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WISCONSIN STATE NEWS.
WAUKESHA HERMIT IS DYING. Strange Life of lice Juil*on, Who Ha* Lived Alone SI nee Suffering from injuries received by a fall from a wagon when the team started suddenly, ‘•lke - ’ Judson, aged 80 years. aukesha's famous hermit, who has lived the life of a recluse for forty years, is said to he dying at the country home of Charles Smith, west of the city, where he has lain on the hay for several days, un able to move and refusing to eat. liecom ing “soured” on mankind and the world in general Judson built himself a little cabin in 180(1 in the woods on the Water ville road, west of the city, where he has since made his abode. At the close of the Civil War Judson was the owner of quite a piece of property. He had some trouble with a neighbor over the boun dary and believed that he had been rob bed. Rumor lias it that Judson is wealthy and that a search of his shack would re veal hidden wealth. If such is the case, however, he has never confided the fact to any one and the rumor is not generally credited. Judson is perhaps the most pic turesque character in Waukesha county. Wearing a crownless hat and patched clothes and walking with a long staff, he bears resemblance to pictures of “King Lear.” For many years Judson has ven tured forth from his woodland home only on rare occasions. Rut during recent years he has at times worked in ,the har vest fields and he was thus when he met with the accident which may cost him his life. His principle ar ticle of food has been crackers which he consumed in large quantities, and neigh bors tell strange tales of his enormous appetite. He has been known to sleep for three days at a time and in winter spends much of his time in bed. Jt .- son’s shack, which is about 10x15, stands in the midst of a heavy growth of under brush and is surrounded on all sides by rubbish. The interior presents a weird sight. Rubbish and junk of all kinds is piled high on the floor, window sills and tables and there is scarcely room to move about. There are also farm tools which have never boon used as. Judson says, bo has boon too busy keeping people from stealing his land to have any time to cultivate the soil. BOY BURNS TO DEATH. Companions Set Fire to Hay and t'liilil Lose* Hi* Life. Little 3-year-old Edward Yogelnian, son of Paul Vogelman, an employe of the Cudahy Packing Company, was burned to death in a barn in Milwaukee which was set on fire by a 4-year-old compan ion, while his mother stood wringing her hands in helplessness outside the door. The child, together with Lester Schmidt, aged 4 years, anil Gordan Ivuntz, aged 3 years, were playing in the barn When the elder boy is said to have found a match, lit it and playfully threw it into a pile of loose hay. It was not until the fire was burning fiercely that the Yogel man family noticed it and then the two other boys stumbled blindly out into the open from tlie burning barn while little Edward was left inside. His charred body was found after the fire. BROKER KILLED IN HOLDUP. Member of Milwaukee Firm Beaten to Death at Ontonagon, Mich. William Henry Rogers, a partner and traveling representative of the brokerage house of Sholto D. Rogers & Cos. of Mil waukee. was beaten to death in Ontona gon, Mich., by robbers. The murder was committed for $35 which Rogers had in his clothes. Rogers was beaten with a sandbag or some blunt instrument in front of the Mooney hotel, and while the hotel employes were carrying his body from the street to his room the robbers looted the hotel till of SSO. Mr. Rogers left the Mooney house to catch the boat for Ash land. Ten minutes later he was found uuconscious in front of the hotel. BANK CLERK IS OUT ON BAIL. Harvey Wells of Kenosha Leave., the Jail in Milwaukee. Ha vey Wells, the absconding clerk of the First National tank of Kenosha, who has been in Milwaukee in jail awaiting trial in the United States Court, return ed to Kenosha the other evening, his fath er and four brothers having given a cash bond for $3,000 and signed a bond for $5,000. Kenosha people are anxious for Hie coming of the wife of W ells, whom he is alleged to have married after a ro mantie courtship. She is now in Bos ton, but it is declared that she will join her husband and remain with him pending his trial. LIE IN DOUBLE GRAVE. Skeleton of Strangr line* K* hunted ly Educator in Indian Mound. While excavating near liis summer home on Lake Mendota. Prof. Mueller, princi pal of the Waumakee high school, dug’ into an Indian mound and exhumed seven skeletons. Two skeeltons at the bottom of the mound belonged to a race that apparently lived before the advent of the white man, while those on the top were buried after the Caucasian had made his atnu-arance on the scene, Charles E. Brown, secretary of the State Archaeo logical Society, has been on the ground gathering details as soon as he learned of the discovery. IS HELD AS SLAYER. John Fournier Accused oi Killing; Trapper \e:ir Maiillonlsh. John Fournier was arrested at Mercer for the murder of Alexander Fraiser, a French trapper, found dead in his shack five miles west of Manitowish. The re port from Mercer says that Fournier was captured in a saloon at that village after a desperate encounter with the officers, 'l'he man was terribly beaten before he would allow himself to be taken. Four nier. when searched, had nearly sooo on his person. Kills Sweetheart: Tries Suicide. Henry Jachenson, aged 22 years, who resides at Rrillion, shot and killed his lt>-year-old sweetheart. Rosa Janke. lie thou shot himself above the heart. He is not expected to live. Jachenson wns boarding with Julius Janke, father of the girl, in Sheboygan. The shooting follow ed a lovers’ quarrel. Insane Woman Kills Self. Mrs. James Isl> ater, wife of a promi nent Kenosha farmer, believing that she was about to kill someone. saturned her clothing with kerosene and set fire to them, burning herself to death. Duck Hunter's Narrow Escape. John Krueger whik duck hunting went outside the slough in a small boat and was carried out into the bay by a fierce northwester. He lost his oars and was helpless. A searching party went out f’-otn Ashland in a motor boat and Krue ger was 'finally sighted two miles from his starting place and rescued. Lemuel 11. Schurman. 63 years old. giving bis occupation as a retired capi talist and residence as 2IH West Madi son street, Chicago, was married in Ke nosha to Mrs. Mattie Hunt Griswold of Harvard, 111. CHICAGOANS IN FOREST FIRE. Summer Residents at Sliver Lake the Flames All Aij^ht. A forest fire started by a switch engine on the Wisconsin Central railway near the village of Silver Lake, in Kenosha county, came near reducing half a dozen summer "homes of Chicago people to ashes. The houses were saved after an all-night fight by persons belonging to the various families spending the summer at the lake. The residence of Jacob M. Ivrose, a re tired brewer of Chicago, was badly scorch ed. while the flames reached the doors of Dr. Rudolph A. John, pastor of the Fullerton Avenue Lutheran church; F. C. Heeson, a lumberman, and Ernst Wien hoben, a retired Chicago florist. It look ed for a time as if the homes of the en tire summer colony- would be wiped out. and the members of the various parties were forced tp fight the flames from 6 o’clock in the evening until early morning. In readiness for a fresh outbreak, the Chicagoans have plowed "furrows about their property. SHORT STATE ITEMS. William McDougal, a freight brakeman. fell off a car at Hunting and had his right arm and leg cut off. He died a few hours later. The State fish hatchery sent a carload of black bass to George Savoy at Pe waukee. The Savoy steamers took them out to the bogs in the lake. Eliza Antone, an Oneida Indian, was arrested after an all-night chase and plac ed in jail in Appleton, charged with mur dering his 18-months-old son. Fond du Lac authorities have come in for a scathing arraignment by the public for failure to observe the law that calls for the closing of the saloons on election day. Mrs. Lizzip Lanoye of Waldo has been arrested, charged with the murder of hex day-old grandson. It is charged she held a rag over its mouth to keep it from crying. Gov. Davidson appointed .1. W. Stone, State fish and game warden, to represent Wisconsin at the international fisheries congress to he held in Washington, D. C., Sept. 22 to 20. The-count on the Wisconsin primaries shows James E. Abbott of Madison vic tor for the Republican nomination for insurance commissioner over George F. Rpedle, the incumbent. The Calumet Service Company, which furnished light for Chilton uutil last spring, has secured an injunction against the city restraining it from erecting a muncipal lighting plant. Miss Julia Carney, aged 25 years, a resident of the town of Bristol, and for merly a teacher in the State school for the deaf at Delavan, became violently in sane and was committed to the hospital at Mendota. A Chicago and Northwestern freight locomotive, while on a spur track on North Water street, Watertown, close to the river bank, slid into the river and turned upside down, owing to the sagging of the track. While Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kobliska of Chetek are somewhere in the West on a pleasure trip their 9-year-old son has died of acute infautile paralysis and been buried. Efforts to locate the parents were fruitless. The late potato crop, according to a party of men who have been investigating, shows that the long dry spells of the past six weeks will reduce the crop nearly one lialf. The tubers are smaller than for some seasons past. Vernon county is conceded to have one of the best tobacco crops, quality consid ered, that lias been raised for many years. In many instances the plants are small, but the excellent quality makes the weed in great demand. An infant child of Henry Oliver of Hudson, while playing in the yard discov ered a bumble bees’ nest and proceeded to investigate. Before the child could be rescued it was stung in twenty-two places. It will recover. Alleging that the Fraternal Reserve Association of Oshkosh has refused to pay the insurance on a SI,OOO policy on tile death of his son. Arthur, Louis W. Olsen of Sheboygan has brought suit against the company. In Circuit Court William Franeklin pleaded guilty to robbing rhe “Soo” depot at Ladysmith in June and was given one jonr in the State prison at Waiipun at hard labor. His alleged accomplice, Bau rrmau, was freed by Francklia’s confes sion. Iloy C. Andrews of Beloit. who went to Alaska six months ago to study Pacific coast whales and other animal life, re turned home after having secured a large number of valuable specimens. Mr. An drews will write a book on Pacific coast whales. “Born to Mr. and Mrs. August Bielke, at Herman, a baby boy which ripped the beam at 20 pounds." Residents of Her man have raised a purse of SIOO to sup port a challenge that Mr. and Mrs. Bielke's baby is the heaviest born infant in the Northwest. I)r. B yron Robinson of Chicago, a for mer resident of Grand Rapids, has do nated to the people a tract of twenty acres for park purposes. The place is heavily wooded and Mr. Robinson in making the sift suggested that so far as --raeticable the natural growth be preserved. A five-inch hat pin was taken from the intestines of the 15-months-old daughter of James McQueen of Brimley at a Sank Ste. Marie hospital. The child stuck the pin in her mouth, ran toward her mother and fell, driving the pin down her throat. Her chances of recovery are good. The State railroad commission held a hearing on a complaint of S. M. Rein ardy and other residents of Burlington against the Wisconsin Telephone Com pany, the charge being an unlawful in crease in rates. The company contended that the increase was necessary and not in coritraventiou of the law. The famous Duke murder case of Ash land will be one of the interesting mat ter* before the next Wisconsin Legisla ture. William French, formerly of Ash land. but now of Chicago, who killed James Duke in that city after a quarrel, will present a claim to the Wisconsin Legislature for damages which he al leges the State inflicted on him by illegal confinement. Two horses belonging to Askin A Green, lumber dealers, and one belonging to H. A. Adams were stolen from their barns in Beloit. The Beloit Anti-llor*e Thief So ciety has taken the matter up and i> work ing in conjunction with the police. Fred Rous, a farmer of Branch, sold his farm, receiving SO3O in gold a* a first pay ment. Finding the banks closed he de cided on taking the money to his home and gave it to his wife, who placed it in a handbag which she carried in her lap. About four nil's out of town she noticed ;hat the bag bad disappeared. Retracing their way. they made au ineffectual hunt for the lost money. In playing with a lighted candle the 3-year-old daughter of Frank Brandt of Sheboygan ignited her dre>* and in an in stant was enveloped in flames. The moth er attracted by her cries, wrapped the girl in a blanket, smothering the flames. Hopes for her recovery are entertained $30,000,000 GIFT TO MADISON. Col. Vila*’ IVIII Kntalill.-ibrs a Great Trust Fund for University. Col. W. F. Vilas of Madison, who died several days ago. provided by his will for the creation of a trust fund which ultimately will reach $30,000,000 for the benefit of the University of Wisconsin. According to the petition for the probate of the will, the estate amounts to about $3,0<K),000, and the widow is to have the income during her life and the only daugh ter is to have $30,000 a year during her life. After that one-half of tly income of rhe trust fund is to be used for the university until the. fund reaches $20,- 000.000. The other half is to be added to the principal. After the trust fund has reached $30,000,000 all of its income is to be used b.i the university. The trustees are to be named by the board of regents of the university and the Governor of the State. This is the first large be quest for ‘.he benefit of the Wisconsin university. TALK LYNCHING AT KENOSHA. Girl Beaten and Youth Who At tacked Her Is Hidden in Racine. Dragged to a lonely spot south of Ke nosha at 10 o’clock at night, Anna Do herty, aged 2-1 years, was beaten until unconscious and then assaulted. Henry Bushman and 'A illie Hausen, Kenosha boys, 20 years old, were arrested on a charge of being connected with the crime, and they were held in bonds of SIO,OOO pending the developments. Miss Doherty is at the hospital and her condition is regarded as critical. Friends of the young woman are threatening to lynch Bushman, whom she identified as the man who beat and assaulted her. Hansen is not alleged to have had auy part in the assault. Sheriff Pfennig managed to slip Bushman out of the city and took him to Racine. Bushman made a full confession to the district attorney. DIETZ IS BLOWN UP. Hero of Cameron Dan* Hurt While Blasting Stumps. After dodging the bullets of deputies who have tried to drive him from the Cameron dam site. John Dietz, the fight ing woodsman, had a narrow escape from being blown to atoms while blasting stumps in a pasture near his home. Dietz was thrown twenty feet by the premature explosion of a blast and was rendered unconscious. He is now confined to his home. Dietz had placed a stick of dyna mite under a large stump and fired the fuse. The fuse burning out the first time, he relighted it and the biast followed before he had time to get to a safe dis tance. DAVIDSON SAVES 2 FROM LAKE. Wiaconnin Governor Assume* Rescue Role, Then Continues Fishing. Gov. Davidson went fishing the other day on Lake Mendota in a small boat and incidentally rescued two men from probable death by drowning. As the Gov ernor was casting his line for a strike he noticed some distance away an up turned canoe with two men clinging des perately to its side. Without pulling in his line the Governor took the oars and by strong rowing against the high wind finally reached the two unfortunates. He pu.led one of the men into his own boat and then brought the other to safety. RICHES FOR YOUNG SCOT. Itneine Section Kami Is Left SploO,- 000 by Uncle in Old Country. Charles Barbour, a young Scotchman, has leaped from absolute poverty to af fluence in one stride. Barbour recently found himself in Chicago with no money and out of employment. An agency sent him to Racine as a common laborer on the Northwestern. While pondering over bis hard luck a letter came from a sister re siding at Pittsburg, informing him that Peter Crosby, an uncle, had died in Scot land, bequeathing to him and the sister an estate worth in the neighborhood of $30), 000. LIKE JAMES BOYS DID. Three Beloit Youths Emulate Out law ant! Steal Horses. Erwin and James Churchill, aged 14 and 17, respectively, and Otto Schultz, aged IS years, were sentenced to the In dustrial School for Boys at Waukesha for the theft of the three horses stolen at Beloit the other night. They had driven the horses about ten miles into Illinois, where they abandoned them and returned to their homes. They were ar rested and pleaded guilty. The boys said they had been reading Jesse James stories and thought they would take the horses and go to a western ranch, but they be came discouraged. WANT LIEN ON SHOD HORSES. Hor#el;oer* l'r;e PasMigc of Law to Protect Themselves. At the annual meeting of the Master Ilorseshoers* I rotective Association of Wisconsin in Madison, plans were laid for securing the passage of a law giving horseshoers a lien upon horses shod by them. Eau Claire was selected for the next annual gathering. The officers elect ed are: President, Frank Gregoire. Eau Claire: assistant vice president, H. C. Befirend. Oconomowoe; second vice pres ident. George Velker. Eau Claire; secre tary. George Staples. Oshkosh; treasurer, Michael Fitzgerald. Fond du Lac. WORRY CAUSES SUICIDE. Manitowoc County Farmer Blows Out Brain- in Presence of Wife. Temporarily insane from worry over at tacks upon his character, George Hiser. a young farmer of Miehieott. committed suicide by blowing out his brains with a double-barreled shotgun. Hiser commit ted the deed in the dooryard a: his home, in view of bis bride of less than a year, who is almost crazed by grief. ACCOUNTS ARE IN GOOD SHAPE. Missing Postmaster’s Cash Balances with Bookfi. Mrs. Charles F. Nelson, wife of the postmaster of Dresser Junction, who dis appeared from his home several weeks ago. has been appointed postmistress of that village. Postoffice Inspector Ormsby has investigated the affairs of the office and found everything'in good condition. Mr. Nelson's stock of merchandise will be sold to the highest bidder. No clue has yet been found which might solve the mystery of his disappearance. BURGLAR GIVEN SENTENCE. Waukesha Robber Gets Five Years at Wnnpon. Oscar Holland pleaded guilty in Mo nieipal Court in Wank *ha to a charge of burglary in the uight time aad was sen tenced to five years at Watipuu. Hegland and two companions entered a house at the quarries east of the city, occupied by a number of Italian qaarrytnen and Heg land was caught in the ;>■: of robbing the house and held a prisoner by the Ind ians until the .'fivers arrived. n ; s two companions leaped from a second-story window and escaped. LIKE SUSPECTED CRIMINALS. Pittsbvrg Bank Clerks Must Be Pho tographed arid Measured. Consternation among the hundreds of bank clerks in Pittsburg has been caused by the decree recently issued by the presidents of all banking institu tions that all of their employes must submit to the photographs and meas urements of the BertUlon system. This radical move on the part of the bank ers is a sequei to the most amazing series of bank lootings that mankind has ever known. Within the last three years it is estimated that something like $7,300,000 has been stolen by dis honest bank employes in that city. The banks have concluded that the best course before them —while not wisuing to cast suspicion upon anyone is to photograph every one of their employes and take their measurements by the Bertillon system, so that, when a next defalcation may occur, the po lice authorities all over the world will Lave the last embezzler marked down as minutely as though he were the most elusive Max Shiuburn who ever alternated between safe-cracking and jail service. If there was one bank officer who would have surrendered his complete control of millions rather th . submit to being “mugged” by the police, it was William Montgomery, cashier of the Allegheny National, under arrest in connection with the disappearance of $839,000 of deposits and the entire $500,000 worth of capital stock. He was the intimate friend and confidant of Senator Quay, the man who placed Quay’s bets during the Harrison cam paign. when Quay won $250,000, and the trusted handler of the moneys of the political machine in that section of the State. When the Allegheny National went down —or up—-the State was backing it with $532,000 of deposits and the city of Pittsburg with $1,532,000. Private depositors were so wary that they let it have little. When the crash came, after a series of speculations in stocks, the police reported the discovery of no photograph of Montgomery, even dur ing their investigations of the suddenly acquired fortune of a Pittsburg widow whose wealth leaped in eight years from SIO,OOO to $333,000, and of other women in Pittsburg and neighboring cities, whose real estate investments had increased with remarkable facility. While the fate of the Allegheny Na tional’s money still hung in the bal ance. pending the decision of Mont gomery’s allies as to restitution of the million that had gone, a man returned to Pittsburg who for nearly three years had left the police bitterly re gretful that the Bertillon system was not compulsory there before the En terprise National of Allegheny col lapsed in October, 1905. He was Thom as M". Harvey, teller of the Enterprise, who, in the vain hope of escaping the penalty for his share in the crime, had given up his identity and his home, to wander amid agonies of dread until his fearful spirit could no longer bear the strain. He surrendered himself to the Federal authorities, and on the same day was sentenced to seven years in the penitentiary—and that with no more notoriety than if he were a purse snatcher. Pittsburg was learning to wash its dirty linen with neatness, si lence and dispatch. Yet the Enterprise embezzlements were among the most sensational ever known in the State of Pennsylvania. The losses amounted to $1,500,000. It was a "political” bank, like the Allegheny National, and hun dreds of thousands of its deposits had gone out to politicians on notes which, unsecured at best, had disappeared when the cashier, T. Lee Clark, both poisoned and shot himself, to make sun, of death. Speculation, women and gambling was the way the stolen millions went When the Union Trust Company ot Pittsburg discovered its loss of $385,- 000 in 1900, almost on the anniversary of the Enterprise run. the thieves proved to be a couple (*f mild young persons, Clinton B. Wray, the teller, and C. S. Hixton, the individual book keeper. The gambling crooks took it off these two marks in large chunks. Both received ten years apiece when their defalcations were discovered. - While the gamblers were enjoying the Union Trust Company’s cash, the bucket shops were getting during the year between March, 1907, and March of this year $520,000 taken from the Farmers’ Deposit National Bank by Henry Reiber, the paying teller, and John Young, the auditor. They proved themselves fools as simple over wild cat curb adventures as the boys of the Union Trust did over crooked cards. For ten years those two presumably experienced financiers had been steal ing $1,105,000 from the Farmers’ De posit Bank, and no one, among either of ficers or directors, had suspected them. They, too. have been sentenced to ten gears each. Pittsburg's example has given the State of Pennsylvania a record that puts the dashing depredations of bank robbers in the Southwest, with their masks and their revolvers, to the blush of poignant shame. SHORT NEWS NOTES. Fire in the lumber yards of the Lake Superior corporation in Sault Ste. Marie, Canada, destroyed $2,500,000 feet of lum ber valued at $70,000. The loss will fall on the Saginaw Lumber Company o! Saginaw. Mich. M. H. Davis, a special agent of the bu reau of manufacturers, Department oi Commerce and Labor, says the time has come for American flour mills to regain tiheir lost trade in Britain. The wheat crops of other countries than the United States are not promising. A package valued at $52,000 and in trusted to the care of the We 11s-Fargo Express Company is strangely missing at Portland, Oregon. Constitution Island, in the Hudson river opposite West Point, has been given to the government by Mrs. Russell Sage and Miss Anna Bartlett Warner, to be added to the United States Military Academy. E. H. Harritpan. who was given a re ception in San Francisco by the busi ness men of the big California cities, urged his hearers to be frank with the railroads, declaring that their interests were identical with his. Illegal transactions, shady business deals and violation of trusts, were charg ed against the supreme lodge of the A. O. U. W. by the grand lodge of the A. O. U. W. of Wisconsin in a law suit in volving .*oijo,ooo filed in the District Court a* Des Moines, lowa. The grand lodge asks that the supreme lodge be ordered to par the SG3.9CG in claims and that it be held accountable for the guar antee fund of $427,978. making che tolai amount of monev involved nearly $500,- 000. Thomas Wightman. Sr., the oldest ac tive glass manufacturer in the country, died at Pittsburg on a recent night, aged 90 years. feC_ p-_ JS^ When the calves are playful it is an Indication of thrift and health. The hogs must all be sprayed or dipped and all bedding, loose floors and rubbish should be burned. Skim milk and alfalfa, with a little corn on the side wHI make baby pork Quicker and better than anything else. Some men pride themselves on be ing boss of the household, but never do anything that other people are proud of. While liberal fertilization will in crease the yield, thorough cultivation is also necessary to keep up and im prove the quality. James Oliver, the ehilled plow man, died recently, leaving a fortune of $70,- 000,000, which he had reaped from the farmers of this country. The objt ct in working over the soil it: not to make it light, but to mix it and break up the clods, and that roots will work best in soil that is packed down. The department of agriculture re ports that the general condition in re gard to the healthfulness of farm ani mals is higher now than it has been in the past ten years. The dairyman who receives his milk check every month and is compelled to pay from one-half to two-thirds of it over to the feed dealer, is not making ‘a success of the business. Healthy animals require no medi cine; conditions in them may be estac lished and maintained by intelligently applied alterations in the quantity and quality of their food and labor. A giant snail recently brought from South Africa to England is fully as large as two-fifths of an ordinary man and lays an egg which resembles that of a pigeon in size, color and texture. Do not dispose of the brood sow as long as she continues to produce good, strong litters, no matter how old she is, but dispose of her with the first sign of letting down, no matter how young she is. An attachment for the corn cultiva tor which will replant the missing mills is said to be the invention of a handy Missourian. It fastens on the tongue of the cultivator and is worked from the seat by a string. The farmer who leaves the machines standing in the fields where they were last used is following an expensive practice. It pays to have a tool house and after a machine is through with to clean, oil and house it. Keep the ground in the orchard and garden free from rubbish and weeds. In these many of the insect pests spend an important part of their existence, and if they are destroyed many of the pests will perish with them. Twenty per cent butter fat weighs 8.4 G pounds to the gallon after all the am has settled from it, while the 40 per cent weighs only 5.2 pounds. When rresli from the separator the weight is less because of the air contained in the cream. affords a farmer an oppor tunity of buying large amounts of fer tility in the form of commercial food stuffs and feeding them out on his farm, thus adding much fertility to his farm and at the same time making the business profitable. Generally speaking, the cow which has had her milk-producing capacity encouraged and developed will be very likely to transmit these traits to her progeny. Raise the heifers of your best cows and you will be on the road to improving your herd. The farmers’ cotton warehouse move ment in the South, whereby it was planned to enable the farmers to hold their cotton until the price had gone up to 15 cents per pound, collapsed be cause the bank could not carry the load any longer. The fanners had borrow ed $75,000,000. A vicious goat, while browsing around a farmyard in Posey County, Ind., came across a heavy swing which the children had been using and which touched him as he passed. He imme diately showed fight and butted away at the swing, which came back at him every time. Half an hour later the owner found the goat dead, but the swing was still swinging. Build a Root Cellar. In general feeding We often forget that the animal body is about three fourths water, and that any animal re quires a large proportion of water In the feed ration. Green feeds of some kind should be giveri at all times of the year for animals to do their best. If one has a silo then silage will 911 the bill. Pumpkins can be fed from early fall till the middle of winter, ind roots —carrots, turnips or sugar jeets—should be grown and stored to carry the stock till grass comes. As evidence of the value of water in feeds and green feeds we refer to G>e rapid growth and good health of ani mals on good pasture. Animals of all kinds will gain flesh and fatten on food grass pasture, and green grass is from 75 to 90 per cent water. Now, if we will remember this in feeding and supply some green feeds at pll seasons, our farm animals will make greater proportionate gains and turn all the feed to greater account. Every barn should have a frost proof cellar or other room where the roots and other perishable green feeds could be kept through the winter. Linseed Oil Meal. Chemical analysis shows that old process linseed oil meal contains "n average of about 5 per cent of nitrogm, 2 per cent of phosphoric acid and 1 % per cent of potash. Nitrogen may be purchased in nitrate of soda at 15 cents per pound, phosphoric acid In raw bone meal at about 5 cents, and potash in muriate of potash at 4% cents, these being among the cheapest com mercial sources of fertilizing su In stances. New process linseed oil coy tains about 1 per cent more nitrogen than the old process. As it has been demonstrated that not more than one third of the fertilizing value of a feed ing stuff is lost in feeding, providing the manure be carefully saved and used, linseed meal offers a cheap source of fertility to the farmer. Oi.r Breed Best. The man who sticks to one breed from year to year through all its ups and downs, is sure in the long ruL to enjoy the just rewards for his con stancy. The breeder who keeps chang ing from one breed to another, or who makes endless "‘crosses,” hoping to find one “easy to brood,” and extraordinar ily profitable, is the one who is always complaining about his poor luck In the poultry business. A good poultryjnan can make a success with almost any breed in the field.—Agricultural Epi tomist. Fattening Watermelons. Yes, there are secrets in the trade, just the same as there are tricks in everything else. If you want to grow a premium taker or a champion weight, all you have to do is to artificially feed it. The melons are good nurses, and will take all nourishment given them. The favorite way of growing Lnavy weights is accomplished by inserting a flannel string in the stem of the melon and running this into an old quinine bottle into which sugar-sweetened water has been poured. In a single night a healthy melon, after wound has healed where the stem was pierced, will absorb over a pint of the syrup, aul you easily can tell of its salubrity by the rich, green color. All melons but the one that is desired to attain corpulent proportions should be cut from the vine, as the strength of the vine will then go to the one fnelon. That, aided by the sugar treatment, will be sufficient to grow a premium taker at the country fairs. Last year my largest melon, fattened on sugar and water, weighed 93 pounds. How ever, the eating qualities of the arti ficially fattened melons are not good, as the fiber is coarse and hard. But that does not matter when the judge at the fair looks at the melon. He never tastes the interior —Carmi Cor respondent Peoria Journal. Unseasonable Blossoming of Trees. It is not uncommon for fruit trees of all kinds to bear flowers in late sum mer or in the early fall. This ten dency is more marked in the seml arid regions than in the humid Stat.os, but the explanation is simple. One writer reports an instance where a pile of weeds was burned under neath an apple tree. The heat from the fire was sufficient to shrivel the leaves to the top of the tree on the exposed side, but did not otherwise injure the tree. This was in August, and a month later the tree came Into bloom on the parts which had been injured. This result was probably due to the drying out of the buds by the effects of the fire, an effect similar to that produced by the low temperature of the winter months. In a somewhat similar way a lack of water during the middle of the sum mer causes the buds to dry out and to become mature. Then, if water is applied later, second growth starts in and some of the blossom buds unfold. These unseasonable flowers do not often set fruit. However, fine specimens of the Red June apple were received at the Agricultural College last No vember. These specimens were picked in an orchard in Utah from trees which produced a normal crop it x June. Soma weeks later the trees put forth a par tial second crop of bloom and a fe.v fine specimens matured.—TV. Padd >ek. Colorado Agricultural College. Value of Experiment Stations. In the gddress on the development of the experiment station and its work, Doctor H. J. Walters, of the Missouri Agricultural College, re< *ntly said: “It has been said that ‘fan ting is a per petual trying of experiments’ with soils, manure, and crops; with cattle and cat tit foods, with milk, butter and cheese; with plows, harrows and harvesters; with an almost endless list of things. The most successful farmers—those who get the most out of their land, their cattle and their crops, their fer tilizers, their implements and their la bor—are those who experiment them selves most industriously, most skill fully and most intelligently, and who take the fullest advantage of the ex periments of others. The best agri culture is that, which, in old countries, on the worn and intractable soils, has learned, by long-continued and varied experiment, to make the gain of farm ing sure. “Yet the farmerfinds.thatexperiment on any considerable scale is a costly business in point of funds, time and patience, and that there are many prob lems that he cannot solve, even after infinite experimenting, on account of lack of suitable facilities, the neces sary scientific training and funds. Be sides, it is in the interest of economy to have the fundamental principles es tablished once for all by an institution equipped for such work, and to this the experiment stations owe their exist ence. “A little more than fifty years ago a company of farmers joined them selves together in a little German vil lage under the influence of the Uui ve. sity of Leipsie, and organized the first experiment station, and called to their aid a chemist, and a little later on scientific assistance. This was the first organized effort along the line of scientific research ‘as a necessary and permanent branch of agricultural in dustry.’ The seed there sown has brought, forth many fold, for in ISSG. five years after the organization of the first experiment station, there were five in active operation. In ISO l the number had increased to fifteen; in ISO 6to thirty; and to-uny there are over 500. In each of them from one to twenty investigators are engaged la the discovery of the laws that under lie the practice of farming, and the methods of applying them. “The first experiment station ia America was established in Connects cut m 1575. They grew rapidiy in number, until in ISB7 there were some seventeen such institutions, in fourteen States. In that year Congress made the enterprise national by passing what 13 known as the Hath act, founding one such institution in ev> tj State and Territory in the Union.” DOUBLES RECORD FOR FLIGHT lAERSPLANE Orville Wright Stays in Air at Fort Meyer 57 Minutes and 31 Seconds. HIGH SPEED IS MAINTAINED. Aviator Has Perfect Control 0* Hi Machine and Says Ho Cou’.d Have Continued Flying. Anew world record in aeroplane flights was established at Fort Myer, Va., early Wednesday, when Orville Wright circled above the broad parade grounds there fifty-three times and re mained in the air fifty-seven minutes and thirty-one seconds, official time. Mr. Wright’s smashing of all pre vious records carried out his promises, after ms two remarkable ascents, when, at tho maximum height of sixty feet, going ten and three-quarter miles In all and averaging thirty-six miles an hour, he spent eleven minutes in one flight and eight minutes in the other. The achievement was accomplished under ideal weather conditions and ii: the presence of about twenty-five spec tators aside from the soldiers. The ascent was made at 8:13 o’clock In the morning. It was an easy ride in the air, the machine was under perfect control and the aviator traveled at a speed approximating thirty-six to thir ty-eight miles an hour. Wright Is Highly Pleased. Mr. Wright expressed himself as highly pleased over what had beer accomplished by his machine, and de clared that had he known he was so close to being in the air an hour hi would have remained a little longer He said that he came down because his motor slipped once or twice, anc that he thought he had been in the all only half an hour. Except for the slipping of the motoi no trouble was experienced in th* working of the aeroplane. Everything went as smoothly as the most perfectly adjusted clock, and the man who es sayed to beat all records In this branch of aeronautics handled his iuventior with as perfect ease as a trained en gineer would handle the throttle of hii locomotive. Record Broken Xearly In Two. By his wonderful flight at Fori Myer Wednesday morning Orville Wright almost broke in two the besl official record ever before made by a heavier-than-air machine. It was onlj the previous Sunday that Leon Dela grange, president of the Aviation CUrt of France, established anew world record by remaining in the air 29 min utes and 54 seconds. He circled tin field at Issy, near Paris, fifteen and a half times and 1 covered fifteen ands quarter miles. Monday Dclagrange, after installing a fuel tank of increased capacity" on his machine, made a High! of thirty-one minutes, but the i"ecord was r-ot allowed to stand, three min utes being deducted because the aero plane touched the ground while mak ing its first round of the field. shippers in Mukden have made formal cotSplamt to their consul oi the fact that the Japanese railroad ig Manchuria is discriminating against them. T'bis discrimination is carrieij on Uy means of a rebate system in which for- Mn shippers are excluded from using the es under the minimum cargo regulation, and that they are not allowed to combine their cargoes as are the Japanese. In London the business session of the seventeenth universal peace conference was inaugurated with a speech by Lord Courtney, who emphasized the close con nection between justice and peace. He declared that there would be no more wars if injustice were driven out of the world, and that the first step in this di rection was to develop the strength, scope and purity of international law. The conviction of Tilak, leader of the anti-British forces in India, by tile high court at Bombay, on the chargo of sedi tion, and his sentence to six years’ ban ishment and a heavy fine, has brought on a fresh crisis. Asa demonstration of sympathy, 20,000 mill hands in Bombay went on a strike. Rioting ensued, and Europeans were stoned and jeered, a mag istrate’s house attacked and a mail train held up. The troops were called out and had to fire solid shots into the crowd, with fatal effect, before order was re stored. The heirs of Antoine Siger, the Mayot of Fort de France, Martinique, who was assassinated April 29 during a political encounter, have entered a civil suit for damages in Paris against the government of Martinique, M. Lepreux. The new patent law, which allows any foreign patents to be revoked unless the article so protected is manufactured or the process operated isi England, went into effect the other day, and in conse quence the government estimates a rush of industrial establishments from foreign concerns to the amount of $125,000,000 capital the first of the year. Vice President Fairbanks and Ameri can army and naval officers were guests at a state dinner given by the Prince of Wales on board the warship Exmouth the evening the prince sailed from Quebec for home. The German government has taken an other step ahead of its rivals by securing rights to the aerial torpedo invented by Col. Unge of the Swedish army. The purchase is made nominally by the Krupp gun works. It is said that this torpedo can be fired with great accuracy and without noise, so as to be dropped inside a fort or on the deck of a ship with ex plosive power enough to destroy either. A company is in process of organiza tion at Berlin with a preliminary capital of $125,000 to establish a line of pati ger airships between the capitals of Eu rope, based upon the recent success of Count Zeppelin's airship. Prof. Schie man, in an article for the Kreuz Z< itang, hails the event as one of political as well r.s scientific importance. Other papers now are demanding the creation of a su preme aerial war fleet. Reports from Tabriz continue to tell of victories won by the revolutionary forces frer those of the Persian Shah, a strong (tody of the latter having been ambuscaded near Tabriz. The Shah still rules Te heran without regard to the constitution. TRIWEEKLY 15™—Tonstall. Bishop of Durha, printed the first work on arithmetic in England. , 153.>—Jacques Cat-tier discovered the Saguenay. 1020—-The English Pilgrims sailed from Plymouth in the Mayflower. 165 1 —Cromwell defeated Charles 11. at Worcester. 1075—The Indans under King Philip at tacked the town of Deerfield, Mass. IGS2—Delaware was granted to William Penn by the Duke of York. 1700—The French defeated by Prince Eugene at Turin. 1724—Sir Guy Carlcton, who was com niander-in-oliief of the British forces in America, born in Ireland. Died in England, Nov. 10, ISOB. 1720—Beauharnois appointed governor of Canada. 1752 First play perforp and in America by a regular company of players, at Williamsburgh, Ya. 1735—British defeated the French and Indians in battle of Lake George.... Sir Charles Ilardy arrived at New York to succeed Do Laneey ns gov ernor of the province.... Public an nouncement was made of the exile of the Acadiaus from Nova Scotia. 1703—Indian battle at Bloody Ridge, Mich. 1703—The subject of medicine first taught in America at the College of Philadelphia. 1707 —Charles Townshend, the British statesman whose bill ’axing tea and other commodities brought about the American Revolution, died in Eng land. 1774—First Continental Congress assem bled in Carpenter's ball, Philadel phia. 1777—Washington completed the de fenses of his army ot Wilmington, Del. 17S1—Washington and Rochambeau re ceived in Philadelphia... .Americans victorious in battle of Eutaw Springs. 1753 Peace made between Great Britain and the United States by the treaty of Yersailles. 1792—French republicans slaughtered 100 persons in the military prison of Al-baye, near Paris. 1804—Nineteen Dominican missions es tablished along the California coast from San Francisco to San Diego. ....American squadron under Com modore Preble made its sixth attack on Tripo The American ship In trepid blown up In the harbor of Tripoli. 1812—United States troops repulsed the Indians in battle at Fort Harrison. 1814—The Britisli sloop of war Avon sunk by the American sloop Wasp. 1829—A grand fete given in Lyons, France, in honor of Gen. Lafayette. 1837—An extra session of the United States Congress convened to devise measures to relieve the financial em barrassments of the country. ISs4—Grand opera first produced in Cas tle Garden, New York, 1855—The first Hebrew temple in the Mississippi valley consecrated in St. Louis. ISG3—Forts Wagner and Gregg, near Charleston, bombarded by Gen. Gil more. 1801 —President Lincoln Issued a proc lamation of thanksgiving because of the successes of Farragut at Mobile and gliorman at Atlanta, ISGB —“No Popery” riots in Manchester, England.... Steamer Hippocampus foundered in Lake Michigan, with loss of thirty-eight lives, 1883 —Last spike driven in the Northern Pacific railroad, near Gold Creek, Mont. IS94 —One hundred and thirty-four uni dentified dead, victims of the forest fires, buried at Ilinkley, Minn. 1894 —Labor day observed for the first time as a legal holiday throughout the United States. 1904 —Telegraphic signals sent around the world in honor of the opening of the International Geographical Congress in Washington. 1900—President Roosevelt ordered re formed spelling to be given a thor ough test by the public printer.... Senator Hcyburn attacked the for estry policy of President Roosevelt in the irrigation congress at Boise, Idaho. 1907 —-Anti-Japanese rio'.s occurred in Vancouver, 11. C.... Seven persons killed and many injured in a Cana dian Pacific railway accident, near Caledon, Ontario. LITTLE ABOUT EVERYTHING. To-day Germany furnishes five-sixths of the dyes used iu the world. Japan is building in her own ship yards forty vessels, including two bat tleships. Clerks In diy goods and grocery stores In New Zealand earn from $0 to $17.50 a week. The United States imported $4,284,- 583 worth of lace in 1905 from Notting ham, England. Napoleon said: “From the sublime to the ridiculous there is but a ste".” As early as 1847 a law was passed in New Hampshire making ten hours a legal day’s work. Three separate societies In England are agitating fo • the abolition of the opium trade in India. The average age of persons arrested in New York City is 22>4 years, and one out of five it a woman. A pension plan for aged and disabled employes will soon be introduced by the Boston k Maine Railroad. The United Kingdom measures 121,- 089 square miles; the British Empire covers 11,908,378 square miles. It has been estimated that terres trial days are 1 ngthenfug at the rate of about half a second a century. Montana requires Its railroads to maintain a stathei at plotted town sites of 100 inhabitants or more. Fu ji-Yama, Japan's most famous mountain, which is 13,000 feet high, has been climbed by a 9-year-old girl. There are very few sisters of limited means who do uot pool their clothes.