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THE TEST OF OFFICIAL FITNESS. By Oov. Hughes ot New York. I|jj9 Every governmental scheme finds pig Its ultimate test In the character of the men who may be brought to Its S2j execution. Men who In trade will PHI resort to dishonest methods and un- B fair practices In competition will at |p tempt to fatten themselves at the Ip expense of the public if they are K elected to office. Men who will prey He upon minority stockholders or abuse t,?l the trusts that are committed to them In our great financial enterprises will O prey . pou the people if they have a K chance. Whether powers of supervision and regulation will be wisely exercised ° V ' IILGIIKS - depends, not upon the words of the statute book, but upon the character of the supervisors and regulators; and you must have a higher quality of citizenship in those who administer the laws than in those whose conduct makes the laws and their adminis tration necessary. Between the man who attempts to fool the people In order to get rich and the man who attempts to fool the people in order to get office, between him who seeks his personal profit through an abuse of trust as a director and the man who uses public office to serve himself or his personal friends, there Is nothing to choose. WORLD OR WOMEN-WHICH WILL CHANGE T By Ada May Krccker. _j It does not seem unreasonable to expect U women in the long run to give to the big LI world something of their own natures. It is WJ only what they have done In the home. That My is why the homes where they are queens are W thought refiued and beautiful and why the big JL outside world where they are slaves is called hard and cold. But even If women should Br. not do much to soften the big world, the nat ural processes of evolution are at work slowly and surely refining It. The cold, hard world to-day is not nearly so cruel or uncomf ;;üb'e or brutal as the choicest home life of the savages. If the western world seems a little untamed in com parison with the oriental it is because Its civilization Is so much newer. I.ess than two thousand years ago It was chiefly savages; whereas over twenty thousand years ago the orientals were writing poetry and philos ophy. Or if America seems ruder than Europe it is because we Insist upon civilizing everybody. In Europe they have been satisfied with a few “gentles.” They have called them the But In America we pay attention to “qunntity," too. And if we cannot turn them all out as gentlemen by the time they are nat uralized citizens, we at least find them easy to dis tinguish from new arrivals by their better behavior and better dress. Whichever way we take it—whether the f? Owing to the great amount of decom pr ed vegetable matter contained In Brazilian waters, which causes rapid deterioration of thin steel, the hull of the new dispatch bont Guanabara, built for the Brazilian Government is constructed entirely of bronze. Against this metal, says Popular Mechanics, the corrosive action of the Brazilian waters has no effect, and. although more cost ly, both in material and construction, the vessel is much lighter than if built of steel or wood. The propeller shaft ing and propeller are also of bronze. The brownish spots which appear In old books are really due to the ravages of bacteria, says Popular Mechanics. The tiny destroyer is especially fond of starchy material and its propagation is promoted by damp. It has been well understood that damp produced discol oration and decay, but the share of the microbe In the operation has not hith erto been suspected. Tiny fungus or mold ? responsible for gray and black mark* upon old papers. In spotting the surface the fungus helps to break down the fabric and bnsten the process of its destruction. R. Lydekker, the English naturalist, calls attention to the observations of R. I. Pocock on the significance of the spots on lion cubs as Indicating the close relationship of lions, tigers and leopards. On lion cubr; the pattern of the markings Is intermediate in char acter between the stripes of the tiger and the rosettes of the leopard, but in clines more toward the former. East African lions lcialn more or less dis tinct traces of tliese early markings even when they reach maturity. A dis tinct tiger-Uke feature of the lion cub is a white peteh over the eye, which disappears ir. the adult. Puma cubs show a pattern quite unlike that of the lion, tiger, leopard ami jaguar. At the recent meeting of the Ameri can Association for the Advancement of Science, in Chicago, attention was called to the Interesting fact that the work on the Panama Canal is changing biological conditions in Panama, and that its completion will enable the fresh-water fauna? of the Atlantic and Pacific slopes to Intermingle. Undoubt edly many marine aulmals will pass from oue ocean to the other Thus a permanent change of conditions will be brought about, which may or may not possess much practical Importance, but its scientific interest Is very great In view of these facts, the association re solved to urge upon Congress the neces sity of an immediate biological survey of the Panama Canal zone:. The report that the Gulf Stream now runs with greater speed than formerly, and its Influence on the time required for the crossing of the Atlantic, fur nishes the theme for an article by Dr. Brenneeke in the German magazi.te, Utushau. Dr. Brenneeke analyzes the climatic and geographical reasons for the existence and continuance of the Gulf Stream, and points out how the change in the wind currents and the density of the atmosphere all affect the life and power of the famous current This Is chiefly dependent, be points out. o' the location and areas of high and low pressure over the sea. A aeries of carefully made reports over a long period cf time by the German Marine Obscrvatorlum 9eems to indicate that the Gulf Stream now moves more rap idly than formerly. Cold Not Cere Htmoelt. Something of the irony of fate ia ex emplified In an anecdote related by the New York Times concerning Professor Poirier, who until his recent death was the most famous cancer expert In Francs. Professor Poirier gave much of his time without pay to aiding poor people afflicted with cancer. One day there came to him s woman on whom be had operated, and who feared the growth was coaxing again. Tear nothing.’* said the physician world is growing daintier of its own j t>rd, or whether women publicly are helping to make it so—there is good reason to expect it to become as fit a place for a woman as a parlor. And there is little ground for fearing that women will turn either into men or rowdies because they have left their zenanas. WHERE DO WILD ANIMALS DIE? By Dr. Theodore Zell . Where do wild animals die? This question VJ has often been asked, and many learned nat tj iiralists have tried to Snd satisfactory an swer, but even at the present time compara- MJ tively little is known that would throw a g clear light upon that subject. The question w is simple enough and easily answered In some cases, but extremely difficult in other cases. —■■ In a large number of cases tlie animals are killed by other animals or by man and eaten. Of all living creatures man is the most bloodthirsty, and more animals fall victims to his greed, cruelty or appetite than to the murderous instincts of carnivorous or other ani mals. , Some have made the assertion that certain animals, w.’an they feel the approach of death, retire to some hid ing place, a cave, a hollow tree, or some crevice In the rocks, and there await the end. That may be true and is decidedly probable, but does not explain the fact that only In rare cases are the remains of dead animals found '.n such places. It has often been commented upon that even in the districts where monkeys are abundant dead monkeys are scarcely ever found. Ancient writers like Pliny speak with remarkable erudition of the age which certain domestic and wild animals reach, but their writ ings throw no light upon the question as to what be comes of the animals after death. The number of car casses and skelctous which are actually found is far too small to give a satisfactory explanation of that puzzling questiou which Is still waiting for Its Oedipus. AMERICAN CHARACTER CONTRADICTIONS. By Dr. Fella Ad's*. -J 'We have no great leadership in politics or nj in other fields. The average American Intern- Ay gence is high, but we have not the peaks that MjJ tower above the average. No country needs BJ great leaders so much as a democracy, and in g no country have they appeared less than in JL our democracy. The false Idea of equality, I imagine, has HWkr-J something to do with it. It is a curious fact, Americans are the most Individualistic and the least in dividualistic. Nowhere is individualism so much encour aged and nowhere so much discouraged. The American air is filled with the spirit of enterprise; on the other hand, he Is less Independent than the Eng lishman. He would never assert his rights when he ls ousted, as the Englishman; he is afraid of being singular when he steps out and resents that which others bear. Democracy Is unfavorable to individualism in this re spect. TWO NOTORIOUS ANARCHISTS. ALEXANDER BERKMAN. EMMA GOLDMAN. The bomb-throwing affair at Union square. New York City, served again to bring to public notice several of the apostles of disorder, chaos and rra archy. One of these is Alexander Berkman and another Is Emma Gold man. Both of these worthies have caused the police a great deal of work and annoyance and are kept under surveillance most, if not all of, the time. Berkman is the editor of a publication known as Mother Earth, which is widely circulated among those of anarchistic sympathies. He is the man who tried to kill Henry C. Frick, and he served a term In prison for hi* crime. It is said Mr. Frick employs a detective to watch Berkman con stantly for fear he will repeat the attempt at assassination. Berkman was arrested after the recent bomb throwing, but could not be connected with that affair. Emma Goldman is a lecturer on anarchy and is associated with Berkman in the publication of Mother Earth. The police never lose sight of her and are vigilant in policing any hall in which she Is to speak. when he had made an examination. "It will be some years before you will need a fresh operation—which, by the way, I sliall not be able to perform/’ "But, doctor, you will not refuse to treat me?” "No. my pocr woman, but I shall not be there to do it. I also have a cancer —and it will be more rapid than yours.’’ Appreciated Advice. Good counsel, thankfully received, may not always be Interpreted accord ing to the preacher's intent. An “Amer ican pioueer" of ISUI gives an account of a sermon which resulted in an un derstanding far more to the delectation of the hearer thau of the one who de livered it. A good Swedish minister gathered a company of Indinn chiefs, and delivered to them a discourse on the subject of sin and its consequences. He enlarged upon the story of Adam. Eve. the apple and the fall. His lan guage was vivid and picturesque, and made s great Impression on the rod men. At the end of the sermon an Indian o*ator rose and said: "What .-ou have told Is all very good. It is Indeed bod to eat apples. It Is better to mawe them all Into elder. ,e are much obliged for your kinduess in coming so far to tell us these things which you have heard from your mother.” Drowned Mannacrlpt. James Russell IxiweU, f he first edi tor of the Atlantic, was walking across Cambridge bridge when his hat blew off and feil Into the Charles with half a dozen or more manuscripts with which it was freighted and which he was returning to the Boston office. A boatman reeo'.ered the hat, but the scattered manuscripts perished in those waves of oblivion. "If they had been accepted articles, it wouldn't have been quite so bad, for.” said he, "we might with some grace ask the writers for fresh copies. But how can you tell a self-respecting contributor that his manuscript has been not only rejected, but sent to a watery grave?"—J. T. Trowbridge In Atlantic. Make your services so useful that employers will hum you in the day time with a lantern. The more worthless a man la when he leave* a town, the greater the prob ability that be wl-'l come back. THE CAPTAIN’S REMEDY. A young woman wbo recently made a trip to Europe "decided to consult the captain of the ship as to the best pre ventive for seasickness. Having armed herself with a letter of Introduction to the officer, she waited until the ship had eleated Sandy Hook, says a writer in the Bohemian, nnd then approached him. She described her fears, and beg ged for a remedy. “My dear lady.” replied the captain, with an amused smile, “you will not be troubled with any Illness If you will do what I tell you. Most ladles confine themselves to Btaterooms. and thereby incur the very thing they fear. Now If you will stay on deck, get all the fresh air you can, walk up and down, take good physical care of your self, and try not to think of trouble, you will never be seasick.” The lady thanked him. She followed the directions faithfully, and when the ship ran into the tail end of a heavy northwest gale, she never felt a qualm. She appeared regularly at meals, aud enjoyed herself thoroughly. As the gale was abating, she be thought her that it was due the cap tain that she should thank him for bis good advice, and approaching the deck steward, entrusted him with a message asking for an interview. In due time the steward returned, saying that* the captain was unable to grant her an interview. “Why not?” she questioned. "Why won't he see tre?” “Captain’s compliments, miss,” said the steward "but he's suffering with a bit of seasickness, which **s lasted two days now, an' he ain't in shape to talk to you." A Nice "You're a nice friend to have! Why didn't you lend Boroughs the sovereign he wanted?" “Why should IF “To save me. You must hare real ized that be knew if be didn’t get It from you be would from me. You've practically robbed me of that amount.” —London Telegraph. Simplicity NvMUty. Slmpllcty forms a main ingredient in a aobie nature—TbocydJdsa. Value of Troops in Peace. GEN. BELL POINTS OUT rHE WORTH OF THE ARMY. Corrects & State ment Made Off- Hand Before tHe Bouse Commit tee on Milita ry Affairs. Maj. Gen. J. Franklin Beil, chief of staff, has written an interesting letter in defence of the army as a valuable institution in time of peace as well as in time of war. It is addressed to Representative - Hull, chairman of the Houso Oommittee on Military Affairs, and is as foliow's: “My attention has been called to the fact that while testifying before your committee as to the value of maneuvers, I made a statement to the effect that we had come to reoognize that the only excuse for the exist ence of our army in time of peace was that it might be a school of instruc tion for war. “As all testimony i3 liable to be, whan given offhand, without careful thought or consideration, and when discussing only one phase of a situa tion, this statement Is incorrect and misleading. Inasmuch as I am chief of staff of the army, and my state ments are consequently given more weight than would otherwise be the case, I desire to correct this testi mony (by stating certain facts more or less patent to all. “I regret that I gave expression to this incorrect statement all the more because it would seem to justify a misconception which is fairly preva lent among a considerable number of our people who have not given thor ough and careful consideration to the subject. The Regular Army In Peace. "The regular army is not in time of peace a body of idlers, as is frequent ly supposed, whose maintenance can be excused only because it is neces sary as a preparation for war, neither is it merely and solely a kind of in surance against that contingency. If there could be an absolute guaranty that international wars should never occur, the United States would still have to keep up a regular army or else have much difficulty in existing as a civilized state. If this be doubt ed, let us pause to inquire how the great task we have undertaken of planting free institutions in the un congenial soil of an oriental country could be carried on without military force. How could any man be safe in his life or secure in his property there, or elsewhere under our juris diction, unless behind the mere letter of the law there stood an armed force to make good its promises? “Our great western frontier could never have been settled, and parts of it could not be safely inhabited now, were it not for the protection afford ed by the regular army of the United States. What is there, we may ask, to make Alaska a country of law, or der and property unless it be the or ganized armed force we have there? Were it not for this force these indis pensable conditions of civilized life could only be maintained through unanimous consent, a thing hardly to be relied upon. “The United States could not have fulfilled the solemn obligation as sumed in the face of the world to keep Cuba a country fit to live in if it had not maintained an armed force, quiescent it is true, but ready. Basis of All Government. “So in the United States proper, every man, woman and child and all property is safe and secure, not be cause there is no ’awless element to be restrained, but because in the last analysis the really effective check ex ists in the shape of its regular army. In the last extremity the power of every government must necessarily depend upon force, and it would there fore be well if unthinking declama tions against maintaining a regular army in time of peace were never heard. “Even in purely practical arts of peace the regular army of the United States has not wanted opportunities to demonstrate the administrative value to our nation in great calami ties of an organized, disciplined armed force, possessing patriotic pride, high training, self-respect and sympathy for the people. In times of yellow lever and flood as the people of the Mississippi valley can testify, and in times of great conflagration, as the inhabitants of Chicago, Balti more and San Francisco can witness, the regular army can be relied upon to respond immediately in organizing relief and protection in a systematic and efficient manner when local gov ernment agencies have become disor ganized and inefficient. Time and again the regular army has been called upon to maintain order in com munities threatened .with and suffer ing from mob violence, and on one occasion, it is confidently believed* only its timely arrival prevented the ensuing of a conflagration in a large city which would have resulted in a calamity similar to that which re cently occurred at San Francisco. “Tnerefore. instead of making the incautious statement I did. I should have affirmed and it ought to be pro claimed on every proper occasion that the regular army Is not kL't in peace; that it is not engaged exclusively in preparing for war. and that its main tenance should not be considered purely in the light of national insur ance against a possible war. Consid er'd in the light of its practical benefit to the nation in time of peace, it is capital well invested and makes its full return to the people of this country -day by day and year by year, and it will continue to do so. even though we may be so fortunate ax never to have another international war.” —From the Washington Star. THE MAN-EATING TIGER. The Inuki Native Always Knows Where He May Be Found. I have lived for weeks alongside quite small, well defined forests con taining tigers. Looking down from the hillside I could always toll when a tiger was on foot, where he was walking and when lie lay down to rest, for all these movements were reported by screaming birds and chattering opes from the treeto.'U. By the like telegraphy and by woodcraft which is bom In them, by Hie interests and habits of cooaUest generations, the villagers are perfect* ly well posted regarding the great beasts, and particularly regarding the tigers In their neighborhood. The man eater la well known over the whole of his sometimes very exten sive beat. A sportsman arriving—provided the villagers have confidence in him, and this is a large provision, for they must know their man—will have no difficulty whatever in being accurate ly informed concerning the man eaters movements, but whether he will persuade the villagers to help him to get up to his quarry will de pend entirely upon his personal repu tation. A Blunder jn Poets. Tennyson is not the only poet laureate whom Regent Street has known. Southey relates a ludicrous scrape into which he and Campbell fell one day In the Qr'\ nt. Camp bell wished to re’ 1 a poor woman and rushed o tto nearest shop to change a s' veredgr. The shopkeeper was atten ! ng to customers and de layed to oblige v .un, and the generous poet .lost his temper. Thereupon tha shopkeeper jumped to the conclusion that he had two rogues to deal with, and rashly sent for the police. Camp bell stood in helpless fury, but when Southey explained things to the con stable, that worthy, who happened to be a Glasgow man, at once exclaimed: “Guidness, moo, is that Master Camell, the Lord Rector o’ Glaisgle?’’ Aifter that it was difficult to separate Campbell and the shopkeeper, so warmly were their hands interclasped In explanations and forgiveness. — Westminster Gazette. Leo’s Secretary of State. Cardinal Rampolla cherishes the peace and seclusion which he 60 well deserves. Almost every afternoon about two hours before dusk, he drives from his isolated house under the shadow of St. Peter’s, and returns shortly .before the bells ring out the Angelos. Two or three times a week he attends the Congregations of which he is a member. With those excep tions he never leaves his house, and within it nearly all his time is spent Is his private library, which also serves him for a reception room. He never leaves Rome even for a day, and not even in the fiercest heats of summer. He has lately published a very erudite work on the life and times of St. Melania the Elder and he is no", engaged in another histor cal work which may see the light early next year.—Rome Letter to Lon don Tcblet. Crystalline Metal. When we speak of a metal being in a crj*stalline state we almost invariab ly associate that state with the idea of hardness. Even practical metal lurgists entertain this notion, although as Mr. G. T. Beilby says in a recent paper read before the Royal Society in London, “in the pure ductile metais the crystalline state is actually the soft state.” A large part of the soft ness is ascribed to the instability of the crystalline structure. When a metal is drawn into wire its tenacity is enormously increased —that of iron four times, that of pure gold more thau three times, and that cf silver and copper still more. But investiga tion shows that metals which have been thus treated show micro-struc ture in which deformed and broken down crystals are embedded in a .non crystalline mass. In the process Of hardening a -metal its crystalline structure is broken down and it passes into the non-crystalline form. —Youth's Companion. Pretty Well Stuck Up. The patient was a healthy Scotch girl; aged 20 years, who had no sign of hysterical tendency, hut was in the habit of putting pins in her mouth, and sometimes had beer known to fall asleep without removing - them. She was admitted to the hospital, having swallowed five .pins accidentally while fixing -clothes, and by ’che help of emetics she was relieved of them. Re turning home she began regularly to vomit pins and got rid of 23 in the course of a month. Then she to produce needles, and in a fortnight 13 came out from the following situa tions—the left nostril, the origin of the sternomastoid behind the left ear, and a spot on the front of the right forearm. At the same time she con tinued vomiting -pins until 75 had ap peared. The needles were blackened and slightly eroded, and two of them were threaded with about three inches of thread.—London Lancet. Promotion By Merit. A grizzled old colonel who is a vet eran of the Civil War and who has since seen hard active service in sev eral Indian campaigns, the Arctic re gions, the Spanish War and the Philip pine insurrection, died not view with pleasure the recent promotions of younger and almost unknown officers who were jumped over his head. Strol ling about his camp in the Philippines one day, he came upon one of his of fers fondling a monkey. “Colonel,” said the officer, "this is the most remarkable monkey I ever saw. Why, he can take a stick And go through the manual of arms al most as well as one of the soldiers.” “Sh!” exclaimed the Cokrael, glanc ing about in great alarm. "Don't tell anybody. Suppose the War Depart ment heard of it! They’d make him a brigadier-general!" Philadelphia Ledger. The Beardless Man. There is a so-called “smooth-shav en” millionaire in New York who neveV used a razor on his face. Twen ty-five years ago he was a monoma niac ou the subject of saving time, and among other short cuts to for tune made up his mind to cut out shaving, a matter of 15 cents a day and about twenty minutes of preci ous time. If the barber made good. After a trial of various cosmetics and depilatories he decided that electroly sis was a far better, though a very tedious, process. In five months the root of every hair in both beard and moustache was utterly destroyed by an electric current from a cons tan batterv. The man suffered consider ably, but ever since the operation hie face ha* been as smooth as a bald head. No power ou earth could re store his beard now. —New York Press. Hints for. Husbands. Men should take women as they are. and not expect ahem to be an gels. If a man truly loves a woman he ought not to complain of her fam ine shortcomings, but have patience w+th her whim* said try to understand her. Il is not so very difficult —Ham- burg Fha.'Hen Zattung. lL Early growth helps early maturity. Begnlar feeding makes animals more content To make a success of farming avoid expenses. Underfeeding stunts growth and over feeding Is a waste of food and of time. Japan raised last year the largest barley crop in the history of the coun try. Owing to the scarcity of crops in Turkey, American flour is going to that country In larger quantities than ever before. Any system of agriculture which, en courages grain selling rather than dairying and stock raising is open to serious criticism. Give the boys a lamb or two to care for as their own. All the rest will share with those you place under the keeping of the boys. Chicago men have established a milk factory at Eoosburg Frd's, vt, with a capital of $1,000,000. If will Lave a capacity for using the milk of 5,000 cows. There is nothing like experience on a wheel scraper to teach a team to pull. A team that has been used one season on a grader simply does not know how to get “stuck ” Growth ls profit in anything or any kind of business. Land as well as live stock and grain can be made to advance in growth and value, in rich ness of soil as well as in price. Halter-pulling is a bad trick In a horse. Often it is brought on by care less usage in the stall. Never do any thing that would frighten a horse in his stall. Look to It that no one else does, either. We have better laws for regulating the sale of grass seeds now than form erly, but do not forget to take a magni fying glass along when buying seeds. Weed seeds will sprout and grow in spite of the law. The farmer who plants tested seed corn knows that It will grow r , while the one who plants seed that is not tested has no way of knowing whther his seed will grow or not. Success usually goes with the man who knows Half the bad habits of horses may be laid at the door of the nen who han dle them. I have seen a mare cured of pulling at the halter just by the change of a master. Kindness always brings the best kind of returns. The old method of the haphazard feeding of swfine and the lazy man’s method of throwing out corn to Hie hogs In quantity are fast becoming ob solete. The feeding of swine has be come a science. Rations are prepared with a definite end in view. According to recently published fig ures, lard is the most valuable single packing house product exported from the United States. It Is even more val uable than the cattle exports and goes to a greater number of markets I? lar ger quantities than do other meat prod ucts. Many a man going to an auction sale of pure-bred stock never intends to buy. Before he knows it, however, he's in the game; and thereby many have found a road that has led to fortune. The microbe for better stock is > per •istent animalism. It overcomes persons unfit as well as those fit to conduct the L’isiness. There are two plans for keeping a farm In 'wder. The one Is to set aside a date as an annual clearing house event, as the housewife does, and let things slide the ist of time. The other is to aim to keep up the little ends of things from day to day. The latter plan is by far the most prefer able, as no doubt most careful farmers will agree. Sanitary M'lk tor Calve*. Be scrupulously clean as to pails, troughs and the food used in feeding young calves. It will .save a lot of the trouble that comes with carrying calves through the scours. There is no surer cause of soou.’s then di-rty feed pails. Where Ilngi Follow Tattle. Even if In addition to corn other con centrates richer in protein and ash than Is corn are fed to steers, the corn in the droppings is much more readily found, and the benefit derived by the hog from the feeds other than corn is not very great, although it is believed that some benefit may be derived. Flaxseed Jelly. TO prepare flaxseed jelly for calf feeding boil or, rather, steep one pound, of whole flaxseed in water almost boil ing until a thick paste results. An other method of preparation is to take half a cup of ground flax in a quart of vlater and allow to simmer just below tihe boil Jig point until a thick Jelly Is formed. It should le kept cool and sweet until fed. Kesrin at the Bottom. In an address before the Rhodes Ex periment Station, Henry Hales said that so many go into the poultry busi ness with little or no preparation ; some go into it because they have heard that It is a light, genteel business, such as Invalids or weak (not to say lazy) peo ple can ir a good and easy Jiving out of. Such persona throw up the business after a snort time with very pe.’tiliar idea* about tbe poor chickens. Many a man who might have become a prosperous and successful poaltryma has ended his career as a poultry breed er in disaster, simply because he began too high up the ladder. If be had been content to start a few rounds Sower, or even at tbe very bottom, he might have, in the end. reached the top and stood there secure, because be had reached the heights slowly testing •very step as he raised himt?lf upward. Growlmic Feed Crop*. Theoretically when I feed my cow* a full amount of good corn silage and alfalfa hay my milk yit*ld should be satisfactory, but actually I And my kind of cow* will increase their niiik giving if I ado some corn meal to the bill of fare, and increase still more il in addition I furnish about two pounds per day df oilmeal per cow; heaee, w hile I am personally very much in favor of the farmer-Oa’ryman growing feed crops to the fullest extent of proved profit, endeavoring to do so my self, yet to all I grow I never hesitate. to bring In as supplementary by pur chase any feed needed which my cows can use at a profit to me. I have no manner of doubt that a ton of clover hay, being all one acre could produce, ls of materially less feeding worth than a ton from an acre having grown a three ton crop, all conditions of cutting and curing in both cases be ing equal. I know that when I secure a crop of 100 bushels of corn per acre I have more than twice as much feed as I have if I am so unfortunate as to get but fifty bushels per acre.—W, F. McSparran. Stable Manure. When the manure is exposed to the action of the elements and the teach ings allowed to drain away It rapidly decreases In value. Experiments con ducted to determine the facts have in dicated that horse manure thrown into a loose pile and subjected to the action of the elements will lose nearly one half of Its valuable fertilizing constit uents in the course of six months, and that any kind of manure, even in a compact mass, when so placed that all water falling upon It quickly run* through and off sustains a considerable loss, though less than the former case, says a writer in American Cultivator. Therefore, after having made all the good stable manure practicable, protect it in some way from fermentation and leaching and supplement it with com mercial fertilizers after It ls applied to the soil. Pasture for Hogs. Experiments show that as much pork can be made from one acre of good pasture as from one ton of shorts or corn. The Minnesota experiment sta tion says that clover makes the best hog pasture In that State, but Frof. Waters of Missouri says that It ls not safe or even desirable to rely upon a single crop, excepting alfalfa where it ls an assured success, to furnish pas ture for hogs throughout the season. He recommends a succession of pas tures from the beginning of the season until the hogs are ready for market, making the feed richer and more con centrated toward the close of the sea son as we approach the finishing or fattening, period. For this purpose he recommends red clover or alfalfa, cow peas and soy beans. It will pay the farmer who ls rais ing hogs to provide a good pasture, even if he is feeding them other feeds, for clovers, cow peas and soy beans are rich In protein and make a good adjunct to any ration. The cheapest gains that can be made In hog rais ing are where the hogs are fed skim milk and allowed to run on a good pasture of either clover or alfalfa. Where possible to do so a pasture Is to be preferred to the dry lot for feed ing hogs, not only in the Interest of cheapened gains but also for the bet ter health of the animals. Sheep on Lpitiimn, Care should be exercised la pasturing sheep on clover or in fact, on any mem ber of the legume family, for unless Judgment is used there may be consid erable loss from bloating. There is a right and a wrong way of pasturing these crops. The right way ia to allow the clover or alfalfa almost to come into bloom before turning in the sheep. Then there should be sown with these crops some timothy, redtop or any other nonleguminous plant, for where there is a mixture this way the sheep will alternately eat one and the other and so reduce the chance of Moat. When turning In the flock for the first time they should be already filled with food. For example, the day they are to be turned into the clover pasture feed them early In the morning a little grain and hay, and when the sun is well up and hot turn them out. Then, in stead of filling themselves at once they will eat a little and then look for a cool spot to rest In. Joseph E. Wing has. he says, tried this plan with great success. He also advises keeping before them constantly a receptacle contain ing salt and air slaked lime mixed. Once in the pasture they should never be moved until it comes time to change to fresh pasture—that Is, they should not be brought into the yards at night or they will be in danger of bloating when let out again In the morning. Eastern Airvlc-alture lnpro<rrenlTet In the East applied agricultural sci ence had to battle against old custom;, conservatism, failure, inertia. The young blood went West. - Selene* caught the conditions young aud was able to Show results soon enough to enlist the co-operation of all classes. Science applied to farming was first greeted with hoots and Jeers. "Book farming ami fancy tiffics," tlie country people called it; ami the funny papers waxed funnier with alleged interviews of the proverbial professor with the recalcitrant cow. I could tell, if it were not l>etraying confidence, of on* agricultural university which had it* entire faculty, its building, Hs scien tific equipment, for four years before a baker’s dozen of students turned up to take instruction. Wherever science has been applied to farms in tbe East high values rule, as in tbe West—value* even higher than In tbe West, for in dose proxim ity to the markets of tbe large Eastern cities the East can go into the special ized farming of perishable product* like flowers and celery and potatoes and garden truck, which the West dare not touch on a specialized scale. Maine 1* winning rich profits freon her highly fertiluyd- spoon-fed potatoes. Just a* lowa and Wisconsin are earning wealth in corn. From n single acre S9OO worth of celery has been raised In a year, SB,OOO worth of carnations, $l5O worth of potatoes, S2OO worth of table corn; and I personally know of one small apple orvi/ard t*it last year yielded owners sl.*Co. From sev enteen a<Tes of grapes owe grower Hea. $1.”00 a year; and chore 1* on recoti a peach orchard of 100 acres which gave Its owner a harvest of $15,000. Deduct high cost for band labor and band fertilizing from this, and there still remains a profit that gives a value in thousands, where tote same kind of land in the West is val ued only tn hundreds. —Outing. THE WEEKLY 1494—Jamaica discovered by Columbus and named St. Jago by him. 1062—Queen Mary 11. of England born. 1070 —-The Hudson’s Bay Company formed in England. 1707—Legislative union of England and Scotland put into effect. 1775—The Quebec Act became law, pro viding for the government of Can ada by Governor and Council. 1770—Adoption of the Pine Tree flag by great and general court of Massachu setts. l'SS—Maryland ratified the Constitution of the United States. 1808 —Spanish organized a revolt against Napoleon... .Charles IV. of Spain abdicated in favor of Bonaparte. Union Temperance Society formed in Saratoga county, New York, this being the beginning of the Prohibi tion movement in the United States. 1827 —French National Guard disbanded. 1854—First railroad opened in Brazil. 1856—Montmorency bridge fell. 1859—Colorado river expedition ended. IS6s—Sir Samuel Cunard, founder of the Cunard steamship line, died. 1877 Occupation of Bayazid by the Rus sians. 1878— First elevated trains ran on Third avenue in New York City. 1881— First sod turned in the construc tion of the Canadian Pacific railway. 1882— Charles S. Parnell, the Irish lead er, released from Kilmainham jail. 1885 —Col. Otter attacked the Canadian rebels at Cut Knife Creek. 1888—Henry M. Stanley found Emin Pasha on the shores of Albert Ny anaa. 1894 —Many lives lost by earthquakes in Venezuela.... International bimetal lic conference met in London. IS9B—Spanish fleet destroyed in battle of Manila bay. 1903—Landslide at Frank, B. C., with the loss of seventy-five lives. 1905—A score of lives lost iu a tornado * at I>aredo, Texas.... Steamer Falk wrecked off Lands End, with loss of nearly 100 lives. Dp. Hllprecht’s Finn! Heply. In the form of a book of 350 pages just from the press I’rof. Herman V. llil preeht. of the University of Pennsylva nia replies to the charges made against him in connection with the collections of Nippur tablets now in the, possession of that university. The book recounts the evidence presented before the committee of trustees resulting in his complete ex oneration by them, nnd explains to his own satisfaction the circumstances out of which grow this famous scientific contro versy. The first charge was that of lit erary dishonesty in having si>oken of three of the tablets as being found by himself in 1000, whereas they were said to have been purchased by the members of an earlier expedition. Ililprecht now says that his books under dispute were not strictly scientific, and that numerous note's were not wanted by his publishers. Hence he had pot added the note telling where the tablets had been bought. An other charge was that of having retained proiwrty belonging to the university. This arose from the fact that with his own money he had made excavations at I-'ara independent of those conducted by the university. Some of his finds he had given to the university, but others he had retained. The accusers also held that the tablets were not of a literary character and were not properly called a “temple library.” Hilpreeht repels this with tes timony of other scientists. In conclusion he asserts that two nn*n have beep his an tagonists, Rev. Dr. Peters nd Prof. Mor ris Jastrow, Jr. The animus of the for mer Hilpreeht attributes to the criticisms of the Peters expeditions in the Hilpreeht books. He accuses Jastrow of underhand ed and dishonest efforts to becloud the public mind and poison it ugninst the ac cused. , To Care for the “Druakii.” Mayor Ezra S. Meals ot Harrisburg, Pa., has ordered the police department to see that drunken men are helped to their homes instead of being arrested, and to compel the saloon proprietors to take care of the men found drunk in or near their saloons. Mayor Meals holds that it is not right to send tliese men to the lockup so long as they are not troubling any one. Of course, the criminal drunks will be dealt with summarily and the habitual drunkards will be sent to jail to sober up. after which the mayor will take them in hand personally and give fhem a chance to get hold of themselves, lie goes on the theory that drunkenness is a disease. Whenever a man is taken home the fact will lie recorded for fu ture reference. Troops for Xlsht Kldrrs. Gov. Wilson of Kentucky lias ordered Brig. Gen. Williams to take charge of troops at Murray, the scene of recent eight rider outrages, and has gone to Calloway county to consult with the judge about the prosecution of case* involving the riders. Flames Sweep Ohio Town. Fire that started in the Mayor’s office destroyer) ail town rer-ords and papers, burned the police static-n. the fire appara tus building, and several structures in the business district of Coalton, Ohio, Canadian ITnlons lnrmnlag, Consul Van Sant, at Kingston, report* a great increase in labor unions in Can ada in recent years. There were 232 new unions formed in 1907 and 66 dissolved, making an increase of 17i organizations during the year. Many ok the unions are closely allied with unions in this country. The new unions are among railway em ployes, metal workers and in the building trades. f'harles G. Gates, at Rawh'Je. Ner„ with a party of eastern capitalists, won $20,000 in less than thirty minutes at faro. Fonr thousand sbeep men. representing 20.000.000 sheep valued at $80.000,0001, met at Sait Lake, Utah, to form a protec tive association in the nature of a trust against eastern wool buye.-*. The plan is to hold the wool until pric*s are satis factory. Charles H. Hchermer’ orn. the oldest telegrapher in point of service in New Jersey, celebrated his 75th birthday an niversary. He has worked as a telegraph er for sixty year* without having been off duty one single day, being stationed a* Plainfield, N. J. It pays to advert!** la this psp*c.