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E. B. THAYER. Publisher. WAUSAU, - - WISCONSIN CALLS SOCIETY BOY CRIMINAL. Sheriff Sayn Millionaire'* Son Ad mit* Holding Ip Fifteen Men. Charles Boyle, a. Ivrw*r student of Stanford university, son of Henry Boyle, a millionaire property holder of Seattle and Oakland, and a member of a family conspicuous* in the most exclusive society circles of San Raphael, Cal., is alleged to have made confession of a number of crimes committed in Marion county last spring. According to Sheriff Taylor, who questioned young Boyle in jail at Salinas, the prisoner admitted that he had held up fifteen men in the National hotel bar at San Raphael and seriously wounded a constable; that he had attacked a young woman with a club and pursued another and was guilty of other offenses which for a time terrified a quiet community. The sheriff is at a loss to supply a motive for the young man’s supposed participa tion in the crimes. STANDING OF THE CLUBS. Progress of Pennant Race in Base Ball League*. NATIONAL LEAGUE. W. L- tV. L. New Y0rk..87 50Cincinnati ..07 73 Chicago ....90 53Boston 58 82 Pittsburg .. .88 54 Brooklyn .. .48 91 Phil’delphia 74 03St. L0ui5....47 93 AMERICAN LEAGUE. W. L- W. L. Cleveland ..82 GO Boston 07 72 Detroit ....79 00 Philadelphia 65 72 Chicago 80 01 Washington. 59 70 St. L0ui5...77 02 New Y0rk...46 92 SIX ESCAPE FROM GUARDHOUSE. Prisoner* at Fort Snelllng Climb to Roof Through Skylight. Six soldiers escaped from the guard house at Fort Snelling. Minn. They are William G. Manley, George F. Johnson, William Hall and Privates Cotter, Mullin and Dickson. The guardhouse at Fort Snelling is only one story high and over the corridor that runs down the cell tier there are several skylights. The doors to the cells were left open and the men climbed through the skylight to the roof. Servant Girl Steal* $5,000 In Gem*. Under the very eyes of her mistress, who suspected nothing, a clever servant girl thief walked out of the house of John E. Marsden in West Philadelphia with an apronful of jewelry valued at $5,000. Mrs. Marsden noticed the apron tied in a bundle when the girl was leaving the house, and asked her where she was go ing. The servant replied that she was going to post a letter. She did not re turn. 400 Cotton Mills Are Closed. More than 400 cotton mills in Lanca shire, England, are idle as a result of the dispute over wages between operatives and employers. This means that 40,000,- 000 spindles are wholly or partially stop ped, that more than $250,000,000 of capi tal is not bringing in any rerarn, and that 140,000 operatives are without work and losing something over $700,000 in wages a week. Sell Whisky at Monument. The soldiers’ monument at East Liver lool, Ohio, it is charged, is used by “bootleggers” to sell whisky. It is de clared that if 25 cents be left in the mouth of the big cannon at the foot of the monument and the one leaving it walks around the monument, on his re turn he will find a half pint of whisky in place of the coin. Lumber Fire In Qnlncy, 111. Fire destroyed the city yards and sheds of the Moller & Vandenboom Lum ber Company at Quincy, 111., including 1,000,000 feet of dressed lumber. The flames also partly destroyed the ware house of the Williamson Produce Com pany and burned several dwellings and stables. The damage is $75,000. VonnK Man Commit* Suicide. By shooting himself through the right temple as he stood in front of a mirror in a room in the St. Denis hotel, New York, Lawson W. Fuller, 40 years old, son of the late Lawson N. Fuller, who was prominent in advocating rapid tran sit extension for that city, committed sui cide. Whisky Barrel 111* Bontb. While playing in front of Henry Sche mab’s saloon on East Fort avenue, Balti more, 5-y ear-old Joseph Martin placed a lighted match in an empty whisky barrel. An exposion followed. The child was thrown fifteen feet in the air, and, de scending, fell into the barrel. His entire body was terribly burned. Ilia: Deal in Cuat Land*. Another big deal in Greene county. Pa., coking coal lands was closed the other day, J. V. Thompson of Uniontown sell ing to J. H. Sanford and R. P. Burgan, trustees for a syndicate of prominent coal and furnace interests 3,000 acres at S2BO an aere, or a total of $840,000. Wrecked Crew Rescued. The captain and five seamen of the schooner Mary B. Judge were rescued at sea and taken to Porto Rico after being las,hed six days to the wreck. Veteran Circus Man Marries, John Robinson, the veteran circus own er, was married in his private ear at Clarksville. Tenn., to Miss Mary Maud Logan, a professipnaHtaurse. Xesro Admit* Killing;. Walter Ledbetter, a negro tramp, was arrested by Sheriff Bowden at the settle ment of Marietta, Fla., and confessed killing Mrs. Norman and her daughter there Saturday. A speedy trial is now being arranged for the negro. Snrpns*e Hl* Brother's Record. Wilbur Wright at Le Mans. France, set anew world’s aeroplane record and was publicly congratulated by the Ameri can ambassador in the presence of 10.000 persons. Salcido Adds to Mystery, Maj. Gen. Charles Edward Luard, re tired, whose wife was mysteriously mur dered near I-ondon Aug. 24. committed suicide by throwing himself in front of a train. His body was found near a rail road crossing not far from Wateringbury, England. Married to Defeat Pnrents. Helen Maloney of Philadelphia has been granted a decree of annulment from Ar thur Herbert Osborne and says she went through the marriage ceremony with him to keep her parents from forcing her to marry a titled foreigner. Gold Frotlnotlon Fall* Off. According to the report of State Miner alogist Lewis Aubuiy. -the mineral produc tion of California for the year 1907 was $55,097,940. a gain of nearly $9,000,000 over the previous year. Petroleum has advanced to first place on the list, sur passing in value the gold output for the first time in the histcry of the State. Falling;- Selin Laborer: Roth Die. Joseph Wakefield, a colored hodcarrier. fah’ng from a scaffold six stories high in Cincinnati, caught hold of William Mal fieid. a bricklayer, and dragged him down with him. They died shortly afterward. GIRL BACK; KIDNAPED,SHE SAYS Little Laara William* Anserts Man Took Her to Pine, Ind. Laura Williams, 13 years old. 9752 Avenue M, South Chicago, 111., who dis appeared on a recent afternoon, returned home from Pine, Ind., the following day. A story of being kidnaped at the point of a revolver, blindfolded at times and forced to walk with a man to Pine, Ind., where he finally left her when detection seemed certain, was related by the girl at her home. The girl was found wandering by Charles Pittman, a section foreman em ployed by the Baltimore and Ohio rail road, who placed her on a train. Her parents were overjoyed at her return. The girl said she had left Blanche Stair, a schoolmate, at 100th street and Ewing avenue, and was walking along the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern railroad tracks when a man seized her and, draw ing a revolver, ordered her to continue walking. She was too frightened to scream, she declared. They walked, she said, until they had reached the city lim its, he blindfolded her and made her pro ceed with bandaged eyes until they reach ed Whiting. He threatened to kill her, she told the police, if she screamed while they were walking through the city, and when they reached the country again he again blindfolded her. When they reach ed another town the bandage was taken off. This was repeated several times, ac cording to the girl’s story, until they reached Pine, Ind., where her captor got scared, she says, and left her. TO ENCIRCLE GLOBE IN AIRSHIP. Predict* Flight Around World In AVeek Within Five Year*. “Within five years airships will be dai rying passengers across the ocean in eighteen hours, 200 miles an hour. Aerial flight will be commercialized in that time. The north pole can and will be reached in a forty-eight-hour trip. The perfected heliocoptal will be able to encircle the globe in a week.” These statements were made by Thomas A. Edison, the inventor, in the course of a talk on aerial naviga tion in Salt Lake City. “Neither the aeroplanes now owned by the Wright brothers nor iny airship built along that principle nor along the idea of the dirigi ble balloon will ever be of practical use or success commercially,” he said. “The successful machine must be automatic in operation. The human part of it must be reduced to mere mechanism, as in the case of the automobile and steam engine. Otherwise the dream of skimming the clouds must ever remain a dream.” AD FOR WIVES WINS WICHITA. Thirty-eight Stenographers Are Wil ling to AVed Okluhoma Bachelor* Thirty-eight girl stenographers of Wi chita, Kan., have answered an advertise ment for wives sent out by the Bachelors’ Club of Randlett, Okla., and have ex pressed a willingness to marry if they can get the right men. It was not intend ed that this should be made public, but Walter Barney, the secretary and “exam iner” of the Randlett Club, came to Wi chita for the purpose of learning some thing of the girls who had answered the advertisement. Mr. Barney stated that the Randlett Club has thirty members, who all live in or near the town. All of them are eligible bachelors and they all mean business. It is not the business of Mr. Barney to talk to any of the young women. He simply learns what he can about those whose letters and photographs have made an impression on the members of the club. BIG FIRE IN CHELSEA, MASS. City Again Ha* Di*a*troo* Confla gration—Five Plants Destroyed. Fire destroyed the large box factory of Atwood & McManus on Vale street in Chelsea. Mass., and then spread to the Hill-Rowland brass foundry on Fourth street, destroying that plant.. Shortly after the fire started ten wooden tene ments were burning and the flames were sweeping unchecked toward Powder Horn hill. The Chelsea bottling works and Lee Bros.’ shoe factory also caught fire. At 9 :20 a. m. the large wooden building occupied by the Eastern Storage Company and situated near the Boston and Maine tracks was in flames. At 10:15 the fire was practically under control. The loss is estimated at $300,000. EUROPE’S WHEAT CROP SHORT. Harvest Completed and Total* Low for Third Consecutive Year. The European reports to the Superin tendent of Agriculture in Washington say that the wheat harvest over the greater part of Europe is already completed. In several countries reaping was hindered and the crops seriously damaged by rain. Prospects point to a smaller harvest than last year in western Europe generally. A moderate increase in the yield is expected in the East. But. while Russia probably will reap a slightly heavier crop than last year, there is no doubt that totals will be below the average. This will be the third year of serious shortage. Son Hostage at Grocer's. John Kovi, a foreign grocer, adopted a novel and effective way of collecting a bill against a fellow countryman in Ma hanoy City, Pa. When Adam Simure sent his young son to the store to make purchases the storekeeper seized the youth and held him as a ransom for the unpaid bill. The father became very in dignant, but he paid the bill and the boy was released. Work lor 100,000 Men Soon. Orders have been issued at the large iron and steel plants of the country to prepare for resumption by Oct. 1. A plan has been evolved at a series of meetings m New York to get the jobbers and deal ers to stock up and not wait until after election. Asa result fully 100.000 idle iron and steel workers in the country will fiud immediate employment. Killed by Oklahoma Explosion. A powder magazine used by a wholesale powder company and the Samples Mining Company for the storage of powder, was struck by lightning at McAlester. Okla., the explosion killing one miner. Arthur Richards, and seriously injuring eight oth ers. Richards’ head was completely sev ered from the body. Girl End* Idle with Void. Miss Jane E. Smith, 18 years old. daughter of Dr. Henry Smith, a retired physician, was found dead in Pittsburg. The young woman was only partially dressed and a bottle which had contained carboic acid was found near by. 84,000,000 Each to Children. William H. Singer. Pittsburg million aire. presented fonr children with $4,000.- 000 each at his golden wedding celebra tion. Wright Aeroplane Falls. Orville Wright's aeroplane turned over and fell in Washington. Lieut. Selfridge was killed and Wright badly injured. Dispensary la Hit On re More. The Fnited States Circuit Court of Ap peals has sustained the opinion of Judge Pritchard in the famous case of the Fleischmann Company and others against the South Carolina dispensary commis sion. holding in effect that a State cannot conduct liquor traffic, that l*?ing a private business. Kill* in Fight Over Nickel. A dispute which arose over a nickel during the progress of a dice game culmi nated in the shooting and instant killing of Clabe Payne by Brack Johnson near Maysviile, Ky. Johnson escaped. LIQUOR SALE UNLAWFUL. Prohibitory Law Ha* Been Violated tor Quarter Century. According to a decision rendered by Judge Smith McPherson of the United States Circuit Court in Davenport, 1 the lowa mulct law system, under which sa loons are now operating, is illegal. Judge McPherson further declares the lowa mulct law is no license system and that there has been no license system .n lowa for the last quarter of a century, and for that length of time there has never been a lawful sale of liquof as a beverage with in the State of lowa. He further holds that no person to-day under any circum stances can lawfully sell liquor as a bev erage in lowa. The decision was made in a suit of the United Breweries Com pany of Chicago versus the Civic Federa tion of Davenport. The complainants charged the federation with a conspiracy and sought to enjoin them from abating property on which a saloon had been closed. Judge McPherson denied the ap plication for a writ of injunction. Under the mulct law lowa saloonkeepers heve been paying S6OO annually as a tax with the understanding that it legalized their sale of intoxicating liquors and gave them relief from the old prohibitory law, which is still on the statute books. The decis ion is the most sweeping ever made in lowa affecting the liquor question. SENTENCED IN BRAZIL. Member* of 111-Fated Maeall Expe dition Receive Lljfht Penalties. A cablegram from the American consul at Bahia, Brazil, reports to the State De partment in Washington, D. C., he is in receipt of the conclusion of the trial of the filibustering expedition led by Se bastian H. L. de Magali into that re public in 1907. The expedition consisted of eight men, under the leadership of Magali, four of whom were young Ameri cans by the names of Samuel Parker, Herbert Phannebecker, Everitt Wilson and George Vice, all of New York. The consul reports that Magali received a two years’ sentence, that Vice, who was seriously wounded in the skirmish which led to the arrest of the men, was agquit ted; that George Gordon, a Scotchman and follower of Magali, was sentenced to one year, and that the remaining mem bers of the expedition were sentenced to imprisonment for one year and five months. The outcome of this case, it is felt, must be gratifying to the families of the persons, in view of the gravity of the crime charged against them. KILLS GIRL AND HIMSELF. Dora Helmer Shot Dead by Lewi* Turner After Quarrel. In a fit of jealousy caused by his fiancee accepting the attentions of an other man, Lewis Turner, 27 years old. wealthy and one of the best known young men in La Grange, 111., shot and instantly killed Dora Helmer, 24 years old, promi nent socially, in the Chicago suburb. Then he turned the weapon upon himself and fired a bullet into his own brain. He fell on the body of his slain sweetheart, and, taking her in his arms, died while impressing a farewell kiss on her lips. The couple, according to their friends, had been sweethearts for more than a year and were engaged to be married. Re cently they quarreled, it is said, because the girl went to the Wheaton horse show with another young man of the village. Village gossips made the affair a topic of ccnve - sation and this only widened the breach between the young woman and her fiance. Monday they met unexpectedly and after a bitter altercation Turner drew a revolver from his pocket and shot the girl through the heart. Then he fired into his own brain. FORTUNE FOR DEPENDENTS. Man Who Killed Brother Remember* Those Widowed and Orphaned. Dying in the Ohio State penitentiary, where he was received two years ago to serve twenty-five years for the slaying of his brother, George Wagar, a member of a wealthy family of Lakewood, a Cleveland suburb, has written a will in which his fortune of $50,000 is left to the widow and daughter of his victim. The form of his brother, riddled with bullets, is said to haunt Wagar through the nights. In the delirium of the fever which sent him to the prison hospital severai weeks ago he calls aloud that he did not mean to kill him. Prison officials say Wagar had them witness a will in which all his share of the big Wagar for tune is bequeathed without condition to the family of his victim. GIANT OF TWIN CITIES IS DEAD. Man Who Weighed 450 Found* Die* —Lender ot Theater Orchestra. James Latourelle, known as “Little Jimmie” to the people of the Twin Cities, because of his immense size, and weight, which was 450 pounds, died at his home in St. Paul, Minn. “Little Jimmie” was leader of the orchestra in a local vaude ville theater and had occupied the same position in "a theater in Minneapolis for several years. He was 35 years of age. Besides leading the orchestra he frequent ly appeared on the stage as a musical so loist. Forest Fire* Sweep Maine. A dense pall of smoke that in many places obscured the setting sun or made it appear blood red enveloped the State of Maine as the result of numerous forest fires that are devastating thousands of acres of timber lands. Probably the most serious fire is in Hancock county, but vast sections of woodland are burning else where. Fnnny Congrmmon Beaten. Congressman J. Adam Bede of the Eighth Minnesota District has been de feated for renomination. James A. Taw ney in the First District, it was thought, had met a like fate in the Republican primaries, but later returns show that he pulled through. Both men made hard fights and were confident of re-election. Prohibits Leasing ol Felon*. Gov. Hoke Smith of Georgia has signed the convict lease bill, which hereai'er prohibits the leasing of felons except by the consent of the Governor and prison commission. The bill was passed by the Legislature after $35,000 had been spent in an extra session and nearly q month used in discussing the legislation. Big Fire in Brandt, Pn. Fire in the village of Brandt. Pa., did damage amounting to nearly SIOO,OOO, and the town was threatened with destruction from burning forests, set on fire by sparks. The Brandt chemical works was de- ■ stroyed. Laning I* Freed by a Jury. Congressman J. F. Laning of Norwalk, Ohio, was found not guilty of the charge of embezzling bank stock by a jury. At torneys. jurors and the presiding judge congratulated the Congressman, whe cried like a child when he heard the verdict. Banker Prisoner Land*. A. F. Bonel':. a former banker of Cleveland, Charged with the theft of $30.- 000. arrived at New York from Brazil, as a prisoner on the steamer Afghan Prince. Bonelli was a steamship ticket agent and private banker dealing especially in for eign exchange. He disappeared Jane 18. Boy of Fourteen Hang* Himself. For some unexplained reason. Silver Weill, a 14-year-old school boy. commit ted suicide by hanging himself with a clothesline in the cellar of his home in Mount Vernon. N. Y. He is the youngest soicius :'n the ooliee record* WRIGHT FLYER FALLS, KILLS ARMY OFFICES Aeroplane at Fort Myer Drops, Causing Death of Lieut. T. E. Selfridge. INVENTOR’S LEG IS BROKEN. Aviator’s Condition Points to Re covery—Propeller Blade Breaks on Two-Man Flight. After having drawn the attention of the world to his aeroplane ascensions at Fort Myer, near Washington, and establishing new world’s records for heavier-than-air flying machines, Or ville Wright the other afternoon met with a tragic mishap while making a two-man flight. The aeroplanist was accompanied by Lieut. Thomas E. Self rldge of the signal corps of the army. In a fall of seventy-five feet Lieut. Selfridge was fatally injured and died soon afterward. Mr. Wright was seri ously injured, but is expected to re cover. While the machine was encircling the drill grounds a propeller blade snapped off and, hitting some other part of the Intricate mechanism, caused the air ship to overturn and fall to the ground, enveloping the two occupants in the debris. / '■ r, mk m * m j m \ •" - V : '• t VJS§ the Vl RIGHT AEROPLANE^ 1 Soldiers and spectators ran across the field and assisted in lifting Mr. Wright and Lieut. Selfridge from under the tangle dmass of machinery, rods, wires and shreds of muslin. Mr. Wright was conscious. Lieut. Selfridge was un conscious. His head was covered with blood and he was choking when the sol diers extricated him. When their wounds had been ban daged Mr. Wright and Lieut. Selfridge were taken to the Fort Myer hospital. It was feared that Mr. Wright was suf fering from internal injuries. He had lapsed into a state of semi-conscious ness by the time he reached the hospi tal. Lieut. Selfridge did not regain consciousness. He was suffering from a fracture at the base of the skull. Af ter an examination it was announced that Mr. Wright was not seriously hurt. He is suffering from a fracture of I is left thigh and several ribs on the right side are broken. Both men received deep cuts about the head. Mr. Wright announced several days ago that lie would take Lieut. Selfridge, who was secretary of the Aerial Ex periment Association and an aeraplan ist himself, in his next flight. At 5 :14 in the afternoon the aeroplane was re leased, and it was noticed that it did not rise as quickly as on previous two men flights. Lieut. Selfridge weighed about 175 pounds, making the weight greater than the machine had ever car ried before. After gliding over the ground on its runners for thirty feet the machine rose gradually, and had gained a height of forty feet when it passed over the starting apparatus for the first time. There was a six-mile wind, and the ma chine did not run as smoothly as on its former flights, most of which were made in calm weather. The aeroplan ist. however, apparently had control of ■ the flyer, which rose to a height of seventy-five feet as it completed the 4 second round. This height was main tained on the third round' While the machine was turning at the southern end of the field several thousand feet from the spectators, something fell. Immediately all eyes were on the aeroplane and it was seen to turn over on its left side. and. pausing a moment, made a complete turn and then came swooping to the earth in a cloud of dust. FACTS FOR FARMERS. Anew industry in the western portion of the upper Michigan peninsula is a creamery which is being established at Ewen. The plant, which is now being erected, will handle 10.000 pounds of milk a day, making 400 pounds of butter. The executive committee of the Na j tional Wool Growers’ Association is se ■ lecting locations'Tor tlie central ware | houses to be established by the associa ! tion. St. Taul, Minneapolis, Denver, St. Joseph, Chicago and Omaha arc each bid ding for the national market. Under an order from the United States Court the Fillsbury-Washburn grain ele vators will be leased to parties who will keep them in operation during the re ceivership. During an electric near Crooks ton. Minn., lightning struck four stacks of wheat belonging to John Wagner and all were burned. The wind moved a granary on the Thompson farm a dis j tance of ten rods without damaging it at all, and Nick Welters’ machinery shed was demolished entirely by the wind. Farmers were busy for two days moving wheat shocks from the low places where water was still standing. At Fergus Falls, Minn., reports from Otter Tail county wheat fields are begin ning to be received, a little thrashing hav ing been done. O. E. Ralstad was in from Dane Prairie township and reports an average yield of 23 bushels to the acre. Tyler Putnam reports 19, and a farm ten miles southwest of the dty showed an average of 18. Mr. Borst, who resides four miles east, reports 21 bushels of vel vet chaff wheat per acre, and William Wastover 21 bushels of the ordinary va riety. Lake county, S. D., is claiming an av erage yield of fifty bushels of corn per •ere. AIR EXACTS HEAVY DEATH TOLL German Scientist Probably First to Die In Effort to Fly. The tragical mishap which cost Lieut. Thomas E. Selfridge of the United States signal corps his life is the most recent of many resulting from man’s persistent effort to conquer the air. Lilienthal, a German scientist, and M. Pilcher, another student of aeronautics, probably were the first martyrs to the cause of the heavier-than-air type of air craft. The former was killed in th- "'ai mer of 1896 while experimenting wit. his “gliding machine.” which is said to have furnished the first model for the Wright brothers. The latter met his death about the same time in a test of his own aero plane. On Sept. 3 last Charles Oliver Jones, the Hamruondsport (N. Y.) aeronaut, fell to his death from his dirigible balloon Boomerang while giving an exhibition flight in Maine. Whle it involved no loss of life, the destruction of Count Zeppelin’s mammoth balloon by lightning at Echterdengin, near SKETCH SHOWING HOW FATAL AEROPLANE WRECK OCCURRED, INVENTOR AND AIRSHIP. A WHICH BROKE. JL/ fr’A M* m i ■ m\ \\\ X\ ifiS a V y • \\ • A X \ ddwfx l \ v \ M Defective propeller blades broke | when the aeroplane was seventy-five feet in the air. This destroyed the . machine’s equilibrium, and it > plunged to the earth, burying the inventor and his companion under Stuttgart, Germany, on Aug. 6 last, was one of the severest blows yet struck at aerial navigation. A spectacular accident to a mammoth airship at Berkeley, Cal., on May 23 last , resulted in serious injury to sixteen men, who narrowly escaped with their lives. The airship, the invention of Capt. J. A. Morrel, was on its trial trip. In full view of 10,000 people it ascended 300 feet, when it suddenly burst and dropped to the ground with its crew of sixteen men. One of the most remarkable escapes from death in aeronautical history was that of Gail Robinson, who sails the Ivnabenshue airship, at Springfield, Ohio, July 13, 1907. Robinson fell 800 feet, the only mark of his experience being a small scratch. As he neared the earth the machine slowed up and he reached the ground safely. When the people flocked to the wrecked balloon, thinking to find Robinson a corpse, he was coolly lighting a cigarette. WRIGHT MADE RECORD FLIGHTS Ohio Aviator'* Feat* with an Aero plane Startled the World, Orville Wright, before the recent ac cident put a stop to the trials at Fort Myer, startled the world by his feats with his aeroplane and established records for both one and two man flights. His great est flight was made on Sept. 12, when he remained in the air for one hour fourteen minutes and twenty seconds, covering a distance of 51.3 miles. Leading up to this he had made the following flights: Sept. 9—57 minutes 31 seconds; 36 miles. Sept. 9—l hour 2 minutes 15 seconds; 38.5 miles. Sept. 10—E hour 5 minutes 52 seconds; 41 miles. Sept, i!—l hour 10 minutes 20 sec onds ; 46.8 mi'ps. Wright’s record far flights with a pas senger were: Sept. 9—6 minutes 26 secends; 4 miles. Sept. 12—9 minutes 6 seconds; 6 miles. A Flier Without a Tail. Members of the Aerial Experiment As sociation at Hammondsport, N. Y., have tried navigating the air in the June Bug with the entire rear portion, or tail, of the machine removed. There was some lack of stability, but greater speed was possible with no air surfaces back of the rudders. A speed of over forty miles was attained. Radium Ores tor of Gem*. In a paper read recently before the French Academy of Sciences, Prof. Bor dass said he had obtained remarkable re sults by placing crystals of corundum in contact with radium for periods varying from thirty to sixty days, the idea being suggested by the fact that the glass in v-hich radium is inclosed takes on a blue tint. Thus treated, colorless corundum became yellow like oriental topaz. Blue corundum was converted into oriental sap phire. Neither heat nor electricity affect ed these artificial gems.^which experts could not distinguish from those of nat ural origin. Anarchist Leader Punished. Alexander Berkman. now the active leader of the American group of anarch ists, and who served a long prison sen tence for trying to assassinate H. C. Frick, was arrested in New York for trying to stampede a meeting of the un employed in Cooper Union, over which James Eads How, the wealthy hobo, was presiding. Emma Goldman was present but she escagved arrest, although a young girl who aided Berkman was arrested and fined. Berkman was sent to the work housc for five days. Advertise In this paper. WAGES AND PRICES SOAR. Purchasing Power of Labor and Cost of Necessaries Compared. The average wages per hour in the principal manufacturing and mechan ical industries of the country were 3.7 per cent higher in 1907 than In 1906, while retail prices of food were 4.2 per cent higher, according to the July re port of the bureau of labor. The regu lar hours of labor per week were four tenths of one per cent lower, and the number of employes in establishments investigated by the bureau showed an increase of 1 per cent. The purchasing power of an hour wage, as measured by food, was less in 1907 than in 1906. the decrease being one-half of 1 per cent The report shows that as compared with the average for the ten-year period 1890 to 1599 the av erage wage per hour in 1907 was 25.8 per cent higher, the number of employes 44.4 per cent greater, with a decrease of 5 per cent in the average hours of labor per week. The retail price of principal articles of food was 20.6 per cent higher in 1907 than for the period 1890 to 1599. Com pared with the average for the same ten-year period the food purchasing power of an hour’s wage in 1907 was 6.8 per cent greater. The report adds that the greatest in crease in wages per hour was in the manufacture of cotton goods, the in crease being 12.9. In the paper and wood pulp Industry there was an in crease in wages per hour of 10.1 per cent; in the silk, woolen and worsted goods industry 6.4 per cent; in the glass industry and street and sewer work an increase of 5.8 per cent. The investiga tion made by the bureau covers those industries in which the wages paid in one year were $10,000,000 or more. The report presents the retail prices of thirty staple food commodities as sold in sixty-eight localities in the United States by 1,014 dealers. Retail prices of food in 1907 were higher than in any other year of the eighteen-year period above named, be ing 4.2 per cent higher than in 1906. The average prices of twenty-nine of the thirty articles included in this com pilation of prices were higher in 1907 than in 1906. The articles which show ed the greatest advance in prices are flour, 8.9 per cent; butter, 8 per cent; evaporated apples, 7.8 per cent; milk, 7.3 per cent; corn meal, 6.8 per cent; cheese, 6.7 per cent, and potatoes, 5.4 per cent. The only article which show ed a decrease is tea, the decrease being 0.2 per cent. ALL AROUND THE GLOBE. Fire at Hinton, W. Va., destroyed the stables of the Hinton Livery Company, burning thirty-seven horses. Fifty vehi cles and other property were also con sumed, causing a loss of $36,000, includ ing $6,000 on the building. Jail officials at Poughkeepsie, N. Y., want Harry K. Thaw removed from the lockup there. They say his presence de moralizes the place and destroys disci pline, as he sleeps in the corridor “and has all the fixtures and paraphernalia of a business office.” Charles B. Roberts, Jr., victim of mys terious boardwalk shooting at Atlantic City, is recovering from his wounds and is believed to be out of danger. The steamer .Monteagle has arrived at Victoria, B. C., ahead of two other steam ers with which it was racing. A large shipment of silk had been divided among three lines and the test of speed was a race for trade. John B. Bapp of Seattle, Wash., car ried Pearl Ruppell of Portland, Ind., who lost both her legs as the result of a rail road accident, into the marriage-license office at Newport, Kv„ secured a license and the two were married. The buildings on the famous Metbod ist-Evanfelistic meeting grounds, or Ken tucky “Parsons' Camp Grounds,” eight miles from Russellville, Ky., were de stroyed by fire. The loss has not been estimated. Nels Avidson, aged 86, and Eliza Wil ms. aged 50, visited the New York City Hall arm in arm. and obtained a marriage license. After the couple had been unit ed by Alderman Cavanagh. the bridegroom was taken ill, and a physician was call ed to the bride’s home to care for him. Avidson, who is 6 feet 4 inches tall, was once wealthy, but lost a fortune in min ing ventures. FORES! FIRE RUSES BRINS HONIE LESSON May Be instrumental in Merging Efforts Toward More Adequate Protection of Timber. GREATEST LOSS SINCE 1871. Work of Investigating Damage Is Begun by Federal Government Agent R. W. Pullman. The recent disastrous forest fires, probably the most serious in a quarter of a century, may be instrumental in concentrating national, state and pri vate forces to provide more adequate protection against flames which exa/t an average annual toll of $25,000,000. Not since the Peshtigo fire of IS7I, when between 1.200 and 1.500 persons perished and many millions of dollars of property was wiped out in a few hours, has the devastation of the flames been so great as this year, when from coast to coast the great forest areas of the North have been the constant arena of the struggle against this dreaded enemy of the forest frontier. Accurate returns of the property loss has not yet been received in Washing ton, but the work of investigation has been begun. It. W. Pullman, special agent of the United States forest ser vice, in passing through. Chicago on his way to the burnt regions of Minnesota, told of the prolonged and thus far los ing fight which is being waged to pre vent the wholesale destruction which yearly impoverishes whole regions. Lon* Xon Mope Conspicnonn. “Now that the timber of the country is being reduced by lumbering,” said Mr. Pullman, “and people have awak ened to the fact that the forests do not represent an inexhaustible supply, the loss that is sustained in these tires becomes the more conspicuous. It is not alone the lumber owner that pays the price. The loss of stumpage value is but a small part of the damage to a neighborhood. “The wages that would have keen earned by laborers in the lumber camps and the produce that would have been purchased to supply those camps, the taxes that would have been devoted to the construction of roads and other im provements. and the fertility of the soil that is destroyed, all bring the ulti mate cost of these fires to sums that cannot be calculated. “From reports thus far received, the fires of this summer have been the most destructive since those of 1871. The Peshtigo fire of October of that year covered an area of 2.000 square allies in Wisconsin, entailing heavy loss of life and 'property. Other fires in Michi gan that year consumed $10,000,000 In standing timber. “One of the earliest was the great Miramichi fire of 1825. starting sixty miles above Newcastle, N. 8., on the Miramichi River, shortly after noon. Before 10 o’clock at night it was twen ty miles below Newcastle, in nine hours destroying a belt eighty miles long and twenty-five miles wide. In an area of 2,500,000 acres every living thing was destroyed. “One of the most serious fires of re cent years was that which started near Hinckley, Minn., in September, 1904. While the area covered was less than in some others, the loss of life was heavy. Six towns were destroyed, 500 people perished and 2,000 were left destitute. It was said that this de struction was wholly unnecessary. For many days before a high wind came and drove it into uncontrollable fury it had been burning slowly close to Hinckley and eoull have been put out. “The initial cause of such widespread destruction can be traced to two agen cies, the railroad and the campers. Both are careless. In many timber countries the roads are required to fit their locomotives with spark arresters. If this law were more fully obeyed the danger from this source would be re duced. The camper’s culpability is more direct. A few buckets of water poured over the remains of a camp fire will effectively prevent trouble. Forent Hanger* an Economy. “The economy of employing forest rangers to keep constant watch, to pre vent fires by the influence of their presence on those who frequent the woods and to report blazes as soon as they shirt, when they can easily be ex tinguished, is becoming understood generally. “It is not unlikely that there will be more extensive Co-operation between all the parties interested, the owners of the property and the State and na tional governments, as a result of the serious conflagrations of this year. The results of supervision in the national forests has been demonstrated, where losses, in spite of the dry season, have been exceedingly small.” TELEGRAPHIC BREVITIES Mrs. Harry Pearson, aged 21, according to her statement before she died, was lured to a lonely spot in Oklahoma City, Okla., by Harry Parker, aged 28, a grain inspector from loia, Kan., who shot her and escaped. The twelfth annual meeting of the In terstate Association of Live Stock Sani tary Boards, meeting in AVashingtftn, vot ed to ask Secretary Wilson to lift the quarantine regulation for preventing he spread of Texas or “tick” fever among cattle in several Southern States. Not realizing their danger, ninety in sane persons in the Long Island home at Amityville, L. 1., fought against being removed from the burning building, but all were finally rescued. The War Department has given permis sion for United States troops to partici pate in the fall carnival of the Knights o! Ak-Sar-Ben at Omaha, Neb., for the first time since the order was founded fourteen years ago, A resolution condemning the sale of liquor in drug stores, except for medicinal purposes, was passed by the American Pharmaceutical Association in session at Hot Spring®, Ark. At Niagara Falls the Old Time Teleg raphers' Association and the plates Military Telegraph Corps held their annual meetings. E. B. Saylor of Pittsbnrg being elected president of the first organization anl Col. W. B. Wilson of Philadelphia heading the second. Rev. Father Sierputowski. who created a sensation at Duluth a year ago by lead ing a revolt from the Roman Catholic church and forming an independent con gregation, has written to Bishop MeGol riek from Cleveland begging forgivenesa and stating that both he and Bishop Tichey will make submission to the bishop of Cleveland. CHICAGO. Business activity reflects further re covery. although the failure record is dis torted by one unusually heavy default. Steadier conditions are seen in produc tion and distribution and the outlook is gradually clearing, notwithstanding that new demands in the ceding industries in | elude none of special influence. Melters of pig iron bought more freely against future needs, prices being made inviting, and there is increasing work at foundries, forges and steel car shops. Building operations make seasonable progress, while the new permits indicate that an unusual quantity of materials is to be consumed. More hands find em ployment in quarrying, and prices for stone, brick and cement become firmer. Seasonable weather stimulated the con struction and outdoor activities. Retail trade opens up encouragingly in the principal lines. Visiting merchants have increased in numbers from the Northwest, and there is much buying of gen-ral merchandise throughout the wholesale district. Staple goods are sold to an extent comparing favorably with this time last year, and the absorption is yet notable in the textiles, millinery and footwear. The larkets for grain, provisions and live stock denote improving consumption, notwithstanding the average cost again is high and wheat around $1 a bushel. Bank clearings, $234,496,898, make the best showing in eight weeks, and exceed those of the corresponding week of 1907, which included only five business days, by 10 per cent. Failures reported in the Chicago dis trict number 34. against 21 last week and 17 a year ago. Those with 'liabili ties over $5,000 number 9, against 6 last week aud 5 in 1907.—Dun’s Review of Trade. NEW YORK. Business in general has experienced a further moderate improvement in jobbing as well as in wholesale lines. Fall trade has reached the maximum at some cities, and most out-of-town merchants have left the large centers for home, though State fairs and fall carnivals are attracting visitors to various sections, thus enlarg ing the volume of trade. On the whole, purchases have been con fined chiefly to staples, and no more than actual needs have been filled; therefore sales have been considerably below those of last year at this season. This conservatism, for which approach ing elections and the diminished pur chasing power of tlie public, outside of the agricultural regions, are .sponsible, is looked upon with some degree of satisfae tion, it being felt that, Inasmuch as re tailers' stocks are not burdensome, a con stantly good filling-in order trade should be experienced throughout tlie fall and winter. Relatively, best reports cone from the larger cities of the West and Southwest, but southern and Pacific northwestern cities also contribute good returns. Business failures in the United States for the week ending Sept. 17 numbed 266, against 191 last week, 179 in the like week of 1907, 171 in 1900, 173 in 1905 and 203 in 1904. In Canada business failures this week number 25, compared with 34 last week and 40 in the cot re sponding week of 1907.—Bradstreet’a Commercial Report. Chicago—Cattle, common to prime, $4.00 to $7.50; hogs, prime heavy, $4.00 to $7.50; sheep, fair to choice, $3.00 to $4.35; wheat. No. 2, SI.OO to $1.02; corn, No. 2,77 cto 78<i; oats, standard, 47c to 48c; rye, No. 2,75 cto 76c; hay, timothy, SB,OO to $12.00; prairie, SB.OO to $11.00; butter, choice creamery, 19c to 23c; eggs, fresh, 19c to 22c, potatoes, per bushel, 64c to 70c. Indianapolis—Cattle, shipping, $3.00 to $7.00; hogs, good to choice heavy, $3.50 to $7.50; sheep, common to prime, $2.50 to $3.75; wheat, No. 2,98 cto $1.00; corn. No. 2 white, 78c to 79c; oats, No. 2 white, 50c to 51c. St. Louis—Cattle, $4.50 to $7.40; hogs, $4.00 to $7.37; sheep, $3.00 to $4.25; wheat. No. 2, $1.04 to $1.05; corn, No. 2, 76c to 77c; oats, No. 2,48 cto 49c; rye, No. 2,77 cto 78c. Cincinnati —Cnttle, $4.00 to $5.25; hogs, $4.00 to $7.35; sheep, $3.00 to $3.05; wheat, No. 2, sl.Ol to $1.03; corn. No. 2 mixed, S2c to 83c; oats, No. 2 mixed, 51c to 52c; rye, No. 2,78 cto 79c. Detroit—Cattle, $4.00 to $4.50; hogs, $4.00 to $6.70; sheep, $2.50 to $3.85; wheat, No. 2,97 cto 98c; corn, No. 3 yellow, 82c to 83c; oats, No. 3 white, 50c to 51c; rye, No. 2,73 cto 75c. Milwaukee—Wheat, No. 2 northern, $1.04 to $1.06; corn, No. 3,77 c; to 78c; oats, standard, 49c to 50c; rye, No. 1, 75c to 76c; barley, No. 1,65 cto 06c; pork, mess, $14.95. Buffalo—Cattle, choice shipping steers, $4.00 to $6.50; hogs, fair to choice, $4.00 to $7.70; sheep, common to good mixed, $4.00 to $4.75; lambs, fair to choice, $5.00 to $6.30. Toledo —Wheat, No. 2 mixed, 98c to $1.00; corn, No. 2 mixed, 79c to 80c; oats, No. 2 mixed, 49c to 51c; rye, No. 2,75 cto 77c; clover seed, October, $5.45. New York —Cattle, $4.00 to $0.25; hogs, $3.50 to $7.20; sheep, $3.00 to $4.00; wheat, No. 2 red, $1.07 to $1.06; corn, No. 2,86 cto 87c; oats, natural white, 53c to 55c; butter, creamery, 20c to 23c; eggs, western, 19c to 23c. SPARKS FROM THE WIRES. The negro population of New York City is estimated at 80,000, one-tenth of the number being West Indians. The German Emperor has given $24,- 000 to the Robert Koch foundation for resisting the spread of tuberculosis. Frank B. Kleinhaus, a well-known me chanical engineer, was killed at Pittsburg when his buggy was struck by an electric car. A middle-aged woman appear-d at Oy ster Bay with the object of ceeing the President, claiming that the President, J. P. Morgan and M. Shaw, for mer Secretary of the Treasury, owed her $10,000,000. More than 500 of the 900 organizations affiliated with the federation of Jewish organizations in New York City met and discussed ways and means to improve the condition of juvenile Jewish crim inals and delinquents. A woman who attempted suicide in Paris the other day has been identified as the daughter of Ju<lge William W. Wiltbank of the common pleas court of Philadelphia. She is the wife of Jameu W. Colfelt, son of the Rev. Dr. Colfelt, pastor of the First Presbyterian church of Phi’,de!i<hia. Some time ago she mar ried Gustave Heckscher, but there was a divorce, and she later became the wife of Colfelt. Judson M. Thompson, frugal million aire of St. Louis, Is dead at Old Or chard. It was his custom to buy cheap clothing and make it last as long aa pos sible.