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PLENTY OF WORK ON THE FARMS. By Secretary James Wilson. tTbe produetiveness of the United States aiosg agricultural lines is not keeping pace with the growth of our population. Meats are dear because the slaughtering animals are falling behind the population in relative numbers. Labor is scarce on the farm, and labor is dear on the farm because the lactory. the forest, the mine and the railroad are taking away the farmer’s workers through wages fixed at rates which the farm er cannot afford to pay. The population of the United secretaby wilson. g tatos j s growing both by reason of the natural increase of the families domiciled in America and by accretions through immigration from abroad. But the immigrants do not reach to the farm. The farm ers who do come to us from foreign countries do not find their way to the farms of the country; and the immi gration laws prevent American farmers from going to foreign countries and selecting there the prospective im migrants whose services could aid them. At no period of our history has the American farmer needed help so much as he needs it this year. There are said to be hundreds of thousands of idle men in the United States, all of whom could secure employment on the farms—employment affording food, shelter and living wages. UNREASONABLE DELAYS OF OUR COURTS. By William H. Taft. 11 <i One reason tor unreasonable delay in the Kj lower courts Is the disposition of the judges /y to wait an undue leugth of time in the writ- B'.J ing of their opinions or judgments. I speak mj with confidence 'on this point, for I have j sinned myself. In English courts the ordi- JL nary practice is for the judge to deliver his opinion immediately upon the close of the J argument, and this is the practice which ought to be enforced as far as possible in our courts of first instance. It is a great deal more important that the court of first instance should decide promptly than that it should decide right. Such practice of deciding cases at the close of the hearing makes the judge very much more attentive to the argument during its presentation, and much more likely to decide right when the evidence and the arguments are fresh in his mind. In the Philippines the system has been adopted of re fusing a Judge his regular monthly stipend unless he can file certificate, with the receipt for the money, in which he certifies on honor that he had disposed of all the business submitted to him within the previous sixty days. BARBERRIES. In scarlet clusters o’er the gray stone wall The barberries lean in thin autumnal ' air; Just when the fields and garden-plots are bare, And ere the green leaf takes the tint of fall. They come to make the eye a festival! Along the road, for miles, their torches flare, Ah, if your deep-sea coral were but rare (The damask rose might envy it withal) What bards had sung your praises long ago, Called you fine names in honey-worded books— The rosy tramps of turnpike and of lane, September’s blushes. Ceres’ lips aglow, Little Red-Ridinghoods, for your sweet looks! But your plebeian beauty is in vain. —Thomas Bailey Aldrich. The Cratltude of a j PyL I'here, Kitty! Pa / 'iUfcrf &||| pa has played long iil/fiff v enough. Run away iyn&L now, or we won’t a have any wood to M * buru Uext wlnter ” ' And > cla PP in ß his TV bat on his head and Seizing his axe, Mr. Joiner started for the forest, on the edge of which stood Ills little home, far down in the southern part of Alabama. Bobby ran after him shout'ng: ‘‘Pa pa, pupa, let me go wlf you. I’ll be a good boy.” “Ctnne along then,” answered his fa ther, “but hurry now. I’m very late.” And off they went, Bobby currying his toy hntchet over his shoulder as his father carried his axe. Bobby played about happily for a long time, now trying to cut down lit tle trees with his hatchet, now hunt ing for wild grapes, and now peering into holes after rabbits; but at last, growing tired—for he was only four years old —he said: “Papa, I reckon I’ll go home now to ! see mamma and get somefing to eat. j I’ll carry her some fat lightwood to kindle her fire wlf.” And filling his arms with small sticks of pitch pine, Bobby started off. His father watched him a moment; but. seeing that he was in the right path to the house, he went on with his work until the horn called him home to dinner. Kitty ran to meet him, but Bobby was nowhere to be seen. A few questions and answers told the father that he had not been home, and. without waiting for his dinner, he turned back into the forest. He B oon reached the spot where he had last seen the child as he trudged to ward home, and he began a search among the trees on either side. After a time he discovered the tiny armful of lightwood which Bobby was carry ing home to his mother flung oa the ground, evidently by an older hand and longer arm than Bobby’s; but no other track or trace could he find. The ground all about was covered thickly with soft pine needles, which would not only deaden the sound of footsteps, but would make no impression of thorn. He kept up the search, how ever, until darkness came upon him. when he returned home, hastily snatch ed a little food, and started for the home of his nearest neighbor to ob tain help in his searen. Days and weeks passed. Neighbors and friends for miles around had hunted for the lost boy. but could find not even a clue to his whereabouts, and hope of ever seeing him again was well-ulgh abandoned. Cold weather was dose at hand, and Mr. Joiner had gone to his wood-chopping. Mrs. Joiner was busy In the kitchen ue forenoon when a shadow darkened the window, and she glanced up to see an Indian squaw looking in upon her. ghe held a pappooee In her arms in stead of carrying it in the customary way upon her back, and her eyes wore uch a troubled look that Mrs. Joiner went at once to the door and beck- This has Lad a marvelously good effect In keeping the dockets of the court clear. One of the treat difiiculties with the profession of,the law. whether the members are judges or advocates, is the dispositior to treat the litigants as made for the courts and the lawyers, and not the courts and lawyers as made for the litigants. And as it is lawyers who in judicial committees cf the legislature draft the codes of procedure, there is too frequently not present in as strong impelling force as it might be the motive for simplifying the procedure and making the final disposition of cases as short as possible. OUTRAGE OF CHILD LABOR. By Dr. F. W. Gunsaulus. ' The American hand is a very valuable J/ item for industry and skilled achievement; Li you cannot have a good American hand by e ( taking the little American child and over- Bj working that child in handiwork or making jr him a part of a great machine where his Jf hand is permitted to perform monotonous labor. The American bead is more iiupor taut than the American hand for planning and adding thought to hand labor; and you cannot have a good American head by taking the child from school and stunting mental growth by making the child a cog in even the finest machinery of what is called civiliza tion. The American heart is still more important than the American head, and no State can ever prosper in the higher things—and the lower things always get their value from the higher things—which persistently permits the incursion of greed over the heart of childhood. No federal interference is so terrible in my eyes as the permission upon the part of the nation that little children be practically enslaved to mere money making. The needs of the families of the poor must be relieved in some other way than compelling or allowing children to dispose of their childhood, with its freshness and dream, in order to maintain any system or institution or business whatsoever. EXCLUDE CHINESE COOLIES ONLY. By Seth Low, President of Columbia. 11 1 1 t I am in favor of the purpose but not the form, of the Chinese exclusion act. It is 5 1 an insult to an old, wise and race W.J such as the Chinese to exclude thtir stu ffj dents and great men from our shores. lam Sr in sympathy with the great object of the Jg Chinese exclusion act —to keep the Pacific coast free from the numerical preponderance fWff" of an Asiatic population. If there ever was a matter of public policy in which the “undesirable citi zen” doctrine should be enforced to the limit, it is the immigration question. oned her in, first making sure that the door into the bedroom where Kitty and the baby wore sleeping was closed. “Me got sick pappoose,” said the squaw, stopping t.i the doorway. “You make her well?” “I’ll try,” answered Mrs. Joiner. “Let me see the baby. What is the matter with him?” and she pulled aside the blanket covering the pap poose. “Him bery sick. Him choke. Him no bref,” said the mother, anxiously. Mrs. Joiner took the baby in her arms and listened to his labored breath ing. “It’s not croup,” she said at last, “though it soon would have been If you had not brought him to me. May I put him into a warm bath?” For the poor little wretch was dirty to the last degree. | Gaining the mother’s consent, she stripped the baby, put him into a hot bath, and, when his breathing seemed easier, she wrapped him in warm, clean flannels belonging to her own children, rubbed his chest with goose grease, and administered medicine and food. The little pappoose slept until near ly night, and when, on his waking, his mother would have taken him and de parted, both Mr. and Mrs. Joiner In sisted that she should remain all night and sleep on the kitchen floor. “Your baby will be sick again if you take him out now,” said Mrs. Joiner, “and he may die. Stay here to-night.” And she stayed. In the morning the little Indian was bright and lively, laughing and crow ing like any healthy, happy baby. Mrs. Joiner cuddled and petted him until the squaw said: “You Aike my boy? You got no boy?” “No,” answered Mrs. Joiner. “I had one, but he got lost last summer, and we never could find him.” The woman started, then said: “How old you boy? What like him? Got blue eye? Curls on head? Walk straight—head up?” “Oh, yes. yes,’’ answered Mrs. Join er. “Where Is he? Do you know? Can you take me to him? Quick! Quick! “I find he. You make my boy well. I find yours. I go, but I come again ! soon. Trust me.” And the squaw I went swiftly Into the forest carrying ! her pappoose on her back, and leaving Mrs. Joiner almost wild between hope and fc^r. A week passed, and the squaw had not reappeared; but toward night near the end of the second week, she came silently Into the kitchen door, leading by the hand the lost boy. With a shout of Joy he sprang into his moth er’s arms and buried his face in her neck. In the joyful tumult which followed, the squaw turned and was stealing away as silently as she had come, when Mrs. Joiner ran after and de tained her. “Wait!" she said. “You must have food and stay the night with us. and you will tell us where you found our boy.” The woman shook her head. “Me no tell.” she said. “Great chief kill me if he know I steal the boy. He like boy. He want make him big ehie. Me no tell. You good to me and my pap poose. and me tank you. Me get your boy, but —" and. shaking her head in a meaning way. she swiftly disappear ed in the forest, and no one in the neighborhood ever saw or heard of her again.—Every Other Sunday. Rubber In Hawaii. The rubber in Hawaii is stiil in the experimental stage, but experts believe the opportunities for profit are going to ibe large. Preliminary experiments by the government indicate a high yield | from even young trees. Over 400.000 i rubber trees have been planted in the Islands, and still other plantations are being established. You may think you have a great many friends; how many would stick to you, and care for you, if you had smallpox? One? When a man walks along the strre between two women, he has every ap pearance of being under arrest SCHOOLROOM FURNITURE. Combined Adjustable Desk, Chair n.rni Receptacle for Books, Etc. Few parents realize how uncomfort able are the desks and seats provided for children In the public schools, or i they would en deavor to influ ence the dlrect ( ors to substitute z' —others of up-to- U 4Ik ~ / H date construc -11 ill tion and design | ed with some Idea of assuring J JJ, ease to the pu (7L pils while work " ' ing. A combined DESK AND CHAIB. deSt ’ Chalr and receptacle designed along the proper lines Is shown here, patented by an Alabama man. The desk is adjustable, so also are the chair and the receptacle, the latter providing a convenient place at the side of the chair on which to place the books, papers and similar articles. Both the desk and the chair can be ad justed to accommodate children of va rying degrees. All three of the parts are connected by iron bars, so that they cannot be easily separated after once adjusted. King Edwnrd as a Farmer. The rich crop of prizes which the king’s cattle and sheep have won at the Bingley Ilall show, Birmingham, is the latest demonstration of his success as a farmer, of which he is so deserved ly proud. When the king began breeding nearly forty years ago the Sandringham farm lands were in an almost hopeless con dition, barren and barely capable of cultivation. To-day, according to Rider Haggard, “it is a wonderul farm, for nowhere is so much high-bred stock to be seen on the same area.” But probably nowhere will you find such an array of plates and cups won at shows as that which Sandringham boasts. At a single exhibition the king once won no fewer than fourteen first prizes. In 1903 he captured five first prizes and cups, in addition to nurne l '- ous seconds and thirds; In 1904 his prizes numbered twenty, In 1906 he won a champion plate, a challenge cup and eighteen other prizes, Including four firsts, while last year be took at the Smithfi.ld show ten firsts, nine “breed” cups and plates, six other prizes and several “highly commendeds,” and ev ery prize winner he has bred himself.— Westminster Gazette. The Beam and the Mote. Little Dick, the village “bad boy,” was wading through a shallow swamp catching frogs with a small landing net. It was slow work, for the frogs were nlm ble and exceedingly shy, but whenever he succeeded in capturing one he made sure that it did not get away by put ting it in a tin bucket that had a per forated lid. He had just caught a fine specimen and transferred it to his buck et, when a young lady, who was out for a walk, happened along. “Little boy,” she said, “don’t yon know it's cruel to catch those poor little froggies?” " Dick straightened up and looked at her. She wore a gorgeous “creation” oe her head, and something in its trim mings attracted his attention. “I want ’em to wear on my hat,” he said. Etiquett* of the Hat. In reply to the question, “Please tel! when and whertr are. or is. the correct time for a gentleman to lift or remove his hat.” we reply: Without consult ing authorities of etiquette; in fact, giving it to you offhand, so to speak, we should say at the following times and on the following occasions, the hat should be lifted or removed, as circum stances Indicate: When mopping the brow; when taking a bath; when eat ing ; when going to bed; when taking up a collection ; when having the hair trimmed; when being shampooed: when standing on the head.—Wichita (Ivan.) Beacon. If a man owns a horse and buggy, his wife may claim that she is abso | lately impartial, but it is always her [ kin she takes riding. OUR GREAT AMERICAN CROPS. The great American crop is coming in. Here’s what the United States does: Annually produces more corn than all other countries of the world com bined—2.927,ooo,ooo out of 3,883,000,000 bushels. Annually produces more wheat than any other country iu the world— -634,000,000 out of 3,108,000,000 bushels. Annually exports more wheat flour than all the other countries in the world /.•omb’ned —15,000,000 out of 20.000,000 barrels. Annually exports more wheat, including wheat flour, than any other coun try in the world—l4o,ooo,ooo out of 040,000,000 bushels. Annually produces more oats than any other country in the w0r1d—754,- 000,000 out of 3,582,000.000 bushels. Is the third largest producer of barley in the world. 153.000,000 bushels— only 7,000,000 bushels less than Germany, with Russia leading. Annually produces more cotton than all the other countries of the world —13,000,000 out of 20,000,000 bales. Annually produces more tobacco than any other country in the world— -690,000,000 out of 2,201,000,000 pounds. Annually produces more flaxseed than any other country in the world— -25,000,000 out of 87,000,00)0 bushels. Annually produces more hops than any other country in the world—s7,- 000,000 out of 211,000,00x9 pounds. Annually exports more oilcake and oilcake meal than any other country in the world —2,0103,000,000 out of 4,913,000,0)0)0 pounds. Annually exports more rosin thau all tue other countries of the world -71 7,000,00)0 out of 804,000,000 pounds. Annually exports more spirits of turpentine thau all the other countries of the world —10,000,000 out of 24.000,000 gallons. CHOLERA GRIPS ST. PETERSBURG Great Alarm in Russian Capital Over Spread of the Disease. St. Petersburg is in the grasp of the Asiatic cholera, which already has ex ceeded in severity and the numbers of victim the visitation of 1593. The disease is increasing daily at an alarm ing rate and unless the authorities show in the future a much greater de gree of ability to cope with the situa tion than they have in the past there is every reason to fear that it will get out of hand. The situation, which always has been serious since the first case was import ed, has assumed a graver aspect from the appearance of a virulent type of the disease, in two cases of which death followed within fifteen minutes of the first symptoms. Germany has become alarmed over the spread of the disease, and the Ger man authorities have taken precau tion to prevent ifs crossing the fron tier. Austria ha s done the same thing; Sweden and otcer near-by countries have declared a qparantine against Russia and France is ready to meet any exigencies that may arise. The civil commission, suminoied in special session by Governor General Smith in the Philippines to deal with the epidemic of cholera, decided to or der 200 members of the constabulary into Manila to assist the health in spectors in their campaign against tin? Plague. Noiseless Maxim Gan Tested. That the device for rendering the dis charge of firearms practically silent, the invention, of which by Hiram Percy Max im was recently announced, will da what he claimed for it was demonstrated be fore a committee of United States army officers at Springfield, Mass., recently. Both in the armory and in the open field the tests were satisfactory. First, one of the soldiers fired a regular army rifle, and the report was heard above the din of the machinery in the factory. Then Maxim adjusted the device to that same gun and the firing was not audible 150 feet away, and was only like the snap ping of the fingers from points .nearer the position of the shooter. What the officers heard at 150 feet was not the ex plosion, but the striking of the hammer. Neither smoke nor fire was visible at the muzzle of the gun as shot after shot was fired straight at a target. From calcula tions, it was estimated that the gun is 14 per cent noiseless. Forty grains of smokeless powder were used in the cart ridges, a charge capable of hurling a bul let over 1,500 yards with fatal results! Social Reconifiruction. In the leading article for the current Atlantic Monthly, John Martin reviews the abandonment of the laissez-faire pol icy in America in recent years and the new feeling of public responsibility. The idea which prevailed not long ago was that everything American was about per fect. Now every one is finding some fault, and the necessity for social reconstruction is apparent. Various associations like the Civic Federation, associations for health, against child labor, immigration, etc., and executive interference in industrial wars are mentoned to show the trend. While not accepting any particular brand of so cialism, Mr. Martin thinks that the agita tion of these social questions is healthy. It means that order and peace must take the place of the fierce commercial warfare. Furman’s Views t >t Aeroplanes. Henrix Farman, the French aviator, who has just arrived at New York with his prize-winning flying machine for the I>urpose of giving an exhibition flight, in a published interview says that it will take another decade to perfect the flying machine for practical and ssfe use. Half the solution of the problem rested on the perfection of a motor which would give greater power without increasing the weight. The other half lies in developing a machine with an automatic balancing device. In his opinion a machine of the monoplane type will be the successful flyer of the future. He does not believe that any flying machine will ever rival the railroads for commercial work. Mrs. Farman, who is with him, expects to be a passenger in one of his flights. Living for years within a distance of less than 100 miles from each other, a father and two daughters have just been reunited. The supposed the father dead ar.d the father knew nothing regarding his children's Whereabouts. Tie children are Mrs. Charles Kunow and Miss Ruby Petersen of Marietta, Minn. The father is Charles Petersen cf Es ther, ille. lowa. The latter sent his pho tograph to his father. The grandfather at once notified his grandchildren of their father’s whereabouts, and the reunion of father and children speedily followed. J. Young. Charles Kenft) and Henry C. Shuette are dead as a result of the care lessness of Mary Arthur, a 10-year-old nurse at the county hospital in San Diego. Cal. A. Paisler is not expected to live, and Captain A. Paulsen. B. Tis ler. George King and Mr. Peny are seri ously ill. All were taken sick one after noon and evidence of poison was so great that an investigation was started, ending finally in a confession by Miss Arthur that she had neglected to throw ont some water in which there was a quantity of atropine, and that her patients had got ten hold of it for their medicine. Dashing through space for a distance of fifty fret. James Richardson of Gar denville, Minn., and James Patterson of Mianeapolis. both carpenters, missed a pile of lumber and landed on soft sod. m>-xculously escaping with tiheir lives, alt .ough both were injured, but neither seriously. Willi* m January, alias Charles W. An derson. alias John W. Smith, who was once pardoned by President Roosevelt from the prison at Fort Leavenworth, failed to appear in police court in Kan sas City, to answer a charge of gambling and forfeited his cash bail bond of ssl. ♦fIJBHHEEff* Forest fires are not periodic visitations, as it has been argued by many sensible persons this year who have brought out statistical almanacs to prove their con tention. Forest fires are dependent upon two things; one is the weather and the other is the white man’s carelessness. When the Indians roamed about at will they always saw that every spark was out before they moved their camps. They guarded the woods against the chance blaze as a city man now guards his in vestments. But the white man, whether in his own timber, or that of the govern ment, gives little thought to the dangers of fire. He does not compel railroads to take s’eps to prevent sparks from locomo tives falling in dry grass, lie lets the logs of his camp smoulder away though knowing that a breeze might scatter the embers. lie strikes matches and throws the lighted ends away without a glance as to where they drop. When a long dry spell has taken the moisture from leaves and bark, when the grass is shriv eled to whisps of tinder, then the white man’s carelessness becomes a threat to property and life. It is a menace to every noble tree which has taken £ century or two in growing, to the farmer whose fields border the forests, to the towns built in the woods and dependent upon .hem for their living. The forest fires cease when rains come. But behind them they have left monu ments to the criminal carelessness of men who cannot be taught anything, who will not try to learn. The Indians had much the advantage of them in intelligence.— Toledo Blade. pDLmCSjxrt, epPLITICIA^ In the August number of the Federa tionist President Gompers publishes an editorial entitled “The Essence of Labor’s Contention on Injunctions,” which was approved by the executive council of the federation. He insists that the writ of injunction was intended to be exercised for “the protection of property rights onlythat it must never be used to cur tail personal rights; that there must be no other adequate remedy in law; that it must not be used to punish crime nor to set aside trial by jury. He argues against the injunction in labor disputes as being not based upon law, but as being a species of “judicial legislation and judicial usur pation in the interests of the money pow er against workmen innocent of any un lawful or criminal act.” Candidate Kern, in an article for Col lier’s, refers to the prevailing popular no tion that the office of Vice President has ceased to be one of influence or high hon or, and says chat the occupant of that or of any public office should be "direct, opeu, obvious and known to all men.” He believes that the Vice President should speak frankly upon pending legislation just as any member of the cabinet may. At the same time he holds that, as the Vice President should be at all times the servant of the Senate, so the President should be merely the servant of the peo ple, and not the master of Congress, con fining his work to the execution of the laws, not to the coercing of Congress or the criticism of the courts. While resting at Hot Springs, Va„ and working on his letter of acceptance, Can didate Taft was quoted on the trust plank of the Democratic platform, which pro vides that any corporation doing 25 per cent of the business in any one commod ity must be licensed by the federal gov ernment, but that the license shall not release the corporation from obedience to the laws of the States in which it does ■business. Taft pointed out the advan tages of the method proposed by the last Congress, inviting corporations to apply for federal license in return for public ity and promising immunity from prose cution if found not to be in restraint of trade. The Democratic plan he described as mandatory. The phonograph as a medium for the spreaading of the gospel of prohibition has been adopted by the managers of the prohibition party presidential campaign. New York Prohibitionists have nomi nated a full State ticket headed by the Rev. Dr. George E. Stock well of Fort Plain, for Governor. Resolutions endors ing the party's platform were adopted. President Van Cleave of the National Manufacturers' Association, in American Industries, boldly declares war upon the Democratic ticket, especially on account of the labor plank in the Denver plat form. Upon his return from Europe, Nathan Straus, the wealthy New York merchant and pure milk philanthropist, announced that he would work for the election of the Democratic ticker. William Randolph Hearst has given out the contents of a letter he addressed to the Iroquois club, of San Francisco, a democratic organization, replying to the request of the club that he tender his re signation as member. Mr. Hearst says in his letter that he is both pleased and sur prised to receive the letter from the club —pleased that he has been asked to re sign. and surprised to learn that the club is still in existence. The Idaho Republican State convention nominated a ticket headed by L nited States Senator Weldon B. Heyburn to succeed himself: Thomas It. Hamer for Congressman, and .Tames H. Brady of Bannock for Governor. The county local option feature was included in the plat form. A plank declaring for a direct pri mary law was killed by a vote of 159 to 134. Senator Heyburn leading the opposi tion. The Minnesota Republican committee contemplates having J. F. Jaoobsoh. the Repubiiean candidate for Governor, tour the State in an automobile because he can meet many more people that way than he can by traveling on railroads. For men or women who would give to poultry raising the Intelligent atten tion that any business requires to make it go there are undoubtedly golden op portunities. As everybody knows, poul try raising has grown to be one of the most important Industries in the United States. There are people who are not only making snug incomes, but are get ting rich at poultry raising. A quarter of a century ago the poultry business as a money making proposition cut a comparatively small figure; not alone because the products then were away down In value, but because then there were not the facilities to aid in incuba tion and in safe brooding. Now it is said by a person who pretends to kno, ,r that if the eggs eaten every year in the United States could be gathered be forehand and placed end to end, they would reach thirty times around the earth. Iu addition enough eggs are ex ported every year to reach from Den ver to New York. Valued at an aver age of 20 cents a dozen the annual egg crop of the United States reaches a to tal of $300,000,000. All eggs look alike to the average consumer until they have been broken. But they are not alike In looks to the initiated, or In wholesomeness, or in flavor; and the general public is be coming gradually aware of that fact. Viewed externally, it seems as if noth ing could get Inside an egg. Apparent ly, it Is sealed hermetically. Developed Inside the body of the hen, away from contaminating influences, It appears to be safe. But it Is not. “It is possi ble,” says a high official in the Agricul tural Department of the United States, which is making an extended study of poultry products, “for an egg to become infected with micro-organisms, either before it is laid or after. The shell is porous and offers no greater resistance to micro-organisms which cause disease than it does to those which cause the egg to spoil.” The food of the hen should be abso lutely clean, her surroundings should be sanitary, and she should never be SECTIONAL VIEW OF THE REVOLVING HOUSE. Jj E=flJ , “JAMES, TURN THE HOUSE.” William Reiman, New York City, has had plans drawn for a revolving house which he will build at Bayside, N. Y. Mr. Reiman's Bayside home will be the result of many years of thought over the matter of genuine home com fort, for he has often declared that, with the advantages of modern appli ances and electricity, there seemed lit tle reason for the sunny side of a house being in the sun all summer and the shady side being in the shade all winter. Mr. Reiman would have a home the windows of which may follow the sun shine in winter or avoid it in summer. An architect has studied the problem and has completed plans for such a home, which wili be built at a cost of $96,000, exclusive of the real estate. As proposed, the house will be con structed on a turntable, which will be operated by electric power. The owner, In his library or bedroom, may press a button, and on the piazzas will sound a tinkling of bells to those who are about to enter or leave the house, warn ing them that the Reiman home Is about to maneuver by either the right or left flank. Allowing family, servants or guests time to get either in or out of the house, Mr. Reiman will then press another button, and the house will swing to right or left, as he may desire. Siting In his library window' and wearying of the view, he may turn the house round and get another vista without leaving his chair, or If the breeze shifts and the owner of the house finds himself cut off from it he gives the alarm and moves his home around and around until he gets the breeze where he wants It Of course sunshine and shade will be his lo com mand, and if he desires to sleep late and the light Is in his window he presses the button near his bed and swings away from the east. The house was designed by Mr. Rei man himself, and the plans as drawn show that his scheme is eminently prac tical. Mr. Reiman will have neither front nor back yard to his house. The lawns will be so laid out that the front entrance will fit at any point of the compass. The revolution of the house will be practically noiseless, and part of the turntable will be visible. Mr. Reiman believes that his house will have a lot of hygienic advantages. “I have had this house In my mind for a number of years,” he said. “Prior to the actual decision to build I made some experiments to test the feasibility of the plan. I do not look on the mat ter as a fad, for it Is a question of com mon sense. There is no more reason why one should be roasted or chilled in cer tain rooms of a house year after year than there is that one should live on the outside of it. I am satisfied with the plans provided me. and I believe that others will build revolving houses, following my plans.” Mr. Reiman will begin building the boose this summer and will have it ready in the late fall. “I will use the colonial style of archi tecture for the house,” he said. “The kitchen will be built away from It There will be five bedrooms and hatha on the second floor and on the first a luge reception hall, dining-room, den. permitted to range over garbage dumps or manure heaps. Her eggs should re ceive the most careful attention, and Im possible should be placed in sanitary cases immediately after they are gath ered. It should not be forgotten that contamination is likely to come any where, and for that reason constant care should be exercised. And if possi ble, don’t eat an egg that is over thirty days old. It Is not fit. Aside from the professional poultry men, the amateurs and the farmers, there is still another class interested iu poultry work. They are the thousands, or perhaps hundreds of thousands, who have no desire to go into poultry as a money making matter; who have not the room for extensive breeding pens, and who are profitably engaged in oth er work, and who have not time to de vote to any considerable number of fowls. They are the people who have homes in the small cities, towns and vil lages, with ground rightly regarded as going to waste, or at least not earning anything. These people would like to go into the chicken business more for a diversion or hobby than anything else, and supply their own table with eggs and an occasional fowl. There is surely no good reason why they shou’d not. Let a man who has the ground take up the matter just as he would were he going into the business as a means of livelihood. That is. he should use the same precautions in the selec tion of his stock, and the same Judg ment in its care. Yith a little attention given to a small flock of chickens, many families would find the Income from other sources would go much farther. The numerous poultry associations throughout the country are -f great ser vice to their members. A' their meet ings they discuss intelligently the dif ferent matters of interest, and protect each other from those who would im pose upon or act unfairly with them. Of great use and Interest are the an nual poultry shows in various localities. Not only are these exhibitions of prod ucts of Interest to the professional and amateur, but to the general public. |jM ~|j I! library and pantry. There is only one other house of this kind that I have heard of, and that one is said to be in Switzerland. The revolution will be practically noiseless. I have consider able trouble in sleeping, and that is the main reason why I am having this house built. If the sun Is shining in my eyes In early morning, or If my room does not catch the breeze that may be blowing, I can just press a button at the side of my bed and remedy the matter." TELEPHONES MOVING TRAINS. Enarineer'a Cab Connected by Ap paratus with Dispatcher's Office. It has long been recognized that some means by which telephone communica tion could be held by train in notion would be of great advantage as an ad junct to the block system. One of the most recent suggestions along this line Is an apparatus Invented by an lowa man, the details of which are shown in the accompanying illustrations. A horizontal bar of metal extends from the side of the tender for Its en tire length. This bar drops close to 1 , TELEPHONE IN CAB OF ENGINE. the outer rail, making electrical con nection with metal standards set In the ties beside the track. The distance be tween these standards Is a little less than the length of the bar, so that the latter is always In contact with at least one of them. A telephone Is mounted In the cab of the locomotive and con nected through the locomotive wheels and the rails to the dispatcher’s sta tion, blockhouse or other point It will be seen therefore that communication may be had with the train at all points along the track where the standards are located. These can be placed at the be ginning and end of blocks, or at other points where It would be of advantage to hold communication with the nov ing train. A woman’s idea of a perfectly awful thing Is to have someone call when she is washing her hair. Introduce wisdom into a love affair, and you will break it Anew union of retail clerks has been instituted at Melrose, Minn. Cotton spinners’ wages are to be re duced 5 per cent in Lancashire, England. The Toronto, Canada, Lodge of Ma chinists will keep a close watch on civ’> contracts affecting the trade. The Ohio State Federation of Labor convention is to be held at Dayton in October. Steps are being taken to close the Pow ell Duffryn (Wales) collieries in conse quence of the strike of d.OOO men. The California State Federation of La bor convention is to meet in San Jose. The new executive board of the Na tional Federation of State. City and Town Employes has arranged plans for a vigor ous organizing campaign. Primary arrangements are now being made for the annual convention of the West Virginia State Federation of Labor, that is to be held at Clarksburg in Oc tober. The San Francisco (Cal.) Broommak ers’ Ftiiou has taken preliminary steps in starting a campaign against brooms made by Chinese and those made by convicts in Eastern States. The Stereotypers and Electrotypers' Union has been greatly increased during the last year, in which seveu new locals were formed. The membership is 3,500 in ninety-two locals, and the treasury holds $20,000. At the convention of the International Brotherhood of Stationary Firemen the by-laws were amended so as to permit the holding of conventions annually iustea 1 of bi-annually. Next year's convention will be held at Yonkers, N. Y. The Fall River (Mass.) Spinners’ Union, which had decided to withdraw from the sliding scale agreement between the unions and manufacturers of thqt city, has decided that it will act with the other unions and continue in the agreement. The anti-injumtion committee of the San Francisoo Labor Council has de cided to recommend to the 110 unions af filiated with the council to give as much as possible to the fund that is being rais ed to fight injunctions and to suggest that, in addition, individual members contrili ute to the same fund. James Kier Hardie is the founder of the labor party, and is Che chief figure in the party in England. He says that the time is ripe to organize a laltor party in Canada, and that by a better uniou of their forces the laborers of America can obtain legislation for their advancement. Another big international union will establish headquarters in Washington, D. C. The general convention of the stone cutters voted to make the president’s po sition a salaried one, so that he might de vote all his time to organization, and decided upon Washington for the general headquarters. The problem of unemployment in Glas gow, Scotland, has reached an exceeding ly acute stage. For twenty-five years there has been nothing like the present sit uation, and it is more than probable that unless some unexpected revival in trade takes place, the situation will have become intensified by the arrival of autumn and winter. At Saratoga James R. Keene ran first and second in the Spinaway stake with his fillies, Maskette and Wedding Bells. To test the ordinance against Sunday baseball at Detroit, Mich., a member of the Detroit team was arrested during the game. At the opening of the Grand Circuit harness races in Poughkeepsie, the Eel broke several records by taking the first heat in 2 :02%. Charles Hickman, utility man on the Cleveland American League baseball team, was sold to the Toledo American Association team. Dick Roller, a 0 to 1 shot, easily won the Knickerbocker handicap at about six furlongs at Empire City, defeating a fair ly good field of youngsters. At Dubuque, lowa, the feature of the second day of the Great Western races was Minor Heir’s mile in 2:02%, against time, lowering the track record of 2:03%. George T. Stallings, one-time manager of the Detroit club, will assume full con trol of the New York Highlanders at the end of the present Eastern League sea son. King James, the brown 3-year-old celt by I’laudit-Unsightly, owned by John E. Madden, won Che mile handicap at Sara toga in 1:38, the fastest mile of the meet. Secretary Russell of the Columbus, 0., board of trade, sent a message of good cheer to the Senators at ludianajwlis, and pledging to each player a "souvenir of beauty and value” if the foUrth pen nant is won. A new world’s record was set for a three-mile relay running race at Calu met, Mich. Vera Matthews, Annie Do ratte and Valvina W. covered the dis tance in 0:13 4-5, the fastest mile in 1 minute, 51 4-5 seconds. The horses are owned by Allie Wooster, Portage, Wis. E. P. Elliott of Minneapolis is the win ner of the Western Chess Association championship in the ninth annual tour nament, which was held at Excelsior, Lake Minnetonka. The United States infantry team worn the national trophy and the S3OO offered by Congress by winning the United States army rifle team match at Camp Perry. The infantry’s score was 3224. The sec ond prize, the Hilton trophy and S2OO in cash, went to the navy team, which scor ed 3210. A score of 3180, made by the cavalry team, gave the cavalry third place. Billy Papke, the Illinois boxer, main tained his reputation of a fast fighter by getting the better of Sailor Burke of New York in a rapid and very rough six round bout at the National Athletic Club. No decision was given by Referee Char ley White, but the western fighter out classed him, almost at every ztage of the game. Deputy sheriffs arrested three bookmak ers at the Empire City track for alleged violations of the New York anti-race track gambling laws, and as a result bet ting of any sort was given up as a hope less pursuit by the bookies and their run ners. At Galesburg, 111., in a trial against time. Minor Heir clipped three-fourths of a second from his race record of 2 :01 and negotiated a mile in 2:00%. He was driven by Charles Dean and finished the last eighth going well in 0:14%. On learning of the remarkable perform ance of Minor Ileir at the Galesburg track when a mile waa paced in 2:00%, the directors of the mile track association at Peoria, 111., wired Mr. Isaacs of Stoystown, Pa., owrer of Che horse, an offer of $2,000 for a race to beat the rec ord, to take place at Peoria during the fall meeting of the Great Western circuit. The offer was accepted.