE CHILDISH. By Annie Besant. ' ' la economics also it is probable that a WJ stage of competition and misery was necessary k I for the evolution of individuality, and that ff,f man needed to grow first by combat of bodies irj and then by combat of brains; by the ccn jr stant claim of the individual to plunder ac- JL cording to his powers and opportunities. None JiS. the less It is true that this stage shall be out r”*” grown, and we shall learn to substitute co operation for competition, brotherhood lor strife. But we can only outgrow It by cultivating unselfishness, trust, high character and sense of duty, for we must improve ourselves ere the body politic of which we ure constitu ent parts can be healthy. May it not be possible to influence public opinion to value men and women for greatness in intellect and virtue, in self-surrender and devotion, and not for wealth or luxury? May not the wealthy learn that it is an es sentially infantile view of man to value him by his show instead of by his worth, by the number of his material wants rather than by the grandeur of his spiritual as pirations? Wherever the ideal is the possession of ma terial goods combat must be the social condition, since material goods perish in the using, and possession by one excludes possession by another. I am about It. But I don’t know why I should bore you. Only, I felt I sim ply had to tell someone.” ”1 am glad you told me,” said Shir ley gently. “And you must win the prize. That is certain !” The long June days wore away, each bringing fresh promise of new life and beauty to the roses. A week before the show, after a blissful evening spent with Rita in helping her to minister to the precious roses, the girl suddenly lifted her flushed face from a rose bush. “They’re coming on beautifully,” she announced. “I feel my ehauee is a very healthy one. But I mustn’t be selfish. You have neglected your roses for mine. If you don’t mind, I will come over and Inspect my pupil’s prog ress.” “Delighted!” said Shirley, all Ignor ant of his Impending doom. Rita strolled around the garden, ex claiming at the beauty of the general effect. But as she walked to the bed, where a battalion of rose trees, each bearing a single bud. reared their heads, a slight crease appeared be tween her eyes. She criticised and in spected every row, and as her face grew dark Shirley’s spirits fell. The queen of the flowers is ns fickle as most despotic sovereigns, and, with the caprice of her sex, had chosen to thrive under Shirley’s careless treat ment and ignorant experiments In a manner that surpassed ail the results of Rita's tender care. A fatal blunder had been made by the lover-—for the pupil’s roses were finer than the teach er's. “They look wonderfully promising.” said Rita, with a quiver in her voice. “You will have to compete, and I nnt sure you will get the prize.” “Not against you. I won’t!” “You will! Do you think I will let you give me the price out of pity? And If you don't win it with such love ly buds as these, I shall be fearfully disappointed!” Shirley stared hard at the flowers to avoid seeing the tears gather in Rita's eyes. He had grown roses solely to please her. and they had given him away. For two days he worried over the problem, reckless of the advice of the nerve specialist. At the end of the second eveuing he thought he saw a way out of his difficulty, with beaming eyes, he called out joyfully to Rita, who, as usual, was hovering over her roses. “You are bothering over Bessie Brown. 1 know,” he called. “And you are fighting the blight with a woman s weapon—soapsuds. Aren’t you, now? Just like a woman—not an idea above spring cleaning! Now I have brought you some splendid scientific stuff I used for my flowers. Give it a trial, and Bessie will be as clean as the dew by the show.” Rita accepted the tin with gratitude, and Shirley went home happy. He slept the sleep of the Just that night; but about 2 o'clock he woke up suddenly, and sat tip In bed. his mind invaded by a horrible suspicion. Hast ily slipping on dieasing gown and slip pers, he stole out to tlie toolhouse. Bj the light of his candle, he espied a tin on one of the shelves, at the sight of which he gavs a groan. If his heart had been light when he fetched the blight destroyer, the shed had been dark, and, with the calmness of d-'*- palr. he realized that he had given Rita the strongest weed killer in his posses sion. Further sleep was impossible. He dressed, and sat readiug till the sun’s rays grew high. Then, with furtive steps, he stole like a murderer to the scene of his crime. Climbing Miss Clay’s garden wall, he slunk over to the fated Bessie Brown. In a moment he knew the worst. The dainty flower, whose dignity had been Insulted by the rank odor, had curled up each deli cate petal In disgust, and hung on the branch, a wilted ball. A light step behind him made the man turn. To his horror, he saw Rita tripping down the path, radiant aw the summer’s day. Shirley fixed hla eyes on the gravel, and stood, wait!** for the storm to descend on his head. He heard a gasp, and then a curious muf fled sound. He looked round quickly, and then he fled from the garden. Rita could not have chosen a better way to punish him; for she, his self possessed and slightly aggressive charmer, had burst into tears. The following morning the sun woke all the inhabitants of Durley by throw ing a golmn shower into their rooms, for it was the great gala day of the season—the Rose Show. By 10 o’clock Shirley had prepared all his blooms,' finished their toilettes, and with a heavy heart he saw them neatly ar ranged, with their heads peeping from their stiff green setting. lie had just stuck the Inst rose into the last hole with listless fingers, when Rita peeped over. Iler face was pale, for her collection had just departed, minus her best rose. “They’re beauties!” she called. “You will certainly take the prize!” Shirley winced. “Not bad, are they?” he answered carelessly. “I have only to fill In this form, and then they’re ready to go off.” He drew out his fountain pen with the air of a criminal about to sign his death warrant. lie felt, by winning the prize now, he would add Insult to his irreparable injury. Then a sudden inspiratiou came to him. In absent minded manner he gave the pen an impatient shake tc make it flow freer, and Instantly a shower of inky specks flew over the blooms. Rita shrieked in dismay, and even Shirley felt a pang as he drew out three ruined roses, and threw them into a watering can which was half filled with weed killer.” “Well, there goes my chance,” he said. “I'm glad, too, as I spoiled yours.” He did not go to the show. Late in the afternoon he saw Rita depart to know her fate. Thou lie sat smok ing until the shadows of the house lengthened on the lawn. Taking out a Bradshaw, he began to hunt ont trains. “I have done for myself.” he said. “And if I don't get away, I shall be come a perfect wreck.” He traced a train to Cornwall, but found instead that he had reached Ely sium. for a trausformed Itlta suddenly ran up the path toward him, waving a blue ticket. * “it is mine! I have won It!” she cried. “In spite of being a rose short! Oh. I am so glad! But what are you doing what that guide? You are not going away?” “My heartiest congratulations. I never was so pleased lie fore! Yes, it is a Bradshaw, and I am going away.” “How are your poor rosesr” she ask ed at length. “I don’t know. I chucked them there.” Shirley carelessly drew out a drip ping bloom from the can. Then he stared In surprise. The strong solu tion of the chemical had transformed the blossoms. Although blotched and streaked, its color was undeniable. “A blue rose!” gasped Rita. The look lu her face answered the question of Shirley’s eyes, and as she gently took the rose he knew that he also was a prize winner.—London Ages. A Motto ‘’Silt Gfßfrii.'' “My Chinese Sunday school pupil who has an eating house, where bs curves liberal allowances of chop suey, wants me to give him a motto for It” “Liberal with chop suey, is he?” “Yes.” "Then why not proclaim himself in motto-fashion: ‘Suey generous?* ” Baltimore American. We are all struggling forcibly for fame and money, and will not stop for anything except to abuse those who have already succeeded In acquiring that which we are seeking. Perhaps one reason boys never play will doll dishes. Is that doll dishes are too small to hold anything. It is easier for a man to acquire a had reputation than it is for his chil dren to Uvs it down. ‘•DO IT NOW.” s ' x - . —Chicago Record-Hera id. WAR ON ANARCHY. Determined Effort Being Made to Stamp It Out in Chicago. Federal, State aud municipal govern ments are to unite in a determined movement to quench the fires of an archy in Chicago, which were fanned into a flame when Lazarus Averbuch, a youthful tool of local nihilists, was slain in the attempt to assassinate Chief of Police George M. Shipov. In running down the anarchist groups that are poisoning the minds of thousands of men and women, it was determined, in a conference of public officials, that the police should have the assistance of every available au thority and that decisive action must he taken to avert a recurrence of the outlawry which came to a bloody cli max in Haymarket Square in 188(5. Averbuch, ttie police are informed, was commissioned to kill Chief Shippy at a meeting of anarchists which lie attended the previous Tnumbly night. It was on that night, upon his return to the home of his sister. Olga Aver buch, 218 Wasbburne avenue, that the young Russian declared that he might as well kill himself. This group of anarchists, it also has been reported, plotted to assassinate Mayor Busse and Captain P. D. O'R’T en of the detective bureau. Information has reached the police that Averbuch, instead of going to night school, ,*s his sister said lit' did. was in frequent communication with a band.of violent, lawless men, who bad decided upon the death of Chicago’s police head. In the meeting where the plans were discussed Averbuch, it is alleged, was chosen to commit the crime. When picked by lot for the execution of such a deed, police ofli cials familiar with the regulations of anarchist societies declare, the assas sin is watched continually, without bio knowledge, until be carries out the order or is arros.ed or slain in the attempt. This, the authorities believe,' was done in Averbuch’s case. Many anarchists have been arrested in a crusade the most vigorous waged since the time of the Haymarket rict. but a search for leaders revealed that all had fled the city or were hiding. Literature, teeming with blasphemy and exhortations against the law and public officials, was confiscated, and several street meetings in the ghetto were dispersed. President Roosevelt in an interview with a correspondent warmly commends Chief Sliippy and says lie would reward him if lie were in a position to do so. The press of the country hns lieon practically unanimous in praising the action of Chief Shippy in dealing with the assassiu, aud urging strict meas ures to stamp out anarchy. Anti- Rebate Act I itlielil. The United States Supreme Court de cided. in the first of a series of cases attacking the Elkins anti-rebate law as reincorporated in the more recent Hep burn rate law. that the Great Northern railway's conviction and $15,000 tine for making a concession of 20 cents a hun dred on fifteen shipments of oats front Minneapolis to Seattle, was valid, not withstanding that the acts were commit ted in 1905. before the Hepburn bill had become a law. The indictments, though returned after the passage of the Hep burn bill was based upon the Elkins law. This decision is expected to have a wide effect on a large number of cases of ap peal from lower courts and it destroys one of the principal defenses which the Standard Oil Company was preparing tp advance against the payment of the $29. tn M),<N itt fine imposed last year for accept ing Alton rebates. The court's decision is unanimous and holds that repeal of any statute should not have the effect of releasing any one front any penalty in curred under it unless the repealing act expressly so provides. Kinds Water on llnr. Prof. Slipher. at the Lowell Observa tory. Flagstaff. Ariz.. lias photographed comparison s(>ecfra of Mars and the moon, which indicate water vapor in the Martian atmosphere. To Klieer t niihl Ptgit. Through contract with the government, though under the immediate auspices of tie Y. M. C. A., a quartet of women musicians have sailed for the Isthmus of Panama, where they will give entertain ments in the canal zone. They expect to be gone four weeks Raida \ot Aimrj at Trait. The American Tobacco Company has issued a statement denying that the raids of the Kentucky “night riders” are aimed at the tobacco “trust.” and in proof refer to the fact that where disorder has oc curred the so-called trust is the smallest factor in the purchase of tobacco. They further state that there is no contest be tween the trust and tbe tobacco growers or tobacco dealers in Kentucky, and that the prices now being paid for laf tobacco in that State and elsewhere are very much higher than they were ten years •go. and have been constantly fending upward since the so-called trust was or ganized. | Uinnnrr I.aw lndlntanti. Alward 11. Thomas, the young million aire: speculator and race horse owner of New.York, and Orland F. Thomas, asso ciated in business although not connect ed by l inship, have been indicted by the grand jury of New Y'ork county for vio lation of the jsurance law of the State the specific charge being the use of the funds of the Provident Life Saving Ae sura nee Society contrary to th" prov..— ions of the statute IVoth men pleaded not guilty and \wert released oc bail. Andrew Carr.Agie has *ntf.s a letter praising the Fowler currency ail! now be fore Congress. 1 DENVER’S AUDITORIUM IS VAST. Is Said to Be the Country’s Most Spacious Assembly Hall. Work on Denver’s immense audito rium which will house the Democratic national convention has progressed so rapidly that the building will be ready by the middle of June. The convention will open July 7. The auditorium will cost $530,000 and is built of fireproof material, with exits arranged so the place is entirely panic-proof. It is not a temporary structure. LhP intended to last for generations for tlie accommoda tion of other conventions. It is larger than Madison Square Garden in New York, which until recently was the most spacious assembly hall in the country. Madison Square Garden seats 12,137, while the seating capacity of the Denver auditorium is 12,500. From present indications it is esti mated that the attendance at the con vention will be the largest that has been present at such a gathering. Low rates have been made on all the rail roads. and as tin* convention will take place during the season when the travel to Colorado is heaviest, the usual crowd will be swelled by thousands who will conic for recreation, taking advantage of the rates. The hotel men are pledged not to raise prices for rooms and meals and this’ promise will be kept, it is said. A correspondent says that it is amaz ing what amounts of money are spent in Denver to entertain those who come as delegates to conventions. The re ception committee of the Grand Army raised SIOO,OOO and finished its work $15,000 in debt, so lavish was the enter tainment. The Elks spent SBO,OOO in making the city a sea of purple decora tions for the event and dispensing open handed hospitality on every side. The Engles also spent a large sum when their national convention was held. The city generally makes an appropriation for this purpose, as does the State. Ernest Coquelin. a French actor of note, was confined in a private sanitarium because of his hallucinations that he is Napoleon I. Russian soldiers were sent to the front, and it was announced that .”,000 troops may undertake military maneuvers involv ing live nations. The high Federal Court of Venezuela ruled against the New York and Bermuda Asphalt Company, approving the penalty of $200,000 assessed against it. The resignation of Gov. Gen. Gerhard of Finland and the succession of the mili tary commander. Gen. Bekmann, is re garded as the beginning of repressive measures in the grand duchy. Admiral Evans' armada exchanged sa lutes with a Chilean squadron, with the President of the Republic aboard, as the sixteen American battleships steamed by Valparaiso, bound for Callao, Peril. Baron Kogoro Takahira. the new Jap anese ambassador to the United States, has reached his post. In a statement given to the reporters he expressed him self as pleased to return to this country, where lie formerly represented his gov ernment. “it is impossible,” said he. “in my opinion, for any man of ordinary sanity to think of war between two pow ers like ours in spite of the sincere friend ship actually existing between them. It is a crime against humanity, against civ ilization. against the well-being of the whole of mankind.” Three Americans discovered a diamond tract in Mexico for which they refused $100.04*0 in gold. A Lisbon newspaper reported that the hoy King would leave his capital to spend several months at Cintrn. Many persons were injured, some of them seriously, in a clash between the populace and the troops growing out of the demonstration commemorating the death of Giordano Bruno at Rome on Feb. 10. The demonstration, which was anti-clerical, was engaged in by republi can. socialist and anarchist organizations. Several of the leaders have been arrested. Austria's announcement of her inten tion to build a railroad by permission of the Sultan through a wedge of Turkish territory between Servia and Montenegro and so provide a short route from Cen tral Europe to Salonica appears to be the disturbing factor in the present Bal kan situation. Servia was the first to protest, saying that the hue would place her at the mercy of Austria. Servia ap pealed to Russia and the latter was only too glad to have a pretext for interfer ence. charging Austria with taking a mean advantage of her known wetness after the wrr with Japan to break the Balkan agreement. Escorted by the Peruvian warship Coronel Bolognesi. the American battle ship fleet arrived at tbe port of Callao, Peru, and was welcomed by thousands of people, who cheered and waved hand kerchiefs. while cannon boomed the offi cial salute. The government decreed that Washington's birthday a holiday in honor of the American visitors. Admiral reported all well on board. The fleet had diverged from its course past Chile in order to salute and parade before Val paraiso. Count Boni dc Castellane was fined S2O in the Taris courts for fighting with his ccusin. the Plince de Sagan, and 39 cseta damages wex* allowed the prince. (sdfFc> An old horse can stand neglect bet ter than the colt. The horse needs daily exercise and likes a variety of food. Watch the feet of the colt*. Bee that the hoofs are kept even. ' Asa nuie the offspring of immature and pampered animal* are predisposed to disease. Hawks have been known to follow a train to pray on the small bird* star tled by the audden noise. A building free from draughts anil having a dry floor is absolutely essen tial to the health of poultry in the winter time. One successful Logman has gotten away from the Idea that hogs like filth and must have It to prosper. He sweeps out his pens every day. When a horse gets to gnawing at a manger the best thing to do is to cover everything gnawable with tin. Better do it before the habit is formed, how ever. The first agricultural society in America was established in Philadel phia in 1755. The first horticultural society was established in this city In 1828. Breeding is not an exact science, however it Is painstaking study and observation ratner than guess work which produces improved strains of an imals. Did you ever try to hang soap op a wire chain over the wash bowl, in stead of keeping it in a dish? If you haven’t, just try it. It saves soft soap, had words and, best of all, dirty hands. If you had fixed that hole in the floor of the pen, you would have saved the broken leg of that hog. As it is, your porker is done for. But be like the boy that is getting a good whipping, say, “I won’t do it again,” and mean it. too. Some of the currycombs and brushes used on the farms of this country are a sight to behold. Better throw them over the fence and get new ones. The cost is slight, and you will do a great deal better job. Think how much bet ter the horses will feel about it, too. The proper dimensions and arrange ment for a farm kitchen Is a subject which will probably never be exactly settled from the woman’s standpoint. A few things, however, must always be borne in mind by the lady of the house, and the privilege of having a place to deposit boots behind the stove, to dry wet gloves over the dishcloth ml, or make a foot-warmer of the kitchen oven cannot be denied tlie folks who weather the blasts. Every head of clover consists of about sixty flower tubes, each of which contains an infinitesimal quantity of sugar. Bees will often visit a hundred different heads of clover before retir ing to the hive, and in order to obtain the sugar necessary for a load must, therefore, thrust their tongues into about 6.000 different flowers. A bee will make twenty trips a day when the clover patch is convenient to the hive, and thus draw sugar front 120,000 dif ferent flowers In a single day's work. A test was made several years ago to ascertain the effect of stabling on stock ns compared with allowing the animals access to the open yard with sheds adjoining. The test was carried on during November, when the nights were cold and frosty. The parties making the experiment state that they found in this short test that In every Instance where the cows were com pelled to sleep In the barn In stalls they did not give ns lnrge a yield of milk ns when allowed the open air. We were quite surprised about this, for the nights were very cold, though dry. The barn was well ventilated and the animals had plenty of good, dry bedding and were In clean stalls. Nevertheless, a stall Is not as comfort able for an animal as the ground, pro viding it is not muddy or disagreea ble. Handling Barnyard Manure. Winter is the best time to haul barn yard manure out on the field, and if the ground is frozen it is all the better. At one time it was thought to put the manure In small piios on the fields, to prevent leaching, but more recent ex periment* have proved that manure spread out on the surface right from the wagon loses very little of its vir tue. The conditions are such. It seems, that when the manure is spread out on the surface the valuable ingredients are not soluble, and therefore can not be- washed away by the rains. There are more or less favorable conditions for the leaching away of fertility when manure is placed in heaps, for the reason that while kept in a body in this way some of the fer tilizing ingredients become soluble and are washed away during heavy fresh ets. Aside front thK manure placed in pile* is apt to make a crop spotted. Before tbe Tree* Bad. While tbe trees and shrubs are bare is the time for working to prevent any •preatl of the San Jose scale. If igno rant about this pest, call In some ex pert neighbor and hire the spraying ap paratus. for such is rather an expensive affair for a small place owner to be cumbered with. The small cheap things are only good for a bush or two in a yard, and tedious and bothersome at tLat. The larger ones ate mounted on wltels. while for very tall trees a wagon with gasoline power to force the •pray is required. For Insects that suck tbe life Juices of plants kerosene emulsion Is needed. For the kinds that chew the foliage powdered poisons must be applied, such as pans green and London purple, while If bugs keep on increasing we •hall doubtless soon have Vienna brown and Berlin azure, and so on through tbe geography and eoior list, while plain arsenate of lead sound* deadly enough without Sodom or Go morrah or Tophet to give if distinc tion. Snv* (hr Alfalfa Lforen. Save your alfalfa leaves for the lay ing hens this winter. On every farm where alfalfa is raised large quanti ties of the leaves collect on the barn floor. This should be gathered jp daily and put away in barrels or boxes for future use, for these leaves are the choicest part of the hay. The hens will eat large quantities of this dry if It be supplied In conveniently arranged boxes, so made as to prevent the birds frora wasting It. The best way, how ever, to feed it Is to scald It with hot water and put some cornmeal with It. The fowls relish it exceedingly, and it goes far toward taking the place of green food, which is not always obtain able in the winter months. Besides, It will save a considerable portion of the grain ration, for the fowls that have plenty of alfalfa will not need so much grain as those that are deprived of it —Kansas Farmer. Million* la Dralnact, It is estimated that the swamp, overflow and marsh lands of Texas cov er an area equal to 2,240.000 acres. Those are sections that would be suita ble for cultivation after they were re claimed, and after reclamation such land? usually become the most produc tive of any In the territory !u which they are located. Upon reasonably es timates, let us see what the reclama tion would do toward increasing the wealth ot Texas, beside** improving the health and destroying insect pests in the localities which need drainage. In their present unlit condition for homos or agriculture, the value of these sec tions, according to estimates, ranges from $4 to 8 per acre; but, accepting SB. the present value would be $17,- 920,000. Now. placing the cost necessary for draining or reclaiming at an average of about $lO and the value in present shape at 8 per acre, or $lB per acre for the lands and the improvement which would make them suitable for farm ing purposes, and the difference ($42) between $lB and SOO per acre would be a fair estimate to make for the en hanced value produced by such im provement, if we rely upon getting sim ilar results in Texas as have been pro duced In other States by such improve ment. Now if the value of these 2,240,- 000 acres of untillable and uninhabita ble lands can be enhanced $42 per acre and the lands made to class among the most productive and desirable in Tex as, and thereby adding a net increased value of $94,080,000 to the taxable val ues of the State.—Dallas News. FlnlMhlns Hoicm for Market. Pork production is one of the most profitable farm industries In Georgia, especially when conducted lu connec tion with dairying and upon land where plenty of cheap range, forage and root crops can be secured. The most salable kind of pork is that which contains a large proportion of lean meat, as the lard and fatty portions of the hog are cheaper in price and troublesome to handle, says a Georgia bulletin. The type of hog that produces a large share of lean meat is rapidly becoming the most popular in America, and is known as the "bacon type,” examples of which are the Yorkshire and Tarn worth breeds. All tlie present breeds of hogs, however, can be fed in such a manner as to produce the same results, by a proi*er combination of protein or nitro geneous feeds which produce lean meat, and starchy or carbonacc'ous feeds, which produce the fat. There Is no question that the cheap est method of growing a pig front wean ing time until ready for the final fat tening or finishing period. Is to use good range or pvsture, supplied with acorns, mast or Bermuda grass, and In addltiuu some root or forage crop, such ns rape, peanuts, ehufas, cowpeas, arti chokes, potatoes and snssava, with per haps a small quantity of grain. But the usual Idea of stockmen, when tak ing up pigs weighing 125 to 150 pounds, for the purpose of hardening the flesh and finishing for market, is to feed them In pens almost entirely on a diet of corn for six or eight weeks. This practice will Invariably produce more of the soft fats than by feeding upon a properly balanced mixture. Need More Protein. A station bulletin says: “It is now clearly recognized that dry feed alone, especially where corn is the exclusive ration, does not provide the most satis factory combination of nutrients for the hog. The fact that corn Is so gen erally cultivated has led to Its almost exclusive use as a fattening ration for hogs in many localities, which Is un fortunate In the light of investigations made In the last few years, as the re sults distinctly show that much better gains would be obtained were the corn combined with some other food which would supply the needs of tbe grow ing animals to better advantage. For fattening purposes corn stands supreme, but It is not a complete and perfect food for either growing or fat tening animals, and this statement ap plies to all classes of live stock. From the standpoint of the hog feeder, corn is deficient in both protein and miner al matter, especially the latter. Since the uniform and rapid development of the animal depends on tbe maintenance of tbe skeleton or l>onj framework, the nutrition of the muscle* and the forma tion of fat, it is essential that such foods be fed ns will provide for the needs of the body In tbe cheapest form. As other grains are rich In some of the constituents in which corn 13 de ficient, it appears that a combination of them will prove effective, and such is shown to be the case by the result* presented. The common practice of feeding cor* alone to hogs would be corrected, were some well known truths more general ly recognized. For insiiince, it Is stat ed on competent authority that the ash of corn is entirely indigestible by swine. Moreover, the withholding of mineral matter from the hog not only impairs the skeleton, but the whole nutritive process is disturbed as well, anti the growth of the animal is seriously re tarded if our resultf are to be relied upon. The fact that gains two or three times larger than those normally ob tained on (Xrn alone follow the proper adjustment of the ration Is a matter of such far-reaching and economic con cern to hog raisers as to command their most respectful and earnest considera tion. It takes about 300,000 men to run the Federal government aud this is not a great number when we consider that there are nearly 90.000,000 of peo ple in the country. This number in cludes a great many country postmast ers and others, who do not give their whole time to the government, but does not include some 40.000 privates and non-commissioned men in the army. It is notable that there are two kinds of jobs which it is bard for Uncle Sam to fill —those in the army and those in technical positions. The army is about 25,000 men short of the proper force and the number of those in the ser vice is decreasing steadily through de sertions and expiration of enlistments. Men can do better in civil life, and even West Point appointments go beg ging. The technical positions in the various departments in various branch es of the service arc hard to fill. The examinations are very strict, the re quirements are of the highest nnd the pay is about one-half that In civil life. It is no wonder that it is hard to se cure the right sort of men. Every man is supposed to be a patriot, but that does not mean tlmt he is willing to work for Uncle Sum for half pay, espe cially as this employer is rich and able to pay better salaries. Members of Congress voted themselves 50 per cent additional pay, but did not take into consideration the great mass of em ployes of the government, most of whom are working at a compensation fixed more than 30 years ago, when the cost of living was not move than half what it is at present Tiie joint Congressional Committee appointed to investigate the working of the Post Office Department has made a preliminary report suggesting several radical changes in the organi zation of the executive machinery of the department, chief among which is the recommendation that the actual direction of the business of tlie service be placed in the hands of an officer, with necessary assistants, to lie ap pointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate, for long terms, so as to insure the continuity of efficient ser vice, which, they say, can not lie ex pected in the fullest measure when the business is intrusted, as at present, to a postmaster general and certain as sistants selected without special refer ence to experience and qualifications, and subject to frequent change. Under such a system, they say. a large rail road, commercial or industrial business would inevitably go into bankruptcy, and the Postotlice Department lias averted that fate only because the United States treasury lias been avail able to meet deficiencies. It is not proposed to abolish the ofllce of post master general, who would still have control of matters of policy as a cabi net officer. Every four years Uncle Sam lias a job that requires workmen having more than the ordinary amount of daring in their make-up. It is the difficult task of cleaning and painting the dome of the Capitol tit Washington and the Goddess on top of j . Nine tons of paint are used and It requires two months’ work of from 30 to 40 men to complete the task. The top of tbe dome is so far above the ground that a workman loses all his friskiness, mov ing about slowly and with great care. It is not so hard lor the men who do tin- actual painting, ns they usually have scaffolds to protect them. It is the men who put up the scaffolds who take the greatest chances of being dashed to their deaths somewhere be low. The entire capltol dome is in four levels; first there is the cupola and the statue on top of all; then comes the dome proper; then two levels col umns. All of this except tin* statue, including tin* columns themselves, is of iron. The Goddess herself is some 20 feel high, and weighs 10,000 pounds The annual pension bill as favorably reported to the House carries a total appropriation of $150,860,000. Asa method of economy it proposes to con solidate all the I (ranch agencies in cer tain cities iuto tlie central bureau at Washington. This policy j M opposed by the G. A. 11. There tire now 907,371 persons on the pension roll, mid tin* sum paid them las, year was $138,- 030,894. In order that the War Department may appreciate the strong sentiment of the people of the I’aciflc coast in favor 4*f permanently maintaining a fleet of at least six modern battleships in these waters, various commercial bodies of Washington. Oregon and Uni ifornia will be asked to pass resolu tions to that effect and to forward copies to tin* authorities tit Washing ton. At the graduating exercises of tlie West Point Military Academy 108 ca dets were given diplomas and are now in line for commissions in the regular army, where they are said to be great ly needed. Secretary of War Taft made the principal address and delivered the diplomas, lie reminded the young men that an army man lost a good part of hi.-, freedom of Initiative and sjeech and reminded them that their plain duty was to “obey order* and keep your mouth shut.” One of tbe many recent—and ancient —criticisms of the American navy was that in time of nt-ed a ship might he commanded by a man who.had lltlie or no experience as captain of a battle ship. The president has lately ap proved a change in the regulations which |>ermits commander* to serve as executive officers on battleship* and ar mored cruisers, to command a flotilla of torpedo-boat destroyers, and to serve a* engineer of the fleet. Under the old regulatmns thf'se duties belonged only to captains and flag officers. The Senate Committee on Indian Af fairs has reported adversely a bill in troduood by Senator Owen, appropri ating $200,000 to establish a govern ment school in Oklahoma for the teach ing of Indian art. It was the plan to teach the Indian children how to do bead work, make fancy baskets, tan skins and furs and make tools used by the Indians in their primitive state. Hundreds of women are employed la the secret service of Germany.