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Wausau pilot. [volume] (Wausau, Wis.) 1896-1940, March 17, 1908, Image 2

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PEOPLE
COMMEND MORE; PUNISH LESS.
By Samuel Pennypacker.
' J My experience when on the bench led me
to the conclusion that men do wrong things
1:1 less through wicked inclinations than because
p.f of a failure to see the consequences of the
fU acts which they commit. Crime Is generally
Y the result of weakness of character and in-
Jf ability to understand clearly the situations
which arise. A wrong initial step is taken in
* some direction, and where it leads the indi
viduals fail to see. The way to help men to be better is
to find out what it is that is good in their conduct and
give them due credit and commendation.
The world is slowly and steadily improving. Men arc
better in their conduct than ever they were before, and
we should all look forward ns we progress to a diminu
tion of the number of criminal offenses rather than to
the increase of them. Most of these new tangled crimes
arise from the relations of men to money, and this kind
of legislation indicates what in my View is the mos". se
rious of our national vices.
The best of men are strengthened by recognition and
appreciation, the worst may be encouraged to better ef
fo.t by the approval of their fellows, and ail of us will
be improved by the cultivation of altruistic s utments
and the repression of destructive propensities.
WOMEN SHOULD NOT SACRIFICE THEMSELVES.
By Bernard Shaw.
iety, being directly dominated by
r . 'wS neu, comes to regard woman not as
If 4 —ZW >n end in herself like n in, but solely
im/ is a means of ministering to him.
iUJ The Ideal wife Is one who does every-
A Jt&c lung the ideal husband likes, and
i J- bHESS* nothing else. Now. ro treat a parson
is u means Instead of an end is to
leny that jierson's right to live.
Woman, if she dares face the fact
that she is being so treated, either
DLKAAIiU Sli An. , , , „ , ’ , ,
must loathe herself or else rebel.
The young wife finds that her husband is neglecting her for
his business; that h.is interests, Ills activities, his whole
life, except one small part, lies away from home; and
that her business is to sit there and mope until she is
wanted. Fortunately things do not remain forever at
this point. The self-respect she lias lost as a wife she
regains ns a mother, in which capacity her use and Im
portance in the community compare favorably with those
of most men in business. She is wanted in the house,
wanted in the market, wanted by the children; and now,
instead of weeping because her husband Is away in the
city thinking of stocks and shares instead oT his ideal
woman, she would regard his presence in the house all
day as an intolerable nuisance.
It depends altogether upon the accident of the woman
having some natural vocation for domestic management
and the care of children, as well as on the husband
being fairly good matured and livable with. Henee arises
coo oßc> 000o$o 000 So coo So 000
§ I
$ gitle §
oooo^o oooogooooogocoo coo
“Will you marry me?”
“Certainly not!”
There was no indecision in the clear
voice, and Arthur Shirley’s face grew
anxious.
“Why not?” he persisted.
“You had bettor ask why. To begin
with, I am an old maid, and—l don’t
like men, and—and you have chosen a
most Inconsiderate time to worry me.
As If I had not worries enough already.
Look at this Bessie Brown! Blighted,
and the show so near!”
Rita Clay’s statement lacked accura
cy. She was four-and-twenty. clear
skinned and gray eyed, and she had the
prettiest crinkle In her golden-brown
hair. There was a crinkle on her brow
as well at this minute, as she gazed dis
tractedly from her importunate lover to
the wilted spray.
Shirley frowned.
“I’m talking of marriage, which Is a
serious thing,” he objected, “and yet
you persist In putting it second to a lot
of roses that have the measles!”
Rita’s heart acknowledged the justice
of his reproof, and she instinctively
seized on the offending point to turn
it into a grievance.
“Your remarks just prove," she said,
“that you and I are not in the least
suited. Our tastes are different. You
don't care a bit for flowers!”
“I grow roses.”
‘You don’t. They grow themselves!”
Shirley’s voice grew more anxious.
“But. Rita,” he urged, “when the
show is over, and you have no more
distractions, promise me to think quiet
ly over what 1 have said. Keep your
answer till then.”
“**ly answer is final. And you need
never refer to the subject aga.n. for
you have no more chance than you have
of growing—a blue rose!”
The dark band of clouds in the east
that had brought blight to the roses
had also blighted poor Shirley's hoj>es.
When lie had been ordered from the
hotbed of the stock exchange to the
ooo! glades of Durley. he had disobeyed
liis doctor by putting a double strain
on his shattered nerves. For he fell in
lore. At first he worshiped in silence,
for Rita was indifferent and thorny,
until he adopted the right tactics. Rita
help'd him to grow roses!
Everyone In Durley grow roses—
beautiful noses, too, In spite of the fact
that no one possesed any exact scien
tific knowledge. But the climate and
soil were congenial, and the roses evi
dently liked the attentions they re
ceived. Instead of being a remote Sur
rey village, the little hamlet might have
been a tiny corner of Persia, so sweet
was the perfume of the rose In summer,
and the essence of pot-pourri in winter.
It was natural, therefore, that the
great gala-day of the year was the Dur
ley Rose Show.
The following evening, when he
strolled out on his lawn to smoke his
after-dinner pipe, he greeted hla fair
neighbor with hla usual friendliness.
She answered constrainedly, and only
allowed him to see the back of her
white blouse, as sffie Industriously syr
inged her beloved roses. This was bad
manners, and also bad policy, for Shir
ley, secure from the fire of Rita’s eyes,
completely recovered his nerve, and In
five minutes had the audacity to ask
her opinion about an ailing bud.
The bait was too tempting, and a
minute later Rita was on the wrong
side of her fence, putting Shirley right
about his treatment of his flower.
Friendly relations restored, the girl
made him a present of a confidence.
“Just think,” gfe said, “I have
beard to-day that Dr. Barton is going
•broad, and won’: compete for the best
collection of blooms at the Rosa Show.
He always beats every one. And —and
—I believe, at least. I have a chance
of winning It. I shall never have one
•gain, and you can’t think how excited
the idealist Illusion that a vocation for domestic man
agement and the care of children is natural to women
and that women who lack them are not women at all.
NATURE’S INTELLECT IS LIKE MAN'S.
By Maurice Maeterlinck.
[' 1 Nature, when it wishes to be beautiful, to
rj please, to rejoice, and to show itself happy,
M.l does almost as we would do. I know that in
fj speaking thus I Bpeak a little like that
rj man who wondered why Providence always
1 W made the big rivers flow nearby the large
I Jjf cities; but It is difficult to view these things
LAk from another point of view than the human.
The Genius of the Earth, which is probably
that of the entire world, acts. In the life struggle, exact
ly as a man acts. He uses the same methods, the same
logic. He attnius his end by the means that we employ;
he hesitates, he eliminates, he recognizee and corrects
bis errors as we would do In ills place. He Invents pain
fully, little by little, after the fashion of the workers
and the inventors of our studios. He struggles just as
we do against the heavy mass, enormous and dark, of
his own being. He knows no more than we do whither
he Is going. lie searches, he discovers little by little.
He has an Ideal, often confused, but In which o: e never
theless distinguishes a mass of targe lines which rise
toward a life more spiritual. Materially he arranges in
finite resources; he knows the secret of prodigious forces
which we do not know; but intellectually he seems strict
ly to occupy our sphere; we do not say that he exceed*
its limits.
HUMAN GOVERNMENTS ARE CHILDISH.
By Annie Besant.
' ' la economics also it is probable that a
WJ stage of competition and misery was necessary
k I for the evolution of individuality, and that
ff,f man needed to grow first by combat of bodies
irj and then by combat of brains; by the ccn
jr stant claim of the individual to plunder ac-
JL cording to his powers and opportunities. None
JiS. the less It is true that this stage shall be out
r”*” grown, and we shall learn to substitute co
operation for competition, brotherhood lor strife. But
we can only outgrow It by cultivating unselfishness, trust,
high character and sense of duty, for we must improve
ourselves ere the body politic of which we ure constitu
ent parts can be healthy.
May it not be possible to influence public opinion to
value men and women for greatness in intellect and
virtue, in self-surrender and devotion, and not for wealth
or luxury? May not the wealthy learn that it is an es
sentially infantile view of man to value him by his show
instead of by his worth, by the number of his material
wants rather than by the grandeur of his spiritual as
pirations? Wherever the ideal is the possession of ma
terial goods combat must be the social condition, since
material goods perish in the using, and possession by
one excludes possession by another.
I am about It. But I don’t know why
I should bore you. Only, I felt I sim
ply had to tell someone.”
”1 am glad you told me,” said Shir
ley gently. “And you must win the
prize. That is certain !”
The long June days wore away, each
bringing fresh promise of new life and
beauty to the roses. A week before the
show, after a blissful evening spent
with Rita in helping her to minister to
the precious roses, the girl suddenly
lifted her flushed face from a rose
bush.
“They’re coming on beautifully,” she
announced. “I feel my ehauee is a
very healthy one. But I mustn’t be
selfish. You have neglected your roses
for mine. If you don’t mind, I will
come over and Inspect my pupil’s prog
ress.”
“Delighted!” said Shirley, all Ignor
ant of his Impending doom.
Rita strolled around the garden, ex
claiming at the beauty of the general
effect. But as she walked to the bed,
where a battalion of rose trees, each
bearing a single bud. reared their
heads, a slight crease appeared be
tween her eyes. She criticised and in
spected every row, and as her face
grew dark Shirley’s spirits fell.
The queen of the flowers is ns fickle
as most despotic sovereigns, and, with
the caprice of her sex, had chosen to
thrive under Shirley’s careless treat
ment and ignorant experiments In a
manner that surpassed ail the results
of Rita's tender care. A fatal blunder
had been made by the lover-—for the
pupil’s roses were finer than the teach
er's.
“They look wonderfully promising.”
said Rita, with a quiver in her voice.
“You will have to compete, and I nnt
sure you will get the prize.”
“Not against you. I won’t!”
“You will! Do you think I will let
you give me the price out of pity?
And If you don't win it with such love
ly buds as these, I shall be fearfully
disappointed!”
Shirley stared hard at the flowers to
avoid seeing the tears gather in Rita's
eyes. He had grown roses solely to
please her. and they had given him
away.
For two days he worried over the
problem, reckless of the advice of the
nerve specialist. At the end of the
second eveuing he thought he saw a
way out of his difficulty, with beaming
eyes, he called out joyfully to Rita,
who, as usual, was hovering over her
roses.
“You are bothering over Bessie
Brown. 1 know,” he called. “And you
are fighting the blight with a woman s
weapon—soapsuds. Aren’t you, now?
Just like a woman—not an idea above
spring cleaning! Now I have brought
you some splendid scientific stuff I
used for my flowers. Give it a trial,
and Bessie will be as clean as the dew
by the show.”
Rita accepted the tin with gratitude,
and Shirley went home happy.
He slept the sleep of the Just that
night; but about 2 o'clock he woke up
suddenly, and sat tip In bed. his mind
invaded by a horrible suspicion. Hast
ily slipping on dieasing gown and slip
pers, he stole out to tlie toolhouse. Bj
the light of his candle, he espied a tin
on one of the shelves, at the sight of
which he gavs a groan. If his heart
had been light when he fetched the
blight destroyer, the shed had been
dark, and, with the calmness of d-'*-
palr. he realized that he had given Rita
the strongest weed killer in his posses
sion.
Further sleep was impossible. He
dressed, and sat readiug till the sun’s
rays grew high. Then, with furtive
steps, he stole like a murderer to the
scene of his crime. Climbing Miss
Clay’s garden wall, he slunk over to
the fated Bessie Brown. In a moment
he knew the worst. The dainty flower,
whose dignity had been Insulted by
the rank odor, had curled up each deli
cate petal In disgust, and hung on the
branch, a wilted ball.
A light step behind him made the
man turn. To his horror, he saw Rita
tripping down the path, radiant aw the
summer’s day. Shirley fixed hla eyes
on the gravel, and stood, wait!** for
the storm to descend on his head. He
heard a gasp, and then a curious muf
fled sound. He looked round quickly,
and then he fled from the garden.
Rita could not have chosen a better
way to punish him; for she, his self
possessed and slightly aggressive
charmer, had burst into tears.
The following morning the sun woke
all the inhabitants of Durley by throw
ing a golmn shower into their rooms,
for it was the great gala day of the
season—the Rose Show. By 10 o’clock
Shirley had prepared all his blooms,'
finished their toilettes, and with a
heavy heart he saw them neatly ar
ranged, with their heads peeping from
their stiff green setting.
lie had just stuck the Inst rose into
the last hole with listless fingers, when
Rita peeped over. Iler face was pale,
for her collection had just departed,
minus her best rose.
“They’re beauties!” she called. “You
will certainly take the prize!”
Shirley winced.
“Not bad, are they?” he answered
carelessly. “I have only to fill In this
form, and then they’re ready to go off.”
He drew out his fountain pen with
the air of a criminal about to sign his
death warrant. lie felt, by winning
the prize now, he would add Insult to
his irreparable injury. Then a sudden
inspiratiou came to him. In absent
minded manner he gave the pen an
impatient shake tc make it flow freer,
and Instantly a shower of inky specks
flew over the blooms.
Rita shrieked in dismay, and even
Shirley felt a pang as he drew out
three ruined roses, and threw them
into a watering can which was half
filled with weed killer.”
“Well, there goes my chance,” he
said. “I'm glad, too, as I spoiled
yours.”
He did not go to the show. Late
in the afternoon he saw Rita depart
to know her fate. Thou lie sat smok
ing until the shadows of the house
lengthened on the lawn. Taking out a
Bradshaw, he began to hunt ont trains.
“I have done for myself.” he said.
“And if I don't get away, I shall be
come a perfect wreck.”
He traced a train to Cornwall, but
found instead that he had reached Ely
sium. for a trausformed Itlta suddenly
ran up the path toward him, waving a
blue ticket. *
“it is mine! I have won It!” she
cried. “In spite of being a rose short!
Oh. I am so glad! But what are you
doing what that guide? You are not
going away?”
“My heartiest congratulations. I
never was so pleased lie fore! Yes, it
is a Bradshaw, and I am going away.”
“How are your poor rosesr” she ask
ed at length.
“I don’t know. I chucked them
there.”
Shirley carelessly drew out a drip
ping bloom from the can. Then he
stared In surprise. The strong solu
tion of the chemical had transformed
the blossoms. Although blotched and
streaked, its color was undeniable.
“A blue rose!” gasped Rita.
The look lu her face answered the
question of Shirley’s eyes, and as she
gently took the rose he knew that he
also was a prize winner.—London
Ages.
A Motto ‘’Silt Gfßfrii.''
“My Chinese Sunday school pupil
who has an eating house, where bs
curves liberal allowances of chop suey,
wants me to give him a motto for It”
“Liberal with chop suey, is he?”
“Yes.”
"Then why not proclaim himself in
motto-fashion: ‘Suey generous?* ”
Baltimore American.
We are all struggling forcibly for
fame and money, and will not stop for
anything except to abuse those who
have already succeeded In acquiring
that which we are seeking.
Perhaps one reason boys never play
will doll dishes. Is that doll dishes are
too small to hold anything.
It is easier for a man to acquire a
had reputation than it is for his chil
dren to Uvs it down.
‘•DO IT NOW.”
s ' x - .
—Chicago Record-Hera id.
WAR ON ANARCHY.
Determined Effort Being Made to
Stamp It Out in Chicago.
Federal, State aud municipal govern
ments are to unite in a determined
movement to quench the fires of an
archy in Chicago, which were fanned
into a flame when Lazarus Averbuch, a
youthful tool of local nihilists, was
slain in the attempt to assassinate
Chief of Police George M. Shipov.
In running down the anarchist
groups that are poisoning the minds of
thousands of men and women, it was
determined, in a conference of public
officials, that the police should have
the assistance of every available au
thority and that decisive action must
he taken to avert a recurrence of the
outlawry which came to a bloody cli
max in Haymarket Square in 188(5.
Averbuch, ttie police are informed,
was commissioned to kill Chief Shippy
at a meeting of anarchists which lie
attended the previous Tnumbly night.
It was on that night, upon his return
to the home of his sister. Olga Aver
buch, 218 Wasbburne avenue, that the
young Russian declared that he might
as well kill himself.
This group of anarchists, it also has
been reported, plotted to assassinate
Mayor Busse and Captain P. D. O'R’T
en of the detective bureau.
Information has reached the police
that Averbuch, instead of going to
night school, ,*s his sister said lit' did.
was in frequent communication with a
band.of violent, lawless men, who bad
decided upon the death of Chicago’s
police head. In the meeting where the
plans were discussed Averbuch, it is
alleged, was chosen to commit the
crime. When picked by lot for the
execution of such a deed, police ofli
cials familiar with the regulations of
anarchist societies declare, the assas
sin is watched continually, without bio
knowledge, until be carries out the
order or is arros.ed or slain in the
attempt. This, the authorities believe,'
was done in Averbuch’s case.
Many anarchists have been arrested
in a crusade the most vigorous waged
since the time of the Haymarket rict.
but a search for leaders revealed that
all had fled the city or were hiding.
Literature, teeming with blasphemy
and exhortations against the law and
public officials, was confiscated, and
several street meetings in the ghetto
were dispersed. President Roosevelt
in an interview with a correspondent
warmly commends Chief Sliippy and
says lie would reward him if lie were
in a position to do so.
The press of the country hns lieon
practically unanimous in praising the
action of Chief Shippy in dealing with
the assassiu, aud urging strict meas
ures to stamp out anarchy.
Anti- Rebate Act I itlielil.
The United States Supreme Court de
cided. in the first of a series of cases
attacking the Elkins anti-rebate law as
reincorporated in the more recent Hep
burn rate law. that the Great Northern
railway's conviction and $15,000 tine for
making a concession of 20 cents a hun
dred on fifteen shipments of oats front
Minneapolis to Seattle, was valid, not
withstanding that the acts were commit
ted in 1905. before the Hepburn bill had
become a law. The indictments, though
returned after the passage of the Hep
burn bill was based upon the Elkins law.
This decision is expected to have a wide
effect on a large number of cases of ap
peal from lower courts and it destroys
one of the principal defenses which the
Standard Oil Company was preparing tp
advance against the payment of the $29.
tn M),<N itt fine imposed last year for accept
ing Alton rebates. The court's decision
is unanimous and holds that repeal of
any statute should not have the effect of
releasing any one front any penalty in
curred under it unless the repealing act
expressly so provides.
Kinds Water on llnr.
Prof. Slipher. at the Lowell Observa
tory. Flagstaff. Ariz.. lias photographed
comparison s(>ecfra of Mars and the
moon, which indicate water vapor in the
Martian atmosphere.
To Klieer t niihl Ptgit.
Through contract with the government,
though under the immediate auspices of
tie Y. M. C. A., a quartet of women
musicians have sailed for the Isthmus of
Panama, where they will give entertain
ments in the canal zone. They expect to
be gone four weeks
Raida \ot Aimrj at Trait.
The American Tobacco Company has
issued a statement denying that the raids
of the Kentucky “night riders” are aimed
at the tobacco “trust.” and in proof refer
to the fact that where disorder has oc
curred the so-called trust is the smallest
factor in the purchase of tobacco. They
further state that there is no contest be
tween the trust and tbe tobacco growers
or tobacco dealers in Kentucky, and that
the prices now being paid for laf tobacco
in that State and elsewhere are very
much higher than they were ten years
•go. and have been constantly fending
upward since the so-called trust was or
ganized.
| Uinnnrr I.aw lndlntanti.
Alward 11. Thomas, the young million
aire: speculator and race horse owner of
New.York, and Orland F. Thomas, asso
ciated in business although not connect
ed by l inship, have been indicted by the
grand jury of New Y'ork county for vio
lation of the jsurance law of the State
the specific charge being the use of the
funds of the Provident Life Saving Ae
sura nee Society contrary to th" prov..—
ions of the statute IVoth men pleaded
not guilty and \wert released oc bail.
Andrew Carr.Agie has *ntf.s a letter
praising the Fowler currency ail! now be
fore Congress. 1
DENVER’S AUDITORIUM IS VAST.
Is Said to Be the Country’s Most
Spacious Assembly Hall.
Work on Denver’s immense audito
rium which will house the Democratic
national convention has progressed so
rapidly that the building will be ready
by the middle of June. The convention
will open July 7. The auditorium will
cost $530,000 and is built of fireproof
material, with exits arranged so the
place is entirely panic-proof. It is not
a temporary structure. LhP intended to
last for generations for tlie accommoda
tion of other conventions. It is larger
than Madison Square Garden in New
York, which until recently was the
most spacious assembly hall in the
country. Madison Square Garden seats
12,137, while the seating capacity of
the Denver auditorium is 12,500.
From present indications it is esti
mated that the attendance at the con
vention will be the largest that has
been present at such a gathering. Low
rates have been made on all the rail
roads. and as tin* convention will take
place during the season when the travel
to Colorado is heaviest, the usual crowd
will be swelled by thousands who will
conic for recreation, taking advantage
of the rates. The hotel men are pledged
not to raise prices for rooms and meals
and this’ promise will be kept, it is
said.
A correspondent says that it is amaz
ing what amounts of money are spent
in Denver to entertain those who come
as delegates to conventions. The re
ception committee of the Grand Army
raised SIOO,OOO and finished its work
$15,000 in debt, so lavish was the enter
tainment. The Elks spent SBO,OOO in
making the city a sea of purple decora
tions for the event and dispensing open
handed hospitality on every side. The
Engles also spent a large sum when
their national convention was held. The
city generally makes an appropriation
for this purpose, as does the State.
Ernest Coquelin. a French actor of
note, was confined in a private sanitarium
because of his hallucinations that he is
Napoleon I.
Russian soldiers were sent to the front,
and it was announced that .”,000 troops
may undertake military maneuvers involv
ing live nations.
The high Federal Court of Venezuela
ruled against the New York and Bermuda
Asphalt Company, approving the penalty
of $200,000 assessed against it.
The resignation of Gov. Gen. Gerhard
of Finland and the succession of the mili
tary commander. Gen. Bekmann, is re
garded as the beginning of repressive
measures in the grand duchy.
Admiral Evans' armada exchanged sa
lutes with a Chilean squadron, with the
President of the Republic aboard, as the
sixteen American battleships steamed by
Valparaiso, bound for Callao, Peril.
Baron Kogoro Takahira. the new Jap
anese ambassador to the United States,
has reached his post. In a statement
given to the reporters he expressed him
self as pleased to return to this country,
where lie formerly represented his gov
ernment. “it is impossible,” said he. “in
my opinion, for any man of ordinary
sanity to think of war between two pow
ers like ours in spite of the sincere friend
ship actually existing between them. It
is a crime against humanity, against civ
ilization. against the well-being of the
whole of mankind.”
Three Americans discovered a diamond
tract in Mexico for which they refused
$100.04*0 in gold.
A Lisbon newspaper reported that the
hoy King would leave his capital to spend
several months at Cintrn.
Many persons were injured, some of
them seriously, in a clash between the
populace and the troops growing out of
the demonstration commemorating the
death of Giordano Bruno at Rome on
Feb. 10. The demonstration, which was
anti-clerical, was engaged in by republi
can. socialist and anarchist organizations.
Several of the leaders have been arrested.
Austria's announcement of her inten
tion to build a railroad by permission of
the Sultan through a wedge of Turkish
territory between Servia and Montenegro
and so provide a short route from Cen
tral Europe to Salonica appears to be
the disturbing factor in the present Bal
kan situation. Servia was the first to
protest, saying that the hue would place
her at the mercy of Austria. Servia ap
pealed to Russia and the latter was only
too glad to have a pretext for interfer
ence. charging Austria with taking a
mean advantage of her known wetness
after the wrr with Japan to break the
Balkan agreement.
Escorted by the Peruvian warship
Coronel Bolognesi. the American battle
ship fleet arrived at tbe port of Callao,
Peru, and was welcomed by thousands
of people, who cheered and waved hand
kerchiefs. while cannon boomed the offi
cial salute. The government decreed that
Washington's birthday a holiday in
honor of the American visitors. Admiral
reported all well on board. The fleet had
diverged from its course past Chile in
order to salute and parade before Val
paraiso.
Count Boni dc Castellane was fined S2O
in the Taris courts for fighting with his
ccusin. the Plince de Sagan, and 39 cseta
damages wex* allowed the prince.
(sdfFc>
An old horse can stand neglect bet
ter than the colt.
The horse needs daily exercise and
likes a variety of food.
Watch the feet of the colt*. Bee
that the hoofs are kept even. '
Asa nuie the offspring of immature
and pampered animal* are predisposed
to disease.
Hawks have been known to follow a
train to pray on the small bird* star
tled by the audden noise.
A building free from draughts anil
having a dry floor is absolutely essen
tial to the health of poultry in the
winter time.
One successful Logman has gotten
away from the Idea that hogs like filth
and must have It to prosper. He
sweeps out his pens every day.
When a horse gets to gnawing at a
manger the best thing to do is to cover
everything gnawable with tin. Better
do it before the habit is formed, how
ever.
The first agricultural society in
America was established in Philadel
phia in 1755. The first horticultural
society was established in this city In
1828.
Breeding is not an exact science,
however it Is painstaking study and
observation ratner than guess work
which produces improved strains of an
imals.
Did you ever try to hang soap op
a wire chain over the wash bowl, in
stead of keeping it in a dish? If you
haven’t, just try it. It saves soft
soap, had words and, best of all, dirty
hands.
If you had fixed that hole in the
floor of the pen, you would have saved
the broken leg of that hog. As it is,
your porker is done for. But be like
the boy that is getting a good whipping,
say, “I won’t do it again,” and mean it.
too.
Some of the currycombs and brushes
used on the farms of this country are
a sight to behold. Better throw them
over the fence and get new ones. The
cost is slight, and you will do a great
deal better job. Think how much bet
ter the horses will feel about it, too.
The proper dimensions and arrange
ment for a farm kitchen Is a subject
which will probably never be exactly
settled from the woman’s standpoint.
A few things, however, must always be
borne in mind by the lady of the
house, and the privilege of having a
place to deposit boots behind the stove,
to dry wet gloves over the dishcloth
ml, or make a foot-warmer of the
kitchen oven cannot be denied tlie folks
who weather the blasts.
Every head of clover consists of
about sixty flower tubes, each of which
contains an infinitesimal quantity of
sugar. Bees will often visit a hundred
different heads of clover before retir
ing to the hive, and in order to obtain
the sugar necessary for a load must,
therefore, thrust their tongues into
about 6.000 different flowers. A bee
will make twenty trips a day when the
clover patch is convenient to the hive,
and thus draw sugar front 120,000 dif
ferent flowers In a single day's work.
A test was made several years ago
to ascertain the effect of stabling on
stock ns compared with allowing the
animals access to the open yard with
sheds adjoining. The test was carried
on during November, when the nights
were cold and frosty. The parties
making the experiment state that they
found in this short test that In every
Instance where the cows were com
pelled to sleep In the barn In stalls
they did not give ns lnrge a yield of
milk ns when allowed the open air.
We were quite surprised about this,
for the nights were very cold, though
dry. The barn was well ventilated and
the animals had plenty of good, dry
bedding and were In clean stalls.
Nevertheless, a stall Is not as comfort
able for an animal as the ground, pro
viding it is not muddy or disagreea
ble.
Handling Barnyard Manure.
Winter is the best time to haul barn
yard manure out on the field, and if
the ground is frozen it is all the better.
At one time it was thought to put the
manure In small piios on the fields, to
prevent leaching, but more recent ex
periment* have proved that manure
spread out on the surface right from
the wagon loses very little of its vir
tue. The conditions are such. It seems,
that when the manure is spread out on
the surface the valuable ingredients
are not soluble, and therefore can not
be- washed away by the rains.
There are more or less favorable
conditions for the leaching away of
fertility when manure is placed in
heaps, for the reason that while kept
in a body in this way some of the fer
tilizing ingredients become soluble and
are washed away during heavy fresh
ets. Aside front thK manure placed in
pile* is apt to make a crop spotted.
Before tbe Tree* Bad.
While tbe trees and shrubs are bare
is the time for working to prevent any
•preatl of the San Jose scale. If igno
rant about this pest, call In some ex
pert neighbor and hire the spraying ap
paratus. for such is rather an expensive
affair for a small place owner to be
cumbered with. The small cheap things
are only good for a bush or two in a
yard, and tedious and bothersome at
tLat. The larger ones ate mounted on
wltels. while for very tall trees a
wagon with gasoline power to force the
•pray is required.
For Insects that suck tbe life Juices
of plants kerosene emulsion Is needed.
For the kinds that chew the foliage
powdered poisons must be applied, such
as pans green and London purple,
while If bugs keep on increasing we
•hall doubtless soon have Vienna
brown and Berlin azure, and so on
through tbe geography and eoior list,
while plain arsenate of lead sound*
deadly enough without Sodom or Go
morrah or Tophet to give if distinc
tion.
Snv* (hr Alfalfa Lforen.
Save your alfalfa leaves for the lay
ing hens this winter. On every farm
where alfalfa is raised large quanti
ties of the leaves collect on the barn
floor. This should be gathered jp
daily and put away in barrels or boxes
for future use, for these leaves are the
choicest part of the hay. The hens will
eat large quantities of this dry if It
be supplied In conveniently arranged
boxes, so made as to prevent the birds
frora wasting It. The best way, how
ever, to feed it Is to scald It with hot
water and put some cornmeal with It.
The fowls relish it exceedingly, and it
goes far toward taking the place of
green food, which is not always obtain
able in the winter months. Besides, It
will save a considerable portion of the
grain ration, for the fowls that have
plenty of alfalfa will not need so much
grain as those that are deprived of it
—Kansas Farmer.
Million* la Dralnact,
It is estimated that the swamp,
overflow and marsh lands of Texas cov
er an area equal to 2,240.000 acres.
Those are sections that would be suita
ble for cultivation after they were re
claimed, and after reclamation such
land? usually become the most produc
tive of any In the territory !u which
they are located. Upon reasonably es
timates, let us see what the reclama
tion would do toward increasing the
wealth ot Texas, beside** improving the
health and destroying insect pests in
the localities which need drainage. In
their present unlit condition for homos
or agriculture, the value of these sec
tions, according to estimates, ranges
from $4 to 8 per acre; but, accepting
SB. the present value would be $17,-
920,000.
Now. placing the cost necessary for
draining or reclaiming at an average
of about $lO and the value in present
shape at 8 per acre, or $lB per acre for
the lands and the improvement which
would make them suitable for farm
ing purposes, and the difference ($42)
between $lB and SOO per acre would be
a fair estimate to make for the en
hanced value produced by such im
provement, if we rely upon getting sim
ilar results in Texas as have been pro
duced In other States by such improve
ment. Now if the value of these 2,240,-
000 acres of untillable and uninhabita
ble lands can be enhanced $42 per acre
and the lands made to class among the
most productive and desirable in Tex
as, and thereby adding a net increased
value of $94,080,000 to the taxable val
ues of the State.—Dallas News.
FlnlMhlns Hoicm for Market.
Pork production is one of the most
profitable farm industries In Georgia,
especially when conducted lu connec
tion with dairying and upon land where
plenty of cheap range, forage and root
crops can be secured. The most salable
kind of pork is that which contains a
large proportion of lean meat, as the
lard and fatty portions of the hog are
cheaper in price and troublesome to
handle, says a Georgia bulletin. The
type of hog that produces a large share
of lean meat is rapidly becoming the
most popular in America, and is known
as the "bacon type,” examples of which
are the Yorkshire and Tarn worth
breeds. All tlie present breeds of hogs,
however, can be fed in such a manner
as to produce the same results, by a
proi*er combination of protein or nitro
geneous feeds which produce lean meat,
and starchy or carbonacc'ous feeds,
which produce the fat.
There Is no question that the cheap
est method of growing a pig front wean
ing time until ready for the final fat
tening or finishing period. Is to use
good range or pvsture, supplied with
acorns, mast or Bermuda grass, and In
addltiuu some root or forage crop, such
ns rape, peanuts, ehufas, cowpeas, arti
chokes, potatoes and snssava, with per
haps a small quantity of grain. But
the usual Idea of stockmen, when tak
ing up pigs weighing 125 to 150 pounds,
for the purpose of hardening the flesh
and finishing for market, is to feed
them In pens almost entirely on a diet
of corn for six or eight weeks. This
practice will Invariably produce more
of the soft fats than by feeding upon
a properly balanced mixture.
Need More Protein.
A station bulletin says: “It is now
clearly recognized that dry feed alone,
especially where corn is the exclusive
ration, does not provide the most satis
factory combination of nutrients for
the hog. The fact that corn Is so gen
erally cultivated has led to Its almost
exclusive use as a fattening ration for
hogs in many localities, which Is un
fortunate In the light of investigations
made In the last few years, as the re
sults distinctly show that much better
gains would be obtained were the corn
combined with some other food which
would supply the needs of tbe grow
ing animals to better advantage.
For fattening purposes corn stands
supreme, but It is not a complete and
perfect food for either growing or fat
tening animals, and this statement ap
plies to all classes of live stock. From
the standpoint of the hog feeder, corn
is deficient in both protein and miner
al matter, especially the latter. Since
the uniform and rapid development of
the animal depends on tbe maintenance
of tbe skeleton or l>onj framework, the
nutrition of the muscle* and the forma
tion of fat, it is essential that such
foods be fed ns will provide for the
needs of the body In tbe cheapest
form. As other grains are rich In some
of the constituents in which corn 13 de
ficient, it appears that a combination
of them will prove effective, and such
is shown to be the case by the result*
presented.
The common practice of feeding cor*
alone to hogs would be corrected, were
some well known truths more general
ly recognized. For insiiince, it Is stat
ed on competent authority that the ash
of corn is entirely indigestible by swine.
Moreover, the withholding of mineral
matter from the hog not only impairs
the skeleton, but the whole nutritive
process is disturbed as well, anti the
growth of the animal is seriously re
tarded if our resultf are to be relied
upon. The fact that gains two or three
times larger than those normally ob
tained on (Xrn alone follow the proper
adjustment of the ration Is a matter
of such far-reaching and economic con
cern to hog raisers as to command their
most respectful and earnest considera
tion.
It takes about 300,000 men to run
the Federal government aud this is
not a great number when we consider
that there are nearly 90.000,000 of peo
ple in the country. This number in
cludes a great many country postmast
ers and others, who do not give their
whole time to the government, but does
not include some 40.000 privates and
non-commissioned men in the army. It
is notable that there are two kinds of
jobs which it is bard for Uncle Sam to
fill —those in the army and those in
technical positions. The army is about
25,000 men short of the proper force
and the number of those in the ser
vice is decreasing steadily through de
sertions and expiration of enlistments.
Men can do better in civil life, and
even West Point appointments go beg
ging. The technical positions in the
various departments in various branch
es of the service arc hard to fill. The
examinations are very strict, the re
quirements are of the highest nnd the
pay is about one-half that In civil life.
It is no wonder that it is hard to se
cure the right sort of men. Every man
is supposed to be a patriot, but that
does not mean tlmt he is willing to
work for Uncle Sum for half pay, espe
cially as this employer is rich and able
to pay better salaries. Members of
Congress voted themselves 50 per cent
additional pay, but did not take into
consideration the great mass of em
ployes of the government, most of
whom are working at a compensation
fixed more than 30 years ago, when the
cost of living was not move than half
what it is at present
Tiie joint Congressional Committee
appointed to investigate the working
of the Post Office Department has
made a preliminary report suggesting
several radical changes in the organi
zation of the executive machinery of
the department, chief among which is
the recommendation that the actual
direction of the business of tlie service
be placed in the hands of an officer,
with necessary assistants, to lie ap
pointed by the president and confirmed
by the Senate, for long terms, so as to
insure the continuity of efficient ser
vice, which, they say, can not lie ex
pected in the fullest measure when the
business is intrusted, as at present, to
a postmaster general and certain as
sistants selected without special refer
ence to experience and qualifications,
and subject to frequent change. Under
such a system, they say. a large rail
road, commercial or industrial business
would inevitably go into bankruptcy,
and the Postotlice Department lias
averted that fate only because the
United States treasury lias been avail
able to meet deficiencies. It is not
proposed to abolish the ofllce of post
master general, who would still have
control of matters of policy as a cabi
net officer.
Every four years Uncle Sam lias a
job that requires workmen having more
than the ordinary amount of daring in
their make-up. It is the difficult task
of cleaning and painting the dome of
the Capitol tit Washington and the
Goddess on top of j . Nine tons of
paint are used and It requires two
months’ work of from 30 to 40 men to
complete the task. The top of tbe
dome is so far above the ground that a
workman loses all his friskiness, mov
ing about slowly and with great care.
It is not so hard lor the men who do
tin- actual painting, ns they usually
have scaffolds to protect them. It is
the men who put up the scaffolds who
take the greatest chances of being
dashed to their deaths somewhere be
low. The entire capltol dome is in four
levels; first there is the cupola and
the statue on top of all; then comes
the dome proper; then two levels col
umns. All of this except tin* statue,
including tin* columns themselves, is of
iron. The Goddess herself is some 20
feel high, and weighs 10,000 pounds
The annual pension bill as favorably
reported to the House carries a total
appropriation of $150,860,000. Asa
method of economy it proposes to con
solidate all the I (ranch agencies in cer
tain cities iuto tlie central bureau at
Washington. This policy j M opposed by
the G. A. 11. There tire now 907,371
persons on the pension roll, mid tin*
sum paid them las, year was $138,-
030,894.
In order that the War Department
may appreciate the strong sentiment
of the people of the I’aciflc coast in
favor 4*f permanently maintaining a
fleet of at least six modern battleships
in these waters, various commercial
bodies of Washington. Oregon and Uni
ifornia will be asked to pass resolu
tions to that effect and to forward
copies to tin* authorities tit Washing
ton.
At the graduating exercises of tlie
West Point Military Academy 108 ca
dets were given diplomas and are now
in line for commissions in the regular
army, where they are said to be great
ly needed. Secretary of War Taft made
the principal address and delivered the
diplomas, lie reminded the young men
that an army man lost a good part of
hi.-, freedom of Initiative and sjeech
and reminded them that their plain
duty was to “obey order* and keep
your mouth shut.”
One of tbe many recent—and ancient
—criticisms of the American navy was
that in time of nt-ed a ship might he
commanded by a man who.had lltlie or
no experience as captain of a battle
ship. The president has lately ap
proved a change in the regulations
which |>ermits commander* to serve as
executive officers on battleship* and ar
mored cruisers, to command a flotilla
of torpedo-boat destroyers, and to serve
a* engineer of the fleet. Under the
old regulatmns thf'se duties belonged
only to captains and flag officers.
The Senate Committee on Indian Af
fairs has reported adversely a bill in
troduood by Senator Owen, appropri
ating $200,000 to establish a govern
ment school in Oklahoma for the teach
ing of Indian art. It was the plan to
teach the Indian children how to do
bead work, make fancy baskets, tan
skins and furs and make tools used by
the Indians in their primitive state.
Hundreds of women are employed
la the secret service of Germany.

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